I A Oe ? I I A E Ue I A A E A Ae A I ? ss I A O E O E ? A ? I E

? A Ae A I I A E A * A I I TH I ? I Ae O E O E A I E O N E E

O E ? A ? I E

? i a e ue y i a i e i E a ? e n a I e o a e e ? a i a

OAeE 331.5(477):338(477)

Oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy

iaoe?iiaeueiei ?eieii i?aoe? a oiiaao

o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.09.01 — Aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe?,

nioe?aeueia aeiiii?ea ?
iie?oeea

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

ae e n a ? o a oe ? ? i a c ae i a o o o y i a o e i a i a i n o
o i a i y

e a i ae e ae a o a a e i i i i ? / i e o i a o e

Ee?a — 1999

Ae e n a ? o a oe ? ? th ? ? o e i i e n

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oaoiieia?/iiio oi?aa?neoa? Iiae?eey (i.
Oiaeueieoeueeee)

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oi?aiaa E?ae?y Aieiaeeie??aia

Oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao Iiae?eey,
aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo a?ciano oa i?aaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Cayoeue Oaoyia Aiaoie??aia

?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo ?aa?iiaeueieo i?iaeai caeiyoino? oa
?eieo i?aoe?

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Iie?euoe Aaea?ee Ieaenaiae?iae/

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo i?aoe? ? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy I?i?noa?noaa
i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie ? IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo i?iaiicoaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? ? iie?oeee caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie
?ano?naie, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 24 ethoiai 2000 ?. ia 11
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.160.01 ?aaee
ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032,
i. Ee?a, aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea, 60

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?aaee ii
aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, i.
Ee?a, aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea, 60

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “21” n?/iy 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Aaiaeo? N.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiai? nenoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy a
Oe?a?i? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny niaaeii ae?iaieoeoaa, aeieeiaiiyi oiaa?iiai
aeao?oeeoo, no??ieei ?inoii oe?i, iaae?iiyi ??aiy aeeooy ianaeaiiy, a
oaeiae ye?nii iiaeie nioe?aeueieie iane?aeeaie o noa?? i?aoe? oa
caeiyoino?. Iniaeea?noth no/aniiai aoaio caeiyoino? ? oa, ui i?e
iaeii/aniiio ca?eueiaii? caeai? ?iai/i? neee ? c?inoaii? iaiiaii?
caeiyoino? io?oe?eiee ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy caeeoa?oueny aeinoaoiuei
iecueeei. Iaoiiaeaii oea iayai?noth i?eoiaaiiai aac?ia?ooy,
ia?aaeaiaioiaaii? caeiyoino? ? naiicaeiyoino? ianaeaiiy. Iiae?ai? yaeua
noi?iaiaeaeothoueny iaaeiaaioaaeaiiyi iiooaeiinoae i?aei?e?inoa,
iaaeaiiyi iaiiea/oaaeueieo a?aeionoie, iaiiaiith caeiyo?noth i?ioyaii
?iai/iai aeiy, oeaeaeiy, ??ceei cieaeaiiyi i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?,
ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ??aiy aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy ?ia?oiee?a, ui
oneeaaeith? e?ei?iiaaiio ianoaiiaeo, ii?iaeaeo? nioe?aeuei? eiioe?eoe oa
ineoieia?/iee aeeneiioi?o o noni?euenoa?. Ae??oaiiy cacia/aieo i?iaeai
iio?aao? noai?aiiy ae?eiai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy caeiyo?noth.

Oi?ioaaiiy aio/eiai ? oaeiai, ui oaeaeei ?aaaoth? ia aeeiai?eo
aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue, ?eieo i?aoe? c o?aooaaiiyi nioe?aeueieo
i???ioe??a oa ?aaeueii? ia?niaeoeae — iaeia c aieiaieo oiia noai?aiiy
no/aniiai ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio i?aeo?eiee caaeainiaaiino? noni?eueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaaii? aeiiii?ee, noaa?e?caoe??
neooaoe?? o e?a?i? oa ?? ?aa?iiao.

Aeoiaey/e c oeeo ianoaaei, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui nooue caaaeaiiy
iieyaa? o iiooeo aoaeoeaieo oi?i ? iaoiae?a ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueieo
i?ioe??/ o noa?? i?aoe? ? caeiyoino?, oi?ioaaii? iiai? eiioeaioe??
oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa
na?oiaiai aeina?aeo, eiino?othaaiiy a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai iaoai?cio
?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei.

Na?oiaa aeiiii?/ia iaoea iaaoea aaeeeiai aeina?aeo uiaei aea/aiiy
i?iaeai caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, aeine?aeaeaiiy ?o aeiiii?/ii? i?e?iaee,
i?noey ? ?ie? o ?eieia?e nenoai?. Iniaeeai ne?ae a?aecia/eoe i?aoe? A.
Ni?oa, O. Iaeueoona, I. O??aeiaia, Aeae. Eaeina, O. Oaeaea, ss. Aaeaaia,
I. Naioaeueniia, N. A?th, I. Iaeeiiaea. Noaa?aeaeaiiy iiaeo i?aeoiae?a
uiaei iie?oeee caeiyoino? iaoiiaeth? i?aeaeuaiee ?ioa?an a/aieo ?
i?aeoee?a Oe?a?ie oa e?a?i NIA aei oeeo i?iaeai. Aeineoue oe?iei a?aeii?
?iaioe, ui ?ice?eaathoue ??ciia?/i? aniaeoe oa?eoi??aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy
caeiyo?noth, i?iaeaie ?eieo i?aoe?, caeiyoino? oa aac?ia?ooy (N.?.
Aei?iaoioeia, I.?. Aeie?oiee, N.?. Aaiaeo?, O.A. Cayoeue, N.I. Ceoiei,
A.A. Ii?e??iei, I.A. Oaeaiei, I.?. I?othee/, A.N. Aaneeue/aiei, ?.E.
Iao?iaa, A.I. Iie?euoe, ?.A. Caneaanueeee, A.A. Eina?a, A.?. Eioey?,
A.I. Aeaithe, A.A. I?e?oi?iaa); ieoaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
caeiyoino? (A.N *eaeia, A.A. A???aa, A.A. Neac?iaa?); iae?ino?oeoo?e
caeiyoino? (?.E. Aiiaea?, N.E. ?aaiia, A.I. E?aaiiaa, ?.N. Ianeiaa);
aca?iica’yceo o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei ? ?eieo (Ae.I. Aiaeiy, N.A. Aeyoeia,
?.A. Na?ooaiia, ?.I. Eieiniaa). Iaeiae caeeoathoueny aeaeaei ia iiaiith
i??ith aeine?aeaeai? ?yae i?iaeai nooi i?aaiaiai, aeiiii?/iiai,
i?aai?caoe?eiiai ? nioe?aeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, ye? aeieeathoue i?e
oi?ioaaii? oa ooieoe?iioaaii? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?. Niaoeeo?ea
?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue o noa?? i?aoe? Oe?a?ie iaoiiaeth? ia’?eoeaio
iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee aeiaaino?ieiai? iine?aeiaii? iie?oeee oi?aae?iiy
?eieii i?aoe?, aecia/aiiy ?? iaoe ? i?eioeei?a, caaaeaiue oa ooieoe?e
iaoai?cio ?? ?aae?caoe?? c iaa?oiooaaiiyi eiie?aoieo caoiae?a o
?aa?iiaeueiiio aniaeo?. Iaoeiaa aeooaeuei?noue oa i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue
?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe?
aecia/eee aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea i?iaiaeeeiny
ia i?eeeaae? iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa ?aa?iaeueiiai (Oiaeueieoeueea iaeanoue)
?eie?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aaoi? o
ni?ai?aoe? c Oi?aae?iiyi aeiiii?ee, eiioiaeueii? aeaniino? oa ?icaeoeo
i?noeaaiai ainiiaea?noaa Oiaeueieoeueeiai i?nueeaeeiieiio a?aa
aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o aeeiiaii? aeine?aeaeaiue a ?aieao aei?o/aiiy
Aeeiiaa/iai eii?oaoo Oiaeueieoeueei? i?nueei? ?aaee ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a
uiaei ?ic?iaee i?iaeoo “Oe?eueiai? i?ia?aie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo i?noa Oiaeueieoeueeiai aei 2010 ?ieo” (eeno ? 01-18/170 a?ae
15.12.1999 ?.).

