The U.K of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a parliamentary
democracy with a constitutional monarch, Queen Elizabeth II as head of
state. The organs of government are : Parliament, the executive and the
judiciary. The legislature, Parliament, is the supreme authority. It
comprises 2 chambers — the House of Lords and House of Commons —
together with the Queen in her constitutional role.

The executive consists of the central Government — that is the
Prime-Minister and Cabinet and other ministers who are responsible for
iniating and directing the national policy, government departments,
local authorities, and public corporations. The judiciary determines
common I am and interpret status and is independent of both the
legislature and executive.

The Government derive its authority from the elected House of
Commons. A general election. For all seats in the House of Commons, must
be help every 5 years. The Government is normally formed by the
political party which is supported by the majority in the House of
Commons. The Party’s leader is appointed Prime-Minister by the Queen. He
chooses a team of ministers of whom 20 or so are in the Cabinet. The
second largest party becomes the official opposition with its own leader
and Shadow Cabinet. The House of Commons comprises members from the
constituencies in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland who
represent people whose history and traditions differ.

The House of Lords is a hereditory Chamber.

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