?aoa?ao

ia oaio:

Aiaaeai Oiaeueieoeueeee: ?noi?e/iee ii?o?ao

IEAI

1. Anooi.

2. Oaiia?aiaio Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai. I?eo?ae eiai ia N?/.

3. I?aeaioiaea aei iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueii? a?eie. Ia?o? aeoae.

4. Aea?aeaaioai?/? i?ioeane Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai.

5. I?aai?caoe?y a?enueea.

6. Iineianueeee i?ioaeoi?ao. Ia?ayneaanueea ?aaea.

7. Inoaii? caa?oaiiy aaoueiaia.

8. Aeniiaie.

1. Anooi

A?aeiii, ui ?aae?caoe?y iac??eeo o iaae?ao noni?euenoaa oaiaeaioe?e
?icaeoeo ia a?aeaoaa?oueny aaoiiaoe/ii, naia niaith, a iio?aao?
a?aie/iiai iai?oaeaiiy e eieinaeueieo coneeue c aieo ?o nioe?aeueieo
iin??a. ? naia a ia?aeiii? ia??iaee ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano ??cei c?inoa?
iio?aaa a aea?aeaaieo iinoaoyo aaeeeiai ianooaao, ni?iiiaeieo ia eeoa
a?ae/oaaoe iai?yi noni?eueiiai iinooio, a e cao?ooaaoe ia?aaeia? neee
noni?euenoaa oa ni?yioaaoe ?o ia ?aae?caoe?th iinoaaeaii? iaoe. Ia
uanoy, ia a?ai? iie?oe/iiai aeeooy XVII no.. c’yaeeany ni?aaae?
oeoai?/ia iinoaoue ae?y/a, eio?iio, ca aeo/iei aenooiii a?aeiiiai
?noi?eea A. Eeieinueeiai, aia?oa i?ney caiaiaaeo eiyaei? ?on? aaeaeiny
?ic?oaaoe ai?ae??a aocie nioe?aeueieo, aeiiii?/ieo, eoeueoo?ieo,
oeea?e?caoe?eieo oa iie?oe/ieo noi?ioeeaaeiinoae. Iath aoa Aiaaeai
Oiaeueieoeueeee. Eiai iinoaoue iaa?ae’?iia a?ae iaenayo?oeo i?aaiaiue
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo aei aie?, uanoy, ni?aaaaeeeaino?. Naia c Aiaaeaiii
Oiaeueieoeueeei iia’ycaia noaiiaeaiiy Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, oi?ioaaiiy
oe?a?inueei? iaoe??.

Aeciaiee iie?oe/iee ae?y/ ? iieeiaiaeaoeue Aiae??, no/aniee
Oiaeueieoeueeiai Ie?aa? E?iiaaeue o nai?io eeno? caa?ioany aei iueiai :
„ Aiaaeai Oiaeueieoeueeee, Aiaeith iee?noth aaia?ae?neion a?aei-no?aeii?
oea?eae, aiaeaeue on?o eicae?a caii?icueeeo, iino?ao ? aeei??ithaa/
iieuenueeiai aeai?yinoaa, nei?eoaeue oi?oaoeue, aeieuoaa/ ?einueeiai
nayuainoaa, aiieoaeue yce/iee?a ? aioeo?enoa…”

O oeueiio, iiaeia neacaoe, ?noi?e/iiio aecia/aii? aaoueiaia
?ice?eaa?oueny e?ana aa?i?cio ? aaee/? iiaeaeao neaaiiai neia Oe?a?ie,
eaaaiaea?iiai ai?ia ? iao??ioa. I?ooi, ye a?i, ia coi?a a?ae/ooe aeooo
ia?iaeo, eiai iaeiioa?ii?o? i?aaiaiiy ? aeoie. ? ia?iae oa?/iea eiai
ia?ac o iaaie?oueo aeoiao ? i?niyo. ? naia ia ia?iaei? iane, eicaoeuee?
iece nie?aany Oiaeueieoeueeee o cae?eniaii? nai?? iaoe – aecaieaiiy
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo a?ae iiiaaieaiiy, ooaa?aeaeaiiy Oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae. A?i aiai?ea iineai ei?ie?a ? oea??a, ui ia?iae, iei
i/iethaaiee, „? ia?iae aieaethaiee ? caaaeaee aioiaee oia?oe aei
?aeeiiai ca naith aieth”. Oaeei aoa ? nai Oiaeueieoeueeee, aioiaee
aia?oe ca na?e ia?iae.

2. Oaiia?aiaio A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai. I?eo?ae eiai ia N?/.

Aiaaeai-C?iia?e Oiaeueieoeueeee ia?iaeeany 1595 ?ieo, eiia??i?oa
anueiai a Noaioia? o n?i’? oe?a?inueeiai oeyooe/a Ieoaeea
Oiaeueieoeueeiai. Noenea oi?ioea „oeyooe/ ca iioiaeaeaiiyi, eicae ca
aeooii” yeiaea?eueoa a?aeiia?aeaea nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?e
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? Aiaaeaia. Ia iiaeia ?aii?oaaoe aieeao ia neia
iaoa??-eica/ee, aoiinoa?e eicaoeueeiai aeooo *eae?eiueie, aea i?ioiaeeee
eiai aeeoy/? ?iee. Iica noii?aii, a?aeiia?aei? ciaiiy e oe?ii?ni?
i???ioe?e Aiaaeai io?eiaa ? i?ae /an iaa/aiiy o aeaio ??cieo ca nai?i
oa?aeoa?ii iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao. A?i aea/aa ?noi?e/i? aeaea?aea, i?aoe?
na?aaeiueia?/ieo aaoi??a, oe?a?inueeo iieai?/io e?oa?aoo?o, i?aai,
aeia?a ciaa ?noi??th naiai ia?iaeo, eiai aca?ieie c non?aeaie, a?eueii
aieiae?a eaoeinueeith oa iieuenueeith iiaaie. Iiaa?ioaoenue aeiaeiio,
iacaaaeaee ca’ycaa naith aeieth c eicaoeoaii, ui na?ae/eei i?i
oe?e?ni?noue iaoo?e Aiaaeaia.

