IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? I.I.Ae?AAIIAIIAA

AIAe??ssOEIA Iaoae?y Aieiaeeie??aia

OAeE 15:371.015

AEANOEAINO? OAAAE

ssE OAEOI?E CANAI?IIss OE?A?INUeEI? IIAE

O*IssIE *AOAA?OEO-I”ssOEO EEAN?A

19.00.07 – iaaeaaia?/ia oa a?eiaa ineoieia?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 19991

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ne?ei/aiei Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?

I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, i?ioani?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie

Aao ?aai Aeieo?iae/,

?inoeooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie,

aee?aeoi?.

— eaiaeeaeao ineoieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,

Iia??/aiei Iaey Aioii?aia,

?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe AII Oe?a?ie,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – ?inoeooo ineoieia?? ?i. A.N. Einothea AII

Oe?a?ie, eaai?aoi??y ineoieia?? iaa/aiiy,

i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “3” /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiae. 30 oa. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.26.053.02 o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. ca aae?anith 252601,
i. Ee?a, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “____” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.A.Aeieeinueea

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia aeeiiaiiyi i??i?eoaoieo
caaaeaiue a aaeoc? ina?oe, aecia/aieo a aea?aeaai?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e
i?ia?ai? “Ina?oa” (“Oe?a?ia OO? noie?ooy”), Caeiiii Oe?a?ie ”I?i ina?oo”
oa ?ica’ycaiiyi eiie?aoieo ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo i?iaeai, ni?yiiaaieo
ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaa/aiiy.

Iacaaaeath/e ia ?yae aeine?aeaeaiue c iioei?caoe?? iaa/aiiy o/i?a i?e
ia?aoiae? ?o a?ae ii/aoeiai? aei na?aaeiuei? eaiee caaaeueiiina?oiueiai
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai caeeaaeo, caeeoathoueny o?oaeiiu? o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? oeiey??a oe??? a?eiai? a?oie. Aiie iaoiiaeai? ineoieia?/ieie
iniaeeainoyie o/i?a oeueiai a?eo, iaaeinoaoi?noth aeine?aeaeaiue c
aeyaeaiiy aieeao eiie?aoieo ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ?icaeoeo ieneaiiy,
iai’yo?, ni?eeiaiiy, oaaae oiui ia canai?iiy ie?aieo iaa/aeueieo
i?aaeiao?a oa eiie?aoieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e o/eoaeyi-i?aaeiaoieeai ?c
a?aooaaiiyi ci?noo ia o?eueee i?aaeiaoo, a e ie?aieo eiai oai.

Ia? cia/aiiy ? a?aooaaiiy ??aiy ?icaeoeo oa iniaeeainoae i?iyao
ineo?/ieo ooieoe?e a oeueiio a?eiaiio ia??iae?, cie?aia cieaeaiiy
oaaaeiino?, i?i yea na?ae/aoue ye aeina?ae ?iaioe a oeie?, oae ? iayai?
iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A ineoieia?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ? aeai?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue caaaeuei?
iniaeeaino? oaaae i?aee?oe?a. Aeine?aeieee a?aecia/athoue, ui i?ioean
oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo oaaae o/i?a i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo a?ae??ciy?oueny
iaaiith ia??aiii??i?noth. Aiia i?iyaey?oueny a iino?eiiio c?inoaii?
cina?aaeaeaiino? oaaae, aea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iano?ee?noth, cia/iei
cieaeaiiyi ?? eiioeaio?aoe??. Iiynith?oueny oea ao?oeeaith aeoeai?noth
oa ?iioeueneai?noth i?aee?oe?a (I.O.Aeia?ei?i, I.O.?eaaeei, ?.I.I?ea?yi,
A.A.Aiaiue?a, E.I.Oiiaiei, I.I.Iai/einueea, ?.A.No?aoia oa ?io?). Aeai?
iayaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ni?yiiaothoue ia iiaeaeueoa ooi/iaiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee aeanoeainoae oaaae o i?e?ia?eiaeo a?ae??ceao i?aee?oeiaiai
a?eo, aeyaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo a?aei?iiinoae ? c’ynoaaiiy ?o aieeao
ia canai?iiy ia o?eueee ie?aieo i?aaeiao?a, a ? ?o ?icae?e?a. Ooo iinoa?
aeaa caaaeaiiy: c’ynoaaiiy oiai, ye aieeaa? ?icaeoie iaaii? aeanoeaino?,
iai?eeeaae, no?eeino? oaaae ia canai?iiy ciaiue, oi?ioaaiiy oi?iue ?
iaae/ie, c iaeiiai aieo, ? aea/aiiy aieeao eiie?aoiiai iaa/aeueiiai
i?aaeiaoo ia ?icaeoie eiaeii? c aeanoeainoae oaaae c ?ioiai.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeecuee? aei oeueiai iai?yio, aoee caii/aoeiaai? o
ieai? c’ynoaaiiy caaaeueieo oaiaeaioe?e aieeao iaoiae?a ? niinia?a
iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? ia aeoea?caoe?th oaaae o/i?a (A.A.Aiaiue?a,
?.Ae. Aao, I.N.Ai?aa/, I.O.Aeia?ei?i, I.O.?eaaeei, ?.I.I?ea?yi,
E.I.Oiiaiei, ?.A.No?aoia, O.I.Aiiiaie?i, N.N.Eaa?o?ia, I.ss.Aaeueia??i
oa ?io?). Aoei aeyaeaii, ui ia ??aaiue ?icaeoeo oaaae o/i?a i?e
ia?aoiae? c iieiaeoeo o na?aaei? eeane caaaeueiiina?oiueiai
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai caeeaaeo aieeaathoue nooi?iue aaeaioaoe?? a?ae
iaeiiai o/eoaey aei aaaaoueio o/eoae?a oa iaoiaee aeeeaaeaiiy.
Aaaeeeaith ? aeoiea A.A.Aiaiue?aa i?i iaiao?aei?noue eiiieaeniiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeoeo ie?aieo yeinoae ? aeae?a oaaae a noeoiiino? ?c
ci?noii ? iaoiaeaie iaa/aiiy o/i?a. Oey ?aeay A.A.Aiaiue?aa aoea
/anoeiai ?aae?ciaaia eiai o/iyie (?.O.?eaaeei, E.I.Oiiaiei,
I.I.Iai/einueea, ?.A.No?aoia), oa I.I.Eeeith noiniaii ii/aoeiaeo eean?a.
Oey ?aeay aoea oaeiae /anoeiai aeei?enoaia o aeine?aeaeaiiyo A.Eee/iaa ?
I.I.Een?eue uiaei o?ie?a iaoaiaoeee a /aoaa?oeo eeanao. ?o
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aaaeeeaeie ia o?eueee o oai?aoe/iiio, a e o
i?aeoe/iiio ieai?, ine?eueee ni?eyee iie?ioaiith iaa/aiiy o/i?a.
Eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ?ioeo ineo?/ieo ooieoe?e ia oni?oi?noue
iaa/aiiy aeaee iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe (I.A.Ne?ei/aiei, I.A.Iia??/aiei,
O.I.Eenyinueea, ?.N.Aoeao oa ?io?).

Ineoieia?th canai?iiy iia ?icaeyaeaee aaaaoi a/aieo, na?aae yeeo
E.?.Aiaeiae/, A.A.A?ai?e, N.O.AEoeeia, E.I.Eaiaea, A.I.I?eiaa oa ?io?.
Aea/aiith oe?a?inueei? iiae oeiey?aie ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi i?enay/ai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy Ae.I.Aiaiyaeainueeiai, E.?.Aiaeiae/, E.I.I?ieie??iei,
I.O.I?/ei, I.?.?anoiaaoeueei? oa ?ioeo, a yeeo anoaiiaethaaeeny
iioeiaeuei? oeyoe aea/aiiy iiae, ?ic?iaeyeeny ??ciiiai?oi? i?eeiie ?
iaoiaee.

Noiniaii iioei?caoe?? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano aoei ?ic?iaeaii ?yae
oai??e, na?aae yeeo — ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y iaa/aiiy /a?ac ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo oi?i. Oeueiio ieoaiith i?enay/ai? ?iaioe a?aeiieo
iaaeaaia?a ? ineoieia?a, oaeeo ye ss.A.Eiiainueeee, E.Ae.Ooeinueeee,
A.?.Eiaa?iee, I.?.Ee?e/oe, ?.Oio, ?.N.?aaoinueeee, ?.N. sse?iainueea oa
?ioeo. I?ioa, a?eueo?noue aeine?aeaeaiue oe??? i?iaeaie noinothoueny
iaaeaaia?/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue, ui iaoiiaeei iai?yi iaoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
??ai?a ?icaeoeo aeanoeainoae oaaae.

Ioaea, aea?? eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae oaaae, ui
ae?thoue ia canai?iiy o/iyie /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a oe?a?inueei? iiae,
coiiaeaiee iiia?aaei?ie oai?aoe/ieie ? aenia?eiaioaeueieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie, ?o iaoiaeieia?/iith cia/ou?noth, iaaeinoaoi?noth ?o
?aae?caoe?? uiaei eiie?aoieo i?iaeai aieeao ??cieo aeanoeainoae ? aeae?a
oaaae ia iaa/aeueio oni?oi?noue o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c
oe?a?inueei? iiae o iaea?eueo aaaeeeaiio i?aee?oeiaiio ia??iae?.

Aea?? iiae ye iaa/aeueiiai i?aaeiaoo iaoiiaeaii ia eeoa iaaeinoaoi?noth
aea/aiiy aieeao ie?aieo aeanoeainoae oaaae ia ?? canai?iiy, a e oaeeie
nioe?aeueieie oaeoi?aie nueiaiaeaiiy, ye ai?iaaaeaeaiiy Caeiio i?i iiao
oa iaiao?aei?noth aeyaeaiiy oiia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?? canai?iiy.

Ana aeuaneacaia ? coiiaeei aea?? oaie iaoiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy: “Aeanoeaino? oaaae ye oaeoi?e canai?iiy oe?a?inueei?
iiae o/iyie /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a”. Oaia aoiaeeoue aei ieaio IAe? IIO
?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, caoaa?aeaeaia ia ?aae? Oi?aa?neoaoo (I?ioieie ?
3 a?ae 30 aeiaoiy 1998 ?ieo) oa a Eii?aeeiaoe?ei?e ?aae? (I?ioieie ? 1
a?ae 11 n?/iy 1999 ?.).

