Ci?no

1.A?iiaaenueea oaeaaa/aiiy I?ia//eie

2. I?ia?aiia iie?oeea

3. ?noi?e/i? iniaeeaino? i?iaoeueeiai oaea?aae?iiiaeaiiy

4. No/ania iieiaeaiiy oaea?aae?iiiaeaiiy a I?ia//ei?

5. A I?ia//ei? ?icai?oathoue iia?eueia oaeaaa/aiiy

6. ?ioa?aeoeaia Oaeaaa/aiiy — oea ?aaeuei?noue

Aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??

1.A?iiaaenueea oaeaaa/aiiy I?ia//eie

A?iiaaenueea oaeaaa/aiiy I?ia//eie: ia?oo ?ieue o eaae?iaiio ieoaii?
a?a? oaoia?noue, a aeecuee?noue aei ia?o?? – eeoa ae?oao

I?ney iiaaeaiiy oaoecio, i?ioe? iai?ee?ioe? 40-o ?ie?a ieioeiai noie?ooy
ae??oothoue c?iaeoe oaeaaa/aiiy ca i?eeeaaeii Aaeeeia?eoainueei?
A?-A?-N?. Ca oaei? nenoaie ?nio? iaeei oeaio?aeueiee noni?eueiee
oaeaeaiae, ia yeee i?aoeththoue a?iiaaenuee? ?aa?iiaeuei? noaioe??,
a?aeia?aaeath/e ?icia?ooy aioo??oiueiai aeeooy e?a?ie oa ??
i?aaenoaaiee?a.

Ae?yeuei?noue a?iiaaenueei-i?aaiaiai iiaeaiiy ia iia”ycaia ?c aeac?aeaie
caeiiiaeaa/i? /e aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee, i???ioo?oueny ia noni?euei? ?ioa?ane
, aenooia? ye aeia??aia iniaa noni?euenoaa.

Ia aeaiee iiiaio o I?ia//ei? nenoaia AI iiaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c
aeae?eueeio naaiaio?a.

OeAeO – oea a?iiaaenueei-i?aaiaa oaea?aae?ieiiiai?y. O?Ae – ni?eueiioa
caiaeueieo AI O?E, ye? aeiiiaeeenue ?acii noai?thaaoe iaeio ni?eueio
oaeaa?c?eio i?ia?aio , yea ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny ii an?e oa?eoi???
I?ia//eie.

Oaeiae a oa?eoi??? ie?aieo ae?thoue nai? AI O?E

O yeino? i?eeeaaeo caiaeueii? NI O?E iiaeia iaaanoe ono??e
Iai?/ii-i?iaoeueeiai oaeaaa/aiiy oa ?aae?i. Oae? O?E ae?thoue a
i?aenoaa? aeiaiai??a. Aeae, aeiaia?? ii IAe? i?aeienaa caie?: A?eueia
Aaicaenueea i?noi Aaiao?a, Iaeeaiao?a ia?aaeiy Iiia?ai?y, Ieaeiy
Naenii?y, ? Oeaca?a-Aieueoo?i?y.

Aeey ?ioeo O?E, ui ae?thoue a ?ioeo caieyo ? iaaia ??cieoey o
Aea?aeaaiiio aeiaiai??. I?ioa ? aaciaee i?eioeei — oaea- oa
?aae?iiiaeaiiy a I?ia//ei? cae?enith?oueny aeaiia oeiaie noaioe?e:
i?eaaoieie oa ioae?/ii-i?aaiaeie. Aeiaia?? aea? caaaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
a oaeiae ie?ai? aeey eiaeii? noaioe??.

Iai?eeeaae caaaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? noinothoueny iai?eionoeieo ca
ci?noii ia?aaea/, ?aaeaiaioaoe?? o?aineyoe?? ?a?iiaenueei? i?iaeoeoe??,
?aaeaiaioaoe?? iieaco ?aeeaie. Ie?ai? ioieoe a?aeiinyoueny aei
o?iainoaaiiy: iiaeaoee ia ?aae?i oa oaeaaa/aiiy, i?eaooee a?ae ?aeeaie.
I?ioa i?eaaoieo O?E oaeaa?c?eiee iiaeaoie ia noino?oueny.

Ae?yeuei?noue a?iiaaenueei-i?aaiaiai oaeaaa/aiiy ?aaeaiaioo?oueny
caeiiii i?i aea?aeaaiee aeiaia?? ii oaeaaa/aiith oa ?aae?i a?ae 1991
?ieo., a oaeiae noaooyie aei iueiai, ye? anooieee a neeo i?ci?oa:
“Oaaea?aeueiee aeiaia?? i?i ?aae?i oa oaeaaa/aiiy”, “Oaaea?aoeaiee
aeiaia?? ii ARD”, “Oaaea?aeueiee aeiaia?? ii ZDF”, “Oaaea?aeueiee
aeiaia?? c iiaeaoe?a ia ?aae?i oa oaeaaa/aii?”, “Oaaea?aeueiee aeiaia??
c o?iainoaaiiy ?aae?i oa oaeaaa/aiiy ”.

?iaeceiea nenoaie o?iainoaaiiy iieyaa? o oiio, ui athaeaeaoi? eiooe O?E
io?eiothoue ii iacaeaaeiei a?ae aea?aeaae eaiaeai. Caaaeii o?iainoaaiiy
cae?enith?oueny ia c oaaea?aeueiiai aai c i?noeaaiai athaeaeao?a, ye?
caoaa?aeaeothoueny i?aaenoaaieoeueeeie i?aaiaie oa aeeiiothoueny
a?aeiia?aeieie o?yaeaie, a /a?ac niaoe?aeueii aaaaeaiee iiaeaoie ia
?aae?i oa oaeaaa/aiiy, yeee niea/o? eeoa ainiiaea? i?eeia/a. Oeae
iiaeaoie a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae on?o ?ioeo. O I?ia//ei? an? oaeaa?c?ei? oa
?aae?i iiaeaoee cae?a? naia oaeaaa/aiiy. Oea niaoe?aeueiee
aaei?i?no?aoeaiee i?aai – Oeaio? noyaiaiiy iiaeaoe?a. (AaOe).

Oeae oeaio? i?aeo?eio?oueny on?ia oaea- oa ?aae?iiiaieeaie caiaeue.
?ici?? iiaeaoeo aei??th?oueny iio?aaaie eiie?aoiiai iiaieea.

O?iainia? aeiiae iathoue caaacia/oaaoe eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue O?E,
ae?iaieoeoai iiaeo i?ia?ai, iio?aae o iia?e oaoi?oe?.

OeAeO io?eio? 39% a?ae oeueiai iiaeaoeo, ?io? aeo?aoe iie?eaathoueny c
i?eaooe?a a?ae ?aeeaie, a yeui ? caeeoee, oi aiie ?iciiae?eythoueny i?ae
?ioeie a?iiaaenueei-i?aaiaeie iiaieeaie aeey aeei?enoaiiy ia eoeueoo?i?
oe?e?.

Athaeaeao OeAeO caoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?aaeith ca i?aaenoaaieoeoaii
Aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aaee, yea cae?enith? eiio?ieue ca ae?yeuei?noth
ea?oth/iai OeAeO ? aeeiio?, ainiiaea?/? ooieoe??. Aei ia? aoiaeeoue 12
ethaeae (i?aaenoaaieee caiaeue) Oa?i?i iiaiiaaaeaiue neeaaeo ?aaee – 5
?ie?a.

?aaea c oaeaaa/aiiy ? ?aae?iiiaeaiiy OeAeO (Ae?oaa I?iaoeueea
oaeaaa/aiiy) neeaaea?oueny c 77 /eai?a.