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie
c i?iaeai ?aaoethaaiiy nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei ia ?eieo i?aoe?
Iiae?euenueeiai ?aa?iio, ui aeeiio? eaoaae?a oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie
?ano?naie Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Iiae?eey (i.Oiaeueieoeueeiai).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o oai?aoe/iiio
? iaoiaeieia?/iiio iaa?oioiaaii? oeyo?a oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? oa
?ic?iaoe? iai?yie?a ?aaoethaaiiy nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?. Aeey ?? ?aae?caoe?? a ?iaio? iinoaaeai? ?
ae??ooaaeeny oae? caaea/?:

— aeyaeoe nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io nooi?noue oa ooieoe?? ?eieo i?aoe? a
oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie;

— aecia/eoe eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe?;

— ?ic?iaeoe iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe?;

— aecia/eoe ia?aaeoiiae, iniaeeaino? ? oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo
o?oaeiaeo iineoa ia iaoe?iiaeueiiio oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee noaio ?eieo i?aoe?;

— ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue no/anieo ?aaoeyoi??a ?eieo i?aoe?;

— ?icoe?eoe niaeo? oa?aeoa?enoee ?eieo i?aoe? c o?aooaaiiyi iciae
nenoaiaoecaoe??;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?;

— noi?ioaaoe iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy
?eieii i?aoe?;

— ?ic?iaeoe iai?yiee uiaei iie?auaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy ? noaa?e?caoe??
neooaoe?? ia ?eieo i?aoe?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiao iiaecio
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/athoue oae?
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe:

— aecia/aii nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io nooi?noue oa ooieoe?? ?eieo o?oaeiaeo
iineoa;

— iiaeeaeaii eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? ca oiia
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie;

— o eiioaeno? caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
iaa?oioiaaii i?aai?caoe?ei? i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy
?eieii i?aoe? c o?aooaaiiyi i??i?eoao?a ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo oa
iniaeeainoae ?o ?aae?caoe?? a ia?ao?aeiiio ia??iae?;

— ia iniia? aiae?co iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo
i?aoe? Oe?a?ie cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aeey cae?eniaiiy
eiai ?aaoethaaiiy;

— aeiiiaiaii nenoaio iieaciee?a aeey ioe?iee ?acoeueoaoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?, ui aeicaieeei ?icoe?eoe noa?o
aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy;

— ia iniia? aaoi?nueei? iaoiaeeee cae?eniaii ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?eniaaiiai ?eieo i?aoe? Oe?a?ie;

— nie?ath/enue ia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ciiaeaeueiaaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?eieo i?aoe? oa ??aiai aac?ia?ooy;

— cai?iiiiiaaii oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy ?aa?iiaeueiei
?eieii i?aoe? oa aecia/aii ia?niaeoeai? iai?yie eiai noaa?e?caoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui a ?iaio? aecia/aii
iniiai? iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe?,
iaa?oioiaaii i?eioeeie oa aieiai? canaaee i?aai?caoe?? oaei? nenoaie c
o?aooaaiiyi ?aa?iiaeueieo i??i?eoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
noai?ththoue aaaii? ia?aaeoiiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe??
aoaeoeaii? iie?oeee oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe?, ?ic?iaee ae??aeo caoiae?a
ii eiai ?aaoethaaiith a oiiaao aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue.

Iniiai? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy uiaei ?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iaeueiiai
?eieo i?aoe? aoee aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeanii?
i?ia?aie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ia 1999 ??e oa ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei
aeei?enoaiiy o i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeuei?no? neoaea caeiyoino? iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oa ?aa?iaeueiiai ??aiy, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?aeiia?aeieie
aeia?aeeaie: Oiaeueieoeueeiai Oi?aae?iiy i?aoe? ? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy —
?01-14/228 a?ae 23.04.1999?.; Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeanii? aea?aeaaii?
aaei?i?no?aoe?? — ?02-24/125 a?ae 27.04.1999?.

Iiaoaeiaaiee aaoi?ii i?iaiic ?icaeoeo aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i?
oa Oiaeueieoeuee?e iaeano? ia?aaeaiee aeey aeei?enoaiiy no?oeoo?iei
i?ae?icae?eai Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie (eeno ? E-61 a?ae 12.04.1999 ?.).

Ie??i oeueiai, ?yae iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeei?enoiao?oueny o aeeeaaeaii? iaa/aeueieo eo?n?a “?eiie i?aoe? ?
caeiyo?noue”, “Aeiiii?ea i?aoe?” a Oaoiieia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? Iiae?eey
(i. Oiaeueieoeueeee), ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?aeiia?aeiith aeia?aeeith
oeueiai o/aiaiai caeeaaeo — ? 03/29 a?ae 5.02.1999?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Noeoii?noue io?eiaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a
? aaoi?nueeith ?ic?iaeith oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo iieiaeaiue uiaei
oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? Oe?a?ie ia
i?eeeaae? Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeano?. A aeena?oaoe?? iniaenoi aaoi?ii
?ic?iaeaii oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? ia ??ai? ie?aiiai ?aa?iio, cae?eniaii ioe?ieo
aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? ia iniia?
iniaenoi ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee, ciiaeaeueiaaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae
?acoeueoaoeai?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? oa ??aiai aac?ia?ooy.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaeiiin?aii iaienaiith iaoeiaith
i?aoeath, a ye?e aeeeaaeaii aaoi?nueeee i?aeo?ae aei ae??oaiiy aaaeeeai?
iaoeiai? caaea/e — noai?aiiy aoaeoeaiiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy ?eieii
i?aoe? ? oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ?aaoethaaiiy nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo
a?aeiinei ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? ca oiia o?anoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ii?
nenoaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia: i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Iiae?eey “Oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie:
i?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo” (i. Oiaeueieoeueeee, o?aaaiue, 1997);
i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai??
eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a) “No/ani? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa
aia?aicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy ethaeeie”, ui
i?iaiaeeeenue aea?/? ia ??e (i.Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee, /a?aaiue,
1998; i. Naaanoiiieue, aa?anaiue, 1998; i. Ieeiea?a, /a?aaiue, 1999; i.
Oa?e?a, a?oaeaiue, 1999); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
Oa?iii?euenei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa “I?iaeaie aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie o ?a?iiaenueeee Nithc: ?aa?iiaeuei? ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe” (i. sseoa-Oi?in, aa?anaiue, 1998);
i?aeia?iaeiiio iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio nai?ia?? Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
Iiae?eey “Oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie ia aoai? ?eieiai?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee” (i. Oiaeueieoeueeee, o?aaaiue, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 15 ?ia?o.
Caaaeueiee ianya ioae?eaoe?e neeaaea? 4,3 ae?.a?e., c ieo iniaenoi
aaoi?a – 2,8 ae?. a?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 147 iaeiaioaaiue, 22
aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 151 noi??iie
eiii’thoa?iiai iaai?o, a oiio /ene? 12 oaaeeoeue ? 18 ?enoie?a, ui
caeia? 24 noi??iee. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae caeia? 12 noi??iie,
aeiaeaoee — 29 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? ?ice?eoi aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, nooi?iue
aeine?aeaeaiino? i?iaeaie; aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeieia?th, iaoiaeeeo oa
?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy; iaa?oioiaaii iaoeiao iiaecio
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa ?o i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy; a?aeia?aaeaii i?noea
ai?iaaoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a aeiiii?/io i?aeoeeo iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy; aeae?eaii iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa o aeinyaiaiiy
iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae oi?aae?iiy ?eieii
i?aoe? a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie” aecia/aii
caeiiii??iino? no?oeoo?ieo c?ooaiue a caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy i?ae aieeaii
eiiieaeno oaeoi??a. sse oiaa? ia ?eieo i?aoe? aecia/aii o?oaeia?
iineoae, ye? ? iaa?ae’?iieie a?ae i?aoe?aiee?a — iin??a ?iai/i? neee.
Aieiaieie noa’?eoaie ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ?: ?iaioiaeaaaoeue, iaeiaiee
i?aoe?aiee oa ?o iina?aaeieee (i?aaie aeaaee, a?iiaaenuee? i?aai?caoe??
oiui). Aeoiaey/e a aecia/aiiai aeena?oaioii iaoai?cio aca?iiae??
no?oeoo?ieo neeaaeiaeo ?eieo i?aoe? c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui a?i i?noeoue
aea? neeaaeia?: ?eiie ?iai/i? neee ? ?eiie ?iai/eo i?noeue. Oaeee iiae?e
iaiao?aeiee aeey ioe?iee oa?aeoa?o ?eieiaeo eiiiiiaio?a — iiieoo,
i?iiiceoe??, eiieo?aioe??, oe?ie. Noi?ioeueiaaii eiie?aoi? ooieoe??
?eieo i?aoe?, a naia: ?iciiae?eue/o; iina?aaeieoeueeo;
oe?iiooai?thaaeueio; noeioethth/o; ?aaoethth/o; ?ioi?iaoe?eio;
nioe?aeueio; naioth/o.

