OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE

OI?AA?NEOAO ?AAe?IAEAEO?II?EE

EA?*AIEI E?IA A?EOI??AIA

OAeE 681.32; 681.586

NO?OEOO?IEE NEIOAC OOIEOe?IIAEUeII — I???IOIAAIEO

I?ENO?I?A C *ENEI?IIOEUeNIEI EIAeOAAIIssI

05. 13. 12 — nenoaie aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?iaeooaaiiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio

oi?aa?neoao? ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eiaiaea A?oae?e Aaa?eeiae/

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e AIIO .

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Caaa??e Aaiiaae?e ?aaiiae/

Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo, caa.
eaoaae?ith i?e?ii?ioeani?ieo

?ioi?iaoe?eii — oi?aaeyth/eo nenoai;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aonyo?i Aieiaeeie? Ieoaeeiae/

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e AII .

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Oa?e?anueeee a?enueeiaee oi?aa?neoao

(eaoaae?a ia/enethaaeueieo nenoai oa ia?aae) ,

Iiiinoa?noai Iai?iie Oe?a?ie .

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny —————-1998 ?. i —— aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64. 052. 02 a
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee ca aae?anith: 310726, i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia, 14.
FAX : (0572) 40 — 91 — 13.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee, i. Oa?e?a, i?.
Eai?ia, 14.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «___» « » 1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Aacei?iaaeiee A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ooieoe?iiaeueii — i???ioiaai? i?eno?i? (OII) c
/enei?iioeueniei eiaeoaaiiyi aeei?enoiaothoueny a aaaaoueio aaeocyo
iaoee ? oaoi?ee. Aeey ieo caaaeueiith aeiiaith ? caeaoi?noue
ia/enethaaoe oa a?aeoai?thaaoe c caaeaiith iioeaeith ooieoe?? c
/enei?iioeueniith oi?iith cia?aaeaiiy a?aoiaioo.

Iaea?eueoiai ?icaeoeo a inoaii?e /an caciathoue OII oeueiai eeano o
a?eueoino? ia/enethaaeueieo, aei??thaaeueieo, oi?aaeyth/eo ? ?ioeo
aaoiiaoe/ieo nenoai, aea aiie ? iniiaiei caniaii iae?i?eii? ia?iaee
?ioi?iaoe??, cia?aaeai?e a ?iioeueni?e oi?i?, a o ?yae? aeiaaee?a
aenooiathoue o ?ie? ia?eoa??eieo i?ioeani??a — ooieoe?iiaeueieo
?icoe?thaa/?a aenieiaoaeoeaieo ia/enethaaeueieo nenoai.

I?ioean i?iaeooaaiiy oeeo i?eno?i?a o?aaeeoe?eii i???ioiaaiee ia
aeyaeaiiy aeanoeainoae ia/enethaaeueieo oa a?aeoai?thaaieo ooieoe?e c
iiaeaeueoei ?o aeei?enoaiiyi i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoaiaoe/ieo, iia?aoi?ieo oa
no?oeoo?ii — ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae OII.

Aiae?c noaio i?iaeaie na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui a?eueo?noue ?nioth/eo
iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ia caaacia/othoue iioeiaeueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy OII
c oi/ee ci?o iioeaee oa /ano ia/eneaiiy (a?aeoai?aiiy) ooieoe?e. O? ae c
ieo, ye? caaacia/othoue oaea ooieoe?iioaaiiy, aocueeiniaoe?ae?ciaai? ?
ia iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e a?aeoai?ai? ooieoe?e ?ioiai aeaeyaeo.

Inoaii? ia aeicaiey? i?e ?ic?iaoe? iia?aoi?ieo oa no?oeoo?ii —
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae OII aeei?enoiaoaaoe aocee oa aeiee iaeiiai
oeio, c iaoith ?o oi?o?eaoe??.

Ca’ycie oaie aeena?oaoe?? c ieaiii iniiaieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.
Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiai — oaoi?/ieo
?ia?o OOO?A a ?aieao aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie «?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/iiai
caaacia/aiiy oa i?ia?aiii — aia?aoieo cania?a nenoai eiio?ieth ?
oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/eie oa oaoiieia?/ieie i?ioeanaie», ui ? /anoeiith
i?ia?aie 40 I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie «Iaoiaee iiaoaeiae oa noai?aiiy
eiii’thoa?eciaaieo nenoai ? oaoiieia?e», a oaeiae a ?aieao oaie N 97 —
36 «Nenoaia cai?o, iia?aoeaii? ia?iaee oa aiae?co ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i noai
cania?a iacaiiiai aaoiiaoeciaaiiai eiiieaeno oi?aae?iiy eini?/ieie
aia?aoaie

Iaoa ?iaioe — ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy NAI? OII c
/enei?iioeueniei eiaeoaaiiyi, yea caaacia/o? ?o iioeiaeueia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy c oi/ee ci?o /ano oa iioeaee ia/eneaiiy nooi?i/anoeo
ooieoe?e aecia/aiiai eeano oa oaoi?/ieo cania?a, ui ?o ?aae?cothoue.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa ?iaioe iaoiiaeea oae? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

