I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

AAO OAEAeA? NAE?I OAIIA

OAeE 629.735.03.08(045)

AECIA*AIIss INIIAIEO OOIEOe?IIAEUeIEO IA?AIAO??A AA?AOe?EIEOAOAe A
AENIEOAOAOe?EIEO OIIAAO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.22.14 «Aenieoaoaoe?y iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo»

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aa?aoe?eieo aeaeaoi?a

Ee?anueeiai i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eoeee Ieeiea Na?a?eiae/,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aa?aoe?eieo aeaeaoi?a Ee?anueeiai i?aeia?iaeiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?

Eanueyiia Aieiaeeie? Ieaenaiae?iae/, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith oai?aoe/ii?
iaoai?ee Ee?anueeiai i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

N?ei?nueeee ?aaai Ieaenaiae?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo «Oe?a?inueeiai oeaio?o ii
iaoeiaiiaoiaee/iiio caaacia/aiith aenieoaoaoe?? aa?aoe?eii? oaoi?ee»
(Oe?OeAAO)I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo», I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 31 aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.062.02 i?e Ee?anueeiio
i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ca aae?anith: 252058,
i.Ee?a-58, i?iniaeo Einiiiaaoa Eiia?iaa 1, EIOOeA.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? EIOOeA

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 26 » ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Caii?iaeaoeue I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe

Eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue aa?aeiiiai?e, aei neeaaeo i?eieniiai ia?eo yeeo
aoiaeyoue ??ciioeii? iia?o?yi? noaeia (IN), aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue ia
o?eueee a?ae i?eaeaaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oei?a aa?- aoe?eii?
oaoi?ee, aea ? a?ae i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? aenieoaoaoe??, ca?eueoaiiy
?ano?no, ciaioaiiy aeo?ao ia oaoi?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa ?aiiio
aenieoaoiaaiiai ia?eo IN. Oeae i?ioean iaieio/a noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
?ic?iaeith oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi iiaeo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia
i?aeo?eiaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaeaoia ia aenieiio ??ai?
ia i?ioyc? anueiai ia??iaeo aenieoaoaoe??. I?e oeueiio aaeeea cia/aiiy
ia? iino?eiee eiio?ieue iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a aeaeaoia
(iniaeeai oeo, ui aaciina?aaeiuei ia aei??ththoueny), a?ae yeeo
caeaaeeoue ia o?eueee aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue, aea ? aaciaea aeeiiaiiy
iieueio?a. Iniaeeai oea aaaeeeai aeey iino?eii noa??th/iai ia?eo
aeaeaoi?a aa?aeiiiai?? IAA (JT3D oa JT9D), ui aenieoaoothoueny a
aei?noeeo ee?iaoe/ieo oiiaao, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny i?aeaeuaieie
oaiia?aoo?ith oa aieia?noth.

I?iaiicoaaiiy iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a aeaeaoi?a, ui
ci?iththoueny i?ae aieeaii iani?aaiinoae i?ioi/ii? /anoeie, a oaeiae
ci?ie oaieio?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ?iai/iai o?ea a ??ciiiai?oieo ?aa?iiao
aenieoaoaoe??, iniaeeai ia aoaiao ceueioo oa iinaaeee IN, ia?
aecia/aeueia cia/aiiy i?ae /an aecia/aiiy eueioii-oaoi?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee IN a oe?eiio, ui aoaea ni?eyoe iiia?aaeaeaiith aa?aoe?eieo
i?eaiae oa i?aeaeuaiith aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aenieoaoaoe??
i?eieniiai ia?eo IN aa?aeiiiai??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Iaea?aeai? a ?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe «?ic?iaea aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie
ae?aaiinooaaiiy AOAe ca aei??thaaieie a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe??
ia?aiao?aie» (oeo? 600-AA95), ui aoiaeeoue aei i?aeaaeocaai? i?ia?aie
«?ic?iaea oa noai?aiiy no/anieo cania?a, iaoa??ae?a, oaoiieia?e
?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??»,
a oaeiae a i?ia?ai? oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?eieniiai ia?eo aeaeaoi?a
oa i?aeaioiaee ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo aa?aeiiiai?? MEA (MEA
Engineering Department) ?acii c Industrial Technical Institue (Eeaai,
Aae?oo).

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ioe?iee iniiaieo
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a aa?aoe?eieo aeaeaoi?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
ia?aiao??a, ui ?a?no?othoueny a aenieoaoaoe??, yea a a?aoiaoaaea ci?io
oaieio?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ?iai/iai o?ea

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe ianooii?
caaea/?:

· c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaieo eueioiiai aenia?eiaioo aenieoaoiaaieo a
aa?ai?aei?e?inoa? oei?a aeaeaoi?a i?iaiae?coaaoe aieea oa?aeoa?ieo
iioeiaeaeaiue i?io?/ii? /anoeie ia ia?aiao?e ?iai/iai i?ioeano;

· i?iaanoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a eueioiiai aenia?eiaioo oa
?acoeueoao?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aieeao oa?aeoa?ieo
iani?aaiinoae i?io?/ii? /anoeie ia iniiai? ooieoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e;

· c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?iai/iai i?ioeano O?AeAe
?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
aeaeaoi?a, ui aaco?oueny ia aei??thaaieo a oiiaao aenieoaoaoe??
ia?aiao?ao;

· ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aiao?a oyae i?ae /an ci?ie
ia?aiao??a ciai?oiueiai iia?o?y;

· aeiii?aoethaaoe iaoiaeeeo i?eaaaeaiiy ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano
O?AeAe, yea a a?aoiaoaaea ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? aeaeaoi?a;

· iaa?oiooaaoe ni?iuaio iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee ci?ie iniiaieo
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a aeaeaoia a i?ioean? iacaiieo aiiie i?ney
/a?aiai? oi?ie oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy aai ae aeeiiaieo ia aeaeaoi?
?ia?o.

