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” Предмет топоніміки, її зв’язок з іншими науками; загальні відомості про чеські топоніми”

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?. Ia?oa /anoeia

1. I?aaeiao oiiii?i?ee, ?? ca’ycie c ?ioeie iaoeaie

Aeey c’ynoaaiiy ieoaiue ?noi?e/ii? aaia?ao??, ye ? aoiiaaiaco ?aii?o
neia’yi, iaoea aeei?enoiao? ??ci? ca iioiaeaeaiiyi, oi?iith, oa?aeoa?ii
? ianyaii ?ioi?iaoe?? ?noi?e/i? aeaea?aea. Aieiai? c ieo – ienaii?,
a?oaieia?/i? oa e?iaa?noe/i?, ii?yae c ieie caeo/athoueny ?
aio?iiieia?/i?, aoiia?ao?/i? oa /anoeiai oieueeei?i?. Aaaeeeaa i?noea a
?aieao e?iaa?noe/ii? iaoee aeaea?ae iaeaaeeoue oiiii?i??. Oaeee noai
ni?aa c oe?eeii ia’?eoeaieo i?e/ei aenoioa ia ii?yaeie aeaiiee
iaiao?aei?noue ??ciia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai ?noi?e/ii? aaia?ao??,
ye iieyaa?, c iaeiiai aieo, o aeyaeaii? aeyaeaieo aeaea?ae, c ae?oaiai –
o aeei?enoaii? aeniiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue ??cieo aaeocae iaoe, ?ioa?ane
yeeo oi?eathoueny ?aiiueineia’yinueei? aiioe.

I?iieeiaiiy iaoee a ??ci? noa?e, iino?eia ?? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y e
niaoe?ae?caoe?y ia no/aniiio aoai? noaee i?e/eiith oiai, ui e oiiii?i?ea
– aaeocue iaoee, ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy yei? ? caeiiii??iino?
aeieeiaiiy, ?icaeoeo ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeanieo iaca aaia?ao?/ieo
ia’?eo?a, c ae?oai?yaeieo iiaiciaa/eo ? iaiiaiciaa/eo iiceoe?e
ia?ai?ua?oueny ia ia?oi?yaei?. Iineeaiee ?ioa?an aei aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaia?ao?/ieo iaca – yaeua ia aeiaaeeiaa, a i?iaeeeoiaaia ianaiia?aae
iaoeiaeie ? i?aeoe/ieie i??eoaaiiyie ? oei cia/aiiyi, yea aiie
iin?aeathoue o ?ica’ycaii? ??cieo ieoaiue noni?eueieo iaoe. caaaeaiiy
?noi?e/ii? neaa?noeee iieyaa? a oiio, uia yeiiiaa iiai?oa c?a?aoe ?
e?eoe/ii aeine?aeeoe aeaaith neia’yinueeo oiiii?i?th, aecia/eoe iia?,
no/ani? aniaeoe ?? aeyaeaiiy, oaaaeii ioe?ieoe ?? cia/aiiy aeey
ciai?oiuei? ? aioo??oiuei? ?noi??? neia’yinueeeo iia. Oea caaaeaiiy ? ?o
?acoeueoaoe iiaeia iiai?noth ia?aianoe ia a?oio aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi???
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei. Ia iiaeyae A. Oe?iaoa?a, anoaiiaeaiiy ?noi???
canaeaiiy, iai?eeeaae, ? ?noi?e/iith /anoeiith i?ia?aie oiiii?i?ee.

Ao?i, eiioeaioe?? ?noi?e/ii? aaia?ao?? ?aii?o neia’yi, ye? nie?aeeny ia
oiiii?i?/i? aeaea?aea i?aa?eiai? aeaaiino? ? ye? iaaiith i??ith
aeaooiaoaaee a/aieo e?eueea aeanyoe?a ?ie?a oiio, nueiaiaei? aaea ia
caaeiaieueiythoue iaoeo. Oaeee noai niinoa??aa?oueny a aeine?aeaeaiiyo
?noi?e/ii? aaia?ao?? ? aoiiaaiaco ia o?eueee neia’yi, a e ?ioeo
?a?iiaenueeeo aoiiiiaieo a?oi. Aeniiaee oiiii?i?ee iiaeeaeththoueny ?
?icoe?ththoueny ia iniia? iiaeo iaoiae?a ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui a
aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao ni?ey? aeiiiaiaiith ?noi?e/ieo, ienaiieo ? aeeiiieo
aeaea?ae, /anoi aeiiiiaaa? ii-iiaiio i?i/eoaoe ? ioe?ieoe a?aeiia, a
ii?yae c oeei, aianoe a iaoeo iia?, ia??aeei iaa?aeii? ? oi?eaeuei? ca
nai?i cia/aiiyi oaeoe.

Aaia?ao?/i? oiiii?ie – yaeua noni?eueia. Aiie, ye ? ana, ui ae?eoei aei
ian c iaeaeaai?oeo /an?a – iai’yoee iaoa??aeueii? ? aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e,
iiaa, ienaii?noue, na?oiaeyaeio, cae/a? oa ?ioa, – ? i?iaeoeoii
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei. Ia neeaaeiiio ?noi?e/iiio oeyoo ?icaeoeo
aaia?ao?/ieo iaca (oea noino?oueny noa?e oi?ioaaiiy ?o aioo??oiueiai
ci?noo, aoaeiae e noaiiaeaiiy) o ?o oai?aii?, ye ? a oai?aii?, ye ? a
oai?aii? eiaeiiai noni?eueiiai yaeua, a?aee o/anoue ??ci? oaeoi?e,
iaeaieiai?o? c yeeo ?noi?e/i?, e?iaa?noe/i? oa aaia?ao?/i?. Iaai?
ca’ycee c oiiii?i??th ?ethno?othoue aoiia?ao?y, nioe?ieia?y oa ?io?
aaeoc? iaoee. Oiiii?i ia ?nio? aac iacaaiiai ia’?eoa, a ia’?eo aea/a?
aaia?ao. Iio?aaa ae o oiiii?iao, ?o ci?no?, ci?iao i?iaeeeoiaai?
?noi???th, aea eeoa /a?ac iiao. Iacaa – neiai, oaeo iiae, a ia aaia?ao??
? ia ?noi??? aaciina?aaeiuei.

Aeeneon?y, yea ua aeiiaaeaaia aaeany a iaoeiaeo eieao, aei yei? aaeoc?
iiaeiia iaeaaeaoe oiiii?i?ea, ia ye? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy nie?aoeny,
yeeie i?eioeeiaie iiaeii? ea?oaaoeny aeine?aeieee ?? oa ye? iae?aoe
iai?yiee ii?aoethaaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo oiiii?i?/ieo ieoaiue, iei? aeciaia
aaci?aenoaaiith. Aeoiaey/e c niaoeeo?ee iioiaeaeaiiy eiaeii? cie?aia ?
an?o ?acii ocyoeo iaca, oiiii?i?y iiaea aooe ia?aeaeueii i?aaeiaoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? e?iaa?noa, ? aaia?aoa, ? ?noi?eea, ? aoiia?aoa, ?
nioe?ieiaa.

