?aoa?ao ia oaio:

Ia?o? oe?a?inuee? aeaaeai??: Ino?icueea oa Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea

INO?ICUeEA AEAAeAI?ss

Canioaaiiy Ino?icueei? Aeaaeai??

Canioaaiiy Ino?icueei? Aeaaeai?? a?aeiinyoue aei 1576 ?. Aea?? naia
Ino?iaa iiynith?oueny:

a) c?inoaiiyi aeiiii?/iiai cia/aiiy i?noa (iniaeeai i?ney inoaoi/iiai
ooaa?aeaeaiiy ooo E.-A.Ino?icueeiai o 1574-1576 ??.),

a) oeaio?aeueiei iieiaeaiiyi eiai na?aae aieiae?iue eiyc?a Ino?icueeeo
(?o „aeiiiia/aeueiee a?aae”);

a) ?icoaooaaiiyi ooo iaeiiai c oeaio??a ?ia?o?? (Eooeueeiai ?
Ino?icueeiai ?ieneiinoaa) c eaoaae?aeueiei niai?ii (caieiaa
Aiaiyaeainueea oea?eaa),

a) ?nioaaiiyi eoeueoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e (oea?eae ? iiianoe?? c ?o
a?ae?ioaeaie, ?icaeoie ?eiiiieno oa ioce/iiai (oi?iaiai a ia?oo /a?ao)
ienoaoeoaa oa ?i.).

Caniiaieeii Ino?icueei? Aeaaeai?? ? E.-A.Ino?icueeee, iaea?eueoee iaaiao
?a/? Iiniieeoi?, iin?aea/ ?yaeo aaaeeeaeo aea?aeaaieo iinaae. Oea
ia’?aeiaiiy iaoa??aeueii? ? aeaaeii? neee ?acii c ciaoi?noth ?iaeo
aeaaaee iiaeeea?noue eiycth a?ae?a?aaaoe iii?oio ?ieue a iie?oe/iiio
aeeoo? aea?aeaae oa ?? ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a (Aieei?, Ee?aueie) oa a
?ae?a?eieo ni?aaao (E.-A.Ino?icueeee a?aenoithaaa ??ai?noue ??cieo
eiioan?e, caoeuaa i?aaineaa’y, aenooiaa c ?aea?th noai?aiiy ie?aiiai
iao??a?oaoo a ?a/? Iiniieeo?e c iiaeeeaei oeaio?ii a Ino?ic?).

Aaaeeeaa ?ieue o ooieoe?iioaaii? aoaeue-yeiai eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiai
caeeaaeo iaeaaeaea iaoa??aeueiiio caaacia/aiith. Ia?oith ooiaeaoi?eith
Aeaaeai?? aoea ieai?iieoey E.-A.Ino?icueeiai Aaeueoea ?ee?aia eiyaeia
Ino?icueea. A nai?io oanoaiaio? (caiia?o?), iaienaiiio o aa?aci? 1579 ?.
a i. Oo?ia? ? aianaiiio aei Eooeueeeo o?yaeiaeo (cainueeeo) eiea o n?/i?
1583 ?., aiia caienaea „ia oieoaeue ? aeaaeai?th Ino?icueeo” 6000 e?i
a?io?a (eiia — 60 a?io?a) eeoianueeeo ia Eooeueeiio iiianoe?? Na. Niana
? nae? Aei?ineiue.

I?eaooe?a c ieo aoei iaaeinoaoiuei aeey ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaa/aeueiiai
caeeaaeo, iaoeiai-eoeueoo?iiai oeaio?o oa ae?oea?i?. Oiio o ethoiio 1585
?. aaea ei. E.-A.Ino?icueeee ia?aaea? ia oieoaeue i?eaeaaio iei
No?acueeo aieinoue (i.No?aae oa 8 n?e), ui aoei caoaa?aeaeaii ei?ieai. O
oieoae? iiaee i?iaeeaaoe i?aaineaai?. Iao?iiao iaae iei cae?enithaaee
nei eiycy Ieaenaiae? (?aeeiee i?aaineaaiee eiai iauaaeie) oa Eooeueeee ?
Ino?icueeee aeaaeeea.

A ae?eniino? No?acueea aieinoue aoea iaaeaiiyi (ooiaeaoe??th) a?eueo
oe?ieei — ia eeoa ia oieoaeue, a ia aanue Ino?icueeee
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ina?aaeie, ia Aeaaeai?th. I?i oea na?ae/eoue
iaaeaiiy c No?acueeeo ia?oiinoae (i?ney caoaa?aeaeaiiy ooiaeaoe?? ia
oieoaeue ei?ieai) eioo?a aeey aeeeaaea/?a aeaaeai?? (360 ceioeo) oa
ooiaeaoe?y iioee E.-A.Ino?icueeiai Aaiie-Aei?ce (a cai?aeae? Oiaeeaae/)
Ino?icueeiio einoaeo, a ye?e i?yii aeaco?oueny, ui No?acueea aieinoue
aoea iaaeaia „ia oeieo a?aoeueeo ? eaoeinueeo”.

