Eiii’thoa?i? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie

IEAI

1. ?ioi?iaoe?y oa ?? aeanoeaino?.

2. Aieea aeaeo?iiaai?oii? aia?a?? ia caei?ia’y ethaeeie.

3. Aeine?aeaeaiiy a/aieo uiaei aieeao oi?n?eieo iie?a ia ethaeeio.

4. Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee i?eno?i?a caoenoo ethaeeie a?ae aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
aei?ii?ithaaiue.

5. Aeeaae oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo o na?oiao iaoeo.

AEeooy ethaeeie o?nii iia’ycaia c aaeeeith e?euee?noth ??ciiiai?oii?
?ioi?iaoe??, yeo aeiaiaeeoueny ia?iaeyoe, a?aeeeaeath/e iaiio??aio,
o?eueo?oaaoe, cae?enithaaoe a i?e iiooe iaiao?aeieo aeaieo. Ianya
?ioi?iaoe?? iino?eii ca?eueoo?oueny, caaaeaiiy oneeaaeiththoueny. Oiio
aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai noa? neeaaeiaith ae?yeueiino?
aoaeue-yeiai oao?aoey – aeiiii?noa, iaiaaeaea?a, nioe?ieiaa, oiui,
aaaeeeaei /eiieeii oni?oiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?? caaaeii. Ioaea
canai?iiy i?eioeei?a aoaeiae oa aoaeoeaiiai canoinoaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
nenoai ? oaoiieia?e noa? aeaaeae? aeooaeuei?oei.

O iaecaaaeuei?oiio ?icoi?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?y – oea ia?aaeaaaiiy,
a?aeia?aaeaiiy iaaiiai ?icia?ooy. C ?iia??ii-noaoenoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o
?ioi?iaoe?th ?icaeyaeathoue ye e?euee?nio i??o onoiaiiy iaaecia/aiino?,
ui ciaioo?oueny a ?acoeueoao? io?eiaiiy yeeoinue a?aeiiinoae.

Ioaea, ?ioi?iaoe?y – oea ia’?eoeaii ?nioth/ee ci?no, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?
i?aai?caoe??, no?oeoo?o, noai ? iiaaae?ieo iaaii? nenoaie caaaeii aai ??
ie?aieo aeaiaio?a oa ciaioo? nooi?iue iaaecia/aiino? o i?ioean? eiai
i?ciaiiy ? ia?a?iaee. Eiie?aoecoth/e oea iiiyooy ?ioi?iaoe?th iiaeia
aecia/eoe ye a?aeiiino?, noeoii?noue aeaieo o aoaeue-ye?e oi?i? oa
aeaeyae?, ia aoaeue-yeeo iaoa??aeueieo iin?yo ( o oiio /ene? eenooaaiiy,
eieae, ?ethno?aoe?? cie?aia ae?aa?aie, noaie, ?enoiee, a oaeiae
oioia?ao??, aieia?aie, e?ii — , a?aeaio?eueie, i?e?io?eueie, caoeia?
caiene, aace aeaieo eiii’thoa?ieo nenoai).

Iaoa??aeueieie iin?yie iiaeooue aooe noae? iin??, iai?eeeaae, iai??,
iaai?oiee iaoa??ae, iaai?oi? aeanoeaino? yeiai ci?iai?, aai ?a/iaeia,
yeui caienaia ?ioi?iaoe?y ci?ieea ?? iioe/i? (oioiie?aea, aieia?aia) /e
aeaeo?e/i? aeanoeaino?. ?niothoue oaeiae oei/ania? iin??: iia?aoeaia
iai’youe, aeaeo?e/iee neaiae aeaeo?iiaai?oia iiea, na?oeiaee i?ii?iue.

Nueiaiaei?oi?e na?o, a oei a?eueoa caao?aoi?e aaaeei oyaeoe nia? aac
eiii’thoa??a, oaeaa?ci??a, ?ioi? aeaeo?iiii? oaoi?ee, eio?a aei?ii?ith?
neaae? aeaeo?e/i? oa iaai?oi? iiey a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? /anoio. A
ca’yceo c oei, ui oe? iiey cia/ii neaae?o? noaoenoe/iiai iaai?oiiai iiey
caie? oa ?? aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a, aaaeei aoei cai?aeic?eoe, ui aiie
iaaacia/i? aeey caei?ia’y. Oea aoei i?e/eiith oiai, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy o
oeueiio iai?yieo ia iaea?aeaee i?aeo?eiee oa aeinoaoiuei? oaaae.

