Oaia: Eeaa?aoo?a ? ieoa. Iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa i?eioeeie ?iaioe.

Ieai.

( Eeaa?aoo?a.

( Ieoa.

E?oa?aoo?a.

( E.Aaeai, O.O?aaeueiai, I.E?aia? «Aiia?aoi?a n?aaenoaa ?N». —
N.Iaoa?ao?a, 97?.

( O?ao?iia «IBM PC aeey iieueciaaoaey» — Iineaa, 1997?.

( A iao /an eeaa?aoo?a yaey?oueny iniiaiei i?eno?i?i aaiaeo ?ioi?iaoe??
a ?N, ia aeeaey/enue ia neeueio eiieo?aioe?th c? noi?iie ieo?.

I?eioeei ae??: Aieiaiei aeaiaioii a eeaa?aoo?? ? eeaa?o?.

I?eioeei ae?? eeaa?aoo?e i?aaenoaaeaiee ia iaethieo.

Iacaeaaeii a?ae oiai, ye iaoai?/ii ?aae?ciaaiee i?ioean iaaeeiaiiy
eeaa?o, neaiae i?e iaaeeiaii? ?a?no?o?oueny eiio?iea?ii eeaa?aoo?e ?
ia?aaea?oueny o aeaeyae? neai — eiaea ia iaoa?einueeo ieaoo.

Neai-eiae — oea iaeiiaaeoiaa /enei, iieiaeo? 7 a?o yeiai
i?aaenoaaeythoue ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiee iiia?, yeee i?enai?ii eiaei?e
eeaa?o? (aeeaenue oaaeeoe?).

Ia iaoa?einuee?e ieao? ?N aeey i?aeeeth/aiiy eeaa?aoo?e oaeiae
aeei?enoiaothoue eiio?iea?. Aeey ?N oeio AO aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e?inoaia
oi?aa?naeueiiai ia?eoa??eiiai ?ioa?oaeno (UPI). Eiee neai-eiae iinooia?
ia eiio?iea? eeaa?aoo?e, oi noai?th?oueny aia?aoia i?a?eaaiiy, i?ioeani?
i?eieiy? naith ?iaioo ? aeeiio? i?ioeaaeo?o, yea aiae?co? neai-eiae.
Aeaia i?a?eaaiiy ianeoaiao?oueny niaoe?aeueiith i?ia?aiith, yea
aoiaeeoue a neeaae ROM BIOS. I?e oeueiio oey i?ioeaaeo?a nii/aoeo
aecia/a? onoaiiaeo eeaa?o ? ia?aieea/?a, uia i?aaeeueii io?eiaoe eiae,
ui aaiaeeoueny («a» /e «A»). Iii?ae oeae eiae iii?ua?oueny 6 oeeoa?
eeaa?aoo?e, yea yaey? niaith iaeanoue, ui iiaea caiai’yoiaoaaoe aei 15
aaiaeeieo neiaie?a, iiee i?eeeaaeia i?ia?aia ia iiaea ?o ia?iaeoe.
Eiio?iea? ia iaoa?einuee?e ieao? iiaea ia o?eueee i?eeiaoe, aea ?
ia?aaeaaaoe aeai?, uia iia?aeiieoe eeaa?aoo?? ??ci? ia?aiao?e,
iai?eeeaae, /anoioo iaaeeiaiiy eeaa?o?. I?ney ia?iaee neai-eiaeo
ae?iaeythoueny i?a?eaaiiy aeaiaeo ia ae?ai, ye? ia?aaeathoueny ia
a?aeaiaooa?, a iio?i ia ae?ai iii?oi?a.

(

( iaethiie, ui iieaco? i?eioeei ae?? eeaa?aoo?e).

Aeae? ?icaeyiaii oaaeeoe?, a yeeo i?aaenoaaeaii neai-eiaee, ye? ? a
iaea?eueo iioe?aieo a iao /an eeaa?aoo?ao MFII c? 102 eeaa?oaie.