I?e/eiith, /iio o ooiaeaoe?? E.-A.Ino?icueeiai ia caaaeoaaeanue
Aeaaeai?y, aoei iiaithaaiiy (oe?eeii ni?aaaaeeeaa), ui a oeueiio
aeiaaeeo aiia (ooiaeaoe?y) ia aoaea caoaa?aeaeaia ei?ieai, ine?eueee
eoeiny i?i i?aaineaaiee iaa/aeueiee caeeaae ye aeueoa?iaoeao iiae?aiei
eaoieeoeueeei onoaiiaai (E?ae?anuee?e oa A?eainuee?e aeaaeai?yi,
?co?onueeei eieaa?yi).

E??i oiai E.-A.Ino?icueeee aaiaeea ?iaeea?aeoaeueia caaacia/aiiy aeey
aeeeaaea/?a Aeaaeai??, /eai?a ao?oea, ienueiaiiee?a oa ae?oea??a:

1) iaaeaiiy iinaae, ye? aeaaaee i?eaooee /e aoee iiea/oaaieie —
?.Oaaei?ia c 1575 aei (i?eaeecii) 1580 ?. aoa ni?aaoeath (aea?aeaaoeath)
iaeiiai c iaecaiiaei?oeo aieeinueeeo iiianoe??a -Aea?iainueeiai,
A.Niio?eoeueeee iaa iinaaeo i?aenea?a?y eiycy, A.Iaethoeoeueeee
(inaaaeii?i — A.No?acueeee) aoa no?acueeei noa?inoith;

2) iaaeaiiy oea?eiaieo iinaae — Ae.?aee? — aei?iaiaocueeiai
a?o?iaiae?eoa (c iaaeaiiyi iiianoe?th e?eueeio n?e), O.A?aeo —
aeeaee/einueeiai a?o?iaiae?eoa;

3) iaaeaiiy ianaeaieo ioieo?a — A.Niio?eoeueeiio (2 naea), ye?nue ia?oee
I.A?iiaanueeiio (inaaaeii?i O?enoioi? O?eaeao), Ee??eeo Ino?icueeiio
(A.Aei?ioaeiae/, ?aiao?e), A.No?acueeiio (yeui oea ia No?acueea
aieinoue), i?i ui caaaeo? E.Naeiae/;

4)iaaeaiiy i?aeaeaieo — ss.Eyoioo ia Aaeueiaae? (a?ey Ino?iaa, oaia?
-Ino?ia);

5)iaaeaiiy i?euea, c yeeo a?aeiia ia nueiaiaei? eeoa i?aai ?aeoi?a ia
a?eueia eia?iiy ?eae a i?ecaieiaiio noaaeo.

Aa?oi caaaeaoe ? eiooe, ye? ia iiaee ia aeae?eyoenue ia aoae?aieoeoai
i?ei?uaiue, i?aai?caoe?th iaa/aiiy oa ae?oeoaaiiy, caaacia/aiiy iaia?ii
(o 1595 -1596 ?. aoei noai?aii iai??ith a Ino?ic?) oa ?i.

Iacaa ? oei Ino?icueei? oeiee.

*a?ac a?aenooi?noue io?oe?eii aecia/aiiai noaoono Ino?icueea Aeaaeai?y
iaceaaeanue no/anieeaie ii-??ciiio. Iaeii/anii aiia o?ao?oaaea ? ye
oeiea, ? ye o/eeeua, ? ye e?oeae, ? ye a?iiac?y, ? ye aeaaeai?y.

O?iiieia?/ii ia?oith iacaith, yea aoea cao?eniaaia a „Aoeaa??” 1578 ?.
aoea „ae?oeuia o/eeeua” (ia?aaeiiaa ?.Oaaei?iaa). A oeueiio iiaee
a?aeia?aceoenue ii-ia?oa, noaoon oeiee ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? oi?ioaaiiy
(ii/aoeiaa) /e, ii-ae?oaa, ui a?eueo eiia??ii, i???ioaoe?y eieae
(aoeaa?) ia i?aeaioia/? eeane, ine?eueee a o?e aea ia?aaeiia? eaeaoueny
i?i cai?ioaieo aeey ?iaioe aeeeaaea/?a, a a naiiio „Aoeaa??” iayai?
ia?aeaeuei? a?aoeuee? ? oea?eiaiineia’yinuee? (neia’yinuee?) oaenoe.