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noeoii?noue ae?? aeanoeainoae oaaae ia
canai?iiy o/iyie /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a oe?a?inueei? iiae.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiiieaeniee aieea ??cieo aeanoeainoae oaaae
ia canai?iiy ciaiue ? oi?ioaaiiy iaa/aeueieo ae?e o/iyie
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a i?e aea/aii? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Iaoa aeaii? ?iaioe — aea/eoe i?e?ia?eia? aeanoeaino? oaaae, aeyaeoe
??ai? ?o ?icaeoeo ? aeine?aeeoe aieea oeeo aeanoeainoae ia oni?oia
canai?iiy o/iyie /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a oe?a?inueei? iiae oa ?ioeo
iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a, aecia/eoe oiiae iioei?caoe?? oeueiai i?ioeano ia
o?ieao iiae.

A iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei iieeaaeaii i?eiouaiiy i?i oa, ui
oni?oi?noue iaieiae?iiy iiaith oa ?ioeie iaa/aeueieie i?aaeiaoaie o/iyie
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a aecia/a?oueny iniaeeainoyie ?icaeoeo ie?aieo
aeanoeainoae oaaae, a ye?noue oi?ioaaiiy i?oia?ao?/ieo, a?aiaoe/ieo
oi?iue oa iaae/ie i?aeaeuo?oueny a ?acoeueoao? canoinoaaiiy
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy c o?aooaaiiyi ??ai?a ?icaeoeo i?ia?aeieo
aeanoeainoae oaaae oa iiia?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee o/i?a c oeeo
aeenoeeie?i.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c a?iioacith aoee a?aecia/ai? iniiai? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1.Aeyaeoe ??ai? ?icaeoeo oa aca?iica’ycie aeanoeainoae oaaae (ianya,
ia?aeeth/aiiy, no?ee?noue, i?iaeoeoeai?noue, eiioeaio?aoe?y,) a o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a.2.Aecia/eoe i?ia?aei? aeey oeueiai a?eo
aeanoeaino? oaaae.3.Aecia/eoe iayai?noue ca’yce?a i?ae ??aiyie ?icaeoeo
??cieo aeanoeainoae oaaae oa iaa/aeueiith oni?oi?noth o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae oa ?ioeie iaa/aeueieie
i?aaeiaoaie.4.Noi?ioethaaoe ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey
a/eoae?a uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? canai?iiy oe?a?inueei? iiae o/iyie
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a. Iaoiaeieia?/iith ? oai?aoe/iith iniiaith
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? Caeii i?i ina?oo, aea?aeaaia eiioeaioe?y “Ina?oa”
(Oe?a?ia OO? noie?ooy), eiioeaioe?y eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy ineo?/ieo
ooieoe?e (A.A.Aiaiue?a, E.N.Aeaionueeee, A.N.Einothe, I.I.Eaiioue?a,
A.?.Eo??y, N.E.?oa?iooaei oa ?io?), iieiaeaiiy ineoieia?a i?i iaa/aeueio
ae?yeuei?noue o/i?a (TH.E.Aaaainueeee, I.I.Aeiinueeee, E.N.Aeaionueeee,
A.N.Einothe, A.A. E?ooaoeueeee, I.I.Eaiioue?a, ?.I.I?ea?yi,
E.I.I?ieie??iei, ?.I.Neieoey, I.A.Ne?ei/aiei, I.A.Oaeec?ia I.?. *aiaoa
oa ?io?) oa oeyoe iioei?caoe?? iaa/aiiy (I.I.Iai/einueea,
I.?.Io?a/eianueeee, ?.O.?eaaeei,

E.N. Neaa?ia oa ?io?).

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e,
ii??aiyeuei? c??ce, niinoa?aaeaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, oanooaaiiy,
eiinoaooth/ee oa oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaioe. I?e ia?iaoe? aeine?aeieo
aeaieo canoiniaoaaeenue ei?aeyoe?ei? ? oaeoi?i? aiae?ce, a?ao?/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue a na?aaei?e oeie? ? 215 i.Ee?aa,
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. A
oiae? aenia?eiaioo aoei i?iaaaeaii 5200 ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo, eieaeoeaieo
oa a?oiiaeo caiyoue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a nenoaiiiio aiae?c? aieeao
??cieo aeanoeainoae oaaae (ianya, ia?aeeth/aiiy, no?ee?noue,
eiioeaio?aoe?y…) ia oni?oi?noue o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c
oe?a?inueei? iiae; aeyaeaii? i?ia?aeieo aeanoeainoae o nenoai?
aioo??oiueiooieoe?iiaeueieo ca’yce?a a i?e?ia?eiaeo a?oiao (/aoaa?o?
eeane – ianya, eiioeaio?aoe?y, i’yo? eeane – ia?aeeth/aiiy, ianya,
i?iaeoeoeai?noue); aeyaeaii? ae?? ?icaeoeo oaaae o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo
eean?a ia aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy; aecia/aii? e?eoa???a iiae?eo
o/i?a ia a?oie c o?aooaaiiyi ye iaa/aeueii? oni?oiino?, oae ? ??ai?a
?icaeoeo aeanoeainoae oaaae oa ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai
iaa/aiiy a oeeo a?oiao c oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny oei, ui i?iaeaia
iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? iieiaeoiai i?aee?oea aeiiiaiaia iaa?oiooaaiiyi
ae?? eiiieaeno aeanoeainoae oaaae ye oaeoi??a aieeao ia ye?noue aea/aiiy
o/iyie /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a oe?a?inueei? iiae; ?ice?eooyi
niaoeeo?/ii? ?ie? ie?aieo aeanoeainoae oaaae o canai?ii? o/iyie
iaoa??aeo c oeueiai iaa/aeueiiai i?aaeiaoo; aenia?eiaioaeueiei
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi iiaeeeaino? i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ciaiue c oe?a?inueei?
iiae o/iyie /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a oeyoii ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai iaa/aiiy c
o?aooaaiiyi ?o a?aei?iiinoae o ?icaeoeo ie?aieo aeanoeainoae oaaae.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? eiiieaeno iaoiae?a
aea/aiiy aeanoeainoae oaaae ye ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia
iaieiae?iiy o/iyie /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a ciaiiyie c oe?a?inueei? iiae,
aiae?c? oeeo oaeoi??a, iiaoaeia? iiaeaeae ?o aieeao ia iaa/aeueio
oni?oi?noue oeiey??a, anoaiiaeaii? e?eoa???a aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? o/i?a c
??ciith oe?eueiith oni?oi?noth.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? oa i?iaaaeaeaii? nenoaie
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy c oe?a?inueei? iiae aeey o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c o?aooaaiiyi ?aaeueii? ae?? aeanoeainoae oaaae
ye ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ? ?ic?iaoe? eiie?aoieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey
a/eoae?a uiaei iie?auaiiy oni?oiino? o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c
oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Iaae?ei?noue ? a??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny
oai?aoe/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeo?aeieo iieiaeaiue, canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno
iaoiaeee, aaeaeaaoieo iinoaaeai?e iao? oa caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?aae?caoe??th nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aiae?co aeine?aeieo aeaieo,
canoinoaaiiyi noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a ia?iaee aeaieo, ai?iaaoe??th
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e o i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio? a/eoae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy:

aeanoeaino? oaaae ? ineoieia?/ieie oaeoi?aie, ui aecia/athoue oni?oe
o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae oa ooai?ththoue
aeeiai?/io nenoaio, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aioo??oiueiooieoe?iiaeueieie
ca’yceaie;aeanoeaino? oaaae o/i?a ii-??ciiio aieeaathoue ia canai?iiy
ie?aieo oai oe?a?inueei? iiae oa oni?oi?noue oeiey??a;iaoiaee iaa/aiiy
ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye oaeoi?e, ye? ae?thoue /a?ac ?icaeoie oaaae oa ?io?
ineo?/i? ooieoe?? ia oni?oi?noue o/i?a;aeey cae?eniaiiy
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy aaaeeeai aecia/eoe e?eoa??? iiae?eo o/i?a
ia a?oie c o?aooaaiiyi ia o?eueee ?o iaa/aeueii? oni?oiino?, a e ??ai?a
?icaeoeo aeanoeainoae oaaae oa ?ioeo ineo?/ieo oaeoi??a. Ai?iaaoe?y
iniiaieo iieiaeaiue ? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeanue
oeyoii ioae?eaoe?? noaoae, aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeee ia caiyooyo c eo?no
a?eiai? oa iaaeaaia?/ii? ineoieia?? o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. I?i o?ae oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeiny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e ineoieia??
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
(1995-1998 ??.) oa ca?oieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo eaoaae? IIO ?iai? I.I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa (1995-1998 ??.).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia eia?eith aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e – 220 iaeiaioaaiue. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe??
167 ae?oeiaaieo noi??iie, a i?e i?noeoueny 10 oaaeeoeue ? 6 ?enoie?a,
caaaeueieo ianyaii 5,5 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii
noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie, ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy,
noi?ioeueiaaii a?iioaco, ?ice?eoi caaaeaiiy ? iaoiaee, iaoeiao iiaecio,
oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, iaaaaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i
ai?iaaoe?th, noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “I?iaeaie oai?aoeei-i?eeeaaeiiai aniaeoo
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaaae ye oaeoi?o oni?oiiai iaa/aiiy” ?ice?eaathoueny
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oaaae ia ??cieo a?eiaeo aoaiao;
noaio aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia oe?eueio oni?oi?noue
o/i?a ? oai?aoe/i? i?aeoiaee aei aeine?aeaeaiiy oaaae.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaaae i?iaiaeeeeny aaaaoueia ineoieiaaie (I.O.Aeia?ei?i,
?.I.I?ea?yi oa ?i.). O i?aoeyo inoaii?o ?ie?a aeaoaeueii aoea iienaia
?noi??y aeine?aeaeaiiy ye caaaeii i?iaeaie oaaae, oae ? ?? ie?aieo
aeanoeainoae (?.I.Eaio??aa, ?.E.I?ooaeueiai, A.Eee/aa, O.A.Iaco?,
E.I.Naiouaiei, I.I.Eeea, A.E.*yian, E.?.I?eaei, O.A.E?oaeaaa oa ?i.).

Ia an?o aoaiao aeine?aeaeaiiy oaaae ineoieiae iaiaaaeeny c’ynoaaoe ??
?ieue o ineo?/i?e ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie. I?aoe? A.A.Aiaiue?aa,
N.I.Ai/a?iai?, A.Aoaeai?ona, A.Aoiaeoa i?enay/ai? aeyaeaiith aieeao
oaaae ia ye?noue ni?eeiyooy, ia oaeaee?noue, oi/i?noue, i?oei?noue oa
o?eaae?noue caiai’yoiaoaaiiy iaoa??aeo.

