THE SUSTEM OF THE ENGLISH TENSES

Active voice

Present Past Future Future-in-the-Past

S i m p l e

(I n d e f i n i t e) usually, always, every day, often, sometimes, as a
rule, from time to time, generally

I (you, we, they) ask.

He (she) asks.

? Do I yesterday, last night, last week (month, year), the day before
yesterday, ago

I (he, she, we, you, they) asked.

? Did I tomorrow, in two days, the day after tomorrow, next day (week,
month)

I (we) shall ask.

You (he, she, they) will ask.

? Shall I

should / would + V

I (we) should ask.

You (he, she, they) would ask.

? Should I

C o n t i n u o u s now, at this time, at this moment

I am asking.

He (she) is asking.

You (we, they) are asking.

? Am I from 5 till 6, all day, at that moment, at 5 o’clock yesterday

I (he, she) was asking.

You (we, they) were asking.

? Was I at 5 o’clock tomorrow

I (we) shall be asking.

You (he, she, they) will be asking.

? Shall I be should / would + to be + Ving

I (we) should be asking.

You (he, she, they) would be asking.

? Should I be

t o h a v e + V i n t h e 3 f o r m ( P
a s t P a r t i c i p l e )

P e r f e c t already, just, resently, ever, never, yet, since, lately,
this week

I ( we, you, they ) have asked.

He (she) has asked.

? Have I by, before, by the 1 of September last year

I (he, she, we, you, they) had asked.

? Had I by the 1 of September next year, before the bell, by that time,
by the end of the year

I (we) shall have asked.

You ( he, she, they ) will have asked.

? Shall I have should / would + have + V in 3 f.

I (we) should have asked.

You (he, she, they) would have asked.

? Should I have

P e r f e c t

C o n t i n u o u s for 2 hours, since 1856

I ( we, you, they ) have been asking.

He (she) has been asking.

? Have I been for 2 hours, all his life, all day, for a long time, since

I (he, she, we, you, they) had been asking.

? Had I been for 2 hours, all my life

I (we) shall have been asking.

You ( he, she, they ) will have been asking.

? Shall I have been should / would + have + been + Ving

I (we) should have been asking.

You (he, she, they) would have been asking.

? Should I have been

Passive voice

Present Past Future Future-in-the-Past

S i m p l e

(Indefinite) am, is, are + V in 3 f.

I am asked.

He (she) is asked.

We (you, they) are asked.

? Am I was, were + V in 3 f.

I (he, she) was asked.

We (you, they) were asked.

? Was I will / shall + to be + V in 3 f.

I (we) shall be asked.

He (she, you, they) will be asked.

? Shall I be should / would + to be + V in 3 f.

I (we) should be asked.

He (she, you, they) would be asked.

am, is, are + being + V in 3 f.

I am being asked.

He (she) is being asked.

We (you, they) are being asked.

? Am I being was, were + being + V in 3 f.

I (he, she) was being asked.

We (you, they) were being asked.

? Was I being

P e r f e c t have / has + been + V in 3 f.

I ( we, you, they ) have been asked.

He (she) has been asked.

? Have I been had + been + V in 3 f.

I (he, she, we, you, they) had been asked.

? Had I been shall / will + have / has + been + V in 3 f.

I (we) shall have been asked.

He ( she, you, they ) will have been asked.

? Shall I have been should / would + have + V in 3 f.

I (we) should have been asked.

He (she, you, they) would have been asked.

? Should I have been

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