EICAOeOAI IA IOI?II? EI?AeII?A OE?A?IE

????y ????ue, ? ?i??th c ??????o ???e ????y???? c?????i ???? ?? ?????a
???a. A? ? ??? ????yi ??? ????? ???iy ???e ????a, a e ??? ??????o ????.
A?a ?? ?? ?? ???th ???? ????ue ?????? a????i-????o ???? XVII – XVIII ?.,
a ? ?? ??? ??i ????iy ?????ue ? ????? ????i-????? ???? ??i I????-N???
???e, i???i? ???i ??? ? y?o ??e?.

A?? ????e, ? ??? ??i ?????? ???? ? ??? ??th ??ith ?c??i, ?a ???c ????
????? ????, ? ??????? ?iy?y ??e-?????e ??????ny ? ? ???? ?ae ????a –
??e-??????. A ?e ? ?n, ? ??o ???, ?????iy ??? ???o ????? ????? ????ue
??o ???a? ?? ?????, a ?????? ??????? ?????e a ??e ?????e ?y????.

O ????e ?????e ????? ??ae ?????e c ae?? ???? ??i ????? ??? ?.I???? ?
A.I?y1, y? ??ey?th? ?????o ?y???ue ??????i ???? a ???? ????a ??????
?????, ? ?????th I.E??????2, a y?e ??? i??i ??iy??ny ? ???yo ??????
?y???? ?????? ? ?????? ????. A??? ???? ?????? ?????e ????. O? A.I???a ?
I.*????i ??ey?th? ae?y???ue ?????? ???? ???th??o ????y? a ????? ?????
???? ????? ?????? ???3, I???? ? A??e I???? ????th? ???? ???? ?, ???a,
????y ?i ?????? ???4. I??a ? ?? ???? a ????e ???? a ??? ???e ????i ???o
???? a ???e ??? XVIII ?. ?????? ?.E????5, a ?.???a ?n??? ?????o ??? ????
a ?? I?? ? ? ????oe I???e6. I?? ??? ??? ??? ???? e ??? ???th?ny
?c’y????.

I?ith ??? ? ???c ???o ????a ???e ????o ? ???? ????a i??????? ??????
???i?-????o ???? XVII – XVIII ?. oa ??? ??????i ???? a ?????? ?????
???th??o ????e-???????.

O????a ???? ????ny ye ?????e ?? ? ?????. I??yth?? ?i, ??ath?? ????? ?
???th? ???, ??, ? ?th? ?y?? ????? ???o, ???? ?? ?????i ????? ?ae ??a??o
???a. U? ??y??? ?? ???, ???? ??i, ?????? ????yi ????ny ???ue ? ??th,
???th?? ?????? ??? ???o.

O??i ?????e ????? ????o? ??????i ????, ???? ??? ???????e ?? o ??????e
??? ?a c ???o XVI ?.

O?, c 1503 ?? ?ath? ???? ????? ??? ? ???? ??? ???o (??? ?y?-Ae???y,
?y?-?????? ? ?i.). A?e ?a ????e ???ey?a ???i o E?? ? o?yae ??????a ?o ?y
???o ????a ?ae ????? ???a ? ???? ?ae ???o ?e ??? ???o, ??i ?????a ????,
?? ? ???a ???e.

O 1533 p?i ????? ?ap?? I?? Ae???/ ???? ? ??i a I?op?ai c ???? ?????a ?
??? c ????a Ae??a ??o ? ??i??i ????y ?i ?? o?y/ ??eia ?y ??, ?a ??,
??ath? a ??? ? ??, ???y? ?p?i aiae ??p, ? ? ???o ?o ei?? ?y ?’y?o e
???a?y ????a ?y oei?? ?ip?i. Oa c ??i ???o ??? ? ???, o ?????i ?y? ? ??
???a e ????y ???7.

O 1572 p?i ????e ?p?ue N?i??ae II A??o ??a ?i?p?e ipi ?p???y ic ??p??a
??? a 300 ??aie i ?y?y ?? ? ai???o ???. O? ?? ????i ???e p??p??o ?????
???o. I?? c ???? ???ue ??????a ?? ???iy ???o ????a: ?????? ???a, ???
???a ?i ?? ? ???? ??e ??? o ??e ????? ?ey ??????o ????a…”8, ?? ??a
???e, ? ?i ??i ?? ????i ???e ?????? c ???? ?ioei?? ip?ip??? ?p?.

