I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AAOIIIA?EUeII-AeI?IAEI?E OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 625.7.06:691.16

AeAOAeAEA OA?? OA?AI

OAeINEIIAEAIIss IAOIAe?A AECIA*AIIss

IAOAI?*IEO OA?AEOA?ENOEE IAOOIAEO

AeI?IAEI?O A?OOI?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.23.05 — Aoae?a?euei? iaoa??aee oa ae?iae

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeenna?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anuee?io aea?aeaaiiio
aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiueiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?, i. Oa?e?a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee- aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caneoaeaiee

ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie,
Cieioa?ueia

A?eoi? Ieaenaiae?iae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A?ao/oi

Aaea??e ?aaiiae/,Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia
aeaaeai?y

aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e

«Aoae?aaeuei? iaoa??aee oa ae?iaieoeoai

aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e»

— aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ieoa?i
A?eaae?e

Ieeieaeiae/, Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia
aeaaeai?y

cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e

«Aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a, eiino?oeoe?? oa
nii?oae»

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 10 » /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.059.01 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiueiio oaoie/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca
aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Iao?ianueeiai, 25.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiueiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii « 5 » o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I.
A. Eini?i

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. Aaeineaiaeaiiy nenoaie ioe?iee yeino? a?ooio ? caii?oeith
ca?inoaiiy aeiaaia?/iino? anoaeueoiaaoiiieo iie?eoo?a, ui a naith /a?ao
caaa/ia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy ni?iiiaei?noue aei?iaeieo iaeya?a a oe?eiio
i?ioenoiyoe ?oeioth/?e ae?? cia/ieo o?ainii?oi?o iaaaioaaeaiue ye ii
aaee/ei? inueiaeo iaaaioaaeaiue oae ? ?o ?ioaineaiino?.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A onueiio na?o?, a oiio /ene? ? a Oe?a?i?,
anoaeueoiaaoiii? iie?eooy ? iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaiei oeiii aei?iaei?o
iie?eoo?a. O caaacia/aii? iio??aieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae
anoaeueoiaaoiio aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?a? a?ooi.

Iaoai?/i? oa ?aieia?/i? aeanoeaino? a?ooi?a, ui a iniiaiiio
aecia/athoue ?o iiaaae?ieo o aei?iaeiueiio iie?eoo?, ? e?eoa???i ?o
yeino?. Iaoiaeai oa e?eoa??yi ioe?iee aeanoeainoae a?ooi?a ca?ac
i?eae?ey?oueny aaeeea oaaaa.

Oae, Aia?eeainueea no?aoaa?/ia aei?iaeiuei-aeine?aeieoeueea
i?ia?aia (SHRP) aea? o?eoeie eioo?a, ui aeae?eaii, aeei?enoaea aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ooi?a oa a?ooiii?ia?aeueieo noi?oae. I?aeia?iaeia
aei?iaeiy eiioa?aioe?y «No?ae-Cao?ae» (Aa?oaaa — 1993?.), /aoaa?oee,
i’yoee, oinoee neiiic?oie «?a?ia?ooi» (Iaae??ae-1989??.,
Noieaieuei-1993?., No?anao?a-1996?.), neiiic?oi RILEM (E?ii-1997?.), oa,
ia?aoo?, OO Anana?oi?e aei?iaei?e eiia?an (Iii?aaeue — 1995?.) aaeeeo
oaaao i?eae?eeee i?aoeyi, iia’ycaiei c aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeanoeainoae
a?ooio.

Noaiaea?oi? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae a?ooio ia
caaaeaee a?aeiia?aeathoue eiai ?aaeuei?e iiaaae?ioe? o iie?eoo? oa
?iiae? ? oiiaieie (iai?eeeaae, aeeaeia caio?aiiy aieee, ?icoyaei?noue).
Aeey iaeneiaeueii iiaiiai ?ice?eooy aeanoeainoae oa ?icoi?iiy iiaaae?iee
a?ooio iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?aieia?/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
eio??, o naith /a?ao, aeoaea neeaaei?, o?oaeii?noe? oa o?eaae? o
aeeiiaii?. Ca?aene aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo iiaeo i?inoeo oa
iia?aoeaieo iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?ooio.

C o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai, ?aieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?ooi?a ??cieo
ia?ie oa oei?a aeine?aeaeai? c aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeoo i?eeaae?a, ui
aeicaieythoue ia?ae?eoe oe?ieee ae?aiacii oaiia?aoo? oa oaeaeeinoae
aeaoi?ioaaiiy. Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeai?
?ic?aooieiaee oa aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaoiaee aecia/aiiy ?aieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee a?ooio. Iaaaaeaii iiiia?aie aeey aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e
e?eoeino? oa iaiao?aoe?? a?ooi?a.

Ca’cie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?aaioa
aeeiioaaeanue a a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoeiaith i?ia?aiith I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie «06. Iia? ?a/iaeie ? iaoa??aee».

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith oe??? ?iaioe ? aecia/aiiy
caeiiii??iinoae ci?ie oa aca?iica’yceo aeanoeainoae a?ooi?a,
eio??

aecia/athoueny ??cieie iaoiaeaie, oa ?ic?iaea ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai
i?iiiceoe?e c oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ioe?iee yeino? aei?iaei?o a?ooi?a.

Ca?aeii c iaoith oe??? ?iaioe, iinoaaeaii oae? caaea/?:

— aea?? ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, eio?? iaea?eueo iiaii
a?aeaeaathoue ??ciiaeaee a?ooi?a oa iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei, ui
canoiniaothoueny o aei?iaeiueiio aoae?aieoeoa?;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue ?aieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae
a?ooi?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia ciaioaiiy o?eaae?no? aenia??iaioo oa ?ie?no?
i?ia;

— aea/aiiy a’yceeo aeanoeainoae a?ooi?a o oe?ie?e oaiia?aoo?i?e
iaeano? (a?ae ii?iaeueieo aei oaoiieia?/ieo oaiia?aoo?) c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ic?iaeaieo o i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?neiceiao??a; aeine?aeaeaiiy
aiiiae?? a’yceino? a?ooi?a oa aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo? aeoiaeo aei
iuethoii?anueei? oa/??;

— aea/aiiy aca?iica’yceo iiaa?oiaaeo aeanoeainoae c iaoai?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie a?ooi?a; aecia/aiiy aieeao ??cieo iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo
?a/iaei ia iiaa?oiaaee iaoya oa a’yce?noue a?ooio o oe?ieiio
oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae?;

— ?ic?iaea aeni?an-iaoiaeo aecia/aiiy ia?ee a?ooio ia iaaaeeeeo
i?iaao c o?aooaaiiyi aca?iica’yceo a’yceino? oa iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao
a?ooi?a;

— ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e ii oaeineiiaeaiith nenoaie ioe?iee yeino?
aei?iaei?o a?ooi?a;

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

— Oai?aoe/ii aeieacaia oa aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaia
iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiai a?neiceiao?o «micro-
RHEOTESTER», eio?ee i?aoeth? ca i?eioeeiii ieoee, ui a?aeiiaeth?oueny,
aeey aecia/aiiy a’yceino? a?ooi?a, a oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeeo?eiaaiee
i?eeaae Aiei?iae/a I.I., o yeiio aeei?enoaii eiino?oeoeaii a?eueo
aeineiiaeee aocie ieanoia?neiceiao?o IA?-2.

