?.Anooiia /anoeia.

Iaeei c iaeoeieaaioeo aeneo?nieieo ia?o?ooia a iaoiio iinoi oa
Oononueeiio ?aeiii ? oo?enonueei-e?a?ciaa/ee ia?o?oo ia Caieiao ai?o aei
?o?i Oononueeiai caieo. *oaeiaee e?a?aeae i?noa a?aee?eaa?oueny ca?aene
c aenioe 174iao?a a on? ii?e ?ieo. Aeneo?n?y ?ic?aoiaaia ia o?e aiaeeie
? ii/eia?oueny ia oa?eoi??? iaoi? oeiee. Ia iith aeoieo
eexcuzzo-aea?aath) aeaco?, ui iaa/aeueia caiyooy i?iaiaeeoueny iica
eeannii, iica oeieith. Iniiaiei iaoiaeii iaa/aiiy ooo ? niinoa?aaeaiiy
i?aaeiao?a, yaeu, i?ioean?a. A?i ii?aeio?oueny c iiyniaiiyi a/eoaey,
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o oo?enoe/iiai ? aeine?aeieoeueeiai Oa?aeoa?o .

Iniiaieie aoaiaie aeneo?n?? ? :

1. I?aeaioiaea a/eoaey aei aeneo?n?? .

2. I?aeaioiaea o/i?a aei aeneo?n??.

3. I?iaaaeaiiy aeneo?n??.

4. I?aeaaaeaiiy i?aenoie?a aeneo?n?? .

Aeneo?n?? ?ethno?othoue neiaani? ia?ace ? noai?ththoue iiai?oa oyaeaiiy
i?i i?aaeiaoe ? yaeua iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo.??ciiiai?oi? niinoa?aaeaiiy a
i?e?iae? ni?eythoue caaaa/aiith iiae o/i?a.Ia aeneo?n?yo o/i?
iaaoaathoue iaae/ie ? ai?iue aeine?aeieoeueeo ?iaioo: niinoa??aaoe ca
i?aaeiaoaie ? yaeuaie i?aai?/ii? ? iai?aai?/ii? i?e?iaee, aiae?coaaoe,
ii??aithaaoe oe? i?aaeiaoe ? yaeua, ?iaeoe aeniiaee.Ana oea ni?ey?
aeoea?caoe?? ?o i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?, iaaoooth ? cae??ieaiith
iiaeo ciaiue.A o/i?a ae?iaey?oueny aeine?aeieoeueeee i?aeo?ae aei
aea/aiiy yaeu iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.Ia aeneo?n?yo a o/i?a
ae?iaey?oueny i?aai?caoe?ei? iaae/ee, ?icaeaathoueny aeiao?aeeea?noue,
aeo?eaae?noue, oiaaiai?noue o nai?o iiaeeeainoyo.

Ia?aae aeneo?n??th a/eoaeue iciaeiieth? o/i?a c ?? iaoith, ieaiii,
ia?o?ooii, aecia/a? /an i?iaaaeaiiy aeneo?n??.Ae?oe iiaeii? ciaoe, eoaee
aiie eaeooue, ui ?i o?aaa ?iaeoe ia aeneo?n??, ia ui iio??aii caa?iooe
oaaao, ui acyoe c niaith ia aeneo?n?th.

O/i? iathoue ona?aeiieoe, ui aeneo?n?y-oea ia i?iaoeyiea, a iaa/aeueia
caiyooy, yea i?iaiaeeoueny ia i?e?iae?, oiio aei ia? o?aaa oae naii
noaaeoueny, ye ? aei o?ieo.Aoaeoeai?noue aeneo?n?? caeaaeeoue a?ae
i?aai?ciaaiino? e aeenoeeie?iiaaiino? o/i?a, oi aaeeea oaaaa
caa?oa?oueny ia i?aaeea oaoi?ee aaciaee i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy oeueiai
iicaeeaniiai caoiaeo.

??.Iniiaia /anoeia.

Caieiaa ai?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei iaoi? oeiee ciaoiaeeoueny ia a?aenoai?
=2 ei, a i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiio iai?yieo.Iaeoaeaeoee ia?o?oo, a?ae oeiee
aei Caieiai? ai?e, i?ioiaeeoue ii aoeeoeyi: Euea?anueea, E?oinueei?,
900-??//y Oonoa c aeoiaeii ia aoeeoeth Caieiao.?ioaineaiee ?oo
aaoio?ainii?oo, ?iaeoue oeae ia?o?oo aeineoue iaaacia/iei.Iaeaacia/i?oei
? oeyo ii oaeei aoeeoeyi: Niea/a, Aaooo?ia, Eaeeia, ia?aoiaeeii aoeeoeth
Aaa?ae?enueea, iiaa?oa?ii ia Eioaaiai, iio?i /a?ac aoeeoeth A?ao?a
A?auaee?a ia I?yio, c aeoiaeii ia Ie?iaiaa aei aoeeoe? 900-??//y Oonoa ?
aoeeoe? Caieiaa.Oeae ia?o?oo aeiaoee ca i?ioyaei?noth iaaaeee?e
?ioaineaiino? ?ooo aaoio?ainii?oo ? aacia/i?oei.I?ioiaeeoue i?aaiaeeie ?
ie a?ey i?aei?aeaey Caieiai? ai?e.Ooo ie ciaeiieiiny c iai’yoieeii
?in?enueeei nieaeaoii, ye? caaeioee a ?iee ??-i? Na?oiai? a?eie, oa
iaii??aeueiith ieeoith, iinoaaeaiith ia /anoue ia?oecai?a-?ica?aeiee?a,
ye? caaeioee a iaoiio i?no?.Acaaae? naia Caieiaa ai?a ia? aenioo 150i, a
14iao??a iathoue o aenioo ?o?ie Oononueeiai caieo.I?ae /an i?aeeiio, ii
aeineoue aeia?a aeeeaaeai?e eaiaiai aei?ic?, ie neooa?ii eaaaiaeo, ye
aoaeoaaee Oononueeee caiie.

