2

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Eiia??no Aiae??e A?eoi?iae/

OAeE 330.322.621

OI?AAE?IIss ?IAANOEOe?ssIE A IAOEIIAOAeOAAII?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.01 – aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?ienoa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?eia Iao?i A?eaae?eiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee
oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee oa
ia?eaoeiao.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeiio??a Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?/iiai
aiae?co

? aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

I?e?oia ?aaai Oaaei?iae/,

Ia?iaeia oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y, i.
Oa?e?a,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee
i?aei?e?inoaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Oa?e?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.I.
Ea?ac?ia, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a, eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee oa
iaiaaeaeiaioo

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 1 “ aa?aciy 2000 ?. i 13 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.050.02 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 61002, i. Oa?e?a,
aoe. O?oica, 21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 29 “ n?/iy 2000 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aaa?enue I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aoaeoeaia oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?yie ? iniiaith aeey
oni?oiiai ?icaeoeo iaoeiiaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoa oa i?iieneiaino? a
oe?eiio a oiiaao eiieo?aioii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

C iiaeeaeaiiyi e?ece a Oe?a?i? oaiie iaae?iiy ianya?a eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue
cia/ii ia?aaeuoaaee iia??oaiiy ?ioeo aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a. Oae, i?e
ciaioaii? aaeiaiai aioo??oiueiai i?iaeoeoo o 1998 ?. aei 41% a?ae
??aiy 1990 ?., ?iaanoeoe?? neeaee eeoa 20,8%. Iaae?iiy ianyao
?iaanoeoe?e o iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? oaea?/? ia?aaeuoaaei ciaioaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e a na?aaeiueiio ii aeiiii?oe?. A oie aea /an i?aei?e?inoaa,
ye? i?iaiaeyoue aoaeoeaio ?iaanoeoe?eio iie?oeeo, cie?aia AI
“THaeeaaaeue”, IAI ?i. I.O?oica, Iieoaanueeee caaiae ooo/ieo aeiac?a oa
aeiaciiai ?ino?oiaioo, oni?oii ae?thoue a oiiaao ?eieo, ca?eueooth/e
ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei e?ece ? iaa?aeiia?aei?noue nenoai oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaaie aeiiaai, ui noaaeyoueny aei ieo o iiaeo oiiaao.
A?aenooi?noue i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i oa iaoiae?a, ye? aeathoue ciiao
ia?aaeaa/aoe oa aaeaeaaoii ?aaaoaaoe ia ci?ie o ciai?oiueiio
aeiiii?/iiio, iie?oe/iiio oa nioe?aeueiiio ioi/aii? i?aai?caoe?? aaaea
aei oeaieo ae?e aai cai?ciaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ?aaeoe?e, a c?aooith, aei
oaeoe/iiai aaie?oonoaa i?aei?e?inoa.

Iaei??th c ia?aaeoiia aeoiaeo oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee c e?eciaiai noaio
? ia?aaoaeiaa nenoaie oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeueieie aeeaaeaiiyie ia ??ai?
i?aei?e?inoa c iaoith aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a a
oiiaao oaeaeeeo ci?i o ciai?oiueiio na?aaeiaeu?. O ?iaioao a?o/eciyieo
oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo: ?.Ainiooa, TH.I.Aainae, A.I.Aiaa/iaa,
N.TH.Aeacue?aa, A.A?iiiaee?, ?.I.Eieaaa?aa, A.I.E?aoeoea, Ae.N.Eueaiaa,
I.Ianna, A.A.Iiaiaeeeiaa, Ae.I.Iaeoa?iae/a, A.Oa?nna, O.N.Oa/aoo?iaa,
ss.Oiiei, ?.Oieoa, A.?.sseiae?aa, oa ?ioeo, aena?oeaii ?yae aniaeo?a
caaaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?eiith ae?yeuei?noth oa aecia/aiiy
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue. I?ioa ie?ai? ieoaiiy
aeiaaathoue a?eueo aeaoaeueii? ?ic?iaee c o?aooaaiiyi ci?i, ui
a?aeaoeeny a aeiiii?oe?.

Oae, iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaeie c oi/ee ci?o iaiaaeaeiaioo i?iieneiaeo
ia’?eo?a ?: iniaeeaino? i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiyie i?e
oaeaeeeo ci?iao ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua; aeei?enoaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo
iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a o
no/anieo oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? aeeiai?ee oa iaia?aaeaa/oaaiino?
?acoeueoao?a oa aeo?ao; aecia/aiiy iieacieea i?i?iaeueii? aoaeoeaiino?
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue a Oe?a?i?; ieoaiiy ioe?iee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
?eceeiaaiino? oa aeioiaeiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, ?? oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy coiiaeee
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/eee oaio
aeena?oaoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
iia’ycaia c iaoeiaeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee oa ia?eaoeiao
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca oaiith: “Ioe?iea
aoaeoeaiino? noai?aiiy oa ae?yeueiino? ni?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa”,
aeeiiaieie a ia??iae 1996 – 1998 ?ie?a, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0198007650.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaea a ?ic?iaoe?
nenoaie iaoai?ci?a ? iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeueieie aeeaaeaiiyie o
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? ae??oai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— i?iaiae?ciaaii iiiyooy “?iaanoeoe??” oa ?o eeaneo?eaoe??;

— aeine?aeaeaii i?noea oa ?ieue eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue o i?aeaeuaii?
aoaeoeaiino? noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa anoaiiaeaii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii?
??aiiaaae;

— i?iaiae?ciaaii i?e/eie ?iaanoeoe?eii? e?ece a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie;

— i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyieo oa caei?aeiiieo oai??e ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue o noaa?eueieo oiiaao oa c
o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi?o iaaecia/aiino? aeo?ao oa ?acoeueoao?a;

— iaaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeueieie
aeeaaeaiiyie a no/anieo oiiaao;

— aeine?aeaeai? iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??ai?a aeeiai?/iino? ciai?oiueiai
ioi/aiiy i?iaeoo;

— aeine?aeaeaii ieoaiiy ioe?iee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?eceeiaaiino? oa
aeioiaeiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a a oiiaao aenieiai ??aiy aeeiai?ee
ioi/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa;

— aecia/aii cia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii? aoaeoeaiino? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue
a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo iniaenoi aaoi?ii. Iieiaeaiiy,
aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, noi?ioeueiaai? a aeena?oaoe??, i?noyoue iaai?
aeaiaioe iaoeiai? iiaecie.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia iaoai?ci?a ? iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy
eai?oaeueieie aeeaaeaiiyie ia iaoeiiaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie.

Oaeineiiaeai?:

— iaoiae ioe?iee i?eaaaeeaino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a a oiiaao oaeaeeeo
ci?i a iae?i- ? i?e?ina?aaeiaeu? i?aei?e?inoaa;

— iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy ??aiy i?i?iaeueii? aoaeoeaiino?
eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue a Oe?a?i?;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy oiai, ui caaeuaiiy noaaie ii iae?aaoe?yo aioo??oiuei?
aea?aeaaii? iiceee (IAAeI) ia i?ioyc? e?eueeio ?ie?a aoei iaei??th c
i?e/ei ciaioaiiy ianya?a ?aaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?e a Oe?a?i?.

Ae?noaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie:

— aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao iaaeinoaoiuei iaa?oioiaaii?
iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ia ?icai?oaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i?;

— iaoiaee ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ??ai?a iaaecia/aiino? ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy i?iaeoo;

— iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo i?ae ia?aiao?aie
o?iainiaiai ?eieo oa ?o aieeaii ia aa?o?noue ?iaanoeoe?eiiai eai?oaeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe aeoeai?noue oa
aoaeoeai?noue ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? iaoeiiaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoa
ca ?aooiie: aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeueieie
aeeaaeaiiyie; oi?ioaaiiy a?eueo caaeainiaaiiai, aaeaioiaaiiai aei aieeao
ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy ii?ooaeth i?iaeo?a; aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie i?aei?e?inoaa; i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue.

Aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeoue i?iieneiaino?
Oe?a?ie ca?eueoeoe ianya ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? ca
?aooiie c?inoaiiy ianya?a oa aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e,
i?aeaeueoe eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue a?o/eciyieo ae?iaie/eo i?aei?e?inoa,
i?enei?eoe ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o i?iieneiaino?
Oe?a?ie oa i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, ye? noinothoueny
iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee aea?aeaae.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a?o/eciyieo i?aei?e?inoa oa aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie, aeeeaaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ae?noeeie?i o iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii oi?aae?iith ?iaanoeoe?yie a oiiaao oaeaeeeo ci?i
ioi/aiiy, aoee aeei?enoai? ia ?yae? i?aei?e?inoa Iieoaanueeiai ?aa?iio,
cie?aia ia AAO “Eoaaa”, OIA “Aaion”, Iieoaanueeiio ?O EA “I?eaaoaaie”.
Aeoe i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 26.08.99, 02.09.99 oa 20.09.99 iaaaaeai? o
?iaio?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? aeniiaee oa iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? ii?eethaeiaii ia Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeiiii?ea oa eaae?e Oe?a?ie” (Oa?e?a, 1994 ?.), ia?o?e oa
ae?oa?e i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo
aeiiii?no?a “No/ani? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa” (Oa?e?a, 1996 oa
1997 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o 5 noaooyo o
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao oa ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ye? ia iiiaio
iioae?eoaaiiy oeeo i?aoeue aoiaeeee aei ia?ae?eo niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
oaoiaeo aeaeaiue c aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, caoaa?aeaeaiiai AAE Oe?a?ie, oa 4
oacao aeiiia?aeae o iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a.
Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 200 noi??iie, c yeeo ?ethno?aoe?? caeiathoue
8 noi??iie, oaaeeoe? – 10 noi??iie, 3 aeiaeaoee – 10 noi??iie, nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 114 iaeiaioaaiue – 9 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ?ice?eoi nooi?noue ? no/aniee noai iaoeiai? i?iaeaie oa ??
cia/ou?noue, i?aenoaae ? aeo?aei? aeai? aeey ?ic?iaee oaie,
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino? i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ? iiaeaii
caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeena?oaoe?? a ?aeiiaiaeiaai?e AAE Oe?a?ie
iine?aeiaiino?.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “?iaanoeoe?? oa aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa” —
aeine?aeaeaia eaoaai??y “?iaanoeoe?y”, eeaneo?eaoe?y ?iaanoeoe?e; i?noea
oa ?ieue eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue o i?aeaeuaii? aoaeoeaiino? noni?eueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa oa anoaiiaeaii? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae; i?iaiae?ciaai?
i?e/eie ?iaanoeoe?eii? e?ece a Oe?a?i?.

O aecia/aii? nooiino? aeiiii?/ii? eaoaai??? “?iaanoeoe?y” oa ??
eeaneo?eaoe?? ? /eiaei noia?a/ieo oa aeeneon?eieo ieoaiue. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ??ciiiai?oi?noth ?nioth/eo o caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoe ?
caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoiae?a oa eeaneo?eaoe?e. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe
oa, ui oa?i?ie “?iaanoeoe?y” oa “eai?oaeueia aeeaaeaiiy” icia/athoue
??ci? yaeua; i?e oeueiio eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy ? /anoeiith, iaeiei c
aeae?a a?eueo oe?ieiai iiiyooy “?iaanoeoe??”. Iaiao?aeii a?ae??ciyoe
i?e?iaeo ?iaanoeoe?e ia i?e?i- oa iae?i??ai? – oa, ui ? aeeaaeaiiyi aeey
ie?aiiai i?aei?e?inoaa ia caaaeaee ? ?iaanoeoe??th aeey aeiiii?ee a
oe?eiio. Aeey aiae?co noaio ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? iaiao?aeii
?ic??ciyoe aaeia? oa /eno? ?iaanoeoe??, oiaoi aaeia? ?iaanoeoe?? ca
aeeeth/aiiyi aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue.

I?noea eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue o no/ani?e aeiiii?oe? o?nii iia’ycaia ?c
ieoaiiyie iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae. Oeei ieoaiiyi i?eae?eyeany cia/ia
oaaaa o ?iaioao aaaaoueio aeiiii?no?a, cie?aia, Aeae.I.Eaeina,
I.Naioaeueniia, I.Nieio. O aeena?oaoe?? ocaaaeueiththoueny ?nioth/?
i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy ?ie? ?iaanoeoe?e o i?aeaeuaii? aoaeoeaiino?
noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa anoaiiaeaiiy iae?iaeiiii?/ii? ??aiiaaae.

Aeyaeaiiy i?e/ei iaae?iiy ianya?a eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue a aeiiii?oe?
Oe?a?ie aeicaieeoue aecia/eoe oiiae oni?oiiai ?iaanooaaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ia i?ioyc? o?eaaeiai /ano (ca aenieeo ??ai?a ?ioeyoe?? o 1992 — 1995
?ieao) o?iainoaaiiy eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? ca
?aooiie e?aaeeo?a aaie?anueeeo onoaiia aoei iaiaaeaii aiane?aeie ianoa/?
aeiaaioa?i?iiaiai caeo/aiiai eai?oaeo oa iani?eyoeeai? eii’thieoo?e
o?iainiaiai ?eieo, coiiaeaii? iaaecia/ai?noth oaii?a c?inoaiiy oe?i. O
ia??iae a?aeiinii? noaa?e?caoe?? a?ioiaiai ?eieo, a 1996 — 1997 ?ieao,
iecuee? ianyae eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue o ?aaeueio aeiiii?eo
iiynithaaeeny a?aeaie?eaiiyi aaie?anueeiai eai?oaeo ia o?iainoaaiiy
aeao?oeeoo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo oa iecueeei ?iaanoeoe?eiei
iioaioe?aeii aaie?anueei? nenoaie. Iiaeeeaino? i?aei?e?inoa ii
caeo/aiith aeiaaino?ieiaiai eai?oaeo /a?ac oiiaeiaee ?eiie iaiaaeoaaeeny
ia?icaeiai?noth ?io?ano?oeoo?e oa iecueeei iioaioe?aeii ii?ooaeueieo
?iaanoi??a.

Iniiaieie aeaea?aeaie o?iainoaaiiy eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue aeey
oe?a?inueeeo iaoeiiaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoa aoee aioo??oi?. Ia aeaeue,
?ioeyoe?ei? i?ioeane, ui i?ioiaeeee a Oe?a?i? ia i?ioyc? 1991 — 1995
?ie?a oa aii?oecaoe?eia iie?oeea, iai?aaeaia ia ciaioaiiy
aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue aiane?aeie iaiiaii? oa ianai?/anii?
?iaeaenaoe?? aa?oino? iniiaieo oiiae?a oa aeei?enoaiiy cieaeoaaeueieo
eiao?oe??io?a a cia/i?e i??? iaoiiaeee iaiiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue ye aeaea?aea iiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai
eai?oaeo. Iniiaio /anoeio o?iainoaaiiy iioi/ieo oa eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao
i?aei?e?inoaa ciooai? aoee ?iaeoe ca ?aooiie /enoiai i?eaooeo.

