Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

?oiaiia Aieiaeeie? Na?naiaa?ae/

OAeE 947.084.2 (477:471)

A?aeiineie i?ae ?aaeyinueeith ?in??th ? Oe?a?inueeithIa?iaeiith
?anioae?eith

(aeiaoaiue 1917 ?. – aa?acaiue 1918 ?.)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 07.00.02 – Anana?oiy ?noi??y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iiai? oa iia?oiuei? ?noi??? ca?oa?aeieo
e?a?i ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aii/a? Ai?en Ieoaeeiae/,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith iiai? oa iia?oiuei? ?noi???

ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo

Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Iaaeaiei A?eoi??y A?eoi??aia,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Ianoe Ieeiea Aeieo?iae/,

a/aiee nae?aoa? ?inoeoooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei

IAI Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

eaoaae?a anana?oiuei? ?noi??? ?noi?e/iiai

oaeoeueoaoo

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “22” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.20 a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252033, i.Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60,
aoae.349).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252033, i.Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “22” ethoiai 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I.?.Aiaeei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe??

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia iaoith oa caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy.
?? ianya noaiiaeoue 169 noi??iie. Aiia neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa
e?oa?aoo?e (8 noi??iie, 157 iaca).

Anooi. Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iciaae ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco
? noai?aiiy cai?noue iueiai iiaeo iacaeaaeieo aea?aeaa noaee aeaeaoiith
iiae??th i?aeia?iaeiiai aeeooy ieioeiai aeanyoee?ooy. E?ea?aeaoe?y
?aaeyinueei? ?iia??? a?aeaoeanue ye a?aeie?aieaiiy a?ae ?iia?nueeiai
oeaio?o – ?in?? – iaoe?iiaeueieo ie?a?i, eieeoi?o ?aaeyinueeeo
?anioae?e.

Neeaaeiee ?icaeoie a?aeiinei oa aace?/ iaae??oaieo i?iaeai i?ae eieeoi?i
oeaio?ii oa iiaeie iacaeaaeieie aea?aeaaaie ciooo? ?noi?ee?a oa
iie?oee?a caa?oaoenue aei aeina?aeo ieioeiai, ooeaoe a iueiio
a?aeiia?ae? ia iaaaeuei? i?iaeaie no/aniino?. ?noi??y na?ae/eoue, ui o
OO no. aaea aoea ni?iaa e?ea?aeaoe?? ?in?enueei? ?iia???. I?ae /an
?aaiethoe?eieo iiae?e 1917 – 1921 ??. aei oeueiai i?aaioee
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieuei? ?ooe iaaea?aeaaieo ia?iae?a. I?iaeaia
ia?aoai?aiiy ?in?enueei? aea?aeaae c oi?oa?ii? ia oaaea?aoeaio aia?oa
iinoaea ca /an?a Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo o 1917 ?. A?eueoiaeee, ui i?eeoee
aei aeaaee o aeiaoi? 1917 ?., iaea?aeaee ?? o niaaeie. Iaoe?iiaeuei?
?ooe i?eaiiaeaieo iaoe?e, ?oi? i?aaiaiiy aei naiiaecia/aiiy noaee ia
ia?aoeiae? oaeaeeiio ?iciianthaeaeaiith ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, i?ecaaee
?acii c ?ioeie oaeoi?aie aei oyaeei? aeiaaio?eaaei? a?iiaaeyinueei?
a?eie ia oa?eoi??? eieeoiuei? ?in?enueei? ?iia???.

Eiioe?eo aaoiiiiii? Oe?a?inueei? Ia?iaeii? ?anioae?ee c iiaei
?iia?nueeei oeaio?ii a inia? a?eueoiaeoeueei? ?aaeyinueei? ?in?? iaa
iniaeeai aino?ee ? ae?aiaoe/iee oa?aeoa?. Oea iiynithaaeinue, ii-ia?oa,
aaiiie?oe/iei oa aeiiii?/iei noaiiaeuai Oe?a?ie a neeaae? ?in?enueei?
aea?aeaae. Ii-ae?oaa, oei, ui ia e?iaoeue aeiaoiy 1917 ?. Oe?a?ia
iiaeieaea ii/aoeiaee aoai noaiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiino? oa aoea e?aea?ii
?ooo ca oaaea?aoeaio ia?aaoaeiao ?aeeii? ?in??.

?aaeyinueea ?noi??ia?ao?y ?aii?oaaea oaeo ?nioaaiiy noaa?aiii?
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae a aeiao ?aaiethoe??, a?i aoa a?aeianaiee aei yaeu
“ao?aeoaciiai iaoe?iiae?cio” oa ia aea/aany. Oae naii ia ?icaeyaeaeenue
ie?ai? aniaeoe noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?, cie?aia, i?iaeaia
a?aeie?aieaiiy OI? a?ae ?iia?nueeiai oeaio?o, a ca’yceo c /ei aiia
iio?aao? anaa?/iiai ia’?eoeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?noi??y a?aeiinei ?aaeyinueei?
?in?enueei? ?anioae?ee oa Oe?a?inueei? Ia?iaeii? ?anioae?ee o aeiaoi?
1917 ?. – aa?aci? 1918 ?.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iie?oeea ?aaeia?eiio ?in?? ? Oeaio?aeueii?
?aaee oa iaiaieioaia a?eia i?ae ?aaeyinueeith ?in??th oa OI? (a?oaeaiue
1917 ?. – aa?acaiue 1918 ?).

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? anaa?/iee aiae?c oa ia’?eoeaia
ioe?iea a?aeiinei i?ae ?aaeyinueeith ?in??th ? OI?. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai
aecia/ai? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

-c’ynoaaoe, ui neeaaeaei iniiao eiioe?eoo i?ae ?aaeyinueeith ?in??th oa
OI? ? aecia/eoe eiai aieiai? i?e/eie;

-ii??aiyoe noaaeaiiy Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee oa ?aaeia?eiio aei i?iaeaie
noai?aiiy oaaea?aoeaiiai aeaiie?aoe/iiai o?yaeo ?in??;

-aeine?aeeoe oa aeaoe ioe?ieo ni?iaai ?aaeia?eiio anoaiiaeoe ia Oe?a?i?
?aaeyinueeo aeaaeo ie?iei oeyoii;

-iieacaoe ci?io iie?oeee ?aaeia?eiio uiaei Oe?a?ie o a?oaei? 1917 ?.;

-i?iaiae?coaaoe ?ieue ?aaeyinueei? ?in?? o anoaiiaeaii? ia Oe?a?i?
?aaeyinueei? aeaaee o a?oaei? 1917 ?. – n?/i? 1918 ?.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeena?oaoe?? ioiieththoue ii/aoeiaee ia??iae
a?aeiinei i?ae aeaiia aea?aeaaaie. A?i ii/eia?oueny c i?iaieioaiiyi 25
aeiaoiy 1917 ?. ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, ooai?aiiy ?aaee Ia?iaeieo Eii?na??a
? cae?i/o?oueny 3 aa?aciy 1918 ?. i?aeienaiiyi A?anonueeiai ie?iiai
aeiaiai?o, ca yeei ?in?y aeciaea iiaio aea?aeaaio iacaeaaei?noue OI?.
Ine?eueee «oe?a?inueea ieoaiiy” aeieeei ca /an?a Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo, o
?iaio? ?icaeyiooi ie?ai? aniaeoe ae?yeueiino? Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee o
iiia?aaei?e ia??iae (aa?acaiue – aeiaoaiue 1917 ?.).

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao ?iaioe neeaaeathoue i?eioeeie ?noi?ecio oa
ia’?eoeaiino?. Aiie ?aae?ciaai? ca aeiiiiiaith i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iiai
oa ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iiai iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oea aeicaieeei
i?iaiae?coaaoe noinoiee i?ae ?aaeyinueeith ?in??th oa OI? a on?o noa?ao
aea?aeaaiiai ? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy, aeyaeoe ci?ie o oa?aeoa??
oeeo noinoie?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui aaoi? ?icaeyaea?
i?iaeaio a?aeiinei ?aaeia?eiio oa Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee e??cue i?ecio
?ioa?an?a Oe?a?ie ye iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae, a ia ?aaeyinueei? ?in?? a
oe?eiio, ye ?iaeeiny ?ai?oa. Iie?oeea Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee ii
a?aeiioaiith aei ?aaeia?eiio ? naiino?eiei ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui
aoei aeeeth/aii o ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? oa ia ciaeoei aeinoaoiueiai
aena?oeaiiy o i?aoeyo ca?oa?aeieo ?noi?ee?a. Ae?yeuei?noue Oeaio?aeueii?
?aaee oa Aaia?aeueiiai Nae?aoa??aoo aiae?co?oueny ia iniia?
ia?oiaeaea?ae – i?ea?iaeueieo aeieoiaio?a oeeo i?aai?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, oaeoe,
iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e iaienaii?
ocaaaeueithth/eo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ? ?in??,
i?ae?o/iee?a oa iin?aiee?a, i?e ?ic?iaoe? niaoe?aeueieo eo?n?a aeey
nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e iiai? oa iia?oiuei? ?noi???
ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Ie?ai?
iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aoee i?aaenoaaeai? ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “E?aiaa?aaeia Oe?a?ia o OO no.” (1997,
I?aeei).

