Aieiaeeie? Iao?ianueeee,

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e ?noi??ia?ao??,
aeaea?aeiciaanoaa ? a?oaieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ea?ac?ia

A?oc?y i?ney «?aaiethoe?? o?iyiae»

O noaoo? iiaeaii ?noi?e/iee aiae?c aeiiii?ei-iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a o
A?oc?? a?ae ii/aoeo ?? ?nioaaiiy ye naiino?eii? aea?aeaae c 1990 ?.
Aaoi? aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui niia?aeoaaiiy ?a?iiaenueeeo oe?iiinoae
aeey oe??? e?a?ie ? aeineoue aeaeaeith ia?niaeoeaith, ine?eueee nia?oo
o?aaa ae??oeoe iaaaeueio i?iaeaio oa?eoi??aeueii? oe?e?niino? ?
ciai?oi?o noinoie?a c e?a?iaie-non?aeaie, ia?aaeian?i c ?in??th.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy no/anii? ?noi??? e?a?i iino?aaeyinueeiai i?inoi?o —
aeooaeueia i?iaeaia ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. Iaoa oe??? ?ica?aeee —
a?aenoaaeaiiy e aiae?c aeiiii?ei-iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a o A?oc?? ca
inoaii? i’yoiaaeoeyoue ?ie?a oa ioe?iea ?a?iiaenueeeo ia?niaeoea oe???
e?a?ie.

Inoaii? 10-12 ?ie?a OO no. aoee aeey A?oc?? ia??iaeii aaeainoaaiiy i?ae
«eieainii » oa «?aeiino?oeoe??th». Oinoiai ea?oiy 1989 ?. (ca aeaa aei?
aei e?eaaai? o?aaaae?? a Oa?e?n?) ia i?oeiao aeoea?no?a oiaa?enoaa ?iai?
A.Oea?aoae? aoei i?eeiyoi caa?iaiiy aei i?aceaeaioa, eiia?ano NOA oa
ea??aieoeoaa IAOI c i?ioaiiyi iaaeaoe aeiiiiiao A?oc?? aeey ?? aeoiaeo
c? neeaaeo N?N?. A ?ac? iaiao?aeiino? aaoi?e aeieoiaioa ia aeeeth/aee
aeeneieaoe?? a?enuee ?a?iaoeaioe/iiai aeueyino ia a?oceinuee?e oa?eoi???
[7, n.60]. Aeia?a a?aeii? iiae?? 8 ea?oiy i?enei?eee noai?aiiy Eii?oaoo
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ii?yooieo, ianiaee aeo?ae c eaa EI?N (cie?aia oea
c?iaeee 40 ienueiaiiee?a ?anioae?ee). Ciiao, ye iaaani? 1956 ?.,
niinoa??aaeany oaeey ?onioia??, aei e?ioey 1989 ?. an? ?in?enuee? iacae
aoeeoeue oa ieiu o Oa?e?n? aoee cai?iai? ia iaoe?iiaeuei? [37]. I?ney
oiai, ye 9 ea?oiy 1991 ?. Aa?oiaia ?aaea A?oc?? iaieineea a?aeiiaeaiiy
aea?aeaaii? iacaeaaeiino?, Iineaa i?aai?coaaea aeiiii?/io aeieaaeo
?anioae?ee, iaeeaiieoeueeo ?ioi?iaoe?eio a?eio, aeoea?coaaea
ae?yeuei?noue aaaioo?e EAeA. Oae? ae?? aeiiiiiaee ia?aiic? ia
i?aceaeaionueeeo aeai?ao 26 o?aaiy 1991 ?. noaaeaieeo iaoe?iiae?no?a
C.Aainaoo?ae?a c eiai oacith «A?oc?y — o?eueee aeey a?ocei?a». A?i
ia?aaeaa/aa, ui ia ii/aoeo 1996 ?. ?anioae?ea noaia iacaeaaeiith
aea-oaeoi ? aea-th?a. I?ioyaii 1991-1992 ??. o A?oc?? ae?oeoaaee ea?oe,
aea ?in?enueea ocaa?aaeaey *i?iiai ii?y, aeeth/ath/e Ni/?, aeacoaaeinue
ye /anoeia ?noi?e/ii? A?oc??. I?aeo?eiea a?oceinueeei i?aceaeaioii
*a/i?, a?aeiiaa a?ae /eainoaa e?a?ie a NIAe eioooaaea eiio aeaaee. 2
a?oaeiy 1991 ?. a?enueea Caeaaeacueeiai a?enueeiaiai ie?oao, /anoeia
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? aaa?ae?? A?oc?? ii/aee ooo?i
?aceaeaioe?? C. Aainaoo?ae??, aoae?aaeue Aa?oiaii? ?aaee oa Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a. ?i ia aeiiiiiao i?eaoee i?ae?icae?ee Oaa?nueei? aeea?c??, 4
oen. e?ei?iaeueieo cei/eioe?a, aeiouaieo ia naiaiaeo. Oinoiai n?/iy 1992
?. i?aceaeaio, /eaie o?yaeo e ia?eaiaioo ae?aaeeny c Oa?e?n? ?
ai?a?oaaee aei *a/i?. O a?oaei? 1993 ?. i?e iac’yniaaieo aei e?ioey
ianoaaeiao C.Aainaoo?ae?a caaeioa [ 55, n. 211-212; 93, ?. 181].

?aaeei A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca noi?ioaaa iai?aaeaiie?aoe/io, eeaioie?aoe/io
no?oeoo?o aeaaee, i?iiecaio ei?oioe??th, nai???aeio
«aea?aeaao-iaaaeaoo»(failing state). Ia ii/aoeo OOI no. iaeaea an?
aei?ine? a?iiaaeyie A?oc?? ia aeia??yee i?aaenoaaieeai aeaaeieo
?inoeoooe?e. Aaee/aciee ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy, iie?oe/ia naaa?eey,
iaiiaeeea?noue caooo oiaa??a i?ecaaee aei ianiai? i?a?aoe??
i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy — a iniiaiiio aei ?in???. sseui o 1989 ?. o
A?oc?? iae?/oaaeiny 5 iei 445 oen. aeeoae?a, oi a 2002 ?. — ia i?eueeii
iaioa. Ca ??aiai aeeooy A?oc?y neioeeany ia 170 i?noea (ia 171-174
ciaoiaeeeenue oae? e?a?ie, ye Iicaia?e, Ao?oiae?, I?aa??y,
Nue???a-Eaiia), iaa?oue Ao?e?ia-Oani caeiaea e?auo iiceoe?th [68].

Iacaaaeath/e ia anooi A?oc?? o 1993 ?. aei neeaaeo NIAe, aeiiiiiao ?in??
a ai?iouea? c? ca?aaeenoaie, a?oceinueei-?in?enuee? noinoiee iino?eii
iia??ooaaeeny. A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca ia aeicaieea ?in?enueeei AIN aeei?enoaoe
o aieiaeo ae?yo i?ioe ?anioae?ee ?/ea??? a?enueeiaee aa?iae?ii Aac?ai?
a?ey Oa?e?n? oa ?io? aace. ?icai?aaiee E?aieue o a?oaei? 2000 ?.
naieoe?iioaaa a?ciaee ?aaeei aeey a?iiaaeyi A?oc??. C eiai aieo iino?eii
eoiaee nea?ae ia oa, ui Oa?e?n? ia/aaoi aaniethoii ia eiio?iethaaa
ei?aeii c *a/iath, oi/a aiie aoee iaia??oioiaaieie. Aaeaea aeey
aoaeoeaiiai eiio?ieth nai?o ei?aeii?a c non?aeaie (a oea a?eueoa 1500
ei) aeiaaaeeny aaee/aci? iaoa??aeuei? oa o?iainia? aeaeaoee, oeny/?
iaa/aieo i?eei?aeiiiee?a. Ui noinoaaeiny caeeae?a Iineae o i?aeo?eioe?
/a/ainueeeo aieiaee?a, oi ni?aaa aeaeyaeaea ua neeaaei?oith. A e?ioe?
1999 ?. — ia ii/aoeo 2000 ?. aeanue 7 oeny/ a?aeaioe?a c *a/i?,
ia?aeoiaoe ei?aeii, ioaai?eeeny o Aoiaonueeiio ?aeii? A?oc??. Ia eiai
oa?eoi??? i?iaeeaaee /a/aioe?-eenoeioe?, aeey yeeo 85-e?eiiao?iaa
Iaie?nueea ouaeeia noaea ??aeiith aeii?aeith nioi? ?ie?a oiio. ?in?y
caeioaa/oaaea Oa?e?n? a oiio, ui a?aenooi?noue eiio?ieth a ianaeaieo
ioieoao ouaeeie i?ecaaea aei ?icea?oo oai e?ei?iaeo, ia?aoiaoaaiiy
ca?ieieo caaii?a ?.Aaea?aa (/a/ainueeiai iieueiaiai eiiaiaee?a) ?
i?aeia?iaeieo oa?i?eno?a. O naith /a?ao, ea??aieoeoai A?oc?? cayaeyei
i?i i?e/aoi?noue ?in?enueeeo a?enueeiaeo ia aacao ?anioae?ee aei
ianiaiai i?iaeaaeo ca?i? oa ai?i?eian?a /a/ainueeei aieiaeeai. Oi/a
i?aaenoaaieee A.Ianoaaeiaa o Oa?e?n? ia?aeiioaaee, ui ?i iaaaaaoi
i?ino?oa eoioaaoe ca?ith, iniaeeai iia?oi?o c?ace?a, ia ?in?enuee?e
oa?eoi???. E?aeith ?icae?aoiaai?noue E?aiey o eenoiiaae? 2001 ?.
aeeeeeaei aeneiaethaaiiy A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca uiaei ?.Aaea?aa ye aeia?a
aeoiaaii? ethaeeie.

Ea??aieoeoai A?oc?? eaoaai?e/ii a?aeeeaeaei caiaaiaiiy Iineae, ia/aaoi o
Iaie?n? ia?aoiaoaaany i?aai?caoi? i?ae?eao aoaeeie?a o Iinea? oa?i?eno
A.Ai/?y?a. I’yoiai na?iiy 2002 ?. A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca caiaaiya: aaniethoia
a?eueo?noue ianaeaiiy a ouaeei? — ie?i? ethaee, oi/a ia caia?a/oaaa ?
iayaiino? o aeayeeo ca?i?. Iaeiae aeey a??nueeeo ?aa?ii?a Eaaeaco
iaa?oue aieiae?iiy a?aiaoiiaoii /e eoeaiaoii noaei cae/aeiith ni?aaith.
Ao?i, Oa?e?n? o n?/i? oa e?ioe? na?iiy 2002 ?. ni?iaoaaa c aeiiiiiaith
a?i?enueeeo oa iie?oeaenueeeo i?ae?icae?e?a anoaiiaeoe eiio?ieue iaae
Iaie?nueeith ouaeeiith. Noii?aii, uia a?i i?a aooe ae??aei, aaeaea
aeiaeiiai a?aooo /e cao?eiaiiy aeaaea ia cao?enoaaea. E?eueea ?ac?a
aieia? e?oaee ?in?? aiiaa?aeoaaee ouaeeio (iaiaaia, inoaii?e ?ac 23
na?iiy 2002 ?.), aea aiai?eoe i?i ye?nue iane?aeee oeeo aeoe?e aaaeei.
Ia?aoo? o n?/i? 2003 ?. aieiaa neoaeae aea?aeaaii? aaciaee A?oc??
I.Eae?aoa?e? cayaea i?i ?nioaaiiy ca’yceo i?ae a?aooaie oa?i?eno?a o
Eiiaeii? oa ?oi?ie ni?eueieeaie o Iaie?n? [82, ?. 30-33].

Aeineoue yne?aai ??aaiue noaaeaiiy aei ?in?? na?aae a?oceinueei? ae?oe
a?aeia?aaeaii o i?ae?o/ieeao c ?noi??? ?anioae?ee, ye? ae?oeoaaeeny aei
«o?iyiaeiai? ?aaiethoe??» 2003 ?. O ieo ?in?y iieacaia ia?oei na?aae
?ioeo caaa?aieeii, ui cieuea aea?aeaai?noue A?oc??, noeioethaaa
anei?eyoe?th i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy ? ?oneo?eaoi?nuee? oaiaeaioe??.
I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui o 1801 ?. noai?aia Ieaenaiae?ii I iiaiiaaaeia
eii?n?y aenia?o?a c?iaeea caoaiee aeey A?oc?? aeniiaie:
Ea?oe?-Eaoaoeinueea oea?noai ia a ciic? ?nioaaoe naiino?eii. Iio?i ca
1803-1864 ??. aei neeaaeo ?in?enueei? ?iia??? oa?eoea e Cao?aeia A?oc?y,
a a 1864 ?. e?ea?aeiaaii Aaoacueea eiyc?anoai. Aaoi?e iaaieioothoue ia
aeeaieeo ei?aiyo iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiiai ?ooo, aeciaii? iacaeaaeii?
A?oc?? ia ii/aoeo 1921 ?ieo 25-ia e?a?iaie na?oo. Ai?ae?noth
a?oceinueeiai ia?iaeo aaaaea?oueny ii?acea XI a?i?? ?aaeyinueei? ?in??
i?ae eiiaiaeoaaiiyi I.Aaeea?a ia i?aenooiao aei Oeoe?na 16 o?aaiy 1920
?. Aeaco?oueny ia i?aenooii?noue a?eueoiaeoeueeeo e?aea??a, ye? ca
1921-1927 ??. ia?aaeaee Oo?a//ei?, ?in??, A??iai??, Aca?aaeaeaeaio
16641,56 ea. ei a?oceinueei? oa?eoi??? c ianaeaiiyi o 162137 in?a.
Aeineoue aeieeaaeii ?iciia?aea?oueny i?i caai?ooaiiy i?ioe aeeeoaoo?e o
Naaiao??, ia?oecainueeee ?oo o Eaoao??,
Eaoaoeinueei-Ioaanueei-Oaano?nueea iianoaiiy, aenooi 1924 ?. i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii E.*ieieaoa?e?. Ia aeoieo aaoi??a i?ae?o/iee?a, eeoa a 1937
?. aoei ?ai?aniaaii ia iaioa 30 oen. a?ocei?a, oeny/? ethaeae aoee aaeo?
e ii?aiai? 5-7 aa?aciy 1956 ?., eiee Iineaa aaaea a ?anioae?oe?
a?enueeiaee noai [74, n. 250-262, 264-265].