Aeaaii oi aoei, n?inio ?ie?a oiio.Iao e?ae aoa oe?eoee aaeeeeie e?naie,
a aea aoea ??aieia ? e?n ?icei?/iaaiee, oi oai caie? aoee aeoaea
?iaeth/?.

I?e?oaa yeinue nthaee ai?aiaea Oono ia eiae.Iiethaeeeny eiio n? i?noey.?
caoio?a ooo aeeoe ia ye?enue ai??, aae aeae?oe ana nai? aaaaonoai.A oai,
aea oaia? noi?oue caiie, ia aoei ai?e, eeoa iaaaeeea i?aeaeuaiiy.?
caeoiaa Oono ia oiio i?aeaeuaii? a/eieoe ai?o, a ia ai??, ia naiiio
aa?oa/eo, aeaoaeoaaoe caiie.? caa?a ai?aiaea iaiueio.C on?o n?e ioneee
eoe ethaee a?ae?iaeyoe iaiueio ia aoae?aieoeoa? caieo.

Aeoaea oyaeei aoei caiaeeoe oie caiie: eai?iiy aeecueei ia aoei, iineee
? aeeio caeaeaea, ? aiaeo.? eai?iiy, ? aeeio iineee a aanaaao ia iea/ao,
ai oiae? i?yeiai o?ainii?oo ia aoei.Ethaee ?iaeee aeaiue ? i?/, aeiee
ia iaiineee oe?eo ai?o, aenioith iiiaae noi iao??a.Ia aa?oeo ai?e ii/aee
aoaeoaaoe caiie.Iiaeia eacaoe, ui caiie iiaoaeiaaii ia e?noeao ethaeae,
ai ia iaeei oia? ia o?i aoae?aieoeoa?.

A ie?aieo i?noeyo iai ?icii?yaeeany io?oaaoe no?ie ?c iaeoa?a,
cai?oaiiai ia a?eeia? c y?oeue, ai oaeee iaeoa? aeoaea i?oeii
aea?aeeoue.Ethaee c aieiaeo iooee, aeai an? eo?y/?, aony/?, ea/a/?,
iaa?oue iioy/? yeoey ioneee caeaaaoe ia aoaeaieoeoai caieo.

Eiee caiie aoa aioiaee, c?iaeee aeiaeiea ai?e aaeioiao aei?iao, aae
iiaeia o caiie aicii a’?oaoe.Ia aeiaaeie, eiee ae ai?iae iaiaee ia
caiie, o iueiio ia aoei aeaio ?a/ae –eieiaeycy oa i?aecaiiiai
oiaeo.I?eioneee ethaeae eiiaoe eieiaeycue ? i?aecaiiee o?ae.Aaeaeoee
noiyee c iaeeoeyie ? i?aeaaiyee ethaeae, aae oaeaeoa eiiaee.Noi
i’yoaeanyo iao??a o aeeaeio aeeiiaee, iiee ae?eoee aei aiaee.O?e ?iee
cao?aoeee ia eieiaeycue.A i?aecaiiee o?ae a?ae Oononueeiai caieo ?eee
aeaa’youe ?ie?a.

Eiee ana aoei aioiaa, ai?aiaea Oono iinaeeany o caieo.I?ea?a c niaith
aaaaoi a?enueea, i?ea?a o caiie naith aeiio Oeno oa aeai? ae?oae-
aeiiueeo ??eo ? neia Oonoaoey. Aae i?aeeaae? ciaee, ooi ieie i?aaeoue,
ai?aiaea aeaa aeaoaioaaoe, oi a eiai /anoue i?noi aoaea iaceaaoenue
Oonoii, iaea?eueoa ??ea- Oenith, a aea? iaio? ??/ee, ui aiaaeathoue o
Oeno- Oonooeai ? ??eith.

Ia i?aaeaiue a?ae Caieiai? ai?e ciaoiaeeoueny ?aeiiia e?ea?iy,
aaoiaiecae, ? oo?aaca «Ia?oeen», ia cao?ae aoeeoey ?.O?aiea, a ia no?ae
i?nueea eeaaeiaeua.*a?ac i?aaiaeeie i?aeeiio ie i?aeoiaeeii aei
i?aei?aeaey Oononueeiai caieo, oi/i?oa eiai ?o?i, ye? iiaeeeai ia?eoe
iaaeiei ii e?nia?e aei?ic?.A inoaii? ?iee ana?aaeei? Oononueeiai caieo,
iinoaaeee aaeeeee aeoaiaee o?ano, yeee aeaeii iaeaea o an?o eooi/eao
iaoiai i?noa.?icaeeaeyth/enue /oaeia? e?a?aeaee aeieeie ??/ea Oena oa
??/ee ??ea, ie iiaeaii iiaa/eoe ia o?eueee iaoa i?noi,aea ? iaaeieeoi?
naea (?ca, Ai?iaeeeiai).A oeae /an oe?eaai iineooaoe i?i ?noi??th
Oononueeiai caieo.

