Eo?niaa ?iaioa

c aeenoeeie?ie Ioi?iia i?aoe?

Oaia „Aaoiiacaoe?y ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a i?aei?e?inoaa”

CI?NO

ANOOI

1. OA?AEOA?ENOEEA IA’?EOA AAOIIAOECAOe?? OA EIAI NIAOeEO?EA

2. OAOI?EI – AEIIII?*IA IAA?OIOOAAIIss AOIIAOECAOe??

3. INIIAI? ??OAIIss II AAOIIAOECAOe?? OAOIIEI-A?*IEO I?IOeAN?A

4. IAOA??AEUeII–OAOI?*I? CANIAE AAOIAIOECAOe??

5. OAOI?EA AACIAEE ? IOI?IIA IAAEIEEOIUeIAI NA?AAeIAEUA

AENIIAIE

IA?AE?E AeAEA?AE ?IOI?IAOe??

ANOOI

Aaoiiaoecaoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ? iaeiith c iaeaaaeeea?oeo
cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, ciaioaiiy aeo?ao iaoa??ae?a
? aia?a??, iie?auaiiy yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ia?aneaieo
iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy. Ia ii/aoeo XXI noie?ooy aiia iaaoea iiaeo ?en oa
iniaeeainoae o ca’yceo c ao?oeeaei ?icaeoeii oaoi?/ieo cania?a –
i?e?ii?ioeani?ii? oaoi?ee ? ia?niiaeueieo aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeueieo
iaoei, ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? yeeo aeathoue ciiao aeei?enoiaoaaoe
iaeaeineiiae?o? iaoiaee a ?aieao no/anieo neeaaeieo nenoai oi?aae?iiy.
I?e?ii?ioeani?i? i?eno?i? oa aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeuei? iaoeie iia’ycai?
i?ae niaith ia/enethaaeueieie ? ea?oth/eie ia?aaeaie, aeicaieythoue
ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe eiii’thoa?i? oaoiieia?? o iao?aaeeoe?ei? noa?e
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, ui i?iyaey?oueny a ?ioaa?aoe?? ae?iaie/eo
i?ioean?a oa oi?aae?iiy ieie. Canoinoaaiiy i?e?ii?ioeani?ii? oaoi?ee a
oa?/ia?e i?iieneiaino? aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue ?aaoethaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie, ciaioeoe ae?iaie/? ao?aoe eiiiiiaio?a
i?iaeoeoe??.

Noai?aiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaeeo nenoai a i?iieneia?noue aeeth/a?
aeae?eueea iine?aeiaieo aoai?a: i?iaeooaaiiy, iiioaae, iaeaaeea ?
aenieoaoaoe?y.

Iniiaieie caaea/aie aaoiiaoecaoe?? ? ?ioaineo?eaoe?y i?iieneiaino? ia
iniia? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo aeinyaiaiue iaoee ? oaoi?ee, ciaioaiiy /enea
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aoiae?a; ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaia?a?aieo noai i?iieneiaino?;
e?euee?niee oa ye?niee ??no iaeeie/ieo iiooaeiinoae iaeaaeiaiiy;
iiaeaeueoa i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iaoai?caoe?? ? aaoiiaoecaoe??.

Ianooaai?noue caaea/, ye? ae??oo? oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue iio?aao?
noai?aiiy caaiae?a, oeao?a, ae?eyiie c aenieei nooiaiai iaoai?caoe?? ?
aaoiiaoecaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa; oaoiieia?/ieie i?ioeanaie ? ae?iaieoeoaii
ia aac? aeei?enoaiiy AII; noai?aiiy i?eeaae?a ? nenoai aaoiiaoecaoe?? ia
aac? o?aaeeoe?eieo oaoi?/ieo cania?a, a oaeiae i?e?ii?ioeani?ii?
oaoi?ee; ?ic?iaee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?iieneiaeo ?iaio?a ? iai?ioeyoi??a.

Iaoith aaoiiaoecaoe?? ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?aoe?, iie?auaiiy
yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, yea aeionea?oueny, noai?aiiy oiia aeey iioeiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy an?o ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino?.

I?e noai?aii? nenoai aaoiiaoecaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoue aaaaoi eiioo?i? oa
eaneaaei? nenoaie, a yeeo ?aae?cothoueny i?eioeeie eiiiainaoe??
cao?aiue, aaeaioaoe?? aeineiiae? no?oeoo?e oeio eaneaaeieo nenoai, c
aeiaeaoeiaeie neaiaeaie oa ?ioa.

Aaoiiaoecaoe?y oeoe?iaiai ae?iaieoeoaa caaacia/o? ye?nio ? aoaeoeaio
?iaioo oaoiieia?/ieo ae?eyiie o?eueee o aeiaaeeo eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo
aei ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/?. I?e oaeiio i?aeoiae? aa?oi i?aeaiooaaoe aei
aaoiiaoecaoe?? oaoiieia?/ia onoaoeoaaiiy, oaoiieia?th ? aea?aoe
iaiao?aei? caniae aaoiiaoecaoe?? aeey iniiaieo ? aeiiii?aeieo i?ioean?a.

No/ania aaoiiaoeciaaia nenoaia oi?aae?iiy oaoiieia?/ieie i?ioeanaie
??cieo a?aeae?e?a oeoe?iaiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?ecia/aia:

— iie?auaiiy yeino? ?aaoethaaiiy iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a;

— ciaioaiiy a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae ii?i oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeeio;

— cai?ia ii?aeueii oa o?ce/ii canoa??eeo ?nioth/eo cania?a
aaoiiaoecaoe??;

— ?aae?caoe?y no/anieo i?eioeei?a oi?aae?iiy;

— iie?auaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? aeenoeeie?ie ca ?aooiie iino?eiiai eiio?ieth
ii aeeiiaiith ii?i oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeeio ? iiaeeea?no? aiae?co ?noi???
ia?aiao??a ca ethaee ia??iae /ano;

— ciaioaiiy i?aoe? oaoiieia?/iiai ia?niiaeo;

— aiae?c aeieeath/eo neooaoe?e oa nai?/aniiai i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ca
?aooiie aeae?eaiiy ? iieaco ?ioi?iaoe?? ia iiaiinoaiao IE, a?ao?eao
ia?aiao??a;

— aiae?c aaa??eieo neooaoe?e ca aeiiiiiaith ?icae?oeoaaiiy a?ao?e?a;

— i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaee oaoiieia?/iiai ia?niiaeo,
ia?niiaeo neoaeae EAI?A.

Oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean oeoe?iaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? a iniiaiiio aacia?a?aii
– iioieiaei ? cae?enith?oueny aieiaiei /eiii o aacoieiii-ae?th/iio
onoaoeoaaii?, a oiio caaeiaieueiy? iniiai? aeiiae c iiaeyaeo eiai
aaoiiaoecaoe??.

Aaeeea cia/aiiy i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ia’?eoa aai oaoiieia?/ii? ae?eyiee aei
aaoiiaoecaoe?? ia? aea?? iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a, ii yeeo
cae?enith?oueny ia’?eoeaia ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii.