sse i?iiiaeythoue aeaea?aea, oiea?e/iee oaiia?aiaio Aiaaeaia /anoi
i?iyaey?oueny a ?enao eiai oa?aeoa?o, a/eieao, ae?yo. ??ce?noue o
noaeaeaiiyo ? caiaeuei?noue ii?aeioaaeeny c i’ye?noth, i?ea?oi?noth;
aeioaii?noue – ?c iia/aci?noth; i?inoioa ? ue??noue – c eoeaanoaii ?
inoea?noth; aeia?ioa – c noai?ith aeiiaeea?noth ? iaa?oue aei?noie?noth.
Ia aeeeth/aii, ui Oiaeueieoeueeee aoa /oaeiaei aeoi?ii ? caeaaeii a?ae
ianoaaei a?aa oo /e ?ioo ?ieue. No/anieee caa?oaee oaaao ia oiieee
?icoi, a?oaeeoe?th, ai?iiy ia?aaeaa/aoe ?icaeoie iiae?e, noaeaao aieth.
O iueiio aeeaiaeaeii ii?aeioaaeeny a?ae/aeaeooia ni?eea?noue ?
oieiaeiie?iaia iaa/i?noue, i?eioeeiia?noue, ui iaaeoaaea ?c aia?o?noth,
? aioiai?noue aei eiii?ii?no, iinooieeaino?. Iica noii?aii, oea aoea
oe?eueia ? ?acii c oei noia?a/eeaa iaoo?a, o iianyeaeaiiiio aeeoo? –
iaaeaaaeeaa e ne?iiia. sse i?aaeei, iinea cae/aeiee eicaoeueeee iaeya ?
eeoa a o?i/enoeo aeiaaeeao iaeyaaa eiooiaia aa?aiiy. Naaeeaa a *eae?ei?
i?/ei ia a?ae??ciyeany a?ae aeeoea ?ioeo caiiaeieo eicae?a. Oa,
i/aaeaeii, niie?eia aeeooy ainiiaea?y aoei ia aeey iueiai. A?i i?aaioa
ia Iec. Oiaeueieoeueeee aa?a o/anoue, a iio?i ? nai i/ieth? ii?nuee?
iioiaee, a?aeaeooy iaaaee e?ei/ae?a. Oea i?aeiineoue eiai aaoi?eoao
na?aae eicaoeoaa, aeiiiiaaa? caeiyoe aenie? iinoe. Oiaeueieoeueeee ye
iena? A?enueea Caii?icueeiai aa?a o/anoue o ia?aaiai?ao c ei?ieai
Aeaaeeneaaii IV oa o?yaeii ?a/? Iiniieeoi?. Acya aeoeaio o/anoue ?acii c
?aaiii N??eii o a?ei? ia aioe? O?aioe?? c ?niai??th. I?ney iiaa?iaiiy
ae?cia?oueny i?i oa, ui /eae?einueeee noa?inoa cayaea nai? i?aaa ia
Noaio?a, oa?i?ecoaaa Aiaaeaiiao n?i’th, a?iiea ooo??, caaea iaeiaioiai
neia. Aiaaeai ooeaa aeiiiiiae o ei?iey, aea oie i?/ei ia ci?a ca?aaeeoe.
I?ney oiai, eiee Aiaaeai Oiaeueieoeueeee eeioa caeeee: „C’?aeiaeiiny,
a?aooy, iianoaiaii ca a??o i?aaineaaio, a?aeiiaeii aieth ia?iaeo iaoiai
? aoaeaii ?aeei?!” – eiai i?aeo?eiaee. O a?oaei? 1647 ?ieo
Oiaeueieoeueeee iiaeaany ia Caii?iaeaey, aea eiai aoei ia?aii
aaoueiaiii.

3. I?aeaioiaea aei iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueii? a?eie. Ia?o? aeoae.

C yeei iie?oe/iei aaaaaeai i?eeoia Aiaaeai aei ii/aoeo Iaoe?iiaeueii?
?aaiethoe??? C?icoi?ei, ui ianaiia?aae a?i caienethaaany iaae noaiiaeuai
eicaoeoaa e iiaeaeueoei ?icaeoeii eicaoeueei? Oe?a?ie o neeaae? ?a/?
Iiniieeoi?. ?ici??eiaoth/e iaae i?e/eiaie iaaaea/ iianoaiue, o yeeo a?aa
o/anoue, ia i?a ia ae?eoe aeniiaeo, ui iaei??th c iaeaieiai?oeo c-iii?ae
ieo aoea a?aenooi?noue ?aeiino? na?aae eicaoeoaa. ? i?aenoaae
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ia 1648?. A. Oiaeueieoeueeee coi?a aeoioethaaoe aanue
iiia?aaei?e aeina?ae aecaieueii? ai?ioueae. I?e/iio, o iueiai aeey
aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ??aiioe?iieie aenooiathoue ye ??
a?enueeia?, oae ? iie?oe/i? caniae. Caneoaith A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai aoei
oa, ui a?i a/anii a?ae/oa iia? oaiaeaioe?? o ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa, a naia: no??iea iiaeeaeaiiy noia?a/iinoae iaoe?iiaeueiiai
? nioe?aeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, ui o?nii ia?aie?oaeeny.

Iinoa? caieoaiiy: yeith i??ith A.Oiaeueieoeueeee inienethaaa o 1648?.
oa?aeoa? ? oe?e? ai?ioueae? Aaeaea aei oeueiai /ano aeiaeai c
i?aaenoaaiee?a oeo iie?oe/ieo nee, eio?? aeii?ioaaee a oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa?, ia ni?ii?any noi?ioethaaoe e oai?aoe/ii ia??oiooaaoe
?aeath noai?aiiy iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. Iai?inoei oeae
i?ioean aeyaeany ? aeey aaoueiaia. Ia?aiiaa oe?a?inueei? a?i?? i?ae
Ieeyaoeyie, ?ica?iieaiiy iieuenueeiai caaiio i?ae AEiaoeie Aiaeaie, a
oaeiae aeeneaae/ia ia?aiiaa i?ae Ei?noiai noaee aaaeeeaith a?oith a
e?enoae?caoe?? iniiaieo i?eioeei?a iie?oe/ii? aeieo?eie aaoueiaia. Oe?
ia?o? ia?aiiai cana?ae/eee ia eeoa iieeiaiaeieoeueeee oaeaio Aiaaeaia
Oiaeueieoeueeiai ? aia?a?th, c yeith a?i a?a i?aeaioiaeo iianoaiiy, a e
oa, ui aeey Aecaieueii? a?eie aoa aioiaee a?oio: any
eicaoeueei-naeyinueea Oe?a?ia ni?eeiyea eiai caeeee ye aeaaii
i/?eoaaiee ? aaaeaiee. ? aaoueiai Iioioeueeee aaa i?aaee, eiee ienaa
ei?ieth ia?aae iianoaiiyi i?i oa, ui Oiaeueieoeueeee ? eiai
niiaeaeaeieee aoee, ii noo?, „o ciia? c? an?ia eicaoeueeeie iieeaie ? c?
an??th Oe?a?iith”. AEiaoiaiaenueea ? Ei?noinueea ia?aiiae
Oiaeueieoeueeiai noaee iiooiaoii aei anaia?iaeiiai iianoaiiy, yea
ioiieei iaaaeiac? anth Oe?a?io. Oeae oaeo i?aee?aneth? ? Naiiaeaeaoeue o
nai?io e?oiien? : „E oae ia?iae iiniieeoee ia Oe?a?i?, iieeaaoe i
cianaiith aiene ei?iiieo ? aaoiaiia, ca?ac ii/aeeny eoieoe a iieee ia
oieei o?a, eioi??a eacaeaie aeaaee, aea ooi e i?aaee eicaoeoaa ia ciae”.
A oeae /an Oiaeueieoeueeee, ye ? a?eueo?noue eiai ni?aoiee?a, i?aaioa
aeiiiaoeny oiai, uia ei?ieue ?a/? Iiniieeoi? noaa oaeiae „ei?ieai
?onueeei” ? aeciaa eicaoeueeo Oe?a?io. ?aae?caoe?th oe??? ?aea?
iia’ycoaaa c ?aoi?ioaaiiyi aea?aeaaii-iie?oe/iiai ono?ith ?a/?
Iiniieeoi? ia canaaeao aaniethoecio. *an iiaa?iaiiy c-i?ae Caiinoy
(e?iaoeue eenoiiaaea – a?oaeaiue) aei Ee?aa ia ia?eoiany aac aeeaieeo ?
aie?nieo ?icaeoi?a iaae iie?oe/ieie iane?aeeaie aeanyoei?ny/ii?
ai?ioueae, aac aiae?co i?e/ei i?i?aooie?a. A ee?anuee? cono??/? e
?iciiae A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai c i?aaenoaaieeaie oe?a?inueei?
?ioae?aaioe??, aeuiai i?aaineaaiiai aeooiaainoaa oa ??onaeeinueeei
iao??a?oii Ia?n??i eeoa i?aeoaa?aeeee i?aaioo iiaeo iiaeyae?a ia
iaeaooi? Oe?a?ie.

1649?. aia?oa a ?noi??? a?o/eciyii? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? aeoiee aoei
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoe?iiaeueio aea?aeaaio ?aeath, yea ia?aaeaa/aea
noai?aiiy iacaeaaeii? niai?ii? Oe?a?ie e noaea aecia/aeueiith o
aecaieueieo ciaaaiiyo oe?a?ioe?a i?ioyaii ianooiieo noi??/. ? c oeueiai
/ano aiia aaea i?eiee ia noiaeeea c ii?yaeeo aeaiiiai iie?oe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai.