I.ss.Aaeueia??i, A.ss.AEaeai, N.E.Eaaeeueieoeueea, ?.I.Eaio??aa,
I.?.Eo??y, A.I. Iao?ianueeee, I.?.?a?a, I.A.Ne?ei/aiei, O.??ai,
A.I.O?iie, I.I. *a?aiaiiaa oa ?io? c’yniaoaaee ?aaoeyoeaio oa
eiio?ieueio ooieoe?? oaaae a ?icoiiaeo i?ioeanao, aecia/aee caeaaei?noue
aoaeoeaiino? ieneaiiy a?ae noaio oaaae. ?iaioe ?.E.Aaneaeiai?,
E.N.Aeaionueeiai, O.I.Aiiiaie?ia, Aeae.Oaeea, O.Aeaeaeina,
I.I.Eaiioue?aa, N.A.Eoeiinueei?, ?.O.?eaaeei, I.O. Nieieiai?,
N.O.Ni?/ae, E.I.Oiiaiei oa ?ioeo i?enay/ai? aea/aiith iniaeeainoae
?icaeoeo oaaae ia ??cieo a?eiaeo aoaiao.

I.I.Eeea aeine?aeaeoaaa ?icaeoie ??cieo aeanoeainoae oaaae o iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a ? aeyaea aieea oaaae ia canai?iiy o/iyie ciaiue. Iieacieee
ie?aieo aeanoeainoae oaaae neoaoaaee I.Ae.A?eiono oa ?.?.Eiiiaioeth
aeey aecia/aiiy ?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino? o/i?a.

E??i caaaeaieo a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo ineoieia?a aei i?iaeaie oaaae
caa?oaeeny e ?io? aeine?aeieee. Aeaye? ?iicaii? ineoieiae ?icaeyaeaee
oaaao a eiioaeno? i?iaeaie ieeueiino?. Aiie iia’ycoaaee ?? c
eiioeaio?aoe??th aeoeaiino?, yea ia?aaeaa/a? iaoai?ci eiieo?oth/eo
ae?yeueiinoae. Aeine?aeieee aeacoaaee ia iiaecio ? cia/ou?noue ye
aaaeeea? noeioee aeieeiaiiy ? i?aeo?eiee oaaae. ?ioaineai?noue oaaae, ca
?o aeaieie, c?inoa? i?yii i?iii?oe?eii cia/ouino? noeioea, yeee ia?
a?aeiioaiiy aei iniiaieo iio?aa i?ae?inoath/i? iniaenoino?.

A.Aeie, aiae?coth/e noai aeine?aeaeaiiy oaaae, a?aecia/aa, ui oi/a
e?oa?aoo?e c oe??? i?iaeaie aeinoaoiuei, aeai? aeine?aeaeaiue aeineoue
iaiaeiicia/i?. Aiie, ia eiai aeoieo, aeieeathoue a ?acoeueoao?
aca?iiae?? aeanoeainoae oaaae c ??cieie oaeoi?aie. Oe? aeniiaee uiaei
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie oaaae o eieeoiueiio
?aaeyinueeiio Nithc? ?, cie?aia, a Oe?a?i? iiai?noth ni?aiaaeathoue.
Oiio, iacaaaeath/e ia a?aeiinii aaeeeo e?euee?noue aeine?aeaeaiue c
i?iaeai oaaae, aiia iio?aao? iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ioaea, a/aieie aaaaoueio e?a?i aoee i?iaaaeai? aaaeeea? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?icaeoeo oaaae ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi i?ae?inoath/i? iniaenoino?. Aiie
aeaee ciiao aeyaeoe caaaeuei? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo oaaae aoe?eiio ?,
cie?aia, aeayeeo ?? aeanoeainoae. Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaa, ui oi/a caaaeuei? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo oaaae
iaeaea ca?aathoueny o aeine?aeiee?a, aea i?inoaaeothoueny ?
?icoiaeaeaiiy o oa?aeoa?enoeeao i?e?ia?eiaeo a?oi o/i?a. Caeeoathoueny
iac?icoi?eeie i?e/eie oeeo ?icoiaeaeaiue. Ia iaoo aeoieo, aiie
iaoiiaeai? ia o?eueee iaaeie?eaie o iaoiaeeoe? cae?aiiy aeine?aeiiai
iaoa??aeo, a e iaaecae/aeiith /ooeea?noth aeanoeainoae oaaae aei ci?ie
ye ciai?oi?o (?aaeei iaa/aeueii? ?iaioe, ae?y ?aae?aoe?? oiui), oae ?
aioo??oi?o (??aaiue i?aoeacaeaoiino? o/i?a, ?o caei?ia’y oiui) /eiiee?a.

Ineoieiae ? iaaeaaiae caa?oaee oaaao ia oa, ui i?e ia?aoiae? o/i?a c
ii/aoeiaeo eean?a aei na?aaei?o a?aeaoaathoueny aeaye? ci?ie o
iaa/aeuei?e oni?oiino? oeiey??a oa aeneiaeee ?yae i?eiouaiue uiaei
/eiiee?a oeueiai yaeua. Oae, cie?aia, ? aeoiea i?i oa, ui o aeayeeo
o/i?a ca /an iaa/aiiy a ii/aoeiaeo eeanao noi?ioaaeanue aeniea
naiiioe?iea, iaoiiaeaia ia?aaaaeii oei, ui oe? ae?oe i?eeoee aei oeiee c
a?aeiinii aenieei ??aiai ?icoiiaiai ?icaeoeo o ii??aiyii? c ?iaanieeaie,
aea o i’yoiio eean? aiie a?ae/oee o?oaeiiu? i?e iaieiae?ii? a?eueo
neeaaeiei iaa/aeueiei iaoa??aeii. Oea i?ecaaei aei cieaeaiiy ?o noaoono
o eean?, a iaai?iiy aeieaoe o?oaeiiu? ii?iaeeei i?iionee o?ie?a, ui o
e?ioeaaiio ?aooieo coiiaeei a?aenoaaaiiy o iaa/aii?. ? oi/a oey oi/ea
ci?o, iiaoaeiaaia ia niinoa?aaeaiiyo, aiia caneoaiao? ia oaaao, i?ioa ia
?ica’yco? iinoaaeaii? iaie i?iaeaie.

I.I.Iai/einueea ? I.E.Io?a/eianueeee c?iaeee aaaeeeao ni?iao aeae?eeoe
a?oie iaanoeaath/eo o/i?a. Ia iniia? ?o ?iaioe I.A.Ne?ei/aiei ?
I.I.Een?eue cae?enieee eeaneo?eaoe?th ??cieo a?oi ia o?eueee
iaanoeaath/eo, a e anoeaath/eo o iaa/aii? o/i?a. Oaea eeaneo?eaoe?y aoea
aeiiiaiaia I.A.Eeeith. Aei aiae?co oeeo eeaneo?eaoe?e ie iiaa?iaiinue o
i?ae?icae?e?, yeee o?nii iia’ycaiee c aeaiei ieoaiiyi.

Ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e oni?oiiai iaa/aiiy aeine?aeaeoaaee I.I. Een?eue ?
I.A. Eeea ia iaoa??ae? aea/aiiy iaoaiaoeee oa ?iicaiii? iiae o/iyie
i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo. Aiie aeiaaee, ui i?ia?aeieie oaeoi?aie oni?oiiai
canai?iiy ciaiue o/iyie ? caaaeueia caeaoi?noue aei iaa/aiiy, ?icaeoie
oaaae, iai’yo?, ieneaiiy, niinoa?aaeeeaino? oiui.

Oai?aoe/i? i?aeoiaee aei aeine?aeaeaiiy oaaae a i?ioean? ae?yeueiino?
iniaenoino? ?ic?iaeyeenue I.O.Aeia?ei?iei, I.ss.Aaeueia?eiei, N.E.
Eaaeeueieoeueeith. Aiie iaa?oiooaaee iieiaeaiiy, ye? iia’ycothoue ?ieue
oaaae o oi?ioaaii? oe?eueiaeo ? /anoeiai iia?aoe?eieo oa
eiio?ieueii-ioe?iieo neeaaeiaeo ae?yeueiino?. Iiaiioe?iia iaa/aeueia
ae?yeuei?noue aeeth/a?, e??i caaaeaieo neeaaeiaeo, ua oae?:
ci?noiaii-?ioi?iaoe?ei?, iioeaaoe?ei?, aiioe?eii-aieueia?, eiioi?eaoeai?
oa ?acoeueoaoeai?. Ca?aeii a?iioace I.A.Ne?ei/aiea, oaaaa a?ae?a?a?
nai???aeio ?ieue ? a oeeo eiiiiiaioao ae?yeueiino?.

Aaaeeea? aeai? noiniaii noaio oaaae o/i?a i?e oniiio iieooaaii?
iaea?aeaee ?.A.No?aoia, O.A.Ei?iai, A.N.Ai?aeeeeia, I.A.Eaa?iaa,
O.N.Nie?iiaa oa ?io?. I?ioa, ?ieue oaaae i?e ?ioeo oi?iao eiio?ieth
ciaiue o/i?a c’yniaaia iaaeinoaoiuei.

Oaeei /eiii a e?oa?aoo?? ? aeaye? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy i?i ?ieue oaaae
a iaa/aeuei?e ae?yeueiino? o/i?a, ye? iiaeooue noaoe aeo?aeieie o
i?iaaaeaii? eiie?aoieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, uiaei i?noey
oaaae o iaa/aii? o/i?a, a oaeiae o ae?yeueiino? a/eoaey.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae
oaaae ye oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia oe?eueio oni?oi?noue o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae” iienai? iaoiaee oa
?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?eueii? oni?oiino? o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae, iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy
?icaeoeo aeanoeainoae oaaae, aeyaeaii ca’ycie oe?eueii? oni?oi?no? c
?icaeoeii oaaae, aiae?cothoueny ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe.