C iaoith iaa?oiooaaiiy iai?yi?a oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee
caeiyoino? a ?iaio? cae?eniaii ocaaaeueiaiiy caei?aeiiiiai ?
a?o/eciyiiai aeina?aeo ?aaoethaaiiy nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei c
o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai,
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai oa eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo o??? /e ?ioi? aea?aeaae.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaoe?iiaeueia iie?oeea caeiyoino? o aeiiii?/ii
?ica?iaieo e?a?iao na?oo ia?aaeaa/a? ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioeaaeo?e
ca?eueiaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a ?c noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, oi?ioaaiiy
“aaie?a ?iai/eo i?noeue”, no?aooaaiiy a?ae aac?ia?ooy, ii?aeiaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? aaoiiii??. A e?a?iao
No?aeii? ?a?iie cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny iao?aaeeoe?eiei i?aeoiaeai
aei cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeoeaieo oi?i caeiyoino? ?c canoinoaaiiyi
?ioa?aaioe?eieo ?ia?o oa e?aaeeooaaiiy aac?ia?oieo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia ?icaeoeo i?ioean?a aca?iiae??
noa’?eo?a nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei ia ?eieo i?aoe? aeicaieeei
anoaiiaeoe niaaeei?ii?noue caaaeueieo iieiaeaiue oai??? oi?aae?iiy c
aeoeaioii ia nenoaiiee oa?aeoa? oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio. Aecia/aii
ooieoe?iiaeueii-i?aai?caoe?ei? aeaiaioe nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?eieii
i?aoe?, a iniiao yeeo iieeaaeaii i?eioeeie: ?aeiino? aeiiii?ee ?
iie?oeee; ?aeiino? oeaio?ae?cio ? naiino?eiino?; iaoeiaiai iaa?oioiaaiiy
? aoaeoeaiino?; niieo/aiiy caaaeueieo ? eieaeueieo ?ioa?an?a
caoe?eaaeaieo noi??i ia ?eieo i?aoe?.

Aeiaaaeaii ia’?eoeaio iaiao?aei?noue oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaith noa?ith a oiiaao ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe??
aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie. C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui i?inoi?ia? aniaeoe oi?aae?iiy
ia iaoe?iiaeueiiio ??ai? iiaeeeai ?aae?coaaoe eeoa /a?ac aoaeoeaio
?aa?iiaeueio iie?oeeo ia ?eieo i?aoe?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaeeea ? i?aeoeea aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?”
ia iniia? oe?e?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaiao?aeiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy, iaoiaeieia?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th, aiae?oe/ieo i?aeoiae?a
cai?iiiiiaaii ? iaa?oioiaaii aaoi?nueeo eiioeaioe?th aeine?aeaeaiiy
?eieo i?aoe? ia iaoe?iiaeueiiio ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo, yea ?aae?ciaaia
o o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe. A ii??aiyii? c ?nioth/eie i?aeoiaeaie,
cai?iiiiiaaia eiioeaioe?y ia? nenoaiiee oa?aeoa?, ia?aaeaa/a? /?oeo
iine?aeiai?noue, ye?niee ? e?euee?niee ca’ycie i?ae aea/aiiyi, aiae?cii,
ioe?ieith aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?, aeyaeaiiyi
oaiaeaioeee eiai ?icaeoeo ? ?ic?iaeith eiie?aoieo caoiae?a uiaei
aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie a?aeiineiaie a
icia/ai?e noa??.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeeiiaiiai aeena?oaioii ?aa?iiaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaieo ia?aaeoiia noaiiaeaiiy no/aniiai ?eieo i?aoe?
(ciaioaiiy i?e?iaeii? o?oaei?ano?nii? iniiae, i?ia?anoth/a noa??iiy
ianaeaiiy, iiaeeaeaiiy aeaiiioeyoe?? n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a, i?a?aoe?eiee
a?aeo?e i?aoeacaeaoieo a?iiaaeyi oiui) aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i
ciaioaiiy aeaiia?ao?/ii? neeaaeiai? a ianyaao i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee.
Iniiaieie aeiiii?/ieie oaeoi?aie oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? ne?ae aaaaeaoe
niaae ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?iaanoeoe?eii? aeoeaiino?, caa?aaeaiiy ia
i?aei?e?inoaao caeai? ?iai/i? neee oa c?inoaiiy i?eoiaaiiai aac?ia?ooy.
Iiae?ai? iaaaoeai? yaeua, aacia?a/ii, aieeaathoue ia nei?i/aiiy iiieoo
ia ?iai/o neeo, oiiae ae?iaie/i-o?oaeiai? noa?e, a?ae/ooii caoaeoth/?
?eiie ?iai/eo i?noeue.

Aea/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa ?aa?iiaeueieo
?eie?a i?aoe? aeicaieeei aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? eiai oi?ioaaiiy, a naia:
?aa?anoth/ee aieea ?nioth/eo aeaiia?ao?/ieo ? aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a;
i?aeaeuaiiy o?oaeiai? aeoeaiino? ianaeaiiy, ui aeeeeeaii iaae?iiyi
aeeoo?aiai ??aiy, i?e caa?aaeaii? ia?aaaa i???ioaoe?? ia nenoaio
iaeiaii? i?aoe?; aeanoaa?e?coth/a ae?y no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue a
aeiiii?oe? i?e ci?i? oi?i aeaniino?; a?aenooi?noue a?aeiia?aeiino?
ianooaa?a aea?eueiaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a ?c noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
oa?aeoa?o c?ooaiue o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy; iia??oaiiy ye?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?iai/i? neee oa
cieaeaiiy ?? eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? ia ?eieo i?aoe?; ?ioaineaia c?inoaiiy
i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee i?e iaeii/aniiio iaae?ii? iiieoo ia ia? a
ii?aeiaii? c ?icaaeainiaai?noth ?eieo o?oaeiaeo iineoa (oaae.1).