Caaaeaiiy oe??? ?aaee iieyaathoue o iai?aoethaaii? aee?aeoea aeey
ia?aaea/ OeAeO oa eiinoeueoaoe?yo oi?aaeyth/iai c ieoaiue i?ia?ai,
caoaa?aeaeaiiy athaeaeaoo, ca?eueiaiiy ea??aieoeoaa, aeaaaoe o/anoue
OeAeO. Oey ?aaea neeaaea?oueny ii iaeiiio i?aaenoaaieeo a?ae caiaeue, ui
oeeaee aeiaia?? c OeAeO, o?ueio i?aaenoaaiee?a oaaea?aoe??, yeeo
i?ecia/a? oaaea?aeueiee o?yae, aeaaiaaeoeyoe i?aaenoaaiee?a ia?o?e, ye?
i?aaenoaaeai? o Aoiaeanoac?, aeaio i?aaenoaaiee?a a?ae ?aaiaae?/ii?
oea?eae, aeaio a?ae eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae, iaeiiai i?aaenoaaieea
?a?aenueei? ?aaee , ii iaeiiio a?ae I?iaoeueei? i?ionithcii? ni?eee,
i?aaenoaaieea oi?a?aaeueii? ni?eee, n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa,
?ai?niee?a. Na?aae neeaaeo ?aaee ? i?aaenoaaieee oaaea?aeueiiai nithco
i?iaoeueeeo aacaoieo aeaeaaoe?a, oaeiae ii iaeiiio i?aaenoaaieeo nithco
cania?a ianiai? eiioi?eaoe??, ae?oeo, iaia?o, ioae?oeenoeee oa
ienoaoeoaa oiui. Oa?i?i iiaiiaaaeaiue – 4 ?iee.

Ea?oth/ee oa eiai canooiiee iae?athoueny ?aaeith oaeaaa/aiiy ?
?aae?iiiaeaiiy o oiio /ene? ca i?iiiceoe?yie Aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aaee.
Ooieoe?? eiai caeaa?eueoiai eiio?iethth/? oa i?aaenoaaieoeuee?.

Aaia?aeueiee aee?aeoi? ea?o? IAe? oa ? ?? caeiiiei i?aaenoaaieeii.
Cae?enithth/e nai? iiaiiaaaeaiiy aai aee?aeoi? iiaeiai io?eiaoe caiaeo
Aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aaeei c ieoaiue oeeaaeaiiy o?oaeiaeo, oa?eoieo
aeiaiai??a, oeeaaeaiiy oaiae uiaei ?aeeaie oiui.

Eiaeia caiaeueia nooae?y ia? naith oaea?aaeo, yea iae?a? c iii?ae nai?o
/eai?a aieiao oa eiio?ieth? ae?yeuei?noue aaiaee?aeoi?a.

A ?ioa?a”th “I?iaoeuee?e oaee?” a?ae 6 aa?aciy 2005 ?ieo aaia?aeueiee
aee?aeoi? Iaae?a-?inoeoooo Aethnnaeueaei?o-Ia?eae i?ioani? Ei Y?aaaeue
?iciia?a i?i oa, ui i?iaoeuee? iie?oeee iaeaea ia iathoue iiaeeeaino?
aieeaaoe ia ?iaioo A?iiaaenueeiai oaeaaa/aiiy:

«Iaa?yae /e i?i oea iiaeia aiai?eoe ye i?i caaaeueia yaeua. Aea,
ine?eueee i?aaenoaaieee ia?o?e aoiaeyoue aei iaaeyaeiai? ?aaee, oi aiie
iiaeooue /a?ac nai?o ethaeae /eieoe iaaiee oene. Aea, yeui ii??aiyoe c
?ioeie e?a?iaie, oi y iiaeo /?oei neacaoe, ui ie?ai? ia?o?? a I?ia//ei?
i?eiee ia iaee yeiainue o?eaaeiai aieeao ia a?iiaaenueea oaeaaa/aiiy.
Cae/aeii, i?ae /an i?ecia/aiiy ethaeae ia ea??ai? iinaaee eiaeia ia?o?y
iaiaaa?oueny caoenoeoe nai? ?ioa?ane. ? oea ia ? aeiaeiith oa?iieoeath,
ui i?ae /an i?ecia/aiiy ?ioaiaeaioa – i?aceaeaioa oaeaeiiiai?? – ia?o?y,
eio?a ia?aaoaa? i?e aeaae? ia? aeia?? oaine i?iaanoe naith ethaeeie. Aea
ana ae ia?oo ?ieue o eaae?iaiio ieoaii? a?a? oaoia?noue, a aeecuee?noue
aei ia?o?? – eeoa ae?oao. Oiaoi iiaeia ciaeoe ie?ai? iaaaoeai? i?iyae
iie?oe/iiai oeneo, aea caaaeii y iiaeo aiaaiaii noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iei?
a?iiaaenueea oaeaaa/aiiy iaeaea ia cacia? iie?oe/iiai eiio?ieth».

A?Ae – ?ia?oie/a ni?eea a?iiaaenueei-i?aaiaiai O?E I?ia//eie. Caiaeuei?
AI O?E, ui aoiaeyoue aei A?Ae neeaaeathoue iaeio i?ia?aio, i?ioa, eiaeia
c? noaioe?e ia? i?aai ia aeani? i?ia?aie.

Aeey oiai, aae eii?aeeioaaoe ?icaaeoaeaio nenoaio i?iaiaeyoueny iino?ei?
eiioa?aioe?? i?ae ea??aiei, oa oai?/?i neeaaeii O?E.

Eiaeia nooae?y naiino?eii iie?eaa? cao?aoe c oi?ioaaiiy caaaeueii?
i?ia?aie o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei oeeaaeaiiai aeiaiai?o. E??i oiai, yeui c
yeeoinue i?e/ei nooae?y ia aeeiiaea naith a?aenioeiao aeieth i?ia?ai
a?iiaaenueei-i?aaiaiai oaeaaa/aiiy, aiia caaia”ycaia eiiiainoaaoe eiai o
ianooiiiio ?ioe?.

2. I?ia?aiia iie?oeea

I?iaoeueea a?iiaaenueea oaeaaa/aiiy ia ia? i?aaa o?ainethaaoe ia?aaea/?,
ui iiaeooue caoeiaeeoe o?ce/iiio, aeooiaiiio aai aeooaaiiio niieith
ae?oae oa iieiae?, ie??i oeo aeiaaee?a, eiee iiaiee iiaea caaacia/eoe
oiiae iaiaaeaiiai aeinooio ia i?aenoaa? a?eiaiai oeaico. O?eueie, ye?
iiaeia aeeaeoenue i?ney 16 ?ie?a iieacothoue eeoa c 22.00 aei 06.00
?aieo. C iaiaaeaiiyi i?ney 18 ?ie?a – c 23.00. Caeiiiaeaanoai oaeiae
i?noeoue ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oiai. Ui a?eueoa /anoeia i?ia?ai ia? aooe
aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa. I?eaaoieo iiaiee?a ciaia’ycothoue aeinoaoith
oaaao i?eae?eyoe ?ae?a?eiei i?ia?aiai, iaaeaaaoe ao??e iie?oe/iei
ia?o?yi ia ??ai?e i?iii?oe?ei?e iniia?.

I?ioa ?niothoue ie?ai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. Iai?eeeaae, OeAeO aea?oueny
naiino?ei?noue o noai?aii? i?ia?ai, o oie aea /an, ye
a?iiaaenueei-i?aaia?e O?E OeAeO iaeacothoue ocaiaeaeoaaoe naith
i?ia?aiio iie?oeeo ?c A?Ae, o ia?oo /a?ao uiaei iiaei.

