I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OA?III?EUeNUeEA AeA?AEAAIA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

?i. ?. ss. AI?AA*AANUeEIAI

AAEIAA?E Ieueaa Ieoaee?aia

OAeE 612. 428: 615. 849. 19

NO?OEOO?I? CI?IE A E?IOAOE*IEO AOCEAO

I?Ae Ae??TH IECUeEI?IOAINEAIIAI *A?AIIIAI

EACA?IIAI AEI?II?ITHAAIIss

(aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy)

14.03.01 — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

OA?III?EUe — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oaeai?iaenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aieiaaoeueeee
Aiae??e Noaiaiiae/, iaaee/iee oaeoeueoao Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aiaoii??
ethaeeie, iia?aoeaii? o??o?a?? oa a?noieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aiaothe Ieoaeei Noaiaiiae/,
Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ?.Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC
Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aieioei Ieeiea Aiaoie?eiae/,
Caii??cueeee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_21_”_o?aaiy_ 1999 ?ieo i _14_ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.58.601.01. o Oa?iii?euenuee?e
aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 282001, i. Oa?iii?eue, Iaeaeai Aie?, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie
(282001, i. Oa?iii?eue, aoe. ?onueea, 12).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «_21_» __ea?oiy_ 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?o I.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ca inoaii? ?iee eaca?e ??cieo ia?aiao??a, cie?aia,
iecueei?ioaineaia eaca?ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy a /a?aii?e ae?eyioe? niaeo?a,
oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny a i?aeoe/i?e iaaeeoeei? aeey e?eoaaiiy ??cieo
iaoieia?/ieo i?ioean?a. Oae? iioe/i? aeanoeaino? eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ye aeniea iiiio?iiaoe/i?noue, eiaa?aioi?noue, no?eea
iiey?ecaoe?y, aeicaieythoue aeiaeoeny aeniei? eiioeaio?aoe?? na?oeiai?
aia?a?? o /an? oa i?inoi?? ? ia?aaea/? ?? ia a?ieia?/i? ia’?eoe (Eiceia
A.E. oa ?i., 1998; Oi?eue N.A. 1998).

Iaeiae, /eiaei aniaeo?a aeei?enoiaoaaiiy eaca?a aeey e?eoaaiiy oeo /e
?ioeo caoai?thaaiue iiee ui ia aea/ai?, oiio ui ia yni? iaoai?cie aieeao
eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia a?ieia?/i? ia’?eoe, cie?aia, ii?oieia?/i?
iniiae oeeo i?ioean?a (Eiceia A.E. 1997-98 ??.). Iniaeeai oea
noino?oueny i?aai?a ?ioiii? nenoaie, oiio ui aiie iaei? c ia?oeo
?aaaothoue ia ae?th aioeaai?a, oienei?a, ??ciiiai?oieo o?ce/ieo
oaeoi??a. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo iniia ?ioiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
? iaei??th c aeooaeueieo caaea/ ?ioiiii?oieia?? (Ai?iaeei TH.E. ?c
ni?aaao., 1996, Naiei I.?. oa ?io?1996, Aieioei I.A. 1996, Aiaothe I.N.
1997, Aieiaaoeueeee A.N. 1998, Ianeianueeee N.TH. 1998).

I?ioa ieoaiiy i?i aieea eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia oae? aaaeeea?
ia?eoa?e/i? i?aaie ?ioiii? nenoaie, ye e?ioaoe/i? aocee, ia aea/aii.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?aaiaioii ieaiiai? iaoeiai? oaiaoeee eaoaae?e aiaoii??
ethaeeie, iia?aoeaii? o??o?a?? oa a?noieia?? iaaee/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a e?ioi?aeieo i?aai?a ? noaeeiiiai ?onea
a oiiaao ii?ie, iaoieia?? oa i?e aieea? ia i?aai?ci oaeoi??a
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua», yea ? /anoeiith iaoeiai? i?iaeaie i?ae
iiia?ii aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U003532.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aecia/eoe caeiiii??iino? no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a
e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao i?e eieaeuei?e ae?? ia ieo iecueei?ioaineaiiai
/a?aiiiai eaca?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy — 0,3; 3,0; 30,0
Aeae/ni2.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ie iinoaaeee ia?aae niaith oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Ia/eneeoe a?aeiini? ieiu? no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a (eainoee,
e?ioi?aeieo aoceee?a, e??eiaiai ieaoi, ia?aei?oeeaeueii? ciie, o?aaaeoe,
e?aeiaiai, i?ii?aeieo e??eiaeo oa iiceiaeo neion?a, i’yeioieo oyae?a)
e?aeo i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a a?eeo uo??a i?e ?o eieaeueiiio
ii?ii?iaii? iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii a aeicao 0,3; 3,0; 30,0
Aeae/ni2, a oaeiae i?aaiai eiio?eaoa?aeueiiai e?ioaoe/iiai aocea.