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i
iaaeinoaoith aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe?. A iaai?e i??? oea
iia’ycaii c oei, ui ia nueiaiaei? eiai ?aaoethth/a ooieoe?y iieeaaeaia
i?aeoe/ii ia aea?aeaaio neoaeao caeiyoino?, ae?yeuei?noue yei? a
i?aenoieo caiaeeoueny ia?aaaaeii aei ianeaieo caoiae?a aieeao. Aei oiai
ae, aiia ia? ni?aao eeoa c o?eniaaiith /anoeiith ?eieo i?aoe?. Aea ae
iiaeeeaino? neoaeae caeiyoino? oa ?? no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a o
i?aoeaaeaoooaaii? iacaeiyoiai o?oaeiaeoeaiiai ianaeaiiy iaiaaeai? ?
i?iaeaia iieyaa? ia eeoa o nei?i/aii? ianya?a o?iainoaaiiy ?o
ae?yeueiino?, a e iecueeiio ??ai? i?aai?caoe?? iii?oi?eiao ?eieo i?aoe?,
yeee iiaeiai aooe iniiaith aeey i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ii ?aaoethaaiith ?eieo
?iai/eo i?noeue.

Ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, i??i?eoaoieie iai?yiaie ae?yeueiino? oeaio??a
caeiyoino? ye aieiaii? ae?th/i? neee o nenoai? oi?aae?iiy no/aniei
?eieii i?aoe? iiaeii? noaoe aeoeai? caoiaee, ye? iiia?aaeaeothoue
aac?ia?ooy, ?aaoeththoue iiieo ? i?iiiceoe?th ?iai/i? neee, ciaioothoue
iai?oao ia eieaeueieo ?eieao i?aoe?. A iniiao oaei? ae?yeueiino? ne?ae
iieeanoe i?aai?caoe?th iioeiaeueiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeieia?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th ?? cae?eniaiiy.

Aiae?oeei-aeine?aeieoeueea ?iaioa a nenoai? oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe?
iiaeiia aooe nai?/aniith ? ae?eiaith, ui aeicaieeoue iia?aoeaii aieeaaoe
ia i?ioean caeiyoino?, i?iaiicoaaoe oaiaeaioe?? oa ioe?ithaaoe ye?noue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo o?oaeiaeo iineoa.
Aeey caaacia/aiiy aeinoia??ii? ioe?iee oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe?
iaiao?aeii a?eueo iiaia iia?aoeaia ?ioi?iaoe?y. Oea aeiaaa? ?icoe?aiiy
niaeo?o iieaciee?a oa cai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiiieaeniiai, oe?eani?yiiaaiiai
i?aeoiaeo uiaei aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae eiai ?icaeoeo. Ia iaio
aaaeeeai o no?oeoo?o ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiey, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey
oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaith noa?ith, aeeth/aoe a?aeiiino? i?i oi?ioaaiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, aeai? i?i ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo
i?aoe? c o?aooaaiiyi eiai aca?iiae?? c eiie?aoieie neeaaeiaeie ?eieiaiai
iaoai?cio ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 1

C?ooaiiy a iiieo? oa i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee ia ?eieo i?aoe?

Oe?a?ie oa Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeano? ca 1995-1998 ?iee

Iieacieee

Oe?a?ia

Oiaeueieoeueea iaeanoue

1995 1996 1997 1998 1995 1996 1997 1998

Iio?aaa i?aei?e?inoa o ?iai/?e nee?, oen. /ie.

86.4 35.1 34.8 34.6 1.22 0.78 0.81 0.63

*enaeuei?noue

ca?a?no?iaaieo a?iiaaeyi, iacaeiyoeo o?oaeiaith ae?yeuei?noth, oen./ie.

161.3

392.3

696.0

1039.3

4.88

13.3

20.6

23.7

Iaaaioaaeaiiy ia iaeia a?eueia ?iai/a i?noea (ia e?iaoeue ?ieo), /ie. 2
11 20 30 4 17 26 38

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “ Oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? a
oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie” aecia/aii, ui iiaoaeiaa
iioeiaeueii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? ia?aaeaa/a? noai?aiiy
iaoa??aeueii-o?iainiaeo, i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueeeo,
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ia?aaeoiia eiai ?icaeoeo, oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaiiai
?ioi?iaoe?eii-iaoiaeieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy (?en.1).

Aeey ae??oaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy i?iiiio?oueny noai?eoe a Oe?a?i?
aenieieiii’thoa?eciaaio nenoaio iii?oi?eiao ?eieo i?aoe?. ??
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaei a iiaeeea?noue a?eueo a?oioiaii ii?aoeueiaoaaoe
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?aaoethaaiiy on?o i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny ia
oeueiio ?eieo. Cae?aiiy ia?aeiieo aeaieo aeioe?eueii, ia aeoieo
aeena?oaioa, cae?enithaaoe /a?ac ?ioi?iaoe?eiee aaie c oaeith
no?oeoo?ith: i?aenenoaia noaoenoe/iiai iae?eo; i?aenenoaia
iia?aeiieaiue, ye? io?eiai? iao?aaeeoe?eiei oeyoii (nioe?ieia?/iei);
i?aenenoaia aeaieo neoaea caeiyoino? c ?ioi?iaoe??th i?i a?euei? ?iai/?
i?noey, aaeain??, noai ?eieo i?aoe?.

Aeey aea/aiiy aca?iica’yceo ye?nieo oa e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?eieo
i?aoe? ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe no/ani? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oaea
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia? neeaaeaoeny c o?ueio aoai?a: canoinoaaiiy anaa?/ii
iaa?oioiaaii? eeaneoeeaoe?eii? nenoaie iieaciee?a, ?ic?aooiie yeeo
caaacia/eoue io?eiaiiy ia’?eoeaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee noaio ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?; nenoaiiee oaeoi?iee aiae?c aecia/aieo
iieaciee?a aeey ioe?iee eiai ?icaeoeo; iiaeaethaaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo yaeu.

Aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?, ii?yae c
?nioth/eie iieacieeaie, aeena?oaioii cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe:
eiao?oe??io iaaeicaeiyoino? ianaeaiiy; eiao?oe??io caaeainoaaiiy iiieoo
oa i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee; nooi?iue aeoeaiino? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee
caeiyoino?; nooi?iue no?oeoo?ii? a?aeiia?aeiino? noa? aeiiii?ee ?
caeiyoino?; i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eii? iai?oao iioi/ii? i?iiiceoe??
?iai/i? neee (oaae.2).

Cai?iiiiiaaia aaoi?ii nenoaia iieaciee?a ia? i/aaeaei? ia?aaaae:
i?inoioa oa iia?aoeai?noue ?ic?aooie?a eiao?oe??io?a; aeinoia??i?noue
ioe?iee i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny ia ?eieo i?aoe?;
?acoeueoaoeai?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy; iiaeeea?noue e?euee?nii? ? ye?nii?
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?. Oea aoei
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii o i?ioean? ai?iaaoe?? aaoi?nueei? iaoiaeeee, yea
aeicaieeea ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe ae??a?noue iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?
Oe?a?ie o 1995-1998 ?ieao (oaae.2).