*anoa ci?ia nenoaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy oa iiaeaoeiaeo noaaie coiiaethaaea
o?oaeiiu? o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a. C
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy a ?iaio?
i?iaiae?ciaaia aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a “ieoiia aaaa iiaeaoe?a a oe?i?”,
“ieoiia aaaa /enoiai i?eaooeo o oe?i?”, “?aioaaaeuei?noue i?iaeoeoe??,
/enoa” oa “/enoa ?aioaaaeuei?noue eai?oaeo”, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?ie
iii?iaeueii? ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? a
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy cana?ae/eee, ui iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa
oa ciaioaiiy eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue iiynithaaeeny, ii?o/ c ?ioeie
i?e/eiaie, aenieeie iiaeaoeiaeie noaaeaie, ui ae?yee oa i?iaeiaaeothoue
ae?yoe a Oe?a?i? i?ioyaii inoaii?o ?ie?a. Iane?aeeii oeueiai noaea
a?aenooi?noue noeioe?a aei aeeaaeaiiy a?ioae o ae?iaie/o noa?o. A
?acoeueoao? iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiai?ee iieacieea a?aeiioaiiy /enoiai
i?eaooeo aei aeeaaeaiiai eai?oaeo ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?iaeoo ca oiiae
??aiino? aeaeaoe?a ia ca?ia?oio ieaoo ?ia?oiee?a oa aeo?ao ia iaoa??aee,
eiao?oe??ioii a?aeiioaiiy ianya?a iniiaieo oiiae?a i?aei?e?inoaa aei
oiiaeo ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ia ??ai? 4, aoee io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe,
i?aaenoaaeai? ia ?en. 1.

Iaa?oue i?e ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ia ??ai? 60% iieaciee
?aaeueii? i?eaooeiaino? ?iaanoiaaiiai eai?oaeo ia ia?aaeuoaaa 22%,
oiaoi oaeoe/ii ao?a/a?oueny nain ?iaanooaaiiy o ?aaeueio aeiiii?eo.
Iaaeinoaoiuei iaa?oioiaaia iiaeaoeiaa iie?oeea aea?aeaae aoea iaei??th c
iniiaieo i?e/ei cieaeaiiy ianya?a ?iaanoeoe?e o ?aaeueio aeiiii?eo
Oe?a?ie.

?en.1 Aeeiai?ea ?aioaaaeueiino? eai?oaeo a caeaaeiino?

a?ae ??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Oai??y oa i?aeoeea ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? oa
oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?yie” aeine?aeaeaia i?aeoeea oi?aae?iiy oa ianyae
eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue o i?iieneiaino?; aea/aia nenoaia oi?aae?iiy
eai?oaeueieie aeeaaeaiiyie ia iaoeiiaoae?aiiio i?aei?e?inoa?; e?eoe/ii
i?iaiae?ciaaia oai??y oa i?aeoeea ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e o
a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e iaooe?, iaoiaee ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue c o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi?o iaaecia/aiino? aeo?ao oa
?acoeueoao?a.

Aaaeeea?noue ae??oaiiy ieoaiue oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
?iaanoeoe?yie i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aiae?cii ?nioth/i? aeeiai?ee ianya?a
aeeaaeaiue ia ie?aieo iaoeiiaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoaao oa a aeiiii?oe?
acaaae?. Iaae?iiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue oa
iia??oaiiy o?iainiaiai noaio ae?iaie/eo i?aei?e?inoa ii?o/ c
ia’?eoeaieie /eiieeaie coiiaeth?oueny oaeiae iaaeineiiaeith nenoaiith
oi?aae?iiy ia i?aei?e?inoaao.

Oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?yie ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith caaaeueii? nenoaie
iaiaaeaeiaioa i?aei?e?inoaa, iai?aaeaiith ia ?aae?caoe?th no?aoaa?/ieo
oa iioi/ieo ieai?a eiai ?icaeoeo. Na?aae iniiaieo aoai?a i?ioeano
oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeueieie aeeaaeaiiyie iiaeeeai aeae?eeoe ?ic?iaeo
no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa, a?aea?? ia?niaeoeaieo i?iaeo?a
aeeaaeaiue, ioe?ieo aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy,
?aiaeoaaiiy oa aea?? i?iaeo?a, ?aae?caoe?th oa ioe?ieo oaeoe/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a. A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyioo? iniiai?
iniaeeaino? eiaeiiai c aoai?a oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeueieie aeeaaeaiiyie.

Iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aoai?a oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?yie a
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? ? ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? i?iaeo?a, oiio aiae?co ?nioth/eo
iaoiae?a oa iieaciee?a a ?iaio? i?eae?eaia cia/ia oaaaa. Aaeeeee aianie
o ?icaeoie na?oiai? aeiiii?/ii? iaoee c?iaeee a?o/eciyi? a/ai?. A
aeena?oaoe?? e?eoe/ii ?icaeyiooi ?icaeoie a?o/eciyii? oai??? oa i?aeoeee
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue. A ?iaio? ?icaeyaea?oueny
ca’ycie oa a?aei?ii?noue iieaciee?a ii?iaoeaii? aoaeoeaiino?
eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue oa ii?ie aeeneiiooaaiiy. Iaeaeaa iieacieee
ni?aiaaeathoue ii noo?, aea ? /anoeaie ??cieo iiaeaeae, oiio ?o
aca?iicai?ia iaaeioe?eueia.

Aiae?c ca?oa?aeieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy oa aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeyaey? eiiieaeniee oa?aeoa? ?o aeei?enoaiiy, ca’ycie c
aeiaaioa?i?iiaeie ieaiaie i?aei?e?inoaa oa eiai ioi/aiiyi. A
aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyioo? oe?oiiai? oa aeaoaeuei? iaoiaee ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue, iniaeeaino? ?ic?aooie?a iieaciee?a
oa?i?io ieoiiino?, i?eaaaeaii? iioi/ii? aa?oino? i?iaeoo,
?aioaaaeueiino?, aioo??oiuei? ii?ie aeioiaeiino?. E??i iieaciee?a, ui
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey a?aeai?o i?iaeo?a a oiiaao iecueei? aeeiai?ee
ioi/aiiy, aeei?enoiaothoueny ocaaaeueiai? iaoiaee a?aeai?o a oiiaao
iaaecia/aiino? aeo?ao oa ?acoeueoao?a.

Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a aeyaea ?yae iaae??oaieo ieoaiue ii
oi?aae?iith ?iaanoeoe?yie a oiiaao oaeaeeeo ci?i oa iaaecia/aiino?
ioi/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa ye o a?o/eciyi?e, oae ? a ca?oa?aei?e iaooe?.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?yie o iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?” — ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
c oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeueieie aeeaaeaiiyie o
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? a oaia??oi?o oiiaao, aeine?aeaeaiee ca’ycie i?ae
ia?aiao?aie o?iainiaiai ?eieo oa aa?o?noth ?iaanoeoe?eiiai eai?oaeo,
?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? oa a?aeai?o i?iaeo?a a oiiaao
iaaecia/aiino? ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?aei?e?inoaa, noi?ioeueiaai?
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy oa io?eiaia /eneiaa cia/aiiy
iieacieea i?i?iaeueii? aoaeoeaiino? o no/ani?e aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie.

Aeeiai?ea ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o?eaaeino? ?aae?caoe??
i?iaeoo ? oaeaeeino? oa ia?aaeaa/oaaiino? ci?ie /eiiee?a ciai?oiueiai
ioi/aiiy iaoiiaeth? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo iaoiae?a oa
iieaciee?a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e.