— ?ic?iaeaii ?ic?aooieiai-a?ao?/iee iaoiae aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e
e?eoeino?, eio?ee a?oioo?oueny ia aca?iica’yceo oaiia?aoo?e
aei?iaoaaiiy, oaiia?aoo?e i?eaaaeaiiy, ye iieiaeie ?ioa?aaeo
ieanoe/iino? a?ooio oa eiaa?eoio aeeaeie caio?aiiy aieee, eio?ee
caaacia/o? aaniethoio iioeaeo ia a?eueo 3,5°N.

— Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeieacaia iani?iiiaei?noue aeei?enoaiiy, ye
aea?ay’cei? oaiia?aoo?e, oaiia?aoo?e ?ici’yeoaiiy. A?eueo aeinoia??iith
aea?a’yceith oaiia?aoo?ith cai?iiiiaaia oaiia?aoo?a, eio?a aei??aith?
na?aaeei? ?ioa?aaeo ieanoe/iino? oa a?aeiia?aea? a’yceino? aeecueei 180
eIa.n.

— Aecia/aii ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie e?eoe/ii? oaiia?aoo?e ci?ie
iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao c oaiia?aoo?ith ia?aoiaeo a?ooio a?ae
iaiuethoii?anueei? aei iuethoii?anueei? oa/?? (eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe??
0,99).

— Aecia/aii e?euee?niee aca?iia’ycie iii?ae iaiao?aoe??th oa
?noeiiith a’yce?noth ia i?aenoaa? o?aooaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo oa ?aieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae a?ooi?a oeyoii ioe?iee aia?a?? aeoeaaoe?? ?o a’ycei? oa/??,
ui aeicaiey? i?e canoinoaaii? «microRHEOTESTER» aecia/eoe ?noeiio
a’yce?noue ca ei?ioeee i?ii?aeie /ano (o a?aieoeyo 30 oaeeei).
Cai?iiiiiaai? ??aiyiiy oa iiiia?aia aeey aecia/aiiy c iioeaeith 6-15%
?ic?aooieiaiai cia/aiiy aeeaeie i?iieeiaiiy aieee.

Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny: iaae?eiith
ei?aeyoe?th (rxy=0,90-0,95) aeaieo, io?eiaieo ??cieie iaoiaeaie;
ni?aiaaeaiiyi iaae aiiiae?? a?ooi?a, aecia/aiieo ca e?eoa?eyie a’yceino?
oa iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ni?euei?noue o?c?/ii? noo?
oeeo e?eoa???a; aeineoue aeia?ith a?aeiia?aei?noth (a iaaeao 6%) i?ae
a’yceinoth oa aeeaeiith i?iieeaiiy aieee, ui aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe
cai?iiiiiaai? caeaaeiino? aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui ia i?aenoaa?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue a’yceinoieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?ooi?a
??cieo ia?ie, no?oeoo?e oa iioiaeaeaiiy iaoiaeaie, ui ioiieththoue
oe?ieee ae?aiacii oaiia?aoo? oa oaeaeeinoae cnoao, cai?iiiiiaai?
aeni?an-iaoiaee aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e e?eoeino? oa iaiao?aoe?? a?ooio,
eio?? nooo?ai i?aeaeuothoue ??aaiue eiio?ieth yeino? i?e eiai
ae?iaieoeoa?, i?eeiaii? oa canoinoaaii?.

?aae?caoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aeei?enoaii i?e
aoae?aieoeoa? anoaeueoiaaoiiieo aei?iaei?o iie?eoo?a o i.Oa?eia?
(i?aei?e?inoaa «Aei??aiaoae», AO «Aoae?iaano»), i.I?e? (AO
«I?aeaei?aoae»), i.E??iaia?aae? (E??iaia?aaenueeee iaeaaoiaei?).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue: ?aeay ?ic?iaee
iia?aoeaieo oa aeinoia??ieo iaoiae?a ioe?iee a’yceino? a?ooi?a o
oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? oaiia?aoo?; ?ic?iaea iiae?o?eiaaiiai a?neic?iao?a
I.I. Aiei?iae/a; iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ooi?a a?neic?iao?a «microRHEOTESTER» oa eiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy; ?acoeueoaoe aei??thaaiue a’yceino?, iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao
a?ooi?a; iaoiae oa iiiia?aia aenia?eiaioaeueii-?ic?aooieiaiai aecia/aiiy
oaiia?aoo?e e?eoeino? a?ooi?a; i?enei?aiiee iaoiae aecia/aiiy aeeaeie
i?iieeaiiy aieee ii cia/aiiyi a’yceino? a?ooio.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeai? o ca?oao i?i
iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ?iaioo eaoaae?e OAeAI c i?aei?e?inoaaie «Aei??aiaoae»
(i.Oa?e?a), AO «I?aeaei?aoae» (i.I?ae), a oaeiae o oac?nao
I?aeia?iaeiiai Neiiiceoia c ?aieia?? (i.Na?aoia, 1994?), ?in?enueei?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? (i.Nocaeaeue, 1994?), Eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/ai?e 50-??//th Ee?anueeiai aaoiaei?iaeiueiai ?inoeoooo (i.Ee?a,
1994?), o noaiaeia?e aeiiia?ae? ia OO I?aeia?iaeiiio Eiia?an?
aei?iaeiee?a (i.Iii?aaeue, Eaiaaea, 1995?), o oac?nao I?aeia?iaeii?
Eiioa?aioe?? «?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy oa aeieia?y ?aa?iio» (i.Aeiiaoeuee,
1995?) oa aenooiao ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a oa
ni?a?ia?oiee?a aei?iaeiuei-aoae?aaeueiiai oaeoeueoaoo Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaeiueiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (c
1992?. ii 1998??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 4 noaoo? oa 6 oac
aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, iniiaieo aeniiae?a, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e c 121 iaeiaioaaiue. O ?iaioe 200 noi??iie ae?oea?nueeiai
oaenoo, a oiio /?ne? 130 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 45 ?enoie?a, 13
oaaeeoeue oa 6 aeiaeaoe?a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooiu iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeueiunoue ia?aiiiai iai?yieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoeiaa iiaecia, i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeaaony noai iaoeiai? i?iaeaie oa
aea?oueny aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ii i?e. O?aaeeoe?eia nenoaia
ioe?iee, eio?a aeeth/a? noaiaea?oi? oa?aeoa?enoeee (aeeaeia i?iieeiaiiy
aieee, oaiia?aoo?e ?ici’yeoaiiy oa e?eoeino?, ?icoyaei?noue oa ?i.), ia?
aieiaio oeao- iaaeinoaoith a?aeiia?aei?noue o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a oa
noai aei?iaoaaiue oiiaai i?aoe? a’yaeo/iai o aei?iaeiueiio iaeyc?. C
iaoith e?ea?aeoaaiiy oe??? iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ?a?iiaenueeee Oeaio? c
ii?iae?caoe?? aeeth/ea aei i?iaeoo ?a?iiaenueeiai noaiaea?oo oaoi?/ieo
aeiia aei aei?iaei?o a?ooi?a iieacieee: aeeiai?/ii? oa e?iaoe/ii?
a’yceino?; a?aieoeue ci?ie ao?aoe iane i?e iaa??aaii?, iaiao?aoe?? oa
oaiia?aoo?e ?ici’yeoaiiy i?ney noa??iiy o oiieiio oa??, ui iaa?oa?oueny.
I?ioa oaeee i?aeo?ae, aeanoeaee Cao?aei?e ?a?ii?, a?aeoeey?oueny
i?ai?/ii-aia?eeainueeeie aei?iaeiuei-aeine?aeieoeueeeie no?oeoo?aie.