Nueiaiaei? iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiao? aieea ia ethaeeio
aeaeo?iiaai?oii? aia?a??, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny o ?aae?i ? eini?/iiio
ca’yceao, cie?aia i?e aeei?enoaii? iia?eueieie oaeaoiiaie. sse
noaa?aeaeothoue oao?aoe?, iniae ye? aeoaea aeiaai ia?aaoaathoue i?ae
aieeaii o?ii?/iiai aei?ii?iaiiy AII oa iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a, /ano?oa
(1,9 ?aca /ieia?ee oa a 1,5 ?aca ae?iee), i?ae o?, ooi ia cacia?
ii?ii?iaiiy, nea?aeaoueny ia iacaaeia?eueiee noai caei?ia’y, o oiio
/ene? ia aieiaiee a?eue, a?eue o na?oe?, na?oeaaeooy, caaaeueio
neaae?noue, niieea?noue, ooi o aooao, ia?anoac?th.

Aeaeo?iiaai?oia aei?ii?ithaaiiy – iiooaeiee o?ce/iee iiae?aciee. ??ci?
i?aaie iathoue ??cio /ooeea?noue aei i?e?iaeieo oa ooo/ieo AII.
I?e?iao?ia? oaee? AII aieeaathoue ia?aaaaeii ia ?aoeaioi?iee aia?ao,
oaee? a?eueoi? aeiaaeeie – ia oeaio?aeueio ia?aiao nenoaio.

Aeine?aee inoaii?o ?ie?a iieacaee, ui aeaeo?iiaai?oi? aei?ii?ithaaiiy
caaaeaieo aeua i?eno?i?a iathoue a nai?io neeaae? oi?n?iiiao eiiiiiaioo,
eio?a iana ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i i?ioeane, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o oiio /e
?ioiio aeaeo?iiiiio i?eno?i?. Oi?n?iiia? iiey iathoue aenieo aenieo
i?iieeath/o caeaoi?noue ? ?o iaiiaeeeai ca ae?aioaaoe. Aieea ?o ia
ei?enooaa/a i?eno?ith oa?oue a nia? iaaaciaeo.

O ca’yceo ?c noo?aiaai?noth, ui ?inoa, oe?aeeeaith ae??th ia caei?ia’y,
yea iiaeooue iaaeaaaoe aeaeo?iiaai?oi? iiey (AII), ? c oei, ui ethaee o
anueiio na?o?, ye a ?icaeiaieo, oae ? a e?a?iao, ui ?icaeaathoueny,
aei?iaiaothoue ia nia? oeth ae?th, Anana?oiy I?aai?caoe?y Ioi?iie
caei?ia’y (AIIC) a 1996 ?ioe? canioaaea I?aeia?iaeiee I?iaeo ii
Aea/aiith Aieeao Aeaeo?iiaai?oieo Iie?a, c iaoith aeyaeaiiy iane?aee?a
aeuacacia/aii? ae??. I?iaeo aoa caniiaaiee a eia?/i?e a?aeiia?aeiino? c
iaoeiaeie ae?yie, ui a?aeiinyoueny aei aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie,
ye? ne?ae c?iaeoe a inyaeiiio iaeaooiueiio.

A ?aieao noai?aiiai i?iaeoo iniaeeaee aeoeaio ?iaeany ia i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue ca aecia/aiiyi caoaiiai aieeao ?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy
iia?eueieo oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo i?eno?i?a (? i?e iaa??aaii?) ia caei?ia’y
ethaeeie, iniaeeai i?eno?i?a c ieae/ith /anoioith. Oae caai? ia
«oa?iaeuei?» aoaeoe aeine?aeaeothoueny aaea aeaaii. A?aeii? i?eno?i?
aeey caoenoo ethaeeie a?ae iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia iueiai oi?n?iiii?
eiiiiiaioe aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a. Ne?ae
i?aee?aneeoe, ui ana aac aeeeth/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oi? aei?ii?ithaaiiy
iathoue naith oi?n?iiio eiiiiiaioo.

I?eno?i? caoenoo ethaeae a?ae iaaaoeaiiai aieeao aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
aei?ii?ithaaiue oiiaii iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia ianooii? a?oie:

— ae?aioth/?, — iiaeeiath/?; — aa?iii?coth/?; — ?io?.

