Caeaaei?noue yeino? oethao a?ae naenoaeueieo

aca?iei iiae?oaeaey.

N?i’y, oea iiaeaeue a?oie, ui yaey? niaith a?ieia?/io oe?e?ni?noue,
noi?ni?noue iiaaae?ieiaiai, aiioe?eiiai ? eiai?oeaiiai ??ai?a, yea
?aaoeth? ia eeoa no?ee?noue oethao, aea e aecia/a? oi?ioaaiiy
iniaenoino? ? caaacia/o? caaeiaieai?noue ia?oia??a. Iiae?oaeiy aa?iii?y
neeaaea?oueny ?c aaaaoueio eiiiiiaio?a, na?aae yeeo aieiaiei ? ??aaiue
eoeueoo?e ? aeoiaaiino? ethaeeie, ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-oeiieia?/i? yeino?,
iaoe?iiaeuei? o?aaeeoe?? ? cae/a?, nioe?aeuei? onoaiiaee ? oe?iiino? oa
?i. Aa?iii?y a n?i’? aeeth/a? oaeiae an? noi?iie i?aeiniaeno?nieo
noinoie?a, naenoaeueio oa iiaaae?ieiao a?aeiia?aei?noue. Ii?iaeuei?
naenoaeuei? aca?ieie ? iaeaaaeeea?oei oaeoi?ii, yeee aecia/a?
oni?oi?noue n?iaeiiai aeeooy.

Ia aeoieo oaeeo aeine?aeiee?a n?i’? ye A.A.Nenaiei, TH.A.?th??eiaa,
A.A.Oa?/aaa, ?iciaae aaaaoueio oetha?a iaoiiaeaiee ineoieia?/iith ?
naenoaeueiith iaina?/ai?noth iiae?oaeaey, yea caaaaea? ciaeoe
iioeiaeueiee eiioaeo, oieeiooe eiioe?eoo, aaeaiooaaoeny aei ia?oia?a.
Oa?aeoa? naenoaeueieo aca?iei caeaaeeoue a?ae aa?iii??, ineoieia?? aeaio
noaoae, noi?niino? naenoaeueieo onoaiiaie, iiaeyae?a ia?oia??a,
naenoaeueii? ia?ciaiino? oa ??ai?a naenoaeueii? eoeueoo?e,
a?aeiia?aeiino? naenoaeueieo oaiia?aiaio?a.

Ii/eiath/e c aeaai?o /an?a ethaee caaaeaee oe?eaaeeenue i?iaeaiaie noao?
? naenoaeueieo aca?iei. O?einio A?eno?i aoa ia?oei oai?aoeeii aaaeii?cio
— eiioeaioe??, ca?aeii yei? ianieiaea, caaeiaieaiiy ? aieiaiei aeaaii ?
iaoith aeeooy, iniiaiith ?oo?eiith neeith ethaenueeeo a/eie?a. A?iiie?ao
?aooaaa, ui noaoaaa aeeooy ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey caei?ia’y ?
naiiii/oooy ethaeeie.

C.O?aeae iieacaa ?ieue ? cia/aiiy naenoaeueiino? a aeeoo? ethaeeie. A
na?oe? eiai oai??? noa? c?icoi?eith iaiao?aei?noue naeno ia eeoa aeey
i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?iaeo ? ia??iaee/ii? ?ic?yaeee, aea e aeey caaeiaieaiiy
an?o ooieoe?iiaeueieo iio?aa iniaenoino? (a ni?eeoaaii?, naii?aae?caoe??
? ?i.). Oea icia/a?, ui naenoaeuei?noue iaiiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe iica
iniaeno?noth, a iniaeno?noue aac o?aooaaiiy ?? naenoaeueieo
ia?aaeeaaiue.

I.ssooa ? A.Oaia?e aaaaeathoue naenoaeueio iacaaeiaieai?noue aeaea?aeii
aoaeue-yeiai aioo??oiueiai eiioe?eoo.