?eoi?/ia ?iaioa i?aei?e?inoaa a cia/i?e i??? caaacia/o?oueny nenoaiaie
ea?oaaiiy e iaoiiaeth? aenie? iieacieee eiai ?iaioe.

Ioaea aieiaiei iai?yiii aaoiiaoecaoe?? a aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? ia
no/aniiio aoai? ? noai?aiiy eiii’thoa?ii-?ioaa?iaaieo ae?iaieoeoa,
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?e?ii?ioeani?ii? oaoi?ee oa AII, iie?auaiiy yeino?
aeionea?ii? i?iaeoeoe??, ciaioaiiy i?aoe? ia?niiaeo.

1. OA?AEOA?ENOEEA IA’?EOA AAOIIAOECAOe?? OA EIAI NIAOeEO?EA

I?ioean aeia?thaaiiy a oeoe?iaiio ae?iaieoeoa? i?ecia/aiee aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? oeoe?o a ?ic/ei? oeyoii aeaeaeaiiy c iueiai
aiaee a aeaeyae? ia?o. I?ioean i?iaiaeeoueny a oiiaao aoiinoa?iiai aai
iaaeeeoeiaiai oeneo aai i?ae aaeooiii. I?e oeueiio iaea?eueo aeiiii?/iei
? aeia?thaaiiy i?ae aaeooiii. Cieaeaiiy cao?ao aeieea? aiane?aeie oiai,
ui i?e aeia?thaaii? i?ae aaeooiii cieaea?oueny oaiia?aoo?a eei?iiy
?ic/eio, oiio iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ia?a iecueeiai oeneo. Aeey
noai?aiiy a?eueo aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a aeia?thaaiiy a oeoe?iaiio
ae?iaieoeoa? aeei?enoiaothoueny aaaaoiei?ioni? aeia?i? onoaiiaee. A
oeueiio aeiaaeeo aoi?eiia ia?a iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey iaa??aaiiy
ianooiieo ei?ion?a aeia?ii? noaioe??.

Oe?iea canoinoaaiiy o oeoe?ia?e aaeoc? ciaeoea oe?iea canoinoaaiiy
/ioe?ueioei?ionia onoaiiaea c eiioeaio?aoi?ii, IV ei?ion ? eiioeaio?aoi?
yei? ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae ?ic??aeaeaiiyi.

I?e aaoiiaoecaoe?? aeia?ii? onoaiiaee iiaeiii aooe ia?aaeaa/aii
?aaoethaaiiy iiaea/? aeia?iiai nieo ia onoaiiaeo, ??aaiue a aeia?ieo
aia?aoao, oene nieiaiai ia?o a 1 ei?ion?, ?ic??aeaeaiiy o IV ? a
eiioeaio?aoi??, eiio?ieue aonoeie nieo ia?aae aeia?iith noaioe??th,
eiio?ieue oeneo ? ??aiy a ei?ionao aeia?ii? onoaiiaee. Iniiai?
ia?aiao?e, ye? iiaeii? aooe ia?aaeaa/ai? ia aeia?i?e noaioe??:
oaiia?aoo?a ?aoo?ii? ia?e, oene ?aoo?ii? ia?e (1.1-1.2 ean/ni),
?ic??aeaeaiiy a eiioeaio?aoi?? (0.5-0.6 ean/ni , ?ic??aeaeaiiy a
eiioeaio?aoi?? iiaeiii aooe a?eueoa i?ae a IV ei?ion?).

Noaa?e?caoe?y iiaea/? o?eueo?iaaiiai nieo ia aeia?io onoaiiaeo
cae?enith?oueny ne?aeeoth/ith nenoaiith, aea a yeino? caaaeaiiy ii
aeo?ao? nieo ia aeia?io onoaiiaeo iaaeoiaeeoue neaiae ii ??aith a?ae
ca??ieea ia?aae aeia?eith.

Aeo?aoa ia?o ia aeia?thaaiiy noaiiaeoue 40-50% aei iane ia?a?iaeaiiai
oeoe?iaiai ao?yea. A a??th/o ia?o ? ei?iono aeia?ii? onoaiiaee
i?aeaiaeyoue ia? c eieaeoi?o (?aoo?io ia?o), aea eiio?ieth?oueny ??
oaiia?aoo?a ? oene. Iioeiaeuei? oiiae ?iaioe aeia?ii? onoaiiaee
caaacia/othoueny oeyoii eiio?ieth ? ?aaoethaaiiy ii ei?ionai (I, II,
III, IV ei?ione) ?yaeo ia?aiao??a.

Caaeaia aeia?ia caeaoi?noue aeia?ii? onoaiiaee aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie
ei?enii? ??cieoe? oaiia?aoo? i?ae a??th/ith oa nieiaith ia?ith ii
ei?ionai, ui caaacia/o?oueny oeyoii noaa?e?caoe?? ia?aiaaeo oaiea ia
aeia?i?e onoaiiaoe?, ye ??cieoey i?ae oaiia?aoo?ith ?ic/eio a ? ei?ion?
oa V (eiioeaio?aoi??). sseui cacia/aiee ia?aiaae aeo?eiaiee, oi oene ii
ei?ionai onoaiiaeth?oueny aaoiiaoe/ii, ye ia naii ?aaoeueiaaiiio
ia’?eo?.

Oaiia?aoo?a ii ei?ionai ??cia. A ? ei?ion? i?eaeecii 126-128 N, a
oaiia?aoo?a eei?iiy nieo a eiioeaio?aoi?? ia iiaeiia aooe ieae/a i?ae 60
N.

Ia eiaeiiio aeia?iiio ei?ion? anoaiiaeaii i?eeaae aeey aei??thaaiiy
??aiy. Oaeiae ??aaiue iiaeia iiaa/eoe a iaeyaeiaiio nee?. Iioeiaeuei?
cia/aiiy ??ai?a ii ei?ionai (a %,a?ae aenioe eei’yoeeueieo o?oa): ? —
20-30%;

?? – 30-40 %; ??? – 40-50%; IV – 50-60%; V – 60-70%.

A?aeoeeaiiy ??aiy a?ae ii?i i?ecaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
?aaeeio aeia?thaaiiy. sse?noue ?iaioe aeia?ii? noaioe?? ioe?iththoue ii
u?eueiino? ne?iio ia aeoiae? c V ei?iona (eiioeaio?aoi?a). I?e cieaeaii?
u?eueiino? ne?iio aeo?aoa ia?o ia aeia?thaaiiy ??cei ca?eueoo?oueny,
oiio ui aei aeia?thaaiiy aiaee aaaeooue o aaeooi-aia?aoao ?c aeai?aciaei
aeei?enoaiiyi ia?e, a o?eaae?noue oaa?aiiy oooaeth ? i?iaeoeoo
ca?eueoo?oueny. Ne?ii aeua 70% a??oa o?eueo?o?oueny ? oaa?th?oueny.
Oaeiae iio??aii ne?aeeoaaoe ca oei, uia ?ic??aeaeaiiy a eiioeaio?aoi??
aoei a?eueoa i?ae a IV ei?ion?. I?eaeecii ?ic??aeaeaiiy a IV ei?ion?
iiaeiii aooe 0.4-0.45 ean/ni, a a eiioeaio?aoi?? 0.5-06ean/ni. I?e oaeeo
oiiaao eiioeaio?aoi? i?ae ae??th ?ic??aeaeaiiy aoaea ia?aoyaoaaoe aei
naaa n?e, a yeui ?ic??aeaeaiiy aoaea iaioa i?ae a IV ei?ion? aai
iaeiaeiaei n?e ia aoaea ia?aoyaoaaoeny ? c /anii o eiioeaio?aoi??
??aaiue aoaea 0%.

