E??IAIA?AAeNUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

IAAIIAOeUe Na?a?e Ieaenaiae?iae/

OAeE 621.797:621.664

OAOIIEIA?ss ?AIIIOO IANIN?A OEIO IO-O AAeINEIIAEAIIssI

IAOIAeO CIAIOAIEO ?AIIIOIEO ?ICI???A

05.05.11 — N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

E??iaia?aae — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aenieoaoaoe?? oa ?aiiioo iaoei
E??iaia?aaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (EAeOO)
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

Eoe?oeia TH??e Aieiaeeie?iae/,

E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aenieoaoaoe?? oa ?aiiioo iaoei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

Ae?aeo? Aieiaeeie? Aenaio?eiae/,

Caii??cueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee oeaio? ii ?aoe?iiaeueiiio

aeei?enoaiith iaooii?iaeoeo?a a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio

ae?iaieoeoa?, aee?aeoi?

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

*a?eoi Aieiaeeie? THoeiiae/,

Oaa??enueea aea?aeaaia aa?ioaoi?/ia aeaaeai?y,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aca?iicai?iiino?,

noaiaea?oecaoe?? oa oaoi?/ieo aei??thaaiue.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
n?euenueeiai

ainiiaea?noaa, I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 1 eeiiy 1999 ?. i 1000 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 23.073.01 a E??iaia?aaenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 316050, i.
E??iaia?aae, i?. I?aaaee, 70-A.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? E??iaia?aaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 316050, i.
E??iaia?aae, i?.I?aaaee, 70-A.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 27 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
A.I.Eae?/

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oanoa?aiiee ianin ? iniiaiei aoceii a?ae?aae?/ii?
nenoaie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei, a?ae eiai noaio aaaaoi a /iio
caeaaeeoue aoaeoeai?noue ?? ?iaioe. Iaea?eueoiai iioe?aiiy a
a?ae?inenoaiao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei caeiaoee oanoa?aii?
ianine oeio IO-O. ?acii c i?inoioith eiino?oeoeaii? noaie oa
a?aenooi?noth iaiao?aeiino? a ?aaoethaaii? i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe??,
ianinai aeaiiai oeio i?eoaiaii? ?yae iaaeie?e?a, ye? iiyniththoueny
iniaeeainoyie ?o eiino?oeoe??. I?e ni?aoethaaii? iniiaieo aeaoaeae
ianina oe? oaeoi?e, iaaoaathoue e?eoe/iiai cia/aiiy ? iaoiiaeththoue
iai?aoeacaeaoiee noai ianina. ?nioth/? oaoiieia?? ?aiiioo ianin?a oeio
IO-O oa a?aeiiaeaiiy ?o aeaoaeae ia a iiai?e i??? a?aeiia?aeathoue
aeooaeueiei aeiiaai nueiaiaeaiiy. Oea aai i?aoea- oa aia?aii?noe?
iaoiaee a?aeiiaeaiiy, ye? i?aaiooue aeiaanoe ia?aiao?e ciioaieo aeaoaeae
aei iii?iaeueieo, iai?eeeaae, iaoiaee ieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy,
ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a?? oa caa?thaaiiy, ye? iio?aaothoue aei oiai ae
aeniei? eoeueoo?e ae?iaieoeoaa, ui ia iinooia?oueny iaoeiiaoae?aiei
i?aei?e?inoaai. Iaea?eueo i?inoei ? iaaei?iaei iaoiaeii ?aiiioo
a?ae?iianin?a ? iaoiae ?aiiioieo ?ici???a, yeee aeicaiey? i?e
i?i?iaeueieo aeo?aoao a?ae?aiiiooaaoe ianin. Aea ia caaaeath/e ia ?yae
aacoiiaieo ia?aaaa, ye? a?ae??ciythoue iaoiae ciaioaieo ?aiiioieo
?ici???a a?ae ?ioeo, eiio i?eoaiaii? aeaye? iaaeie?ee, cie?aia, ?ano?n
a?ae?aiiioiaaieo ianin?a ca oe??th oaoiieia??th neeaaea? 45…51% a?ae
?ano?no iiaiai ianina.

Ianine, a?ae?aiiioiaai? ca oe??th oaoiieia??th, ca iniiaieie oaoi?/ieie
iieacieeaie oa iaae?ei?noth, iinooiathoueny a?ae?aiiioiaaiei ca ?ioeie
oaoiieia?yie. Iniiai? i?ioe??//y, ye? i?eoaiaii? an?i a?aeiiei iaoiaeai
ciaioaieo ?aiiioieo ?ici???a, iieyaathoue o ianooiiiio:

— ?ano?nicaa??aath/a oaoiieia?y a?aeiiaeaiiy iaeieo c iaea?eueo
neeaaeieo aeaiaio?a ianina — oanoa?aiue, ui aeaioiaeythoueny c
oeaiaioiaaii? noae? ca i?aeaeuaiei eaae?oaoii oi/iino?, oeyoii
ia?aoe?ooaaiiy i?ae ciaioaiee ?aiiioiee ?ici??, iaoiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy neeaaeii? aia?ai- oa o?oaeii?noei?
oaoiieia?? ?aiiioo ni?yaeaieo c oanoa?iyie aeaoaeae ianina — ei?iono oa
aooeie;

— ?nioth/? oaoiieia?? a?aeiiaeaiiy ei?ion?a ia a iiai?e i???
aeei?enoiaothoue iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino?, caeeaaeai? i?e ?o
aeaioiaeaii?;

— canoinoaaiiy iaeiaeo?aoii? oaoiieia?? a?aeiiaeaiiy ei?ion?a
?icoi/oaaiiyi i?ae ca?eueoaiee ?aiiioiee ?ici?? ia aea? aaaeaiiai
?acoeueoaoo, /a?ac ciaioaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?eii? no?eeino? no?iie
eieiaeyc?a, ui iaoiiaeaii iaaeinoaoi?i oai?aoe/iei aea/aiiyi ci?i a
eiino?oeoe?? inoaiiueiai i?ae /an ?aiiioo.

?nioth/? i?ioe??//y iiyniththoueny iniaeeainoyie ianin?a aeaiiai oeio,
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue ? aeiaaia?/i?noue yeeo aaaaoi a /iio aecia/a?oueny
oi?iith ? ?ici??aie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o i?ae aa?oeiaie coaoe?a
oanoa?aiue oa no?ieaie ei?iono ianina.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie oa oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiioaaeany o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei oaiaoeee i?aeaoc?anueeeo iaoeiaeo oa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?ia?ai ca i??i?eoaoieie iai?yieaie ?icaeoeo iaoee ?
oaoi?ee (iaeac I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ?37 a?ae 13.02.96 ?., i.1) oa
ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o EAeOO ca oaiaoeeith “?ic?iaea oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e o ae?iaieoeoa? oa ?aiiio?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oaoi?ee”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?aiiioo oanoa?aiieo ianin?a IO-O oeyoii aaeineiiaeaiiy
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ?o ?aiiioo iaoiaeii ciaioaieo ?aiiioieo
?ici???a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? aoei ?ica’ycaii ianooii?
caaea/?:

— aecia/aiiy iniiaieo i?e/ei ao?ao ianinaie i?aoeacaeaoiiai noaio oa
aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ni?aoeueiaaiiai noaio ni?yaeaieo aeaoaeae ia
aeiaaia?/i?noue ? iaae?ei?noue ianina;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aaee/eie ? oi?ie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o ia ia’?i
ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie /a?ac oeae caci?;

— oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeaino? ciaioaiiy ia??aiii??iino?
iaaaioaaeaiue aaaeo/i? oa aaaeaii? oanoa?aiue i?e a?aeiiaeaii? ianin?a
i?ae ciaioaiee ?aiiioiee ?ici?? ?c ci?uaiiyi aocea ea/aiiy;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o ci?ie oeneo, a ia?ao?aei?e cii? oanoa?aiiiai
ianina, yeee a iniiaiiio aecia/a? aaee/eio ? iai?yiie ae??
?acoeueooth/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy oanoa?aiue;

— i?iaaaeaiiy ioe?iee aaee/ei aeaoi?iaoe?e no?iie ei?iono ianina,
a?aeiiaeaiiai ca cai?iiiiiaaiith oaoiieia??th;

— i?iaaaeaiiy noaiaeiaeo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo aei?iaoaaiue ianin?a,
a?ae?aiiioiaaieo ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th;

— ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ?aiiioo ianin?a iaoiaeii ciaioaieo
?aiiioieo ?ici???a oeyoii ci?uaiiy aocea ea/aiiy, oa oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii?
ioe?iee cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia?? ?aiiioo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/ii oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaaii caeiiii??iino? aieeao aaee/eie
?aae?aeueiiai caci?o ? eiai oi?ie ia iniiai? oaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ianina: ia’?iio iiaea/o (II), eiao?oe??io ia’?iii? iiaea/? (EII) oa
??aiii??i?noue iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aeoeiiee?a. Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/i? ae?ace,
ye? aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe ia’?i ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie /a?ac
?aae?aeueiee caci? i?ae aa?oeiaie coaoe?a oanoa?aiue oa no?ieaie
ei?iono. Aecia/aii caeiiii??i?noue oa?aeoa?o ?iciiae?eo oeneo ?iai/i?
??aeeie a ia?ao?aei?e cii? a caeaaeiino? a?ae eooa iiai?ioo oanoa?i?,
yea aeicaiey? a?aooaaoe eiino?oeoeai? iniaeeaino? a?ae?aiiioiaaieo
ianin?a. Aacoth/enue ia oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooieao oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo iioei?caoe?? aaee/ei ? iai?yie?a
ci?uaiiy aocea ea/aiiy i?e ?aiiio?, yea aeicaiey? ia o?eueee
?icaaioaaeeoe aaaeaio oano??ith, a e ciaioeoe ia??aiii??i?noue
iaaaioaaeaiue i?aeoeiiee?a iaio oanoa?aiue, ui a naith /a?ao
i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy aeiaaia?/iino? a?ae?aiiioiaaiiai ianina.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe?
aoaeoeaii? iaeiaeo?aoii? oaoiieia?? ?aiiioo oanoa?aiieo ianin?a iaoiaeii
ciaioaieo ?aiiioieo ?ici???a, yeee caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy ?o
aeiaaia?/iino? o ii??aiyii? c aiaeia?/ieie oaoiieia?yie.

Iiaecia ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo i?aeoaa?aeaeaia iiceoeaiei ??oaiiyi ia
aeiao?ae (cayaea ?97105974 a?ae 16.10.97 ?.).

?ic?iaeaia o aeai?e ?iaio? iaoiaeeea oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c
oe?ieei aeei?enoaiiyi /enaeueieo iaoiae?a, aea? iiaeeea?noue oaeaeei ?
oi/ii i?iiiaeaethaaoe i?ioean ?iaioe ianina a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiai
eiino?oeoeaieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Oai?aoe/i? ?ic?aooiee
oa ioe?iee ia?aiao??a ianina aoaeoeai? ia o?eueee ia noaae?? aeai?o
niiniao ?aiiioo, a e i?e i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ic?iaeao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a:

1. Aecia/aii iniiai? i?e/eie ao?aoe ianinaie i?aoeacaeaoiiai noaio.

2. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea aaee/eie ? oi?ie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o ia ia’?i
ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie /a?ac oeae caci?;

3. Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oioiaaii iiaeeea?noue ciaioaiiy ia??aiii??iino?
iaaaioaaeaiue aaaeo/i? oa aaaeaii? oanoa?aiue i?e a?aeiiaeaii? ianin?a
i?ae ciaioaiee ?aiiioiee ?ici?? c? ci?uaiiyi aocea ea/aiiy;

4. Aeine?aeaeaii oa?aeoa? ci?ie oeneo, a ia?ao?aei?e cii? oanoa?aiiiai
ianina a?ae aaee/eie ? oi?ie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o.

5. I?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? ioe?iee aaee/ei aeaoi?iaoe?e no?iie
ei?iono ianina, a?aeiiaeaiiai ca cai?iiiiiaaiith oaoiieia??th.

Caaaeueia /anoea o/ano? a iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? ?iaioao neeaaea?
80%…90%, o io?eiaiiio iiceoeaiiio ??oaii? ia aeaea/o iaoaioo — 75%.

Oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aeeeaaeaii a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, o iiaiiio ia’?i? aeeiiai? aaciina?aaeiuei
caeiaoaa/ai i?ae iaoeiaei ea??aieoeoaii e.o.i., aeioeaioa
TH.A.Eoe?oeiaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoee caneooai? ? iaaiai?ai? ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a, ani??aio?a oa ni?a?ia?oiee?a
E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy
(i. E??iaia?aae, 1996 — 1998 ?.), ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo, i?enay/aieo 75-??//th aeaaeai?ea TH.I.Iao?iaa (i.
Eeoei?a, 1996 ?.), “I?iaeaie ?ic?iaee, ae?iaieoeoaa, aenieoaoaoe?? oa
?aiiioo i?ae’eiiii-o?ainii?oieo, aoae?aaeueieo oa oeyoiaeo iaoei” (i.
E??iaia?aae, 1996 ?.), “I?iaeaiu eiino?oe?iaaiey, i?iecaiaenoaa e
yenieoaoaoeee naeueneioicyenoaaiiie oaoieee” (i. E??iaia?aae, 1997 ?.)
oa 65-??//th aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?anioae?ee Iieaeiaa (i.
Eeoei?a, 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 7 noaoae oa
io?eiaii iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ia aeaea/o iaoaioo Oe?a?ie.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, yeee ia?aoiao?
101 iaeiaioaaiiy, c yeeo 1 ia ?iicaii?e iia?, oa aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee
ianya ?iaioe neeaaea? 155 noi??iie, 29 oaaeeoeue, 60 ?enoie?a oiui.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi. Iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, aeeeaaeai? iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

?icae?e 1. “Noai i?iaeaie, aieea ciin?a ni?yaeaieo aeaoaeae ia
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue ianina. Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy”. Aiae?c
a?aeiieo iaoiae?a ?aiiioo oanoa?aiieo ianin?a aeicaieea c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui a?eueo?noue c ieo caniiaaia ia a?aeiiaeaii? aeaoaeae ianina
aei iii?iaeueieo ? iaa?oue aei ca?eueoaieo ?aiiioieo ?ici???a. Iaea?eueo
aeecueeei aei cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaie niiniao ? niin?a, ?ic?iaeaiee
I.?.Eoae?yaoeaaei, yeee iieyaa? o ia?aoe?ooaaii? oanoa?aiue i?ae
ciaioaiee ?aiiioiee ?ici?? aei aeaeaeaiiy ne?ae?a ni?aoethaaiiy oa
a?aeiiaeaiiy caci?o o ni?yaeaii? “aa?oeie coaoe?a — no?iee ei?iono”
oeyoii ci?uaiiy oanoa?aiue a a?e eaia?e aniieooaaiiy. Niin?a
a?ae??ciy?oueny iaaecae/aeii iaeeie aia?ai- oa iaoa??aeueieie aeo?aoaie.
Aea ?nioth/a oaoiieia?y ia a iiai?e i??? aeei?enoiao? iioaioe?ei?
iiaeeeaino? aeaoaeae ianina, ye? iaae?eoee aei ?aiiioo, ui a cia/i?e
i??? aieeaa? ia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy niiniao. Cie?aia iiaeaeueoa
ca?eueoaiiy oaei? aaaee, ye ia??aiii??i?noue iaaaioaaeaiue aaaeo/i? oa
aaaeaii? oanoa?aiue, i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui aeiaaia?/i?noue
a?ae?aiiioiaaieo ianin?a neeaaea? 45…51% i?e ii?iaoea? 80% a?ae
aeiaaia?/iino? iiaeo ianin?a.