O ca’yceo c ieaiiaei i?eaeaaiiyi aa?aeiiiai??th MEA e?oae?a A-320 c
aeaeaoiaie V2500 iaiao?aeii oaeiae i?iaiae?coaaoe iniaeeaino?
canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee a i?ioean? aaoiiaoeciaaii? ioe?iee
iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a oeeo aeaeaoi?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?o
ai?oiaeo nenoai eiio?ieth.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

· c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?iai/iai i?ioeano O?AeAe JT9D
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
aeaeaoia, ui aaco?oueny ia ia?aiao?ao, ye? aei??ththoueny a i?ioean?
aenieoaoaoe??;

· ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aiao?a oyae i?e ci?i?
oaiia?aoo?e ? oeneo ciai?oiueiai iia?o?y, yea iaiao?aeia aeey aecia/aiiy
eueioii-oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee IN i?e aeeiiaii? iieueio?a a ?aa?iie, ui
??cei a?ae??ciythoueny ee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie;

· iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee ci?ie ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano AOAe
i?ney /a?aiai? oi?ie oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy aai ae aeeiiaieo ia
aeaeaoi? ?ia?o, ui aaco?oueny ia aei??thaaii? oeneo caaaeueiiaaiiai
iioieo a ia?a??c? niiea a i?ioean? iacaiieo aiiie.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

· ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen iaoiaeee aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe ioe?ieo oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a AOAe c o?aooaaiiyi
ci?ie oaieio?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ?iai/iai o?ea oa ?iaeea?- aeoaeueieo
aeanoeainoae aeaeaoi?a (iniaeeai iecueei? eiio?ieacaeaoiino?), ui ni?ey?
ia o?eueee i?aeaeuaiith aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, aea e i?aeaeuaiith
aaciaee aeeiiaiiy iieueio?a;

· aeiii?aoeueiaaia iaoiaeeea i?eaaaeaiiy ia?aiao??aa ?iai/iai i?ioeano
aei noaiaea?oieo oiia, ui a?aoiao? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino?
aeaeaoi?a, yea iaiao?aeia aeey i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeee ioe?iee ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a AOAe;

· iaoiaeeea ioe?iee iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a O?AeAe JT9D
aeei?enoiao?oueny a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? aa?aeiiiai?? MEA, a
iaa/aeuei?e i?aeoeoe? Aae?oonueeiai ?iaeono??aeueiiai ?inoeoooo i?ae /an
aoaeeoi?ieo caiyoue oa i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy iaa/aeueii -ae?iaie/eo
i?aeoee a oaoi?/iiio a?aeae?e? aa?aeiiiai?? MEA.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo
ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «No/ani?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? i?iaeaie oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??» (Iineaa, 28-29 o?aaiy
1996 ?.), Eiia?an? aeaeaoiiaoae?aiee?a Oe?a?ie c ?iicaiiith o/anoth
«Aeaeaoi 21 noie?ooy» (Oa?e?a, 23-26 aa?aniy 1996 ?.), i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Caaacia/aiiy aaciaee iieueio?a a iiaeo
aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao» (Ee?a, 27-29 o?aaiy 1997 ?.), ca?oieo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo EIOOeA ca 1995, 1996, 1997 ??.

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 10 iaoeiaeo noaoae oa oac
aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c ia?aaeiiae, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 86 iaeiaioaaiue oa aeiaeaoeo.
Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe 151 noi??iie, a oiio /ene? 54 iaethiee ?
oaaeeoe? ia 25 noi??ieao oa aeiaeaoie ia 3 noi??ieao.

CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

O anooi?, aeoiaey/e ?c caaaeueiiai aiae?co i?ioeano oa oiia
aenieoaoaoe?? i?eieniiai ia?eo aeaeaoi?a aa?aeiiiai?? IAA,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ?? iaoeiao
oa i?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? iieacaii, ui ?ic?iaea iiaeo iaoiae?a ioe?iee
oaoi?/iiai noaio aa?aoe?eieo AOAe aeeiio?oueny, a iniiaiiio, c
o?aooaaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a aiae?co iniaeeainoae ?o eiino?oeoe??,
eiio?ieacaeaoiino?, oiia aenieoaoaoe??, i?eeiyoi? nenoaie oaoi?/iiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy, noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo i?i oa?aeoa?i? a?aeiiae oa
iani?aaiino?.

Aeoiaey/e c aaaeeeaino? aecia/aiiy oaieio?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?iai/iai
o?ea (iai?eeeaae, i?ae /an i?eaaaeaiiy ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano aei
noaiaea?oieo oiia), iniaeeao oaaao caa?iaii ia oiiae aacoaaiiy
i?eieniiai ia?eo e?oae?a aa?aeiiiai?? IAA. Ia?o ca ana iathoueny ia
oaac? eieeaaiiy oaiia?aoo?e oa aieiaino? ye oaeoi??a, ui cae?eniththoue
iniiaiee aieea ia ci?io oaieio?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae iia?o?y, a oaeiae
oaeoi?e, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei ci?ie noaio iiaa?oi? oa oi?ie
eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a i?io?/ii? /anoeie aeaeaoia.

Aeey aeca/aiiy ye?niiai aieeao iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ieo iani?aaiinoae
i?io?/ii? /anoeie AOAe ia ?o iniiai? ooieoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e,
?icaeyiooi oeiia? a?aeiiae oa iani?aaiino?, ye? cono??/aeenue i?ae /an
aenieoaoaoe?? i?eieniiai ia?eo aeaeaoi?a aa?aeiiiai?? (caa?oaeiaiiy,
a?ic?y, iiaiooino?, i?iaa?e eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a, oiui). C oi/ee
ci?o iiaeeeaino? aeyaeaiiy oeeo iani?aaiinoae i?iaiae?ciaaii naio
nenoaio oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?eieniiai ia?eo aeaeaoi?a
aa?aeiiiai?? IAA, a oaeiae iaoiaee aecia/aiiy iani?aaiinoae oa ?o
onoiaiiy.