A??e Aa?i noaa?aeaeo?, ui noaoaaa a?aeoai?aiiy — iaeei ?c ia?aaaaeath/eo
cania?a, naia aaaeeeaa i?ney aeaeeaaiiy ??/ aeey eiaeiiai i?aai?cio,
yeee iaae?eaiee noaooth.

A aeine?aeaeaiiyo N.?. Aieiaea, A.Ei?a, ?.Iaeaa?oa, I.I.Iaiciaa,
E.Ooa?ea i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui aeaaiiieo//y n?i’? ia ??cieo a?eiaeo
aoaiao iaoiiaeaia ia eeoa ineoieia?/iith noi?ni?noth, aea e
naenoaeueiith a?aeiia?aei?noth ia?oia??a. I.I.Iaicia caoaaaeo?, ui oetha
— oea ia?o ca ana ineoieia?/iee nithc aeaio ethaeae aeooiaii aeecueeeo,
c iaeiaeiaeie ?aeaaeaie, oe?ii?nieie i???ioaoe?yie, ethaeae c aeinoaoi?i
??aiai naenoaeueii? noi?niino?.

Aa?iii?ei?noue ? a?aeiia?aei?noue iio?aa a ?ioeiiiio ni?eeoaaii? iaeiiai
ia?oia?a iiaeeeainoyi ? iio?aaai ?ioiai yaeythoue niaith iniiaiee ci?no
naenoaeueii? noi?niino?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui naenoaeueia noi?ni?noue, ye
i?aaeei, aeinyaeia /O.A.Aoeaiei/. Oiio naenoaeueia iacaaeiaieai?noue
iiae?oaeaey a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a coiiaeaia naenoaeueiith
iaia?ciai?noth, ianoi?iiaai?noth naenoaeueieo ai?iue, ae??th
ineoieia?/ieo /eiiee?a, ye? ia ona?aeiieththoueny. Oea ia icia/a?, ui
i?oei?noue oethao caeaaeeoue eeoa a?ae a?io?ce/ii? noi?niino? /ieia?ea ?
ae?iee. Aeooiaiee na?o ethaeeie ia iiaeia a?ae??aaoe a?ae noaoaaiai
aeeooy. Ni?euei?noue ?ioa?an?a, na?oiaeyaeo, aca?iia ethaia ? iiaaaa,
ineoieia?/ia ni?acao//y ia iaioa aaaeeea? a oetha?, i?ae noaoaaa aeeooy.

A.Ei? ienaa, ui ye?noue oethao iie?auo?oueny c a?eii, e??i oiai
iaeii??aei?noue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai noaoono ci?oeith? n?i’th, a
oai, aea iai? i?eae?eythoue oaaao noaoaaiio aeeooth, ii/oooy aeeao?,
aca?iia?aeiineie aa?iii?ei?o?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy N.?.Aieiaea iieacaee, ui naenoaeueia caaeiaieai?noue
iaci?iii caeia? 3-? i?noea ia aaeaioaoe?ei?e oeae? i?ney aeooiaii? ?
iiaooiai? noi?niino? ye a oethaao o?eaae?noth aei 10 ?ie?a, oae ? a?ae
10 aei 15 ?ie?a. I?iaoeuee? aeine?aeieee A.Iieaa?o ? E.Ooa?ea
ia?aeiiothoue, ui i?ae naenoaeueiith caaeiaieai?noth, c iaei??? noi?iie
? aeaaiiieo//yi, ye?noth ? noaa?euei?noth oethao. c ?ioi? noi?iie, ?nio?
o?niee aca?iica’ycie.

I.E?ic? aeae?ey? o?e iniiaieo i?e/eie, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy,
noeioeyoe?th /e i?eai?/aiiy noaoaaeo aca?iei: 1 — iiaaae?ieiaee oaeoi?,
2 — oai?iaeeaee noai, 3 — a?eiaa ia?aaoaeiaa i?aai?cio.