Aaaeeeai ia oa, ooi ii?aoeueiao?, a ye ii?aoeueiao? iacae ? yeiai aoaeoo
aeinyaa? ?ioi?iaoe?y ia iniia? ?o aeine?aeaeaiiy. A. Ai?ioia i?aaeeueii
caoaaaeo? “I?aai e?iaa?no?a ia aea/aiiy oiiii?i?a ye iaei??? c eaoaai???
iiae ia ci?ia? niaoeeo?ee ?icaeoeo oiiii?i?a, ?o ci?ie, iniaeeainoae
aaia?ao?/iiai iioe?aiiy oei?a ? o. ae.”

Ana oea iano?eueee caeaaeeoue a?ae iicaiiaieo oaeoi??a, ui ciooo?
oiiii?i?noa aooe ia eeoa e?iaa?noii. ?acii c oeei oea aea? i?aai ?
?noi?eeia?, ? aaia?aoo, ? aoiia?aoia? caeiaoeny oiiii?i?eith, aea
o?eueee ca oiiae iiaiiai iaieiae?iiy e?iaa?noe/ieie iaoiaeaie. Aac
oeueiai oiiii?i?/i? ?iaioe ia e?iaa?no?a noathoue eonoa?ieie, c iaeiiai
aieo, ? e?iaa?noe/i? i?aoe? c oiiii?i?ee, eiee ?o aaoi?e (ye ia??aeei
aoaa?) ?aii?othoue niaoeeo?eo ?icaeoeo ? iioe?aiiy eiai aaia?ao?/ieo
iaca, aoaeooue iaoe i?i?iaeueio iaoeiao aa?o?noue. Oea icia/a?, ui
aeieeiaiiy aaia?ao?/ieo iaca coiiaeaia ?yaeii aaaeeeaeo
noni?eueii-i?ciaaaeueieo oaeoi??a, ui yaeythoue niaith ae?aeaeoe/io
?aei?noue, a oiio ?o aea/aiiy iiaeiii a?oiooaaoeny ia eiiieaeniiio
i?aeoiae?, ui ia?aaeaa/a? caeo/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
aaaaoueio iaoe.

Aaaeeeaa, ? /e ia aieiaia, ?ieue o aeine?aeaeaii? aaia?ao?/ieo iaca
a?aeaiaeeoueny e?iaa?noeoe?. Iacae, ye ? an? ?io? neiaa,
i?aeii?yaeeiaothoueny caeiiai iiae ?, oaeei /eiii, i?aeeyaathoue
e?iaa?noe/iiio aea/aiith. Uiaei no?oeoo?ii-ii?oieia?/ii? aoaeiae
oiiii?i?y oai?eoue iaeio c i?aenenoai iiae, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
noeoii?noth aeaiaio?a, oiaoi iaeii??aeieo ca cia/aiiyi oa??ieo iniia, ?
oi?iao?a, ca iiaiei aeaea?aeii /e oiiiii?o?/iei aeyaii.

Iaea?aeaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aaia?ao?/io ca iaaeaie e?iaa?noeee ia
iiaeeeai. E?iaa?noeea – eeth/ aei ?icoi?iiy ? inieneaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??
iacae. Aac canoinoaaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo iaoiae?a ia iiaeia oaeiae caaaiooe
aoaeiae iaca, ine?eueee e?iaa?noeea “ciaoiaeeoue ei??iue aeanii?
aaia?ao?/ii? iacae ?, ui iaci??ii aaaeeeaa, neiai, a?ae yeiai oey iacaa
ooai?aia”. A oea ? iniiaiei ? aeo?aeiei aoaiii ye aeey iiaieo, oae ?
iicaiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue oiiii?i??. Cia/aiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo aeaieo
iniaeeai i?ciaaaeueia aeey ?aeiino?oeoe?? aeaai?o ia??iae?a ?noi??? ?
ia?aaeon?i o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee a?aenooi? ?io? aeaea?aea. Aiie caaaeaee
aeiiiiaaathoue ?ice?eoe noai a?eueo aeaai?e, i?ae oie, yeee
a?aeia?aaeaii a ienaii?e o?aaeeoe??. E??i oiai, cia/aiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo
na?ae/aiue iieyaa? ua ? a oiio, ui aiie, aoaeo/e ia?aaaaeii ia i?ici?eie
aeey iin??a a?aeiia?aeii? iiae, oa?aeoa?ecothoue a?eueoo caaioaaeai?noue
a?ae ??cieo na?aeiieo ci?i ? ia?ainieneaiiy, aeayeeo /anoei ia?aaaae a
nooiai? ia’?eoeaiino? e?iaa?noe/ieo na?ae/aiue.

I?ney e?iaa?noeee o aea/aii? ci?noo oiiii?i?a ae?oaa i?noea iaeaaeeoue
aaia?ao??, yea ?icaeyaea? iacao, noai?aio ethaeeiith ia iniia?
noa’?eoeaieo ia?ac?a ?nioth/iai na?oo, /a?ac ?? ia’?eo. I?e oeueiio
aeine?aeiee caa?oa?oueny aei nioe?aeueiiai aeey oiiii?i?? na?oo
?aaeueiinoae, o yeiio o?enothoueny an? ci?ie, cae?eniai? ethaeeiith ?
iaaeeaeo? oiiii?i?/i? aeniiaee aaciina?aaeiuei aei eiie?aoiiai ia’?eoa,
iia’ycaiiai c aaia?ao?/iei na?aaeiaeuai, ianaeaiiyi.

O ca’yceo c oei, ui oiiii?ie ? aeanieie iacaaie ie?aieo ia’?eo?a, a ?o
iniiao iieeaaeaia “oe?eeii eiie?aoia iciaea, i?eioeeiiai iiaoi?thaaia o
nai?e ?aaeueiino?, oi/ iiaeeea? nioi? neooaoe?e, ye? iiaoi?ththoueny ?
oaeei /eiii, c’yaeythoueny nioi? iiii?i?/ieo, ciai?oiuei iaeiaeiaeo
iaca”. Oaea iciaea /anoi i?noeoue aeoaea oi/i? aaia?ao?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee. Aei ieo iaeaaeaoue iniaeeaino? eaiaeoaooo, i?eioeei
canaeaiiy ethaeeiith oa?eoi???, i?e?iaei? aaaaonoa oa ?io? aaia?ao?/i?
iniaeeaino? oa?aio. Ia ie?aio oaaao caneoaiaothoue ?aae?? ia’?eo?a o
E?nia?e, E?ninoaiia?e ? Noaiia?e ciiao, o aeieeiao aaeeeeo ??e, ia
ii?nueeeo ocaa?aaeaeyo ? a??nueeeo ?aa?iiao.

Oe? oaeoe aeoaea aaaeeea? aeey oiiii?i?ee, ine?eueee a ieo i?aoeththoue
i?yi? ?aae?? iaca (o oeueiio, cie?aia, aaeeea cia/aiiy eieaeueii?
iiiaieeaoo?e aaia?ao?/ieo oa?i?i?a). Aaia?ao?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e iicia/aii? iaeiioeiieo ia’?eo?a, ui ciaoiaeyoueny
ia cia/i?e a?aenoai?, aea ?noi?e/ii iia’ycai? i?ae niaith. Ia i?aenoaa?
aaia?ao?/ii? ?aae?? ooi/iththoueny ? i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny, a ?ieiee e
aeinoia??ii ia?aaeyaea?oueny aeo?aeia aeey oiiii?ia neiai. Ia?aeaeueii
oe? ?aae?? noaiiaeyoue iniiao aeey ia?aoiaeo a?ae ocaaaeueiaiiai,
aano?aeoiiai neiaa aei eiie?aoiiai iin?y, oiaoi ia’?eoa.