2. Anoaiiaeoe iniaeeaino? oeeoia?o?oaeoii?ee no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a
e?aeo i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a a?eeo uo??a i?e ?o eieaeueiiio
ii?ii?iaii? iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii a aeicao 0,3; 3,0 oa
30,0 Aeae/ni2, cie?aia, i?ae?aooaaoe u?euei?noue iaeeo, na?aaei?o ?
aaeeeeo e?ioioeeo?a, ieaciioeeo?a, iae?ioaa?a ? oeaieiieo aacio?eueieo
a?aioeioeeo?a. Aeine?aeeoe oe? ia?aiao?e o i?aaiio (eiio?eaoa?aeueiiio)
i?aeeie?iiiio e?ioaoe/iiio aoce?.

3. Aecia/eoe aeeiai?eo oeueo?ai?e?ineii?/ieo ci?i no?oeoo?e i?aeeie?iieo
e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a a?eeo uo??a i?e ?o eieaeueiiio ii?ii?iaii?
iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii a aeicao 0,3; 3,0 oa 30,0 Aeae/ni2.

4. Ii??aiyoe ?aaeoeai? ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie o e?aiio ii?ii?iaiiio oa
i?aaiio (eiio?eaoa?aeueiiio) i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao a?eeo uo??a
? c’ynoaaoe no?oeoo?i? iniaeeaino? ?aaeoe?? ia?eoa?e/ieo ?ioiieo i?aai?a
ia ae?th iecueei?ioaineaiiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy a /a?aii?e
iaeano? niaeo?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? eiiieaeniiai
ii?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?oa:

aea/aii a?aeiini? ieiu? no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a (eainoee, o?aaaeoe,
e?ioi?aeieo aoceee?a, e??eiaiai ieaoi, ia?aei?oeeaeueii? ciie, i’yeioieo
oyae?a, neioniiai aia?aoo) i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a a?eeo uo??a a
ii?i? oa ci?ie ?o ia?aiao??a i?ney iaeii?aciaiai eieaeueiiai
ii?ii?iaiiy iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii a aeicao 0,3; 3,0 oa
30,0 Aeae/ni2;

anoaiiaeaii nenoaiiee oa?aeoa? e?euee?niiai ?iciiae?eo e?ioioeeo?a,
ieaciioeeo?a, iae?ioaa?a, oeaieiieo aacio?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a a
no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaioao i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a a?eeo uo??a i?e
eieaeueiiio ?o ii?ii?iaii? iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii a aeicao
0,3; 3,0 oa 30,0 Aeae/ni2 ? aea/aii ii?oieia?/i? caeiiii??iino? oeeo
?aaeoe?e. Aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeeiai?ee ci?i i?e?i- oa oeueo?ano?oeoo?e
i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy;

aia?oa aeyaeaii caeiiii??i? oacia? ci?ie a?aeiinieo ieiu no?oeoo?ieo
eiiiiiaio?a i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a oa ?o ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo a
caeaaeiino? a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii;