A oanoaiaio? Aaeueoee Ino?icueei?(1579 ?.) caeeaae aia?oa iacaaii
Ino?icueeith aeaaeai??th. Oeth ae iacao iiaoi?aii a eiec?
A.Niio?eoeueeiai, aeaeai?e (/e eeoa iaienai?e) o 1587 ?. O 1599 ?.
?iao?e Iio?e oaeiae aaeea oa?i?i „aeaaeai?y” („neaaia aeaaeai?y
Ino?icueea”).

O 1583 ?. iainueeee ioioe?e A.Aieiiue?oo? iacaaa Aeaaeai?th eieaa??th oa
a?aoeueeith eieaa??th. Iiao Neiii Iaeae?ae aaeea uiaei ia? iacae
„o?eiiaiee e?oeae” oa „o?eiiaia a?iiac?y” (1600 ?., iiaia „I?i
Ino?icueeo a?eio i?ae I’yoeith i?ioe ieciaoe?a…”, aeae. o E?aeia?).

O uiaeaiieeo ?co?oa ss.Aaeaaeoeueeiai (20-o? ??. XVIII no.) Ino?icueeo
aeaaeai?th iacaaii noeciaoeoeueeith aeaaeai??th.

Aeeeaaea/ aea Aeaaeai?? O. Aiie/ i?aeienaany ia iiaea?iaaiiio
Aea?iainue- iiienoe?th „*aoaa?i?aaiaae??” „aeye oeiee ?onueei?
Ino?icueei?». A aeaiiio aeiaaeeo „aeye oeiee” iiaea icia/aoe, ui O.Aiie/
aoa o/eoaeai o ii/aoeiaiio ?onueeiio a?aeae?e? (oeie?, eean?), a iacaa
ia iioe?thaaeanue ia aanue ina?oi?e caeeaae.

Iacae „e?oeae”, „a?iiac?y” (o?eiiai?), i/aaeaeii aaeeo? ia icia/aiiy
caeeaaeo, iiae?aiiai aei noai?thaaieo o ?a?ii?. „O?eiiai? caeeaaee” aoee
?acoeueoaoii caii/aoeiaaiiai A.?ioa?aeainueeei ?ooo ca noai?aiiy
caeeaae?a, eio?? ii?aeioaaee a iaa/aeueio ? iaoeiao ae?yeuei?noue aeey
??oioiaiiai aea/aiiy nae?aeueieo iia (iia Nayoiai ienueia)-
aaa?aenueei?(aeaaiuei?a?aenueei?), a?aoeueei? ? eaoeie — ? ?o
aeei?enoaiiy o oaenoieia?/iiio aea/aii? A?ae??. Oaeei /eiii, „o?eiiai?”
caeeaaee aoee iaeiei c i?iya?a ?a?iiaenueeiai aoiai?cio, a uiaei
Ino?icueei? aeaaeai?? oaeiae oaenoieia?/iiai aiae?co, ia?aeeaaeo,
?aaeaaoaaiiy ? ae?oeo A?ae?? (oea, aei ?a/?, cae?enithaaee ?
?a?iiaenuee? e?oea?).

Oa?i?i „Aeaaeai?y” a ?a?ii? oa ?a/? Iiniieeo?e aaeeaaany o aeaio
cia/aiiyo. Ii-ia?oa, a?i iicia/aa aeuee iaa/aeueiee caeeaae (E?ae?anueea
Aeaaeai?y, A?aeainueea aeaaeai?y), a ii-ae?oaa, — ao?oie a/aieo. Oey
aeaicia/i?noue ?nio? uiaei Ino?icueei? Aeaaeai??.

Cao?aeii?a?iiaenueea o?eiiai?noue e?oea?a, eieaa?oi?a, a?iiac?e ia
oe?a?inueeeo (a oe?oa ? i?ci?oa — i?aaineaaieo) oa?aiao ia?aoai?eeanue c
aaa?aenueei-a?aei-eaoeinueei? ia neia’yii-a?aei-eaoeinueeo. *e ia /a?ac
oea aaea ia?oee Ino?icueeee ae?oe – „Aoeaa?” 1578 ?. — i?noea neacaiiy
*i?ii?ecoey O?aa?a „I?i ienueiaia”, yea caaee/oaaei neia’yinueeo iiao.
E??i „nayoaiiino?”, aea/aiiy a?aoeueei? iiae iaei i?aenoaaith no?aeia
(a?aoeueea) o?enoeyinoai oe?a?ioe?a, a eaoeie — oe?ieei ?? aeei?enoaiiyi
o aea?aeaaiiio aeeoo? ?a/? Iiniieeoi?. Aei oiai ae, naia oeeie iiaaie
aoea iaienaia ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue o?enoeyinueeeo oai??a,

Oiio, canioaaiiy Ino?icueei? neia’yii-a?aei-eaoeinueei? aeaaeai??, ca
neiaaie ss.Ae.?na?ae/a, cana?ae/eei ia?ao?ae aei iiaiai aoaio
eoeueoo?iiai neioaco — ona?aeiieaiiai i?aaiaiiy ii?aeiaoe
neia’yii-a?aoeueeo niaaeueio c aeinyaiaiiyie „eaoeinueeeie”, oiaoi c
eoeueoo?ieie iaaeaaiiyie Cao?aeii? ? Oeaio?aeueii? ?a?iie. Caii/aoeiaaio
Ino?icueeith Aeaaeai??th canaaeo o?eiiaiino? oniaaeeoaaee Euea?anueea
a?aonueea oeiea, Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea aeaaeai?y, a a?ae ia? — Iieaeaa?y
(ssnne, 1642 ?.) oa Iineaa (1687 ?.).

