?AOA?AO

ia oaio:

*a?aiia Eieaa Oe?a?ie

Ia?ae?e aeae?a ?ineei oa oaa?ei, ui iio?aaothoue ioi?iie, iaaiaeyoue a
oae caaieo *a?aiieo eieaao. Ia?oa *a?aiia eieaa aoea aeaeaia o 1966
?ioe? ca ?i?oe?aoeaith I?aeia?iaeiiai nithco ioi?iie i?e?iaee oa
i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a (INII). E??i oiai, iaoeiaa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??
a aaeoc? ioi?iie ie?aieo aeae?a ?ineei, a?ea?a, oaa?ei, a?aeia?aaeaii a
?a?iiaenueeiio *a?aiiiio nieneo oaa?ei ? ?ineei, ui ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae
caa?icith cieeiaiiy o na?oiaiio ianooaa? (1991), *a?aiieo eieaao ie?aieo
e?a?i.

*a?aiia eieaa Oe?a?ie — iniiaiee aea?aeaaiee aeieoiaio, a yeiio
ocaaaeueiaii iaoa??aee i?i no/aniee noai ??aee?nieo ?ineei ? oaa?ei o
e?a?i?, ia i?aenoaa? yeiai ?ic?iaeythoueny iaoeia? ? i?aeoe/i? caoiaee,
ni?yiiaai? ia ?o ioi?iio, a?aeoai?aiiy ? ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy.

Iaoa canioaaiiy *a?aiii? eieae — iie?ioaiiy ioi?iie ??aee?nieo oa oaeeo,
ui ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae caa?icith cieeiaiiy aeae?a ?ineeiiiai ? oaa?eiiiai
na?oo; ? iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee iiaeaeueoeo ae?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia ioi?iio
caianaieo aei ia? aeae?a oaa?ei ? ?ineei.

Ia?oee oii — «*a?aiia eieaa Oe?a?ie. Oaa?eiiee na?o» — neeaaea?oueny c
11 ?icae?e?a, ui aeeth/athoue noaoo? i?i 382 aeaee oaa?ei.

Ae?oaee oii *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie — «?ineeiiee na?o» aeeoia c ae?oeo o
1996 ?ioe?. A?i neeaaea?oueny c 5 ?icae?e?a, ui aeeth/athoue noaoo? i?i
541 aeae (i?aeaeae, ??ciiaeaei?noue, oi?ia) ?ineei ? a?ea?a.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae noaio oa nooiaiy caa?ice aeey iiioeyoe?? aeae?a
oaa?ei, ?ineei oa a?ea?a, caianaieo aei *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie, aiie
iiae?eythoueny ia oae? eaoaai???:

cieee? (0) — aeaee, i?i ye? i?ney iaiaeii?aciaee iiooe?a,
i?iaaaeaieo o oeiiaeo i?noeaainoyo aai a ?ioeo a?aeiieo oa iiaeeeaeo
i?noeyo iioe?aiiy, a?aenooiy aoaeue-yea ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i ?o ia?aaoaaiiy a
aeee?e i?e?iae?;

cieeath/? (?) — aeaee, ui ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae caa?icith cieeiaiiy,
caa?aaeaiiy yeeo ? iaeieiia??iei, yeui i?iaeiaaeeoueny caoaia ae?y
oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia ?o noai.

a?aceea? (??) — aeaee, ye? o iaeaeeae/iio iaeaooiueiio iiaeooue aooe
a?aeianai? aei eaoaai??? «cieeath/eo», yeui i?iaeiaaeeoueny ae?y
oaeoi??a, ui aeeeaathoue ia

?o noai.

??aee?ni? (III) — aeaee, iiioeyoe?? yeeo iaaaeee?, ye? o aeaiee /an ia
a?aeiinyoueny

aei eaoaai??? «cieeath/eo» /e «a?aceeaeo», oi/a ?i ? caa?iaeo?
iaaaciaea.

iaaecia/ai? (IV) — aeaee, i?i ye? a?aeiii, ui aiie a?aeiinyoueny aei
eaoaai??? «cieeath/eo» /e «??aee?nieo», iaeiae aeinoia??ia ?ioi?iaoe?y,
yea a aeicaieyea aecia/eoe aei yei? ?c cacia/aieo eaoaai??e aiie
a?aeiinyoueny, — a?aenooiy.

iaaeinoaoiuei a?aeii? (V) — aeaee, ye? iiaeia aoei a?aeianoe aei
iaei??? c aeua ia?a?aoiaaieo eaoaai??e, iaeiae o ca’yceo c a?aenoai?noth
iiaii? aeinoia??ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ieoaiiy caeeoa?oueny iaaecia/aiei.

a?aeiiaeai? (VI) — aeaee, iiioeyoe?? yeeo caaaeyee aaeeoei caoiaeai
uiaei ?o ioi?iie ia aeeeeeathoue noo?aiaaiino?, iaeiae ia i?aeeyaathoue
aeei?enoaiith ? aeiaaathoue iino?eiiai eiio?ieth.