I?iya ?ioeiieo aaaeaiue aecia/athoue iano??e, noai caei?ia’y, iayai?noue
ii/oooy i??e ? oaeoo. Iniaeeaa i?noea a naenoaeueieo aca?ieiao
iiae?oaeaey caeiathoue a?ioe/i? neiaani? neiaiee, ye? iiaeooue ye
noeioethaaoe, oae ? iiaeaaeyoe aaaeaiiy.

Iiaaae?ieiaee oaeoi? ia? ?noioia cia/aiiy a on?o ia??iaeao ni?eueiiai
aeeooy, aea iniaeeai aaaeeeaei ? iaa?oue aecia/aeueiei ? ia??iae
aaeaioaoe?? iiae?oaeaey, eiee neeaaea?oueny aeaniee “oa?ac” n?i’?. *ei
e?aua i?aeaioiaeaia iiae?oaeaey aei n?iaeiiai aeeooy, oei oaeaeoa
a?aeaoaa?oueny n?iaeia aaeaioaoe?y.

A?eiaee oaeoi? aacoiiaii aieeaa? ia noaoaao aeoeai?noue ethaeeie. C
a?eii noaoaaa aeoeai?noue cieaeo?oueny, a oie /an, ye /ieia?ee oae ?
ae?iee i?e iiaiiio o?ce/iiio ? ineo?/iiio caei?ia’? ? iiaeooue
i?iaeiaaeoaaoe noaoaao ae?yeuei?noue i?ioyaii anueiai iiae?oaeiueiai
aeeooy.

A ?yae? aeiaaee?a ia? i?noea oienia /e aeiooaia coieiea noaoaai?
ae?yeueiino? a 55-56 ?ie?a. I?e/eie oaei? iiaaae?iee ??ci?: ao?aoa
iaeiiai ?c iiae?oaeaey, o?eaaea oai?iaa, ni?ii ia?aae ae?oueie, aioeaie,
a?aenooi?noue aeaiaioa?ieo eaa?oe?ieo oiia ? o.ae.

E??i oiai aeeooy iaiieiaeeo aaea ethaeae iio?aao? oaaae aei caei?ia’y.
?aaeei a?aeiinei iiae?oaeaey, yeiio 50-60 ? a?eueoa ?ie?a, iiaeiai
i?aeo?eioaaoenue ia oaeiio ??ai?, uia i?ioyaii iiaeaeueoeo ?ie?a
caa?aaoe iaaiee oiion, oe??ieoe caei?ia’y. Naenoaeueia iacaaeiaieai?noue
aiioe?eii ca?aeith? ethaenueea aeeooy, iicaaaey? iniaeno?noue aaaeeeaeo
iiceoeaieo aiioe?e, ye? ?e i?inoi aeeoo?ai iaiao?aei? aeey caaacia/aiiy
ii?iaeueii? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Aiae?c iaaeeei-ineoieia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e iieacaa, ui ieoaiiy
aca?iica’yceo ineoieia?/ii? ? naenoaeueii? noi??i iiae?oaeiueiai aeeooy
aeine?aeaeaii iaaeinoaoiuei, oiio iaoith iaoi? ?iaioe aoei aea/aiiy
caeaaeiino? noaa?eueiino? oethao a?ae naenoaeueieo aca?iei iiae?oaeaey.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue a eiinoeueoaoe?? c
ieoaiue oethao oa n?i’? ia aac? Eooeueeiai CAANo oa Iaeanii? e?ea?i?
i.Eooeueea. Aeey ae?aaiinoeee naenoaeueieo noinoie?a ia?oia??a aoea
aeei?enoaia iaoiaeeea “Naenoaeueiee i?io?eue” (I.ssooa ? A.Oaia?e).
Caaeiaieai?noue oethaii, oa?aeoa? n?iaeiiai ni?eeoaaiiy,
ooieoe?eii-?ieueiaa ocaiaeaeai?noue aea/aeeny c aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeee :
“Caaeiaieai?noue oethaii”, “Ni?eeoaaiiy a n?i’?”, “?ie? a n?i’?”, “Oeaea
ethaia? ? neiiao??”.