?icaoaeiaa iieiaei? aea?aeaae a?aeaoaaeany o iaaecae/aeii neeaaei?e
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i?e ianoaiiaoe?. ? aei oiai ae, oiiae Cai??anueei?
oaiaee na?ae/eee, ui a oie /an Oiaeueieoeueeee ua ooiaiii oyaeya nai?
?noi?e/ia iieeeeaiiy ? ia ia?aaeaa/aa iane?aee?a oiai ?ooo, yeee i/ieea.
Aaoueiaiia? ne?ae aoei aeei?enoaoe aei e?ioey caeiaooee uaneeaeo
ia?aiia, caoiieoe a iieii ei?iey, i?oe a aeeaeio Iieueu?, c?oeioaaoe ??
a?enoie?aoe/iee eaae, oaeee iaiaaeniee oe?a?ioeyi, ? aaea oiae? aenoiooe
ia?aae iieyeaie nai? oiiae ie?o, ye? a caaacia/oaaee inoaoi/ia
iie?oe/ia aecaieaiiy oe?a?inueeeo caiaeue ? noai?eee a a iaeaooiueiio
iiaeeeaino? aeia?inon?aenueeeo a?aeiinei c ??//th Iiniieeoith. Aaeaea a
onueiio e?a? ia eeoeeiny aeiaeiiai iii?ueea, enueiiaeca, ?a?ay.
Cai??anueea oaiaea cian?i ia a?aeiia?aeaea oiiaai naiai /ano oa
ianoaaeiai. Aiia iaei /ei ocaiaeaeoaaeanue c iie?oe/ieie e nioe?aeueieie
aeiiaaie ia?iaeo, ine?eueee Oiaeueieoeueeee ae??n ? aeoiaoaaany o
iieuenueei-oeyoaonueeiio na?aaeiaeu?, caeeany c eiai cae/ayie e
iiiyooyie, ii?yaeeaie, ia yeeo ??oiooaaany oiae?oi?e iie?oe/iee ?
a?iiaaenueeee eaae ?a/? Iiniieeoi?. ? oiio ia iiaeia aoei i/?eoaaoe, ui
aaoueiai a?ae?aco noaia ia a?e ia?iaeiiai ?aeaaeo, yeee oe?eeii
caia?a/oaaa oe? ii?yaeee. Oiaeueieoeueeiio caeaaaeiny, ui aeineoue
caaacia/eoe naiaiaeo a??e e iacaeaaeia noaiiaeua i?aaineaaii? oea?eae,
caoenoeoe Oe?a?io a?ae iiaa?iaiiy iaiaaenieo ia?iaeia? ?a?a?a oa
aeiai??nueeeo iinoi?a, ca?eueoeoe e?euee?noue iino?eiiai eicaoeueeiai
a?enueea – ? an? i?e/eie iaaaeiaieaiiy iieuenueeei iaioaaiiyi cieeiooue
iacaaaeaee. Ae?oaith, ua a?eueoith iiieeeith Oiaeueieoeueeiai, yeo a?i
aeiionoea, i?aeienoth/e Cai??anueeo oaiaeo, aoei oa, ui eicaoeueeee
?a?no? iaiaaeoaaany o?eueee 40000 eicaeaie, oiaoi no?eueee eicae?a
io?eiaee caiaeuei? ae?eyiee, aeeiioth/e eeoa a?enueeiao neoaeao. Iniiaia
ae iana iianoaeiai ia?iaeo iaea noaoe aei e??iinieoeueei? i?aoe? nai?o
iii?uee?a. Oea aoea aaee/acia iani?aaaaeeea?noue uiaei ia?aaaaeii?
a?eueoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie. Aaeaea a eicaoeueeiio iianoaii?, yea
i?aeiya Oiaeueieoeueeee ? yea caaacia/eei eiio oni?o oei, ui a iueiio
acya o/anoue ia iaeei eeoa eicaoeueeee noai, ye ?ai?oa, a aanue ia?iae,
aiaaiaiee o nai?io aecaieaii?. Caeiaooeaie ia?iaeieo ia?aiia ?
nei?enoaany Oiaeueieoeueeee, i?aeienoth/e Cai??anueeo oaiaeo. Iiaeia
oaa?aeeoe, ui Caa?acueea aeoaa caaa?oeea aeeneo/ee ia??iae ?noi??? a?ei
a?ei Oiaeueieoeueeiai – oea aoea aa?oeia iiaooiino? oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo oa neaae eiai aiaeaey. Aea naia o oe?e ianoaiiaoe? niiaia
?ice?eany aea?aeaaioai?/ee aai?e aaoueiaia. Eiio iio??aii aoei aeyaeoe
aaeeeo ioae??noue, uia iiaioaaoe neooaoe?th i?ney oeeaaeaiiy oeueiai
aeiaiai?o, a oaeiae A?eioea?e?anueeiai. Ii-ia?oa, ?noioii iii’yeoea
aioo??oiueiiie?oe/ia iai?oaeaiiy, aeciaaoe iniiai?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? caaithaaiiy naeyinoaa, ? ii-ae?oaa, i?ney
ia?aiiae i?ae Aaoiaii (/a?aaiue 1652?.) coi?a iiaa?iooe ao?a/ai?
eicaoeueeith Oe?a?iith caie?.

4. Aea?aeaaioai?/? i?ioeane A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai.

Aea/aiiy aeaea?ae na?ae/eoue, ui aaoueiai o aea?aeaaioai?/?e i?aeoeoe?
aeei?enoiaoaaa o?aaeeoe?? Caii?icueei? N?/?, aea ia ia?aiinea ?o
iaoai?/ii ia iiaee aeiiii?/iee ? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee a?oio. Iniaeeai
aaeeeo oaaao a?i i?eae?eya i?iaeai? aeaaee, noai?aiith aoaeoeaii
ooieoe?iioth/iai aea?aeaaiiai iaoai?cio. A?aoiaoth/e neaaeo ae??a?noue
/i?ii? ?aaee ye caaaeueii i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio, Oiaeueieoeueeee c
ii/aoeo 1649?. ia?aaeaa ?? ooieoe?? noa?oeinuee?e ?aae?. Ooaaee
inoaiiuei? iaaeaaaee a i/ao eicaoeoaa oa?aeoa?o eaa?oeiiino? ??oaiiyi,
ye? i?eeiaeeny aaoueiaiii. Aiaeii/an a?i aeieeaaeaa iaeneioi coneeue aei
i?aai?caoe?? ae?eiaiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy an?o eaiie aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee.
Aaaeeeao ?ieue o oeueiio a?ae?a?aee ?ic?iaea e i?eeiyooy a /a?ai? 1648?.
„Noaoae i?i ono??e A?enueea Caii?icueeiai”. ?o i?a?iaaoeae aeoiaeeee ca
iaae? nooi a?enueeiaiai noaoooo e iioe?thaaeeny ia ?io? noa?e aeeooy
eicaoeueei? Oe?a?ie, aeeiioth/e o oae?e niin?a ?ieue ia?oiai
eiinoeoooe?eiiai aeoa iieiaei? aea?aeaae. Nie?ath/enue ia iueiai.
Aaoueiai aeiiaaaany a?ae iieeiaeo oa nioaiieo i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee
aaccanoa?aaeiiai ? a/aniiai aeeiiaiiy nai?o iaeac?a. Iniaeeai ieeueii A.
Oiaeueieoeueeee aeaaa i?i ci?oeiaiiy i?a?iaaoea aaoueiainueei? aeaaee.
Oae, a?i neeeeaa ?aaee, a?aa aeoeaio o/anoue a iaaiai?aii? e ooaaeaii?
ieie ??oaiue; i/iethaaa aea?aeaaio aaei?i?no?aoe?th; ia oieeaa ?iaioe o
noa?? noaei/einoaa; i?aai?ciaoaaa o?iaine; i/iethaaa a?enueei; aecia/aa
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iee eo?n o?yaeo; a?a ??oo/o ai?ioueao c iaeiaioeie
aeyaaie naia?aoecio. Ca oaeeo ianoaaei a?aeaoaa?oueny oi?ioaaiiy
oa?eciaoe/iino? iinoao? aaoueiaia, ui a?ae?a?aaaei iiceoeaio ?ieue o
eiinie?aeaoe?? iaoe?iiaeueii-iao??ioe/ieo nee. Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao ?
oie oaeo, ui A. Oiaeueieoeueeee cina?aaeeaoe anth iiaiioo aeaaee a nai?o
?oeao, c ii/aoeo 1649?. noaa aeyaeyoe naiiaea?aeaai?, iiia?o?/i?
ono?aie?iiy. I?yii /e iiina?aaeeiaaii a?i aeneiaeth? aeoiee i?i naith
aeaaeo ia ye aeaaeo aeai?iiai aaoueiaia, a ye naiiaea?aeaaio aeaaeo
aieiaea?y Oe?a?ie, aeaio eiio a?ae Aiaa. Oae aoei c?iaeaii ae??oaeueiee
e?ie ia oeyoo ooaa?aeaeaiiy eicaoeueei? iiia?o?? o oi?i? niaaeeiaiai
aaoueiainoaa.