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

Ia?oee ?icae?e “?noi??ia?ao?y oa aeaea?aea” i?enay/aiee aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?e oa aeaea?ae c oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Niaoe?aeueieo ?ia?o c oaie aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaaoi, aea aiia i?enooiy o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo c ?noi??? AEiaoiaai? ?aaiethoe?? oa oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ooo aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo. Iayaio e?oa?aoo?o
iiaeia oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia e?eueea a?oi.

Iaea?eueoo ca ianyaii a?oio neeaaeathoue i?aoe? ?aaeyinueeeo ?noi?ee?a.
?o iniiaith neoaoaaea eai?inueea eiioeaioe?y ia?aiiae ?aaeyinueei?
aeaaee ia Oe?a?i? a ?acoeueoao? ai?ioueae oe?a?inueeeo ?ia?oiee?a ?
naeyi c ao?aeoacii-iaoe?iiae?noe/iith Oeaio?aeueiith ?aaeith. Ia?o?
?iaioe, aeaeai? o 1920-o? ?iee, aoee ii??aiyii ia’?eoeaieie o
aena?oeai? iie?oeee Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee, oe?a?inueeeo ia?o?e
Aioiiia-Ianaaiei A.A. Caienee i a?aaeaeaineie aieia. – O.1. – I., 1924;
Aio A.A. Aiae ai?ueau. – E., 1990; Eai/einueeee ?. Ia?oee
ia??iae ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee ia Oe?a?i?, OeAE oa Ia?iaeiee Nae?aoa??ao//
E?oiien ?aaiethoe??. – 1928. — ? 1; ?oaa/ I.A. E enoi?ee
eiioeeeoa iaaeaeo Niaia?eiiii e Oeaio?aeueiie ?aaeie // Eaoiienue
?aaiethoeee. – 1925. — ?2.

. Iniaeeai ci?noiaiith ? i?aoey A.Aioiiiaa-Ian??iea “Caienee i
a?aaeaeaineie aieia”, aea oe?eeii a?aeaa?oi eaeaoueny i?i anoaiiaeaiiy
?aaeyinueei? aeaaee ia Oe?a?i? a?eueoiaeoeueeeie a?enueeaie,
ia??iiaoeiaee oa?aeoa? oa?e?anueeiai ?aaeyinueeiai o?yaeo. Caaaeueiei
iaaeie?eii oeeo ?ia?o aoea iaiaaeaia aeieoiaioaeueia aaca oa
noa’?eoeaiee i?aeo?ae aaoi??a aei ioe?iee iiae?e.

O 1930 – 1960-o? ?iee ?aaeyinuee? ?noi?eee ioe?ithaaee OOe? aeeeth/ii ye
“ao?aeoacio” oa “iaoe?iiae?noe/io” i?aai?caoe?th, noaa?aeaeoaaee, ui
aiia caciaea ii?acee a oiae? nioe?ae?noe/ii? ?aaiethoe?? ia Oe?a?i?,
a?aeeeaeaee aeoieo i?i ao?o/aiiy ?aaeyinueei? ?in?? o aioo??oi? ni?aae
Oe?a?ie. Oe? aeiaiaoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ciaeoee i?noea o i?aoeyo
I.Noi?oiaiea, N.Ei?ie?anueeiai, a oaeiae o eieaeoeaieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo
Ei?ie?anueeee N.I. Ia?oee c’?cae ?aae Oe?a?ie. – E., 1957;
Ei?ieeaneee N.I., ?oaa/ I.A., Noi?oiaiei I.E. Iiaaaea Niaaoneie aeanoe
ia Oe?aeia. – I., 1967; Ia?aiiaa Aaeeei? AEiaoiaai? nioe?ae?noe/ii?
?aaiethoe?? ia Oe?a?i?. O 2 o. – E., 1967 oa ?i..

?aaeyinueea iaoea ana a?eueoa caciaaaea ?oeioth/iai aieeao oioae?oa?ii?
?aeaieia?? Eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o??. Iinooiiai on? i?ioeaieee ?aaeyinueei?
aeaaee ia?anoaee ?nioaaoe ye ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiue c ?noi???
?aaiethoe?? 1917 – 1921 ??. Ao?eaiiyi iiae?aiiai iaoiaeo noaei
ooiaeaiaioaeueia o?eoiiia aeaeaiiy ?.I?ioea “Enoi?ey Aaeeeiai Ieoya?y”
Ieioe E.E. Enoi?ey Aaeeeiai Ieoya?y. A 3 o. – I., 1976 – 1979. . O
iueiio ioiieai? iiae?? a on?o ?aa?iiao ?in?enueei? aea?aeaae, a oiio
/ene? e ia Oe?a?i?. Aea oaaao aaoi?a ni?yiiaaii aeeeth/ii ia
ae?yeuei?noue a?eueoiaeoeueeeo i?aai?caoe?e. A?i ?aii?o? oaeo ?nioaaiiy
o 1917 ?. oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? a inia? OI?, oaeueneo?eo?
iie?oeeo oa ae?yeuei?noue ?aaiethoe?eiiai ia?eaiaioo Oeaio?aeueii?
?aaee. Eiioe?eo i?ae ?aaeith ? ?aaeia?eiiii, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iaa
eeaniaee oa?aeoa? ? aoa ae??oaiee naiei oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii.

Oe??? eiioeaioe?? aeio?eioaaeenue ? oe?a?inuee? ?aaeyinuee? ?noi?eee,
ye? noai?eee o 1970-80-o ?ieao ?yae aaeeeeo i?aoeue c ?noi???
?aaiethoe?? ia Oe?a?i? ?noi??y Oe?a?inueei? ?N?. O 8 o. – O.5: Aaeeea
AEiaoiaaa nioe?ae?noe/ia ?aaiethoe?y ? a?iiaaeyinueea a?eia ia Oe?a?i?
(1917 – 1920). – E., 1977; A ai?ueaa ca aeanoue Niaaoia ia Oe?aeia. Ec
enoi?ee ai?ueau aieueoaaenoneeo i?aaiecaoeee ca caaiaaaiea e oe?aieaiea
Niaaoneie aeanoe ia Oe?aeia. – E., 1977; Aai?aoeeee TH.I.,
Oei/aiei AE.I., Uonue I.E. O?eoioaeueiia oanoaea Niaaoneie aeanoe ia
Oe?aeia.- E., 1987 oa ?i.. O ieo noaa?aeaeoaaeinue, ui Oeaio?aeueia
?aaea aoea ae?acieeii ?ioa?an?a oe?a?inueei? ao?aeoac??, iii?uee?a oa
eo?eoe?a. ?aeeiei caoenieeii nioe?aeueieo oa iaoe?iiaeueieo i?aa
oe?a?inueeeo o?oaeyueo aiie aaaaeaee Eiioi?noe/io ia?o?th, ?? i?noeaa?
i?aai?caoe?? ia Oe?a?i?.

Ae?oao a?oio e?oa?aoo?e neeaaeathoue i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo ca?oa?aeieo
?noi?ee?a. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao?? aiie ?
i?eoeeueieeaie ??cieo eiioeaioe?e o o?aeooaaii? ?aaiethoe?eieo iiae?e
1917 – 1921 ??., ui iiynith?oueny ?o ??cieie iie?oe/ieie oiiaeiaaiiyie.
I?ioa iie?oeeo ?aaeia?eiio aiie iaeiinoaeii ioe?iththoue ye ii?ooaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueieo i?aa oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Oe? ?iaioe oae naii oeaothoue
ia iaeiia?/i?noue, oaaao neiioeaio?iaaii ia oe?a?inueeiio aioe?. A?ae
a?o?aieo oa ?ioeo aeaea?ae ia aeicaieea aaoi?ai c aeinoaoiueith
iiaiioith ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iiiiaio?a oe?a?inueei? aeaaee.