I?iaaaeaiee iaeyae ? aiae?c ?ia?o a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo
aeine?aeiee?a a iaeano? aecia/aiiy aieeao aaee/ei ? iai?yie?a ia’?iieo
ao?ao o oanoa?aiiiio ianin? ia eiai EII iieacaa, ui a ianinao oe???
eiino?oeoeaii? noaie ?niothoue caci?e, ye? a a?eueo?e i???
a?aeiia?aeathoue ca ia’?i ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie c eaia?e iaai?oaiiy.
Iaie aecia/aii, ui iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo ? ?aae?aeueiee caci? i?ae
aa?oeiaie coaoe?a oanoa?aiue oa no?ieaie ei?iono, yeee, ii-ia?oa ?
iaeiei c iniiaieo iai?yie?a ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie, a ii-ae?oaa — naia
eiai aaee/eia ? oi?ia aaciina?aaeiuei aecia/athoue aaee/eie
iaaaioaaeaiue i?aeoeiiee?a ianina oa aieeaathoue ia aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe
nenoaie aaoieiiiainaoe?? oi?oeaaeo caci??a. Inoaii?e oaeo a cia/i?e i???
iaoiiaeth? caaaeueiee ia?a?iciiae?e ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie /a?ac an? ?io?
ni?yaeaiiy ianina.

Ieoaiiy oai?aoe/iiai oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aecia/aiiy aieeao aaee/eie
caci?o o eiaeiiio ni?yaeaii? ianin?a IO-O ?icaeyaeaeeny a ?iaioao
?.I.THae?ia, O.I.Aaooe, I.?.Eoae?yaoeaaa, A.A.Ae?aeo?a, A.TH.*a?eoia,
TH.A.Eoe?oeiaa, A.A.Iao?aiei oa ?ioeo aaoi??a.

I?iaaaeaiee iaeyae ? aiae?c aeicaieea aecia/eoe iaoo ?iaioe oa
noi?ioethaaoe iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e 2. “Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue”. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aecia/aii? iaoe
oa ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ cai?iiiiiaaia ianooiia i?ia?aia
aeine?aeaeaiue:

1. Aecia/aiiy aaee/eie ciino ni?yaeaieo aeaoaeae ianina, ye?
aecia/athoue aaee/eio ? aieeaathoue ia oi?io ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o.

2. Aecia/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae aieeao aaee/eie ? oi?ie
?aae?aeueiiai caci?o i?ae aa?oeiaie coaoe?a oa no?ieaie ei?iono ia
e?euee?noue ??aeeie, ui ia?ao?ea? oeei caci?ii c eaia?e iaai?oaiiy aei
eaia?e aniieooaaiiy ianina oa ?o aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea.

3. Oai?aoe/ia aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o ci?ie oeneo a ?aae?aeueiiio caci??,
aaee/eie ? eooa ae?? ?acoeueooth/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aaee/eie ? oi?ie oeueiai caci?o i?ae eaia?aie iaai?oaiiy ? aniieooaaiiy
oa i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oeeo ia?aiao??a, ye?, a
iniiaiiio, aecia/athoue i?aoeacaeaoiee noai ianina.

4. Aecia/aiiy aaee/ei aeaoi?iaoe?e no?iie eieiaeyc?a ei?ion?a,
a?aeiiaeaieo ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th ?icoi/oaaiiy i?ae ?aiiioiee
?ici?? ia ie?aieo ae?eyieao.

5. ?ic?iaeo oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ?aiiioo oanoa?aiieo ianin?a oeio
IO-O ?ano?nicaa??aath/ei niiniaii ciaioaieo ?aiiioieo ?ici???a oa
i?iaaaeaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

6. I?iaaaeaiiy i?enei?aieo noaiaeiaeo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo aei?iaoaaiue
a?ae?aiiioiaaieo ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th ianin?a.

C iaoith aeaoaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aaee/eie oa oi?ie
?aae?aeueiiai caci?o ia e?euee?noue ??aeeie, ui ia?ao?ea? oeei caci?ii,
aoei ni?iaeoiaaii ? aeaioiaeaii i?eno??e a yeiio iiaeaethaaany
aeuaicia/aiee i?ioean. Iniaeea?noue ?ic?iaeaiiai i?eno?ith iieyaaea a
oiio, ui aoea noai?aia iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ioe?iee ao?ao
naia /a?ac ?aae?aeueiee caci? ca ?aooiie aeeeth/aiiy ?ioeo iiaeeeaeo
iai?yie?a ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie. An? eiino?oeoeai? ?ici??e
ni?iaeoiaaiiai i?eno?ith aoei ni?aa?aeianaii aei ?ici???a ianina IO32-O,
ui iaaeaaaei ciiao iaea?eueo oi/ii i?iiiaeaethaaoe i?ioean ao?ao ?iai/i?
??aeeie /a?ac ?aae?aeueiee caci? ? aeeeth/eoe aieea oi?ie oa
aeanoeainoae iiaa?oiiue ni?yaeaieo aeaoaeae ia ia’?ii? ao?aoe oeei
caci?ii. I?ioean ia?ao?eaiiy ??aeeie /a?ac ?aae?aeueiee caci?
a?aeaoaaany i?ae cia/iei ia?aiaaeii oeneo (iiae?aii aei i?ioeano, yeee
a?aeaoaa?oueny a ianin?). Aenia?eiaioaeueiee i?eno??e aoei ciiioiaaii ia
noaiae? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy i?enei?aieo aei?iaoaaiue — EE-4200.

Aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o ci?ie oeneo a ?aae?aeueiiio caci?? i?ae eaia?aie
iaai?oaiiy oa aniieooaaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith ?iaeeeaoi?ieo
ae?aa?ai ?iai/iai i?ioeano ianina, ye? aoei io?eiaii inoeeeia?aooaaiiyi
oeneo a i?aecoaoeaa?e caiaaeei? aaaeaii? oano??i?. I?eno??e aeey caieno
?iaeeeaoi?ieo ae?aa?ai neeaaeaany c oaiciiao?e/iiai aeao/eea oeneo
oeee?iae?e/iiai oeio, yeee aoei aiiioiaaii o aaaeaio oano??ith ?
iino?eii c’?aeiaii c iaei??th i?aecoaoeaaith caiaaeeiith,
iaai?oiaeaeo?e/iiai inoeeeia?aoo I-105, yeee aeicaieya i?iaiaeeoe caien
i?ioeano c? oaeaee?noth ia iaio 2 i/n. A yeino? oaicii?aeneethaa/a aoa
aeei?enoaiee oaicii?aeneethaa/ 8AI*-7I. Aaee/eia iioeaee aei??thaaiiy
oeneo i?ae /an caieno ?iaeeeaoi?ieo ae?aa?ai ia ia?aa?eueooaaea 10%.