NEAI-EIAeE OOIEOe?IIAEUeIEO EEAA?O.

Eeaa?oa Neai-eiaee

(o?noiaaeoeyoe?e/i?)

< ESC> 01

< F1 > 3B

< F2 > 3C

< F3 > 3D

< F4 > 3E

< F5 > 3F

< F6 > 40

< F7 > 41

< F8 > 42

< F9 > 43

< F10 > 44

< F11 > 57

< F12 > 58

NEAI-EIAeE OOIEOe?IIAEUeIEO EEAA?O.

Eeaa?oa Neai-eiaee

(o?noiaaeoeyoeiaee)

< TAB> 0F

< CapsLock > 3A

< Shift > e?aee 2A

< Ctrl > e?aee 1D

< Alt > 38

< Space > 39

< Alt Gr > E038

< Backspace > 0E

< Enter > 1C

< Shift > i?aaee 36

< Ctrl > i?aaee E010

NEAI-EIAeE EEAA?O OI?AAE?IIss EO?NI?II.

52

< Home > 47

< Page Up > 40

< Del > 53

< End > 4F

< Page Down > 51

( 48

( 4B

( 50

( 4D

?icaeyiaii ??ci? aeaee eeaa?aoo?e:

1. Eeaa?aoo?a c ieanoianiaeie ooe?yie: aeey ?o aeaioiaeaiiy
aeei?enoiaothoue ieanoiano ? ?aceio. I?ae eiaeiith eeaa?oith
ciaoiaeeoueny ieanoianiaee ooe?ue, yeee ia ieaeiueiio e?ioe?
aeaioiaeaiee o aeaeyae? ooaiiaey ?c noi?o? ?aceie c iaoaeii. Ua ieae/a
?icoaoiaaia ieanoeiea c eiioaeoieie ieiuaaeeaie, yea noaoe?iia?ii
i?ee?o/aia aei ei?iono iaiae?. I?e iaoeneaii? eeaa?o? ooaiiaeue
aeioeea?oueny aei oeeo eiioaeoieo ieiuaaeie, a ?acoeueoao? caieea?oueny
eiei ? eaea ia?aaea/a ia eiio?iea? eeaa?aoo?e. I?e iaoeneaii? eeaa?o? ia
oae?e eeaa?aoo?? /anoi aeieea? a?ae/oooy i’yeino?. sseui ia aeeaeoeny ia
ae?ai, oi iaa?aeiii, iaaeaoa eeaa?oa /e i?. Iaaeie?e ?? a oiio, ui
aeieea? /anoi a?a?aoe?y, yea aeeeeea? aoaeo aaaaoi?aciaiai ?icieeaiiy
eiioaeoo eeaa?o?, yeui aiia iaaeeia?oueny iai?aaeeueii.

2. Eeaa?aoo?a c? uae/eii: iienai? aeua iiae?? a?aenooi? aeey eeaa?o, ooo
iaoai?/iee ii?? eeaa?o? oei a?eueoee, /ei aeeaoa aiia iaoenea?oueny.
Aeey iiaeieaiiy aeaiiai iii?o iio??aii cao?aoeoe iaaio neeo, i?ney /iai
eeaa?oa?aea eaaoa. Oaeei /eiii caaacia/o?oueny iaeiicia/iee eiioaeo.

3. Eeaa?aoo?a c i?e?iia?aieea/aie: oaea eeaa?aoo?a ia? o?ae eeaa?o?. Aea
i?e?iia?aieea/? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?eueoith iaae?ei?noth ? no?ieii
neoaeae.