Ioaea, uia i?aeo?eioaaoe ??aaiue a oiiaao, ye? caaeiaieueiythoue
oaoiieia?/iee ?aaeei iio??aii iaia’yceiai ne?aeeoaaoe ca ??aiai
o?eueo?iaaiiai nieo a ca??ieeo ia?aae aeia?iith noaioe??th,
oaiia?aoo?ith oa oeneii ?aoo?ii? ia?e, ?ic??aeaeaiiyi a eiioeaio?aoi??
oa IV ei?ion?.

Eiio?ieue ca a?aeea/eith ne?iio n eiioeaio?aoi?a aeicaiey? noaeeoe i?i
?eoi?/i?noue ?iaioe aeia?ii? onoaiiaee, a oaeiae ?aaoethaaoe ??
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaioe ianooiieo ae?eyiie.

??aaiue eiiaeainaoo a ca??ieeao aai a?ae?aae?/ieo eieiieao
eiio?ieththoue ?c iaoith caiia?aaiiy caiiaiaiiy eaia?, ui a??thoue,
aia?ao?a eiiaeainaoii ? a?aeaiaeo eiai a i??o iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ia
ianooiiee ca??iee aai a OAOe.

A ii?e noai? aaoiiaoecaoe?? IV ? V ca??iee eiiaeainaoo ia?aea/o?oueny
ianinaie a ca??iee ai?a/ii? aiaee, a ?, ??, ??? ca??iee eiiaeainaoo a
OAOe.

Aaoiiaoecaoe?y aeia?ii? onoaiiaee i?aeaeuo? ye?noue aaaaeaiiy
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano e aea? aeiiii?th iaeeaa i?e ia?a?iaoe? ao?yea.

Aeia?i? ei?ione ?icoaoiaothoue ia a?aenoai?, aeinoaoiueiio aeey
onoaiiaee ?aaoethth/i? a?iaoo?e c i?i?iaeueiei /eneii eie?i ? iiai?io?a
aeey iaea?aeaiiy i?i?iaeueiiai a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o. Ia nieiaiio iioioe?
canoiniaothoue ?aaoethaaeuei? eeaiaie ii?iaeueii – cae?eoiai oeio, ye?
iiioothoue ia aaeianieo eiioi?eaoe?yo. O aeiaaeeo caeaithaaiiy
oee?eoeyoe?eieo ei?ion?a ia?oee aia?ao onoaiiaeththoue ia 250-300 ii
aeua ae?oaiai, i?e oeueiio a?aea?ae aoi?eiii? ia?e c ei?ion?a
cae?eniththoue o?oaii?iaiaeaie c o?aooaaiiyi a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o e
iaaaioaaeaiiy ii ia??.

Oaeiae aaaeeeai, uia ca??iee i?ney aeia?ee ia aoa ionoei oa
ia?aiiaiaiei, oiio ui a?ae oeueiai caeaaeeoue aaee/eia ai?noo nooeo
?a/iaei a ne?ii?. *ei a?eueoee ai?no, oei e?aua. Iaae?eia ?iaioa
eiiaeainaoiiai ainiiaea?noaa aeia?ii? onoaiiaee aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii
i?aaeeueiiai aeai?o ?ici???a ca??iee?a eiiaeainaoo e ae?aiao??a
?aaoethaaeueieo i?aai?a. ?ici??e ca??iee?a eiiaeainaoo aeae?athoue ?c
oiiae naia?aoe?? ia?e eei?iiy eiiaeainaoo. Aiie iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe ia
iaio /ei aeaiooaeeeii?e aeo?ao? eiiaeainaoo i?e iii?iaeuei?e
i?iaeoeoeaiino? caaiaeo.

2. OAOI?EI-AEIIII?*IA IAA?OIOOAAIIss AOIIAOECAOe??

Aaoiiaoecaoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ? iaeaaaeeea?oei caniaii
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaoiiaoecaoe??
i?ecaiaeeoue aei nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao iaoa??ae?a oa aia?a??, iie?auaiiy
yeino? i?iaeoeoe?? ? i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? ?iaioe.

A no/anieo aeia?ieo onoaiiaeao oaieioaoi?/iee eiio?ieue ca ?iaioith
onoaoeoaaiiy cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith ??cieo
eiio?ieueii-aei??thaaeueieo i?eeaae?a. Aiie i?ecia/ai? aeey
aaoiiaoe/iiai a?aeiiaeaiiy caaeaiiai ?aaeeio an??? noaioe??
aeia?thaaiiy. Ii iieacao oeeo i?eeaae?a aaaeooue iioeiaeueiee
aenieoaoaoe?eiee ?aaeei ?iaioe aeia?ieo aa?aaao?a, ?o aei?iaoaaiiy e
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy, a oaeiae noaaeaoue ca iaae?ei?noth ? aeiiii?/i?noth
?iaioe onoaiiaee. Eiio?ieueii-aei??thaaeuei? i?eeaaee iathoue aeiyoeiai
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey ii?iaeueii? ?iaioe i?ioeano aeaeaeaiiy iaaeeeoeo
aiaee, oiio ui yaeythoueny iaae?eiei caniaii a?aeoai?aiiy oa ia?iaee
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i oaoiieia?/i? e oaieioaoi?/i? i?ioeane, ui i?io?eathoue o
aeia?i?e onoaiiaoe?.

Aeey ii?iaeueiiai i?io?eaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano aeia?thaaiiy
aeeooc?eiiai nieo a aeia?i?e onoaiiaoe? iaia’yceiaith oiiaith ?
aeio?eiaiiy caaeaieo ia?aiao??a ??aiy ii ei?ionai aeia?ii? noaioe??. A
?ac? iiieaeaiiy ??aiy a ei?ion? iiaeeeaa caeeiaiiy eei’yoeeueieo o?oaie,
ui ? iaaeiionoeiei. I?e ia?aaeuaii? ??aiy ? eiia??i?noue iio?aieyiiy
ne?iio ia oo?a?io. O ca’yceo c oeei, aei oi/iino? i?aeo?eiee caaeaiiai
cia/aiiy ??aiy i?aae’yaeythoueny aeoaea aenie? aeiiae ? a?ae yeino?
?aaoethaaiiy ??aiy caeaaeeoue ye?noue ?iaioe aeia?ii? noaioe??. Nenoaia
aaoiiaoecaoe?? aea? iiaeeea?noue oi/iiai eiio?ieth oa ?aaoethaaiiy ??aiy
oeyoii aieeao ia iiaea/o nieo oa caaacia/o? caoeno oa aeieoaaiiy a?ae
ia?aiiaiaiiy. Aeey aei??thaaiiy ??aiy iiaeia aeei?enoaoe oae? caniae
aaoiiaoecaoe??, ye OA-YI (aoeeiaee ??aiai?? aeaeo?e/iee), OA-I (aoeeiaee
??aiai?? iiaaiaoe/iee), eoiaeieoiiao?e/iee ??aiai?? oa ?io?. A
caeaaeiino? a?ae oeneo ana?aaeei? aeia?ii? onoaiiaee, aaaa?eoiino? oa
ciai?oi?o oiia.