Aeoiaey/e c ieaiiai-iiia?aaeaeoaaeueii? nenoaie oaoi?/iiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy c iaia’yceiaei eiio?ieai ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano, ui
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aaeeeith e?euee?noth iia?aoe?e, ia caaaeaee aeeeeeaieo
ae?eniei oaoi?/iei noaiii aeaeaoi?a, oiia ?o aenieoaoaoe??, a oaeiae
aeoiaey/e c iaiiaeeeaino? aecia/aiiy iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a aeaeaoi?a iecueei? eiio?ieacaeaoiino? i?yieie iaoiaeaie,
aecia/aii iaoo aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oa caaea/?, ye? iaiao?aeii
ae??oeoe aeey ?? aeinyaiaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaia iae?i?eia oi?aa?naeueia iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue ?iai/iai i?ioeano AOAe oa ?? iniiai? i?ia?aiiaai? iiaeoe?.
Iiaeaeue, aaeaioiaaia aei aeaiaaeueieo aeaieiioo?ieo AOAe (O?AeAe), ui
aenieoaoothoueny a aa?aeiiiai?? IAA, i?ecia/aeanue aeey ioe?iee aieeao
iniiaieo aeae?a iioeiaeaeaiue oa iani?aaiinoae i?io?/ii? /anoeie
aeaeaoi?a , ye? aeieeathoue a i?ioean? ?o aenieoaoaoe??, ia
ooieoe?iiaeuei? ia?iao?e O?AeAe. Iiaeaethaaeenue a?aeiiae oa
iani?aaiino?, oa?aeoa?i? aeey ?aa?ii?a aenieoaoaoe?? aeaeaoi?a
aa?aeiiiai?? IAA.

An? aeaee iani?aaiinoae i?io?/ii? /anoeie a ia?oo /a?ao i?ecaiaeyoue aei
ci?ie oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeiia?aeieo aoce?a aeaeaoia. Oiio iniiaio oaaao
caa?iaii ia iaoiaeeee ia?aaoaeiae oa?aeoa?enoee eiii?ani??a oa oo?a?i
i?ae /an ci?ie ?o oaoi?/iiai noaio.

?ic?aooiie o?ainoi?iiaaieo oa?aeoa?enoee eiii?ani??a cae?enithaaany
oeyoii iine?aeiaiiai ?ic?aooieo e?iaiaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a nooiai? ia
na?aaeiueiio ?aae?on? c ianooiiei ?ic?aooieii iniiaieo ia?aiao??a
eiii?ani?a (eaneaaeo eiii?ani?a) — nooiaiy i?aeaeuaiiy oeneo e*;
eiao?oe??ioa ei?enii? ae?? eiii?ani?a e*; ?iaioe eiii?ani?a Le i?e
caaeaieo cia/aiiyo i?eaaaeaii? /anoioe iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a n ? i?eaaaeaii?
aeo?aoe iia?o?y Giia.i?..

Iiaeaethaaiiy oi?noeino? iiaa?oi? eiiaoie i?iaiaeeeinue ca aeiiiiiaith
aii??e/ii? caeaaeiino?

(o?)o = (0,05…0,08)0,25 (b/a), (1)

aea (o?)o — eiao?oe??io ao?ao oa?oy, ye? aeeeeeai? oi?noe?noth iiaa?oi?
eiiaoie;  = Eo/b a?aeiinia oi?noe?noue; b, a — oi?aea eiiaoee oa
i?i?iaeueia oe?eia i?aeeiiaoeiaiai eaiaeo.

Cia/aiiy e caaea?oueny c e?ieii 0,015 a ?ioa?aae? 0,04…0,085.
Iiaeaethaaiiy aieeao ca?eueoaiiy ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o cae?enithaaeinue
c aeei?enoaiiyi aii??e/ii? caeaaeiino?, ui iia’yco? EEAe nooiai? no oa
a?aeiinio aaee/eio ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o ? = ?/h?e,

no = — 2,8(? -0,01), (2)

aea ? — aaniethoia aaee/eia ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o; h?e- aenioa eiiaoee
?iai/iai eieana (?E).

I?e??no aaee/eie eiao?oe??ioa ao?ao ?E, iia’ycaiee ?c c?inoaiiyi
?aae?aeueiiai caci?o, aecia/aany ?c caeaaeiino?

?e = [-2(no) Lno]/ W12, (3)

a a?aeiia?aeia aaee/eia ao?ao iiaiiai oeneo a eaiae?

(?*eai) = (?e) W12/2, (4)

aea — u?euei?noue iia?o?y ia?aae ?iai/ei eieanii; W1 — a?aeiinia
oaeaee?noue ?iai/iai o?ea ia aoiae? a ?E.

Cia/io oaaao a ?iaio? caa?iaii ia caa?oaeiaiiy oa aa?aceaia ciiooaaiiy
iiaa?oi? eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a eiii?ani?a, oa?aeoa?iiai aeey ?aa?ii?a
aenieoaoaoe?? i?eieniiai ia?eo aeaeaoi?a aa?aeiiiai??? IAA. Ioe?iea
aieeao caa?oaeiaiiy ia ia?aiao?e ?iai/iai i?ioeano eiii?ani?a oa
aeaeaoia a oe?eiio cae?enithaaeanue oeyoii ae??oaiiy cai?ioiuei? caaea/?
— oiaoi aiae?co aieeao i?iieaee i?io?/ii? /anoeie aeaeaoia ia eiai
iniiai? ia?aiao?e. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai aoea i?iaaaeaia ia?iaea
?acoeueoao?a oi?eaeueiiai ca e?euee?noth i?iieoeo ca ei?ioeee i?ii?aeie
/ano a noiaeeo oiiaao (a/i Aeia-Aoe) aeaeaoi?a IE-8-2O (aeecueeeo ca
nai?th eiino?oeoeaii? noaiith oa oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aei aeaeaoi?a JT3D
aa?aeiiiai?? IAA). Aoaeoeai?noue i/euaiiy eiii?ani??a ioe?ithaaeanue
oeyoii ii??aiyiiy ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano, ye? aei??thaaeenue
ia?aae oa i?ney i?iieaee: /anoio iaa?oaiiy ?ioi??a aenieiai oa iecueeiai
oeneo nao, nio, aeo?aoe iaeeaa Gi oa oaiia?aoo?e aac?a ca oo?a?iith T*o.