4. Naini?ia eeaa?aoo?a: a iiiaio aeioeeaiiy iaeueoeyie iioaioe?ae
ca?eueoo?oueny niaoe?aeueiith noaiith, ia aeoiae? yei? oi?io?oueny
neaiae aiaeia?/iee neaiaeo, yeee oi?io?oueny i?e iaoeneoaaii? eeaa?o
iaoai?/ii? eeaa?aoo?e. Oe? eeaa?aoo?e nai? aeiaaia?/i?, ine?eueee a ieo
a?aenooi?e yeee-iaaoaeue iaoai?/iee aeaiaio (cai?noue o?aaeeoe?eieo
eeaa?o aeei?enoiaothoue /ooeea? aeaiaioe) ? ?ioi?iaoe?y i?e iaoeneaii?
eeaa?o (aeioeeaii? aei /ooeeaiai aeaiaioa) oi?io?oueny o?eueee
aeaeo?eeith.

?icaeyiaii iaeano? eeaa?aoo?e.

1). Ooieoe?iiaeuei? ? aeaye? niaoe?aeuei? eeaa?o?: oea eeaa?o?, ye? i?e
?iaio? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aeeiiothoue iaai? ooieoe??.

— Oae < F4 > i?ecia/aia aeey caiai’yoiaoaaiiy oaenoo, aeey noe?aiiy
?yaeea, a yeiio ciaoiaeeoueny eo?ni?.

— iaeaea caaaeaee < F1 > aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey aeeeeeo aeia?aeeiai?
?ioi?iaoe?? ( Help).

— eeaa?oa < Esc > ia? iaeia cia/aiiy — oea aeo?ae c oaeo/iai iaith /e
e?iaoeue aeeiiaiiy i?ia?aie.

— eeaa?oa < PrintScreen > i?ecia/aia aeey eii?thaaiiy ai?noo
(cia?aaeaiiy) aeenieath ia i??ioa?.

— eeaa?oa < ScrollLock > ooieoe?iio? ye ia?aieea/; neeaaea?oueny c aeaio
ne?a Screen (Ae?ai) ? Roll (?ie?e, aae); aeicaiey? aeeth/aoe ?
aeeeth/aoe ooieoe?th i?ie?ooee ae?aia.

— eeaa?oa < Pause > coieiy? ?iaioo an??? nenoaie; ?N a?aeiiaeth? naith
?iaioo o?eueee oiae?, eiee ae ciiao iaoenea?oa aeia?eueio eeaa?oo.

2) Aeoaa?oii-oeeo?iaa iaeanoue: oey iaeanoue iaaaaeo? ae?oea?nueeo
iaoeieo ? neeaaea?oueny c aoea a?ae A aei Z ? oeeo? a?ae 0 aei 9.

3) Niaoe?aeuei? eeaa?o?:

— Eeaa?oa < Tab > (oaaoeyoe?y) ia?ai?ua? eo?ni? ai?aai ia caaeaio
aaee/eio neiaie?a (a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a oea 8 neiaie?a).

— Eeaa?oa < Shift > neoaeeoue aeey ia?aoiaeo eeaa?aoo?e a ?aaeei aaiaeo
i?iienieo (aaeeeeo) aoea aeoaa?oo ? aeayeeo niaoe?aeueieo ooieoe?e.

— Eeaa?oa < CapsLock > ia?aaiaeeoue eeaa?aoo?o a ?aaeei iino?eiiai
aaiaeo aaeeeeo aoea aeoaa?oo.

— Eeaa?oa < Backspase > i?ecia/aia aeey noe?aiiy neiaiea ce?aa a?ae
eo?ni?a.

— Eeaa?oa < Del > i?ecia/aia aeey noe?aiiy neiaiea a iiceoe?? eo?ni?a.

— Eeaa?oo < Ctrl > aeei?enoiaothoue a eiia?iaoe?yo c ?ioeie eeaa?oaie;
oae < Ctrl > + < S > caaacia/o? caa?aaeaiiy aeieoiaio?a a aeayeeo
aeiaeaoeao;

< Ctrl > + < C > aeey ?aaeaaoaaiiy ? o.ae.