Aeey cae?eniaiiy i?ia?aiii? iie?oeee OeAeO iiaea ni?a?ia?oie/aoe c
o?ao?ie iniaaie, i?ioa ?e caai?iiaii eoioaaoe, caiiaeyoe
oaeai?iaeoeoe?th c oe?eeth ?? aeiiii?/iiai aeei?enoaiiy. Caiiaia
i?iaeoeoe?y ia? aooe i?iii?oe?eii ?icae?eaia i?ae caieyie. Iniaeeai
i?ene?ieeai ia OeAeO iathoue noaaeoeny aei iaeyae?a iiae?e o na?o?,
ia?aaea/? iiaeii? a?aeia?aaeaoe ?icia?ooy I?iaoeueeiai aeeooy,
noeioethaaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueio aeoieo. I?e oeueiio “i?aeia?iaeia” oa
aioo??oi? aeeoo? iiaeii? a?aeaeaaoeny o i?ia?aiao i?iii?oe?eii.

OeAeO iiaeiia ni?eyoe ?icaeoeo naia ia”?aeiaii? I?ia//eie. Iiaeie oa
eiiaioa?? iiaeii? aooe a?aeie?aieaieie, inoaii? iicia/ai? ye iniaeno?
iiceoe??. Oaaea?aeueiee o?yae iiaea io?eiaoe aaceiooiaiee ao?? o ?ac?
ianooaaieo eaoano?io oa ?ioeo ianiaeo caa?ic. Noai?i ?aaeaiaioo?oueny
iaaeaiiy ao??iiai /ano ?ae?a?eiei eiioan?yi.

I?ia?aiia iie?oeea IAe? ?aae?co?oueny /a?ac caaaeueia iiaeaiiy oa
caiaeuei? i?ia?aie. Inoaii? – oea i?ia?aie caiaeueieo nooae?e,
ia?aaeaa/ai? aeey ie?aii? caie?.

Ie??i a?iiaaenueei-i?aaiaiai oaeaaa/aiiy, aei neeaaeo yei? aoiaeeoue
iaeia caaaeueii oaaea?aeueia AI O?E (Ae?oaa i?iaoeueea oaeaaa/aiiy –
OeAeO) caaaeueii oaaea?aeueiiai ianooaao oa a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ia O?E
A?Ae, yea i?aaenoaaey? ia’?aeiaiiy oaeaeaiae?a caiaeue. Aiie iathoue
noaoon iaeiia?oe?eieo i?aai?caoe?e. ?acii ?c oeei ae?thoue i?eaaoi?
oaeaeaiaee.

3. ?noi?e/i? iniaeeaino? i?iaoeueeiai oaea?aae?iiiaeaiiy

Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue nenoaia i?iaoeueeeo aoae?ia?coaeueieo CI?
iineoue iacao «aeoaeueiie» nenoaie. Oea icia/a?, ui a I?ia//ei?
?niothoue eeoa aea? oi?ie aeaniino? ia oaeaiaae?a:

a) noni?eueii-i?aaiaa oi?ia aeaniino?;

ae) i?eaaoia oi?ia aeaniino?.

Noni?eueii-i?aaiaa oi?ia aeaniino? noiaeeea aei i?neyai?iiiai /ano, eiee
a ?aieao iie?oeee aeaiaoeeo?eaoe?? cao?aeieie nithcieeaie aoee cae?eo?
an? ?nioth/? a iaoeenonuee?e I?ia//ei? CI?, a aeey caaacia/aiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai a?uaiiy aoee noai?ai? iiai?noth i?aeeiio?ieuei?
ieoiaoe?eiei a?enueeiaei aeanoyi i?ano ? ?aae?i. A ia??iae c 1945 ii
1949 ??. noai?ai? nithcieeaie ?aae?inoaioe?? iinooiiai ia?aaeaaaeeny a
oi?aae?iiy i?iaoeueeiio ia?niiaeo, i?ioa ia?aae ieoiaoe?eieie aeanoyie
anoaei ieoaiiy, ye iiaeii? oi?aaeyoeny oe? eiiiai??. Nithcieee a?ae?aco
ae a?aeeeioee ?aeath i?i ia?aaea/o CI? a ?oee i?iaoeueei? aea?aeaae
(o?yaeo O?I, a oaeiae i?noeaaei o?yaeai oaaea?aeueieo caiaeue aei oeeo
i?? caai?iiaii iaoe aoaeue-ye? CI?), aea oaeiae aoea ciaoooaaia ? ?aeay
ia?aaea/? ?aae?inoaioe?e a i?eaaoi? ?oee (ia aeeaey/enue ia oa, ui
aacaoe, noai?ai? nithcieeaie, ia?aaeaaaeeny naia i?eaaoiei ?aaeaeoi?ai).
sse iniiaio oi?io aeaniino? nithcieee aea?aee noni?eueii-i?aaiao oi?io
aeaniino?.

Oey oi?ia aeaniino? oa?aeoa?ia aeey a?eoainueei? BBC ? icia/a?, ui
eiiiai?y ia iaeaaeeoue ai? i?eaaoiei iniaai, ai? aea?aeaa?, a
ciaoiaeeoueny a «nianoaaiiinoe iauanoaa». No?aoaa?/ia oi?aae?iiy
eiiiai??th cae?enith?oueny niaoe?aeueiith iaaeyaeiaith ii?aaeith,
oi?iiaaiith c i?aaenoaaiee?a e?oiieo ia?o?e, cia/oueo noni?eueieo
i?aai?caoe?e, oea?eia, i?ioni?eie ? o. ae., ui iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoe
iaeneiaeueii caaaeaio i?ia?aiio iie?oeeo. Iaaeyaeiaa ii?aaea i?ecia/a?
ii?aaeo ea??aieea, ui caeia?oueny «oaeoe/aneei ieaie?iaaieai» ae?e
eiiiai?? ? i?ecia/ath/ee ?ioaiaeaioa — aaia?aeueiiai aee?aeoi?a
eiiiai??, yeee cae?enith? aaciina?aaei? ea??aieoeoai eiiiai??th. Oaea
neeaaeia nenoaia oi?aae?iiy, iica?inoaiaaia o o??? ae BBC, aoea oaeiae
iieeeeaia caaacia/eoe aeaiie?aoe/iee ?icaeoie i?iaoeueeeo CI?. Ia?oith
noni?eueii-i?aaiaith eiiiai??th Cao?aeii? I?ia//eie noaea NWDR
(Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk), i?iaiaeeea a?uaiiy ia oa?eoi???
a?eoainueei? ieoiaoe?eii? ciie ? noai?aia aiae?eoeai Oueth Ea?eoiiii
A??iii (Hugh Carlton Green), ni?a?ia?oieeii BBC, iioii, ui io?eiaa, iino
aaiaee?aeoi?a BBC. Oaeiae noni?eueii-i?aaiaa oi?ia aeaniino? aoea
aea?aia aia?eeaioeyie ? o?aioeocaie — aeey nai?o ieoiaoe?eieo cii.

