Eo?niaa ?iaioa

?ieue o?neaeueii? iie?oeee a oiiaao ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe??

Ieai.

Anooi

1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae aiae?co o?neaeueii? iie?oeee;

1.2 ?ino?oiaioa??e o?neaeueii? iie?oeee;

1.2 Aeaee o?neaeueii? iie?oeee;

1.3 Caaaeaiiy o?neaeueii? iie?oeee.

2. O?neaeueia iie?oeea a ?noi?e/i?e ?ao?iniaeoea?;

2.1 Ia?eaioee?noe oa eeane/ia oeiea i?i aieea aea?aeaae ia aeiiii?eo;

2.2 ?noi?e/i? oiiae aeieeiaiiy eaein?ainoaa. Aeiiii?/iee aee?eaeeci;

2.3 Eaein?ainuee? iaoiaee aeiiii?/iiai ao?o/aiiy .

3.Aieea o?neaeueii? iie?oeee ia aeiiii?/io ??aiiaaao:

3.1 Iiaeaeue IS-LM aeey cae?eoi? aeiiii?ee;

3. 2 Iiaeaeue Iaiaeaea-Oeai?iaa.

4. Aiae?c o?neaeueii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?:

4.1 Aeei?enoaiiy ?ino?oiaio?a o?neaeueii? iie?oeee oi?iaeiaae 1990-2001
??.;

4.2 Iaoiaee caaeainoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie;

4.3 ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy ?ino?oiaio?a o?neaeueii? iie?oeee.

Aeniiaee.

Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Anooi

Caeiaoaoe aea?aeaaio iacaeaaei?noue, Oe?a?ia ?ica’yco? iaaecae/aeii
aaaeeeaa caaaeaiiy — noai?aiiy aeiiii?ee, ni?iiiaeii? caaacia/eoe a?aeia
aeeooy ia?iaeia?. Oiio Oe?a?ia cae?enith? ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee. A i?ioean? oeueiai ia?aoiaeo a?aeaoaathoueny aeeaie? ci?ie a
??cieo noa?ao aeiiii?/iiai aeeooy. Iaei??th c iaeaaaii?oeo ci?i ?
ia?ao?ae aei iiaiai oeio iae?iaeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy, yea iia’yco?
ie?ai? aaeoc? oa ae?iaieoeoaa o iaoe?iiaeueio aeiiii?eo.

Iniiaiith aeiiii?/iith ooieoe??th o?yaeo ? noaa?e?caoe?y aeiiii?ee.
Noaa?e?caoe?y /anoeiai aeinyaa?oueny caaaeyee caeiiai o?neaeueii?
iie?oeee. Iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy o?neaeueia iie?oeea iaaoaa? o ia?ao?aei?e
aeiiii?oe?. I?iaaaeaiiy o?neaeueii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i? a?aeaoaaeiny ia
caaaeaee aaeaei aiane?aeie o?oaeiiu?a ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo. Oea
iiynith?oueny aaaaoueia ianoaaeiaie, ianaiia?aae, iaiine?aeiai?noth
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, i?ieea?noth i??i?eoao?a, neaae?noth iniiaieo
neeaaeiaeo ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, iiiiiie?ciii ae?iaiee?a, a oaeiae,
oei, ui a?eueo?noue ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, ye? noinothoueny oe??? i?iaeaie
ia ocaiaeaeai? i?ae niaith. Oi/a ca ?iee iacaeaaeiino? ? iaai?
caeiaooee iieiaei? aea?aeaae. Ia ne?ae coieiyoeny ia caeiaooiio. Aeey
?icaoaeiae i?oeii? aea?aeaae iaiao?aeii aaeineiiaethaaoe ?ino?oiaioe
aeiiii?/ii iie?oeee. Ona oea coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo i?iaaaeaiiy o?neaeueii? iie?oeee a ia?ao?aei?e
aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie.

O a?o/eciyi?e iaooe? oey i?iaeaia ua iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaia, ine?eueee
aiia ? a?aeiinii iiaith ? a?aeia?aaea? aeeaiei iaiaeiicia/iee ?
noia?a/eeaee oa?aeoa? noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a oe?a?inuee?e
aeiiii?oe?. Ia?aaeon?i, oea a?aenooi?noue aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? o?neaeueii? iie?oeee. Aiaeii/an caeeoathoueny ua neaai
aea/aieie oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe oe??? i?iaeaie. Cie?aia, oea noino?oueny
?noi?e/iiai aniaeoo o?neaeueii? iie?oeee.

?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco eo?niai? ?iaioe noaiiaeyoue iaoeia? i?aoe?
oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? oaie eo?niai? ?iaioe coiiaeaia oi?ioaaiiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie; ia?ic?iaeai?noue aeaii?
i?iaeaie, ye a iaoeia?e, oae ? iaa/aeuei?e e?oa?aoo??.

Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe — ia i?aenoaa? nenoaiiiai aiae?co oai??? ? i?aeoeee
o?neaeueii? iie?oeee, aeyaeoe ?ieue o?neaeueii? iie?oeee o noaiiaeaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie Oe?a?ie, c’ynoaaoe nooue, oe?e?,
aeaee o?neaeueii? iie?oeee, i?iaiae?coaaoe o?neaeueio iie?oeeo a
?noi?e/i?e ?ao?iniaeoea? oa c’ynoaaoe aieea o?neaeueii? iie?oeee ia
noaiiaeaiiy aioo??oiuei? oa ciai?oiuei? ??aiiaaae.

1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae aiae?co o?neaeueii? iie?oeee

1.2 ?ino?oiaioa??e o?neaeueii? iie?oeee

O?neaeueia iie?oeea, ?? ua /anoi iaceaathoue athaeaeaoii-o?iainiaith,
aai i?inoi athaeaeaoiith, ii??aiyii iaaeaaii aeei?enoiao?oueny ye
?ino?oiaio iae?iaeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy.

Neiai “o?neaeueia” eaoeinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy ? a ia?aeeaae? icia/a?
eacaiiee [30, N. 206].

O?neaeueia iie?oeea — oea caoiaee o?yaeo ni?yiiaai? ia cieaeaiiy
aac?ia?ooy /e ?ioeyoe?? oa aeinyaiaiiy i?e?iaeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa[27, N.
404].

Iiaeia oaa?aeeoe, ui eeoa c /an?a Aeaeiia Eaeina ii/aeiny ?? aeoeaia,
oe?eani?yiiaaia oa aacia?a?aia canoinoaaiiy o oe?e yeino?[27, N. 400]

O?neaeueia iie?oeea i?noeoue aeineoue i?inoee ?ino?oiaioa??e naiai
aieeao ia ainiiaea?nueea aeeooy: iiaeaoee ? aeaeaoee. Naia oeyoii ci?ie
iiaeaoe?a oa aeaeaoe?a ? caaacia/o?oueny aieea ia iae?iaeiiii?/i?
i?ioeane.

Aea?aeaaiee athaeaeao neeaaea?oueny c aeioiaeii? oa aeaeaoeiai? /anoei.
Aeioiaee athaeaeaoo — on? iiaeaoeia?, iaiiaeaoeia? oa ?io?
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ia aaciiai?ioi?e iniia?, ni?yioaaiiy yeeo ia?aaeaa/aii
caeiiiaeaanoaii Oe?a?ie.

Iiaeaoeaie iaceaathoue iaia’yceia? ieaoaae?, ye? aea?aeaaa noyao? c
o?ce/ieo oa th?eaee/ieo in?a. A Oe?a?i? ?ic??ciythoue
caaaeueiiaea?aeaai? iiaeaoee oa cai?e[4, N. 190]. Iiaeaoee — oea /anoeia
aeioiaeo, ui niea/othoue o??ie, aeiiiainiiaea?noaa o ?ici???
anoaiiaeaiiio caeiiii, aai oea a?io? a athaeaeao, can?a oi?ioaaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo. Aaei?i?no?oaaiiy iiaeaoe?a — oea eiiieaen
caoiae?a aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee uiaei caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy aeioiaeii?
/anoeie athaeaeaoo on?o ??ai?a[8, N. 78]. Iiaeaoee iiae?eythoueny ia
i?yi?, iai?yi?, aeoeece, ieoi[38, N. 403].

Noeoiia aaca iiiaeaoeoaaiiy iiaeiia aacoaaoeny ia ?aae?noe/i?e ioe?ioe?
iiaeeeainoae ae?iaie/i-eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, aeaaeeeaiio noaaeaii?
aei oiaa?iae?iaieea ? ?icoi?ii? oiai, ui aeioiaeio /anoeio athaeaeaoo
iiaeooue noi?ioaaoe ia aeaa?aee oa aaci?eaooeia? ae?iaie/? eaiee, a
caiiaei? ethaee oa aenieiaoaeoeai? i?aei?e?inoaa[12, N. 8-9].
Ca?eueoaiiy aeioiaeii? aace athaeaeaoo ? iiaeeeaei eeoa ca oiiae
oni?oiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa a e?a?i?[44, N. 33]. Caaaeaiiy
iieyaa? ia a oiio, uia c?a?aoe yeiiiaa a?eueoa iiaeaoe?a, a a oiio, uia
i?e oeueiio ?icoe?eeany aaca iiaeaoe?a[22, N. 72].

Aeaeaoee athaeaeaoo — eiooe, ui ni?yiiaothoueny ia cae?eniaiiy i?ia?ai
oa caoiae?a, ia?aaeaa/aieo a?aeiia?aeiei athaeaeaoii[1, N. 5].
Aea?aeaaiee athaeaeao i?noeoue /eiaei noaoae aeaeaoe?a, ye? iiaeia
ca?oioaaoe o o?noue iniiaieo iai?yi?a[39,N. 405]:

iaoe?iiaeueia iai?iia;

oo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai aia?aoo;

o?iainoaaiiy athaeaeaoiiai naeoi?a aeiiii?ee;

nioe?aeuei? aeaeaoee;

i?ioeaioe o aea?aeaaiee ai?a.

Oiaoi, aea?aeaai? aeaeaoee — oea aeo?aoe iia’ycai? c ae?yeuei?noth
aea?aeaae.

Ioaea, o?neaeueiith iie?oeeith ?icoi?thoue i?ioean ci?ie o nenoai?
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy oa o?yaeiaeo aeaeaoe?a[14, N. 34].

1.2 Aeaee o?neaeueii? iie?oeee

Aeiiii?noe aeae?eythoue aeaa aeaee o?neaeueii? iie?oeee: noeioethaaeueio
oa no?eioaaeueio. Ia?oa ia?aaeaa/a? ca?eueoaiiy o?yaeiaeo aeaeaoe?a,
cieaeaiiy iiaeaoe?a aai iaaia ii?aeiaiiy aeaio iiia?aaei?o cania?a.
No?eioaaeueia o?neaeueia iie?oeea ia?aaeaa/a? cieaeaiiy o?yaeiaeo
aeaeaoe?a, ca?eueoaiiy iiaeaoe?a aai iaaia ii?aeiaiiy aeaio iiia?aaei?o
?ino?oiaio?a[38, N. 407].

Aeiiii?noe aeae?eythoue oaeiae oae? aeaee o?neaeueii? iie?oeee, ye
aeene?aoe?eio ? iaaeene?aoe?eio.