Aeey aiae?co oa a?aeai?o i?iaeo?a o iaaeeiai?/iiio ioi/aii? iiaeeeaa
aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a oe?oiiaii? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? eai?oaeueieo
aeeaaeaiue. Oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith oeeo iaoiae?a ? ia nooi?iue
aeaoae?caoe?? ?ic?aooie?a aai aeei?enoaiiy i?ioeaaeo? aeeneiiooaaiiy, a
i?eiouaiiy i?i iaci?ii?noue ?acoeueoao?a aai aeo?ao oa a?aeiinii
ei?ioeee oa?i?i ?aae?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?iaeoo.

C i?aeaeuaiiyi i?ieeaino? ioi/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa, aeei?enoaiiy
oe?oiiaieo iaoiae?a ia aea? ei?aeoii? ioe?iee. Ci?ia ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?aae?caoe??, ?acoeueoao?a i?iaeoo coiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a aeeneiiooaaiiy oa iieaciee?a,
io?eiaieo ia ?o iniia?. Iae?e aieeao /eiiee?a ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy
iiaeeeaee oaeeie niiniaaie:

— ei?aeoe?y aaniethoiiai ?ici??o aeioiae?a oa aeo?ao ii ia??iaeao
(a?aeia?aaea? aeeiai?eo aa?oino? i?e?iaeieo, iaoa??aeueieo oa o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a oa ci?io ianya?a iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th);

— i?aeaeuaiiy aai cieaeaiiy noaaee aeeneiiooaaiiy (aeaiiino?o? aieea
ci?ie aa?oino? eai?oaeueieo ?ano?n?a aai nooi?iue ?eceeiaaiino?
?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoo);

— ia?aaeyae o?eaaeino? aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo i?iaeoo aai ie?aieo eiai oac.

Aieiaia oiiaa aeei?enoaiiy oeeo iaoiae?a — iiaeeea?noue i?iaiico
ieaioaaiiy ?icaeoeo ciai?oiueiai oa aioo??oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaeoo.

Ia i?aeoeoe? canoiniao?oueny ?yae iaoiae?a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
?iaanoeoe?e a oiiaao iaaecia/aiino? ioi/aiiy i?iaeoo (iaoiae
ia?aaaaeiiai noaio, i?i?ioia oa iaeneioia iaoaiaoe/iiai i/?eoaaiiy
aeo?ao oa ?acoeueoao?a, “aea?aai ??oaiue” oa ?i.). Oiiaith ei?aeoiiai
canoinoaaiiy oeeo iaoiaeee ? ?ic?iaea noeaia???a ?icaeoeo yaeu –
?iia??iino? ?o ianoaiiy oa e?euee?nieo cia/aiue. Iaa?oue iaaaeeea
iioeaea o aecia/aii? iieaciee?a cia/iith i??ith cieaeo? oi/i?noue
?ic?aooie?a.

I?e aenie?e aeeiai?oe? ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua iaiiaeeeaa oi/ia
aecia/aiiy a??ia?aeiino? ianoaiiy iiae?e, ?o e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee
oa aieeao ia ?acoeueoaoe i?iaeoo. ?acii ?c ?ic?aooieii cae/aeieo
iieaciee?a iaiao?aeia aeei?enoaiiy iieacieea, yeee a?aeia?aaeaa ae
caaaeueio /ooeea?noue i?iaeoo aei aieeao ioi/aiiy. I?e ?aae?caoe??
i?iaeoo a oiiaao aeniei? iaaecia/aiino? aei?aaaeaiei ? i?eiouaiiy i?i
??aiia??ia?aei?noue ci?ie oaeoi??a ioi/aiiy. Aeiaaaeaii, ui caaeath/e
??aia a?aeoeeaiiy cia/aiiy eiaeiiai oaeoi?a ia m%, ie ciiaeaii io?eiaoe
caaaeueio ioe?ieo /ooeeaino? ?acoeueoao?a ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoo aei aieeao
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Iieacieeii, ui oa?aeoa?eco? aaniethoia
cia/aiiy ci?ie aoaeoo a ii??aiyii? c ?ic?aooieiaei cia/aiiyi, ?
na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy. Aeey aecia/aiiy neee aieeao
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia ?acoeueoaoe ?aaeecaoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai
i?iaeoo iio??aii ciaeoe ?? a?aeiinio aaee/eio, oiaoi eiao?oe??io
aa??aoe??.

Ciaeaeaiee eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? (m) aeicaiey? ii??aiyoe aaee/eie ci?ie
oiia ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoo oa ci?ie aoaeoo, ui aoea aeeeeeaia aeeiai?eith
/eiiee?a ioi/aiiy. A?i ?, oaeei /eiii, iieacieeii /ooeeaino?
aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue aei aieeao oaeoi??a
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaeoo. Ia iniia? io?eiaiiai cia/aiiy
iieacieea iiaeeeaa oaea eeaneo?eaoe?y ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o /ooeeaino? aei aieeao na?aaeiaeua:

— m < m - ci?ia iieacieea aoaeoo i?iaeoo iaioa, i?ae ci?ia ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua - ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?iaeoe no?ee? aei aieeao oaeoi??a ioi/aiiy; - m = m - a?aeiinia ci?ia ?acoeueoao?a oa aeo?ao a oiae? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoo aei??aith? aeeiai?oe? ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a; - m > m — ci?ia iieaciee?a i?iaeoo a?eueoa ci?ie oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua, ui ?o aeeeeeaee — ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?iaeoe a cia/i?e i???
/ooeea? aei aieeao na?aaeiaeua.

A?aea?? i?iaeo?a iiaeiai i?iaiaeeoeny ia iniia? ni?anoaaeaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?o ?aae?caoe?? a i?iaiicieo oiiaao oa /ooeeaino? aei aieeao
ioi/aiiy. I?eeeaae a?aeai?o i?iaeo?a ca oiiae ii?iaoeaii? aeioiaeiino?
15% oa m=10% iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 2.

?en. 2. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeioiaeiino? oa ?eceeiaaiino? i?iaeoo.

Iaea?eueo i?eaaaeeaeie aeey ?aae?caoe?? ? i?iaeoe c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie,
ye? aoiaeyoue o eaaae?ao 1. ?o aeioiaei?noue ia?aaeuo? ii?iaoeaio
(i?i?iaeueii i?eeiyoio); /ooeea?noue aei ci?ie ioi/aiiy, a ioaea —
?eceeiaai?noue ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? iecueeith.

?aae?caoe?y i?iaeo?a, ui aoiaeyoue o eaaae?ao 2, o iaeaooiueiio iiaea
i?eaanoe aei caeoe?a a ?ac? iani?eyoeeai? ci?ie ioi/aiiy.

?iaanoeoe?ei? i?iaeoe c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue
eaaae?aoo 3, ? iaia?niaeoeaieie – aeioiaei?noue ?aae?caoe?? iecueea, a
?eceeiaai?noue ia?aaeuo? i?eeiyoio aeey i?aei?e?inoaa.

I?iaeoe, oa?aeoa?enoeee yeeo a?aeiia?aeathoue eaaae?aoo 4, aoaeooue
ia?niaeoeaieie o ?ac? i?aeaeuaiiy ?o aeioiaeiino? – ciaioaiiy
nia?aa?oino? aai i?aeaeuaiiy oe?ie ?aae?caoe?? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??.

Aecia/aiiy iieacieea i?i?iaeueii? aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e o?nii
iia’ycaia c ?icaeyaeii ieoaiiy aa?oino? eai?oaeo a aeiiii?oe?.
Iii?iaeueia aeioiaei?noue a?ae?a?aieo aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?iaeo?a caeaaeeoue a?ae na?aaeiuei? aeinyaiooi? ?aioaaaeueiino?
eai?oaeo a aeiiii?oe?, i/?eoaaiiai oaiio ?ioeyoe?? oa ?eceeo
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue o oie /e ?ioee i?iaeo. Aecia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii
i?eeiyoiiai ??aiy i?eaooeiaino? eai?oaeo o no/ani?e a?o/eciyi?e
aeiiii?oe?, ie??i i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy aeey a?aeai?o i?iaeo?a o
iaoeiiaoae?ai?e aaeoc?, aeanoue iiaeeea?noue ni?iaiicoaaoe ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i? oa aeae?eeoe /eiieee, ui
aieeaathoue ia ia?.

