Oi?ie

Oi?ie – i?noi, ?aeiiiee oeaio?, ?icoaoiaaiee ia i?aaiio aa?ac?

?. Oi?ie. Ia?oa caaaeea i?i Oi?ie ? o Aeooiai?e Aieiaeeie?a
Iiiiiaoa(1803), o ye?e caienaii, ui a oiio ?ioe? aiaee iieiaoe?a ca
Oi?ie. A?oaieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaaiueiai Oi?ieuenueeiai ai?iaeeua
a/aieie ?inoeoooo a?oaieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie oa Iieoaanueeiai oeaio?o
ioi?iie ? aeine?aeaeaiiy iai’yoie a?oaieia?? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ca
aeyaeaieie ? i?iaeaoiaaieie ?aooeaie aaaaeaoe /an canioaaiiy iinaeaiiy
ia oa?eoi??? no/aniiai i?noa Oi?iea cia/ii ?ai?oa, ua o VIII-IX no..

Iacaa i?noa iioiaeeoue i?ae iacae iaeiieiaiii? ??/ee, ui o aoeaaeueiiio
?icoi?ii? ia ??cieo iiaao ia?aeeaaea?oueny ye “oaeaeeee”,
“iaiao”,”oaa??”, “aeeoei” oa ?io?.

Aeaai?e Oi?ie i?noeany ia aenieiio i?aaiio aa?ac? oa non?aei?o ai?aao ?
iaa iai?iiia cia/aiiy. I?noi aoei na?aeeii e?eaaaeo nooe/ie neia’yi c
ei/iaeeaie: 1107, 1111, 1185, 1215.

O 1781 ?ioe? Oi?ie c i?eeaaeeie iinaeaiiyie i?aeiaa i?ae aeaaeo Aaeeeiai
Eiyc?anoaa Eeoianueeiai: i?ney Ethae?inueei? oi?? 1569 ?ieo – aei ?a/?
Iiniieeoi?. ?c 1648 ?ieo Oi?ie nioaiia i?noa/ei Ie?ai?iaenueeiai iieeo,
yea iae?/oaaei 1279 ainiiaea?noa. Oi?ieuenueeei nioieeii aoa o oeae /an
aoa Aeaeoia Oanueei, a o nioi? aoei 165 eicae?a. O oeae /an Oi?ieuenueea
nioiy iaea na?e i?aii?-cia/ie.

O 1781 ?ioe? Oi?ie noaa iia?oiaei i?noii ? aoiaeea nii/aoeo aei
Ee?anueeiai, a c 1795 ?ieo aei Eaoa?eiineaanueeiai iai?nieoeoaa.

Ia 1787 ??e a Oi?ie? 2436 aeeoae?a /ieia?/i? noao?, o oiio /ene?
nayuaiiineoaeeoae?a ? oea?eiaiineoaeeoae?a – 27, eoioe?a – 23, ai?iaeyi
– 153, ??cii/eioe?a – 91, eicae?a – 730, naeyi eacaiiiai a?aeiinoaa –
147, iii?ueoeueeeo – 1014, ??cii/einueeeo ? eicaoeueeeo i?aenon?aee?a –
251.

O i?no? aoei 6 i?aaineaaieo oea?eia, o oiio /ene? iaeia – oeaeioa?ia, 2
aeiiia? oea?eae, a oaeiae neiaaiaa oa iieeoiai? aoaeeiee ?ioeo
a??iniia?aeaiue. O ??ci? /ane ae?yee 2 eaiee/ee.

Ui?ieo a?aeaoaaeiny 4 y?ia?ee(Ieeiea?anueeee – ca 2 oeaei? aei 3 o?aaiy,
Iao?iiaae?anueeee – 29 /a?aiy, Oniainueeee – 15 na?iiy, Aaaaeainueeee –
21 eenoiiaaea).