?ic?iaea iaoiaeo ia/eneaiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy nooi?i/anoeo ooieoe?e
iaeiiai eeano c /enei?iioeueniith oi?iith cia?aaeaiiy a?aoiaioo,
iioeiaeueiiai c oi/ee ci?o /ano oa iioeaee ?o ia/eneaiiy;

?ic?iaea aeai?eoi?a ae?iaee i?e?ino?a a?aeoai?thaaieo ooieoe?e
nooi?i/anoei iaoiaeii;

?ic?iaea iia?aoi?ieo iiaeaeae OII oa aea?? oaoi?/ieo cania?a
a?aeiia?aeii aei ?o iia?aoi?ieo eiiiiiaio;

?ic?iaea no?oeoo?ii — ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeaeae OII oa ?iaeaia?ii?
iaoiaeeee ?o ?ic?aooieo;

ioe?iea iioeaie cai?iiiiiaaieo OII oa ?o /anoioieo iiaeeeainoae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. 1. Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiae a?aeoai?aiiy nooi?i/anoeo
ooieoe?e iaeiiai eeano c /enei?iioeueniith oi?iith cia?aaeaiiy
a?aoiaioo, yeee caaacia/o? iioeiaeuei?noue c oi/ee ci?o /ano oa iioeaee
?o a?aeoai?aiiy aeey oe?ei/eneiaeo cia/aiue a?aoiaioo.

2.Oaeineiiaaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? ae?ace, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue aca?iica’ycie
ia?aiao??a ooieoe?e, iioeaie oa oe?ei/eneiaeo cia/aiue a?aoiaioo, yeei
a?aeiia?aea? ii/aoie eiaeiiai no?aeoey ai?ieneioth/i? ooieoe??.
I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy iioeaie o ?aaeeiao ia/eneaiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy
ooieoe?e.

3. Aia?oa ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo a?aeoai?aiiy ooieoe?e ia
i?eeeaaeao ae?iaiai — ???aoe?iiaeueieo, ae?iaiai — ?aoe?iiaeueieo,
nooiaiaaeo oa a?ia?aie?/ieo ooieoe?e ?ic?iaeaii ?aeeiee aeai?eoi
ia/enethaaiiy ?o i?e?ino?a a oaoi?/ieo i?eno?iyo.

4.Oaeineiiaeaii iia?aoi?i? iiaeae? OII, ui ?aae?cothoue oe? ooieoe??, ?
i?iaaaeaii aea?? aeie?a oa aoce?a ?o iia?aoi?ieo eiiiiiaio.

5.Oaeineiiaeaii no?oeoo?ii — ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeae? OII. Iieacaii, ui a
ie?aiiio aeiaaeeo ae?iaiai — ?aoe?iiaeuei? OII caeaoi? aeeiioaaoe
ooieoe?? e?i?eii — nooi?i/anoeo ai?ieneiaoi??a, oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaieo
i?e ?ic?iaoe? eiio?ieueii — aei??thaaeueii? aia?aoo?e ??ciiai
i?ecia/aiiy.

6. Aia?oa ia aac? e?i?eii — nooi?i/anoiai ai?ieneiaoi?a neioaciaaii
i?eno?i?, ye? aeeiiothoue a?eoiaoe/i? ae?? iaae /anoioii — ?iioeuenieie
neaiaeaie iecueeiai oa ?io?aiecueeiai ae?aiacii?a /anoio, ?
aaaaoioaciaee aaia?aoi? ?iioeuen?a.

7. Iaaeaii ioe?iee iioeaie, ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ?ic?iaeaieo
OII oa ?o /anoioi? iiaeeeaino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui ?ic?iaeai? iiaeae?
aeicaieythoue aeey caaeaii? ooieoe?? oa iioeaee ?? a?aeoai?aiiy o
oe?ei/eneiaeo oi/eao a?aoiaioo aea?aoe iioeiaeueio no?oeoo?o OII c oi/ee
ci?o /ano a?aeoai?aiiy caaeaii? ooieoe?? i?e ii??aiyii i?ino?e oaoi?/i?e
?aae?caoe??.

?ic?iaeaii noaie i?eno?i?a, ye? iiaeooue ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy o ??cieo
aaeocyo iaoee oa oaoi?ee.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaii? ?iaioe
ai?iaaaeaeai? o i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy a — ae N 61723 c Oa?e?anueeei
caaiaeii aaoio?aeoi?ii? aeaeo?iaia?aoo?e i?e ?ic?iaoe? aaoiiaoeciaaii?
nenoaie eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a aeao/ee?a — ?iciiae?ethaa/?a caiaethaaiiy.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee, aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, aoee
aeei?enoai? i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee eo?no « Ooieoe?iiaeueii —
i???ioiaai? i?eno?i?» ia eaoaae?? AIIO Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee.