Iaea?aeai? aeai? aeyaeythoue aca?iica’ycee i?ae ?icaeoeii
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeanoeainoae oaaae. Aca?iica’ycie i?ae ??aiai ?icaeoeo
ianyao ? ia?aeeth/aiiyi oaaae aeineoue aenieee. Oea ae noino?oueny ?
aca?iica’yceo i?ae ?icaeoeii no?eeino? ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaaae. O?niioa
aca?iica’yceo i?ae ?icaeoeii ianyao ? no?ee?noth oaaae a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo
? i’yoeo eean?a +0,4, i?ae ?icaeoeii ianyao ? eiioeaio?aoe??th oaaae a
o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a + 0,5, a a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a + 0,4; i?ae
ianyaii ? eieeaaiiyi oaaae a o/i?a iaio eean?a + 0,3; oiaoi ca’ycie
?nio?, aea iacia/iee. O?niioa aca?iica’yceo i?ae ia?aeeth/aiiyi ?
eieeaaiiyi oaaae a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a noaiiaeoue + 0,3, a a o/i?a
i’yoeo eean?a + 0,4; i?ae ia?aeeth/aiiyi ? eiioeaio?aoe??th oaaae a
o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a noaiiaeoue + 0,3, a a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a aeaui
aeua ? noaiiaeoue + 0,4. O?niioa aca?iica’yceo i?ae i?iaeoeoeai?noth ?
ia?aeeth/aiiyi oaaae o /aoaa?ieeaniee?a + 0,3, a o i’yoeeeaniee?a + 0,2.
O?niioa aca?iica’yceo i?ae i?iaeoeoeai?noth ? no?ee?noth oaaae a o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo eean?a noaiiaeoue + 0,3; a a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a oaeiai
aca?iica’yceo ia ?nio?; i?ae i?iaeoeoeai?noth ? eiioeaio?aoe??th oaaae a
o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a + 0,7, oiaoi ca’ycie cia/iee, a a o/i?a i’yoeo
eean?a aeaui iaioee ? noaiiaeoue + 0,6; i?ae i?iaeoeoeai?noth ?
eieeaaiiyi oaaae + 0,1 a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a, a a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a
oaeiai ca’yceo ia ?nio?. O?niioa aca?iica’yceo i?ae eieeaaiiyi ?
no?ee?noth oaaae a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a + 0,1, a a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a
cia/ii aeua ? noaiiaeoue + 0,4; i?ae eieeaaiiyi ? eiioeaio?aoe??th oaaae
a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a + 0,2, a a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a + 0,3, oiaoi
ca’ycie iacia/iee.

I?e i?aai?caoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei cae?eniaii nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae,
caii/aoeiaaiee o ineoieia?? A.A.Aiaiue?aei, I.O.?eaaeei oa ?ioeie,
?icaeiaiee o ?iaioao I.A.Ne?ei/aiea, N.Ae.Iaeneiaiea oa ?ioeo,
ai?iaiaaiee a ?iaioao I.A.Iia??/aiei, I.I.Noaiaiiaa, A.I.Oiie/,
I.I.Een?eue, I.A.Eeee oa ?ioeo aeine?aeiee?a. Oeae i?aeo?ae o iao?e
?iaio? eiie?aoeco?oueny o ?ice?eoo? aca?iica’yceo iaa/aeueii? oni?oiino?
o/i?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae c? no?ee?noth, i?iaeoeoeai?noth, ianyaii,
ia?aeeth/aiiyi oa ?ioeie aeanoeainoyie oaaae, o aeyaeaii?
aioo??oiueiooieoe?iiaeueieo ca’yce?a i?ae caaaeaieie ooai?aiiyie oiui.

A?aiioi?noue o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a ioe?ithaaeanue iaie ca
e?euee?noth i?aaeeueieo ? iiieeeiaeo ae?e o/i?a, ca oa?aeoa?ii
aeiiouaieo iiieeie, oiaoi o?aaeeoe?eii, aea, ia a?aei?io a?ae oaeiai
i?aeoiaeo, ie ia ia?aaiaeeee caaaeai? iieacieee o aaeia? ioe?iee. I?ioa
i?e caaaeuei?e ioe?ioe? iaa/aeueii? oni?oiino? o/i?a iaie a?aoiaoaaeenue
? aaeia? ioe?iee a/eoae?a, aea ii?yae ?c caaaeaieie iieacieeaie. Oea
aeicaieeei iai iaaeeceoenue aei a?eueo ia’?eoeaiiai aecia/aiiy
iaa/aeueii? oni?oiino? o/i?a. Cae/aeii, oea ?iaeeinue c
aenia?eiaoaeueiith iaoith, a ia aeey oiai, uia oae? i?eeiie aoee
cai?iaaaeaeai? o ?iaio? oeiee. Oaoi?ea ioe?ithaaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
iaa/aiiy o/i?a, nenoaia eiio?ieth ciaiue ? niaoe?aeueiith i?iaeaiith
aeeaeaeo?a, ? aiia ia aoea i?aaeiaoii iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iieacieee ?icaeoeo ianyao ? ia?aeeth/aiiy oaaae oa ?o aieea ia oe?eueio
oni?oi?noue o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c iiae na?ae/aoue, ui a o/i?a
oeueiai i?e?ia?eiaiai ia??iaeo i?ae aieeaii iaa/aiiy ianya oaaae c a?eii
iie?auo?oueny ia?an?/ii ia 15 %. Ae?aiacii ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
a?aei?iiinoae uiaei oeueiai iieacieea c a?eii o/i?a ? i?ae aieeaii
iaa/aiiy aeaui caoaeo?oueny.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ?nio? aca?iica’ycie i?ae ??aiai
?icaeoeo ianyao oaaae ? iaa/aeueiith oni?oi?noth c iiae a o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo ? i’yoeo eean?a. A?i noaiiaeoue + 0,25 o /aoaa?ieeaniee?a. A
o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a oeae ca’ycie aeaui a?eueoee ? noaiiaeoue + 0,35. Oe?
aeai? aeathoue i?aenoaao aeoiaoe, ui ?icaeoie ianyao oaaae a o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo ? i’yoeo eean?a ? iaeiei c oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?o
iaa/aeueio oni?oi?noue c iiae.

I?ae aieeaii iaa/aiiy a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a ia?aeeth/aiiy
oaaae c a?eii iie?auo?oueny ia?an?/ii ia 12 %. Ae?aiacii
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo a?aei?iiinoae ca aeaiei iieacieeii ci?ieany, c a?eii
o/i?a ia?aeeth/aiiy oaaae ?icoe?th?oueny.

Aeyaeaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae ??aiai ia?aeeth/aiiy oaaae ? iaa/aeueiith
oni?oi?noth o/i?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae, yeee noaiiaeoue + 0,28, ui
aeicaiey? a?aeianoe ?icaeoie ia?aeeth/aiiy oaaae aei a?oie oaeoi??a,
ye? aieeaathoue ia oe?eueio oni?oi?noue o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c
oe?a?inueei? iiae. Cao?eniaaii ? aenieee aca?iica’ycie i?ae ?icaeoeii
ianyao ? ia?aeeth/aiiyi oaaae a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeoeo no?eeino? ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaaae
oa iaa/aeueii? oni?oiino? o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei?
iiae iieacaee, ui i?ae aieeaii iaa/aiiy a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a
no?ee?noue oaaae c a?eii iie?auo?oueny. Ae?aiacii ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
a?aei?iiinoae ca aeaiei iieacieeii ia? iacia/io oaiaeaioe?th aei
?icoe?aiiy.

Aca?iica’ycie i?ae ??aiai ?icaeoeo no?eeino? oaaae ? iaa/aeueiith
oni?oi?noth c oe?a?inueei? iiae noaiiaeoue +0,4 o /aoaa?ieeaniee?a oa
+0,8 a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a, oiaoi ia? /?oei ae?aaeaio oaiaeaioe?th aei
ci?oeiaiiy, ui oaeiae na?ae/eoue i?i aieea ?icaeoeo no?eeino? oaaae
o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a, ii?yae c ?ioeie oaeoi?aie, ia iaa/aeueio
oni?oi?noue c oe?a?inueei? iiae.

I?e?ia?eiaee ia??iae, ui ioiieth? /aoaa?o? eeane, oa?aeoa?eco?onuey
niaaeii o ?icaeoeo no?eeino? ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaaae oa ii/aoeii ?o
i?aeianaiiy, yea i?ecaiaeeoue aei ??ai?a, ui aeaui ia?aaeuothoue
?icaeoie aeacaieo aeanoeainoae oaaae a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a. Oea
noaiiaeoue iniaeeaee ?ioa?an aeey aeine?aeiee?a c iiaeyaeo ?ice?eooy
iaoai?ci?a noaiiaeaiiy ineo?/ieo ooieoe?e, a oaeiae iaoai?ci?a
aaeaioaoe?? o/i?a aei iaa/aiiy o na?aaei?o eeanao oeiee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui ?nio? aca?iica’ycie i?ae ??aiai ?icaeoeo
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaaae ? iaa/aeueiith oni?oi?noth c oe?a?inueei? iiae
o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a. O /aoaa?ieeaniee?a a?i noaiiaeoue + 0,5,
a o i’yoeeeaniee?a oeae ca’ycie ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei ci?oeiaiiy ?
noaiiaeoue + 0,7, ui aeicaiey? a?aeianoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaaae aei
a?oie oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia oe?eueio oni?oi?noue o/i?a.

Aca?iica’ycie i?ae ?icaeoeii no?eeino? oa i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaaae a o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a aeineoue aenieee.

?icaeoie eiioeaio?aoe?? oaaae ? oe?eueia oni?oi?noue c oe?a?inueei?
iiae a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a na?ae/eoue i?i cia/i?
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? a?aei?iiino? o ?icaeoeo eiioeaio?aoe?? oaaae o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo eean?a. Ae?aiacii ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo a?aei?iiinoae a o/i?a
i’yoeo eean?a aeaui caoaeo?oueny.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee oaeiae ?nioaaiiy o?niiai
aca?iica’yceo i?ae ?icaeoeii eiioeaio?aoe?? oaaae a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a
? oni?oaie o iaienaii? ieie aeeeoaio?a. A o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a oeae
aca?iica’ycie aeaui iaioee. Uiaei oni?o?a o canai?ii? a?aiaoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo ? ?icaeoeii eiioeaio?aoe?? oaaae, oi oaeee aca?iica’ycie
?nio?, aea a?i iacia/iee.

Aiae?c aeaieo caaaeueii? caeaoiino? o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a aei
iaa/aiiy ? ?o iaa/aeueii? oni?oiino? c oe?a?inueei? iiae iieacaa, ui a
o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a ?nio? aca?iica’ycie i?ae oni?oaie o iaa/aii?
c oe?a?inueei? iiae ? iaoaiaoeee. A?i noaiiaeoue + 0,27 o
/aoaa?ieeaniee?a, a a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a + 0,35.

sseui ni?anoaaeoe caaaeueio iaa/aeueio oni?oi?noue c on?o iaa/aeueieo
aeenoeeie?i ?c oni?oaie o/i?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae, oi ii /aoaa?oei
eeanai aca?iica’ycie aoaea noaiiaeoe + 0,21, a ii i’yoei eeanai + 0,23.
Ca io?eiaieie aeaieie, ca’ycie iaa/aeueii? oni?oiino? c oe?a?inueei?
iiae ? oaoi?ee /eoaiiy a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a noaiiaeoue +
0,34.