O i?aoeyo aieiae OOe?, aeaeaoiiai oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?eea I.A?ooaanueeiai
A?ooaanueeee I. Ia ii?ic? iiai? Oe?a?ie. – E., 1991; eiai ae. Iiaee
ia??iae ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. – E., 1992. i?iaiae?ciaaii i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?, ?ice?eoi ?iia?nueeee oa?aeoa? iie?oeee
Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo oa ?aaeia?eiio noiniaii Oe?a?ie. A?i aaaaeaa, ui
a?eueoiaeoeueea aeaaea ?ica’ycaea a?eio i?ioe OI? c iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy
nai?? aeeeoaoo?e, caa?aaeaiiy ?aeeii? ?in??.

Aieiaa ia?oiai o?yaeo OI? nioe?ae-aeaiie?ao A.Aeiie/aiei ioe?ithaaa
oe?a?inueeo ?aaiethoe?th c iiceoe?e “oe?a?inueeiai eiioi?cio”. O
iaioa?ii-ioae?oeenoe/iiio oai?? “A?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe??” Aeiie/aiei A.
A?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe??. ?noi??y oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe?? (ia?aoeue 1917 –
a?oaeaiue 1919). *. ?-???. – Ee?a – A?aeaiue, 1920. a?i i?iaiaeeoue
aeoieo i?i iaaeinoaoith ?aaiethoe?ei?noue Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee.
Aeiie/aiei ia a?aeeeaeaa ?iia?nueeeo cac?oaiue o iie?oeoe? ?aaeia?eiio,
i?ioa aa/ea i?e/eio ii?acee Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee o a?aenooiino?
i?aeo?eiee ?? oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii, nieaeaonueeeie ianaie. Iiae?aieo
iiaeyae?a aeio?eioaaeenue e ?io? ae?y/? e?aiai e?eea oe?a?inueeiai ?ooo
– I.O?enothe, ?.Iacaia O?enothe I. Cai?oee ? iaoa??aee aei ?noi???
oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe??. 1917 – 1920 ??. O. ? – ?O. – A?aeaiue, 1921;
Iacaia ?. A iai? ? ao?? ?aaiethoe??. 1917 – 1921. – I?aaa, 1942. .

Aaoi?ii a?oioiaii? iiiia?ao??, ui ia ao?aoeea naiai iaoeiaiai cia/aiiy
aei nueiaiaeaiiy, ? a?aeiiee oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee Ae.Aei?ioaiei
Aei?ioaiei Ae. ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. 1917 – 1923 ??. O.1: Aeiaa Oeaio?aeueii?
?aaee. – Oaeai?iae, 1932.. Iie?oee e?aa?aeueieo iiaeyae?a, a?i aa/ea
i?e/eio ii?acee oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe?? o iaaei??i?e ?aaiethoe?eiino?
?aaee, yea ia ciiaea ? ia i?aaioea aei cao?ooaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iaoe??.
Iniaeeao oaaao aaoi? i?eae?eea ieoaiiyi ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee, cie?aia
a?aeiineiai OI? c Aioaioith, ?aaeyinueeith ?in??th, e?a?iaie *aoaa?iiai
nithco.

Aeoaea aaaeeeaa a eiioaeno? aeena?oaoe?? i?aoey a?aeiiiai ca?oa?aeiiai
oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?eea i?aaa I.TH?/aiea “Oe?a?inueei-?in?enuee? noinoiee
i?ney 1917 ?. a i?aaiiio aniaeo?” (Ithioai, 1971). Aaoi? aea? i?aaiaee
aiae?c a?aeiinei Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee oa Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo, oi?aa?nae?a
Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee, aeieoiaio?a ?aaeia?eiio, cie?aia, aeae?ao?a
?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, oeueoeiaooio a?ae 3 a?oaeiy 1917 ?. Noinoiee i?ae
OI? oa ?aaeyinueeith ?in??th o caaaeueieo ?enao ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
i?aoeyo ca?oa?aeieo oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ??cieo
ia??iae?a Iieiinueea-Aaneeaiei I. ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. 1900 – 1923. – E.,
1991; Iaaa?anueeee ?. ?noi??y oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae OO noie?ooy. –
E.,1993; Aoi/ae O. Oe?a?ia: ia?oa iieiaeia OO noie?ooy. Ia?en
iie?oe/ii? ?noi???. – E., 1993 oa ?i.. Aiie ei?enooaaeenue iaiaaeaiei
eieii aeaea?ae, oiio a iniiaiiio iiaoi?ththoue aeniiaee A.Aeiie/aiea,
I.O?enothea, Ae.Aei?ioaiea.

Ca?oa?aei? ?noi?eee o i?aoeyo c ?noi??? ?in?enueei? ?aaiethoe?? oaeiae
oi?eaeenue eiioe?eoo i?ae ?aaeia?eiiii oa Oeaio?aeueiith ?aaeith Pipes
P. The Formation of the Soviet Union. Communism and Nationalism. 1917 –
1923. – Harvard University Press, 1954; Ea?? Y.O. ?onneay ?aaiethoeey.
Io Eaieia aei Noaeeia. 1917 – 1923. – I., 1990; Aiooa Ae. Enoi?ey
Niaaoneiai Nithca. A 2 o . – I., 1990.. I.Iaein iiynithaaa eiai
aaeeeiaea?aeaaiith iie?oeeith a?eueoiaecio. A.Ea?? aaaaeaa
a?eueoiaeoeueeee ?aaeei i?ia?aneaiei, oiio aei?aaaeiaoaaa i?eaeooaiiy
?aaeia?eiiii “iaoe?iiae?noe/iiai ?ooo” ia Oe?a?i? iaiao?aei?noth
i?eieieoe a?iiaaeyinueeo a?eio ? aia?o?th. ?oae?enueeee ?noi?ee-eiioi?no
Ae.Aiooa i?aeo?eioaaa io?oe?eio eiioeaioe?th ?aaeyinueei? ?noi??ia?ao??,
i?ioa cacia/aa, ui a?eueoiaeee iaiaaeeee i?aai iaoe?e ia naiiaecia/aiiy
i?aaii eeoa “o?oaeiaeo ian” iaoe??. A?oioiaia i?aoey I.O?aie?ia O?aieei
I. ?onneay a?iey e ?aaiethoeey. 1917 – 1918. – Ithioai, 1978. aena?oeth?
i?ioenoiyiiy OI? oa ?aaeia?eiio o a?enueeiaeo ieoaiiyo, iiae?? ia
I?aaeaiii-Cao?aeiiio oa ?oioinueeiio o?iioao.

?iciaae ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco iieeaa ii/aoie aeaiie?aoecaoe?? cae?eoiai
oioae?oa?iiai noni?euenoaa, e?ea?aeoaaa ?aeaieia?/i? onoaiiaee, noai?ea
iiaeeeaino? aeey a?eueiiai ?icaeoeo ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. O ?in?enuee?e
Oaaea?aoe?? oa Oe?a?i?, ye? noaee iacaeaaeieie aea?aeaaaie, ?icaeoie
?noi?e/ii? iaoee i?oia naiino?eieie oeyoaie, i?ioa caa??any ?ioa?an
aeaio aea?aeaa iaeia aei iaeii?. O no/ani?e ?in?enuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??
i?iaeaia ?in?enueei-oe?a?inueeeo a?aeiinei aeiae ?aaiethoe??
i?aaenoaaeaia o i?aoeyo c ?noi??? ?in?? OO noie?ooy ocaaaeueithth/iai
oa?aeoa?o. Eieaeoeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy “Iaoa ioa/anoai. Iiuo iieeoe/aneie
enoi?ee” Iaoa ioa/anoai. Iiuo iieeoe/aneie enoi?ee. A 2 o. – I., 1990.
aeaiiino?o? iia? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee iiae?e 1917 ?. Eiai aaoi?e
aeciathoue oaeo ?nioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?, a?aeiiaeeenue a?ae
ioe?iee oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ooo ye ao?aeoaciiai ?
eiio??aaiethoe?eiiai, i?ioa aaaaeathoue eiai iaoe?iiae?noe/iei.

O i?aoeyo “Enoi?ey ioa/anoaa. OO aae” oa “Enoi?ey ?innee. OO aae”
Enoi?ey ioa/anoaa. OO aae. – I.,1996; Enoi?ey ?innee. OO aae. – I.,1996.
ii-iiaiio ioe?ith?oueny i?aeo?ae a?eueoiaee?a aei iaoe?iiaeueieo
i?iaeai: iaoe?iiaeueia ieoaiiy aoei i?aeii?yaeeiaaia ieoaiith i?i
aeaaeo. ?acii c oei, o iaoa??aeao, i?enay/aieo Oe?a?i?, cono??/athoueny
iiieeee oa canoa??e? ioe?iee. Iai?eeeaae, OI? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ye
ao?aeoacia ?anioae?ea, ca?ieiee eiioe?eo o?aeoo?oueny ye a?iiaaeyinueea
a?eia i?ae Oeaio?aeueiith ?aaeith oa oe?a?inueeith ?aaeyinueeith
aeaaeith oa ?i.