Aecia/aiiy iieacieea i?i?iaeueii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaie/eo ?iaanoeoe?e
iiaeeeai i?iaanoe ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee iieaciee?a,
iia’ycaieo c aeinyaiooith ?aioaaaeuei?noth i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa
ia?aiao??a oiiaeiaiai oa a?ioiaiai ?eie?a e?a?ie.

Aiane?aeie neeaaeiino? oa noia?a/eeaino? o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a
oe?a?inuee?e i?iieneiaino?, iayaiino? a?aeie?aieaieo naeoi??a, ui
i?aoeththoue ia canaaeao oiaa?ieo aai oiaa?ii-a?ioiaeo a?aeiinei, ia ui
aeacoaaeiny aeayeeie oe?a?inueeeie a/aieie, aeei?enoaiiy aeinyaiooiai
??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino? ia aeanoue iiaeeeaino? aaciina?aaeiuei ciaeoe
i?i?iaeueio aoaeoeai?noue ?iaanoeoe?e.

Aecia/aiiy oeueiai iieacieea iiaeeeaa a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiai?ee ia?aiao??a oiiaeiaiai oa a?ioiaiai ?eieo: i?ioeaioieo noaaie
ii e?aaeeoao oa aeaiiceoao iaaaie?anueeiio naeoi?o aeiiii?ee; noaaie
i?aeaaie?anueeeo e?aaeeo?a (IAE); aeioiaeiino? IAAeI; aeeiai?ee eo?no
a?eai? aei aeiea?a NOA.

Aecia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii? aoaeoeaiino? i?iaiaeeeiny ia iniia? ?ic?aooieo
?aaeueii? aeioiaeiino? icia/aieo iieaciee?a (aeioiaeiino? ca aeiyoeii
?ioeyoe??).

A oiiaao aeniei? ?ioeyoe?? ia/eneaiiy ?aaeueii? aeioiaeiino? aaaeaoueny
?c canoinoaaiiyi oi?ioee O?oa?a. Aea o ca’yceo c oei, ui ia i?ioyc?
ia??iaeo, yeee aiae?co?oueny, oaiie ?ioeyoe?? aoee a?aeiinii iaaenieeie,
anoaiiaeaia i?aeoeea i?ecia/aiiy i?ioeaioieo noaaie ii e?aaeeoao oa
aeaiiceoao i?aei?e?inoa ? ia i?aeaaie?anueeiio e?aaeeoiiio ?eieo aeaaaea
iiaeeea?noue ci?ithaaoe oiiae e?aaeeoieo oa aeaiiceoieo aeiaiai??a a
caeaaeiino? a?ae eii’thieoo?e o?iainiaiai ?eieo, oi ?aaeueio noaaeo
e?aaeeo?a oa aeaiiceo?a ciaoiaeeii ca oi?ioeith:

Rri =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, (1)

aea Rri – ?aaeueia i?ioeaioia noaaea ii e?aaeeoao (aeaiiceoao)
iaaaie?anueeiio naeoi?o a i?nyoeue i; Rni – iii?iaeueia i?ioeaioia
noaaea ii e?aaeeoao (aeaiiceoao) iaaaie?anueeiio naeoi?o a i?nyoeue i;
ii – ?ioeyoe?y a i?nyoeue i, a?aenioee.

?aaeueia aeioiaei?noue IAAeI ?ic?aoiaoaaeany ca oi?ioeith:

Rrsi =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,
(2)

aea Rrsi – ?aaeueia i?ioeaioia noaaea a iiiaio iiaaoaiiy iae?aaoe??;
Rnsi-6 – iii?iaeueia i?ioeaioia noaaea a iiiaio i?eaeaaiiy iae?aaoe??;
in – ?ioeyoe?y a i?nyoeue n, a?aenioee.

??/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?eaeaaiiy aeiea??a NOA aecia/aeany ca oi?ioeith:

Rrci =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 , (3)

aea Rrci – ??/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?eaeaaiiy aeiea??a NOA; Rci —
na?aaeiueii?ny/iee eo?n a?eai? aei aeiea?a NOA; Rci-12 –
na?aaeiueii?ny/iee eo?n a?eai? aei aeiea?a NOA a i?nyoeue i?eaeaaiiy
aeiea??a NOA.

?ic?aooiee i?iaiaeeeeny ia iniia? aeaieo 1996 – ia?oi? iieiaeie 1999
?ie?a, oiaoi ia i?ioyc? /ano c a?aeiinii iaaenieeie oaiiaie ?ioeyoe??.
?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iaaaaeai? o oaae. 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Na?aaei? cia/aiiy ?aaeueii? i?eaooeiaino? iieaciee?a

a?ioiaiai ?eieo, n?/aiue 1996 — /a?aaiue 1999 ??.

IieacieeNa?aaei?Na?aaeiueieaaae.Eiao?oe??io
cia/aiiya?aeoeeaiiyaa??aoe??Ci?ia eo?no aeiea?a
NOA27,5%32,6%118,5%?aaeueia aeioiaei?noue IAAeI27,7%30,3%109,4%Noaaee
i?aeaaie?anueeeo e?aaeeo?a37,9%21,0%55,4%Noaaee e?aaeeo?a iaaaie.
naeoi?o40,5%18,6%45,9%Noaaee aeaiiceo?a iaaaie. naeoi?o4,0%20,3%501,7%

Aeniea cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa aa??aoe?? ci?ie eo?no aeiea?a NOA coiiaeaia
ia??aiii??i?noth oaii?a ci?ie eo?no ca aeaiee i?ii?aeie /ano.
Noaa?euei?noue oa iaa?oue aeayea c?inoaiiy eo?no a?eai? ia i?ioyc? 1996
oa 1997 ?ie?a, coiiaeaia iaaeoiaeaeaiiyi cia/ieo ianya?a ?iicaiiiai
eai?oaeo c iaoith i?eaeaaiiy IAAeI, ci?ieeiny i?enei?aieie oaiiaie
aeaaaeueaaoe?? aiane?aeie a?aeoieo ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo c ?eieo
aea?aeaaieo oe?iieo iaia??a i?ae aieeaii o?iainiai? e?ece a e?a?iao
I?aaeaiii-No?aeii? Ac?? oa ?in??. A?aoiaoth/e iia’ycai?noue o /an?
oaeoi??a, ui aieeaaee ia eo?niooai?aiiy, aaaaea?ii iiaeeeaei i?eeiyoe
io?eiaia cia/aiiy na?aaeiueiai oaiio iaae?iiy eo?no a?eai? a yeino?
ei?aeoiiai iieacieea aeey iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeniea cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa aa??aoe?? na?aaeiuei? ?aaeueii?
i?eaooeiaino? IAAeI coiiaeaia a?ae’?iieie cia/aiiyie ?aaeueii?
i?eaooeiaino? o ia?o?e iieiaei? 1996 ?. aiane?aeie aeniei? ?ioeyoe??
iai?ee?ioe? 1995 ?. Na?aaeiy ?aaeueia i?eaooeia?noue IAAeI, ?ic?aoiaaia
ia ?ioa?aae? /ano eeiaiue 1996 ?. – /a?aaiue 1999 ?., ia? cia/aiiy
33,7% c eiao?oe??ioii aa??aoe?? ia ??ai? 61,2%. A?aeiinii aeniea
cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa aa??aoe?? io?eiaieo na?aaei?o iieaciee?a coiiaeaia
aenieith aeeiai?/i?noth i?ioean?a ia o?iainiaiio ?eieo o
o?ainoi?iaoe?ei?e aeiiii?oe?.