I?iiiio?ii ua iaeei oe?eaaee ia?o?oo-ia Caieiao ai?o.*oaeiaee e?a?aeae
i?noa a?aee?eaa?oueny ca?aene c aenioe 174iao??a a on? ii?e ?ieo.

A?o?ai? aeaea?aea noaa?aeaeothoue, ui Oononueeee caiie aoa iiaoaeiaaiee
aeey caoenoo no?aeii? /anoeie Oai?nueei? aea?aeaae oa aeey i?eai?eaiiy
ia?aiiaeaieo ?one/?a, a aoae?aieoeoai ?icii/aeiny a 1090 ?. ? aoei
cae?i/aii ca ei?iey Aaeee ??? a 1191 ?.

I?ci?oa a Oononueeiio caieo ?icoaooaaany ei?ie?anueeee aa?i?cii, yeee
i/iethaaa eiiaiaeaio oi?oaoe?.

Oo?eioaaoe caiie a iaeaaeiiio noai?, iinoa/aoe eiai i?iaeiaieuenoaii oa
?ai?nie/eie ae?iaaie ioneee e??iaee, ?ai?nieee, ae??ai? oi?aiaoe?, ye?
ia?aaoaaee a caeaaeiino? a?ae aaei?i?no?aoe?? oi?oaoe?.

A 1577 ?. Oononueeee caiie aoa cia/ii oe??ieaiee, caoaeiaai? ie?ai?
oi?oeo?eaoe?ei? nii?oaee.Aei caieo ?c caoiaeo, a?ae ??/ee Oonooey, aaea
na?iaioeiia aei?iaa.Ia i?aaei?ic? aei oi?oaoe?, aea ia i?aaeaii?e
/anoei? ai?e ii/eiaany e?ooee noee, noiya noi?iaeiaee aoaeeiie, ?o?ie
yeiai iii?oi? ? ca?ac.Ooo ciaoiaeeeany noi?iaea.C oeueiai aoaeeieo aei
caieo a?a i?aecaiiee ei?eaei?.Oaeei /eiii, caiie aoa c’?aeiaiee oa?iiei
oiaeii ?c noi?iaeiaei ioieoii.

I?e aoiae? o ciai?oi?e caiie aoee aaeee? ? aaaee? a’?ci? ai?ioa.Aiie
ciaoiaeeeeny ia i?aaeaiiiio noiae?, eoaee aaea na?iaioeiia
aei?iaa.Ai?ioa caoeuaea iiaooiy i?yiieooia aaaea, ui aeni/eoue c i?aaiai
aieo.A c e?aiai- ciaoiaeyoueny caeeoee ae?oai? aaae?, yea caoeuaea
ai?ioa ? i?aaeaiiee a?e e??iinii? no?ie.Oe? nii?oaee c’?aeioaaa aocueeee
ei?eaei?, yeee neoaeea nai???aeiith ianoeith- o aeiaaeeo i?iieeiaiiy
ooaee ai?iaa eiai iiaeia aoei i?aeaeaoe ?ioaineaiiio iano??eo.

Aaaea iaae a’?cieie ai?ioaie aoea iaea?eueo oe??ieaiith c i?aaeaiiiai
caoiaeo, aea caieiaa no?ia c’?aeioaaeany c aoaeeieaie aioo??oiueiai
caieo.Acaeiaae aei?iae,ui aaea aei ai??o aioo??oiueiai caieo,
ciaoiaeeeeny iaaea??i? aeee? aoaeeiee.

Ia?aae ai?ioaie aioo??oiueiai caieo ?nioaaa aeeaieee ??a caaoe?ee 8,5i,
/a?ac yeee a?a ia?aeeaeiee i?no.I?aeiyoee i?no ia?ae?ea i?io?ae i?ae
ciai?oi?i ? aioo??oi?i caieii ? cae?eaaa niaith a’?ci? ai?ioa o
aioo??oi?e caiie.C?aco ae ca ai?ioaie ia i?aaeaiiiio aioe? aoee
?ici?uai? aeee? oa aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?ei?uaiiy, eaca?ie ? iaa?oue
ei?/ia.Iaae ai?ioaie ii iaeaeaa aiee cae?eiaeeny aenie? e?eaiiae?ai?
aaae?, ye? caoeuaee i?aenooi aei ieo.A iaei?e ?c ieo, c i?ai?/iiai aieo,
ciaoiaeeany ii?ioiaee neeaae.Ae?oaee ii?ioiaee neeaae i?noeany ia
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiio aioe? caieo.

Ia no?iao aioo??oiueiai caieo aoee iaeaaeiai? iaeaeai/eee aeey aaaeeeo
aa?iao.Ooo noiyea iaea?eueoa aa?iaoa, iino??e c yei? a?aioe? iia?aeiieya
i?i i?eo?ae iiaiai aeiy.A?ey aaae? o neae? aoa aeeiiaiee eieiaeycue,
aeeaeia yeiai nyaaea 160i.A?i caaacia/oaaa aa?i?cii aiaeith a ia??iae
iaeiae.

