?aoa?ao

ia oaio:

“E?oaiia?a ?a/iaei oa aia?a?e o a?inoa??”

Aeey iino?eiiai ?nioaaiiy a?inoa?e, aeey caiia?aaiiy i?eieiaiiy ?icaeoeo
aeeooy ia Caie? o i?e?iae? iiaeii? iino?eii a?aeaoaaoenue aacia?a?ai?
i?ioeane ia?aoai?aiiy ?? aeeai? ?a/iaeie.

A?ieia?/iee eieiia?a — oea aaaaoi?aciaa o/anoue o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a o
i?ioeanao, ye? i?io?eathoue o a?inoa??.

I?e/eia eieiia?ao — iaiaaeai?noue aeaiaio?a, c yeeo aoaeo?oueny o?ei
i?aai?ci?a.

O a?inoa?? a?aeaoaa?oueny iino?eiee eieiia?a aeoeaieo aeaiaio?a, ye?
ia?aoiaeyoue a?ae i?aai?cio aei i?aai?cio, o iaaeeao i?e?iaeo ? ciiao
aei i?aai?cio. Aeaiaioe, ye? aea?eueiythoueny i?e?ii?aai?ciaie i?e
aieoo?, iaaeoiaeyoue o a?oio ? aoiinoa?o, ciiao aeeth/athoueny a
eieiia?a ?a/iaei a?inoa?e, iiaeeiath/enue aeeaeie i?aai?ciaie. Aanue
oeae i?ioean ? aoaea a?iaaiiith i?a?aoe??th aoii?a. Aeey a?iaaiii?
i?a?aoe?? oa?aeoa?iei ? iaeiie/aiiy o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a o aeeaeo
i?aai?ciao, a oaeiae ?o aea?eueiaiiy o ?acoeueoao? ?iceeaaeo ia?oaeo
i?aai?ci?a. A?iaaiia i?a?aoe?y aeeeeea?oueny o?ueiia i?ioeanaie:

·        iai?iii ?a/iaei a i?aai?ciao;

·        ?inoii;

·        ?iciiiaeaiiyi.

Aecia/aiiy a?iaaiii? i?a?aoe?? o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a, yea aeeeeeaia neeaie
aeeooy, aeaa B.I. Aa?iaaenueeee (Caeii a?iaaiii? i?a?aoe?? aoii?a).
A?iaaiia i?a?aoe?y ? /anoeiith caaaeueii? i?a?aoe?? o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a
a?inoa?e. Aieiaiith aaio?i?/iith iniaeea?noth aeeai? ?a/iaeie ? oa, ui
aiia i?iioneath/e /a?ac naaa aoiie o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a caiii? ei?e,
a?ae?inoa?e oa aoiinoa?e, cae?enith? o i?ioean? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ?o
caeiiii??io aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th. Caaa?ooth/e na?e aeeoo?aee oeeee,
i?aai?cie iiaa?oathoue i?e?iae? ana, ui acyee o ia? i?ioyaii aeeooy.

A.?.Aa?iaaenueeee i?ae?aooaaa, ui ca /an ?nioaaiiy ia Caie? a?inoa?e
aoei noai?aii 3,5.1019 o a?iiane, ui iaeaea a 2 ?ace ia?aaeuo? iano
an??? caiii? ei?e, yea noaiiaeoue 2.1019 o. ?iaioa, ui aeeiio?oueny
aeeaith ?a/iaeiith, ca Aa?iaaenueeei iiaea aooe ioe?iaia ca oi?ioeith A
= PV2 / 2, aea

? — iana i?aai?ci?a,

V — oaeaee?noue ?ico?eaiiy a?iiane (?iciiiaeaiiy i?aai?ci?a).

AEeaa ?a/iaeia cia/ii i?enei?eea e ci?ieea eieiia?ae ??cieo ?a/iaei —
aiaee, eenith, acioo, aoaeaeeneiai aaco oiui. No/aniee neeaae
aoiinoa?e noai?aiee caaaeyee ae?yeueiino? aeeai? ?a/iaeie. Iai?i iia?o?y
i?ae an?ia oe?ioaie e i?aeoeyie Caie? a?aeaoaa?oueny a na?aaeiueiio ca 2
?iee. Aeoeaii ia?ai?uo?oueny oa/?yie ieaai?/ia aiaea. Any i??nia aiaea
no?ea? a ieaai ca 14 ae?a, o eueiaeiaeeao aiaea iiiaeth?oueny ca 15 000
?ie?a.