A?aeiiei i?eno?i?i ae?aioth/iai oeio, yeee yeeenue /an ei?enooaaany
oni?oii ia ?eieo, ? i?eno??e caoenoo ethaeeie a?ae iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia
iueiai aeaeo?iiaai?oieo aei?ii?ithaaiue (ae?iaieoeoai ?oae?enueei? o??ie
«ZUCCARY» «Safety Butterfly»), yeee cae??ieth?oueny caa?oo ia
iia?eueiiio oaeaoii?. I?eno??e o??ie «ZUCCARY» c /ioe?ia iai?aeoeyie c
iaiaai?oiiai neeiiiae?aiiai iaoa??aeo, aeeiiaieie a ?aeeiiio
oaoiieia?/iiio i?ioean?, i?e/iio aea? iai?aeoe? iaioiai ae?aiao?o. O
iai?aeoe? ciaoiaeeoueny 12% ?ic/ei aoaeaoeth, a ieaeiy /anoeia iai?aeoe?
eiioaeoo? c i?aenoaaeith, a yeo aoiaeyoue i?aeia ? aethi?i??aa oieueaa.
sse caoaa?aeaeothoue ?ic?iaieee, i?eno??e ciaioo? aaee/eio
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a, aei?ii?ithaaieo iia?eueieie oaeaoiiaie ia 15-75
% o ae?aiacii? 15-200 Iaoe, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei aeoiee i?i ae??a?noue
i?eno?ith. Ae??a?noue i?eno?ith ia?aa??yeiny aeeeth/ii ii ?aaeoe??
ethaenueeiai o?ea ia iayai?noue aieeao aeaeo?iiaai?oieo aei?ii?ithaaiue.
Ae?iaieee noaa?aeaeothoue, ui oe? aenia?eiaioe iiaoi?eoe iaiiaeeeai, ?
aiie ia ianooue a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ia?aa??eo, aeeiiaio ?ioei
niiniaii. Aea iaeaiueeee ca ?ici??aie ae??a ia ciiaea ae?aioaaoe
aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a, ye? i?aoeththoue a ae?aiacii?
900-1800 Iaoe. ?ici??e i?eno?ith aeey iaae?eiiai ae?aioaaiiy iiaeii?
aooe a iaaeao a?ae 37,5 ni aei 16,6 ni, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue /anoio?
900-1800 Iaoe. Iaea?eueoee ?ici?? ae?iao «Safety Butterfly» – 2,5 ni ?
?aae?ioaeey oaeee ae??a i?inoi iaeiaoeiooue. Oea i?eaaei aei oiai, ui
oae? i?eno?i? ia iaaoee oe?ieiai iioe?aiiy.

O Aaeee?e A?eoai?? a a?oaei? 2000 ?ieo c’yaeany i?eno??e, yeee, ia
aeoieo ae?iaieea — eiiiai?? Calgon Carbon, aeicaiey? ?noioii ciaioeoe
aieea aei?ii?ithaaiue iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio ia iicie ei?enooaa/a,
iiaeeiath/e 99% i?e?ioaeeue, ye? aieeaathoue ia iueiai. Oeae i?eno??e ?
ianaaeeith ia aioaio iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio. Ianaaeea aeeiiaia c
aoaeaoeaaiai iaoa??aeo ? iaceaa?oueny WaveZorb. I?eioeei ae?? ae?iao
WaveZorb aoa caiice/aiee eiino?oeoi?aie Calgon Carbon c a?enueeiaeo
?ic?iaie. I?aea ia iia?aeiieyeiny, ui oea ca iaoa??ae. Caeeoa?oueny eeoa
caeiaaaeoaaoeny, ye i?aoeth? oey ianaaeea, yea, ia aeoieo ?ic?iaiee?a,
?iaeoue ei?enooaaiiy iia?eueiei oaeaoiiii i?aeoe/ii aacia/iei. Oaeiae
iaa?aeiii /e i?eai?/o?oueny i?e ?? aeei?enoiaoaaii? neaiae, yeee
ia?aaeathoue, ui iiaea i?eaanoe aei ciaioaiiy oa?i?io ae?? aeaea?ae
aeeaeaiiy iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio oiane?aeie ca?eueoaiiy aaee/eie no?oio,
yeee niiaeeaa?oueny oaeaoiiii. Oae? i?eno?i? ia iaaoee oe?ieiai
iioe?aiiy caaaeath/e ia caaaeai? i?e/eie.

A?aeiiei i?eno?i?i iiaeeiath/iai oeio ? i?eno??e a?ieia?/ii? aaciaee
«AeA?», ?ic?iaeaiee a ?in??. Aiii ? aaoiaaia?aoi?ii NA* (iaaeaenieeo
/anoio), yeee aaia?o? neaiaee a i?ioeoac? ciai?oiueiio aei?ii?ithaaiith,
a ca’yceo, c /ei noia?ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaaeeaea?oueny aei ioey.
A?aeiia?aeii aei ?ioi?iaoe??, aeaii? ?ic?iaieeaie, i?eno??e AeA?
i?aoeth? ye o?eueo? a ae?aiacii? NA*.

Aea ?ic?iaieee ia a?aooaaee, ui iia?euei? oaeaoiie i?aoeththoue a
ae?aiacii? 900-1800 IAOe, a ia a ae?aiacii? 30-300Aaoe. O ae?oaeo,
noai?aiiy i?eno?i?a ?ioa?oa?aioe?eiiai oeio ? neeaaeiith iaoeiaith ?
i?aeoe/iith caaea/ath, oiaoi noai?aiiy i?eno?ith c iiae?aiei
eiiiainaoe?eiei aoaeoii aeey iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a, oi/a oai?aoe/ii ?
iiaeeeai, aea i?aeoe/ii iai?eeiyoii /a?ac aenieo aa?o?noue oaeeo
i?eno?i?a.