O 1991 ?. o Iineianueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.A. Eiiiiiniaa aoa noai?aiee
oeaio? oe?a?i?noeee ? a?ei?onenoeee c iaoith ni?eyiiy ?icaeoeia?
aeine?aeaeaiue c ?noi??? oa eoeueoo?e. 1995 ?. aeeoia ae?oeii ia?oee
aeione ca??ieea c oe??? i?iaeaie, o yeiio oaie aeena?oaoe?? oi?eathoueny
noaoo? N.A?aey?a oa I.Nieieiai? A?aey? N. Ia?oey eaaeaoia e oe?aeineee
aii?in (1905 – 1917)// Enneaaeiaaiey ii enoi?ee Oe?aeiu e Aaei?onnee.
Aui.1. – I.,1995. – N.89 – 110; Nieieiaa I. Aaeeeiaea?aeaaiinoue
i?ioea iaoeeiiaeecia. A?aiaiiia i?aaeoaeuenoai e Oe?aeineay
Oeaio?aeueiay ?aaea // Oai aea. – N. 117 – 129. , i?enay/ai?
noaaeaiith aei oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo oa eaaeaonueei?
ia?o??.

O iacaeaaei?e Oe?a?i? i?iaeaia noaiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiino? ia? aeeeth/ii
aaaeeeaa noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia cia/aiiy, oiio /?eueia i?noea o i?aoeyo
?noi?ee?a caeiyee iiae?? oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe??, ieoo? iia/aieith
i?ioyaii 70 ?ie?a. No/anio o?aeoiaeo iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aaiethoe??
caii/aoeoaaea eieaeoeaia i?aoey “?noi??y Oe?a?ie. Iiaa aa/aiiy” ?noi??y
Oe?a?ie. Iiaa aa/aiiy. O 2 o. – O. 2. – E., 1996.. I?ea?iaeueio
eiioeaioe?th ?noi??? Oe?a?ie a iia?oi? /ane ?ic?iaea ss.A?eoeae A?eoeae
ss. Ia?en ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. Oi?ioaaiiy iiaea?ii? oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? O?O
– OO noie?ooy.- E.,1996., yeee i?iaiae?coaaa eeth/ia? iiiaioe
oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe??, ie?aii coieieaoenue ia i?e/eiao a?eie
?aaeia?eiio c Aeiiii oa Oe?a?iith. A?i ioe?iea ?o ye ni?iao a?eueoiaee?a
cina?aaeeoe i?ae nai?th aeaaeith anth eieeoith ?in?enueeo ?iia??th.
A.Nieaeaoaiei o i?aoe? “Oe?a?inueea ?aaiethoe?y: eiioeaioe?y oa
?noi??ia?ao?y” Nieaeaoaiei A.O. Oe?a?inueea ?aaiethoe?y: eiioeaioe?y oa
?noi??ia?ao?y. – E., 1997. i?aeaeaa aiae?co iiaeyaee I.A?ooaanueeiai,
A.Aeiie/aiea, Ae.Aei?ioaiea ia i?noea ? ?ieue Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee a
oe?a?inuee?e ?aaiethoe??.

Ia?oei a no/ani?e ?noi??ia?ao?? iiiia?ao?/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi i?i
Oeaio?aeueio ?aaeo noaea i?aoey A.Aa?nothea. Aa?nothe A.O. Oe?a?inueea
Oeaio?aeueia ?aaea. – E., 1997. Aaoi? ia iniia? aeieoiaioaeueiiai
iaoa??aeo ioa?aeoa?ecoaaa ?? ye noni?eueii-iie?oe/io i?aai?caoe?th,
i?inoaaeea ci?ie ?ie? oa ooieoe?e a oiae? ?aaiethoe??, aecia/ea
ia?o?eiee oa nioe?aeueiee neeaae. No/ani? ioe?iee iie?oeee oa
ae?yeueiino? Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee, ?? a?aeiinei c Oei/aniaei o?yaeii ?
?aaeia?eiiii noaee oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeey noai?aiiy aeaiiai
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iiyaa ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue aeoea?coaaea ?ic?iaeo aeine?aeieeaie
ie?aieo ieoaiue ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe??. Cie?aia,
oe?a?inueei-?aaeyinueeiio ca?ieiiio eiioe?eoo i?enay/aia i?aoey
ss.Oei/aiea Oei/aiei ss. Ia?oa oe?a?inueei-a?eueoiaeoeueea a?eia
(a?oaeaiue 1917 – aa?acaiue 1918). – E., 1996.. O a?ioo?ao ? noaooyo
A.Aiae?oneoeia ? I.?a?ioa, I.Aieei ? A.Ao?aa/aieiaa, I.Caoiee,
I.?iiai/oea, A.Nieaeaoaiea, I.Eoiaiae?ia, I.I?eooeyea, I.Uonue
?icaeyiooi noinoiee Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee oa Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo, ?oo ca
oaaea?aoeaio ia?aaoaeiao ?in?enueei? ?iia???, a?enueeiaa iie?oeea OI?,
i?iaeaia oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? a na?oe? A?anonueeiai ie?o oa ?i
?a?io I.I., Aiae?oneoei A.?. C’?cae iiiaaieaieo ia?iae?a. – E., 1994;
Aieei I.Ae., Ao?aa/aieia A.I. Oe?a?inueeee o?iio o 1917 ?. //
Oeaio?aeueia ?aaea ia oe? oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe??. – E., 1996. – N.
89-97; Caoiea I.A. Aei ieoaiiy i?i oa?aeoa? aca?iei Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee
? Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo // Oai aea. – N. 44-52; Nieaeaoaiei A.O. Ca?iei?
neee Oe?a?ie (a?oaeaiue 1917 ?. – ea?oaiue 1918 ?.) //
O?AE. – 1992. — ? 12; ?iiai/oe I. O?ii?ea iaeiiai eiioe?eoo i?ae
?aaeia?eiiii ??ON? ? Oeaio?aeueiith ?aaeith. – E., 1990; Eoiaiae?i I.?.
Oe?a?inueea aea?aeaai?noue o na?oe? A?anonueeiai ie?o // Oeaio?aeueia
?aaea ia oe? oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe??. – N.108-117 oa ?i. .

Inoaii?i /anii c’yaeeenue aeena?oaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, o yeeo
?icaeyiooi ?in?enueei-oe?a?inuee? a?aeiineie o ??ci? ia??iaee
?aaiethoe?? Aa?/aaa E.I. Iie?oe/ia eiio?iioaoe?y oa ca?ieia ai?ioueaa
?in?? c Oe?a?iith (1917 – ii/. 1918 ??.). Aaoi?ao. aeen. … aeieoi?a ?no.
iaoe. – Euea?a, 1995; Ianoe I.I. Oe?a?inueei-?in?enuee? a?aeiineie 1917
– 1923 ??. Aaoi?ao. aeen. …eaiae. ?no. iaoe. – E., 1998.. O
aeieoi?nuee?e aeena?oaoe?? E.Aa?/aai? cina?aaeaeaii oaaao ia
i?ioenoiyii? a?eueoiaeoeueeeo i?aai?caoe?e oa Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee,
a?enueeiaeo ae?yo, iie?oeea oe?a?inueei? aeaaee uiaei ?aaeia?eiio ia ?
i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, aiae?c noaio iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie na?ae/eoue, ui ia
?nio? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a yeiio c aeinoaoiueith iiaiioith aoea a
i?aaenoaaeaia iie?oeea ?aaeyinueei? ?in?? oa OI? noiniaii iaeia iaeii? o
ia??iae aeiaoiy 1917 ?. – aa?aciy 1918 ?. Ni?iao oaeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?eniaii o i?iiiiiaai?e aeena?oaoe??.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? eiiieaen aeieoiaio?a c a?o?a?a,
aeieoiaioaeueieo ioae?eaoe?e, i?ane, iaioa?ii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Aaaeeeaa ?ioi?iaoe?y c oaiaoeee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
ciaoiaeeoueny a a?o?aao ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??. O Aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a?
?O caa??aathoueny aeieoiaioe A?E i?e Noaaoe? aa?oiaiiai
aieiaiieiiaiaeoth/iai (O.375) oa eaioeaey??? ia?eiia A.Aioiiiaa-Ian??iea
(O.8415). Oea iaeace, iia?aoeai? aeieoiaioe, a?aeiiino? i?i o?ae
a?enueeiaeo ae?e i?ioe Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee. O ?in?enueeiio oeaio??
aea/aiiy ? caa??aaiiy aeieoiaio?a iia?oiuei? ?noi??? ia?aaoaathoue
aeieoiaioe ?aaeia?eiio (O.19), na?aae yeeo i?ioieiee can?aeaiue, aea
iaaiai?thaaeenue ieoaiiy a?aeiinei c Oe?a?iith. O eenooaaii?
nae?aoa??aoo OeE ?NAe?I(a) c i?noeaaeie i?aai?caoe?yie (O.17) ? oe?eaa?
a?aeiiino? i?i ae?yeuei?noue a?eueoiaee?a ia Oe?a?i?, ?ieue
a?eueoiaeoeueeiai OeE o i?iaieioaii? Oe?a?inueei? ?aaeyinueei?
?anioae?ee. C oiiae?a ?in?enueeiai a?enueeiai-?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao
aeei?enoai? aeieoiaioe ooaao Aa?oiaiiai aieiaiieiiaiaeoth/iai (O.2003),
ooaa?a I?aaeaiii-Cao?aeiiai (O.2048) oa ?oioinueeiai (O.2085) o?iio?a.

O Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? aeueo i?aai?a aeaaee Oe?a?ie
ii?aoeueiaaii oiiaee Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee (O.1115) oa Aaia?aeueiiai
Nae?aoa??aoo (O.1063). Io?oe?ei? aeieoiaioe oeeo i?aai?a – i?ioieiee,
iaeace, iinoaiiae, eenooaaiiy – i?noyoue ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iie?oeeo ?
ae?yeuei?noue oeaio?aeueieo i?aai?a aeaaee OI? ii a?aeiioaiith aei
?aaeyinueei? ?in??. ??ciiiai?oi? aeieoiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee, iia’ycai? c
aaaaoueia ieoaiiyie aeena?oaoe??, i?noeoue Eieaeoe?y aeieoiaio?a c
?noi??? Eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o?? Oe?a?ie (O.57) Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai
a?o?ao a?iiaaenueeeo ia’?aeiaiue Oe?a?ie.

Cia/iee ianya a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie
iioae?eiaaiee, oiio aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii ? ca??ieee aeieoiaio?a.
Iniaeeai aaaeeeaei na?aae ieo ? aeaioiiiee ca??iee “Oe?a?inueea
Oeaio?aeueia ?aaea” (E., 1996 – 1997). Oea aeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aea?
no/aniiio ?icaeoeia? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, aiii ? cia/iei aeinyaiaiiyi
oe?a?inueei? a?oaia?ao??. Iiyaa ca??ieea caiiaieea ?ioi?iaoe?eio
i?iaaeeio, a?aeiiaeea i?noea Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi???.
O ca??ieeo ai?uaii io?oe?ei? aeieoiaioe Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee, Iaei?
?aaee, Aaia?aeueiiai Nae?aoa??aoo, aieiai? i?aaia? aeoe – Oi?aa?naee,
iinoaiiae, a?aeicae, aeiaiai?e oa ?i. Aeieoiaioe ca??ieea aeathoue
anaa?/io oyao i?i iie?oeeo ? ae?yeuei?noue Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee ? OI?, o
iueiio oe?iei i?aaenoaaeai? iaoa??aee i?i a?aeiineie c ?aaeyinueeith
?in??th, ine?eueee oe? ieoaiiy ia noiaeeee c ii?yaeeo aeaiiiai
oe?a?inueei? aeaaee i?ioyaii aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo.

Iecea aeieoiaioaeueieo ioae?eaoe?e i?enay/aia nioe?ae?noe/i?e
?aaiethoe??, ae?yeueiino? a?eueoiaeoeueeeo i?aai?caoe?e ia Oe?a?i?
Aieueoaaenoneea i?aaiecaoeee Oe?aeiu a ia?eiae onoaiiaeaiey e oe?aieaiey
Niaaoneie aeanoe (iiya?ue 1917 a. – ai?aeue 1918 a.). Na. aeie. e
iao. – E., 1962; Aaeeeay Ieoya?ueneay nioeeaeenoe/aneay ?aaiethoeey ia
Oe?aeia. Oaa?aeue 1917 a.- ai?aeue 1918 a. Na. aeie. A 3 o. – E., 1957;
Ia?aienea Nae?aoa?eaoa OeE n ianoiuie ia?oeeiuie i?aaiecaoeeyie (iiya?ue
1917 a. – oaa?aeue 1918 a.). Na. aeie. – I., 1957 oa ?i. . Oi/a
aeieoiaioe aei ieo aeiae?aeenue c iaaieie ?aeaieia?/ieie iaiaaeaiiyie,
oe? aeaeaiiy oaeiae ?icoe?ththoue ?ioi?iaoe?eia iiea aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeaea?aeii ??ciiiai?oii? ?ioi?iaoe?? neoaoaaea ia??iaee/ia i?ana. O
ae?oeiaaieo i?aaiao OeE ?NAe?I(a), ?aaeia?eiio oa AOeAE ?in??
(“I?aaaea”, “Ecaanoey AOeEE”), a oaeiae OOe? oa oe?a?inueeiai o?yaeo
(“A?niee c Oe?a?inueei? Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee”, “A?niee Aaia?aeueiiai
Nae?aoa??aoo”) ia?aaaaeathoue io?oe?ei? iia?aeiieaiiy oa aenooie
iie?oe/ieo e?aea??a. Aacaoe i?noeaaeo ?aae Oe?a?ie oa oe?a?inueeeo
iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e aeiiiaiththoue ea?oeio iie?oe/iiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie o
aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae.

Iaioa?ia e?oa?aoo?a, aaoi?aie yei? ? ? a?eueoiaeee, ? oe?a?inuee?
ae?y/?, aeicaiey? iiaeyiooe ia i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy c aieo
i?ioenoiyiiy iaio iie?oe/ieo oaai??a Ai?ioueaa ca ia?aiiao ?aaeyinueei?
aeaaee ia Oe?a?i?. Ca??iee niiaaae?a o/aniee?a Aaeeei? AEiaoiaai?
nioe?ae?noe/ii? ?aaiethoe??. – E., 1957; Aei?ioaiei Ae. Ii? niiieie i?i
iaaeaai? – ieioea. – Ithioai, 1969; Eiaaeaanueeee I. I?e aeaea?aeao
ai?ioueae. – ?ina?oe, 1960; Nei?iiaaenueeee I. Niiaaaee. – Ee?a –
O?eaaeaeueo?y, 1995 oa ?i.. Iii?e noa’?eo?ai?noue oa caaiaaaeiaai?noue
aeayeeo aaoi??a, ?oi? oai?e aeiiiaiththoue ea?oeio iie?oe/ii?,
nioe?aeueii? ? iaoe?iiaeueii? ai?ioueae oe?iieie oaeoaie ?
niinoa?aaeaiiyie.

Aeei?enoaiiy on?o cacia/aieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e aeicaieeei ae??oeoe
iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Aeoiee eiioe?eoo i?ae ?in?enueeith ?aaeyinueeith
?anioae?eith ? OI?” i?enay/aiee ia?aae?noi??? a?aeiinei i?ae
?aaeia?eiiii oa Oeaio?aeueiith ?aaeith

Ii-ia?oa, ?icaeyiooi noaaeaiiy a?eueoiaee?a aei oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ooo. I?ia?aia ?NAe?I(a) ? ??oaiiy VII (Ea?oiaai?)
eiioa?aioe?? c iaoe?iiaeueiiai ieoaiiy iaee aeai?noee oa?aeoa?.
Aeciath/e i?aai iaoe?e ia naiiaecia/aiiy aae aei a?aeie?aieaiiy, ia?o?y
eeoaea ca niaith i?aai ae??ooaaoe, /e ? ai?ioueaa iaoe?? ni?aaaaeeeaith
oa aeioe?eueiith. Oey aeai?no?noue iiaiith i??ith aeyaeeanue o noaaeaii?
a?eueoiaee?a aei oe?a?inueeiai ?ooo.

A.Eai?i cayaea c o?eaoie ? Ana?inn?enueeiai c’?caeo ?aae i?i
i?aeo?eieo aeiiae Oe?a?ie uiaei aaoiiii??, canoaeaeoaaa iiceoe?th
Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo oa ?in?enueeeo nioe?ae?noe/ieo ia?o?e a
“oe?a?inueeiio ieoaii?”. Aiaeii/an a?eueoiaeoeuee? eii?oaoe
I?aaeaiii-Cao?aeiiai e?ath oa Aeiiaoeueei-E?eai??cueeiai aanaeio aaee
aa?oaoe?th i?ioe Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee, iaaaoeaii noaaeeenue aei ?icaeoeo
iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe, eoeueoo?e ? iiae, aoee i?ioe oe?a?i?caoe?? a?i??,
noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo a?enueeiaeo oa naeyinueeeo i?aai?caoe?e.