Iaiaaath/enue ao?eiaoe aeaaeo, A Oaaa?aeiaaeca an?eyei iaiaa?oaaa: o
eenoiiaae? 2002 ?. a Ia?eae? a?i iaieinea i?i iaiao?aei?noue anooio
A?oc?? aei neeaaeo IAOI, aiaeii/an oaeaeei a?aeiiaethth/e aeiiii?/i?
ca’ycee c ?in??th. E?eca aeaaee a e?ioe? aeiaoiy 2001 ?., iacaaeiaieaiiy
noeeai oi?aae?iiy A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca ni?eyei c?inoaiith aieeao eieeoiueiai
i?i?no?a thnoeoe?? I.Naaeaoa?e?, eieeoiuei? aieiae ia?eaiaioo
I.Ao?aeaeaiaaeca, iaeaooiueiai i?ai’??a C.AEaai?y. Ca i?aoi?a ?iee
iiiceoe?ei? neee noi?ioaaee ianiao i?aai?caoe?th «Iiaee iaoe?iiaeueiee
?oo» ia /ie? c I.Naaeaoa?e? o neeaae? 20 oen. /eai?a.

Ainaie 2003 ?. aeieeei oei/aniaa c?iuoaaiiy ia?niiae?nonueeeo
iiiceoe?eieo ia?o?e, na?aae e?aea??a yeeo iaea?eueoo iiioey?i?noue iaea
I.Ao?aeaeaiaaeca. Aiaeii/an no??iei c??n aaoi?eoao eieeoiueiai
ni?a?ia?oieea th?eaee/ii? o??ie Iaioaooaia a Iueth-Ei?eo, aeioneieea
Eieoia?enueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo I.Naaeaoa?e?, yeiai eieeoi?e Aaia?aeueiee
nae?aoa? «Nithco a?iiaaeyi A?oc??», iio?i — ni?ea? a?oceinueeiai
ia?eaiaioo C.AEaai?y caa?ooaaa i?aoethaaoe a aea?aeaaieo no?oeoo?ao ia
aaouee?auei?. Caaaeyee iaaecae/aeii aaeaeei ioae?/iei aenooiai ?
aeei?enoaiith yne?aaeo neiaie?a iaeaooi?e i?aceaeaio A?oc?? oaeaeei noaa
a?aeiiei on?e e?a?i?.

Aei /a?aiy 2003 ?. i?aaey/a ia?o?y «Nithc a?iiaaeyi A?oc??» ?iciaeany ia
o?aeoe??, a iaaaeae? ?aoi?ie i?ecaaee aei ?? i?ia?aoo ia ioi?oeeiaeueieo
aeai?ao. A?iiaaeyie ?anioae?ee iaaeaee ia?aaaao «Iiaiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio
?ooo», iiaei i?aaei, iacaaaeath/e ia an? iao?iaoe?? aeai?/eo eii?n?e.
Uia ao?eiaoeny i?e aeaae?, eeai A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca o aa?ani? 2002 ?.
iaeacaa I?i?noa?noao o?iain?a anoaiiaeoe aei?noeee eiio?ieue iaae
aaie?anueeeie ?aooieaie an?o iao?yaeiaeo i?aai?caoe?e. A 18 ethoiai 2003
?. I?i?noa?noai aea?aeaaii? aaciaee i?aeaiooaaei i?iaeo «I?i
i?ecoieiaiiy ae?yeueiino?, e?ea?aeaoe?th ? caai?iio aeno?ai?nonueeeo oa
?ioeo i?aai?caoe?e, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae ?iicaiiei eiio?ieai». Iaeiae
aeey caaacia/aiiy /anieo aeai??a Aaaionoai i?aeia?iaeiiai ?icaeoeo NOA
iaaeaei A?oc?? 1,5 iei aeiea??a aeey eiii’thoa?ecaoe?? aeai?/iai
i?ioeano. O?yaee ?a?iie e ea??aieoeoai o Aaoeiaoii? i?aai?coaaee
aaci?aoeaaeaioio e?euee?noue niinoa??aa/?a aeey aeai?/i? eaiiai?? o
?anioae?oe?. Iaoe?iiaeueiee aeaiie?aoe/iee ?inoeooo NOA caaacia/ea
iao?yaeiao i?aai?caoe?th «*ani? aeai?e» cia/iith noiith eioo?a aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy ia?aeaeueiiai i?ae?aooieo aiein?a oa aeceo-iie?a. Ca
?i?oe?aoeaith Ae. Ni?ina aei Oa?e?n? iaaani? 2003 ?. aoei iai?aaeaii
ea??aieea aenia?oiiai eaa?iaoo c ieoaiue i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaiethoe?eieo ae?e
iaianeeueieoeueeiai oa?aeoa?o (i. A?ea?aae) 30-??/iiai I.Ia?e/a. ?acii c
20-ia iieiaeeie a?oceiaie a?i noai?ea iiiceoe?eiee ?oo «Eia?a», ui
neeaaeaany a iniiaiiio c? nooaeaio?a. O ea?oi? 2003 ?. eiai aeoea?noe
aii/? ?iceea?ee o Oa?e?n? oa ua aeaa’yoe i?noao e?a?ie nioi? ieaeao?a c
e?eoeeith i?aaey/iai ?aaeeio. Iaca?aai? ni?iae A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca ii
aeene?aaeeoaoe?? «Eia?e» eeoa ni?eyee c?inoaiith iiioey?iino? ?ooo.
Oiiae Ae.Ni?ina «A?aee?eoa noni?euenoai» aeae?eea eiooe aeey ii?caeee
a?oie /eai?a i?aai?caoe?? aei Na?a??, aea aiie ciaeiieeeny c aeina?aeii
iieiae?aeiiai ia’?aeiaiiy «Ioii?». Naia oey iieiae?aeia no?oeoo?a o 2000
?. a?ae?a?aea eeth/iao ?ieue o iiaaeaii? aeaaee N.I?eioaae/a. Neiaieii
«Eia?e», ye ? «Ioii?o», noaa noeniooee eoeae. Ae?oeo 2003 ?. i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii iaeiiai c e?aea??a «Eia?e» A.Eaiaeaeae? ia oa?eoi???
iaeiiai c eieeoi?o i?iia?nueeeo oaai??a a?ey Oa?e?n? i?ieoei iaa/aiiy
oaeoeoe? ?aaiethoe?eieo ae?e aeey 700 aeoea?no?a i?aai?caoe?? [80,
?.113-115; 4, n. 56-58; 23].

Oi/a a eeii? 2003 ?. A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca i?ae /an cono??/? c eieeoi?i
aea?aeaaiei nae?aoa?ai NOA Ae.Aaeea?ii, I.Naaeaoa?e? oa I.Ao?aeaeaiaaeca
iiia?oeya aeio?eioaaoenue ia?eoaoo i?e oi?ioaaii? aeai?/eo eii?n?e i?ae
i?aaenoaaieeaie ??cieo iie?oe/ieo nee, aea caa??aaoe a??i?noue aeaiiio
neiao ia cae?aany. In?ii? ia?eaiaionuee? aeai?e 2003 ?. oyaeyeeny
oiae?oiueiio i?aceaeaioo A?oc?? eeoa ?aiaoeoe??th aei i?aceaeaionueeeo o
ea?oi? 2005 ?., ia yeeo a?i, ye ? ?ai?oa, ieaioaaa ia?aiiaoe. O aeai?ao
2 eenoiiaaea 2003 ?. a?aee o/anoue aeaa’youe aeie?a oa 12 ia?o?e.
Iaiao?aeii ooi/ieoe: a?oceinueeee aeaeoi?ao aoa aaey/iee A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca
ca noai?ai? eiai aia?aoii oiiae, a yeeo iiaei ?aaeueii ?icaeaaoeny
a?iiaaeyinueea noni?euenoai. A ?anioae?oe? ?nioaaei ae?enii iacaeaaeia
oaeaaa/aiiy, a oea nooo?ai aeiiiiiaei iiiceoe?? iaa?aoe neeo e
ia?aiiaoe. Ca aeaieie aieiae Oeaio?aeueii? aeai?/i? eii?n??
I.Aeaaaea??ai?, ca A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca a?aeaeaee aieine 228639 a?iiaaeyi, ca
«Iiaee iaoe?iiaeueiee ?oo» — 218715. Aea oaeaeiiiai?y «?onoaa?-2»
iia?aeiieea: ca aeaieie «iieooaaiue ia aeoiae?» (exit polls) ia?aiiaea
iiiceoe?y. I?ioani? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei, aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo
«Oeaio?aeueia Ac?y-Eaaeac» a oi?aa?neoao? Aeae.Aiie?ina (Aaoeiaoii)
*.Oae?aaien iieiaeoee, yeee aoa niinoa??aa/ai a ?aeii? Ia?iaoe?
(I?aaeaiia A?oc?y), aoa na?aeeii ianiaeo ii?ooaiue aeai?/iai caeiio a
oiae? aeai??a. Naia aiie aeicaieeee i?noeaa?e aeaae? aeiiia?noe i?i
cia/io ia?aaaao ia?o?? «Nithc a?iiaaeyi A?oc??»: aiia ia/aaoi io?eiaea
oai 90% aiein?a. A Aaeaea??? e?euee?noue in?a, ui i?iaieinoaaea,
ia?aaeueea /enei ?ai?oa ca?a?no?iaaieo aeai?oe?a. O i?/ ia 3 eenoiiaaea
a Oa?e?n? i?ieoea ia?oa i?ioanoia aeoe?y iiiceoe??, ?? e?aea?e caeeeeaee
a?iiaaeyi ia aeciaaaoe io?oe?eieo ?acoeueoao?a aeai??a. Nia?oo ia ieo
aeoiaeeee ia a?eueoa 10 oeny/ aeeoae?a, iaeiae aacoea?aiiiia iaoaanoai
aeaaee o a?aenoithaaii? oaeueneo?eiaaieo aeaieo i?ecaaei aei oaeaeeiai
c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? i?ioanooth/eo. Aei 20 eenoiiaaea ia aoeeoe?
aeoiaeeee aei 100 oen. a?iiaaeyi. Naia a oeae aeaiue aea?aeaaiee
aeaia?oaiaio NOA aia?oa ioae?/ii caeioaaoea ea??aieoeoai A?oc?? o
ia?ae?o/aii? ia?iaeiiai aieaaeyaeaiiy. Iao?aiiy ian i?aeneethaaei
caaaeueia iia??oaiiy iaoa??aeueiiai noaiiaeua. Ni?iae i?i?no?a aeiiii?ee
A. Iaioa oa iieuenueeiai oao?aoey E. Aaeueoea?iae/a icaei?iaeoe
ainiiaea?noai A?oc?? ?ai?oa cae?i/eeeny o?anei. Aaeaea aei 2003 ?ieo
a?eueoa 75% aeiiii?ee ?anioae?ee ciaoiaeeeiny a o?i?, a na?aaeiueiio
eiaeiee i?aei?e?iaoeue aeo?a/aa ia oaaa?? ii 200 aeiea??a. O na?ii? 2003
I?aeia?iaeiee aaethoiee oiiae i?eieiea ?aae?caoe?th i?ia?aie aeiiii?/ii?
aeiiiiiae A?oc?? /a?ac aaee/aciee ??aaiue ei?oioe??, aacii?aaei?noue
oi?aae?ioe?a, ianiaa aac?ia?ooy [80, ?.115 — 117; 24].

Ia aeanyoee aeaiue i?ney aeai??a aeie «Ca iiao A?oc?th» caiaeeany
aeciaoe ia?aiiao iiiceoe??, aea ia?aaiai?e aoee c??aai?. I.Naaeaoa?e? oa
eiai iaeaeeae/ei ni?aoieeai iio??aia aoea aieinia e ??oo/a ia?aiiaa, a
ia iinooiee. Aeayeee /an i?ioenoiyiiy i?iaeiaaeoaaeiny: 17 eenoiiaaea
A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca cayaea ia i?an-eiioa?aioe??, ui eiai iiaiiaaaeaiiy
cae?i/othoueny eeoa o ea?oi? 2005 ?. Ianooiiiai aeiy ia aoeeoeyo
noieeoe? aeanyoee oeny/ iieiaeeo a?iiaaeyi c ao?eaooaie «Eia?e» (?ai?oa
ia eiooe a?oceinueeiai oiiaeo Ae.Ni?ina (Ae’??aey Oi?ioa) aoei caeoieaii
30 oen. iaeie, eaiie ? noiie c iaienii «Eia?a») ?ooeee aei aoae?ae?
ia?eaiaioo.

