1

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao

o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie

OAEOAI AEUe IAAeA?

OAeE 796.422.072.2

A?AeIIAEAIIss I?AOeACAeAOIINO? NII?ONIAI?A

I?Ae AIEEAII AAeAIOIAAI?A

24.00.01 — Ie?ii?enueeee ? i?ioan?eiee nii?o

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe

c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ?
nii?oo Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaiee Eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ?
nii?oo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ssuaiei Aeea
A?eai??aia, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Aea?aeaaiiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?aaai?aa E?ae?y
sse?aia, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo aeenoeeie?i
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie.

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iaeaaeii Aiaoie?e Aioiiiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e, Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo, i.
Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “28” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo i 14aiae.30oa. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.829.01 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie (252150, i. Ee?a-150, aoe.
O?ceoeueoo?e, 1).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie (252150, i. Ee?a-150,
aoe. O?ceoeueoo?e, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 27 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E.ss. ?aauaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue. Aaeaioaoe?y i?aai?cio nii?oniaia aei o?aioaaeueieo
iaaaioaaeaiue iaoiiaeth? aaeineiiaeaiiy eiai eaae?o?eaoe?? oa c?inoaiiy
nii?oeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A?aeiii, ui i?ioean ia?aoiaeo i?aai?cio
nii?oniaia ia iiaee aaeaioaoe?eiee ??aaiue cae?enith?oueny /a?ac
noiieaiiy (Oieueai?o A.A., 1958; Iiiiaa?ia A.Ae.,1986; Ooi?aanueeee
A.?.,1992). Iaei??th c ?aaeueieo iiaeeeainoae aeey ?icoe?aiiy
aaeaioaoe?? ? aeei?enoaiiy ?a/iaei, ye? noeioeththoue aaeaioaoe?ei?
i?ioeane, ye-io aaeaioiaai?a oaa?eiiiai ? ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy
(Naeooeea ?.Ae., 1998; Naeooeea ?.Ae. ? Acecia A.I., 1998; Naaeeeia
O.A., 1990; Inderst R. , 1989 ? ?i.).

A oaia?aoi?e /an aeei?enoiao?oueny aaeeea e?euee?noue oaeeo ?a/iaei,
iaoai?cie ?o ae?e ??ci?; oae, aiceie iathoue, a iniiaiiio,
?aaaia?aoeaiee, i?ioecaiaeueiee, a oaeiae ?ioiiiiaeoethth/ee aieea
(?ainaa?aa? E., 1994,1996; Nocaeaeueieoeueeee ?.N., oa ?i., 1996);
ni??oe?ia — noeioeth? ieanoe/i? i?ioeane (Nie?oeeia e caei?iauea, 1997),
ao??ia ie?y eaaaiaee ? aeoeaaoi?ii oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie
(Oea/oe I., Aeoei N.I., 1990; Yashiro K. , Sakamato T. , Ohmore M. ,
1996).

I/aaeaeii, ui canoinoaaiiy ??cieo aaeaioiaai?a c iaoith ?icoe?aiiy
aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae nii?oniaia iiaeiii aooe iaoiiaeaia
eiie?aoieie caaea/aie o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano, aeaeii nii?oo, ??aiai
o?aiiaaiino? nii?oniaia. Ia aeaeue, aeioaia? oaeiai ?iaeo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ca aacnoii?aii? ?o aeooaeueiino?, iiiaeeiie?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaia o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c? Caaaeaieie ieaiaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o o
aaeoc? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo Aea?aeaaiiai Eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie c
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo ia 1984-1996 ?. oeo? oaie 2.32, ?
aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0195 E 0103190 “?ic?iaea eiiieaenii? nenoaie
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iiai eiio?ieth ca ooieoe?iiaeueiith i?aeaioiaeai?noth
nii?oniai?a aeuiai eeano”, a oaeiae Caaaeaiiai ieaio IAe? o aaeoc?
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo, Aea?aeaaiiai Eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo ia 1998-2000 ?. oeo? oaie 2.3.10 “Aea/aiiy iciae
ii?ooaiiy aaeaioaoe?? aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a aei o?aioaaeueieo
? ciaaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue”.

Iaoith aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aea/aiiy aieeao aaeaioiaai?a ?ineeiiiai
? oaa?eiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy ia aaeaioaoe?th nii?oniaia aei o?aioaaeueiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy. I?i noai aaeaioaoe?? noaeeee ca iiceoeaiith aeeiai?eith
niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? i?ae /an o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano, a
oaeiae ia?eoa?e/iiai (cie?aia, iiceiaiai) e?iaiia?ao. I?aenoaaith aeey
oaeiai i?aeoiaeo neoaoaaei ianooiia: noai na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie a
oiae? o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano ? e?ieooth/ei /eiieeii. Aeineoue
?ioi?iaoeaia aea/aiiy noaio ia?eoa?e/ii? eaiee na?oeaai-noaeeiii?
nenoaie. ?iaioaie (Aiiooaei I.C., ssoiioiaa A.E. ? Naioya?iaa I.I.,1980,
ssuaiei A.A. (1997, 1998) iieacaia aeeiai?ea ci?i iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao
i?ae aieeaii o?aioaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ??cii? ?ioaineaiino? aai
ia’?io a ??cieo aeaeao nii?oo, a oaeiae, o i?ioean? a?aeiiaeaiiy.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O oiae? aeeiiaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe ia?aaeaa/aeiny ??oaiiy ?ica`ycaiiy oaeeo
caaea/:

— ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy noaio iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao o nii?oniai?a ??cieo
niaoe?ae?caoe?e aecia/eoe noai aaeaioaoe?? ia?eoa?e/ii? eaiee
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie aei o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue;

-aea/eoe aieea ni??oe?ie ia iiceiaee e?iaio?e oa i?aoeacaeaoi?noue
aaney??a;

-aea/eoe aieea aiaaiceio ia iiceiaee e?iaio?e oa niaoe?aeueio
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue eaaeiaoeao?a, a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe??;

-aea/eoe aieea aaeeoaiiy ie?? eaaaiaee ia iiceiaee e?iaio?e oa
aoaeoeai?noue ?a?iaeo ae?e aaiaeaie?noie;

-aea/eoe aca?iicaeaaeiino? i?ae noaiii iiceiaiai e?iaioieo oa
niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? nii?oniai?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o i?iaaaeaiiio
aia?oa aiae?c? aoaeoeaiino? aaeaioiaai?a ?c ??ciei iaoai?ciii ae?? ia
ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai nii?oniaia oa niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?;
io?eiai? iia? oaeoe, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeeiai?eo ci?i oiiono
iiceiaeo noaeei ??ciiai ae?aiao?a ? aaiiciee a?aeo?e i?ae aieeaii
o?aioaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe iaaea? iiaeeea?noue o?aia?ai ? nii?oniaiai
aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiie?aoi? aaeaioiaaie (?c aeac?aeaie o?eaaeino? ?o
canoinoaaiiy oa aeicoaaiiy) noiniaii aeaeo nii?oo ? caaea/
o?aioaaeueiiai ieaio. Iaoiae ioe?iee ia?eoa?e/iiai e?iaiia?ao
ai?iaaaeaeaiee o i?aeoeeo ?iaioe EIA c aaiaeaieo.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? o nenoaiaoecaoe?? e aiae?c?
e?oa?aoo?e, i?aai?caoe?? a?oi aei?iaoaaieo, eiio?ieth ca i?eeiiii
nii?oniaiaie aeine?aeaeoaaieo aaeaioiaai?a, aiae?c? io?eiaieo
e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee. O aeine?aeaeaiiyo, aeeiiaieo ni?eueii,
aeena?oaioo iaeaaeeoue i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiue. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia eiioa?aioe?yo a?aeae?eo Aea?aeaaiiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo,
?anioae?eainueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo (Euea?a, 1997, 1998; Oa?e?a, 1997, 1998)
oa c’?caeao (Aeiiaoeuee, 1998); i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? (Neiaa//eia,
1996, ?acii c A.A. ssuaiei).