Aeia?ia onoaiiaea ? iniiaiei niiaeeaa/ai ia?e ia oeoe?iaiio caaiae? ?
a?ae oiai ye aiia aeei?enoiao?oueny caeaaeeoue ?? aeiiii?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue. Aeey aei??thaaiiy oeneo ia?e, yea iiaea?oueny ia aeia?io
noaioe?th iiaeia aeei?enoaoe oae? caniae, ye iaiiiao?, aeao/ee oeneo
Aplisens ?N-28, NAIOE?, Iao?ai oa ?io?.

Oaiia?aoo?a ? iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo ia?aiao??a a oaoiieia?/iiio
?aaeei? ?iaioe aeia?ii? onoaiiaee ? ia? /?oei anoaiiaeai? cia/aiiy,
aeio?eiaiiy yeeo caaacia/o? oaeaee?noue oa ye?noue i?ioeanno
aeia?thaaiiy. A ?ac? i?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e a?aeaoaa?oueny
aeaa?ae?aooaaiiy oeoe?ice c ooai?aiiyi oaiiieieuei?iaeo ea?aiaeae ? aiia
i?aeaea?oueny eoaeiiio ?iceeaaeaiith. Oaeiae a?aeaoaa?oueny
?ioaineo?eaoe?y i?ioeano ooai?aiiy iaeeio ia eei’yoeeueieo o?oaao. A
?ac? iiieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e cia/ii oiia?eueith?oueny oa ii?ooo?oueny
oaoiieia?/iee ?aaeei ?iaioe aeia?ii? onoaiiaee. Iiieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e
oaeiae i?ecaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy ?iaioe ?ioeo noaioe?e caaiaeo (aaeooi
– aia?ao?a, aeeooc??), oae ye aoi?eiia ia?a c aeia?ii? onoaiiaee
aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey ?oiuei? ?iaioe. Aeey aei??thaaiiy oaiia?aoo?e
aeei?enoiaothoueny oae? caniae aaoiiaoecaoe??, ye oa?iiiao? ?icoe?aiiy,
oa?iiia?aoai?thaa/ iii?o, oa?iiia?e ??cieo a?aaeo??iaie.

A aeia?i?e onoaiiaoe? ?aoo?ia ia?a iiaea?oueny eeoa a ia?oee ei?ion, a
a??th/ei na?aaeiaeuai ianooiieo ? nieiaeoa ia?a (ia?a yea ooai?th?oueny
i?ae /an aeia?iaoaaiiy iaaeeeoeo aiaee c nieo), yeee ia?aoiaeeoue c
ei?iona a a??th/o eaia?o ianooiiiai ei?iono. Oeei caaacia/o?oueny
aeiiii?y oiiaiiai iaeeaa. Aea oaea ia?a aoaea c iaioei iioaioe?aeii
iaioa oaiia?aoo?a ? oene. Inue /iio ii ei?ionai aeia?ii? onoaiiaee
??ciee oene. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie aaoiiaoecaoe?? aeey aeaiiai
ia?aiao?o caaacia/eoue iaae?ei?noue oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeeio.

?aaoethaaiiy ?ic??aeaeaiiy ia aeia?i?e onoaiiaoe? a?aeaoaa?oueny a
eiioeaio?aoi??. sseui ?ic??aeaeaiiy ciaoiaeeoueny a caaeaieo iaaeao oi
aeia?ia onoaiiaea i?aoeth? aac ia?aai?a, a?aeaoaa?oueny ii?iaeueia
ia?ao?eaiiy nieo ii ei?ionai oa ii?iaeueiee oaiia?aoo?iee ?aaeei.
Nenoaia aaoiiaoecaoe?? aea? iiaeeea?noue oi/iiai eiio?ieth oa
?aaoethaaiiy ?ic??aeaeaiiy ia aeia?i?e onoaiiaoe?. Aeey aei??thaaiiy
?ic??aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny oae? caniae aaoiiaoecaoe??, ye
iaiiiao?, aeao/ee oeneo Aplisens ?N-28, Iao?ai, oa ?io?.

Aeey ii?iaeueiiai oaieiaiai ?aaeeio ?iaioe aeia?ii? onoaiiaee iaiao?aeii
nai?/anii a?aeaiaeeoe eiiaeainao c aeia?ieo eaia?. Oea a?aeaoaa?oueny
oeyoii a?aeea/ee /a?ac eiiaeainaoi? eieiiee a ca??ieee eiiaeainaoo.

Neaiae?caoe?y ?iaioe aeia?ii? onoaiiaee iaiao?aeia, oiio ui iia?aoi? ia
a neeao anoaaeeoe ca an?ia ia?aiao?aie ooieoe?iioth/iai ia’?eoa.
Aiane?aeie oeueiai iiaea aeieeiooe aaa??eia neooaoe?y. Neaiae?caoe?y
neoaeeoue aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo i?i a?aeoeeaiiy
ia?aiao??a a?ae ii?ie aai i?i aaa??eiee noai onoaoeoaaiiy.

Nenoaia aaoiiaoecaoe?? iiaeiia caaacia/eoe iaae?ei?noue e aeiiii?/i?noue
?iaioe aeia?iiai aa?aaaoo, caanoe aei i?i?ioio ao?aoe o?ce/ii? i?aoe? e
cia/ii cieceoe /enaeuei?noue ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaee. A no/ani?e
aaoiiaoecaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoue i?e?ii?ioeani?io oaoi?eo oa ia?niiaeuei?
aeaeo?iiii-ia/enethaaeuei? iaoeie. A oa?/ia?e i?iieneiaino? iino?eii
aaeineiiaeth?oueny oaoi?ea ? oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa oeyoii
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?/ieo noai iiaiai aeaeo iaeaaeiaiiy,
ia?aaeiaiai aeina?aeo.

Oiio, a?aoiaoth/e aeua cacia/ai? iniaeeaino? aeia?ii? onoaiiaee,
iaiao?aeii c iniaeeaith oaaaith i?aeoiaeeoe aei ieoaiiy eiai
aaoiiaoecaoe??, a naia aea?? cania?a aaoiiaoecaoe??, c o?aooaaiiyi
aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo.

