Arthur Conan Doyle
Arthur Conan Doyle was born in the capital of Scotland, Edinburgh. His
father, Charles E. Doyle, was an artist and architect by profession, but
he worked as a clerk in an office. The father died young and the Doyles
were very poor.
Arthur’s mother was a very good story-teller and he remembered her
fantastic stories all his life. The talent of story-telling was
inherited by Arthur from his mother and it helped him as a writer.During
his school years he read much, and he often told his school friends long
and interesting stories, getting cakes and sweets for that.
After leaving school Conan Doyle became a student of the medical faculty
at the university of Edinburgh. In this third year of studies he went as
a ship doctor to the Arctic and upon graduating from the university, he
again went in a ship to western Africa.
He began his medical practice in a small English town Southsea, where he
spent eight years. In 1887, he published his first detective story “A
study in Scarlet”. Its main characters were Sherlock Holmes and Dr.
Watson, and they became the most popular characters of a great many of
Conan Doyle’s stories.
“A scandal in Bohemia” opened a collection of detective stories under
the title “The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes”. The story was published
in 1891 and soon after that Baker Street became the well-known address
of Sherlock Holmes.
The readers asked for more and more stories about Sherlock Holmes and
for two years Conan Doyle wrote them. When he had written about twenty
stories with Sherlock Holmes as the main detective, he was so tired of
these stories that he decided “ to kill Sherlock Holmes”. He wrote a
story, which he named “Holmes’s last case” (1893). In this story Holmes
was killd during his struggle with Professor Moriarty. The writer hoped
that after that he could begin writing other books.
But the readers did not wish to lose their favourite character and ten
years later the famous detective appeared again. In 1901 –1902 one of
Conan Doyle’s best stories “The hound of the Baskervilles” was
In 1891 Conan Doyle gave up his medical work and devoted all his time to
his literaty activity. He also travelled much. He visited Europe, the
USA and Egypt. In Norway he met Jerome K. Jerome, who wrote about that
fact in one of his books.
Beside detective stories, Conan Doyle also wrote historic novels, war
books and an anticolonial book about the Belgian Congo. His two
fantastic stories “The lost world” (1912) and “The Poisoned Belt” (1913)
were quite successful.
All his life Conan Doyle liked sports, he skied played golf and went in
He died in 1930, After his death, the famous detective Sherlock Holmes,
together with his friend Dr. Watson, continued to live on the pages of
Conan Doyle’s books. They are amound the favourite characters of English
Tourists coming to London always go to visit Bakers street to see the
house where Sherlock Holmes lived.
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