IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO OE?A?IICIAANOAA ?I. ?. E?EI’ssEAAE*A

OAeE 39:061.22](477)(09)

NAIAEssE

IENAIA AAeAI?AIA

OE?A?INUeEA AOIIA?AO?ss

A Ae?ssEUeIINO? IAOEIAIAI OIAA?ENOAA ?I. OAA*AIEA

(1898 – 1939 ?.?.)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 07.00.05 – aoiieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

EUeA?A – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ia?iaeiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,

  i?ioani? ?. O. Ee?/?a,

  caa. a?aeae?eii oieueeei?enoeee

  ?inoeoooo ia?iaeiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,

   i?ioani? N. A. Iaea?/oe, caa. eaoaae?e aoiieia??

   Euea?anueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?. O?aiea,

– eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

   O. I. Aiioa?, aeioeaio eaoaae?e eoeueoo?ieia??

   Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai e?nioaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y – Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

  eaoaae?a aoiieia?? oa e?a?ciaanoaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «11» eenoiiaaea 1998 ?. i 15.30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 35.222.01 ?c caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
i?e ?inoeooo? oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?. E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 290026, Euea?a, aoe. Eicaeueieoeueea, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oe?a?iiciaanoaa.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee  «9» aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe O. ?. Noaae?e

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Iaoeiaa Oiaa?enoai ?i. Oaa/aiea, noai?aia 1892 ?. oeyoii ?ai?aai?caoe??
ae?th/iai ?c 1873 ?. o Eueaia? Oiaa?enoaa ?i. Oaa/aiea, – aecia/ia ?
oi?eaeueia yaeua a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iaoee oa eoeueoo?e. sse iaoeiaa
?inoeoooe?y Oiaa?enoai ae?yei o iaaecae/aeii neeaaeieo oiiaao
?ic/eaioaaiiy Oe?a?ie aeaiia ?iia??yie – Aano?i-Oai?nueeith ?
?in?enueeith. Nai???aei?noue ae?yeueiino? IOO iieyaaea a oiio, ui a
iiiaaieai?e e?a?i?, oa?eoi??y yei? aoea iioiaoiaaia aeaia?eaoe?eieie
e?i?yie, aiii ooieoe?iioaaei ye anaoe?a?inueea aenieii?aai?ciaaia
iaoeiaa no?oeoo?a. IOO ia’?aeiaei a/aieo – i?e?iaeiciaaoe?a,
iaoaiaoee?a, o?cee?a, iaaeee?a, ?noi?ee?a, o?eieia?a, aoiieia?a. Iaoeiaa
i?aoey a/aieo aoea cina?aaeaeaia o o?ueio naeoe?yo:
iaoaiaoe/ii-i?e?iaeie/i-iaaee/i?e, ?noi?eei-o?einionuee?e ?
o?eieia?/i?e. Iniaeeaa oaaaa iaaeaaaeany ?icaeoeo aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe,
cie?aia aoiia?ao??. O 1898 ?. ia caaaeueieo cai?ao IOO aoei noai?aii i?e
?noi?eei-o?einionuee?e oa o?eieia?/i?e naeoe?yo niaoe?aeueio
Aoiia?ao?/io eii?n?th, caaaeaiiy yei? iieyaaei a oiio, uia: ao?ooaaoe oa
aeoiaoaaoe iaoeiaoe?a-aoiia?ao?a, i?iaiaeeoe aeniaaeeoe?eio ?iaioo,
?icaeaaoe iocaeio ni?aao, ioae?eoaaoe aoiia?ao?/i? oa oieueeei?i?
iaoa??aee oa aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y – ?aai O?aiei – aieiaa, Oaae?? Aiae – canooiiee
aieiae ? Aieiaeeie? Aiaothe – nae?aoa? – coi?ea i?ioyaii ei?ioeiai /ano
i?aai?coaaoe oni?oia aeeiiaiiy i?ia?aiieo caaaeaiue IOO o aaeoc?
ia?iaeiciaanoaa: ?icai?ioea aaee/acio ?iaioo uiaei cai?o aoiia?ao?/iiai
iaoa??aeo, noai?eea aaaaoo iocaeio aoiia?ao?/io ca??eo, iinoaaeea ia
aenieee iaoeiaee ??aaiue ii?aoethaaiiy c?a?aieo iaoa??ae?a, iaeaaiaeeea
?aaoey?iee aeione aeaio na??eieo aeaeaiue: «Aoiia?ao?/iiai ca??ieea» ?
«Iaoa??ae?a aei oe?a?inueei-?onueei? aoiieia??», ui noaiiaeyoue cieioee
oiiae oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiciaanoaa, i?aai?coaaea noaoe?iia?i? oa
aeniaaeeoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie.

A/ai?-aoiieiae ? oieueeei?enoe, ca?oiiaai? a IOO, caaaaoeee caeiaooee
nai?o iiia?aaeiee?a – Oa?e?anueei? oeiee ? Ee?anueeiai ina?aaeeo
(20-30-? ?iee), «?onueei? o??eoe? (30-40-? ?iee), «I?aaeaiii-Cao?aeiiai
a?aeae?eo ?iia?aoi?nueeiai Aaia?ao?/iiai Oiaa?enoaa» (1872-1876 ??.),
iniaeeai uiaei cai?o aoiia?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a. Aiie i?aeianee
ia?iaeiciaa/? nooae?? ia iiaee ??aaiue caaaeyee /?oei aecia/aiei
iaoeiaei caaaeaiiyi oa ae?iaeaii? iiaeo i?ia?ai, a oaeiae – ?icoe?aii?
oa?eoi??? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa eiiieaeniiio aea/aii? aoiia?ao?/ieo a?oi
oe?a?ioe?a.

Caaaeyee aenieiio ??aiaa? iaoeiaeo i?aoeue aoiia?ao?/ia ae?yeuei?noue
IOO aeeeeeaea caoe?eaaeaiiy a/aieo ? iaoeiaeo onoaiia na?oo, i?i ui
na?ae/eoue oe?iea aaia?ao?y eenooaaiiy ? iai?io iaoeiaeie aeaeaiiyie – c
Aeaaeai??th iaoe o Ainoa?aeai?, Aa?e?inueeei Oiaa?enoaii aio?iiieia??,
aoiieia?? oa aeaaiuei? ?noi???, Aeaaeai??th iaoe o Aa?e?i?, Aeaaeai??th
iaoe o Ithioai?, ?iia?aoi?nueeith Aeaaeai??th iaoe o A?aei? oa ?ioeie
iaoeiaeie i?aai?caoe?yie na?oo (ia 1909 ?. oae? noinoiee aoee ?c 244
?inoeoooe?yie ??cieo ??ai?a). Aoiieia?a IOO cai?iooaaii ia i?aeia?iaei?
eiioa?aioe?? oa c’?caee.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo IOO a i?aai?caoe?? oa aeine?aeaeaii?
aoiia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a ia? iaia?an?/ia iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie.

Ae?yeuei?noue IOO, eiai Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n??, cia/iith i??ith
aena?oethaaeany a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??, cie?aia o ia?en? aei 50-e?ooy IOO
(1873-1923) aeiaaie?oiueiai nae?aoa?y Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n??, a caiaeii
?? aieiae Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea «Iaoeiaa Oiaa?enoai ?i. Oaa/aiea o
Eueaia?» (1924). Oey i?aoey ae?oeoaaeany o «E?oa?aoo?ii-iaoeiaiio
a?nieeo» 1925 ?. Ae?oaa aeaeaiiy iiaa/eei na?o o Ithioai? 1984 ?.
A. Aiaothe aeieeaaeii ioa?aeoa?ecoaaa i?aai?caoe?eio no?oeoo?o
Oiaa?enoaa oa coneeey oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo caanoe ii??yio aoae?aeth
aeanii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe. O ia?en? cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?eaia oaeiae
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? ae?yeueiino? Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n??. Ia?en i?i ?noi??th
Iaoeiaiai Oiaa?enoaa ?i. Oaa/aiea iaienaa o 1949 ?. A. Eoa?eiae/ aei
75-??//y Oiaa?enoaa. A/aiee i?aee?aneea, ui naia a ae?eyioe? aoiieia??
IOO aeinyaei aecia/iiai ??aiy ia o?eueee a neia’yinuee?e, a e na?oia?e
iaooe?.

