Eoeueoo?a ssiii?? ia iaae? O?O-OO noie?oue

Eoeueoo?a ssiii?? ia iaae? O?O-OO noie?oue

Aiioa Iaeice, yea a?aee?eea oe?ieee i?ino?? aeey ?icaeoeo
eai?oae?noe/ieo a?aeiinei o ssiii??, iinoaaeea ia?aae yiiinueeei
noni?euenoaii iia? caaaeaiiy ii an?o aaeocyo aeeooy: iie?oeoe?,
aeiiii?oe?, eoeueoo??, ?aeaieia??. Iaiaaath/enue yeiiiaa oaeaeoa ca
iieo/eoe ssiii?th aei caeiaooe?a ia?aaeiaeo e?a?i, o?yae noaa ia oeyo
oe?iei? ni?ai?aoe? c Caoiaeii. I?ney o?eaaei? naii?cieyoe?? e?a?ie a?ae
ciai?oiueiai na?oo, ii/aeinue ?ioaineaia i?iieeiaiiy o ssiii?th
cao?aeii? eoeueoo?e ? iaoee. Ia?aae ssiiioeyie a?aee?eany iaa?aeiiee
na?o iiaeo cae/a?a oa iiaeyae?a. I?i ina?oieoeueee ?aea? «oai??y
i?e?iaeiiai i?aaa», ?aea? aie? oa ??aiino? iaieiae?ee yiiinueeith
?ioae?aaioe??th. Iieiae? ssiiioe? ae?noaee ciiao iaa/aoenue o aeueo
caeeaaeao ?a?iie ? NOA.

Ii/aeanue «aiioa oeea?e?caoe?? ? i?ina?oe» (Aoiiaeeaeea aec?aeae). ?oo
«ca oeea?e?caoe?th» an?eyei i?aeo?eioaaa yiiinueeee o?yae, ye
iaiao?aeiee aoai ia oeyoo ia?aoai?aiiy ssiii?? ia neeueio iacaeaaeio
aea?aeaao. O 70-o? ?iee O?O noie?ooy ii/aany ia??iae ?icea?oo
i?ina?oieoeueeiai ?ooo.

Iaeiei c aeaeaoieo ssiiinueeeo i?ina?oeoae?a aoa THe?o? Ooeoaecaaa, /e?
i?aoe? – «Ana i?i e?a?ie na?oo», «Caeeee aei iaoee», «Aaoia?ia?ao?y»
i?iiaaoaaee aeinyaiaiiy na?oiai? iaoee ? iciaeiiethaaee /eoa/?a c
eoeueoo?ith caoiaeo ? ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i. Aaeeea cia/aiiy iaea ?
iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue i?ina?oeoaey, eiai «oeiea Ooeoaecaaa» iaaoea
aeiyoeiai? iiioey?iino?, ? caiaeii noaea Oi?aa?neoaoii. A oie /an Oei?i
Iaeae? noai?e a «Oeieo o?aioeocueei? iaoee».

Ca?aeii c Caeiiii 1872 ?ieo i?i ia?aaoaeiao nenoaie ina?oe ssiii?th
?icae?eeee ia 8 ie?oa?a, a eiaeiiio c yeeo aoa Oi?aa?neoao.

C 1907 ?ieo oanoe??/ia ina?oa noaea iaia’yceiaith. A 1879 ?ioe? a Oie?i
aoei caniiaaii aeaaeai?th iaoe. Oe?eueia ina?oa iaea ia iao? aeoiaaiiy
iieiaeiai iieie?iiy o aeon? aaciaaeii? a?aeaeaiino? ?iia?aoi?o oa
?iia?aoi?nuee?e aeaae?. A on?o ii/aoeiaeo oeieao aeeeaaeaany eo?n
ii?aeueiiai aeoiaaiiy oa aoeee (Nthn?i), ui nie?aany ia niaoe?aeueiee
«?iia?aoi?nueeee ?ane?eio i?i ia?iaeia aeoiaaiiy» aeaeaiee 1890 ?ieo.
Ca?aeii c oeei ?ane?eioii ia?iae o?aaa aoei aeoiaoaaoe o aeon?
eiioooe?ainoaa oa neioi?cio. (Neioi – oeyo Aia?a). Neioi?ci –
o?aaeeoe?eia yiiinueea ?ae?a?y, caniiaaia ia a??? a Aiaeanoaaiia
iioiaeaeaiiy aeeiano?? yiiinueeeo ?iia?aoi??a, ye? iaee oeooe «i?eaaei»
? aaaaeaeeny i?yieie iauaaeeaie Aiaei? niioey Aiaoa?ano.