Ioaea, ?nio? aca?iica’ycie i?ae oni?oaie o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a o
canai?ii? oe?a?inueei? iiae ? ie?aieo iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a
(iaoaiaoeee), a oaeiae ?c caaaeueiith iaa/aeueiith oni?oi?noth.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aioo??oiueiooieoe?iiaeueieo no?oeoo?ieo aeanoeainoae
oaaae ye oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia iaa/aeueio oni?oi?noue o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae iieacaei, ui ye a /aoaa?oeo,
oae ? a i’yoeo eeanao aaia?aeueiei oaeoi?ii, ui aieeaa? ia oni?oe o
canai?ii? oai?aoe/iai a?aiaoe/iiai iaoa??aeo aenooia? ianya oaaae.
I?ioa, a iaio aeiaaeeao iiooaei?noue oeueiai oaeoi?o iaaeniea. Iiaeia
aeoiaoe, ui ia canai?iiy o/iyie a?aiaoe/iiai iaoa??aeo aieeaathoue ?io?
ineo?/i? oaeoi?e. Iiaeeeai, iaeiei c ieo iiaea aooe ??aaiue ?icaeoeo
iaaii? ieneeoaeueii? iia?aoe??. I?ioa, oaea i?eiouaiiy iio?aao?
niaoe?aeueii? ia?aa??ee.

Oaaeeoey 1. Aieea aeanoeainoae oaaae o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a ia
aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue c oe?a?inueei? iiae.

EeanAeaee ?ia?oI?iya aeanoeainoae oaaaeIVAeeeoaioeno?ee?noue,
eiioeaio?aoe?yIVIa?aeacia?aeeth/aiiy, no?ee?noueIVCanai?iiy oniiai
iaoa??aeoianyaVAeeeoaioeno?ee?noue,
eiioeaio?aoe?yVIa?aeaceia?aeeth/aiiy, ianyaVCanai?iiy oniiai
iaoa??aeoianya, ia?aeeth/aiiy?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy cana?ae/eee, ui
i?ia?aeieie oaeoi?aie, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?acoeueoaoe iaienaiiy o/iyie
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a aeeeoaio?a ? eiioeaio?aoe?y ? no?ee?noue oaaae,
a i?ia?aeieie oaeoi?aie, ye? aieeaathoue ia iaienaiiy o/iyie /aoaa?oeo
eean?a ia?aeac?a ? ia?aeeth/aiiy ? no?ee?noue oaaae, a o/i?a i’yoeo
eean?a aei i?ia?aeieo oaeoi??a aoiaeyoue ia?aeeth/aiiy ? ianya oaaae.

I?ia?aeieie oaeoi?aie, ye? aieeaathoue ia canai?iiy o/iyie i’yoeo
eean?a a?aiaoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, ? ia?aeeth/aiiy ? ianya oaaae.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Oeie anoeaath/eo ? iaanoeaath/eo c oe?a?inueei?
iiae o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a” cae?eniaiee aiae?c oeiieia??
anoeaath/eo ? iaanoeaath/eo o iaa/aii? o/i?a a ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e
e?oa?aoo??; ?ic?iaeaia aieaoa aeey aaouee?a c aaeaioaoe??th aei aea/aiiy
oe?a?inueei? iiae; ?ice?eo? e?eoa??? iiae?eo o/i?a ia a?oie anoeaath/eo
? iaanoeaath/eo o iaa/aii? c oe?a?inueei? iiae; iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee
oa?aeoa?enoee o/i?a aei eiaeii? i?aea?oie aeacaieo a?oi.

Iiae?e o/i?a ia anoeaath/eo ? iaanoeaath/eo o iaa/aii? o/i?a, ia a?oie
? i?aea?oie aoa caiice/aiee iaie c ?ia?o I.A.Ne?ei/aiea ? I.I.Een?eue,
aea ie aaeaiooaaee eiai uiaei canai?iiy o/iyie oe?a?inueei? iiae,
a?aooaaee niaoeeo?eo noaaeaiiy o/i?a aei oe?a?inueei? iiae, ci?noo
iiaeaii?aeo ciaiue, ?icaeoeo i?oia?ao?/ieo oa ?ioeo ae?e, ca’ycaieo ?c
canai?iiyi oe?a?inueei? iiae a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eeanao. E?eoa??yie aeey
aeae?eaiiy a?oi c iaoith i?aai?caoe?? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy aoee:
a) ??ai? ?icaeoeo aeanoeainoae oaaae; a) iaa/aeueia oni?oi?noue c
oe?a?inueei? iiae; a) iayai?noue iiaeaii?aeo cae?aiinoae; a) iayai?noue
i?ciaaaeueiiai ?ioa?ano; ae) oaii oa ye?noue canai?iiy iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo; a) naiiioe?iea o/i?a; ?) nooi?iue ?icaeoeo oniiai ? ienaiiiai
iiaeaiiy oiui.

Anoeaath/eo o iaa/aii? o/i?a ie a?aeianee aei ? a?oie, iaanoeaath/eo –
aei ?? a?oie.

A eiaei?e a?oi? aeae?eaii /ioe?e i?aea?oie.

Ia?o?e i?aea?oi? ?-1 anoeaath/eo o iaa/aii? o/i?a i?eoaiaii? oae?
iciaee:

a?aeiinia eaae?noue ? oaeaee?noue o canai?ii? iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo
aoe?eiio; iayai?noue iaaieo iiaieo cae?aiinoae; yne?aai ae?aaeaiee
i?ciaaaeueiee ?ioa?an; iaa/aeueiee iaoa??ae ni?eeia?oueny oaeaeei ?
aeineoue oi/ii; aenieee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo an?o aeanoeainoae oaaae
a?aeiia?aeii aei a?eo; iaeiaeiaa oaaaei?noue ia ??cieo o?ieao; iii?oi?
iaa/aeuei? oni?oe c oe?a?inueei? iiae; eaae?noue ? oi/i?noue
a?aeoai?aiiy aea/aiiai iaoa??aeo; aenieee ??aaiue ia/eoaiino?; aaeeeee
neiaieeiaee caian; iiaeaiiy /enoa, i?aaeeueia, iaaea?oueny cia/aiiy
aeani?e a?aiioiino?; niinoa??aa?oueny ciaaaaeeeaa noaaeaiiy aei o/i?a c
ieae/eie iiaieie ciaiiyie; aeineoue aeniea ? iaaaeaeaaoia naiiioe?iea,
yea ia iia’ycaia ?c canai?iiyi iiaiiai iaoa??aeo; a oaeeo o/i?a
aeieeathoue ie?ai? eiioe?eoe ia iniia? iaa/aiiy, ye? ia aieeaathoue
caaaeii ia ?o noaiiaeua a eeaniiio eieaeoea?; nenoaiaoe/io ?iaioo c
iiaiei iaoa??aeii o/i? ii?aeiothoueny, ye i?aaeei, c ?ioith i?e?iiith
aeey ieo ?iaioith, ui aeeeeea? aaciina?aaei?e ?ioa?an.

Oa?aeoa?iei aeey o/i?a ?-2 i?aea?oie ?:

a?aeiinii aenieee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo oaaae; iniaeeai aeae?eythoueny oae?
aeanoeaino? ye ianya, ia?aeeth/aiiy, no?ee?noue; aeinoaoiuei aeniea
caeaoi?noue aei iaa/aiiy ii?aeio?oueny c iiceoeaiei noaaeaiiyi aei
iaa/aiiy acaaae?; iaa/aeueiee iaoa??ae ni?eeia?oueny c iniaeeaei
?ioa?anii, canaith?oueny inieneaii; o/iyi oe??? i?aea?oie i?eoaiaii?
i?eioeeiia?noue, aeiiaeea?noue aei naaa, oe?eani?yiiaai?noue; iii?oia
ni?yiiaai?noue ia iaaiee aeae ae?yeueiino? o iaeaooiueiio; iaiaaaiiy
aeieaoe, a ia oieeaoe o?oaeiiu?a, ye? ?ieiee aeieeathoue i?e canai?ii?
iiaiiai iaoa??aeo oa i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ienueiiaeo ?ia?o c iiae;
iayai?noue oe?ieeo no?eeeo iioea?a, ui niiioeathoue aei aeoeaii?
?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino?; ie?ai? iaoni?oe a iaieiae?ii? iiaith
niiioeathoue aei a?eueo aeeaieiai ? nenoaiaoe/iiai ?? aea/aiiy, ?i
i?eoaiaiia a?aiaoe/ia i?aaeeuei?noue iiaeaiiy, cia/iee neiaieeiaee
caian, caeaoi?noue aei aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae, iayai?noue /oooy
iiae.

O/iyi, ui a?aeiinyoueny aei ?-3 i?aea?oie, oa?aeoa?i?:

cia/iee ?icaeoie aeanoeainoae oaaae; iiceoeaia noaaeaiiy aei aea/aiiy
oe?a?inueei? iiae; ie?ai? iaoni?oe o canai?ii? iiae ? aeaea?aeii
ii?aeueiiai eiioe?eoo ? oiio iaaaea/? o iaa/aii? ? aeiaaeeiaeie; iayaia
oaiaeaioe?y aei iiaeieaiiy o?oaeiiu?a; iaiaaaiiy ni?anoaaeoe iiaee
iaa/aeueiee iaoa??ae c eiie?aoieie oyaeaiiyie, iaaooeie ?ai?oa; oni?oe a
iaieiae?ii? iiaiei iaoa??aeii ii?aeiothoueny c a?aeiinii iaaaeeeith
aacith ciaiue i?i aeiae?eey; aeieeathoue iaai? o?oaeiiu? i?e
anoaiiaeaii? i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaiai ca’yceo; a?aiaoe/i? i?aaeea
caiai’yoiaothoueny i?ney aaaaoi?aciaiai ?o iiaoi?aiiy; ai?iiy
aeei?enoiaoaaoe oai?aoe/i? ciaiiy ia i?aeoeoe?; iaaaeaeaaoia
naiiioe?iea; oni?oi?noue c oe?a?inueei? iiae ii?aeio?oueny c a?aeiinii
aenieei ??aiai iiceoeaiiai noaaeaiiy aei aea/aiiy ?ioeo iaa/aeueieo
i?aaeiao?a; oi?io? ?acoeueoaoe c oe?a?inueei? iiae a ii/aoeia?e oeie?;
iiae?e ia oethaeai? e ia aeoaea aeaee ?ia?o c iiaiei iaoa??aeii;
aeiiaeea?noue aei naaa; ii?aeiaiiy oni?o?a c iiae ?c iiooeii i?e?ia?oi,
aea aiie aeiaeaoeiai caaeiaieueiythoue nai? ?ioa?ane ? iaoeee.