Iniaenoee aianie. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iaea?aeai? iniaenoi
aaoi?ii. A ?iaio? [1] ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? oa iia?aoi?i? iiaeae?
i?eno?i?a nooiaiaaeo OII c ae?iaiaeie iieacieeaie, iaea?aeaia oi?ioea
ni?eueiiai /eaia /eneiai? iine?aeiaiino?, a?aeiia?aeii? aoceai
ai?ieneiaoe?? a?aeoai?thaaieo ooieoe?e. A ?iaio? [2] ?ic?iaeaii
iaoaiaoe/i? oa iia?aoi?i? iiaeae? i?eno?i?a aeey iaea?aeaiiy /anoioe,
yea aei??aith? ??cieoe? aeaio /anoio ?iioeuenieo iine?aeiaiinoae. A
?iaio? [3] aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? oa iia?aoi?i? iiaeae?
a?ia?aie?/ieo OII, iaea?aeaia oi?ioea ni?eueiiai /eaia /eneiai?
iine?aeiaiino? , a?aeiia?aeii? aoceai ai?ieneiaoe?? ooieoe?e. A ?iaio?
[4] ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i? oa no?oeoo?ii — ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeae?
nooiaiaaeo OII c aeia?eueieie iieacieeaie. A ?iaio? [5] ?ic?iaeaii
iaoaiaoe/i? oa no?oeoo?ii — ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeae? /anoioii —
?iioeuenieo OII c eaa?oeaaith noaa?e?caoe??th

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe ia i?ioyc? 1994 — 1996 ?ie?a aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue
ia iaoeiai — oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a, ani??aio?a oa
ni?a?ia?oiee?a Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee, a oaeiae ia 1-io iieiae?aeiiio oi?oi? «Aeaeo?ii?ea oa
iieiaeue o 21 — io a?oe?» (OOO?A, Oa?e?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 6
ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o: 3 noaoo? a aeo?iaeao , aeaa aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaa ?
oace aeiiia?aeae .

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a ? aeniiae?a, i?noeoue noi??iie oaenoo, nienie
e?oa?aoo?e c 83 iaeiaioaaiue ia 6 noi??ieao , 30 iaethie?a ia 23
noi??ieao ? aeiaeaoee ia 7 noi??ieao .

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? noenei ?icaeyiooi noai aeine?aeaeaiue o aeai?e i?iaeaii?e
aaeoc?, iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa
caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, a?aei?/aii iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? caaaeuei? ieoaiiy i?iaeaiii? oa
ooieoe?iiaeueii? i???ioaoe?? cania?a ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee,
i?ecia/aiiy ? i?noea ooieoe?iiaeueii — i???ioiaaieo i?eno?i?a , iaoiaee
oa caniae ?o aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A?aei?/aii, ui no/ani? neeaaei? ia/enethaaeuei? nenoaie iathoue o nai?io
neeaae? caniae caaaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy aeey ?aae?caoe?? iniiaieo
(aaciaeo) ooieoe?e ? ooieoe?iiaeueii — i???ioiaai? (niaoe?ae?ciaai?) —
aeey ?aae?caoe?? aeiaeaoeiaeo (na?a?nieo) ooieoe?e.

O i?ioean? aaiethoe?? ooieoe?e neeaaeieo nenoai a?eueo ?ioaineaii
ci?iththoueny aeiaeaoeia? ooieoe??, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny ye can?a
i?iaeaiii? i???ioaoe?? nenoaie.

Aeiaeaoeia? ooieoe?? nenoai ?aae?cothoue ye aia?aoi? caniae ??ciiai
??aiy i?aai?caoe??, oae ? i?ia?aiii — ea?iaai? A?N aeey neioaco yae?a
ia/enethaaeueieo nenoai ia ??ai? ia?aaei?ioeani?ii?, iinoi?ioeani?ii?
ia?iaee aeaieo oa ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ?icoe?aiiy.

I?aee?aneaii, ui nenoaii? iaoiaee aeicaieythoue oi?iae?coaaoe
i?ioeaaeo?o aiae?co oa neioaco OII. Iniiao nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo neeaaea?
eiioeaiooaeueia i?iaeooaaiiy neeaaeieo nenoai, yea aeei?enoiao? iiaeae?
i?aaeiaoii? iaeano?.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c a?aeiia?aeieie aeniiaeaie aeicaieea
noi?ioethaaoe oae? iniiai? caaea/? i?iaeooaaiiy OII c aia?aoo?iith
?aae?caoe??th:

neioac eiioeaiooaeueieo iiaeaeae OII caaeaiiai eeano c aeei?enoaiiyi
i?aaeiaoii? aace ciaiue;

oi?ioaaiiy aea?aaa ooieoe?e OII c iaoith iiaoaeiae aaciaeo iia?aoi?ieo
iiaeaeae OII ??cieo i?aeeean?a;

a?aeia?aaeaiiy iaai?o aca?iica’ycaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo iia?aoi??a
no?oeoo?e OII ia oeiia? oaoi?/i? iiaeoe?.

= 1, 2, 3, … ai?ieneioth/eo ooieoe?e.

, iaiaaeaiiyi yeeo ? oiiae:

( 1 )

Ia aeeaey/enue ia oa, ui c oi/ee ci?o iacaaieo iaiaaeaiue, an? oe?
ooieoe?? iathoue iaeeiaeia? aeanoeaino?, aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ?
iaoaioieo iaoa??ae?a na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenooi?noue ?aeeiiai i?aeoiaeo aei
ieoaiue neioaco OII, a?aeoai?thth/eo ooieoe?? oeueiai eeano ia o?eueee
??ciiai, a iaa?oue iaeiiai aeaeyaeo.