A?aeiiino? i?i ?aae?? ia’?eo?a – ia eeoa ia?aa??ea i?aaeeueiino?
aoeiieia?caoe?? oiiii?i?a, a e ethaeeia (iniaeeai i?e ca?ao c aeaieie
e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co) aeey aeniiae?a i?i i?noea ?icoaooaaiiy ia’?eoa,
ia??aeei e i?i oiiae eiai aeieeiaiiy, a i?e aaia?ae?caoe?? ieoaiiy – e
i?i caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo i?noeaaino?. Ona oea noaiiaeoue ?noioiee
iiiaio aeey ?noi?e/iiai ocaaaeueiaiiy. Caaaeueia cia/aiiy aaia?ao?/iiai
oaeoi?a ye aeaea?aea ?noi?e/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aaia?ao?/i? iacae – aaaeeeaee aeaiaio ea?oe ? ui ?o ia’?eoe aoiaeyoue o
aaia?ao?/ia na?aaeiaeua, caa??aath/e i?inoi?iao i?ea’yceo. Iaeii/anii
ci?no oiiii?i?a, iia’ycaiee c ie?aieie aaeocyie aaia?ao??, aoaeo/e
iieacieeii oa?aeoa?enoeee i?noeaaino?, iiaea a?ae?a?aaaoe iaaio ?ieue o
?ao?iniaeoeaiiio aecia/aii? oeo /e ?ioeo oeiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae
aaia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a ieioeiai, ?o ?aeiino?oeoe??.

E??i e?iaa?noe/iiai e aaia?ao?/iiai aniaeo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano
oai?aiiy aaia?ao?/ieo iaca ia iiaeia caaoaaoe e i?i o?ao?e – ?noi?e/iee.
Oeae aniaeo ? /e ia iaeaaaeeea?oei, ai ?ice?eaa? noni?euei? i?aenoaae
aeieeiaiiy ia’?eo?a ? ??cieo ?noi?e/iee aaiacen iaca. Ca nai?th
ooieoe?iiaeuei?noth ?noi?e/iee aniaeo oi?aa?naeueiee. A. Ieeiiia
aiai?eoue, ui ?noi?eci ae?aaeaiee ia a iiiaeeiieeo iacaao, a noaiiaeoue
“iniiao an?o iaca”. Aaia?ao?/i? iacae ?noi?e/i? “ia o aocueeiio
?icoi?ii?, iia?aeiieyth/e i?i yeonue iiae?th aai iaeiaiiy, a caaaeaee”.
?noi??y aeeeoo? noni?euenoao aea?? c-iii?ae iaaeieeoiuei? ae?eniino? oeo
/e ?ioeo i?eeiao ia’?eoa, aeanoeainoae yaeua, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
ia’?eo, aeani? iacae eieaeoeao aai in?a, ui canaeythoue ia’?eo. Aeai?
?noi???, ??aeoa aaia?ao??, o oiiii?i??, e??i naiino?eii? ooieoe??
ioe?iee ye i?aenoaae ?aaeueii? aeac?aee ia a?aeiia?aeio iaeeieoeth
aaia?ao?/iiai ia’?eoa, noai?ththoue ia?aaeoiiae e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co
iacae. Aiie iaaecae/aeii aaaeeea? aeey aecia/aiiy caaaeueii? iiaii?
i?eiaeaaeiino? oiiii?i?a aei iaaiiai /ano /e ?aa?iio. I?e a?aenooiino?
aeinoaoi?o ?noi?e/ieo a?aeiiinoae ie ia ia?ii iiaeeeaino? anoaiiaeoe
cia/aiiy aaaaoueio noa?iaeaai?o iaca (e?iaa?noe/ia aoeiieia?coaaiiy ia
aea? oe?eeii iiaii? ?ica’ycee) iaa?oue oiae?, eiee naia iiaa iai aeia?a
a?aeiia. ?noi??y a oaeeo aeiaaeeao, caoaaaeo? TH. Ea?iaiei, iiaea
i?aeeacaoe aoeiieiao noa?o iiooeo, cai?iaeooaaoe, iai?eeeaae, ia?ae?e
iia, ?noi?e/ii eiia??ieo ia oeeo oa?eoi??yo, aai, ui aeoaea aaaeeeai,
iiciaeiieoe c aeooii /ano, nioe?aeueiith ? aoi?/iith no?oeoo?ith
ianaeaiiy, a oea, a naith /a?ao, ia ??aeei aeicaiey? ?aeiino?othaaoe c
a?eueoei /e iaioei iaaeeaeaiiyi (? ocaaaeueiaiiyi) caaooo i?e?i-?noi??th
aeieeiaiiy aeanii? aaia?ao?/ii? iacae. Naia a oeueiio iieyaa? oa
i?aeaeuaia ?ieue iicaiiaiiai oaeoi?a o aeanieo iacaao, ia?aaeon?i o
oiiii?i??, yei? iicaaaeai? caaaeuei? neiaa.

?noi?eci aeyaey?oueny ianaiia?aae o aeanoeaino? iiyae aaia?ao?/ii?
iacae. *iio aeieeea iacaa ? yea eiie?aoia ?noi?e/ia neooaoe?y iineoaeeea
i?aenoaaith aeey ?? ooai?aiiy? Ui noaei ?aaeueiith ?noi???th oiiii?ia? O
aeieeiaiiy naia oe???, a ia ?ioi? ?noi?e/ii? iacae ?noi?e/ii
ia??oioiaaia, aecia/aia a?aeiia?aeieie oaeoi?aie (i?aaaea, nueiaiaei? ie
a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ?o ia cia?ii). Iaia? aeiaaeeiaeo ? iicaaaeaieo
cia/aiiy iaca. ?ioa ??/, ui nai i?ea?ae aeey iaceaaiiy a iaeieo
aeiaaeeao i?a aooe aaaiiei oa ?noi?e/ii aaaeeeaei, a ?ioeo – iaei
nooo?aei.

Oiiii?i?y eiaeiiai ia?iaeo – oea i?iaeoeo eiai ?noi??? e eoeueoo?e a
oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii?. ?icaeoie aeanieo iaca caeeaaeaiee a ?noi?e/iiio
iioaioe?ae? ??ciiiai?oieo noa? ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?. Oiiii?ie
aeieeathoue o eieaeoea? aeoiaey/e c eiai iio?aa. Aiie a?aeia?aaeathoue
aieiai? ?ene niinia?a ieneaiiy ? iiaeyae?a eieaeoeao ia iaaiiio nooiai?
eiai ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo. Oaea a?ae iaeaeaai?oeo /an?a neeaeiny oae, ui
i?aenoaaith aeey iiyae iaca aoea iaiao?aei?noue iicia/aiiy ie?aieo
i?e?iaeieo ia’?eo?a c iaoith i???ioaoe?? a i?noeaaino?, ia’?eo?a,
iniaeeai aaaeeeaeo o ainiiaea?nueeiio a?aeiioaii?, oi/ ae oea aoei ua a
aeieeaniaiio noni?euenoa? (i?noea aaaaoueio ?eaieo i?noeue, aaeaeeo
iiethaaiue oiui). Oaea a aeeaieo aeaaieio aeieeea e iio?aaa a iice/aii?
?iaeiaeo ? ieai?iieo oa?eoi??e oa ?ioeo.