Aeciaiiy a?eueoiaeeaie i?aaa iaoe?e ia naiiaecia/aiiy noaei aaeaeei
oaeoe/iei oiaeii, yeee caaacia/ea ?i i?aeo?eieo ia?in?enueeeo ia?iae?a o
ai?iouea? i?ioe Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo. Oe?a?inueeee ?oo aiie i?aeo?eioaaee
eeoa ye nithcieea o ai?iouea? ca aeaaeo. I?ney aeciaiiy Oei/aniaei
o?yaeii /anoeiai? aaoiiii?? Oe?a?ie a?eueoiaeee ioe?ithaaee oe?a?inueeee
?oo aeeeth/ii ye eiio??aaiethoe?eiee. Caeeee VI c’?caeo ?NAe?I(a) aei
iiaaeaiiy Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo aiie ?iciianthaeeee e ia Oeaio?aeueio
?aaeo, yeo aaaaeaee eiieo?aioii a ai?iouea? ca aeaaeo.

?ioith ia?aaeoiiaith iaeaooiueiai eiioe?eoo noaea iiceoe?y Oe?a?ie o
ieoaii? i?i oaaea?aoeaio ia?aaoaeiao ?in?enueei? ?iia???. Ao?oeeaee
?icaeoie iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiiai ?ooo o 1917 ?. i?eca?a aei noai?aiiy
ia oa?eoi??? ?in?? ?yaeo iaoe?iiaeueieo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo aea?aeaaieo
ooai?aiue o A?ei?on?, E?eio, Aana?aa??, ia Eaaeac?, Aeiio, Eoaai?, ye?
i?aaioee aei aaoiiii?? o neeaae? oaaea?aoeaii? aea?aeaae. Ea??aieee
Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee I.A?ooaanueeee, A.Aeiie/aiei oa ?i.aoee
iine?aeiaieie oaaea?ae?noaie. I?iaaaeaiee c ?i?oe?aoeae Oeaio?aeueii?
?aaee C’?cae iiiaaieaieo ia?iae?a (8-15 aa?aniy 1917 ?.) cae??iea ca
Oe?a?iith e?aea?noai o oaaea?aoeaiiio ?on?. Oea aoei aieiaiith
i?e/eiith, /iio OOe? a?aeiiaeeanue aeciaoe a?eueoiaeoeueeee ?aaeia?eii
ye oeaio?aeueio ?in?enueeo aeaaeo, aaaaeath/e eiai eeoa ?aa?iiaeueiei
o?yaeii Aaeeei?in??.

Ia??iae aa?aniy – aeiaoiy 1917 ?. oa?aeoa?ecoaaany caaino?aiiyi
ai?ioueae OOe? ca aaoiiii?th. Ia?aeiiaaoenue, ui eiii?ii?n c Oei/aniaei
o?yaeii noaa ia?aiiiith ia oeyoo inoaoi/iiai ae??oaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
i?iaeaie, Oeaio?aeueia ?aaea oa Aaia?aeueiee Nae?aoa??ao cae?enieee ?yae
??oo/eo e?ie?a aei naiia?yaeoaaiiy. O aeaeea?aoe?? a?ae 29 aa?aniy aoei
iaieioaii i?i neeeeaiiy Oe?a?inueeeo Onoaiia/eo cai??a. Iaii?aiaeoi a?ae
13 aeiaoiy iia?aeiiea i?i ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeaaee Aaia?aeueiiai
Nae?aoa??aoo ia on? noa?e aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy. Oea iinoaaeei OOe? ia
a?aiue ?ic?eao c Oei/aniaei o?yaeii, yeiio aiia oaeoe/ii a?aeiiaeeanue
i?aeei?yoenue.

O ?icae?e? aeiaaaeaii, ui ia e?iaoeue aeiaoiy 1917 ?. Oeaio?aeueia ?aaea
? iie?oe/ii, ? i?aai?caoe?eii aoea aioiaa cae?enithaaoe aeaaeo a Oe?a?i?
, oiio e a?aeiiaeeanue aeciaoe aeaaeo iiaiai oeaio?o – a?eueoiaeoeueeiai
?aaeia?eiio.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Eiioe?eo i?ae ?aaeyinueeith ?in??th oa
Oe?a?inueeith Ia?iaeiith ?anioae?eith (aeiaoaiue – a?oaeaiue 1917 ?.)”
aeine?aeaeo?oueny ii/aoeiaee aoai a?aeiinei, yeee o?eaaa a?ae
AEiaoiaaiai ia?aai?ioo aei na?aaeeie a?oaeiy 1917 ?.

I?ioenoiyiiy OOe? oa ?aaeia?eiio ii/aeinue iae?aco i?ney noai?aiiy
inoaiiueiai. ?aaea ia aeciaea iaeiiia?o?eiiai a?eueoiaeoeueeiai o?yaeo.
27 aeiaoiy aiia ooaaeeea, ui aaaaea? iai?eionoeiei ia?ao?ae aeaaee aei
?oe ?aae, ye? ? eeoa /anoeiith ?aaiethoe?eii? aeaiie?ao??, ? cayaeea, ui
“aoaea ??oo/a ai?ioenue c on?ia ni?iaaie i?aeo?eiee oeueiai iianoaiiy ia
Oe?a?i?” Oe?a?inueea Oeaio?aeueia ?aaea. Aeie. ? iao. – O.1. – N.363..
OOe?, oae naii ye ? ?in?enueea aeaiie?ao?y, i?aeo?eioaaea aeiiao
iaeii??aeiiai nioe?ae?noe/iiai o?yaeo, aea ni?iae eiai noai?aiiy
aeyaeeenue iaaaeaeeie.

?aaeyinueea ?noi??ia?ao?y noaa?aeaeoaaea, ui a iniia? eiioe?eoo i?ae
?aaeyinueeith aeaaeith oa OOe? aoei iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy ao?aeoacii?
?aaee aei nioe?ae?noe/ii? ?aaeyinueei? ?in??. A ?icae?e? c?iaeaii
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ia?oeo aeae?ao?a ?aaeia?eiio oa ??? Oi?aa?naeo, c
yeiai aeaeii, ui nioe?aeueia ni?yiiaai?noue iaio iiainoai?aieo aea?aeaa
aoea aeoaea aeecueeith, oiaoi ia iiaea aooe i?e/eiith eiioe?eoo.
Iacaiaea iieyaaea a oiio, ui a?eueoiaeoeueeee ?aaeia?eii aaaaeaa naaa
i?aaiianooiieeii Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo oa aaaeaa ?iciianthaeeoe aeaaeo ia
anth ?in?th. Oeaio?aeueia ?aaea ?icaeyaeaea ?IE ye o?yae iaeiiai c
?aa?ii?a – Aaeeei?in??. Aiia i?iiiioaaea ?aaeia?eiio ?acii c ?ioeie
iaeanieie o?yaeaie noai?eoe oeaio?aeueiee oaaea?aoeaiee ?in?enueeee
o?yae. Iaoii?noue ?aaeia?eii ?ic?aoiaoaaa e?ea?aeoaaoe Oeaio?aeueio
?aaeo oa ?ioeo “naia?aoeno?a”, caa?aaoe ?in?th oi?oa?iith aea?aeaaith,
iaa’ycaoe on?i ia?iaeai oioae?oa?io eiioi?noe/io nenoaio. Oea aoea
aieiaia i?e/eia eiioe?eoo, a caiaeii – ? a?eie c OI?.

Io?oe?eia iiceoe?y ?aaeia?eiio a?aeiinii aaoiiiiii? OI? i?ioyaii
eenoiiaaea 1917 ?. caeeoaeanue iaaecia/aiith. Ia anooiath/e o i?yiee
eiioe?eo c Oeaio?aeueiith ?aaeith, ?aaeia?eii iaiaaaany e?ea?aeoaaoe
aaoiiii?th Oe?a?ie, aeei?enoiaoth/e aeiiii?/io ? iie?oe/io caeaaei?noue
a?ae oeaio?o. I?ioa, ni?iae aieeiooe ia Oe?a?io ca aeiiiiiaith aaaeae?a
oeaio?aeueii? aeaaee o o?iainia?e, o?ainii?oi?e, a?enueeia?e oa ?ioeo
noa?ao ia iaee oni?oo. Oe?a?inueea aeaaea iinooiiai aeieaea o?oaeiiu?:
23 eenoiiaaea noai?eea c a?enuee I?aaeaiii-Cao?aeiiai oa ?oioinueeiai
o?iio?a Oe?a?inueeee o?iio, 1 a?oaeiy i?eeiyea ??oaiiy i?i aeione
aeanieo a?ioae, i?eieieea iinoaaee i?iaeiaieuenoaa oa aoa?eey o
Aaeeei?in?th.