Aiaeia?/ia ?iaioa aoea i?iaaaeaia ? a oiiaao aenieoaoaoe?? aeaeaoi?a
JT3D-6 aa?aeiiiai?? IAA (aeea. ?enoiie). Nei?i/ai? iicia/aiiy
a?aeiia?aeathoue i?eeiyoei a oaoi?/i?e aeieoiaioaoe?? aa?aeiiiai??.
Iaaaaeai? aeai? a?aeiia?aeathoue aeaiei, iaea?aeaiei i?ae /an /eneiaiai
iiaeaethaaiiy aieeao caa?oaeiaiiy ia ia?aiao?e ?iai/iai i?ioeano,
aeeiiaiiai ia IAII aeey aeaeaoi?a a?aeiia?aeiiai iai?aoethaaiiy, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i aaeaeaaoi?noue iieno ?iai/iai i?ioeano O?AeAe ca
aeiiiiiaith eiai iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeaoaeoaoe?? i?io?/ii? /anoeie oo?a?ie
aeaeaoi?a JT3D oa JT9D na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui oa?aeoa?ieie aeaeaie
iani?aaiinoae oo?a?ie ?: i?iaa?e oa iiaiooino? niieiaeo eiiaoie ia?oi?
nooiai? oo?a?ie, ci?ia nooiaiy oi?noeino? iiaa?oi? eiiaoie, ci?ia ieiu
niieiaeo aia?ao?a, ca?eueoaiiy ?aae?aeueieo caci??a. Iiaeaethaaiiy
oi?noeino? iiaa?oi? eiiaoie oo?a?ie cae?enith- ?oueny aiaeia?/ii
eiii?ani?o. Aeey ?ic?aoiaaiiai cia/aiiy eiao?oe?- ?ioa ao?ao (o?)o (1)
aecia/a?oueny eiao?oe??io oaeaeeino?

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04000000f001030003000000000000000000,
(5)

aea ? — eiao?oe??io oaeaeeino? aeey aeo?aeiiai noaio iiaa?oi? eiiaoee.

A?aooaaiiy aieeao ci?ie nooiaiy oi?noeino? eiiaoie ia ia?aiao?e ?iai/iai
i?ioeano oo?a?ie cae?enith?oueny aeene?aoiei caaeaiiyi a?aeiiniiai
ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioa oaeaeeino? niieiaiai aia?aoa ia?oi? nooiai?
oo?a?ie a ae?aiacii? -0,01…-0,05 c e?ieii 0,01.

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5000500000009020000000036000000320a5d01db011f000000793d3334392e353631343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?en. Caa?oaeiaiiy i?ioi/ii? /anoeie aeaeaoia JT3D-6

Aeey ioe?iee aieeao ci?ie ieiu niieiaeo aia?ao?a ia oa?aeoa?enoeee
oo?a?ie a II aaiaeeeenue cia/aiiy a?aeiinii? ci?ie ieiu? ia?oiai
niieiaiai aia?aoa Fna = (Fna.? — Fna)/Fna.? a ae?aiacii? a?ae -0,03 aei
0,03 c e?ieii 0,1, ui aieeaa? ia nooi?iue iiieaeaiiy oeneo *na, yeee
aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith:
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 ,
(6)

aea F — ?ic?aooieiaa cia/aiiy ieiu? niieiaiai aia?aoa; Fna1 =
Fna?(1+Fna) — iiaeaeueiaaia cia/aiiy ieiu?; q(na)? — ?ic?aooieiaa
cia/aiiy a?aeiinii? u?eueiino? iioieo; k — iieaciee aae?aaaoe.

Ao?aoe ?iaioe nooiai? c o?aooaaiiyi ca?eueoaiiy ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o
aecia/aeenue ca oi?ioeith:
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, (7)

aea — eiao?oe??io oaeaeeino?; 1 — eoo iaa?aaiiy iioieo; meaa-
eiao?oe??io aeo?aoe a eaa??eio?; d — na?aaei?e ae?aiao? ?iai/iai eieana;
1 = 1/h1 — a?aeiiniee ?aae?aeueiee caci?; 1- ?aae?aeueiee caci?; h1-
aenioa ia?a eiiaoee;
picscalex1000100090000038101000004001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e01180000000500000031020100
0000050000000b0200000000050000000c028002e00a1200000026060f001a00ffffffff
000010000000c0ffffffb6ffffffa00a0000360200000b00000026060f000c004d617468
547970650000600008000000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d01000005000000
14029e01ff070500000013028201300808000000fa020000200000000000000004000000
2d0101000500000014028a01300805000000130230027708040000002d01000005000000
140230027f080500000013025200dd080500000014025200dd0805000000130252009e0a
0500000014024a00d107050000001302400230071c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001
000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e002a82ed77c067ef77d7020ad7
00000a00040000002d01020008000000320a2002f70901000000e30308000000320a2002
8d0601000000e30309000000320a2002070103000000e5eae2861c000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e002a82ed77c067
ef7774040a4200000a00040000002d01030004000000f001020008000000320ac001fb08
010000005aea08000000320ac001000501000000380008000000320ac001ac0401000000
2cea08000000320ac001f2030100000030001c000000fb0280fe00000000000090010000
00020002001053796d626f6c0000d7020ad82182ed772a82ed77c067ef77d7020ad80000
0a00040000002d01020004000000f001030008000000320ac001ba050100000064ea0800
0000320ac001cb02010000003d0008000000320ac00134000100000064ea0a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00776d03669a07008a0100000a000600000007008a0100000a000400
00002d01030004000000f001020003000000000000ff; Za — /enei aa?oei
eaa??eioo; ao — eiao?oe??io, yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae no oa d/h; a —
?aae?aeueiee caci? a ?iai/iio eiean?.

Iaoiaeeea ia?aaoaeiae oa?aeoa?enoee eiii?ani??a oa oo?a?i aeicaiey?
ioe?ieoe aieea ?icaeyiooeo aeae?a iani?aaiinoae ia ia?aiao?e ?iai/iai
i?ioeano oa iniiai? ooieoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e aeaeaoia. Oea aeicaiey?
ae??oeoe oaeiae ? cai?ioith caaea/o, oiaoi eiio?iethth/e oaiaeaioe?th
ci?ie ia?aiao??a a aenieoaoaoe?? iiaeia aecia/eoe aeae oa aaee/eio
iioeiaeaeaiiy, a oaeiae i?iaiicoaaoe ?icaeoie iani?aaiinoae i?e
aenieoaoaoe?? aeaeaoi?a a oeeo oiiaao.

Aeey ii??aiyiiy c ?acoeueoaoaie iiaeaethaaiiy iaaaaeaii
aenia?eiaioaeuei? (iaea?aeai? a oiiaao ?aaeueii? aenieoaoaoe??) aeai? oa
aeai?, iaea?aeai? ia aei?iaoaaeueiiio noaiae? i?ney iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a
?aiiio, ii aieeao ?icaeyiooeo aeae?a iani?aaiinoae O?AeAe JT3D ia
ia?aiao?e, ui ?a?no?othoueny a aenieoaoaoe??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaii eiiieaen iaoiaeee ioe?iee iniiaieo
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a aa?aoe?eieo AOAe a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe??.