Ioae?eaoe??. Aeena?oaio iioae?eoaaa 7 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o, c ieo 3 – o
oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, o iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e oa ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue: Euea?a 1997, 1998, Oa?e?a 1998, 1999, — a oaeiae o aeo?iaeao
(O?c?ieia?/iee aeo?iae ? 3, o.44., 1998, ? Medicina Sportiva ? 3, 1996
(?acii c A.A. ssuaiei).

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 160
noi??ieao, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo “Iaoiaee
e i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiue”, 3-o ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo
oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee i?noeoue 219 ioae?eaoe?e, ?c ieo 169
ioae?eaoe?? e?a?i NIAe oa 50 ioae?eaoe?e caei?aeiiieo aaoi??a.
Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia 13 oaaeeoeyie ? 27 iaethieaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

?ieue aaeaioiaai?a oaa?eiiiai ? ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy o iie?ioaii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? nii?oniaia

Niaoe?aeueia i?aoeacaeaoi?noue nii?oniaia ? iaeaieiai?oith ia?aaeoiiaith
aeey ?aae?caoe?? eiai nii?oeaii? iaenoa?iino?. *eiieee, ye? e?i?oothoue
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue, ia oe?eeii ca?aathoueny, caeaaeii a?ae aeaeo nii?oo,
oiio aaeeea cia/aiiy ia? aaeaeaaoiee aeia?? a?aeiiaethaaeueieo cania?a c
o?aooaaiiyi oeio aia?aicaaacia/aiiy nenoai, ye? iaiaaeothoue iiaeaeueoa
c?inoaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy. ?. Naeooeea (1998), ioe?ithth/e oa?iaeieia?/iee
iii?oi?eia o nii?o?, i?aee?aneth?, ui ca on?o aeae?a aia?aaoe/iiai
caaacia/aiiy i’yciai? ae?yeueiino? aaeaioiaaiai iaeaaeeoue aaaiia ?ieue
a iioei?caoe?? a?aeiiaeaiiy. Aaaeeeaei /eiieeii, yeee a?ae?a?a? iaeio c
ia?oi?yaeieo ?ieae o ?ica`ycaii? i?iaeaie iie?ioaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?
nii?oniaia, ? i?eioeeiiai iiaee i?aeo?ae — /?oea oyaeaiiy i?i /eiiee,
yeee e?i?oo? i?aoeacaeaoi?noue, a oaeiae aaeaeaaoi? iaoiaee eiio?ieth
aoaeoeaiino? aaeaioiaaio, yeee canoiniao?oueny. Aeoiaey/e c iaoai?cio
ae?? aaeaioiaaio, iiaeia aeae?aoe iaea?eueo aoaeoeai?, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue eiie?aoi?e caaea/? noiniaii aeaeo nii?oo.

Iaei??th ?c iaiao?aeieo oiia aeey i?aaeeueii? ioe?iee i?ioeano
aaeaioaoe?? ? aaeaeaaoia ioe?iea ?? iciae ? i?iya?a o ooieoe?iiaeueieo
nenoaiao. Ia aeaiiio aoai? iecea iciae, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue aaeaioeai?
ia?aaoaeiae a aeoeaieo nenoaiao aeia?a a?aeiia: a?aaeeea?ae?y ?
ca?eueoaiiy oaea?iiai ia’?io e?ia? o nii?oniai?a, ye? o?aiothoueny ia
?icaeoie aeo?eaaeino?, ca?eueoaiiy i’yciai? iane o aaaeei-aoeao?a ?
eoeueoo?eno?a oiui. Inoaii?i /anii aeeoea iecea ?ia?o, ye? iieacothoue
iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe aaeaioaoe?th na?oeaai-noaeeiii? oa
iae?i-aoii?aeueii? nenoaie ca noaiii iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao Aiiooaei
I.C.,1982; Aaeaea? A.C. ?c ni?aaao., 1986, Ieoaaaa?ey I.I.,1984;
ssoiioia I.I., 1980; ssuaiei A.A.,1997-1999). Oaeei /eiii, i/aaeaeii,
ui aaeaioiaaie oaa?eiiiai ? ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy iiaeooue
a?ae?a?aaaoe aaaeeeao ?ieue o ?icoe?aii? aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae
nii?oniaia, i?i aoaeoeai?noue oaeiai ?iaeo ?a/iaei iiaeia noaeeoe,
aea/ath/e aeeiai?eo noaio iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao.

Ni??oe?ia — aaeaioiaai, yeee ia? ae?aaeaiee aieea ia a?aeiiaeaiiy
ieanoe/ieo ao?ao nii?oniaia

Spirulina platensis iaeaaeeoue aei eeano neiuei-caeaieo
i?e?iaiaei?inoae. Aeo?aeieie i?noeyie ?? c?inoaiiy aaaaea?oueny Iaeneea
(I?aaeaiia Aia?eea) oa ica?i *aae (Oeaio?aeueia Ao?eea). Nenoaiaoe/ia
aea/aiiy ei?enieo aeanoeainoae ni??oe?ie iaeaaeeoue aei 20 noi??//y,
ia?o? ioae?eaoe?? i?i aeei?enoaiiy ni??oe?ie ye oa?/iai? aeiaaaee — aei
1938 ?ieo (Ni??oe?ia ? caei?ia’y, i. Ieeiea?a,1997). A iao /an
ni??oe?ia noaiaea?oeciaaia o 70 e?a?iao na?oo, oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny
o aeaeyae? oa?/iaeo aeiaaaie, o einiaoe/i?e i?iieneiaino?, eiia?oe?eiee
ui??/iee i?iaeaae ni??oe?ie o na?o? ia?aaeuo? 1000 oiii.

O 1995 ?. (24.02) I?aceae?y A/aii? ?aaee I?i?noa?noaa caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie
noaaeeea aea/aiiy oa?iaeieia?/ieo oa niaoeeo?/ieo aeanoeainoae ni??oe?ie
c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy ?? ye oa?/iai? aeiaaaee, a oaeiae aeey e?eoaaiiy
?yaeo caoai?thaaiue.

O IAe? Aa?iioieia?? AI Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey iaea?aeai? aeai? i?i a?aenooi?noue
iia?/ieo ae?e, a oaeiae i?i aoaeoeai?noue ni??oe?ie, yea eoeueoeao?oueny
ia Oe?a?i?. O 1996 ?. o IAe? a?a??ie oa?/oaaiiy ?ic?iaeai?, a IC
Oe?a?ie caoaa?aeaeai? oaoi?/i? oiiae (OO 2148100 15. 002-96) ia
ae?iaieoeoai ni??oe?ie ye oa?/iai? aeiaaaee. Aeaieo i?i aeei?enoaiiy
ni??oe?ie ye aaeaioiaaia aeey aea/aiiy ?? aieeao ia niaoe?aeueio
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue o aeinooii?e e?oa?aoo?? ia aeyaeaii, oi/a i?aeoe/ia
canoinoaaiiy ?? o nii?o? a?aeiii i?ioyaii e?eueeio ?ie?a.

A?io?i?/iee neeaae ni??oe?ie aeaoaeueii aea/aiee: aei ?? neeaaeo
aoiaeyoue a?eee (60-70 %), aoaeaaiaee (10-20 %), i?e?iaeaiaioe (7-10 %),
aee?i? eeneioe (0,7-0,9 %), oei?io?e (0,76-0,94 %) ? oioioeeai?i (1,5
%). A?oai?iiee neeaae ni??oe?ie i???ioiaaiee ia A a?oio; ?c aee?ieo
eeneio — ia?aaaaeathoue iaiane/ai?, an? aeaiaioe ni??oe?ie ciaoiaeyoueny
o caaeainiaaiiio aeaeyae? ? aeia?a canaiththoueny. A?aeiii, ui ca
aeao?oeeoo iaiane/aieo eeneio ii?ooo?oueny iai?i oieanoa?eio, a
?acoeueoao? /iai ?icaeaa?oueny aoa?ineea?ic. Noiniaii i?iaeai nii?oo
ni??oe?ia iiaea aooe ei?eniith aeey nii?oniaia, yeee i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai
/ano aeoeaii aeei?enoiao? caiane aia?aaoe/ieo ?a/iaei, a oaeiae
i?aeeyaa? aieeao i?e?i- ? iae?io?aai. Ni??oe?ia, yea ? aeaea?aeii
eaaeicanaithaaieo a?ee?a, iacai?iieo ai?iieeneio, a?oai?i?a, iaiane/aieo
aee?ieo eeneio oa i?e?iaeaiaio?a, aacnoii?aii ciaeaea nai? a?eueo oe?iea
canoinoaaiiy o nii?oeai?e i?aeoeoe?.