AEeaa ?a/iaeia aeoeaii ?aaoeth? aaio?i?/io i?a?aoe?th aoii?a. Caaaeyee
eiio caa??aa?oueny noaa?euei?noue a?inoa?e ? cae?enith?oueny aaiethoe?y
ye aeeaeo i?aai?ci?a, oae ? an??? a?inoa?e a oe?eiio. Oeae iniaeeaee
aeae noaio ??aiiaaae, ui iino?eii ci?ith?oueny, A.? Aa?iaaenueeee
iaceaaa aeeiai?/iith ??aiiaaaith. Aeeiai?/ia ??aiiaaaa oa?aeoa?ia ia
eeoa aeey a?inoa?e. A oaeiio noai? ciaoiaeyoueny aoiinoa?a, caiia ei?a
oa iaio?y.

Aeey aainoa?, ia ioiieaieo aeeooyi, oa?aeoa?ia no?eea aeeiai?/ia
??aiiaaaa. A a?inoa?? aeeiai?/ia ??aiiaaaa ia no?eea. Oea icia/a?, ui
a?inoa?a ?icaeaa?oueny a i?ioean? ae?yeueiino?, naiiaaeineiiaeth?oueny,
ana a?eueo iiaii, aeoeaii ? a a?eueoiio ianooaa? iaeiie/o?, o?ainoi?io?
aia?a?th, oneeaaeith? naith i?aai?caoe?th, caaaa/o?oueny ?ioi?iaoe??th.

?ic??ciythoue aeaa oeie a?iaaiii? i?a?aoe??, ia?oee c ieo
cae?enith?oueny i?e?ii?aai?ciaie, a ae?oaee — aaaaoiee?oeiieie
i?aai?ciaie. Aaee/eia i?a?aoe?? ia?oiai oeio ia?aaaaea? iaae ae?oaei.
Ethaenoai iaieiae?ei i?a?aoe??th o?aoueiai oeio, yea ?aea i?ae aieeaii
eiai ae?yeueiino?.

E??i oiai, ?ic??ciythoue aaeeeee (aaieia?/iee) oa iaeee (a?ieia?/iee)
eieiia?ae ? eieiia?ae ??cieo i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a (?ano?ni? oeeeee).

Aaeeeee (aaieia?/iee) eieiia?a. Aeaa?aeai? aeeaeii? ii?iaee iaio?eiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy (aacaeueoe) oaeoii?/ieie i?ioeanaie aeaiaeyoueny c iaae?
Caie? a a?inoa?o. I?ae aieeaii niiy/ii? aia?a?? e aeeai? ?a/iaeie aiie
aea?o?ththoueny, ia?aiinyoueny, a?aeeeaaeathoueny, ia?aoai?thth/enue
??ciiiai?oi? inaaeia? ii?iaee, aea caiana?oueny niiy/ia aia?a?y (c
aeaa?aeaieo i?ia?ae?a ooai?ththoueny aeeie, a aoeeai?/i? aace -NI, NH3 —
ia?aoiaeyoue o aoa?eey oa iaooo).

Iio?i ca ?aooiie oaeoii?/ieo ?oo?a inaaeia? ii?iaee iio?aieythoue o ciie
aenieeo oene?a oa oaiia?aoo? (a oaeiae ?aae?iaeoeaiiai ?iciaaeo e
a?aa?oaoe?eii? aeeoa?aioe?aoe??) ? ia?aoai?ththoueny a a?ai?oi? ii?iaee
c a?eueo aenieei ??aiai aia?a??, i?ae o inaaeiaeo ii??ae. E?enoae?ciaai?
aeaa?aeai? ii?iaee ciiao ca ?aooiie aeno?aeieo oaeoii?/ieo ?oo?a
iio?aieythoue o a?inoa?o. Oaeei /eiii oeeee caaa?oo?oueny, aea aaea ia
iiaiio ??ai?, ai c aeo?aeieo aacaeueo?a ooai?eeeny aeaa?aeai? ii?iaee
a?ai?oiiai neeaaeo.

Iaeee a?ieia?/iee eieiia?a (o?ainoi?iaoe?y) ?a/iaei a a?inoa??. A
eiaei?e aeinenoai? eieiia?a ?a/iaei a?aeaoaa?oueny a ?acoeueoao?
aca?iiae?? aaoio?io?a oa aaoa?io?io?a.