Oaiciiao?oaaiiy ei?ion?a ianin?a i?iaiaeeee i?e cae??ieaiiio aae?
i?eaiaeo ? iiaea/? ianea i?ae ?iai/ei oeneii o aeo?aeiee ioa?? ianina.
Ao?aeiee ioa?? ianina aoei a?aee?eoi aeey a?eueiiai aeo?eaiiy ?iai/i?
??aeeie. A aenia?eiaio? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ae?ioyi? oaiciaeao/eee.
Oaiciiao?oaaiiy i?iaiaeeee ii ia?eiao?o iaio eieiaeyc?a ei?iono ianina a
cii? ?icoaooaaiiy ia?aaei?o aooeie oa oanoa?aiue; ia iiaa?oith eiaeiiai
eieiaeycy iaeeathaaeiny ii 5 aeoeaieo aeao/ee?a. C iaoith aeeeth/aiiy
aieeao oaiia?aoo?e ?iai/i? ??aeeie a noaio aoei i?aeeeth/aii
eiiiainaoe?eiee oaiciaeao/ee. Oaiciaeao/eee oa?e?oaaeeny ia aaeoe?
??aiiai iii?o o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeiia ia oa?e?oaaiiy iaoei oa
i?eai??a. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aecia/aiiy aaee/ei aeaoi?iaoe?e no?iie
eieiaeyc?a ei?iono i?iaiaeeee i?e oeneao 5, 10, 14,5 oa 17,5 IIa.

I?enei?ai? noaiaeia? aei?iaoaaiiy ianin?a a?ae?aiiioiaaieo ca
?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th i?iaiaeeeeny ca iaoiaeeeith
caaiaeo-aeaioiaethaa/a ia AAO “A?ae?ineea” i. E??iaia?aae. Ia
aenieoaoaoe?ei? aei?iaoaaiiy, ye? i?iaiaeeeeny o ainiiaea?noaao
E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeano? aoei anoaiiaeaii 10 ianin?a IO32-O
a?ae?aiiioiaaieo ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th.

?icae?e 3. “Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy”. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ooo ??aeeie a
?aae?aeueiiio caci?? i?ae aa?oeiaie coaoe?a oa no?ieaie eieiaeyc?a
ei?iono i?iaiaeeeiny ia iniia? ?icaeyaeaiiy ??aiyiue ?ooo a’ycei?
??aeeie Iaa’?-Noiena oa ??aiyiue aacia?a?aiino? iioieo ??aeeie.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co ?ooo ??aeeie a caci??, c o?aooaaiiyi aaee/eie oa
oi?ie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o, io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?, ye?
aecia/athoue aaee/eio ao?ao /a?ac oeae caci?. Aeyaeaii, ui ia ae?eyioe?
i?ae eaia?aie iaai?oaiiy oa aniieooaaiiy, i?ae ae??th ia?aiaaeo oeneo
a?ae wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy ?? wmetafile8?
??[??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  ?

???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy@

??[?? ???&? ?MathType?? 
???u?????????»????-??????U????¤????O????e???uA
y??????aea, wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy ?? wmetafile8?
??I???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyyA????? ???&? ?MathType??
wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy ?? wmetafile8?
??‰???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  A???&??yyyy?????AyyyP??????p?? ???&?
?MathType??`????uAy?????? wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????AyyyP???A???? ???&?
?MathType??0????uAy?????? wmetafile8? ?? wmetafile8?
??Aiae?c ae?aco aeey aecia/aiiy ia’?io ??aeeie, ui ia?ao?ea?
?aae?aeueiei caci?ii ca aeuaiaaaaeaiith oi?ioeith iieacaa, ui ??cea
iaae?iiy aaee/eie ao?ao a?aeaoaa?oueny aaea ia eoo? wmetafile8?
??a???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ` ???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyya???? ???&?
?MathType??p????uAy??????Iaaaaeaiee ae?ac (1) aea? iiaeeea?noue c
o?aooaaiiyi aeanoeainoae ?iai/i? ??aeeie aecia/eoe oa?aeoa? ci?ie oeneo
a ia?ao?aei?e cii? i?ae eaia?aie iaai?oaiiy oa aniieooaaiiy. Oene a
caiaaeei? ii/ia ca?eueooaaoeny c iiiaioo ?? aa?iaoecaoe?? a?ae ciie
iecueeiai oeneo, oiaoi c iiiaioo ia?ae?eooy e?iiee ioai?o aniieooaaiiy
aa?oeiith coaa ?ioi?a.

C o?aooaaiiyi oiai, ui ?iai/a ??aeeia iiaea noeneaoeny oaeaee?noue ci?ie
oeneo a caiaaeei? aecia/a?oueny e?euee?noth ??aeeie, yea iaae?eaea aei
ia? /a?ac ?aae?aeueiee caci? i?ae aa?oeiaie coaoe?a oa no?ieaie
eieiaeyc?a ei?iono:

wmetafile8? ??»???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a@
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy? ??›?? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-?????0@????0O???0W???0#???uA
y??????aea wmetafile8? ??±????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy@????? ???&?
?MathType?? ????uAy?????? wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@A???&??yyyy?????AyyyP?????? wmetafile8? ??
wmetafile8? ???ioaa?oaaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiiai ??aiyiiy (2) i?e
ii/aoeiaeo oiiaao wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 @???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???wmetafile8? ??9???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `
4???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya3???? ???&?
?MathType??P???uyE????aea E=0,9 — eiao?oe??io, yeee a?aoiao? aieea
ia’?io ??aeeie, ui ia?aiineoueny oanoa?iyie c eaia?e aniieooaaiiy aei
eaia?e iaai?oaiiy ca ?aooiie iaeeiaiiy iieaeoe ??aeeie ia aa?oeie
coaoe?a oanoa?aiue;

wmetafile8? ??a????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a
???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyya????? ???&?
?MathType??0????uAy?????? wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@A???&??yyyy?????AyyyP?????? wmetafile8? ??
wmetafile8? ?? wmetafile8? ??Aiae?c caeaaeiino? (3) aeicaieea
aecia/eoe nooi?iue aieeao aaee/eie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o ? eiai oi?ie
(yea aecia/a?oueny aenoeaio?eneoaoii ?icoaooaaiiy oanoa?aiue o eieiaeyc?
ei?iono) ia aaee/eio ? iai?yiie ae?? ?acoeueooth/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy
oanoa?aiue.

Aecia/aiiy aaee/eie ??aiiae?th/i? neee iaaaioaaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
?iciiae?eo oeneo ca caeaaei?noth (3) iieacaei, ui iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
oanoa?i? caeaaeeoue a?ae aaee/eie ? oi?ie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o,
ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?ioeano ianina oa aeanoeainoae ?iai/i? ??aeeie. I?e
oeueiio aaee/eia ?acoeueooth/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aaaeai?e oanoa?i?
iiaea ia?aa?eueooaaoe iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aaaeo/?e o 1,1-1,6 ?ace.