?ioith aaaeeeaith ?enith ?noi?e/iino? aaia?ao?/ieo iaca ? ?o no?ee?noue.
Aiie caeeaaeai? o aioo??oiueiio ca’yceo iacae e ia’?eoa, yeee caa??aa?
noni?eueia aeeooy iacae. I?ioa ia eeoa oeei iiynith?oueny “a?aeia
iiaeeao aeeao/?noue” aaia?ao?/ieo iaca. *anoi ia’?eo, i?eeiaoa yeiai
noaea i?aenoaaith aeey ooai?aiiy iacae, ciaee iinaeaioe? (iaa?oue oe?e?
ia?iaee, ye? canaeyee aeaio oa?eoi??th), caaoaaeeny ?o ?iaia, a
aaia?ao?/ia iacaa aeeea aeae? e aeeaa iiiei?. ?noi?e/ia no?ee?noue
aaia?ao?/ieo iaca caaacia/oaaeany noeo?eiei, iaona?aeiieaiei, aea
caeiiii??iei i?aaiaiiyi caa?aaoe iacae, ye? aa?eoee a oaeeoie, ine?eueee
aiie iieaaooaaee ia?ai?uaiiy ? ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae ieaiaiaie e ia?iaeaie.
O?eaaea i?ea’ycea iaca iae/ano?oa iioe?thaaeanue ia iino?ei? e cia/i?
i?e?iaeii-eaiaeoaooi? ia’?eoe (??ee, ica?a), a oaeiae ia o? ia’?eoe, ia
aeieth yeeo aeiaee aaaeeea? ?noi?e/i? iiae?? (“a?aaee”, i?noa). Iaio
aeiaaio?eaaeei ? ca’ycie iaca n?e, iie?a, ae??aieo aiaeiei c ?o
ia’?eoaie, oiaoi oeo iaca, ye? iaee iaiaaeaio noa?o aaeeoeo, aoee
i?noeaaeie.

Aeey ?noi?e/ii? iaoee aeei?enoaiiy oiiii?i?? ye ie?aii? aeaea?aeiciaa/i?
aace iaea?eueo aaaeeeaa o aeine?aeaeaii? aaia?ao?/iiai aniaeoo
?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano noni?euenoaa. Oiiii?i?/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y oni?oii
aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e ii?aoethaaii? ieoaiue ye iiai?, oae ? aeaaiuei?
?noi???, oi/ c iaeyaeo ia niaoeeo?eo ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy a?eueo
oyae?? aei inoaiiuei?. Ca aeiiiiiaith oiiii?i?? iae/ano?oa aea/athoueny
ieoaiiy ?noi?e/ii? aaia?ao?? o noa?o yei? eiie?aoia, noai?aia
noni?euenoaii aaia?ao?y i?e?iaee, a oiiaao yei? aeeee oe? ethaee
ieioeiai. Oea a ia?oo /a?ao noino?oueny ieoaiue ?noi?e/ii? o?ce/ii?
aaia?ao??, iniaeeai yeui eaeaoueny i?i ia??iae, ia cana?ae/aiee aai iaei
cana?ae/aiee o ienaiieo aeaea?aeao. Eaiaeoaoo caaaeaee iaa aaeeeee aieea
ia ?noi?e/io aaia?ao?th ?iai, ye ? c?icoi?ei, ia ?noi?e/ii ca’ycai? c
oeeie iacaaie ianaeai? ioieoe. O?nii iia’ycai? c oeeie ianoaaeiaie
??cieoey a oiiii?i?? in?eeo, ei/iaeo ? a?iaey/eo ieaiai.

Noni?eueii-?noi?e/i? oaeoe, ye? aieeaathoue ia ooai?aiiy iaca, a?eueo
caaaeuei?, aiie aiaeia?/ii ae?thoue o an?o ia?iae?a iaeiiai eoeueoo?iiai
??aiy, ine?eueee aacothoueny ia noni?euei?e ineoieia?? ethaeeie a iaaio
aiioo ?? ?icaeoeo. E?iaa?noe/i? oaeoi?e iii?iaoe??, iaaiaee, a?eueo
eiie?aoi? e caeaaeaoue a?ae aoaeiae e noaio ?icaeoeo iiae, aea caaaeaee
iaoiiaeai? /anii ? ?noi?e/ieie oiiaaie aoiino. O eiie?aoieo neooaoe?yo
ia iniia? ae?aeaeoe/ii? ?aeiino? noni?eueii-?noi?e/iiai oa
e?iaa?noe/iiai oaeoi??a ooai?th?oueny iaaiee oiiii?i?/iee oei, ui
i?noeoue o nia? caaaeuei? oiiii?i?/i? iciaee ye o no?oeoo?ii-a?aie/i?e
noa??, oae ? a noa?? naiaioeee.

O i?ioean? aea/aiiy aaia?ao?/ieo iaca ye aeaea?aea ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?noi?e/ii neeaeeny aeaa iniiaieo iai?yiee: 1) aiae?c
ie?aii acyoeo oiiii?i?a ? 2) aiae?c o??? /e ?ioi? oiiii?i?/ii?
noeoiiino?, yea oeiieia?/ii ia’?aeio?oueny ia i?aenoaa?
eaeneei-naiaoe/iiai cia/aiiy iniia /e no?oeoo?ii-ii?oieia?/ii? aoaeiae
(aai iaeiiai e ae?oaiai) ? aeine?aeaeo?oueny a iaaeao iaaiiai ?aa?iio
(a?aaeo). Ii?yae c oeei, ?noi?e/ia iaoea /a?ia? ?ioi?iaoe?th c
oiiii?i?ee, ye c aaeoc? iaoee, ui oi?io?oueny ia noeeo ??cieo
noni?eueieo iaoe, noai?thth/e nai? caeiie. ??ciee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy
aaia?ao?/ieo iaca ii?iaeea ??ci? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?aeiia?aeii e
i?eioeeie aiae?co.