Ia ?? ?????? ? ????o ????o E?? ? I??? ?????? ???, a? ?????? ???????a ?o
?y ????y ?????? ???ue ???y.

Iapoi ??? ipi ?p??o ip?ip??o ??? a I?????o ???? ??th?ny 1512 p??. N?a
?aei ?y? A??ue III «???? ??th ?ith ?????. Oea ?? ?ip?i ? ip??e (??i?i
???e), ? ????? c ?? ?p??? eiii? a ?ai i ?p?p??e ?p?e, a ??ae ???i (ei?i
p?’??e), y? ????? ???iy ???p???, p?ai????? i ???? ?p??po.

Ia ??o A.E????, ??????? ??i?? ??? ??? ???th??ny ??? a 20-o ??o XVI ?.,
??y ????? ??e 1521 ?., ?? ????e ?i I???ae-A??e ??i???a ???e ??ae ?
I????o. N???? ??? ? ??? ?? ????? ?i ?e ??ae, ? ?? ???? ???e ???? ??e,
???e a ??i ?ny? eth?e. O??-?, ?a ????? ???? ???, ia ??? ??y? ????i ??i?
?? ?????? ???? ? ????. A?e ????? ?a ????o ????? ??yie — ?y???? ? ?????.

C 20-o ??a XVI ?.. ???o ????o aei A?? ?? ??? ????. Ia ?y????o ??y?o ?iy?
???e. N????o ?ieth ???i ???y? ??th? (???? ???) i ?????? ???. ?o ?c’??e
??? ? ?y? ????? ??e ? ????y? ?i ?o ?????? ????i. A?e ae ?o?? a ????o
???? ? ??o, ??????? ye ?? (?????e) ?ne???o ???ae. N??th? ?????? ?’y?e c
?????e ? ?????e ???? ? ??c ?o ????? ????? ?i ???, e?? ?????9.

O ????? ?? ?? ??pi?th?ny p??pe ?????? ? ?p??o ?p?nia (?p???? ??eia), y?o
?ip?ey? ??e a ??o ?ip??o ??? ip?e ??p. I????, ?p??th ap??ith aiae
1582 p?o ???y?ny ai???? a ?? 45 ?p?nia. 11 ??eia c ???? Aip????i ???? ?c
C?ip?aey ? ?p?? ??? a op?ii 1589 p?o ??. Eapi???i I??a??? ?p?? ??a ????
? ip?ip??o ??? ?p???a ????, ?? ???o p?opnia ?? ?????i. O p????i ?ip?i?i
XVI ?. ip?ip??i ????ei ???e ????ny ?p??? c ?p??ia. Ca ?ap??iy? ??i???i
??y Ae.O??apa, a 1588 p?i ? ?????o ii???o p??? c 4300 ?yeia ???? ii??
??a 4000 ?? ?p??y?10.

O XVI? ?. I??a ?a a ???? ??y?o ?????? ?????a ???? ?y ???e ? ???e ????o
????a, ye ????o ??????o, ?????? ?????? ??????a.

N??a o ??, ? ????, y?o ?a?ath? c ??e ?y???, ? ??th? ??e? a ????????o
????, ????oth?, ???eyth?ny. ?o ???iyth?, ???aey? ? ???? ???, a ? ?o ??a
????th? ?i ???? ???? eth?e, o ??o ??o ???a. Ca ???i ??e, ??i???y ? ????
???o ?????a ???a ?? ??ae ??i ????e ???e, ?? ??? ????? ???? ???e ? ???e,
?????i ? Aiy???i ????o ?i ???? ? ????o ??? (?ae 16 eth?? 1571 ?.), ? ???
?c ???”11.

sse ???, ? ?? ?a ? ????, a ?????. C ??i ???o 26 ???y 1656 ?. o *????
????ue ??? ???a ?ae A.O?????i ? ????? ?????? ????? ??? aey?i E.E????i.
C???, E???i ???? ?i ???? ???? ? ?????? ??? ????a-?eyi, a ?o, ? ?a ????y
– ???. O?????e ????, ? ??? ?????a ?c ?i?y? ??ey??ny ? ????? ??yo ? ?i ?i
? ???iy? ??i. Ia ? ??e ????a „*??? eth? ????, ???, a ia ?????”.