3. INIIAI? ??OAIIss II AAOIIAOECAOe?? OAOIIEIA?*IEO I?IOeAN?A

I?ioean aeia?thaaiiy a oeoe?iaiio ae?iaieoeoa? i?ecia/aiee aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? oeoe?o a ?ic/ei? oeyoii aeaeaeaiiy c iueiai
aiaee a aeaeyae? ia?e. I?ioean i?iaiaeeoueny a oiiaao aoiinoa?iiai aai
iaaeeeoeiaiai oeneo aai i?ae aaeooiii. Cieaeaiiy aeo?ao aeieea?
aiane?aeie oiai, ui i?e aeia?thaaii? i?ae aaeooiii cieaeo?oueny
oaiia?aoo?a eei?iiy ?ic/eio, oiio iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ia?a iecueeiai
oeneo.

Aeia?ia onoaiiaea oeoe?iaiai caaiaeo ? aaaeeeaei ia’?eoii aaoiiaoecaoe??
oae ye i?e onoaiiaoe? aaoiiaoe/ieo i?eeaae?a eiio?ieth ? ?aaoethaaiiy
a?aeaoaa?oueny:

— cia/ia aeiiii?y oaieiaia?aiiin??a;

— aeiiii?y iaeeaa;

— iie?auo?oueny noaa?euei?noue ?iaioe;

— iie?auo?oueny ye?noue oeoe?o;

— ca?eueoothoueny ia’?ie ia?a?iaee;

— i?aeaeuo?oueny aeo?ae oeoe?o.

I?e aaoiiaoecaoe?? aeia?ii? noaioe?? oeoe?iaiai caaiaeo iiaeiii aooe
ia?aaeaa/aii: eiio?ieue ? ?aaoethaaiiy iiaea/? aeia?thaaiiai nieo ia
onoaiiaeo, ??aiy a ei?ionao aeia?ii? onoaiiaee, oeneo nieiai? ia?e a
ei?ionao ? ?ic??aeaeaiiy a i’yoiio ei?ion?, i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei?ion?a,
eiioeaio?aoe?? ne?iio, eiio?ieue aonoeie nieo ia?aae aeia?iith
noaioe??th oa ne?iio i?ney aeia?ii? onoaiiaee.

Aeaiee i?iaeo ia?aaeaa/a? aaoiiaoecaoe?th ianooiieo ia?aiao??a:

— ?aaoethaaiiy oeneo a ei?ionao aeia?ii? noaioe??;

— ?aaoethaaiiy ??aiy a ei?ionao aeia?ii? noaioe??;

— eiio?ieue ??aiy a ca??ieeo nieo;

— eiio?ieue oaiia?aoo?e o ei?ionao aeia?ii? noaioe??.

Aaaaoiei?ionia aeia?ia neeaaea?oueny c i‘yoe aeoeaieo ei?ion?a, i?e/iio
ia?oee ? ae?oaee ei?ione neeaaeathoueny ?c aeaio aeia?ieo aia?ao?a.
Aeia?iee aia?ao ia?oiai ei?iona ia?a??aa?oueny ?aoo?iith ia?ith a?ae
eieaeoi?a, a ianooii? ei?ione ? niiaeeaa/? aeeaeyoueny aeno?a ia?aie
I-IV ei?ion?a.

Noaa?e?caoe?y iiaea/? ?ic/eio ia onoaiiaeo cae?enith?oueny ne?aeeoth/ith
nenoaiith, aea ye caaaeaiiy ii aeo?ao? nieo ia aeia?io onoaiiaeo
iaaeoiaeeoue neaiae ca ??aiai a?ae ca??ieea nieo ia?aae AAO.

Neaiae a?ae aoeeiaiai ia?aoai?thaa/a ??aiy OA-YI aiaeiaiaee 4-20 mA
(iiceoe?y 2a) iaaeoiaeeoue aei aeieo ?o/iiai oi?aae?iiy A?O-7E, iio?i
neaiae iinooia? ia eiio?iea?, a c iueiai ia aeeiiaa/ee iaoai?ci
(iiceoe?y 2ae). Aeaiee eiioo? ia?aaeaa/a? aeieoaaiiy a?ae iaae?iiy ??aiy
a I ei?ion?: i?e cieaeaii? ??aiy a ca??ieeo nieo ? a I ei?ion? aei
i?i?ioio iiaea?oueny neaiae ia iiaia a?aee?eooy eeaiaia iiaea/? ai?a/ii?
aiaee a ca??iee ? eeaiaia iiaea/? ?ic/eio a I ei?ion AAO. Oeae eiioo?
iiaea i?aoethaaoe aac o/ano? eiio?iea?a. Iiaeia oi?aaeyoe eeaiaiii ca
aeiiiiiaith aeiea ?o/iiai oi?aae?iiy A?O-7E (iiceoe?y 1a,2a,3a). Ia
iueiio caaea?oueny ?aaeei ?o/./aao., aaiaeeoueny caaaeaiiy ? aaoaeiaaiee
oeeo?iaee ?iaeeeaoi? aeey a?aeia?aaeaiiy aaee/eio ia?aiao?o a aeaiiio
aeiaaeeo ??aiy a %.

Aaoiiaoe/ia ?aaoethaaiiy ??aiy o aeia?ieo aia?aoao cae?enith?oueny
aieeaii ia no?e ?c caoenoii a?ae ia?aiiaiaiiy oeyoii aieeao ia i?eieea
nieo.

Aaoiiaoe/ia ?aaoethaaiiy oeneo nieiaeoi? ia?e a I ei?ion? AAO
cae?enith?oueny ?aaoeyoi?ii oeneo, ui ci?ith? oene ?aoo?ii? ia?e, yea
iaaeoiaeeoue ia aaaaoiei?ionio aeia?io onoaiiaeo. Oene aei??th?oueny
aeao/eeii oeneo Aplisens ?N-28 (iiceoe?y 9a). Neaiae 4-20 mA c aeao/eea
iinooia? ia eiio?ieea?, a c eiio?ieea?a ia aeeiiaa/ee iaoai?ci (iiceoe?y
9a).

Aaoiiaoe/ia ?aaoethaaiiy ?ic??aeaeaiiy a V ei?ion? cae?enith?oueny
oeyoii aieeao ia aeo?aoo aoi?eiieo ia??a ia aeeaeaiiy oeeo ei?ion?a.
?ic??aeaeaiiy aei??th?oueny aeao/eeii oeneo Aplisens ?N-28 (iiceoe?y
5a). Neaiae 4-20 mA c aeao/eea iinooia? ia eiio?ieea?, a c eiio?ieea?a
ia aeeiiaa/ee iaoai?ci (iiceoe?y 5a).

Ioaea ia iith aeoieo aeia?i?e noaioe?? i?ae?a?ai? iaee?au? i?eeaaee e
iaeaaeiaiiy aeey ii?iaeueiiai i?ioiaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
aeia?thaaiiy.

