№1 Traveling

Many people like to travel because it is interesting, attractive & you
can see new different places. There are few reasons why people travel.
The first: they visit other counters for getting more useful information
about this country, his nation, languages & so on. The second reason
people travel for relax. Sometimes it is necessary to leave your house
& have a rest. As usual people go trip in their holidays. I certainly
like to travel too, because it is interesting for me to see new
countries & places This summer I have been in Turkey in small town
Marmaris. It is there pretty small town without any monuments & museums
.It is situated in the southern part of Turkey in the Again sea. My
parent’s &I lived in a little hotel in the seashore. Every evening in
the embankment a lot of small restaurants were opened & it was very
pleasant to walk along the shore & breath fresh sea air. It was a lovely
picturesque place. I like it very mach. But I wasn’t impressed by it. I
have more fan & relax in the Black Sea. I spend there only 2 days, but
they leave in my memory more recollections that 2 weeks in Marmaris. In
the morning I got up early for getting seashells but most of all I enjoy
jumping over the waves .It was really impressive. But I began to miss my
home other that I have so remarkable holidays in my life. Why people
miss their homes? The home is the place where we live from day to day &
we can not forget it. This place are always stayed in owe memory as the
best & comfortable place in the ????????????????????????††?

№2 Family

The word “family” is asocial with warm tender relations between members
of the family. It is very important when there is understanding among
people in the family an consideration fortress such relations became
possible when people in the family show other terms with ea-ch other, do
many things tougher tall joys survive troubles & living friendly. Loving
people gives you felling of happiness. But nowadays young People think
that family can not consist only on love & understanding. The causal
position & celery are important too. When you ha-ve a good education you
can easily find good work. Also if you have own flat It is easily to
make family. Now Young people understand that to make a family is there
sires step in life & they to do everything for make their future family
happy. In our family the relations are very good & friendly. But
certainly, like in every family we have quarrels specially between me &
my sister, but they are very shot & soon we again live in peace. In our
family relations are build on an understanding each other .I there live
my parents. My mother is very kindhearted women she always help me & my
sister to decide my problems. My father is kind too but some times he is
strict But I most of all like my sister’s character, we are there
friendly because we alike. I & me sister understand each other
earthward. My family help me to live & to understand the world around
me. & I very thank my parents.

№3 Science

Science possesses a very great creative potential which lets the people
explore the world. They exploring new territories ,Always ready to face
the unknown We know a lot of people who de-voted their lives to
scientific work. They were sure their work was carried out for the
benefit to society. Science did a lot to improve the life of society.
Among them Michael Faraday-English Physicist & Chemist, Tommas Edison
the inventor of electric lights & hundredth & hundredths of other
scientists .in the world every year held a lot of premiums for the
achievements of the year in different directions in science. The main
premium of Alfred Nobel. It appeared in1896 & it is steal the main
premium for scientist. Nobel himself was a very good chemist & excellent
linguist His greatest wish, however ,was to see an end to wars, & thus
peace between nations ,& he spend much time & money working for this
course until his death in Italy in 1896.His famous will, in which he
left money to provide prizes for outstanding work in Physics, Chemistry,
Physiology, Medicine, Literature & Peace, is a memorial to his interests
& ideals. There are scientist working for Good. For example Einstein
devoted theories that gave birth to the atomic age. He realized that the
atomic age put in-to man’s hands a power greater than he had ever
known. It prove ??????????????????????????????????????????????††††††??

№4 Tv

Many people have forgotten what the world was like before TV. But today
it has become an integral part of our live. No can compare with TV as a
means of information, entertainment & education. TV now plays such an
important role in so many people’s lives that it is essential for us to
try to decide whether it is bad or good.On the first place TV is not
only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparatively
cheap one. For a family it is more convenient as well as cheaper to sit
comfortably at home than to go out. They don’t have to pay for
expensive tickets to the cinema. All they have to do is to turn on TV
and they can see political news ,football matches and films. TV, people
often say, informs about current events & the latest developments in
science and politics. A lot of good films, music programs have appeared
recently on TV. We get to like watching TV so much that it begins to
dominate our lives. Some-times, than TV set broke people suddenly found
that they had much more time to do things. The most important thing
which is really critiquing is poor quality of the programs and its
harmful effect on children. For example the film » Natural Born Killers»
teaches children to kill and there was one accident in France when a
group of teenagers kill their parents. There are many arguments for and
against TV.I think we must understand that TV in itself is neither good
nor bad. TV is as good or as bad as we make it.