ii?yae c oeei anoaiiaeaii, ui ii?oieia?/i? ?aaeoeai? ci?ie o i?aaiio
eiio?eaoa?aeueiiio i?aeeie?iiiio e?ioaoe/iiio aoce? iathoue iiae?aiee
oa?aeoa? o ii??aiyii? c e?aei ii?ii?iaiei, ui na?ae/eoue i?i nenoaiio
?aaeoe?th ia?eoa?e/ieo ?ioiieo i?aai?a ia ae?th eaca?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeyaeai? ii?oieia?/i?
ci?ie a i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao a?eeo uo??a i?e ?o eieaeueiiio
ii?ii?iaii? iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii iiaeia aoaea aeei?enoaoe
aeey ?ic?iaee iiaeo iaoiae?a ei?aeoe?? ?ioiieia?/iiai noaoono
i?aai?cio, e?eoaaiiy ??cieo aeae?a caiaeueieo i?ioean?a oa aeey
?ic?iaeaiiy iiaeo ii?oieia?/ieo oano?a ae?aaiinoeee oa i?iaiicoaaiiy
?icaeoeo iaoieia?/ieo noai?a a i?aai?ci?.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue a eo?nao eaeoe?e oa
aeeth/aoenue o iaa/aeuei? iin?aieee c aiaoii??, a?noieia??, o??o?a??,
oa?ai??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caeiaoaa/ai cae?eniaii ?ic?iaeo iniiaieo
oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ?iaioe. Naiino?eii iaa?oioiaaii oa
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo, caaaeaiiy ? aeniiaee. Aeena?oaioii iniaenoi
cae?eniaii caa?? iaoa??aeo o i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei i?ney i?iaaaeaieo
iaoeiaeo aenia?eiaio?a, a oaeiae naiino?eii aeeiiaii a?noieia?/i?,
ii?oiiao?e/i?, aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/i? oa iaoaiaoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?iaaaeaii noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo iaea?aeaieo aeaieo, aiae?c oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo iaoeiaeo aenia?eiaio?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Oaeai?iaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1992-1999); ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Iiaia a eaca?iie iaaeeoeeia» (Iaeana, 1993); ? oa ??
iaoe?iiaeueieo eiia?anao aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a ?
oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?a Oe?a?ie (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994; Eoaainuee, 1998);
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiue noaoon ieaeiieoathueo e
ioeoe» (Neioa?iiieue, 1995); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? c
i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? (Iineaa — ss?ineaaeue, 1997); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Ii?oieia?y — i?aeoe/i?e aaoa?eia??? oa iaaeeoeei?» (A?ea
Oea?eaa, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 16 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, a oiio /ene? o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo 5 noaoae. ?io?
ioae?eaoe?? — o iaoa??aeao iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y iaae?oeiaaia ia 154 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio ? 5 ?icae?e?a: iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??aeo ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? iiae?eai? ia 3 ?icae?ee ? 6 i?ae?icae?e?a; aiae?co
oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue oa aeniiae?a. Aeena?oaoe?y
?ethno?iaaia 49 ?enoieaie ? 7 oaaeeoeyie. Nienie aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e, ui i?noeoue 220 aeaea?ae, ?c ieo 46 — ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii a
aenia?eiaio? ia aaeaeaaoi?e iiaeae? — 90 caei?iaeo a?eeo aacii?iaeieo
noaoaaic??eeo (3-6 i?n.) uo?ao-naioeyo ianith 180-200 a. An?o oaa?ei
oo?eioaaee a iaeiaeiaeo oiiaao c iaeiioeiiei ?aaeeiii. I?e aeeiiaii?
aeine?aeaeaiue iaie aoee a?aoiaai? a?ieia?/i?, ??/i? oa aeiaia? ci?ie
e?ioi?aeieo i?aai?a (Ai?iaeei TH.E., Eaoyaei A.TH., 1989), oiio
aenia?eiaioe oa caa?? e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a i?iaiaeeee a in?iiuei-ceiiaee
ia??iae, o ae?oa?e iieiaei? aeiy, c 15 aei 18 aiaeei.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaeeee i?aeeie?ii? e?ioaoe/i? aocee e?ai? oa
i?aai? oaciaeo e?ioe?aie, o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a — oea iaeei aocie, ui
noaiaea?oeco? aenia?eiaioaeueio iiaeaeue.

Aeey ia?eico oaa?ei aeei?enoaii ae?aoeeiaee ao??, yeee ?aeiiaiaeiaaii
aeey aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue (Aeiiaeueoa?a A.I., 1984).

Aeey ii?ii?iaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaee aae?e-iaiiiaee eaca? oeio EA-75
(AEIE-1), aeey yeiai oa?aeoa?ia /a?aiia ae?eyiea niaeo?a, aeiaaeeia
oaee? aei?ii?ithaaiiy — 632,8 ii (0,63 iei); iiooaei?noue eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia aeoiae? — 1iAo, oiio ui oe? ia?aiao?e iaea?eueo /anoi
aeei?enoiaothoueny a ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe? (Eiceia A.E., Aoeeei
A.A.,1992).

A?aeiii, ui aoaeoeai?noue aieeao eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aecia/a?oueny
eiai aeicith, aea a e?oa?aoo?? ie ia cono??ee /?oeeo ii?oieia?/ii
iaa?oioiaaieo e?eoa???a aeey aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. sse iieacaa aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e (Aaeaaeia E.I.
oa ?i., 1991; Eiceia A.E. oa ?i., 1992; 1993), i?aea?? aeic aieeao
aei?ii?iaiiy ia a?ieia?/i? ia’?eoe i?iaiaeeoueny, ye i?aaeei, aii??e/ii,
i?e/iio ei?enoothoueny oi?ioeith D=P* t, aea

D — aeica ii?ii?iaiiy a Aeae/ni2;

P — u?euei?noue iiooaeiino? (iio?e na?oeiai? aia?a?? a?aeianaiee aei
ieiu? aieeao) Ao/ni2;

t — /an ii?ii?iaiiy a naeoiaeao;

1 Aeae/ni2 = 1 Ao/ni2 *n

Ie ia?aee o?e aeice: 0,3; 3,0 ? 30,0 Aeae/ni2.

Ia?aaea/o na?oeiai? aia?a?? eaca?a aaciina?aaeiuei aei e?aiai
e?ioaoe/iiai aocea a?aee?eoi? i?aeeie?iii? yiee cae?enithaaee ca
aeiiiiiaith iioeei-aieieiiiiai na?oeii?iaiaeo, i?e oeueiio aeo?eiea
neeaaeaea 5 nae; 45 nae ? 7 oa. 30 nae., ?aaeei aacia?a?aiee.