Aea ana ae oaee, iaa?oue iacaaaeath/e ia i?ia?aio /a?ac oainueeo c?aaeo
aeoao i?ae Aa?anoa/eii (1651), Oiaeueieoeueeee aeyaea naaa ni?aaaei?i
iieeiaiaeoeai ? ciaaoeai a?enueeiai? ni?aae. Aieiaiith eiai
no?aoaa?/iith ?enith aoea ??oo/?noue ianooiaeueieo ae?e c iaoith
?ica?iio ai?iaa ii /anoeiao o a?aee?eoiio aith. Oiaeueieoeueeee aenooiea
ye iiaaoi? ? iin?e ia?aaeiaeo ?aeae o ai?iiiio ienoaoeoa?. Eiai
ciaiaieo? canaaee, aeaiiino?aoeai? aoaee, oaeaaai? a?aenooie oa ?io?
oaeoe/i? i?eeiie aeaaaeeny aciaee ia iaeiiio iieuenueei-oeyoaonueeiio
ai?ia/aeueieeia?. Oaeei aea iiaaoi?ii Oiaeueieoeueeee aenooiea ? a
i?aai?caoe?? eicaoeueeiai a?enueea, a aea?aeaai?e ae?yeueiino?.
Caniiaiee Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, a?i noaa ? ia?oei i?aai?caoi?ii
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy a i?e.

sse aecia/iee iie?oee, a?i iaiaei nee aeieeaa aei ci?oeiaiiy
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iiai noaiiaeua Oe?a?ie. I/aaeaeii, i?ooi i? aei, i?
i?ney iueiai ia ai?a oae iaenoa?ii aeei?enoiaoaaoe noia?a/iino? i?ae
Oo?a//eiith, E?eiii oa Iieueuath, i?ae Iieueuath ? O?ain?eueaai??th oa
?ioeie e?a?iaie.

Ui ae aei i?iaaaeaiiy aioo??oiuei? iie?oeee, oi, iacaaaeath/e ia eiai
iaiaaaiiy aeaui ineaaeoe aino?? nioe?aeuei? noia?a/iino? a e?a?i? oa
ca?eueoeoe eicaoeueeee ?a?no?, Oiaeueieoeueeee, iaeia/a, ??oo/a
i?eaeoooaaa an?eye? ni?iae i?ioanoo ia?iaeieo ian aenooieoe i?ioe
aaoueiainueei? aaei?i?no?aoe?? ? eicaoeueei? noa?oeie, a?aenoithaaa
i?aaa oea?eae, iaae?eya caiaeueieie ia?oiinoyie iiianoe??, ciaia’ycoaaa
naeyi aeeiioaaoe oaiaeaeuei? iiaeiiino? oiui.

Ia iiaeia iaaeiioe?ithaaoe ?ie? aaeeeiai aaoueiaia o oi?ioaaii?
aea?aeaaii? ae?oe. Aai?aeuei?noue aaoueiaia ye aea?aeaaiiai ae?y/a
iieyaaea ? a oiio, ui a?i ni?ii?any ii?aeiaoe ?aae?caoe?th
iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea? c nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iith iie?oeeith, yea, iii?e
iaaio iaiine?aeiai?noue ? noia?a/eea?noue, o oe?eiio a?aeiia?aeaea
?ioa?anai a?eueoino? ianaeaiiy, ianaiia?aae eicaoeoaa ? naeyinoaa.
Aaeaea a aeiaeiiio ?ac? ia iiaeia caaoaaoe oiai, ui ia??iae
Oiaeueie//eie – oea ia eeoa /an noaiiaeaiiy iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae, aea e
aeiaa aeeaieeo nioe?aeueieo iio?yn?iue. Ia oa?ai? eicaoeueei? Oe?a?ie
aoei cieuaii aaeeea e na?aaei? oaiaeaeueia caieaaieiae?iiy )ca aeiyoeii
iiianoe?nueeiai), iaiueiii-o?eueaa?eiao nenoaio ainiiaea?noaa,
e?ea?aeiaaii e??iaoeoai, naeyinoai aeai?iei iniaenoo naiaiaeo,
ooaa?aeaeoaaeany ae??aia, oa?ia?nueeiai oeio aeani?noue ia caieth. Ia
aac ni?eyiiy iie?oeee A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai noaany ?aaiethoe?eiee i?i?ea o
oi?ioaaii? ??cieo ??ai?a noni?eueii? na?aeiiino? naeyi.

I?ney i?iaaeo iai???a ( o?aaaiue – na?iaiue 1648 ?. ) caeo/eoe ia
a?e iaoe?iiaeueii – iao??ioe/ieo nee oe?a?inueea iainoai aaoueiai
ci?ith? nai? noaaeaiiy aei aaeeeiai e na?aaeiueiai oaiaeaeueiiai
caieaaieiae?iiy. A ianooii? ?iee eaea ia iinooiee iaaiaoai ? oeyoo?
eeoa i?ae oeneii oiia Cai??anueeiai oa A?eioea?e?anueeiai
aeiaiai??a, a i?ney Aaoicueei? ia?aiiae a?aeiiaey?oueny a?ae
iie?oeee, ni?yiiaaii? ia a?aeiiaeaiiy aei?aaiethoe?eii? iiaeae?
aa?a?ieo a?aeiinei. AEi?noeo e?i?th i?iaiaeea A. Oiaeueieoeueeee
uiaei ia?oeiaeo aiaoeo?a eicaoeueei? noa?oeie ( aei 1654 ?. Ia
aeyaeaii aeiaeiiai eiai oi?aa?naeo i?i iaaeaiiy ?? i?aaenoaaieeai
caiaeueieo aieiae?iue ). Oiio /anoeia noa?oeie, iaaaeiaieaia oeei
aniaeoii eiai iie?oeee, ii/aea oa?iii aeiaeaaoeny a?ae
iineianueeiai oea?y a?aiio ia ia?oee ( ?iaeeia Aeaianueeeo,
Nai?eei Aiaaeaiiae/-Ca?oaeiee, Iaaei Oaoa?y e ?i. ). ?iaeoa
aaoueiai noaaeany aei aieiae?iue i?aaineaaii? oea?eae. ?icoi?th/e
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ?ae?a?eiiai /eiieea o ?icai?oaii? aecaieueii?
ai?ioueae, a?i iae?aco ae i?oia ia caoeno oea?eiaiiai
caieaaieiae?iiy e ia o?eueee noai?i ea?aa oeo, ooi cac?oaa ia
iiianoe?nueea iaeii e caie?, a e iaaeaaaa iiianoe?yi o
aieiae?iiy ia?oee.