A iao /an o aaaaoueio aieiaieo eaai?aoi??yo na?oo eaea iiaeeaeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aaiaoe/iiai neeaaeo ni??oe?ie (Steinemann D. Lill. H.
,1995), anoaiiaeaia ca?eueoaiiy ooai?aiiy aioeo?e i?ae /an aaeeaaiiy
ni??oe?ie (Lorenz-Arnaldos T. , Lorez -Serrano M. a. oth. ,1994).
Aeoiaey/e c onueiai, ni??oe?ia a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue a aeoeaaoe??
oa?iaioaoeaieo ?aaeoe?e (Spata a. oth. , 1995; Salvi S. a. oth. ,1994).
Caaaeyee oni?oai no/anii? iieaeoey?ii? a?ieia?? c’yaeeany iiaeeea?noue
i?aeneethaaoe oie aai ?ioee neeaaeiaee o?aaiaio ni??oe?ie, ca?eueooaaoe
ai?no eiaeo aai eiaaeueoo, eii?thaaoe ?? ??ci? ??ciiaeaee (Singh Y.,
Kumar H. D., 1994). C aeuaaeeeaaeaiiai aeieeaathoue oe?ie? ia?niaeoeae
canoinoaaiiy ni??oe?ie o nii?o?, iaeiae caeaaeii a?ae iaoe ??
aeei?enoaiiy, aeaeo nii?oo, oace o?aioaaeueiiai oeeeeo o?eaae?noue ?
aeicoaaiiy ?? i?eeiio iiaeooue aooe ??cieie. Iaiao?aeii aea/eoe oe?
iiaeeeaino? eiie?aoii, a?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? caaea/? ?, ui ia
iaio aaaeeeai, iaiao?aeii ia’?eoeaii e aaeaeaaoii iienoaaoe
aeine?aeaeoaaiee i?ioean.

Aiaaicei — oa?iaio, yeee aeoeao? aeeoo?ai-aaaeeea? i?ioeane a i?aai?ci?
ethaeeie ? ia iaio ia?niaeoeaiei aeey ?icoe?aiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo
iiaeeeainoae nii?oniaia. sse a?aeiii, a?io?i?/i? i?ioeane, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny a i?aai?ci? ethaeeie, iaoiiaeththoue naio iiaeeea?noue
eiai ?nioaaiiy — aeieeiaiiy, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ?icaeoie, ?iciiiaeaiiy,
caoeno a?ae oe?aeeeaeo aieea?a, a?aeiiaeaiiy — o an?o oeeo i?ioeanao
aiceie aenooiathoue o ?ie? eaoae?caoi??a. Ca nai?th o?i?/iith i?e?iaeith
aiceie — oea a?eee, ye? neeaaeathoueny c iaeiiai aai aeae?eueeio
eaioethaee?a — aiiaicei?a, a oaeiae iecueeiiieaeoey?ieo a?oi aai
eiaicei?a. Iine?aeiai?noue ?icoaooaaiiy ai?iieeneio iaoiiaeaia
aaiaoe/ii, aiia ? aecia/a? no?oeoo?o aiceia, a naith /a?ao, oea
caaacia/o? iaeaeuo aoaeoeai?noue ? iaae?eio aea??i?noue (naeaeoeai?noue)
a?ieaoae?caoi??a, yeeie ? aiceie (?ainaa?aa? E., 1996; ?ainaa?aa? E.,
Iie N., 1994; Ooaoaea? A.,1996). Iaea?eueo aaaeeeaith ooieoe??th
a?ieaoae?caoi??a-aicei?a ? cieaeaiiy aeoeaaoe?? aia?aaoe/ieo aa?’???a
a?io?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e (Nenoaiia aiceiioa?aiey N,I., 1995). C iiaeyaeo
aiceiioa?ai??, iaea?eueoo caoe?eaaeai?noue aeeeeeathoue
a?ae?ieace-aiceie, ye? ?icuaieththoue i?aai?/i? iieaeoee; aieiaio ?ieue
a?ae?a?athoue i?ioa?iace, ye? ?icuaieththoue a?eee. Niaoeeo?/i?noue
noiniaii noano?aoo icia/a?, ui eiaeia i?ioa?iaca ?icuaieth? eeoa a?eee
aecia/aiiai oeio ? ?acii c oeei eeoa ca oiia ia?aaoaaiiy eiai o
aecia/ai?e eaioe? iie?iaioeaeiiai eaioethaa. Oeth aeanoea?noue aicei?a
ethaee iaa/eeeny aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeoaea aeaaii, o iao /an oeae i?eioeei
ia?aaeeaa? ae?oaa ia?iaeaeaiiy — ia i?aenoaa? eiiieaeno iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue a aaeoc? ee?i?/ii? oa ooiaeaiaioaeueii? a?io?i??,
iieaeoey?ii? a?ieia?? e ?ioiieia??, iie?oa?iaioi? i?aia?aoe ii/aee
oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye i?ioecaiaeueiee, ?ioiiiiaeaethth/ee, a oaeiae
aoi?eiiee — naaeaoeaiee can?a aeey oe?ieiai niaeo?o iieaciee?a.

I?aia?ao aiaaicei ?ic?iaeaiee I. Aieueoii ? E. ?ainaa?aa?ii (I?ia//eia)
a?eueo 25 ?ie?a oiio. A?i yaey? niaith caaeainiaaio nenoaio a?ae?ieac
oaa?eiiiai ? ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy c aeiaeaoeii ?ooeio, inoaii?e
iie?ioo? noai aiaeioae?th noaeei, ciaioo? i?iieei?noue noaeeiii? no?iee,
ca’yco? a?euei? ?aaeeeaee (Baumgartner I. , Baumgartner M. ,1985).

Aei neeaaeo 1 oaaeaoee aiaaiceia aoiaeyoue iaia?i 60 ia (164 ?ae),
a?iiaea?i 45 ia (225 ?ae), o?einei 24 ia ( 12 ?ae), o?iio?einei 1 ia,
iaie?aaoei 100 ia (300 ?ae), ai?eaca 10 ia , e?iaca 10 ia, ?ooei 50 ia.

I?aia?aoe Aiaaicei, Aiaa-Ioaan, Oeiaaicei oni?oii canoiniaothoueny o
ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe? oaeeo e?a?i ye I?ia//eia, Aano??y, O?aioe?y,
Oaaeoea??y, ?oae?y, *ao?y, Neiaa//eia, Iaeneea. Eeoa o a I?ia//ei?
oeeie i?aia?aoaie e?eo?oueny a?eueo 1 iei. iaoe??io?a ia ??e (4 i?noea
na?aae on?o e?ea?nueeeo cania?a). Aeineoue oe?iei aiaaicei ? oeiaaicei
canoiniaothoueny o nii?oeai?e iaaeeoeei?. Aeoiaey/e c aoaeoeaii?
?icniieooaaeueii? ae??, aiaaicei ii/aee oe?iei canoiniaoaaoe i?ae /an
e?eoaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo o?aai.

Iaeiae, ?io? noi?iie ae?? aiceiieo i?aia?ao?a ia ciaeoee aeinoaoiueiai
iaoeiaiai aea/aiiy. O aeinooii?e e?oa?aoo?? ciaeaeaia eeoa iaeia ?iaioa
Nocaeaeueieoeueeiai ?.N. ?c ni?aaao., (1996) o ye?e iaaaaeai?
?acoeueoaoe iiooeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aiaaiceia ia aaeaioeai?
i?ioeane o nii?oniai?a. A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoeo oyaeaiue i?iaeaia
aeei?enoaiiy aiceiieo i?aia?ao?a aeey ca?eueoaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?
nii?oniaia aeooaeueia ? caneoaiao? ia aeaoaeueiee ?icaeyae.