Noaooy 10 caeiiii?iaeoo i?noeoue ia?ae?e caoiae?a c ioi?iie oa
a?aeoai?aiiy oaa?ei ? ?ineei, aeaee yeeo caianai? aei *a?aiii? eieae
Oe?a?ie.

*a?aiia eieaa Oe?a?ie i?i eiaeiee ?c aeae?a oaa?ei ? ?ineei i?noeoue
oae? a?aeiiino?:

eaoaai??y;

iioe?aiiy;

iniiai? i?noey ciaoiaeaeaiiy;

/enaeuei?noue o i?e?iae?;

a?aeiiino? i?i ?iciiiaeaiiy aai ?icaaaeaiiy a ooo/ieo oiiaao;

caoiaee, ui aaeeo? oa ye? iaiao?aeii cae?enieoe aeey ?o ioi?iie;

aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??;

ea?oinoaie iioe?aiiy ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie;

oioia?ao?? (iaethiee);

Caianai? aei *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie aeaee oaa?ei ? ?ineei
iiae?eythoueny ia oae? eaoaai???:

cieee?;

cieeath/?;

a?aceea?;

??aee?ni?;

iaaecia/ai?;

iaaeinoaoiuei a?aeii?;

a?aeiiaeai?.

Aaaeaiiy *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie iieeaaea?oueny ia niaoe?aeueii
oiiaiiaaaeaiee oeaio?aeueiee i?aai aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee c ieoaiue aeieia??
oa i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a.

Aaaeaiiy *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie o?iaino?oueny ca ?aooiie Aea?aeaaiiai
athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie.

?icae?e VI caeiiii?iaeoo anoaiiaeth? a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ii?ooaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa o noa?? ioi?iie, aeei?enoaiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy oaa?ei ?
?ineei, aeaee yeeo caianai? aei *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie.

Ioi?iia oa a?aeoai?aiiy ia’?eo?a *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie
caaacia/othoueny i?aaiaie aea?aeaaii? aeaaee, i?aaiaie i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, i?aei?e?inoaaie, onoaiiaaie ? i?aai?caoe?yie, ye? ?
noa’?eoaie aeei?enoaiiy oaa?eiiiai ? ?ineeiiiai na?oo, oa
a?iiaaeyiaie a?aeiia?aeii aei caeiio.

Ioi?iia ia’?eo?a *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie caaacia/o?oueny oeyoii:
onoaiiaeaiiy iniaeeaiai i?aaiaiai noaoono ??aee?nieo ? oaeeo, ui
ia?aaoaathoue i?ae caa?icith cieeiaiiy, aeae?a oaa?eiiiai ?
?ineeiiiai na?oo, caai?iie aai iaiaaeaiiy ?o aeei?enoaiiy;
o?aooaaiiy aeiia uiaei ?o ioi?iie i?ae /an ?ic?iaeaiiy
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a; nenoaiaoe/ii? ?iaioe c aeyaeaiiy
i?noeue ?o ia?aaoaaiiy (c?inoaiiy), i?iaaaeaiiy iino?eiiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy (iii?oi?eiao) ca noaiii ?o iiioeyoe?e;
i??i?eoaoiiai noai?aiiy caiia?aeiee?a, ?ioeo oa?eoi??e oa ia’?eo?a
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo, a oaeiae aeieia?/ii? ia?aae? ia
oa?eoi??yo, aea ia?aaoaathoue (c?inoathoue) ia’?eoe *a?aiii? eieae
Oe?a?ie, oa ia oeyoao i?a?aoe?? ??aee?nieo ? oaeeo, ui ia?aaoaathoue
i?ae caa?icith cieeiaiiy, aeae?a oaa?eiiiai na?oo; noai?aiiy
oeaio??a oa «aaie?a» aeey caa?aaeaiiy aaiioiiaeo cacia/aieo
ia’?eo?a; ?icaaaeaiiy ?o o niaoe?aeueii noai?aieo oiiaao
(ciieia?/ieo ia?eao, ?icie?aeieeao, aioai?/ieo naaeao,
aeaiae?ieia?/ieo ia?eao oiui); o?aooaaiiy niaoe?aeueieo aeiia
uiaei ioi?iie ia’?eo?a *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie i?ae /an ?ici?uaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee, ae??oaiiy ieoaiue a?aeaaaeaiiy caiaeueieo
ae?eyiie, ?ic?iaeaiiy i?iaeoii? oa i?iaeoii-ieaioaaeueii?
aeieoiaioaoe??, i?iaaaeaiiy aeieia?/ii? aenia?oece.

A?aeoai?aiiy ia’?eo?a *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie caaacia/o?oueny
oeyoii: ni?eyiiy i?e?iaeiiio a?aeiiaeaiith iiioeyoe?e ??aee?nieo ?
oaeeo, ui ia?aaoaathoue i?ae caa?icith cieeiaiiy, aeae?a
oaa?eiiiai ? ?ineeiiiai na?oo, ?io?iaeoeoe?? oa ?a?io?iaeoeoe??
oaeeo aeae?a o i?e?iaei? oiiae, aea aiie ia?aaoaaee (c?inoaee);
oo?eiaiiy ? ?icaaaeaiiy o ooo/ii noai?aieo oiiaao.