Ni?iaa A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca aaanoe iaaecae/aeiee noai ia ni?aoethaaea, ai
eiee 22 eenoiiaaea iiiceoe?ei? neee, ui aoee aioia? iaa?oue aei ca?ieii?
ai?ioueae, i?i?aaeeny aei Aea?aeaaii? eaioeaey???, ia?eaiaioo, iie?oe?y
ia /eieea iii?o. Ia?aiaaaea iaa?oue neiaie?ea: 22 eenoiiaaea — oea
aeaiue Nayoiai Ieoa?ea, a aeaiue a?aenoaaee i?aceaeaioa 23 eenoiiaaea —
nayoi Nayoiai Aai?a?y Iia?aeiiinoey. Iio?i ?iaaao?aoe?y I.Naaeaoa?e? —
iiaiai i?aceaeaioa A?oc?? — a?aeaoeany 25 n?/iy 2004 ?., oiaoi a aeaiue
ia?iaeaeaiiy A. Oaaa?aeiaaeca [22, n. 49; 36; 19; 27, n.206 — 209].

O e?ioe? 2003 ?. A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca noaa?aeaeoaaa: «Oea aoa ieai Ni?ina.
Ana ?icienaii. ? a?io?. Ne?eueee o?aaa. ?nio? oe?ea eiioeaioe?y, ye
i?iaiaeeoe aeai?e, uia aei o?yaeo iio?aieee ?io? ethaee». Caoaaaeeii, ui
naia a eenoiiaae? oeueiai ae ?ieo o Iinea? iaa?aeii? iniae o eaiooeyae?
oa??aaeeny aei io?no ?inoeoooo Ae.Ni?ina «A?aee?eoa noni?euenoai» ?
a/eieee oai aeaaio. O Oaoeaio? 14 ea?oiy 2004 ?. oey no?oeoo?a
75-??/iiai o?iainenoa ia aoea ia?a?a?no?iaaia. Iaaiaee, i?aceaeaio
A.Aea?a iaai?iaeea eiai i?aeaiii Iaiana o?aoueiai nooiaiy, aea naia
Ae.Ni?in aoa i?enooi?i o A?oeaeo 26-27 ea?oiy 2004 ?. i?ney
?aaiethoe?eieo iiae?e o Ee?aecnoai?. Aacoiiaii, a?eueoa 40 iei aeiea??a,
aeae?eaieo oiiaeii «Ni?in-Ee?aecnoai», ae?yeuei?noue Aia?eeainueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo c inai? 2002 ?. o noieeoe? ?anioae?ee nooo?ai ci?oeieee
iiceoe?? ee?aecueeeo iiiceoe?iia??a [1, n.29 — 33].

Aeeaii, ui iiiceoe?eia «Iiaa neea» ?.Na??oa?e?-*aioo??y iiynithaaea
iiae?? 23 eenoiiaaea 2003 ?. «i?aenooiaie i?aeia?iaeiiai a??iainueeiai
eiaa?». Ia/aaoi oey aieeaiaa neea i?aeo?eiaea I.Naaeaoa?e? a iai?i ia
eiai ia?oeyieo ci?ieoe ia?o?oo o?oaii?iaiaeo «Aaeo — Aeaeaeoai» ia
ei?enoue A??iai??. Iaeiae ?ai?oa ua A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca ia?aeiiaa Cao?ae:
aeioe?euei?oa aanoe eiai /a?ac A?oc?th, ai /a?ac eiioe?eo uiaei
Iaa??iiai Ea?aaaoo i?ae ??aaaiii oa Aaeo eaiaeeaeaoo?a A??iai??
iai?eeiyoia [41, n.53-54].

Ia?aiiaa I.Naaeaoa?e? 4 n?/iy 2004 ?. (96% aiein?a) ia i?aceaeaionueeeo
aeai?ao aoea caeiiii??iith. ?anioae?ea aoiieeany a?ae ianooaaii?
ae?yeueiino? «ceiae??a o caeii?», ye? iiaioaaee ia eeoa a?cian, aea e
iie?oeeo. A?iiaaeyi iao?thaaei aacni?iiia caaaa/aiiy eeaio
A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca. Aei 2003 ?. ??aaiue o?iueiai? aeiiii?ee aeinya
iaaacia/iiai ??aiy, ca?ia?oia ieaoiy i?ieo?i??a, iie?oeaenueeeo,
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a, i?eei?aeiiiee?a ia ia?aaeuoaaea 50 aeiea??a ia
i?nyoeue. Ia aeeaii, ui e?ei?iaeuei? ae??, ?aeao neeaaeaee eaaeue ia
iniiaia caiyooy o aaaaoueio no?oeoo?ao, iniaeeai IAN. O 2000 ?. iiiaae
80% aaiceio e niey?ee, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeeny a A?oc??, neeaaeaea
eiio?aaaiaea. I?ney oiai, ye o 1992 ?. aeeoia aeae?ao i?i naiaiaeo
oi?a?ae?, aiia noaea noeo?eiith, aaniethoii iaeiio?ieueiaaiith,
caiaioaaea aioenai?oa??y. Iniaeeai a?aiae?icia neoi/aiiy aoee/ieo
oi?aiaoe?a niinoa??aaeiny a Oa?e?n? a?ey Oeaio?aeueiiai noia?ia?eaoo —
oae caaiee Aeaca?oe?nueeee ?eiie. An? eiai o/anieee aeia?a ciaee, ui
iie?oeaenuee? aa?ooue c eiaeiiai i?iaeaaoey aeaa ea?? ia aeaiue, c
aaoiiaoeie 30 ea??. A?iiaaeyie, ye? caeiaeeny aaethoiei iai?iii, iiaeii?
aoee aeiea/oaaoe ii 20 ea??, aeaa?aee — ii 50 oao??, oiaoi 0,25 aeiea?a.
Ia/a e iaaaeee? eiooe (aeaa ea?? aei??aithaaee oiae? iaeiiio aeiea?o),
aea ae uiaeaiii e?euee?noue oi?aiaoe?a aei??aithaaea oai 15 — 20 oen.
in?a. Iiaee i?i?no? aioo??oi?o ni?aa A. Aa?ai?aeca o a?oaei? 2003 ?.
cayaea: iie?oe?y a?aeiiaey?oueny a?ae oaeeo iacaeiiieo i?eaooe?a, oi/a
oa?e?noe? caiaaiyee, ui ci?ieeeny i?ney oeueiai eeoa «oaene».
Iai?eeeaae, c aaethoieo niaeoeyio?a iie?oeaenuee? a?aee ia ii 20, a eeoa
ii 5 ea??. Nea?ae aeeoae?a Oa?e?n? ia iaeiio?ieueiaaio oi?a?aeth
i?eioneee aeaaeo 29 n?/iy 2004 ?. caai?iieoe aoee/io oi?a?aeth. C?iaeoe
oea aoei iaeaaei, iao?ai? oi?aiaoe? caa?iaeoaaee niaoeiac?aoeyi i?eaeoe
aa?caeeaie ?oi? iiae ? caoeoe ?ioe. Cae/aeii, oea aoee oeiiai aiioe?ei?
aeey a?ocei?a «aeoeiie» aacneeiai ai?ao. I?ney 2 ethoiai 2004 ?. aoee/ia
oi?a?aey ia?ai?noeeany ia ?eiee, a oeacii I.Naaeaoa?e? ?oi?o o/aniee?a
ia ??e ca?eueieee a?ae aaca?iiai iiaeaoeo [79,?.111 — 114; 11].

Oi/a i?eaaoiee naeoi? o A?oc?? neeaa o 2000 ?ioe? ia iaioa 60% [91,
?.45], aea a?aenooi?noue aeniei? i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e, ei?oioe?y ye
iaa?ae’?iia /anoeia noeeth aeeooy ?iaeee eiai ae?yeuei?noue
iaaoaeoeaiith. Aoaeue-ye? iaae?? ia ae??oaiiy i?iaeai ii?ooaiiy caeii?a
/a?ac noaee aeaeyaeaee /eno?n?iueeith ooii??th /a?ac iaeneiaeueio
ei?oiiiaai?noue noaeiai? nenoaie. ?e ia aeia??ythoue a?eueo?noue
a?iiaaeyi A?oc?? ? a ae?oa?e iieiaei? 2005 ?. Ia i?ioeaaao oeueiio,
aeeoaeyi a?oceinueei? noieeoe? ?ai?oa aoei aeia?a a?aeiii: ea??aiee
nae?aaoei (i?aai i?nueei? aeaaee Oa?e?n?) I.Naaeaoa?e? aaceiooiaii
iaaeaaaa iaiao?aeia iaeaaeiaiiy ii/aoeiaei oeieai, ?aaoey?ii
aeiea/oaaeanue a?ioiaa aeiiiiiaa ia iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, iie?ioeeiny
ooieoe?iioaaiiy «oaeaeei? aeiiiiiae».

A?aea?aeaaoe Aaeaonueeee iiianoe? o Cao?aei?e A?oc?? 24 n?/iy 2004 ?.,
i?aceaeaio ?anioae?ee I.Naaeaoa?e? o?i/enoi iieeyany a?aeiiaeoe
oe?e?ni?noue aea?aeaae. C?iaeoe oea aoaea iaeaaei /a?ac iiceoe?th
Aaoac??, I?aaeaiii? Inao??, a??iainueeiai ianaeaiiy o
Naioeoa-Aeaeaaaoao?. Oae, aocie aaoacnueei-a?oceinueeeo i?ioe??/
caa’ycoaaany ana ooa?oa iaa?oue oiio, ui aaoace oa a?oceie — ia
nii??aeiai? ia?iaee. Ia?o? iaeaaeaoue aei aaoaci-aaeeanueei? a?oie — ye
aaaceie, aaeeae, eaaa?aeeioe?, /a?eane, oainoae, oiae? ye ae?oa? — aei
ea?oaaeuenueei? a?oie1. Iacaaaeath/e ia oeae aacia?a/iee aeniiaie, o
A?oc?? aia?oi a?aeiinyoue aaoac?a aei ea?oaaeuenueei? a?oie. Ua a
ethoiio 1931?., eiee aoea neaniaaia Aaoacueea Nioe?ae?noe/ia ?aaeyinueea
?anioae?ea, ?? ianaeaiiy ae?ciaeiny i?i i?e/eie oaeiai aeoo.
Aeyaey?oueny, E.Noae?i aaaaeaa: i?ei?oeai? aaoace iiaeii? i?inoi
?ic/eieoeny na?aae eoeueoo?iiai a?oceinueeiai ia?iaeo. Naia oaeee ieai ?
aeeiioaaany aeineoue o?eaaeee /an, ui e noaei iniiaiei /eiieeii
o?eaiaeiiai oaeoo: Aaoacueea aaoiiii?y ia?aoai?eeany a ?aaeyinueeiio
Nithc? ia iaeia c? 164 aiaieu aoii-oa?eoi??aeueieo eiioe?eo?a. sseui a
1897 ?. aaoace ia nai?e caie? neeaaeaee 58697 in?a, oi a 1970 ?. ia
iaaaaaoi a?eueoa — 77276, caoa a?ocei?a iae?/oaaeiny a?aeiia?aeii: 25875
? 199595. Nooo?ai c?inea ? e?euee?noue ?in?yi — ca 73 ?iee a?eueoa i?ae
o 17 ?ac?a [ 41, n.54; 32, n.5; 33, n.278-288; 89, ?.6, 18].