Aeene?aoe?eia o?neaeueia iie?oeea — oea nenoaia caoiae?a, ui ia?aaeaa/a?
oe?eani?yiiaai? ci?ie a ??ai? aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a ? iiaeaoe?a, aeey
aieeao ia ianya iaoe?iiaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? caeiyo?noue, eiio?ieth
iaae ?ioeyoe??th oa ni?eyiiy aeiiii?/iiio c?inoaiith. Oa?i?i
«aeene?aoe?eia» icia/a?, ui ci?ie o iiaeaoeao ? aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoeao
caeaaeaoue a?ae ??oaiiy ia?eaiaioo /e o?yaeo. Aeey aiae?co o?neaeueii?
iie?oeee i?eiono?ii, ui aiia aieeaa? eeoa ia noeoiiee iiieo ? i?ye ia
aieeaa? ia noeoiio i?iiiceoe?th[20, N. 329].

Iaoae oiane?aeie ??ceiai ciaioaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeaeaoe?a
iaoe?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea oa?eoea o oaco niaaeo. E?eaa noeoiiiai iiieoo
ia?ai?noeeany ae?ai c AD1 aei AD2 (?en.1). Oea ciaioaiiy noeoiiiai
iiieoo noi?iaiaeaeoaaoeiaoueny ciaioaiiyi ianyao iaoe?iiaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? aeieeiaiiyi oeeee?/iiai aac?ia?ooy[N. 327 ].

?en 1. Noeioethaaeueia o?neaeueia iie?oeea [27, N. 292].

I?ae /an niaaeo athaeaeao noa? aeao?oeeoiei, ai aeioiaee o?ce/ieo ?
th?eaee/ieo in?a ciaioothoueny ? a?aeiia?aeii nei?i/othoueny iiaeaoeia?
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy, a aeaeaoee c aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, iai?eeeaae aeieaoe
c aac?ia?ooy, c?inoathoue. Aeey iiaeieaiiy niaaeo o?yae iiaea
aeei?enoaoe noeioethaaeueio o?neaeueio iie?oeea, yea aaaea aei
aeieeiaiiy aeao?oeeoo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo. I?eiono?ii, o?yae
ca?eueoo? noeoii? aeaeaoee, ui iieacaii ia ?en. 1 ioieoe?iith e?i??th.
?aaeueiee ianya ae?iaieoeoaa c?inoa, a ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy cieceoueny.
Uia iiaeieaoe niaae, o?yae iiaea oaeiae cieceoe iiaeaoee. Aeey
iiaeieaiiy niaaeo o?yae iiaea oaeiae ii?aeioaaoe ca?eueoaiiy aeaeaoe?a ?
cieaeaiiy iiaeaoe?a, uia aeinyaoe aaaeaiiai ii/aoeiaiai c?inoaiiy
niiaeeaaiiy oa ca?eueoaiiy noeoiiiai iiieoo ? ?aaeueiiai AAI.
No?eioaaeueia iie?oeea ni?yiiaaia ia iiaeieaiiy ?ioeyoe?eiiai iiieoo.

Aiiioiaaiee, aai aaoiiaoe/iee, noaa?e?caoi? — oea aoaeue-yeee iaoai?ci
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, ui ca?eueoo? athaeaeaoiee aeao?oeeo i?ae /an
niaaeo oa ?iaeoeo? iaaeeeoie o ?iee ?ioeyoe?? ? ia iio?aao? aeiaeaoeiaeo
caoiae?a c aieo aea?aeaaieo ?inoeooo?a. Aaoiiaoe/i? noaa?e?caoi?e /anoi
iaceaathoue iaaeene?aoe?eiith o?neaeueiith iie?oeeith[20, N. 329].

Ioaea, aeiiii?noe aeae?eythoue oae? aeaee o?neaeueii? iie?oeee, ye
aeene?aoe?eio ? iaaeene?aoe?eio. A iaaeao aeene?aoe?eii? aeae?eythoue ua
oae? aeaa i?aeaeaee o?neaeueii? iie?oeee: noeioethaaeueio oa
no?eioaaeueio.

1.3 Caaaeaiiy o?neaeueii? iie?oeee

Noeioethaaeueio o?neaeueio iie?oeeo i?iaiaeeoue o?yae c iaoith cieaeaiiy
??aiy aac?ia?ooy ? c?inoaiiy AAI. No?eioaaeueia o?neaeueia iie?oeea
ia?aaeaa/aia aeey cieaeaiiy ??aiy ?ioeyoe??. Caaaeaiiy o?neaeueii?
iie?oeee caiaeeoueny aei ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ? caeiyoino?
/e cieaeaiiy oaii?a ?ioeyoe??.

Iniiaia caaaeaiiy iie?oee?a ? aeiiii?no?a o noa?? o?neaeueii? iie?oeee
iieyaa? a oiio, uia oae a?ae?aaoethaaoe nenoaio iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, uia aiia
ia no?eioaaea aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy ? ia niioai?thaaea i?iii?oe?e,
anoaiiaeaieo i?ae ie?aieie naeoi?aie aai aaeocyie aeiiii?ee a
?acoeueoao? ae?? ?eieiaeo nee. Caaaeaiiy iieyaa? ia i?inoi a oiio, uia
c?a?aoe yeiiiaa a?eueoa iiaeaoe?a, a a oiio, uia i?e oeueiio
?icoe?thaaeany aaca iiaeaoe?a[22, N.72]. O?neaeueio iie?oeeo i?iaiaeeoue
o?yae, ye iaoai?ci noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio. Oiio o iaaieo iaaeao o?yaeia?
??oaiiy uiaei aeaeaoe?a oa iiiaeaoeoaaiiy iiaeooue ci?ithaaoeny, uia
aieeaaoe ia ??aiiaaaeiee ?aaeueiee AAI a ?ioa?anao caaaeueiiai
aeia?iaooo.[27, N. 290] Ioaea, iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi ia? noaoe oi?ioaaiiy
oaei? o?neaeueii? iie?oeee, ui aeanoue iiooiao aei c?inoaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, oa iiaeeea?noue ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueieo
i?iaeai. E??i oiai ca aeiiiiiaith o?neaeueii? iie?oeee o?yae iiaea
ci?ithaaoe no?oeoo?o iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, ciaioeoe oeeee?/ia
eieeaaiiy, aeinyaaoe iiaii? caeiyoino?, ni?eyoe aeiiii?/iiio c?inoaiith,
aii?yaeeiaoaaoe aea?aeaai? o?iaine, ai?ioeny c ?ioeyoe??th[38, N. 404].

2. O?neaeueia iie?oeea a ?noi?e/i?e ?ao?iniaeoea?

2.1 Ia?eaioee?noe oa eeane/ia oeiea i?i aieea aea?aeaae ia aeiiii?eo

Oai??y aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aa?a na?e ii/aoie ua a ia??iae
na?aaeiueia?//y, eiee aeey caioi/aiiy oeo /e ?ioeo ae?iaieoeoa aai
?aianae iaaeaaaeenue i?eueae a iiiaeaoeoaaii?. Aea o o? aeaeae? /ane
aeei?enoaiiy iiaeaoeiaeo aaaeae?a ye ?ino?oiaio?a aieeao ia aeiiii?/ia
aeeooy iaei nii?aaee/iee oa?aeoa?.

Ia?eaioee?noe aoee ia?oith oeieith, yea o nai?e oai?aoe/i?e nenoai?
a?aeaaea iiaeaoeai nooo?ao ?ieue, ye ?ino?oiaioo aieeao aea?aeaae ia
aeiiii?eo. Ca?aeii c ?oiueith oai???th, aea?aeaaa iiaeiia noeioethaaoe
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy cieioa a e?a?io, ui caaacia/eoue ?e noaa?eueia iieiaeaiiy
a na?o?, a ?? a?iiaaeyiai — aeinoieiee ??aaiue aeeooy[23, N. 41].
I?aaenoaaieee oe??? oa/?? aaaaeaee, ui iiaeaoee ? oei ?ino?oiaioii, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeiai iiaeia iaeii/anii aeinyaiooe aeaio oe?eae — iiiiaieoe
aea?aeaaio nea?aieoeth oeyoii iiiaeaoeoaaiiy ?iii?oieo oiaa??a, a oaeiae
i?aeo?eiaoe a?o/eciyiiai oiaa?iae?iaieea, ui, a naith /a?ao, oaeiae
ni?eyoeia iaa?iiaaeaeaiith cieioa a e?a?i?, iiceoeaiiio oi?aiaaeueiiio
aaeaino.

Iaeiae aei na?aaeeie O?O no. aea?aeaaa iaei ao?o/aeany a ainiiaea?nueea
aeeooy, a o??ie ia iiaee aieeaaoe ia iniiai? ia?aiao?e ?eieo. O eiaei?e
aaeoc? ooieoe?iioaaee oeny/? ae??aieo ? na?aaei?o ae?iaiee?a,
aca?iica’ycie i?ae yeeie cae?enithaaany /a?ac ?eiie o aeaeyae?
eiieo?aioe??. Ca oaeeo oiia ?eieiaee iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaa ?iciiae?e
?ano?n?a, oa?eoi??aeuei? i?iii?oe??, oa’ycoaaa i?ae niaith aa?o?ni?
i?iii?oe??, ie?ai? oace a?aeoai?thaaeueiiai i?ioeano. Aeiiii?/ia
iiaooi?noue o??i aoea ua iaaeinoaoiueith, uia aieeaaoe ia
iae?iaeiiii?/i? i?ioeane, a aeiiii?/ia ?ieue aea?aeaae caiaeeeany aei
ooieoe?e «i?/iiai noi?iaea», oiaoi ioi?iioey aeaniino?[19, N. 108].
Ioaea, aeiiii?noe i?aei?iaee ieoaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith, ai a
oeueiio ia aoei iio?aae.

A.Ni?o aeaa ia aaeueie noaaeueio ioe?ieo noai?, yeo cai?iiiioaaee
ia?eaioee?noe. Ni?aaaaeeeaa ?? e?eoeea aoea iia’ycaia c oei, ui aiia,
ii-ia?oa, iinoaaeea aeio?ae aea?aeaae o i?yio caeaaei?noue a?ae ieoieo
cai??a, a ii-ae?oaa, «aenie? ieoa, yeeie iaeeaaeaany aa?c aaaaoueio
?iicaiieo oiaa??a, a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao neoaoaaee o?eueee aeey
caioi/aiiy eiio?aaaiaee ? o an?o aeiaaeeao ciaiooaaee aeioiaee a?ae ieoa
ii??aiyii c oei, ye? a i?eiineee cia/ii iaio? ieoa». Ua iaeei aaeeeee
aeiiii?no ieioeiai Ae.??ea?aei aaaaeaa, ui iiaeaoee i?eiee ia iiaeia
?iciiae?eeoe oae ??aiii??ii, uia aieeaaoe iaeiaeiaith i??ith ia
aa?o?noue an?o oiaa??a ? caa?aaoe ?o a?aeiinio aa?o?noue ia iaeiiio
??ai?. Canoinoaaiiy o?yaeii aenieeo iiaeaoe?a aaaea aei a?aeieeao
eai?oaeo a oae? aaeoc? ae?iaieoeoaa, a ye? a?i i?e i?e?iaeiiio oiae?
?a/ae ia nea?iaoaaany ae, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ae?ae caoaiiai
ia?a?iciiae?eo eioo?a noni?euenoaa. «Oiio, — ?iaeoue aeniiaie
Ae.??ea?aei, — Oai iaee?auee iiaeaoie — oea iaeiaioee iiaeaoie»[41, N.
147].