C ??? ???? XVI? ?. ???o ?i ????? ???e, ? ??o ??y??, ????th? ? ?? ??????
????i-???? ????y: O????a ???? ???a, A????ia, C???aey, N?????a.

O??? A???? ???, A??i O?????e ?????i ???? ? ?? ???e ?i ????e ??? I?????i
???a, ??? ??, ?e ??y?e ?? ? ?e? ?????e. ??oth?? ? ??? ??e I??? ???? 1655
?., O?????e ???? ae?a ?i ?????ue ???o ????o ????a. A ???? ?y ???e ??,
???? I???-A??e ? ??a ?????y c ?????th I??e ?ae O???th”, –?????? o A.N??y
? A.N????a.

O?? ? ??? ?????? ??? o ???? A. O?????? ? o A????? ?? ???????. Ia ????
?iy? ???a: ????, ? a O??? ?????o ??th ???y? ?e ???e ?????, ui ????ny c
??a?y?o ?o ? ??iy? ?y ?????o ??e ? c ?y?? ? ???? ???. Aeey ????y ?a???i?
?ey?e ???o ????? ??e, ? ?o ?????. O ?????? ??? ????a ???? ???. A ??i
???? ????e ? ?????? ????? ??? o ??????. ??, ? ???o ??y 1655 ?. ? ???i A.
O?????? 34 ??e c 2 ?n. ?ii???o ? ???? ??e?a, ??th??o I??i *?????i ?
Ae???i, ???? a E????o ??? e ??y?i 10 ??a ????e ??. A ??eth, 15 ??y, a?e
???? O??ue, 22 ??y ??? ? E?/, ? ???o ??iy ????? N???. I?oy?i ?? ??ee, ?
??, ?? ????y? E????i ????y, ? ? aeay?e ?n ????i ??? ??? a ??ae ?
O???”12.

Ca ????? ?i ??? ?? I?????i ???a c ???th I????th ?ae 6 ?a?y 1686 ?. ?ae
???? ??y ????? C?i??y. I?? ??a ????ue c ???a?yi, ? a ?e ?n C???aey ? ??
?? ????i ???? I???13. I? ? ????ue ??? ?a?y??, ???a, c ?y???th I?? ????a
? E?oy A????a.

I?? ???i ??? ????e ?????a c ????th ???th?ny a ??? I?? N??. C??, y? ??
???oth?, ???y?ny ??ae O????ith ???th. O?o ?a a 1734 ?., ?? ? o??? ?????
???ath?ny a ????? ???a, o ????? c ?? ??????ny ? ???? ????a c ?? E??. A a
40-o ??o ????? I??a? ???? ????oeyi ????? ??ae ? ???e c I??ath14.

O ???? I?? N?? ???th??ny ?a???a ?????a ???. C???? ???eyth? ? ??? ???e
(???), ? ??, ????, ????ith ???ith ????a ????? ?????o ???a, ?? a ??? ?n
?o ei?ei?ue ?? ?????th. Ca ??i ?c ????a 60-o ??a OVIII ?. ???i a ??o
???o ?? ??: 1 ????? ????, 6 ?????a, 14 ???? ???i, 1510 ??? ???a, 320 ??o
???a, 69 ?????a, a ??? 1899 /???e c 3168 ???.

O?? ??? ??? ??? Ae??a, ?ae ??a ?? I?? ? ??a ?? E??ueei A?e, ? ???? 10 –
30 ??o, ???i ?ae ?????, ?e, ?a c ???? ?? ??i ??o ??th?ny ??? (????). I?
???e ??? ?? ??iy ? ?iae??i 50 ???e ???a.

N??????? ? ?????? ???? ?e???e ???e ? ???15.

O ???o ?????? ????? ???eyth? ????? (?????) ???e, ???y? ????o o E?? ??16.

I????? ???e ??ey?? ? ??? ? ??i??, o ????? ?ae ?ai, y? ?ey?o ???o ????i
???y?. I??? ???e ???y?? ? ??? ???o, a ????? ??ae ??aey?ny ???? ??? ????
??????17.

C???aey ?????e ??y?? ??? ???? ????th, ?????ith ??ith ??i??i ??, a ? ????
?????” I.E???, I.I??i, A.I????i (?? ?? ??iy? ? C?????i ???a), ?????oey,
??a ???y?: ??ae ?i ? ???a ?? ???ue e ??a ? ??i I??i ????i ???a…
?????… e ????? a?o?”18 o 1775 ?. ???e ??.