Aoaeaoeue, aiaeaiue, eenaiue, acio, n??ea ? oinoi? oa a?ey 30 i?inoeo
?a/iaei, ui iaiao?aei? aeey ooai?aiiy aeeai? ?a/iaeie, aacia?a?aii
ia?aoai?ththoueny a i?aai?/i? ?a/iaeie aai iiaeeiathoueny a aeaeyae?
iai?aai?/ieo eiiiiiaio?a aaoio?ioaie, a aaoio?ioe aeei?enoiaothoueny
aaoa?io?ioaie (nii/aoeo eiinoiaioaie, a iio?i aeano?oeoi?aie). Oaeei
/eiii, a?iaaii? aeaiaioe aacia?a?aii oee?eoeththoue: ?ic/eiythoueny a
eiioeiaioaeueieo aiaeao, aeiinyoueny a ii?y aai iio?aieythoue a
aoiinoa?o, a i?ae oeeie na?aaeiaeuaie a?aeaoaa?oueny iino?eiee
aaciiai?i, oiaoi a?aeaoaa?oueny a?ieia?/iee eieiia?a aoii?a. Nooue
eieiia?ao a oiio, ui ooai?aiiy aeeai? ?a/iaeie ? ?iceeaae i?aai?/ii?
?a/iaeie — aeaa aiee ?aeeiiai i?ioeano. A i?ioean? a?ieia?/iiai
eieiia?ao aoiie iiaeeiathoueny aeeaith ?a/iaeiith ? ca?yaeaeathoueny
aia?a??th, a iio?i caeeoathoue aeeao ?a/iaeio, a?aeaeath/e aia?a?th a
ioi/oth/a na?aaeiaeua. Ca ?aooiie a?iaaiii? aia?a?? a?aeaoaa?oueny
a?eueo?noue o?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e. A?ieia?/i? eieiia?ae iiaeooue aooe ??cieo
ianooaa?a ? ??cii? o?eaaeino? — a?ae oaeaeeiai eieiia?ao a ??oio?,
??/oe?, ica?? aei o?eaaeiai, yeee ia?eia? anth a?inoa?o.

A?ieia?/iee eieiia?a cai?ioiee ia iiai?noth, /anoeia ?a/iaei iino?eii
aeoiaeeoue c eieiia?ao ? in?aea? a oiauei? inaaeiaeo ii??ae o aeaeyae?
i?aaiiaaiieo aaiiye?a, aoiono, oi?oo ? o.i. A ?acoeueoao? eieiia?ao
a?inoa?a (/e ?ioa aeinenoaia) ia iiaa?oa?oueny a ii/aoeiaee noai: aeey
a?inoa?e oa?aeoa?iee iinooiaeueiee ?oo, oiio neiaieii a?ieia?/iiai
oeeeeo ? ia eiei, a oeeeei?ae (ni??aeue) .

Ioaea, eieiia?a ?a/iaei o i?e?iae? ni?yiiao?oueny ni?eueiith ae??th ye
a?ieia?/ieo, oae ? aaio?i?/ieo oa aaio?ce/ieo nee.

Aieea aio?iiiaaiiiai oaeoi?a ia eieiia?a. A ii??aiyii? c o?eaae?noth
?nioaaiiy a?inoa?e ethaeeia ?nio? iaaecae/aeii ei?ioeee /an. I?ioa, ca
oeae ei?ioeee i?ii?aeie /ano eieiia?a ?a/iaei a a?inoa?? ci?ieany
?aaeeeaeueii. A.?.Aa?iaaenueeee i?ae?aooaaa, ui a aioe/i? /ane ethaee
aeei?enoiaoaaee eeoa 18 o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a, o XVIII no. — 29, o XIO no.
— 62, a oaia? aeei?enoiaothoueny 89 aeaiaio?a, ui ? a caii?e ei??, e??i
oiai iaea?aeai? oae?, yeeo o i?e?iae? cian?i iaia? (ieooii?e, oaoiaoe?e
oiui)