Ae.??ea?aei oaeiae i?aee?anethaaa, ui nai?ie iiina?aaeeiaaieie aieeaaie
iiaeaoee ia??aeei aaaeooue aei iane?aee?a, ye? ia a?aeiia?aeathoue
iai??ai caeiiiaeaaoe?a. C ii/aoeo O?O no. o O?aioe?? oe?ieiai iioe?aiiy
iaaoea oai??y aeeooc??, iniiaiiieiaeieeii yei? aoa A.Eaia?. Nooue
oe??? oai??? caiaeeoueny aei oiai, ui eiaeiee iiaee iiaeaoie i?eiineoue
iia? oa?oy ? eieeaaiiy oe?i. Cao?aiiy aeeeeeathoueny ia naiei iiaeaoeii,
a ii?ooaiiyi ??aiiaaae, yea oie aeeeeea?. Aaaaeaeiny, ui noa?ee
iiaeaoie aeia?ee, a iiaee — oe?aeeeaee. Oiio iniiaiith aeiiaith aei
iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee noaea ?? noaa?euei?noue[46, N. 7]. No/ania
oeoia/aiiy oai??? «aeeooc??» aeaee O.E?aeeaiae, A.I?aneioo oa ?.Aa??i,
ye? aeiaaee, ui yeui iiaeaoee aoaeooue noaa?eueieie i?ioyaii ae?eiaiai
oeeeeo, oi niioai?aiiy aai ?icaaeainiaai?noue, ye? aiie aeeeeeathoue,
aoaeooue i?i?iaeueieie.

Ioaea, oai??y aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aa?a na?e ii/aoie ua a ia??iae
na?aaeiueia?//y, iaeiae ia?eaioee?noe aoee ia?oith oeieith, ye?
iaa?oiooaaee caaaeuei? ?ene aieeao aea?aeaae ia ainiiaea?nuee? i?ioeane.
Iaeiae aei na?aaeeie O?O no. aea?aeaaa iaei ao?o/aeany a ainiiaea?nueea
aeeooy, oiio i?aaenoaaieee eeane/ii? oeiee a?aenoithaaee “aeieo?eio
laissez-faire”.

2.2 ?noi?e/i? oiiae aeieeiaiiy eaein?ainoaa. Aeiiii?/iee aee?eaeeci

A inoaii?e o?aoei? O?O no. a aeiiii?oe? ia?aaeiaeo e?a?i a?aeaoaathoueny
aeeaie? ci?ie. Aaeocaaa ae?iaieoeoai cina?aaeaeo?oueny a ?oeao ana
iaioi? e?eueeino? o??i, cie?aia, a oaeeo iiaeo aaeocyo, ye
aaoiiia?eueia, iaooiaa oa aeaye? ?io?. Nei?i/aiiy aai i?eieiaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa oaeith o??iith oaea na?eicii aieeaa? ia anth iaoe?iiaeueio
aeiiii?eo. Ca oaeeo oiia iaoai?ci aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, a yeiio
caae?yi? aeiyoeiai aacia? aeaiaioe — oe?ie, iiieo oa i?iiiceoe?y,
ao?a/a? caeaoi?noue aea?aeaaii? eii?aeeiaoe??. ?eieiaa ?aaoethaaiiy
iiaeiii aeiiiaithaaoeny ?aaoethaaiiyi o??i, a oaeiae iineeaiiyi
ao?o/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai naeoi?a a ainiiaea?nueea aeeooy aei oaeiai
aeniiaeo i?eeoee aeaye? aeiiii?noe oeueiai ia??iaeo[19,N. 110].

Aaeee? o??ie iiaeooue aieeaaoe ia iniiai? ia?aiao?e ?eieo, ui
a?aeia?aaea?oueny a oai??yo iiiiiie?? oa ie?aiiie??. Oe? e?oii? o??ie
i?ae?eaathoue aaeeeith i??ith ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio. O oie
/an ci?oeiththoue nai? iiceoe?? i?ioni?eee, ye? iaiaaeothoue ?eieiaee
iaoai?ci o aecia/ai? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe. O ?acoeueoao? iineeth?oueny
?icaaeainiaai?noue aeiiii?ee, ui i?iyaey?oueny a iiaeeaeaii? oeeee?/ieo
eieeaaiue, ca?eueoaii? e?eueeino? aaie?oonoa, iineeaiiyi ?ioeyoe?eieo
oaiaeaioe?e. Iniaeeai ?oei?aiith noaa niaae 1929-33 ??., yeee oa?eoia a
?noi??th i?ae iacaith Aaeeei? aeai?an??. Oey e?eca i?aeoaa?aeeea, ui
?eieiaa aeiiii?ea naia ii nia? ia iiaea caaacia/eoe aeiiii?/io
??aiiaaao. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui iaei??th ?c ia?aaeoiia noaiiaeaiiy oai??e
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aoa oni?o aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie ?aaeyinueeiai
Nithco (yeee aeeiiaa ia?oee i’yoe??/iee ieai)[15, N. 338].

A oeeo oiiaao aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue c?icoi?oe ? ?ice?eoe caeiiii??iino?
eai?oae?cio ? cai?iiiioaaoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? caaacia/aoue
eiai ?icaeoeo. Iiooe ??ciiiai?oieo aa??aio?a aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth iaae
aeiiii?eith — iniaeea?noue ao?aeoacii? iie?oaeiiii?? OO no. C’yaey?oueny
iai?yi o aeiiii?/i?e oai???, ui ia’?aeio? i?eoeeueiee?a ?aaoeueiaaii?
aeiiii?ee, oeae iai?yi io?eiaa iacao aeiiii?/iee aee?eaeeci. Ne?ae
cacia/eoe, ui nooi?noue aee?eaeecio ye iai?yieo aeiiii?/ii? iaoee
iieyaa? o iaa?oiooaaii? iaiao?aeiino? aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo cania?a
(o?yaeo, i?aaa, aa?oino?, oe?ie,..) aeey aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth iaae
aeiiii?eith. Aee?eaeenoe iaei? ?c ia?oeo aenooieee c ?aea?th
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ? a oai?aoe/iiio aniaeo? i?aeaioiaeee
a?aeiia?aeio ieaooi?io aeey eaein?ainoaa[15, N. 338]. Iaeiae aee?eaeeci
ia ia? yeeoinue caaaeueieo oai?aoe/ieo canaae. Ia’?aeiothoue
aee?eaeeno?a iaoiaeieia?y ? e?eoe/ia noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeienaeueii?
eeane/ii? ? iaieeane/ii? oai???. Aee?eaeenoe ia oeiaeothoue /i?ii?
oa?ae, uia ciaethaaoe iaaaoeai? ?ene eai?oae?cio. E?eoeeoaaee eeanee?a
ca oa, ui aiie caiaeyoue ona aei iaoai?/ieo caeii?a iiieoe oa
i?iiiceoe?? ? ia oi?eathoueny ?ioeo i?iaeai. Ia ?o aeoieo aea?aeaaia
?aaoethaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi o?iain?a, a?ioiaiai ia?ao, e?aaeeoo ia
o?eueee a?aaoeueiao? aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie, aea ? caiia?aa? oeeee?/iei
eieeaaiiyi. Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy a ciic? ?ica’ycaoe noni?euei?
noia?a/iino? eai?oae?cio.

Aiae?c aee?eaeecio aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui oai?aoeee oeueiai
iai?yieo iaa?oiooaaee iaiao?aei?noue aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aeiiii?ee, /a?ac iaaeineiiae?noue ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio. Iaeiae aiie ia
aeaee na?eicieo i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ?aae?caoe?? ?aaoethaaiiy
aeiiii?ee[21, N. 236]. Aee?eaeeci aaaaea?oueny iniiaiith oai?aoe/iith
ieaooi?iith eaein?ainoaa.

Ioaea, a inoaii?e o?aoei? O?O no. a aeiiii?oe? ia?aaeiaeo e?a?i
a?aeaoaathoueny aeeaie? ci?ie: ooai?eeenue iiiiiieuei? ia’?aeiaiiy,
oni?o aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco, neeueia iiceoe?y
i?ioni?eie. Nooi?noue aee?eaeecio ye iai?yieo aeiiii?/ii? iaoee iieyaa?
o iaa?oiooaaii? iaiao?aeiino? aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo cania?a aeey
aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth iaae aeiiii?eith oa e?eoeoe? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue
eeane/ii? oeiee.

2.3 Eaein?ainuee? iaoiaee aeiiii?/iiai ao?o/aiiy

Iio?yn?iiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a 30- o ??. i?aeooiaoioee aeiiii?no?a aei
aeniiaeo, ui aeiiii?ea ia iiaea oni?oii ooieoe?iioaaoe aac aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy. Iaea?aeii?oei na?aae oeeo aeiiii?no?a ? Aeae.I.Eaein c
eiai ?aaiethoe?eiith i?aoeath «Caaaeueia oai??y caeiyoino?, i?ioeaioa oa
a?ioae», yea c’yaeeanue o 1936 ?ioe?[53, N. 216]. Eieaa Eaeina ni?aaeea
aeeaieee aieea ye ia aeiiii?/io iaoeo oae ? i?aeoeeo. Eaein ia
caia?a/oaaa: ui naia ia?eaioee?noe cae?enieee aaeeeee aieea ia eiai
iiaeyaee[53, N. 217 ].

Ia ci?io iaieeane/i?e oai??? i?eeoea ?ioa, yea a?eueoa a?aeiia?aeaea
iiaei ?aae?yi aeiiii?/iiai aeeooy. Oaeith oai???th noaei eaein?ainoai —
oea iai?yi aeiiii?/ii? oai???, iaoith yeiai ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
iaiao?aeiino? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee[15, N. 337].

Ianaiia?aae Eaein iinoaaea i?ae noii?a iieiaeaiiy eeanee?a i?i
aio/e?noue oe?i ? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ? oaeiae oa, ui i?ioeaioia noaaea
c??aiiaaaeo? caiuaaeaeaiiy oa ?iaanoeoe??, ui caiuaaeaeaiiy aecia/athoue
ci?ie a aeioiaeao. A?i oaa?aeea, ui a aeiiii?oe? iiaea aeinyaaoeny
iae?iaeiiii?/ia ??aiiaaaa, aea, aiaeii/an ?nioaaoeia aaeeea aac?ia?ooy,
?ioeyoe?y oea ? ? oai?aoe/iith ?iiiaaoe??th, yeo aa?a Eaein[7, N. 607].
Eaein aecia?, ui aac?ia?ooy — i?aai?/ii i?eoaiaiia eai?oae?cio yaeua,
yea “iaieio/a noi?iaiaeaeo? no/aniee eai?oae?noe/iee
?iaeea?aeoae?ci”[25, A. 2].

Iae?icoii?oa iie?oeea, — ieoa Eaein, — iieyaa?, c?aooith o
i?aeo?eioaaiiy no?eeiai caaaeueiiai ??aiy a?ioiai? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe[23,
N. 41].

Aieiaiith iaoith, yeo noaaea ia?aae niaith Eaein — ca?eueoaiiy
aoaeoeaiiai iiieoo, a ioaea ? caeiyoino?[25, A. 3]. Iaaeinoaoi?noue
aoaeoeaiiai iiieoo iiaeia onoiooe eeoa /a?ac no/anio aeiiii?/io
iie?oeeo, a ia /a?ac aaoiiaoe/i? noaa?e?caoi?e aeiiii?ee. Ca?aene
eaein?aioeyie ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui iaeaoaeoeai?oei aieeaii ?
o?neaeueia iie?oeea. O?yae, noeioethth/e noeoiiee iiieo, ia?ai?uo? e?eao
noeoiiiai iiieoo i?aai?o/, a ?acoeueoao? /iai aeiiii?ea iaaeeaea?oueny
aei iioaioe?eiiai AAI[7, N.196].