— Eeaa?oa < Alt > (a?ae neiaa «aeueoa?iaoeaa») aeicaiey? oi?aaeyoe
i?ia?aiaie aac ieo?, aeei?enoiaoth/e o?eueee eeaa?aoo?o; oae eiia?iaoe?y

< Alt > + < F > + < X > cae?i/o? aeeiiaiiy aeoeaiiai aeiaeaoeo
aiaeia?/ii eiiaiaeai iaith File/Exit.

— Eeaa?oa < Enter > aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey aeeiiaiiy aaaaoueio
ooieoe?e: aeey caaa?oaiiy aaiaeo ?yaeea, aeey caaa?oaiiy aaiaeo
eiiaiaeiiai ?yaeea ? o.ae.

4) Aeie oi?aae?iiy eo?ni?ii (?ici?uaiee ni?aaa): nthaee a?aeiinyoue 10
eeaa?o, ye? oi?aaeythoue eo?ni?ii.

— < Insert > aecia/a? ?aaeei aaiaeo; ia?aeeth/a? ?aaeei anoaaee ?
cai?ie.

— Eeaa?oa < Delete > (cieuaiiy): aeei?enoiaothoue aeey cieuaiiy
ia’?eo?a, neiaie?a, aeieo oaenoa.

— Eeaa?o? < Home >, < End >: aeei?enoiaothoue aeey oi?aae?iiy
ia?ai?uaiiyi eo?ni?a ia ae?ai? /e a oaee?.

— Eeaa?o? < Page Up > i < Page Down >: aeei?enoiaothoue aeey ia?ai?uaiiy
eo?ni?a ia noi??ieo aaa?o ? aiec.

— Eeaa?o? (, (, (, ( — ia?ai?uothoue eo?ni? ia iaeio iiceoe?th
a?aeiia?aeii aaa?o, aiec, ai?aai, ae?ai.

5) Oeeo?iaee aeie — aeei?enoiaothoue aeey a?eoiaoe/ieo iia?aoe?e (ia
ieioe?e E.?. ?icaeyaeaee eaeueeoeyoi? ? ei?enooaaeeny ye ieoath oae ?
oeeo?iaei aeieii).

( Ne?aeoth/a ieoaiiy: «Ui oaea ieoa, ?? i?ecia/aiiy, i?eioeei ?iaioe»

Ii?yae c eeaa?aoo?ith ieoa ? aaaeeeaei caniaii aaiaeo ?ioi?iaoe??. Ieo?
c’yaeeeny a ?acoeueoao? iiyae a?ao?/ieo iaieiiie. Aea??, uae/ie (/e
iiaea?eiee uae/ie) ia ia’?eo? o aeaeyae? i?eoia?aie, neiaiea /e ioiooa
iaith ?iaeoue eeaa?aoo?o iaeaea ia iio??aiith. Aea ?? cae/aeii ia iiaeia
cai?ieoe a oeo aeiaeaoeao, aea iio??aii aaiaeeoe aeai? (oaeno, oeeo?e).

Oae ui ieoa ? eeaa?aoo?a i?aoeththoue o aca?iica’yceo ? aeiiiaiththoue
iaeei iaeiiai.

Aa?ae ?ioi?iaoe?? cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith eeaa?o. A?eueo?noue ieo

ia? ?o 3-o. Ooieoe?iiaeueia cia/aiiy oeeo eeaa?o ??cia a caeaaeiino?
a?ae aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiith aeanoea?noth ieo ? oa, ui i?e aeacaii? ia
ia’?eo (i?eoia?aio) ia’?eo noa? oi?aaeyth/ei. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo i?e
uae/eo e?ai? eeaa?o? ieo? a?i aeae?ey?oueny; yeui ia a?aeioneaoe e?ao
eiiieo ieo?, oi eiai iiaeia ia?ai?uoaaoe; i?e iiaea?eiiio u?e/eo e?ai?
eiiiee ia’?eo noa? aeoeaiei.

I?eioeei ?iaioe.