Ao??ia ie?y eaaaiaee — aeoeaaoi? oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie oa
iaoaaie?cio

Ao??i? ie?? ?ineei iathoue ae?aaeai? o?oiioeeaei? aeanoeaino?, aeineoue
/anoi ii?aeiai? ?c noeioethth/ei aieeaii ia oeaio?aeueio ia?aiao
nenoaio, iiaeooue cia/ii aieeaaoe ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie ? ??
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue (Oea/oe A.A., Oaiiaae A.A., Eieueoeiaa I.A.,
1987,1989; ?iueia A.Ae., 1979; Iaieineee A.A., 1985; Ziegler J. ,1996$
Lee C. F. , Katsnura T. F. ,1994).

Ca o?ceei-o?i?/ieie aeanoeainoyie ao??i? ie?? ? neaaia`yceeie ??aeeiaie
c iaaenieith eaoth/?noth ? aenieith oaiia?aoo?ith eei?iiy, aiie aeia?a
?ic/eiythoueny a ie?yo. A?eueo?noue ao??ieo ianae iaeioiene/i?, iathoue
iacia/ii ae?aaeaio ia?eioe/io ae?th. I???ioiaii a?aie/ii i?eionoei?
aeice ao??ieo ianae 50-300 ia/i, ui a 104 nooiaiy aeua i?e?iaeieo aai
oa?aiaaoe/ieo aeic. Oa?aiaaoe/ia canoinoaaiiy ao??ieo ianae iia’ycaia c
?o ni?yiiaaiith ae??th ia caoaeeea? nenoaie, cie?aia ia neiiaoe/io
ia?aiao nenoaio — neiiaoeeio?iiiee aieea (?acoiiae/ A.I., 1984). ?nio?
aeoiea, ui i?ae aieeaii ao??ieo ianae iiaeeeaa aeoeaaoe?y O-caeaaeieo
aioeo?e, oiaoi iiaeeeaee ?ioiinoeioethth/ee aieea (Aiai?oi I.?., 1981).
Ia iaio cia/eiith ? aeoeaaoe?y aaeoa?eoeeaeieo aeanoeainoae oe??e,
i?eai?/aiiy iaoiaaiii? i?e?ioei?e (Oea/oe A.A., Aeoei N.I.,1990).

? aeai?, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ao??i? ie?? iathoue aeanoeaino?
i?aeneethaaoe iai?i ?a/iaei, a oaeiae i?enei?thaaoe ?aia?aoeai? i?ioeane
a i?aai?ci? i?ae /an ?o o?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy (Aoeaoia I.E. ? ?i.,1985;
Aioioei A.A.,1984).

Ia aeoieo ?yaeo aaoi??a (Eiiaeaaa A.I. ? ?i., 1984; E?eaaiei A.A. ? ?i.,
1984; Aaeoiai E.C., 1981; *aeiai N.E.,1987) na??eiee aieea ao??ieo ianae
ciaioo? noai “o?ii?/iiai no?ano”, caaeainiao? i?ioeane caoaeaeaiiy ?
aaeueioaaiiy.

??cii??aei?noue aeaieo i?i oa?aeoa? aieea?a ao??ieo ianae ia i?aai?ci
ethaeeie na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeinoaoi?noue no/anieo ciaiue c oeueiai
ieoaiiy. Aiaeii/an nai niaith oaeo aieeao ao??ieo ianae ia ethaeeio ia
aeeeeea? noii?a?a. O nii?o? e?eueea aaoi??a aeine?aeaeoaaee aieea ie??
eaaaiaee (Oea/oe A.A. ? ?i.,1984). Eaaaiaea i?noeoue ie?th aeaio
aeae?a, aieea iaeiiai c ieo ia? aaea?/? a?eueo ae?aaeaiee aioeno?aniaee
aoaeo. I?e?iaei?i ? aeieeiaiiy ?ioa?ano aei aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ie??
eaaaiaee a ?a?iaeo aeaeao nii?oo, aea “no?aniaee” eiiiiiaio aeoaea
ae?aaeaiee (Aeoei N.I. ? ?i.,1990,1992).

I?AAI?CAOe?ss ? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

I?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe noai?i aeio?eioaaeeny oaeeo
i?aai?caoe?eieo i?eioeei?a: 1. nii?oniaie, ye? aoiaeeee aei neeaaeo
eiio?ieueii? /e aeine?aeii? a?oi o eiaei?e i?ia?ai? aeine?aeaeaiue, aoee
iaei??? noao?, a?eo, ??aiy nii?oeaiiai o?aioaaiiy; 2. ?aaeei aeeooy,
ianya oa ?ioaineai?noue o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue aoee ?aeaioe/i? aeey
an?o, ooi a?aa o/anoue o aeine?aeaeaii? nii?oniai?a; 3. aei ? i?ney
caaa?oaiiy eiaeii? i?ia?aie i?iaiaeeeiny iaaeaaia?/ia oanooaaiiy, i?ae
/an aeai?o iaaeaaia?/ieo oano?a a?aoiaoaaany aeae nii?oo; 4. aei ?
i?ney caaa?oaiiy eiaeii? i?ia?aie i?iaiaeeeiny aea/aiiy noaio iiceiaiai
e?iaiia?ao o an?o o/aniee?a eiaeii? i?ia?aie; 5. aeine?aeaeoaaiee
aaeaioiaai aoa ?aeeiei cia/eiei /eiieeii, caeaoiei aieeaaoe ia
ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ? niaoe?aeueio i?aoeacaeaoi?noue nii?oniai?a, ye?
aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo aeine?aeii? a?oie o eiaei?e ?c 3-o i?ia?ai.

O yeino? aei?iaoaaieo o aeai?e ?iaio? a?aee o/anoue nooaeaioe ia?oiai ?
ae?oaiai eo?n?a Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo
Oe?a?ie 1978-1979 ?.?. ia?iaeaeaiiy, ye? iaee ia?oee nii?oeaiee ?ic?yae
o oeeee?/ieo aeaeao nii?oo: aaneoaaiiy ia aaeaea?eao ? eaiia (n=8), a?a
ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? (n=18). Ie??i oeueiai, a yeino? aei?iaoaaieo
a?aee o/anoue aaiaeaie?noee 1974-1978 ?.?. ia?iaeaeaiiy, iaeno?e nii?oo
? iaeno?e nii?oo i?aeia?iaeiiai eeano (n=16). I?iaaaeaii 3 i?ia?aie
aeine?aeaeaiue ?c aea/aiiyi aieeao aaeaioiaai?a oaa?eiiiai ? ?ineeiiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy (ni??oe?ie, aiaaiceio oa ie?? eaaaiaee) ia iiceiaee
e?iaio?e ? niaoe?aeueio i?aoeacaeaoi?noue nii?oniaia.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. O oiae? aeeiiaiiy caaea/ aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeei?enoiaoaaee oae? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1. aea/aiiy niaoe?aeueii?
e?oa?aoo?e; 2. iaaeaaia?/ia oanooaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi niaoe?ae?caoe??
nii?oniaia, o/anieea i?ia?aie; 3. ?iiaaeainia oao?aiiey?ia
?aiieaoeciia?ao?y (?aiaioeaoaeia?ao?y); 4. iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee; 5. a?aoiiiaoaeiai? i?ia?aie “Diasta”.