Ia iniia? iaaaaeaieo aeaieo iiaeia c?iaeoe ?yae aeniiae?a. I?eeiath/e
aeiea? NOA o yeino? noaa?eueii? a?ioiai? iaeeieoe? c oiiaii
a?aenooiueith ?ioeyoe??th, i?i?iaeueii caaeiaieueiyth/o ?iaanoi?a
?aaeueio aoaeoeai?noue aeeaaeaiue iiaeia ioe?ieoe ia ??ai? 25-30%
??/ieo. Oea cia/aiiy oaeiae a?aeia?aaea? ?ecee, iia’ycaiee c
?iaanooaaiiyi a?ioae a aeiiii?eo Oe?a?ie a ?nioth/eo oiiaao. I?enei?aiiy
oaii?a iaae?iiy eo?no a?eai? aei aeiea?o NOA o ae?oa?e iieiaei? 1999 ?.
oa iaaaoeaia aeey iaoe?iiaeueii? aaethoe ia?niaeoeaa eo?niai? aeeiai?ee
aiane?aeie cia/iiai ciai?oiueiai aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao, coiiaeth?
i?aeaeuaiiy oeueiai iieacieea a iaeaooiueiio.

Cia/aiiy ?aaeueii? na?aaeiuei? aeioiaeiino? aeeaaeaiue o IAAeI ia ??ai?
33,7% a?aeia?aaeo? aeiaeaoeiaee ?ecee aeeaaeaiue o aea?aeaai? oe?ii?
iaia?e o 7-8%.

Na?aaei?e ?ecee e?aaeeooaaiiy ?aaeueiiai naeoi?a aeiiii?ee ie ia?ii
iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe ia ??ai? 10-12% ??/ieo ii a?aeiioaiith aei
i?i?iaeueii? aoaeoeaiino? aeeaaeaiue oa o 5-7% ??/ieo ii a?aeiioaiith
aei aeeaaeaiue o IAAeI.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui ia ??aaiue iii?iaeueii? i?ioeaioii? noaaee ii
e?aaeeoao oaeiae aieeaa? i/?eoaaiee oaii ?ioeyoe?? ia i?ioyc? ia??iaeo
?aae?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?e oa ?ecee eiie?aoiiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?iaeoo.

C iaoith i?iaiico ci?ie aa?oino? eai?oaeo o a?o/eciyi?e aeiiii?oe?,
aeioe?eueii aeine?aeeoe ca’ycie i?ae ie?aieie iieacieeaie o?iainiaiai
?eieo. O oaaeeoe? 2 i?aaenoaaeai? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo ei?aeyoe?? i?ae
ia?aiao?aie oa iieacieeaie a?ioiaiai oa oiiaeiaiai ?eieo Oe?a?ie.

Oaaeeoey 2

Eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? i?ae iieacieeaie o?iainiaiai ?eieo Oe?a?ie

Iieacieee1996199701,199801,199609,1998
08,199808,199806,1999Aeioiaei?noue IAAeI – noaaee
IAE0,8440,9430,6140,9270,747?iaeaen ?ioeyoe?? — noaaee
IAE0,6020,80-0,4490,6150,582Eo?n aeiea?a NOA –noaaee
IAE0,1420,1590,5880,2070,796?iaeaen ?ioeyoe?? – e?aaeeoe
iaaaie.0,6680,338-0,5370,7170,651Noaaee IAE – e?aaeeoe
iaaaie.0,9840,4150,9370,8800,765Eo?n aeiea?a — e?aaeeoe
iaaaie.0,2097-0,5340,660-0,0340,59O?aaa a?aecia/eoe o?nio caeaaei?noue
i?ae aeioiaei?noth IAAeI oa i?ioeaioieie noaaeaie ia ?eieo
i?aeaaie?anueeeo e?aaeeo?a. Aeine?aeaeai? aeai? 1996 ?. – ia?oi?
iieiaeie 1998 ?. (aei caaino?aiiy e?ece ia o?iainiaiio ?eieo Oe?a?ie)
aeaiiino?othoue o?niee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie i?ae oeeie iieacieeaie. A
?acoeueoao? aiae?co aoei io?eiaii oaea ??aiyiiy:

y=1.2428-0.0221*x+0.0001*xpicscalex1000100090000039000000002001700000000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, (4)

aea y — noaaee ii 30-aeaiieo e?aaeeoao ia i?aeaaie?anueeiio e?aaeeoiiio
?eieo; x — aeioiaei?noue 180-aeaiieo IAAeI.

?iaeaen ei?aeyoe?? iiaeae? aei??aith? 0,869, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aeineoue
o?niee ca’ycie. Iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ia i?ioyc? 1996 –
1998 ?ie?a aa?o?noue eai?oaeo a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie aecia/aeany
iie?oeeith aea?aeaae ii caaacia/aiith o?iainoaaiiy aeao?oeeoo
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo. A ?iaio? iaaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee ?aaeueii?
aaethoii? oa a?eaiaai? aeioiaeiino? aeeaaeaiue o aea?aeaai? oe?ii?
iaia?e, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i ?o cia/ia ia?aaeuaiiy iaae aeiiii?/ii
iaa?oioiaaieie cia/aiiyie. Ii?o/ ?c ci?ii?noth caeiiiaeaanoaa,
iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee, iaaeaeniea ?aaeueia i?eaooeia?noue iia?aoe?e c
aea?aeaaieie oe?iieie iaia?aie coiiaethaaea iecueeee ianya ?iaanoeoe?e a
oe?a?inueeo aeiiii?eo.

I?ney caaino?aiiy e?ece ia o?iainiaiio ?eieo Oe?a?ie o na?ii? 1998 ?.
aieiaieie /eiieeaie, ui aieeaaee ia aa?o?noue eai?oaeo, noaee i?iaeaie c
e?ea?aei?noth aaie?anueei? nenoaie oa aenie? oaiie ?inoo eo?no aeiea?a
NOA. Eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? i?ae oaiiaie ci?ie eo?no aeiea?a NOA oa
noaaeaie ia i?aeaaie?anueeiio ?eieo i?aeaeueany c 0,144 o 1997 ?. aei
0,594 o ae?oa?e iieiaei? 1998 oa 0,796 o 1999 ?.

Iane?aeeaie i?enei?aiiy oaii?a ?inoo eo?no aeiea?a NOA noaei oaeiae
i?aeaeuaiiy ei?aeyoe?? i?ae ci?iaie ia aaethoiiio ?eieo oa e?aaeeoieie
noaaeaie iaaaie?anueeiio naeoi?o aeiiii?ee.

Ia iii?iaeueio aa?o?noue e?aaeeo?a cia/iith i??ith aieeaa? ?iaeaen
?ioeyoe?? a Oe?a?i?. A?ae’?iiee eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? o ia?o?e iieiaei?
1998 ?. iiynith?oueny i?aeaeuaiiyi aeioiaeiino? IAAeI, ui aeeeeeaei
c?inoaiiy caaaeueiiai ??aiy i?ioeaioieo noaaie.