I?eeiath/e aei oaaae aeuaiaaaaeaia, noa? ynii, ui i?eno?i?
iiaeeiath/iai oeio ? iaeiaoaeoeaieie aai cian?i ia iathoue caoenieo
aeanoeainoae.

A?aeiii, ui nooi?iue oeiaee a?ae an?eyeeo iaaaoeaieo aieea?a, o oiio
/ene? ? aeaeo?iiaai?oieo, caeaaeeoue a?ae aaee/eie aieeae ? nooiai?
caa?aaeaiiy aeanieo caoenieo aeanoeainoae i?aai?cio.

Oiio, ia i?aenoaa? aeua aeneiaeaiiai, ?aaeueiei caniaii aeey caoenoo
ethaeeie a?ae iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia iueiai aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a ? i?eno?i? aa?iii?coth/iai oeio.
I?eioeei ae?? oaeeo i?eno?i?a aaco?oueny ia ia ni?ia? iiaeaaeoe /eiiee
iaaaoeaiiai aieeao, a ia noai?aii? oiia, i?e yeeo caaaeaiee /eiiee
acaaae? ia aeieea?.

Iaiao?aeii i?aee?aneeoe, ui iaoeiaa oa?i?iieia?y a oe?e noa?? aaea
i?oeia, aea o/ai? i?iaeiaaeothoue ciaoiaeeoe aei?ii?ithaaiiy
«iao?ce/iiai oa?aeoa?o».

Iai?eeeaae, i?e aeeiiaii? o?ce/ieo aenia?eiaio?a a/ai? — aeine?aeieee
?inoeoooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie aeenoaioe?eieo a?iaia?aaoe/ieo aieea?a
ciaeoee ? aeae?eeee o aei?ii?ithaaii? iioe/iiai eaaioiaiai aaia?aoi?a
(eaca?a), ie??i aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ? aeayea
aei?ii?ithaaiiy «iao?ce/iiai oa?aeoa?o”. Oea aei?ii?ithaaiiy oiiaii
iacaaee «ine-eaaioiaei aei?ii?ithaaiiyi». Aeyaeeiny, ui oea
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia? aaeeeee a?iaia?aaoe/iee aieea. Iai?eeeaae,
aeyaeeiny, ui oey «iao?ce/ia» eiiiiiaioa ia? ?noioiee aieea ia
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue a?ieia?/ieo no?oeoo? ??ciiai ??aiy, a?ae
noeioethth/iai aei iaoiaaiiiai. Aiia aac ?noioiiai iineaaeaiiy
i?ioiaeeoue e??cue iaoa??aee, «iai?ici??» aeey aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oaeeue.
Aea naia a?aaeath/a oa, ui «ine-eaaioiaa aei?ii?ithaaiiy»
a?aeia?aaea?oueny neeyiei iaoae?ciaaiei aeca?eaeii i?e iaae?ii? c aieo
neea ? ia a?aeia?aaea?oueny iaoaeaaeie iiaa?oiyie.

?acoeueoaoe ?yaeo aenia?eiaio?a a/aieo Oe?a?ie, ye? i?iaiaeeeeny
ni?eueii c a/aieie ai?iaeiaae 40 ?ie?a a ?inoeooo? o?ceee oa ?inoeooo?
ee?i?/ii? ? aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaaeeoeeie ?in?enueei? aeaaeai??
iaaee/ieo iaoe ? I?aeia?iaeiiio iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? eini?/ii?
aio?iiiaeieia?? ii aea/aiith aca?iiae?? o?ce/ieo, cie?aia
aaeooioi?neiiieo, iie?a ia a?ieia?/i? ia’?eoe: ee?oee, aaeoa??? ? o.i.,
aeyaeaii, ui o?i?/ia ? a?ieia?/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y iiaea aooe ia?aianaia a?ae
iaeiiai a?io?i?/iiai aai a?ieia?/iiai ia’?eoo aei ?ioiai c aeei?enoaiiyi
ni?ii?ii-oi?n?iiieo iie?a. A/aieie cai?iiiiiaaia caaaeueia eiioeaioe?y
aca?iiae?? oi?n?iiieo iie?a c aeeaith ?a/iaeiith, aeeth/ath/e aoaeoe
oe?aeueiino? ? aae?ieini?/anueeiai ?ii??io??iaai?y.

A/aieie aeiaaaeaii, ui neiino?oeiaaiee aaia?aoi? aei?ii?ith?
ao??ii-aeeiai?/i? iioiee — iaiaeii??aeiino? ao??o (aaeooio). sseui oaeee
aaia?aoi? «cae?o/o?» ao??iee (aaeooiiee) iio?e ae?ai (i?ioe
aiaeeiieeiai? no??eee, ui aeanoeai e?aei oi?n?iiiei iieyi), oi oeaieii?
eoeueoo?e (oea ee?oee ethaeeie), ii/eiathoue aeoeaii ?iciiiaeoaaoeny, a
oie aea /an neioac a?eea ? iie?naoa?eae?a eaea cae/iei ii?yaeeii.