Iaoiae ?aiaioeaoaeia?ao?? aeicaiey? ca ci?iaie aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino?
aeine?aeaeoaaii? ae?eyiee o?ea noaeeoe i?i e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy noaeei o i?e,
a oaeiae i?i nooi?iue oii?/ii? iai?oae noaeeiii? no?iee. Aeey aiae?co
aiie?ooaeii-/aniaeo a?ae??ce?a ?AA-e?eai? aeei?enoiaoaaee
aeeoa?aioe?aeueio e?eao (Ieioe A.ss., ?iieei I.A., 1967). Aeey
oa?aeoa?enoeee oiiono a?oa??e aaeeeiai eae?a?o ?a?no?oaaee iieacieee
Q-a, in, a oaeiae AAI, in, aaaaeath/e ui ciaioaiiy aaee/eie inoaiiueiai
iieacieea ? na?ae/aiiyi i?i cieaeaiiy oiiono noaeeiii? no?iee. Aeey
oa?aeoa?enoeee noaio a?oa??e na?aaeiueiai eae?a?o ?a?no?oaaee AII. in,
aaaaeath/e ui ca?eueoaiiy aaee/eie AII o 3 ? a?eueoa ?ac?a, o ii??aiyii?
c aaee/eiith AAI, ? na?ae/aiiyi i?aeaeuaiiy oiiono noaeeie; AeE?, % ?
AeN? % oa?aeoa?ecothoue oiion a?oa??ie ? aaioe, ca?eueoaiiy ?o aei 90 %
? aeua — iciaea iaaeia?aeiiaeaiiy, noiieaiiy, ii?ooaiiy aaeaioaoe?? aei
o?aioaaiiy; A?A, oi. iae. — iieaciee e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy noaeei
aeine?aeaeoaaii? iaeano?; AI, % — aaiiciee a?aeo?e, ca?eueoaiiy aeaiiai
iieacieea aei 25 % ? aeua — iciaea ii?ooaiiy aaiiciiai a?aeoieo.
Io?eiai? aeai? i?aeeyaaee noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? (X, ± mt Caoe?i?nueeee
A.I.,1982). Ioi?ieaiiy ?ethno?aoe?e i?iaiaeeeiny c aeei?enoaiiyi
a?aoiiiaoaeiaieo eiii`thoa?ieo i?ia?ai (Diasta).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

Aeeiai?ea niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa noaio iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao o
nii?oniai?a ??cieo aeae?a nii?oo i?ae aieeaii aaeaioiaai?a

Aieea ni??oe?ie ia iiceiaee e?iaiia?a oa niaoe?aeueio i?aoeacaeaoi?noue
o aaney??a

O a?oie eaae?o?eiaaieo aaney??a aea/aee noai iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao a
i?aeaioia/iio ia??iae? o?aioaaeueiiai oeeeeo. ?a?no?aoe?y iniiaieo
ia?aiao??a iiceiaiai e?iaioieo cae?enithaaeany /a?ac 1aiaeeio i?ney
o?aioaaiiy.

Iieacaii, ui a a?eueoino? nii?oniai?a ianoaaeaii? a?oie iiceiaee
e?iaiia?a na?ae/ea i?i aeinoaoith aaeaioaoe?th aei o?aioaaeueieo
iaaaioaaeaiue. O ie?aieo nii?oniai?a aeyaeai? aaiiaeeiai?/i? c?ooaiiy,
oa?aeoa?i? aeey iaaeia?aeiiaeaiiy, iai?oaeaiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo i?ioean?a.
O 3 nii?oniai?a niinoa??aaeiny cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy oiiono a?oa??e
na?aaeiueiai eae?a?o, a?oa??ie ? aaioe, aea ?acii c oeei e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy
noaeei ?noioii ia cieaeoaaeiny. C on?ia nii?oniaiaie aoei i?iaaaeaia
oanooaaiiy c iaaaioaaeaiiyi, yea iinooiiai i?aeaeuoaaeiny.

O?aioaaeueiee ?aaeei caeeoaany iaci?iiei, aea nii?oniaie i?eeiaee
uiaeiy ni??oe?io.

I?ney cae?i/aiiy ainueieaeaiiiai i?eeiio ni??oe?ie aoei i?iaaaeaia
iiaoi?ia oanooaaiiy c aecia/aiiyi ??aiy niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?,
a oaeiae noaio iiceiaiai e?iaioieo.

Iieacaii, ui i?ney caaa?oaiiy eo?no i?eeiio ni??oe?ie i?iyaeeany
oaiaeaioe?y aei ii?iae?caoe?? oiiono aaeeeeo a?oa??e, a?eueo ae?aaeaia
noiniaii noaeei na?aaeiueiai ae?aiao?a, ?acii c oeei aneiao??y aeaiiai
iieacieea a?eueoa ia aeyaeyeany, iie?ioeany aaiiciee a?aeo?e (aeea.
oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Aieea i?eeiio ni??oe?ie ia noai iiceiaiai e?iaioieo o aaney??a (n=8 )

AAI, in

i e A?A, oi.iae.

i e AeE?, %

i e AeN?

i e AA

i e 1. 134 149,5 54,5 5882,16 94,282,4196,1126,2 18,3
2. 102 104 56,4 60,2 75 85,45 81,33 89,65 24,8 21,7 1. aei i?eeiio

2. i?ney i?eeiio ni??oe?ie.

A?eueo ae?aaeaia iie?ioaiiy iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao i?iyaeeiny o oeo
nii?oniai?a, o yeeo o aeo?aeiiio noai? aeyaeyeeny a?aeiia?aei?
aaiiaeeiai?/i? c?ooaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe iaaeaaia?/iiai oanooaaiiy iieacaee i?e??no niaoe?aeueii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino?, a oaeiae a?eueo oaeaeea a?aeiiaeaiiy *NN i?ney
cae?i/aiiy oanoo o nii?oniai?a i?ney i?iaaaeaiiai eo?no i?eeiio
ni??oe?ie ii??aiyii c aeo?aeieie aeaieie.

I/aaeaeii, ui i?eeii ni??oe?ie i?ioyaii 8-10 aei?a ?noioii ?icoe?th?
aaeaioaoeai? iiaeeeaino? nii?oniaia, i?i oea na?ae/eoue iie?ioaiiy
iiceiaiai e?iaioieo, ca?eueoaiiy niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ?c
ciaioaiiyi “oe?ie” ca aeeiiaio ?iaioo (Nieiaeeia A.N.,1991), i?i ui
na?ae/eoue ciaioaiiy i?e?inoo *NN o a?aeiia?aeue ia a?eueoee ianya
aeeiiaii? ?iaioe. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i aeya i?eioeeio aeiiii?caoe??
ooieoe?e. I/aaeaeii oaeiae, ui ni??oe?ia ? aeoaea aoaeoeaiei a?aeiiaiei
caniaii, ui a iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeyaey?oueny a iioei?caoe??
iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao.

Aiaaicei — noeioeyoi?, yeee iioei?co? iiceiaee e?iaiia?a ? niaoe?aeueio
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe??

O?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aeo?eaae?noue i?aae’yaeythoue cia/i?
aeiiae aei iniiaieo o?c?ieia?/ieo nenoai i?aai?cio nii?oniaia, a
?acoeueoao? /iai, aaeaiooth/enue aei ieo, nenoaie ia?aoiaeyoue ia ?ioee
?aaeei ooieoe?iioaaiiy. I?e?iaeiuei, aoei i?eionoeoe, ui, iinoaaeyth/e
i?aai?cio nii?oniaia aeiaeaoeiao e?euee?noue oa?iaio?a, ye? iathoue
aeia?a ae?aaeaio i?ioecaiaeueio oa naaeaoeaio ae??, iiaeia i/?eoaaoe
iie?ioaiiy ?aae?caoe?? aaeaioaoe?eieo ia?aaoaeia. Aeey ae??oaiiy
ieoaiiy, ye ? yeith i??ith aoaeooue aeyaeyoeny aieeae niiaeeaaiiy
aiaaiceia, nii?oniaie (a?aoie ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe??) aoee iiae?eai?
ia 2 a?oie: eiio?ieueio (n=8) ? aeine?aeio (n=10); o?aioaaeuei?
iaaaioaaeaiiy aoee iaeiaeiaeie aeey iaio a?oi nii?oniai?a, a?aei?ii?noth
noaei eeoa oa, ui iaeia c a?oi nii?oniai?a i?eeiaea i?ioyaii 3-o oeaei?a
aiaaicei 10 oaaeaoie uiaeiy (4+3+3). Aei ii/aoeo ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie
an? nii?oniaie i?ieoee iaaeaaia?/ia oanooaaiiy, ui aeeth/aei a?a ia 600
i ? a?a no?eaeaie ia 100 i. Na?aaei?e /an i?ia?aaiiy 600 i aeenoaioe?? o
nii?oniai?a iaio a?oi ?noioii ia a?ae??ciyany — 1 oa. 30 n ? 1 oa. 29 n
a?aeiia?aeii. Aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy noaio iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao ia?aae
ii/aoeii i?ia?aie iieacaei, ui o nii?oniai?a iaio a?oi niinoa??aaeeny
iciaee iaaeia?aeiiaeaiiy, oae? ye ii?ooaiiy aaiiciiai a?aeoieo,
i?aeaeuaiee oiion a?oa??ie oa aaioe, iaeiae oae? c?ooaiiy ?noioii ia
a?aeaeaaeeny ia e?iaiiaiiaiaii? noaeei aeine?aeaeoaaii? iaeano?.