Ethaeeia iaaoaaei i?enei?eea eieiia?a aeayeeo ?a/iaei — ?iaeiaeua
cae?ca, oeeieo, naeioeth ?ioeo aeaiaio?a, ye? i?e?iaea iaeiie/oaaea
i?eueeiie ?ie?a, oaeaeei ae/a?iothoueny. Ethaeeia oaeaeeeie oaiiaie
aeei?enoiao? niiy/io aia?a?th “ieioeeo a?inoa?”, iaeiie/aio a aoa?ee?,
iaoo?, i?e?iaeiiio aac?, aiia aea?eueiy? aia?a?th, ui i?noeoueny a
o?ai?. Ana oea ca?eueoo? iaa??aiiaaaeai?noue a?inoa?e. Noai?thth/e
aiaeinoiaeua, ae?noath/e aiaeo c aeeaeiieo aiaeiiinieo ai?eciio?a,
ethaeeia ao?o/a?oueny a eieiia?a aiaee a i?e?iae?.

Ethaeei? ne?ae /?oei oyaeoe, ui aiie iaiaaathoueny iiaoaeoaaoe aeey naaa
oa nai?o iauaaee?a, ai i?/iai c oiai, ui ?iaeoueny c i?e?iaeith,
aei?aaeoe iaiiaeeeai.

C aeieia?/ii? oi/ee ci?o iaeaaaeeea?oeie ? eieiia?ae ?a/iaei, ye? ?
iniiaieie eiiiiiaioaie aeeai? ?a/iaeie:

·        eieiia?a eenith;

·        eieiia?a aoaeaoeth;

·        eieiia?a aiaee;

·        eieiia?a acioo;

·        eieiia?a n??ee;

·        eieiia?a oinoi?o.

A. ?. Aa?iaaenueeee cacia/aa, ui ia caii?e iiaa?oi? iaia? o?i?/ii? neee,
yea a ae?yea iino?ei?oa, a oiio e iiaooi?oi? ca nai?i e?ioeaaei
?acoeueoaoii, i?ae caaaeii acyo? aeea? i?aai?cie. AEeaa ?a/iaeia aeeiio?
o?i?/i? ooieoe??: aaciao, eiioeaio?aoe?eio, ieeniia?aeiiaio ?
a?io?i?/io.

Aaciao ooieoe?th cae?eniththoue caeai? ?ineeie, ye? a i?ioean?
oioineioaco aeae?eythoue a aoiinoa?o eenaiue, ?ineeie ? oaa?eie, ye?
i?ae /an aeeoaiiy aeae?eythoue aoaeaeeneee aac, a oaeiae aaaaoi aeae?a
aaeoa??e, ye? a?aeiiaeththoue acio ?c niieoe, n??eiaiaeaiue oa ?i.

Eiioeaio?aoe?eia ooieoe?y iia’ycaia c iaa?iiaaeaeaiiyi o aeea?e ?a/iaei?
o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a (aoaeaoeth, aiaeith, acioo, eenith, eaeueoe?th,
eae?th, nee?oe?th, oinoi?o, iaai?th, n??ee, oei?o, iao??th, aethi?i?th,
cae?ca). Ie?ai? aeaee ? niaoeeo?/ieie eiioeaio?aoi?aie aeayeeo
aeaiaio?a: aaaaoi ii?nueeeo aiaei?inoae — eiaeo, aeiaooe? — e?o?th,
?ynea — ?aae?th, ae?aoiiia? aiaei?ino? ? ceaee — nee?oe?th, iiethnee ?
?aeiiiae?ai? — i?ae?, o?aaaoi? — cae?ca, aaeoa??? — iaiaaio.

Ieeniia?aeiiaia ooieoe?y aeyaey?oueny a ieeniaii? ?a/iaei ca o/anoth
i?aai?ci?a o a?oioao ? a?ae?inoa??, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ooai?aiiyi
nieae, ieneae?a oiui, oa a?aeiiaeaii? aeayeeo ?a/iaei (n??eiaiaeaiue,
noeueoao cae?ca oa ?i.). C ae?yeuei?noth aaeoa??e iia’ycaia oi?ioaaiiy
aaiiye?a, aieneo?a, cae?cieo, iaiaaiiaeo ? i?aeieo ?oae oiui.

A?io?i?/ia ooieoe?y ?aae?co?oueny a i?ioean? iai?io ?a/iaei o aeeaeo
i?aai?ciao (aeeaeaiiy, aeeoaiiy, aeae?eaiiy) ? ?oeioaaiiy, aeano?oeoe??
a?aeia?eeo i?aai?ci?a oa i?iaeoeo?a ?oiuei? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Oe?
i?ioeane coiiaeththoue eieiia?a ?a/iaei o i?e?iae?, a?iaaiio i?a?aoe?th
aoii?a.