«Aiioa oeea?e?caoe?? oa i?ina?oe» iicia/eeany ? ia e?oa?aoo?iiio
i?ioean? ssiii??. Iai?ee?ioe? O?O noie?ooy yiiinuee? /eoa/? iciaeiieeeny
c e?aueie oai?aie Cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei? oa ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?,
ine?eueee a ?acoeueoao? ?a?iia?caoe?? cia/ii c?inea e?euee?noue
ia?aeeaae?a.

Ii/aoie ?ooo ca noai?aiiy iiai? e?oa?aoo?e iieeaa Nae? Oeoaioo?
(1959-1935). O?aeo yeiai – «I?i nooi?noue ?iiaio» c’yaeany 1885 ?ieo,
caia?a/oth/e noa?? anoaoe/i? eaiiie, ui aeiaaaee a?ae iniaenoino?
naiic?a/aiiy ia ei?enoue oaiaeaeueieo oa ii?aeueieo ii?i. Nae? Oeoaioo?
aenoioa ia ia?oee ieai o ienoaoeoa? /ooeea?noue oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueia
aeeooy, a oaeiae caeeeeaa ienueiaiiee?a aei a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?aaeueiiai
na?oo. I?ney ssiiinueei-Eeoaenueei? a?eie 1894-1895 ??e, a oiiaao
caaino?aiiy aioo??oi?o noia?a/iinoae o e?a?i? aeoeaii ?icaeaa?oueny
nioe?aeueia i?ica (Nyeae Nueinaoeo), yea a?ae?a?aea iaaecae/aeii
aaaeeeao ?ieue o ?icaeoeo ?aae?cio.

Iiaa aiioa aeiaaaea iiaeo oi?i o iiac??. sse ? a i?ic?, o iiac??
ca?eueoo?oueny e?euee?noue ia?aeeaae?a c ?a?iiaenueeeo iia. O nenoai?
yiiinueeiai a??ooaaiiy c’yaeeanue iiaa oi?ia «N?ioaen?» (aeine?aii –
«A??o? iiai? oi?ie»). Aiie oiiaeiaethaaeeny «?a?iiaenueeei a?eei
a??oai», aei oiai ae o ieo aoea iaiaiaaeaia e?euee?noue ?yaee?a.

O 80-o? ?iee O?O noie?ooy o ssiii?? aeiee ?oo «Ca iiao oi?io a??oa».

A yiiinuee?e iiac?? e?ioey O?O ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy iioe?thaaany iiaee
a?eueiee a??o, ui nie?aany ia ?iciiaio iiao «Aecthn?», yeee caiaeii noaa
iniiaiith oi?iith yiiinueei? iiac?? OO noie?ooy.

Aaaaeathoue, ui aa?oeiith ?iiaioecio a yiiinuee?e e??eoe? aoea
oai?/?noue Oiniia N?iaaecae?, eio?ei a 1897 ?ioe? aeaeaa ca??eo a??o?a
«Iieiae? iaa?ioe?». O aeai?? N?ioaen?, oiaoi aeiaaeo a??o?a, iiao coi?a
?c ?iiaioe/iith i?aeianai?noth ?iciia?a i?i e?ano ethaenueeiai aeooo
thi?noue ? eioaiiy.

O?aaeeoe?ei? i?aaeea neeaaeaiiy Oieo ? Oaiea no?eioaaee ?iiaioe/i?
ii?eae, oiio aiie iio?aaoaaee a?aeiia?aeii? ?aoi?ie. Iiao Ianaiea N?o?
(1987-1902) c?iaea aaaaoi aeey iiiaeaiiy oeeo aeai??a. Aeaeath/e c 1898
?ieo aeo?iae iiac?? «Eioioia?no» (Cicoey).

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