4. No/ania iieiaeaiiy oaea?aae?iiiaeaiiy a I?ia//ei?

Noni?eueii-i?aaiaa a?uaiiy caeeoaeiny ?aeeiei a?uaiiyi ia oa?eoi??? O?I
aae aei e?ioey 1980-o ??., eiee a caeiiiaeaanoai aoee aianai? ci?ie, ui
aeicaieeee noai?thaaoe i?eaaoi? ?aae?i- ? oaeaeiiiai??. I?eaaoi?
eiiiai?? ?niothoue ca ?aooiie ?ici?uaiiy ?aeeaie ? ae?iaieoeoaa aeanieo
o?euei?a ? ia?aaea/, ye? aiie iiaeooue i?iaeaaaoe o?ao?i eiiiai?yi.
Noni?eueii-i?aaia? eiiiai?? iiaeooue ?ici?uoaaoe a nai?o ia?aaea/ao eeoa
iaiaaeaiee ia’?i ?aeeaie (cie?aia, ?aeeaia ia noni?eueii-i?aaiaeo
eaiaeao iiai?noth caai?iiaia o aeo?aei? ? nayoa, a a aoaeaii? aei? —
caai?iiaia aei 20 aiaeeiiee?a), caoa aiie iaea?aeothoue o. i.
«aaiiaioneoth ieaoo» (Gebuhren) c? an?o a?iiaaeyi I?ia//eie, ui iathoue
oaeiia oaeaa?ci? aai ?aae?ii?eeia/. Aaiiaioia ieaoiy ca oaeaoi/eo
neeaaea? aeecueei 16 ?a?i a i?nyoeue, ca ?aae?ii?eeia/ — aeecueei 9 ?a?i
a i?nyoeue. Aaiiaioio ieaoith ciaia’ycai? ieaoeoe an? i?ioe?, ui iathoue
oaeaa?ci? aai ?aae?ii?eeia/, iacaeaaeii a?ae oiai, /e aeeaeyoueny aiie
ia?aaea/? noni?eueii-i?aaiaeo eaiae?a — oea aeeeeea? a i?iaoeueeiio
noni?euenoa? caiaee? aeeneon??.

Iaea?eueoith noni?eueii-i?aaiaith eiiiai??th O?I ? iaee?oii?oith
oaea?aae?ieiiiai??th ?a?iie ? noni?eueii-i?aaiaa oaea?aae?ieiiiai?y ARD
(Arbeitsgemeinschaft der offentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der
Bundesrepublik Deutschland — ?iai/a ni?aae?oaei?noue noni?eueii-i?aaiaeo
oaea?aae?ieiiiai?e Oaaea?aeueii? ?anioae?ee I?ia//eia).

A ?aieao ARD cae?enith?oueny a?uaiiy ia?oiai eaiaeo i?iaoeueeiai
oaeaaa/aiiy: ARD Das Erste, aeecueei aeanyoea i?noeaaeo oaeaa?c?eieo
eaiae?a, ae?iaethaaieo a?aeiia?aeii /eaiaie ni?aae?oaeiino?, i?noeaaeie
noni?eueii-i?aaiaeie oaea?aae?ieiiiai?yie, a oaeiae iiiaae i’yoaeanyo
i?noeaaeo ?aae?ii?ia?ai.

*eaiaie ARD ? (a aeoaa?oiiio ii?yaeeo):

Bayerischer Rundfunk (BR) http://www.br-online.de

Hessischer Rundfunk (HR) http://www.hr-online.de

Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk (MDR) http://www.mdr.de

Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR) http://www.ndr.de

Radio Berlin-Brandenburg (RBB) http://www.rbb.de

Radio Bremen (RB) http://www.radio-bremen.de

Sudwestfunk (SWR) http://www.swr.de

Saarlandischer Rundfunk (SR) http://www.sr-online.de

Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR) http://www.wdr.de

Oaeiae a ?aieao ARD cae?enith?oueny a?uaiiy ?aae?i ? oaeaaa/aiiy
Deutsche Welle — «Iaiaoeeay aieia». Deutsche Welle aeeiio? ooieoe??
?iiiiaeaiiy, oiio ia ?? noai?aiiy ARD iaea?aeo? ie?aiee athaeaeao,
noaneae?eiaaiee oaaea?aeueiei o?yaeii. «Iaiaoeeay aieia» i?aaenoaaeaia a
oaeaa?c?eiiio (DW-TV) ? ?aae?i (DW-Radio) ao???, a oaeiae a ?ioa?iao?
DW-WORLD. A?uaiiy aaaeaoueny ia 30 iiaao. Ia ?in?enuee?e iia? aeoiaeyoue
?aae?ii?ia?aie ? naeo.

Ae?oaei noni?eueii-i?aaiaei oaeaeaiaeii O?I ? ZDF — Zweites Deutsches
Fernsehen (Ae?oaa I?iaoeueea Oaeaaa/aiiy), c ooaa-eaa?oe?ith a Iaeioea.
?noi??y noai?aiiy ZDF eaea a 1950-a ??., eiee oaaea?aeueiee eaioeea?
Eii?aae Aaeaiaoa? iaiaaaany iinoaaeoe iaae?a i?ae eiio?ieue aea?aeaae.
Iaeiei c iai?yi?a ianoaiiy oaaea?aeueii? aeaaee ia CI? noaea ni?iaa
noai?eoe aea?aeaaiee ae?oaee eaiae. C?oeioaoenue c na?eiciith
iiiceoe??th ye ooieoe?iia??a ARD, ui ia aaaeaee oa?i?oe aea?aeaaieo
eiieo?aio?a, oae ? o?yae?a oaaea?aeueieo caiaeue, ui ia oio?ee iineeaiiy
oaaea?aeueiiai oeaio?o, Aaeaiaoa? iaiaaaany oo?eeoe na?e i?iaeo aae aei
ii/aoeo 1960-o ??., eiee a 1962 ?. aa?aeeeo oaaea?aeueiiai
eiinoeoooe?eiiai noaeo aeciaa naio iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy aea?aeaaiiai
oaeaaa/aiiy iacaeiiiith ? caai?iiea oaaea?aeueiiio oeaio?o aoaeue-ye?
ni?iae noai?aiiy iiae?aieo CI?. sse aeueoa?iaoeao aoa noai?aiee ae?oaee,
oaeiae noni?eueii-i?aaiaee eaiae — ZDF, a?ae??ciyany a?ae ARD oei, ui
ARD aoea aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaiith no?oeoo?ith, ni?aae?oaei?noth iiiaeeie
i?noeaaeo eiiiai?e, a ZDF noai?thaaeiny nii/aoeo ye aa?oeeaeueii
i?aai?ciaaiee, oeaio?ae?ciaaiee i?iaeo.

Oaeiae ia oa?eoi??? O?I cae?eniththoue a?uaiiy ianooii? i?eaaoi? eaiaee:

RTL

RTL2

Super RTL

Sat1

Pro7

Kabel1

VOX

Eurosport

DSF

MTV

VIVA

VIVA PLUS

eaiaee iiaei:

n-tv

N24

EuroNews

?io? oaeaeaiaee :

KinderKanal (KiKa) — noi?niee i?iaeo ARD ? ZDF

Phoenix (iie?oe/ii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee eaiae, i?aeoe/ii aanue eiioaio yeiai
neeaaeathoue i?yi? aeeth/aiiy c iie?oe/ieo iiae?e, o?eaae? aenooie
iie?oee?a ? o. ae.)

ARTE (o?aioeocueei-i?iaoeueeee eoeueoo?ii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee eaiae, c
i?iaoeueei? noi?iie noai?thaaiee ca o/anoth ARD ? ZDF)

3Sat — noi?niee i?iaoeueeiyce/iee eaiae, ui a?ua? ia oa?eoi??yo
I?ia//eie, Aano??? ? Oaaeoea???.

5. A I?ia//ei? ?icai?oathoue iia?eueia oaeaaa/aiiy

Caiaaeaaiee a I?ia//ei? aenia?eiaioaeueiee i?iaeo DVB-I eiiiai?yie
A-Plus, I2, O-Mobile ? Vodafone i?iaeaiiino?oaaa iaeaooi? iiaeeeaino?
ii?oaoeaiiai oaeaaa/aiiy. Ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? /ioe?e n?oueia? iia?aoi?e
ii/eiath/e c o?aaiy 2006 ?. o?e i?nyoe? iaaeaaaee iiaiioe?iia
oaeaiiaeaiiy aeey Aa?e?ia, Aaiao?aa, Aaiiiaa?a ? Ithioaia ia aac?
noaiaea?oo DVB-I. Aeey iaeoaeaeoi? ?aae?caoe?? iineoae ? aeinooio ia
oe?ieiio ?eieo i?eoyaothoueny oaaea?aeuei? ? i?noeaa? i?aaie aeaaee, a
oaeiae ?aa?iiaeuei? iaae?ano?oeoo?e, a?aeiia?aeaeuei? ca iaaeaiiy
/anoio.