Ieoo iiaeia a?aee?eaaoe aac iniaeeaeo i?iaeai ? ?eceeo, ? iaa?oue
iio??aii /an a?ae /ano oea ?iaeoe, aeey ?? /enoee. Ia iaa?iai?e noi?ii?
ieo? ciaoiaeeoueny ioa??, yeee a?aee?eaa?oueny iiai?ioii ieanoeeiai?
oaeae. Aeae? eaea e?oaeee oa??e ae?aiao?ii a?ey 1,5-2 ni., yeee iiaeia
aeeiyoe ? ii/inoeoe. Oeae oa?ee aeaioiaeaiee ?c iaoaeo ? iie?eoee
?aceiith. I?ae iei ?icoaoiaai? o?e iaeaiueeeo aaeeea, ye? c iei
eiioaeoothoue. Iaeei neoaeeoue aeey oi?aae?iiy oa?eeii, a aeaa ?io?
?a?no?othoue iaoai?/i? ?ooe oa??ea. Oe? ieanoiania? aaeeee ia e?ioe?
inae ca’ycai? c aeeneii c ?ano?iaeie ioai?aie. (aeea. iaethiie).

Iaea?eueo iioe?aiei ? iioeei-iaoai?/iee i?eioeei ?aa?no?aoe?? ieo?. Oeae
i?eioeei iieyaa? a ne?aeoth/iio. I?e ia?ai?uaii? ieo? oa?ee i?eoiaeeoue
a ?oo ? e?ooeoue aeioeeath/? aee iueiai aaeeee. A?nue iaa?oaiiy iaeiiai
?c ieo aa?oeeaeueia, a ae?oaiai-ai?eciioaeueia. Ia oeeo a?nyo
anoaiiaeai? aeenee c ?ano?iaeie io?ai?aie, ye? iaa?oathoueny i?ae aeaiia
ieanoianiaeie oeieieyie. Ia ia?oiio oeieie? ciaoiaeeoueny aeaea?aei
na?oea, a ia ae?oaiio oioi/ooo?aee aeaiaio (oioiae?iae, oioio?aicenoi?).
Oeae oioinaini? aecia/a?, aea ciaoiaeeoueny aeaea?aei na?oea: ia?aae
ioai?ii, /e ca ieanoianiaith ia?aai?iaeeith aeenea. Ine?eueee oaeeo
ioai??a aeaa, oi ii?yaeie ina?oeaiiy oioi/ooeeaeo aeaiaio?a aecia/a?
iai?yi ia?ai?uaiiy ieo?, a /anoioa ?iioeuen?a caeaaeeoue a?ae ??
oaeaeeino?.

Ae?aeaa? ieo?.

sse ? eeaa?aoo?a, ieoa iiaeiia aooe ca’ycaia c ?N. Aac a?aeiia?aeiiai
ae?aeaa?a ?N ia aoaea io?eioaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th a?ae ieo?.

O?eueee ieo? c oeiiei ?ioa?oaenii, ye? i?aeeeth/athoueny aei aeanii?
ea?oe ?icoe?aiiy, iaoiaeyoueny aac a?aeiia?aeiiai i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy.

A yeino? noaiaea?oo aeei?enoiao?oueny Microsoft — noi?nia ieoa
(MS-mouse). Ca aeiiiiiaith ae?aeaa?a aeey oe??? ieo? iiaeia ye i?aaeei
oi?aaeyoe an?ia noi?nieie ieoaie.

sseui iiyaeany noii?a a noi?niino? aaoi? ieo? c MS-mouse, oi iaeae?oue
ia ?? ei?ion? ia?aieea/, yeee iicia/aiee ye MS /e ?N ? anoaiia?oue naith
ieoo a ?aaeei noi?niino? c MS-mouse.