?c 1796 ?ieo Oi?ie aoa o neeaae? Iaei?in??, c 1802 ?ieo – Iieoaanuee?e
aoaa?i??. O ia?o?e iieiaei? 17 no. i?noo iaaeaii aa?a. Ia ueo? o
/a?aiiiio iie? no?auai? a?no?yie aei ieco cieio? oaaey ? no??ea.
Caoaa?aeaeaiee 4 /a?aiy 1782 ?ieo. ?nioaaa aei 1917 ?ieo. O 1802 ?ioe?
Oi?ie caeiaa ieiuo 442 aeanyoeie, 3583 aeeoae?. O i?no? ae?yei 9
eonoa?ieo ae?iaieoeoa, 2 oeaaaeuei?, 3 nieiaeiai?, 4 ieaiaa?i?, 2
aeiieo?i?, 3 aiaeyieo ieeie, 24 a?o?yee. Uioeaeiy a?aeaoaaeinue 2
aaca?e.

1779-1790??. nii?oaeaeaii Ieeiea?anueeo oea?eao, 1808 ??e –
Nayoi-Oniainueeo, 1821 ??e – Aine?anainueeo oea?eao.

1813 ?ioe? caniiaaia i?eaaoia o/eeeua, /a?ac 2 ?iee – aeaieeania
/ieia?/a o/eeeua, 1835 ?ieo – ia?ao?yeueia. O oeeo caeeaaeao iaa/aeiny
310 ae?oae. Ae?yei 3 e?ea?i?. AEeoae? Oi?iea ia?aaeiea/oaaee 43 aacaoe ?
aeo?iaee.

1859 ?ieo Oi?ie iia?oiaa i?noi, 605 aoaeeie?a, 3726 aeeoae?a, iiooiaa
noaioe?y, a aaea o 1897 ?ioe? a i?no? – 7218 iaoeaioe?a.

1905 ?ieo – 7957 aeeoae?a. I?ioyaii oeueiai ?ieo a Oi?ie? a?aeaoaaeeny
i?oeiae, aeaiiino?aoe??. Oi?ieuenuee? ?ia?oieee a?aee o/anoue o
AEiaoiaaiio Caaaeueiiio iie?oe/iiio no?aeeo.

O 1910 ?ioe? o Oi?ie? iae?/oaaeiny 1421 ainiiaea?noai, 7931 aeeoaeue,
aoei 3 ia?iaeo ieeie, 1 ia?iaa ie?eieoey, ieaiaa?iee caaiae, oeaaaeueiee
caaiae, 2 ae?oea?i?. O aa?aci? 1917 ?ieo a Oi?ie? anoaiiaeee naith
aeaaeo i?aaenoaaieee Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo, Oe?a?inueei? Oeaio?aeueii?
?aaee, a o ea?oi? aeieeea ?ia?oie/a ?aaea. Ae?oeo 1917 ?ieo a?aeaoany
iia?oiaee c’?cae ?aae ?ia?oie/eo aeaiooao?a. Oiai ae ?ieo o i?no? aoei
noai?aii Oi?ieuenueeee ia?iaeiee iaoeiaee iocae A.I.A??theiaei, yeee
noaa iineoe eiai iacao.

O 1917 ?ioe? i?noi neeaaeaeiny ?c aeaio eaa?oae?a, iae?/oaaei 878
aoaeeie?a, 4344 aeeoae?.

25 n?/iy 1918 ?ieo c’?cae i?noeaaeo ?aae i?iaieinea ?aaeyinueeo aeaaeo
ia Oi?ieueuei?. I?ioyaii 1918-1920 ?ie?a Oi?ie ia ?ac ia?aoiaeea ?c ?oe
a ?oee. Ianaeaiiy no?aaeaeaei a?ae iiae?e a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie ,a ia
ii/aoeo 20-o ?ie?a a?ae ai?ioueae naeyinoaa ca nai? i?aaa.

5 eenoiiaaea 1920 ?ieo Oi?ie a?aea?aeaa aieiaa AOOeAEo A?eai??e ?aaiiae/
Iao?ianueeee. O ea?oi? 1920 ?ieo a?aeaoany iia?oiaee c’?cae, a a n?/i?
1921 ?ieo 4 Oi?ieuenueeee c’?cae ?aae ?ia?oie/eo, naeyinueeeo ?
/a?aiiia?i?enueeeo aeaiooao?a. O 1922 ?ioe? a i?no? i?iaeeaaei 10943
aeeoae?. O 20-o? ?iee o i?no? oa naeao iia?oo a?aeaoaaeeny iianoaiiy,
ia?aaaaeii naeyinoaa iaaaeiaieaiiai iie?oeeith ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee.