O?yae iiaeiai cae?enithaaoe aieea ia noeeuei?noue aei niiaeeaaiiy,
/anoeiai /a?ac iiaeaoee, /anoeiai /a?ac i?ioeaioio noaaeo[25, N. 428].
Aea?aeaaa iiaeiia a?aoe ia naaa i?yio i?aai?caoe?th ?iaanoeoe?e.
Aoaeoeai?noue ?aaoethaaiiy o?yaeii aeiiii?/iei i?ioeanii caeaaeeoue a?ae
iiooeo cania?a i?ae aea?aeaai? ?iaanoeoe??, aeinyaiaiiy iiaii?
caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, cieaeaiiy ? o?enaoe?y ii?ie i?ioeaioa[7, N. 220].

Eaein i?aee?anethaaa ia aeio?eiaii? oaeeo caiia?aeieo caoiae?a i?e
i?iaaaeai? iie?oeee noeioethaaiiy aea?aeaaieo ?iaanoeoe?e[25, A. 6]:

ne?ae oieeaoe oaeiai iaoiaeo o?iainoaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e, yeee
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi i?ioeaioii? noaaee c ianooiiei
niia?eueiaiiyi oaii?a ?iaanooaaiiy a ?ioeo iai?yieao;

ia ne?ae aeiioneaoe, ui ca?eueoaiiy aa?oino? eai?oaeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue cieaeaiiyi a?aie/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iaeaaeiaiiy aeey
oeo ooi cae?enith? i?eaaoi? ?iaanoeoe??;

iaiao?aeii oieeaoe aoaeoeaiiai aieeao oe??? iie?oeee ia iano?i? a
ae?eiaeo eieao, ui iiaea noi?iaiaeaeoaaoeny ca?eueoaiiyi noaaee
i?ioeaioa, cieaeaiiyi i?eaaoieo ?iaanoeoe?e.

Niiaeea/? aeaeaoee, ia aeoieo eaein?aioe?a, ? noaa?eueiith aaee/eiith,
aea aea?aeaaa iiaea aieeiooe ia ieo /a?ac ci?io aeei?enoiaaiiai
aeioiaeo. Inoaii?e, ye a?aeiii caeaaeeoue a?ae oeaee i?eaooeiaiai
iiaeaoeo. I?aeaeuaiiy aai cieaeaiiy noaaee iiiaeaoeoaaiiy aieeaa? ia
ianya noeoiieo aeaeaoe?a.

Eaein cae?eniea ni?aaaeith ?aaiethoe?th o iae?iaeiiii?oe?, a
eaein?ainueea eiioeaioe?y aeii?ioaaea o 40-70-o? ?iee.

Ioaea, iniiaiiieiaeieeii aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aaaea?oueny
Aeae.I.Eaein c eiai ?aaiethoe?eiith i?aoeath «Caaaeueia oai??y
caeiyoino?, i?ioeaioa oa a?ioae», yea icia/aea iiaiee e?ao “aeieo?eie
laissez-faire”.

3. Aieea o?neaeueii? iie?oeee ia aeiiii?/io ??aiiaaao :

3.1 Iiaeaeue IS-LM aeey cae?eoi? aeiiii?ee

Ii/aoeiai ?icaeyiaii iiaeaeue IS-LM, yea oa?aeoa?eco? cae?eoo aeiiii?eo
o ei?ioeino?ieiaiio ia??iae? ca oiiae iaci?iiiai ??aiy oe?i. Ca oe??th
iiaeaeeth i?eoiao?oueny “na?oea” eaein?ainueei? nenoaie[7, N. 609]. O
aeai?e iiaeae? e?eaa IS a?aeia?aaea? iaa?iaio caeaaei?noue i?ae
i?ioeaioiith noaaeith ? ??aiai aeioiaeo, yea aeieea? oiane?aeie
anoaiiaeaiiy ??aiiaaae ia ?eieo oiaa??a ? iineoa. E?eaa IS iieno? on?
eiia?iaoe?? aeioiaeo Y ? i?ioeaioii? noaaee i, aeey yeeo
ni?aaaeaeo?oueny oaea ??ai?noue:

Y = C( Y — T) + I(i) + G, (1)

aea Y — ianya ae?iaieoeoaa (i?iiiceoe??) oiaa??a oa iineoa a aeiiii?oe?
aai AAI; C — niiaeeaaiiy aeiiiainiiaea?noa (ianya niiaeeaaiiy i?yii
i?iii?oe?eiee aaee/ei? iayaiiai aeioiaeo (Y) ? iaa?iaii i?iii?oe?eiee
noi? iiaeaoe?a(O)); I — ?iaanoeoe??, ianya yeeo caeaaeeoue a?ae ci?ie
i?ioeaioii? noaaee (?); G, O — aea?aeaai? aeaeaoee oa iiaeaoee, ye
ci?ii? o?neaeueii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, ui o iiaeae? ?icaeyaeathoueny
ye aeciaaii?.

E?eaa LM a?aeia?aaea? i?yio caeaaei?noue i?ae i?ioeaioiith noaaeith ?
??aiai aeioiaeo. Aiia oa?aeoa?eco? ??aiiaaao ia ?eieo ?aaeueieo a?ioiaeo
caeeoe?a, ui iieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi:

(I/?) = L( i, Y), (2)

I/? — i?iiiceoe?y a?ioae (?aaeueieo a?ioiaeo caeeoe?a) c??aiiaaaeo?oueny
?c iiieoii ia a?io? (I/?)d = L( i, Y), yeee i?yii i?iii?oe?eiee aei AAI
? iaa?iaii i?iii?oe?eiee aei i?ioeaioii? noaaee. Ci?ii? iiiaoa?ii?
iie?oeee — a?ioiaa iana I ? ??aaiue oe?i ?- oaeiae ?icaeyaeathoueny o
iiaeae? IS-LM ye aeciaaii?.

O ii?aeiaii? e?ea? IS oa LM aecia/athoue i?ioeaioio noaaeo ?
iaoe?iiaeueiee aeio?ae o ei?ioeino?ieiaiio ia??iae? ca oiiae iaci?iiiai
??aiy oe?i ( ?en. 2).

?en. 2. ??aiiaaaa o iiaeae? IS-LM [54, N. 776]

Ia ?en. 2 oi/ea ia?aoeio e?eaeo IS oa LM oa?aeoa?eco? noai ??aiiaaae
aeiiii?ee, oiaoi aecia/a? i?ioeaioio noaaeo ? ??aaiue aeioiaeo, ye?
caaeiaieueiythoue oiiae ??aiiaaae, ye ia ?eieo oiaa??a oa iineoa, oae ?
ia ?eieo a?ioae.

Ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeae? IS-LM iiaeia i?iaiae?coaaoe, ye o?neaeueia
iie?oeea aieeaa? ia ia?aiao?e iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae o
ei?ioeino?ieiaiio ia??iae?. Ae?th noeioethaaeueii? o?neaeueii? iie?oeee,
yea ia?aaeaa/a? ca?eueoaiiy aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a oa cieaeaiiy
iiaeaoe?a, a?ao?/ii iiaeia cia?aceoe ia?ai?uaiiyi e?eai? IS i?aai?o/ (
?en. 3).

?en.3. O?neaeueia iie?oeea a iiaeae? IS-LM [32, N. 310]

??aiiaaaa ia?ai?uo?oueny ?c oi/ee A o oi/eo A. O ?acoeueoao? aeio?ae
ca?eueoo?oueny ?c Y1 aei Y2, a i?ioeaioia noaaea — c ?1 aei ?2. I?e
oeueiio iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui aieea o?neaeueii? iie?oeee iiaea aooe
iineaaeaiee ae??th aoaeoo aeo?niaiiy — ciaioaiiyi ianyao ?iaanoeoe?e
oiane?aeie c?inoaiiy i?ioeaioii? noaaee. No?eioaaeueia o?neaeueia
iie?oeea i?ecaiaeeoue aei cai?ioiiai ?acoeueoaoo — c?inoaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e
oa iaae?iiy i?ioeaioii? noaaee ? oiane?aeie ia?ai?uaiiy e?eai? IS1
e?ai?o/. I?e oeueiio aeio?ae ciaioo?oueny c Y1 aeiY3 (aeea. ?en.3 ).

Ioaea, aeei?enoiaoth/e iiaeaeue IS-LM iiaeia i?iaiae?coaaoe, ye
o?neaeueia iie?oeea aieeaa? ia ia?aiao?e iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae.
sseui o?yae aeei?enoiao? noeioethaaeueio o?neaeueio iie?oeeo, oi e?eaa
IS ia?ai?noeoueny i?aai?o/. I?e aeei?enoaiiy no?eioaaeueii? o?neaeueii?
iie?oeee e?eaa IS ia?ai?noeoueny e?ai?o/.

3. 2 Iiaeaeue Iaiaeaea-Oeai?iaa

Iiaeaeue Iaiaeaea-Oeai?i?a, iiynith? iniiai? iae?iaeiiii?/i?
aca?iica’ycee o iae?e a?aee?eo?e aeiiii?oe? o ei?ioeino?ieiaiio ia??iae?
ca oiiae iaci?iiiai ??aiy oe?i. Ia a?aei?io a?ae iiaeae? IS-LM, aeaia
iiaeaeue a?aoiao? aieea ia noai iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee ?iicaiiiai
naeoi?a (iai?eeeaae, i?aeia?iaeii? oi?a?ae? oa o?iain?a). O iiaeae?
Iaiaeaea-Oeai?i?a ?iaeyoueny aeiaeaoeia? i?eiouaiiy:

1) ianya aenii?oo ciaoiaeeoueny o iaa?iai?e caeaaeiino? a?ae iai?iiiai
eo?no (a). ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, i?e ciaoe?iaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? aaethoe
a?o/eciyi? oiaa?e ia na?oiaiio ?eieo noathoue aeaoaaoeie, a ioaea iiieo
ia ieo c?inoa?;

2) ianya ?iii?oo ciaoiaeeoueny o i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie
aeioiaeo (AAI): /ei aeuee aeio?ae , oei a?eueoee iiieo ?aceaeaio?a ia
an? oiaa?e, a?aoiaoth/e ?iii?oi?. Oiaoi /enoee aenii?o ? ooieoe?y a?ae
aeaio ci?iieo Y oa a:

NX=NX(e,Y) (3);

3) ?oo eai?oaeo aecia/a?oueny ??cieoeath i?ae i?ioeaioiith noaaeith
ona?aaeei? e?a?ie oa ia na?oiaiio ?eieo (?-?*) [55, N. 337-340]. ?iaeoa
eaaeo/e, /ei aeuith ? a?aeaea/a a?ae a?o/eciyieo aeoea?a o ii??aiyii? ?c
?iicaiieie aeoeaaie, oei a?eueoei aoaea i?eieea eai?oaeo, ? oei iaioei —
eiai a?aeieea.