№5 или №20 Charecters

During our life we get in touch with many people. We all know a
password: “So many characters, so many people ”& it is a real truth. I
have many friends & a lot of mats & among them there is no same
character. Some of them very kindhearted & friendly some not so kind but
they are try friends & always help me & their friends, but they are very
cold or indifferent with other people. In every character there are good
& bad treats As for me I consider fair, kind, friendful , try. I think
that the-re are 2 sorts of kind people. The first sort it is really try
,kindhearted people always ready to help all people in the world other
their causal position & other who only try to look kind & friendly
people. But they friendly only with people whom such people interested
in I hate such people because you don’t know is they are really good or
only want to look friendly & I can not believe them. Every character
forms in society therefore in what society person bring up such
character he or she will obtain. Also I believe that Symbol of Zodiac is
influence on the character. Every Symbol have it’s own treats common for
all people born under this symbol. For example I’m Libra ,in my
Horoscope Says that in me there are 2 persons. & other good & bad
treats. But I also believe that everyone can change his characters,
adding more good or bad treats.

№6 Profession

What I would like to become? This question passes me greatly. Every job
has its elements of difficulties and interest. I think that nearly all
the professions are very important in life But to choose the right
occupation is very difficult, because we must take in to consideration
many factors. We must consider our personal taste and our kind of mind.
After we end school begin an independent life, it is beginning of a
more serious examination. In order to pass that very serious exam we
must choose the road in life which will help us best to live & work
Each boy & girl has every opportunity to develop mind & use knowledge &
education received at school. Some may prefer to work in factories or
works, others want to go into construction: to take part in building
power stations and new towns. Many opportunities to work & to satisfy at
the same time the requirements of the society and your own personal
interest are offered in the sphere of the services transport,
communications and many others I have a specially liking for to became a
lower I like this profession because it want to help people applying my
knowledge. Also I want make good career Whether profession we choose to
follow the greatest pleasure will surely come from filling that you
occupation is useful to people.”Find a job you like & you’ll never have
the work a day in your life”.

№7 Enviroment

The poisoning of the world’s land, air, and water is the
fastest-spreading disease of civilisation. It probably produces fewer
headlines than wars, earthquakes and floods but it is potentially one of
history’s greatest dangers to human life on earth. If present trends
continue for the next several decades, our planet will become
uninhabitable. Overpopulation, pollution and energy consumption have
created such planet-wide problems as massive deforestation, ozone
depletion, acid rains and the global warming that is believed to be
coursed by the greenhouse effect. The seas are in danger. They are
filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilisers
and pesticides. The Mediterranean is already nearly dead; the North Sea
is following. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is
done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas.Every10
minutes one kind of animal, plant or insect dies out for ever
.Industrial enter-prises emit tons of harmful substances. These
emissions have disastrous consequences for our planet. They are the main
reason for the greenhouse effect and acid rains An even greater
environmental threat are nuclear power stations. We all know how tragic
the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster are. People are beginning to
realise that environment problems are not somebody else’s. They join and
support various international organisation and green parties. If
governments wake up to what is happening-perhaps we’ll be able to avoid
the disaster that threatens the natural world and all of us with it.

№8 Books

Books bring pleasure & delight to readers. They entertain & develop owe
imagination The bo-oks is a faithful friend. Sometimes after was read
book we deep in fought of the problem whi-ch was discussion in it. We
often read or hear that someone after hi read book enjoy new ides or be
so delight that he change & began to see world in another color. Writers
tries to portray life in it’s richness or make his story or poem with
humor for brought pleasure & delight to readers The book is there old
tying. First library was founded in Egypt more then 3000years BC. At
first time they were very rare because books were writing by hands. This
process last-ed for many years. Nowadays there great amount Of books &
you can always fined smoking for your rise. Books can be About lives of
different people, detective stores, novels, encyc-lopedias & many other.
Now TV is compare books & some people prefer to watch films than read
books, but they more interesting. I don’t like to read like most
children nowadays, but I like to read novels, detective stores & fantasy
have a lot of books at home also I can take so-me of them in the
library. Now there are a lot of books & you can not keep all them at
home but if you need a book you can go to the library it is a house of
books. Books with us all our life. In childhood we liked to listened
fables .teenagers like to read adventures. They help us to live &
understand world around us, to relax & the main reason we books are
necessary they bring a lot of pleasure