OeE ?NAe?I(a) ia ii/aoeo eenoiiaaea aeaa aeac?aeo nai?i i?noeaaei
i?aai?caoe?yi ?icai?iooe ai?ioueao i?ioe Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee. Aea
iaiaaaiiy onoiooe ?? a?ae aeaaee aeaiie?aoe/iei oeyoii ia
Anaoe?a?inueeiio c’?cae? ?aae, neeeeaiiio ca ?i?oe?aoeaith a?eueoiaee?a,
aeyaeeenue iaaaeaeeie. Caciaee e?aoo ? ni?iae anoaiiaeoe ?aaeyinueeo
aeaaeo ca?ieiei oeyoii o Ee?a?, Iaean?, ia o?iio?. Ia ii/aoie a?oaeiy
?aaeia?eii ia?aeiiaany, ui anoaiiaeaiiy aeaaee a?eueoiaee?a a Oe?a?i?
aac ca?ieiiai ao?o/aiiy cciai? iaiiaeeeaa.

Oeueoeiaooi a?ae 3 a?oaeiy 1917 ?. icia/aa, ui “iaeo?ae?oao”
?aaeia?eiio a?aeiinii aaoiiiiii? Oe?a?ie ne?i/eany. Aaia?aeueiee
Nae?aoa??ao a?aeeeioa oiiae oeueoeiaooio, ioe?ieaoe eiai ye /a?aiao
iie?oe/io ?io?eao a?eueoiaee?a i?ioe Oe?a?ie. A?i niiae?aaany, ui
nioe?ae?noe/ia aeaaea ?in?? ia noaia aithaaoe i?ioe nioe?ae?noe/ii?
aeaaee Oe?a?ie. Aeieoiaioe OOe? oa Aaia?aeueiiai Nae?aoa??aoo
na?ae/aoue, ui aiie ?ic?aoiaoaaee ia iie?oe/ia ae??oaiiy eiioe?eoo.

I?ioyaii a?oaeiy Aaia?aeueiee Nae?aoa??ao oa ?aaeia?eii iai?ithaaeenue
aeeieiiaoe/ieie aeieoiaioaie, aeaeaaaoe?yie i?aai?caoe?e, ye?
iaiaaaeenue aooe iina?aaeieeaie i?e ?ica’ycaii? eiioe?eoo, i?ioa
noinoiee aeaaeae? caaino?thaaeenue. Ua o?eaaa ia?aaiai?iee i?ioean, eiee
?aaeyinuee? caaiie, ye? i?yioaaee ia Aeii, 9 a?oaeiy i?eaoee aei
Oa?eiaa ? ii/aee iinooiiai a?aoe i?ae na?e eiio?ieue i?noa
E?aiaa?aaeaey. C na?aaeeie a?oaeiy o?eaaea iaiaieioaia a?eia i?ae
?aaeyinueeith ?in??th oa OI?.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e “Ca?ieia ai?ioueaa ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee i?ioe
Oe?a?inueei? Ia?iaeii? ?anioae?ee (a?oaeaiue 1917 ?. – aa?acaiue
1918 ?.)” aena?oeth? ca?ieiee eiioe?eo i?ae ?aaeyinueeith ?in??th oa
OI?, a oaeiae ie?i? ia?aaiai?e o A?ano? c e?a?iaie *aoaa?iiai nithco,
aea aeaeaaaoe?? iaio e?a?i eiioaeooaaee i?ae niaith.

?in?enuee? a?eueoiaeoeuee? caaiie ii/aee a?enueeia? ae?? c caoiieaiiy
Oa?eiaa. Oea aaeeea i?iieneiaa, i?ieaoa?nueea i?noi aoei ia?aii OeE
?NAe?I(a) aeey noai?aiiy oe?a?inueeiai ?aaeyinueeiai oeaio?o ia
i?ioeaaao Ee?ao. 11 – 12 a?oaeiy ooo a?aeaoany o. ca. “Anaoe?a?inueeee
c’?cae ?aae”, aeaeaaaoaie yeiai aoee, a iniiaiiio, i?ioan?ei? ia?o?ei?
i?aoe?aieee, ea??aieoeoai ?NAe?I(a) ia Oe?a?i?. Ca nai?i neeaaeii oeae
c’?cae ia iaa i?aaa i?eeiaoe aeieaiini? aeey Oe?a?ie ??oaiiy, aea a?i
i?iaieinea Oe?a?io ?aaeyinueeith ?anioae?eith oa noai?ea ia??iiaoeiaee
o?yae Ia?iaeiee Nae?aoa??ao.

C iinoaiiyi ?aaeyinueeiai oeaio?o a Oa?eia? iie?oe/ia noaiiaeua a
Oe?a?i? ii/aei ci?ithaaoenue ia ei?enoue a?eueoiaee?a. Ia e?iaoeue
a?oaeiy 1917 ?. a Oe?a?io aoei iai?aaeaii aei 20 oen. ?aaeyinueeeo
a?enuee i?ae eiiaiaeoaaiiyi ia?iaeiiai eii?na?a A.Aioiiiaa-Ian??iea oa
ia/aeueieea ooaao I.Io?aaeiaa. 4 n?/iy 1918 ?. Ia?iaeiee Nae?aoa??ao
iaieinea a?eio Oeaio?aeuei?e ?aae?. I?ney oeueiai ?aaeia?eii iaa
i?aenoaao aaaaeaoe aoi?aiaiiy ?aaeyinueeeo a?enuee c ?in?? a Oe?a?io
ia aa?an??th i?ioe noaa?aiii? OI?, a a?aoa?nueeith aeiiiiiaith
?aaeyinueeiio o?yaeo Oe?a?ie a eiai ai?iouea? c eiio??aaiethoe?eiith
Oeaio?aeueiith ?aaeith.

?aaiethoe?ei? caaiie i?inoaaeenue acaeiaae cae?cieoeue, caoiiethaaee
i?noa oa cae?cie/i? noaioe??. I?noeaa? oe?a?inuee? aa?i?ciie aeyaeeenue
iacaeaoieie aei iii?o, eeoa ie?ai? c ieo anooiaee o a?e, ?aooa aoea
?ici?iiaaiaaia a?eueoiaeeaie oa o?eiaea iaeo?ae?oao. Oaeei /eiii,
anoaiiaeaiiy ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee o Oa?eia?, Iieoaa?, Eaoa?eiineaa?,
Eicia?e, Iaaeia?aae? oa ?ioeo i?noao aoei cae?eniaii aeeeth/ii
?aaiethoe?eieie caaiiaie c ?in??. Anaoe?a?inueeee OeAE oa Ia?iaeiee
Nae?aoa??ao ia iaee ?aaeueii? aeaaee, on?i ea?oaaee eiiaiaeoth/ee
a?enueeaie A.Aioiiia-Ian??iei oa iaaecae/aeiee eii?na? ?aeiio Oe?a?ie
N.I?aeaeii?e?aeca.

Ea??aieoeoai OI? iaa?oue i?ney caoiieaiiy a?eueoiaeeaie /anoeie
E?aiaa?aaeaey ia ona?aeiiethaaei a?enueeiai? iaaaciaee, ui aeaeii c
iaoa??ae?a Ainueii? nan?? OOe?. Aaia?aeueiee Nae?aoa??ao ia i?aeaiooaaa
a?enueeia? neee OI? aei a?aen?/? aa?an??, aiie ia?aaoaaee o iaiaaiiio
noai?. ??oaiiy i?i oi?ioaaiiy iiai? a?i??, i?eeiyoa 26 a?oaeiy, aaea ia
iiaei aeiiiiiaoe. Aeey iieiaei? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae a?eia aeyaeeinue
iaiineeueiith ni?aaith. Aeaiie?aoe/ia Oeaio?aeueia ?aaea ia aoea aei
ia? aioiaa, oiae? ye a?eueoiaeee aaaaeaee a?eio iaeiei c cania?a
ai?ioueae ca aeaaeo.

A?ae/aeaeooia noaiiaeua cioneei e?aea??a OI? ooeaoe ii?yooieo
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? o ci?i? i??i?eoao?a aea?aeaaiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa. Oeaio?aeueia ?aaea a?aeiiaeeanue a?ae oaaea?ae?cio oa
i?iaieineea ?O Oi?aa?naeii iiaio aea?aeaaio naiino?ei?noue OI?, ui
aeaaaei ciiao i?iaaaeeoe iacaeaaeio ciai?oith iie?oeeo. Ia ie?ieo
ia?aaiai?ao o A?ano? i?ae oeneii i?iaoeueei? aeeieiiao??, yea aoea
caoe?eaaeaia iaoe Oe?a?io iacaeaaeiith a?ae ?in??, aeaeaaaoe?y
?aaeia?eiio aoea ciooaia aeciaoe iiaio aea?aeaaio naiino?ei?noue OI? oa
a?aeiiaeoenue a?ae i?aoaic?e ia ia? ye /anoeio ?aeeii? ?in??.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? ae?eoia aei ?yaeo
aeniiae?a, iniiai? c yeeo aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— A?aeiineie i?ae ?aaeyinueeith ?in??th oa OI? o ia??iae aeiaoiy 1917 ?.
– aa?aciy 1918 ?. iaee oa?aeoa? ia?iaiaioiiai eiioe?eoo. A?i ii/aany c
iie?oe/iiai i?ioenoiyiiy oa ia?aoai?eany ia i?yia ca?ieia ao?o/aiiy
?aaeyinueei? ?in?? o aioo??oi? ni?aae OI?.