Aeoiaey/e c iaiao?aeiino? i?aeaeuaiiy aeinoia??iino? iaea?aeoaaieo
?acoeueoao?a, iniaeeao oaaao caa?iaii ia aeiii?aoethaaiiy iaoiaeeee
i?eaaaeaiiy ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano aei noaiaea?oieo oiia (NA) c
aeei?enoaiiyi aeina?aeo aenieoaoaoe?? aeaeaoi?a iecueei?
eiio?ieacaeaoiino? a Ai?eni?euenueeiio aa?ai?aei?e?inoa? oa a
aa?aeiieai?? IAA.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei i?aeaeuaiiai ?iceeaeo iiae?aieo
aaciaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a a i?ioean? i?eaaaeaiiy ? iaa?aooaaiiy ci?ie
u?eueiino? iia?o?y. Ia iniia? yenia?eiaioo, i?iaaaeaiiai a
aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiiaao, iieacaii, ui iii?aaee a oi?ioeao i?eaaaeaiiy ia
ci?io u?eueiino? iia?o?y caaeia?eueii i?aaenoaaeythoueny noaiaiaaith
ooieoe??th:

E = f(q) = (O*i / O*i.na)z.
(8)

Aei oiai ae iieaciee noaiaiy a iii?aaoe? aeey ??cieo ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai
i?ioeano aoaea ??ciei. sse iieacaee aeai? i?aeeiio?ieueii? aenieoaoaoe??
aeae?eueeio oei?a aeaeaoi?a, a?i eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 40.55 (aeey
/anoioe iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a) aei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 (aeey aeo?aoe iaeeaa).
Ca?aene, n o?aooaaiiyi aeuaneacaiiai, oi?ioee i?eaaaeaiey ia?aiao??a
(aei??thaaieo) ?iai/iai i?ioeano aei NAO aoaeooue iaoe aeaeyae:

— aeey /anoiou iaa?oaiiy ?ioi??a n:

ni?.i = ni (288/T*i.i)1/2 (T*i.i/T*i.na)z1 ; (9)

— aeey oaiia?aoo?u aac?a ca oo?a?iith T*o:

T*o.i?.i = T*o.i (288/T*i.i)1/2 (T*o.i/T*i.na)z2 ;
(10)

— aeey aeo?aoe iaeeaa Gi:

Gi.i?.i = Gi.i (101325/P*i.i) (288/T*i.i)1/2 (Ti.i/Ti.na)z3,
(11)

aea Ti.na = (288 — 6.5H) (1+0.2M2), I — aenioa iieueioo, I — /enei Iaoa.

A oaaeeoe? 1 iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ia?aa??ee aeiii?aoeueiaaii? iaoiaeeee
i?eaaaeaiiy, aeeiiaii? ia aac? ?aaeueieo iieueioieo aeaieo aeey
aeae?eueeio aeaeaoi?a JT3D (e?oaee B-707) aa?aeiiiai?? MEA. A i?ioean?
noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee iieueioieo aeaieo aecia/aeenue aenia?eiaioaeueii ?
cia/aiiy iieaciee?a noaiaiy aeuaiaaaaeaieo caeaaeiinoae (z1, z2, z3).

Oaaeeoey 1

?acoeueoaoe i?eaaaeaiiy ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano O?AeAe JT3D aei NAO

N NEA nio.aei To.aei Gi.aei nio.i? To.i? Gi.i? nio.i? To.i?
Gi.i?

z

——————————————————————

1 NEA 0.66 10.42 180.2 1.45 15.6 170.0 0.71 9.48 120.5

z 0.55 0.72 1.800

2 NEA 0.72 8.350 163.5 1.23 14.4 154.6 0.65 8.71 124.5

z 0.60 0.70 1.710

3 NEA 0.67 9.05 168.7 1.21 14.7 160.6 0.70 9.01 116.6

z 0.55 0.69 1.690

——————————————————————

I?ei?oea: nio- /anoioa iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a iecueeiai oeneo; T*o —
oaiia?aoo?a aac?a ca oo?a?iith;

Gi — /aniaa aeo?aoa iaeeaa; i? — ?iaeaen i?eaaaeaiiai ia?aiao?a;

‘ — i?eaaaeaiiai c o?aooaaiiyi u?eueiino?; aei — ?iaeaen aei??yiiai
ia?aiao?a.

?iceeae i?eaaaeaieo aei NAO (a ii??aiyii? c aeaieie, iaea?aeaieie ca
iaoiaeeeith aa?aeiiiai?? IAA) cia/aiue ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano c
o?aooaaiiyi i?eeiyoeo iii?aaie cia/ii ciaioeany (a?ae 450% aeey /anoioe
iaa?oaiiy/ ?ioi?a aei 420% aeey aeo?aoe iaeeaa).

Aeey ?aa?ii?a aenieoaoaoe??, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny i?aeaeuaieie
oaiia?aoo?aie (oa iiaeeeaeie eieeaaiiyie aieiaino?) aaeeea cia/aiiy ia?
ioe?iea ? i?iaiicoaaiiy oyae ? ieoiii? aeo?aoe iaeeaa i?e ca?eueoaii?
oaiia?aoo?e ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua Oi, i?i ui na?ae/eoue aiae?c
i?ioeano aenieoaoaoe?? aeaeaoi?a oeio IN-90A oa JT9D, a yeeo i?e
oaiia?aoo?ao ciai?oiueiai iia?o?y a?eueoa 25iN aeineoue /anoi
ni?aoeueiao? oaaei «Oyaa iaea». Oiio iniiaio /anoeio o?aoueiai ?icae?eo
neeaaeathoue iaoiaeeee ioe?iee oa i?iaiicoaaiiy iniiaieo
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a aeaieiioo?ieo oo?ai?aaeoeaieo aeaeaoi?a oeio
JT9D o anueiio ae?aiacii? ?aaeei?a ?o ?iaioe ? ??ciiiai?oieo ciai?oi?o
oiia. Iaoiaeeea aaco?oueny ia ia?aiao?ao, ui ?a?no?othoueny a
aenieoaoaoe?? ia aea?aiiio ?aaeei? ae?aaiinooaaiiy, i?eaaaeaieo aei
noaiaea?oieo oiia ca aeuaiaaaaeaiith iaoiaeeeith.