Aeeiiaiiy o NOA i?ia?aie SHRP/SUPERPAVE aeicaieeei ?? ?ic?iaieeai
cai?iiiioaaoe i?eioeeiiai iiao noaio, yea aaco?oueny ia ?aieia?/ieo
iieacieeao. Aei ?aieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui aeeth/ai? aei nenoaie
SHRP, iaeaaeaoue: iiaeoe? i?oaeiino? oa ao?ao, iiaeoeue aei?noeino?,
a?aie/ia aeaoi?iaoe?y ?icoyaei?no?, eiao?oe??io ieanoe/iino?.
I?eionea?oueny, ui ?aieia?/i? iieacieee o iiai?e i??? a?aeiia?aeathoue
oiiaai i?aoe? a?ooio o iie?eoo? oa aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe iiaaae?ieo
anoaeueoiaaoiio o aoaeue-ye?e ee?iaoe/i?e cii?. Ca?aeii SHRP, e?eoa???i
ioe?iee aianeo a?ooio o cnoaino?ee?noue anoaeueoiaaoiio ? i?i?iaeueia
i?eionoeia cia/aiiy iieacieea eiiieaeniiai iiaeoey, ?icae?eaiiai ia
n?ion eooa iaoai?/ieo ao?ao (100 eIa). O??ueiino?ee?noue i?iaiico?oueny
ii iaeneiaeueii i?eionoeiiio cia/aiith iiaeoey aei?noeino? (300 IIa) i?e
e?eoe/ieo oaiia?aoo?? oa eiao?oe??io? ieanoe/iino?, a oaeiae a?aeiiniiio
iiaeiaaeaiith (iaio 1%) i?e o??? ae e?eoe/i?e oaiia?aoo?? aeey ?aa?iio;
e?eoa???i aoiieaiino? i?aaeoue iiaeoeue aeeiai?/ieo ao?ao (iaio 5 IIa)
i?e na?aaei?e oaiia?aoo?? aeey i?eeiyoiai ?aa?iio, a oaeiae i?i?iaeueii
i?eionoei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo ieanoe/iino?.

Ca eiiieaenii i?eeiyoeo iieaciee?a oa iaiao?aeieo aeey ?o
aecia/aiiy i?eeaae?a nenoaia SHRP ? iaaecae/aeii neeaaeiith oa
eiooiaiith. Ca?ac aiia iai?eeiyoia aeey aaniethoii? a?eueoino? aea?aeaa
na?oo. O oeeo oiiaao ciia iaaoaa? aeooaeuei?noue caaea/a aecia/aiiy
aca?iica’yceo iii?ae o?aaeeoe?eieie noaiaea?oieie oa ?aieia?/ieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie a?ooi?a. Ae??oaiith oe??? caaea/? i?enay/ai? i?aoe?
aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a: AE.O.Ioaeoa?a, ?.I.Naaey, Aai Aea? Iiey,
?.I.O?aenea?a, AE.Ea??a, AE.?.Aeianiia, AE.I.Aeoo?, ?.AEiiaai??a,
A.?aiiiaea, A.A?oea, Ae.A.Aiaea?niia, A.A?aiaea, Ae.N?a?euene?,
E.I.Aioiaia, A.I.Cieioa?ueiaa, A.A.Ia/aiiai, A.N.?aaeianueeiai,
A.A.?oaeainueeiai.

Aiae?c noaio ieoaiiy i?i nenoaio ioe?iee yeino? aei?iaei?o a?ooi?a
i?eaiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo i?i iaiao?aei?noue eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei
eiai ae??oaiiy. Oaeee i?aeo?ae i?eionea? iiaeeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aiue i?i
?aieia?/io nooi?noue noaiaea?oieo iieaciee?a oa aeeth/aiiy aei nenoaie
ioe?iee yeino? ae?enii ?aieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, aei yeeo a ia?oo /a?ao
iaeaaeaoue a’yce?noue, aiiiae?y a’yceino?, oaiia?aoo?a o?ce/iiai noaio
a?ooio. I?e oeueiio iaia’yceiaith oiiaith ? ?ic?iaea aeinooiieo oaoi?/ii
oa aeiiii?/ii a?aeiia?aeieo iaoiae?a oa i?eeaae?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Eiioeaiooaeueiith ia?aaeoiiaith aeaii? ?iaioe ?
iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui ia’?eoeaia ii??aiyiiy iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae
a?ooi?a iiaeeeaa i?e oiia? ?aeaioe/iino? ?o o?ce/iiai noaio, oiaoi i?e
oiia?, ui ii??aiyeuei? iieacieee aeanoeainoae aecia/athoueny i?e
oaiia?aoo?ao, ??aiia?aeaeaeaieo a?ae e?eoe/ieo oaiia?aoo?.

A?aeiia?aeii aeaiei ?aieia?? oa oa?iiieanoe/i?no?, a?ooie
ciaoiaeyoueny o o?ueio iniiaieo o?ceei-?aieia?/ieo noaiao:
neeiiiae?aiiio, a’yceii?oaeiueiio oa a’yceioaeo/iio. Ieoaiiy i?i
e?eoa??? ia?aoiaeo c iaeiiai noaio aei ?ioiai caeeoa?oueny iaae??oaiiei.
Iaea?eueo i?inoei aoei a ??oaiiy i?eeiyoe ye oaiia?aoo?o neeoaaiiy
oaiia?aoo?o e?eoeino?, ye oaiia?aoo?o ae?enii? oa/?? — oaiia?aoo?o
?ici’yeoaiiy. Iaeaea? oe? oaiia?aoo?e iia’ycai? c aeeaeiith i?iieeiaiiy
aieee iaiao?iiao?o. I?e oaiia?aoo?? e?eoeino? aeeaeia i?iieeiaiiy aieee
iaiao?iiao?o i?e aei?iaoaaii? on?o a?ooi?a aei??aith? 1,25*0,1 ii, a i?e
oaiia?aoo?? ?ic’iyeoaiiy -800*0,1 ii.

A ca’yceo c oeei iiaeeeai aoei a i?eionoeoe, ui eiaeia c cacia/aieo
oaiia?aoo? ? aea?a’yceith oaiia?aoo?ith. Aea e?oa?aoo?i? aeai? ia
caaaeaee i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue oeth iiceoe?th. Aeey a?ooi?a, ye? nooo?ai
a?ae??ciythoueny neeaaeii oa no?oeoo?ith, niinoa??aa?oueny ci?ia
a’yceino? i?e ?icaeyaea?ieo oaiia?aoo?ao. E??i oiai, ia aeiaaaeaii, ui
oaiia?aoo?a ?ici’yeoaiiy ? oaiia?aoo?ith ia?aoiaeo a?ooio aei
iuethoii?anueeiai oeio oa/??. I?ioa, aa?o/e aei oaaae oa, ui ?ioa?aae
ieanoe/iino? ? iaeiei c e?eoa???a no?oeoo?iiai oeio a?ooio, o ?iaio?
c?iaeaii ni?iao oa’ycaoe oe? oaiia?aoo?e c aeeaeiith i?iieeiaiiy aieee
iaiao?iiao?o, aenoaaeyth/e inoaiith ye ooieoe?th oaiia?aoo?e
i?eaaaeaiiy.