O i?ioean? oioineioaco ?ineeie canaiththoue aoaeaoeue, yeee iaaeoiaeeoue
aei eenoe?a ?c iia?o?y o aeaeyae? aoaeaeeneiai aaco, e ooai?ththoue
aoaeaaiaee. I?e oeueiio a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?aoai?aiiy niiy/ii? aia?a?? ia
o?i?/io. A oeueiio iieyaa? eini?/ia ?ieue caeaieo ?ineei. O i?ioean?
aeeoaiiy ?ineei /anoeia aoaeaaiae?a ieenith?oueny ? aoaeaeeneee aac
aeae?ey?oueny o iia?o?y. A?eueoa /anoeia aoaeaaiae?a iaa?iiaaeaeo?oueny
o ?ineeiao, aea ooai?ththoueny oaeiae a?eee ? aee?e.

?ineeie ii?aeathoueny aaoa?io?ioieie i?aai?ciaie, oaeei /eiii niieoee,
neioaciaai? ?ineeiaie, i?ioiaeyoue /a?ac ieceo eaiie o eaioethaao
aeeaeaiiy. I?ae /an aeeoaiiy ?ineei aoaeaaiaee ieeniththoueny. Ca
?aooiie aea?eueiaiiy aia?a?? a?aeaoaathoueny an? aeeoo?a? i?ioeane, a
aoaeaeeneee aac aeae?ey?oueny a iia?o?y.

A?aeia?e? ?ineeie ? oaa?eie ?iceeaaeathoueny ca o/anoth aieeueieo
aaeoa??e: i?e oeueiio oaeiae ieenith?oueny aoaeaoeue i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei
c ooai?aiiyi CQ2, ui iaaeoiaeeoue o iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua. Aiane?aeie
?iceeaaeaiiy ?aooie i?aai?ci?a ca a?aenooiino? eenith, oiaoi aac
ieeniaiiy (iai?eeeaae, ia aei? aiaeiei), ooai?ththoueny oi?o, eai’yia
aoa?eey, iaooa, neaioe?. Ethaeeia ?o aeei?enoiao? ye aeaea?aei aia?a??,
a aoaeaeeneee aac oaeiae iaaeoiaeeoue a aoiinoa?o. Oae, a iaeieo
aeiaaeeao aeiaaa, a a ?ioeo — ei?ioea eiei caieea?oueny ?
?icii/eia?oueny iiaee oeeee aeeth/aiiy aoaeaoeth a i?aai?/i? niieoee, ui
neioacothoueny ?ineeiaie.

Eenaiue aoiinoa?e ia? a?iaaiia iioiaeaeaiiy. A?i iino?eii iaaeoiaeeoue a
aoiinoa?o aiane?aeie ia?aa?ao i?ioean?a oioineioaco. A?eueiee eenaiue a
i?ioean? aeeoaiiy aeei?enoiao?oueny aa?iaieie i?aai?ciaie. Iaeiei ?c
e?ioeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a ieeniaiiy aoaeaoeth ? NI2. A niieooe? c aoaeaoeai
eenaiue iiaa?oa?oueny o ciai?oi? na?aaeiaeua, uia ciiao iaae?eoe o
oioineioacoth/? i?aai?cie. Ine?eueee aea?eueiaiiy aia?a?? c i?aai?/ieo ?
iai?aai?/ieo niieoe noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?icuaieaiiyi ?o o i?ioean?
ieeniaiiy, oi eieiia?a eenith caaacia/o? eieiia?a on?o a?iaaiieo
aeaiaio?a.

Oae noai?ththoueny eieiia?a a?iaaiieo aeaiaio?a ? iio?e aia?a?? a iaaeao
noeoiiino? i?aai?ci?a. Iino?eia iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aia?a?? aeeaeoue oeae
oeeee?/iee i?ioean ? eiiiaino? iaieio/o ao?aoo aia?a?? ?c nenoaie o
aeaeyae? oaieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Aiane?aeie eieiia?ao ?a/iaei o
a?inoa?? a?aeaoaa?oueny aacia?a?aia a?iaaiia i?a?aoe?y aeaiaio?a.
Iaiao?aei? aeey aeeooy ?ineei ? oaa?ei o?i?/i? aeaiaioe ia?aoiaeyoue ?c
na?aaeiaeua a i?aai?ci. I?ae /an ?oeioaaiiy i?aai?ci?a oe? aeaiaioe
ciiao iiaa?oathoueny a na?aaeiaeua, ca?aeee iaaeoiaeyoue a i?aai?ci aai
a?aeeeaaeathoueny o aeaeyae? a?iaaiieo aaieia?/ieo ii??ae (oiaoi
eieiia?a ?a/iaei o i?e?iae? caieiaiee ia iiai?noth).