Ioi?iia oa a?aeoai?aiiy ia’?eo?a *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie
caaacia/othoueny oaeiae oeyoii: cae?eniaiiy iaiao?aeieo iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue c iaoith ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoeiaeo canaae ?o ioi?iie oa
a?aeoai?aiiy; onoaiiaeaiiy i?aeaeuaii? aaei?i?no?aoeaii?,
oeea?eueii? oa e?ei?iaeueii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca cieuaiiy /e
iioeiaeaeaiiy ia’?eo?a *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie, caiiae?yiiy oeiaee
na?aaeiaeuo ?o ia?aaoaaiiy (c?inoaiiy); i?iaaaeaiiy ina?oiuei? oa
aeoiaii? ?iaioe na?aae ianaeaiiy; cae?eniaiiy ?ioeo caoiae?a
a?aeiia?aeii aei caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Ia?aaoaaiiy (c?inoaiiy) ia iaai?e oa?eoi??? ??aee?nieo ? oaeeo,
ui ia?aaoaathoue i?ae caa?icith cieeiaiiy, aeae?a oaa?eiiiai ?
?ineeiiiai na?oo, caianaieo aei *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie, ? i?aenoaaith
aeey iaieioaiiy ?? ia’?eoii i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo Oe?a?ie
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy. Aeey caaacia/aiiy ae??oaiiy
o?ainei?aeiiieo oa ?ioeo i?iaeai ioi?iie ? a?aeoai?aiiy ia’?eo?a
*a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie cae?enith?oueny i?aeia?iaeia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai a
oe?e noa?? oeyoii oeeaaeaiiy ? aeeiiaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo
aeainoi?iii?o oa aaaaoinoi?iii?o i?aeia?iaeieo aeiaiai??a, i?aai?caoe??
a?inoa?ieo caiia?aeiee?a, noai?aiiy ia oa?eoi??yo, noi?aeieo
c ?ioeie aea?aeaaaie, i?aeaea?aeaaieo caiia?aeiee?a,
iaoe?iiaeueieo ia?e?a, caeaciee?a oa ?ioeo oa?eoi??e ? ia’?eo?a
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo, i?iaaaeaiiy ni?eueieo iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iai?io ?o ?acoeueoaoaie.

Aeaee oaa?eiiiai ? ?ineeiiiai na?oo, caianai? aei *a?aiiiai nieneo
I?aeia?iaeiiai nithco ioi?iie i?e?iaee oa i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a ?
?a?iiaenueeiai *a?aiiiai nieneo, ye? ia?aaoaathoue (c?inoathoue) o
i?e?iaeieo oiiaao o iaaeao oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, ?? eiioeiaioaeueiiai
oaeueoo oa aeeeth/ii? (ii?nueei?) aeiiii?/ii? ciie, iiaeooue caiineoeny
aei *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie aai ?i iiaea iaaeaaaoeny ?ioee iniaeeaee
noaoon a?aeiia?aeii aei caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Ioaea, *a?aiia eieaa Oe?a?ie — oea iniiaiee aea?aeaaiee aeieoiaio, yeee
ocaaaeueith? a?aeiiino? i?i no/aniee noai aeae?a oaa?ei ? ?ineei
Oe?a?ie, ui ia?aaoaathoue i?ae caa?icith cieeiaiiy oa caoiaee uiaei ?o
caa?aaeaiiy ? a?aeoai?aiiy ia iaoeiai ia??oioiaaieo canaaeao. Ia’?eoaie
*a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie ? oaa?eie ? ?ineeie ia an?o noaae?yo ?icaeoeo,
ye? iino?eii aai oei/aniai ia?aaoaathoue /e c?inoathoue o i?e?iaeieo
oiiaao o iaaeao oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, ?? eiioeiaioaeueiiai oaeueoo oa
aeeeth/ii? (ii?nueei?) aeiiii?/ii? ciie, aeaee yeeo ? ??aee?nieie ?
ia?aaoaathoue i?ae caa?icith cieeiaiiy, a oaeiae ai?caea, /anoeie oa
?io? i?iaeoeoe oeeo oaa?ei ? ?ineei.

E?oa?aoo?a:

1. Ceia?i TH.A. Iniiae aeieia??.- E.: E?a?a, 1998. — 249.

2. Ei?nae E.A., Ieaoioi?e I.A. Iniiae aeieia??, — E.: IAOI, 2000. — 238
n.

3. Eo/a?yaee A.I. Aeieia?y, — Euea?a: Na?o, — 500 n.

4. Caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i *a?aiio eieao Oe?a?ie” // A?aeiiino? Aa?oiaii?
?aaee (AA?), 2002, N 30, no.201.

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