Ia aeoieo caeiaoaa/a, a i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaeieia?/i?e ?iaio? ne?ae
cia/ii oe?oa canoiniaoaaoe aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiy,
ine?eueee ai- ie aeicaieythoue ciiaeaethaaoe aeeiai?eo ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo yaeu, ui a?aeaoaathoueny ia ?eieo i?aoe?. C
aeei?enoaiiyi ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eieo iaoiae?a aiae?co aeena?oaioii
iiaoaeiaaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue, yea anoaiiaeth? noaoenoe/iee
aca?iica’ycie i?ae iieacieeaie aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?
oa ??aiai aac?ia?ooy. Oaaeeoey 2

Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?eniaaiiai ?eieo i?aoe?

a iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie ca 1995-1998 ?iee

Eiao?oe??io

iaaeicaeiyoino? Eiao?oe??io

caaeainoaaiiy

iiieoo oa

i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee Nooi?iue

aeoeaiino? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino? Nioi?iue no?oeoo?ii?
a?aeiia?aeiino? noa? aeiiii?ee ?

caeiyoino? I?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eia iai?oaa iioi/ii? i?iiiceoe??
?iai/i? neee

1995 1996 1997 1998 1995 1996 1997 1998 1995 1996 1997 1998 1995 1996
1997 1998 1995 1996 1997 1998

Oe?a?ia 0,2030 0,231 0,267 0,291 0,801 0,770 0,734 0,711 0,499 0,345
0,281 0,291 0,817 0,794 0,776 0,782 0,920 0,912 0,906 0,900

A? E?ei 0,162 0,175 0,230 0,268 0,841 0,826 0,771 0,734 0,586 0,375
0,323 0,341 0,863 0,851 0,817 0,808 0,898 0,888 0,893 0,887

A?iieoeueea 0,152 0,218 0,269 0,288 0,851 0,783 0,732 0,713 0,735 0,448
0,418 0,413 0,867 0,808 0,766 0,775 0,909 0,897 0,891 0,897

Aieeinueea 0,248 0,293 0,310 0,321 0,753 0,707 0,690 0,679 0,376 0,246
0,178 0,220 0,785 0,750 0,759 0,786 0,956 0,934 0,949 0,905

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea 0,216 0,278 0,301 0,337 0,793 0,724 0,701 0,664 0,711
0,548 0,341 0,285 0,798 0,740 0,739 0,736 0,929 0,903 0,893 0,893

Aeiiaoeueea 0,131 0,207 0,243 0,269 0,874 0,795 0,760 0,734 0,479 0,331
0,231

,0, 0,259 0,885 0,813 0,792 0,797 0,896 0,907 0,900 0,898

AEeoiie?nueea 0,228 0,259 0,345 0,390 0,774 0,742 0,655 0,611 0,401
0,311 0,267 0,288 0,957 0,786 0,725 0,724 0,932 0,920 0,898 0,885

Caea?iaonueea 0,296 0,283 0,277 0,300 0,705 0,718 0,724 0,701 0,351
0,236 0,227 0,228 0,745 0,758 0,781 0,797 0,877 0,865 0,895 0,875

Caii??cueea 0,318 0,294 0,366 0,393 0,688 0,707 0,635 0,608 0,671 0,474
0,372 0,392 0,698 0,728 0,673 0,676 0,942 0,913 0,892 0,898

?aaii-O?aie?anueea 0,303 0,380 0,356 0,384 0,697 0,621 0,644 0,617 0,212
0,140 0,097 0,107 0,743 0,681 0,736 0,751 0,927 0,967 0,943 0,897

Ee?anueea 0,177 0,178 0,247 0,259 0,826 0,823 0,754 0,743 0,393 0,255
0,189 0,226 0,844 0,853 0,806 0,828 0,912 0,892 0,876 0,892

E??iaia?aaenueea 0,151 0,229 0,265 0,291 0,853 0,772 0,736 0,710 0,609
0,345 0,302 0,296 0,872 0,800 0,792 0,802 0,938 0,910 0,906 0,892

Eoaainueea 0,1836 0,256 0,286 0,283 0,823 0,747 0,719 0,720 0,341 0,300
0,298 0,353 0,829 0,763 0,757 0,787 0,910 0,920 0,923 0,920

Euea?anueea 0,281 0,280 0,338 0,355 0,736 0,720 0,662 0,645 0,224 0,134
0,154 0,163 0,743 0,759 0,719 0,741 0,867 0,864 0,890 0,872

Ieeiea?anueea 0,136 0,176 0,272 0,294 0,867 0,824 0,729 0,708 0,576
0,450 0,405 0,401 0,885 0,853 0,776 0,791 0,847 0,857 0,840 0,844

Iaeanueea 0,157 0,155 0,175 0,178 0,846 0,846 0,826 0,823 0,647 0,590
0,485 0,469 0,857 0,856 0,838 0,852 0,910 0,948 0,921 0,923

Iieoaanueea 0,234 0,283 0,297 0,320 0,768 0,718 0,704 0,682 0,623 0,434
0,312 0,343 0,793 0,747 0,752 0,760 0,892 0,897 0,890 0,878

??aiainueea 0,213 0,223 0,281 0,306 0,788 0,778 0,720 0,694 0,413 0,289
0,263 0,233 0,822 0,815 0,771 0,782 0,929 0,915 0,892 0,919

Noinueea 0,184 0,207 0,296 0,329 0,820 0,794 0,705 0,673 0,492 0,266
0,190 0,191 0,839 0,823 0,753 0,754 0,896 0,907 0,917 0,907

Oa?iii?euenueea 0,190 0,192 0,209 0,253 0,812 0,809 0,792 0,748 0,487
0,344 0,270 0,241 0,842 0,845 0,852 0,842 0,935 0,928 0,953 0,946

Oa?uee?anueea 0,232 0,216 0,222 0,278 0,772 0,786 0,780 0,724 0,385
0,259 0,211 0,297 0,774 0,794 0,801 0,781 0,990 0,943 0,918 0,907

Oa?niinueea 0,184 0,218 0,236 0,243 0,818 0,783 0,764 0,758 0,578 0,489
0,442 0,423 0,835 0,808 0,802 0,815 0,864 0,839 0,872 0,877

Oiaeueieoeueea 0,266 0,279 0,281 0,283 0,736 0,722 0,720 0,718 0,708
0,481 0,424 0,478 0,763 0,753 0,767 0,780 0,905 0,907 0,899 0,904

*a?eanueea 0,286 0,253 0,271 0,299 0,717 0,749 0,731 0,702 0,701 0,526
0,395 0,391 0,748 0,779 0,775 0,774 0,922 0,896 0,880 0,889

*a?i?aaoeueea 0,2

17 0,190 0,215 0,263 0,784 0,811 0,786 0,737 0,342 0,217 0,158 0,159
0,797 0,826 0,816 0,798 1,000 0,979 0,978 0,909

*a?i?a?anueea 0,185 0,210 0,288 0,321 0,818 0,791 0,713 0,680 0,503
0,280 0,262 0,264 0,840 0,826 0,777 0,779 0,925 0,896 0,884 0,889

i. Ee?a 0,151 0,167 0,184 0,180 0,857 0,834 0,817 0,822 0,650 0,417
0,599 0,462 0,851 0,835 0,823 0,835 0,969 0,973 0,969 0,951

i. Naaanoiiieue 0,127 0,129 0,136 0,170 0,894 0,876 0,868 0,834 0,485
0,467 0,452 0,424 0,906 0,888 0,878 0,862 0,950 0,932 0,896 0,886

Aea/aiiy eiioeaiooaeueieo iniia oi?aae?iiy, ii?aoethaaiiy a oiae?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?eioeei?a, ooieoe?e, iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo no/aniiai
?eieo i?aoe? Oe?a?ie aeicaieeee aeena?oaioia? ?ic?iaeoe iaoai?ci
i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?
(ia i?eeeaae? Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeano?). Noaiaoe/ii oaeee iaoai?ci
i?aaenoaaeaii ia ?en.1.