Oei Ino?icueei? Aeaaeai?? ye iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo ? ia nueiaiaei?
aeeeeea? aeeneon??. Aeeeeeaii oea oei, ui io?oe?eiiai noaoono aeuiai
iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo aiia ia iaea, a iia’ycai? c i?aai?caoe??th
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano aeieoiaioe aei iaoiai /ano iaeaea ia ae?eoee
(noaooo, i?ia?aie, ieaie, eiiniaeoe oiui).

Ia aeoieo a?eueoino? no/anieo aeine?aeiee?a, a ie?ai? ia??iaee naiai
?nioaaiiy Ino?icueea oeiea iaea iciaee aeuiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo, aea
oeae noaoon ?e iaaeaaaee a ia?oo /a?ao aeeeaaea/?, eio?? ? noaiiaeee ??
neaao, aea cia/io oaaao iaaeaaaee iaoeia?e oa e?oa?aoo?i?e ae?yeueiino?.
A Aeaaeai?? /eoaeenue i?aaeiaoe, ui iaeaaeaee aei o.ca. „naie a?eueieo
(aecaieaieo ca oiae?oiueith oa?i?iieia??th) iaoe”. Aiie ia’?aeioaaeenue
o aeaa iaa/aeuei? aeiee: „o??a?oi”, aei neeaaeo yeiai aoiaeeee
a?aiaoeea, ?eoi?eea, ae?aeaeoeea, oa „eaaae??a?oi”, a yeee aeeth/aeenue
a?eoiaoeea, aaiiao??y, ioceea, ano?iiii?y.

Caiaiaae ? e?ea?aeaoe?y Aeaaeai??

Caiaiaae ? e?ea?aeaoe?y Aeaaeai?? aoee iia’ycai? c ieaoiee/aiiyi
iauaaee?a E.-A.Ino?icueeiai oa ae?yeuei?noth ?co?o?a. E?ea?aeoaaea
Aeaaeai?th iioea noa?iai eiycy, aei/ea iaae?? i?aaineaaieo Ieaenaiae?a
Ino?icueeiai — Aaiia-Aei?ca (a cai?aeae? Oiaeeaae/). Aiia iaiaaeo?
iaoa??aeueii ae?yeuei?noue Aeaaeai??, iaiaaa?oueny caanoe ?? aei ??aiy
i?eoea?eiaii? oeiee, noai?th? ? iaoa??aeueii caaacia/o? ?co?onueeee
eieaa?oi a Ino?ic? (1624 ?.). Inoaoi/ii e?ea?aeoaaoe caeeoee Aeaaeai??,
cai?iaaaeeoe a Ino?ic? ? ?ioeo ia?oeao oi?th Aaii?-Aei?c? aaeaeinue ia
ianoaeueio i?/ 1636 ?., ni?iaieoaaaoe aenooi ino?iaeai. Oaeei /eiii 1636
?. aaaaeathoue inoaii?i ?ieii ?nioaaiiy Ino?icueei? Aeaaeai??.