Iaei??th c iaea?eueoeo ia?aaaa ?ic?iaeaiiai niiniao ?aiiioo ianin?a IO-O
? ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue ia oanoa?iyo, ca ?aooiie ci?uaiiy aocea
ea/aiiy ia iaai? a?aenoai? o a?aeiia?aeieo iai?yieao, ui aei ?a/?
neeaaea? nooi?noue aeiaoiaeo (io?eiaii iiceoeaia ??oaiiy). Aaee/eie ?
iai?yiee ci?uaiiy eiaeii? oanoa?i? aea?ai? oae, ui oi?ia ?aae?aeueiiai
caci?o i?ae no?ieaie ei?iono ? aa?oeiaie coaoe?a aeey eiaeii? oano??i?
naiy, /ei ? caaacia/o?oueny ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue. A?eueo oiai,
i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe??, a?ae?aiiioiaaiiai ca cai?iiiiiaaiith
oaoiieia??th ianina, ??cieoey i?ae iaaaioaaeaiiyie ia ca?eueoo?oueny, ui
? oa?aeoa?iith a?aeciaeith ?ic?iaeaiiai niiniao a?ae ?ioeo (a oiio /ene?
o ii??aiyii? c iiaei ianinii).

Ia ?en.1 iaaaaeaia ?ic?aooieiaa noaia, yea aeicaiey? i?iaiae?coaaoe
iiaeeea? iieiaeaiiy eiaeii? c oanoa?aiue, ? ca aeiiiiiaith yei? aoei
aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? “oi/ee eiioaeoo” oanoa?aiue c no?ieaie eieiaeyc?a
ei?iono.

Iniiaieie e?eoa??yie aeai?o iioeiaeueieo “oi/ie eiioaeoo” aaaeo/i? oa
aaaeaii? oanoa?aiue aoee ianooii? oaoi?/i? ia?aiao?e: ii-ia?oa —
ciaioaiiy ? ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue; ii-ae?oaa — caa?aaeaiiy eoo?a
ae?? ?acoeueooth/eo iaaaioaaeaiue, ye? a caaacia/oaaee iaae?eia
i?eoeneaiiy oanoa?aiue aei no?iie eieiaeyc?a ei?iono ia ?ioa?aae? ci?ie
aaee/eie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o a?ae 0,1 ii aei 0,25 ii.

Ca?aeii c iaaaaeaieie ia ?en. 2 oa ?en. 3 oai?aoe/ieie caeaaeiinoyie
iioeiaeueieie oi/eaie ?: oi/ea “13” aeey aaaeaii? oanoa?i? oa oi/ea “19”
— aeey aaaeo/i? oano??i?. ?ici?uaiiy oanoa?aiue o aecia/aieo oi/eao
aeicaiey? ae??aiyoe iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aaaeai?e oa aaaeo/?e oanoa?iyo
(??cieoey iaaaioaaeaiue ia ia?aa?eueoo? 5…10%) oa cieceoe
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aaaeai?e oano??i? ia 20% o ii??aiyii? c ?nioth/ei
iaoiaeii ci?uaiiy aocea ea/aiiy, ui aeicaiey?:

— ca?eueoeoe EII ianina ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie /a?ac
caci?e o ??cieo ni?yaeaieo;

— ca?eueoeoe i?ae?aiiioiee ?ano?n a?ae?aiiioiaaiiai ianina aei 80% a?ae
?ano?no iiaiai.

?icae?e 4. “?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue”. C iaoith
aecia/aiiy ae?enii? aaee/eie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o aoei i?iaaaeaii
i?e?iiao?aae iiaa?oiiue aeaoaeae, ye? a?aeiia?aeaeuei? ca ooai?aiiy
oeueiai caci?o. Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo iieacaea,
ui a ciioaieo ianinao aeaii? eiino?oeoeaii? noaie aaee/eia ?aae?aeueiiai
caci?o cae/aeii ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao wmetafile8? ??D???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyyA????? ???&?
?MathType?? ????uAy??????Aenia?eiaioaeueia aecia/aiiy e?eueeino?
?iai/i? ??aeeie, ui ia?ao?ea? ?aae?aeueiei caci?ii i?ae aa?oeiaie
coaoe?a oa no?ieaie eieiaeyc?a ei?iono, i?aeoaa?aeeei oai?aoe/i?
?ic?aooiee uiaei ae??oaeueiiai aieeao aaee/eie ? oi?ie oeueiai caci?o ia
ia’?i ao?ao c eaia?e iaai?oaiiy. Oae ca?eueoaiiy aaee/eie
aenoeaio?eneoaoo i?eaiaeeoue aei ??ceiai ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io ao?ao
?iai/i? ??aeeie i?e an?o cia/aiiyo aaee/eie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o, ui
iaeaaeaoue ?ioa?aaeo 0,10- 0,25 ii. A?eueo oiai ia’?i ?iai/i? ??aeeie
/a?ac ?aae?aeueiee caci? cia/ii ci?ith?oueny, yeui aaee/eia
aenoeaio?eneoaoo ii??aiyia c aaee/eiith ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o. Oei naiei
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oai?aoe/ii aecia/aia, i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aeia
aaee/eia eooa ou?eueiaiiy ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o eaaeeoue a iaaeao
wmetafile8? ??^???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a`
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??“?? ???&?
?MathType??°????uueK????Aeineoue iii?oia ??cieoey (a?eueoa 15%)
aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aieo aaee/ei ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie iaae
oai?aoe/ieie, i?e iaeeo aaee/eiao ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o, iiynith?oueny
iaaeeaeaiiyie ciiaeaeueiaaiiai i?ioeano ia?ao?eaiiy ??aeeie o
?ic?iaeaiiio i?eno?i?. Oae o oi?ioe? (1) aeiaeaiie wmetafile8?
??e??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA ???? ???&? ?MathType???
???u?????????»????-??????i????ae???uAy??????Aiae?c
oa?aeoa?o ?iciiae?eo oeneo a ?aae?aeueiiio caci?? ia?ao?aeii? ciie i?ae
eaia?aie iaai?oaiiy oa aniieooaaiiy, i?iaaaeaiee ia aac? ianina IO32-O,
aeicaieea ia?aa??eoe iniiai? oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee i?i oa?aeoa? ci?ie
oeneo a oe?e cii?. Ni?anoaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa
?ic?aooieiaeo aeaieo iieacaei, ui iaeneiaeueia ??cieoey i?ae oai?aoe/ii
?ic?aoiaaieie aaee/eiaie oa aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiaieie ?acoeueoaoaie
ia ia?aa?eueoo? 10%. A?eueo oiai, ?ic?iaeaia oai?aoe/ii iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue ci?ie oeneo, aeicaiey? oaeaeei, c aenieei nooiaiai oi/iino?
(iioeaea noaiiaeoue iaioa 10%), aecia/eoe ye aaee/eio ?acoeueooth/iai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia?ao?aeii? ciie oa eooa eiai ae??, oae ? aaee/eio oa eoo
ae?? caaaeueiiai ?acoeueooth/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?ie
aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a ni?yaeaieo aeaoaeae (aaee/ei caci??a) oa
aeanoeainoae ?iai/i? ??aeeie. ?? canoinoaaiiy cia/ii nei?i/o? ?ic?aooiee
iia’ycai? ia o?eueee c aeai?ii iioeiaeueiiai niiniao ?aiiioo ianina, a e
iaaeathoue ciiao i?iaanoe iiaiee oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ?iai/iai i?ioeano
oanoa?aiieo ianin?a aoaeue-yeeo oei?a.