I?e ci?i? iai?yio iaa?oaiiy ao??iiai (aaeooiiiai) iioieo ai?aai (i?aa?
oi?n?iii? iiey) aeyaey?oueny ianooiiee aoaeo: i?oicia iaia?, aea neioac
a?eea a ee?oeao, aeoeaiino? ?o aaiii?a iaaecae/aeii aenie? o an?o
aeiaaeeao.

I?eeiath/e aei oaaae aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
aei?ii?ithaaiiy «iao?ce/iiai» oa?aeoa?o, aeyaeaia i?e aeeiiaii? o?ce/ieo
aenia?eiaio?a oe?a?inueeeie oa ?in?enueeeie aeine?aeieeaie
aeenoaioe?eieo a?iaia?aaoe/ieo aieea?a ? oi?n?iiiei iieai — i?aaei ?
e?aei, i?aaei — noeioethth/ei, e?aei — iaoiaaiiei. Oea ua iaeia c
iaea?aeaieo inoaii?i /anii aeieac ?nioaaiiy oi?n?iiieo iie?a.

Oa?aeoa?iei i?eno?i?i aa?iii?coth/iai oeio oe??? a?oie ? oi?n?iiiee
iaeo?ae?caoi? «A?ioi?i-?In» (?in?y) ?ic?iaea iaoeiaiai oeaio?o
?in?enueei? aeaaeai?? i?e?iaeieo iaoe. Ia aeoieo ?ic?iaiee?a, iaoai?ci
eiai caoenoo aaco?oueny ia ia onoiaii? aeaea?aea iaaaoeaieo
aei?ii?ithaaiue aai eiai ae?aioaaii?, a ia noai?aii? oi?iiaeo noaoe/ieo
oi?n?iiieo iie?a ca oi?iith ia’?eo?a, ye? aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo
oi?n?iiiiai iaeo?ae?caoi?a. I?eno??e «A?ioi?i-?In» ?ic?iaeaiee ia iniia?
oai??? oi?n?iiieo iie?a ? ia? oaeo eiia?iaoe?th aaiiao?e/ieo oi?i, yea
?noioii ciaioo? iaaaoeaiee aieea e?aeo oi?n?iiieo iie?a
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio, i?aeo?eioth/e
oaeei /eiii caaaeuei? ianiaoeeo?/i? caoeni? aeanoeaino? i?aai?cio
ei?enooaa/a.

Ia aeoieo a/aieo na?oo, «A?ioi?i-?In» ? cae/iei i?eoia?ao?/iei
?aciiaoi?ii, yeee aaia?o? i?aaa oi?n?iiia iiea ? i?e i?aaeeuei?e
onoaiiaoe? i?eno?ith ia iia?eueiee oaeaoii aeaui cieaeo? iaaaoeaiee
aieea e?aeo oi?n?iiieo iie?a iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio ia ei?enooaa/a ca
?aooiie oiai, ui i?aaa iiea a?aeooiaoo? e?aa a?aeiia?aeii aei caeiio
aca?iiae?? oi?n?iiieo iie?a. Oeei ? iiynith?oueny iacia/ia caoenia ae?y
i?eno?ith, yeo iieacaee i?iaaaeai? c i?eno?i?i aenia?eiaioe.

Aaaiiee aianie oa ni?aaaeith ?aaiethoe?th o caoeno caei?ia’y
ei?enooaa/?a iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a oa ia?niiaeueieo eiii’thoa??a aianee
a/ai? Oe?a?ie. Aiie ciaeoee onthaee a?aeiiee i?eno??e aeey caoenoo
ethaeeie a?ae oi?n?iiieo aei?ii?ithaaiue iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a oa
ia?niiaeueieo eiii’thoa??a. I?eno??e aeeth/a? ia iaioa aeaio eoeue c
iaiaai?oiiai neeiiiae?aiiai iaoa??aeo, i?e/iio a iaei?e eoe?
ciaoiaeeoueny ?ic/ei aoaeaoeth, a a ?ioiio ?ici?uaiee ?ic/ei nieae
?aaee?niicaiaeueieo iaoae?a ? iaai?oi/ooeeaee aeaiaio, i?e/iio
iaai?oi/ooeeaee aeaiaio ia? ia noi?ii?, yea a ?iai/iio noai? iai?aaeaia
ia i?aaeaiiee iaai?oiee iiethn Caie?, oi?ioaa/ i?aaiai oi?n?iiiiai iiey.
Iiaooi?o? iiey oi?iothoueny ca ?aooiie oiai, ui iaai?oi/ooeeaee aeaiaio
i?eaiaeeoue oi?ioaa/ i?aaiai oi?n?iiiiai iiey o a?aeiia?aei?noue c
iaai?oiei ia?eae?aiii Caie?.