Aenia?eiaioaeueiee i?iaeo iia?eueiiai oaeaaa/aiiy a noaiaea?o? DVB-I
(Digital Video Broadcasting Handheld), caiaaeaaiee ia /anoue /aii?iiaoo
na?oo ii oooaieo iia?aoi?aie A-Plus, I2, O-Mobile ? Vodafone, oni?oii
i?iaeaiiino?oaaa nai? iiaeeeaino?.

I?ioyaii o?ueio i?nyoe?a aeey oanooaaiiy aoei caae?yii aeecueei 1 oen.
i?eno?i?a, aeeth/ath/e i?ioioeie ? i?aeaioiaethaai? aei aeoiaeo i?eno?i?
a?ae ??cieo ae?iaiee?a. O ca’yceo ?c noaa?eueiith oaoi?/iith
iia?aoe?eiith ieaooi?iith a?aeaoee o/aniee?a aoee oe?ae iiceoeaieie.
Iacaeaaeii a?ae i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy ei?enooaa/? aoee oe?ae caaeiaieai?
a?aei?iiith ye?noth cia?aaeaiiy, aeia?ei i?eeiiii ? oe?ieei aeai?ii
i?ia?ai. Ni?ai?aoey c iiaieie eiiiai?yie aoea aeoaea oni?oiith.

Iia?aoi?e iaaeathoue oaaao aaaaoiia?oeyth/?e oaoiieia?? DVB-I, yea aaea
aeicaiey? ia?aaeaaaoe oaea- ? ?aae?ii?ia?aie ii 16 eaiaeao.

Iaaeae? DVB-I aoaea caeaoia ia?aaeaaaoe aei 40 i?ia?ai i?aeoe/ii
iaiaiaaeai?e e?eueeino? ei?enooaa/?a. I?e aeei?enoaii? DVB-I oaeaee?noue
ia?aaea/? aeaieo i?enoiniao?oueny i?ae iiaeeeaino? ae?aio i?eeiath/iai
i?eno?ith ? aeinooiio i?iaeoeoeai?noue aaoa?a?. ?ioith oe?eaaith
iniaeea?noth ? iiaeeea?noue iaaeae? c’?aeiaiiy noaiaea?oo DVB-I ?
iia?eueieo aeiaeaoe?a ia aac? oaoiieia?e GPRS/UMTS, ui noai?th?
aeiaeaoeiao ia?aaaao aeey ei?enooaa/?a: iai?eeeaae, eaiae cai?ioiiai
ca’yceo, ui ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny ii n?o? iia?eueiiai ca’yceo,
aeicaieeoue ?aae?coaaoe ?ioa?aeoeai? oi?iaoe i?ia?ai ? iaaeaaaoe
aeiaeaoeiao ?ioi?iaoe?th ca i?ia?aiaie. An? /ioe?e iia?aoi?e ia?aeiiaii,
ui iia?eueia oaeaaa/aiiy ia aac? DVB-I iiaeia ?icaeiooe aei aeoaea
oni?oiiai ??aiy.

Ia i?aeia?iaei?e oi?aia?e aenoaaoe? iiaooiai? aeaeo?ii?ee Internationale
Funkausstellung (IFA), ui i?iaiaeeoueny a Aa?e?i?, a?aea?aeoaa/?
ciiaeooue aei?iaoaaoe ia nia? ye?noue DVB-I. *ioe?e iia?aoi?e aoaeooue
aeaiiino?oaaoe oaoiieia?th ia noaiae? Technical-Scientific Forum
(Technisch-Wissenschaftliches Forum).

Aenia?eiaioaeueiee i?iaeo DVB-I i?aeoaa?aeea, ui iia?eueia oaeaaa/aiiy
iaaea? aenieee ??aaiue ?iiiaaoe?? ? aeiiii?/iee iioaioe?ae aeey ?eieo
I?ia//eie. Ia?aaeoiiae aenieoaoaoe?? aeaieo iiaeeeainoae i/aaeaei?: e??i
aaea anoaiiaeaiiai noaaeaiiy iioaioe?eieo ei?enooaa/?a aeaia oaoiieia?y
iaea?aeo? i?aeo?eieo ae?iaiee?a aaaeo/eo iia?eueieo i?eno?i?a. E??i
?ioeo aei iiai? ae?iaiee?a ia iiao oaoiieia?th caa?oathoue oaaao oae?
eiiiai?? ye BenQ, Siemens, Motorola, Nokia, Sagem ? Samsung.
Ia?aciaeaathueeny a aeaiee /an eiini?oe?oi iia?aoi??a A-Plus, I2,
O-Mobile ? Vodafone iaaieniee ni?eyoe aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaiith /anoio ?
no??ieiio ?icai?oaiith ?eieo iia?eueiiai oaeaaa/aiiy.

Iai?/aia ni?eueia i?aei?e?inoai ia ieaio? noai?thaaoe aeaniee
iaae?aeiioaio, a iaoii?noue aoaea iaaeaaaoe aaiiaioai iia?eueiiai
oaeaaa/aiiy ?nioth/? oaeai?ia?aie ca aeiiiiiaith iiai? n?o? ? ?ic?iaeoue
?iiiaaoe?ei? oi?iaoe ni?eueii c iinoa/aeueieeaie i?ia?ai.

Aeey iiaeeeaino? ?icaeoeo a I?ia//ei? oe?ieiai niaeo?o i?iaeoeoe?? aeey
iia?eueiiai oaeaaa/aiiy iaiao?aeii noai?eoe ? i?aeo?eioaaoe a?aeiia?aeio
n?oueiao ?io?ano?oeoo?o. Iia?aoi?e iia?eueiiai ca’yceo I?ia//eie aaea
aioia? ?iaanooaaoe i?eueeiie aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeaii? iaoe. I?ioa aeey
caaacia/aiiy oaeaeeiai ? iiaiioe?iiiai oi?iaaaeaeaiiy DVB-I iaiao?aeii
noai?eoe a?aeiia?aeio aaco. Oea icia/a?, ui ia?aaeaaaeuei? /anoioe
iiaeii? aooe aeinooii? ii an?e I?ia//ei? ? iiaeiia aooe noai?aia
ceaaiaeaeaia iniiaa ?aaoethaaiiy aeey aeaii? iineoae.

A?aeiia?aeiei i?aaenoaaieeai aeaaee iaiao?aeii iacaaa?ii oo?eeoe
?ica’ycaiiy, yeui I?ia//eia aaaea? ia a?aenoaoe a?ae nai?o i?aeia?iaeieo
eiieo?aio?a. I?ei??ii, oaoiieia?y DVB-I aaea caiaaeaaia a ?oae?? ia
eiia?oe?ei?e iniia? ? aioiaa aei caioneo o O?ieyiae??. A oeueiio ieai?
Aa?iai?y aaea caeaea iiceoe?th ?iiiaaoe?eiiai e?aea?a, ui caoaa?aeeeany,
ca iath, eiee a 2004 ?. aiia ?icaa?ioea ia?o? oaoi?/i? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
i?iaeoe.