4. IAOA??AEUeII-OAOI?*I? CANIAE AAOIAIOECAOe??

A aeai?e eo?nia?e ?iaio? ?aae?ciaaii ianooii? eiioo?e aaoiiaoecaoe??:

— noaia eiio?ieth oa ?aaoethaaiiy ??aiy ii ei?ionai AAO;

— noaia eiio?ieth oa ?aaoethaaiiy ?ic??aeaeaiiy a eiioeaio?aoi??
aeia?iiai aia?aoo;

Eiio?ieue ? ?aaoethaaiiy ??aiy a ei?ionao aeia?ii? noaioe?? ?aae?ciaaii
ianooiiei /eiii: aei??thaaiiy ??aiy a?aeaoaa?oueny aoeeiaeie ??aiai??aie
OA-YI (iic. 2a, 3a, 4a); c ieo neaiae aiaeiaiaee 4-20 mA iinooia? ia
aeie ?o/iiai oi?aae?iiy A?O-7E (iiceoe?y 1a,2a,3a) e ia eiio?iea?.
Aaee/eia ??aiy a ei?ion? a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia iii?oi?? AII. Oaeiae ca
aeiiiiiaith AII iiaeia ?aaoethaaoe aeeiiaa/eie iaoai?ciaie
(a?aee?eoe/cae?eoe ia aecia/aiee %), ia?aaiaeeoe c ?o/iiai a
aaoiiaoe/iee ?aaeei ? iaaiaee. Oaeiae ?aaoethaaoe ??aaiue a ei?ionao
iiaeia aac aieeao AII – ca aeiiiiiaith aeiea ?o/iiai oi?aae?iiy A?O-7E.

Ia?aoai?thaa/ ??aiy aoeeiaee OA-YI i?ecia/aiee aeey ?iaioe a nenoaiao
aaoiiaoe/iiai eiio?ieth, ?aaoethaaiiy, oi?aae?iiy oaoiieia?/ieie
i?ioeannaie, oa caaacia/o? iaia?a?aia ia?aoai?aiiy cia/aiiy
a?ie?thaaeueiiai ia?aiao?o – ??aiy ??aeeie aaa a?aieoe? ?icae?eo aeaio
iaci?ooaaieo ??aeei, ye iaeo?aeueieo, oae ? aa?aneaieo, a noaiaea?oiee
no?oiiaee aeo?aeiee neaiae aeenoaioe?eii? ia?aaea/? c iaeii/aniith
?iaeeeaoe??th ia?aiao?o a i?ioeaioao aaa i?e?iao?ao ia aaoaeiaaiiio
oeeo?iai-io ?iaeeeaoi??.

Ia?aoai?thaa/ i?ecia/aiee aeey ?ia?o ?c aoi?eiiith oa iieacoth/ith
aia?a-oo?ith, ?aaoeyoi?aie oa ?ioeie i?eno?iyie aaoiiaoeee, nenoaiaie
oi?a-ae?iiy, ye? i?aoeththoue a?ae noaiaea?oiiai neaiaeo 0-5iA, 0-20iA
aai 4-20iAiino?eiiai no?oio.

Oaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee:

— aa?oi? iaae? ??aiy

Ia?aoai?thaa/? iiaeaeae 2620, 2622, 2640 iiaeii? aeae?aoeny c ?yaeo 250,
400, 600, 800, 1000, 1600, 2000, 2500, 3000, 4000, 6000, 8000, 1000ii

Iiaeae? 2650 ?c ?yaeo 1000, 1600, 2000, 2500 ii;

— ae?aiacii aei??thaaiiy ia?aoai?thaa/?a 0….100%;

— aonoeia eiio?ieth?ii? ??aeeie a?ae 400-2000 ea/i3

— aeiionea?i? iaae? oeneo eiio?ieth?iiai na?aaeiaeua

Aeey iiaeaeae 2615 — 2.5 iIa;

2620, 2622 — 4,0 iIa;

2630 — 6,3 iIa;

2640 — 16 iIa;

2650 — 20iIa;

— ae?aiacii ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e eiio?ieueii? ??aeeie a?ae -50N…+120N;

— aeeaeaiiy OA-YI – 36A, aeiionea?oueny cae?enithaaoe aeeaeaiiy
ia?aoai?thaa/?a c iaaeaie ci?ie no?oiiaiai neaiaeo, a ia?aoai?thaa/?a
OA-YI c iaaeaie ci?ie 0-5iA oa 0-20 iA a?ae aeaea?aea aeeaeaiiy
iino?eiiai no?oio c iai?oaith a?ae 18-36A.

Aeaea?aei aeeaeaiiy, yeee aeei?enoiaothoue aeey aeeaeaiiy
ia?aoai?thaa/?a a aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiiaao, iiaeiai caaeiaieueiyoe
ianooiiei oiiaai:

— ii?? ?cieyoe?? iiaeiai aooe ia iaioa 40Iii;

— aeo?eioaaoe aei?iaoaaeueio iai?oao 1,5 eA i?e iia??oe? aeaeo?e/ii?

— aeo?eiee ?cieyoe??;

— ioeuenaoe?y aeo?aeii? iai?oae i?e /anoio? aa?iii?/ieo neeaaeiaeo, ia
ia?aaeoath/e 500Aoe;

— a?aenoaiue i?ae ia?aoai?thaa/ai OA-YI oa aeaea?aeii aeeaeaiiy ia
iiaeiii ia?aaeuoaaoe 600i ii o?an?;

— iiooaei?noue – 1,2 AA;

Ia?aoai?thaa/ ia? i?eno??e, yeee aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe cia/aiiy
aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo, yeee a?aeiia?aea? ioeueiaiio cia/aiith
aei??thaaeueiiai ??aiy (ei?aeoi? ioey).

Iao?ieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee:

— iaae? aeiionoeii? iniiaii? i?eaaaeaii? iioeaee +/- 0,25, +/-0,5,
+/-0,1

— ia?aoai?thaa/? i?ecia/ai? aeey ?iaioe i?e aa?iiao?e/iiio oeneo a?ae 84
– 106,7 eIa.

I?eioeei ae?? caeeth/a?oueny a ianooiiiio:

— ci?ia aei??thaaeueiiai ??aiy i?eaiaeeoue aei ci?ie a?ae?inoaoe/ii?
aeooiaooaaeueii? neee, yea ae?? ia /ooeeaee aeaiaio – aoeie;

— ci?ia aeooiaooaaeueii? neee /a?ac ?e/aa ia?aaea?oueny ia iaai?oio
nenoaio yea ci?uo?oueny a?aeiinii ia?ooiii cae??ieaiiai aeao/eea Oieea,
i?e oeueiio iai?oaa c aeao/eea Oieea ci?ith?oueny i?iii?oe?eii
aeooiaooaaeuei?e nee?.