I?ioyaii inoaii?o aeanyoe??/ oeaio aaae oiiii?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
ia?aaeon?i ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/iiai ieaio, ia?aiineoueny c naiaioeee iaca
o iaaeao a?aeiia?aeieo a?aae?a ia ?o neiaioa??, ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?o
ii?oieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e e iaaiith i??ith oiiaoe/ieo oiiii?i?/ieo yaeu,
i?e/iio iaiaaeothoueny ia eeoa oi?ia, a e ooieoe?y oi?iao?a ia ??cieo
?noi?e/ieo aoaiao. Oaea aea/aiiy aeaieo oiiii?i?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? o ieai?
?noi?e/ii? aaia?ao??, ia iao iiaeyae, a?eueo aoaeoeaia e iaae?eia. Oea
iniaeeai aiaaea? o a?/?, eiee eaeaoueny i?i iaeaeaai?o? oa?e oiiii?i??,
aeine?aeaeaiiy yeeo aaaeaoueny ia iniia? ?o noo?enaeueieo oiiioi?iao?a.
Iaianai? ia ea?oo oiiioi?iaioe iaaiiai oiiii?i?/iiai oeio, ye? aaaaoi
?ac?a iiaoi?ththoueny, oaea nai? ii nia?, aac ie?aieo eiiaioa??a, ?
“i?iaeoe??th ?noi???” o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aiie ia ?aaeaiaioothoueny
nueiaiaei?oiueith oa?eoi???th oiai /e ?ioiai ia?iaeo, o aeiaeiiio
aeiaaeeo ia aeeaaeathoueny a no/ani? aea?aeaai? ei?aeiie ? /anoi-aonoi
aeoiaeyoue ca iaae? aoi?/ieo oi?iaoe?e oa iaoe?iiaeueieo iia.

Oaeei /eiii a?aae iioe?aiiy oeeo iaca oeaco? ia ?ioeo ?iciiae?e ?
/eaioaaiiy oa?eoi???, ia ?ioo eiio?ao?aoe?th ?ici?uaiiy ianaeaiiy ? eiai
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee, ?ice?eaath/e ia?aae aeine?aeieeii /eiaei iaa?aeiieo
oaeo?a ?c ??cieo aaeocae noni?eueiiai aeeooy. Ia iniia? eiiieaeniiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oiiii?i?? ca aeiiiiiaith e?iaa?noeee, aaia?ao??, ?noi???
oa ?ioeo iaoe c caeo/aiiyi aeieoiaioaeueieo aeaieo c aoiia?ao?/ieo,
ae?aeaeoieia?/ieo, aio?iiii?i?/ieo ? a?oaieia?/ieo aeaea?ae anoaiiaeaii,
ui aeiey eiaeiiai oiiii?i?/iiai oeio (a?aeiia?aeii e eiaeiiai
oiiii?i?/iiai oi?iaoo), yeee i?aaenoaaey? iaaia a?oia aaia?ao?/ieo iaca,
aoea oaeith, ui aeicaiey? ciaeoe ae?acio i?iaeoe?th ia oa?eoi??th, ca
yeith e?e?oueny eiaeiee ?noi?e/iee eieaeoea, ui ?ai?acaiooaaa naith
eoeueoo?o ? aeea o a?aeiia?aeiee /an. Aaaii?noue oiiii?i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ca?eueoo?oueny caaaeyee aeiaai o?eaaeino? ? noaa?eueiino?
oiiioi?iaio?a ye niaoeeo?ee aaia?ao?/ieo iaca, ui a naith /a?ao ni?ey?
a?eueo iaae?ei?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? yaeu, a a ?yae? aeiaaee?a (i?e iayaiino?
aeaieo ienaiieo ? aeeiiieo aeaea?ae) – ?o ?aeaioeo?eaoe??.

??. Ae?oaa /anoeie

1. Caaaeuei? a?aeiiino? i?i /anuee? oiiii?ie

sse aaea aoei eacaii, oiiii?ie iaeaaeaoue aei iaenoa??oeo iai`yoie iiae.
Aeaye? oiiii?i?/i? iacae /anueeeo caiaeue caa?aaeeny o ??ciiiai?oieo
ia/anueeeo o?ii?eao, a oie /an, eiee o /anueeeo caieyo ua ia aoei
ienueia. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui aaaaoi c ieo aoee i?aeoiieai? o
aeaeici?iai?e oi?i? ? ?o iiyniaiiy oa ca`ycie c aaia?ao?/ieie
ia`?eoaie, ye? aiie iaceaathoue, ? iaeiei c iaeneeaaei?oeo caaaeaiue
oiiii?i?ee ? ?noi?e/iiai iiaiciaanoaa. Oe? ?ioiiiai? oiiii?ie
caa?aaeeny a aeieoiaioao oa eaaaiaeao aeania /anueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy.
Oae, iai?eeeaae, a Eini?inuee?e eaoeii iiai?e o?ii?oe? ? iacae Belin –
caiie o i?ai?/i?e *ao??, Boleslsv, Brinen – nueiaiaei?, Brno, Dobenina
– nueiaiaei? Vaclavice, Petrin – nueiaiaei? Petrin, Tinec – nueiaiaei?
Tynec, Ztibecna – nueiaiaei? Zbecno oa ?io?.

Neia’yie, ui i?eeoee ia /anuee? caie? ia?aeiaee aeaai?o?, ianeia’yinuee?
iacae a??, ??/ie. Oae aaaaea?oueny, ui aei neia’yinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy
oae? iacae aaia?ao?/ieo ia’?eo?a – Rip, Beskydy, Morava, Lave, Vetava,
Jizera oa ?io?. O iacaao ianaeaieo ioieo?a oaeiai ia?aeiaioaaiiy ia
a?aeaoaaeiny, a ?iicaii? iacae i?no ? n?e ii/aee aeieeaoe o 13 noie?oo?,
oiae? c’yaeeenue iacae Neunbury, Schonbery. Oea aoea naia aeiaa
i?iaoeueei? eieii?caoe??, ? aeieeiaiiy oaeeo iaca ? aeieacii aieeao
i?iaoeueeiai aoi?/iiai aeaiaioo ia ?icaeoie /anueeeo i?no. Aea ia eiaeai
oiiii?i oaeiai iioiaeaeaiiy ne?ae ?icoi?oe oaeei /eiii. Iai?eeeaae iacaa
naea Sternberk aoea ia?aianaia ia ianaeaiee ioieo c iacae caieo, ui
iaceaaany oae ia /anoue aieiaea??a. ?o ??ae aoa /anueeei, a iacaa aeaco?
ia ethaeia na?aaeiueia?/ia ii?ia/aiiy /anueeeo oaiaeaeueieo ?iae?a
(oiaoi oea ?aae?y c eoeueoo?ii? iaeano?). Aecia/iei aoei oa, ui /anueea
ianaeaiiy oe? iacae i?eeaooiaoaaei aei nai?? iiae, ei?aeooaaei ? oei
naiei ia?aoai?thaaei ?o oaea ia /anuee? (Sumperk, Ruzmberk, Sternberk).
O 19 oa 20 no. ca nenoaio /anueeeo oiiii?i?a eoia ni?aaaei?e a?e, eiai
inoaoi/iith oacith aoee /ao?caoe?y oe??? nenoaie i?ney 1945 ?ieo (ui
ciiao ae oaee a?aeia?aaeaei iie?oe/io neooaoe?th), aea i?e oeueiio
ae?eoei aei oiai, a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao, eiee ci?ithaaeanue ? aeania
/anueea, aaeaioiaaia iacaa, ye Falknov, Suniperk. Ca /an?a /anueei?
nioe?ae?noe/ii? ?anioae?ee c iaca ii/aee cieeaoe ?ae?a?ei? aeaiaioe
(Svaty Kopecek ci?ieany ia Kopesek). C aeuacacia/aieo i?eeeaae?a aeaeii
aieea iicaiiaieo yaeu ia iaceaaiiy aaia?ao?/ieo ia’?eo?a, ca’ycie
oiiii?i?a c ?noi???th ? ?? aa?aeia?aaeaiiy o ieo.