Oa?aeoa?ieie iniaeeainoyie ?-4 i?aea?oie ?:

a?aeiinii aenieee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo an?o aeanoeainoae oaaae; cia/iee
neiaieeiaee caian; iayai?noue i?ciaaaeueieo ?ioa?an?a, ye?
ciaaeiaeyoueny o iaeaooiueiio; a?aenooi?noue yne?aai ae?aaeaieo iiaieo
cae?aiinoae; aoe?eiio ciaaaaeeeaa noaaeaiiy aei o/?iiy; iii?oiee
iaa/aeueiee oni?o c iiae ia aeeeeea? iaae?oaeiueiai noaaeaiiy aei o/i?a
c ieae/ei ??aiai ciaiue c iiae; a?aeiinii aenie? oni?oe o iaa/aii?
ii?aeiothoueny c iaiaaaiiyi aeeth/eoenue o i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue; nai?
oni?oe c iiae o/i? ii?aeiothoue c ?ioaeaeooaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth, ia
iia’ycaiith c o/?iiyi a oeie?; iaiaaath/enue ci?oeieoe aeaniee aaoi?eoao
o eean?, ?aeeaiothoue nai? oni?oe.

Ia?o?e i?aea?oi? ??-1 i?eoaiaii? oae? iciaee:

a?aeiinii iecueeee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo an?o aeanoeainoae oaaae, a oaeiae
ieneaiiy, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei o?oaeiiu?a o canai?i? iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo; canai?iiy iiaiai iaoa??aeo ia oa?aeoa?eco?oueny o?eaae?noth
oa i?oei?noth; iacia/iee ?icaeoie oniiai oa ienaiiiai iiaeaiiy; iaia?
yne?aai ae?aaeaieo niaoe?aeueieo cae?aiinoae; iiaa?oiaa oa /anoeiaa
ni?eeiyooy; iineaaeaiee ?ioa?an aei aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae;
iaiaaaiiy eiiiainoaaoe iaoni?oe o iaa/aii? i?aeoe/iith ae?yeuei?noth; o
oeeo o/i?a i?iyaeythoueny e?aeiiu? a naiiioe?ioe?; iaaiaaiai?noue o
aeanieo neeao; iaoni?oe a iaieiae?ii? iiaiei iaoa??aeii ia niiioeathoue
o/i?a aei iie?auaiiy ciaiue c iiae.

Aeey o/i?a ??-2 i?aea?oie oa?aeoa?i? oae? aeanoeaino?:

a?aenooi?noue i?ciaaaeueiiai ?ioa?ano acaaae? aei iaa/aiiy ? aei
aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae; iayai?noue i?aaiaiiy oieeiooe o?oaeiiu?a o
iaa/aeuei?e ?iaio?; i?e cono??/? c o?oaeiiuaie caeeoathoue ?iaioo ?
ia?aoiaeyoue aei ?ioiai aeaeo ae?yeueiino?; aaca?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue;
iacaaeia?eueiee noai caei?ia’y; ?icaeiaia ai?iiy iaoai?/ii
a?aeoai?thaaoe ciaiiy aac iii?e ia i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae; “cacoa?thaaiiy”,
iacia/iee neiaieeiaee caian; aaeaeaaoia naiiioe?iea; iaoni?oe o iaa/aii?
oa iani?eyoeeaa noaiiaeua o eean? eiiiainothoueny iiooeii ca’yce?a c
?ioeie i?e?ia?oiaie ae?oae, aea aiie iiaeooue caaeiaieueieoe nai?
?ioa?ane ? iaoeee.

Iciaeaie, ui a?aeiinyoue aei ??-3 i?aea?oie iaanoeaath/eo o iaa/aii?
o/i?a ?:

a?aeiinii iecueeee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo aeanoeainoae oaaae,
niinoa?aaeeeaino?, iai’yo? oa ?icoiiaeo cae?aiinoae; ?ai?iaeoeoeaiee
i?aeo?ae aei iaienaiiy ienueiiaeo ?ia?o; a?aenooi?noue i?ciaaaeueieo
?ioa?an?a, ui aeyaeythoueny o aaeaeoaeino? aei ciaiue;
aac?i?oe?aoeai?noue; iaoni?oe o canai?ii? iiae iiyniththoueny i?ae-oi
aeiaaeeiaeie iaaaea/aie; iiaa?oia?noue canai?iiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo;
neaai?icaeiai?noue oniiai ? ienaiiiai iiaeaiiy; iaeee neiaieeiaee caian;
iacia/iee ianya oyaeaiue i?i aeiae?eey; oieeaiiy oi?i ?iaioe, ui
aeiaaathoue iai?oaeaiiy ieneaiiy; cai?ia nenoaiaoe/ieo caiyoue c
oe?a?inueei? iiae ?ioeie i?e?iieie aeaeaie ?ia?o, ye? aeeeeeathoue
aaciina?aaei?e ?ioa?an; eaaeiaaaei?noue.

Oa?aeoa?ieie iniaeeainoyie aeey ??-4 i?aea?oie ?:

aeinoaoi?e aeey canai?iiy oe?a?inueei? iiae ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iai’yo?;
iieaaieea? eaoaai?e/i? noaeaeaiiy; /anoa ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiueiai
ae?aco oaaae; iiaa?oia?noue canai?iiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo; iaaaoeaia
noaaeaiiy aei iaa/aiiy acaaae?; ia iaaea?oueny iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy
a?aiioiino?; e?oa?aoo?a ia aeeeeea? iniaeeaiai ?ioa?ano; aeniea, aea
iaaaeaeaaoia naiiioe?iea nai?o ae?e, a/eie?a; o/i? iaee a?aeiinii oi?io?
oni?oe c iiae o ii/aoeiaeo eeanao, aea c ia?aoiaeii o /aoaa?oee eean ?o
oni?oi?noue iii?oii cieceeanue; nai? iaa/aeuei? oni?oe ? iani?eyoeeaa
noaiiaeua o eean? eiiiainothoue ?ioaeaeooaeueiith ae?yeuei?noth, ia
iia’ycaiith c o/?iiyi a oeie?.

Cae?eniaiee iiae?e anoeaath/eo ? iaanoeaath/eo c oe?a?inueei? iiae o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a ni?yiiao? ia noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oiia aeey
a?eueo-iaio iiaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?icaeoeo ??cieo aeanoeainoae oaaae a
eiaei?e ie?ai?e a?oi? o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a aeey aoaeoeaiiai
canai?iiy ieie aecia/aieo iaa/aeueiith i?ia?aiith ciaiue, oi?iue ?
iaae/ie c oe?a?inueei? iiae.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeayeeo aeaiaio?a
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy ia iniia? a?aooaaiiy ??ai?a ?icaeoeo
aeanoeainoae oaaae, ye oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia canai?iiy o/iyie
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a oe?a?inueei? iiae” iienai? ineoieia?/i?
ia?aaeoiiae oni?oiiai cae?eniaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo c
oe?a?inueei? iiae, a oaeiae oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio oa eiai ?acoeueoaoe.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aeae?eaii aenia?eiaioaeuei?
eeane ? ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia caaaeaiue c iaoith aecia/aiiy oni?oiino?
o/i?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Aeey cae?eniaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy ie neeaee ineoieia?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, iniaeeaino? yeeo aeeeaaeai? a ci?no? o?aoueiai ?icae?eo.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia iaoiaeeea aoiaeeea aei iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano: an?
aoaie o?ie?a oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo a?aeiia?aeaee aeeaeaeoe/iei
aeiiaai, aoee aca?iii?iieeiaieie, ui caaacia/oaaei ?o iine?aeiai?noue ?
ni?eyei iiaeeaeaiith ?iaioe o/i?a ia eiaeiiio ianooiiiio aoai?. Oa?aeoa?
i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a oneeaaeithaaany ia eiaeiiio aoai? ca
?aooiie ci?noo cai?iiiiiaaieo caaaeaiue.

A iniiao cae?eniaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy iaie aoa iieeaaeaiee
i?eioeei iiae?eo o/i?a ia a?oie caeaaeii a?ae ??ai?a ?icaeoeo
aeanoeainoae oaaae, iaa/aeueii? oni?oiino? oa ?ioeo ineo?/ieo oaeoi??a.
Ai?iaaaeaeoth/e aeaiaioe aioo??oiuei? aeeoa?aioe?aoe??, ie aecia/eee
na?aae o/i?a eeano o?e ??ai?, ye? aacothoueny ia iiae?e? oeiey??a ca
a?oiaie anoeaath/eo ? iaanoeaath/eo o iaa/aii? (?icae?e ???). Aei
iecueeiai ??aiy (A) a?aeiinyoueny o/i? ?? a?oie; aei na?aaeiueiai (A) –
o/i? ? a?oie (?-3; ?-4 i?aea?oie) ? aei aenieiai ??aiy (N) – o/i? ?
a?oie (?-1; ?-2 i?aea?oie).

A oiae? aenia?eiaioo o/i? iiaee ia?aoiaeeoe c iaeiiai ??aiy ia ?ioee
caeaaeii a?ae oni?oiino? canai?iiy ieie iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo.

Cae?enithth/e aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th ia o?ieao oe?a?inueei? iiae, ie
aeei?enoiaoaaee ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?, a?oiia? ? eieaeoeai? oi?ie ?iaioe.
Aeaiee iaoiae iniaeeai aoaeoeaiee, i?e eiai canoinoaaii? ia an?o aoaiao
o?ieo.