Oaiia?aoo?a i?eaaaeaiiy, ca aiieia??th c iaoiaeii
oaiia?aoo?ii-/aniai? noia?iiceoe?? AEO, aeicaiey? i?eaanoe oaiia?aoo?i?
caeaaei?no? iaiao?aoe?? ??cieo a?ooi?a aei iaeii? ocaaaeueiaii?
caeaaeiino?.

I?e i?eeiaii? ye ?ioa?aaeo (?I) a’yceii?oaeiino? (ieanoe/iino?)
a?aeiii? ??cieoe?

?I = O? — OE?, (1)

iiaeeeai aeei?enoaoe ye aaciao oaiia?aoo?o a?aee?eo oaiia?aoo?o
na?aaeeie ?ioa?aaeo ieanoe/iino? (ON?I):

1 1 1

ON?I = O? — 3/4 (?I) = OE? + 3/4 (?I) = 3/4 (O? + OE?)
(2)

2 2 2

Oiae? oaiia?aoo?a i?eaaaeaiiy (OI?) ??cieo a?ooi?a aoaea aei??aithaaoe:

OI? = ONO — ON?I (3)

aea ONO — oaiia?aoo?a aecia/aiiy aeeaeie i?iieeiaiiy aieee

iaiao?iiao?o.

Ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie iii?ae aeeaeiith i?iieeiaiiy aieee
iaiao?iiao?o oa oaiia?aoo?ith i?eaaaeaiiy iaaaaeaii ia ?en.1.

A?i ai?ieneio?oueny ??aiyiiyi aeaeo:

lg I = a + b (ONO — ON?I)
(4)

eio?a, c o?aooaaiiyi eiao?oe??io?a ei?aeyoe??, ia?aoai?th?oueny ia
??aiyiiy

lgI = 1,51 + 0,044 (25 — O? + OE?/2)
(5)

Aca?iiac’ycie o?ueio iieaciee?a yeino? a?ooio aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iaeei
c ieo i?e aeaio a?aeiieo ?ioeo.

Ine?eueee iaea?eueo neeaaeiith o aenia?eiaioaeueiiio a?aeiioaii? ?

oaiia?aoo?a e?eoeino?, ?? iiaeeeai aecia/eoe ii oi?ioe?

OE? = 119,2 — 45,7 lgI — O? (6)

O ?iaio? iaaaaeaii iiiia?aio aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e e?eoeino?.

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee a?ooio o a’yceioaeo/iio noai? aaaeeeaei
?aieia?/iei ia?aiao?ii ? a’yce?noue. Caeeaaeaia aei nenoaie iieaciee?a
yeino? a?ooio o e?a?iao ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco a’yce?noue aecia/a?oueny c
aeiiiiiaith neeaaeii? oaoi?ee oa o?eaaeeo aei?iaoaaiue. O oie aea /an
oaoiieia?/ii iaiao?aeii ioe?ithaaoe oeae iieaciee, a ii iueiio e ia?eo
a?ooio ca ei?ioe? i?ii?aeee /ano.

O ?iaio? aia?oa cae?eniaia ni?iaa iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeaino?
i?aeoe/ii? ioe?iee a’yceino? a?ooi?a iaoiaeii ooii/aiiy -?ic?eao ieoee.
O?ce/ia noaia iaoiaeo yaey? niaith ooii/aiiy ieoee i?oaeiueia’ycei?
??aeeie i?ae ae??th eai?ey?ieo nee, Pa = a/r (?en.2).

I?ioean ooii/aiiy ieoee a’yceii?oaeiuei? ??aeeie ?, cie?aia,
a?ooio, iieno?oueny, ca?aeii A.I.Aioiao, nenoaiith aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo
??aiyiue:

1 dl 2 dr f(l)

3/43/4 3/43/4 = — 3/4 3/43/4 — 3/43/43/4 (7)

l dt r dt q(l)

a 1 dr

3/43/4 = — 6h3/4 3/43/4 + Gl2 f(l)
(8)

g r dt

aea l — iai?ioiy i?oaeiy iicaeiaaeiy aeaoi?iaoe?y;

q — /an ?aeaenaoe??;

Pa — eai?ey?iee oene = a/r

??oaiiy ?o a?aeiinii oaeaeeino? ciaioaiiy ?aae?ono ieoee i?e
iino?eiiio /an? ?aeaenaoe?? i?eaiaeeoue aei ??aiyiiy:

s

r = r0 — 3/43/4 t, r = r0 exp (-2t/3q);
(9)

6h

st

h = 3/43/43/43/4, (10)

6(r0 — r)

aea r — ?aae?on ieoee; r0 — ii/aoeiaee ?aae?on ieoee;

s — iiaa?oiaaee iaoya; h — a’yce?noue ??aeeie;

q — /an ?aeaenaoe?? ??aeeie.

Aeey a?ooi?a oa?aeoa?ia neeueia caeaaei?noue ?aieia?/ieo
aeanoeainoae a?ae oaiia?aoo?e. Ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e ??aeeie o i?ioean?
oa/??, iayai?noue a?aae??io?a oaiia?aoo?e ocaeiaae in? aai ia?a??co
ieoee iiaea aieeaaoe ia i?ioean ?? iioiioaiiy. O ?iaio? aieea
oaiia?aoo?iiai oaeoi?o caaaeaii aei i?i?ioio oeyoii oa?iinoaooaaiiy,
eio?a caaacia/o? ??ai?noue oaiia?aoo? ieoee oa ioi/oth/iai iia?o?y.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny iaoa??aee i?eeiyo? aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue.

(?en. 3).

Cia/aiiy a’yceino? (oaae.1) iieacothoue, ui oaiia?aoo?a
?ici’yeoaiiy ia ? aea?a’yceith oa?aeoa?enoeeith.

A?eueo aeecuee? cia/aiiy a’yceino? niinoa??aathoueny aeey a?ooi?a
i?e oaiia?aoo?? aei?iaoaaiue, eio?a aei??aith? noi? O? oa OE?.
Eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? eiaa?eoio a’yceino? o oeueiio aeiaaeeo neeaaea?
5,5%, i?ioe 6,5% i?e O=O?, ui iiaea aooe o?ce/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeai?o
oaiia?aoo?e na?aaeeie ?ioa?aaeo ieanoe/iino? aeey ?ic?aooieiaiai iaoiaeo
aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e e?eoeino?. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy a’yceino? a?ooi?a
i?e O=O?+OE? neeaaea? 180000 Ia n ±9000 Ia.n i?e aeia??/?e eiia??iino?
0,95.

Oaaeeoey 1 A’yce?noue a?ooi?a i?e oaiia?aoo?ao O? oa O? + OE?

= -1 n-1

O = O? O = O? + OO?

I 31 I 32 I 33 I 34 I 35 I 12 I 22 497 O?. 3,96 3,82 3,70 3,25 3,80 3,74
4,00 4,12 3,95 5,18 5,24 5,45 5,43 5,15 5,26 5,10 5,26 5,88

s 0,244 0,292

3,784 5,261

Kv 6,5% 5,5%

C aeei?enoaiiyi i?eeaaeo «micro RHEOTESTER» aoee aeine?aeaeai?

oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaei?no? a’yceino? a?ooi?a ??cieo ia?ie oa no?oeoo?ieo
oei?a. Oaiia?aoo?a aei?iaoaaiue neeaaeaea a?ae 90 aei 140°N.

O cacia/aiiio oaiia?aoo?iiio ae?aiacii? on? aeine?aeaeai? a?ooie
i?aeii?yaeeiaothoueny ??aiyiith A?ai?ona:

h = A exp (-U/RT) (11)

aea A — eiinoaioa;

U — aia?a?y aeoeaaoe?? a’ycei? oa/??, eAeae/iieue;

R — oi?aa?naeueia aaciaa iino?eia, Aeae/iieue*E°;

O — aaniethoia oaiia?aoo?a, E-1.