№9

The city is the place where situated all industrial cultures & education
centers. In big cities you can find museums, theaters, clubs, cinema
,big shops & hospitals People try to live in cites be-cause all
necessary objects are situated near For example if you ill the hospital
or chemist shop will situated near your home in the city but if you live
in countryside it will hard to find any medicine help or hospital fare
from city. Also in big cites you can fiend all sorts of entertainment
such as cinemas clubs entertaining parks & so on. Many people like to
spend their free time in clubs ,entertaining parks because it is help
them to relax & bring them a lot of pleasure It is really comfortable
that everything you need in daily life situated near you. One of the
most important comfort of big cites that you can fast drive up to your
job for example. Yes, it is really comfortable, & at first glance
everything is good but nowadays big cites there are a great amount
of cars & factories Big cites suffering of overpopulation, duty of air,
& water, The streets became nosy & after hard working day people can not
relax. People try to do everything to go to countryside because only
where they can fiend quite. Every holiday & every week-end people try to
leave their houses
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?????????????????????????????????????????????

№10 Sport

I think that if you don’t want to feel fit you’d better go in for one
kind of sport or another. I should admit that everyone must do all he
can to be healthy. Good health is better than the best medicine. The
English proverb «Sickness in the body brings sickness to the mind»
expresses a similar idea but from different point of view. All kinds of
physical exercises are very useful to make our bodies strong as we want.
To tell the truth I don’t do sports regularly and it is not an essential
part of my daily life. but I like it summer I to swim & play tennis
basketball, football. In winter, you can skiing & skating it is useful
too. Of course, I like to watch sports completions on TV. Fortunately,
they show different ones-football, basketball. I like tennis tournaments
very much. Also I admire skiing champion-ships , biathlon , swimming
Doing sports a man become strong, healthy and gay. He begins to take
care of his health. Certainly in every school there are sport grounds &
gyms In owe school we have a nice gym .Games is popular among children.
Many of they train at special sport school where held a lot of
competitions. Every year many championships held all over the world.
Among them the greatest is Olympic Games a lot of Russian sportsman
also win them. We mast know that sport help us to be healthy & «Good
health is better than wealth»,

№11 Education in Russia

An educated person is one who knows a lot about many things. I think it
is very important that everyone should be educated. Each pupils mast to
do everything to become a useful member of our society. Education is
very important in our life. In the Russian Federation the school
education is compulsory. Pupils begin to go to school at the age of
6.When they complete high grades they can either continue to study at
school for more 2 years, or go to a professional school where they study
not only main subjects, but are able to learn some profession When
pupils leave school they can try to continue their education in
institutes or universities. There are many school types of schools in
Russia: specialized, politecnical, musical art and others. Nowadays
appeared some new types of schools: gymnasiums and colleges. I learn in
one of the specialized schools in Moscow. To my mind, our school is very
well equipped. It has a gym, a library, a computer class and some
labs(for example — chemistry lab or physics lab). At school we had
classes in Russian, literature, mathematics, English, history and so on.
My favorite subjects were English, History and Russian My favorite
subjects were English, Biology & Chemistry .I like English because I
began better understand my native language & I need it for my future
besides it is very interesting to read books, listen the news ,speak
with English–speaking people. The Biology & Chemistry is interesting
for me because learn them very easy & because it is interesting for me
to know from what consist things around us. I like owe school because we
have a very good teachers & it is interesting to learn subjects when the
teacher is good. School is one of owe houses in life.

№12 Hobby

Everyone have spare time. The time when person can do everything he/she
like or interested in. Some people prefer to spend their free time
slipping at home, watching TV or listening ra-dio; Another like hiking
,travelling, getting with friends visited galleries, cinemas or
gathering something. The things which people like to do in their spare
time are calls–Hobbies.Hobbies can be different They divide in to 2
sorts. The first it is when person prefer doing something for example
watching TV or travailing The second hobby is gathering marks corns
audio or video cassettes. As for my I like to gathering audio cassettes.
I get a lot of pleasure Gathering cassette with music which I like. I
relax then I listen music, not all certainly. Also it is interesting for
me to go travel & walk with my friends often visited new places & it is
very exiting. We like to vi-sited consertets ,& listen our favourite
music Also I interested with computers I like to play computers games
making programmes but most of all I enjoy with Internet Every weekend I
spend a lot of time in Chats programmes in Internet where people from
all over the world meting & talk about news music ,books & many other
interesting things. Some times Hobby became a profession for example I
have friend he’s hobby is music & she wanted to be pianist .For all
people hobby is something which relax &entertain them. They help people
to have a rest. Without hobbies lives of many people will be dale &
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№ 13 Mass Media