O cayceo c oeei, a iao /an caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiith caaea/a ae?iaeaiiy
oaeeo i?aeoiae?a aei ??oaiiy caaea/ ?o neioaco, ye? c iaeiiai aieo
aeicaieyee a a?aeoai?thaaoe a?eueo oe?ieee niaeo? ooieoe?iiaeueieo
caeaaeiinoae iaeiei iaoiaeii, a c ae?oaiai — aeei?enoiaoaaee i?e
oaoi?/i?e ?aae?caoe?? i?eno?i?a, ?aae?coth/eo oe? iaoiaee, iaeiioeii?
aocee oa aeiee c iaoith ?o oi?o?eaoe??, caaacia/oth/e i?e oeueiio
aeeiiaiiy caaeaieo aeiia aei oi/iino? oa /ano ia/eneaiiy (a?aeoai?aiiy)
ai?ieneioth/eo ooieoe?e.

A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii ?aeeiee iaoiae oi?ioaaiiy nooi?i/anoeo ooieoe?e

( 2)

?

] ( 3 )

:

;

a?aeoai?aiiy ia ia?aaeuo? caaeaii? ?c ?ioa?aaeo [ 0,5 ; 1 ) .

Eaaae?aoi? aeoaeee o ae?acao ( 2 ), ( 3 ) iicia/athoue oe?eo /anoeio
/enea.

, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue aoceai ai?ieneiaoe??, iiaeooue aooe ia/eneai?
ca oi?ioeaie

+ 1, ( 4 )

+ 1 ( 5 )

= 1, 2, 3, … .

.

ia? aeaeyae

. ( 6 )

Aea?? iaeiiai c ?ic?aooieiaeo ni?aa?aeiioaiue ( 4 ), ( 5 ), ( 6 ) i?e
neioac? OII aecia/a?oueny eiai ia?aaaaith ii a?aeiioaiith aei aeaio
?ioeo , iai?eeeaae ,c oi/ee ci?o i?inoioe oaoi?/ii? ?aae?caoe??.

ooo iaea?aeothoue ia oeyoii iine?aeiaiiai iaeiie/aiiy ??
i?e?ino?a, a iaaiaee — oeyoii ?o iine?aeiaiiai a?aei?iaiiy a?ae
aeo?aeiiai oe?eiai /enea. I?e oeueiio, oi/i?noue ? /an ia/eneaiiy
(a?aeoai?aiiy) aecia/athoueny o?ia ae cia/aiiyie, ui e aeey c?inoath/eo
ooieoe?e.

Aiaeia?/ii aeeeaaeaiiio iaea?aeai? oi?ioee

(7)

(8)

( 9 )

, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue ii/aoeo oi?ioaaiiy no?aeoe?a niaaeath/eo
ai?ieneioth/eo ooieoe?e.

.

.

iieacaia i?ioeaaeo?a oaeiai oi?ioaaiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e?, ye i?eeeaae canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo
oi?ioaaiiy nooi?i/anoeo ooieoe?e ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? oa iia?aoi?i?
iiaeae? ae?iaiai — ???aoe?iiaeueieo, ae?iaiai — ?aoe?iiaeueieo,
nooiaiaaeo oa a?ia?aie?/ieo OII.

Aea?? ooieoe?e naia oeueiai aeaeo aoa iaoiiaeaiee oei, ui a iao /an
oe?iea iiiaieeaoo?a a?aeoai?thaaieo ia i?aeoeoe? aeaiaioa?ieo ooieoe?e
caaacia/o?oueny ai?ieneiaoe??th ?aoe?iiaeueieie ae?iaaie, ine?eueee aiia
o ii??aiyii? c ai?ieneiaoe??th iie?iiiaie caaacia/o? caaeaio iioeaeo
ia/eneaiiy i?e ieae/eo nooiaiyo iie?iii?a /enaeueieea oa ciaiaiieea
ae?iao.

C ?ioiai aieo, ?aoe?iiaeueiee ae??a ? ie?aiei aeiaaeeii
???aoe?iiaeueiiai ae?iao, neeaaeia? /ene?aieea oa ciaiaiieea yeiai —
nooiaiaa? ooieoe?? c ae?iaiaeie iieacieeaie nooiaiy.

Aea?? a?ia?aie?/ii? ooieoe?? aoa iaoiiaeaiee oei, ui aiia ? oeiiaei
i?aaenoaaieeii niaaeath/eo ooieoe?e.

ca oi?ioeaie ( 4 ), ( 5 ), ( 6 ) cono??/a?oueny c ?noioieie
o?oaeiiuaie.

? oi?ioaaii? no?aeoe?a ai?ieneioth/eo ooieoe?e a iiiaio ?o ??aiino?.

, oaoi?/ia ?aae?caoe?y oaeiai niiniao ii??aiyiiy aeiaaa? nooo?aeo
aia?aoo?ieo cao?ao.

C iaoith ni?iuaiiy no?oeoo?e OII aeioe?eueii ii??aithaaoe ia iioi/i? ?o
cia/aiiy, a i?e?inoe i?ae eiaeieie aeaiia non?aei?ie aoceaie
ai?ieneiaoe??, c o?aooaaiiyi ??cieoe?, iaea?aeaii? ia iiia?aaeiueiio
e?ioe? ii??aiyiiy.