Cia/ii oe?oa aena?oeaia ae?yeuei?noue ie?aieo a/aieo-ia?iaeiciaaoe?a,
cie?aia a ioae?eaoe?yo I. Iooeiee «Aieiaeeie? Aiaothe – aeine?aeiee
oieueeei?o Caea?iaooy», «Aieiaeeie? Aiaothe»; aeine?aeaeaiiy I. ssoeaiea
«Aieiaeeie? Aiaothe»; O. Eieanne «Iaeyae i?aoeue i?io. Caiiia Eocae? c
ianyao aoiia?ao?? ? aoiieia??»; ?ica?aeea I. Eoi/einueeiai «Aieiaeeie?
Aiaothe: a?ey aeaea?ae oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?iiciaanoaa»; aeine?aeaeaiiy
I. O?aiei i?i ia?iaeiciaa/o ae?yeuei?noue O. E. Aiaea. I?i iaeiiai ?c
iaeaeoeai?oeo cae?a/?a aoiia?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a ? aeine?aeieea
Aiee?aueie Ieoaeea Coa?eoeueeiai (ae?eniiai /eaia IOO) eaeaoueny o
i?aoe? ?. O. Ee?/?aa «Aoiia?ao?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy Aiee?aueie».
I?aaeiaoieie ? ?ica?aeee i?i Aoiia?ao?/io eii?n?th I. A?naie/a
(«Yoiia?aoe/aneia eco/aiea Aooeoeueueiu ia?iaeiuie o/eoaeyie
(1900-1917)», «Aoiia?ao?/ia ae?yeuei?noue Aioiia Iieuoea», A. Aeai’yia
i?i Ieoaeea Coa?eoeueeiai. Ieoaiiy iocaeii? ae?yeueiino? IOO
?icaeyaeathoueny o iiiia?ao?? A. Ne?eiiee «Aoiia?ao?/i? ioca? Oe?a?ie»
oa o ?ica?aeoe? O. Aiioa? «Aoiia?ao?/i? eieaeoe?? iocath IOO».

C e?ioey 80-o – ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a ae?yeuei?noue IOO noaea i?aaeiaoii
caoe?eaaeaiue aaaaoueio o/aieo ??cieo aaeocae iaoee. A eieaeoe?
?. Eo/a?a «Iaoeiaa Oiaa?enoai ?i. Oaa/aiea» aena?oeaia i?aai?caoe?eia
i?aoey a Oiaa?enoa?, a /anoeiai e ieoaiiy ia?iaeiciaa/eo nooae?e.
Iaoiaeeoe? iaoeiaeo caien?a i?enay/aia noaooy ?. Ee?/?aa «Oaenoieia?y
ioae?eaoe?e oieueeei?ieo oa aoiia?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a o aeaeaiiyo IOO».

Ana ae ?ieue IOO a ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iaoee aeine?aeaeaia ? inieneaia
iaaeinoaoiuei. Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny eiai ae?yeueiino? a aaeoc?
ia?iaeiciaanoaa. Oi/ aei?iaie IOO a aoiia?ao?? ? oieueeei?enoeoe? oe?iei
aeei?enoiao?oueny ia?iaeiciaaoeyie, iaeia/a anaoe?a?inueeee oa?aeoa?
oe??? i?aai?caoe?? o?eaaeee /an caiia/oaaany aai o?aeooaaany
oaiaeaioe?eii. Ua e aeiiei? aeey oe?ieiai caaaeo – oea ?aa?iiaeueia
oiaa?enoai. Iaaeiioe?ith?oueny aeaaeai?/iee ??aaiue oe??? onoaiiae, yea
iaea oe?ieo iaoeiao i?ia?aio ? aeia?a i?aai?ciaaio no?oeoo?o. Iaoeiaa
ocaaaeueiaiiy aoiia?ao?/ii? ae?yeueiino? IOO, eiiieaenia ioiieaiiy an?o
iniiaieo aniaeo?a oe??? i?iaeaie ? aaaeeeaei caaaeaiiyi no/anieo
ia?iaeiciaaoe?a.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aieiaia oaaaa a ?iaio? cina?aaeaeaia
ia euea?anueeiio ia??iae? ae?yeueiino? IOO, a?ae noai?aiiy Aoiia?ao?/ii?
eii?n?? (1898 ?. ) aei 1939 ?. Iaea?eueoiai ?icea?oo Oiaa?enoai aeinyaei
o 1898-1914 ?. I?ney Ia?oi? na?oiai? a?eie, eiee Cao?aeia Oe?a?ia
oa?eoea aei neeaaeo Iieueu?, Iaaeaei?i?yinueea – iieieeany a N?N?,
Oiaa?enoai ao?aoeei anaoe?a?inueeee oa?aeoa?. Iaeiae, iacaaaeath/e ia
o?oaeiiu?, iie?oe/i?, o?iainia?, eaae?ia?, IOO i?iaeiaaeoaaei iaoeiao
i?aoeth aei io?oe?eiiai eiai ?icioneo ia ii/aoeo 1940 ?. Oe? ?iee
(1898-1939) – iaeaaaii?oee ? iaei?iaeoeoeai?oee ia??iae a ?noi??? IOO,
cie?aia eiai ia?iaeiciaa/i? ae?yeueiino?.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ?iaioe ? i?eeiyo? a ?noi??ia?ao??
caaaeueiiiaoeia? i?eioeeie ia’?eoeaiino? oa ?noi?ecio, aeina?ae
oe?a?inueei? ? ca?oa?aeii? iaoee a ?ic?iaoe? ieoaiue ?noi??? aoiia?ao??.
Nenoaiaoecaoe?y ? aiae?c iaoa??aeo aaaeaoueny aieiaii ia iniia?
ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iiai iaoiaeo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeiciaa/i? ae?yeueiino? IOO i?iaaaeaii a ca’yceo c
i?aeaioiaeith ?inoeoooii ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, aoiieia?? ? oieueeei?enoeee
?i. I. ?eeuenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie oa ?inoeoooii ia?iaeiciaanoaa IAI
Oe?a?ie eieaeoeaii? i?aoe? «?noi??y oe?a?inueei? aoiia?ao??».
Aeena?oaoe?y ? iaeiei c i?ae?icae?e?a eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie oe??? ?iaioe.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – aena?oeeoe ?ieue Iaoeiaiai Oiaa?enoaa ?i. Oaa/aiea
o ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? aoiia?ao??, neeaaeiai? caaaeueiiai i?ioeano
?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeiciaa/i? iaoee e?ioey XIX – ia?oeo
aeanyoee?oue OO no. , i?iaiae?coaaoe ae?yeuei?noue eiai Aoiia?ao?/ii?
eii?n??, ?? i?aai?caoe?ei? ? iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee.

Aeena?oaioea iinoaaeea ia?aae niaith caaaeaiiy aeine?aeeoe:

?ieue ? i?noea ia?iaeiciaa/eo nooae?e a ae?yeueiino? IOO;

aieiai? i?eioeeie ae?yeueiino? Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? ye no?oeoo?ii?
iaeeieoe? IOO;

iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo aoiia?ao?/ii? ae?yeueiino? IOO;

iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee aoiia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa iaoiaee/i? aeiiae
uiaei cai?o ? ii?aoethaaiiy aoiia?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, aoiia?ao?/ieo
aeaeaiue IOO;

aca?iiaieeae ia?iaeiciaa/i? ae?yeueiino? ? eiie?aoieo iie?oe/ieo oa
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?ieo ?aae?e aeeooy a oiae?oi?e Oe?a?i?;

coneeey IOO a eiinie?aeaoe?? anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaeo nee;

oi?ie iaoeiaeo eiioaeo?a oe?a?inueeeo ia?iaeiciaaoe?a ?c
a/aieie-aoiieiaaie ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i;

aei?iaie IOO o ?ic?iaoe? ??cieo ieoaiue oe?a?inueei? aoiia?ao??, o
aea/aii? o?aaeeoe?eii-iiaooiai? eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo;

?noi??th noai?aiiy aoiia?ao?/ii? iocaeii? ca??ee IOO oa aieiai? iaoeia?
e ?aeaieia?/i? canaaee ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy;

?ieue ie?aieo iaoeiaoe?a ? cae?a/?a aoiia?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a o
ae?yeueiino? Oiaa?enoaa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa a
oe?a?inuee?e aoiia?ao?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? aeine?aeaeaii aoiia?ao?/io
ae?yeuei?noue IOO e?ioey XIX – ia?oeo aeanyoee?oue OO no. ye neeaaeiao
/anoeio ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiciaanoaa.

A aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaaii oe?ieee ia?oiaeaea?aeueiee iioae?eiaaiee ?
?oeiieniee iaoa??ae noiniaii oe??? noa?e ae?yeueiino? Oiaa?enoaa
(ioae?eaoe?? «O?ii?e IOO», «Caienie IOO», na??eieo aeaeaiue
Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n??, a?o?ai? iaoa??aee, iaiioae?eiaai? aeieoiaioe,
ca?oe, ai?noiey??y, i?ioieiee can?aeaiue). Aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao caeo/aii
cia/iee ianya oaeo?a i?i aaaaoianiaeoio ae?yeuei?noue IOO a aaeoc?
ia?iaeiciaa/eo nooae?e.

Iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. Aoiia?ao?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy a IOO aoee iaei??th ?c i??i?eoaoieo
aaeocae o nenoai? ae?yeueiino? Oiaa?enoaa, cie?aia eiiieaeno eiai
oe?a?iiciaa/eo aea/aiue.

2. Ia?iaeiciaa/a ae?yeuei?noue IOO aoea i?iaeiaaeaiiyi ? ?icaeoeii
e?aueo o?aaeeoe?e oe?a?inueei? aoiia?ao?? oa oieueeei?enoeee iiia?aaei?o
aeanyoee?oue. Aiaeii/an aiia noaiiaeoue ye?nii iiaee aoai aea/aiiy
o?aaeeoe?eii-iiaooiai? eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, ui i?aeiya
oe?a?inueeo aoiia?ao?th aei ??aiy oiai/anieo ?a?iiaenueeeo inyaiaiue
oe??? iaoeiai? aeenoeeie?ie.

3. *?oei aeae?eythoueny aeaa aoaie ?icaeoeo ia?iaeiciaa/i? iaoee a
aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae: ia?oee, iaei?iaeoeoeai?oee – 1898-1914 ??.,
ae?oaee – iinooiiaiai niaaeo aae aei i?eieiaiiy ae?yeueiino? – 1917-1939
??.

4. Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y, eiinie?aeoth/e coneeey aiooc?ano?a oa
iaoeiaoe?a-oao?aoe?a, coi?ea iaeaaiaeeoe iino?eio nenoaiio ia?iaeiciaa/o
?iaioo, ioiieaoe oaaaith anth aoi?/io oa?eoi??th Oe?a?ie.

5. Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y IOO aeoiaaea aaeeeee caa?i
aeine?aeiee?a-ia?iaeiciaaoe?a ? cae?a/?a ia?iaeiciaa/iai iaoa??aeo.

6. A /an i?aeiaa?eueiiai noaiiaeua Oe?a?ie oa a?aenooiino?
aea?aeaaii-iaoe?iiaeueii? iaoeiai? nenoaie (aeaaeai?? iaoe) ?icaeoie
oe?a?inueei? aoiieia?/ii? iaoee caaaey/o? coneeeyi iaoeiaeo ?
eoeueoo?ieo ae?y/?a, a?iiaaenuee?e aeoeaiino? oiaa?enoa, ie?aieo
aiooc?ano?a c ??cieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi oe?a?inueeiai a?iiaaeyinoaa.

7. ??ciia?/ia aeine?aeieoeueea ?iaioa Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? o noa??
aoiieia?? oa oieueeei?enoeee caaacia/eea oi?ioaaiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueiiai
ia?iaeiciaa/iai oiiaeo, ui ? aeiiei? iniiaiith aeaea?aeueiith aacith
aeey aea/aiiy iaoa??aeueii? ? aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o aeyaeaii?, aiae?c? oa iaoeiaiio
inieneaii? cia/iiai ianeao oaeoe/ieo aeaieo c ?noi??? aoiia?ao?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? IOO. Aeena?oaoe?y aea? ?ic?iaeo ?yaeo ieoaiue noiniaii
i?aai?caoe?? ? i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-aoiia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iocaeii? ? aeaeaaie/i? ?iaioe a Aoiia?ao?/i?e eii?n??, aena?oeth?oueny
/eiaei iaa?aeiieo oaeo?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiie
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey noai?aiiy ocaaaeueithth/i? i?aoe? c
?noi??? oe?a?inueei? aoiia?ao??; o aoc?anueeeo eo?nao eaeoe?e c ?noi???
aoiieia??; a oaeiae noaoe aeaea?aeii aeey aeeaoeo ?ic?iaie ie?aieo
aniaeo?a aoiia?ao?/ii? ae?yeueiino? IOO, a naia: ?ie? oe?a?inueei?
?ioae?aaioe?? a aeniaaeeoe?ei?e oa cae?aoeuee?e ?iaio? IOO (nayuaiee?a ?
a/eoae?a), aeieeaaei?oiai aena?oeaiiy aoiia?ao?/ii-iocaeii? ?iaioe, aeey
aea/aiiy ? inieneaiiy iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo a oe?a?inuee?e aoiia?ao??
oe?eiai ?yaeo a/aieo.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaiaaii ia can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo aoiia?ao??
? A/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo ia?iaeiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie. Iniiai? ??
iieiaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: «I?iaeaie
Aooeoeueueie» (Ein?a, 1993), «Przesz?j?ae I tera?niejszo?ae etnologii
polskiej w stuliecie polskiego Towarzystwa ludoznawczego» (A?ioeeaa,
1995 ?. ), «Aoiieia?y aac ei?aeii?a» (Euea?a, 1996), iaoeia?e nan?? IOO
(Euea?a, 1995), iaoeia?e nan?? IOO (Euea?a, 1998) ? aeeeaaeai? o 5-e
ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. ?icae?ee iiae?eaii
ia ie?ai? i?ae?icae?ee, a yeeo iaoa??ae ia’?aeio?oueny ca oaiaoe/iei
i?eioeeiii.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii eiai
i?aaeiao, iaoo ? caaaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oa aeaea?aeueio aaco,
aena?oeaii ?noi??ia?ao?th no/aniiai noaio aea/aiiy i?iaeaie oa iaoeiao
iiaecio ?iaioe, ?? aieiai? iieiaeaiiy, a oaeiae i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e «I?aai?caoe?y aoiia?ao?/ii? ?iaioe a IOO» neeaaea?oueny
?c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a: «Ia?iaeiciaanoai o eiioaeno? iaoeiai? i?ia?aie
IOO», «Noai?aiiy Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n??, ?? iaoa ? caaaeaiiy»,
«I?aai?caoe?y Aoiia?ao?/iith eii?n??th cai?o iaoa??aeo».

Oiaa?enoai ?i. Oaa/aiea o Eueaia? aoei noai?aii o 1873 ?. noa?aiiyie ?
eiooaie I. Eiienueeiai, Ae. Ieeue/eeiaa, I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
?. Ieei?aaeiae/, I. AEo/aiea ? i. N. Ea/aee. Iaaeiei Oiaa?enoaa
ao?ooaaeeny oe?a?inuee? ?ioaeaeooaeuei? neee. Iniaeeai iaaaeueia iio?aaa
o aeani?e oe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e ?inoeoooe?? ianoaea i?ney caai?iie
oe?a?inueei? iiae ca oea?nueeei oeacii 1876 ?. ? cae?eooy
I?aaeaiii-Cao?aeiiai a?aeae?eo Aaia?ao?/iiai Oiaa?enoaa. O 1892 ?.
caaaeuei? cai?e Oiaa?enoaa caoaa?aeeee ?ai?aai?caoe?th Oiaa?enoaa
?i. Oaa/aiea ? ia eiai aac? noai?eee Iaoeiaa Oiaa?enoai ?i. Oaa/aiea.

Noai?aiiy Iaoeiaiai Oiaa?enoaa ?i. Oaa/aiea ia c?acie aeaaeai?? iaoe,
i?aai?caoe?y aeaeaaie/i? ni?aae noaee aieiaiith iniiaith aeey oni?oiiai
?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeiciaa/i? iaoee. O 1895 ?. c ?i?oe?aoeae
aieiae Oiaa?enoaa I. A?ooaanueeiai IOO ii/aei aeaeaaaoe «Aoiia?ao?/iee
ca??iee», a o 1898 ?. ia can?aeaii? ?noi?eei-o?einionueei? naeoe??
(aieiaa – I. A?ooaanueeee) noai?aii Aoiia?ao?/io eii?n?th, caaaeaiiyi
yei? aoei: ?aaeaaoaaiiy aoiia?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, i?aai?caoe?y iaoeiai?
?iaioe, aeoiaaiiy. iaoeiaeo eaae??a, ui aoei aaaeeeai aeey oni?oiiai
aeeiiaiiy iae?aneaieo caaaeaiue.