Iaeiae, nenoaia iaeiine?aieo iaca ia aeeiiaea caaaeaiiy iiaii ioiieoe
canaeai? oa?eoi???. Oiio ii/aee aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aaaaoine?ai?,
neeaaei? oiiii?ie. Aei ?iaiiee?a ii/aee i?e?aeioaaoenue ??ciiiai?oi?
icia/aiiy, ye i?aaeei ocaiaeaeai?, /anoi a i?ioenoaaieo ia?ao. (Mady –
Stary, Novy – Stary, Horm – Doem, Cesky – Moravsky ? oae aeae?) ? ?io?
i?eeiaoieee (Ukeirsky, Tynes, Defurovy Lazany) ? iaocaiaeaeai? icia/aiiy
(Hradec Lazany).

Aea ia oeueiio i?ioean ia cae?i/eany. C /ieii ii/aei aeacoaaoeny ?
i?noea a?ey aaia?ao?/iiai ia’?eoo (Bystrice pod Pernstejnem, Tepea nad
Becvon). ??ci? niiniae iaceaaiiy iiaee eiia?ioaaoeny (Nove Mesto nad
Metuji, Podhorany u Ronava nad Doubravkou) ? iaa?oue iacaa Hnevkovice na
levem brehu Vltavy, vedle Hrevkovic u Ledee nad Sazavod.

Inoaii? iacae aeaiiino?othoue ??cieoeth i?ae noa?ei ? iiaei, io?oe?eieie
i?aeoiaeaie aei oai?aiiy oiiii?i?a. Eiee i?noeaaiio ianaeaiith ?
aeeoaeyi iaaeieeoi?o i?noeue iiii?i?y ia caaaaeaea. Aeey no/aniiai ae
oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaith iaeiicia/i?noue ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith. Oiio
io?oe?ei? iacae iiaeooue aooe aeey aeeaiai iiaeaiiy iaoyaeeeaeie
(iai?eeeaae Bramlys nad Labem – Stara – Boleslav).

Ca?ac caeeaaeaiiy iiaeo i?no – ??aee?noue (Havirov). I?ioa ?ieiee
o?aiey?oueny ia’?aeiaiiy ianaeaieo ioieo?a ? iacaa iiaea aeieeiooe
oeyoii ia’?aeiaiiy iaca eieeoi?o ie?aieo ianaeaieo ioieo?a (iai?eeeaae
Troubky – Zoeislavice) – oae o?aiey?oueny iae/ano?oa. Iiaeia oaeiae
iacaaoe a?oio ianaeaieo ioieo?a iacaith iaeiiai c ieo (iai?eeeaae
Hrochov + Lipova + Sec = Lipova) aai a iia?e iaca? ia caeeoa?oueny
aeiaeii? c iiia?aaei?o (Gottwalolovo = Zein + Louky + Malenovice _
Meadcova + Prstne + Priluny).

2. Oa?aeoa?enoeea /anueeeo oiiii?i?a

Oiiii?ie iiaeia oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia aeania /anuee? ? caiice/ai?.

Aeania /anuee? oiiii?ie:

I?aenoaaith aeey iaceaaiiy i?noey noaee ethaee, ye? eiai caeiaee, aai
iaee aei iueiai yeanue ?ioa a?aeiioaiiy. Iacaith iiaea noaoe:

a) aeania iacaa – cacae/ae ?i’y aeaae ?iaeo, aiaeaey ieaiai? ? oae aeae?
(iai?eeeaae Litomerice c noo?enii – ice); aai ?i’y caniiaieea, ye oi
Litomyse, Boleslav, Liben (c? canoa??eei noo?enii – jb, yeee i?ci?oa
ciee aai c iii’yeoaiiyi inoaiiueiai i?eaieiniiai /e a?oie i?eaieinieo:
Litomyse – a?ae ?iai? Lutomyse), Benesov (c noo?enii – ov), Jicin (c
noo?enii – in), ??aeoeie aoee aeiaaeee, eiee ia i?noea ia?aiineeanue
iacaa ?iaeo (iai?eeeaae Semily);

a) ?iaiiee, ui iaceaa? iniao – oea iiaei aooe icia/aiiy i?aaenoaaieea
ea?oth/eo aa?noa, ui iaa a?aeiioaiiy aei oa?eoi??? (Kralovice,
Popovice); aea iiaea oea aoo ? iacaa ethaeae, ui canaeyee oa?eoi??th
(Rataje, Vinare – a?aeiia?aeii aei oa?aeoa?o i?noeaaino?, ca?aeee aiie
i?eeoee – Lipany – ianaeaiee ioieo “Lipanu”, oiaoi ethaeae, ui aeeaooue
a?ey eeiiaiai aath; aea iiaee oea oaeiae aooe aea?o?aeea? /e ??aeoa
ia?aceea? i??caenueea (Hrdiorezy, Vsetaty – oiaoi “nai? ceiae??”),
oe?eaai, ui i?noeaaa ianaeaiiy oe? i??caenueea i?aeoiieei e i?eeiyei.
I?aenoaaith aeey iaceaaiiy noaa ?iaiiee, ui iaceaaa yeonue ??/
(aoae?aieoeoai, ae?eni?noue) /e niin?a iiaoaeiae:

a) iacae i?e?iaeieo yaeu, iai?eeeaae, aiaeieo oa/?e (Teplice), oeio
caie? (Blatna), ?ineeiiiai oa oaa?eiiiai na?oo (Jablonec, Lipova,
Nedveolice);

a) iacaa aoaeia (Hradec, Tyn, Hamry), iino?a ? ia?ai?aa (Brod, Most),
i?aaiaeo noinoie?a (Lhota, Myto).

3. Caiice/ai? oiiii?ie

1. Oiiii?ie i?iaoeueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy – noaiiaeyoue cia/io /anoeio
/anueeeo oiiii?i?a: eaeaoueny i?i neeaaei? iacae c ae?oaith /anoeiith –
dorf (naei), – stein (eai?iue), – berg (ai?a), – burg (caiie), – stadt
(i?noi), – back (no?oiie), – wald (e?n), – tal (aeieeia). Oi/a oe? iacae
i?iaoeueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy, c oi/ee ci?o no/anii? iiae – iiai?noth
aaeaioiaai? (Frenstal, Zambeks, Bruntal) oa ?io?.

2. ?aooa ia/anueeeo oiiii?i?a iiiaeeiie? aeiaaeee, ui ia noaiiaeyoue
nenoaio Aeineaa’yinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy aaaaeathoue Doksy, Prinda, c
?oae?enueei? Beroun, Benatky, ca aiaeia??th aei iacae a?aeaenueei? ai?e
iaceaa?oueny Tabor. A no/ani?e iia? aoaathoue caiice/aiiy c aecioe/ieo
iia, ui iice/athoue /anoeie ianaeaieo ioieo?a, i?ia?ioe?e, eieii??
Saughaj, Mexiko.

4. Iiyniaiiy iioiaeaeaiiy ? cia/aiiy oiiii?i?a

Aeno?eoey (Bystrice) – iacaa ??/ie ia oa?eoi??? ?noi?e/iiai cia/aiiy
?ici?uaiiy neia’yi, cie?aia o ?oioi??, Aieaa???, *ao??, Neiaa//ei?,
Oe?a?i?. A /anuee?e iia? i?eeiaoiee bystrty ia? cia/aiiy oaeaeeee.