I?ney ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaiaio?a aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy iaie aoa
cae?eniaiee aiae?c oni?oiino? o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c
oe?a?inueei? iiae. Aiae?c onieo a?aeiia?aeae o/i?a, ?o ienueiiaeo ?ia?o
o oi?i? iaienaiiy aeeeoaio?a, ia?aeac?a, neiaieeiaeo aeeeoaio?a, aeaa
ciiao aeyaeoe aeeiai?eo oni?oiino? oeiey??a ??cieo oiiaieo ??ai?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c iiae. Noiniaii oni?oiino? c oe?a?inueei? iiae,
ye a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo, oae ? a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a a?aeaoeeny iaai?
ci?ie. Oe? ci?ie aoee iacia/ieie. I?ney ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaiaio?a
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy o aeacaieo eeanao niinoa??aaeany aeeiai?ea
a oiiaii ooai?aieo ??aiyo oni?oiino? oeiey??a. Aeaui ca?eueoeeany
e?euee?noue o/i?a iecueeiai ??aiy, i?ioa cao?eniaai? ci?ie aoee
iacia/ieie, oiio iiaeia aaaaeaoe, ui ia an? i?eeiie, iiaoaeiaai? ia
aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae oaaae, aecia/athoue oni?oe
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy. Iiaeia aeoiaoe, ui eiai aoaeoeai?noue
aecia/a?oueny e ?ioeie ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieie oaeoi?aie. ?o nenoaiia
aea/aiiy caneoaiao? ia oaaao ia o?eueee ie?aieo iaoeiaoe?a, a e a?oi,
aei yeeo, ia iaoo aeoieo, iiaeooue aoiaeeoe ia eeoa ineoieiae, a e
iaaeaaiae, iaoiaeenoe oiui. ? naia oaeee nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aea? ciiao
?aaeueii i?aeaeueoe oni?oi?noue o/i?a o canai?ii? ieie oe?a?inueei? iiae
oa ?ioeo iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a.

Iiceoeai? ci?ie a ciaiiyo o/i?a c iiae aeinyaioo? oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aeaiaio?a aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo,
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aoaeoeai?noue oeeo iaoiae?a oa aeicaieythoue
?ic?iaeoe eiie?aoi? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey a/eoae?a oe?a?inueei?
iiae, i?aaenoaaeai? o aeniiaeao.

O a e n i i a e a o i?aeaiaeyoueny i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
aena?oeththoueny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe.

1.?icaeoie aeanoeainoae oaaae a o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a ia? aeaye?
oaiaeaioe??. I?ae aieeaii iaa/aiiy c a?eii o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo
eean?a: a) ianya oaaae iie?auo?oueny, a ae?aiacii ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
a?aei?iiinoae o oeueiio i?e?ia?eiaiio ia??iae? ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei
caoaeaiiy; a) ia?aeeth/aiiy oaaae oaeiae aeaui iie?auo?oueny, a
ae?aiacii ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo a?aei?iiinoae ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei
?icoe?aiiy; a) a ?icaeoeo no?eeino? ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaaae
i?inoaaeo?oueny neeaaeia oaiaeaioe?y: ia ii/aoeo /aoaa?oiai eeano oe?
aeanoeaino? oaaae aeaui cieaeothoueny, a iio?i niinoa??aa?oueny
i?aeianaiiy, yea aeaui ia?aaeuo? ??aaiue ?icaeoeo no?eeino? ?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaaae a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a, a ae?aiacii
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo a?aei?iiinoae ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei caoaeaiiy; a)
eiioeaio?aoe?y oaaae a o/i?a i’yoeo eean?a ii??aiyii c o/iyie /aoaa?oeo
eean?a aeaui iineaaeth?oueny. Oea iia’ycaia, ia iaoo aeoieo, c
ia?aaoaeiaith aeayeeo ineo?/ieo ooieoe?e a o/i?a i’yoeo
eean?a.2.?niothoue ??ci? aca?iica’ycee i?ae oni?oaie o iaa/aii? o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae ? ?icaeoeii o ieo
aeanoeainoae oaaae: a) aca?iica’ycie i?ae ??aiai ?icaeoeo ianyao ?
iaa/aeueiith oni?oi?noth o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae
iacia/iee. A i’yoiio eean? oeae aca?iica’ycie aeaui ci?ith?oueny; a)
?nio? /?oei ae?aaeaiee aca?iica’ycie i?ae ??aiai ?icaeoeo no?eeino?
oaaae ? iaa/aeueiith oni?oi?noth o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei?
iiae. O i’yoiio eean? a?i oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieith i?oei?noth; a)
aca?iica’ycie i?ae ??aiai ?icaeoeo ia?aeeth/aiiy oaaae ? iaa/aeueiith
oni?oi?noth o/i?a /aoaa?oeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae oaeiae iacia/iee.
?icaeyioo? aca?iica’ycee noinothoueny caaaeueii? oni?oiino? o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae. Ui ae noino?oueny oni?o?a o
iaienaii? aeeeoaio?a, ia?aeac?a, a oaeiae ciaiue a?aiaoe/iiai iaoa??aeo,
oi ?niothoue ?icoiaeaeaiiy o o?niino? ?icaeyiooeo
aca?iica’yce?a.3.?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee a?iioaco i?i
oa, ui aeanoeaino? oaaae iaiaeiaeiai aieeaathoue ye ia caaaeueio
oni?oi?noue o/i?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae, oae ? ia ie?ai? neeaaeia?
(iaienaiiy aeeeoaio?a, ia?aeac?a, ciaiiy a?aiaoe/iiai iaoa??aeo). Oe?
oaeoi?e caeaaeaoue oaeiae a?ae i?e?ia?eiaeo iniaeeainoae o/i?a, ?o
caaaeueiiai ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ?icaeoeo.

4.Na?aae aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaie oaeoi??a ia oni?oe o iaienaii? o/iyie
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a aeeeoaio?a nooo?ai aieeaa? ?icaeoie o ieo
eiioeaio?aoe?? ? no?eeino? oaaae. Ia iaienaiiy ia?aeac?a, ?c an?o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeanoeainoae oaaae, iaea?eueoa aieeaa? ia?aeeth/aiiy ?
no?ee?noue oaaae. I?ioa, ae?y oeeo aeanoeainoae ia? aeaui iaioee aieea.
Ia canai?iiy o/iyie /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a a?aiaoe/iiai iaoa??aeo,
ii??aiyii c ?ioeie aeanoeainoyie, iaea?eueoee aieea ia? ianya oaaae.
I?ioa, neea ae?? oeueiai oaeoi?o oaeiae aeaui cieaeo?oueny. Iiaeeeai
i?eionoeoe, ui ia canai?iiy o/iyie a?aiaoe/iiai iaoa??aeo a?eueoa
aieeaa? ?icaeoie aeayeeo ieneaii?aeo iia?aoe?e.

5.Oni?oe o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a aecia/athoueny oaeiae
iaoiaee/ieie ? iaaeaaia?/ieie oaeoi?aie. Iaeieie c ieo ?
?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y iaa/aiiy, yea ?aae?co?oueny o oi?i?
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei o/i?a ?c a?aooaaiiyi ia o?eueee ?o
aeina?aeo, a e ??ai?a ?icaeoeo aeanoeainoae oaaae. Iaoiaee/i? ?
iaaeaaia?/i? oaeoi?e iio?aaothoue niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

6.Iniiaieie iieiaeaiiyie iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?:-aeioe?euei?noue
cae?eniaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo /a?ac ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaiaio?a
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy;-a?aooaaiiy ??ai?a ?icaeoeo aeanoeainoae
oaaae oa ?ioeo ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a i?e iiae?e? o/i?a ia a?oie c
iaoith cae?eniaiiy aeeoa?aioe?aoe??;-?ic?iaea iaa/aeueieo caaaeaiue aeey
o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a ??cieo ??ai?a neeaaeiino?;-Cae?eniaiiy
ineoieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei o/i?a c a?aooaaiiyi ?o naiiioe?iee oa ??aiy
aeiiaaaiue c iaoith i?aaeeueiiai aeai?o ieie ??aiy neeaaeiino?
caaaeaiue.-A?aooaaiiy aeanoeainoae oaaae, ye iaeiiai oaeoi?a ?c
nenoaiii? ae?? oaeoi??a aieeao ia oe?eueio oni?oi?noue.7.I?iaaaeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? an?o aniaeo?a i?iaeaie. Iiaeaeueo? iaoeia?
iiooee iia’ycai? ?c aea/aiiyi ae?? ?ioeo ineoieia?/ieo, a oaeiae
nioe?aeueieo, iaaeaaia?/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia
iaa/aeueio oni?oi?noue o/i?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae. Eiiieaenia aea/aiiy
caaaeaieo oaeoi??a iiaea i?eaanoe aei nooo?aeo ci?i o yeino? iaa/aiiy
o/i?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1.Aiae??yoeia I.A.Aieea ianyao ? ia?aeeth/aiiy oaaae ia oe?eueio
oni?oi?noue o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c iiae//Ineoieia?y. Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 1.–E., 1998,-N.106-109.2.Aiae??yoeia I.A.
No?ee?noue ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaaae ? iaa/aeueia oni?oinoue o/i?a
/aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae//Ineoieia?y. Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 2.-E., 1998.-N.82-86.3.Eeea I.I., Aiae??yoeia
I.A. Noai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oaaae o i?ae?inoath/i?
iniaenoino?//Ineoieia?y. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 1. – E.,
1998,-N.110-114.( 50 %). 4.Eeea I.I., Aiae??yoeia I.A., Aieioeia A.A.
Oai?aoe/i? i?aeoiaee aei aeine?aeaeaiiy oaaae a i?ioean? iaa/aeueii?
ae?yeueaiino? o/i?a//Ineoieia?y. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 1. –
E., 1998,-N.118-122.( 40 %).5.Aiae??yoeia I.A.Aeoea?caoe?y oaaae
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ia o?ieao c ??aeii? iiae, ui iathoue i?ioan?eio
ni?yiiaai?noue//Iaoeia? caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y ?:I Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y. ?
4.-1998.-N.123-125.6.Iin?aiee c ineoieia?? oa iaaeaaia?ee aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy i?aeoe/ieo ?ia?o i?e aeei?enoaii? ineoiae?aaiinoe/ieo
iaoiaeee./ Oii?yaeieee: I.A.Ne?ei/aiei, E.I.Ne?ei/aiei, I.A.Ni?aae,
I.A.Aiae??yoeia, I.I.Aia/ee-Aeaeeoia, A.A.Aieioeia.- E., 1997,-N.100.
(16%) 7.Aiae??yoeia I.A. Aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy
oe?a?inueei? iiae c a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae oaaae o/i?a ye oaeoi?
?icaeaaeueiiai iaa/ai-iiy // I?aeoe/ia ineoieia?y oa nioe?aeueia ?iaioa.
– 1999 — ? 3 – n.44-48.

A i i o a oe ? y

Aiae??yoea Iaoae?y Aieiaeeie??aia. Aeanoeaino? oaaae, ye oaeoi?e
canai?iiy oe?a?inueei? iiae o/iyie /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 19.00.07 – iaaeaaia?/ia ? a?eiaa ineoieia?y.
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith ??cieo aeanoeainoae oaaae oa ?o
aieeao ia canai?iiy oe?a?inueei? iiae o/iyie /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a.