Aioo??oi?e caiie i?a caoeuaoeny ? i?ney acyooy ai?iaii ciai?oiueiai
caieo.?c no?aeiiai aieo aioo??oi?e caiie caaa?ooaaany aeaiia iiaooi?ie
aano?iiaie ? aenieith e?eaiiae?aiith aaaeath.I?ai?/io /anoeio
aiooi??oiueiai caieo ioi?iiyea eaaae?aoia noi?iaeiaa aaaea, caa?iaia aei
aa?o?a’y ??/ee ??ee.

Ceiia? i?ei?uaiiy aeaniee?a caieo ? eiiaiaeaioa ciaoiaeeeeny ia ae?oaiio
iiaa?n? aioo??oiueiai caieo, ii?yae ?c noi?iaeiaith aaaeath.E?oi?
i?ei?uaiiy ciaoiaeeeeny ia i?aaeaii?e noi?ii? caieo.Aiie iaee aaeee?
a?eia, /a?ac ye? aoei aeaeii ??eo Oeno ? aei?iao, ui i?ioiaeoea i?ae
caieii.

Aioo??oi?e caiie aoa iie?eoee ae?aieith.A i?aaeaii?e /anoei? eiai noiyea
aaaea, caoaeiaaia a 1554 ?. ca iaeacii aano??enueeiai ?iia?aoi?a
Oa?aeeiaiaea ? ? oiio iineea eiai ?i’y.Aa?oiy /anoeia aaae? neoaeeea
a?naiaeii, na?aaeiy- eaieeoeath, a ieaeiy- ii?ioiaei neeaaeii.

I?aeo?ae aei caieo c aieo naea Ai?iiyae ioi?iiyea Aoaiiaa aaaea c
i?inoi?ei caeii aac a?eii.Ooo oaeiae ciaoiaeeany ii?ioiaee neeaae.Ia
ae?oaiio iiaa?n? aoa na?oeee cae caieiai? eaieeoe?, a aeua- neeaae ?c
ca?i?th.

Aaae? aeii?ioaaee iaae caieii ? neoaeeee aeey iai?iie, yeui ai?iaia?
aaeaaaeiny i?iieeiooe ana?aaeeio oi?oaoe?.A ?ioee /an aaae? aeeiioaaee
noi?iaeiao ?ieue.?ici?uai? ia iaeaeueo ? iaeiaio o?aceeaeo i?noeyo, aiie
aoee eiiaiaeieie ioieoaie caieo.I?ae /an iaeiae a ieo ia?aaoaaee
aieiaea?? caieo c? nai?ie n?i’yie.Ca?aene cae?enithaaeiny ea??aieoeoai
ai?i.

Aaaeeeao ?ieue a iai?ii? a?ae?a?aaaee aieiai? ai?ioa caieo.?o i?ee?eaaee
aaae? ? ooo/i? oa i?e?iaei? oe??ieaiiy.

O i?ai?/i?e /anoei? caieo, iiaeeco ai??o, noiyee oeaaeyi? aoae?ae? c
neeai?iiyi ? aocueeeie a?eiaie.Oi aoee oe?ae ? eiithoi?.Eooiy ? e?eueea
e?iiao ciaoiaeeeeny iiaeeco Aoaiiai? aaae?.A oe?e /anoei? caieo aoea
oaeiae eaca?ia ? eociy.Ia?aae aeeaieei ?iaii noiyea caieiaa iaea?iy.A?ey
ia? i?io?eaa no?oiie, caaaeaee iiaiee na?aei? aiaee.E?oo? noeee Caieiai?
ai?e ?iaeee iaiiaeeeaei ooo?i caieo iaeii/anii c on?o noi??i.A 1594 ?.
oaoa?nueea i?aea oaia A??ay iaiaea ia Ia?aii?nueeo aeoio, aeoaea ??
iia?aaoaaea, aea caiie acyoe ia ciiaea.

Aieiaea?? caieo i?iyeeny, a oaiaeaeueii-e??iinieoeueeee ai?o aeaaeae?
iineethaaany.Iniaeeai aaaeeei noaei aeeooy o?oaeyueo Caea?iaooy i?ney
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy a 1646 ?. Oaeai?iaenueei? oi??, oiaoi ia’?aeiaiiy
eaoieeoeueei? ? i?aaineaaii? oea?eia ? noai?aiiy iiai?
a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae c i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiyi ?einueeiio
iai?.Oe?a?inueea ianaeaiiy e?ath ai?ieiny i?ioe oi??, ia oio?ei
i?aeei?yoeny ?einueeiio iai?, iine?aeiaii a?aenoithaaei naith,
«?onueeo», i?aaineaaio a??o.

O 1660 ?. oo?aoeueea a?enueei aoi?aeiny a
Ia?aii?iueio.O?ain?eueaainueeee eiycue ssiio Eaiaiue i?e i?aeo?eioe?
aano??enueeiai ?iia?aoi?a Eaiiieueaea ?, yeee iaae?neaa eiio i?iaoeueeee
aa?i?cii, oe??ieany a Oononueeiio caieo.