Iae?aco i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy o oaa?ei, ia aeaiaey/e ?o ?c ia?eico,
i?iaiaeeee caa?? e?aiai ? i?aaiai i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a, ?o
o?enoaaee ?ic/eiii ONI (oi?iaeueaeaa?ae 40% — 100 ie, aoeeiaee nie?o 96°
— 60 ie, eueiaeiaa ioeoiaa eeneioa — 30 ie). I?aaee — eiio?eaoaoaeueiee
e?ioaoe/iee aocie neoaeea i??eeii ?aaeoe?? ?ioiii? nenoaie ia ae?th
eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy.

I?ney aeeiiaiiai aenia?eiaioo, oaa?ei, o noai? ia?eico, oia?oaeyee
oeyoii aeaeai?oaoe??.

I?ney caai?o oa o?enaoe?? i?aeeie?ii? e?ioiaocee ii caaaeueiii?eeiyo?e
iaoiaeeoe? ciaaiaeaeoaaee a na??? aoeeiaeo nie?o?a c?inoath/i?
eiioeaio?aoe?? oa caeeaaee a ia?ao?iia? aeiee. I?ney /iai, ca
aeiiiiiaith iieiceiaiai i?e?ioiio, aeaioiaeyee c??ce oiaueiith 5-7 iei
aeey iiaeaeueoiai oeeoieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aeey ii?oiiao???
no?oeoo?ieo cii e?ioaoe/iiai aocea.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? caaaeuei? a?noieia?/i?, ii?oiiao?e/i?,
aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/i? oa iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeey ii?oiiao??? aeei?enoiaoaaee caaa?aeaiiy a?noieia?/ieo i?aia?ao?a
aaiaoienee?i-aiceiii. Aeey i?ae?aooieo ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo no?oeoo?ieo
eiiiiiaio?a e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a a?noieia?/i? c??ce iaa?aethaaee
aco?-2-aiceiii ? caeeth/aee a eaiaaenueeee aaeuecai, ca?aeii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e (Naiei I.?., TH?eiie I.A., Yoeiaai E.A., 1978; Ai?iaeei
TH.E., A?eai?ueaa A.I. oa ?i., 1992).

A?aeiini? ieiu? no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a (eainoee, o?aaaeoe, e?ioi?aeieo
aoceee?a, e??eiaiai ieaoi, ia?aei?oeeaeueii? ciie, i’yeioieo oyae?a,
e?aeiaiai, i?ii?aeieo e??eiaeo oa iiceiaeo neion?a) e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a o
a?aenioeao aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith ia??iaee/ii? ii?oiiao?e/ii? n?oee
(Noaoaiia N.A., 1985). Aea/aiiy u?eueiino? ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a (iaeeo,
na?aaei?o, aaeeeeo e?ioioeeo?a, ieaciioeeo?a, iae?ioaa?a, oeaieiieo
aacio?e?a) o ??cieo ciiao e?ioiaocea i?ae?aoiaoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith
ii?oiiao?e/ii? n?oee ? 3/16 ca i?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith Noaoaiiaa N.A.
(1985) ia ieiu? 625 iei2 i?ae na?oeiaei i?e?ineiiii IAE-3.

Cia/aiiy aea??eiaiai na?aaeiueiai (o) ? aeia??/iai ?ioa?aaeo (L)
aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii No?aeeiaa ?.A. (1966).

E?ioaoe/i? aocee aeine?aeaeoaaeeny oaeiae o i?ina?oethth/iio ?aaeei?
aeaeo?iiiiai i?e?ineiio. Aeey oeueiai aeine?aeaeoaaiee iaoa??ae
o?enoaaee o 1,6% ?ic/ei? aethoa?iaiai aeueaeaa?aeo ia 0,1I oinoaoiiio
aooa?? c ?H 7,3 oa aeio?eniaoaaee 1% ?ic/eiii OsO4 ia oaeiio ae aooa??
(Milloning G., 1966), i?ney /iai ciaaiaeaeoaaee a aoeeiaiio nie?o?
c?inoath/i? eiioeaio?aoe?? oa caeeth/aee a aiii (Lugt J.H., 1961).
Oeueo?aoiie? c??ce oiaueiith 30-40 ii aeaioiaeyee ia oeueo?aoii? EEA
8800 ???, eiio?anooaaee o?ai?e aoeaoaoii (Oeeee A., 1975) ? oeeo?aoii
naeioeth ca ?aeiieueaenii A.N. (1963) oa aea/aee a aeaeo?iiiiio
i?e?ineii? JEM — 100 S/ASID/SEGZ.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. O aeine?aeaeaieo uo??a ie
aeyaeee o?eueee ii iaeiiio i?aeeie?iiiio e?ioaoe/iiio aoceo ia e?a?e oa
i?aa?e oaciaeo e?ioe?aeao. I?aeeie?iiee e?ioiaocie ?icoaoiao?oueny o
i?aeeie?ii?e yioe? iaae?aeueii ia ??ai? ieaeiuei? o?aoeie aaeeeiai
i?ea?aeiiai i’yco noaaia. A?eueo?noue i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a
ia? aiaiaeaeio oi?io.

Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui ca no?oeoo?ieie ia?aiao?aie i?aeeie?ii? e?ioiaocee
e?ai? oa i?aai? oaciaeo e?ioe?aie ?ioaeoieo ? eiio?ieueieo noaoaaic??eeo
a?eeo uo??a nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciythoueny. Oe? aocee ca
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieie iciaeaie a?aeiinyoueny aei ??-ai oeio
e?ioiaoce?a, ca?aeii eeaneo?eaoe?? Ai?iaeeia TH.E. (1986). A ia?aio?i?
ei?e no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a i?aeeie?iieo e?ioiaoce?a ?ioaeoieo uo??a
ia?aaaaeathoue iae? e?ioioeeoe.

?c ca?eueoaiiyi aeice ii?ii?iaiiy /a?aiiei eaca?ii a?ae 0,3 aei 30,0
Aeae/ni2 a e?ioiaoceao aeieeathoue caeiiii??i? no?oeoo?i? ci?ie, ye?
iinyoue aeicicaeaaeiee oa?aeoa?.

I?e ii?ii?iaii? a aeic? 0,3 Aeae/ni2 e?aiai e?ioaoe/iiai aocea a iueiio
niinoa??aaee ianooiia: ieiua e??eiai? ?a/iaeie caeia? a na?aaeiueiio
70-75 % a?ae ieiu? eiai ia?aoeio; eiai ?a/iaeia caeaa?eueoiai
iaeii??aeia. Ia aeayeeo i?aia?aoao niinoa??aa?oueny oi?ioaaiiy
e?ioi?aeieo aoceee?a ?c na?oeeie oeaio?aie, aea oea iiiaeeiie? aeiaaeee.
A?aeiinia ieiua e?ioi?aeieo aoceee?a o e??eia?e ?a/iaei? neeaaea?
13,8±0,9%. E?aeiaee neion ?icoe?aiee, caiiaiaiee ee?oeiaie, eiai
a?aeiinia ieiua aei??aith? 7,2±0,7%. E??eia? neione oaeiae ?icoe?ai?. ?o
a?aeiinia ieiua noaiiaeoue 6,6±0,6%. I’yeioi? oyae? iioiauai?,
a?aeiinia ieiua ?o 14,2±0,9%. Iiceia? neione ?icoe?ai?, ii-??ciiio
caiiaiai? ee?oeiaie e?ioi?aeiiai ?yaeo. ?o a?aeiinia ieiua neeaaea?
11,7±0,8%. A?aei?/aii ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iiaiie?iaieo noaeei. O an?o
no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaioao ii?ii?iaiiai e?ioiaocea ci?ithaaeany u?euei?noue
ee?oei e?ioi?aeiiai ?yaeo, a naia: o e?ioi?aeieo aoceeeao c?inoa?
u?euei?noue na?aaei?o ? aaeeeeo e?ioioeeo?a o 1,5-2,0 ?ace ?
aei??aiththoue a?aeiia?aeii 2,91±0,52; 1,33±1,11 ia ieiu?

625 iei2, a oaeiae u?euei?noue ieaciaoe/ieo ee?oei o i’yeioieo oyaeao —
o 1,1 ?ace ? noaiiaeoue 5,21±0,05.

A i?aaiio eiio?eaoa?aeueiiio e?ioaoe/iiio aoce? i?e oe?e aea aeic?
ii?ii?iaiiy ieiua e??eiai? ?a/iaeie ia ia?aaeuoaaea 65-70%. A ie?aieo
ae?eyieao aecia/aeiny oi?ioaaiiy e?ioi?aeieo aoceee?a ?c i?ina?oeaiiyi o
eiai oeaio??. A?aeiinia ieiua ?o noaiiaeoue 11,5±0,4%. E?aeia? neione
a?eueoa ?icoe?ai? o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai, i?ina?oe ?o caiiaiai?
ee?oeiaie, a?aeiinia ieiua ?o 5,7±0,4%. E??eia? neione oaeiae ?icoe?ai?,
a?aeiinia ieiua yeeo neeaaea? 6,3±0,3%. A?aeiinia ieiua i’yeioieo oyae?a
aei??aith? 15,1±0,6%. Niinoa??aathoueny ?icoe?ai? iiceia? neione, ye?
caiiaiai? ee?oeiaie iaiaeii??aeii, ?o a?aeiinia ieiua noaiiaeoue
12,1±0,6%. Ia?aei?oeeaeuei? aaioee aeaui ?icoe?ai?. U?euei?noue ee?oei
e?ioi?aeiiai ?yaeo ia ieiu? 625 iei2 o an?o no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaioao
i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a e?ai? ? i?aai? oaciaeo e?ioe?aie
a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeyoue: o e?ioi?aeiiio aoceeeo na?aaei?o e?ioioeeo?a —
3,13±0,31; aaeeeeo — 1,21±0,62; ieaciioeeo?a o i’yeioiiio oyae? —
6,14±0,92.