6. ?ioa?aeoeaia Oaeaaa/aiiy — oea ?aaeuei?noue

Iaeiiio c ia?oeo ia ?iaioo a iiai?noth oeeo?iaiio na?aaeiaeu? ia?aeoea
O?ieyiae?y. 27 na?iiy oey neaiae?iaanueea e?a?ia ii/aea a?uaiiy DVB-MHP
c ia?aaea/ oaeaoaenoo MHP ? aeaeo?iiiiai ioo?aieea ca i?ia?aiaie (EPG —
Electronic Programm Guide) ae?iaieoeoaa Sofia Digital. A?uaiiy
aaaeaoueny an?ia 12-o oeeo?iaeie oaeaa?c?eieie eaiaeaie. Aei e?ioey 2001
?ieo o O?ieyiae?? aoei ioiieaii oeeo?iaei oaeaaa/aiiyi 70% e?a?ie.

A e?ioe? aa?aniy 2001 ?ieo eiiiai?y KirchGroup iaieineea i?i nai?
no?aoaa?/ia ?ica’ycaiiy — ?? iai?yi ae?yeueiino? a iaeano? oeeo?iaiai
oaeaaa/aiiy oe?eeii ca’yco?oueny c oi?iaaaeaeaiiyi oaoiieia?e MHP ia
oaeaa?c?eieo i?ao?enao aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa (STB — set-top boxes).
Iiaoe? ARD, RTL, ZDF «Aee?aeoi?neay eiioa?aioe?y ?aaoethth/eo i?aai?a o
aauaiee» (Director’s Conference of regulatory authorities for
broadcasting) ? eiiiai?y KirchGroup i?aeienaee oaiaeo, ca?aeii yei?
oaoiieia?? MHP aea?oueny «caeaiay oeeoea». Aeaia oaiaea iieeaea e?ae
oaoiieia?/iei aeeniooai, ye? ia?aoeiaeaeaee ?icaeoeo oeeo?iaiai
oaeaaa/aiiy a I?ia//ei?.

Ui ?ic?iaeaii aeey ?ioa?aeoeaiiai oaeaaa/aiiy?

DVB-MHP caaacia/o? ieaooi?io aeey iaeaooiueiai ?icaeoeo. Ua ia oi??oi?e
aenoaaoe? IBC aeae?eueea eiiiai?e i?aaenoaaeee ?yae i?iaeoeo?a ia aac?
MHP.

O?inueea eiiiai?y Sofia Digital aeionea? e?i?eeo i?iaeoeo?a aeey
aeiaeaoe?a a oeeo?iaiio oaeaaa/aii?. Arena — oea nenoaia, ui caaacia/o?
caaa?oaia na?aaeiaeua aeey oeeo?iaiai oaeaaa/aiiy. Nenoaia i?noeoue
iaa?? i?ia?aiieo cania?a aeey aooi?eiaa, ?iciiae?ee ? oi?aae?iiy ye a
iiai?e, oae ? a oe?ieinioaiaiio na?aaeiaeu?. Access aeeth/a? aeaeo?iiiee
i?ia?aiiee ioo?aiee, EPG ? iiiaeeia neoaea iaa?aaoe??, ui a?aeiinyoueny,
aei EPG ca i?ia?aiaie ? ?ioith neoaeaiaith ?ioi?iaoe??th. Annex
aeicaiey? oaeineiiaethaaoe i?ia?aie ? caaacia/o? caniae aeey
aeiaeaoeiaeo iineoa ? ?ioi?iaoe??, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo aeyaea/? iiaee a
aanoe ?ioa?aeoeaio aca?iiae?th c oaeaia?aaea/aie. Atcade — aaoiiiiiee
?icaaaeaeueiee ii?oae c iiiaeeiith ??cieo iineoa, a Agora caaacia/o?
?aeeaioaaiiy ? «oiieia» ca aeiiiiiaith oaeaaa/aiiy. An? eiioi?eaoe?ei?
iineoae aeey na?aaeiaeua MHP iiaeooue aooe ciaeaeai? a Amigo.

Eiiiai?? Envivio ? IRT i?aoeththoue ?acii iaae oaoiieia?yie MPEG-4 aeey
aaoiiiiieo i?ao?en?a DVB-MHP. Ia aeiaeaoie aei iniiaieo OA-i?ia?aiiai
iai?/aia aeei?enoiaoaaoe caniae aooi?eiaa a MPEG-4 ? ieae??e a?ae
Envivio c iaoith c?iaeoe aoaeei/aecoaeueiue eiioaio aeinooiiei aeey
aeyaea/a a ?aaeei? «ii-o?aaiaaieth». Eiiiai?y Envivio i?iiiio? EnvivioTV
— caaa?oaiee iaae?a-ieaea? ISO/MPEG-4, i?aeo?eioth/ee ia?aaea/o iioieo,
i?noeaaa a?aeoai?aiiy ? oeeo?iaee caoeno aaoi?nueeeo i?aa i?e
aeei?enoaii? aoae?i, a?aeai ? ci?oaieo iioie?a MPEG-4 a ?ioa?iao? ?
iiaieo n?oyo.

Eiiiai?y Top5 — /eai eiini?oe?oio DVB, oi?oio TV-Anytime, A?oie
Oi?iaaaeaeaiiy MHP (MHP Implementation Group), ? ia?oia? eiiiai?e IRT ?
BetaResearch. Top5 ia? iaa?? aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo cania?a MHP (ca??ea
i?aei?ia?ai ia Java c ?icoe?aieie ooieoe?iiaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie), ye?
iiaeooue ia?aaeaaaoeny ia ?io? oaeaa?c?ei? ieaooi?ie. Eiiiai?y Top5
?ic?iaeea ?ica’ycaiiy aeey c’?aeiaiiy ?nioth/eo nenoai ERP (Enterprise
Resourse Planning — oi?aae?iiy ?ano?naie i?aei?e?inoa), CRM (Client
Relations Management — oi?aae?iiy aca?ieiaie c ee??ioaie) ? CTI
(Computer Telephony Integration — eiii’thoa?ii-oaeaoiiia ?ioaa?aoe?y) c
aeiaeaoeaie ?ioa?aeoeaiiai oeeo?iaiai oaeaaa/aiiy.

Liberate Technologies ?ic?iaeea i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy Liberate TV
Platform, ui i?aaenoaaey? niaith i?iiaaeooi/iia/iin?aaeie/aneia
(middleware) II ia aac? APL- ? Java-ne?eioia aeey oaeaaa/aiiy
i?aeaeuaii? yeino? (Enhansed TV) aeey oeeo?iaeo oaeaa?c?eieo i?ao?en?a.
?aeay, ui eaaeeoue a iniia? oeueiai i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy, iieyaa? a
oiio, ui aooi?eia iiaeiai aooe aeaoaaei, a ?ic?iaea — oaeaeeith. i?ae
/an IBC eiiiai?y Liberate Technologies ?acii c Philips Digital Network
i?aaenoaaeea caniiaaio ia a?aee?eoeo noaiaea?oao i?ia?aiio ieaooi?io,
yea ?ioaa?o? MHP. ?io? aeiaeaoee a?ae Liberate caaacia/othoue oi?aae?iiy
eanaoieie a?aeaiiaai?oioiiaie aeey oeeo?iaeo i?ao?en?a, neoaeao
caiiaeaiiy eaeoe?a /a?ac OA (TV Ticker), OA-ii/oo (TV Mail) ? OA-/ao (TV
Chat). Eiiiai?? Liberate Technologies ? Macromedia ?ioaa?oaaee
Macromedia Flash Player a ?ioa?aeoeaio oaeaa?c?eio ieaooi?io a?ae
Liberate aeey eiia?oe?eiiai ?icai?oaiiy. ?ioaa?aoe?y Macromedia Flash
Player aeicaieeea ?ic?iaieeai Macromedia Flash noai?thaaoe eiioaio ?
aeiaeaoee aeey ?ioa?aeoeaiiai OA ia i?ia?aii?e ieaooi?i? Liberate TV.