I?eno??e cae??ieththoue ia i?ioeeaaei?e a?ae ?iai/i? noi?iie
iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio i?aenoaaith aei ei?iono. Caaaeaiee i?eno??e aeey
caoenoo ethaeeie a?ae oi?n?iiieo aei?ii?ithaaiue iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a
caaacia/o? oi?ioaaiiy iiaooi?oiai i?aaiai ? e?aiai oi?n?iiieo iie?a, yea
?iaeoue eiai aoaeoeai?oei ii??aiyii c a?aeiieie i?eno?iyie. Aea caoeni?
aeanoeaino? oeueiai i?eno?ith oaeiae iiaeia iie?ioeoe.

Oe?a?inueeeie a/aieie aoa noai?aiee i?eno??e aeey caoenoo ethaeeie a?ae
oi?n?iiieo aei?ii?ithaaiue iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a oeyoii aeaioiaeaiiy
aeeo?aeoe?eieo a?ao ye o?aeoaeueii? eiiiiceoe??, yea aeeiiaia o aeaeyae?
e?eaoeue ? ? ieiueiiei ia?aoeiii noaie i?inoi?iaeo aca?iica’yce?a
iacao?aiiai O?ce/iiai Aaeooio, yeee noai?th? oiiae, i?e yeeo caaaeaiee
/eiiee acaaae? ia aeieea? a eieaeuei?e cii? iaaeiei oaeaoiio. Naia
a?aenooi?noue e?aiai oi?n?iiiiai iiey a eieaeuei?e cii? iaaeiei oaeaoiio
aaaea aei aoaeoeai?oiai caoenoo ethaeeie a?ae iaaaoeaiiai aieeao eiai
aei?ii?ithaaiue.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iiaeae?, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny, O?ce/iee Aaeooi ?
iaoa??aeueia na?aaeiaeua, yea ?cio?iiii caiiaith? aanue i?ino??, o oiio
/ene? ? i?iyaeaio iaoa??th. O?ce/iee Aaeooi ia? eaaioiao no?oeoo?o, yeo
iaiiaeeeai niinoa??aaoe a iacao?aiiio noai?. Aea yeui O?ce/iee Aaeooi
iao?th?oueny (niioai?th?oueny) oei ? ?ioei /eiieeii, oi i?ae?eia?oueny
neiao??y ? a?i ia?aoiaeeoue a noai, yeui eiai niioai?aiiy iiaeia
niinoa??aaoe ? cao?enoaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith o?ce/ieo i?eno?i?a.

Oai??y oi?n?iiieo iie?a ?icaeyaea? O?ce/iee Aaeooi ye nenoaio
aeaeo?iiii-iiceo?iiieo oaeeueiaeo iaeao?a, ye? iaa?oathoueny (a ia «ii?a
Ae??aea» c aeaeo?iiii-iiceo?iiii? ia?e). Oai, aea aeaeo?iiii-iiceo?iii?
oaeeueia? iaeaoe aeeaaeai? iaeei a iaeei, O?ce/iee Aaeooi iaeo?aeueiee c
iiaeyaeo aeaeo?e/ieo ca?yae?a. sseui ae nieie aeeaaeaieo iaeei a iaeieo
iaeao?a iathoue i?ioeeaaeiee ciae, nenoaia eiiiaino?oueny ia o?eueee c
iiaeyaeo aeaeo?e/ieo ca?yae?a, a oaeiae c iiaeyaeo eeane/iiai nieio ?
iaai?oiiai iiiaioo.

Ine?eueee o an?o iia?eueieo oaeaoiiao a ?iai/eo ?aaeeiao i?io?ea?
aeaeo?e/iee no?oi, yeee ? aii?yaeeiaaiei ?ooii ca?yae?a, a ia noaoe/iee
ca?yae, ye a iiia?aaei?e neooaoe??, oa oaea iao?aiiy O?ce/iiai Aaeooio
i?eaiaeeoue aei aeieeiaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey.

Iniaeea?noue aei?ii?ithaaiue iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a oaea, ui aiie
aei?ii?iththoue e?aa oi?neiiia iiea a iai?yi?, ia?iaiaeeeoey?iiio
ieiuei? aeenieay, a i?inoi?iaa i???ioaoe?y iiey caeaaeeoue a?ae iiaeae?
oaeaoiio ? oeio aeenieay. Oeaio? aaia?aoe?? e?aiai oi?n?iiiiai iiey
ciaoiaeeoueny aaciina?aaeiuei a aeoeaieo aeaeo?iiieo aeaiaioao
iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio, ye? i?aeeeth/ai? aei aeieo aeeaeaiiy oaeaoiio,
oi/a ? nai aeenieae ? oaeiae aaia?aoi?ii e?aiai oi?n?iiiiai iiey.
Cai?iiiiiaaia i?inoa iiaeaeue O?ce/iiai Aaeooio aea? iiaeeea?noue
iiynieoe aeaye? yaeua, ye? iathoue i?noea i?e ei?enooaaii? iia?eueiei
oaeaoiiii.