Aea??eiao noeoii?noue noaiiaeee 62 iiae?oaei?o ia?e. Ca a?eii
?aniiiaeaioe neeaee o?e iniiai? a?oie:

? a?oia — a?ae 20 aei 30 ?ie?a (44% — /ieia?ee ? 50% — ae?iee);

?? a?oia — a?ae 31 aei 40 ?ie?a (37,5% — /ieia?ee ? 37,5 ae?iee);

??? a?oia — a?ae 41 aei 50 ?ie?a (18% /ieia?ee ? 12,5% ae?iee).

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iieaciee?a naenoaeueieo aca?iei a ??cieo a?eiaeo
a?oiao aeicaieea io?eiaoe ianooii? aii??e/i? aeai?: o a?eueoino?
?aniiiaeaio?a, ui ca iiae?oaei?i noaaeai ciaoiaeyoueny ia noaae?? aeoaea
iieiaeiai oethao a?aei?/a?oueny ni?aiaaeaiiy naenoaeueiiai iioyao,
aenieee ??aaiue naenoaeueiiai caaeiaieaiiy o oetha?, ineoieia?/iiai
aeaaiiieo//y, /ooeeaino?, caaeiaieaiino?, aea i?ine?aeeiao?oueny
??cieoey a naenoaeuei?e ina?/aiino? ? oaoi?oe?. O ?aniiiaeaio?a
iieiaeiai oethao anoaiiaeaia ni?aiaaeaiiy a oaoi?oe?, iiaeyaeao, ??ai?
caaeiaieaiino?, aea a?aei?/aia ??cieoey a ina?/aiino?, iioyc?,
aiaaiaiino? a nia? ye a naenoaeueiiio ia?oia??, ineoieia?/iiio
aeaaiiieo//?.

O ?aniiiaeaio?a na?aaeiueiai oethao aeyaeaia ni?aiaaeaiiy ??ai?a
ina?/aiino?, oe?ioa iiaeyae?a, aea anoaiiaeaia ??cieoey a i?iyaao
aiaaiaiino? a nia?, a?ae/ooo? ia?oia?a.

?aniiiaeaioai e?oiueiai oethao i?eoaiaiia ni?aiaaeaiiy iieaciee?a
ina?/aiino?, oaoi?ee ? aeyaeaia ??cieoey a oe?io? iiaeyae?a, aiaaiaiino?
a nia?, /ooeeaino?, eiioi?eaoeaiino?, naenoaeueii-ineoieia?/iiio
aeaaiiieo//?.

Ae?aa?aia ? 1 aeaiiino?o? iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe.

Ae?aa?aia ?1.

?ICIIAe?E ?ANIIIAeAIO?A CA IIEACIEEAIE

NAENOAEUeIIAI AEAAIIIEO**ss (a %).

Ocaaaeueiaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeicaiey? eiinoaooaaoe
iaea?eueoo naenoaeueio aa?iii?th o iiae?oaei?o ia?, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia
na?aaei?e noaae?? iiae?oaeiueiai aeeooy. Ieae/? iieacieee
i?ine?aeeiaothoueny a a?oi? e?oiueiai a?eo. Naiee iecueeee ??aaiue
naenoaeueiiai aeaaiiieo//y aeyaeaiee a iieiaeiio oetha?.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaei ciiao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui a?eueo?noue
iiae?oaei?o ia? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny naenoaeueiith aeenaa?iii??th (69%) ?
eeoa 31% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? ?aniiiaeaio?a — naenoaeueiith
a?aeiia?aei?noth. Iiae?oaei? ia?e, ye? aeyaeee aeenaa?iii?eiee
naenoaeueiee ?icaeoie iio?aaothoue ei?aeoe?eiiai aieeao c iaoith
iiaeieaiiy iai?oae o aca?ieiao ? i?aeaeuaiiy caaeiaieaiino?
naenoaeueieie noinoieaie.