Iaaeineiiae?noue ?eieiaiai iaoaiecio naii?aaoethaaiiy, eiai
iacaeaoi?noue aaoiiaoe/ii aieeaaoe ia ocaiaeaeaiiy iiieoo oa i?iiiceoe??
?iai/i? neee aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ?o iaeneiaeueii? ??aiiaaae iaoiiaeththoue
iaiao?aei?noue aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a o noa?? caeiyoino?.
Oaea ?aaoethaaiiy iiaeia caaacia/eoe /a?ac nenoaio caoiae?a ii aeoeaiiio
aieeao ia ?eieiao neooaoe?th. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai oaa?aeaeaiiy,
aeena?oaioii ?ic?iaeaii ? iaa?oioiaaii iai?yie oa eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe??,
ye? ci???ioiaai? naia ia noaa?e?caoe?th iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?,
cie?aia Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeano?.

AENIIAEE

1. O no/aniee ia??iae ?aaeeeaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue, ye?
iia’ycai? c ?icaea?aeaaeaiiyi, i?eaaoecaoe??th, eiiaa?n??th,
aeaiiiiiie?caoe??th, i?iaaaeaiiyi ?eieiaeo ?aoi?i a aeiiii?oe?,
a?aeaoaa?oueny eiiea o?aaeeoe?eieo no?oeoo? caeiyoino? oa noai?ththoueny
ia?aaeoiiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy oeea?e?ciaaiiai ?eieo i?aoe?:
?ioaineo?eaoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa c iineeaiiyi i?ioeano aea?eueiaiiy ?iai/i?
neee; ?icoe?aiiy naiaiaee aeai?o i?noey ? cania?a canoinoaaiiy ?iai/i?
neee (noni?eueia ae?iaieoeoai — aea?aeaaia, eieaeoeaia, iniaenoa;
?iaeea?aeoaeueia o?oaeiaa ae?yeuei?noue; iaeiaia i?aoey; o?oaeiaa
i?a?aoe?y); iaaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoaai (i?aei?e?ioeyi) naiino?eiino? o
ieoaiiyo aecia/aiiy /enaeueiino? ? neeaaeo ?ia?oiee?a; i?aaiaa
?aaoethaaiiy nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei oiui.

2. ?eieo i?aoe? iaeaaeeoue aecia/ia ?ieue a aaeaioaoe?? ianaeaiiy aei
iiaeo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy, o oi?ioaaii? eiai na?aeiiino? uiaei
?icaeoeo an??? noeoiiino? i?ioean?a a?aeoai?aiiy ?iai/i? neee ?
o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei, a iiaeieaii? ae?th/i? a Oe?a?i? iaaoaeoeaii?
nenoaie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, cano?eiino? aaeocaai? ? i?ioan?eii?
no?oeoo?, o ?icaeoeo ?ooo i?aoe?aiee?a, noeioethaaii? i?aeianaiiy ?o
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?. Oaeei /eiii, ?eiie i?aoe? aeeiio? aeineoue
neeaaei? ooieoe?? oi?ioaaiiy ae?iaie/eo, nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo oa
aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei.

3. Ae??oaiiy no/anieo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe? Oe?a?ie aenoaa? ?yae
i??i?eoaoieo caaaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino?,
caeaoii? caaacia/eoe ?aae?caoe?th noni?eueieo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
?ioa?an?a o noa?ao aeiiii?ee oa i?aoe?. Aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?? aeiaaaeaia
iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy iieiaeaiue caaaeueii? oai??? oi?aae?iiy (c
aeoeaioii ia nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae) aei oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy
?eieii i?aoe?. I?ioa oae? iieiaeaiiy iio?aaothoue oaeineiiaeaiiy
oeueiai iaoai?cio. Nooue oaeiai oaeineiiaeaiiy iieyaa? o aecia/aii?
iaaii? nenoaie eaoaai??e, caeii?a, i?eioeei?a oa ?ic?iaoe? iaiao?aeiiai
iaoiaeieia?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th oi?aae?iiy. Nenoaia oi?aae?iiy noa?ith
nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei iiaeiia aacoaaoeny ia oaeeo
i?eioeeiao: ?aeiino? aeiiii?ee ? iie?oeee; aaeiino? oeaio?ae?cio ?
naiino?eiino?; iaoeiai? iaa?oioiaaiino? ? aoaeoeaiino?; ia’?aeiaiiy
eieaeueieo, a?iiaaenueeeo ? iniaenoeo ?ioa?an?a.

4. Aeinyaiaiiy na?oiai? aeiiii?/ii? iaoee (eiioeaiooaeuei? oai???
iaieeanee?a, iiiaoa?eno?a, eaein?aioe?a, ?inoeoooe?iiae?no?a,
ia?eneno?a) oa aeina?ae i?aeoeee ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo nenoai
?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino? o e?a?iao c ?icaeiaiith ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith, a
oaeiae aeina?ae e?a?i No?aeii? ?a?iie ? iaoi? aea?aeaae ia?aeiiothoue a
iaiao?aeiino? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy a nenoaio oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe?
aeaiaio?a oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai, aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, ye? caeaoi?
iii’yeoeoe iaaaoeai? nioe?aeuei? iane?aeee ? noeo?ei?noue ae?? ?eieiaeo
nee, a?aeaeath/e ia?aaaao aeoeai?e iie?oeoe? caeiyoino?.

5. ?eieiaa aeiiii?ea oi?io? oa?eoi??aeuei? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo ?eieo
i?aoe?. Aaeaea noeoii?noue oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?aa?iiaeueieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo nenoai aecia/athoue iniaeeaino?
oi?ioaaiiy oiia iaeio oa aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo oa?eoi???.
Ana oea a noeoiiino? ?c aeeth/aiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? i?aoe? o noeoiio,
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy e ?eieiai? i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ? caeiyoino?
iaoiiaeth? ia’?eoeaio iaiao?aei?noue oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy noa?ith i?aoe?. I?inoi?ia? ae aniaeoe oi?aae?iiy ia
iaoe?iiaeueiiio ??ai? iiaeooue aooe ?aae?ciaai? eeoa /a?ac ?aa?iiaeueio
iie?oeeo caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy.

6. Aea/aiiy caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueieo ? niaoeeo?/ieo ?aa?iiaeueieo
caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe? a Oe?a?i? aeicaieeei aeyaeoe
iniiai? iai?yiee eiai oi?ioaaiiy ? ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe neooaoe?th ia
ae?th/iio ?eieo ye iai?oaeaio, ia?o ca ana, ca oaeeo i?e/ei:
?aa?anoth/iai aieeao ?nioth/eo aeaiia?ao?/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a;
aeanoaa?e?coth/iai aieeao no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue a aeiiii?oe? ca oiia
ci?ie oi?i aeaniino?; iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ianooaa?a aea?eueiaiiy
i?aoe?aiee?a ?c noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oaiiai ci?i o
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo; iia??oaiiy ye?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee
?iai/i? neee ? cieaeaiiy ?? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia ?eieo i?aoe?;
?ioaineaiiai c?inoaiiy i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee i?e iaeii/aniiio
iaae?ii? iiieoo ia ia? ?c ianooiiith ?icaaeainiaai?noth ?eieo o?oaeiaeo
iineoa. Iaeiaoaeoeaiei caeeoa?oueny ? ?aaoethth/ee aieea ia ?eiie i?aoe?
i?aai?a i?noeaai? aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee oa aea?aeaaii? neoaeae caeiyoino?,
yeei iiee ui ia i?ae neeo noaa?e?coaaoe ?eieiao neooaoe?th.