Oaeei /eiii, oaiia?aoo?io /ooeea?noue a?ooi?a iiaeeeai
oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aia?a??th aeoeaaoe?? a’ycei? oa/??. Aiae?c cia/aiue
aia?a?? aeoeaaoe?? ??cieo a?ooi?a aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ?o no?oeoo?i?
iniaeeaino?. C?inoaiiy iaaeiieaeoey?ieo ooai?aiue (a?ooie ??cieo oei?a),
ca?eueoaiiy aeeaeie ieeneaiiy i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aia?a??
aeoeaaoe?? a’ycei? oa/??, iia’ycaiiio c iaiao?aei?noth ia?ai?uaiiy aei
iiaiai noaio ??aiiaaae a?eueoeo ca ?ici??ii no?oeoo?ieo aeie?a.

Aieea iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei ia ?aieia?/i? aeanoeaino? a?ooi?a
aeine?aeaeaii ia oaeeo ia’?eoao: a?ooi AIAe 60/90, oa IA?, ui
neioaciaaii o IAe? Neioac IA? (i.Oaaaeeii Aaeai?iaenueei? iae.).Ci?ia
a’yceino? i?e aaaaeaii? IA? iaiaeiaeiaa i?e ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao oa
on?eyeeo IA?. Oae, i?e oaiia?aoo?ao 80…100°N a?aei?ii?no? iacia/i?, a
i?e oaiia?aoo?ao 120…140°N aiie aeinyaathoue cia/ieo aaee/ei.

Caeaaei?no? eiaa?eoio a’yceino? a?ae cai?ioii? oaiia?aoo?e aeey
a?ooi?a c iaeiaeiaith eiioeaio?aoe??th IA? — 1,5 % ?aeaioe/i? i?ae
niaith (?en. 4). Cia/aiiy aia?a?? aeoeaaoe??, aeey oaeeo a?ooi?a ia
e?ioeaa?e ae?eyioe? aei?iaoaaiiy i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeia?.

I?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ooi?a ia «micro RHEOTESTER» iieacaee,
ui oeae iaoiae aeinoaoiuei oi/iee. A?i aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe aia?a?th
aeoeaaoe?? a?ooi?a ??cieo no?oeoo?. Oeae iaoiae /ooeeaee
a?aeiinii a?ooi?a ??cii? ia?i/ii? a’yceino? oa a?ooi?a c aeiaaaeaie
iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei.

Aeey on?o aeine?aeaeaieo a?ooi?a ia? i?noea caaaeueia oaiaeaioe?y
ci?ie iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao. Iiaa?oiaaee iaoya, ui aecia/a?oueny ii
iaoiaeo I.I.?aa?iaea?a, ciaioo?oueny c i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e oa
cieaeaiiyi ia?i/ii? a’yceino? a?ooi?a (?en.5). I?e oaiia?aoo?ao aeua
85…105°N aeey on?o a?ooi?a niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeoe/ii e?i?eia
(cai?ioii i?iii?oe?eia) caeaaei?noue iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao. Oae?
caeaaeiino? oa?aeoa?i? aeey «/enoeo» iano?oeoo?iaaieo ??aeei.

) aeua o a’yceeo a?ooi?a o ii??aiyii? c iaeia’yceeie.

. Oaea ei?aeyoe?y iaaaaeaia ia ?en.6, eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe??
iaaeeaea?oueny aei 0,98. Oeae ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie ia ye?nii iiaiio
??ai? i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ooai?aiiy iaaeiieaeoey?ieo no?oeoo? o a?ooi? i?e
cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e oa ?o ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? ia’?iieo oa iiaa?oiaaeo
aeanoeainoae a?ooi?a.

Anoaiiaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo iii?ae iaiao?aoe??th a?ooio oa eiai
a’yce?noth, anoaiiaeaiith c aeiiiiiaith i?eeaaeo «micro RHEOTESTER»,
a?oioo?oueny ia ia?aaeoiia?, ui iaiao?aoe?y a?ooio aecia/a?oueny
cia/aiiyi a’yceino? i?e aacia?e oaiia?aoo?? oa aia?a??th aeoeaaoe??
a’ycei? oa/??, eio?a oa?aeoa?eco? no?oeoo?ii-?aieia?/iee oei a?ooio:

P = f(h0, U, a, b, c)
(12)

aea ? — iaiao?aoe?y i?e 25°N, 1/10 ii;

h0 — a’yce?noue i?e aacia?e oaiia?aoo?? 110°N, Ia.n;

U — aia?a?y aeoeaaoe??, EAeae/iieue;

a, b, c — eiao?oe??ioe ??aiyiiy.

Aiae?c caeaaeiinoae a’yceino? a?ae iaiao?aoe?? (ia?ee a?ooio) oa
aia?a?? aeoeaaoe?? a’ycei? oa/?? aecia/ea aeae ooieoe??:

lg P = a + b lgh0 + cU
(13)

Iaaeeaeaiiy ooieoe?? cae?enithaaee ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiue
aeanoeainoae 15 a?ooi?a, ye? ioiieththoue iiaiee niaeo? a’yceeo a?ooi?a,
eio?? aeei?enoiaothoue o aei?iaeiueiio aoae?aieoeoa?. ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?aooieo a?aeaeaathoueny o oaeiio oi?aa?naeueiiio ??aiyii?, ia
i?aenoaa? yeiai o ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaia a?aeiia?aeia iiiia?aia:

P = exp 10 (2,296 — 0,62 lgh0 + 0,00105 U)
(14)

Oaeei /eiii, aeni?an-iaoiae aecia/aiiy iaiao?aoe?? iieyaa? o:

— aecia/aii? a’yceino? (h0) i?e aacia?e oaiia?aoo?? O =110°N;

— yeui a’yce?noue ia?aaeuo? 0,6 Ia.n, o aecia/aii? a’yceino? i?e
oaiia?aoo?? O=120°N, yeui ieae/a 0,6 Ia.n — o aecia/aii? a’yceino? i?e
oaiia?aoo?? O =100°N;

— ia/eneaii? aia?a?? aeoeaaoe?? a’ycei? oa/?? ii oi?ioe?:

19,54 (lgh0 — h*)

U = 3/43/43/43/43/43/43/43/43/43/4
(15)

(T0 — T*)

— aecia/aii? iaiao?aoe?? ii oi?ioe? c o?aooaaiiyi aia?a??
aeoeaaoe?? aai ii iiiia?ai?.

Na?aaeiy a?aeiinia iioeaea aei??thaaiiy ca i?enei?aiei iaoiaeii
aeey aei?iaei?o a?ooi?a ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao 6,5%.

AENIIAEE

1. Aaaeeea?oei oaoiieia?/iei oa aenieoaoaoe?eiei iieacieeii a?ooi?a
? ?noeiia a’yce?noue, eio?a oa?aeoa?eco? iniiaiiieiaei? aeanoeaino?
a?ooi?a, ?ioaineai?noue ?o oa/?? oa oa?iiieanoe/i?noue. Aaeeeee ai?no o
a?ooiao oa?iiieanoe/ieo iao?ieaeii-aaicieueieo oa nie?oi-aaicieueieo
niie, eio?? iathoue aaeeeo oa?ii/ooeea?noue, ui iaoiiaeth? aeeeth/ii
oe?ieee ae?aiacii ci?ie a’yceino?, ui ia ioiieth?oueny i? iaeiei c
?nioth/eo a?neiceiao??a. Aeey caaacia/aiiy iiaiioe aecia/aiiy a’yceino?
o ?iaio? canoiniaai?: iiaee a?neiceiao? «micro RHEOTESTER», eio?ee
i?aoeth? ii i?eioeeio ieoee, ui a?aeiiaeth?oueny, oa iiaeeo?eiaaiee
i?eeaae Aiei?iae/a I.I., o yeiio aeei?enoaii eiino?oeoeaii aeineiiaeee
aocie ieanoia?neiceiao?o IA?-2.