O eeii? 1925 ?ieo Oi?ie aoei a?aeianaii aei ?ic?yaeo i?no. O i?no?
ii/aee i?aoethaaoe i?aei?e?inoaa i?noeaai? i?iieneiaino? – 3 iaoai?/i?
ieeie, ie?eieoe?, oe?aiaoei/i? oeaoe, /iaioa?iy, iioeai/i? iaenoa?i?,
aeaeo?inoaioe?y, c’yaeeenue iia? i?aei?e?inoaa ii ia?a?iaoe? n/a
i?iaeoeoe??(oa?/ieiia?iao).Aoei iaeaaiaeaeaii aeaeiaooie oi?oo,
ae?iaieoeoai /a?aieoe?, eiieoeoiaeo ieeo, ca?eueoeeinue ae?iaieoeoai
oeaaee.

1930 ?ieo o Oi?ie? noai?aii a?o?eue “*a?aiia ai?icia”, o 1931 ?. –
iaoeiii-o?aeoi?io noaioe?th, caoaeiaaii iiaee ?aae?io?aineyoe?eiee
aocie. O 1939 ?ioe? ia aac? ieeia Naiaeaeaae/a ii/aa ae?yoe iaoai?/iee
caaiae.

O 30-o? ?iee aoei cae?eoi ia?iaeiee iaoeiaee iocae oa c?oeiiaaii an?
oea?eiai? nii?oaee.

1940 ?ieo a?aee?eoi ia?iaeiee ?ia?oie/ee oaao?. Caoaeiaaii i?nueeee
noaae?ii. I?nueea a?ae?ioaea iae?/oaaea iiiaae 30000 oeny/ oii?a. ?c
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ae?yee :n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee oaoi?eoi, 3
na?aaei?, iaiiaia na?aaeiy ? ii/aoeiaa oeiee, aeeoy/ee aoaeeiie aeey
ae?oae-ne??o, aa/??iy oeiea ?ia?oie/i? iieiae?, oeiea iaoai?caoe??,
aooaaeoa?nueea ? iaaee/ia oeiee.

I?ae /an i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? a i?no? ae?ya ia?oecainueeee
caa?i. O Oi?ie? oi?ioaaeeny 2 aaaeiaini?oae? oa ie?aiee naia?iee
aaoaeueeii. O ieoiiaaiiio i?no? oaoenoe noai?eee oaa?? nia?o?
Aeoeaa-160, yeee a?aeiiee, ye “Oi?ieuenueea yia”.A iueiio caaeioei a?ey
91 oeny/? ethaeae.

I’youe o?iaeaeaioe?a Oi?ieueueie noaee Aa?iyie ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco, a
aeai? – iiaieie eaaaea?aie I?aeaia Neaae. Cia/ia /anoeia i?noa aoea
niaeaia oaoenoaie i?e a?aenooi?.

Ia e?iaoeue OO noie?ooy ia Oi?ieueuei? ae?yee AAO “Oi?ieuenueeee iieiei
eiina?aiee eiia?iao aeeoy/eo i?iaeoeo?a”, AAO “Oi?ieuenueeee iaoai?/iee
caaiae”, a?eueo?noue eieeoi?o i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa aai cian?i ia
i?aoethaaee, aai i?aoethaaee iaiieiaeio nai?? iiooaeiino?. I?aoeth?
aoaeeiie iiaooo, caoaeiaaii iiaa i?ei?uaiiy AEA “Oe?a?ia”, caoaeiaaii ?
a?aee?eoi Oeaio? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy. O i?no? ae?thoue 4
caaaeueiiina?oi? na?aaei? oeiee, Aa?ii?iieneiaee eieaaeae, ioce/ia
oeiea, I?ae?aa?iiaeueiee oeaio? c i?ioan?eii? ia?ai?aeaioiaee
ca?eueiaieo o caian a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a, aaoi oeiea, 6 aeeoy/eo
naaee?a, Aoaeeiie oeiey??a, noaioe?y thieo iaoo?ae?no?a oa oaoi?e?a.
Aoaeeiie eoeueoo?e ia 350 i?noeue, e?iioaao? “AEiaoaiue”, ?aeiiia
e?ea?iy, iie?ee?i?ea, ?aeiiia aeey aei?ineeo ? aeeoy/a a?ae?ioaee,
?aeiiiee ia?iaeiee e?a?ciaa/ee iocae.