Aeyaeai? ??ai? ?icaeoeo aeanoeainoae oaaae oa aeine?aeaeaii aieea
aecia/aieo aeanoeainoae ia oe?eueio oni?oi?noue acaaae? ? ia aea/aiiy
oe?a?inueei? iiae o/iyie /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a.

?ice?eoi aioo??oiueiooieoe?iiaeuei? no?oeoo?e oaaae ye oaeoi?o, ui
aieeaa? ia iaa/aeueio oni?oi?noue o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a c
oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Aena?oeai? oai?aoe/i? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaeaie anoeaath/eo ? iaanoeaath/eo
o/i?a o iaa/aii? c ??cieo iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a, ui ? iniiaith
cae?eniaiiy iiae?eo o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo eean?a ia aea? a?oie
(anoeaath/? ? iaanoeaath/?) ? a?n?i i?aea?oi. Ia aac? cae?eniaiiai
iiae?eo aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue ?yae ineoieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee o/i?a aei
eiaeii? c i?aea?oi.

Iienai? aeai? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aeaiaio?a aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy, yea cae?enith?oueny c
o?aooaaiiyi ??ai?a ?icaeoeo aeanoeainoae oaaae o/i?a /aoaa?oeo-i’yoeo
eean?a, iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee ?iaioe o/i?a a oiiaao aeeoa?aioe?aoe??,
c?iaeaia ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a oni?oiino? o/i?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae
aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaiaio?a aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai iaa/aiiy ? i?ney eiai
i?aai?caoe??.

Noi?ioeueiaaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei a?aooaaiiy aeanoeainoae
oaaae o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? oeiee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oaaaa, aeanoeaino? oaaae, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y iaa/aiiy,
?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y iaa/aiiy, oni?oi?noue, oaeoi?ia aaaa, ei?aeyoe?y,
aioo??oiueiooieoe?iiaeuei? ca’ycee.

A i i i o a oe e y

Aiae?eyoeia Iaoaeey Aeaaeeie?iaia. Naienoaa aieiaiey eae oaeoi?u
onaiaiey oe?aeineiai ycuea o/aieeaie /aoaa?ouo-iyouo eeannia.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa ineoieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 19.00.07 – iaaeaaiae/aneay e aic?anoiay
ineoieiaey. Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa – 1999.

Ia niio?y ia iiiaeanoai enneaaeiaaiee, i?iaeaia oniaoiiai iao/aiey
oeieueieeia inoaaony aeooaeueiie e ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue. N?aaee
eiiieaeniiai ?anniio?aiey ineoieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia, eioi?ua aeeytho ia
onaiaiea ciaiee, oiaiee e iaaueia o/aieeia, iaiaeiaaaeiia ianoi caieiaao
aieiaiea. Enoiaey ec aiaeeca ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneie eeoa?aoo?u ii
aeaiiiio aii?ino, iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue, /oi aieiaiea ?anniao?eaaeinue
?aciinoi?iiia: n oi/ee c?aiey aic?anoiuo eaoaai?ee, no?oeoo?u aieiaiey,
aai aeeyiey ia ?acoeueoaou aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea e o.ae.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth ?aciuo naienoa aieiaiey e eo
aeeyieth ia onaiaiea oe?aeineiai ycuea o/aieeaie /aoaa?ouo-iyouo
eeannia. A ?aaioa ?anniio?aiu iaeioi?ua aniaeou i?iaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey
naienoa aieiaiey ia ?aciuo aic?anoiuo yoaiao; ?ane?uoi aeeyiea
ineoieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia ia o/aaioth oniaaaaiinoue.

A aeenna?oaoeee anoue aeaiiua, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho o?iaie ?acaeoey
aieiaiey, eo acaeiinaycue e oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey o o/aieeia
/aoaa?ouo-iyouo eeannia. Aaoi?ii auyaeaiu aaaeouea naienoaa aieiaiey
aeaiiiai aic?anoiiai ia?eiaea, enneaaeiaaiu acaeiinayce iaaeaeo yoeie
naienoaaie e o/aaiie oniaaaaiinoueth oeieueieeia aoeaeii, a oaeaea
acaeiinayce iaaeaeo oniaaaaiinoueth ii oe?aeineiio ycueo e naienoaaie
aieiaiey. Aaaeoueie naienoaaie aieiaiey ii?aaeaeaiu iauai,
ia?aeeth/aiea, eiioeaio?aoeey. Aeieacaii, /oi oaiaeaioeee e oeo/oaieth n
aic?anoii e iiae aeeyieai iao/aiey eiaee oaeea naienoaa aieiaiey eae
iauai, ia?aeeth/aiea, noieeinoue e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue. Aaoi?ii auyaeaia
iaeaieueoay oaniioa acaeiinayce iaaeaeo noieeinoueth aieiaiey e o/aaiie
oniaaaaiinoueth ii oe?aeineiio ycueo.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiia enneaaeiaaiea aiauaao aeaiiua, eioi?ua
iiaeoaa?aeaeatho aeeyiea naienoa aieiaiey, eae ineoieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia,
ia oniaaaaiinoue o/aieeia /aoaa?ouo-iyouo eeannia ii oe?aeineiio ycueo,
a oaeaea aeaiiua, eioi?ua iiaeoaa?aeaeatho aeeiaieeo aeeyiey naienoa
aieiaiey ia eco/aiea ii?aaeaeaiiuo oai ii oe?aeineiio ycueo.

Onoaiiaeaia ia?aaiiia?iinoue aeeyiey naienoa aieiaiey ia oniaoiinoue
auiieiaiey ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaeia ?aaio ii aeaiiiio o/aaiiio i?aaeiaoo.
Aeieacaii, /oi ia iaienaiea aeeeoaioia o/aieeaie /aoaa?ouo-iyouo eeannia
iaeaieaa aeeyao eiioeaio?aoeey e noieeinoue aieiaiey, ia iaienaiea
eceiaeaiee – noieeinoue e ia?aeeth/aiea, ia onaiaiea a?aiiaoe/aneiai
iaoa?eaea – iauai aieiaiey.

A ?aaioa ?anniio?aiu oai?aoe/aneea iiaeoiaeu e i?iaeaia oniaaaaiinoe, ia
iniiaa eioi?uo ii?aaeaeaiu a?oiiu oniaaathueo e iaoniaaathueo o/aieeia a
iao/aiee. E eaaeaeie ec yoeo a?oii ?ac?aaioaiu ii /aou?a iiaea?oiiu ia
aaca oaeeo e?eoa?eaa eae oniaaaaiinoue ii oe?aeineiio ycueo, o?iaie
?acaeoey naienoa aieiaiey, niiniaiinoe, iiciaaaoaeueiue eioa?an,
ea/anoai onaiaiey o/aaiiai iaoa?eaea, naiiioeaiea e o.ae. Ia iniiaa
inouanoaeaiiiai oneiaiiai ?acaeaeaiey a aeenna?oaoeee nouanoaoao
ia?a/aiue ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee o/aieeia
/aoaa?ouo-iyouo eeannia e eaaeaeie ec oeacaiiuo iiaea?oii.

Aeenna?oaoeey aeeth/aao ?anniio?aiea ii?aaeaeaiiuo iaoiaeia iiauoaiey
oniaaaaiinoe o/aieeia, oaeeo eae eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeey e aeeoa?aioeeaoeey
iao/aiey, a oaeaea iienaiea ineoieiae/aneeo i?aaeiinueie oniaoiai
inouanoaeaiey aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiiai iiaeoiaea i?e iao/aiee oeieueieeia.
Ia iniiaa o?iaiae ?acaeoey naienoa aieiaiey e ae?oaeo iieacaoaeae
o/aieeia /aoaa?ouo-iyouo eeannia aaoi?ii ?ac?aaioaiu o?aaiaiou
aeeooa?aioeeaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeee iao/aiey oe?aeineiio ycueo
o/aieeia oeacaiiiai iee?iaic?anoiiai ia?eiaea. ?anniio?aiu ?acoeueoaou
oniaaaaiinoe oeieueieeia ii aeaiiiio o/aaiiio i?aaeiaoo iinea aiaae?aiey
yoiai iaoiaea.

Ii?aaeaeaia aeeiaieea iiauoaiey oniaaaaiinoe ii oe?aeineiio ycueo
o/aieeia /aoaa?ouo-iyouo eeannia.

Aaoi?ii noi?ioee?iaaiu iaeioi?ua iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey
o/eoaeae, eioi?ua iniiaaiu ia ?acoeueoaoao yenia?eiaioaeueiiai
enneaaeiaaiey naienoa aieiaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aieiaiea, naienoaa aieiaiey, aeeooa?aioeeaoeey
iao/aiey, eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeey iao/aiey, oniaaaaiinoue, oaeoi?iue aan,
ei?aeyoeey, aioo?eooieoeeiiaeueiua nayce.

A n n o t a t i o n

Nataliya Volodymyrivna Andriyashina. Attention qualities as the factors
of mastering the Ukrainian language by the forth and fifth form pupils.

Dissertation applied for receiving a candidate of psychological science.
Field of specialization 19.00.07 – Pedagogical and Age Psychology.
National Pedagogical University named after Mykola.P.Dragomanov, Kyiv,
1999.

Dissertation is devoted to investigation of different qualities of
attention and their influence or mastering the Ukrainian languages by
the forth and fifth form pupils.

We have known the levels of development of attention qualities on
succeding at school and mastering the Ukranian language by the forth and
fifth form pupils.

We exposed inner functional structures of attantson as a faktor of
influencing mastering the Ukranian language by the forth and fifth form
pupils.

We have revealed the theoretical approaches to the problem of mastering
different school subjects that is the basis for deviding the forth and
fifth form pupils upon two groups (succeding and unsucceding) and eight
subgroups. Basing the accomplished device the dissertation covers a
number of pupils psycological characteristics to each of subgroups.

We have discribed the datas of exptrimtntal investigation concerning
provicling elements of differentiated studyings that is being realized
with the accountof levels of development of attention qualities of
forth and fifth form pupils; there are examples of pupils’ work in
differentiated conditions. We have compared the results of pupils’
mastering the Ukranian language before providing the elements of
defferentiated studings and after it had been organized.

We have formulated the methogical recomendations concerning accounting
the attention qualities in studying bringing up process at school.

Key words: attention qualities, differentiation, teaching, mastering,
correlation.

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