Ooieoe?iiaeueia noaia aioo??oiueino?oeoo?ii? noaie aca?iiae?? i?aai?a
ethaeeie, o naith /a?ao, ? /anoeiith a?aaionueei? o?aeoaeueii? no?oeoo?e
— caaaeueiiai iiey Anana?oo, /anoeiith yeiai ? O?ce/iee Aaeooi. Oaeei
/eiii, ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aai?cio ye eiie?aoii? ni?eueiino? i?aai?a, o
aeaeyae? aeanii? oi?ie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, caaaeaee caeaaeeoue a?ae
oiai, ye i?eioeeie ?? i?aai?caoe?? a?aeiia?aeathoue noai? eiiiiiiaee
(iiaoaeia?) aeiaaeueieo i?inoi?iaeo eaoaai??e. Aoaeue-yea
iaa?aeiia?aei?noue i?eioeei?a i?aai?caoe?? noai? eiiiiiiaee i?aei?ia?
oi?io aioo??oiueiai no?oeoo?iiai ?aciiaino, yeee aeeee/a o? aai ?io?
i?ioeane o aeaeyae? oeo aai ?ioeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo noai?a.

?aaeuei?noue ?nioaaiiy ? aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue eiie?aoieo ee?oeiieo a?oi
o?ea ethaeeie, ye aeoaea neeaaeiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai eiiieaeno, caaaeaee
iia’ycaia c i?enooi?noth aca?iiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iai?io ? aca?iiae?? c
iaaeieeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai. ?, yeui c aoaeue-yei? i?e/eie, nenoaia
aca?iiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iai?io, yea caaacia/o? noaa?euei?noue ?
iioeiaeuei?noue aioo??oiueino?oeoo?ieo aca?iieo ca’yce?a, oi?eiaoueny,
aeieea? aeenaaeain, yeee i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui iaei? nenoaie ??cei
i?aeaeuothoue naith aeoeai?noue, a ?io? iaaiaee, iio?aieythoue a ciio
ao?io?? c ianooiiith aeaa?aaeaoe??th aea, cie?aia, i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui
i?ae ae??th e?aeo oi?n?iiieo iie?a ii/eia?oueny i?oic, oiaoi ?iciiae?e
ee?oei.

Iinoaaeaia i?iaeaia ?ica’yco?oueny ca ?aooiie oiai, ui a i?eno?i? aeey
caoenoo ethaeeie a?ae oi?n?iiieo aei?ii?ithaaiue, yea ai?ua? a nia?
aeeo?aeoe?ei? a?aoe, ca?aeii aeiaoiaeo, c iaoith iie?ioaiiy caoenieo
aeanoeainoae i?eno?ith, aeeo?aeoe?ei? a?aoe ? o?aeoaeueiith
eiiiiceoe??th, yea aeeiiaia o aeaeyae? e?eaoeue, ye? ? ieiueiiei
ia?aoeiii noaie i?inoi?iaeo aca?iica’yce?a iacao?aiiai O?ce/iiai Aaeooio
? iaianaia ia aeaaeeo iiaa?oith oeyoii iaieeaiiy iaoaeaaiai iie?eooy.
Aeeo?aeoe?ei? a?aoe iiaeooue aooe iaea?aeai? oaeiae oeyoii aeniiceoe??
na?oei/ooeeai? ie?aee. Ae?aiao? e?eaoeue — i?i?iaeueiee, yeee aeicaiey?
aeinyaoe no/ani? iaoiaee aeaioiaeaiiy aeeo?aeoe?eieo a?ao.

Oe? oaoiieia?? caoenoo ethaeeie aacothoueny ia ?aciiaini?e aca?iiae??
aeeo?aeoe?eieo a?ao c e?aiio oi?n?iiieie iieyie iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio.
Naia aeeo?aeoe?ei? a?aoe aecia/athoue iioeiaeueiee ?aaeei aeeiai?/ieo
?aaeoe?e eiie?aoiiai ia’?eoo, ?, cia/eoue, ye?niee e?ioeaaee ?acoeueoao.
Aeyaey?oueny, ui no?oeoo?ia noaia eiiiiiiaee O?ce/iiai Aaeooio ?
o?aeoaeuei?e eiiieaenii, oiaoi eiino?oeoe?th, a ye?e aioo??oi?
eiiiiiaioe ? iiae?ai? caaaeuei?e oi?i?, a caaaeueia oi?ia — iio?aeiei
aiaeiaii nai?? aaciai? iniiae. Iiiyooy o?aeoaea aeicaiey? noi?ioaaoe
?icoi?iiy oaeeo eaoaai??e, ye ?ioi?iaoe?eiee noai, a??ooaeueiee i?ino??
? o.i., aea iaeaieiai?oa oa, ui c oeeo iiceoe?e noa? iiaeeeaith
ona?aeiieoe oie oaeo, ui naia a??ooaeuei? iiaeae? — a oea o?ce/i?
iiiyooy — ? i?ioioeiii aei?iaeo oi?i iaoa??ae?caoe?? (o aeaiiio aeiaaeeo
— i?iya iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia ethaeeio i?e iao?aiiio aei?ii?ithaaiiyie
iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio O?ce/iiio Aaeooi?).