?ic?aooiie ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano oa iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a aeaeaoia cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
O?AeAe i?ney ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oa?aeoa?enoee eiii?ani??a ? oo?a?i a
i?ioean? iacaiiiai aei?iaoaaiiy eiie?aoiiai aeaeaoia. A ?acoeueoao?
aecia/athoueny i?eaaaeai? oyaa Pi? oa ieoiia aeo?aoa iaeeaa Ni?.

A yeino? i?eeeaaeo a oaae.2 iiaeaii o?aaiaio oaaeeoe? ?ic?aooieo
iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a e?eueeio na??eieo aeaeaoi?a IN-90A.

Oaaeeoey 2

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a O?AeAe
IN-90A

Ai?o 96005 ?aen: 552

Aueao: 24/01/1996 17.43 I?eeao: 25/01/1996 4.59

A/i aueaoa : Aaiaeie A/i i?eeaoa : O?I

N eaae?aIaa?NaaiNeaaePeaTeaaePo/PaToiaeGo?oaeTeiNO1

Oyaa2NO2

Oyaa2NO3

Oyaa2NO4

Oyaa2NO1

Oyaa0NO2

Oyaa0NO3

Oyaa0NO4

Oyaa06862492.7595.8829.55821.5556076.26467.09281122481491349612062142151
245713478127546915693.5096.1329.95861.5666106.36068.39361147789291398711
2471445612472134761276669614493.6396.2530.05891.5666106.39265.5938128918
40712449107251445612681133351301570120891.8895.6328.45811.5286005.98463.
891811496835811811113371366012195129641260070622489.2594.6326.65711.4725
865.35259.58901037787141067499731240012443122601260071124889.2594.7526.8
5671.4785795.40060.588810194887610810104141253512354123101245571625689.2
594.7526.65671.4755775.35260.5886104671005910814955812468122671226012414
72128088.8894.7526.75671.4705755.38460.588410003775211249999412355122241
22261235272632888.7594.7526.35681.4655735.32060.588489699903105771025112
242121951222612062

Iaea?aeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oi?ioa ni?aiaaeaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, iaea?aeaieo ca ?acoeueoaoaie, iaeiie/aieie ia
iaai?oiee iin?e ai?oiai? nenoaie eiio?ieth ANEAe-90 (e?oae ?E-96-300).
Ie??i oiai, caaeia?eueia ni?aiaaeaiiy cia/aiue oyae ca ?ic?iaeaiith
iaoiaeeeith (noiai/ee «Oyaa-2») a ii??aiyii? c aeaieie, iaea?aeaieie ca
i?eeaaeii (noiai/ee «Oyaa-0»), niinoa??aa?oueny o?eueee aeey caiieo oiia
(noiai/ee aenioa Iaa?). Ca i?eeaaeii ?acii ?c c?inoaiiyi aenioe oyaa
c?inoa?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iacaaeia?eueio ei?aeyoe?th ia?aiao?a oyae c
aei??thaaiei ia?aiaaeii oeneo ?o*/?ao* , ca yeei aiia ?ic?aoiao?oueny ia
ai?oo.

Aeuaiaaaaeaia iaoiaeeea i???ioiaaia ye ia aeaeaoie i?aeaeuaii?
eiio?ieacaeaoiino?, ui iathoue ai?oiao nenoaio e?io?ieth, oae ? ia
aeaeaoie iecueei? eiio?ieacaeaoiino?, ia?aiao?e ?iai/iai i?ioeano yeeo
caiinyoueny a niaoe?aeuei? iieueioi? ea?oe. Ie??i oiai, aeey O?AeAe
iecueei? eiio?ieacaeaoiino? ?c ci?ooaaiiyi iioie?a ca oo?a?iith,
oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii ?ic?aooieia? caeaaeiino?, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny
a iaoiaeeoe? iina?aaeiuei? ioe?iee ci?ie oyae ii aei??thaaiiio cia/aiith
iiaiiai oeneo caaaeueiiaaiiai iioieo a ia?a??c? niiea o o?eniaai?e
oi/oe? i?ae /an iacaiieo aei?iaoaaiue. Aeey iiiaaee?eoe/iiai ia?aiaaeo
oeneo a niie? i?eaaaeaia oyaa aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith:
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, (12)

aea Fn — ieiua e?eoe/iiai ia?a??co niiea; k — iieaciee aae?aaaoe; n —
eiao?oe??io aeo?aoe.

Aeey e?eoe/iiai ?aaeeio, eiee c = e? = (k+1/2)k/k-1 oi?ioea (12)
i?eeia? aeaeyae

?i? = 101325 Fn n k
(13)

A i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? aaaeeeai aecia/aoe a?aeiinio ci?io oyae ?i?
i?ney aeeiiaiiy /a?aiai? oi?ie oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, i?ney ?ia?o,
aeeiiaieo ia aeaeaoi?, aai ae c iai?aoethaaiiyi

?i?= (?i?2-?i?1)/,

aea ?i?1, ?i?2 — i?eaaaeai? oyae aeaeaoia ia iaaiiio ?aaeei? ?iaioe aei
oa i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe??.

A?aeiinia ci?ia oyae aeaeaoia aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeaie:

— aeey aeie?eoe/iiai ia?aiaaeo oene?a ia niie?
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,
(14)

— aeey iaaee?eoe/iiai ia?aiaaeo oene?a
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 , (15)

aea ? — oene caaaeueiiaaiiai iioieo a eiio?ieuei?e oi/oe? a ia?a??c?
niiea; E — eiao?oe??io, yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae ?aaeeio ?iaioe aeaeaoia ?
aecia/a?oueny ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiai aei?iaoaaiue ia ii/aoeo
aenieoaoaoe??.

Eiiieaen iaoiaeee ?ic?iaeyany aeey oei?a aeaeaoi?a, ui aenieoaoothoueny
a aa?aeiiiai?? IAA, ye c iecueeith eiio?ieacaeaoi?noth (JT3D, JT9D), oae
? aeey O?AeAe iiaiai iieie?iiy (V2500), iaeaaeiaieo ai?oiaeie nenoaiaie
eiio?ieth. Oiio iai?ee?ioe? ?icae?eo i?eaaaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
canoinoaaiith iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a a oiiaao aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
ai?oiaiai eiio?ieth.