A?ii (Brno) – i?noi a *ao??. Iacao iia’ycothoue c aioe/iei Eburodunum,
ui caaaeo?oueny o Ioieiiay o ?? noie?oo?. Na?aae ?ioeo /eneaiieo a?iioac
iioiaeaeaiiy iacae oae?, a?ae i?iaoeueeiai “eieiaeyc?”, a?ae oai?nueeiai
aeaniiai ?iai? Ath??i. Iiieeeiaeie ? i?eiouaiiy iioiaeaeaiiy iacae a?ae
neia’yinueeeo iniia a?iiy, a?aei – “iaai?a, ai?a”. A?eueo?noue
aeine?aeiee?a, iaeiae, aaaaeathoue, ui iacaa iioiaeeoue a?ae
neia’yinueei? iniiae a?i?? – “a?oae, aeeia”.

Anaoei (Vsetin) – i?noi ia Ii?aa??. A?ae aeaniiai ?iai? Anaoa ca
aeiiiiiaith noo?ena – ?i.

Aae (Haj) – iacaa ianaeaiiy ioieo?a a?ae Aae??aoe/iiai ii?y aei
Eacaonoaio. Cia/aiiy iacae “ae?a?iaa, ie?aiee e?n”.

Aaia (Hana) – ??/ea a *ao??, i?aaa i?eoiea Ii?aa??. Iacaa iioiaeeoue
a?ae /anueeiai i?eeiaoieea honny – “oaeaeeee”.

Aaicae (Hvozd) – iacaa aaaaoueio ianaeaieo ioieo?a a Iieueu?, *ao??,
Neiaa//ei?, Na?a?? oa *i?iiai???. Iioiaeeoue a?ae noa?i/anueeiai hvozol
– “e?n”.

Ai?iaeeua (Horodiste) – iacaa aaaaoueio neia’yinueeeo nae. Cia/aiiy:
“i?noea, aea eieenue aoei i?noi”, oiaoi oe??ieaiiy, i?noeaa?noue aea
caa??aeeny ?iae, aaee, ?o?ie e??ieaiiy.

Aioaaeueaeia (Gottvaldov) – i?noi a *ao??, caeeaaeaia 1.01.1949 ?.
neeaaea?oueny c i?no Zliv oa eiai ieieeoeue. Iacaa ia /anoue Eeaiaioa
Aioaaeueaea (1896-1953).

Ce?i (Zlin) – iiaeeeai iioiaeeoue a?ae aeanii? iacae Zla c aeiiiiiaith
noo?ena – ?i. Zln – eieeoiy iacaa ??/ee.

A?aaeaoeue – E?aeiaa (Hradec Kralove) – i?noi a *ao??. Caaaeo?oueny c
1073 ?. ye oe??ieaiiy, c X?? noie?ooy i?noi aoei a?aeaeaia a i?eaooie
/anueeeo ei?ie?a. Ca?aene iacaa Kralove.

Aea/ei (Decin) – i?noi a *ao??. Caaaeo?oueny c 1128 ?ieo. Iacaa
iioiaeeoue a?ae aeaniiai ?iai? Deka ca aeiiiiiaith noo?ena – ?i.

?naieee (Jeseniky) – ai?e ia i?ai?/iiio caoiae? *ao??. Iacaa iioiaeeoue
a?ae /anueeiai Jason – “?naiue”.

Ea?eia? Aa?e (Karlovi Vary) – i?noi a *ao??. Canioaaiiy i?noa a?ey
aa?y/eo aeaea?ae (/anueeith Vary – “eei?iiy”) i?eienoaaee Ea?eo IV, a?i
ae?enii iinoaaea ooo caiie o 1358 ?. Aea iia? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui ua ca A?oaieneiaoe?a ooo ?nioaaei /anueea
iinaeaiiy Iai/a – “ieneeanueeee e?n, caiia?aeiee”, caniiaaia o 1270 ?.

Eeaaeii (Kladno) – i?noi a *ao??. Eiai iniiaa “eieiaea”. Aea
neia’yinueeee iaoa??ae aeicaiey? i?enooieoe ? ?io? cia/aiiy oeueiai
neiaa “aoeee, aaeae?eueiee”.

E?eiiiia (Krkonose) – ai?e ia ei?aeii? *ao?? ? Iieueu?. Iacaa iioiaeeoue
a?ae aoiii?ia Ei?eiioe – ia?iae, caaaeaiee Ioieiia?i o ?? no. i. a.
?iciianthaeaeaia oaeiae aoeiieia?y a?ae Krk + iaea (ieyo?); Krk –
i?o?/iee aa?ie cao?aeieo neia’yi c iei iia’ycothoue ? iacao E?ae?a
(Iieueua). Iaeaea? aoeiieia?? aeaaaeai? ? iioiaeaeaiiy iacae
caeeoa?oueny caaaaeeith.

E?aa?aoeue (Liberec) – i?noi a *ao??. I?iaoeueea Reichenberg – “aaaaoa
i?noi”, a i?ioenoiyii? ??aa?i, o /anuee?e iia? a?aeaoeany aeenei?eyoe?y,
ia?oa c aeaoo –?- ci?ieeiny ia –e- e?aa?e, o i?noeaaiio a?aei?ieo
E?aa?oea, c a?aei aeaaaeaiee ? iaceaaeueiee a?aei?iie.

Eeoiia?oeoe? (litomerice) – i?noi a *ao??. Iioiaeeoue a?ae aeaniiai
?iai? Ethoiie? ? aoeaaeueii icia/a? “ethaee Ethoiie?a”.

Eiaei? (Loun) – i?noi a *ao??. A?ae aeaniiai ?iai? Eiaecue.

Eueaioa (Lhota) – iacaa ianaeaieo ioieo?a a *ao??, Neiaa//ei?, Iieueu?.
Icia/aei iinaeaiiy ca?eueiaia a?ae on?o aai e?eueeio oaiaeaeueieo
i?iaeiiinoae.

Ia?n?ainuee? eaci? (Marianske Lazne) – eo?i?o a *ao??. 1788 ?. – iacaa
Tepel, a?ae i?eeiaoieea teplg – “oaieee”. O O?O noie?oo? a io?oe?eiiio
aaeeaaii? cai?iaia i?iaoeueeith iiaith Merienbad – iacaa aoea iia’ycaia
c ?eiiith ae?ae ia???, ui aen?ea iaae aeaea?aeii. A oya? aeeoae?a iacaa
ia?ainieneeeanue ? ii/aea iia’ycoaaoeny c ?iaiai ?iia?ao?eoe? Ia??? –
Oa?ace. *anueea lazne – “eo?i?o”.

Ii?aaa (Morava) – ??/ea, e?aa i?eoiea Aeoiath. Iacaa iiaeeeai iioiaeeoue
a?ae ?ee???enueeiai marni – “aieioi” /e aa?iainueeiai “aieioia ??ea”. A
Iiaiae?i iia’ycoaaa c eaeueonueeei naoros – “aaeeeee”.