Oaaeeoey 2

Na?aaei? aaee/eie iniiaieo ia?aiao??a iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao o a?aoi?a ia
na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? ia?aae ii/aoeii i?ia?aie c aea/aiiyi aieeao
aiaaiceia

Q — a, in

i e AAI, in

i e AII,in

i e A?A,oi.iae.

i e AeE?, %

i e AeN?, %

i e AA, %

i e 1.
107,4109,149,743,7774877,760,1461,484,998,488,698,232,330,052.
108,6107,644,34472,2 82,2 50,6 5693,888,898,380,926,827,15

1. eiio?ieueia a?oia;

2. aeine?aeia a?oia.

sse aeaeii c iiaeaieo aeaieo ?noioieo ?icoiaeaeaiue o noai? iiceiaiai
e?iaiia?ao o aei?iaoaaieo iaio a?oi ia aoei. Ianooiia aeine?aeaeaiiy
noaio e?iaiia?ao i?ney i?eeiio aiaaiceia iieacaei, ui iiceiaee e?iaiia?a
cia/ii ii?iae?coaaany, iniaeeai /?oei oaeiai ?iaeo ii?iae?caoe?y
i?inoaaeoaaeany o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee o aeo?aeiiio noai? iaee i?noea
aeaiaioe eiai ii?ooaiiy. Iaea?eueo cia/eii iie?ioeany aaiiciee a?aeo?e,
cieceany oiion a?oa??ie, iaeiae e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy ?noioii ia
ca?eueoeeiny.

Aiae?c an?o io?eiaieo aeaieo na?ae/ea i?i oa, ui o /anoeie aei?iaoaaieo
iiceiaee e?iaio?e cia/ii iie?ioeany, iaeiae i?eaeecii o o?aoeie
nii?oniai?a ?noioiiai iie?ioaiiy ia niinoa??aaeiny.

A?aecia/aeiny i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo aaiiaeia?io i?ae aieeaii i?eeiio
aiaaiceia, /?oei oeae aoaeo aeyaeyany o oeo nii?oniai?a, o yeeo o
ii/aoeiaiio noai? ai?no aaiiaeia?io aoa cieaeaiee.

Iaaeaaia?/ia oanooaaiiy iieacaei, ui /an iiaeieaiiy aeenoaioe?? 600 i o
nii?oniai?a iaio a?oi iie?ioeany, iaeiae, o nii?oniai?a aeine?aeii?
a?oie iie?ioaiiy ?acoeueoaoo aoei a?eueo cia/eiei (1 oa. 29 n aeey
eiio?ieueii? a?oie, 1 oa. 27 n aeey nii?oniai?a, ye? i?eeiaee
aiaaicei).

Oaeei /eiii i?eeii aiaaiceia i?ioyaii 2-3 oeaei?a ( 10 oaaeaoie uiaeiy)
ni?aaey? ae?aaeaiee ii?iae?coth/ee aieea ia iiceiaee e?iaio?e, oiaoi
aiaaicei iiaea ?icoe?ithaaoeny ye aoaeoeaiee aaeaioiaai. I?i oea ae
na?ae/eoue ? a?eueo cia/ia c?inoaiiy niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, yea
aeyaeeiny o iie?ioaii? nii?oeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo o nii?oniai?a, ye?
i?eeiaee aiaaicei.

Aieea aaeeoaiiy eaaaiaee ia iiceiaee e?iaio?e ? aoaeoeai?noue ?a?iaeo
ae?e aaiaeaie?noie

O 16 aaiaeaie?noie o noai? niieith aea/aany noai iiceiaiai e?iaioieo
i?ioyaii ??cieo ia??iae?a o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano. Aiae?c io?eiaieo
aeaieo na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui iniiai? ia?aiao?e, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
iiceiaee e?iaio?e i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai ia??iaeo o?aioaaiue ci?iththoueny
iacia/ii.

Aiae?c noaio iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao o aaiaeaie?noie, yeei i?iaiaeeee
i?ioyaii 10 aei?a 30-oaeeeio ?iaaeyoe?th ao??ii? ie?? eaaaiaee, aeyaea:
o 2 ?ace ca?eueoeeany e?euee?noue nii?oniaiie, o yeeo aaee/eia aaiiciiai
a?aeoieo ii?iae?coaaeany; o 8 ?c 16 aaiaeaie?noie cieceany oiion i?a- ?
iinoeai?ey??a, aeaui ciaioeany oiion a?oa??e na?aaeiueiai eae?a?o, aeey
aeae?eueeio nii?oniaiie aaeeoaiiy eaaaiaee aoei iaaoaeoeaiei.

Iniaeeai iai/ii aoaeoeai?noue aaeeoaiiy eaaaiaee aeey iioei?caoe??
iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao i?inoaaeoaaeany o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee o aeo?aeiiio
noai? o nii?oniaiie aeyaeyeeny o? aai ?io? a?aeoeeaiiy o e?iaiiaiiaiaii?
noaeei iiceo. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? ?a?iaeo ae?e aaiaeaie?noie
(Ooi??a A.A., 1992). Aeyaeaii ca?eueoaiiy aoaeoeaiino? a oo?? ciaaaiue,
yeee i?iaiaeeany i?ney cae?i/aiiy i?ia?aie ii??aiyii ?c oo?ii, yeee
ia?aaeoaaa ii/aoeo i?ia?aie c aaeeoaiiyi ie?? eaaaiaee.

IAAIAI?AIIss ?ACOEUeOAO?A

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui
aaeaioiaaie ?ineeiiiai ? oaa?eiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy (ni??oe?ia, aiaaicei oa
ie?y eaaaiaee) ?icoe?ththoue aaeaioaoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? nii?oniai?a:
ca?eueoo?oueny i?aoeacaeaoi?noue o aaney??a, oaeaeoa a?aeiiaeth?oueny
i?ney iaaaioaaeaiiy *NN, iie?ioothoueny nii?oeai? ?acoeueoaoe o a?aoi?a
ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe??, iie?ioo?oueny aoaeoeai?noue ?a?iaeo ae?e
aaiaeaie?noie. ?acii c oeei cia/ii ii?iae?co?oueny noai iiceiaiai
e?iaioieo. A iao /an ?yae aeine?aeaeaiue (Aiiooaei I.C., ssoiioia e
Naioya?aa I.I., ssuaiei A.A.) anoaiiaeee, ui i?ney o?aioaaeueieo aai
noaiaea?oieo iaaaioaaeaiue aeyaeythoueny oa?aeoa?i? ci?ie iiceiaiai
e?iaioieo: c’yaeythoueny ii?ooaiiy aaiiciiai a?aeoieo, aneiao??y ia?ieo
iieaciee?a, i?aeaeuo?oueny oiion a?oa??e na?aaeiueiai eae?a?o, a oaeiae
a?oa??ie ? aaioe. O a?eueo ae?aaeaieo aeiaaeeao ciaioo?oueny
e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy iiceiaeo noaeei. Oaeei /eiii, aea/ath/e aeeiai?eo noaio
iiceiaiai e?iaioieo i?ae aieeaii aeine?aeaeoaaieo aaeaioiaai?a, iiaeia
ia’?eoeaii ioe?ithaaoe ?o aoaeoeai?noue. Caoe?eaaeai?noue aaeaioiaaiaie
??ciiai iioiaeaeaiiy a inoaii? ?iee noa? a?eueo oe?ieith (Iieioeianueeee
Ae.N. ? ?i.,1984; Aieioa E.A.,1986; Aiaueaaa A.A., Iaea?iaa O.A.,1991
? ?i.).