O a?iaaii?e i?a?aoe?? aeaiaio?a aa?ooue o/anoue ??ci? i?aai?cie, a oiio
/ene? e ethaeeia. A ca’yceo c oeei i?a?aoe?th a?iaaiieo aeaiaio?a
iiae?eythoue ia o?e oeie: ia?oee (iaeiiooaei?oee) cae?eniththoue
i?e?ii?aai?cie, ae?oaee — aaaaoiee?oeii? i?aai?cie, o?ao?e — ethaeeia,
ui iaieiae?ea ??cieie oi?iaie aia?a?? (iaoai?/iith, aeaeo?e/iith,
aoiiiith) ? oei naiei ni?eyea cia/i?e ci?i? a?iaaiii? i?a?aoe??
aeaiaio?a.

A. ?. Aa?iaaenueeee cacia/aa, ui a?iaaiia i?a?aoe?y coiiaeaia o?ueiia
i?ioeanaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?: iai?iii ?a/iaei a i?aai?ciao, ?inoii ?
?iciiiaeaiiyi ?o. ?c iaaeeai? i?e?iaee aoiie a?iaaiieo aeaiaio?a
ianaiia?aae aae?athoueny ?ineeiaie, a a?ae ieo ii eaioethaao aeeaeaiiy
ia?aoiaeyoue aei oaa?ei ? ethaeeie.

A?iaaio?i?/i? i?ioeane a a?inoa?? iia’ycai? c ae?yeuei?noth ethaeeie. C
iiyaith ethaeeie a?inoa?a iaaoea iiai? yeino?. Ae?yeuei?noue ethaeeie —
iiooaeiee aeieia?/iee oaeoi?. O no/aniee ia??iae ?nioaaiiy iaoi? ieaiaoe
iaea?eueo? ia?aoai?aiiy a a?inoa?? cae?enith? naia ethaeeia.
?ici?thaaiiy cia/ieo oa?eoi??e, noai?aiiy aaeeeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a ?
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, aeiaoaaiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei, nii?oaeaeaiiy
eaiae?a, aiaeinoiaeu, ci?ia ?onae ??/ie, ianaaeaeoaaiiy e?n?a — an? oe?
ae?? ethaeeie cia/ii ci?iththoue i?e?iaeo. Ae?yeuei?noue ethaeeie
a?aeaeaa?oueny ia ci?i? ee?iaoo, ?aeue?oo i?noeaaino?, aeaeiaiai ?
/enaeueiiai neeaaeo oei?e ? oaoie. Aeei?enoaiiy aoiiii? aia?a??
ni?e/eieei iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?a/iaei a aoiinoa?? ?
Na?oiaiio ieaai?.

Aeaeiaooeii ?c iaae? ? niaethaaiiyi aoa?eey, iaooe, aaco, aeaeiaoaaiiyi
?oaee ? aeieaaeyiiyi /enoeo iaoae?a, noai?thaaiiyi nieaa?a ? neioaoe/ieo
?a/iaei, yeeo ia ?nioaaei a i?e?iae?, ? iiaeo o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a,
?icn?thaaiiyi, ia?aoo?, i?iaeoeo?a nai?? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeia cia/ii»
iineeeea a?iaaiio i?a?aoe?th aeaiaio?a.

Aeei?enoaia e?oa?aoo?a

· A?eyanueeee A. I., Iaaeoi I. I., Oo?aeoe ?. N. Iniiae caaaeueii?
aeieia??. — E.: Eea?aeue. 1995 — 368 n.

· Ceia?i TH.A. Iniiae aeieia??.- E.: E?a?a, 1998. – 249.

· Ei?nae E.A., Ieaoioi?e I.A. Iniiae aeieia??, — E.: IAOI, 2000. – 238
n.

· Eo/a?yaee A.I. Aeieia?y, — Euea?a: Na?o, — 500 n.

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