Oae, iai?eeeaae, i?e a?aeoai?aii? ae?iaiai — ?aoe?iiaeueii? nooi?i/anoi?
ooieoe??

( 10 )

= 1, 2, 3, … aeo?aeii? ooieoe?? oi?io?oueny i?e iine?aeiaiiio
aeeiiaii? eiaeii? ia??aiino? nenoaie

(11)

oeyoii o?aooaaiiy iino?eii? 0, 5 a nenoai? ia??aiinoae (11).

O ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi oi?ioaaiiy ae?iaiai —
?aoe?iiaeueieo ooieoe?e a?eueo oaeaeeiae?th/ee, oiio ui cae?enith?
oi?ioaaiiy ?? no?aeoe?a o oaii? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy iiiaeeiieeo i?e?ino?a
a?aoiaioo ? ooieoe??.

a?aeiia?aeii.

.

Iaea?aeai? oi?ioee

(12)

(13)

? cai?iiiiiaaii aeaa aeai?eoie ?o oi?ioaaiiy.

— ai ii?yaeeo.

-ai ii?yaee?a a?aeiia?aeii.

= 0,5 ? /an ia/eneaiiy. Ae?oaee c ieo — e?auee c oi/ee ci?o c?o/iino?
ia/eneaiiy oa i?inoioe oaoi?/ii? ?aae?caoe??.

:

, ( 14 )

;

— oe?ea o?eniaaia aeiaeaoia /enei;

.

O ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi i?ino?oa
?aae?co?oueny. Aaniethoia iioeaea ai?ieneiaoe?? a?ia?aie?/ii? ooieoe??
ciaoiaeeoueny o iaaeao iaeeieoe? iieiaeoiai ?ic?yaeo a?aoiaioo.

Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo aeai?eoi?a ia/eneaiiy a ?iaio? neeaaeai?
iia?aoi?i? iiaeae? i?eno?i?a, ui ?o ?aae?cothoue.

Ine?eueee ae?iaiai — ?aoe?iiaeuei?, nooiaiaa? oa a?ia?aie?/i? ooieoe?? ?
ie?aiei aeiaaeeii ae?iaiai — ???aoe?iiaeueieo, iaeiaeia?noue
ia/enethaaeueieo i?ioeaaeo? i?e ?aae?caoe?? cacia/aieo aeai?eoi?a
aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe a oaeeo iiaeaeyo aocueeo iiiaieeaoo?o
iaeiioeiieo iia?aoi?ieo eiiiiiaio, ui aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe
iaeiioeii? aeiee oa aocee i?e ?o oaoi?/i?e ?aae?caoe??.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny no?oeoo?ii — ooieoe?iiaeuei?
iiaeae? OII, ?ic?iaeai? ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo oa
iia?aoi?ieo iiaeaeae.

I?iaaaeaiee aea?? oaoi?/ieo cania?a, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue eiiiiiaioai
iia?aoi?ieo iiaeaeae, aeicaieea noai?eoe iia? no?oeoo?e oi?o?eiaaieo OII
ia oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaai?e aeaiaioi?e aac?.

Iniiaiei ia/enethaaeueiei yae?ii nooiaiaaeo, ae?iaiai — ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?
ae?iaiai — ???aoe?iiaeueieo OII ? i?eno??e ii??aiyiiy ia?aeaeueieo
eiae?a, ui eiino?oeoeaii yaey? niaith iaeiie/oth/ee noiaoi?
ia?aeaeueiiai oeio c? cai?ioi?i ca’yceii.

Iieacaii, ui nooiaiaa? OII c ae?iaiaeie iieacieeaie ? ae?iaiai —
?aoe?iiaeuei? OII iiaeooue aooe neioaciaai? ia iniia? aeaio
iie?iii?aeueieo OII c ia?aeaeueieie aeoiaeaie, i?aeeeth/aieie aei
ia?aeaeueieo aoiae?a noiaoi?a. I?e oeueiio, eiaeai ao?aeiee ?iioeuen OII
caiineoue a noiaoi? i?yi?, a eiaeai aeo?aeiee — aeiiiaithth/? eiaee
/enae, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue i?e?inoai iie?iii?a.

O ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie i?eno?iyie aiaeia?/iiai i?ecia/aiiy aiie
a?ae??ciythoueny a?eueo aenieith oi/i?noth ia/eneaiiy (a iaaeao 0,5
iaeeieoe? iieiaeoiai ?ic?yaeo a?aoiaioo), iathoue a?eueo oe?ie?
ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino?, i?ino? a oaoi?/i?e ?aae?caoe?? ? iathoue
aa?oith /anoioio iaaeo ao?aeiiai neaiaeo ii?yaeeo 300 iaoe.

?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a ae?iaiai — ???aoe?iiaeueiiai OII, ui i?noeoue o
nai?io neeaae? aea? a?oie iiaeoeae nooiaiaaeo OII c ae?iaiaeie
iieacieeaie. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ni?eueia a?aie/ia aaniethoia iioeaea
ia/eneaiiy oaeeo OII iaei caeaaeeoue a?ae iioeaee, ui aiineoue eiaeai
iiaeoeue, ? iiaea aooe caaacia/aia o iaaeao iaeeieoe? iieiaeoiai
?ic?yaeo a?aoiaioo.