Eiiiai?y Deuromedia i?iiiio? eiioi?eaoe?eio ieaooi?io, ia’?aeioth/o
i?eeiii- ? ia?aaeath/? aeiaeaoee, a?aeiia?aeii viewmotion ? viewmanage,
aeey oe?ieinioaiai? ia?aaea/? aeaieo /a?ac noiooieea, n?o? eaaaeueiiai
oaeaaa/aiiy ? oaeaoiii? e?i??. Nenoaia viewmotion i?aeo?eio? ia?aaea/o
oeeo?iaeo oaee?a ? ioeueoeiaae?eiiai eiioaioa. Viewmanage eiio?ieth?
ia?iaeo aeaieo ? ii?yaeie i?ioiaeaeaiiy ia?aaea/, a?aeiia?aeii aei
aeac?aie, ui ia?aaeathoueny c nenoaie viewmotion, ? ia?aa??y? ?oith
iiaiioo. Nenoaia aaaeaiiy o?iainiaeo ?aooie?a caaacia/o? aaoiiaoe/ia
oi?aae?iiy ? iai?yi ?aooie?a a na?aaeiaeu? c oeny/ ??cieo ia?aaeaaa/?a ?
i?eueeii?a i?eeia/?a.

Ieaooi?ia IP Multicast a?ae Deuromedia ?iaeoue iiaeeeaei oaeaeeo,
iaae?eio ? aacia/io ia?aaea/o /a?ac noiooieea neaiae?a ??cieo oi?iao?a —
a?aeai, aoae?i, ? oi?iao?a aeaieo. ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iiaeoe?, ui
noaiiaeyoue an? ?ica’ycaiiy, ioiieththoue eiioeaioe?th anueiai o?aeoo
ia?aaea/? — a?ae ia?aaeaaa/a aei i?eeia/a, iieaaooth/e ia?aneeeo aaeeeeo
ia’?i?a aeaieo /a?ac oe?ieinioaiaa ia?aaeath/a na?aaeiaeua (iai?eeeaae,
ca’ycie noiooieea).

I?ae /an IBC’2001 eiiiai?y NDS i?iaeaiiino?oaaea ia?niiaeueiee
oaeaa?c?eiee ?aei?aea? (iPTV) Sky+ o??ie Pace Micro Technology,
i?aoethth/ee ia aac? i?ia?aneaii? oaoiieia?? XTV o??ie NDS, aacia/io
oe?ieinioaiao IP-aeinoaaeo oaeaia?aaea/ ? a?aeai ia aeiiao (VOD — Video
on Demand), aeinoaaeo eiioaioa i?aeaeuaii? yeino? ia /eneaii? iiaooia?
i?eno?i?, aeiaeaoee, ui aeinoaaeythoueny ia iaaei?ia? oaeaa?c?ei?
i?ao?ene, aeiaeaoee, ui aeinoaaeythoueny ia oaeaa?c?ei? i?ao?ene ca
aeiiiiiaith Java, a oaeiae ?icai?iai? ?ioa?aeoeai? aeiaeaoee. Caaaeyee
XTV-oaoiieiaee a?ae NDS, nenoaia Sky+ neio?ii?co?oueny c aoaeue-yeeie
iiaeeeaeie ci?iaie /ano aeoiaeo i?ia?ai.

Oaoiieia?y XTV ?ic?aoiaaia ia i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oaeaa?c?eiiai eiioaioa,
nei?i/aiiy eaioethaeea a?ioiaeo aeo?ao, ? ?icoe?aiiy iia?aoi?nueei?
ieaooi?ie. Oaoiieia?y caaacia/o? aeinoaaeo eiioaioa a?ae ii/aoeiai? aei
e?ioeaai? e?aiee, ?ica’ycaiiy ii oi?aae?iith ? caoenoo aeey iia?aoi??a,
i?iaaeaea??a eiioaioa ? ?aeeaiieo aaaionoa. Media Storm eiiiai?? NDS
aeei?enoiao? a?uaiiy aeaieo aeey aeinoaaee aaaaoiai ioeueoeiaae?eiiai
eiioaioa ia aeiiaoi? eiii’thoa?e ? a?aee?eaa? iiaoeyi iia? eie??
i?aeaeuaiiy i?eaooe?a ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeo oei?a ?icaaaeaeueieo i?ia?ai.
Eiiiai?? Canal+ Technologies, i?iaaeaea? i?ia?aiieo ?ica’ycaiue aeey
?ioa?aeoeaiiai OA, ? NPTV, ?ic?iaiee ?ioa?aeoeaieo oaeaa?c?eieo
aeiaeaoe?a, i?iiiiothoue eiiieaen aeey oaeaaa/aiiy i?aeaeuaii? yeino? —
Enhanced TV Pack. Oea i?ia?aiiee eiiieaen aeey iiioaaeo ? a?uaiiy
aeiaeaoe?a oaeaaa/aiiy i?aeaeuaii? yeino?, neio?ii?ciaaieo c
oaeaia?aaea/aie. Eiiieaen i?noeoue eiiiiiaioe i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy ?
aea? iiaeeea?noue iia?aoi?ai aeei?enoiaoaaoe iina?aaeieoeueea
(middleware — iina?aaeieoeueea, iaaeieaooi?iaia aai ca’ycoth/a)
i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy Mediahighway a?ae Canal+ Technologies. Bando
Player — oea aeiaeaoie, yeee ?ioa?i?aoo? aeai?, ui caaia?oaaee ca
aeiiiiiaith i?ia?ai Easy Tools, ? caaacia/o? ?ioa?aeoeai?noue i?e
aeei?enoaii? oaeaa?c?eieo i?ao?en?a. EASY iTV Tools — iaa??
?ino?oiaioaeueieo cania?a aeey iano?eueiiai eiii’thoa?a, ui aeicaiey?
ethaiio ?ic?iaeyoe ? noai?thaaoe noeaia??? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oaeaaa/aiiy
i?aeaeuaii? yeino?.

Eiiiai?y Chyron Corporation iinoaaeea aeey IDP, o?aioeocueei?
eiiiai??-?ic?iaieea eiiieaeno Regieline aeey ?ioa?aeoeaiiai OA, na?e
?ino?oiaioaeueiee iaa?? Lyric iTV aeey noai?aiiy eiioaioa. Inoaiiy
aa?n?y 2.0 Regieline, yeo aeionoeea IDP, na?aae ?ioeo iiaeo ooieoe?e,
caaacia/o? i?inoioo noai?aiiy aeiaeaoe?a ia aac? aeeiai?/ieo aeaieo,
iiaoaeiaa aeiaeaoe?a c iiaeeea?noth ?iaeoe caieoe c aace aeaieo a
?aaeueiiio /an?, ? noai?aiiy iineoa oaeaaa/aiiy i?aeaeuaii? yeino?, ye?
aeicaieythoue aeyaea/ai a?aoe o/anoue a i?yiiio ao??? a ?a?iaeo oio,
?aaaoaaoe ia i?iiiceoe?? oaeaiaaacei?a, aieinoaaoe ? ia?aaeaaaoe nai?
aeoiee.