Aeie ?o/iiai oi?aae?iiy A?O-7 i?ecia/aiee aeey aeei?enoaiiy a nenoaiao
i?iieneiai? aaoiiaoecaoe?? ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a o yeino?:

— aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueii? noaioe?? ?o/iiai ea?oaaiiy aiaeiaiaeie aai
?iioeuenieie aeeiiaa/eie iaoai?ciaie;

— aeieo ?o/iiai caaeao/eea aiaeiaiaiai neaiaeo;

— aeieo ?o/iiai caaeao/eea ?iioeuenieo neaiae?a «a?eueoa «-«iaioa»;

— oeeo?iaiai ?iaeeeaoi?a aeaio oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a

Iaeanoue canoinoaaiiy

— ?o/iee caaeao/ee c onoaiiaeith caaaeaiiy a iaaeao a?ae 0 aei 100%

— Aeie oi?aae?iiy aeey ?o/iiai ia?aeeth/aiiy aeo?aeieo no?oiiaeo e?e
aiaeiaiaiai ?aaoeyoi?a n aaoiiaoe/iiai ?aaeeio oi?aae?iiy ia ?o/iee ?
iaaiaee ca aeiiiiiaith eeaa?o? ia ia?aaei?e iaiae?.

— Aeie oi?aae?iiy aeey aeenoaioe?eiiai ia?aeeth/aiiy ?aaeeio oi?aae?iiy
a iieiaeaii? ?o/iie/aaoiiao, ca aeiiiiiaith neaiae?a, ye? iiaeathoue ia
eeaiii-aei/iee c’?aeioaa/

— Aaoiiaoe/ia aeieoaaiiy (a ?o/iiio ?aaeei? oi?aae?iiy) aeenoaioe?eiiai
ia?aeeth/aiiy i?e aeeth/aii? eeaa?o? ia ia?aaei?e iaiae?

— Aeie ?o/iiai oi?aae?iiy aiaeiaiaei aeeiiaa/ei iaoai?ciii.

Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino?

— ano?i?iee i?e?ii?ioeani?;

— oeeo?iaa eae?a?iaea aei??thaaeueiiai eaiaeo;

— oeeo?iaa o?eueo?aoe?y;

— aeiaoaaiiy eaaae?aoiiai ei?aiy;

— e?iaa?ecaoe?y ao?aeiiai neaiaeo;

— ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoaoo ia?aoai?aiiy c onoaiiaeaie i?i?ioi oa iaeneioi,
a oaeiae neaiae?caoe?th ia ia?aaei?e iaiae? a?aeoeeaiue MIN-MAX;

— eiio?ao?aoe?y aeiea ?o/iiai oi?aae?iiy i?iaiaeeoueny ca aeiiiiiaith
?iaea ia?iiai ioeueoa;

— caa?aaeaiiy ia?aiao??a i?e a?aeeeth/aii? aeeaeaiiy;

— aaeueaaie/ii ?icae?eaiee ?ioa?oaen RS-485 (ieaio?oueny
iiaea?i?caoe?y), e?euee?noue i?eeaae?a a ia?aae? RS-485: aei 255

— caoeno a?ae ianaieoe?eiiai aei??thaaiiy ia?aiao??a

Oaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee

— Ao?aei? neaiaee: 0-5iA (Rao=400 Ii), 0(4)-20 iA (Rao=100 Ii), 0-10A
(Rao>50eIi)

— Aeo?aei? aiaeiaia? neaiaee: 0-5 iA (Ri(2eIi), 0-20 iA, 4-20 iA (Ri
(500 Ii), 0-10A (Ri>2 eIi)