Ia iniia? iaaaaeaieo aeaieo iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ia
aa?o?noue ?iaanoeoe?eiiai eai?oaeo a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie a no/anieo
oiiaao aieeaathoue oae? iia’ycai? i?ae niaith iniiai? /eiieee:

— ianya athaeaeaoiiai aeao?oeeoo oa aea?? aeaea?ae eiai o?iainoaaiiy;

— ae?? IAO ii oi?aae?iith a?ioiaith ianith oa ?o aieea ia oaiie
?ioeyoe??;

— iie?oeea IAO ii ?aaoethaaiith aaie?anueei? ae?yeueiino? (iaoiaee oa
ianyae ?ao?iainoaaiiy aaie?anueei? nenoaie; anoaiiaeaiiy ii?i
?aca?aoaaiiy oa ?i.);

— iiieo oa i?iiiceoe?y e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a;

— iie?oeea aea?aeaae a iaeano? eo?niooai?aiiy a?eai? ia aaethoiiio
?eieo.

AENIIAEE

1. I?iaaaeaiee o aeena?oaoe?? aiae?c noaio nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
eai?oaeueieie aeeaaeaiiyie ia a?o/eciyieo iaoeiiaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoaao
oa ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e iieacaa
iaaaeaioiaai?noue i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i oa iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy
eai?oaeueieie aeeaaeaiiyie aei no/anieo aeiia, iayai?noue aeayeeo
iaae??oaieo i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c o?aooaaiiyi ?ioeyoe?? oa oaeoi?o
iaaecia/aiino? a oiae? ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ic?aooie?a.

2. Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a cae?eniaieo aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiue c?iaeaii
aeniiaie i?i oa, ui na?aae oaeoi??a, ye? iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia
?iaanoeoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue oe?a?inueei? i?iieneiaino? ia i?ioyc?
o?eaaeiai /ano, a ia?oo /a?ao iaiao?aeii aeae?eeoe iaaeinoaoiuei
iaa?oioiaaio iiaeaoeiao iie?oeeo aea?aeaae oa caaeuai? noaaee IAAeI.

3. Io?eiai? iieacieee i?i?iaeueii? aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e a Oe?a?i?
oa na?aaeiueiai aeiaeaoeiaiai ?eceeo e?aaeeooaaiiy ?aaeueiiai naeoi?a
aeiiii?ee iathoue aenie? cia/aiiy, ui cia/ii nei?i/o? e?euee?noue
?iaanoeoe?eii i?eaaaeeaeo i?iaeo?a a ?aaeueiiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee.
Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae aecia/aiiy oeeo iieaciee?a i?aeaeueoue
aeinoia??i?noue ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? oa a?aeai?o i?iaeo?a a oiiaao
iaiaaeaiino? eai?oaeueieo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa.

4. Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co aeae?eaii oaeoi?e,
eio?? cia/iith i??ith aieeaathoue ia aa?o?noue ?iaanoeoe?eiiai eai?oaeo,
oa anoaiiaeaiee ca’ycie i?ae ieie, ui aeicaieeoue i?iaiicoaaoe iaeaooith
aeeiai?eo aa?oino?.

5. A aeena?oaoe?? aeyaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ioi/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa, ye?
aecia/athoue iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
aeeaaeaiue, ui i?aeaeueoue iaa?oioiaai?noue ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ic?aooie?a.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee i?eaaaeeaino?
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a c o?aooaaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? oa ?eceeiaaiino? ?o
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe iaa?oioiaai?noue ?iaanoeoe?eieo
??oaiue ia i?aei?e?inoa?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??.

1. Eiia?eno A.A. I?iaeaiu ioeaiee eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia i?aaei?eyoee
// A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. –
1997. — ? 2. – N. 36 – 38.

2. Eiia?eno A.A. I?iaeaiu ioeaiee aeeyiey oaeoi?ia aiaoiae n?aaeu ia
eiia/iua ?acoeueoaou eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – 1998. — ? 1(5). – N. 52 – 54.

3. Eiia?eno A.A. Iniaaiiinoe eniieueciaaiey iaoiaeia ioeaiee
yooaeoeaiinoe eiaanoeoeee ia i?aaei?eyoee // Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. – 1999. — ? 55. – N. 6
–7.

4. Eiia?eno A.A. Eniieueciaaiea iaoiaeia ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe
eiaanoeoeee a ?aciuo oneiaeyo aiaoiae n?aaeu // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – 1999. — ? 2(10). – N.50 – 51.

5. I?eia I.A., Eiia?eno A.A. Ioeaiea ieieiaeueiiai o?iaiy yooaeoeaiinoe
eiaanoeoeee // Aecianeioi?i. – 1998. — ? 11. – N. 27-29.

6. Eiia?eno A.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea iioeiaeueiiai iauaia eaieoaeueiuo
aeiaeaiee // Oace aeiiia?aeae Oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeiiii?ea oa eaae?e Oe?a?ie”. – *anoeia 2. – Oa?e?a. –
1994. – N. 47.

7. Eiia?eno A.A. Nouiinoue e aeaeaeouea neeu i?ioeanna eiiiaaoeee a
?uii/iuo oneiaeyo // Oace aeiiia?aeae Oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeiiii?ea oa eaae?e Oe?a?ie”. – *anoeia 2. – Oa?e?a. –
1994. – N. 48.

8. Eiia?eno A.A. I?iaeaia i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ioeaiee i?iaeoia
eiaanoeoeee // No/ani? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa: Ca??iee
aeiiia?aeae Ia?oi? i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??
iieiaeeo aeiiii?no?a. – O.: OI?O. — 1996. — N. 72-73.

9. Eiia?eno A.A. Ia iniaaiiinoyo i?eiaiaiey iieacaoaeae yooaeoeaiinoe
eaieoaeueiuo aeiaeaiee // No/ani? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa:
Ca??iee aeiiia?aeae Ae?oai? i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo aeiiii?no?a. – O.: AI “A?cian?ioi?i”. – 1997. — N.
98-99.

AIIOAOe??

Eiia?eno A.A. Oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?yie a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.07.01 — aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino? — Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 2000.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
eai?oaeueieie aeeaaeaiiyie ia i?aei?e?inoaao iaoeiiaoae?aii? aaeoc?
Oe?a?ie a no/anieo oiiaao. Ae?noaee ?icaeoeo aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao
iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee aea?aeaae oa i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaiei ai?aii
ia ?icai?oaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i?. ?ic?iaeai?
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy iieacieea i?i?iaeueii? aoaeoeaiino?
?iaanoeoe?e. Aeine?aeaeaiee ca’ycie i?ae ia?aiao?aie o?iainiaai ?eieo.
Io?eiaia ioe?iea aieeao /eiiee?a o?iainiaiai ?eieo ia aa?o?noue
?iaanoeoe?eiiai eai?oaeo. Iaaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?aae?iiy
eai?oaeueieie aeeaaeaiiyie oa ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?e a oiiaao
aenieiai ??aiy aeeiai?ee oa iaaecia/aiino? ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy
i?aei?e?inoaa. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea a?aeai?o i?iaeo?a ?aae?caoe??
eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue c o?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo oa
?eceeiaaiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?iaanoeoe??, noeioethaaiiy, aeiiii?/iee aoaeo.

Komarist A.V. Management of the investments in machinebuilding industry.
— Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by specialty 08.07.01 – economics of
industry. – Kharkiv State Polytechnical University, Kharkiv, 2000.

In the these the working of the system of capital investments at
enterprises of the machine-building branch of the Ukraine in modern
conditions is investigated. The study of influence of state tax policy
and of national debt operation process on dynamics of investment
activity in the Ukraine got their development here. The methodical
approaches to the determination of minimum effectiveness of investments
are worked up. The connection between parameters of financial market is
investigated. The influence of financial market factors on investment
capital cost is estimated. The recommendations on capital investments
control and estimate of investment effectiveness under conditions of
high level of dynamics and of uncertainty of outside environment of
enterprises are given. The methods of selection of capital investments
projects by consideration of economic effect and risk of investments
introduction are worked up.

Key words: investments, stimulation, economic effect.