Irdeto Access ? Yes Television (i?iaaeaea? IP-?aoaiee aeey
oe?ieinioaiaiai ?ioa?aeoeaiiai oaeaaa/aiiy) i?iiiiothoue nenoaio caoenoo
eiioaioa a ?aaeueiiio /an?. Iiaa nenoaia caniiaaia ia oaoiieia?? Irdeto
Cyphercast ? ?ic?aoiaaia ia caoeno a ?aaeueiiio /an? oaeaa?c?eiiai
a?uaiiy, a?aeai ia aeiiao ? ?ioeo i?ia?aneaieo iineoa i?e oaeaeeinoyo
ia?aaea/?, a?aeiia?aeieo aeey IP-naoae, oaeeo ye ADSL (Asymmetric
Digital Subscriber Line — aneiao?e/ia oeeo?iaa aaiiaioia e?i?y) ? FTTH
(Fiber To The House — «aieieii a aeii»). Oey oaoiieia?y aeicaieeoue Yes
TV io?eiaoe aeinooi aei aenieiye?niiai eiioaioo aeey VOD ? IP-oneoa.

?acii c nai?ie ia?oia?aie ii ?a?iiaenueeiio IST-i?iaeoo SAMBITS (System
for Advanced Multimedia Broadcast and Information Technology Services),
eiiiai?y IRT ?ic?iaeea i?ioioei ?ioaa?iaaii? eiioeaioe?? a?uaiiy ?
?ioa?iaoo aeey ?ioa?aeoeaieo aoaeei/aecoaeueiuo iineoa ia aac?
a?aee?eoeo noaiaea?o?a, oaeeo, ye MPEG-2, MPEG-4, MPEG-7 ? DVB-MHP.
I?iaeo SAMBITS caaacia/o? iiaoaeiao cae?i/aiiai eaioethaa aeinoaaee,
a?ae ii/aoeiai? aei e?ioeaai? e?aiee, ? aeeth/a? caniae aeey
ii-eaeiiaiai ? ioo-eaeiiaiai ioeueoeiaae?eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaeiei c
iaee?oii?oeo aeinyaiaiue a oeueiio i?iaeo? ? oa, ui a?i caeeaaea? aaco
aeey oi?iaaaeaeaiiy noaiaea?o?a MPEG-4 ? MPEG-7, ?ioaa?iaaieo a iiaio
oaoiieia?th DVB-MHP. SAMBITS — oea i?iaeo IST, niiini?iaaiee
?a?iiaenueeei Nithcii.

Eiiiai?y Philips Digital Networks i?iiiio? iia?oi? caniae aeey noai?aiiy
?ioa?aeoeaiiai iioieo eiioaioa — nenoaio VeonStudio 5.0, caaacia/oth/o
iia? eie?? aeey noai?aiiy ?ioa?aeoeaiiai eiioaioa o oi?iao? iioieo.
O?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee iioie?a aeeth/athoue o?eueee e?i?ei? aoae?i- ?
a?aeaiiioiee. VeonStudio 5.0 ea?aeeiaeueii ci?ith? anth neooaoe?th,
caaacia/oth/e caniae, ui aeicaieythoue ?ic?iaieeai eiioaioa
canoiniaoaaoe aaaaoioa?iaee i?aeo?ae a oaoiieia?yo aoae?i iioieo ?
a?aeai, a caniae cai?ioiiai ca’yceo aeathoue iiaeeea?noue iiaoeyi
?icoi?oe iiaaae?ieo ei?enooaa/?a ? iaeiie/oaaoe na?e aeina?ae.

I?ae /an IBC ‘2001 i’youe ?ioa?aeoeaieo oaeaa?c?eieo eiiiai?e ooai?eee
«A?oiio ii Aeaeiaeuieo Oaoiieiaeyi» (ETG — Entertainment Technology
Group). Eiiiai?? Lucent Digital Video (LDV), nCube, NDS, Orca
Interactive ? Pace Micro ?ioaa?oaaee nai? no/ani? i?ia?aneai? oaoiieia??
aeey oi?ioaaiiy cae?i/ai?e iTV-nenoaiu.

Noai?aiiy ETG i?aeo?eio? ?icaeoie aeooaeueieo aeaeiaeuieo aeiaeaoe?a,
oaeeo ye cae/aeia iiaia a?aeai, a?aeai ia aeiiao, iiynia (time shifting)
oaeaa?c?eia a?uaiiy ? ia?niiaeueiee a?aeai?aei?aea? (PVR — Personal
Video Recorder) ?c caoenoii eiioaioa ca aeiiiiiaith oeo?oaaiiy. A?oia
ETG iaaienia neiioeaio?oaaoeny ia oaoiieia?/ieo ?ica’ycaiiyo, ui
caaacia/othoue oiiaiee aeinooi ? caoeno eiioaioa ? aeei?enoiaoth/eo
a?aeaina?aa?e ? ?ioa?aeoeaiee ioo?aiee ca i?ia?aiaie (IPG — Interactive
Programming Guide) aeey ao??iiai oeeo?iaiai oaeaiiaeaiiy ? a?o?aieo
iineoa VOD.

Eiaeia c i’yoe eiiiai?e aeeaei a nithc nai? ?ica’ycaiiy. Lucent Digital
Video caaacia/o? oaoiieia?? eiaeoaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith e?i?eee eiaea??a
MPEG-2, a?aeaioethc?a (video gateways) LINKRunner ? i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy aeey n?oueiaiai oi?aae?iiy. nCube iinoaaey? nenoaio iioieo
n4, caaacia/oth/o ooieoe?? VOD ? n?oueiaiai ia?niiaeueiiai ?aei?aea?a
PVR, a oaeiae i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy nABLE — iaae?eio a?aeiiaino?eeo
ieaooi?io ?ioa?aeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aeey iiiaeeiieo n?oae. NDS
caaacia/o? i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeey caoenoo eiioaioa Open VideoGuard,
? nai? ?ica’ycaiiy ii ?ioaa?iaaiiio ia?niiaeueiiio oaeaaa/aiith XTV.
Orca caaacia/o? iiai? ? VOD-i?eeiaeaiey, aeei?enoiaoth/e naith nenoaio
RiGHTv Core. Pace Micro Technology aa?a o/anoue a nithc? c i?ia?aneaieie
oeeo?iaeie i?ao?enaie ? oaoiieia??th aeiiaoi?o oethc?a aeey an?o
oe?ieinioaiaeo ieaooi?i — eaaaeueieo, aani?iaiaeieo ? IPTV (Internet
Protocol TV).

Aeei?enoiaoth/e eiia?iaoe?th n?o? ? ia?niiaeueiiai ?aei?aea?a ia noi?ii?
ee??ioa, a?oia ETG aeicaiey? iia?aoi?o iaenei?coaaoe aeinooiio nioao ?
i?i?i?coaaoe n?oueiaee o?aoee ca ?aooiie caa?aaeaiiy eiioaioa a i?ao?en?
i?e aa?aio??, ui iaeiiioey?i?oee iiaiee eiioaio caa??aa?oueny ia
a?aeaina?aa??. Aio/e?noue ?ica’ycaiiy aea? iia?aoi?o iiaeeea?noue aeai?o
— /e ?icai?oaoe n?oue, aai PVR ia noi?ii? ee??ioa, aai aeei?enoiaoaaoe
eiia?iaoe?th oiai ? ?ioiai aac ?noioii? ?aeiioeao?aoe?? a?o?oaeoo?e.

Aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??

1. ?inoeooo Iania? ?ioi?iaoe?? — http://imi.org.ua/?read=8:18

2. Oaeaniooiee http://www.telesputnik.ru/archive/n102/001.html

3. Iaoa?eae ec Aeeeiaaeee — naiaiaeiie yioeeeeiiaaeee —
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/

4. A Aa?iaiee ?acai?a/eaatho iiaeeueiia oaeaaeaeaiea
-http://www.pcnews.ru/news/dvb-plus-o2-mobile-vodafone-2006-digital-vide
o-broadcasting-handheld-16-40-gprs-umts-internationale-131080.html

5. Eioa?aeoeaiia Oaeaaeaeaiea — yoi ?aaeueiinoue
-http://www.ovideo.ru/articles/0027/

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