Iieacaii, ui caaea/a neioaco a?ia?aie?/ieo OII iiaea aooe ae??oaia ia
aac? e?/eeueiee?a ?iioeuen?a, aeeeth/ath/e iia?aoe?th aeiaeaaaiiy
ia?aeaeueieo eiae?a o i?eno?i?. O ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie oea aeicaiey?
i?e ?ioeo ??aieo oiiaao ca?eueoeoe /anoioo iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ao?aeieo
?iioeuen?a oaeeo OII aei 500 iaoe ?, ye iane?aeie, ?icoe?eoe aa?oith
iaaeo ao?aeieo /anoio oeeo?iaeo ia?aoai?thaa/?a ?ioi?iaoe?? (iai?eeeaae,
/anoioa — eiae, oaca — eiae oa ?i.), iniiao yeeo aiie neeaaeathoue.

Ie?aiei aeiaaeeii ae?iaiai-?aoe?iiaeueii? ooieoe?? ? e?i?eia ooieoe?y.

A ?iaio? ia iniia? e?i?eii — nooi?i/anoiai ai?ieneiaoi?a neioaciaai?
OII, ui aeeiiothoue a?eoiaoe/i? ae?? iaae /anoioii — ?iioeuenieie
neaiaeaie iecueeiai oa ?io?aiecueeiai ae?aiacii?a /anoio.

oi?ioaaiiy aeo?aeii? /anoioe i?eno?i?a oeueiai oeio ioe?ith?oueny ca
oaeeie oi?ioeaie:

o ?aaeei? aeiaeaaaiiy /anoio —

; ( 15 )

o ?aaeei? a?aei?iaiiy —

, ( 16 )

aai

; ( 17 )

o ?aaeei? iiiaeaiiy —

; ( 18 )

, ( 19 )

— ao?aei? /anoioe i?eno?i?a;

.

a?aeiinia iioeaea iiaea aooe caaacia/aia o iaaeao ( 0,1 — 0,01) % .

O ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie ?ic?iaeai? /anoioii — ?iioeueni? OII a?eueo
i?ino? o oaoi?/iiio aeeiiaii? ? iathoue a?eueo oe?ie? ooieoe?iiaeuei?
iiaeeeaino? c oi/ee ci?o ?aaeei?a ?o ?iaioe.

Ia aac? e?i?eii — nooi?i/anoiai ai?ieneiaoi?a ?ic?iaeaii aaaaoioaciaee
aaia?aoi? ?iioeuenieo neaiae?a, aeo?aeia /anoioa yeiai caaea?oueny
aaciina?aaeiuei o aa?oeao. Oaciaee cnoa ?iioeuen?a o eiaeiiio c
aeo?aeieo eaiae?a iiaea aooe caaacia/aiee o iaaeao a?ae 0 aei 360
a?aaeon?a c caaeaiith aeene?aoi?noth. Iieacaii, ui o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii?
aeo?aeieo /anoio iioeaea caaeaiiy aeo?aeii? /anoioe oa oaciaiai cnoao
iiaea aooe caaacia/aia ia a??o i?ae 0,1% oa 0,1 a?aaeona a?aeiia?aeii e
iaioa.

O ii??aiyi? c a?aeiieie cai?iiiiiaaiee aaia?aoi? ia? a?eueo aenieo
oi/i?noue caaeaiiy aeo?aeieo /anoio, oaciaeo cnoa?a, aeia?eueio
aeene?aoi?noue ?o ci?ie ? i?ino?oee a oaoi?/i?e ?aae?caoe??.

AENIIAEE

1. I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiae?a ? cania?a neioaco OII, oe?iei
aeei?enoiaoaaieo o aaaaoueio aaeocyo iaoee oa oaoi?ee. Ia aac? oeueiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacai? aaeoc? canoinoaaiiy OII c /enei?iioeueniei
eiaeoaaiiyi ? iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue ?o iiaeaeueoiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy.

2.Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae oi?ioaaiiy nooi?i/anoeo ooieoe?e c oe?ei/eneiaith
oi?iith cia?aaeaiiy a?aoiaioo, ai?ieneioth/eo aacia?a?ai? ooieoe??
iaeiiai eeano. Iaea?aeaii iaoaiaoe/i? ae?ace, ye? aeicaieythoue aeey
caaeaii? aacia?a?aii? ooieoe?? oa a?aie/ii? aaniethoii? iioeaee ??
a?aeoai?aiiy o oe?ei/eneiaeo oi/eao a?aoiaioo ciaoiaeeoe aocee
ai?ieneiaoe??. Ia?aaaaith cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo o ii??aiyii? c
a?aeiieie ? oa, ui a?i iioeiaeueiee c oi/ee ci?o /ano oa iioeaee
ia/eneaiiy (a?aeoai?aiiy) nooi?i/anoeo ooieoe?e.

3. ?ic?iaeaii oi?o?eiaai? aeai?eoie aaoiiaoe/iiai ia/eneaiiy o
oaoi?/ieo i?eno?iyo cia/aiue iacaeaaeii? ci?iii?, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue
aoceai ai?ieneiaoe?? a?aeoai?thaaieo ooieoe??. O ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie
cai?iiiiiaai? aeai?eoie caaacia/othoue a?eueo oaeaeea ?o ia/eneaiiy.