Oi?oaoey a oie /an aoea iano?eueee iiaooiueith, ui oo?ee ia iani?eeeeny
a?aoe ?? ooo?iii, a a?aei?aaeee aeey ia?aaiai??a aeaeaaaoe?th, a neeaae?
yei? aoa a?aeiiee oo?aoeueeee iaiae??aiee Aae?y *aeaa?.A?i iaienaa 10
oii?a «Eieae iiaei?iaeae», aea ?iciia?aea?oueny ? i?i ia?aaoaaiiy
oo?aoeueei? a?i?? a 1660-1666 ??. ia oa?eoi??? Oai?ueie, cie?aia ia
Caea?iaoo?.

Aae?y *aeaa? oae ienaa i?i oi?oaoeth: «Oononueeee caiie ?icoaoiaaiee ia
aa?oei? ai?e Oanaia.Io?e eiai aenie? e oiano?, ? nai?th iiaooi?noth a?i
noiaeee ia oi?oaoeth ?neaiaea?, ai aenioa aaea eiai nyaa? iaaa.AEeoeia?
aoae?ae?, iiaa?iai? a?eiaie ia cao?ae, ci?iathoueny iaeia iaae
iaeiith.Aeaoe iaeaoe?a ae?eo? eieuei?iaith /a?aieoeath, aeaoe oea?eia-
cae?cii, o?anoe ia ieo c /enoiai cieioa ? oae nythoue, ui a oiai, ooi
aeeaeoueny ia ieo, aoiieththoueny i/? ? a?i ciooaiee c iiaaaith aei ieo
iionoeoe iiaeyae».

Ia?aaiai?e oni?oo ia iaee.Oo?ee a?aenooieee c Oonoa ia cao?ae, ?oeioth/e
caea?iaonuee? naea.

A 1677 ?. caaiie eo?ooe?a i/ieea oai?nueeee iie?oe/iee ae?y/, iaeei c
ea??aiee?a ai?ioueae ca iacaeaaei?noue Oai?ueie i?ioe aano??enueeiai
ai?oo a?ao ?i?a Oaeae?.Iaeiei c oeaio??a ?ooo eo?ooe?a noaa Oononueeee
caiie.10 aeiaoiy 1677 ?. a?ey naea Ei?ieaaa Naaethnueeiai ie?oao
a?enueei eo?ooe?a, ea?iaaia ?i?a Oaeae?, auaio ?icaeei aano??enueea
a?enueei eaaaioe?a aaia?aea Oi?aea.Aea 9 o?aaiy 1687 ?. /a?ac c?aaeo
Ia?aii?nueeiai aeoiaia a caiie aoee aaaaeai? aano??enuee? a?enueea.

Ia ii/aoeo OV??? no. ia oa?eoi??? Caea?iaooy aeoeaii ae?yee iianoainuee?
caaiie ii?eoe?a ia /ie? c ?aaiii Ieioath, Oaaei?ii Aieeii, ?aaiii
Aaoeath oa ?ioeie.Iniaeeai aeoeaii ae?ya ia oa?eoi??? No?aeiiai
Caea?iaooy caa?i ii?eoe?a ?aaia Ieio?.I?i iianoaioe?a Ieio? ia?iae
noai?ea aaaaoi ia?aeac?a ? i?naiue, iniaeeai i?i eiai ae?yeuei?noue a
?aeii? Oononueeiai caieo.O ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? ia?iaeieo oai??a
aiai?eoueny i?i c?oeioaaiiy Ieioath caieo, a yeiio i?iaeeaaee oaiaeaee,
ui aiiaeee e??iinieo naeyi.

A iaeiiio c ia?iaeieo ia?aeac?a aiai?eoueny, ui Ieioy aeaeiaaaa ??
aea?aa’yii? eieiaee aa?iaoo ? anoaiiaea ?? ia ae?oaiio aioe? Oene ia
aenie?e ai?? *aa?ei.A?i ae??oea ?icaeoe Oononueeee caiie,ai i?ineae?a a
eiai othi?? a?eueoa, i?ae eiio aoei i?enoaeaeaii.Aeno?aeea ?ac ? i?iaea
aeao.Ae?oaei iino??eii ?icaea caiie…

A 1717 ?. ia Caea?iaooy c?iaeee inoaii?e iaiaae oaoa?e.12-oeny/ia i?aea
c aaee/aciith caeiae//th ? aaaaoioeny/iei iaoiaiii iaa?eueiee?a
iiaa?oaeany a E?ei i?ney ianeieo ia Aeoiaenueeo ieciaeio.Oaoa?e ia
iaaaaeeeeny iaianoe ia caiie ?, i?ieoiaoe e?aei aa?aaii Oene,iaiaaaeeny
aac ia?aoeiae a?ae?eoe a E?ei.Oa aa?i?cii Oononueeiai caieo nai c?iaea
ni?eeao aeeaceo ? a?ey naea Aeoeiaa caaaeaa oaoa?ai ii?acee.A aeoa?
a?aei o/anoue ana /ieia?/a ianaeaiiy Aeoeiaa, a ae?iee ? ae?oe a oeae
/an ?yooaaeeny a i?ei?uaii? oea?eae.Oaoa?e ia?aaeee oai aeecueei 300
ae?iie ? ae?oae.Iaeiae ca oea ai?iae aei?noiei iiieaoeeeny.A o?i/eu?
No?eioo?a ia?iaeia iiie/aiiy caaaeaei ?i aei?noieiai oaea?o.A aeoa?
caaeioei a?eueoa 6 oeny/ oaoa?, aoei ca?eueiaii iiiaae 7 oeny/
iaa?eueiee?a, na?aae yeeo aaaaoi ae?oae.Ia?aiiaeoeyi ae?noaeanue ?
aaeeea caeiae/, a oiio /ene? aeecueei 8 oeny/ oaoa?nueeeo eiiae.