Ia iao iiaeyae oey aaeocue aeine?aeaeaiue ia? aaeee? ia?niaeoeae o
nii?o?. Aaeaioiaaie iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe c o?aooaaiiyi ?o
iaoai?cio ae?? noiniaii aeaeo nii?oo ? ia??iaeo o?aioaaeueiiai
i?ioeano. Aaeaioiaaie iniaeeai aoaeoeai? i?ae /an ?icaeoeo noiieaiiy
oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie. Aaeaioiaaie, ia a?aei?io a?ae
aeii?ia?a, ia aeeeth/athoue ?aaoeyoi?i? nenoaie. I?ae /an noiieaiiy
i?aaeeueia aaeeaaiiy aaeaioiaaiia iiaea a 1,5 -2 ?ace i?aeaeueoe
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue nii?oniaia.

AENIIAEE

1. Aiae?c a?o/eciyii? ? caei?aeiiii? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue i?i a?eueo
oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy aaeaioiaai?a ?c iaoith ?icoe?aiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo
iiaeeeainoae nii?oniai?a, iaeiae ?acii c oeei, ye i?aaeei, ia
a?aoiaothoueny iniaeeaino? iaoai?cio ae?? icia/aieo aaeaioiaai?a, a
oaeiae iniaeeaino? aeaeo nii?oo ? eiie?aoi? caaea/? ia??iaeo
o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano.

2. Noai iiceiaiai e?iaioieo iiaea ?ioi?iaoeaii a?aeaeaaoe oae? c?ooaiiy
aaeaioaoe?? ye noiieaiiy, iaaeia?aeiiaeaiiy, no?an; ?acii c oeei
c’yaey?oueny aneiao??y ia?ieo aaiiaeeiai?/ieo iieaciee?a, ii?ooo?oueny
aaiiciee a?aeo?e, cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny oiion a?oa??ie ? aaioe,
ciaioo?oueny e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy noaeei iiceo.

3. Iieacaii, ui o aeia?a aaeaioiaaieo aei o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue
nii?oniai?a ??cii? niaoe?ae?caoe?? (oeeee?/i? e ?a?ia? aeaee nii?oo)
iiceiaee e?iaiia?a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeaui i?aeaeuaiei oiionii (> 75 %)
a?oa??ie ? aaioe, a?aenooi?noth aneiao??? ia?ieo aaiiaeeiai?/ieo
iieaciee?a, aaee/eia aaiiciiai a?aeoieo ia ia?aaeuo? aa?oith iaaeo ii?ie
(25 %),e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy noaeei aeinoaoi?.

4. I?ney o?aioaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy niinoa??aathoueny oa?aeoa?i?
c?ooaiiy iiceiai? aaiiaeeiai?ee, ye? iathoue nai? iniaeeaino? caeaaeii
a?ae aeaeo nii?oo: oiion aaeeeeo a?oa??e o i?aaenoaaiee?a oeeee?/ieo
aeae?a (aaney??, a?aoie ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe??) aeaui ciaioo?oueny;
oiion a?oa??ie ?, iaioith i??ith aaioe i?aeaeuo?oueny, ia?aaeuoth/e
98-100%; /anoi aeyaey?oueny aneiao??y ia?ieo aaiiaeeiai?/ieo iieaciee?a,
oe? c?ooaiiy ia’?eoeaii a?aeaeaathoue noai noiieaiiy aai
iaaeia?aeiiaeaiiy nii?oniai?a.

5. I?aeaeuaiiy oiiono i?a — ? iinoeai?ey??a ca iacia/ii ae?aaeaieo iciae
ii?ooaiiy aaiiciiai a?aeoieo (ia a?eueo 28-35 %) aac ?noioii? ci?ie
e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy noaeei aeine?aeaeoaaii? aaeoc? a?aeaeaa? aaeaioeai?
ia?aaoaeiae, ye? iaoiiaeai? ae??th o?ce/iiai aai ineo?/iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy.

6. I?eeii ni??oe?ie i?ioyaii 8-10 aei?a (1 eainoea i?ney ?ae? o?e ?ace
ia aeaiue) noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny cia/iith aa?iii?caoe??th e?iaioieo (cieea?
aneiao??y ia?ieo aaiiaeeiai?/ieo iieaciee?a, cieaeo?oueny oiion a?oa??e
na?aaeiueiai eae?a?o, a oaeiae a?oa??ie, cieeathoue aai noathoue iaio
ae?aaeaieie iciaee ii?ooaiiy aaiiciiai a?aeoieo), ui ? na?ae/aiiyi
?icoe?aiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae nii?oniaia aei iioi/iiai
o?aioaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Ii?yae ?c oeei o nii?oniai?a, ye?
i?eeiathoue ni??oe?io, c?inoa? i?aoeacaeaoi?noue (noaey/e c
?acoeueoao?a oano?a ?c iaaaioaaeaiiyi, yea iinooiiai c?inoa?).

7. I?eeii aiaaiceio (4+3+3 oaaeaoee uiaeiy i?ioyaii 2-3 oeaei?a)
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny a?eueo ae?aaeaiei iie?ioaiiyi i?aoeacaeaoiino? o
nii?oniai?a, ye? i?eeiathoue aaeaioiaai (iie?ioaiiy nii?oeaiiai
?acoeueoaoo ia 7 %) ii??aiyiii c ?acoeueoaoaie, ye? iaee i?noea o
eiio?ieueii? a?oie (i?e??no nii?oeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ia 0,25 %).

8. Aaeeoaiiy ao??ii? ie?? eaaaiaee (o?eaeoeyoue oaeeei uiaeiy i?ioyaii
10 aei?a) noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iie?ioaiiyi noaio iiceiaiai e?iaioieo a
a?eueoino? aaiaeaie?noie, ?acii c oeei ?noioii i?aeaeuo?oueny
aoaeoeai?noue ?o ?a?iaeo ae?e.

9. Aea/aiiy noaio iiceiaiai e?iaioieo iaoiaeii oao?aiiey?ii?
?iiaaeainii? ?aiieaoeciia?ao?? (?aiaioeaoaeia?ao??) iiaea aaaaeaoeny
?ioi?iaoeaiei iaoiaee/iei i?aeoiaeii aeey ia’?eoeaiiai noaeaeaiiy i?i
noai aaeaioaoe?? nii?oniaia, aeey aeyaeaiiy iaaeia?aeiiaeaiiy, aeey
iiia?aaeaeaiiy ia?ao?aiiaaiino?. Aea/aiiy noaio iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao
iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia aeey eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino? aoaeue-yeeo
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aieea?a ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai nii?oniaia ? eiai
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue.

10. Aeine?aeaeoaai? iaie aaeaioiaaie oaa?eiiiai ? ?ineeiiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy (ni??oe?ia, aiaaicei, ie?y eaaaiaee) ? aeoaea aoaeoeaieie
aeey ?icoe?aiiy aaeaioeaieo iiaeeeainoae nii?oniai?a, aeey i?enei?aiiy
?o a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ney o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? o oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Oaeoai Aeue Iaaea?. Aeeyiea aaeuoaiey eaaaiaeu ia iicaiaie e?iaioie//
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Iaaeaaia?ea, ineoieia?y oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i?
i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo. Oa?e?a, OOIE, ? 6, 1998, n.9-11.

2. Oaeoai Aeue Iaaea?. Eioi?iaoeaiinoue iieacaoaeae iicaiaiai
e?iaiia?auaiey aeey ioeaiee aaeaioaoeee ia?eoa?e/aneiai e?iaiia?auaiey
i?e iuoa/iie iaa?ocea// Cai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio. Oece/aneia ainieoaiea
nooaeaioia oai?/aneeo niaoeeaeueiinoae, a. Oa?ueeia, OOIE, ? 5,
1999, n.43-47.

3. Oaeoai Aeue Iaaea?. Ainnoaiiaeaiea ?aaioiniiniaiinoe nii?oniaiia
iiae aeeyieai aaeaioiaaiia // Cai?iee iao/iuo ?aaio. Oece/aneia
ainieoaiea nooaeaioia oai?/aneeo niaoeeaeueiinoae, a. Oa?ueeia, OOIE, ?
6,1999, n.41-46.