E??eiai-iiceiaee ?iaeaen noaiiaeoue 2,03 a e?aiio i?aeeie?iiiio
e?ioaoe/iiio aoce?, a a i?aaiio — 1,92.

I?e ii?ii?iaii? /a?aiiei eaca?ii a aeic? 3,0 Aeae/ni2 a ii?ii?iaiiio
e?ioaoe/iiio aoce? ieiua iiceiai? ?a/iaeie ca?eueoo?oueny ? neeaaea?
40,5±0,9%. Neione ua a?eueoa ?icoe?ai?, iniaeeai iiceia?, ye? caiiaiai?
aaeeeith e?euee?noth e?ioi?aeieo ee?oei, a?aeiinia ieiua yeeo aei??aith?
13,3±0,9%, a ieiua e?aeiaiai neiona noaiiaeoue 5,1±0,4%. E?euee?noue
?icoe?aieo oa iiaiie?iaieo noaeei ua a?eueoa c?inoaea, ye a e??eia?e,
oae ? a iiceia?e ?a/iaei?, iniaeeai a ?? o?aaaeoeao, a?aeiinia ieiua
yeeo c?inoa? ? aei??aith? 11,0±0,4%. *?oei iii?oia oi?ioaaiiy
e?ioi?aeieo aoceee?a ?c na?oeeie oeaio?aie. ?o e?euee?noue ia c??cao
a?ae 2-3 aei 14, a a?aeiinia ieiua noaiiaeoue 17,4±0,4%, ui o 3,7 ?ace
a?eueoa ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieueiiai. I’yeioi? oyae? iioiauai?,
a?aeiinia ieiua ?o aei??aith? 16,2±0,2%. I?e oe?e aea aeic? ii?ii?iaiiy
ci?ith?oueny u?euei?noue e?ioi?aeieo ee?oei o no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaioao
e?ioiaocea, cie?aia o e?ioi?aeieo aoceeeao c?inoa? u?euei?noue na?aaei?o
? aaeeeeo e?ioioeeo?a o 2 ?ace ? aei??aiththoue a?aeiia?aeii 3,11±1,12;
1,23±0,62, a oaeiae u?euei?noue ieaciaoe/ieo ee?oei o i’yeioieo oyaeao
c?inoa? o 1,4 ?ace ? noaiiaeoue 6,48±0,71.

I?e o?e aea aeic? ii?ii?iaiiy a eiio?eaoa?aeueiiio e?ioaoe/iiio aoce?
niinoa??aaeiny oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy ieiu? iiceiai? ?a/iaeie, ia?aaaaeii ca
?aooiie ?icoe?aiiy iiceiaeo neion?a, ui a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeoue
39,8±0,7%; 15,5±0,4%. E?aeiaee neion ?icoe?aiee, eiai a?aeiinia ieiua
aei??aith? 6,1±0,4% ? a?aeiinii u?eueii caiiaiaiee e?ioi?aeieie
ee?oeiaie. Noaeeie ?icoe?ai?, iiaiie?iai?. A e??eia?e ?a/iaei? /?oeeo
e?ioi?aeieo aoceee?a ia aecia/a?oueny, oi/a i?inoaaeo?oueny oaiaeaioe?y
aei i?ina?oeaiiy oeaio??a. A?aeiinia ieiua ?o neeaaea? 10,2±0,3%.

E??eiai-iiceiaee ?iaeaen e?aiai e?ioaoe/iiai aocea neeaaea? 1,47; a
i?aaiai — 1,51.

U?euei?noue na?aaei?o ? aaeeeeo e?ioioeeo?a o e?ioi?aeiiio aoceeeo
oaeiae c?inoa? ? a?aeiia?aeii neeaaea? 3,30±1,11; 1,34±0,73, a o
i’yeioiiio oyae? u?euei?noue ieaciioeeo?a aei??aith? 6,66±0,47.