— Iaeneiaeueia iioeaea onoaiiaee neaiaeo caaaeaiiy: ±2,0%

— Ae?aiacii ci?ie onoaiiaee caaaeaiiy: 0 — 100%

— Iniiaia i?eaaaeaia iioeaea aei??thaaiiy: ±0,2%

— E?euee?noue ?ic?yae?a oeeo?iaiai ?iaeeeaoi?a: 4

— Aenioa oeeo? na?oeiae?iaeieo ?iaeeeaoi??a: 14 ii ci?iiee no?oi … < 220 A, < 0,100 A - Oaiia?aoo?a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua: a?ae +5°N aei +50°N - Iai?oaa aeeaeaiiy: a?ae aeeaeaiiy ci?iiiai no?oio ~(220±22)A, (50±1)Aoe - Iiooaei?noue: ia a?eueoa 6 Ao - Ei?ion (AoOoA): ueoiaee 96o96o185 ii DIN43700, IP30 - Iiioaaeia aeeaeia: 240 ii - Iana aeiea: ia aieaa 0,95 ea Iicia/aiiy i?e caeac?: A?O-7-A-A-U-DD, aea: A - eiae aoiaeo: 1 - 0-5 iA; 2 - 0-20iA, 3 - 4-20 iA, 4 - 0-10 A B - eiae aeo?aeiiai aiaeiaiaiai neaiaeo: 1 - 0-5 iA; 2 - 0-20iA, 3 - 4-20 iA; 4 - 0-10 A U – iai?oaa aeeaeaiiy: 220 - ~220A 50Aoe DD - iayai?noue, oei e aeiaaeeia eeaiii-aei/iiai c’?aeioaa/a ao?aeieo e aeo?aeieo neaiae?a: Eiio?ieue ? ?aaoethaaiiy ?ic??aeaeaiiy a ei?ionao aeia?ii? noaioe?? ?aae?ciaaii ianooiiei /eiii: ca i?noeai ciaoiaeeoueny aeao/ee oeneo Aplisens ?N-28 (iiceoe?y 5a). Neaiae aiaeiaiaee 4-20 mA c aeao/eea iinooia? ia eiio?ieea?. Oaeiae ye a eiioo?? ?aaoethaaiiy ??aiy aaee/eia ia?aiao?o a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia AII. Oaeiae iiaeii oi?aaeyoe aeeiiaa/ei iaoai?ciii cane?ieith c aeaeo?i-iiaaiaoe/iei iiceoe?iia?ii (iiceoe?y 5a). Iio?i neaiae c eiio?ieea?a iaaeoiaeeoue ia aeeiiaa/ee iaoai?ci. Aei??thaaeueiee ia?aoai?thaa/ oeneo PC-28, yeee i?ecia/aiee aeey aei??o ?ic??aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae iaaeeeoeiaiai oa aaniethoiiai oeneo aaco, ia?e ? ??aeeie. Aei??thaaeueiei aeaiaioii ? i’?ci?acenoi?ia e?aii??aa iiiie?oia no?oeoo?a, aaoaeiaaia a i?eeia/ oeneo, ui a?aeae?eaiee a?ae aei??thaaiiai na?aaeiaeua ?icae?eueiith iaia?aiith ? caiiaiaiee niaoe?aeueiith iaiiiao?e/iith ??aeeiith. Caeeoa nee?eiiiaei eiiiaoiaeii aeaeo?iiia noaia iii?uaia a ei?ion? c? nooiaiai caoenoo c ?P 65 aei ?P 67 a caeaaeiino? a?ae ia?aiiai aeaeo?e/iiai c'?aeiaiiy . Iano?ieea oa eae?a?oaaiiy Ei?enooaa/ ca aeiiiiiaith iioaioe?iiao??a ia? iiaeeea?noue ei?aeooaaiiy "ioey" ? ae?aiaciio aei??thaaiiy o iaaeao aei 10% aac aca?iiae?? iano?ithaaiue. 5. OAOI?EA AACIAEE ? IOI?IIA IAAEIEEOIUeIAI NA?AAeIAEUA Oaoi?ea aaciaee yaey? niaith eiiieaen oaoi?/ieo ? i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia iiia?aaeaeaiiy ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo a?ae o?aaiaoecio, oe?aeeeaiai aieeao, ye? aeeeeeai? oiiaaie i?aoe?. Aaoiiaoecaoe?y – yaey? niaith iaeei c aaaeeeaeo oaeoi??a, yeee iie?auo? oiiae i?aoe? ? i?aeaeuo? oaoi?eo aaciaee i?aoe?aiee?a. Aaoiiaoecaoe?y ? oeaio?ae?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy ni?eythoue a?aeaeaeaiith ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo a?ae ae?eyiie c i?aeaeuaiith iaaaciaeith ? c oyaeeeie oiiaaie i?aoe?. Aaoiiaoe/ia neaiae?caoe?y, aeieoaaiiy ? caoeno a?ae ia?aeea?a, ia?aaeuaiiy oeneo, aaa??eieo neooaoe?e ? caoiaeaie ii oaoi?oe? aaciaee ? ioi?ii? i?aoe?. Aeey oiai, uia iiia?aaeeoe iauani? aeiaaeee ? aacia/io aenieoaoaoe?th oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy an? i?aoe?aieee ciaia’ycai? i?ieoe eo?n iaa/aiiy ii oaoi?oe? aaciaee. Ea??aieee i?aei?e?inoa a naith /a?ao ciaia’ycai? caaacia/eoe nai?/ania ? ye?nia i?iaaaeaiiy ?ino?oeoaaeo ?ia?oiee?a ii aacia/iei i?eeiiai ? iaoiaeai ?iaioe, ye? ?aaoey?ii i?iaiaeyoueny ia an?o i?aei?e?inoaao iacaeaaeii a?ae nooiaiy iaaaciaee i?aei?e?inoa. I?ney iaa/aiiy aanue ia?niiae iiaeiai caeaoe ?nieoe ii oaoi?oe? aaciaee. C iaoith aecia/aiiy caeaoiino? ia?niiaeo ii noaio caei?ia’y caeiaoeny ianeoaiaoaaiiyi, ?aiiioii, ia?aa??eith nenoai aei??thaaiiy ? aaoiiaoecaoe?? an? ?ia?oieee iiaeii? i?ieoe iaaee/iee iaeyae. Iiaoi?i? ia??iaee/i? iaaee/i? iaeyaee i?iaiaeyoueny ia ??aeoa iaeiiai ?aco ia ??e, a i?e ?iaio?, a i?e ?iaio? c i?eeaaeaie, ye? i?noyoue, ?oooue, aeaea?aea ?aae?aoe?eiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy – ia ??aeoa iaeiiai ?aco ia o?noue i?nyoe?a. Ia?niiae iao?ieia?/ii? neoaeae, yeee ianeoaiao? ? ?aiiioo? caniae ? nenoaie aaoiiaoecaoe?? o ae?iaie/eo oeaoao, iiaeiai ciaoe i?aaeea oaoi?ee aaciaee ? ae?iaie/i? nai?oa???, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei oeeo ae?iaieoeoa. Aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o ia onoaiiaeao, a o?oaii?iaiaeao, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae oeneii ? a cii? aenieeo oaiia?aoo?, aeiionea?oueny o?eueee c aeicaieo ea??aieea, yeee a?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca ?o aenieoaoaoe?th, i?ney aeeiiaiiy an?o caoiae?a, ye? caaacia/othoue aacia/ia aaaeaiiy ?ia?o. ?iaioe a caaaciaaieo aai aeaooiiaaacia/ieo i?noeyo iiaeii? i?iaiaeeoenue ia iaio ye aeaiia iniaaie, a ?iaioe a e?eieoeyo, aa?aaaoao, ?aca?aoa?ao – a aeaiiee /an c iaia’yceiaei ioi?ieaiiyi a?aeiia?aeiiai ia?yaeo, c iiia?aaei?i iaia’yceiaei /?oeei ?ino?oeoaaeai. Oaeiae i?e ?iaio? i?aei?e?inoa oeoe?iai? i?iieneiaino? ? aeooaeueiei ieoaiiy i?i caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. I?e i?ioean? ia?a?iaee oeoe?o aeei?enoiao?oueny aaeeea e?euee?noue aiaee, iai?eeeaae, ieeea, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy no?/ii? aiaee, yea iio?aao? i/euaiiy. A ca’yceo c oeei i?eae?ey?oueny aaeeea oaaaa aei ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy aiaee ? nei?i/aiith aeeeae?a no?/ieo aiae. AENIIAIE I?e ?iaio? iaae aeaiei eo?niaei i?iaeoii aoei c?a?aii aaaaoi ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aaaaoieiioo?io aeia?io onoaiiaeo, ia iniia? yei? aoei ?ic?iaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueio noaio aaoiiaoecaoe??, a ye?e ia?aaeaa/aii eiio?ieue ? ?aaoethaaiiy oaeeo ia?aiao??a: - ?ic??aeaeaiiy a eiioeaio?aoi??; - ??aaiue a aeia?ieo aia?aoao; - ??aaiue a ca??ieeo ai?a/ii? aiaee; - ??aaiue a ca??ieeo o?eueo?iaaiiai nieo ia?aae aeia?eith; Noaia aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?aae?ciaaia ia aeaeo?e/ieo caniaao aaoiiaoecaoe??. Ia iniia? aeeiiaii? ?iaioe iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui i?e aaoiiaoecaoe?? aoaeue-yei? eaiee oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? cia/ii ca?eueoo?oueny aaee/eia i?eaooeo ? cia/ii ciaioothoueny cao?aoe ia aeaioiaeaiiy iaei??? iaeeieoe? i?iaeoeoe??. IA?AE?E AeAEA?AE ?IOI?IAOe?? 1. Iao?ia E.E «Oaoiieiae/aneea ecia?aiey e i?eai?u a ieuaaie i?iieoeaiinoe».- 2-a ecaeaiea – I.:Aa?ii?iecaeao, 1985 – 344 n. 2. Oe?ieia E.A, Oe?ieia A.E, Ieoaeeia A.E., Oaeueaeiaie ae?.. «Aaoiiaoecaoe?y i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo i?ioean nia e ANO OI a ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe» iiae ?aae.. E.A. Oe?ieiaa – I.:Aa?ii?iiecaeao, 1986 3. A.N Eethaa, A.A.Aeacia, A.O.Aeoa?ianeee, A.A.Eethaa «I?iaeoe?iaaiea nenoai aaoiiaoecaoeee oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioean nia: Ni?aai/iia iiniaea» - I.:Yia?aiaoiiecaeao, 1990.-464 n. 4. A.Oe. AEeaeaoeeee, A.N. Aeaeeaa?ae, I.A. Iaeueieeia «Iniiae ioi?iie i?aoe?».-Euea?a: Aa?oa, 1999 – 348n. 5. ?ino?oeoe?? aei i?eeaae?a A?O-7, OA-YI, Aplisens.

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