O iiaeae? Iaiaeaea-Oeai?i?a, ye ? a iiaeae? IS-LM, ?icaeyaea?oueny ?eiie
oiaa??a oa iineoa ? o?iainiaee ?eiie, noai ??aiiaaae ia yeeo iiaeia
iienaoe ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie ??aiyiue:

Y = C(Y — T) + I(i) + G + NX(a, Y),

I/? = L( i, Y) (4).

O aeai?e iiaeae? aeciaaiieie aaaaeathoue oae? ci?ii?: iiaeaoee (T) ?
aea?aeaai? aeaeaoee (G), i?iiiceoe?th a?ioae (I), ??aaiue oe?i (?) oa
na?oiao i?ioeaioio noaaeo (?*). Aiaeiaaiieie ae ? oae? ci?ii?, ye
aeio?ae Y ? iai?iiee eo?n a.

E??i oiai, o iiaeae? Iaiaeaea-Oeai?i?a ?icaeyaea?oueny ciai?oi?e naeoi?,
ui ia?aaoaa? o noai? ??aiiaaae ca ioeueiaiai naeueaei ieao?aeiiai
aaeaino (A?). Oiaoi, aoaeue-yeee aeenaaeain o ?aooieo iioi/ieo iia?aoe?e
iiaeiai eiiiainoaaoeny a?aeiia?aeiei cia/aiiyi naeueaei ?aooieo ?ooo
eai?oaeo ? o?iain?a:

A? = NX(e, Y) + KA + k(i — i*)= 0 (5),

aea KA — aeayea iino?eia aaee/eia ?ooo eai?oaeo, ui ia caeaaeeoue a?ae
??aiy i?ioeaioieo noaaie, k — nooi?iue iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo [45, N.
209].

?c aeacaii? oiiae aeieeaa?, ui i?e ca?eueoaii?, neaae?ii, aeioiaeo,
aeao?oeeo ieao?aeiiai aaeaino ia aeieeaoeia eeoa ca oiiae c?inoaiiy
i?ioeaioii? noaaee, yea noeioethaaoeia i?eieea eai?oaeo.

Aaaeeeaa ?ieue o iiaeae? Iaiaeaea-Oeai?i?a i?eae?ey?oueny iia?eueiino?
eai?oaeo (nooiaith naiaiaee, c yeei eai?oae ia?ai?uo?oueny ?c iaei???
e?a?ie o ?ioo o a?aeiia?aeue ia ci?io i?ioeaioii? noaaee). ?ic??ciythoue
/ioe?e aeaee iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo:

ioeueiaa iia?euei?noue eai?oaeo, ca yei? i?aeia?iaei? iioiee eai?oaeo ia
?aaaothoue ia eieeaaiiy i?ioeaioii? noaaee ona?aaeei? e?a?ie. E?eaa A? o
oeueiio ?ac? a?ao?/ii cia?aaeaoeiaoueny aa?oeeaeueiith e?i??th,
ine?eueee ianya /enoeo ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e ia caeaaeaoeia a?ae
??cieoe? (?-?*);

iecueeee nooi?iue iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo icia/a?, ui ci?ia aaee/eie
(?-?*) nooo?ai aieeaa? ia ci?io i?aeia?iaeieo iioie?a eai?oaeo;

aenieee nooi?iue iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo, ca yeiai eai?oae ? /ooeeaei
iaa?oue aei iacia/ii? ci?ie aaee/eie (?-?*);

aaniethoia iia?euei?noue eai?oaeo, eiee eai?oae a?eueii ia?ai?uo?oueny
?c iaei??? e?a?ie a ?ioo, /ooeeai ?aaao? iaa?oue ia iacia/i? eieeaaiiy o
??cieoe? i?ae aioo??oiueith ? i?aeia?iaeiith i?ioeaioieie noaaeaie. O
iiaeae? iaei? a?aee?eoith aeiiii?ee i?ioeaioia noaaea ona?aaeei? e?a?ie
ca?aa?oueny c? na?oiaith: ? = ?*. A?ao?/ii aeiaaeie aaniethoii?
iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo cia?aaea?oueny ai?eciioaeueiith e?eaith
ieao?aeiiai aaeaino A?.

Ie??i nooiaiy iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo, aioo??oith i?ioeaioio noaaeo
iaaiith i??ith aecia/a? na?oiaa i?ioeaioia noaaea. Ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe
oaeiae aieea ??cieo aeae?a aaethoiiai eo?no (o?eniaaiiai /e ieaaath/iai)
ia aoaeoeai?noue noaa?e?caoe?eii? iie?oeee.

I?iaiae?co?ii, ye o?neaeueia iie?oeea aieeaaoeia ia iaeo a?aee?eoo
aeiiii?eo ca oiiae o?eniaaiiai aaethoiiai eo?no oa ??ciiai nooiaiy
iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo.

?en.4. O?neaeueia iie?oeea a oiiaao o?eniaaiiai aaethoiiai

eo?no [55, N. 422-423].

Noeioethaaeueia o?neaeueia iie?oeea o aeiaaeeo ioeueiai? iia?eueiino?
eai?oaeo (aeea. ?en. 4-a) ia?ai?uo? e?eao IS1 i?aai?o/ ? coiiaeth?
c?inoaiiy aioo??oiuei? i?ioeaioii? noaaee ? ca?eueoaiiy aeioiaeo oa
?iii?oo (oi/ea A). Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeieeiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai naeueaei
ieao?aeiiai aaeaino ? i?aeaeuo? iiieo ia iaoe?iiaeueio aaethoo. Iaeiae
aeey i?aeo?eiaiiy o?eniaaiiai eo?no oeaio?aeueiee aaie iiaeiai ciaioeoe
i?iiiceoe?th a?ioae, ui ia?ai?noeoue e?eao LM1 e?ai?o/. O ?acoeueoao?
aeio?ae ciaioeoueny c Y1 aei Y2 (oi/ea N). Ioaea, ca?eueoaiiy
aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a aai ciaioaiiy iiaeaoe?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei
aea?aaeaioiiai aeo?niaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e. Iiae?aiee ?acoeueoao
niinoa??aaoeiaoueny o aeiaaeeo iecueei? iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo (aeea.
?en. 4-a). I?ioa, iaaia /ooeea?noue ei?ioeioa?i?iiaeo iioie?a eai?oaeo
aei ??aiy i?ioeaioieo noaaie icia/a? /anoeiaa aeo?niaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e,
oiio ia? i?noea iacia/ia ca?eueoaiiy aaee/eie aeioiaeo. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo o?neaeueia iie?oeea noa? ae??a?oith, ni?e/eithth/e
nooo?a?oa c?inoaiiy aeioiaeo, ine?eueee aeo?niaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e
ciaioo?oueny (aeea. ?en. 4-a). Ca oiiae aaniethoii? iia?eueiino?
eai?oaeo aeo?niaiiy aioo??oi?o ?iaanoeoe?e iiai?noth ia?ae?eaa?oueny
i?eieeaii eai?oaeo. Aaee/eia aeioiaeo ca?eueoo?oueny (aeea. ?en. 4-a).

Ia?aeaeaii aei aiae?co aieeao o?neaeueii? iie?oeee ia iaeo a?aee?eoo
aeiiii?eo a oiiaao ieaaath/iai aaethoiiai eo?no.

?en.5. O?neaeueia iie?oeea a oiiaao ieaaath/iai aaethoiiai

eo?no [55, N. 422-423].

Noeioethaaeueia o?neaeueia iie?oeea ia?ai?uo? e?eao IS1 ai?aai. O
aeiaaeeo ioeueiai? (iecueei?) iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo ca?eueoaiiy aeioiaeo
? i?ioeaioii? noaaee i?e oeueiio coiiaeth? aeao?oeeo ieao?aeiiai
aaeaino, a oaeiae ciaoe?iaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aaethoe. Ciaoe?iaiiy
ia?ai?uo? e?eao A?1 i?aai?o/ aei ??aiy A?2, ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith aenii?oo
? ciaioaiith ?iii?oo, a oea noeioeth? iiaeaeueoa ia?ai?uaiiy e?eai? IS2
i?aai?o/ (aei IS3). O ?acoeueoao? aeio?ae ca?eueoeoueny c Y1 aei Y2, /e
a?aeiia?aeii — aei Y3 (aeea. ?en. 5-a, 5-a). ?c c?inoaiiyi nooiaiy
iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo aoaeoeai?noue o?neaeueii? iie?oeee cieaeo?oueny
(aeea. ?en. 5-a). Ine?eueee noeioethaaeueiee oa?aeoa? o?neaeueii?
iie?oeee ni?e/eiy? iiceoeaia naeueaei ieao?aeiiai aaeaino, iioe?ioaaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ioiai? iaeeieoe?, c?inoaiiy ?iii?oo ? ciaioaiiy
aenii?oo, oi e?eaa A?1 ia?ai?noeoueny aai?o, a e?eaa IS2 — e?ai?o/.
Aieea o?neaeueii? iie?oeee /anoeiai iaeo?ae?co?oueny (aeio?ae
ca?eueoeoueny c Y1 aei Y3, a ia aei Y2). O aeiaaeeo aaniethoii?
iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo (aeea. ?en. 5-a) iioe?ioaaiiy iiai?noth
iaeo?ae?co? caoiaee o?neaeueii? iie?oeee.

Ioaea, iiaeaeue Iaiaeaea-Oeai?i?a, a?aoiao? aieea ia noai iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee ?iicaiiiai naeoi?a

I?aenoiiaoth/e, ne?ae cacia/eoe, o?neaeueia iie?oeea a oiiaao
o?eniaaiiai aaethoiiai eo?no aieeaa? ia noeoiiee aeio?ae, ?, /ei aeua
iia?euei?noue eai?oaeo, oei aoaeoeai?oeie ? caoiaee o?neaeueii?
iie?oeee. Ca ieaaath/iai aaethoiiai eo?no ?ino?oiaioe o?neaeueii?
iie?oeee ? ae??aeie eeoa o aeiaaeeo ioeueiai? aai iecueei? iia?eueiino?
eai?oaeo[17, N. 118].

4. Aiae?c o?neaeueii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?:

4.1 Aeei?enoaiiy ?ino?oiaio?a o?neaeueii? iie?oeee oi?iaeiaae 1990-2001
??.

I?iaaaeaiiy o?neaeueii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i? o ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aei
?eieo oneeaaeith?oueny iio?aaith iaeii/aniiai ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa ? cieaeaiiy oaii?a ?ioeyoe??.

?icaeyiaii oi?ioaaiiy o?neaeueii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?, ianaiia?aae ?c
c’ynoaaiiy oiai, yeith aiia aoea i?ioyaii ?ie?a iacaeaaeiino?. Aiae?c
o?neaeueii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?, ii/iaii ?c c’ynoaaiiy oiai, iane?eueee
iine?aeiaiith aiia aoea. I?i iine?aeiai?noue o?neaeueii? iie?oeee iiaeia
noaeeoe ii no?oeoo?? iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue ? aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a,
a oaeiae ? ii noaa?eueiino? iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie a oe?eiio.

Ii/iaii ?c iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue. (aeea. Oaaeeoey 1).

Oaaeeoey1. Aeioiaee caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo.

o % aei AAI

??e

Anueiai aeioiae?a

(iei. a?i.)