2. A’yceii?oaei? aeanoeaino? a?ooio aecia/athoueny eiai
oaiia?aoo?iei noaiii. Iaeiei c e?eoa???a ia?aoiaeo aei oaa?aeiiiae?aiiai
noaio ? oaiia?aoo?a e?eoeino?. Ia i?aenoaa? aca?iica’yceo oaiia?aoo?e
aei?iaoaaiiy, oaiia?aoo?e i?eaaaeaiiy, ye iieiaeie ?ioa?aaeo
ieanoe/iino? a?ooio oa eiaa?eoio aeeaeie i?iieeiaiiy aieee iaiao?iiao?o
cai?iiiiiaaii ?ic?aooieiai-a?ao?/iee iaoiae aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e
e?eoeino?, eio?ee caaacia/o? aaniethoio iioeaeo ia a?eueo 3,5°N.

3. Oai?aoe/ii aeiaaaeaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
iiaeeea?noue aecia/aiiy a’yceino? a?ooio iaoiaeii, ui a?oioo?oueny ia
o?aooaaii? «i?yaeeiino?» oa a?aeiiaeaii?, ca ?aooiie nee iiaa?oiaaiai
iaoyao, oiieeo a?ooiieo ieoie. Iiaeeo?eiaaiee a?aeiinii a?ooi?a i?eeaae
«microRHEOTESTER» (?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoai?ee ?AI) aeicaiey? aecia/eoe
a’yce?noue o a?aieoeyo 70-140°N. I?e oeueiio aecia/ai? caeiiii??iino?
ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e aeicaieythoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye ?ic?aooieiaa cia/aiiy
iiaa?oiaaee iaoya, ui aei??aith? 30 I/i i?e oaiia?aoo?? 110°N.

4. Aeey ioe?iee noaio a?ooi?a oa aecia/aiiy aca?iica’yceo iii?ae
oaoi?/ieie oa ?aieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iaiao?aeia aecia/aiiy
oaiia?aoo?e i?eaaaeaiiy. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo oa aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ui aeeiiai?, iieacaee, ui ?ai?o cai?iiiiiaaia aea?a’yce?noi?noue
oaiia?aoo?e ?ici’yeoaiiy a?ooio ? iaei?aeoiith. Iaaeinoaoiuei
noaoenoe/ii iaae?eiei ? aeei?enoaiiy ye aea?a’ycei? oaei? oaiia?aoo?e,
yea a?aeiia?aea? a’yceino? 1000 Ia.n. A?eueo eiia??iith ? oaiia?aoo?a,
eio?a aei??aith? na?aaeei? ?ioa?aaeo ieanoe/iino? oa a?aeiia?aea?
a’yceino? aeecueei 180 eIa n. I?ioa, aecia/eoe o?ce/io nooi?noue oe???
oaiia?aoo?e ca?ac ia oyaey?oueny iiaeeeaei.

5. O?ce/ii iaa?oioiaaiith oaiia?aoo?ith, eio?a oa?aeoa?eco? noai
a?ooio, ? oaiia?aoo?a ia?aoiaeo a?ae aiiiaeueii? (a’yceii?oaeii?) aei
?aeaaeueii? (iuethoii?anueei?) oa/??. O ae?aiacii? oeeo oaiia?aoo?
iiaeeeai i?eionoeoe aeecueeee ??aaiue i?aeiieaeoey?ii? aca?iiae?? o
a?ooiao oa iiae?ai?noue o aoaeia? ?o no?oeoo?e. A’yce?noue, eio?a
a?aeiia?aea? oe?e oaiia?aoo?? aeey ??cieo a?ooi?a, iaaeeaea?oueny aei 30
Ia.n, a cia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue oe?e a’yceino? aeey
a?ooi?a c oiiaiith a’yce?noth o a?aieoeyo (40-300)*0,1 ii (ca?aeii AINO
22245-90) ciaoiaeeoueny o a?aieoeyo 80…100°N.

6. Oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? ci?ie iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao a?ooio
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeaiia ??cieie ae?eyieaie: ??ceiai niaaeo
iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao (s) i?e a?aeiinii iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao oa i?yii
i?iii?oe?eiiai eiai ciaioaiiy i?e c?inoaii? oaiia?aoo?e. Ae?oaa ae?eyiea
oa?aeoa?ia aeey eeane/ieo iuethoii?anueeeo ??aeei: aiaee, aaicieo.

Oaiia?aoo?a ia?aoiaeo a?ae e?eaie?i?eii? aei e?i?eii? ci?ie
iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao ciaoiaeeoueny o aa?iiio ei?aeyoe?eiiio ca’yceo c
oaiia?aoo?ith ia?aoiaeo a?ooio a?ae iaiuethoii?anueei? aei
iuethoii?anueei? oa/?? (eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? 0,99). Aecia/aia
a?aeiia?aei?noue i?aeoaa?aeaeo? o?ce/io i?e?iaeo iaoai?cio a’ycei? oa/??
oa iiaa?oiaaeo yaeu o a?ooiao. Oaeei /eiii, iiaeeaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i
aca?iica’ycie ia’?iieo (a’yce?noue) oa iiaa?oiaaeo (iiaa?oiaaee iaoya)
aeanoeainoae a?ooi?a.

7. Aaaaeaiiy aei a?ooio aeiaaaie iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei, oa
ca?eueoaiiy ?o ai?noo noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny caeiiii??iei ciaioaiiyi aei
i?i?ioio, a iio?i c?inoaiiyi oa aeoiaeii ia ieaoi cia/aiiy iiaa?oiaaiai
iaoyao. I?e oeueiio aia?a?y aeoeaaoe?? aeo?aeiiai a?ooio oa a?ooio c
aeiaaaeith IA? i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaa ia e?ioeaa?e ae?eyioe? oaiia?aoo?ii?
caeaaeiino?. A’yce?noue aea a?ooio i?e aaaaeaii? aei iueiai aeiaaaee IA?
o e?eueeino? 1,5% ci?ith?oueny iano?eueee, ui ciaioo? aea?a’yceo
oaiia?aoo?o (ui a?aeiia?aea? a’yceino? 0,5 Ia.n.) aeey ??cieo IA? ia
9…18°N, oea ?ice?eaa? nooi?noue aiie??/ii? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c? cieaeaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e i?eaiooaaiiy anoaeueoiaaoiiieo noi?oae ia a?ooiao c
aeiaaaeaie IA?. Ioaea, iiaeeeai i?eionoeoe iiaea?eiee aoaeo ae?? IA? i?e
i?eaiooaaii? anoaeueoiaaoiiieo noi?oae: ia?oee iieyaa? o iie?ioaii?
caeaoiino? aei cii/oaaiiy ia noaae?? ia?ai?ooaaiiy noi?oae ca ?aooiie
cieaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao, ae?oaee — o iie?ioaii? ?ico?eaiiy a?ooio
ii iiaa?oi? eai’yieo iaoa??ae?a i?e ci?ooaaii? oa caaacia/aii?
ou?eueiaiiy noi?oae (aeoeneoaaiiy a?ooiieo ie?aie c eiioaeoii? ciie) ca
?aooiie ieanoeo?eoth/i? ae?? IA?.