Mass media (that is the press, the radio and television)play unimportant
role in the life of soci-ety. They reflect corrent events & vital
problems. They also influence the way people look at the world & make
them change their views. Millions of people in their spare time watch TV
& read newspapers. On the radio one can hear music, news and various
discussions or commentaries of current events. On the TV can see a lot
of documentary programs & films Now on Russia TV we have 11channels &you
can fined something for race your mood & relax. It is means for schedule
knowledge & information about everything the world Every day we knead
news. We can certainly see them on TV but you can buy a newspapers often
see people sitting in the Metro & reading newspaper or magazine. There
are variety sorts of magazines & newspapers They can be about music,
politics, sport half & so on Nowadays big cities overfull of great
amount of news & information Some people read everything they buy. It’s
no mater what they read &What about &they only lose their time. But
there are people who read only that magazines & newspapers which they
interesting or kneaded think that MM help us in education & daily life
only when you read only that you choose Than you read something here sow
something there everything confuse in your head &you’ll know nothing.
Also I think that MM is an inventor because only in XX century we began
to understand what role MM plays in our life.

№14 Australia

The Commonwealth of Australia is a self governing federal state. It is
situated in the southwe-st of the Pacific ocean, occupying the continent
of Australia and a great number of islands near it Australia is a
continent-island washed by the Indian & the Pacific Oceans. The country
consists of 6 states and 2 territories16 million people live in
Australia. The capital is Canberra The official language is
English.Australia is an important producer and exporter of primary
products wool, meat, sugar, fruit, iron, gold and so on. Most of the
factories are situated near big cities There are 4 big cities in
Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth. These cities are also the
country’s main ports. Canberra was specially planned as a capital. It is
a quiet city. All the government buildings are situated there. There no
industrial plants in the city. About 300000 people live in Canberra.
Sydney is the oldest and largest city in Australia. It was founded in
1788. Sydney is a big industrial centre. About 3 million people now live
in the city Australian Parliament has two chambers, the house of
Representatives and the Senate. The government of the country is headed
by the Prime Minister. Australia is not only far from the rest of the
world, it has a bad climate, too The climate is better in the east and
south-east, where most big cities have grownup. But the northern coast
has too much rain, and the western coast is too dry. The highest part of
Australia, and almost all the mountains are near the coast. The whole
central part of the country is dry; it never rains, there are no large
rivers and no water there. So there is no very rich plant life in
Australia want to visit this country because I think it have there
interesting history &also this country is differ than other
English-streaking countries.

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№15 GB

GB is situated on the British Isles & as a whole is a densely populated
country. The population of country is more then 56 million people. The
country has a very good geographical position as it lies on the
crossways of the sea routes from Europe to other parts of the world. The
sea connected GB with most of the world & influence the climate of the
country. Thanks to the Atlantic oscine & the Golf-Stream, a warm ocean
current, the climate of GB is warm & damp. GB is a highly developed
industrial country. It is known as exporters of iron & steel products,
chemicals & navigation equipment. GB is a country with old cultural
traditions & customs The most famous educational centers are Ox-ford &
Cambridge universities .They are consider to be the intellectual centers
of Europe. The education is not free it is very expensive. GB is a
Parliamentary monarchy .The monarchy is one of the old English
traditions. It has no power .The Queen of GB “doesn’t rule ,but reigns”
The country is governed by the Parliament, consisting of the Queen (or
King) The House of Commons & The House of Lords, but government elected
with the Prime Minister at the head. GB consist of 4 main parts: England
,Wales, Scotland, & Northern Ireland. The relief in the South & East is
flat. Scotland &Wales are mountains & hilly. But the mountains are not
high ,The highest one is Ben Nevis in Scotland. It is 1343 meters high.
There are many rivers in GB but they are not long. Many of rivers are
connected with each other by means of channels .The main rivers are: The
Seven, The Themes, The Shannon & The Clyde.

№16 London

London is one of the world’s most enjoyable cities It is a capitol of
GB. Visited by the tourists in the million , the city offers them an
astonishing variety of scenes .The city is situated on the river
Thames. London can be divided into 4 main parts: The City, The East End,
The West End & Westminster. London was founded 2000 years BC, so London
has a very rich history & a lot of monuments of history. The most famous
of them are: St. Paul’s Cathedral, Trafalgar Square, The Tower of London
& Westminster abbey. Westminster Abbey is a national shrine Where the
kings and queens are crowned & famous people are burred. Founded by
Edward the Confessor in 1055,the Abbey was a monastery for a long time
The present building dates largely from the time of Henry III W
ho began to rebuild the church ,a task which lasted hearty 300 years.
The west towers were added in the eighteen centre. Since William I
almost every English monarch has been crowned in this great church,
which contains the tombs & memorials of many Britain’s most eminent
citizen .One of the greatest treasures of The Abbey is the oaken
Coronation Chair made in 1300.The Abbey is also known for it’s Poet’s
Corner. Craves & memorials to many English poets & writers are clustered
round about. Londoners are there proud of their city with it’s ancient
buildings , monuments & architectural masterpieces.