O 1983 ?. eiinoeueoaio OeE EI?N aeaae. A.A.Aaa?aiia iiaeaa TH.Aiae?iiiao
aeiiia?aeio caieneo «I iaeioi?uo aii?inao iaoeeiiaeueiie iieeoeee EINN».
O i?e, cie?aia, eoea iiaa i?i eiioe?eoe i?ae aaoacaie e a?oceiaie,
inaoeiaie oa ?iaooaie, a??iaiaie ? aca?aaeaeaeaioeyie, ea?a/a?aoeyie oa
/a?eanaie oiui. Ia i?eeii aei Aaia?aeueiiai nae?aoa?y eiio iio?aieoe ia
aaeaeiny, a nae?aoa?? Oeaio?aeueiiai Eii?oaoo EI?N I.A.Ceiyi?i oa
?.A.Eai?oiiia oiiaeyee a/aiiai ia oaeethaaoeny, aaeaea «i?iaae?a o
iaoe?iiaeuei?e iie?oeoe? iaia?» — oeiiaa iiceoe?y no?aona. Neooaoe?y
cia/ii iia??oeeany o e?ioe? 80-o-ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a. Aenooiath/e 10
eenoiiaaea 1990 ?., iaeaooi?e i?aceaeaio A?oc?? C.Aainaoo?ae?a c ai?aii
aiai?ea: o Eaoao?? caaaeaee ia?aaaaeaee a?oceie, oaia? i?aeiyei aieiao
oaoa?noai (aca?aaeaeaeaioe? — A.I.), eaenoai (eaee-aaa?oe? — A.I.),
a??iainoai, inaoeinoai, «? aiie inue-inue i?ieiaoiooue Eaoao?th».
Iieoi’yiee Ca?aae caeeeeaa: «Aiie iiaeii? aooe aenaeai?, iiaeii? aooe
aeiaeai? ?icaea?aiei cae?cii c a?oceinueei? iaoe??, oe? c?aaeieee oa
cai?iaeaioe?… an?o ceeo ai?ia?a, ia a?ocei?a, ye? ciaeoee ooo
i?enoaieua, aeaeaiaii c A?oc??». Ae?enii, ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a c A?oc??
aeneaee ?in?enueeeo aeooiai??a, eacaei?a, oo?e?a-ianoaoeioe?a. Iio?i
A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca ca aeiiiiiaith noia?iee?a C.Aainaoo?ae?a, ?ica’ycaaoe
a?eio a Aaoac??, ?ica?iiea ca?aaeeno?a o Iaa?ae??, iineeea naith aeaaeo
a Oa?e?n?. Iaaaea/? a oiae? a?enueeiaeo ae?e aeicaieeee eiio a?aoooaaoe
i?eoeeueiee?a neeiooiai i?aceaeaioa Ae.?inae?ai?, O.E?oiaai? oa ?ioeo
ae?y/?a. Aeey ai?ioueae c A?oc??th ?in?enuee? a?enueeia? iaa/aee
/a/ainueeeo aieiaee?a, ye? aithaaee ia aioe? Aaoac??, a?aeiiaeeenue
iieeanoe e?ae aoi?/iei /enoeai /e aeiiiiiaoe a ?aiao??aoe?? 250 oeny/
a?ocei?a-a?aeaioe?a c Aaoac??. A.Ee?ioii oa A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca i?e??aiyee
cei/eie, ye? iaee i?noea a Aaoac?? uiaei a?oceinueeiai ianaeaiiy, c
aaiioeeaeii o Einia?. Anueiai aaoacueei-a?oceinueea a?eia caa?aea aeeooy
o 20 oen. aeeoae?a oa a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a, aeeth/ath/e e?eueea
nioaiue a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie [ 47, n.18-19; 33, n.284-285; 85, ?.29-30].

Ia?oee e?ie aei ia’?aeiaiiy e?a?ie aoei c?iaeaii i?ney oiai, ye o
ethoiio 2004 ?. a Aaeaea??? ii/aeeny ia?ane?aeoaaiiy iiiceoe?eieo aei
A.Aaaoeaeca nee. 20 ethoiai a Aaooio a?aeaoeeny i?oeiae oa iia?iie,
iiaeooy aeo?iae?no?a, ye? e?eoeeoaaee ae?yeuei?noue «aaeaea?nueeiai
eaaa». Ia iinoo «*ieie?» coieieee a?oio /eai?a «Eia?e» c Oa?e?n? ? oaae
iiaeee, ?ioo /anoeio iieiae? caa?aoooaaee. Aeoea?noea «Eia?e»
O.Oooaa??aeca, ae?ciaaoenue i?i oe? iiae??, cayaeea: yeui A.Aaaoeaeca
aaaea? iiaa/eoe a Aaeaea??? ?aaiethoe?th, ie eiio aeiiiiiaeaii. A oeae
aea aeaiue, e??i ciyooy c aa?a?aeno «Oa?e?n?-Ia?eae» i i’yo?e aiaeei?
?aieo ?.Aeaeiooa?aa??aeca — cyoy A.Oaaa?aeiaaeca, — a?aeaoeany ia?aa??ea
caa?aooiaaieo ?ai?oa ?aooie?a *i?iiii?nueeiai aaieo, aeanieeii yeiai aoa
A.Aaaoeaeca [70; 10; 57]. Iaeiae 14 aa?aciy ia oa?eoi??th Aaeaea??? ia
i?iionoeee iaoeie c I.Naaeaoa?e? e i?i?no?aie A?oc??. Ia iinoo /a?ac
??/eo *ieie? ?o coieieee aeecueei 100 ica?i?ieo ethaeae oa a?enueeiaa
oaoi?ea. Aeiaaeiny a?ceoa?ai ii?oaoe aei Iio?. Ca iaeacii A.Aaaoeaeca ia
aei?iaao ii/aee noaaeoe ia?aoeiaee — aaoiii? aeiee, ?icaeaaaee ca?ith oa
ai?i?eiane aeia??aiei iniaai. A oeae /an ea??aiee Aaeaea??? ciaoiaeeany
o Iinea?, a I.Naaeaoa?e? iia?iaeoaaa caeoe e?oae, ia yeiio «Aaao»
(«Ae?ae»), oiaoi A.Aaaoeaeca, iiaa?oaoeiaoueny ia aaouee?aueio.
A?oceinuee? o?yaeiaoe? iao?thaaeeny iiaeooyi a Aaeaea??? oeo
aeo?iae?no?a, ye? cae?aee aeai? i?i ae?enii 100-i?eueiii? noaoee n?i’?
A.Aaaoeaeca. C’yaeeeny /ooee i?i iiyao a Aaeaea??? 15 aaoiiia?e?a «O?ae»
ia/aaoi c ?in?enueeith ca?i?th. Ana ae 18 aa?aciy I.Naaeaoa?e? aaeaeiny
i?eaooe aei Aaooio. Iaoiai aeeoae?a a?ey aoaeeieo Aa?oiaii? ?aaee
neaiaeoaaa: «Aaao! Aaao!», o i?ei?uaiiy ethaee ia aeiionoeee ioi?iio
i?aceaeaioa, eeoa ?? ia/aeueieea. A ?acoeueoao? aaaeeeo ia?aaiai??a
ea??aieoeoai Aaeaea??? caiaeeeiny i?iaanoe 28 aa?aciy aeai?e aei
ia?eaiaioo A?oc?? [71; 72].

*a?ac oa, ui o aeaio ie?oaao Aaeaea??? aeai?e aeyaeeeny c??aaieie, e??i
oiai, A.Aaaoeaeca a?aeiiaeany ?icca?ithaaoe iai?aa?enueeia? oi?ioaaiiy,
I.Naaeaoa?e? 22 ea?oiy 2004 ?. cayaea: o Aaeaea??? iaiothoue ia?eiaa?iie
? cei/eioe?. *a?ac aea? aeiae ia oa?eoi??? aaoiiii?? aoei iaieioaii
iaaecae/aeiee noai ? eiiaiaeaionueeo aiaeeio c 23.00 aei 6.00 ?aieo, a
27 ea?oiy — caaaeueio iia?e?caoe?th. An? oe? caoiaee aoee ia?ieie, ai
iaa?oue iniaenoa ioi?iia A. Aaaoeaeca ii/aea iieeaeaoe eiai. Aei Oa?e?n?
ia neoaeao a I??o?anuee?e a?enueeia?e /anoei? ae?oaee c Aaooio nioi?
neoaeaiaoe?a 25 iioino??eaoeueei? a?eaaaee. Oai aiie iaea?aeoaaee cia/ii
a?eueoo iieaoo — ii 200 — 300 aeiea??a uii?ny/ii. Eiia?ea ?. Aeoiaaaeca
caeeoeany ia aioe? A.Aaaoeaeca ? aoa iaieioaiee a?oceinueeith aeaaeith
cei/eioeai. A i?/ ia 6 o?aaiy 2004 ?. cae?i/eeiny 13-??/ia i?aae?iiy
A.Aaaoeaeca, ? a?i o oeae aeaiue nayoiai Aai?a?y Iia?aeiiinoey aeeao?a
aei Iineae ?acii c nae?aoa?ai ?aaee aaciaee ?in?? ?. ?aaiiaei. Caoenoeoe
eiai aioia? aeyaeeeny o?eueee 200 ?iaee/?a, aea eiee A. Aaaoeaeca ciee c
?anioae?ee, aiie i?inoi ?ic?eoeeny. Ianooiiiai aeiy ianaeaiiy
ae?ciaeiny, ui ia aeaoo e?iioaao?o «Oa?e?n?» a Aaooio ciaoiaeeeany
cai?oia aa?iaoa, o eieeoiueiai i?i?no?a aea?aeaaii? aaciaee N.
Aia?o?aeca ciaeoee neeaae ca?i? ia iaio i?ae ia 500 oen. aeiea??a, a
oaeiae noa?iaeii? ?eiie, aaaaoi eiii`thoa??a. Iaooee a aeayeeo eaa?oe?ao
aeyaeee i`youe a?aiaoiiao?a, 261 aaoiiao, 200 a?aiao, ai?i?eiane [2;
n.73].

I?ney aace?iaiiai anoaiiaeaiiy Oa?e?n? eiio?ieth iaae Aaeaea???th I.
Naaeaoa?e? cai?iiiioaaa 22 o?aaiy 2004 ?. ea??aieoeoao ?anioae?ee Ainia
(Aaoac??) 3 iei aeiea??a ca aeia?ia?eueia iiaa?iaiiy aei neeaaeo A?oc??.
A oeaio?? Noooi? aoea ?ini??iaaia aeaiiino?aoe?y i?ioeaiee?a aieiae
Eaa?iaoo i?i?no??a Aaoac?? ?. Oaaeae?iae i?ae aaneii «Ieoi, iiie?e ian!»
[75, c.2]. I?ae oei neooaoe?y o aaoacueeiio noni?euenoa? a oeae /an
nooo?ai oneeaaeieeany, ianaiia?aae /a?ac ei?oiiiaai?noue ?aaeeio
i?aceaeaioa A. A?aec?iae, iao?eeao iiaaae?ieo eiai ?iaee/?a. Uia c??aaoe
ieaie A. A?aec?iae (inoaii? ?iee a?i /a?ac na?eicio oai?iao oaeoe/ii ia
ea?oaaa aaoiiii??th) uiaei ia?aaeaaaiiy aeaaee aeioneieeo Aeui? oeiee
EAeA ?. Oaaeaeeia?, aoei noai?aii iiiceoe?eiee aeai?/ee aeie. Aei eiai
neeaaeo oa?eoee: ?ooe «Aeoae?a» («A?ae?iaeaeaiiy»), «Aioeaoa?a»
(«?iaeia? aiaieua») — nthaee aeeth/eeenue aaoa?aie a?eie c A?oc??th, a
oaeiae i?aai?caoe?y «?aeeia Aaoac?y» ia /ie? c N. Aaaaioai. sse a?aeiii,
aeai?e i?aceaeaioa Aaoac?? o aeiaoi? 2004 ?. neeaeeny iaaeoi
ae?aiaoe/ii, c caoiieaiiyi i?eoeeueieeaie aieiae «*a?iiii?aia?ai» N.
Aaaaioa nooae?? oaeaaa/aiiy a Noooi?, a aeai?oeyie ?. Oaaeae?iae — a
Aoaeaoo? e I?oeoiae?, ca?ieiei i?eaooaaiiyi aaoa?aiaie
a?oceii-aaoacueei? a?eie aoae?ae? OeAE. Neeia? aeoe?? i?iaeiaaeoaaeeny ?
a eenoiiaae?. A?aeiia?aeaeth ia ieo aoei aaaaeaiiy ?in??th c 15
eenoiiaaea 2004 ?. aei?noeiai i?iioneiiai ?aaeeio ia ei?aeii? c
Aaoac??th, oiia?eueieeinue ioi?ieaiiy iain?e aeeoaeyi aaoiiii?? (noaiii
ia aa?acaiue 2003 ?ieo 32721 a?iiaaeyiei Aaoac?? iaee ?in?enuee?
ianii?oe). Iineaa aoaeue-yeith oe?iith aaaeaea iinaaeeoe o
i?aceaeaionueea e??nei ?. Oaaeae?iao. C ?aieo 29 aeiaoiy ca iaeacii A.
A?aec?iae a?aeeeth/eee nenoaie oaeaaa/aiiy e ?aae?iiiaeaiiy, a?aeaoeiny
iiaeooy iaeiiai c /eai?a Aa?oiaiiai noaeo (a?i i?eeiya ??oaiiy i?i
iiaoi?ia aieinoaaiiy). C?aaaoaaa ia neeaaeiiu? ? o?yae Aaoac?? ia
aeaiaii? ia /ie? c O. Iaeaa?y, /anoeiai ia?a?oaaoe aei Coaae?ae? —
yeiiiaa aeeae/a aei aaoacueeiai ei?aeiio. O neeaae? o?yaeiai? eiiaiaee
O. Iaeaa?y aoee ni?a?ia?oieee IAN oa niaoeiaco. A?aeiiaeeanue ei?eoeny
iaeacai aaoacueei? aeaaee /anoeia i?e?oe??, o a?oaei? 2004 ?. i?ia?ei?ea
na??y aeaoo?a a?ey cae?eoiai ia ?aeiino?oeoe?th aioaeth «??oea» a
Noooi?. O aaaaoueio a?iiaaeyi Aaoac?? caa??aaeany ca?iy, ui caa?iaeoaaei
a?iiaaeyinueeith a?eiith. I?ioenoiyiiy ae??oeeiny eiii?ii?nii: ca?aeii c
?acoeueoaoaie aeai??a 13 n?/iy 2005 ?. N. Aaaaio noaa i?aceaeaioii,
iaaeaaoe ?. Oaaeae?ia? iinaaeo a?oea-i?aceaeaioa [34, c. 156-165; 83, p.
125-126; 16; 52].