Iaeiei ?c aieiaieo iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino? aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? aoa ca??,
o?enaoe?y iaoa??ae?a i?i o?aaeeoe?eio eoeueoo?o oe?a?ioe?a. Cae?aoeueea
ae?yeuei?noue ?icii/aeany caaeiaai aei ooai?aiiy Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n??.
Aoiia?ao?/i? nooae?? a aeine?aeaeaiiyo Oiaa?enoaa aenooiathoue
ia?aaeian?i ye yaeua ia?iaiaioii? aaiaoe/ii? oyaeino? a ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeiciaanoaa. Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y i?iaeiaaeeea aaeeeo
cae?aoeueeo ? aeine?aeieoeueeo ?iaioo iiia?aaeiee?a (Oa?e?anueei? oeiee,
«?onueei? o??eoe?», iniaeeai «I?aaeaiii-cao?aeiiai a?aeae?eo
?ii. Aaia?ao?/iiai Oiaa?enoaa»), aeei?enoiaoth/e oeeaaeai? ieie
i?ia?aie. Iaeiae nenoaiia ? oe?eani?yiiaaia cae?aiiy ? iaoeiaa
ii?aoethaaiiy aoiia?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a iiaaea naia Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y
IOO. Ia can?aeaiiyo eii?n?? ?ic?iaeyeeny ieaie uiaei cai?o aoiia?ao?/ieo
oa oieueeei?ieo iaoa??ae?a, i?eeiaeeny ooaaee i?i iaieioaiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo a?aeica aei n?euenueei? ?ioae?aaioe??. A oe?a?inueeeo
/aniienao /anoi c’yaeyeeny a?aeicae Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? ca i?aeienaie
?.O?aiea ? A.Aiaothea.

Ie??i a?aeica-caeeee?a Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y iino?eii ioae?eoaaea, (a
oaeiae ?icneeaea cae?a/ai) eaano?iia?e-i?ia?aie. Aeei?enoiaoaaeeny
?ai?oa oeeaaeai? i?ia?aie (Aaia?ao?/iiai Oiaa?enoaa o Ee?a?), a oaeiae
neeaaeaeeny iia?. C?aceii aeey oeeaaea/?a i?ia?ai noaea i?aoey O.Aiaea
«I?ia?aia aeey cae?aiiy a?aeiiinoae aeioe/ieo ia?iaeii? iiaooiai?
oaoi?ee». Aiia nea?iaoaaea aeine?aeieea ia oe?iea aa/aiiy eoeueoo?e
ia?iaeo, eiee ie?aia yaeua aenooia? o aca?iica’yceo c ?ioeie yaeuaie, a
iaoa??aeueiee ? aeooiaiee na?o eoeueoo?e ia?iaeo noaiiaeoue
ia?icae?eueiee i?aai?ci, eiee ie?aiee oaeo ? aaaeeeaei eiiiiiaioii
aoiieoeueoo?ii? no?oeoo?e. Oe?ieo «I?ia?aio aeey cae?aiiy a?aeiiinoae
i?i oe?a?inueei-?onueeee ia??ae» aoei oeeaaeaii o 1895 ?. i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii I.A?ooaanueeiai. I?ia?aia aeiiei? aeooaeueia, ine?eueee
eaeaoueny i?i aea/aiiy ia?iaeiiai na?oini?eeiyooy, na?oi?icoi?iiy –
ieoaiiy ua e aein? iaei aea/ai?.

Aeeiioth/e i?ia?aio ia?iaeiciaa/eo nooae?e, Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y
caeo/aea aei i?aoe? oe?iea eiei ?ioae?aaioe??, naeyi, o/i?a a?iiac?e.
I?aeoe/ii, c on?o ?a??ii?a Oe?a?ie iaaeoiaeeee caiene aei IOO:
Oa?e?aueie, Ee?aueie, Iieoaaueie, Caii??aeaey, AEeoiie?ueie, Eo?ueie,
??aiaiueie, *a?i?a?aueie, Aaee/eie, Oieiueie, Caea?iaooy. Eenoe
caienoaa/?a aoiia?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a oe?ii? ia eeoa iaoeiai aa?o?nieie
iaoa??aeaie, aea e cana?ae/othoue ii/oooy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ?o aaoi??a
ca aeieth ??aeii? eoeueoo?e ? iaoee.

Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y cao?ooaaea iaaeiei naaa aaeeea /enei
aiooc?ano?a-caienoaa/?a ia?iaeiciaa/eo iaoa??ae?a, aeoiaaea oe?eee ?yae
iino?eieo ei?aniiiaeaio?a, iino?eii i?aai?ciaoaaea iaoeia? aeniaaeeoe??
c iaoith ioiieoe uiiaeoe?o? oa?aie Oe?a?ie ? oaoiai cao?enoaaoe
iaaeine?aeaeai? /e iaeiaeine?aeaeai? yaeua eoeueoo?e. I?ioyaii
1895-1903 ??. A.Aiaothe cae?eniea o?noue aeniaaeeoe?e ia Caea?iaooy,
i?ae /an yeeo c?a?aa aaaaoee, ia a?aeiiee aei oeueiai, oieueeei?iee oa
aoiia?ao?/iee iaoa??ae. *anoeiai oeae iaoa??ae iioae?eiaaiee o aeaeaiiyo
IOO, ui noaiiaeoue o?noue oii?a. A?oioiaii i?aeaioiaeaieie, i?eioeeiiai
iiaeie a oe?a?inueeiio ia?iaeiciaanoa? aoee aio?iiieia?/ii-aoiia?ao?/i?
aeniaaeeoe?? 1903-1906 ??. i?ae ea??aieoeoaii O.Aiaea.
Aio?iiieia?/ii-aoiia?ao?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ieaioaaeinue i?iaanoe o an?o
aoiia?ao?/ieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie. Aeniaaeeoe?? a cao?aeiiio ?a??ii? –
ii/aoeiaee eiai aoai.

I?ioyaii /ioe?ueio aeniaaeeoe?e aoei i?iaaaeaia nenoaiaoe/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia anueiio oa?ai? oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao. Ia?ai??yii 726
in?a, c?iaeaii 1,5 oen. oioia?ao?e, c?a?aii aaeeeee aoiia?ao?/iee ?
oieueeei?iee iaoa??ae. Ii noo?, oea ia?oa a Oe?a?i? eiiieaenia
aeine?aeaeaiiy cia/iiai aoiia?ao?/iiai ianeao. Iane?aeeii oeeo
aeniaaeeoe?e ? /eneaii? caiene, oioia?ao??, ieaie aoae?aaeue, ia?enoue ?
n?e, a oaeiae iaoeia? i?aoe?.

Ie??i oaeeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeniaaeeoe?e, Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y
iino?eii aeae?eyea eiooe ia i?iaaaeaiiy iaaaeeeeo
aoiia?ao?/ii-oieueeei?ieo iaoeiaeo iiaei?iaeae.

Nai? ii nia? aoiia?ao?/i? aeniaaeeoe?? – ia iiaa yaeua a oe?a?inueeiio
ia?iaeiciaanoa?. Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y i?aeiineoue aeniaaeeoe?eio
ae?yeuei?noue ia aeuee iaoeiaee ??aaiue: a) aeniaaeeoe?? i?iaiaeyoueny
ca iaia?aae aecia/aieie caaaeaiiyie, oeeaaeaiei ieaiii, ?ic?iaeaiith
i?ia?aiith ? ia?o?ooii, ye? iiia?aaeiuei iaaiai?ththoueny ia can?aeaiiyo
eii?n?? ? caoaa?aeaeothoueny ?noi?eei-o?einionueeith ? o?eieia?/iith
naeoe?yie IOO; a) ?icoe?aii aaia?ao?th aeine?aeaeaiue; a) ia iiaee
ye?niee ??aaiue i?aeiyoi eiiieaenia aea/aiiy aoiia?ao?/ieo ? eieaeueieo
a?oi oe?a?ioe?a (aooeoe?a, aiee?a, eaie?a, iie?uoe?a, iiaeieyi, aieeiyi)
ia an?e oa?eoi??? ?o i?iaeeaaiiy; a) cai?iaaaeaeaii ca?oi?noue ca
i?iaaaeaio ?iaioo. Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y i?iaaea ia?o? a Oe?a?i? ? iaei?
c ia?oeo o na?o? aio?iiieia?/ii-aoiia?ao?/i? aeniaaeeoe??. Aia?oa aoei
cae?eniaii aio?iiiiao?e/i? ianoaaeaiiy ie?aieo aoiia?ao?/ieo ?
eieaeueieo a?oi oe?a?ioe?a, a oaeiae canoiniaaii iia? iaoiaeieia?/i?
canaaee aeniaaeeoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a naia: eiiieaenia
aoiia?ao?/ii-aio?iiieia?/ia aea/aiiy ie?aieo ?iaeei ye ia’?eoo iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e «Iocaeia oa aeaeaaie/a ni?aaa» neeaaea?oueny ?c o?ueio
i?ae?icae?e?a: «Noai?aiiy aoiia?ao?/ii? ca??ee iocath IOO», «Iaoeiaa oa
i?ina?oiuei-eoeueoo?ia ?iaioa iocath», «I?aai?caoe?y aeaeaaie/i?
ni?aae».