Anoaiiaeaii aecia/aeueiee aieea aaee/eie ? oi?ie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o ia
aaee/eio caaaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aeoeiiee?a ? ia?aa??aia
iiaeeea?noue ?icaaioaaeaiiy inoaii?o ca ?aooiie ci?ie aca?iiiai
iieiaeaiiy oanoa?aiue ii a?aeiioaiith aei eieiaeyc?a ei?iono. Oae a
aaciaiio ianin? IO32-O i?e oeneao 14…20 IIa niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia
i?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e i?aeoeiiee?a eiacaiiy, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
iayai?noue iai?anooiai oa?oy oa iiaea i?eaanoe aei noiiethaaiiy oa
caeeeithaaiiy i?aeoeiiee?a ianina. Ciaioaiiy ieoiieo iaaaioaaeaiue
i?aeoeiiee?a cia/ii ca?eueoo? ye ?o ?ano?n, oae ? ?ano?n ianina a
oe?eiio. E??i oiai ciaioo?oueny aaee/eia caaaeueieo ao?ao /a?ac iniiai?
ni?yaeaiiy, ca ?aooiie aeeeth/aiiy ia?aeiooaaiiy aocea ea/aiiy, /ei
cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny iaae?ei?noue ?iaioe oa EII ianina.

Ni?anoaaeaiiy aaee/ei aeaoi?iaoe?e ei?ion?a, ?icoi/aieo ca ??cieie
oaoiieia?yie, c aaciaei (aeea. ?en. 4) aeaei ciiao ia?aeiiaoeny a oiio,
ui ?icoi/oaaiiy eieiaeyc?a ei?iono ia ii anueiio ia?eiao?o, a eeoa ii
eiai /anoei? a cii? ou?eueiaiiy ia? e?auee ?acoeueoao. I?e oeueiio ne?ae
caoaaaeeoe, ui eiino?oeoeaii ei?ione ianin?a IO-O aeeiiai? oaeei /eiii,
ui iaea?eueoa aeaoi?iaoe?y niinoa??aa?oueny a cii? ?icoaooaaiiy
ia?aaei?o aooeie.

Ae?enii aiae?c iaaaaeaieo ia ?en. 4 ii??aiyeueieo a?ao?/ieo caeaaeiinoae
aaee/ei aeaoi?iaoe?e eieiaeyc?a ei?ion?a, a?aeiiaeaieo ca ??cieie
oaoiieia?yie na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui:

— ei?ione a?aeiiaeai? ?icoi/oaaiiyi ia ie?aieo ae?eyieao, iaiaaeaieo
eooii 500 ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th, iathoue aaee/eie aeaoi?iaoe?e,
ye? ii??aiyi? c aaee/eiaie aeaoi?iaoe?e iiaiai ei?iono;

— i?e oeueiio, ?icoi/oaaiiy ei?ion?a ii anueiio ia?eiao?o, eieiaeyc?a
i?ecaiaeeoue aei iii?oiiai ca?eueoaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?e no?iie ia o?eueee a
cii? ?icoaooaaiiy ia?aaei?o ?ooiieo aooeie, a e o cii? ?icoaooaaiiy
oanoa?aiue;

— caa?aaeaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?eii? no?eeino? ?icoi/aieo ei?ion?a aeicaiey?
caa?aaoe i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aei? aaee/eie caci??a o ni?yaeaiiyo “aa?oeie
coaoe?a — ei?ion” oa “ei?ion — aooeee”, ? oei naiei aeeeth/eoe
iiaeeea?noue ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie ? ciaioaiiy EII
ianina, yea ia? i?noea a ?ac? ?icoi/oaaiiy ei?ion?a ii anueiio
ia?eiao?o.

I?iaaaeai? noaiaeia? i?enei?ai? ?ano?ni? aei?iaoaaiiy ca iaoiaeeeith
caaiaeo-aeaioiaethaa/a iieacaee, ui:

1. Ii??aiyiiy aaee/ei ciin?a iiaa?oiiue aeaoaeae ianina,
a?ae?aiiioiaaiiai ca cai?iiiiiaaiith oaoiieia??th, aeyaeei ae??aithaaiiy
ciin?a iaeii?iaiieo iiaa?oiiue aaaeo/i? oa aaaeaii? oanoa?aiue. I?e
oeueiio aaee/eie ciin?a oeeo iiaa?oiiue o ianin?, yeee aoei
a?ae?aiiioiaaii ca ?nioth/ith oaoiieia??th ?icoi/oaaiiy eieiaeyc?a ii
anueiio ia?eiao?o oa ci?uaiiy aocea ea/aiiy a a?e eaia?e aniieooaaiiy,
a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith a 1,2-1,5 ?ace (a?eueoa cia/aiiy
a?aeiineoueny aei ciin?a iiaa?oiiue aaaeaii? oano??i?).

2. Canoinoaaiiy i?e ?aiiio? ianin?a cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia??
?icoi/oaaiiy ie?aieo ae?eyiie oa ci?uaiiy oanoa?aiue a iioeiaeueieo
iai?yieao aeicaiey? cieceoe aaee/eie ciin?a ni?yaeaieo iiaa?oiiue
aeaoaeae, ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue, ye? ae?thoue ia ieo c aieo
?iai/i? ??aeeie.

3. Ianine, a?ae?aiiioiaai? ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th ia?aae
noaiaeiaeie i?enei?aieie aei?iaoaaiiyie iieacaee EII o iaaeao
0,90…0,92, ui a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai ia eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio ianin?a
aeaiiai oeio. I?ney cae?i/aiiy aei?iaoaaiue EII a?ae?aiiioiaaieo ianin?a
aoei cao?eniaaii a iaaeao 0,82…0,86, ui aiai?eoue i?i aenieo
aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia?? ?aiiioo.

4. Aeia??/a eiia??i?noue aei???a ia ia?aa?eueooaaea, ye i?aaeei
wmetafile8? ??I????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA??P?? ???&?
?MathType??P????uAy???????icae?e 5. “Oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean ?aiiioo
ianin?a. Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia??”. Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiiai noaio oanoa?aiieo
ianin?a IO-O aoei cai?iiiiiaaii oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean, yeee aeicaieya
a?eueo aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? aeaoaeae
ianina. Ca cai?iiiiiaaiei oaoiieia?/iei i?ioeanii a?aeiiaeaiith
i?aeeyaaee aeaoae? ianina:

— ei?ion — ?icoi/oaaiiyi aei aeaeaeaiiy ne?ae?a ciino ia ie?aieo
ae?eyieao iaiaaeaieo eooii 500 o aecia/aieo a ?iaio? iai?yieao;

— oano??i? — oe?ooaaiiyi i?ae iaaiee ?aiiioiee ?ici?? ca o?ueiia
?iai/eie iiaa?oiyie.

— aooeee — a?aeeeaaiiyi c iaoa??aeo noa?eo aooeie ?c ci?uaiiyi ioai?o
i?ae oeaioe oanoa?aiue oa ci?iith ?ici???a iiaa?oiiue ni?yaeaieo c
ei?ionii oa oanoa?iyie.

AENIIAEE

1. Aea/aiiy ni?aoeueiaaiiai noaio aeaoaeae ianina iieacaei:

— iaeaea an? aeaoae? ianina iathoue ia??aiii??iee oa?aeoa? ciin?a, yeee
a iniiaiiio iaoiiaeth?oueny a?aeiia?aeiei oa?aeoa?ii iaaaioaaeaiiy oeeo
aeaoaeae;

— aaee/eie ciin?a iiaa?oiiue aaaeaii? oano??i? oa ni?yaeaieo c iath
iiaa?oiiue aooeie oa ei?iono a 1,2-1,5 ?ac?a a?eueo? ca ciine iiaa?oiiue
aaaeo/i? oano??i? oa iiaa?oiiue ni?yaeaieo c iath aeaoaeae.

2. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee io?eiaoe aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?
aeey:

— aecia/aiiy ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie /a?ac ?aae?aeueiee caci? i?ae
aa?oeiaie coaoe?a oa no?ieaie eieiaeyc?a ei?iono;

— aecia/aiiy i?i?iaeueii-iaiao?aeiiai eooa ou?eueiaiiy ?aae?aeueiiai
caci?o, i?e yeiio a?aeaoaa?oueny cia/ia nei?i/aiiy ia’?io ??aeeie, ui
ia?ao?ea? c eaia?e iaai?oaiiy aei eaia?e aniieooaaiiy;

— aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o ?iciiae?eo oeneo a ia?ao?aei?e cii? i?ae eaia?aie
iaai?oaiiy oa aniieooaaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeanoeainoae ?iai/i?
??aeeie, eiino?oeoeaieo iniaeeainoae ianina oa ?aaeei?a eiai ?iaioe;

Aiae?c i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieea aecia/eoe
iioeiaeuei? iieiaeaiiy oanoa?aiue a eieiaeycyo ei?iono i?e ?aiiio?, i?e
yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icaaioaaeaiiy i?aeoeiiee?a aaaeaii? oano??i? oa
ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue ia iaio oanoa?iyo.

3. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aiee oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo oeneo, ui ae?? ia
oano??ith, a caeaaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie ?aae?aeueiiai caci?o, aeaa ciiao
ioe?ieoe aieea aaee/eie ? oi?ie oeueiai caci?o ia aaee/eio ? iai?yiie
ae?? ?acoeueooth/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aeoeiiee?a aaaeo/i? oa aaaeaii?
oanoa?aiue ianina. Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?iaeeeaoi?ieo ae?aa?ai ianina, yeee
a?ae?aiiioiaaii ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th, aeyaea ciaioaiiy aaee/ei
iaaaioaaeaiue i?aeoeiiee?a aaaeaii? oano??i? ia 15…20%.

4. Aecia/aiiy aaee/ei aeaoi?iaoe?e no?iie, ?icoi/aiiai ca ?ic?iaeaiith
oaoiieia??th ei?iono, iieacaei aenieo no?ee?noue inoaiiueiai
?icoeneath/ei coneeeyi c aieo ?iai/i? ??aeeie. Oae aaee/eie aeaoi?iaoe?e
?icoi/aiiai ca cai?iiiiiaaiith oaoiieia??th ei?iono ia 20…25% iaio?
i?ae ca ?nioth/ith, ? ii??aiyi? ?c aaee/eiaie aeaoi?iaoe?e iiaiai
ei?iono.

5. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo noaiaeiaeo oa ?ano?nieo aei?iaoaaiue
iieacaee, ui ?ano?n a?ae?aiiioiaaieo, ca ?ic?iaeaiith oaoiieia??th,
ianin?a a?eueoee ca ?ano?n ianin?a, a?ae?aiiioiaaieo ca aaciaith
oaoiieia??th ia 15…20%.

6. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue cai?iiiiiaaia ?ano?nicaa??aath/a
oaoiieia?y ?aiiioo ianin?a IO-O (ia i?eeeaae? ianina IO32-O) oeyoii
?icoi/oaaiiy eieiaeyc?a ei?ion?a ia ie?aieo ae?eyieao iaiaaeaieo eooii
500 oa ci?uaiiy ia?aoe?oiaaieo i?ae ?aiiioiee ?ici?? oanoa?aiue o
aecia/aieo a ?iaio? iai?yieao.

7. Cai?iiiiiaaia oaoiieia?y ?aiiioo ianin?a ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia ?aiiioieo i?aei?e?inoaao, ye? caeiathoueny
oeaio?ae?ciaaiei ?aiiioii ianin?a. ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaea? ia
iaioa 388000 a?i i?e ??/i?e i?ia?ai? 10000 ianin?a.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O, ssE? AENA?OETHTHOUe INIIAI?

IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??

1. Iaaiiaoeue N.I. Ia?aaeoiiae ?aiiioo ianin?a IO iaoiaeii ciaioaieo
?aiiioieo ?ici???a // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue E??iaia?aaenueeiai
?inoeoooo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. – E??iaia?aae:
E?NI. — 1997, Aeione ?1. — N.73-75.

2. Eoe?oeia TH.A., *a?iiaie I.?., Iaaiiaoeue N.I., Iiiiaeoeueeee A.E.
Eeaneo?eaoe?y niinia?a ?aiiioo ianin?a IO // I?iaeaie eiino?othaaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oaoi?ee. –
E??iaia?aae: E?NI. — 1997. — N.226-232 (eeaneo?eaoe?y; aeiey caeiaoaa/a
— 40%).

3. Eoe?oeia TH.A., Iaaiiaoeue N.I., Iaaiiaoeue I.N. Ci?ia aoaeoeaiino?
aeoeneaiiy ?iai/i? ??aeeie i?e a?aeiiaeaii? ianin?a oeio IO i?ae
ciaioaiee ?aiiioiee ?ici?? // Oaoi?ea a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa?, aaeocaaa iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, aaoiiaoecaoe?y. – E??iaia?aae:
E?NI. — 1998. — N.151-158 (aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?; aeiey caeiaoaa/a —
50%).

4. Eoe?oeia TH.A., Iaaiiaoeue N.I. Aecia/aiiy ia’?io ao?ao ?iai/i?
??aeeie /a?ac ?aae?aeueiee caci? i?ae aa?o?aeaie coaoe?a oanoa?aiue oa
no?ieaie ei?iono o oanoa?aiieo ianinao oeio IO-O // I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee. — ?110 (177) – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: 1998. — N. 41-46
(noaii? oa eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy i?eno?ith; aeiey caeiaoaa/a — 75%).

5. Iaaiiaoeue N.I., Eoe?oeia TH.A. Aecia/aiiy aeaoi?iaoe?e ei?ion?a
ianin?a IO32-O a?aeiiaeaieo iaoiaeii ciaioaieo ?aiiioieo ?ici???a //
O?oaeu Oaa?e/aneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aa?ioaoie/aneie aeaaeaiee. —
Auione 2. — Oii 7. — Iaeeoiiieue: 1999. – N. 69-75 (aenia?eiaioaeuei?
?acoeueoaoe; aeiey caeiaoaa/a — 80%).

6. Eoe?oeia TH.A., *a?iiaie I.?., Iaaiiaoeue N.I, Iaaiiaoeue I.N.
Oai?aoe/ia aecia/aiiy ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie /a?ac ?aae?aeueiee caci? o
oanoa?aiiiio ianin? oeio IO // Oaoi?ea a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa?, aaeocaaa iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, aaoiiaoecaoe?y. — Aeione 5. –
E??iaia?aae: EAeOO. — 1999. — N. 139 — 142 (aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?;
aeiey caeiaoaa/a — 45%).

7. Eoe?oeia TH.A., *a?iiaie I.?., Iaaiiaoeue N.I., Iaaiiaoeue I.N.
Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeaino? a?aeiiaeaiiy oanoa?aiieo ianin?a
oeio IO iaoiaeii ciaioaieo ?aiiioieo ?ici???a // Oaoi?ea a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?, aaeocaaa iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy,
aaoiiaoecaoe?y. — Aeione 5. — E??iaia?aae, EAeOO. — 1999. — N.133 — 136
(aeiey caeiaoaa/a — 40%).