7. Iiaoaeiaa iioeiaeueii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? iiaeeeaa eeoa
ca oiiae a?aooaaiiy anueiai niaeo?o iaoa??aeueii-o?iainiaeo,
i?aai?caoe?eieo, iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia eiai
?icaeoie, iaeneiaeueii? aeoea?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iaoiaeieia?/ii?
eaiee. A?aoiaoth/e aaaeeea?noue aiae?oeei-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe o
nenoai? oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe?, ?? caaacia/aiiy iiaeiii
cae?enithaaoeny o oae?e iine?aeiaiino?: iii?oi?eia; ioe?iea; aiae?c;
?ic?iaea eiie?aoieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. Iiaeeaeaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a, ye? aeieeathoue ia ?eieo i?aoe?,
iiaeiii ni?eyoe canoinoaaiiy aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a.
?ioi?iaoe?eia iiea, ye neeaaeiao nenoaie oi?aae?iiy, aeioe?eueii
no?oeoo?ecoaaoe ?c noai?aiiyi ianooiieo i?aenenoai: noaoenoe/ii?
ca?oiino?; ?ioi?iaoe??, io?eiaii? iao?aaeeoe?eieie oeyoaie, cie?aia
nioe?ieia?/ieie; aeaieo aea?aeaaii? neoaeae caeiyoino?.

8. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ?eieo i?aoe? oa
oa?aeoa?o eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeacothoue ia iani?iiiaei?noue ?eieiaiai
iaoai?cio naii?aaoethaaiiy ae??oeoe ?aaeuei? i?iaeaie. Oea iaoiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeoeaieo iaoiae?a aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a o noa?? caeiyoino?. Caoiaee ii ?aae?caoe??
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino? ia iaoe?iiaeueiiio ??ai? aoaeooue
aoaeoeaieie eeoa ca oiia neio?iiiai oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie
aioo??oieo, aaeocaaeo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a.

9. Ia oa?eoi??aeueiiio ??ai? i?iaeaia caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? aeiaaa? noai?aiiy
ae?eiaiai iaoai?cio, yeee ae aeicaieya ocaiaeaeoaaoe aeiiii?/io,
nioe?aeueio, aeaiia?ao?/io, i?a?aoe?eio iie?oeeo, ae??ooaaoe caaaeaiy,
iia’ycai? c ?icaeoeii ?io?ano?oeoo?e ? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iaoiaeieia?/ii?
aace ?eieo i?aoe?; aecia/aiiyi i??i?eoao?a ?aaoethth/iai aieeao ia
iueiai; c?inoaiiyi iioeaaoe?? aei i?aoe?; ii?aeiaiiyi iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eaae??a oa ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

?iaeueyiaiei E.I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo e?euee?nieo oa ye?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ?eieo i?aoe? // A?niee Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
Iiae?eey. — 1997. — ?1. — N.96-99.

?iaeueyiaiei E.I. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia nooi?noue oa ooieoe?? ?eieo
i?aoe? // A?niee Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Iiae?eey. — 1998. — ?6. —
*.1. — N.129-135.

?iaeueyiaiei E.I. I?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? oa ooieoe?? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
?aa?iiaeueiei ?eieii i?aoe? // A?niee Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
Iiae?eey. — 1999. — ?5. — *.2.- N.168-171.

Oi?aiaa E.A., Oea/aiei I.A., ?iaeueyiaiei E.I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai iiae?eo Iiae?euenueeiai e?ath //
A?niee Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Iiae?eey. — 1999. — ?5. — *.2. —
N.100-102 (aianie aaoi?a – iaa?oioiaaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai iiae?eo e?ath).

Aiaeueyiaiei E.I. Aeaiia?aoe/aneay neooaoeey e i?iaeaiu caiyoinoe
ianaeaiey Oiaeueieoeeie iaeanoe // Ca??iee noaoae aeeeaaea/?a oa
iaoeiaeo ni?a?ia?oiee?a Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Iiae?eey “Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie oaoi?ee oa noni?euenoaa”. — Aei.1. — Oiaeueieoeeee:OOI. — 1996.
— N.62-64.

Aiaeueyiaiei E.I. I?iaeaiu ?aaoee?iaaiey ?uiea o?oaea a
iinonioeeaeenoe/aneeo no?aiao // Ca??iee noaoae aeeeaaea/?a oa iaoeiaeo
ni?a?ia?oiee?a Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Iiae?eey “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
oaoi?ee oa noni?euenoaa”. — Aei.1. — Oiaeueieoeeee:OOI. — 1996. —
N.64-73.

Aiaeueyiaiei E.I. ?aaoeyoi?u caiyoinoe. Iiuo iaoeeiiaeueiiai ?uiea
o?oaea e noaiaea?ou IIO // Iaoa??aee o?aouei? I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueeee
Nithc: ?aa?iiaeuei? ? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe”. Ca??iee noaoae
Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa (Oe?a?ia) oa
Oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.E.-A. Aaoa O?aieoo?oo-ia Iaei? (I?ia//eia). —
Ee?a:I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie; Tacis services DG IA, European
Commisson. — 1998. — N.214-216.

Aiaeueyiaiei E.I. Caiyoinoue — nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee eiaeeeaoi?
aeeciaiaania/aiey /aeiaaea // I?aoe? III-? i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa
aia?aicaa?aaath/? oaoiieia?? aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy ethaeeie”. — Aei.3. Ei.
6. — Ee?a:AeAEIO. — 1998. — N.8-9.

Oi?aiaa E.A., Aiaeueyiaiei E.I. Ia?niaeoeau nicaeaiey e ?acaeoey
nia?aiaiiuo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee oi?aaeaiey o?oaeiauie ?ano?naie
Oe?aeiu // O?oaeu IV iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee
“Nia?aiaiiua eioi?iaoeeiiiua e yia?ainaa?aaathuea oaoiieiaee
aeeciaiaania/aiey /aeiaaea”. — Aei.4. Ei. 4. — Ee?a:AeAEIO. — 1998. —
N.12-15 (aianie aaoi?a – aeeeaaeaiiy nooiino? ? caaaeaiue ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie, ioe?iea ?? iaaeie?e?a oa
ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo).

Aiaeueyiaiei E.I. Noaiiaeaiea ?uiea o?oaea a Oiaeueieoeeie iaeanoe //
Nai?iee aeieeaaeia Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee
“I?iaeaiu yeiiiieee, iieaou e ii?ie?iaaiey o?oaea a oneiaeyo
oi?ie?iaaiey ?uii/iuo iaoaieciia”. — Oiaeueieoeeee:OOI. — 1995. —
N.70-71.

Oi?aiaa E.A., Aiaeueyiaiei E.I. I?iaeaiu oi?ie?iaaiey e
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ?uiea o?oaea a Oe?aeia // Nai?iee aeieeaaeia e oacenia
iaae?aaeiiaeueiiai iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneiai naieia?a “I?iaeaiu nia?aiaiiie
yeiiiieee, ii?ie?iaaiey cao?ao e ?acoeueoaoia o?oaea”.-
Oiaeueieoeeee:OOI. — 1996. — N.32-37 (aianie aaoi?a – iaa?oioiaaiiy
iiaeae? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?).