I. A?ooaanueeee, O. Aiae, A. Aioiiiae/, ?. O?aiei ? A. Aiaothe
caaeoioaaee aoiia?ao?/iee iocae ye ie?aio iaoeiao ?inoeoooe?th o
no?oeoo?? ia?iaeiciaa/i? iaoee neio?iiii ?c ?icaeoeii iocaeieoeoaa
oaeiai ieaio a ?a?ii?. Noai?aiiy iocath – ni?aaa neeaaeia ?
a?aeiia?aeaeueia. Aeey ooieoe?iioaaiiy iocath iaiao?aei? ianaiia?aae
eiooe aeey i?eaeaaiiy aeniiiao?a, ?o oo?eioaaiiy ? aeniiioaaiiy,
i?eaeaaiiy iaiao?aeiiai i?ei?uaiiy oa iaeaaeiaiiy, a oaeiae – oao?aoe?,
ye? a iiaee i?iaiaeeoe iocaeio ?iaioo. 11 o?aaiy 1891 ?.
?noi?eei-o?einionueea naeoe?y iieeaea caaaeaiiy oi?ioaaoe iocae ia
Aoiia?ao?/io eii?n?th. Aeoeaia ae?yeuei?noue eii?n?? o oeueiio iai?yi?
?icii/aeany o 1900 ?., eiee IOO i?eaeaaei i?ei?uaiiy, aea iiaeia aoei
aeniiioaaoe i?eaeaai? ?a/?.

Ianooiiee e?ie eii?n?? – caa?iaiiy aei a?iiaaenueeino? c i?ioaiiyi
aea?oaaoe ioca?a? ?a/? ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e. Oe? caa?iaiiy, ui ?o
?ic?iaeyee ?. O?aiei ? A. Aiaothe, a?ae?a?aaaee, ii noo?, ?ieue ia?oeo
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo iin?aiee?a uiaei cai?o iai’yoie eoeueoo?e.
Aiooc?anoe c ??cieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie a?aeaoeioeeny ia caeeee
Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n??. I?ioyaii 1900-1939 ??. ca??ea iocath iino?eii
iiiiaithaaeany iiaea?iaaieie ?a/aie.

Iiaea?oae, cae/aeii, ia iiaee iiai?noth oi?ioaaoe iocae c iaeyaeo
ia??aiii??iino? o i?aaenoaaeaii? ? ?aa?ii?a, ? i?aaeiao?a eoeueoo?e.
Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y ia?aeaeueii ?c i?aai?caoe??th iiaea?oaoaaiue aeey
iocath iino?eii aeae?ey? eiooe ia caeoi?aeth aoiia?ao?/ieo i?aaeiao?a.
Iiiiaith?oueny iocae oaeiae ?a/aie, c?a?aieie i?ae /an
aio?iiieia?/ii-aoiia?ao?/ieo aeniaaeeoe?e.

A?ae ii/aoeo noai?aiiy iocath ye iaoeiai? ?inoeoooe?? Aoiia?ao?/ia
eii?n?y iino?eii oaeineiiaethaaea oe?e?ni?noue eieaeoe?e ye o
i?aaenoaaeaii? aoiia?ao?/ieo ?aa?ii?a, oae ? oe?ioe aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
eiaeii? aoiia?ao?/ii? a?oie oe?a?ioe?a. Oaeei /eiii i?e IOO aoei
noai?aii iocae, aoiia?ao?/ia ca??ea yeiai aecia/eea ia?iaeiciaa/ee
i?io?eue oe??? ?inoeoooe??. Aoiia?ao?/ia ca??ea iocath IOO aaaaoi ?
anaa?/ii i?aaenoaaeyea anth aoi?/io oa?eoi??th Oe?a?ie o anueiio
??ciiaa?a’? aoiia?ao?/ieo iniaeeainoae ?? ?aa?ii?a. Oi?ioaaeany ca??ea
ia iaoeiaeo canaaeao yeiiiaa iiai?oi? ?ethno?aoe?? an?o noa? oiai/aniiai
? ieioeiai aeeooy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Eiaeia ??/ o ioca? aoea
ne?oioeueicii i?iioia?iaaia ? aienaia aei eaoaeiao ca?aeii ?c
caaaeueiii?eeiyoith o na?o? no?oeoo?ae?caoe??th. Aaaeeeaei aniaeoii
ae?yeueiino? iocath oaeiae aoei cae?enithaaoe
caaaeueiiina?oiuei-eoeueoo?io ?iaioo a iaaeao Oe?a?ie. Iocae oaeiae
i?aaenoaaeya iaoe?iiaeueio eoeueoo?o ia aoiia?ao?/ieo aenoaaeao ca
iaaeaie Oe?a?ie (Ia?eae, I?aaa, A?aeaiue, A?thnaeue).

Anaa?/ia ieaiii??ia ia?iaeiciaa/a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie??i cae?aoeueei?
ae?yeueiino?, aeeth/aei e no?iai iaoeiaa ii?aoethaaiiy c?a?aieo
iaoa??ae?a oa aeaeaiiy ?o. Aoiia?ao?/i?e eii?n?? aoei aei?o/aii
aeaeaaaoe noai?aiee o 1895 ?. «Aoiia?ao?/iee ca??iee», a caiaeii – o
1898 ?. eii?n?y ii/aea aeaeaaaoe ua iaeei ca??iee:«Iaoa??aee aei
oe?a?inueei-?onueei? aoiieia??» (a?ae 1909 ?. oea aeaeaiiy iaei iacao
«Iaoa??aee aei oe?a?inueei? aoiieia??», inoaii?e nia?aiee oii (21-22)
aeeoia o 1929 ?. i?ae iacaith «Iaoa??aee aei aoiieia?? oa
aio?iiieia??»).

C iaoith oaoiaiai iaeaaiaeaeaiiy aeaeaiue on? iaoeia? i?aoe?
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo a?aeiia?aeieo naeoe?e IOO (aoiia??o?/i? –
ia ?noi?eei-o?einionuee?e naeoe??, oieueeei?enoe/i? – ia o?eieia?/i?e
naeoe??).Ie??i ?aoeaicoaaiiy ie?aieo ?ica?aeie, noaoae, iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
i?iaiaeeeinue oaeiae ?aoeaicoaaiiy ca??ie. Aei ae?oeo o aeaeaiiyo
Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? ia iio?aieyea i? iaeia i?aoey, eio?a a ia aoea
?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei ioae?eaoe??.

Anaioiiii-eiiieaenia caaaeaiiy, ui eiai iinoaaeee ia?aae niaith
oe?a?inuee? iaoeiaoe?, i?aeoe/ii cae?enithaaeiny oeyoii aeio?eiaiiy
Aoiia?ao?/iith eii?n??th iaaieo canaae i?e oi?ioaaii? ca??iee?a: eiaeai
iaoeiaaoeue aoa ciaia’ycaiee nenoaiaoecoaaoe iaoa??ae ? ii??aiyoe ?c
ae?oeiaaiei ?ai?oa. Iaooeeueii aeio?eioaaany i?eioeei oi/iino? caieno ?
an?o iaia’yceiaeo aeaieo uiaei eiai ianii?oecaoe??, aeieeaaeii
i?aaenoaaeyany iaoeiaee aia?ao aeaii? i?iaeaie, noai ?? aea/aiino?,
iaoeiaee iaoa??ae iaa aooe iaiiaiaiee oaeoaie, iaoeiaa i?iaeaia iiaeiia
?icaeyaeaoeny o neio?iiiiio ?ic??c? ? ae?ao?iiiiio ca’yceo.