AIIOAOe?ss

Iaaiiaoeue N.I. Oaoiieia?y ?aiiioo ianin?a oeio IO-O aaeineiiaeaiiyi
iaoiaeo ciaioaieo ?aiiioieo ?ici???a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.05.11 — N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie,
E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, E??iaia?aae, 1999
?.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy ?aiiioo ianin?a IO
iaoiaeii ciaioaieo ?aiiioieo ?ici???a. Iniiaiith iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue
aoei i?aeaeuaiiy aeiaaia?/iino? a?ae?aiiioiaaieo iaoiaeii ciaioaieo
?aiiioieo ?ici???a ianin?a. Iinoaaeaia iaoa aoea aeinyaiooa caaaeyee
aeeaieiio oai?aoe/iiio aeine?aeaeaiith iniiaieo i?ioean?a ciiooaaiiy,
ao?ao ?iai/i? ??aeeie /a?ac caci?e a ni?yaeaiiyo aeaoaeae ianina oa
aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o ?iciiae?eaiiy oeneo ii ia?eiao?o oano??i? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ?? eooa iiai?ioo. ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei iieeaaeaii a iniiao ?ic?iaeaiiai
iiaiai, a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai niiniao ?aiiioo ianin?a iaoiaeii ciaioaieo
?aiiioieo ?ici???a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oanoa?aiiee ianin, ?aae?aeueiee caci?, aa?oeie coaoe?a
oanoa?aiue, eieiaeycue ei?iono, aaee/eia ciino, ia’?i ao?ao, eoo
ou?eueiaiiy, aeaoi?iaoe?y eieiaeyc?a, ?aiiioiee ?ici??.

SUMMARY

Magopets S.A. The technology of repair of IO-O type pumps by the method
of reduced repair sizes. — Manuscript.

Thesis for getting a scientific degree of the candidate of engineering
sciences on the speciality 05.05.11 — Agricultural machines, Kirovograd
State Technical University, Eirovograd, 1999.

The problem of repair improvement of IO pumps by the method of reduced
repair sizes is considered in the thesis. The main purpose of the
researche was to increase the durability of pumps repaired by the method
reduced of repair sizes. The object in view was reached due to a deep
theoretical research of main wear processes, losses of working liquid
through clearances in interfaces of the pump parts and determination of
a character of pressure distribution on a perimeter of a gear depending
on an angle of turn. The outcomes of theoretical and experimental
researches were assigned on the basis of the developed new and more
effective method of repairing pumps by the method of reduced repair
sizes.

Key words: gearing pumps, radial clearance, tooths of gear, corps of
well, size of wear, volume loss, condensation angle, well deformation,
repair size.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iaaiiaoe N.A. Oaoiieiaey ?aiiioa ianinia oeia IO-O niaa?oainoaiaaieai
iaoiaea oiaiueoaiiuo ?aiiioiuo ?acia?ia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.05.11 — Naeueneioicyenoaaiiua iaoeiu,
Ee?iaia?aaeneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Ee?iaia?aae,
1999 a.

Iainiiaaia aeooaeueiinoue ?aaiou, ninoiyiea aii?ina, oeaeue e caaea/e
enneaaeiaaiee. I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec niiniaia ?aiiioa oanoa?aiiuo ianinia
iieacae iaeoth yooaeoeaiinoue io eo eniieueciaaiey, /oi iiyniyaony
iaiieiui eniieueciaaieai iioaioeeaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae, caeiaeaiiuo a
aeaoaee i?e ecaioiaeaiee.

Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo oai?aoe/aneea e yenia?eiaioaeueiua
enneaaeiaaiey iauaia ooa/ae ?aai/ae aeeaeeinoe /a?ac ?aaeeaeueiue caci?
iaaeaeo aa?oeiaie coaueaa oanoa?ai e noaieaie eieiaeoeaa ei?iona ianina.
Ooi/iaia oai?aoe/aneay caaeneiinoue, ii?aaeaeythuay iauai aeeaeeinoe,
eioi?ue ia?aoaeaao /a?ac ?aaeeaeueiue caci?. Oai?aoe/anee ii?aaeaeai
ieieiaeueii iaiaoiaeeiue oaie ia?aoiaeiie ciiu iaania/eaathuee
iaaeaaeiia oieioiaiea ?aaeeaeueiiai caci?a. Iieo/aia oai?aoe/aneay
caaeneiinoue eciaiaiey aeaaeaiey a ia?aoiaeiie ciia iaaeaeo eaia?aie
iaaiaoaiey e ananuaaiey. Ii?aaeaeaii ia?ainoaiaiiia cia/aiea aaee/eiu e
oi?iu ?aaeeaeueiiai caci?a ia aaee/eio e oaie aeaenoaey iauae
?acoeueoe?othuae iaa?ocee ?ioi?ia ianina. Iooai iioeiecaoeey ii?aaeaeaiu
iioeiaeueiua iieiaeaiey aaaeouae e aaaeiiie oanoa?ai a eieiaeoeao
ei?iono, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai i?ienoiaeeo nieaeaiea aaee/eiu
?acoeueoe?othuae iaa?ocee aaaeiiie oanoa?ie e aa au?aaieaaiea n
iaa?oceie ia aaaeouae oanoa?ia. Neiino?oe?iaaiiia i?eniiniaeaiea
iicaieeei yenia?eiaioaeueii iiaeoaa?aeeoue ?acoeueoaou oai?aoe/aneeo
?an/aoia i ia?ainoaiaiiii aeeyiee aaee/eiu e oi?iu ?aaeeaeueiiai caci?a
iaaeaeo aa?oeiaie coaueaa oanoa?ai e noaieaie eieiaeoeaa ei?iona ia
eiee/anoai aeeaeeinoe, eioi?ay ia?aoaeaao yoei caci?ii.
Yenia?eiaioaeueii iieo/aiiua aaee/eiu aeaoi?iaoeee noaiie eieiaeoeaa
ei?iona, ?anoi/aiiiai ia ioaeaeueiuo o/anoeao ia?aie/aiiuo oaeii 500,
n?aaieiu n aaee/eiaie aeaoi?iaoeee iiaiai ei?iona e naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i
nio?aiaiee aeaoi?iaoeeiiiie noieeinoe ainnoaiiaeaiiiai ei?iona.
?acoeueoaou onei?aiiuo noaiaeiauo ?ano?niuo eniuoaiee, i?iaaaeaiiuo ia
IAI “Aeae?ineea” (a. Ee?iaia?aae), naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i nieaeaiee
aaee/ei eciinia iiaa?oiinoae aeaoaeae, eioi?ua iaiin?aaenoaaiii aeeytho
ia aaee/eio ?aaeeaeueiiai caci?a.

?ac?aaioai oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann ?aiiioa oanoa?aiiuo ianinia IO32-O e
i?eaaaeaiu oai?aoe/aneea aeaiiua i oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe
io aiaae?aiey ?ac?aaioaiiie oaoiieiaee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oanoa?aiiue ianin, ?aaeeaeueiue caci?, aa?oeiu coaueaa
oanoa?ai, eieiaeoeu ei?iona, aaee/eia eciina, iauai iioa?ue, oaie
oieioiaiey, aeaoi?iaoeey eieiaeoeaa, ?aiiioiue ?acia?.

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