AENIIAEE

Ocaaaeueithth/e iaea?aeai? i?e aeeiiaii? aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoaoe,
aeie?aieii ianooii?, iaea?eueo aaaeeea? iieiaeaiiy.

1. I?iaiae?ciaaii aieea a?aeiia oa iani?aaiinoae i?io?/ii? /anoeie AOAe,
oa?aeoa?ieo aeey i?eieniiai ia?eo aeaeaoi?a aa?aeiiiai?? IAA, ia ci?io
oa?aeoa?enoee ?o iniiaieo aoce?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey i?aeoe/ii?
?aae?caoe?? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?iai/iai i?ioeano AOAe, aaeaioiaaii?
aei aeaeaoia JT9D.

2. C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?iai/iai i?ioeano O?AeAe JT9D
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a, yea
aaco?oueny ia ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioieao, ui oi?iothoueny a i?ioean?
eueioii-oaoi?/ii? aenieoaoaoe?? i?eieniiai ia?eo aeaeaoi?a aa?-
aeiiiai?? IAA (ui anoaiiaeththoueny ia e?oaeao A-707 oa A-747).

3. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aiao?o oyae i?ae /an ci?ie
oaiia?aoo?e oa oeneo iaaeieeoiueiai iia?o?y, yea iaiao?aeia aeey
aecia/aiiy eueioii-oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee IN i?ae /an iieueio?a a
?aa?iie, ui ??cei a?ae??ciythoueny nai?ie ee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie.

4. Aeiii?aoeueiaaia iaoiaeeea i?eaaaeaiiy ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano
O?AeAe, ui a?aoiao? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? aeaeaoi?a, yea
iaiao?aeia aeey i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeee ioe?iee oa i?iaiicoaaiiy
iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a AOAe.

5. I?iaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy ni?iuaii? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee ci?ie ia?aiao??a
?iai/iai i?ioeano AOAe a i?ioean? iacaiieo aiiie i?ney /a?aiai? oi?ie
oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy aai ae aeeiiaaiiy ia aeaeaoi? ?ia?o, ui
aaco?oueny ia ?acoeueoaoao aei??thaaiiy oeneo caaaeueiiaaiiai iioieo a
ia?a??c? niiea.

?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen iaoiaeee aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe ioe?ieo oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a AOAe c o?aooaaiiyi
ci?ie oaieio?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ?iai/iai o?ea oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
iniaeeainoae aeaeaoi?a, ui aoaea ni?eyoe ia o?eueee i?aeaeuaiith
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, aea ? i?aeaeuaiith aaciaee iieueio?a
i?eieniiai ia?eo AOAe a ??ciiiai?oieo ee?iaoe/ieo ciiao.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaoeiaeo i?aoeue

1. Aaaeioei I.Ae., Eoeee I.N., Niaieue A.A., Aao Oaeaea? Naeei Oaiia.
Ooi/iaiea oi?ioe i?eaaaeaiey ia?aiao?ia ?aai/aai i?ioeanna AOAe e
noaiaea?oiui a i?ioeanna aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey//I?iiuoeaiiay oaieioaoieea.-
1996.- N2.- N.48-51.

2. Eoeee I.N., Eoeueyiaiei I.A., Iaiaoe I.E., Aao Oaeaea? Naeei Oaiia,
Aiao?e aea Ea?aaeueth. Iniaaiiinoe iino?iaiey nenoaiu eioi?iaoeeiiiie
iiaeaea?aeee AN oi?aaeaiey ON aaeaoeeiiiuo AOAe//I?iaeaiu yenieoaoaoeee
e iaaeaaeiinoe aaeaoeeiiiie oaoieee. — Eeaa: EIOAA, 1998. -N.106-109.

3. sseooaiei A.N., Aao Oaeaea? Naeei Oaiia. Aeeyiea ia ?anoiaeiaaiea
?ano?na AOAe noioanoe/aneiai ?aca?ina oaiia?aoo?u ia?oaeiiai
aicaeooa//I?iaeaiu eioi?iaoecaoeee e oi?aaeaiey. — E.: EIOAA, 1988.-
N.276-278.

4. Abu Haidar Salim Hanna, Koulik N.S., Dmitriev S.A. V2500 vs CFM56
Development//AL MOUHANDESS (BEIRUT).- NOV 1995.- N5.-P.77-80.

5. Abu Haidar Salim Hanna, Koulik N.S., Dmitriev S.A. Evolution of the
aerovehicle and aeropropulsion systems//AL MOUHANDESS (BEIRUT).- ETE
1997.- N7. — P.71-76.

6. Eoeee I.N., Aao Oaeaea? Naeei Oaiia, ?aouineee A.A. Iaoaiaoe/aneia
iiaeaee?iaaiea aeeyiey iia?aaeaeaiee i?ioi/iie /anoe ia oa?aeoa?enoeee e
iniiaiua ooieoeeiiaeueiua ia?aiao?u AOAe//Oac.aeiee.iaaeaeoia?.eiio.
«Eiia?ann aeaeaaoaeano?ieoaeae Oe?aeiu n eiino?aiiui o/anoeai»
(Aeaeaaoaeue 21 aaea).- Eeaa-Oa?ueeia-?uaa/uea: OAE.- 1996.-N.37.

7. Eoeee I.N., Aao Oaeaea? Naeei Oaiia, Eoeueyiaiei I.A., ?aouineee A.A.
Aeeyiea oneiaee yenieoaoaoeee ia ON AOAe ?acee/iuo
oeiia//Oac.aeiee.iaaeaeoia?.eiio. «Nia?aiaiiua iao/ii-oaoie/aneea
i?iaeaiu a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee».- Iineaa: Ieio?ain ?O, IAOO AA.-
1996.- N.25.

8. Eoeee I.N., Aeieo?eaa N.A., Aao Oaeaea? Naeei Oaiia, Iioaiaae Oaeo
Aaaaeo Aaooya. Ioeaiea iniiaiuo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia O?AeAe ii
ia?aiao?ai, ?aaeno?e?oaiui a yenieoaoaoeee ai?oiauie n?aaenoaaie
eiio?iey//Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee
«Iaania/aiea aaciianiinoe iieaoia a iiauo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo».- E.:
EIOAA.- 1997.- N.270-272.