A ieoao noa?iai ac??oey oaeee ia?aieea/ a?aenooi?e. Aea yeui aaoa ieoa
ana ua ia i?aoeth? a ?aaeei? Microsoft, oi ni?iaoeoa ia i?ioyc? aeayeiai
/ano o?eiaoe iaoeniooith ?? e?ao eiiieo. Aeey aeayeeo iiaeaeae oea ?
iciaeith ia?aeeth/aiiy a ?aaeei MS-mouse.

?icaeyiaii aeaye? aeaee ieo?.

1) Iioe/ia ieoa — ?? i?eioeei ?iaioe o?ioe noiaeee aei iaoai?/ii? ieo?,
o?eueee ia?ai?uaiiy ieo? ?a?no?o?oueny ia iaoai?/ieie aaaeaeyie. Iioe/ia
ieoa io?eio? i?ii?iue na?oea ia niaoe?aeueiee eia?ee. Oeae i?ii?iue
a?aeaeaa?oueny a?ae eia?eea ? iinooia? a ieoo oa aiae?co?oueny
aeaeo?eeith, yea a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio io?eiaiiai neaiaeo anoaiiaeth?
iai?yi ?ooo ieo?.

Ia?aaaaa oaeeo ieo a aeinoia??iino? oa iaae?eiino?. Iaaeie?e — a oiio,
ui eia?ee iiaeiai aooe niaoe?aeueiei, ? i?ney noe?aiiy eiai iiaa?oi?
ieoa ia iii?oi?? ?iaeoue ia?ai?uaiiy eo?ni?a oaioe/iei.

2) ?io?a/a?aii? ieo? — aacith aeey aeieeiaiiy oeeo ieo aoee
a?aeaiiaai?oioiie. Ii?yae c eii’thoa?ii anoaiiaeaiee i?eeia/
?io?a/a?aiiiai na?oea, yeee c’?aeiaiee c ?N eaaaeai. ?oo ieo?
?a?no?o?oueny iaoai?e?th ? ia?aoai?th?oueny a ?io?a/a?aiiee neaiae, yeee
ia?aaea?oueny ia i?eeia/.

Iaaeie?eii aeei?enoaiiy oaei? ieo? ? oa, ui aeey iaae?eii? ia?aaea/?
?io?a/a?aiiiai neaiaeo caaaeaee iiaeiai aooe anoaiiaeaiee eiioaeo i?ae
i?eeia/ai ? ia?aaeao/eeii neaiaeo. Ia iiaeia caai?iaeoaaoe
a?aeia?aaeoaa/ neaiaeo eieaeeaie, oaieii?ia?aeieie iaoa??aeaie ? o.ae.,
oiio ui ieoa ia aoaea iaoe iiaeeea?noue iiaeaaaoe neaiae a ?N.

3. ?aae?iieo? — ia?aaea? ?ioi?iaoe?th a?ae ieo? ca aeiiiiiaith
?aae?ineaiaeo.

A yeino? ia?eoa??eieo i?eno?i?a aaiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoue

— o?aeaie (ye ieoa aeiai?e iiaaie, ?oo cae?enith?oueny ?ooii oa?eea,
yeee o?aaa e?ooeoe iaeueoeai;

— aeaeieno?e (aeei?enoiao?oueny a ?a?iaeo aaoiiaoao, ?eo cae?enith?oueny
ca aeiiiiiaith ?o/ee i?e aeei?enoaii? oaeiae ? eiiiie).

— aeeaeoaeca?e (noiaea ia ieoo: aeei?enoiaothoue aeey a?ao?/ieo ?ia?o;
ia?aoai?th? ?oo iia?aoi?a a oi?iao aaeoi?ii? a?ao?ee).

PAGE 9

Eiio?iea? eeaa?aoo?e

A?aeaiaooa?

I?e?inoaia oi?aa?naeueiiai ia?eoa??eiiai ?ioa?oaeno

I?a?eaaiiy

aeaiaeo ia ae?ai

Eiae

i?ia?aie

Aooa? eeaa?aoo?e (RAM)

I?a?eaaiiy eeaa?aoo?e

(caienaia a ROM-BIOS)

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