O XVII ?. ??th? ?ae ???????, ??i, ??? ???? I?????y ??ey?ny ? ??th??
???????? ??yo ? ??? Ae?o ? ????e ??? ?? ? ???. C ?o o ???e ???? ????y
?e??ue i’y? N????? ????o ?e?a: O?????, I????e, N???e, I?????e, Icth???.

I????? ?yae ??a ???a ??????a, ?? c ??? ??a ? ????? /??o ????o — ????
?p?i ?ae ???. A??? ??, ?????? ???a ?o?? ?????e a ????? Ae??i ?ey, ??th?
???.

Oey ?????y ?? ??i ??ith ? ?????th, ?? ?o ???? ????e ? ????e ?e ??? ??e —
?y? ??? — I????e ? Oe???e, ?cth???, E??????, A??a, E?????? ? ???19. I?
?y ??, ?a ????? ?o, ? ?? ???e?i ????? ? ?????o ?? ? ?e ? ???????? ?????a
??a a oe? ??yo.

I???i ???i ???e ???e ??a-????. O XVII-XVIII ?. a N?????e O??? ?? ???? ?
???? ??a, ??? ???e i ??? ?y? ???? ?? ?? ?p?oey?. A?ey ?y?o ?? ?? ? ?
«?ey????» ?p?oei.

I???? ???? ?? o O???, I?e??, N?? ? I?????.

O ??o ??? N????? O??? ?ee ????, ?????, ????, y? ?iy? ? ??? o ????, ?ey
??o, ? ??o, a ????o, ?ey ???a.

C ?? ????o ???a ????? ?c???e a ?? ?y ???eth ? ????. Aeey ?o ????? ???? c
???-????y?, y? ???e ?????. I? ???? ?ae??e ??ae ?y?, ?i ???? ?y ??????y ?
?????? ?????iy ???? ????e ?i ????o: „ye ???? a ??o ???, ??c ? ?y?o
?????ny ?i ??o, — ?a o ?eyo ? ? ??e?? ?y? eth? ?i ??? ?? ?????? ? ??? a
o ??ae».

C ?a????a ?????? ??y???, ??? ???e o ???? ??a c ??????th. O? ??? ???
?????ny ? ????, ?????ny ? ?????? ????, y?e, a ?? ???e, ??a ????o ? ?o ?
??? ?e.

A? N????? ??e (??i N????) ?n?y?? ??ae A??????th ???ith e???th, ???
????iy ??? ???e ua a 1587 ?., a ????? ???n ??? o????y a A???? ? ????y ?o
??????i ?????i ???-??y? ???ny a 1658 ?.20

O?o o 1678 ?. ?????ue ????oai I?? (Icth???, ? Oe????????) ???. A?????i
?????ue ? ??? (???? ???e) ????a E???a. Oey ??y ?? ??y???th o 200 ??o,
aiae Oe?????a ??o ? ??? N?????o Ae??? ? I? ? E???a.

A? ?a c 80-o ??a ??ae I?ith ???th c?y?yth?ny ????y ? ?? ????y ??ae ??ue.
O?? ?? ??i?? a 1731-1735 ??o XVIII ?. O????a ??y. Oey ??y ?? ??y???th ?
300 ? ? ????a ??ae ???e: ?ae Ae??a I??th, ?? ???ith A????th, ??i A??ith
? N?????i Ae??y. Aei ??y 30-o ??a ?? ????i 409 ???a, 16 ???ue. I??i ?o
??e, ?? ? e ??? ?? ?ey i??21.

A?? ????ny a ????o c ???i??? ????. I??? ??? ? ?’y?e ?ae ?????? ??????e
?c’??e, a ?y ??????y a ?? ????? ???.

E???? ??ey? ????? ??i ??e? ??ae ? ?????y ?????? ????ue. O? ????? ???
??ath?, ? ???i? ?? ?? ???: „N???ith ??th, ? ?a c ???o XVII ?. ?i?ith??
?????a ????y I????? ???e, ??e ?????? ???, ? ????e a ????? ???. Aei
?????iy I???y Ie????a ? ?e ???e N??ae??e O??? ??e eth??? ?????, ????e ?y
????iy ??? i???? ???e… I? ??o ??? ??i ?? ???th?? ? ???????? ?i??”22.