9. Aao Oaeaea? Naeei Oaiia. Aeeyiea oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey AOAe ia
?anoiae oiieeaa a iieaoa//Oac.aeiee. iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee
iao/iuo eieeaeoeaia oieaa?neoaoa.- E.:EIOAA.-1995.-N.21.

10. Eoeee I.N., Niaieue A.A., *i?iee I.N., Aao Oaeaea? Naeei Oaiia.
Ioeaiea oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey e ?aaoee?iaea ia?aiao?ia AOAe ii
?acoeueoaoai iacaiiuo aiiie//Oac.aeiee. iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee
iao/iuo eieeaeoeaia oieaa?neoaoa.- E.:EIOAA.-1995.-N.21.

11. Eoeee I.N., Aao Oaeaea? Nae?i Oaiia. Aieea ci?ie ?aae?aeueieo
caci??a eiii?ani??a O?AeAe ia eiai oa?aeoa?enoeee oa iniiai?
ooieoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e//Oac.aeiee. 16 iaoeiai-ca?oii? eiioa?aioe??
oi?aa?neoaoo ca 1995 ??e.-E.:EIOOeA.- 1996.-N.14.

Aao Oaeaea? Nae?i Oaiia. Ioe?iea iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
aa?aoe?eieo AOAe a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe??.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.22.14 — aenieoaoaoe?y iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo.-
Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ioe?iee iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a aa?aoe?eieo AOAe ca ia?aiao?aie, ui ?a?no?othoueny a oiiaao
aenieoaoaoe?? c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?iai/iai i?ioeano
aeaieiioo?ieo aeaiaaeueieo aeaeaoi?a, ye? aenieoaoothoueny a
aa?aeiiiai?? IAA (Eeaai, Aae?oo). ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee ioe?iee oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a a oiiaao ci?ie oaieio?- ce/ieo
aeanoeainoae ?iai/iai o?ea a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aa?ii?a aenieoaoaoe??
aeaeaoi?a. Aeiii?aoeueiaaii iaoiaeeeo i?eaaaeaiiy ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai
i?ioeano aei noaiaea?oieo oiia c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
iniaeeainoae eiie?aoiiai oeio AOAe, iaiao?aeio aeey i?aeoe/ii?
?aae?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
i?aoe? ai?iaaaeaeaii a oaoi?/iiio aeaia?oaiaio? aa?aeiiiai?? IAA. Aiie
oaeiae aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? Aae?oonueeiai
?iaeono??aeueiiai ?inoeoooo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aacioo?a?iiee aeaeaoi, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue,
ooieoe?iiaeueiee ia?aiao?, oaoi?/ia aenieoaoaoe?y, iaoiaeeea.

Aao Oaeaea? Naeei Oaiia. Ioeaiea iniiaiuo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia
aaeaoeeiiiuo AOAe a i?ioeanna yenieoaoaoeee.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.14 — yenieoaoaoeey aicaeooiiai o?ainii?oa.-
Eeaaneee iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oieaa?neoao a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee, Eeaa,
1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ioeaiee iniiaiuo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo
ia?aiao?ia aaeaoeeiiiuo AOAe ii ia?aiao?ai, eioi?ua ?aaeno?e?othony a
oneiaeyo yenieoaoaoeee, n eniieueciaaieai iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee
?aai/aai i?ioeanna aeaooeiioo?iuo aeaoaaeueiuo aeaeaaoaeae, eioi?ua
yenieoaoe?othony a aaeaeiiiaiee IAA (Eeaai, Aae?oo). ?ac?aaioaiu
iaoiaeeee ioeaiee e i?iaiice?iaaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia a
oneiaeyo eciaiaiey oaieioece/aneeo naienoa ?aai/aai oaea a caaeneiinoe
io ?aaeiiia yenieoaoaoeee aeaeaaoaeae. Aei?aaioaii iaoiaeeeo i?eaaaeaiey
ia?aiao?ia ?aai/aai i?ioeanna e noaiaea?oiui oneiaeyi n o/aoii
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae eiie?aoiiai oeia AOAe, eioi?ay
iaiaoiaeeia aeey i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee ?ac?aaioaiiiai iaoiaee/aneiai
iaania/aiey. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou aiaae?aiu a oaoie/aneii
aeaia?oaiaioa aaeaeiiiaiee IAA. Iie oaeaea eniieuecothony a o/aaiii
i?ioeanna Aae?ooneiai eiaeono?eaeueiiai einoeoooa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aacioo?aeiiue aeaeaaoaeue, iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue,
ooieoeeiiaeueiue ia?aiao?, oaoie/aneay yenieoaoaoeey, iaoiaeeea.

Abu Haidar Salim Hanna. Estimate of main functional parameters of gas
turbine engine in operation.- Manuscript.

Dissertation for the Degree of the Candidate of Engineering Science on a
speciality 05.22.14 — Air Transport Operation.- Kyiv International
University of Civil Aviation, Kyiv, 1998.

In the dissertation the problems of estimation for main functional gas
turbine engine parameters obtaining from recorder under using
mathematical model of working process of bypass two-shaft engines
operating at airline MEA (Lebanon, Beirut) are elucidated. The principal
attention was concentreted on simulation of the main kinds of turbofan
engine air flow duck.

The account is accompanied by description of the typical malfunctions
and failures, analysis of the changing perfomance parameters for
operating time necessary for identification these damages. The methods
of estimation and forecasting for functional parameters under changing
heat-transfer properties of air depending on regions of engine operation
have been developed. The methods of normalizing parameters of working
process are supplemented taking into consideration individual
peculiarities of gas turbin engine. The method is need for practical
realization of developed methodical support.

Complex methods was devised taking into account established in airline
MEA system of maintenance service with gas turbine engine performance
parameters control and taking into account engines operating ragions.
Efficiency of the methods reducing and estimation of the main gas
turbine engine functional parameters was examined using real flight data
of turbofan engines JT3D and IN-90A.

The substantiation of simplified method of thrust changes estimation
after perfomed works and regular maintenance check, basing on change of
nozzle-exit pressure at the control point was accomplished. In
connection with presence of polytypic aircrafts in airline MEA the
problems of devised method adaptation for engines of different levels of
controllability are considered.

The main rezalts of dissertation are inculcated in Engineering
Department of airline MEA. They are used in teaching process at Beirut
Industrial Institute.

Key words: gas turbine engine, mathematical model, functional parameter,
technical operation, method.

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