8. Ia i?aenoaa? o?aooaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo oa ?aieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae
a?ooi?a oeyoii ioe?iee aia?a?? aeoeaaoe?? ?o a’ycei? oa/?? aecia/aii
e?euee?niee aca?iica’ycie i?ae iaiao?aoe??th oa ?noeiiith a’yce?noth.
Aeei?enoaiiy i?eeaaeo «microRHEOTESTER» aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ?noeiio
a’yce?noue ca ei?ioeee i?ii?aeie /ano (o a?aieoeyo 30 oaeeei).
Cai?iiiiiaai? ??aiyiiy oa iiiia?aia aeey aecia/aiiy c iioeaeith 6…15%
?ic?aooieiaiai cia/aiiy aeeaeie i?iieeiaiiy aieee iaiao?iiao?o.
?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae iiaea aooe aeei?enoaii ia IIC oa eieaeueieo
onoaiiaeao i?e eiio?ie? nooiaith aioiai?no? a?ooio, ui ieeneth?oueny,
i?e i?eeiaeueiiio eiio?ie? ia?ee a?ooio, eio?ee iaea?aeo?oueny
aei?iaei?ie i?aei?e?inoaaie.

9. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoaii: o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?no «O?ceei-o?i?/i? iniiae oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa
aei?iaeiuei-aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a»; i?e aecia/aii? iioeiaeueii?
e?eueeino? aeiaaaee IA? aeey ae?iaieoeoaa anoaeueoiaaoiiieo noi?oae o AO
«I?aeaei?aoae» (i.I?ae, ?in?y) oa E??iaia?aaenueeiio iaeaaoiaei??; i?e
i?ecia/aii? iioeiaeueieo oaiia?aoo? ia?ai?ooaaiiy oa ou?eueiaiiy
anoaeueoiaaoiiieo noi?oae, ye? aeionea? AO «Aoae?iaano» (i.Oa?e?a): i?e
i?eeiaeueiiio eiio?ie? ia?ee iaea?aeo?iiai a?ooio ia i?aei?e?inoa?
«Aei??aiaoae» (i.Oa?e?a).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ?iaioao:

1. Aeaoaeaea Oa?e, Iaey? A. A. Aecia/aiiy a’yceinoi aiooiia ia
ieoeiai-?iaeeiiiio iie?i?aioanoi?i// Aaoiiiaieueii aei?iae ? aei?iaei?
aoaeiaieoeoai. Ee?a «Aoaeiaaeueiee», 1994 ?., -n. 94-97.

2. Aeaoaeaea O.O. Ii?aaeaeaiea oaiia?aoo?u o?oieinoe aeooia
?an/aoiui niiniaii. //Aanoiee Aeiiaanneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeaaeaiee
no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u. Iaeaaaea. — 1999 a. Aui. 99(2) — 16.
-N. 188-189.

3. Iaey? A. A., Aeaoaeaea O.O. I aeeyiee iaiieiaiey iaooyiuo
aeooiia ia eo eioa?aae ieanoe/iinoe e oaiia?aoo?ioth /oanoaeoaeuei-inoue
anoaeueoiaaoiiia. //Aanoiee Aeiiaanneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeaaeaiee
no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u. Iaeaaaea. — 1999 a. Aui. 99(2) — 16.
-N. 190-192.

4. Zolotarev V.A., Malyar V.V., Deuja H.S. Cohesional strength of
bitumen at shear. 1st World Road Conference on Highway Surfacing 11-13
May 1998, Budapest, Hungary, p. 353-356.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aeaoaeaea O.O. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy iaoai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iaooiaeo aei?iaei?o a?ooi?a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoth 05.23.05 — «Aoae?aaeuei? iaoa??aee oa ae?iae».
— Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaei?e oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, i.Oa?e?a, 1999?.

O ?iaio? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeaio aeae?a iaooiaeo
aei?iaei?o a?ooi?a ca niiniaii aeaioiaeaiiy: oe?a?inueeeo, ??cieo ia?ie
oa no?oeoo?ieo oei?a, iaea?aeaieo oeyoii ieeneaiiy aoae?iio, oa
ca?oa?aeieo, caeeoeiaiai oeio, iaea?aeaieo oeyoii aaeooiii?
aeenoeeyoe??. Aea/aii ?aieia?/i? oa iiaa?oiaa? aeanoeaino? oeeo a?ooi?a;
aeyaeaii, ui aaaaeaiiy oa ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo o a?ooi? aeiaaaie
iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny caeiiii??iei ciaioaiiyi
aei i?i?ioio, a iio?i c?inoaiiyi oa aeoiaeii ia ieaoi cia/aiiy
iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao; c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eeaaeo «microRHEOTESTER»
aecia/aii e?euee?niee aca?iica’ycie i?ae iaiao?aoe??th oa ?noeiiith
a’yce?noth; aecia/aii aca?iica’ycie i?ae oaiia?aoo?ith aei?iaoaaiiy oa
oaiia?aoo?ith i?eaaaeaiiy, ye iieiaeie ?ioa?aaeo ieanoe/iino? a?ooio, oa
eiaa?eoiii aeeaeie i?iieeiaiiy aieee iaiao?iiao?o. Ia i?aenoaa?
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii ?ic?aooieiai-a?ao?/iee iaoiae
aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e e?eoeino? a?ooio, yeee caaacia/o? aaniethoio
iioeaeo ia a?eueo 3,5°N oa aeni?an-iaoiae aecia/aiiy iaiao?aoe?? a?ooio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?ooi, aeanoeaino?, ?aieia?y, oaiia?aoo?a
i?eaaaeaiiy, a’yce?noue, ?ioa?aae ieanoe/iino?, e?eoe?noue, iiaa?oiaaee
iaoya.

ABSTRACT

Deuja H.S. Improvement of the methods defining the mechanical properties
of road oil bitumens. — Manuscript.

Thesis for Ph.D. degree by speciality 05.23.05 — construction
materials and products — Kharkov state automobile and highway technical
university, Kharkov, Ukraine, 1999.

Thesis contents the research results of two different types of road
oil bitumens by their methods of production: ukranian bitumens of
different grade and structural types, produced by the oxidation of tar
and foreign bitumens (France, Nepal) of residual types, produced by
vacuum distillation, with and without surfactants. Studied the
rheological and surface properties of these bitumens and established:
introduction and increase of content of surfactant in bitumens is
accomponied by the regular decrease of surface tension; by the use of
the device «microRHEOTESTER» established the quantitive interrelation
between penetration and real viscosity of bitumens; established the
interrelation between reduced temperature, as middle of plasticity
interval of bitumen and logarithm of depth neddle penetration. On the
base of research results proposed the calculation-graphical method of
defining the brittleness temperature ensuring the absolute error not
more than 3.5°C, and express-method to define the penetration of
bitumens.

Key words: bitumen, properties, rheology, reduced temperature,
viscosity, interval of plasticity, brittleness, surface tension.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aeaoaeaea O.O. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea iaoiaeia ii?aaeaeaiey iaoaie/aneeo
oa?aeoa?enoee iaooyiuo aei?iaeiuo aeooiia.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeee ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe — 05.23.05. — no?ieoaeueiua iaoa?eaeu e ecaeaeey
— Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue aaoiiiaeeueii-aei?iaeiue oaoie/aneee
oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999 a.