Anueiai

aeioiae?a

IAeA Iiaeaoie

ia i?eaooie

i-a

Aeoeeciee ca?? Oiiae

*i?ii-aeey Iiaeaoee

c

ianaeaiiy Iain?e-

iee oiiae*

1992 17,0 32,8 9,4 5,4 1,2 2,4 2,7 9,2

1993 568,3 40,0 11,9 10,1 1,8 1,8 2,0 5,9

1994 5313,8 49,1 12,0 13,2 1,6 2,2 3,1 8,5

1995 20425,4 40,1 8,9 9,5 0,8 2,0 3,1 8,2

1996 30142,1 38,6 8,1 7,0 0,8 1,9 3,4 8,9

1997 36889,6 42,4 8,7 6,5 1,3 2,0 3,8 11,2

1998 37398,2 39,8 7,6 6,7 1,3 1,5 3,8 9,8

1999 43826,7 37,0 7,1 5,6 1,5 0,2 3,7 9,6

2000 64806,3 40,5 5,9 5,2 1,4 0,1 4,0 10,2

n?/aiue-01 5124,4 39,2

ethoee 5286,8 38,1

aa?acaiue 5627,2 35,9

ea?oaiue 5677,9 37,1

o?aaaiue 6005,7 40,4

/a?aaiue 5828,4 37,3

eeiaiue 6461,1 39,4

na?iaiue 6280,4 36,8

* O ea?oi? 1997 ?ieo Iain?eiee oiiae aeeo/aii ?c neeaaeo athaeaeaoo, aea
aeey c?noaaeaiiy ie iaaeae? a?aoiao?ii eiai.

Aeaea?aei: Aea?aeaaia eacia/aenoai Oe?a?ie, ?ic?aooiee UEPLAC.

sseui i?iaiae?coaaoe no?oeoo?o caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie, oi iinoa?
ea?oeia iaaoaaei? i?ieeaino? aeaea?ae iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue.

Iai?eeeaae,

/anoea IAeA a 1992 ?. noaiiaeea 9,4 % aei AAI, a a 1995 ?. ca?eueoeeanue
aei 12,0 %, a aaea o 2000 ?. ciaioeeanue aei 5,9 % aei AAI.

/anoea aeoeeciiai cai?o a 1992 ?. — 1,2 % aei AAI, , a 1995-1996 ??. —
0,8 %, a a 2000 ?. ca?eueoeeanue aei 1,5 % aei AAI.

/anoea iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie i?aei?e?inoa a no?oeoo?? caaaeaiiai
athaeaeaoo a 1992 ?. noaiiaeea 5,4 %, a a 1994 ?. ??cei ca?eueoeeanue
aei 13,2 % aei AAI, a a 2000?. noaiiaeea 5,2 % aei AAI.

Ia caaaeath/e ia i?ieea?noue iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue, aeeiai?ea
iii?iaeueieo aeioiae?a caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie a?aeia?aaea? no?eeo
oaiaeaioe?th c?inoaiiy. Oi/a ?aaeuei? aeioiaee i?iaeiaaeothoue
nei?i/oaaoeny, yeui ii??aiyoe iieacieee 1992 oa 2000 ?ie?a, oi iiaeia
oaa?aeeoe, ui aeioiaee ?aaeueiiai athaeaeaoo ciaioeeenue aaea?/?.

No?oeoo?a iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo ii iaeanoyo aeaui
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae no?oeoo?e o oe?eiio a Oe?a?i?[8. N. 78].

Aaaeeeaith iniaeea?noth aeioiaeii? /anoeie aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo ia
2001 ??e aoa cia/iee ianya iaaeoiaeaeaiue a?ae i?eaaoecaoe??
aea?aeaaiiai iaeia[34, N. 3]. Aaaeeeaei e?ieii ? i?eeiyooy Athaeaeaoiiai
eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie, yeee aecia/a? canaaee athaeaeaoii? nenoaie Oe?a?ie, ??
no?oeoo?o, i?eioeeie, i?aaia? canaaee ooieoe?iioaaiiy, iniiao
athaeaeaoiiai i?ioeano[1, N. 5]. Iaeiae, ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy aeioiaeii?
/anoeie athaeaeaoo iei? iaaecae/aeii aino?a.

O ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy aeey ca?eueoaiiy
aeioiaeii? /anoeie caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo iaaoaa? aaeineiiaeaiiy
iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee. I?iaaaeaiiy aio/ei? iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee coiiaeth?
aeeiiaiiy aeaio caaaeaiue, ye?, ia ia?oee iiaeyae, ? iaeinoi?nieie:
ca?eueoaiiy aeaeaoeiai? /anoeie athaeaeaoo ?c iaoith caaacia/aiiy
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy ? anoaiiaeaiiy noaaee iiaeaoeo, ui caaacia/eoue
iaeneiaeueia iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aeioiae?a o a?aeiia?aei? athaeaeaoa[22, N.
73].

Ianooiiei ?ino?oiaioii o?neaeueii? iie?oeee aenooiathoue aeaeaoee
aea?aeaae. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aeaeaoe?a caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo. (aeea.
Oaaeeoey2).

Oaaeeoey2. Aeaeaoee caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo.

o % aei AAI

??e

Anueiai aeaeaoe?a

(iei. a?i.)

Anueiai

aeaeaoe?a Ia?iaeia ainiiaea-

?noai oa i?aeo?ei-

ea ciai. oi?a?ae?. Nioe-

eoeueo.

caoiaee oa iaoea

Ianeoai-aoaaiiy ciai.

ai?ao

Nioe. caoeno

oa

Iain?eiee oiiae* Iai?iia, i?aai-ioi?ii. i?aaie oa oi?aae?iiy Aei-eia?y
oa Oiiae *i?iiae-eey

1992 23,3 45,0 13,8 9,9

14,8 3,5 2,2

1993 661,0 46,5 11,2 10,1

19,0 3,9 1,3

1994 6453,5 59,7 21,4 12,9 1,2 14,6 4,9 2,2

1995 24443,0 48,0 8,1 12,4 4,4 14,0 4,7 2,0

1996 33759,0 43,2 6,0 10,5 2,7 14,2 4,5 2,0

1997 43086,0 49,6 6,5 11,7 2,3 17,6 5,1 2,0

1998 39416,5 41,9 6,7 9,7 0,8 15,2 4,5 1,6

1999 45325,4 38,4 6,5 8,2 1,5 12,9 4,2 1,3

2000 61047,6 38,2 5,4 8,6 1,8 12,5 5,4 1,3

n?/aiue-01 3739,6 28,6

ethoee 4867,4 35,1

aa?acaiue 5952,2 37,9

ea?oaiue 5472,2 35,7

o?aaaiue 5780,0 38,9

/a?aaiue 5870,5 37,6

eeiaiue 5946,1 36,3

na?iaiue 6359,7 37,2

* O ea?oi? 1997 ?ieo Iain?eiee oiiae aeeo/aii ?c neeaaeo athaeaeaoo, aea
aeey c?noaaeaiiy ie iaaeae? a?aoiao?ii eiai.

Aeaea?aei: Aea?aeaaia eacia/aenoai Oe?a?ie, ?ic?aooiee UEPLAC.

Ua ianoaa?euei?oith ? aeaeaoeiaa /anoeia caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie.

Iai?eeeaae,

/anoea aeaeaoe?a ia ia?iaeia ainiiaea?noai o 1992 ?. noaiiaeea 13,8 %
aei AAI, a a 1993 ?. ciaioeeany aei 11,2 %, o 1994 ?. aeinyaea ??aiy
21,4 % aei AAI, aeaeaoee iinooiiai nei?i/oaaeenue ? a 2000 ?.
iionoeeeny aei ??aiy 5,4 %.

/anoea ia nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy noaiiaeea o 1992 — 14,8 % aei
AAI , 1993 — 19,0 %, 1995 — aaci?aoeaaeaioia iaae?iiy aei 14,0 % aei AAI
? ca?eueoaiiy o 1997 ?. aei ??aiy 17,6 %.

/anoea aeaeaoe?a ia nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?i? caoiaee oa iaoeo noaiiaeea o
1992 ?. 9,9 % aei AAI, a o 1994 ?. aaea 12,9 % aei AAI, o 2000 ?ioe?
aiia noaiiaeea 8,6 % aei AAI.

Aei iaaeaaii a?aeaoeiny nei?i/aiiy ianya?a athaeaeaoieo aeaeaoe?a. Oae
ii/eiath/e c 1997 ?ieo, ?aaeuei? aeioiaee oa aeaeaoee caaaeaiiai
athaeaeaoo ii/aee niaaeaoe. Aieiaiith iniaeea?noth aeaeaoeiai? /anoeie
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo ia 2001 ??e ? ?? nioe?aeueia ni?yiiaai?noue,
oiaoi i??i?eoaoiei iai?yiii o?iainoaaiiy ? nioe?aeuei? aeaeaoee.
Ca?eueoeeeny aeaeaoee ia ina?oo, ioi?iio caei?ia’y. Cia/i? o?iainia?
?ano?ne aeeaaeaeenue o 2001 ?ioe? o aoa?eueio i?iieneia?noue ?
n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai[34, N. 6-7].

Aeey iiaiiai aiae?co o?neaeueii? iie?oeee, ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui
aieiaiith i?iaeaiith aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie aei iaaeaaii aoa aeao?oeeo
caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo.( aeea. Ae?aa?aia1).

Ae?aa?aia 1. Aeao?oeeo athaeaeaoo a Oe?a?i?.

Aeaea?aei: Aea?aeaaia eacia/aenoai Oe?a?ie.

Iiaeia caoaaaeeoe, ui c 1997 ?ieo iai?oeeanue oaiaeaioe?y aei nei?i/aiiy
aeao?oeeoo. O 2000 ?. aia?oa athaeaeao aoa i?io?oeeoiei ? oey
oaiaeaioe?y i?iaeiaaeo?oueny. Iaeiae aeinyaiaiiy iiceoeaiiai naeueaei
aeao?oeeoo ia ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi ooiaeaiaioaeueiiai iie?auaiiy neooaoe??
o iiaeaoeiai-athaeaeaoi?e nenoai? Oe?a?ie. Caaaeaiiy athaeaeaoo c
i?io?oeeoii noaei ?acoeueoaoii iaiaaeaiino? aeaea?ae ?ao?iainoaaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao oa ia?aaeeiiaiiy aeioiaeii? /anoeie athaeaeaoo a
oiiaao iai?iaiiciaaiiai i?enei?aiiy oaii?a ?ioeyoe??.

sse a?aeiii, ?nio? aeaa iniiai? aeaee o?neaeueii? iie?oeee. Ia?oa — oea
noeioethaaeueia o?neaeueia iie?oeea, yea ni?yiiaaia ia caaacia/aiiy
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy ?, ae?oaa — no?eioaaeueia o?neaeueia iie?oeea,
caaaeaiiy yei? iieyaa? o i?eieiaii? ?icaaeainiaaiino? a noa?? oe?i,
oiaoi ciaioaii? oaiio ?ioeyoe??.