№17 English traditions

Every country and every nation has it’s own traditions and customs.
It’s very important to know traditions and customs of different people
because It will help you to know more about the history and life of
different nations and countries One cannot speak about England with-out
speaking about it’s traditions and customs. They are very important in
the life of English people. Englishman are reputed to be cold, reserved
rather haughtier people. They are nationally polite & they never tied of
saying: «Thank you» or » I’m sorry». They are gently disciplined you
never heard long talk in the straits. They don’t rush for seats in buses
& trains. English people do not shake hands when eating. They don’t show
their emotions even in tragic situations. Englishman are proud of their
traditions and carefully keep them up. There are six public holidays a
year in GB. Christmas day is one of their favourite holidays. It’s
celebrated on the 25-th of December. There are some traditions connected
with it. One of them is to give presents to each other. It is not only
children and members of family. It’s a tradition to give Christmas
presents to the people you work with. Another tradition is to send
Christmas cards. & many other pleasant things. Another great holiday is
Halloween. It is the day than all children dresses up in unusual
costumes. this holiday selabrateted on the 31 of October.

№18 Russia

Russia occupy a large territory. It stretch almost 10 000 kilometres
from east to west and nearly 5 000 kilometres from north to south. It’s
population is 150 000 000 million people.Russia develop for many parts:
Siberia, Ural, European part & Far East. In Russia there are a lot of
big cites in all it’s parts. The capital is Moscow, it is situated in
the European part. There is no over countries in which the climate
differs so much from one part to antherThe climate is deferent in all
reigns When it is still winter in the northern regions of our country
the first warm days arrive in the southern the central regions snow
storms & cold are still in power while in the south people begin to
think of spring crops. In the same season nature looks different in
different parts of our country. Siberia is a region of untold riches, &
Ural is riche in different minerals .Russia is rich in oil, iron, gold,
silver and other minerals In our country there are endless forests,
large and small rivers from East to West. Country is washed by 12 seas
of 3 oceans: Pacific, Arctic & the Atlantic Also I’d like to say a few
words about the traditions of Russia. The names of Gzhel and Khokhloma
are considered to be the symbols of Russia as well as matryoshkas and
samovars. Now we celebrate the forgotten holidays-Troisa, Maslenitsa,
Easter We again sing Russian folk songs and chastushki, dance Barinya
and perform khorovods, ride in troikas Traditional Russian cooking is
world-famous for such dishes as okroshka, shi,
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№19 Moscow

Moscow is a capital of Russia & it is there big & old city, so in Moscow
there are many tourist. They come to our city to acquainted with Russia.
In our home there often comes my parent’s friends from Francs ,Germany
& we show them Moscow. At first every tourist how co-me to Moscow mast
visit Red Square because it is center & hart of our city. There situated
the most beautiful cathedrals in Moscow .for example Santa Basils
Cathedral erected by architectures Postnik & Barma to commemorate
Russia’s conquest of The Kazan Kingdom in 1552 .Moscow is a political
,cultural ,scientific & education centers in Russia. In Moscow there are
a lot of theaters ,museums ,galleries, universities. The greatest ,most
beautiful & biggest one of the theaters is a Bolshow Theater. .It is
famous all over the world. Pushkin’s Museum of Fin Art & Tretiaykov
Gallery the most big famous in Moscow. In Tretiaukov Gallery you can
find pictures & drawings a great member of pianists all other the world,
begin from icon & pectoris from Eugept to mordent pianists .A lot of
exhibitions held there. Also in Moscow situated The State Moscow
University It one of the best universities in Europe. Nowadays Moscow
became a mordent city with wide streets with great member of restoring,
clubs, cinemas & so on .At night Moscow is illuminate with many lights.
Also now appeared big shops & you can see beautiful shop-windows in the
greatest & biggest streets of our city. I think that our town very
beautiful & as I know ,All tourists admired by it & I’m theory proud
that I live in Moscow.

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