Eiia?eno A.A. Oi?aaeaiea eiaanoeoeeyie a iaoeiino?iaiee — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.01 — yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe. —
Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia,
2000.

Aaaeiinoue oaiu aeenna?oaoeee iaoneaaeeaaaony ianoii i?ioeanna
eiaanoe?iaaiey a nia?aiaiiie yeiiiieea. Iaiauaiea nouanoaothueo
iiaeoiaeia a iaoea e ioeaiea ?iee eiaanoeoeee iicaieyao ioiaoeoue eo
cia/eiinoue a iiauoaiee yooaeoeaiinoe iauanoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa e
aeinoeaeaiee iae?iyeiiiie/aneiai ?aaiiaaney.

Iaaeaiea iauaiia eaieoaeueiuo aeiaeaiee a Oe?aeia ia i?ioyaeaiee
iineaaeieo eao noaei iaeiie ec i?e/ei oaeoaeaiey e?ecena ioa/anoaaiiie
yeiiiieee. Oiaiueoaiea eiaanoeoeee iaoneiaeaii ia?yaeo n ae?oaeie
oaeoi?aie ionoonoaeai ?aoi?i a ainoaea?noaaiiie athaeaeaoiie e
iaeiaiaie iieeoeea, /anouie eciaiaieyie nenoai iaeiaeaiey e aunieeie
noaaeaie iaeiaia, nie?auathueie eiaanoeoeeiiiua ?ano?nu i?aaei?eyoee e
ia?aie/eaathueie aiciiaeiinoe ?anoe?aiey i?iecaiaenoaa oiaa?ia e oneoa.
Oaeei ia?acii, iaeiie ec i?aaeiinueie auoiaea Oe?aeiu ec e?ecena
yaeyaony ?ac?aaioea e ?aaeecaoeey ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee,
iai?aaeaiiie ia noeioee?iaaiea ?inoa aeiaeaiee eaieoaea a ?aaeueioth
yeiiiieeo e nieaeaiea iaeiaiaiai i?anna ia ioa/anoaaiiuo
i?iecaiaeeoaeae.

Ia iniiaa aiaeeca iiaeii ioiaoeoue ianiioaaonoaea nouanoaothueo oi?i
e iaoiaeia i?aaiecaoeee, ieaie?iaaiey e eiio?iey eiaanoeoeeiiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe ia iiiaeo i?aaei?eyoeyo o?aaiaaieyi, i?aaeuyaeyaiui
iae?i- e iee?iie?oaeaieai. Oi?aaeaiea eaieoaeueiuie aeiaeaieyie yaeyaony
iaeiie ec /anoae iauae nenoaiu iaiaaeaeiaioa i?aaei?eyoey, i?ioeann
eiaanoe?iaaiey yaeyaony n?aaenoaii aeinoeaeaiey oeaeae i?aaiecaoeee.
?aaeecaoeey eaieoaeueiuo aeiaeaiee aeieaeia no?ieoueny ia iniiaa
?ac?aaioaiiie no?aoaaee e aeieain?i/iuo ieaiia ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoey,
ioeaaeaiiie nenoaiu ioai?a i?iaeoia e eiio?iey iaae eo aiaae?aieai.

Aieueoia cia/aiea aeey oniaoiie ?aaeecaoeee eiaanoeoeee eiaao
?ac?aaioea ieaia oeiaine?iaaiey eaieoaeueiiai aeiaeaiey, oeaeueth
eioi?iai yaeyaony iaania/aiea iaiaoiaeeiiai iauaia ?ano?nia n
ieieiaeueiie noieiinoueth eo i?eaea/aiey, nie?auaiea aiciiaeiuo iioa?ue,
naycaiiuo n ?eneii eciaiaiey noieiinoe eaieoaea. I?e ieaie?iaaiee
?aaeecaoeee eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia, naycaiiuo n inouanoaeaieai
aiaoiayeiiiie/aneeo iia?aoeee, aieueoia aieiaiea neaaeoao oaeaeyoue
oiaiueoaieth aeeyiey ia ?acoeueoaou i?iaeoa aiciiaeiiai iaaeaaii?eyoiiai
eciaiaiey aaethoiuo eo?nia.

Aaaeiaeoei aeey ioeaiee i?eaieaiinoe aa?eaioa aeiaeaiey eaieoaea
yaeyaony iieacaoaeue ieieiaeueiie noieiinoe eaieoaea e ieieiaeueiie
yooaeoeaiinoe eiaanoeoeee. Ii aeieaeai iauaeoeaii io?aaeaoue i?ioeannu,
i?ioiaeyuea a yeiiiieea, aeeiaieea aai eciaiaiey aeieaeia
niioaaonoaiaaoue nei?inoe i?ienoiaeyueo niauoee, eiaoue naycue n
?aaeueiui aeaiaaeiui ?uieii. Ia?a/eneaiiui o?aaiaaieyi ioaa/aao
iieacaoaeue aeioiaeiinoe ainoaea?noaaiiuo oeaiiuo aoiaa i?e oneiaee
?uii/iiai aai ii?aaeaeaiey.

Iieacaii, /oi iiaeaea?aeea noaaie aeioiaeiinoe IAAC ia i?ioyaeaiee
aeeeoaeueiiai a?aiaie ia o?iaia, cia/eoaeueii i?aauoathuai yeiiiie/anee
ii?aaaeaiiue, yaeeinue iaeiie ec i?e/ei oaeoaeaiey eiaanoeoeeiiiiai
e?ecena. Enneaaeiaaiea iiaeoaa?aeeei iaee/ea onoie/eaie nayce iaaeaeo
iieacaoaeai aeioiaeiinoe IAAC e noaaeaie ia ?uiea iaaeaaieianeeo
e?aaeeoia, /oi iaoneiaeei aunieoth noieiinoue eaieoaea a ioa/anoaaiiie
yeiiiieea.

Iaeiie ec i?aaeiinueie oniaoiie ?aaeecaoeee eiaanoeoeeiiiiai i?iaeoa
yaeyaony i?aaeeueiue ?an/ao cia/aiey iaeeaeaaiiai yeiiiie/aneiai
yooaeoa. Auai? iaoiaea aai ii?aaeaeaiey iaoiaeeony iiae aeeyieai
aeeiaieee aiaoiaai ie?oaeaiey i?aaei?eyoey, niioiioaiey aeeeoaeueiinoe
?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoa e i?aaeneacoaiinoe eciaiaiey oaeoi?ia aiaoiaai
ie?oaeaiey.

A oneiaeyo auno?uo e ieioi i?aaeneacoaiuo eiee/anoaaiiuo e ea/anoaaiiuo
eciaiaiee ai aiaoiae n?aaea eiaanoeoeeiiiiai i?iaeoa i?aaenoaaeyaony
iaiaoiaeeiui, ia?yaeo n ?an/aoii ecaanoiuo iieacaoaeae yooaeoa,
eniieueciaaiea oa?aeoa?enoeee, ioia?aaeathuae iauoth /oanoaeoaeueiinoue
i?iaeoa e aicaeaenoaeth aiaoiae n?aaeu. ?an/ao i?aaeeaaaaiiai iieacaoaey
iicaieeo n?aaieoue cia/aiey eciaiaiey oneiaee ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoa e
yeiiiie/aneiai yooaeoa. Eniieueciaaiea i?aaeeaaaaiie oa?aeoa?enoeee
iicaieeo aieaa ea/anoaaiii oi?aaeyoue ii?ooaeai eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia
i?aaei?eyoey ia iniiaa niiinoaaeaiey i?eaueueiinoe e iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe
eo ?aaeecaoeee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiaanoeoeee, noeioee?iaaiea,
yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo.

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