Aiae?c iieaco?, ui o 1991 — 1994 ??. o?neaeueia iie?oeea a Oe?a?i?, a
iniiaiiio, aoea noeioethaaeueiith, i?i ui na?ae/aoue aaeee? aeao?oeeoe
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo[19, N. 143]. Cie?aia, o 1992 ?. aeao?oeeo
ia?aaeuoaaa 12,2 % AAI, iionoeaoenue aei 6,5 % o 1993 ?. Iaeiae
noeioethaaeueia o?neaeueia iie?oeea o 1992 — 1994 ??. ia aeinyaioea
aeiaeieo ?c iinoaaeaieo oe?eae. O?yaeo ia o?eueee ia aaeaeinue coieieoe
iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa, iaaiaee, aiii c ?ieo a ??e iiaeeaethaaeinue.
Aeineoue iaaanoe oae? aeai?: a 1992 ?. ?aaeueiee AAI Oe?a?ie nei?ioeany
ia 9,9 %, a a 1994 ?. — aaea ia 23 %. Aiaeii/an ??cei c?inei aac?ia?ooy
(aacia?a/ii a?aoiaoth/e ? i?eoiaaia). Oaeee noai aeiiii?ee aea?
i?aenoaao c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui o?neaeueia iie?oeea ia eeoa ia aeinyaea
nai?o oe?eae, a e iiaeeaethaaea ?icaaeainiaai?noue aeiiii?ee.

Oiio c ae?oai? iieiaeie 1994 ?. a?aeaoaathoueny ??ce? ci?ie o
o?neaeuei?e iie?oeoe?. Aiia noa? no?eioaaeueiith ? iaoe?eth?oueny,
ianaiia?aae, ia aeinyaiaiiy iae?iaeiiii?/ii? caaeainiaaiino? o noa??
oe?i[19, N. 144]. I?i no?eioaaeueiee oa?aeoa? oe??? o?neaeueii? iie?oeee
na?ae/eoue, ianaiia?aae, aeeiai?ea aeao?oeeoo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, a
oaeiae ci?ie o no?oeoo?? aeaeaoe?a. ?ici?? aeao?oeeoo aea?aeaaiiai
athaeaeaoo a 1995 — 1996 ??. ?noioii ciaioeany. sseui o 1992 ?. a?i
ia?aaeuoaaa 12,2 %, oi o 1996 ?. iionoeany aei ??aiy 4,6 % — 4,7%.
No?eioaaeueiee oa?aeoa? o?neaeueii? iie?oeee aeieeaa? oaeiae ?c
aeaeaoeiai? /anoeie, cie?aia o?iainoaaiiy aeiiii?ee (cia/iith i??ith oea
aeioaoe?? aea?aeaaiei i?aei?e?inoaai) ciaioeeinue c 37,2 % o 1992 ?. aei
9,6 % o 1995 ?. ? aei 6,0 % o 1996 ?.

Ioaea, iiaeia aecia/eoe oae? iniiai? iciaee iiai? no?eioaaeueii?
o?neaeueii? iie?oeee 1994-1996??.:

ciaioaiiy athaeaeaoieo aeaeaoe?a( aei 6,0 % — 1996?.)[46, N. 45];

nei?i/aiiy aeao?oeeoo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo(aei 4,6% aei AAI — 1996?.)
[46, N. 45];

i?iaaaeaiiy aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? aea?aeaaieo o?iain?a, aiane?aeie /iai ia
??ai? oeaio?o aoaeooue aaeaaaoenue eeoa aei oeo aeo?ao, ye? iaoeiooue
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaia cia/aiiy;

neanoaaiiy iiaeaoeo ia aeioiae oa cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiiaeaoeoaaiiy
i?eaooeo;

cieaeaiiy noaaee i?eaooeiaiai iiaeaoeo c o?ce/ieo in?a;

ciaioaiiy noaaee ia IAeA( c 28 % aei 20 %) ;

i?aeaeuaiiy iiaeaoeo ia caieth;

aaaaeaiiy iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie i?aei?e?inoa.

Oaeei /eiii, a ?acoeueoao? oaeeo ci?i o o?neaeuei?e iie?oeoe? aaeaeinue
??cei ciaioeoe oaiie ?ioeyoe??. A oe?eiio iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui
no?eioaaeueia o?neaeueia iie?oeea caaacia/eea aeinyaiaiiy
iae?iaeiiii?/ii? noaa?eueiino? o iiiaoa?i?e noa??. Iaeiae, oey
o?neaeueia iie?oeea i?aeoe/ii ia aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey aeinyaiaiiy
?ioeo oe?eae iae?iaeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy, cie?aia, aeey ci?ie
aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e aeiiii?ee. I?ney oiai, ye aoei ?aoi?iiaaii
athaeaeaoii-iiaeaoeiao noa?o ? aoei aeinyaiaii iaaieo ?acoeueoao?a
Oe?a?ia acyea eo?n ia noeioethaaeueio o?neaeueio iie?oeeo. Ioaea, iiaeia
oaa?aeeoe, ui o 1996-2001 ?ieao o?yae i?iaiaeea noeioethaaeueio
o?neaeueio iie?oeeo. O 1999 — 2001 ??. aia?oa ca inoaii? aeanyoe??//y
/?oei aeyaeee naaa iciaee aeiiii?/iiai iiaeaaaeaiiy. A iniiaiiio
iiaeieaii iaae?iiy AAI. Ianya i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa c??n ia 4,3% o
1999 ?. O 2000?. ?aaeueiee AAI c??n ia 6,0 %, oai ?ioeyoe?? 25,5 %. O
2001 ?ioe? o ia?oiio eaa?oae? ?aaeueia AAI c?inei ia 7,8 %, a o ae?oaiio
— ia 10,8%. O?yaeii aoei iiaaoaii caai?aiaai?noue c aeieaoe iain?e oa
?noioii cieaeaii caai?aiaai?noue ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ? nioe?aeueii?
aeiiiiiae. Iaeiae ia caaaeath/e ia iethne ? ? i?ione. O?neaeueia
aoaeoeai?noue iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie Oe?a?ie iino?eii cieaeo?oueny.
Iniiaiith i?e/eiith oaeiai noaiiaeua ? nei?i/aiiy iaaeoiaeaeaiue a?ae
iiaeaoe?a aiane?aeie cieaeaiiy ??aiy ?o cai?o.

Ioaea, ca ?iee iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ia caeiaoea iaaiee aeina?ae
canoinoaaiiy o?neaeueii? iie?oeee. Aiae?c na?ae/eoue, ui noeioethaaeueia
iie?oeea 1991-1994 ??. aoea iaaoaeoeaiith. O 1995-1996??. Oe?a?ia
i?iaiaeeea no?eioaaeueio o?neaeueio iie?oeeo, c 1997 ?. —
noeioethaaeueio iie?oeeo. Ia caaaeath/e ia iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe aiia
iio?aao? oaeineiiaeaiiy.

4.2 Iaoiaee caaeainoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie [16, N. 108]

Iaeia c iaeneeaaei?oeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai ?eieiai?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ? caaeainoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
athaeaeaoo. No?aoaa?/iith iaoith noaa?e?caoe?eii? iie?oeee a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo ? aeinyaiaiiy aacaeao?oeeoiiai athaeaeaoo aai ae
i?aeo?eiaiiy ??aiy aacaeao?oeeoiino? ia i?i?iaeueiiio ??ai?. Aeey
aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iiaeia aeei?enoaoe aeaa iaoiaee: ?ioeyoe?eiee
(i?yia oa i?eoiaaia a?ioiaa ai?n?y — iiiaoecaoe?y aeao?oeeoo
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo) oa ia?ioeyoe?eiee (caiice/aiiy ia ciai?oiueiio
oa aioo??oiueiio o?iainiaeo ?eieao; ca?eueoaiiy iiaeaoe?a; ciaioaiiy
aeaeaoe?a).

I?iaeaia aeai?o iaea?eueo iioeiaeueieo niinia?a caaeainoaaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo aoea aeooaeueiith aeey Oe?a?ie oi?iaeiaae
anueiai o?ainoi?iaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. Ia iaoo aeoieo, aeey aiae?co
iaoiae?a caaeainoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie, iiaeia aeae?eeoe
o?e aoaie: 1) 1991-1994 ??., 2) 1995 -1998 ??., 3) 1999 — 2001 ??.

Oi?iaeiaae 1991 — 1994 ??. caaeainoaaiiy athaeaeaoo a Oe?a?i?
a?aeaoaaeiny ia?aaaaeii ca ?aooiie a?ioiai? ai?n??. I?e/eiith aoei oa,
ui aea?aeaaiee athaeaeao iie?eaaany o?eueee ai?n?eiei oeyoii, aoea
a?aenooi?noue: aoaeue-yeeo ?aoi?i, no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae aeiiii?ee,
i?eaaoecaoe?? (o 1992 ?. ia?aoiaoaaeinue eeoa 30 i?eaaoeciaaieo
ia’?eo?a, o 1993 ?. — 3585). A iane?aeie canoinoaaiiy ?ioeyoe?eieo
iaoiae?a caaeainoaaiiy athaeaeaoo a?ioiaa aaca o 1992 ?ioe? a Oe?a?i?
noaiiaeea 28,6 % AAI, a o 1994 ?ioe? — 11,6 % AAI. Inoa??aath/enue a?ae
a?iiaaenueeiai iaaaeiaieaiiy, o?yaeia? aeiaiaeeeinue oo?eioaaoe
nioe?aeuei? aeaeaoee ia a?eueo-iaio noaeiio ??ai? ? cae?enithaaoe
«i?aeo?eieo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa». Aeiiii?ea aoea iani?iiiaeiith
ianeoaiaoaaoe oaeee aenieee ??aaiue aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a (o 1991?. aiie
noaiiaeee 56 % AAI, a o 1993?. c?inee aei 73,3 % AAI). Aiane?aeie oiai o
1993 ?. oe?ie c?inee a?eueoa, i?ae o 102 ?ace.

Ii/eiath/e c 1994 ?ieo a?aeaoeiny cia/ia i?eoaeaeoaiiy oaii?a
cae?eniaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i a Oe?a?i? (?iaeaen ?aoi?i o 1994 ?.
noaiiaea 0,3, a aaea o 1997 ?. — 0,57), o?yae caa’yco? ae?eia? noinoiee
c IAO. Iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui oi?iaeiaae 1995 — 1998 ??. o?yae
cae?enithaaa caaeainoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo ai?n?eiei oeyoii ?
oeyoii ciai?oi?o ? aioo??oi?o caiice/aiue. C 1995 ?ieo IAO nei?i/oaaa
ianyae o?iainoaaiiy aeao?oeeoo athaeaeaoo ca ?aooiie a?ioiai? ai?n??
(a?ioiaa aaca o 1995 ?. noaiiaeea 4 % AAI, a o 1998 ?ioe? ciaioeeanue
aei 1,7 % AAI). C ae?oaiai aieo, c 1995 ?ieo ii 1998 ??e ianya
ciai?oiueiai ? aioo??oiueiai o?iainoaaiiy no??iei c?inoaa ( o 1996 ?.
aiie noaiiaeee 59,8 % aei i?aenoieo, aaea o 1998 ?ioe? — 99,2 % aei
i?aenoieo). Oeae oeyo i?ecaiaeeoue aei aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao (o 1995 ?ioe?
a?i noaiiaea 35,8 % AAI, a o 1997 ?. — 33,1 % AAI), yeee a naith /a?ao —
i?eaiaeeoue aei iaiiaeeeaino? ieaoini?iiiaeiino? Oe?a?ie ? aei aeoieo
eioo?a ?c ?aaeueiiai naeoi?a. Ianya ciai?oiueiai ? aioo??oiueiai ai?ao
cioneee o?yae a?aeiiaeoenue a?ae aeaiiai ?ino?oiaioo caaeainoaaiiy
athaeaeaoo.