Iiaa ea??aieoeoai Aaoac?? iaiaaa?oueny aeei?aieoe ei?oioe?eio niaaeueio
A. I. A?aec?iae, nooo?ai i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue aeeooy ianaeaiiy Oe?
i?iaeaie, iacaaaeath/e ia coneeey N. Aaaaioa oa iiaiai i?ai`??-i?i?no?a
A. Aieaaaa, ae??oothoueny c? cia/ieie o?oaeiiuaie. Iaaeoi aaaeei
aeiaiaeeoueny aeieaoe eaioetha ei?oioe?? o aeaeyae? oaiae i?noeaaeo
eeai?a, ?in?enueeeo a?enueeiaeo, e?aea??a aoi?/ieo a?oi, ?ioeo «a?iea??a
a?ae aeaaee». Aei oiai ae a?eueoa /anoeia c ieo ooeaea aenieeo
canooiiee?a o Iinea?. Ua e 8 ethoiai 2005 ?. aeiee iiiceoe?eiee «Oi?oi
ia?iaeii? ?aeiino?», o neeaae? yeiai ia`?aeiaeeny neee, ui ia aaaeathoue
?aaeeeaeueieo ?aoi?i. Na?e aianie aeiaeathoue ? ea??aieee A?oc??,
caeeeeath/e ?iicaioe?a ia a?aeii/eaaoe a Aaoac??, oi/a aei e?oiueiai
naciio 2005 ?. aoee i?aeaioiaeai? 36 icaei?ia/eo caeeaae?a, aeey
ci?oeiaiiy ii?yaeeo caeoieaii i?aaiai aioo??oi?o ni?aa 40 aaoiiia?e?a
[65, c. 130, 136; 42, c. 79; 56].

Aei ae?oai? iieiaeie 2005 ?. ia oa?eoi??? Aaoac?? caeeoeeiny 70 oen.
a?iiaaeyi oeooeueii? iaoe??, ?aooa ae?oaee ia ca?ia?oee — a iniiaiiio
aei ?in??. I?ioyaii 2004 — 2005 ??. i?eei?aeiii? eaoa?e A?oc??
cao?eioaaee naeia?e ?in??, Oe?a?ie, Oo?a//eie, ye? aaee aeeia ?eae a?ey
aa?aa?a Aaoac??, iano??ethaaee aaoacuee? eaoa?e. O/aniee?a iiae?aieo
iia?aoe?e iio?i iaai?iaeaeoaaee o Oa?e?n?. Iaeiae ia ii/aoeo eeiiy 2005
?. i?i?no? caei?aeiiieo ni?aa Aaoac?? N. Oaiaa oaa?aeea: «A?aiy
iieaaeao, eoi niiniaai auaea?aeaoue yoi iai?yaeaiea, neeie ian ia
acyoue». Caneoaith aaoacueei? aeaaee a?i iacaaa oaeo iiaa?iaiiy iaeaea
an?o a?aeaioe?a-a?ocei?a ia oa?eoi??th Aaeuenueeiai ?aeiio. Ao?i,
inoaii? nea?aeaoueny ia oa, ui a iiooeao i?eciaiee?a iieiaeue
cao?eioaaee ia aoeeoeyo, ia ?iaio?. sseui aeyaeyeiny, ui iniaa iaea
i?aai ia neoaeeoe o ca?ieieo neeao, a?aeioneaee, aea aeiaaath/e oaaa?a o
12 oen. ?in?enueeeo ?oae?a [6; 43; 33, c. 287 — 288].

Eiee I. Naaeaoa?e? iiia?oeya, ui ianooiio ??/ieoeth iacaeaaeiino? A?oc??
o 2006 ?. a?i a?aecia/aoeia a Noooi?, a?oea-i?ai`?? oa i?i?no? iai?iie
Aaoac?? N. A. Niniae??a (eaaa?aeeiaoeue ca iaoe?iiaeuei?noth) iaaaaeaa:
o iaoeo ?aca?a?no?a aaeiia iino?eii caa??aathoueny aaoiiaoe, eoeaiaoe,
a?aiaoiiaoe e ai?i?eiane. sseui ae iaoeia i?noea ca?ieia aeoe?y Oa?e?n?
i?ioe Aaoac??, inoaii?e ia aeiiiiiao iaia’yceiai i?eeaeooue caaiie c
Ea?a/a?ai-*a?ean??, Aaeeaa?, *a/i?. I?i iaieio/?noue naia oaeiai e?ieo
na?ae/eoue any neooaoe?y iaaeiei i?iaeai I?aaeaiiiai Eaaeaco oa eiai
non?ae?a [69, c. 10; 92, p. 382; 77]. Oaeei /eiii, aaoacueei-a?oceinuee?
noinoiee ciaoiaeyoueny o noai? «no?eei? noaa?eueiino? aeooiai eooa».
Aeecueei 300 oen. a?ocei?a c Noooi?, Noooinueeiai, Aoeue??ionueeiai,
I/ai/e?nueeiai, /anoeiai, iaiaaia, e Aaeuenueeiai ?aeii?a aeaoee aei
A?oc?? aai ?in??. O Coaaeeaenueeiio ?aeii? i?iaeiaaeo? ?nioaaoe «o?yae
Aaoac?? a aecee?», ui neeaaea?oueny c a?ocei?a oa i?ia?ae?a [46, c. 4].
Aei aa?aniy 2005 ?. Aaoac?y iineeeea naith aa?aaiao iai?iio, anoaiiaeaoe
a?oeea??enuee? onoaiiaee oeio EN-19. Aiie caaacia/eee iano??e an???
i?eaa?aaeii? nioae *i?iiai ii?y ia a?aenoai? 20 ei. ?aaeiee o?yaeo
A?oc?? I. *?eoaeaoa?e?, ui ciaoiaeeeanue o aeiaoi? 2005 ?. a Aa?e?i? o
oiiae? O?. Iaoiaiia, oaa?aeeea: «Ae??oaiiy a?oceii-aaoacueeiai eiioe?eoo
aeieo? ?in?y». Oa?e?n? aeneiaea iacaaeiaieaiiy oei, ui ?in?enuee? oa
aaoacuee? cae?cie/ieee, ia aeiionoeaoe 9 a?oceinueeeo niaoe?ae?no?a,
i?iaaee ianoaaeaiiy 194 ei a?oceinueei? cae?cieoe? ia oa?eoi??? Aaoac??.
Iineaa caiaeeeanue ia eeoa a?aeiiaeoe ae?eyieo aei?iae Noooi?-Ni/?, aea
e aeiiiiiaoe o a?aeiiaeaii? ?iao?nueei? AAN. Ua iaaani? 2003 ?. Aaoac?y
iaiaaaeanue noaoe anioe?eiaaiei /eaiii ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??, eoea
iiaa ? i?i oe?ieo aaoiiii?th o neeaae? A?oc?? aai eiiaeii?i?oi
(iiaea?eiee i?ioaeoi?ao, yeee, iai?., ia? Aiaei??a). [9, n.108, 111; 86;
49]

I?i?no? caei?aeiiieo ni?aa Oe?a?ie A.Oa?anthe 21 ea?oiy 2005 ?.
i?iiiioaaa cai?ieoe ?in?enueeeo ie?ioai?oe?a ia ei?aeii? c Aaoac??th
oe?a?inueeeie a?enueeiaeie. A oeueiio caoe?eaaeai? e?a?ie I?eaaeoeee,
Iieueua, ?oioi?y, e?a?ie ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco. Aea ea??aieee Aaoac??
aeneiaeeeny eaoaai?e/ii i?ioe oaeiai e?ieo. Aaoace ia aaaeathoue
a?aeiiaeyoeny a?ae ?noi?e/ii? iai’yo? i?i iaa?oceinueeo Naio?caeai?, a
Oa?e?n? iaiaaa?oueny i?aeaiooaaoe ??oio aeey i?e?aeiaiiy ?oiuei?
oa?eoi??? aei neeaaeo A?oc??. Ia aea?aiii I.Naaeaoa?e?, i?aaenoaaeyth/e
a 2004 ?. iiaiai i?i?no?a iai?iie ?.Ie?oaoa?e?, cayaea: «A?i
caeeoaoeiaoueny i?i?no?ii iaeaeeae/? 5 ?ie?a, aeiee aoaea a?aeiiaeaia
oe?e?ni?noue A?oc??». N.Aaaaio a?ae?aaaoaaa oaeei /eiii: «I?ioyaii
iaeaeeae/eo noa ?ie?a ieoaiiy i?i aicc’?aeiaiiy Aaoac?? c A?oc??th
noiyoe ia ii?yaeeo aeaiiiio ia aoaea». [94, n. 15]

Ianiao iiyao iaaeciaieo na?oii aea?aeaaieo ooai?aiue, yea iaea i?noea a
90-o ?ieao OO no., a?eoaiaoeue O. aea Aaaeue iacaaa «na?oiaei
?aei?aeii». Aeey Oa?e?n? ua iaei??th aieth/ith i?iaeaiith o oeueiio
a?aeiioaii? caeeoeeanue aaoiiii?y I?aaeaiii? Inao??. Aiia ia? oa?eoi??th
3,9 oen. ea. ei, o e?ioe? 80-o ?ie?a ieioeiai noie?ooy ooo i?iaeeaaee
100 oen. ethaeae, aeeth/ath/e o?aoeio a?ocei. Ia ii/aoeo OO? no.
aeecueei 80% c 68 oen. inaoei?a iathoue ?in?enueea a?iiaaeyinoai. Na?aae
ieo i?aceaeaio ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe?? A.Ioo?i a?eueo iiioey?iee, i?ae
aeaniee aieiaa aea?aeaae — 39-??/iee A.Eieieoe. Ia aeai?ao 14 aa?aciy
2000 ?. ca eaiaeeaeaoo?o A.Ioo?ia a?aeaeaee nai? aieine 98% aeai?oe?a
I?aaeaiii? Inao??. I?ioyaii eenoiiaaea 1989 — /a?aiy 1992 ??. noieeoey
aaoiiii?? Oeo?iaae? ia?aoai?eeany ia nai???aeia «Na?a?ai Eaaeaco», eiee
a aiyo i?ae a?oceiaie oa inaoeiaie caaeioei a?eueoa 1100 in?a. I?ney
cae?i/aiiy ai?iieo ae?e Oeo?iaae iino?eii ioi?iiythoue 1500
aeia?iaieueoe?a — inaoei?a, a?ocei?a, ?in?yi. *anoeia aeeoae?a
I?aaeaiii? Inao??, inaoeie c aioo??oi?o ?aeii?a A?oc?? ia?anaeeeeny ia
oa?eoi??th I?ai?/ii? Inao?? — Aeai?? — a iniiaiiio ca 1990 — 1991 ?iee.
Iio?i o e?ioe? 2003 ?. i?aaenoaaieee i?aaeaiii-inaoeinueei? ae?oe (oae
naii, ye aaoacueei? oa aaeaea?nueei?) i?eaoee aei Iineae. ?nio? aeoiea,
ui aei ii/aoeo 2004 ?. ia caieyo I?aaeaiii? Inao?? noaeany ni?aaaeiy
aoiai?oa?ia eaoano?ioa, eaaeue ia aeaoeeiaoe?y, ai c 70 oen. inaoei oai
ia/aaoi eeoeeinue aeanue 15 oen. (iaa??ia ioe?iea). Nioe?ieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy niaoe?ae?no?a Oeiee aea?aeaaiciaanoaa ?i. Ae. Eaiiaae?
i?e Aa?aa?aenueeiio oi?aa?neoao?, i?iaaaeai? o 1997- 1999 oa 2002 ?ieao
o cii? a?oceii-inaoeinueeiai eiioe?eoo, i?iaeaiiino?oaaee o?eaiaeiee
?acoeueoao. sseui ca eiioaaea?aoeaiee ca’ycie c A?oc??th aeneiaethaaeeny
a 1999 ?ioe? aeecueei 21% aeeoae?a I?aaeaiii? Inao??, oi a 2002 — eeoa
7%, a na?aae 20 — 29-??/ieo a?iiaaeyi aeiaeiee ia i?aeo?eiaa oaeo
aeoieo. O naith /a?ao, iaeei c a?oceinueeeo ae?y/?a, ?icae?aoiaaiee
iacaia??eea?noth «Naia/aaei» (iaae?oaei? i??caenueei I?aaeaiii? Inao?? o
a?ocei?a), aiai?ea: «Iaeiiai neia a?aei?aaeth aithaaoe ca iiaa?iaiiy
Aaoac??, ?ioiai — I?aaeaiii? Inao??, a nai iaeyaio a?enueeiao oi?io ?
niaoeio a eaca?i?». Ii-aieiaie/iio aoa iaeaooiaaiee ? I.Naaeaoa?e?, yeee
aaaaeaa, ui inaoeinueea aeaaea o ciic? eiio?iethaaoe eeoa Oeo?iaae?, a
oea anueiai 15 — 20 oeny/ in?a. [84; 38, n. 123-132; 39, n. 7-9].
Noieeoey I?aaeaiii? Inao?? caoeniooa, ae?enii, iii?ae a?oceinueeeie ca
neeaaeii aeeoae?a ianaeaieie ioieoaie, ye? oaeoe/ii ia i?aeeyaathoue
aeaae? aaoiiii??.