Oea aoa inoaii?e aieiaee aenooi aa?i?ciio Oononueeiai caieo.Ia oie /an
caiie aaea caiaiaaeaa, oi/ ? aaaaeaany ua iaaeinooiiith oaa?aeeiath.

3 eeiiy 1766 ?. i 6-e aiaeei? aa/i?a iaae Oonoii i?iianeany neeueia
a?ica, ? aeeneaaea a o?ueio i?noeyo aaea?eea a caiie.

I?ney ia?oeo oaea??a aeeneaaee caai??any aeao.Iaoeaioe? aiyeeny, uia
aiaiiue ia i?iiee aei ii?ioiai? aaooe.Iaeiae ae?oaa aeeneaaea aaea?eea a
ii?ioiao aaooo, ? aeaoo no?aoaiii? neee iio?yn caieth.Eai?iiyi ia?ae?eei
?aeeiee aeo?ae ?c caieo.Aaaaoi ethaeae caaeioei a?ae aeaooo oa o
aiai?.An? aoaeeiee aoee c?oeiiaai? aai cai??ee.?icii/aeeny ?aiiioi?
?iaioe, aea caiiai a?aeaoaeoaaoe caiie aoei aaea iaiiaeeeai, ? a?i ii/aa
caiaiaaeaoe.

?o?ie noaee aeaea?aeii aeaoaaiai aoae?aaeueiiai iaoa??aeo.O 1799 ?. aoei
?ic?a?aii no?aeio /anoeio caieo aeey nii?oaeaeaiiy eaoieeoeueeiai
einoueieo oa ??cieo aea?aeaaieo aoaeeie?a o i?no?.

Cai?ioi?e i?oio?aeiee oeyo ii i?ieaeaiiio ia?u?ooo caeia? aeecueei
aiaeeie.sseui o/i? noiieai?, aai ianiiae?aaii iia??oeeenue iiaiaei?
oiiae iiaeeeai i?ieoe c aa?oeie Caieiai? ai?e ii ia?e??iaai?e e?nia?e
aei?ic? aei oo?aace Ia?oeen, iio?i /a?ac ?aeiiio e?ea?ith aeia?aoenue
aei aaoiaiecaeo.Aaoiaonii ca 15 oaeeei ie i?e?aeaii ia aoeeoeth
Euea?anueea, aea ?icoaoiaaia iaoa oeiea.A oeie? ie i?aeaiaeeii i?aenoiee
aeneo?n??, i?ae /an yeeo caaaeo?ii a??o Aeieo?a Iaaee/ea:

Caiie iaae Oonoii

Oie caiie – iiaeaea aeaaiuei? ethaeeie,

Oai eino? aoae?aiee iieeaa nai?,

sseee ia ai?o, ia/a e?iue, a oea?

Eai?iiy oya c oenyinueei? aeieeie.

Ia o?i eai?ii? n??? eeoa?,

Oeaiee no?i o ca?ineyo iaeeie.

A eieeoi?o caeao eiyaeii? ae?oaeeie –

Ii?a eeny/a, eoaeeua ci??.

ss o na?iiaa? aei? ia?aaein?ii?

Oiaeea ii caiaoayi?e ?o?i?

? aeoiaa i?i oaoeie a?a/a??a.

Ia caiee, a aiie ia na?o? a?/i?,

?o neiaie – o?oae, a ia ia/? aeain?/i?,

? caaaeaee a ieo aiaiiue aeeooy ai??a.

– E?oa?aoo?a –

1.Caea?iaonuee? caiee i. Oaeai?iae «Caea?iaooy» 1995 ?.

2.Oono.Ioo?aiee i. Oaeai?iae «Ea?iaoe» 1982 ?.

3.Aacaoa «A?niee Oonoueie» 16 ethoiai 1991 ?. «A?ey aeoie?a ?noi???
Oonoa» Ieaa Iaeueiee.

4.Aacaoa «Na?oiaeyae» 21 eeiiy 2003 ?. «I?noi iaae Oonooeai» Na?a?e
Oaaeaea.

Caea?iaonueeee neiaiee(ia iueiio ?iciiaeythoue ~40% Oononueeiai ?aeiio):

Aaaoe — aeaoe?y

Ae — ?, oa ; oae

Aeaea — oa io, oa aea oai

Aeo?ao — ye?ac, uieii

Aeaeiiao — iiai?e/

Aii — aaoueei

Aaaeoe — a?aoe

Aaaia — othothiiaa aeoeea

Aaeoa — iaea niee?a, oii??aoeue

Aa?aoeea — aa?eeina

Aa/? — aeyaeueei

Aathna — aona

Aa?aa — noee

Aeey — aaaeeeey, eoeo?oaecyia iiea

Ae/aethaaoe — iiaaaeaoe, oe?ioaaoe

A?aa?ue — iaeeoey, i?oo

A?aeeoiee — nia?aeth/ee

A?ciiue — ni?aaae?, iaiaaii

A??oaaoe — iiaoe

A?oe?aey — aaeineiaae

Aiao — e?aiieoey

Aiaa io! — /i?o a?cueie!