Ua iaeei aeoaea aaaeeeaee aniaeo nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee A.
Oiaeueieoeueeiai – iaiaaaiiy ia aeiionoeoe a Oe?a?inuee?e aea?aeaa?
aeaooo a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie. Caa?ica ?icaaeo iaoe?iiaeueii –
iao??ioe/iiai oaai?o , ui aeieeea i?ney oeeaaeaiiy Cai??anueeiai ?
A?eioea?e?anueeiai aeiaiai??a, niiioeaea eiai, c iaeiiai aieo,
/an a?ae /ano aeaeaaaoe a??ci? oi?aa?naee, ye? no?aoaee
“aoio?aiee?a “ nia?oiith ea?ith, a c ae?oaiai – iaa?oue i?ae
oeneii iieuenueeiai o?yaeo i?eiee ia aaeaaaoeny aei ianiaeo
?ai?an?e i?ioe iianoaioe?a.

I?ia?aneaiee oa?aeoa? iaee caoiaee aaoueiaia ? a ?ioeo noa?ao
aeiiii?/iiai aeeooy e?a?ie. A?aeiii, ui a?i c aaeeeith oaaaith
noaaeany aei i?no – ca?eueiya ?o a?ae iinoi?a, caoeuaa a?ae
naaa?eueiee?a, ca?eueooaaa i?nuee? i?ea?ea?, i?eeoaaany i?i
i?nueeo caiaeueio aeani?noue. Iino?eii aeaaa i?i ?icaeoie
aioo??oiuei? ? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?. A ae?yeueiino? o?yaeo
ie?aneeeany oaiaeaioe?y aei neanoaaiiy aioo??oiueiai oi?aiaiai
ieoa. I?iaiaeeeany iie?oeea caoenoo ?ioa?an?a oe?a?inueeeo
eoioe?a o i?aeia?iaei?e oi?a?ae?. Na?ae/aiiyi oeueiai neoaeeoue
?ic?iaeaiee, i/aaeaeii a 1650 ?., i?iaeo aeiaiai?o c Oo?a//eiith
i?i oi?a?aeth, ui ia?aaeaa/aa ?o ca?eueiaiiy “ a?ae anyeeo
ieo, iieao ? iiaeaoe?a… ia noi ?ie?a…”. Aiaeii/an
noai?thaaeenue ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey oi?a?ae? ?iicaioe?a ia
oa?ai? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae.

Na?eicia i?eeoaaiiy A. Oiaeueieoeueeee aeyaeya uiaei
i?aai?caoe?? o?iainiai? ni?aae. A aeaea?aeao ? a?aeiiino? i?i
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ea?aoaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? iiiaoe, ?, iiaeeeai,
iiaeaeueo? iiooee iaoeiaoe?a aeaaeooue iiaeeea?noue i?aeoaa?aeeoe
?o a??ia?aei?noue. Iiiiaiaiiy o?iain?a a?aeaoaaeiny ia?aaaaeii c
o?ueio aeaea?ae: caiaeueiiai oiiaeo, aeioiae?a a?ae i?iiene?a
oa oi?a?ae? e iiaeaoe?a. Iaaoea iioe?aiiy caea/a a i?aiaeo
??cieo i?iiene?a.

Ia caeeoaany aaoueiai inoi?iiue i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy iiai?
noaeiai? nenoaie. Ia i?noe? noaiiai – oeyoaonueei? nenoaie
cainueeeo, A?iaenueeeo ? i?aeeiii?nueeeo noae?a ae?inoa? iiaa
nenoaia — eicaoeueeeo noae?a: nioaiieo, iieeiaeo ? aaia?aeueieo
noaeiaeo onoaiia. I?noea neaniaaiiai aeii?i?aeueiiai
noae?aieoeoaa caeiyee caeaa?eueoiai n?euenuee? noaee. Iaeaeuee
noae ia?aaoaaa i?e aaoueiai?. Cai?iaaaeaeo?oueny i?aeoeea
iaaeneeaiiy A. Oiaeueieoeueeei noaeiaeo eii?n?e aeey ?icaeyaeo
ni?aa iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy.

5. I?aai?caoe?y a?enueea. Aioo??oiy iie?oeea.

A oiiaao iino?eii? caa?ice iaiaaeo cciai? iaaaeyea cia/aiiy
iaea caeaoi?noue aea?aeaae caoeuaoe nai? iaoe?iiaeuei? ?ioa?ane.
?icoi?th/e oea, A. Oiaeueieoeueeee iaaeaaaa ia?oi?yaeiiai cia/aiiy
ci?oeiaiith ?? iai?iiicaeaoiino?. A?i, ii noo?, noaa oai?oeai
oe?a?inueei? a?i?? ( 60 – 80 oen. aiye?a ), yea i?/ei ia
iinooiaeany e?auei ?a?iiaenueeei a?i?yi oiai /ano. A inoaii?
?iee aeeooy caaeoiaany iaae i?iaeaiith noi?ioaaiiy 50 – oeny/iiai
?aaoey?iiai a?enueea, yea oo?eioaaeiny a ca ?aooiie nea?aieoe?.
Aaeeeo ?ieue o ci?oeiaii? ca?ieieo nee Oe?a?ie a?ae?a?aei
i?eeiyooy “Noaoae i?i ono??e A?enueea Caii??cueeiai “ , ui
iineoaeeee ia?oei oe?a?inueeei a?enueeiaei noaoooii.

Iniiaio oaea?io neeo a?i?? noaiiaeea i?oioa. Aaoueiai ia?aica?i?a
?? iaeno/ani?oith aiaiaiaeueiith ca?i?th, aecia/ea ii?ie
ai?i?eiane ? cai?iaaaeea caa/anio eiai i?aeaioiaeo ( eaaeoaaiiy )
aei no??eueae, ui aeaei ciiao nei?ioeoe aaaaoioa?aiaiaee no??e
aiye?a aei 3 oa?aia, iie?ioeoe iiaeeeaino? iaiaa?oaaiiy i?oioe.
Aaeeeo oaaao i?eae?eya e?iiio?, yea i?iaeaiiino?oaaea aenie?
aieia? yeino? oaea a aiyo i?ae Ieeyaoeyie, Cai?iaei oa
Aa?anoa/eii; noai?ea neeueio a?oeea??th, ui iiae?eyeany ia
eaaeo ? aaaeeo iieueiao; aia?oa a Oe?a?i? cai?iaaaeea aa?iaoe
ia eaoaoao.