EE?AI-IIAEEssINUeEA AEAAeAI?ss

Ia ii/aoie XVII no. Ee?a noa? oeaio?ii oe?a?inueeiai e?oa?aoo?iiai
aeeooy, oeaio?ii ?aeaieia?/ii? ai?ioueae. Eiai ina?aaeeii aoee a?aonoai
(noai?aia a 1615 ?.) oa a?oia a/aieo-i?ina?oiee?a i?e Ia/a?nueeiio
iiianoe?? ia /ie? c ?.Ieaoaiaoeueeei. Iniaeea?noth a?aonoaa aoea o/anoue
a eiai ae?yeueiino? eicaoeoaa (I.Naaaeaea/iee o 1620 ?. aienaany aei
iueiai c on?i a?enueeii Caii?icueeei). Ia/a?nueeee ina?aaeie ?icai?ioa
ae?yeuei?noue caaaeyee a?o?iaiae?eoai ?.Ieaoaiaoeueeiio (1599 — 1624) oa
eiai ianooiieeo C.Eiienoyinueeiio (1624 -1627). I?e iiianoe??
cae?a?oueny ao?oie a/aieo (E.Ai?aoeueeee, E.Naeiae/, I.Aa?eiaea,
O.Caiea, E.Cecai?e, A.Aei?ioaeiae/, I.Ieoo?a, O.Eica?aae/,
O.Aa?aeoeueeee oa ?i.), ?. Ieaoaiaoeueeei noai?th?oueny ae?oea?iy oa
iai??iy. A Eaa?nuee?e ae?oea?i? aoei iaae?oeiaaii „*anineia”(1616,
aeei?enoiaoaaany ye i?ae?o/iee), ia?oa ia Oe?a?i? iiaoe/ia ca??ea
I.Ieoo?e „A?ca?oiie oeiio” (1618), „Aioieia?ii” (1619, aeei?enoiaoaaany
ye i?ae?o/iee), „A??o ia aeaeiniee iia?aa… Iao?a
Eiiaoaae/a-Naaaeaea/iiai” E.Naeiae/a (1622), „Aan?aee ia ae?yiiy
aiinoie?a” C.Eiienoyinueeiai (1624), «Eaeneeii» I.Aa?eiaee (1627,
aeei?enoiaoaaany o iaa/aii?), „Aioieia?y” (1636, oeeaaea/ ? aaoi?
ia?aaeiiae I.Iiaeea, aioeeeeiiaae?y ii?aeueieo ? aeeoaenueeeo iia/aiue,
i?enay/aia iieiae? Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? Aeaaeai??), „Oa?aoo?a?ia”
A.Eaeueiioienueeiai (1638, ? ieai /anoeie Ee?aa c Eaa?ith, cia?aaeaiiy
aeeaei?o ? aeaeuei?o ia/a?) oa ?i. Ca o/anoth /eai?a ao?oea a Ee?a? aoei
noai?aii a?aonoai oa Eaa?nueeo oeieo.

O Aiaiyaeainueeiio a?aonoa? ni?ai?aoethaaee i?uaie, eicaee, nayuaieee,
ia/a?nuee? ae?y/? (C.Eiienoainueeee, O.Caiea, ?.O?ioeiiae/-Eiceianueeee,
N.Ii/anueeee, ?.Eo?oeaae/-Aoeeaa, iio?i — N.Einia, I.Iiaee oa ?i.). 1620
?. Ee?anueeiio a?aonoao iaaeaii noaa?ii?a?th (naiioi?aae?iiy).
?iaeiia/aeueieeaie Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? Aeaaeai?? aoea a?aonueea oeiea,
yea ca ei?ioeee /an i?ae?eoea aei ??aiy ?a?iiaenueeeo aeueo caeeaae?a,
/iio ia a inoaiith /a?ao ni?eyei iaoa??aeueia caaacia/aiiy (iaaeaiiy
A.Aoeaae/?aie 1615?., ii?eoinoai ? iaaeaiiy I.Naaaeaea/iiai) oa a/eoae?.
I?i aenieee ??aaiue aeeeaaeaiiy o a?aonuee?e oeie? na?ae/eoue iayai?noue
o?einionueeeo eo?n?a, ye? aea/aeenue ca iin?aieeaie (i?i ui na?ae/eoue
?o oi?ia caieoaiue ? a?aeiia?aeae) E.Naeiae/a „A??noioaeaanuee? i?iaeaie
/e ieoaiiy i?i i?e?iaeo ethaeeie” (1620) oa „O?aeoao i?i aeooo” (1625).
Aea/aee ?? oaeiae ca ?iaiii Aeaiane?iii a ia?aeeaae? A.Eo?anueeiai oa
eaoeinueeeie i?ae?o/ieeaie.

No?oeoo?a Eenai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai??

