The Geography and Climate of Ukraine


to activate pupils’ speaking skills through various creative activities,

to revise vocabulary which concerns the theme, to practise

— to develop student’s ability to read effectively;

— to develop pupils’ creative imagination, logical thinking,

Supplies: cards, map, hand out” Key-facts”,

Type of the lesson: speaking lesson


I. The beginning of the lesson

1. Greeting.

Good afternoon! How are you getting on?


The topic of our today’s lesson is “The Geography and Climate of
Ukraine ”.

By the end of the lesson you should be able to recognize and understand
new words and word combinations in the text, to read and understand
the gist and details despite the natural difficulties, to talk about the
geographical position and climate of Ukraine.

Warming up.

Do you the main geographical terms?

Let’s check your knowledge.

Say what it is:

The most important town in a country… (capital)

A large town… (city)

A rounded and raised landform, not as high as mountain… (hill)

Low ground between hills… (valley)

A body of land surrounded by water, smaller than a continent… (island)

A big piece of water with land around it… (lake)

A large stream of water that flows across the land… (river)

The body of salt water covering nearly three fourths of the Earth’s
surface… (ocean)

The weather that a place has… (coast)

II. The main part of the lesson

1. Reading

Pre-reading activities.

a) Problem solving.

T: What do you think?

Look at the map of the country and answer the questions:

Is the geographical position of our country suitable for the development
of its relations with foreign countries and its industrial development?

6) Pronunciation drill.

Read and pronounce the geographical names correctly:


the Autonomous Republic of Crimea








Read the text on page 115 exercises 1.

While-reading activities.

Write down the Key-facts about Ukraine


Official name:



Borders on:


Main river:



Post-reading activities.

a). Complete the sentences.

I.Ukraine covers an area of…

Its territory stretches for…

Our country borders on …

Ukraine is washed by …

The two mountainous areas are …

The main rivers are …

The climate is …

The flora of Ukraine is …

The fauna (animal life) is …

The population of Ukraine is …

2. Speaking

a). Role-play the situation in pairs. You are in one of British
schools. The British teacher of Geography wants his/her pupils to know
more about Ukraine. Answer his/her questions.

Where is Ukraine situated?

What can you say about its geographical position?

Which countries does it border on?

What seas is Ukraine washed by?

What part of Ukraine is occupied by the mountains?

Is Ukraine visited by tourists?

What are the tops of high mountains usually covered with?

What nationalities is your country inhabited with?

Which sea is the southern part of Ukraine washed by?

10. What languages are spoken in Ukraine?

b). Work in pairs and make up a dialogue between a travel agent and a
customer, who wants to visit the country and wants to know something
about it. Use the facts from the text.

c). Here are some facts about the weather in Ukraine.

Which do you think are the most important for a visitor to know? Why do
you think so?

In general the country’s climate moderate-continental, subtropical only
in the southern part of the Crimea. The differences in climate are
caused by many factors: landscape, distance to and oceans… The
climate varies not only from the north to the south, but from the
northwest to the southwest as the warm air masses are moving from
northwestern part of Atlantic Ocean.

The average temperature in Ukraine varies between +5; +7 °C in the
and+11;+13°C inthe south.

The coldest month is January with a record low of-42 °C. The warmest
month is July with a record high of +40 °C. Rain and snow ranges from
about 76 cm a year in the north to about 23 cm in the south. The highest
rainfall is in Carpathian and Crimean mountains.

Organize a discussion on the following questions.

What practical advice would you give to a visitor about the weather in

What clothes should they bring in summer? In winter?

III. Finishing the lesson

Summarizing. What have we done at the lessons? Is it geographical
position of our country suitable for the development of its relations
with foreign countries?

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