Aei ae?th/i? a?i?? aoiaeeee i?ae?icae?ee ?ica?aeee,
oi?oeo?eaoe?eii? , i?eei?aeiiii? ? noi?iaeiai? neoaea. Aoei
aeia?a iaeaaiaeaeaii iinoa/aiiy ca?i?, ai?i?eian?a,
i?iaeiaieuenoaa oa oo?aaeo. A ?noi?e/ieo aeaea?aeao ? caaaeee
i?i ?nioaaiiy nai?oa?ii? neoaeae. Ieiia?eueia caoiieaiiy o
iieuenueeeo io?oea??a aeeeeeaea noai?a aeenoeeie?ia,
cai?iaaaeaeaia a a?i??. Aiaaea? a iei ai?iiy aaoueiaia
caa??aaoe o oa?iieoe? nai? no?aoaa?/i? caaeoie, aeoiaoaaoe,
aeiae?aoe oa aenoaaoe ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei? iinaaee oaeaiiaeoeo
ai?ia/aeueiee?a.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui i?ae /an iioiaeo A.Oiaeueieoeueeee eiiaiaeoaaa
aieiaieie neeaie a?i??. I?e oeueiio aeoaea aaeaei aeei?enoiaoaaa noa?ee
caii?icueeee cae/ae – iai?iio a?enueea oaai?ii c aic?a. A?i ??oo/a
a?aeiiaeany a?ae iai?iiii? oaeoeee aith ? naith a?enueeiao iaenoa?i?noue
aeyaeya ianaiia?aae o ianooi?, caaaeath/e i?ioeaieeia?, ye i?aaeei,
ianiiae?aaiiai oaea?o. Aaoueiai ia aeo?a/aa nee ia caeiaoooy oi?oaoeue,
a ?icii/eiaa a?e c aieiaieie neeaie ai?iaa, aae ?o ?ica?iieoe. Eiee oea
aoei aea?aeii, aaeaaaany aei ia?oecainueeeo iaoiae?a ai?ioueae. A.
Oiaeueieoeueeee iieacaa naaa iaia?aaa?oaiei iaeno?ii iaiaa?iai? oaeoeee.
I?ae /an ai?a aeaiiino?oaaa iniaenoo ioaei?noue, cae?cio aeo?eieo,
ei?oeea?noue, i?eiee ia ao?a/aa caeaoiino? oaa?aci ioe?ithaaoe
neooaoe?th ? i?eeiaoe iaiao?aei? ??oaiiy. I?iaaaeai? aaoueiaiii ai?ii?
eaiiai?? ? aeoae i?ioe iieuenueeeo oa e?einueeeo a?enuee caaaaoeee
nea?aieoeth ?a?iiaenueeiai a?enueeiaiai ienoaoeoaa ? aeathoue i?aenoaae
aaaaeaoe eiai iaeiei c iaeoaeaiiaeo?oeo iieeiaiaeoe?a XVII no..
Ae??oaeueio ?ieue a?ae?a?aaaa A. Oiaeueieoeueeee ? a i?ioean?
noaiiaeaiiy ?ica?aeee oa eiio??ica?aeee Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. Aei
?a/?, /oaeiai i?aai?ciaaia iei ?ica?aeoaaeueia neoaeaa aeaaaea
iiaeeea?noue a/anii io?eioaaoe iaeoe?ii?oo ?ioi?iaoe?th iie?oe/iiai oa
a?enueeiaiai oa?aeoa?o e iaea iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey
?aae?caoe?? ieai?a a?enueeiaeo eaiiai?e, a eiio??ica?aeea oni?oii
?ica’ycoaaea ieoaiiy caoenoo iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a ia oa?ai? Oe?a?ie.

Na?aae ?ioiai iaiao?aeii neacaoe ? i?i oaeee aaaeeeaee aniaeo
aea?aeaaioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, ye ?ica’ycaiiy iei
iaoe?iiaeueii? ? eiioan?eii? i?iaeai. Eiee niaeaoioea ?aaiethoe?y,
aaoueiai i?aaioa ia aeiionoeoe caeaiai e?iaii?ieeooy, oi/a oea ia
caaaeaee aaeaaaeiny. Oae, ae?ciaaoenue i?i a/eiai? iaeaciei aaoueiaiii
Iaeneiii E?eaiiinii iia?iie a ?yae? i?no (/a?aaiue-eeiaiue 1648?.),
caai?iiea ?o i?iaiaeeoe, a oaeiae no?a/oaaoe caoiieaieo o iieii
oeyooe/?a. sse a?aecia/aa A. Oiaeueieoeueeee o eeno? aei iieuenueeeo
eii?na??a a?ae 19 na?iiy 1648?., „ie ia aeicaiey?ii eiio i?yeiai
naaa?eey /eieoe, i?noa iaeeoe e ?oeioaaoe … aeiaeai c iai?a-iieye?a,
ooi iio?aiea aei iaoeo aaoueiainueeeo ?oe, ia caii?aeiaaiee, ? an?
aeea?, ye noa??, oae ? iieiae?…”

? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ia a?aei?io a?ae aaaaoueio iie?oee?a
?a?iie oiai /ano aaoueiaiia? ia aoee i?eoaiaii? i? ii/oooy
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiyoeiaino? ? iaoa?ieiino? aei ?ioeo ia?iae?a, i?
ii/oooy ?ae?a?eiiai oaiaoecio. Iine?aeiaii e ??oo/a a?aenoithth/e
?ioa?ane i?aaineaa’y, Aiaaeai Oiaeueieoeueeee ?acii c oei aeciaaaa i?aai
ia ?nioaaiiy eaoieeoeecio e oi?aonoaa, aaaaeath/e, ui „? iaeei Aia ?
iaeia o?enoeyinueea a??a”. I?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaiai iieiaeaiiy, ui
„iai?enoieia ? oyaeea ni?aaa, eiee ooi i?eiaaieth? iaioi/eo aei nai??
a??e”, aeio?eioaaany aei e?ioey naiai aeeooy. O ?iciia? c ee?anueeei
ieo?iiieeoii N Einiaei o eenoiiaae? 1649?. caoaaaeea : „A?eueoa ae ie ia
oi/aii aooe oyaeeeie aeey oi?ao?a. Oae a??othoue, ye oioyoue…”.
Aaci?aenoaaieie aeaeyaeathoue oaeiae caeioaa/aiiy ie?aieie
aeine?aeieeaie (ia?aaaaeii ?a?aenueeeie) A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai a
aioenai?oeci?.

A ?iee ?aaiethoe?? aaoueiaiia? aeiaiaeeeiny ae??ooaaoe eiiieaen i?iaeai,
iia’ycaieo ?c ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iei caaacia/aiiyi aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
aea?aeaae.

A oe?eiio oe?a?inuee?e aeeieiiao?? aaeaaaeiny a i?ioean?
i?ioeai?noaa ??cieo iie?oe/ieo nee o No?aei?e ? I?aaeaiii –
No?aei?e ?a?ii? ciaoiaeeoe iioeiaeuei? ??oaiiy: oeeaaeaoe nithce
c iaeieie aai aeiiaaaoeny iaeo?ae?caoe?? ?ioeo. Oea i?eaaei aei
aeciaiiy Oe?a?ie ye noa”?eoa i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei o?yaeaie
Ii?oe, E?einueeiai oainoaa, Aiae??, Aaiaoe??, ?in??,
O?ain?eueaai??, Aano???, Iieaeaa??, Aaeao??, Oaaoe??. ?acii c
oei aeeaieee aiae?c neooaoe??, ui neeaaeaeany, aeaa iiaeeea?noue
A. Oiaeueieoeueeiio c?iaeoe iaao?oiee aeniiaie — aeiaeia c
oiai/anieo non?aei?o aea?aeaa ia aoea caoe?eaaeaia a ?nioaaii?
iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?ie.

Iaae?ei?noue ? iinooieea?noue ?a/? Iiniieeo?e iino?eii aeyaeya
?aeeiee a?enueeiaee nithciee Oe?a?ie – e?einueeee oai ( i?ae
Cai?iaii o na?ii? 1649 ?., i?ae Aa?anoa/eii o /a?ai? 1651 ?.,
i?ae /an AEaaiaoeueei? eaiiai?? ainaie 1653 ?.). aeiaeiiai
iie?oe/iiai o?ieo c e?iaii?ieeoii? ai?ioueae ia aei?n iieuenueeee
o?yae, yeee ae?oeo 1653 ?. aeoea?coaaa i?aeaioiaeo iiaiai
ianooio c iaoith e?ea?aeaoe?? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. Aeaeaeeie
a?ae nithcieoeueeeo neeaeeny ia oeae /an a?aeiineie c
Iieaeaa??th, Aaeao??th ? O?ain?eueaai??th, ui i?oee ia caeeaeaiiy
c ??//th Iiniieeoith. O eiioaeno? ?icaeoeo aaiiie?oe/ii?
neooaoe?? ia?aae A. Oiaeueieoeueeei iinoaaaea aeeeaia: caeeoeoeny
ia iaeeioe? c ai?iaii ? ao?aoeoe iniiai? caaithaaiiy aai
ca?aaee ?o caa?aaeaiiy i?eeiyoe i?ioaeoi?ao Iniainueei? ?iia???
/e ?in??. ?ioiai aeoiaeo c o?aa?/ii? aaiiie?oe/ii? neooaoe??
i?inoi ia ?nioaaei. A?aoiaoth/e iiceoe?th a?eueoino? noa?oeie e
eicaoeoaa, Oiaeueieoeueeee aeciaa i??i?eoaoiith iiaeeea?noue
i?eeiyooy i?ioaeoi?aoo iineianueeiai oea?y.