I?e ii?ii?iaii? i?aeeie?iiiai e?ioaoe/iiai aocea iecueei-?ioaineaiei
/a?aiiei eaca?ii a aeic? 30,0 Aeae/ni2 a ii?ii?iaiiio e?ioiaoce?
a?aeiinia ieiua e??eiai? ?a/iaeie ciaioo.oueny a 1,2 ? noaiiaeoue
68,6±0,9%, e?a? yei? oanoii/ano?, aeieiathoueny a iiceiao ?a/iaeio, yea
?icoaoiaaia aocueeith nioaeeith. E?ioi?aei? aoceeee /?oei ia
i?inoaaeothoueny, aea ia i?aia?aoao niinoa??aathoueny ii aeae?eueea
na?oeeo oeaio??a, a?aeiinia ieiua ?o neeaaea? 13,8±0,3% a?ae on??? ieiu?
e?ioiaocea. E?aeiaee ? iiceiaee neione caiiaiai? aaeeeith e?euee?noth
e?ioi?aeieo ee?oei, ?o a?aeiini? ieiu? ia a?noieia?/ieo c??cao
aei??aithoue a?aeiia?aeii 4,9±0,3% ? 8,2±0,3%. Inoaiiy aeaui iaioa a
ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai. I’yeioi? oyae? ?icoaoiaai? aeoaea u?eueii,
aeaeiaaeai? ? ?o a?aeiinia ieiua ca?eueoo?oueny ii a?aeiioaiith aei
ieiu? e?ioiaocea ia a?noieia?/iiio i?aia?ao? ? aei??aith? 13,1±0,8%.
E?iaiiini? noaeeie ?icoe?ai? oa iiaiie?iai?. U?euei?noue ?ici?uaiiy
iaeeo e?ioioeeae?a ia?aaaaeii c i?eiioe/ieie yae?aie, ui caiiaiththoue
ia?aio?io e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a, ca?eueoo?oueny a 1,5 ?ace ? neeaaea?
22,14±2,73. I?e oeueiio ciaioo?oueny o 1,7 ?ace e?euee?noue aaeeeeo
e?ioioeeo?a, ui aei??aith? 0,40±0,08 ? 1,9 ?ace — ieaciioeeo?a o
i’yeioieo oyaeao, ui noaiiaeoue 2,48±0,23.

A eiio?eaoa?aeueiiio e?ioaoe/iiio aoce? i?aai? oaciai? e?ioe?aee o uo?a
e??eiaa ?a/iaeia caeia? 65-75%, a?aeiinia ieiua ?? a?ae ieiu? onueiai
aocea neeaaea? 65,5±0,3%; ia?aei?oeeaeueia ciia aeieia?oueny a iiceiao
?a/iaeio ? ?? a?aeiinia ieiua aei??aith? 19,6±0,4%. Neione ?icoe?ai?,
caiiaiai? aaeeeith e?euee?noth ee?oei. A?aeiinia ieiua e?ioi?aeieo
aoceee?a c?inoa? aei 14,5±0,4%. A iiceiaeo o?aaaeoeao niinoa??aa?oueny
aaeeea e?euee?noue i?e?inoaeei, ye? aeoaea ?icoe?ai?, caiiaiai?
ee?oeiaie e?ia?. A?aeiinia ieiua ?o noaiiaeoue 9,1±0,3%. U?euei?noue
iaeeo e?ioioeeo?a o e?ioi?aeiiio aoceeeo c?inoa? aei 23,10±3,41, i?e
oeueiio ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue aaeeeeo e?ioioeeo?a aei 0,55±0,12, a
ieaciioeeo?a o i’yeioieo oyaeao — 3,16±0,31.

E??eiai-iiceiaee ?iaeaen a ii?ii?iaiiio e?ioiaoce? i?e aeic? ii?ii?iaiiy
30,0 Aeae/ni2 noaiiaeoue 2,18 i?ioe 1,91 o eiio?eaoa?aeueiiio.

Oeueo?ano?oeoo?a oeaieie e?aiai i?aeeie?iiiai e?ioaoe/iiai aocea
noaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei i?e ii?ii?iaii? /a?aiiei eaca?ii a aeic? 0,3
Aeae/ni2 iii?oii ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae noai?e?ineii?/ii? aoaeiae
i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a ?ioaeoieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?eeo uo??a.

I?e ii?ii?iaii? /a?aiiei eaca?ii e?aiai i?aeeie?iiiai e?ioaoe/iiai aocea
a aeic? 3,0 Aeae/ni2 ci?ith?oueny oi?ia oa oeueo?ano?oeoo?a ee?oeiieo
aeaiaio?a. Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth oeueo?ano?oeoo?e o ee?oeiao
e?ioi?aeiiai ?yaeo i?e oe?e aeic? ii?ii?iaiiy ? ?icoe?aiiy
ia?eioeeaa?ieo i?inoi??a, oeenoa?i a?aioey?iiai aiaeiieaciaoe/iiai
?aoeeoeoio ? cia/ia c?inoaiiy i?e?iai?neiie ye o e?ioioeeo?a, oae ? o
iae?ioaa?a. Oe? ai?neiee iathoue ??cio oiaueio (200-1000 ii), ye?
?icaaeoaeothoueny, eiioaeoothoue ?c non?aei?ie ee?oeiaie ? i?ae niaith.
I?e?iai?neiee iathoue neaai ou?eueiaio a?aeiieacio. Eiio?ao?aoe?y
ea??ieaie e?ioioeeo?a, iniaeeai e?ioiaeano?a noa? a?eueo caeaenoith,
niinoa??aathoueny ?iaaa?iaoe??. A?eueoa cono??/a?oueny e?ioioeeo?a c
i?eiioeciaaieie yae?aie. Iiae?ai? ci?ie oeueo?ano?oeoo?e
niinoa??aathoueny o ee?oeiao i?aaiai (eiio?eaoa?aeueiiai) i?aeeie?iiiai
e?ioaoe/iiai aocea, ui na?ae/eoue i?i nenoaiiee oa?aeoa? ?aaeoe??
ia?eoa?e/ieo ?ioiieo i?aai?a ia ae?th /a?aiiiai eaca?a.