O?iaeaeaioeyie Oi?iea ? oe?a?inueeee oieueeei?eno oa e?oa?aoo?iciaaaoeue
I. A. Oea?oae?a (Oea?aoae?) (1790-1869 ??.), oe?a?inueeee iiao-i?niy? ?
iaaeaaia A. I. Ca?ea, oe?a?inueeee ia?eniaaoeue A. I. Ienth?aiei,
a/aiee-?noi?ee O. ss. Naa/aiei, Aa?ie ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco I. I.
Eaooeueeee, ienueiaiiee, eao?aao iaei? Oaa/aie?anueei? i?ai?? 1997 ?ieo
Oeueyiia I.N.(Ieanue Oeueyiaiei).

O aa?ani? 1837 ?ieo i?ae /an a?aea?aeoaaiiy Oe?a?ie ii aei?ic? c Iaeane
a Oi?ie? iiaoaaa ?in?enueeee iiao A. A. AEoeianueeee (1783-1852), o 1820
? 1824 ?ieao o Oi?ie? iiaoaaa I. N. Iooe?i. O Oi?ieuenueeiio iia?oiaiio
o/eeeu? 1819-1822 ?ieao iaa/aany oe?a?inueeee iiao-?iiaioee, aaeea? ?
oieueeei?eno E. ?. Ai?iaeeianueeee(1806-1889), ooo a?i i?ia?a inoaii?
?iee naiai aeeooy.

C aeiaoiy 1962 ?ieo o Oi?ie? iiaoaaee oe?a?inueeee iiao A. N.
Iaeeoei(1912-1970 ??.), oe?a?inueeee eiiiiceoi? I. Iaeai?iaea,
oe?a?inueeee ienueiaiiee I. Oa?aiao. C Oi?ieii iia’ycaia oai?/a aeeooy
oe?a?inueeiai aeo?iae?noa ? aoii?enoa TH. ?. Eaiay. O na?aaei?e oeie? ?2
i?aoethaaa caneoaeaiee o/eoaeue Oe?a?inueei? ?N? , e?eoee, aeo?iae?no ?
e?a?ciaaaoeue E. I. Oiaeinia. O i?no? aeoiaeeee i?nueea aacaoa “Oi?ie
nueiaiaei?” oa ?aeiiia “A?no? Oi?ieueueie”. O Oi?ie? anoaiiaeaii
iai’yoieee ia a?aonueeeo iiaeeao aea?oa i?iaoeueeiai oaoecio 1941-1943
??., ye? aoei ?aeiino?oeiaaii o 1982 ?ioe?. O 1955 ?ioe? anoaiiaeaii
iai’yoiee /a?aiiiaaa?ae?eoeyi, ui caaeioee o 1918-1919 ??., 1971 ?- O.
?. Aeca?aeeinueeiio, 1972 ?.- iai’yoiee ciae O?oaeiai? Neaae – o?aeoi?
“Oi?aa?nae”, 1979 – A.?.Eai?i, 1986 – a?iiciaee athno Aa?ith
?aaeyinueeiai Nithco, Aa?ith Nioe?ae?noe/ii? I?aoe? ?.I.O?aoyeo, 1991 –
caaa?oaii aoae?aieoeoai iaii??aeo “Oi?ieuenueea yia” o Aeoaeao.

Anoaiiaeaii iaii??aeuei? aeioee: 1968 ??e – ia aoaeeieo, aea i?noeany
1920 ?ieo aieiniee eii?oao eiiniiieo, 1967 ??e – ia aoaeeieo, aea
i?ioiaeea ia?oee iia?oiaee c’?cae ?aae Oi?ieueueie, 1983 – ia aoaeeieo,
aea aenooiaa 1920 ?ieo A.Iao?ianueeee, 1967 ??e – ia aoaeeieo, a yeiio
ia?iaeeany ? aeea Aa?ie ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco
I.I.Eaooeueeee(1912-1945??.).

Похожие записи