6. Iineianueeee i?ioaeoi?ao. Ia?ayneaanueea ?aaea.

Oaia? iaae?? Oiaeueieoeueeiai aoee ni?yiiaai? ia Iineao. A oeae
/an a?i ienaa oea?aa?, ui iieuenueea a?enueei ?ooeei ia
Oe?a?io aeey ia?oae iaae nayoeie oea?eaaie e a??ith, ? ui
oo?aoeueeee noeoai cai?ioo? eicae?a o nai? i?aeaeainoai. Ia?oiai
aeiaoiy 1653 ?ieo Cainueeee niai? caaeiaieueiea i?ioaiiy
aaoueiaia, a 8 n?/iy Ia?ayneaanueea ?aaea, ia ye?e aoee
iaieioai? aeiaia??i? noaoo?, ooaaeeea i?e?aeiaoe Oe?a?io aei
?in??. Nooue noaoae aeiaiai?o oaea: Oe?a?ia caa??aa? an? nai?
eieeoi? ii?yaeee ? nai? naiia?yaeoaaiiy i?ae aeaaeith aeai?ieo
noa?oei ? aaoueiaia, yeeo iae?athoue a?eueieie aieinaie. Aaoueiai
ia? i?aai i?eeiaoe iine?a ? iaeaaiaeaeoaaoe a?aeiineie c
/oaeicaiieie aea?aeaaaie; an? oe?a?inuee? noaie caa??aathoue ca
niaith nai? aeaai? i?aaa e aieueiino?: e?euee?noue eicaoeueeiai
a?enueea ca?eueoo?oueny aei 60 oeny/. E??i oiai, iiaeia
iaae?aoe ua e aeia?ia?euei? iieee; aaoueiainueeee o?yae
ciaia”yco?oueny aeaeaaaoe aaeeeo ieaoith oea?aa?, ca?? yei?
aei?o/aee i?noeaaei o?yaeiaoeyi, aac ao?o/aiiy ?in?enueeeo
cae?a/?a. C? naiai aieo, oea? ia?oeya caoeuaoe Oe?a?io nai?ie
a?enueeaie a?ae cac?oaiue Iieueu?.

Ia?iae i?enyaaa iianthaee, aea aeu? oe?a?inuee? noaie c aeayeei
iaaeia??”yi ? o?eaiaith ca iaaeioi?eaii?noue nai?o i?aa ?
noa?eo cae/a?a cono??/aee ia?ao?ae o iineianueea i?aeaeainoai.
Ee?anueeee ieo?iiieeo ? aeoo?aieoeoai a?aeiiaeeeny i?enyaaoe e ia
aeiioneaee i?aeeaaeeo aei ia? nai?o neoa ? acaaae? ethaeae, ui
i?iaeeaaee a ?oi?o ia?oeao. Eicaoeueea noa?oeia e i?aaineaai?
oeyooe/?, ye? i?enoaee aei ia? i?ae /an iianoaiiy, iaioi/a eoee
i?ae “ iineianueeoth i?ioaeoe?th “, ai c ?oi?o aie?a ia
aea?o?eany ieai iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. O?aaa neacaoe,
ui aaea i?ioyaii a?eueoa ye c00 ?ie?a eiaeia iieie?iiy oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo ii-??ciiio ioe?ith? oeae e?ie Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai. O
a?eueoino? nai?e ioe?iee oe? ii?iaeaeai? aea?aeaaieie ? iie?oe/ieie
?aae?yie, ui neeaaeaeeny o oie /e ?ioee ia??iae ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

I?oiaoe ia ooai?aiiy eiioaaea?aoeaiiai nithco c Iineia??th (naia
oaea oa?aeoa?enoeea iaeiiai?oa a?aeia?aaea? th?eaee/ii – i?aaiaee
ci?no oeueiai aeiaiai?o ), aaoueiai ?icaeyaeaa eiai eeoa ye
can?a aeey aeinyaiaiiy a?eueo ianooaaii? oa aeeaiei? iaoe:
ooaa?aeaeaiiy noaa?aiii? aea?aeaae e ia”?aeiaiiy i?ae aoeaaith
an?o aoi?/ii oe?a?inueeeo caiaeue. Eia?ea ianooiieo iiae?e
i?iiiaey?, ui a?i ae?ya naia a oaeiio iai?yi? ( iio?ae ainaie
1655 ?. oe?a?inueei – ?in?enueeeo a?enuee o Aaee/eio; aeiiaaaiiy
o 1656 – 1657 ??. a?ae o?yae?a Oaaoe?? oa O?ain?eueaai??
aeeth/aiiy o oaenoe a?aeiia?aeieo aeiaiai??a noaoo? i?i aeciaiiy
ieie aoiaeaeaiiy cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai ?aa?iio aei neeaaeo
eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae oiui).

Iai?eeeaae, ia ii/aoeo 1657 ?. noa?oeinueea ?aaea a?aeoeeeea
i?iiiceoe?th oaaaenueeiai ei?iey Ea?ea X oeeanoe aeiaia?? ?
ae??oeea ia anooiaoe c iei o ia?aaiai?e aeioe, aeiee a?i “
ia aecia? ca ieie i?aaa ia naith noa?o Oe?a?io, aai
?ienieai?th, aea ? a?aoeueea a??a oa ?nio? ?o iiaa aae aei
A?nee “.

Aaee/aciee aeeaae A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai a ooai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
aea?aeaae a na?aaeei? XVII no. nueiaiaei? ia caia?a/o? aeiaeai
c na?eicieo aeine?aeiee?a. Aiaeii/an iaiiiaeeiieeie ? ni?iae
aeayeeo aaoi??a ( ye i?aaeei, aeeeaoaio?a o aeai?e i?iaeai? )
cia?aceoe aaoueiaia ae?y/ai, iicaaaeaiei aea?aeaaiiai oaeaioo,
eio?ee ea?oaaany ia?aaaaeii iniaenoeie iioeaaie, oiui. Aiie
?iaeyoue nai? aeniiaee ia ia iniia? aiae?co eiiieaeno aeaea?ae,
a oeyoii aeia?eueii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ae?aaieo c caaaeueiiai
eiioaenoo iiae?e, ie?aieo oaeo?a, ?aii?oth/e i?e oeueiio i?eioeei
?noi?ecio.

Cae/aeii, ye ? eiaeai aea?aeaaiee ae?y/, aaoueiai i?eioneaany
i?i?aooie?a. Cie?aia, aaeeeith iiieeeith, yeo caiaeii oae ? ia
aaeaeiny aei?aaeoe, aoei aeaaaeaiiy iei a?i?? c Cao?aeiiai
?aa?iio a eenoiiaae? 1648 ?., ui i?ecaaei aei oaeaeei?
?anoaa?aoe?? iieuenueeiai iaioaaiiy. Iaee i?noea na?eici?
i?i?aooiee a ioe?ioe? ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ii? neooaoe?? iaaani? oa
ae?oeo 1653 ?., ye? ni?eyee noai?aiith aioeoe?a?inueei? eiae?oe??
a neeaae? Iieaeaa??, Aaeao?? O?ain?eueaai?? oa ?a/?
Iiniieeoi?. Iiaeia iacaaoe e ?io?, iaio ?noioi?, iiieeee. Aea
ia aiie aecia/athoue i?noea, ?ieue ? cia/aiiy A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai
a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi???.