C 1999 ii 2001 ??. o?yae ae??ooaaa i?iaeaio o?iainoaaiiy aeao?oeeoo
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo ca ?aooiie ?anooeoi?ecaoe?? aeaeaoeiai? /anoeie
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo. A?aeaoeiny nei?i/aiiy ianya?a athaeaeaoieo
aeaeaoe?a ca ?aooiie a?eueo aei?noei? o?iainiai? aeenoeeie?ie,
i?eieiaiiy o?iainiai? aeiiiiiae caeoeiaei i?aei?e?inoaai, i?eoaeaeoaiiy
i?eaaoecaoe?? (o 2000 ?. iae?/oaaeinue aaea 73349 i?eaaoeciaaieo
ia’?eo?a). Oe?a?ia aeyaeeanue caeaoiith naiino?eii caaeainiaoaaoe
aea?aeaaiee athaeaeao, yeee o 2000 -2001 ?ieao aoa i?io?oeeoiei.

Oaeei /eiii, i??i?eoaoiei o caaeainoaaii? athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie iathoue
noaoe ia?ioeyoe?ei? iaoiaee.

4.3 ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy ?ino?oiaio?a o?neaeueii? iie?oeee

O?neaeueia iie?oeea, ia iaoo aeoieo, iio?aao? ua oaeineiiaeaiiy. Aoei a
aeioe?eueii:

iaaeaoe ?e iioeiaeueiiai, aio/eiai ? ??aii iai?oaeaiiai oa?aeoa?o, ia
aeiioneaoe aeia?eueiiai o?aeooaaiiy, c?iaeoe ?? c?icoi?eith aeey an?o;

i?e ci?i? nenoaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy a?aoe aei oaaae niaoeeo?/i? caaaeaiiy
eiaeiiai aoaio ia?aoiaeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie aei ?eieo ? cae?eniaiiy
?aoi?i;

i?e ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy a?aoe aei oaaae ?noi?e/i? oa
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?i? o?aaeeoe?? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo uiaei iaaieo
aeae?a iiaeaoe?a;

aaaaeaoe iaiao?aeiei aeaiaioii i?ioeano ?ic?iaee iiaeo iiaeaoe?a
iaoeiao aenia?oeco i?iaeo?a caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a; ?ic?iaeoe /?oeee
iaoai?ci, uia caiia?aoe ?aii?oaaiith aeniiae?a aenia?oece uiaei ci?i a
iiiaeaoeoaaii?;

i?iaanoe iio??ai? aeeaie? ye?ni? ci?ie o a?aeiineiao i?ae o?yaeii oa
aieiaieie ?icii?yaeieeaie athaeaeaoieo eioo?a;

oaeineiiaeeoe ?aeeio eiii’thoa?io ia?aaeo a Oe?a?i? c iaoith cai?o
aeaieo i?i noeoiiee aeioiae o?ce/ieo in?a;

i?iaanoe ia?a?a?no?aoe?th an?o caeiiieo oa i?aecaeiiieo aeo?a, ui
?aaoeththoue iiaeaoeiaa caeiiiaeaanoai noiniaii ?o aca?iia?aeiia?aeiino?
(iaeaeioe?euei?oei ? i?eeiyooy Iiaeaoeiaiai ? Athaeaeaoieo eiaeaen?a);

aii?yaeeoaaoe ?nioth/? iiaeaoee oa nei?ioeoe ?o e?euee?noue;

aaeineiiaeeoe nenoaio i?euea ia iiaeaoee(i?eueae iiaeii? aooe i?ici?eie
? eiie?aoieie, iiaeiia ?nioaaoe nenoaia eiio?ieth ca iaaeaiiyi i?euea);

iineeeoe caoeno ieaoiee?a iiaeaoeo;

aaeineiiaeeoe iai?yiee aeaeaoe?a;

?aoi?ioaaoe nenoaio iain?eiiai caaacia/aiiy,

oaeineiiaeeoe nenoaio nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy;

?aoe?iiaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe o?iainia? ?ano?ne aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo
ia oo?eiaiiy a?i?? oa ai?i?ciaaieo oi?ioaaiue;

iineeeoe aeiiii?/i? naieoe?? oa e?ei?iaeueio a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca
iaoe?eueiaa aeei?enoaiiy aea?aeaaieo eioo?a;

ci?ieoe iai?yiee ?iaanooaaiiy aea?aeaaieo eioo?a.

aeeo/ai? eiooe a?ae i?iaeaaeo aea?aeaaieo iae?aaoe?e iaiao?aeii
ni?yioaaoe ia ?icaeoie ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?aei?e?inoa, a ia ia iioi/ia
niiaeeaaiiy /e o?iainoaaiiy caeoeiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. Ui o iaeaooiueiio
ca?eueoeoue ?aaeueiee aeio?ae aea?aeaae;

aioo??oi? ? ciai?oi? caiice/aiiy iiaeooue aooe ? iaaeae?, aea aea?aeaaa
iiaeiia aeio?eioaaoeny anoaiiaeaii? iaae?;

iaiao?aeii canoiniaoaaoe iaoai?cie a?ioiai? i?eaaoecaoe??;

Oe?a?ia iiaeiia aeo?a/aoe eiooe ia ?aoi?ie, ai naia aiie iiaeooue
noeioethaaoe c?inoaiiy AAI.

Aeniiaee

1. O?neaeueia iie?oeea ? aeaeii aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. O?neaeueia
iie?oeea i?noeoue aeineoue i?inoee ?ino?oiaio aieeao ia aeiiii?eo, a
naia aeaeaoee ? iiaeaoee. Ci?ithth/e iiaeaoee ? aeaeaoee iiaeia aeinyaoe
aaaeeeaeo ci?i o iae?iaeiiii?/ieo i?ioeanao. O?neaeueia iie?oeea — oea
caoiaee o?yaeo ni?yiiaai? ia cieaeaiiy aac?ia?ooy /e ?ioeyoe?? oa
aeinyaiaiiy i?e?iaeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeae?eythoue aeaa aeaee
o?neaeueii? iie?oeee: aeene?aoe?eio ? iaaeene?aoe?eio. A iaaeao
aeene?aoe?eii? aeae?eythoue ua aeaa i?aeaeaee o?neaeueii? iie?oeee:
noeioethaaeueio oa no?eioaaeueio. Noeioethaaeueio o?neaeueio iie?oeeo
i?iaiaeeoue o?yae c iaoith cieaeaiiy ??aiy aac?ia?ooy ? c?inoaiiy AAI.
No?eioaaeueia o?neaeueia iie?oeea ia?aaeaa/aia aeey cieaeaiiy ??aiy
?ioeyoe??. Iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi aeey Oe?a?ie iiaeiii noaoe oi?ioaaiiy
oaei? o?neaeueii? iie?oeee, ui aeanoue iiooiao aei c?inoaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, oa iiaeeea?noue ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueieo
i?iaeai.

2. I?iaeaia iiaeaoe?a ? aeaeaoe?a oe?eaaeea aaaaoueio aeiiii?no?a,
cie?aia: ia?eaioee?no?a, A. Ni?oa, Ae. ??ea?aea, A. Eaia?a, A. Eaoa?a,
aeiiii?/ieo aee?eaeeno?a oa ?i. Iaeiae, iaea?eueoee aieea a oai???
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy cae?eniea Aeae. Eaeina. Aieiaiith iaoith, yeo
noaaea ia?aae niaith Eaein — ca?eueoaiiy aoaeoeaiiai iiieoo. A?i
aaaaeaa, ui iaaeinoaoi?noue aoaeoeaiiai iiieoo iiaeia onoiooe eeoa /a?ac
no/anio o?neaeueio iie?oeeo, a ia /a?ac aaoiiaoe/i? noaa?e?caoi?e
aeiiii?ee. Aeae. Eaein oaa?aeea, ui a aeiiii?oe? iiaea aeinyaaoeny
iae?iaeiiii?/ia ??aiiaaaa, aea, aiaeii/an ?nioaaoeia aaeeea aac?ia?ooy,
?ioeyoe?y.

3. Iiaeaeue IS-LM, yea oa?aeoa?eco? cae?eoo aeiiii?eo o
ei?ioeino?ieiaiio ia??iae? ca oiiae iaci?iiiai ??aiy oe?i. O aeai?e
iiaeae? e?eaa IS a?aeia?aaea? iaa?iaio caeaaei?noue i?ae i?ioeaioiith
noaaeith ? ??aiai aeioiaeo, yea aeieea? oiane?aeie anoaiiaeaiiy
??aiiaaae ia ?eieo oiaa??a ? iineoa. E?eaa LM a?aeia?aaea? i?yio
caeaaei?noue i?ae i?ioeaioiith noaaeith ? ??aiai aeioiaeo. Aiia
oa?aeoa?eco? ??aiiaaao ia ?eieo ?aaeueieo a?ioiaeo caeeoe?a. O
ii?aeiaii? e?ea? IS oa LM aecia/athoue i?ioeaioio noaaeo ?
iaoe?iiaeueiee aeio?ae o ei?ioeino?ieiaiio ia??iae?. sseui o?yae
aeei?enoiao? noeioethaaeueio o?neaeueio iie?oeeo, oi e?eaa IS
ia?ai?noeoueny i?aai?o/. I?e aeei?enoaiiy no?eioaaeueii? o?neaeueii?
iie?oeee e?eaa IS ia?ai?noeoueny e?ai?o/.

4. Iiaeaeue Iaiaeaea-Oeai?i?a ?icaeyaea? ciai?oi?e naeoi?
aeiiii?ee(iia?euei?noue eai?oaeo, ieao?aeiee aaeain, ?aaeei aaethoiiai
eo?no). O?neaeueia iie?oeea a oiiaao o?eniaaiiai aaethoiiai eo?no
aieeaa? ia noeoiiee aeio?ae, ?, /ei aeua iia?euei?noue eai?oaeo, oei
aoaeoeai?oeie ? caoiaee o?neaeueii? iie?oeee. Ca ieaaath/iai aaethoiiai
eo?no ?ino?oiaioe o?neaeueii? iie?oeee ? ae??aeie eeoa o aeiaaeeo
ioeueiai? aai iecueei? iia?eueiino? eai?oaeo.

5. Ca ?iee iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ia caeiaoea iaaiee aeina?ae canoinoaaiiy
o?neaeueii? iie?oeee. Aiae?c na?ae/eoue, ui noeioethaaeueia iie?oeea
1991-1994 ??. aoea iaaoaeoeaiith. O 1995-1996??. Oe?a?ia i?iaiaeeea
no?eioaaeueio o?neaeueio iie?oeeo, c 1997 ?. — noeioethaaeueio iie?oeeo.
Ca inoaii? ?iee iai?oeeanue iiceoeaia oaiaeaioe?y a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie.
Iaeiae, aeey iie?ioaiiy ae??aino? o?neaeueii? iie?oeee ye cia?yaeaey
iae?iaeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy iio??aii aaeineiiaethaaoe iniiai? ??
?ino?oiaioe: iiaeaoeiao nenoaio oa iniiai? iai?yiee aeaeaoe?a.

6. Aeey caaeainoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo iiaeia aeei?enoaoe aeaa
iaoiaee: ?ioeyoe?eiee (i?yia oa i?eoiaaia a?ioiaa ai?n?y — iiiaoecaoe?y
aeao?oeeoo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo) oa ia?ioeyoe?eiee (caiice/aiiy ia
ciai?oiueiio oa aioo??oiueiio o?iainiaeo ?eieao; ca?eueoaiiy iiaeaoe?a;
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