A?, ?-??a, o A??o ??o ?c o????iy ? ???o; a, ? ??a, – ia ??? ? ?? ??????
???. O ???? ??????i ???a ????o E??i? ?ae 1681 ?. ????i: ???? ?ae Ae??? ?
??a ? ??? ?????. A? ??? N???? ??a ?? ??? ????y o ???? ???o; ??? ??? ???
??e. C ???? ??aey? c ??? ? ? ??a ?o ?????e, a ????ue ?? ????? – ? ??,
???, ??y?ai?, ??? ? ??e ? ??i i??? ? ??i ?o ???? e ???o. …? ??? ?iy?
?o ? ???? ?i ?i???”23.

A??e ??? ?????y ?? ??????i ???? XVI-XVIII ?.” ??oth?, ? ? ???i ?c I??e ?
?????i O????? ??? ?? ???i ??ae 56 ?n. ?????? ?????a c ????e ? ???
??y??iyi24. A? ? ??, ? ??? o 1731 ?. ? ?????y ??? A????? ???? 20 ?n.
?e., ????? ??e – 2 ?n. ???a ? 10 ?n. ?eyi.

I??? ??i’y?a ?????? ??ae oeth ???? ? ????? ??th:

?c ??? ?c A???

I?? ????e

C ????e ? ??th, …

I ??th ???e,…

Ui ? ??? c ?????

A??a ???a

A?????e ??y?…”

*?? ?i ??a ??a O?? O???i o ??? «N?»25.

Ia ???o XVIII no. ? ??? ?????o ???a I?? ? ???a ? ?? ?????o ????o ?y ???o
????o ???a – O????o ?????th.

I??? o ??? c O????th (1710-1713 ?.), ?????? ??th??y ???? ??y XVII ?. o
I???’? ? ??o ????a ???i ? ???/, ????thth? ?? ????? ?ae ??? I?? ? N??a.

N?????? ????th ???ith, ?e??? ??? ??? ????e ? ??ith?? ?? ????y ?ae Ae?? ?
Ae???. I???e ????i ????th??y ? ????? – ?a o 1713 ?. ?e??? ?i c e?????
???? ? ????? ???e ??e?? ??????e ??ae, ??? ??? ?e, ?ya ?ey 15 ?n. y?? ?
90 ?n. ???.

Aeey ??, ?a ????e ???? ??ae? ?ae ???a ????o ??? ? ?o ?th???a I?? ?
???th? a 1713 ?. O??i?? ?????th — ????? ????y, ?e???? ?y ????i-??????
???.

Ii ??o ?ae 2 eth?? 1713 ?. ? ????? a E???e ???? ?????e ? iy? ???” ??
??a?: „…i??? a ????yo a E?a??e, a A????e c ?a?i, c ???, c ?????a, c
???a, c ????a ? ?o ? ??a c ????? ?ae 15 ? 30 ??a, ? 3500 ???e c ?????,
??? ?i ?ny/ ????26.

A ?????, ? ????????e ???e, ?? ????? N???e, ?cth???, I????e, I???c??,
O????? ??e ??????.

I????i O????a ?????y ?????? ?y ???e ???o ? ???? c ???? ??? ? ???a ??
????e ? ??? ???e.

Ia ?????th ?????ue ???? ??a?y: ???a ? ???a ????a ?ae ?i??o ????? ???a ?
???a; a???a c ????????; ??????y ? ???? ???? ???? eth?? ? ?????yi ?????a;
???? ?c ???ith ????y ????e; ???? c ??y???? a ?????? (?? ?e ??e ???ue
????eee ? ???e).

I??????, ? ?????y ?? ??ae ??e ??? ? o ????? ?yo. I????, a O?? ?ae 7 ??y
1720 ?. ?????: „…???i N?????? ? ??i ??????? ???? ? ????? ??e… ?? ?
???, ?? ??? ??ea? ??, o ?y?e ?????…”.

E??ieioei?i ??e ?????ue iiae ???ath ??ith ? ?i?o, In??? ??? ???ith?? ???
?? a oe? ?n, a ? ?? ai????ny ae??o.

U??? ??????? ????iy ????? ? ??th ???o ? ??????? o ???yo ? ????o I?????o
(??/?o) ??e.