Aeina?ae eiinoeueoaoeaii? ?iaioe c iiae?oaei?ie ia?aie, ui iaee
ineoinaenoaeuei? i?iaeaie aea? iiaeeea?noue eiinoaooaaoe, ui iecuee?
iieacieee naenoaeueieo aca?iei a a?oiao iieiaeiai ? e?oiueiai
iiae?oaeaey iaoiiaeai? i?ioeanaie aaeaioaoe?? aei oethao, e?eciaei
ia??iaeii, iaaaeaeaaoi?noth aeai?o ia?oia?a, ineoieia?/iith
ianoi?ni?noth, iecueeei ??aiai naenoaeueii? eoeueoo?e ? ina?/aiino?.

Ia?iaea aeaieo, iaea?aeaieo a oiae? ianoaaeaiiy ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo,
caaeiaieaiino? oethaii iieacaea, ui a?eueo?noue iiae?oaei?o ia?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iani?eyoeeaei n?iaeieie noinoieaie,
iaocaiaeaeai?noth ooieoe?e ? ?ieae, iani?aiaaeaiiyi onoaiiaie,
cieaeaieie iieacieeaie neiiao?? ? ethaia? ? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi o?eaaeino?
oethao, oe? iieacieee c?inoathoue.

Ineoieia?/ia aeaaiiieo//y a aeae?eaieo a?oiao oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ianooiieie iieacieeaie:

— ia noaae?? iieiaeiai oethao (a?ae 0 aei 7 ?ie?a) aeyaeaii 12%
aeaaiiieo/ieo oetha?a, 16% iaaeaaiiieo/ieo. Iaaeaaiiieo/i? ia?e
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny /anoeie naa?eaie ? eiioe?eoaie,
ooieoe?iiaeueii-?ieueiaith iaocaiaeaeai?noth, iani?aiaaeaiiyi onoaiiaie,
??cieoeath oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e.

— A na?aaeiueiio oetha? (a?ae 9 aei 18 ?ie?a) 29% ia? ?
iaaeaaiiieo/ieie, ? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny c?inoaiiyi iai?oae, ??cieoeath
iiaeyae?a ia aeoiaaiiy ae?oae ? eiioe?eoiino? c oeueiai i?eaiaeo,
iiieaeaiiy ethaia? ? neiiao??, ??aiai caaeiaieaiino? oethaii. 16%
iiae?oaei?o ia? ?c oe??? a?oie, yeei oa?aeoa?i? ineoieia?/ii ni?eyoeea?
noinoiee, i?eoaiaii? ooieoe?iiaeueii-?ieueiaa ocaiaeaeai?noue,
aeia??eea?noue a ni?eeoaaii?, aca?ii?icoi?iiy, ni?eyoeeaee ineoieia?/iee
ee?iao.

— A a?oi? e?oiueiai oethao (19 ? a?eueoa ?ie?a) aeae?eaii 12%
iaaeaaiiieo/ieo ia?, ?i i?eoaiaiia eiioe?eoi?noue, naa?ee, iiieaeaiiy
caaeiaieaiino? oethaii, ? 19% ia? ?aniiiaeaio?a aeaaiiieo/i?, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ni?eyoeeaei ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii, iiae?ai?noth
iiaeyae?a, ni?eueieie neiaieaie n?i’? ? ?i. Iienai? aeai? iiaeai? ia
a?ao?eo 1.

A?ao?e ? 1.