Noiioee?iaaia e ?aoaia caaea/a nouanoaaiiiai oeo/oaiey nenoaiu
ioeaiee ea/anoaa aeooia. Oeaeue ?aaiou — onoaiiaeaiea caeiiiia?iinoae
eciaiaiey e acaeiinayce ?aieiae/aneeo e oece/aneeo naienoa aeooiia, a
oaeaea ?ac?aaioea ia yoie iniiaa i?aaeeiaeaiee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth
iaoiaeia ioeaiee ea/anoaa aeooiia.

Aiaeec eeoa?aoo?iuo enoi/ieeia iiaeoaa?aeaeaao, /oi aaaeiaeoae
oaoiieiae/aneie e yenieoaoaoeeiiiie oa?aeoa?enoeeie aeooiia yaeyaony
enoeiiay ayceinoue, oa?aeoa?ecothuay iniiaiiieaaathuea naienoaa aeooiia,
eioaineaiinoue eo oa/aiey e oa?iiieanoe/iinoue. Niaoeeoeea ninoaaa e
no?oeoo?u aeooiia — aieueoia niaea?aeaiea a ieo oa?iiieanoe/iuo
iao?ieaeii-aaicieueiuo e nie?oi-aaicieueiiuo niie, oa?aeoa?ecothueony
aieueoie oa?ii/oanoaeoaeueiinoueth, /oi iaoneiaeeaaao eneeth/eoaeueii
oe?ieee aeeaiacii eciaiaiey ayceinoe, eioi?ue ia iiaeao auoue ioaa/ai ie
iaeiei ec nouanoaothueo aeneiceiao?ia. Aeey iaania/aiey iieiiou
ii?aaeaeaiey ayceinoe a ?aaioa i?eiaiaiu: aeneiceiao? «microRHEOTESTER»,
?aaioathuee ii i?eioeeio ainnoaiaaeeaathuaeny ieoe, e iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiue
i?eai? Aiei?iae/a I.I., a eioi?ii a ea/anoaa ?aai/aai ocea eniieueciaai
eiino?oeoeaii aieaa niaa?oaiiue, /ai aoiaeyuee a ninoaa aeneiceiao?a
Aiei?iae/a, ?aai/ee ocae ieanoiaeneiceiao?a IA?-2.

Oai?aoe/anee aeieacaia e yenia?eiaioaeueii iiaeoaa?aeaeaia
aiciiaeiinoue i?eiaiaiey oniaa?oainoaiaaiiiai aeneiceiao?a
«microRHEOTESTER» aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ayceinoe aeooiia a oe?ieii
aeeaiaciia oaiia?aoo?. I?aaeeiaeaiiue iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiue i?eai?
Aiei?iae/a I.I. iicaieyao ioeaieoue ayceinoue aeooia, ia/eiay n
ayceinoe 0,1 Ia.n.

?ac?aaioai ?an/aoii-a?aoe/aneee iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey oaiia?aoo?u
o?oieinoe aeooia, iniiaaiiue ia acaeiinayce oaiia?aoo?u eniuoaiey,
oaiia?aoo?u i?eaaaeaiey, eae iieiaeiu eioa?aaea ieanoe/iinoe aeooia, e
eiaa?eoia aeoaeiu i?iieeaiey eaeu. Iaoiae iicaieyao ii?aaeaeyoue
oaiia?aoo?o o?oieinoe n aaniethoiie iia?aoiinoth ia aieaa 3,5°N.

Yenia?eiaioaeueii aeieacaia ianinoiyoaeueiinoue eniieueciaaiey a
ea/anoaa yeaeayceie oaiia?aoo?u oaiia?aoo?o ?aciya/aiey aeooia. Aieaa
aeinoiaa?iie yeaeayceie oaiia?aoo?ie yaeyaony oaiia?aoo?a, ?aaiay
na?aaeeia eioa?aaea ieanoe/iinoe e ioaa/athuay ayceinoe ieiei 180 eIa.n.

Onoaiiaeaia oaniay ei??aeyoeeiiiay naycue iaaeaeo e?eoe/aneie
oaiia?aoo?ie eciaiaiey iiaa?oiinoiiai iaoyaeaiey e oaiia?aoo?ie
ia?aoiaea aeooia io iaiuethoiiianeiai e iuethoiiianeiio oa/aieth
(eiyooeoeeaio ei??aeyoeee 0,99).

Yenia?eiaioaeueii onoaiiaeaii, /oi aaaaeaiea e oaaee/aiea
niaea?aeaiey a aeooia iiaa?oiinoii- aeoeaiuo aauanoa nii?iaiaeaeaaony
caeiiiia?iui oiaiueoaieai aei ieieioia, a caoai ?inoii e auoiaeii ia
ieaoi cia/aiey iiaa?oiinoiiai iaoyaeaiey. I?e yoii yia?aey aeoeaaoeee
ayceiai oa/aiey enoiaeiiai aeooia e aeooia n aeiaaaeie IAA a iaeanoe
aunieeo oaiia?aoo? i?aeoe/anee iaeeiaeiaa. Ayceinoue aea aeooia i?e
aaaaeaiee a iaai IAA a eiee/anoaa 1,5% eciaiyaony ianoieueei, /oi
oiaiueoaao yeaeayceoth oaiia?aoo?o (ioaa/athuoth ayceinoe 0,5 Ia.n.)
aeey ?acee/iuo IAA a i?aaeaeao 9-18°N. Yoi yaeyaony oece/aneei
iainiiaaieai yiie?e/aneeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii nieaeaieth oaiia?aoo?u
i?eaioiaeaiey nianae a neo/aa i?eiaiaiey aeooiia n aeiaaaeie IAA. Oaeei
ia?acii, i?e i?eaioiaeaiee anoaeueoiaaoiiiuo nianae iaaethaeaaony
aeaieiie yooaeo aeaenoaey IAA: ia?aue — oeo/oaiea nia/eaathuae
niiniaiinoe ia noaaeee ia?aiaoeaaiey nianae ca n/ao nieaeaiey
iiaa?oiinoiiai iaoyaeaiey, aoi?ie — oeo/oaiea ?anoaeaiey aeooia ii
iiaa?oiinoe eaiaiiuo iaoa?eaeia i?e niaoaiee e oeo/oaiea oieioiaiey
nianae ca n/ao ieanoeoeoee?othuaai aeaenoaey IAA.

Onoaiiaeaia eiee/anoaaiiay acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo iaiao?aoeeae e
enoeiiie ayceinoueth ia iniiaa o/aoa no?oeoo?iuo e ?aieiae/aneeo
iniaaiiinoae aeooiia iooai ioeaiee yia?aee aeoeaaoeee eo ayceiai
oa/aiey. Yoi iicaieyao n iiiiuueth «microRHEOTESTER» ii?aaeaeeoue
enoeiioth ayceinoue ca ei?ioeee i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie (a i?aaeaeao 30
ieioo). I?aaeeiaeaiu o?aaiaiey e iiiia?aiia aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ?an/aoiiai
cia/aiey aeoaeiu i?iieeaiey eaeu n iia?aoiinoueth aei 15%.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeooi, naienoaa, ?aieiaey, oaiia?aoo?a
i?eaaaeaiey, ayceinoue, eioa?aae ieanoe/iinoe, o?oieinoue, iiaa?oiinoiia
iaoyaeaiea.

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