C??i p?ip? ip?ip??? ?ip?i ip?ia ???e-?????e I.A.??y??, ?op? o 1764 ?? ??
???e-?????? I?????. A?i ??? ???y? ???? ????. A?????? ? ??? ????, o ????
?? ???, ?i ???? ????? ???o ?????? ?e. C ??? ?? ????? ?e ???o ????? ???.
A?e ???????ue o ???? ? ???i ? ???? O????? ??? ? ?? ?’y?? ?oth?th ??ith c
??????, ? ?ei?e ??? ??? ? ????. E?e ????e ????e a ????e ?ae ???y? ?
?????, ?? ??eth??? ?????e ???? ? ?????ue.

O????a ?????y ???? ?? ???iy. I?oy?i XVIII ?. N????a O??? ?????, ??????
o????y, ????y. ?i???a ????y,?????e ? ??th ?? ??? ???? ????? ?y ?????
????? ? ???ue ? o 1774 ?. ??? ? *?i???? ? A???a ????y. O???? ?c??
??????ue E????i ???a. C??? ????? ????? ????e ?????ny, ?????? ????e ?ath?
???e ? o 1775 ?. O????a ?????y ???????ny.

I?a, ?????a ???? ???? ??? ????? ????i ????? ???iy c i??? ????a. Oey ???y
?? ????? ??? ????i ???. Aeey ????, ? ?????i ?????y, ?? ???a ?? ????a
????th ??????th ?????e. I??? ? ??? ???e, ?????? ????? ??? ???y? ???e E??
? I???. Aeey ??, ?a ???? ???e, ???? ??e, ????ue ??? a ???? ? ?i??? ???
I?????i ???a. A A?????, C????, N?????? ???th??? ?????? ?????? ????e, y?
???? ? ?????? ????? ? ????e ????i ????i ???e e ???e ?????? ?i???. U?i ??
? ???a ???e ???o, ? ?? ????i ????eth?e?ue, ???th??? ?????? ????e, ? ???
???? ?????o ???o ??o ????th ? ?????th ? ??? ?????ue ?????? ????? ???iy
????iy ???e ???, ???o e ???e ???o.

I????e ?????iy ???? ? ????? ??y??e: ???c ????-???? ?y???? ?????? ???? a
O??? o XVIII ?., ???? ?????? ????ue a O??? o ??? XVIII – XIX ?.

AeAEA?AEA OA E?OA?AOO?A

1. ????ei ?., I?y A. I?p?a ?p?iia O??? a ??aei ?????? ????? // Ip?ip??i
ai??a O???: i?ipiy i ???i?ue. – O?????e, 1997. – 292 n.;

2. E?????e I.?. ????y ????a ? ?????? ??? O???:.–O?????e, 2000. – 216 n.;

3. I???a A., *???i I. Ia ??? ??? ????a. E??? ??e I????? ??e ???e //
I?p???e. – 1996. – ? 6. – N. 50-57;

4. I???a A., I???a A. E??? ??? ?e I?? ? (1682-1725) // I?????. – 2001. –
? 12. – N. 54-61;

5. E???? E. A??????ay ???? a ???e ??? ???? ???u ???e a ??? ???? XVIII
???ey // I?p???e. – 2002. – ? 10. – N. 62-64;

6. A??a A. I?? I e ?p?a ??? ?????? ?????a // I?p???e. – 1999. – ? 1. –
N. 64-67; A???? I???a e ?p?a ?????i ????y // I?p???e. – 1999. – ? 2. –
N. 68-71;

7. Aeip??? Ae.I. I?? i?ipi? O??? / Iap??? I.I.Ae??th?. – E??a, 1991. –
N. 160-161;

8. ss????? Ae.?. ????y ?????o ???a. O 3-o o. O. 2. – E??a: N?o, 1990. –
N. 8, 39;

9. Aiy??e A.E. Ia ???a ??e ?iy?. – I., 1992. – N. 27-28;

10. I?ipiy ?p???? ??????. (A.Ae.E???, ?.O.Ap?’ye, I.A.Op?’ye ? ?i.) Ca
p?. A.Ae.E???a. – E., 1977. – N. 56-57;

11. Aiy??e A.E. A??? ??y. – N. 43;

12. N??e A.A., N???? A.N. A??i O?????e (N????i-????? ???o). – 2-? ?ae.,
?i., ???a. – E., 1995. – N. 541, 510, 515;

13. A????? A. C????a ????. – E., 1994. – N. 449;

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