Uia i?enei?eoe i?ioean i?e?aeiaiiy I?aaeaiii? Inao?? aei neeaaeo A?oc??,
Oa?e?n? i?aeeoiiaoaaa i?noeaao ae?oo, aoei a?aeiiaeaii cae?cie/ia
niieo/aiiy c Oeo?iaaeii, iaaeneeaeanue aoiai?oa?ia aeiiiiiaa, aaeanue
?ioi?iaoe?eia i?iiaaaiaea. Ae?oeo 2004 ?. ni?aaa ae?eoea aei ca?ieieo
nooe/ie, i?e/iio i?ioe a?oceinueei? iie?oe??, /eai?a «Eia?e» aithaaee ia
eeoa inaoeie, aea e iaeiaioe? c ?in??, eicaee, yeei ia ia?aoeiaeaeaee
i?eaoaaoe aei I?aaeaiii? Inao?? ?in?enuee? ie?ioai?/? neee. Cie?aia 19
na?iiy 2004 ?. inaoeie a?aeaeee aenioo Iaaoe, ui ciaoiaeeeanue a?ey
niaeaiiai o iiia?aaei?e a?ei? naea Oe?aeai. A?oceie iano??ethaaee
Oeo?iaae?, aoei iiaeoi 14 inaoei, yeeo iiia?aaeiuei cao?eiaee 31 na?iiy
o nae? A?aaea?, acyoi aei iieiio 50 a?oceinueeeo iie?oeaenueeeo,
a?aooiaaii 3-o «oieaoi?a» c Oa?e?n? oiui [21, n. 185-187; 22, n. 51;
61].

4 a?oaeiy 2004 ?. I?aaeaiia Inao?y i?eeiyea caeii «I?i ai?iiee noai».
A?eueo?noue ianaeaiiy I?aaeaiii? Inao?? ia aaaeaea iaoe a?oceinueea
a?iiaaeyinoai aaea oiio, ui ainaie 2004 ?. ?in?enueea iain?y
aei??aithaaea 1700 ?oa., a a?oceinueea — eeoa 276 ?oa., oiaoi aoea
iaioith ooanoa?i. AEeoae? iai’yoaee oaeiae, ui Oa?e?n? i?ioyaii iaeaea
14 ?ie?a i?iaiaeea aeiiii?/io aeieaaeo I?aaeaiii? Inao??. I?e oaeeo
oiiaao ia aeeaii, ui cia/ia /anoeia ianaeaiiy aeeea a?ae eiio?aaaiaee,
iaeaaaeueii? oi?a?ae? ai??eeith oa ca?i?th, a i?aceaeaio A.Eieieoe
aaaaeaany ai??e/aiei iaaiaoii. A?ae *i?iiai ii?y aei Aeaeaa?e ia
aaoacueei-a?oceinueeiio ii?oa?aeae?, c A?aiao? i?ae Oeo?iaaeii aei
A?oc?? iaaeoiaeeea eiio?aaaiaea. *a?ac ?ienueeee ooiaeue ia?aaiceee
aaicei, ?io? oiaa?e, iio?i aeinoaaeyee ia noeo?eiee A?aiaonueeee ?eiie,
aea ana ?aae?ciaoaaeinue aac ieoiiai ioi?ieaiiy. Uiaeaiii aei Oa?e?n?
i?eaoaaee aei 150 eaaeiaeo aaoiiia?e?a c eiio?aaaiaeieie oiaa?aie —
ui??/ii ia noio 200 iei ea??. Eiee a 2005 ?. A?aiaonueeee y?ia?ie
cae?eee, iacaaeiaieaieie aoee ye inaoeie, oae ? a?oceie [42, n.79; 17,
n.170-171].

Ea??aia aa?o?aea I?aaeaiii? Inao?? iaeaooiaaia ??cei iaaaoeaii uiaei
aeeth/aiiy aaoiiii?? aei neeaaeo A?oc??. Oae, a?oea-ni?ea? ia?eaiaioo
TH.Aec?oeoeieo? cayaea: «Oi/a ?aaea ?a?iie noeey? ian aei oaaea?aoe?? c
A?oc??th, iaeiae ie aeinyaiaii iacaeaaeiino?, ? naia ie?iei oeyoii».
I?aceaeaio aaoiiii?? A.Eieieoe caiaaiya, ui aei 2007 ?. I?aaeaiia Inao?y
aoaea aeciaia iacaeaaeiith ? oa?eaea aei neeaaeo ?in??. Ia cono??/? o
Oeo?iaae? c a?oiith i?aeia?iaeieo aenia?o?a 29 aeiaoiy 2004 ?. a?i
noaa?aeaeoaaa: «A?oc?y aeoeaii ? o?nii ni?ai?aoeth? c i?aeia?iaeiei
oa?i?eciii». Aea eiai aeieac aoa iaaeoi neaaeei, ai a?i iineaany ia
o/anoue o oa?i?enoe/i?e aeoe?? a Aaneai? ia ii/aoeo aa?aniy 2004 ?.
iaeiiai a?oceia, ii yeiio a eiai ??aeiiio nae? o Iaie?nuee?e ouaeei?
ni?aaeee iaiaoeaeo. Iaeaea /a?ac ??e A.Eieieoe aeiaaaa, uia A?oc?y acyea
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca aaiioeeae inaoei?a, a?aeiiaeeanue a?ae
iaoe?iiae?noe/ii? ?aeaieia?? [75; 28]. Ia aeoieo ea??aieea I?ai?/ii?
Inao?? O.Iaino?iaa, iaeaeaa inaoeinuee? ?aa?iie iiaeii? ia’?aeiaoeny.
A?eueo eaoaai?e/ii e ??cei aeneiaeany nae?aoa? ?aaee aaciaee I?aaeaiii?
Inao?? I.Aeaa?ia. A?i iaaaaeaa, ui A?oc?y oae ? ia iaieiae?ea ooo?iii
Aeaeaanueeeie aenioaie, ia aenaaeeea aeanaio o ?ienueeiio ooiae?, ia
ciiaea c?ooiaoiooe ?iaoo?a c I?ai?/iith Inao??th. Ia?aoo? I.Aeaa?ia
iiia?oeya iioaioe?eieo iaiaaeiee?a «ia iaeaeai? o Oa?e?n?» iinoaaeoe «ia
eie?ia ?acii c Naaeaoa?e?» (iaoye ia iinoaaeaieo ia eie?ia o Oeo?iaae?
2004 ?ieo 39 a?oceinueeeo iieiiaieo). I?aaenoaaiee I?aaeaiii? Inao?? o
?in?enuee?e Oaaea?aoe?? Ae.Iaaei?a 9 eeiiy 2005 ?. oaae ia aaaaany,
cayaeaoe, ui eiai ia?iae i?eiee ia caiaeeoueny oa?eoe aei neeaaeo
A?oc??. I?ae oei I.Naaeaoa?e? aaea 11 aa?aniy 2005 ?. aeio?a
i?aeoaa?aeea, ui ei?aeiie A?oc?? iaiao?aeii iaia’yceiai iiaa?iooe aei
ia??iaeo 80-o ?ie?a XX no., oiaoi ii ??/oe? Inio oa ?ienueeiio ooiaeth.

Aacoiiaii, I?aaeaiia Inao?y i???ioo?oueny ia i?aeo?eieo ?in??. Cia/ia
/anoeia eeth/iaeo iinaae o aaoiiii?? iaeaaeeoue iniaai c ?in?enueei?
Oaaea?aoe??, nenoaiaoe/ii iaaea?oueny aoiai?oa?ia aeiiiiiaa. Neaae?ii, o
e?ioe? /a?aiy 2005 ?. ia? Iineae TH.I.Eoaeeia a?aei?aaea i?aaeaiiei
inaoeiai 44 aaaiie c aaioaaeai: 8 aaoiaon?a, 4 «oaeaee? aeiiiiiae», 12
aaoiiia?e?a OAC, oe?eueiee ?iaaioa?, ai?ioii, e?ee, iaeya. Oa?e?n?
ia?aceei oa, ui ea??aieoeoao A?oc?? i?i oea ia aoei iia?aeiieaii. A oie
aea /an 63% ?in?yi — ca iaeo?ae?oao nai?? e?a?ie o ae??oaii? noaoono
I?aaeaiii? Inao??. Neiaie?/iei aeieacii ??oo/ino? iaaeciaieo noa’?eo?a
noaa ia?aae o Oeo?iaae?, ia yeiio aoee i?enooi?ie a e?ioe? aa?aniy 2005
?. i?aaenoaaieee Aaoac??, Iaa??iiai Ea?aaaoo, I?eaei?no?ia’y oa
I?ai?/ii? Inao??. A?i i?ieoia i?ae aeaa?cii «I?ai?/ia e I?aaeaiia Inao??
iiaeii? ia’?aeiaoeny!» [26; 59; 20, n.A3; 92, ?. 383].

Aiaeii/an o?aaa cacia/eoe: a?eueoa 8 ?ie?a ca?iei? neee A?oc?? aeoeaii
iaa/athoue oaeoeoe? no/anii? a?eie niaoe?ae?noe I?ia//eie, NOA,
Aaeeeia?eoai??, Oo?a//eie, ?ioeo e?a?i. C 1 ea?oiy ?ino?oeoi?e NOA
ii/aee iaa/aoe 3 oen. a?oceinueeeo a?enueeiaeo, i?e/iio eo?n i?aeaioiaee
o?eaaoeia 18 i?nyoe?a. Oo?a//eia acyea ia naaa oo?aioo uiaei o?aioaaiiy
a?eaaaee i?oioe, ui aeeneieoaaoeiaoueny o Ai?? e Aoaeoeeo?. A e?ioe?
aa?aniy 2005 ?. a?oceinueeee ia?eaiaio ?ic?iaea i?iaeo iinoaiiae i?i
iaaeioe?euei?noue ia?aaoaaiiy o eiioe?eoieo ciiao Aaoac?? oa I?aaeaiii?
Inao?? ?in?enueeeo ie?ioai?oe?a. ?o caeioaaoeee o eiio?aaaiae?,
caoiieaii? ca?o/iee?a, i?e?oa?ecaoe?? ?aa?ii?a, iaa?oue o aeiiiiic?
oa?i?enoai. Oaeee e?ie aeaeyaea? eia?/iei i?ney aeinyaiooi?
aeiiiaeaiino? uiaei e?ea?aeaoe?? inoaii?o aeaio a?enueeiaeo aac ?in?? o
A?oc?? aei 2008 ?ieo. A?oc?y ia? iaeaeuee ai?iiee athaeaeao na?aae e?a?i
I?aaeaiiiai Eaaeaco. E??i oiai, a?eueo i?ae i’yoa /anoeia aia?eeainueei?
a?enueeiai? aeiiiiiae eieeoi?i ?anioae?eai ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco
ae?noa?oueny naia A?oc??. Aanue ?? oeio neeaaea?oueny c iiaea?iaaieo
?in??th, Oe?a?iith, Aieaa???th, A?aoe??th, NOA, Eeoaith ei?aae?a iaeiai
oiiiaaeo. Ca 2004-2005 ??. Oe?a?ia, *ao?y e Aieaa??y, Iaeaaeii?y e
Oai?ueia, Ocaaeenoai oa NOA iinoaaeee A?oc?? 237 oaie?a, aeecueei oeny/?
a?oeea??enueeeo nenoai, oeny/? iaeeieoeue no??eaoeueei? ca?i?,
ai?i?eiane oiui. O iaeaeeae/ee ia??iae iaae?eaea ica?i?iiy c Eeoae,
?aeioo, ?oioi??, I?ia//eie, Oai?ueie. Iaeiae ai?caeaoi?noue a?oceinueei?
a?i?? iiee ui caeeoa?oueny iaaenieith, ? aithaaoe aiaeii/an i?ioe iaio
aaoiiii?e aiia ia a ciic? (Aaoac?y e I?aaeaiia Inao?y iathoue aeiaia??
i?i aca?iiaeiiiiiao ia aeiaaeie ca?ieii? aa?an??) [46, n.5-6; 45; 48].
Cacia/eii, ui i?aeia?iaeia i?aai i?/iai ia aiai?eoue i?i i?aai ia
naiiaecia/aiiy oa?eoi??e, ye? aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo oaaea?aoeaii?
aea?aeaae aai eieeoiuei? iao?iiie??. Aeaeea?aoe?y III 1970 ?. caai?iiy?
aoaeue-yea i?aai ia a?aeie?aieaiiy ?aa?iio c? neeaaeo iacaeaaeii?
aea?aeaae [89, ?.7].