No?oeoo?a Eenai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai?? nii/aoeo ia aoea noaa?eueiith, a
c onoaeaiiyi (ia 40 ??. XVII no.) aeiaaee /an aoea iaci?iiith. I/iethaaa
?aeoi? (iaia’ycee ?aeoi?a Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai?? aeeiioaaee:
E.Eiiiiiae/-Ai?aaoeueeee, ?.Icaeue, E.Aaeyoianueeee, E.Aa?aiiae/,
O.Nioiiiae/, O.Aa?anueeee(Aaaa?anueeee), I.Aecee, A.ssneinueeee,
E.E?theianueeee, O.I?ieiiiae/, A.Eiienueeee, Ae.Iaueinueeee,
N.Ieneeinueeee oa ?i.), eiai canooiieeii aoa i?aoaeo (iaaeyaeaa ca
iaa/aeueiei i?ioeanii, aeeiiaiiyi i?ia?ai, oni?oi?noth ? iaoa??aeueiei
noaiiaeuai nooaeaio?a). Ca iiaaae?ieo nooaeaio?a ca iaaeaie
Ee?ai-iiaeeyinueei? eieaa?? a?aeiia?aeaa noia??ioaiaeaio c /enea
aeeeaaea/?a, aeiiiiaaaee eiio aee?aeoi?e, a?ceoaoi?e, naiueei?e ao?n (c
nooaeaio?a). A/eoaeue iieiaeoeo eean?a iaceaaany aeeaeaneae, iaa?no?,
a/eoaeue; noa?oeo — i?ioani?. O/i? noa?oeo eean?a (c eeano iiaoeee)
iaceaaeenue nooaeaioaie /e nioaeayie. Nooaeaioe i?aai?ciaoaaeenue o
eiia?aaaoe?? (ia’?aeiaiiy), ie?ai? aeey noa?oeo ? iieiaeoeo nooaeaio?a.
Eiia?aaaoe?y aoea naiii?aaiei ia’?aeiaiiyi. Iaoeaee nooaeaioe
Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai?? o ao?n? (ia?oa aoea caniiaaia oa
I.Iiaeeith), nai???aeiiio ao?oiaeeoeo. I?e oeueiio ?nioaaea Aaeeea ao?na
— aeaaeai?/ia, ia oa?eoi??? Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai??, oa Iaea
ao?na, aei yei? aeeth/aeenue oea?eae Iiaeieo, a yeeo iaoeaee nooaeaioe.
Iaa/aiiy ia?a?eaaeinue o?e/? ei?ioeei ia?aii/eieii a?ae caiyoue — o.ca.
?ae?aaoe??.

Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea eieaa?y iaea nai???aei? o?e?? — oeiee o E?aiaioe?
(1636), A?iieoe? (1634), Aiu? (ia?aaaaeaii c A?iieoe? 1639 ?., ia?oee
?aeoi? A.Noa?ooe/, o 1640 -1641 ? ?.Icaeue). Ia ii/. XVIII no. aoei
noai?aii iacaeaaei? a?ae Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai??, aea o?nii c iath
iia’ycai? eieaa?? o *a?i?aia? (1700), Oa?eia? (1726), Ia?ayneaa? (1738).
O1640 ?. I.Iiaeea caa?oaany aei ?in?enueeiai oea?y c i?iiiceoe??th
canioaaoe oeieo a Iinea?.

Noaoon Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? eieaa??.

Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea eieaa?y, ia iath/e noaoono aeaaeai??, aoea a XVII no.
ia?oei oe?a?inueeei aeuei iaa/aeueiei caeeaaeii ?a?iiaenueeiai ??aiy.
Aaoi? „Iieno Oe?a?ie” Aiieai iaceaa? Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueeo eieaa?th
oi?aa?neoaoii /e aeaaeai??th aaea iacaaeiaai i?ney ?? canioaaiiy.
Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea eieaa?y aoea nai???aeiei ii?aeiaiiyi a?o/eciyieo
ina?oi?o o?aaeeoe?e (a?aonuee? oeiee, Ino?icueea Aeaaeai?y oa ?i.) oa
caiice/aiue c ?a?iie (i?ia?aie, no?oeoo?a). Iniaeeainoyie
Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? eieaa?? aoee: a?aenooi?noue iiae?eo ia oaeoeueoaoe,
iaiino?ei?noue eo?n?a iaoe, iai?enai?iiy o/iyi a/aieo nooiai?a ?i.
Iieuenueeee o?yae i?eiee (aei Oiaeueie//eie) ia aeaa ae
Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? eieaa?? noaoono aeaaeai??, eeoa Aaaeyoeueeee o?aeoao
1658 ?. cao?enoaaa caiaeo iieuenueei? noi?iie iaoe Aeaaeai?th a Ee?a?;
/ano?oa o?yae ? o?yaeiaoe? ?iaeee ni?iae i?eieieoe ae?yeuei?noue
Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? eieaa??. A 1693 ?. ?aeoi? Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei?
eieaa?? ?.E?ieianueeee i?e i?aeo?eioe? Ee?anueeiai ieo?iiieeoa
A.ssneinueeiai ? aaoueiaia ?.Iacaie caa?ioany aei ?in?enueeiai o?yaeo c
eeiiioaiiyi i?i iaaeaiiy noaoono aeaaeai??. ?acoeueoaoii aoea oea?nueea
a?aiioa a?ae 1694 ?. c i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi an?o i?aa, aeciaiiyi ?nioth/i?
no?oeoo?e oa ianyao iaa/aeueieo eo?n?a oa aia?oa io?oe?eiei aeicaieii
/eoaoe eo?n aiaine?a’y, iaoe aeaniee noae, ia i?aeeyaaoe i?noeaa?e
aeaae?. Inoaii? aeeeeeaei ni?ioea Ee?anueeeo aeaae ? i?aaa
Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? eieaa?? aoee iaiaaeai?. Oa iacaaa?ii, 26 aa?aniy
1701 ?,, a?aiioith oea?y noaoon aeuiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo (aeaaeai??)
aoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaii. Cae?eoi Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueeo aeaaeai?th aoei o 1817
?.