?, yeui i?eioeeie ? caeiie ooieoe?iiaeueii? noaie aaeaeaaoii
i?eeiathoueny aei oaaae, c’yaey?oueny ?aaeueia iiaeeea?noue
oe?eani?yiiaaii ea?oaaoe ?? iio?aeieie i?iaeoe?yie — an?ia aac
aeeeth/aiiy aeeiai?/ieie i?ioeanaie, ye aaciaeie aeey ?nioaaiiy
a?ieia?/ii? ia?eoa???, oiaoi aac iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia ethaeeio.

Eiaeia neeaaeiaa aeeo?aeoe?eieo a?ao aaia?o? na?e ?ioi?iaoe?eiee neaiae,
i?eioooth/e eieaeueii ci?ithaaoe ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? /anoeie
O?ce/iiai Aaeooio, aea a?aoe ?icoaoiaai?, aiane?aeie /iai oi?io?oueny
iaeanoue O?ce/iiai Aaeooio, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny no?iaith
no?oeoo?ecaoe??th, oiaoi o?oiie O?ce/iiai Aaeooio aaea ia iao?ththoueny
i?ae ae??th aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio, aiie
caeeoathoueny oaeeie ? oea aa?aioo? iaiao?aeiee caoeno.

?ioeie neiaaie, o?aeoaeueia eiiiiceoe?y — aeeo?aeoe?ei? a?aoe, ui
aeeiiaia o aeaeyae? e?eaoeue, ye? ? ieiueiiei ia?aoeiii noaie
i?inoi?iaeo aca?iica’yce?a (u?eueii? oiaeiaee o?oii?a), oi?io?
eieaeueiee aa?’?? o aeaeyae? iacao?aiiai O?ce/iiai Aaeooio ca ?aooiie
aeanieo noaoe/ieo oi?n?iiieo iie?a. Oiaoi a iai?yie, ia?iaiaeeeoey?iiio
ieiuei? aeenieay iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio, O?ce/iee Aaeooi caeeoa?oueny
iaci?iiei i?e aca?iiae?? c oi?n?iiiith eiiiiiaioith aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio. Oaeei /eiii, i?eno??e aeey caoenoo
ethaeeie a?ae iaaaoeaiiai aieeao oi?n?iiieo iie?a iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio
noai?th? eieaeueio iaeanoue iacao?aiiai O?ce/iiai Aaeooio iaaeiei
iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio, oei naiei, caoeuath/e ei?enooaa/a a?ae iaaaoeaii?
ae?? ia iueiai e?aiai oi?n?iiiiai iiey, yea aeanoeaa iia?eueiiio
oaeaoiio aac caoeniiai i?eno?ith. ?ioeie neiaaie, aeei?enoiaoaaiiy
i?eno?ith aa?aioo? iiaio iacaeaaei?noue a?ae oi?n?iiii? eiiiiiaioe
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio, oiaoi i?eno??e
ye?nii iiaeeo?eo? aeanio o?aeoaeueio nenoaio aei?ii?ithaaiue iia?eueiiai
oaeaoiio ? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iai?ii? ca’ycee.

NIENIE AEEI?ENOAII? E?OA?AOO?E

1. Iaaeaiei A.?. Eiii’thoa? TV oa caei?ia’y „EA?O” Ieeiea?a, 2003?.

2. Ea?iaiei N.A., Iiiia A.A., Oa?iaanueeee TH.A., Oii?othe
A.A.?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie ? oaoiieia??. Ee?a, 2004?.

3. Ei?nae E.A., Ieaoioi?e I.A. Iniiae aeieia?? Ee?a, 2000?.

4. Aioaea? I.?. Iaai?oi? iiey – caa?ica aeeooth. Iineaa, 1990?.

5. ?e?na?a A.A. Ioi?iia i?aoe?. Ee?a, 1995?.

6. Aae/aiei A.A., Eiaaeue A.I. Iniiae aaciaee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ethaeeie. Ee?a, 2004?.

7. Oeaeiye I.?., Iaai?ia A.I. Caei?ia’y ethaeeie oa aeieia?y. Ee?a,
Caei?ia’y 1995?.

8. I?nooi ?.I. Aaciaea aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Noie. 1999?.

9. Oea/oe A.A. Oaiei A.A. Iaaeeei-nioe?aeuei? iniiae caei?ia’y. Ee?a,
1999?.

10. Aia’ye I.N. Aaciaea aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Oa?e?a. ?aiie 2000?.

11. Ni?o ?.E. Iao ae?i – ieaiaoa Caiey. Iineaa 1982?.

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