Aeiaaathoue aaoiiii??, a?eueo ni?aaaaeeeaiai aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai iiae?eo
iaeaea 500 oen. a??iai, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia?aaaaeii o
Naioeoa-Aeaeaaaoao?. Oeae ?aa?ii a?aeiiee ye «eaaeacueeee Nea??»,
«ea?oiieyiee ?ae». Iacaeaaeiino? a?ae A?oc?? aaaea? o?eueee a??iainueea
?aaeeeaeueia a?oia «A??e», aea aiia ia ei?enoo?oueny ianiaith
i?aeo?eieith. Aiaeii/an a?oceinuee? a??iaie, a??iainueea ae?anii?a,
iaoe?iiae?noe o A??iai?? aiaaiai?, ui Oa?e?n? ia iini?oa? ?icaeaaoe aeaa
?aeiie a Aeaeaaaoao? oa /ioe?e — a Ianoao? (Naioeoa), ?cieth? ?o a?ae
na?oo, oi/a ia?aeiieeaeo na?ae/aiue oaei? iie?oeee ia iaaiaeyoue. 23
na?iiy 2005 ?. aoei noai?aii Aeaeaaaonueeee a?iiaaeyinueeee oi?oi aeey
caoenoo ?ioa?an?a a??iainueei? iaioeie. A ?aeii? Aoaeeaeae? iniiaiith
aaethoith ? ?in?enuee? ?oae?, a??iainuee? ae?aie, a a?oceinueeeo ea??
cian?i iaaaaaoi. A?eueo?noue a??iai ia aieiae?? a?oceinueeith iiaith,
caoa o a/eoae?a, ui aeeeaaeathoue ??, ca?ia?oia ieaoa ao?e/? aeua, i?ae
o ?ioeo. C A?oc??th nai Aoaeeaeae? ca’ycaiee aeaiia oeyoaie, ye? aceieo
iai?io?aei?. sseui ?ai?oa a Aoaeeaeae? i?iaeeaaei a?eueoa 20 oen.
a?iiaaeyi, oi a 2005 ?ioe? — aeanue 8 oen. AEeaooue aiie a iniiaiiio ca
eiooe ?ii?a?aio?a, ui i?aoeththoue o ?in??, i?iieneia?noue c?oeiiaaia.
Na?aae a??iainueeiai ianaeaiiy A?oc?? iioaioe?eieo ai?a?aio?a — o 4-5
?ac?a a?eueoa, i?ae o a??iai, ye? i?iaeeaathoue o A??iai??, a?ocei?a /e
aca?aaeaeaeaioe?a. Neooaoe?y a Naioeoa-Aeaeaaaoao? ii/aea aeaui
iie?iooaaoeny iaoa??aeueii eeoa c e?ioey 2004 — ii/aoeo 2005 ?ie?a [31,
n.149-150; 60; 54].

Iacaaaeath/e ia a?ceo aei Aoaeeaeae? o a?oaei? 2004 ?. I.Naaeaoa?e?,
eiai iaiaaaiiy ae??oeoe aeaye? aieth/? aeey a??iainueei? iaioeie
ieoaiiy, aaaaoi i?iaeai ana ua oo?aothoue ianaeaiiy. Cie?aia o i?noeaaeo
oeieao caai?iiaii aeeeaaeaiiy ?noi??? A??iai??, a??iainuee? oea?eae e
iiianoe?? ia??aeei iaieioothoueny a?oceinueeeie, cieuothoueny oa/ea?e
(eaiai? — o?anoe c a??iainueeeie i?aeienaie). Ia 140 a??iainueeeo
ianaeaieo ioieo?a i?aoeth? eeoa i’youe oea?eia (aea? a Oa?e?n?, iaeia a
Aaooio, aea? — a Aeaeaaaoao?), a eeoa o a?oceinuee?e noieeoe? aeeaooue
iiiaae 100 oen. a??iai. E??i oiai, ia oa?eoi??? A?oc?? iae?/o?oueny 600
oea?eiaieo nii?oae, ye? iaeaaeaoue a??iainuee?e o?enoeyinuee?e
iiiio?ceonuee?e oea?ea?, aea a?eueo?noue c ieo ia ooieoe?iio?.
I?ai?eueeiiia a??iainueea ianaeaiiy A?oc?? ia? anueiai 12 nayuaiee?a.
O?enothoueny ?ioeeaeaioe: i?ney oiai ye 17 eeiiy 2005 ?. o oea?ea?
Nayoiai Aaai?ea naea Naina? a?oceinuee? nooaeaioe ?icaeee oa/ea?e,
a??iaie a?iieee a?oceinueeo oeieo a Aoaeeaeae?. Uia aeaui ca?aaeeoe
eiioe?eoai, ca iaeacii I.Naaeaoa?e? o a??iainueeeo naeao ii/aeany ianiaa
caeoi?aey i?iaeiaieuenoaa aeey a?oceinueei? a?i??. Oea ??oaiiy
ni?yiiaaia o iaeaooi?: caaacia/eoe iiaeeea?noue io?eiaiiy eioo?a aeey
oeo a??iai, ye? ao?aoyoue ?iaioo ia ?in?enuee?e aac? a Aoaeeaeae?.
Aaeaea aeecueei 40% i?aoe?aiee?a oa neoaeaiaoe?a o ?in?enueeiio
aa?i?cii? — i?noeaa? aeeoae? [62; 63; 64].

Aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo iie?oe/ieo nooae?e o Iinea? N. Ia?eia iaceaa? iiae??
e?ioey eenoiiaaea 2003 ?. o Oa?e?n? «aei?aaiethoe??th», oiaoi ni?iaith
caaa?oeoe ?aaiethoe?th 1991 ?. ? ia?ai???iooaaoe e?a?io aaiiie?oe/ii.
Iaeiae eiai oa?aeoa?enoeea «o?iyiaeiai? ?aaiethoe??» ye aeeeth/ii
iie?oe/ii?, a ia nioe?aeueii?, ia cian?i a??ia. Aaeaea aei ii/aoeo 2005
?. c?inoaiiy i?eaooe?a athaeaeaoo iaei i?noea, ? nooo?ai — o 2,5 ?ace.
C?inea i?i?iaeueia iain?y, oi/a e ia aei 60 aeiea??a, ye ia?oeya
i?aceaeaio. Aei 1 eeiiy 2005 ?. aoee iiai?noth iiaaoai? ai?ae ii
ca?ieaoi? e iain?yo o noi? 150 iei aeiea??a. Iaaaaea?ii: aei 2004 ?.
aanue athaeaeao A?oc?? ia ia?aaeuoaaa 400 iei aeiea??a, iiaa ae aeaaea
iinoaaeea ca iaoo iaoe eiai o ?ici??? ia iaioa i?ae 2,5 ie?ae. A?aeiii,
ui iie?ioaiiy noaio o noa?? iieaoe i?aoe? oa aeieaoe iain?e aoei
aeinyaiooi iaoiaeii aea?aeaaiiai ?aeaoo. Eieeoi?e ea??aiee cae?cieoeue
?anioae?ee, uia aecaieeoeny c a’ycieoe?, caieaoea 8 iei aeiea??a, yeeo
iiaei aenoa/eoe aeey ?aiiioo i’yoe aaeeeeo noaioe?e. Ea??aiee
aei?iaeiueiai aeaia?oaiaioo a?aeaoany 3,6 iei aeiea??a, caoa
A.Aeaeiooaaa??aeca (cyoue A. Oaaa?aeiaaeca) iaea?aeaa naiaiaeo ca 26
iei. Uia cieueoe ai?aeai?th oaaa?ieoeoaa, c I?i?noa?noaa aioo??oi?o
ni?aa ca?eueieee 15 oen. ni?a?ia?oiee?a, aoei cai?iaii oaanue neeaae
aaoi?iniaeoe??, i?ney /iai i?aoe?aieeai ??cei i?aeaeueee ieaoith.
Uii?aaaea, aioeei?oioe?eia no?aoaa?y ia? caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?, oa e
?ic?iaeaia iauiaeaaii. Aea yeui ca an? ?iee ?nioaaiiy iacaeaaeii? A?oc??
a?ae i?eaaoecaoe?? aoei io?eiaii 25 iei aeiea??a, oi o?eueee ca
a?oaeaiue 2003 — a?oaeaiue 2004 ?ie?a aea?aeaa? ae?noaeiny iiiaae 200
iei. Eeoa ca o?e i?aei?e?inoaa, ui i?iaeaaaeeny «a iaeao?», ?in?enueeee
«?a?acoieaeeia» caieaoea 135 iei aeiea??a. Ana ae ia ii/aoeo 2005 ?.
iiaeaoeiaa neoaeaa i?aoethaaea iaaoaeoeaii, caoa aaoi?iniaeoe?y noaea
«iaeoethaeai?oei i?aaiii o ia?iae?». Cae/aeii, aeiiii?/ia noaiiaeua iiee
ui aaaeea, iaaeoi aenieee ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy, eaaeue ia i?eueeii
aeeoae?a A?oc?? i?aoeththoue ca ei?aeiiii. Eeoa c ?in?? aiie
iaaeneeathoue ??aeiei a?eueoa 1 ie?ae. aeiea??a ui??/ii. Ii/ano?oaee
aeiaaeee, eiee, iath/e oo?enoe/i? a?ce aei O?aioe??, ethaee oai ?
caeeoathoueny. Aeaeo?iaia?a?y a i?noao iiaea?oueny ca a?ao?eii,
caiaaeaaia aeeoeiai-eiioiaeueia noa?a. Aea?aeaaiee ai?a A?oc?? aeinya ia
ii/aoeo 2005 ?ieo 2 ie?ae. aeiea??a [18; 20, n.A4; 50; 35, n.39-41; 58;
66].

Aeieoi? iie?oe/ieo iaoe A.A.*a/?y, yeee i/ieth? «Ia?iaeiee ?oo
«Naiaa?aei», noaa?aeaeo?, ui i?ioyaii 2005 ?. aeaaea ieaio? cae?eoe 60%
aeeonaaee?a, aaaaoi oe?e c aaciieaoiith nenoaiith iaa/aiiy, caeeoeoe o
Oa?e?nueeiio oi?aa?neoao? anueiai o?noue oaeoeueoao?a cai?noue 23-o.
?in?y iinoa/a? i?e?iaeiee aac ca oe?iith 60 aeiea??a ca 1 oen. i3, a
ianaeaiiy eiai eoio? ca 150 aeiea??a. Aiaeia?/ia neooaoe?y c
aeaeo?iaia?a??th: ?? nia?aa?o?noue — 2 oeaioe ca iaeio e?eiaao-aiaeeio,
a oaena aeeoaeyi — ii 7-8 oeaio?a. O?iainiaa i?aeo?eiea A?oc?? c aieo
NOA noaea ae?ae aaaeeeaei /eiieeii, oaea a 2004 ?. ca ?? ??aiai ia aeooo
ianaeaiiy ?anioae?ea iinooiaeany eeoa ?c?a?eth, ?aeioo oa *i?iiai???.
Aei 2010 ?. A?oc?y iaea?aeeoue a?ae Aaoeiaoiia ua 300 iei aeiea??a [30;
83, ?.122-123]. Aea noii?aii, uia o 2008 ?. I.Naaeaoa?e? aaeaeiny
?aae?coaaoe naith ia?oeyieo — caaacia/eoe ianaeaiith ?a?iiaenueeee
??aaiue aeeooy. Caoaaaeeii, ui ca?aaee ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie c iaeueiei
I.Naaeaoa?e? o e?ioe? aeiaoiy 2005 ?. iacaaa nooi aaoi?eoa?iiai e?aea?a
Aca?aaeaeaeaio ?.Ae??aa nai?i a?aoii.

Iie?oe/ii a A?oc?? iaei ui ci?ieeiny, ca ??aiai naiaiaee neiaa aiia
neioeeany aei 2005 ?. ia 23 ioieoe aiec. Aeaeaei ia an? a?iiaaeyie
noaaeththoue i?ecia/aiiy i?aceaeaioii ia aaaeeea? iinaaee ?iaee/?a
e?aea??a «o?iyiaeiai? ?aaiethoe??», nai?o ae?oc?a oa ciaeiieo. Ia
aeiaaeeiai i?aeeii?oao ii ?a?iiaenueeiio non?aenoao o Eii?oao? c
?iicaiieo ni?aa naeio Eeoae ae?oeo 2005 ?. ae??oea «aenii?ooaaoe»
aeaiie?ao?th, i?eioeeie i?aa ethaeeie ia eeoa aei A?ei?on?,
Aca?aaeaeaeaio, A??iai??, Oe?a?ie, aea e aei A?oc??. Ia an?o aeaooiao?
i?eioeei, ca yeei ianaeaiiy aeae?a? eeoa ea??aiee?a ?aeiiieo
aaei?i?no?aoe?e. Aoaa?iaoi?e i?ia?ioe?e aoaeooue ? aeae? i?ecia/aoeny, ?
iaa?oue ia?a Oa?e?n? aeae?aoeiooue ia ai?iaeyie, a caeiiiaeaa/ee i?aai
i?noa — nae?aaoei. O caeiiiaeaanoa? A?oc?? iaaeoi oe?iea
iaaeioi?eai?noue ia?eaiaioa??a oa ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a, a ?oiy
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue — /enoi neiaie?/ia. Aeoaea ia/?oei aecia/ai?
iiaeeeaino? e iaae? i?aaa ia caoeno ia?eaiaioa??a, oiio ?o eaaei
aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ae?yeueiino?, aaniethoii ia iia’ycaii? c
aeaiooaonueeith ?iaioith. O caeii? a?aenooi? iiiyooy «aeaiooaonueea
caa?iaiiy», a Eiinoeoooe?? A?oc?? iaia? aeiiae uiaei iaiaaeaiiy o/ano? o
aeai?ao aeaiooao?a aeey in?a, ye? iathoue iaiiaaoaio /e ia ciyoo a
onoaiiaeaiiio ii?yaeeo noaeei?noue [3, n.55; 76; 67, n.4-5, 8].