Aiaa? — aeoe, eiiaoa

Aien — e?ai aeey acoooy

Aiiaiie — eiioaoe

Aoiaae — o?iaae

Aoiaa??oea — niia/ei (eiiaoa)

Ao?aiae — eiio?aaan

Aoye — aoaae

Aioeie — eaeaea

Aoaea? — ooaeao

Ao?eoo — i?ia?aeueia aeaea?aei, i?ia?aeueia aiaea

Aaaeue — aai, /e

Aaeiaoiee — caeaoiee

Aaeoa — ynea, niaoe?aeueia ei?eoi aeey iaioaaiiy ooaeiae

Aaeueea — naiai, iaaeiaeaia oeaaeeia

Aa?io — i?noi

Aa?oaaoe — iaa??aaoe

Aaaeyoe — aaeeoe, ia?aaa?oaoe

Aaie?ue — aai?

Aaoeoea — a?eueoa

A?aai — ieaooy, noeiy

A?eaiue — e?ooa?

Aeeuei — aaaaoi

Ae/o?ee — aa/i?ieoe?

A?aeaoe — aeoi?, ?acii

Aoeoie — oaanue

Aee — oae

Ae?/ie — oia?ao

Ai??cia/ — ai??eeoeue

Ai?aeoa — ai/ea, aa?eei

A?eca/ea — eaaoi

Aoaeae — ioceeaio

Aoceoey — caaeieoey

Ao?ea — eiaaana e?aa?ia

Aoiy — aa?oi?e iaeya ?c iaa/i? oa?no?

Aa?aaee/? — noiaee

Aao? — i?aeooaieee

Aa?aiaea — naieie, e?ieaa

Aiiaeoey — aoaecee

Aiiaiaoee — aoooe, eiaaee?

A??n — iaiia e?oia

A?ya/aoe — aieinii neeaeeoe, aieineoe

Aeaei — aeaooi

Aea?aa — oiaoie, eonaiue

Aeaneeeuei — aeae?eueea

Aeaeaaoe — i?aei?iaoe

Aeaeoiie — ieii

Aeanueea — aeanue

Ae?e? — aeiuaia i?aeeiaa

Ae?oaae — aeeoeia

Aeiiae — iiai?noth, cian?i

Ae?eeyoe — ooiaoaoe, ioaoe

Aeoaiaea — ei?ie, i?iaea, caoe/ea

Aeoiaia — iiiaae

Aeo?eaoe — aoiaoe, a?eiaoe

Aethaaoe — oo?eeaoe, eieioe, aiaeaoe

AEaaaeiaea — iiniaee

AEaaiy — eeoaiy

AE?aai — ?ica?eiee, ceiae?e, ?icaeoaea

Caaiiue — ia?oee ?a?iiaenueeee ianaeaiee ioieo a iai?yieo Oai?ueie

Caeai/aoe — oa?ieiooe

Caeey — aeioe, iiee

Caeeynoena — uaciooe

Cai?ioiaeoe — cao?eoe, ?ico?eaiaeeoe

Ca?coaaoe na — iiiaae?yoenue

Caeooaiee — ai??eee, ni?oi?eee

Cooaaeoe — iieeiooe, caeeoeoe

Eaeiii? — aei iaia

Ece?ue — oeny/a

Ecynue, ecynue — ciiao

Eaeai — eaiaetho

Eaeueaa — eaoeyia i?/

Eaioa — a?aeii, a?aeii/ee

Eaiooa — aeaai

Eaio?a — ai?ioa

Eaooia — nieaeao

Ea?o — naae, ai?iae

Ea?oeoey — e??o

Eaae — yeae

Eeaeue — yeui

Eeeuei — ne?eueee

E?eey — ioiaee?, e?oaeue

Eeaia/ — iieioie

Eeeiaoeue — oeayo

Eiaaeio — aeaa?ae-eae?ea

Eiiaieoey — eiithoiy

Eiia?ue — a?eea, aaeocea

Eiiiiy — aeiaaaoea, aaoea

Ei?aac — e?ea?iy

Ei?iiaiy — ?iiooa

Ei?/ie? — eiacaie

Eioeo? — e?o

Ei/iiy — oieiaeaoeue

E?aaeaioe — na?aaio-aooao

E?eae — o?ano

E?a/oi — ??caeai O?enoiaa

E?oiiey — ea?oiiey

Eooa? — aae?ca

Eaaa — iiaa

Eaai? — oacee

Eaaee/ea — yuee, ei?iaea

Eaiiao — e?ooa?

