Biography of Samuel Morse (реферат)

Язык: английский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 825
Скачать документ

1791- 1872

Biography of Samuel Morse

SAMUEL FINLEY BREESE MORSE, LL.D., etc., inventor of the magnetic
telegraph, was the eldest son of the Rev. Jedediah Morse, D.D.,
geographer, and was born at Charlestown, Massachusetts, April 27th,
1791. He graduated at Yale College in 1810, and visited England with the
American painter, Washington Allston, to study painting with him and
Benjamin West. In 1813, he received the gold medal of the Adelphi
Society of Arts for his first effort in sculpture, the “Dying Hercules.”
Returning to New York, he became the first president of the National
Academy of Design, and was appointed Professor of the Arts of Design in
the university of the city of New York. He did not give his entire
attention to art, but was interested in chemistry, and especially in
electrical and galvanic experiments; and on a voyage from Havre to New
York, in 1832, he conceived the idea of a magnetic telegraph, which he
exhibited to congress in 1837. He struggled on with scanty means until
1843, when, as he had almost yielded to despair, congress, at midnight,
and the last moments of the session, appropriated thirty thousand
dollars for an experimental line between Washington and Baltimore. For
his telegraphic inventions, Dr. Morse was rewarded by testimonials,
honors, orders of nobility and wealth. Several European states joined in
presenting him a purse of four hundred thousand francs, and banquets
were given him in London and Paris. Dr. Morse died in New York, April
2nd, 1872, at the age of eighty-one years.

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы


Курсовые, Дипломы, Рефераты на заказ в кратчайшие сроки
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020