Aoee/ieo aeoe?e ae?oeo 2005 ?. o Oa?e?n? noaei no?eueee ae, ye aeaa ?iee
oiio. TH?eno O.O?aeaoae? o eeii? 2005 ?. a?aecia/aea «?aii?oaaiiy oi/ee
ci?o ?iaeiieney/eo», i?aoaic?th aeaaee ia «iiiiiie?th o i?iiia?aeoaaii?
?noeie». Aei oeueiai /ano, cie?aia, ??aei? C.AEaai?y, yeee caaeioa 3
ethoiai 2005 ?., ? aaoueei ?.THnoiiaa, ui iiia? ?acii c iei, ia caiaei?
c aeniiaeii i?i ?oith aeiaaeeiao nia?oue. A?ao iie?eiiai
i?ai’??-i?i?no?a Aai?a?e AEaai?y cayaea a ao??? eaiaeo «202», ui aeaaea
A?oc?? iaaienia noaeueooaaea ca?o aia?eeainueeiai OA? uiaei i?e/ei
nia?o? Co?aaa oa ?aoey. ??aei? C.AEaai?y aaaaeathoue i?aeic??eith
iiaaae?ieo ioi?iiieea i?ai’??a I. Aecaaecai?y, oaeaoi?noth — ae??
ia/aeueieea ioi?iie E. Oa?/?eaaeca [44; 29; 53]. I?ana iia?aeiieyea i?i
iaaiee oene ia I. Ao?aeaeaiaaeca o ca’yceo c aaceaaeii o aeaia?oaiaio?
i?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee, yeee i/ieth? ?? /ieia?e A. A?oeaaeca [12].
E?aea?e a?oceinueei? eieii?? a Iinea? aaaaeathoue, ui I. Naaeaoa?e?
iaiaaa?oueny «eeai eeaiii aeaeaaoe». A?eueoa oiai, ca aeneiaii iaeiiai c
a?aeiieo ?in?enueeeo aiae?oee?a «A iineaaeiea 10 eao A?ocey i?iecaiaeeo
aia/aoeaiea aeaiie?aoe/aneiai ainoaea?noaa. Ii aieueoa iia ie/aai ia
i?iecaiaeeo». Iaaeaai?e aeniiaie i?aaenoaaieea ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco aoa
iaao?oiee: A?oc?y anooieoue aei ?N ia ?ai?oa i?ae /a?ac 20 ?ie?a, ? oea
i?i?iaeueiee oa?i?i [5; 43]. Iaeiae, aenooiath/e o aa?ani? 2005 ?. a
Eieoia?enueeiio oi?aa?neoao?, I.Naaeaoa?e? cayaea: «Aacia?a/ii, ie
anooieii aei ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco ?ai?oa, i?ae ethaeeia iiaoaa? ia
Ia?n?, a aiia iieieoueny ia Ia?n? aeineoue nei?i». Aea ae niaoe?ae?noe
ia?aae??eathoue oaeee iie?o aeanue o 2030 ?ioe?! Uiaei /eainoaa a IAOI,
ooo ia?niaeoeae cia/ii e?au?. Ca?aeii c ieaiii ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa A?oc?? c aeueyinii, i?eeiyoei o aeiaoi? 2004 ?.
(oa?i?ie eiai aeeiiaiiy ? eiie?aoio aeiiiiiao IAOI ia ?icaieioothoue), a
e?ioe? 2006 ?. Oa?e?n? ia? iaae?th iaea?aeaoe noaoon eaiaeeaeaoa ia
anooi a oeth i?aai?caoe?th.

Ca 16 i?nyoe?a ia?aaoaaiiy i?e aeaae? «Iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ooo» I.
Naaeaoa?e? c’yaeeiny ?ic/a?oaaiiy. Ca?aeii c iieooaaiiyi, i?iaaaeaiei o
ea?oi? 2005 ?., eiai iie?oeeo iacaaee a??iith 31% ?aniiiaeaio?a. Oea
cia/ii iaioa, i?ae o e?ioe? 2003 ?., eiee oeae iieaciee aeinyaaa 97%.
Cie?aia oa?e?noe? ae?ae iacaaeiaieai? oei, ui i?ney ?oei?aiiai
caieao?ono ea?oiy 2002 ?. aoaeeiee ia ?aiiioothoueny, a eeoa
oa?aothoueny; nae?aaoei caoiieeiny aoae?aieoeoaii a?cian-oeaio??a, a ia
aeeoeiaeo aoaeeie?a. Aaeaea athaeaeao noieeoe? ia 2005 ?. ae??n ia 20
iei ea?? [29; 13].

Iiiceoe?eieie aei aeaaee ? «iia? i?aa?», «eiina?aaoi?e», ia?o?y
«Ni?aaaaeeeaino?», a a ia?eaiaio? — ?anioae?eainueea ia?o?y.
I.A?aaaaeca-Aainaoo?ae?a (aaeiaa iie?eiiai i?aceaeaioa) c eeiiy 2005 ?.
i?aai?coaaea iino?eio aeoe?th i?ioanoo a?ey aoae?ae? «A?aee?eoiai
oiaa?enoaa A?oc??». Aeaaaoe iiiceoe?iia??a o ia?eaiaio?, ye i?aaeei,
cae?i/othoueny a?eeith. Ia ianooii? i?aceaeaionuee? aeai?e 2008 ?. a?ae
iiiceoe?eiiai «o?yaeo iaeaooiueiai» aaea o?ao?o? eaiaeeaeaoii 38-??/iee
aeioneiee Eieoia?enueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo A.Ia?naoa?e? — iaeei c aaoi??a
oai??? nioe?aeueii? nie?aea?iino?. I?ae /an aeai?/i? eaiiai?? a NOA a?i
i?aoethaaa aeiiii?/iei ?aaeieeii Ae.Ea???. O nai?o aenooiao A.
Ia?naoa?e? iniaeeai iaoenea? ia i?iaeaio aac?ia?ooy, yeo o?yae, ia eiai
aeoieo, ia caeaoiee ae??ooaaoe, a oaeiae ia iaeiiiaoaioi?noue i?i?no??a.
A iaei?e c i?iiia a?i cayaea: «A?oc?y /an?a Naaeaoa?e? — oea
iioueiie?inuee? naea oa aooaoi?nueea iie?oeea». I?aee?aneaii iaoaoe/ii,
ia?aaeueii eoiaa eiai caeeee c?iaeoe naiiai i?aceaeaioa aac?ia?oiei [51;
14]. Eoia? e?eoeea ia aae?ano I.Naaeaoa?e? ? c aieo Caoiaeo. Aiae?oee
I?enii?anueeiai oeaio?o a NOA C.Aa?ii caoaaaeoaaea, ui i?aceaeaio A?oc??
iaaeoi iaoa?iey/ee o ni?aaao i?aeia?iaeii? iie?oeee, i?iyaey? iaaei??io
aiioe?ei?noue. Aioo??oi? ?aoi?ie, — i?aee?aneth? I. Eaaaeue, —
i?ioiaeyoue aeoaea iia?eueii, iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe a?ae ieo
ae?noathoueny eeoa oa?e?nueeiio aeaeoi?aoo. *eai A?eoainueei?
Aaeuen?inueei? a?oie c i?aa ethaeeie I.Aeiiiae canoaeaeo? iaaei??ia
oneaaeaiiy I.Naaeaoa?e?, yea iaaaaeo? oaaa?aeiaaec?anuee? o?aaeeoe??
[25]. ??ciiiai?oi? /ooee na?aae ianaeaiiy oa na?oiai? a?iiaaenueeino?
aeeeeeaa ?ioeeaeaio i?aceaeaioa A?oc?? c aeo?iae?noeith ?iaith A?eai??y
[8]. Iaaeoi iecueeee ??aaiue ia? no/ania A?oc?y ca naiaiaeith
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo — 100 i?noea, o oie /an ye A??iai?y — ae?oaa, a
Anoii?y — /aoaa?oa [40].

Aaaeea niaaeueia, iniaeeai /a?ac a?ae/aeaeooio a?aei?noue (ia iaioa 52%
o 2004 ?.), yea ia ni?eeia? ?eieiaeo i?eioeei?a ? i?aaenoaaiee?a iiai?
ao?aeoac??, ui aeeaeyoueny ia Cao?ae, iineeth? nioe?aeueio iai?oao. A
i?aaiao ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? cieeea e?eoeea ae?e o?yaeo. I?iaaaeai? /a?ac
neooiyiee i?aceaeaioo ia?eaiaio iii?aaee aei Eiinoeoooe?? caeeoeee noaee
? caeiiiaeaa/ee i?aai aac aoaeue-yeeo iacaeaaeieo i?aa. Ia aeoieo i?io.
*. Oae?aaiena, «noia?i?aceaeaionueea Eiinoeoooe?y Oaaa?aeiaaeca
ia?aoai?eeany ia a?ia?i?aceaeaionueeo Eiinoeoooe?th Naaeaoa?e?» [80,
?.117-118].

A?oceinueea i?aaineaaia oea?eaa caeeoa?oueny aea?aeaaiith c 14 aeiaoiy
2002 ?., ao?aoeaoe ca’ycie c ?ioeie i?aaineaaieie oea?eaaie. ?? noinoiee
c aea?aeaaieie no?oeoo?aie ia a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai no/aniiai
?a?iiaenueeiai i?aaa. Iai?oaeaieie ? noinoiee c eaoieeoeueeith
iaioeiith, iaaea?ia o aa?ani? 2003 ?. iaea i?noea a?aeiiaa a?oceinueei?
i?aaineaaii? oea?eae a?ae eiiei?aeaoo c ?eiii [78, S.15; 81, S.18].

Na?aae a?eueoino? ianaeaiiy a?aenooiy iiaaaa aei caeii?a, oi/a
Oeea?eueiee eiaeaen A?oc?? — i?eeeaae aeey ?ioeo iino?aaeyinueeeo
aea?aeaa. O noaeia?e nenoai?, ci?iai?e ua a ethoiio 2004 ?. ca
aia?eeainueeeie c?aceaie, iineeeeany ?ieue i?enyaeieo iia??aieo, ?nio?
nenoaia caoenoo na?aee?a. Iaeiae naaa?eey aea?aeaae iineeeeiny, a
aeaiie?aoe/i? naiaiaee iia??oeeeny ?aaeueii. Aei oeueiai /ano
a?oceinueea ianaeaiiy a?aeaea? ia?aaaao ?aa?iiaeuei?e, a ia
caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeuei?e ?aeaioe/iino?: naaie, eaoaoeioe?, naia?aee,
?ia?aoeioe?. N?i’y, eeai caeeoathoueny a?eueo aaaeeeaeie, i?ae iaoe?y.
Naia oiio ae?oeo 2005 ?. ca ?i?oe?aoeaith I. Naaeaoa?e? aoee noai?ai?
oaai?e aeey a?oceinueei? iieiae? aeey aeoiaaiiy oai iaoe?iiaeueii?
naiina?aeiiino? [90; 88].

Oaeei /eiii, A?oc?y ia iiaea ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia oaeaeeee i?i?ea aei
niia?aeoaaiiy ?a?iiaenueeeo oe?iiinoae ye o aeooiai?e, oae ?
iaoa??aeuei?e noa??. Iaiao?aeii ii?iae?coaaoe noinoiee c non?aeaie,
ae??oeoe aac e?iaii?ieeooy i?iaeaio Aaoac?? oa I?aaeaiii? Inao??. Ia
iaio aaaeeeaei ieoaiiyi ? noinoiee c ?in??th, yea ana ua iiaith?oueny,
ui i?ney e?ea?aeaoe?? iath aac ? 12 ? ? 62 ooaee oa?eaeooue a?enueea
IAOI…

E?oa?aoo?a:

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11. Aiaeaeca A. Oi?aiaaoue eee aieiaeaoue // Naaa?iue Eaaeac. — 2004. —
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12. Ai?aeaee E. Oaeeenneia yoi ia?eaeneiai neaiaeaea // Naaa?iue Eaaeac.
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13. Ai?aeaee E. Eae aua?aoue iy?a // Naaa?iue Eaaeac. — 2005. — ? 23. —
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14. Ai?aeaee E. I?aaeoaeuenoai aoaeouaai. I eiieo?aioao i?aceaeaioa //
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24. Caiaae ia niaoeo eiaanoe?iaaoue a A?oceth // ?anioaeeea A?iaiey
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25. Caiaaeiua NIE i i?aceaeaioa A?ocee // Acey e Ao?eea naaiaeiy (I.). —
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26. Eioa?aueth nae?aoa?y Niaaaca THaeiie Inaoee I. Aeai?iaa // Naaa?iue
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27. Ea?a-Io?ca N.A. Yenii?o ?aaiethoeee. THuaiei, Naaeaoaeee. — I.:
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30. Eioaiie TH. I?aceaeaio A?ocee aaaeao iaoeeth e aeaa?aaeaoeee //
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31. Ei/eeyi A. I?ioeia e ianoiyuaa a?oceii-a?iyineeo ioiioaiee //
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32. E?ueia A.A. ?aeeaey e o?aaeeoeee aaoacia. — I.: Einoeooo
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34. E?ueia A.A. I?aceaeaioneea auai?u a Aaoacee: iaaeaaeaeu Oaeeene e
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35. E?ueia A.A. Iai?eciaiiua ainoaea?noaa a aaiiieeoe/aneii eiioaenoa //
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36. Eiinaaeca O. Aeaoe eaieoaia A?aioa // Naiaiaeiay A?ocey. — 2004. —
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37. Ethaa?neee E. A?oceineee aiieaeeinen // No?aia e ie? (Ithioai). —
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