4. Aeey i?eeeaaeo ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy
OII ?ic?iaeaii ?o iia?aoi?i? oa no?oeoo?ii — ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeae?
aeey ia/eneaiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy ae?iaiai — ???aoe?iiaeueieo, ae?iaiai —
?aoe?iiaeueieo, nooiaiaaeo oa a?ia?aie?/ieo ooieoe?e. O ii??aiyii? c
a?aeiieie ?ic?iaeai? OII , a?ae??ciythoueny a?eueo aenieith oi/i?noth
ia/eneaiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy ooieoe?e,a?eueo oe?ieeie ooieoe?iiaeueieie
iiaeeeainoyie i?e ii??aiyii i?ino?e oaoi?/i?e ?aae?caoe??.

5. ssae?ii ?ic?iaeaieo OII ? noaia iine?aeiaiiai ii??aiyiiy aeaio
ia?aeaeueieo eiae?a c o?aooaaiiyi ?o ??cieoe? ia ianooiiiio e?ioe?
ii??aiyiiy, aeeiiaia ia iaeiie/oth/iio noiaoi?? ia?aeaeueiiai oeio c?
cai?ioi?i ca’yceii.

6. Ia aac? ae?iaiai — ?aoe?iiaeueiiai OII , i?aoethth/iai o ?aaeei?
a?aeoai?aiiy e?i?eieo ooieoe?e, ?ic?iaeaii niaoe?ae?ciaai? i?eno?i? aeey
aeeiiaiiy a?eoiaoe/ieo iia?aoe?e iaae /anoioii — ?iioeuenieie neaiaeaie
? aaaaoioaciaee aaia?aoi? ?iioeuen?a. I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea iioeaie
?ic?iaie oa iaaeaia ?iaeaia?ia iaoiaeeea ?o ?ic?aooieo. O ii??aiyi? c
a?aeiieie oe? ?ic?iaee a?ae??ciythoueny a?eueo oe?ieeie
ooieoe?iiaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie c oi/ee ci?o ?aaeei?a ?o ?iaioe i?e
a?eueo i?ino?e oaoi?/i?e ?aae?caoe??.

7. Iaaeaia ioe?iea /anoioieo iiaeeeainoae cai?iiiiiaaieo i?eno?i?a.
Iieacaii, ui cai?iiiiiaai? aeai?eoie ooieoe?iioaaiiy OII caaacia/othoue
a?eueo aenieo aa?oith /anoioio iaaeo ao?aeieo neaiae?a.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Cicoey E.A., Ea?/aiei E.A., Eiaiaea A.A. I eiioeaiooaeueiii
i?iaeoe?iaaiee iaeiiai eeanna ooieoeeiiaeueii — i?eaioe?iaaiiuo
ono?ienoa aeey au/eneeoaeueiuo nenoai io?anee // Aaoiiaoecaoeey,
oaeaiaoaiecaoeey e naycue a iaooyiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe, 1995. — N 4 — 5. —
N. 6 — 9.

2.Ea?/aiei E.A., Eiaiaea A.A., *a?eania A.A. I nenoaiiii i?iaeoe?iaaiee
ooieoeeiiaeueii — i?eaioe?iaaiiuo ono?ienoa nenoai oi?aaeaiey //
Ecaanoey auno. o/. caa., na?. Yeaeo?iiaoaieea, 1996. — N 1 — 2. — N.
110 — 112.

3. Ea?/aiei E.A., Eiaiaea A.A., *a?eaniaa E.A. Neioac iia?aoi?iie
iiaeaee ono?ienoaa aini?iecaaaeaiey aeia?aiee/aneeo ooieoeee //
Ecaanoey auno. o/. caa. na?. Yeaeo?iiaoaieea, 1997.- N 4 — 5.. — N.
77 — 79.

4. ?yaooa (Ea?/aiei) E.A., Ia/a?aiei A.E. Ono?ienoai aeey
aicaaaeaiey a noaiaiue. Aaoi?neia naeaeaoaeuenoai NNN? N 1575176, I.
ee. G 06 f 7/552, 1990, Athe. N 24.

5. ?yaooa (Ea?/aiei) E.A., Ia/a?aiei A.E. Ono?ienoai aeey iieo/aiey
?aciinoiie /anoiou aeaoo eiioeueniuo iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoae. Aaoi?neia
naeaeaoaeuenoai NNN? N 1633398, I. ee. G 06 f 7/62, 1991,
Athe. N 9.

6. Ea?/aiei E.A. E neioaco ooieoeeiiaeueii — i?eaioe?iaaiiuo ono?ienoa
n?aaenoa au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee // Oacenu aeieeaaeia 1 — ai
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai iieiaeaaeiiai oi?oia « Yeaeo?iieea e iieiaeaaeue
a 21 aaea», ai?aeue, 1997, OOO?Y, Oa?ueeia. — N 32.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ea?/aiei E. A. No?oeoo?iee neioac ooieoe?iiaeueii — i???ioiaaieo
i?eno?i?a c /enei?iioeueniei eiaeoaaiiyi. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.13.12. — nenoaie aaoiiaoecaoe?? i?iaeooaaiiy. —
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee,
Oa?e?a, 1998.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ia/eneaiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy o oaoi?/ieo i?eno?iyo
nooi?i/anoeo ooieoe?e iaeiiai eeano c oe?ei/eneiaith oi?iith cia?aaeaiiy
a?aoiaioo, iioeiaeueiee c oi/ee ci?o oi/iino? oa /ano ia/eneaiiy.

Ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo aeey i?eeeaaeo ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/i?,
iia?aoi?i?, no?oeoo?ii — ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeae? oa aeai?eoie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nooi?i/aoeo ai?ieneiaoi??a aeey ia/eneaiiy oa
a?aeoai?aiiy ae?iaiai — ???aoe?iiaeueieo, ae?iaiai — ?aoe?iiaeueieo,
nooiaiaaeo oa a?ia?aie?/ieo ooieoe?e; oeeo?iaeo i?eno?i?a, aeeiioth/eo
a?eoiaoe/i? ae?? iaae /anoioii — ?iioeuenieie neaiaeaie, ? aaaaoioaciaeo
aaia?aoi??a ?iioeuen?a. Iaaaaeaia ioe?iea iioeaie cai?iiiiiaaieo
oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue, /anoioieo iiaeeeainoae oa iaaeaia ?iaeaia?ia
iaoiaeeea ?o ?ic?aooieo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: /enei?iioeueniee eiae; ooieoe?iiaeueii — i???ioiaai?
i?eno?i?; nooi?i/anoa (no?aeoeaaa) ai?ieneiaoe?y; aeai?eoi
ooieoe?iioaaiiy; /anoioii — ?iioeueniee neaiae; aaaaoioaciaee aaia?aoi?.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ea?/aiei E.A. No?oeoo?iue neioac ooieoeeiiaeueii — i?eaioe?iaaiiuo
ono?ienoa n /eneieiioeueniui eiaee?iaaieai. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.13.12 — Nenoaiu aaoiiaoecaoeee i?iaeoe?iaaiey. —
Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieee,
Oa?ueeia, 1998.

I?aaeeiaeai iaoiae au/eneaiey e aini?iecaaaeaiey a oaoie/aneeo
ono?ienoaao nooiai/aouo ooieoeee iaeiiai eeanna n oeaei/eneaiiie oi?iie
i?aaenoaaeaiey a?aoiaioa, iioeiaeueiue n oi/ee c?aiey oi/iinoe e a?aiaie
au/eneaiee.

Ia aaca i?aaeeiaeaiiiai iaoiaea a ea/anoaa i?eia?ia ?ac?aaioaiu
iaoaiaoe/aneea, iia?aoi?iua, no?oeoo?ii — ooieoeeiiaeueiua iiaeaee e
aeai?eoiu ooieoeeiie?iaaiey nooiai/aouo aii?ieneiaoi?ia aeey au/eneaiey
e aini?iecaaaeaiey ae?iaii — e??aoeeiiaeueiuo, ae?iaii — ?aoeeiiaeueiuo,
noaiaiiuo e aeia?aiee/aneeo ooieoeee; oeeo?iauo ono?ienoa, auiieiythueo
a?eoiaoe/aneea iia?aoeee iaae /anoioii — eiioeueniuie neaiaeaie, e
iiiaioaciuo aaia?aoi?ia eiioeuenia. I?iecaaaeaia ioeaiea iia?aoiinoae
i?aaeeiaeaiiuo ?ac?aaioie, /anoioiuo aiciiaeiinoae e i?aaenoaaeaia
eiaeaia?iay iaoiaeeea eo ?an/aoa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: /eneieiioeueniue eiae; ooieoeeiiaeueii —
i?eaioe?iaaiiua ono?ienoaa; nooiai/aoay aii?ieneiaoeey; aeai?eoi
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey; /anoioii — eiioeueniue neaiae; iiiaioaciue aaia?aoi?.

ABSTRANT

Larchenko L.V. Structural synthesis of the functionally-oriented devices
with the numeric-pulse coding. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidat’s degree by speciality 05.13.12 — systems of
computer — aided design. — Kharkow State Technical University of
Radioelectronics, Kharkow, 1998.

Method of calculation and reproduction in technical devices of certain
class of the step functions with the integer form of the argument
representation optimum from the point of view of accuracy and
calculating time was offered.

On the offered method basis mathematical, operational,
structure-functional models and algorithms of functioning step
approximators for calculation and reproduction fraction-irrational,
fraction-rational, power and hyperbolic functions, digital devices,
performing an arithmetic operation above pulse signals and multiphase
generators of pulses as examples are developed. Valuation of the offered
development errors, frequent opportunities and engineering technique of
their account is submitted.

Key words: numeric-pulse code; functionally-oriented devices; step
approximation; algorithm of functioning; pulse signal; multiphase
generator.

A?aeiia?aeiee ca aeione Aacei?iaaeiee A.A.

I?aei. aei ae?oeo

Oi?iao 60 o 90 Iai?? ae?oe. Oiia. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0

Iae?e aeae. a?e. 0.9 Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai.

Iaae?oeiaaii o aeaeaaieoeoa? OOO?A.

310726, Oa?e?a, i?ini. Eai?ia, 14

PAGE

Похожие записи