Eaiaoe — eiaeoe

Eaoa — ooaoaoea c iai?iae?, aeioea

Eai — eeo, o?eueee

Eaeaa? — aeaeai, iiaeaeei

Eiaaea — i’y/

Eiiic?oe — ooi?oe, oa?aoo?oe

Eueiaaoe — aeoaeeeoe

Ia?aa — aaeeea ?iaaoa ooaeiaa

Ia/ea — e?oea

Iao?iaaaa? — eoeaiao

Iaoeee — e?aaaoea

Iaiooaea — ea?aoa oaeaeei? aeiiiiiae

Iiyoeeaoe — o?iueoe, caeaaethaaoe

Iioeioeoe — o??iaoe

Iioi? — aaoiiaoeia

Io?aiaey — io?aoea

Iae?aaeoa — iaee?ioa, e?ioa anueiai

Iaeaaeaeoaaoe — eaoooaaoe, iaeaaiaeaeoaaoe

Iaiaoei — o?auaiee aaoueei, aaoa/ei

Iaiooaia — iaa?ee

Ia/ — iaui

Iaaeoeaeaaee — iaca?aaiee

Iao??aiee — aacaea?iee

Ieaaea-ooaa — i?eiee-i?eiee

Ieca/ — i?caui

Ieeeaaiee — iacaeiaiee

Ieeon-ie/ — ai?/ia?n?iueei

Iiaeiea — aacaoa

Iiaaaeoe? — ooaie

Iaeae — a?eii

Ia?aua — oioia?ao?y, iaethiie

Ieae — ie?y

Iiaiaeaeeoe — uinue /eieoe (?iaeoe)

I?aio — e?ea?

I?aioaae — e?ee

Ioiono — o?aiiaa nayoi

Iua — aaoe?

Iacae??y — ae?ocee

Iaeaiee — iai?iaea, /anoie?e, ooaoaoiee

Iae — iio?i, i?ney

Iai?eaa — ia?aoeue

Ia?aaee/ea — iii?aei?

Iano(o)ey — eaaniey

Iaoeeai — iaoethe, uo?

Iaoey — ii?iny

Iaeeaiy — noiaeiea

Ia/oiee — ie?ee

Ieaieoey — iia??a

Ienie — ii?aea, ?io

I?eieoey — aeiiaoiy eiaaana

I?iaeaeo?ue — ioaieiaie

Ieaoii — noaey

Iia?noe — neacaoe

Iiaa? — neeyiea

Iiaeiaaiea — oioia?ao?y

Iie — ?ae?ii, oiae?i

Iiiaeuei?a — oaeao

Ii?aeaaoe — aei?aoe

Ii/eeaee — oaiiaaiee, iiaaaeiee

Ino?oa — oi?aeue

?aa?iaio — iiee

?aoeee — i?aeaeae

?eoooaaoe — aiooaaoe

??i/a — ??iue, a?aa?e

??oy — caaeieoey

?aoeee — i?aeaeae

?eoooaaoe — aiooaaoe

??i/a — ??iue, a?aa?e

??oy — caaeieoey

Naeanooa — aea?aa’yia eiaeea

Naioaaoe — oeiaeoaaoe, aeae?oe

Naa?aeaocea — oeioeia

Naa?iue — a?aeieaoa

Na?ei/a — uanoy

Neeaaiioiee — iana?eiciee, a?o?iaii

Neeai — e?aiieoey

Neo?a — oeo?a

Niea/ea — eooa?ea

Noai — iaiao

Noeae — noiai

Noitha — eiia?, iine?o

Oaeia — i?aeioaa

Oai?? — oa??eea

Oaieiaea — aaiaiaoeue

Oaa?ue — iaee//y

Oaiaa?eoey — eoeo?oaeca

Oaioa — i?ioeaaiue

Oei?otha — oeaeioa?

Oiiaiee — /a?aaeee

O?aoeoe — ao?aieoe, aeo/eoe

Oae — iacaa ??/ee, ui oa/a c Oe?a?ie /a?ac i. Oaeai?iae o ?a?iio

Oiaaa? — oe?a?inueea i?noi iiaeeco n. Aa?aieioe?, no/ania iacaa —
Oaeai?iae

O?aaoe na — iaae??aaaoeny ; c??aaoeny c eaioethaa

O/iaeeoe — i?eaeoe (aei ao?aoe na?aeiiino?)

Ooae?oe — caeo??oe

Oaeii, oaeai — aa?ii, aeia?a

Oaeoa — ii?iaea, ni?o, ??ae, ?iaeeia

Oaia — i?aii?

Oaotha — iaoeai, oeii’y

Oa/eee — aeio

Oeaiee — oao, ea??aiee

Oeee — aaeueii

O?iaeaea — eooieue

O??eaoe — /e?eaoe

O?an — /i?o?aueia, /i?o-cia ui

O?eooee — ni?aeaiie

Oo?ee — oa/ea

Oo?o — iino?eii

Oeiiee — /ieia?/ie

Oeaaaoe — ia?anoaaoeny ?a/ee

Oea?ocea — ie?aaoeue

Oe?iai?, oe?iai?a — i?eyoaeue

Oe?iaio — aaoiiia aeie?aea ; oeaiaio

Oeoano??a? — eiiaiaee? /aoe, /aoa?

Oeo?io — ia?ae?aiaoeue, aeaa?ae

*eaeia — /ia?o

*?aa-a?aa — ?aaeee

*?eoa — eioa

Oaeii?iy — eenoy a?ae i/euaii? eoeo?oce

Oa?eaiue — ae?aeii

Oaoy — iaeya

Oaaa — oa?aai, i?onnae

Oaaeaoe — aeoe, oaea?yoe

Oeeeyeee — on?eyeee

O?eiaii — ni?eoii

O?oaiai? — ia/eai, o?noa/ea

Oia?eoe — oio?iooe

Oiaaea?ue — noaaii ; oeiea

Oiia — eeoiy, na?ae, iaa?n

Oi? — /a?aa, ?yae

Oiaec — eiii?a

Oia?aa — oio?

Oo??ioey — iai/ioa

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