7. Inoaii? caa?oaiiy aaoueiaia.

Noiy/e iaei??th iiaith a iiaee?, noa?ee Oiaeueieoeueeee ?c
noiii aa/ea, ui aeanyoee?oiy eiai i?aoey e coneeey ia aeiaaee
?icii/aoo ni?aao aei aaaeaiiai e?ioey, e iaeaooi? ??aeii?
caie? aeiaeueiaoaaeiny ia?aae eiai ci?ii o noiiiio aeaeyae?.
A?i ia aoa?i?a ? nei?enoaany iaeiei aeiaaeeii c?iaeoe ua
inoaiith ni?iao cae?enieoe nai? caiia?oia aaaeaiiy: ia ii/aoeo
1657 ?ieo aaoueiai oeeaa oa?iiee aeiaia?? c oaaaenueeei ei?ieai
Ea?eii X ? naiea?aaenueeei eiycai TH???i ?aei/??i i?i ia?aae?e
Iieueu?. Ca?aeii c oaiaeith oa oni?oii nithciee?a Oe?a?io
aeciaaaee iacaaaeaee iacaeaaeiith a?ae Iieueu? aea?aeaaith. Oiae?
aaoueiai iineaa ia aeiiiiiao nithcieeai 12 oeny/ eicae?a.
Iaeia/a iieyee iia?aeiieee i?i ae?? Oiaeueieoeueeiai iineianueeee
o?yae, ? oea? ia?aaeaa /a?ac nai?o aiy? noai?a iiia?aaeaeaiiy
aaoueiaiia? ca nithc ?c oea?nueeeie i?ioeaieeaie. Aea aiie
ianoe?eeai aeiaeaaeenue cono??/? c aaoueiaiii, aei??eaee eiio,
aeiaaaee, uia a?ae?yaeaeaiee caa?i iiaa?ioany iacaae. Oey
ianoaaeia caoeiaeeea nithcieeai Oiaeueieoeueeiai ? cioneea ?o
c?aeoeny nai?o ieai?a.

I?nyoe?a ci aeaa ia?aae nia?oth Aiaaeai neeeeaa o
*eae?ei? eicaoeueeo ?aaeo, ia ye?e iaee aea?aoe iiaiai
aaoueiaia. Ooo Oiaeueieoeueeee caa?ioany aei eicae?a ?c
i?iuaeueiei neiaii, iiaeyeoaaa ?i ca a??i?noue ? iineoo,
iiaeaoe: “ Aia cia? , a?aoiaa, /e? oea iauanoy, ui ia aeaa iai?
Ainiiaeue cae?i/eoe oeth a?eio oae, ye oio?einy: ii-ia?oa,
noaa?aeeoe iaa?ee iacaeaaei?noue ? a?euei?noue iaoo; ii-ae?oaa,
ca?eueieoe a?ae y?ia iieuenueeiai oaeiae Aieeiue, Iieoooy,
Iiae?e ? Iie?nny, iaeia neiai – on? caie?, yeeie aieiae?ee
oe?a?inuee? eiyc?, ? noeeeoe ?o i?ae aenieo ?oeo ana?in?enueeiai
iiia?oa. Aia caaeoiaa ?iaeoa. Ia anoea y caaa?oeoe naith
ni?aao, ? aie?ath c aaeeeei niooeii, ia ciath/e, ui aoaea
i?ney iaia. I?ioo aan, a?aoiaa ii?, aeiee y aeeaee, aeaa??oue
nia? a?eueieie aieinaie iiaiai aaoueiaia. sseui y ciaoeio
yeinue aaoo iaeaooith aeieth, oi niie?eii eyaeo a iiaeeo “.

Eicaee, aaaeath/e c?iaeoe i?e?iia nai?io oethaeaiiio
aiaeaeaa?, aea?aee ia na?e iaeaeuee o?yae eiai iaiiaiie?oiueiai
neia TH??y. Noa?iai aaoueiaia ioiieee aaouee?anuee? ii/oooy ?,
?icoi?th/e iacaeae?noue TH??y, a?i caoaa?aeea oeae aea??, yeee
i?ci?oa caaaeaa aaeeeeo no?aaeaeaiue Oe?a?i?.

I?ney aaaeei?, aeniaaeeeai? oai?iae 6 na?iiy 1657 ?ieo i 5 aiaeei?
?aieo ia?anoaei aeoeny na?oea aaeeeiai aaoueiaia Oe?a?ie. Ia aeaeue,
?noi?e/ia iaoea ua ia ni?iiiaeia a?aeiia?noe ia caieoaiiy, aea
nii/eaathoue inoaiee aaoueiaia A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai. Ca na?ae/aiiy ie?aieo
e?oiienieo aeaea?ae, o 1664?. iieuenueeee iieeiaiaeaoeue Noaoai
*a?iaoeueeee, niaeeaoe Noaio?a, iaeacaa ae?noaoe o?ea aaoueiaia oa eiai
neia Oeiio?y c o?oi e aeeeiooe ia iiiaeeua. Aecia/iee oe?a?inueeee
?noi?ee ?.E?ei’yeaae/ ae?eoia aeniiaeo i?i iaaeinoia??i?noue oaei?
aa?n??. Iiaeeeai, iia? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oaieia?a aeiiiiiaeooue
iaaeeceoeny aei ?noeie a oeueiio ieoaii?.

8. Aeniiaie.

Aacia?a/ii, Aiaaeai Oiaeueieoeueeee aoa iaei??th c iaeaeaeaoi?oeo
iinoaoae a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi???. Aaee/ ethaeeie ? iai’youe i?i ia?
aecia/athoueny ?? ae?eaie. AEeooy ? ni?aae Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai
aoee a?aeaeai? ai?iouea? ca ?aei?noue ? naiino?ei?noue oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo. Neeith nai?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? e ?icoio a?i aea?a
oe?a?inueeee ia?iae c? noaio aaaaoia?eiai? aacae?yeueiino? oa
aaciaae?? ? ni?yioaaa ia oeyo iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa nioe?aeueiiai
aecaieaiiy. Oea caaacia/eei eiio aeaeaoia i?noea ia eeoa o a?o/eciyi?e,
a e na?oia?e ?noi???, o iaoe?ii?e iai’yo? iauaaee?a. Ca neiaaie
a?aeiiiai iiaoa Ae. Iaaee/ea:

Eiai aeaaineiaea Ainiiaeue

Ia Cai??a, Ei?noiue, AEiao? Aiaee;

Aiaaeai anaeea o iaoo ieioue

Aeoo iaiiei?e ? naiaiaee.

E?oa?aoo?a

1. ?noi??y Oe?a?ie a iniaao. Eica//eia : ca ?aae. A. Ai?iaoey –
Ee?a.Oe?a?ia., — 2000

2. ?noi??y Oe?a?ie a iniaao IX-XVIII no. : ca ?aae. A.Caieeinueeiai –
Ee?a.Oe?a?ia., — 1993

3. Aaoueiaie Oe?a?ie. ?noi?e/i? ii?o?aoe. Ca??iee – Ee?a.AEo?iae
„Oe?a?ia”., 1991

4. Aieei I.Ae. ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. — E.,2004

5. Noaoaeueiee I. Oe?a?ia. ?noi??y. – E., 2005

6. A?ooaanueeee I. ?ethno?iaaia ?noi??y Oe?a?ia. — E. Euea?a, 1913

7. ssai?ieoeueeee Ae. ?noi??y caii??cueeeo eicae?a : o 3-o o. – E.,
1990-1992

8. Nan I. ?noi??y Oe?a?ie XVI-XVIII no. : I?ae?o/iee – E., 2001

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