— Iniiao eiioe?eoo neeaaeaee ia nioe?aeueii-eeania? i?ioe??//y, a
?aeaei? ?ica?aeiino?. A?eueoiaeee aoee i?ea?/ieeaie i?ieaoa?nueeiai
?ioa?iaoe?iiae?cio oa na?oiai? ?aaiethoe??, oe?a?inuee? nioe?ae?noe
aeio?eioaaeenue iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaieoeueei? ?aea?.

— OI? ?icaeyaeaea ?aaeia?eii ye ?aa?iiaeueiee o?yae Aaeeei?in??.
Aaia?aeueiee Nae?aoa??ao cai?iiiioaaa eiio noaoe iaeiei c noa’?eo?a
iaeaooiuei? oaaea?aoe??. A?eueoiaeee aaaaeaee na?e o?yae
i?aaiianooiieeii Oei/aniaiai o?yaeo oa niiae?aaeenue iioe?eoe naith
aeaaeo ia anth ?in?th. Oea noaei iniiaiith i?e/eiith eiioe?eoo, a
caiaeii ? a?eie c Oeaio?aeueiith ?aaeith.

— I?ioyaii eenoiiaaea 1917 ?. a?eueoiaeoeueeee ?aaeia?eii iaiaaaany
onoiooe Oeaio?aeueio ?aaeo a?ae aeaaee ie?iei oeyoii: a) aeei?enoiaoth/e
aeiiii?/io oa iie?oe/io caeaaei?noue a?ae oeaio?o; a) neeaie i?noeaaeo
a?eueoiaeoeueeeo i?aai?caoe?e. Ia e?iaoeue eenoiiaaea c’ynoaaeinue , ui
anoaiiaeaiiy ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a Oe?a?i? aac ao?o/aiiy cciai?
iaiiaeeeaa.

— Oeueoeiaooi ?aaeia?eiio a?ae 3 a?oaeiy 1917 ?. cana?ae/ea ci?io
iie?oeee a?eueoiaeoeueeiai o?yaeo ?in?? a?aeiinii OI?. Oi/ ia?aaiai?iee
i?ioean o?eaaa, c 9 a?oaeiy a Oe?a?i? ii/aee ae?yoe ?aaiethoe?ei?
caaiie, iineai? ca iaeacii ?IE. Oea icia/aei ii/aoie a?enueeiaiai
ao?o/aiiy ?aaeyinueei? ?in?? o aioo??oi? ni?aae noaa?aiii? OI?.

— ?aaeyinueea aeaaea a i?noao oa ?ioeo ianaeaieo ioieoao Oe?a?ie o
a?oaei? 1917 ?. – n?/i? 1918 ?. anoaiiaethaaeanue aeeeth/ii ca o/anoth
a?enueeiaeo nee c ?in??. I?noeaaa *a?aiia aaa?ae?y a?ae?a?aaaea
ae?oai?yaeio aeiiii?aeio ?ieue.

— Ao?o/aiiy o aeainoi?iii? a?aeiineie o?aouei? neee – I?ia//eie oa
Aano?i-Oai?ueie – aeicaieeei Oe?a?i? caa?aaoe naith aea?aeaai?noue.
?aaeyinueea ?in?y aoea ciooaia aeciaoe iacaeaaei?noue OI? oa aeaanoe
nai? a?enueea c ?? oa?eoi???.

Ioae?eaoe?? aaoi?a, ui a?aeaeaathoue iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??:

A?ioo?e:

1.Ec enoi?ee eiioeeeoa iaaeaeo niaaoneie ?inneae e Oe?aeineie Ia?iaeiie
?anioaeeeie (ieoya?ue – aeaeaa?ue 1917 a.). E., 1998. – 30 n.

2. A?ae oeueoeiaooio aei ca?ieii? ai?ioueae: c ?noi??? a?aeiinei Oe?a?ie
? ?in?? (a?oaeaiue 1917 ?. – n?/aiue 1918 ?.). – E.,1998.- 22 n.

Noaoo?.

3.Aeoiee eiioe?eoo i?ae ?aaeia?eiiii oa Oe?a?inueeith Oeaio?aeueiith
?aaeith // A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.
?noi??y. Aei. 39. – E., 1998. — N. 39 – 42.

?oiaiia A.N. A?aeiineie i?ae ?aaeyinueeith ?in??th oa Oe?a?inueeith
Ia?iaeiith ?anioae?eith (aeiaoaiue 1917 ?. – aa?acaiue 1918?.). –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.02. – Anana?oiy ?noi??y – Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeo?oueny ii/aoeiaee aoai a?aeiinei i?ae
?aaeyinueeith ?in??th oa Oe?a?inueeith Ia?iaeiith ?anioae?eith.
Aecia/aii nooi?noue oa i?e/eie eiioe?eoo i?ae ?aaeyinueeith oa
oe?a?inueeeie aeaaeaie, ?icaeyiooi iie?oe/ia i?ioenoiyiiy ?aaeia?eiio ?
Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee (aeiaoaiue — a?oaeaiue 1917 ?.) oa ca?ieiee eiioe?eo
i?ae ieie (na?aaeeia a?oaeiy 1917 ?. – aa?acaiue 1918 ?.).
I?iaiae?ciaaii iie?oeeo iaio aea?aeaa noiniaii iaeia iaeii?, ?ieue OeE
?NAe?I(a) oa ?aaeia?eiio ?in?? o anoaiiaeaii? ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee ia
e?a?i?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aaeyinueea ?in?y, ?aaeia?eii, Oe?a?inueea Ia?iaeia
?anioae?ea, Oeaio?aeueia ?aaea, Aaia?aeueiee Nae?aoa??ao.

Aoiaiia A.N. Ioiioaiey iaaeaeo niaaoneie ?inneae e Oe?aeineie Ia?iaeiie
?anioaeeeie (ieoya?ue 1917 a. – ia?o 1918 a.). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.02. – Anaie?iay enoi?ey. – Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao
eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeoaony ia/aeueiue yoai ioiioaiee iaaeaeo niaaoneie
?inneae e Oe?aeineie Ia?iaeiie ?anioaeeeie. Ii?aaeaeaiu nouiinoue e
i?e/eiu eiioeeeoa iaaeaeo niaaoneie e oe?aeineie aeanoyie, ?anniio?aii
iieeoe/aneia i?ioeainoiyiea Niaia?eiia e Oeaio?aeueiie ?aaeu (ieoya?ue –
aeaeaa?ue 1917 a.) e aii?oaeaiiue eiioeeeo iaaeaeo ieie (na?aaeeia
ieoya?y 1917 a. – ia?o 1918 a.). I?iaiaeece?iaaia iieeoeea iaieo
ainoaea?noa a ioiioaiee ae?oa ae?oaa, ?ieue OeE ?NAe?I(a) e Niaia?eiia
?innee a onoaiiaeaiee niaaoneie aeanoe ia Oe?aeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: niaaoneay ?inney, Niaia?eii, Oe?aeineay Ia?iaeiay
?anioaeeea, Oeaio?aeueiay ?aaea, Aaia?aeueiue Nae?aoa?eao.

Eshpanov V.S. The Relationship between soviet Russia and Ukrainian
Peoples Republic (october 1917 – march 1918 ). – Manuscript.

Thesis for candidate’s degree by specialty 07.00.02. – World history. –
Kyiv University after Taras Shevchenko, Kyiv, 1998.

The thesis is devoted to the initial stage of relations between soviet
Russia and Ukrainian Peoples Republic. The issue and main reasons of the
conflict between soviet and Ukrainian authorities are definite, the
political conflict between Central Rada and Sovnarcom in october –
december 1917 and armed struggle from the middle of december 1917 till
march 1918 is considered. The thesis deals with analysis of foreign
policy both states with respect to each other, the role of the Central
Committee of Bolshevick Party and Sovnarcom in establishing the soviet
power in Ukraine.

Key words: soviet Russia, Sovnarcom, Ukrainian Peoples Republic, Central
Rada, General Secretariat.

Похожие записи