I?aai?caoe?y iaa/aiiy.

Aei 80-o ??. XVII no. oa?i?i iaa/aiiy o?eaaa 8 ?. (i?ci?oa -12 ?.). A?i
iiae?eyany ia 8 eean?a-oeeee?a (ia /an noai?aiiy — 7) — 4 a?aiaoe/ieo
(ye noaa?aeaeo? A.AEoeianueeee, i?aeaioia/ee ? o?e a?aiaoe/ieo),
iiaoeee, ?eoi?eee, o?einio??, aiaineia’y. Aei a?aiaoe/ieo eean?a
(iieiaeo?) iaeaaeaee: oa?a (/e aiaeia?y) — i?aeaioia/ee; ?io?ia,
a?aiaoeea, neioaeneia (a ieo aea/aee iiae, a?eoiaoeeo, aaiiao??th,
iioiee ni?a, eaoao?cen). „?aoa?enoa??ii” aiai?eoue i?i aeeeaaeaiiy a
eaa?nuee?e oeie? ? ?.Iiaeee naie a?eueieo iaoe, a oaeiaeaiaine?a’y.
Aaeeea oaaaa a Ee?ai-Iia?eyinuee?e aeaaeai?? i?eae?eyeanue aea/aiith
iia, iniaeeai eaoeinuee?e. Aeey oeueiai ooo/ii noai?thaaeinue eaoeinueea
iiaia na?aaeiaeua ye ia iaa/aii?, oae ? a ao?n? (niaoeeo?/iith oi?iith
aoa oae caaiee eaeueeoeth? (aeiaaee) — oooey? c a?eooai, ia yeiio
caienoaaeinue ?i’y nooaeaioa, eio?ee o ?iciia? c oiaa?eoaie i?eionoeany
3-o iiieeie; eaeueeoeth? iaiaaaeenue caooenue, ia?aaeaoe ?ioiio).

O eean? iiaoeee (iaa/aiiy o?eaaei 1 ??e) aea/aee ienoaoeoai neeaaeaoe
a??o?, aeaee ? aeai?e (a?ey 30) iiaoe/ieo oai??a. Aaaaoi aeioneiee?a oa
aeeeaaea/?a Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai?? noaee a?aeiieie iiaoaie oa
ae?aiaoo?aaie: Ae.Ooioaei. N.Iieioeueeee, O.I?ieiiiae/, E.Aa?aiiae/ oa
?i..

Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea aeaaeai?y ? ?icaeoie ina?oe.

?.Neaaeiaoeueeee canioaaa ia?oo a ?in?? (Iineaa) a?aei-eaoeinueeo oeieo
? aoa ?? ?aeoi?ii; N.Iieioeueeee (1664) o Iinea? canioaaa oeieo —
iiia?aaeieoeth Neia’yii-a?aei-eaoeinueei? aeaaeai?? (?ai?aai?caoe?th
aeaaeai?? i?ci?oa cae?eniea N.ssai?nueeee). Aeioneieee
Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai?? aoee caniiaieeaie oe?e a Iiaeeaa?,
Oieiiai?ao, ?inoia? Aaeeeiio, Oiaieuenueeo, Niieainueeo,
A?oaiaaeuenueeo. ??eoonueeo, Oaa??, A?eai?iae?, Nocaeae?, Iaoa?ao?c?
(ao./. O.I?ieiiiae/ aeaniei eiooii). Neia’yii-a?aei-eaoeinueeo eieaa?th
a ssnao (1642) canioaaa N.Ii/anueeee. Oeieo a Ea?eiaeoeyo (Na?a?y)
?ai?aai?coaaa I.Eica/einueeee (noai?ea o Na?a?? ia?oee ae?aiaoe/iee oa??
oea?eiaii-neia’yinueeith iiaith).

Ino?icueea oa Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea aeaaeai?? nueiaiaei?.

19 aa?aniy 1991 ?. ?icii?yaeaeaiiyi Aieiae Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie aoei
a?ae?iaeaeaii Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueeo aeaaeai?th ia ?? ?noi?e/i?e oa?eoi???
ye iacaeaaeiiai aeuiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo — Oi?aa?neoaoo
„Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea aeaaeai?y”, a 24 na?iiy 1992 ?. a?aeaoeinue eiai
io?oe?eia a?aee?eooy ? iinayoa a nooaeaioe ia?oeo anooiiee?a.