Ii?aa?y (Morava) – ?noi?e/ia iaeanoue *ao??, iacaaia o ae?oa?e iieiaei?
?-ai oeny/ie?ooy iaoi? a?e ca iacaith ??/ee Ii?aaa.

I?no (Most) – i?noi a *ao?? ia ??/oe? Aae?ia. A aeieoiaioao c O???
noie?ooy caaaeo?oueny ye Ai?a?i I?no. Ii/aoeiai icia/aei “aea?aa’yiee
ianoee /a?ac aieioi”. Ai?a?i – a?ae aeanii? iacae Ai?a.

I?iao?a (Nimburg) – i?noi a *ao?? ia ??/oe? Eaaa. Caaaeo?oueny c O???
no.. c ae?aaiueiaa?oii?iaoeueei? iiae cia/aiiy “iiaa i?noi”.

I?aaea (Ohre) – i?eoiea Eaae. 805 ?. – Agara. Ii/aoeiaa eaeueonueea
iacaa Agera – “aiaea, ui oa/a”.

Ieiiiooe (Olomouc) – i?noi a *ao??. Ae?y/? /anueeiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
i?iiaaoaaee eaaaiaeo i?i canioaaiiy i?noa Oeaca?ai. I?iaoeueea iniiaa
Oeao – “a’yc”noaea iniiaith iacae, noii?aia a?iioaca i?i eaeueonueea
iioiaeaeaiiy iacae. Iiaeeeaa neia’yinueea iniiaa, iai?eeeaae hold monc –
“aiea neaey”. A. Iaoai aaaaeaa iniiaith oe??? iacae ?i’y Eieiioo.

Iiaaa (Opava) – ??ea ? ai?e. A iniia? ?a?iiaenueea opr – “aiaea”.

Ino?aaa (Ostrava) – i?noi ? ??/ea ia Ii?aa??. A?ae?ii?i?a ia –ava,
aeoaea noia?a/eeaa. A aeaiiio aeiaaeeo iacaa iiaea ? ia iaoe ii/aoeiai
–ava, a io?eiaiiy eiai ia aiae?c? i?ci?oa, iiaeeeaa ? a?eueo ?aiiy
iniiaa, ui cia/eea “iao?eaoe”.

I?aaa (Praga) – noieeoey *ao??. A aeieoiaioao caaaeo?oueny c O noie?ooy.
Cai?iiiiiaaii aaaaoi aoeiieia?e. Ua a ia?aeac? aeaia aoeiieia?y “ii??a”,
aea ??/ieo ii?ia?a ooo iaia?. I?ci?oa iiioey?iino? iaaoea aoeiieia?y
iia’ycaia c /anueeei prazit – “i?noea aea aeai??a /e anio e?n”. ?io?
ni?iae aeaiaeeoe iacao ?c neia’yinueeiai i?aoe – “i?aoethaaoe”.

Iaeuea?oei?a (Pelhrimov) – i?noi ia /anueei-ii?aanuee?e aenio?. Iacaa
iioiaeeoue a?ae neiaa i?e?a?ei (c eaoeinueei? “iaeiiiee ii nayoei
i?noeyi”), ui noaei aeaniith iacaith c neia’yinueeei noo?enii – ov.

Iecaiue (Plzen) – i?noi a *ao??. A?ae iniiae, ui cia/eoue cnoa.

?ae, ?a?oeue – (Raj, Rajec) – ?iciianthaeaeaia iacaa i?noa/ie ? naeeu o
*ao??. A neia’yinueeeo iiaao neiai raj iaei cia/aiiy “naae”.

?ioeeoe? (Rochlice) – ianaeaiee ioieo a *ao??. Iacaa iioiaeeoue a?ae
/anueeiai ronll – “y?”.

?oaei? ai?e – a??nueeee o?aaao i?ae *ao??th oa I?ia//eiith. *anueeith
Krusne Horg. Iacaa iioiaeeoue a?ae neiaa a?oia ? cia/eoue A?ooaa? ai?e.
I?iaoeueeith oeae o?aaao iaceaa?oueny Trzgelirge erz – “?oaea”, gelirge
“ai?e”.

Naaeeaoeue, Naaee?oea, Naaeea/ii (Sedlee, Sedlice, Sedlerco) – ianaeai?
ioieoe a *ao??. Iacaa cia/eoue “n?euenuee? aeeoae?, naeeua”.

N?eac?y (Slezko) – ?noi?e/ia iaeanoue a Iieueu? ? *ao??. Iacaa nei??oa
ca ana iioiaeeoue a?ae neia’yinueei? iacae ??/ee Neaica (Oeaica, Oeaca,
Neaca) – a?ae iniiae c? cia/aiiyi “aieiaee, ne?ee”.

Neeaeoe?, Neeaeiaoeue (Slivence) – ianaeai? ioieoe a *ao??, Neiaa//ei?,
?oioi??. Iacaa iioiaeeoue a?ae neiaa – “neeaa”.

Oaai? (Tabor) – i?noi a *ao??, a?aeiia ?aceaeaioe?y aoneo?a. Eieeoi?
iacae Auzt (1262), Usk (1317). Iacaa nei??o ca ana iioiaeeoue a?ae
oai?nueeiai neiaa ? aoeaaeueii cia/eoue oaa??. Aeaye? aeine?aeieee
aaaaeathoue, ui oey iacaa aeieeea a?ae caaaeaii? o ?aaiaae?yo ai?e Oaai?
(Oaai?).

Oaieeoe? (Teplice) – i?noi o *ao??, o i?aei?aeaey Aoaeieo a??. I?noi
iacaaia ii aa?y/ei i?ia?aeueiei aeaea?aeai 1140 ?. – Aqua colidal –
“aa?y/a aiaea”.

O?ooi?a (Trutnov) – i?noa ia i?aii/? *ao??. Iacaa, iaiaaii, iioiaeeoue
a?ae aeaniiai ?iai? c noo?enii iaeaaeiino? – ov. O /anueeiio oieueeei??
? eaaaiaea ye aiaaoe? O?oo ia?ai?a ci?y a ai?ao E?eiiioa.

O?cae (Ujezd) – i?noi a Aa?o?e N?eac??. Neia’yinueeee o?cae icia/aei
na?aaeiueia?/io aaei?i?no?aoeaio iaeeieoeth.

Ono? (Usti) – i?noa a *ao??.

1) a I?ai?/ii-*anuee?e iaeano?;

2) a No?aeii-*anuee?e iaeano?.

A iniia? neia’yinueea neiai oi?y.

*anuee? – Aoaeaeiaeoe? (Ceske Buodlejovice) – i?noi a *ao??.
Caaaeo?oueny o 1521 ?. Ii/aoeiaa oi?ia Aoaeeaieiaeoe?, a?ae
neia’yinueeiai ?iai? Aoaeeaie (oiaoi iinaeaiiy ethaeae Aoaeeaey).

ssaeiiaoeue (Jablonec) – i?noi ia i?aii/? *ao??. Iacao aeaiaeyoue c
i?iaoeueeiai Gabel – “ieoi”. A. Iieye caia?a/ea, caoaaaeeaoe, ui ia oe?e
oa?eoi??? caeiiii??i?oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe iniiao yaeoiy. Noia?a/ea
iiiiaeaia, ieoaiiy iacae caeeoa?oueny ia ae??oaiei.

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