?ICIIAe?E ?ANIIIAeAIO?A CA IIEACIEEAIE INEOIEIA?*IIAI AEAAIIIEO**ss A
N?I’? (a %).

Oaeei /eiii, aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui i?e
naenoaeuei?e aa?iii?? a?eueo?noue iiae?oaei?o ia? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
ineoieia?/iei aeaaiiieo//yi (27%) ? eeoa 4% i?e naenoaeuei?e
aeenaa?iii??.

?icaeyaeath/e naenoaeueii-aeenaa?iii?ei? ia?e aeaeii, ui c ieo
a?eueo?noue ia? (60%) oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iani?eyoeeaeie aca?ieiaie a
oetha? ? eeoa 9% ia? ? aeaaiiieo/ieie.

Iiaeai? aeai? iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? ? 1.

Oaaeeoey ? 1.

?ICIIAe?E ?ANIIIAeAI?OA CA IIEACIEEAIE ssEINO?

OETHAO OA OA?AEOA?O NAENOAEUeIEO NOINOIE?A (a %).

Iieacieee Oa?aeoa?enoeea naenoaeueieo noinoie?a

yeino? oethao naenoaeueii aa?iii?ei? naenoaeueii aeenaa?iii?ei?

ineoieia?/ii aeaaiiieo/i? 27 9

ineoieia?/ii iaaeaaiiieo/i? 4 60

Anueiai 100% 31 69

Naenoaeueia aa?iii?y a oetha? ei?aeth? c oaeeie iiceoeaieie iieacieeaie
aca?iei ye: caaeiaieai?noue oethaii, ni?aiaaeaiiy iiaeyae?a ? onoaiiaie,
ue??noth ? aeia??’yi o aca?ieiao, no?eeei ii/oooyi ethaia? ? neiiao??
aei ia?oia?a.

Ianoaaeaiiy iiae?oaei?o ia?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ineoieia?/iei
aeaaiiieo//yi, aea naenoaeueii aeenaa?iii?ei?, ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui ?i
i?eoaiaii? iaocaiaeaeai?noue naenoaeueieo onoaiiaie, oaiia?aiaio?a ?
?ioeo ia?aiao??a.

Ioe?ithth/e ye?noue oethao a aeae?eaieo a?oiao ? aoaeoth/e i?iaiic
aca?iei ie ?aoo?ii, ui a?eueoi? oaaae caneoaiaothoue ia?e c
iani?eyoeeaei ineoieia?/iei ee?iaoii ? aeenaa?iii?eieie aca?ieiaie, oae
ye oea /anoi i?eaiaeeoue aei ?iceo/aiue. A oaeiae iio?aaothoue oaaae
ia?e, yeei i?eoaiaii? naenoaeueia aeenaa?iii?y ? ineoieia?/ia
aeaaiiieo//y.

sse aa/eii, aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeei aca?iiiaoiiaeai?noue ?
aca?iiiia’ycai?noue ineoieia?/ieo ? naenoaeueieo aca?iei a n?i’?, ?
aeaia i?iaeaia iio?aao? iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy ? aiae?co aeey iie?auaiiy
aca?iei a oetha? ia ??cieo a?eiaeo aoaiao eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

E?OA?AOO?A

Ae?oeia TH.N., Aiciai E.ss. Nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneea iaoiaeu
enneaaeiaaiey noi?oaeaneeo ioiioaiee. I., 1987.

Aiaeae?a A.A., Noieei A.A. Naiuey a ineoieiae/aneie eiinoeueoaoeee. I.,
1989.

Aaneeue/aiei A.N., ?aoaoiye TH.I. Ethaiaue, a?ae, naenoaeueiia
ia?oi??noai. I., 1990.

E?aoioaee N. Ineoioa?aiey naiaeii-nioeeaeueiuo aeenaa?iiiee. I., 1991.

Bradshaw J. Bradshaw on: The family. Health Communications, Inc.
Deerfield Beach, Florida, 1988.

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