19 o?aaiy 1994 ?. oeacii I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinuee?e
aeaaeai?? aoei iaaeaii noaoon Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

12 ea?oiy 1994 ?. i?aceaeaio Oe?a?ie E.E?aa/oe c iaoith a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueieo ina?oi?o o?aaeeoe?e oa c a?aooaaiiyi ?ie?, ui ??
a?ae?a?aea Ino?icueea aeaaeai?y a ieioeiio Oe?a?ie, i?aeienaa oeac i?i
noai?aiiy Ino?icueeiai eieaa?oio. Ae?oaee i?aceaeaio Oe?a?ie E.Eo/ia, 5
/a?aiy 1996 ?. i?aeienaa oeac i?i ?iaioaaiiy Ino?icueeiai eieaa?oio c
iaoith a?aeiiaeaiiy ?noi?e/ii? iacae Ino?icueeith Aeaaeai??th. Aeaaeai??
oeacii I?aceaeaioa aoei iaaeaii noaoon oi?aa?neoaoo (22.01.2000), a
caiaeii (30.10.2001)- iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

NIENIE ?AEIIAIAeIAAII? E?OA?AOO?E

1. Aeaen??aaoeue E.I. Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea aeaaeai?y a noni?eueiiio aeeoo?
Oe?a?ie ? ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i. -Oa?iii?eue, 1999.

2. Aecthaa A.I. I?inaauaiea ia Oe?aeia e aai ?ieue a oe?aieaiee naycae
oe?aeineiai ia?iaea n ?onneei e aaei?onneei (aoi?ay iieiaeia XVI -ia?aay
iieiaeia XVII a./.-E.: Iaoe.aeoiea, 1987.

3. AEoeianueeee A. Iao?i Iiaeea e ieoaiiy ?aeiino? oea?eia. — E.:
Ienoaoeoai, 1997.

4. AEoeianueeee A. Iao?i Iiaeea — caniiaiee Eieaa??-Aeaaeai?? ?
?aoi?iaoi? ina?oe // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee. -1997. — ? 1 -4 (132-13 5).-
N.61 -69.

5. ?na?ae/ ?.Ae. Ia?oiae?oea? ?aai Oaaei?ia ? aeieeiaiiy ae?oea?noaa ia
Oe?a?i?. — Euea?a; Aeua oeiea, 1975.

6. Enaaae/ ss.Ae. I?aaiieee ia?aiia/aoieea. — I.: Eieaa, 1981.

7. Enaaae/ ss.Ae. Ino?iaeneay oeiia?aoey e aa ?ieue a iaaeneaayineeo
eoeueoo?iuo naycyo (iineaoaaei?ianeee ia?eiae)//Oaaei?ianeea /oaiey 1978
a. — I.: Iaoea,! 981 .-N34-46.

8. Eiaaeuenueeee I.I. Aeaea?aea i?i ii/aoeiaee aoai ae?oea?noaa ia
oe?a?i? (ae?yeuei?noue ia?oiae?oea?y ?aaia Oaaei?iaa a 70-80-eo ??. OOO
no.). — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: AeAeO, 1972.

9. Ieeeoanue A. Aeaaiueioe?a?inuee? nooaeaioe ? i?ioani?e.-E.: Aa?en,
1994.

10. Ieoeueei 1.3. Ino?icueea neia’yii-a?aii-eaoeinueea aeaaeai?y
(1576-1636). -E.: Iaoe, aeoiea, 1990.

11. Ieoeueei 1.3. Iaoa??aee aei ?noi??? Ino?icueei?aeaaeai??(1576-1636):
A?ae?ia?ao?/iee aeia?aeiee. — E., 1990.

12. Iuoeei E.C. Aea?iaineee eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueiue oeaio? e aai
o/anoea a eaeaieiae/aneie ai?ueaa ia Oe?aeia (70-a aiaeu XVI — 30-a
aiaeu XVII a.) / /Oaaei?ianeea/oaiey 1978 a.: Iaoea, 1981.-N.47-56.

13. Iaie?ianeee A.E. Eaai Oaaei?ia. — I.: Iaoea, 1985,

14. I?/ee A.I. Iao?i Iiaeea a aeooiai?e ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. — E.:
Oe?.oeaio? aeooiai. eoeueoo?e, 1997.

15. Ino?icueea aeaaieia: Aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoa??aee. -Euea?a, 1995.-
O.?.

16. Ino?icuee? i?ina?oieeeXVI- XX no.-Ino?ia, 2000.

17. I. Iiaeea: aiaineia, oea?eiaiee ? eoeueoo?iee ae?y/. — Ee?a, 1997.

18. ?ieue Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueei? aeaaeai?? a eoeueoo?iiio ?aeiaii?
neia’yinueeeo ia?iae?a. — Ee?a, 1988.

19. Oeueyiianueeee A.?. ?noi??y oea?eae oa ?ae?a?eii? aeoiee a Oe?a?i?,
-E: Eea?aeue, 1995.-Ei. 2.

20. Oeaeiye C.E. Eeaai-Iiaeeyineay aeaaeaiey. -E.: Aeua oeiea, 1988.

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