Ia an? iaoa??aee, c?a?ai? IOO, iiaa/eee na?o. Aaaaoi c ieo aacne?aeii
cieeee i?ae /an Ia?oi? na?oiai? a?eie (ca??ea ?noi?e/ieo i?naiue,
i?aeaioiaeaieo aei ae?oeo, ca??ea aoiia?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a I. Aeeea??aa,
eenooaaiiy nae?aoa?y Oiaa?enoaa c oe?a?inueeeie oa ?iicaiieie
ienueiaiieeaie ? a/aieie). *anoeia iaoa??ae?a, ui /aea? naiai
ii?aoethaaiiy ? aeaeaiiy, caa??aa?oueny o Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio
?noi?e/iiio a?o?a? o Eueaia?, ?oeiieniiio oiiae? ?inoeoooo
ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, oieueeei?enoeee oa aoiia?ao?? ?i. I. ?eeuenueeiai
(Ee?a), ?oeiieniiio oiiae? Euea?anueei? iaoeiai? a?ae?ioaee ?i.
Noaoaieea IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?e eiiieaeniiio i?aeoiae? aei iaoeiaeo aoiieia?/ieo nooae?e
a?aoiaoaaany noai aea/aiino? o??? /e ?ioi? i?iaeaie. Oiio Aoiia?ao?/ia
eii?n?y iaeia?oa aeaeaaaea i?aoe?, a yeeo i?aei?iaeeny oaie, ua ia
aeine?aeaeoaai? aai iaei aea/ai? a oe?a?inuee?e aoiieia??. C?iaeaii
na?eiciee e?ie uiaei aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeieo ciaiue (oaoi?/ieo,
iaoaiaoe/ieo, iaaee/ieo, iaoai?ieia?/ieo), i?aeo?eioaaii aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?aaeeoe?eii-iiaooiai? iaoa??aeueii? eoeueoo?e. Iaiao?aeiith oiiaith
aeey ioae?eaoe?? i?aoeue ?c noa?e iaoa??aeueii? eoeueoo?e aoea
iayai?noue ?ethno?aoeaiiai iaoa??aeo (noaie, ?enoiee, oioia?ao??).

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «?ieue Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? a ?icaeoeo ?
ooaa?aeaeaii? iaoeiaeo canaae ia?iaeiciaa/i? iaoee» eaeaoueny i?i
?ic?iaeo a IOO ieoaiue oai??? ? iaoiaeieia?? ia?iaeiciaa/eo
aeine?aeaeaiue. ?icae?e neeaaea?oueny ?c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a: «Ieoaiiy
oai??? ia?iaeiciaa/i? iaoee o i?aoeyo ?. O?aiea,
I. A?ooaanueeiai, O. Aiaea, A. Aiaothea», «Caaacia/aiiy ia?ao iaoeiai?
?ioi?iaoe?? c ieoaiue ia?iaeiciaanoaa», «O/anoue o i?aeia?iaeieo
ia?iaeiciaa/eo oi?oiao».

Noaaey/e ieoaiiy i?i iaoeiao iniiao ia?iaeiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaeyaeath/e noai ia?iaeiciaanoaa a Oe?a?i?, a/ai? IOO caa?oaeeny aei
aeinyaiaiue a oe?e aaeoc? ?ioeo neia’yinueeeo ? ianeia’yinueeeo
ia?iae?a. A ie?aio i?iaeaio aeae?eyeeny aecia/aiiy i?aaeiaoa
ia?iaeiciaanoaa ye naiino?eii? aeenoeeie?ie oa ?? ca’yce?a c ?ioeie
iaoeaie. Iinoaaeaii ieoaiiy i?i ?icaeoie oai??? ia?iaeiciaanoaa oa
iaoiaeieia?? aeine?aeaeaiue. Oaeoe/ii aoei ?ic?iaeaii no?aoaa?th
oe?a?inueei? aoiieia??. Oaeee aiae?c cae?eniaii o i?aoeyo O. Aiaea
«Aeaui i?i oaia??oi?e noai ? caaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aoiieia??» oa
?. O?aiea «Iaeyae i?aoeue iaae aoiia?ao??th Aaee/eie a O?O a.»

A?aeooiaooth/enue a?ae ?ai?oa c?iaeaiiai, aieiaiee nain ae?yeueiino?
a/ai? IOO aaa/aee a oiio, uia ? iaaeae? i?iaeiaaeoaaoe ?iaioo
iiia?aaeiee?a (O. Eaiioiae/a, I. ?oeiaiei, I. *oaeinueeiai, I. Noioeiaa,
ss. Aieiaaoeueeiai, I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa), ni?yiiaaio ia?aaeian?i ia aea/aiiy
eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

Aecia/ath/e caaaeaiiy ? iai?yie ae?yeueiino?, oe?a?inuee? a/ai?
?ic?iaeyee iaoeiao iaoiaeieia?th aeine?aeaeaiue . Iiooee iiaeo
iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue ? iiaeeaeaiiy noa?eo – oa?aeoa?ia ?ena
ia eeoa oe?a?inueei?, a e oiae?oiuei? na?oiai? iaoee caaaeii. Oea aoa
/an, eiee noaea i/aaeaeiith iani?iiiaei?noue noa?i? i?oieia?/ii? oeiee
ia?eiyoe ana eiei ia?iaeiciaa/eo nooae?e. A/ai? IOO ia a?aeeeaeaee
i?oieia??, iaeiae aaaaeaee iaiao?aeiei aeei?enoiaoaaoe ??ci? iaoiaee.
?. O?aiei, A. Aiaothe, O. Aiae, caioi/oth/e a/aieo oa cae?a/?a
caienoaaoe ia?iaei? a??oaaiiy oa cae/a?, a?aeaeaaaee ia?aaaao ia
ae?ao?iiii-?aeiino?oeoeaiiio oeoia/aiith ia?a?nii? ooieoe?? oa naino
io?eioaaiiai a?ae ?ioi?iaoi??a iaoa??aeo, a eiai neio?iiiiio aei??ia? –
oa?eoi??aeueiiio iioe?aiith yaeua oa ooieoe?iioaaiith eiai, ?icoi?iith
?aoeai??ioaie. Oaaaa aei iioeaaoe?eii? oa ooieoe?iiaeueii? noi?iie
ia?iaeieo cae/a?a oa a??oaaiue – aaaeeeaa neeaaeiaa ia?iaeiciaa/eo
nooae?e IOO.

Aaeeei? aaae iaaeaaaee a/ai?-aoiia?aoe IOO ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiiio
iaoiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeyaeaiith ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo yaeua oa
iioe?aiiy eiai ia iaai?e oa?eoi???. C oeueiai iaeyaeo aaaeeeaei
caaaeaiiyi aoei nenoaiaoecoaaoe aanue c?a?aiee iieueiaee iaoa??ae, ui
aeaaaei a ciiao caeiaoeny ii??aiyeueieie nooae?yie, a oaeiae iieaaoeei a
ni?aao caeo/aiiy eiai a ina?oiuei-eoeueoo?iee ia?a. Oai?aoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoeiai? aeioe?eueiino? eiiia?aoea?nonueei? iaoiaee
ciaoiaeeii o i?aoeyo ?. O?aiea, O. Aiaea, A. Aiaothea, o /eneaiieo
?aoeaic?yo aoiieia?/ieo i?aoeue oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo.
I?eeeaaeii aeei?enoaiiy ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiiai iaoiaeo ? oi?eaeueia
i?aoey ?. O?aiea «Aaeeoeueei-?onuee? i?eiia?aeee», aea eiaeia
oe?a?inueea i?eiia?aeea, eiaeia i?ene?a’y noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny oaiaoe/iei
a?aeiia?aeieeii, ui ?nio? a ?ioeo ia?iae?a. Oeae iaoiae aeei?enoaii o
i?aoe? C. Eocae? «Oe?a?inuee? iioi?iii? cae/a? ? ia?yaee a aoiia?ao?/i?e
e?oa?aoo??. Iaeyae nooae?e ? a?ae?ia?ao?y», A. Aiaothea «Eieiieeee» oa
?i.