4. Oaeoai Aeue Iaaea?. Noai iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao o eaaeiaoeao?a a noai?
niieith // Iaoa??aee ia?oi? Anaoe?a?inueei? eiioa?aioe?? ani??aio?a o
aaeoc? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo. Euea?a, 1997, n.142-143.

5. Oaeoai Aeue Iaaea?. Aieea aaeaioiaai?a ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy ia
noai iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao oa nii?oeaio i?aoeacaeaoi?noue nii?oniai?a
??cieo aeae?a nii?oo // Iaoa??aee ae?oai? Anaoe?a?inueei? eiioa?aioe??
ani??aio?a “Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea Oe?a?ie”. Euea?a, 1998, n.131-135.

6. Oaeoai Aeue Iaaea?. Aieea aeeiiaiiy noaiaea?oiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
aaeia?aiiao?? ia iiceiaee e?iaiia?a o nii?oniaia o?aiiaaiiai ia
aeo?eaae?noue// O?c?ieia?/iee aeo?iae, 1998, o.44 ? 3, n.279-280.

7. Yashchenko A.J., Haitham Al Nader.The Influence of training Session
on the brain blood circulation in swimmers Medicina Sportiva N 3,
1996, p.119

Oaeoai Aeue Iaaea?. A?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? nii?oniai?a i?ae
aieeaii aaeaioiaai?a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 24.00.01 —
Ie?ii?enueeee ? i?ioan?eiee nii?o. Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith aieeao aaeaioiaai?a (ni??oe?ie,
aiaaiceio oa ie?? eaaaiaee) ia a?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?
nii?oniai?a. A?aeany aei oaaae iiaeeea?noue oeyoii ia?aeaeueiiai
aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa noaio iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao
io?eiaoe iiaeeea?noue ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
nii?oniaia.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeuacacia/ai? aaeaioiaaie nooo?ai ?icoe?ththoue
aaeaioeai? iiaeeeaino? nii?oniaia, i?enei?ththoue a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ney
o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue oa iioei?cothoue iiceiaee e?iaio?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaeaioiaaie oaa?eiiiai oa ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy,
a?aeiiaeaiiy niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? nii?oniaia, iiceiaee
e?iaio?e.

Haitham Al Nader.

Restoration of Workability of the athlete’s due to influence of
adaptogenes. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of physical education in
24.00.01 — Olympic and professional sports, Ukrainian state university
of physical education and sport, Kyiv, 1999.

The work is devoted to investigation for adaptogenes influence
(Spirulina, wobenzym, oil of lavenda) on the workability restoration in
the athlete’s, there were investigated the possibility of parallel
studying brain blood circulation and dynamic of workability to get the
data about the functional state of the athletes.

It was shown, that investigated adaptogenes significantly, increase
adaptive possibility of the athlete’s, also increase the rate of
restoration after the training loads as also optimize the brain blood
circulation.

Key words: adaptogenes of animal and plant origin; restoration of
special workability, brain blood circulation.

Oaeoai Aeue Iaaea?. Ainnoaiiaeaiea ?aaioiniiniaiinoe nii?oniaia iiae
aeeyieai aaeaioiaaiia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe ii
oece/aneiio ainieoaieth e nii?oo ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 24.00.01-
Ieeiieeneee e i?ioanneiiaeueiue nii?o. Iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao
oece/aneiai ainieoaiey e nii?oa Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth aeeyiey aaeaioiaaiia (nie?oeeiu,
aiaaiceia, ianea eaaaiaeu) ia ainnoaiiaeaiea ?aaioiniiniaiinoe
nii?oniaia. I?iaaaeaii ia?aeeaeueiia eco/aiea aeeiaieee ninoiyiey
iicaiaiai e?iaiia?auaiey e niaoeeaeueiie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe a oiaea
o?aie?iai/iiai i?ioeanna o nii?oniaiia, i?eieiaaoeo auoaoeacaiiua
aaeaioiaaiu.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi o oi?ioi aaeaioe?iaaiiuo nii?oniaiia ?acee/iie
niaoeeaeecaoeee (oeeeee/aneea e ea?iaua aeaeu nii?oa) iicaiaia
e?iaiia?auaiea oa?aeoa?ecoaony ianeieueei iiauoaiiui oiionii (> 75 )
a?oa?eie e aaioe, ionoonoaoao aneiiao?ey ia?iuo aaiiaeeiaie/aneeo
iieacaoaeae, aaee/eiu aaiiciiai iooiea, ia i?aauoatho aa?oithth a?aieoeo
(ia aieaa 25 %), e?iaaiaiieiaiea iicaiauo ninoaeia aeinoaoi/iia. Iinea
o?aie?iai/iie iaa?ocee iaaethaeathony oa?aeoa?iua naeaeae iicaiaie
aaiiaeeiaieee, eiathuea ?yae iniaaiiinoae a caaeneiinoe io aeaea nii?oa.
I?eai nie?oeeiu a oa/aiea 8-10 aeiae (1 eainoea 3 ?aca a aeaiue)
nii?iaiaeaeaaony cia/eoaeueiie ii?iaeecaoeeae e?iaioiea, a oaeaea
oaaee/aieai ?aaioiniiniaiinoe nii?oniaiia (noaey ii oanoo ni
nooiai/aoiiiauoathuaeny iaa?oceie).

I?eai aiaaiceia (4+3+3 oaaeaoee aaeaaeiaaii) a oa/aiea 2o- — 3-o
iaaeaeue nii?iaiaeaeaaony nouanoaaiiui i?e?inoii ?aaioiniiniaiinoe
nii?oniaia, iicaiaie e?iaioie i?e yoii ii?iaeecoaony o i?aeiouanoaaiiiai
aieueoeinoaa nii?oniaiia. Aaeuoaiea ianea eaaaiaeu 30 ieioo aaeaaeiaaii
iinea o?aie?iaee a oa/aiea 10 aeiae iieiaeeoaeueii neacuaaaony ia
yooaeoeaiinoe ea?iauo aeaenoaee aaiaeaieenoie, ainnoaiiaeaiea iinea
iaa?ocee onei?yaony.

Aaeuoaiea yoe?iiai ianea eaaaiaeu (o?eaeoeaoue ieioo aaeaaeiaaii a
oa/aiea 10 aeiae) nii?iaiaeaeaaony oeo/oaieai ninoiyiey iicaiaiai
e?iaioiea o aieueoeinoaa aaiaeaieenoie, i?e yoii nouanoaaiii iiauoaaony
yooaeoeaiinoue eo ea?iauo aeaenoaee.

Eco/aiea ninoiyiey iicaiaiai e?iaioiea iaoiaeii oao?aiiey?iie
eiiaaeainiie ?aiieaoeciia?aoee (?aiyioeaoaeia?aoey) iiaeao n/eoaoueny
eioi?iaoeaiui iaoiaee/aneei iiaeoiaeii aeey iauaeoeaiiai noaeaeaiey i
ninoiyiee aaeaioaoeee nii?oniaia, aeey auyaeaiey iaaeiainnoaiiaeaiey,
aeey i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey ia?ao?aie?iaaiiinoe. Eco/aiea ninoiyiey
iicaiaiaii e?iaiia?auaiey iiaeao auoue eniieueciaaii aeey eiio?iey
yooaeoeaiinoe ethauo eco/aaiuo aicaeaenoaee ia ooieoeeiiaeueiia
ninoiyiea nii?oniaia e aai ?aaioiniiniaiinoue.

Eco/aiiua aaeaioiaaiu (nie?oeeia, aiaaicei, ianei eaaaiaeu)
oa?aeoa?ecoynue ?acee/iuie iaoaieciaie aeaenoaey, yaeythony aanueia
yooaeoeaiuie aeey ?anoe?aiey aaeaioaoeaiuo aiciiaeiinoae nii?oniaia,
onei?aiey ainnoaiiaeaiey iinea o?aie?iai/iuo iaa?ocie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaeaioiaaiu aeeaioiiai e ?anoeoaeueiiai
i?ienoiaeaeaiey; ainnoaiiaeaiea niaoeeaeueiie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe
nii?oniaia; iicaiaie e?iaioie.

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