Aiaeueyiaiei E.I. Nioeeieiae/aneea iiaeoiaeu e aiaeeco ?uiea o?oaea //
Nai?iee aeieeaaeia e oacenia iaae?aaeiiaeueiiai iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneiai
naieia?a “I?iaeaiu nia?aiaiiie yeiiiieee, ii?ie?iaaiey cao?ao e
?acoeueoaoia o?oaea”. — Oiaeueieoeeee:OOI. — 1996. — N.104-106.

Aiaeueyiaiei E.I. Oaeoi?u oi?ie?iaaiey ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey ?aai/ae
neeu Oiaeueieoeeie iaeanoe // Ca??iee aeiiia?aeae I?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie:
i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo”. — *.2. — Oiaeueieoeueeee:OOI. — 1997.
— N.353-355.

Aiaeueyiaiei E.I., Oi?aiaa E.A. Eiioeaiooaeueiua iniiau oi?aaeaiey
?uieii o?oaea a oneiaeyo ?acaeoey ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue 5-i? I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani?
?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa aia?aicaa?aaath/? oaoiieia?? aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy
ethaeeie”. — Aei.5. — Ee?a:OAAeA, EOAe. — 1999. — N.374-377 (aianie
aaoi?a – iaa?oioiaaiiy ci?noo eiioeaioe?? oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe?).

Aiaeueyiaiei E.I., Oi?aiaa E.A. Eiaanoe?iaaiea o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea
i?e yeiiiie/aneie eioaa?aoeee Oe?aeiu a Aa?iiaeneee Nithc // Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue 6-i? I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??
“No/ani? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa aia?aicaa?aaath/? oaoiieia??
aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy ethaeeie”. — Aei.6. — Ee?a: OAAeA, EOAe. — 1999. —
N.182-185 (aianie aaoi?a – aeeeaaeaiiy nooiino? i?iaeaie ?iaanooaaiiy a
ethaenueeee eai?oae).

AIIOAOe?ss

?iaeueyiaiei E.I. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy iaoe?iiaeueiei ?eieii i?aoe?
a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.09.01 — Aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe?,
nioe?aeueia aeiiii?ea ? iie?oeea. — ?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiio iaa?oioiaaiith
eiioeaioe?? oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ii?
nenoaie. A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? ? iai?yie
?aaoethaaiiy nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.
Cae?eniaii ioe?ieo i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy, ooieoe?thaaiiy oa aoaeoeaiino?
aieeao no/anieo ?aaoeyoi??a ia ?eiie i?aoe?. Iaa?oioiaaii
eeaneo?eaoe?eio neoaio iieaciee?a ?eieo i?aoe? ia iniia? ?ic?iae?
aaoi?nueei? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?thaaiiy ?eieo
o?oaeiaeo iineoa. Aecia/aii neeaaeia? iaoai?cio ooieoe?thaaiiy nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy ?eieii i?aoe? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeaii a aeiiii?/io
i?aeoeeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?aoey, nenoaia, oi?aae?iiy, ?eiie, ?iai/a neea,
caeiyo?noue, iaoai?ci, ?aaoethaaiiy, aac?ia?ooy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aiaeueyiaiei E.I.Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oi?aaeaiey iaoeeiiaeueiui ?uieii
o?oaea a oneiaeyo o?ainoi?iaoeee yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenca?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.09.01 — Aeaiia?aoey, yeiiiieea o?oaea,
nioeeaeueiay ceiiiieea e iieeoeea. — Niaao ii eco/aieth
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee Oe?aeiu IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenca?oaoeey iinayuaia oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiae/aneiio iainiiaaieth
eiioeaioeee oi?aaeaiey ?uieii o?oaea a oneiaeyo o?ainoi?iaoeee
yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu. A ?aaioa ii?aaeaeaia nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneay
nouiinoue ?uiea o?oaea n auyaeaieai aai iniiaiiieaaathueo eaoaai?ee:
oneiaee, iauaeoa “eoiee-i?iaeaaee”, eiiiiiaioia, noauaeoia, no?oeoo?u.
Noi?ioee?iaaiu eiie?aoiua ooieoeee aeaenoaaiiiai ?uiea o?oaea. Ia iniiaa
iaiuaiey ca?oaaaeiiai e ioa/anoaaiiiai iiuoa ?aaoee?iaaiey
nioeeaeueii-o?oaeiauo ioiioaiee auyaeaiu nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea,
iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneea, eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneea iniaaiiinoe
oi?ie?iaaiey ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee caiyoinoe. Onoaiiaeaia
i?aainoaaiiinoue iieiaeaiee oai?ee oi?aaeaiey n aeoeaioii ia nenoaiiue
oa?aeoa? i?ioeaaeo?u oi?ie?iaaiey iaoaiecia oi?aaeaiey ?uieii o?oaea.
?ac?aaioaiu iniiaiua iaoiaeieiae/aneea i?eioeeiu i?aaiecaoeee nenoaiu
oi?aaeaiey ?uieii o?oaea. Aeieacaia iauaeoeaiay iaiaoiaeeiinoue
oa??eoi?eaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey noa?ie o?oaeiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea.

Ninoaaeaia oeaeinoiay oa?aeoa?enoeea eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey,
iaoiaeieiae/aneiai eino?oiaioa?ey e aiaeeoe/aneeo iiaeoiaeia e eco/aieth
?uiea o?oaeiauo oneoa. Inouanoaeaia ioeaiea i?ioeannia oi?ie?iaaiey,
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e yooaeoeaiinoe nia?aiaiiuo ?aaoeyoi?ia ?uiea o?oaea
iaoeeiiaeueiiai e ?aaeiiaeueiiai o?iaiae.

Oeacaiu iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey iaoiaeieiaee oi?aaeaiey ?uieii o?oaea.
Iainiiaaii i?eiaiaiea eeanneoeeaoeeiiiie nenoaiu iieacaoaeae n
?anoe?aieai iaeanoe enneaaeiaaiey noa? caiyoinoe e yeiiiieee ia iniiaa
i?eiaiaiey aaoi?neie iaoiaeeee ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
oeene?iaaiiiai ?uiea o?oaea. Niiaeaee?iaai i?ioeann acaeiiaeaenoaey
iaaeaeo nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneei yaeaieai aac?aaioeoeu e
?acoeueoaoeaiinoueth ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ?uiea o?oaea ia iniiaa
yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoiaeia. ?ac?aaioaiu iooe niaa?oainoaiaaiey
iaoaiecia i?aaiecaoeee oi?aaeaiey ?uieii o?oaea e iai?aaeaiey aai
?aaoee?iaaiey ia ?aaeiiaeueiii o?iaia. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou
aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou aiaae?aiu a yeiiiie/aneoth i?aeoeeo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?oae, nenoaia, oi?aaeaiea, ?uiie, ?aai/ay
neea,caiyoinoue, iaoaieci, ?aaoee?iaaiea, aac?aaioeoea.

SUMMARY

Yemelyanenko L.M. Management of the National Labour Market in Ukraine
under the transformation of economic system circumstances. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of the candidate of economic sciences,
speciality 08.09.01 — Demography, labour economics, social economics and
policy. — Study Board of productive forces in Ukraine, NAS of Ukraine,
Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to Basic and methodological rationa Lity of
conception of Labour maket management under the transformation of
economic system circumstances. Updatingways of economical mechanism of
Labour market management and directions of regulation sociallabour
relations of a regional level has been developed in the above mentioned
dissertation. The formation process evaluation functioning and
effectiveness of modern regulators’ influence on Labour market has been
given. The classification system of Labour market parameters has been
extended on the basis of development of estimation technique of Labour
market services performance. The components of functioning mechanism of
Labour market management system at a regional level have been
determined. The Basic results of dissertation are applied into economic
practice.

Keywords: work, system, management, market, labour, employment,
mechanism, regulation, unemployment.

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