Oe?a?inueea aoiia?ao?y oieeaea oi?iaeueii-eiiia?aoea?nonueeeo
i?aeoiae?a. Noaaeeiny caaaeaiiy ?icaeyaeaoe aeine?aeaeoaaia yaeua
eoeueoo?e o o?niiio ca’yceo ?c nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie iniaeeainoyie
oiai /e ?ioiai ia??iaeo; caa?oaoe oaaao ia noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee
eiioaeno aeine?aeaeoaaieo yaeu; ia nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? aniaeoe ?o
iiaoooaaiiy; ia eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/i? aeai?; ia aeeaa ooieoe?iioaaiiy
o?aaeeoe?e. Oiaoi, oe?a?inuee? a/ai? o nai?o iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo,
?aoeaic?yo ia i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo (neia’yinueeeo ?
ianeia’yinueeeo) a/aieo i?iiaaoaaee ? ae?iaeyee eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e o an?o ?? aniaeoao ? aeyaao, i?aaioee
oe?e?niiai aea/aiiy eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, ye yaeua na?oiai?
eoeueoo?e.

Ie?aiith ae?eyieith iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino? IOO, cie?aia Aoiia?ao?/ii?
eii?n??, aoei i?aaenoaaeaiiy iaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, aena?oeaiiy iica
iaaeaie Oe?a?ie aeinyaiaiue oe?a?inueei? aoiieia?/ii? iaoee. Oe?a?inueea
iaoeiaa aeoiea aoea i?aaenoaaeaia aaea ia ia?oiio i?aeia?iaeiiio
eiia?an? oieueeei?eno?a, yeee a?aeaoany o Ia?eae? 1889 ?. Ooo aenooiea
I. Ae?aaiiaiia c aeiiia?aeaeth «Ii/aoie Aoaeae?enueeeo iiia?aeaiue i?i
oeaca?y Einoyioeia ? ?o ne?aee o neia’yinueeiio oieueeei??». A?ae 1900
?. IOO aa?a iino?eio o/anoue o i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo oi?oiao. Caeiaooee
oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo IOO aoei i?aaenoaaeaii ia i?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an?
oieueeei?eno?a o Ia?eae? 1900 ?, eiia?an? Aia?eeai?no?a o A?aei? 1908
?., ia tha?ea? Aaeiaeey o A?aei? 1909 ?., ia ? Ananeia’yinueeiio
eiia?an? aaia?ao?a ? aoiia?ao?a o I?ac? 1925 ?., ia ?? Ananeia’yinueeiio
c’?cae? aaia?ao?a ? aoiia?ao?a o Aa?oaa? 1927 ?., ia ? i?aeia?iaeiiio
c’?cae? aeine?aeiee?a ia?iaeiiai ienoaoeoaa o I?ac? 1928 ?., ia ??
oaeiio ae c’?cae? o A?thnae? 1930 ?., ia c’?cae? neia’yinueeeo aaia?ao?a
oa aoiia?ao?a o Nio?? 1937 ?.

Noa?aiiyie Aieiae Oiaa?enoaa Ieoaeea A?ooaanueeiai aoei ci?aai?ciaaii ?
iaeaaiaeaeaii aeaaaee ia?a iaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Ui??/ii a «Caieneao
IOO» (o ?icae?eao «Iaoeiaa o?ii?ea» ? «A?ae?ia?ao?y») c’yaeyeiny
aeecueei 40 iaoa??ae?a (?aoeaic?e, noaoae), ui ciaeiieee ?c ca?oa?aeieie
ca??ieeaie, aeaeaiiyie aoiia?ao?/ieo ? oieueeei?ieo iaoa??ae?a, ?o
oaiaoeeith, iaoeiaei ??aiai; ?c iaoeiaeie i?aoeyie a aaeoc? aoiieia??,
?o i?iaeaiaoeeith, iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Cia/ia caneoaa o oe?e ae?eyioe? Caiiia Eocae?, Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea,
?aaia O?aiea, ye? caa?oaee oaaao ia aeinyaiaiiy ? oeae o aeine?aeaeaiiyo
ca?oa?aeieo iaoeiaoe?a. Oe?eani?yiiaaii aaeany ?iaioa uiaei iaoeiai?
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aeinyaiaiiy oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo ca ?oaaaeai.
Nenoaiaoe/ii ioae?eoaaeeny iaeyaeia? noaoo?, ?aoeaic??, a?aeaoee Oaaei?a
Aiaea, ?aaia O?aiea, Caiiia Eocae?, Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea i?i iaoeia?
aeinyaiaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e aoiia?ao??. C o??th iaoith a/ai? ai?uathoue
noaoo?, ?acaic??, iaeyaee a oaeeo aeaeaiiyo, ye: «Archiv fur Slawische
Philologie», «Zeitschrift fuer Oesterreichische Volkskunde»,
«Zeitschrift des Vereines fuer Volkskunde» (?ino?eiei ni?a?ia?oieeii o
aeacaieo aeo?iaeao aoa C. Eocaey), /anueeiio «Narodopisni Vestnik»,
o?inueeiio «F. F. Immunications», iieuenueeeo «Wisla», ? «Lud».

Oaeei /eiii a/ai?-aoiia?aoe IOO ?ioi?ioaaee iaoeiaee na?o i?i caeiaooee
oe?a?inueei? iaoee, ciaeiieee iaoeiaoe?a na?oo c o?aaeeoe?eiith
oe?a?inueeith eoeueoo?ith, ?? naiiaooi?noth ? aaaaonoaii, ?icoe?thaaee
?ioi?iaoe?eia eiei, iaeaaiaeaeoaaee iniaeno? ae?eia? ? iaoeia? eiioaeoe,
caeiaoaaee aeciaiiy oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? ?inoeoooe??, aeciaiiy
IOO ye oaeoe/ii? aeaaeai?? iaoe, ui aaaaoi cia/eei aeey i?ciaiiy Oe?a?ie
iaa?oue a oiiaao i?aeiaa?eueiiai ?? noaiiaeua.

O aeniiaeao aeeeaaeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co iaoa??aeo.

– Ia?iaeiciaa/? nooae?? aoee iaei??th c i??i?eoaoieo aaeocae
ae?yeueiino? Iaoeiaiai Oiaa?enoaa ?i. Oaa/aiea.

– IOO i?aeiyei ia ye?nii iiaee iaoeiaee ??aaiue cae?aoeueeo
ae?yeuei?noue, iaaeaei ?e nenoaiaoe/iiai ? oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oa?aeoa?o
?c iiia?aaei?i ieaioaaiiyi, aeaoaeueiei iaaiai?aiiyi niinia?a oa
iaoiae?a aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue.

– Eii?n?y cao?oiaoaaea ? aeiiiiaaaea caeiaoeny na?eiciith
aeine?aeieoeueeith i?aoeath –I. Coa?eoeueeiio, A. Iieuoeo,
A. Io?eiiae/o, A. Caeeeinueeiio, TH. AEaoeiae/o oa ?i. Oea ooaa?aeeei a
oe?a?inueeiio ia?iaeiciaanoa? noaoe?iia?iee iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy –
ae?eiaee can?a eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy o?aaeeoe?eii? eoeueoo?e ia?iaeo.

– Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y i?aeiyeany aei ??aiy e?aueo c?ace?a na?oiai?
aoiia?ao?/ii? iaoee o oi/iino? o?enaoe?? aoiia?ao?/ieo ? oieueeei?ieo
iaoa??ae?a, ?o iaoeiaiio ii?aoethaaii?. AEiaeai iaoa??ae ia iio?aieya ia
noi??iee aeaeaiue IOO aac iiia?aaeiueiai ?aoeaicoaaiiy ? ianooiiiai
iaaiai?aiiy uiaei aeio?eiaiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo oa iaoiaee/ieo i?eioeei?a,
onoaeaieo IOO.

– Iacaia?a/ia caneoaa IOO, ianaiia?aae Aoiia?ao?/ii? Eii?n?? o noai?aii?
aoiia?ao?/iiai iocath, iaoa??aee yeiai ?ai?acaiooaaee anth aoi?/io
oa?eoi??th Oe?a?ie.

– Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy a IOO aoee i?aeianai? ia ye?nii iiaee
iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/iee ??aaiue. O. Aiae, ?. O?aiei, A. Aiaothe oe?iei
i?iiaaoaaee ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiee iaoiae i?e aea/aii? yaeu ia?iaeii?
eoeueoo?e. Aiie ni?eyee caeo/aiith oe?a?inueei? aoiieia?? a na?oiaee
iaoeiaee i?ioean. O aeaeaiiyo Oiaa?enoaa aoei ooaa?aeaeaii iaoeiao iiao
? oa?i?iieia?th, yea eyaea a iniiao oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? iiae.

– Ca??ieee i?aoeue Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? noaee i?aeoe/iei ao?eaiiyi
caaaeueieo canaaeie/eo i?eioeei?a, iaoiaeieia?/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo
?ic?iaie oe?a?inueei? aoiia?ao?/ii? iaoee e?ioey O?O – ia?oeo
aeanyoee?oue OO no. «Iaoa??aee aei oe?a?inueei-?onueei? aoiieia??» oa
«Aoiia?ao?/iee ca??iee» (ca??ee eacie, iiaae, aiaeaeio?a, i?eiia?aeie,
aiein?iue, eaaaiae) noaee aaaiiei aianeii a oe?a?inueeo ? na?oiao
aoiia?ao?/io iaoeo ? aeniei ioe?iai? a?aeiieie a/aieie.

– Aoiia?ao?/ia ae?yeuei?noue IOO (ca?? aoiia?ao?/ieo oa oieueeei?ieo
iaoa??ae?a, ii?aoethaaiiy ?o, iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeaeaiiy) noaee
ooiaeaiaioii aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeiiciaa/i?
iaoee. Ca c?aceii IOO o 1907 ?. noai?aii Ee?anueea oiaa?enoai. Aiii a
naith /a?ao noaei aacith aeey noai?aiiy Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? iaoe o
1918 ?., yea oni?oii aeei?enoiaoaaea aeinyaiaiiy IOO a aaeoc? aoiieia??,
?icai?oath/e aea/aiiy ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e ? iiaooo Oe?a?ie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiia?ao?/ii? ae?yeueiino? IOO ia?aeiio?, ui
aaaaoianiaeoia iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eia i?aoey Oiaa?enoaa ? oe?iiith ?
aeooaeueiith aeey no/aniiai ia?iaeiciaanoaa aaaaoueia oai?aoe/ieie ?
i?aeoe/ieie eiino?oeoeaieie nai?ie noi?iiaie, i?iaeiaaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie
yeeo ? aeioe?eueiei o nueiaiaei?oi?e iaoeia?e aoiia?ao?/i?e
ae?yeueiino?: cie?aia, eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e oa
aoiia?ao?/ieo a?oi oe?a?ioe?a, eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iiai,
ii??aiyeueii-oeiieia?/iiai, ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei inieneaiiy ?
ioe?iee yaeu o?aaeeoe?eii? ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e,iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ia?ao
?ioi?iaoe??. Iniiai? canaaee iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino? IOO o noa??
ia?iaeiciaanoaa iiaeooue aooe ac??oeai aeey
aoiia?ao?/ii-oieueeei?enoe/ii? naeoe?? a?aeiiaeaiiai o Eueaia? Iaoeiaiai
Oiaa?enoaa ?i. Oaa/aiea.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

Naiaeye I. Aoiia?ao?y Aooeoeueueie o aeaeaiiyo IOO. // I?iaeaie
Aooeoeueueie (oace aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??, i. Ein?a, 27-28 o?aaiy 1993 ?.) – *a?i?aoe?, 1993. –
N. 63-64.

Naiaeye I. I?aai?caoi? ia?iaeiciaa/i? iaoee a IOO (aei 100-??//y a?ae
ii/aoeo ae?yeueiino? IOO) // Oe?a?inueeee e?n. – Euea?a, 1994. – ? 3. –
N. 57-59.

Naiaeye I., E?nue ?. Eiiieaeni?noue iaoiaeieia?? oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeiciaanoaa e?ioey O?O  – ii/. OO no. // Ia?iaeiciaa/? cioeoe. –
Euea?a, 1995. – ? 3 (o?aaaiue-/a?aaiue). – N. 132-138.

Naiaeye I., Iaaethe N. Noai aoiia?ao?/ii? iaoee a Aaee/ei? (e?iaoeue
O?O  – ii/. OO no.) // Ia?iaeiciaa/? cioeoe. – Euea?a, 1996. –
? 4 (10) Eeiaiue-na?iaiue. – N. 210-212.

Naiaeye I. I?i iocaeio ni?aao IOO // Ia?iaeiciaa/? cioeoe. – Euea?a,
1996. – ? 4 (Eeiaiue-na?iaiue). – N. 225-229.

Naiaeye I. Ieoaiiy aoiia?ao?? ia noi??ieao «Caienie IOO» 1899-1937 ?iee
// Caienee Iaoeiaiai Oiaa?enoaa ?iai? Oaa/aiea. I?aoe? naeoe??
aoiia?ao?? oa oieueeei?enoeee. – Euea?a, 1995. – O. 230. – N. 526-535.

Naiaeye I., Iaaethe N. Etnografia w Galicji w koncu XIX i na pocz?tku XX
wieku // Lud. – Poznan – Warszawa – Wroc?aw, 1996. – O. 80. – S. 39-47.

Aiioaoe?y

I. A. Naiaeye. Oe?a?inueea aoiia?ao?y a ae?yeueiino? Iaoeiaiai
Oiaa?enoaa ?i. Oaa/aiea (1898-1939 ??.). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.05 – aoiieia?y. ?inoeooo Oe?a?iiciaanoaa
?i. ?. E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie, Euea?a, 1998.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeo?oueny aoiia?ao?/ia ae?yeuei?noue IOO a?ae
noai?aiiy Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? – 1898 ?. aei 1939 ?., aiae?co?oueny
iaoeiaa, iocaeii-cae?aoeueea ?iaioa Aoiia?ao?/ii? eii?n??, aecia/aii
aianie a/aieo IOO o ?icaeoie ia?iaeiciaanoaa, a ?ioaa?aoe?th
oe?a?inueei? aoiieia?? a oiai/anio na?oiao iaoeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: IOO, Aoiia?ao?/ia eii?n?y, aoiia?ao?/ii-iocaeia
ae?yeuei?noue, aoiia?ao?/ii-aio?iiieia?/i? aeniaaeeoe??.

Aiiioaoeey

I. A. Naiyeye. Oe?aeineay yoiia?aoey a aeayoaeueiinoe Iaoeiaiai
Oiaa?unoaa ei. Oaa/aiei (1898-1939 aa.). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.05 – yoiieiaey. Einoeooo oe?aeiiaaaeaiey
ei. E. E?eiueyeaae/a IAI Oe?aeiu, Eueaia, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeoaony yoiia?aoe/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue IOO io
nicaeaiey Yoiia?aoe/aneie eiiennee 1898 a. aei 1939 a., aiaeece?oaony
iao/iay, iocaeii-niae?aoaeueneay ?aaioa Yoiia?aoe/aneie eiiienee,
ii?aaeaeaii aeeaae o/?iuo IOO a ?acaeoea ia?iaeiaaaeaiey, a eioaa?aoeeth
oe?aeineie yoiieiaee a ie?iaoth iaoeo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: IOO, Yoiia?aoe/aneay eiienney, yoiia?aoe/ii-iocaeiay
aeayoaeueiinoue, yoiia?aoe/ii-aio?iiieiae/aneea yeniaaeeoeee.

Summary

O. A. Sapelyak. Ukrainian etnography in the activities of Shevchenko
Scientific Society (NTSh) in 1898 – 1939. – Manuscript.

Dissertational thesis for obtaining a scientific degree of Candidate in
historical sciences; speciality 07.00.05 – ethnology. Krypyakevych
Institute of Ukrainian studies, National Academy of Sciences, Ukraine,
Lviv, 1998.

Dissertation elucidates one of extremely important pages in the history
of Ukrainian ethnology at the Lviv period of NTSh’s activities, from the
formation of Ethnographical commission in 1898 till 1939. On the basis
of publications and archival sources scientific and museum gathering
works of Ethnographical commission are being considered. Light is thrown
upon the meaning of organised systemic actions of NTSh’s scientists in
the branches of cultural anthropology as well as their contributions
into the development of Ukrainian studies. NTSh’s efforts in integration
of Ukrainian ethnology into world science of that time are being
presented.

Key words: NTSh, Ethnographical commission, ethnographical and museum
activities, ethnographical and anthropological expeditions.

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