I?ney ii?ii?iaiiy iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii e?aiai
i?aeeie?iiiai e?ioaoe/iiai aocea a?eiai uo?a a aeic? 30,0 Aeae/ni2
niinoa??aaeiny ??cea ia?inoaiiy aeeno?io?/ieo oa iniaeeai iae?ia?ioe/ieo
ci?i e?ioi?aeieo aeaiaio?a o e?ioiaoce?. Iaea?eueoa ae?aaeaiee iae?ia?ic
oa iae?ic iaeeo oa na?aaei?o e?ioioeeo?a. Ia?aaaaea? e?cen ieaciieai ?
ea??ieai ?c cieeiaiiyi /?oeeo iaae ee?oei oa eiia?iaoe?? yaeu
ea??ii?eiico oa ea??ie?co. ssae?a aaeeeeo e?ioioeeo?a, c aeia?a
?icaeiooith oeeoiieaciith, e?ioiaeano?a /ano?oa anueiai iaaoaathoue
ae/o?ii? oi?ie, caa??aath/e i?e oeueiio /?oeee ?enoiie eiiaeainiaaiiai
o?iiaoeio. Niinoa??aa?oueny oaeiae e?cen ?ioeo ee?oei.

Iaea?aeai? aeai? i?i no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a ii?ii?iaiiio oa
eiio?eaoa?aeueiiio e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe
ocaaaeueiaiiy, ui ?aaeoe?y e?ioi?aeii? oeaieie ia i?yiee eieaeueiee
aieea iecueei?ioaineaiiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy a /a?aii?e ae?eyioe?
niaeo?a cia/ii a?eueoa ae?aaeaia, ye i?e eiai iai?yi?e ae??.

A?aei?/a?oueny /?oei ae?aaeaia caeaaei?noue ?aaeoe?? e?ioi?aeii? oeaieie
a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy /a?aiiei eaca?ii.

I?eaaaeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iecueei?ioaineaia eaca?ia
aei?ii?ithaaiiy a aeic? 0,3 Aeae/ni2 ? iniaeeai 3,0 Aeae/ni2 aeeeeea?
noeioethth/? ?aaeoeai? ci?ie a e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao, oiio ?o iiaeia
a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a eaca?ioa?ai?? ?c iiaeaeueoei
canoinoaaiiyi a i?aeoe/i?e iaaeeoeei?.

A eiio?eaoa?aeueiiio e?ioaoe/iiio aoce? i?aai? oaciai? e?ioe?aee
niinoa??aaeeny aiaeia?/i? ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie, aea ae?aaeai? o iaio?e
i???.

I?e aeic? ii?ii?iaiiy /a?aiiei eaca?ii 30,0 Aeae/ni2 ??cei ia?inoaee
i?ioeane aeano?oeoe?? e?ioi?aeii? ia?aio?ie o aeaeyae? yaeu iae?ia?ico,
a oaeiae niinoa??aaeany aeeno?io?y aeaiaio?a i?e?iioi/aiiy, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i aeano?oeoeai? ci?ie a e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao oa i?eai?/aii?
?o ooieoe??.

AENIIAEE

1. O i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao noaoaaic??eeo ?ioaeoieo oa
eiio?ieueieo a?eeo uo??a ia?aaaaea? e??eiaa ?a/iaeia. Ca i?e?i- oa
oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieie ia?aiao?aie, ee?oeiiei neeaaeii e?aee oa i?aaee
i?aeeie?ii? e?ioaoe/i? aocee nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciythoueny.

2. I?e ii?ii?iaii? e?aeo i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a noaoaaic??eeo
a?eeo uo??a iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii a aeicao 0,3; 3,0 oa
30,0 Aeae/ni2 aeyaeai? caeiiii??i? no?oeoo?i? ci?ie, ye? iinyoue
aeicicaeaaeiee oa?aeoa?.

3. O i?aaeo (eiio?eaoa?aeueieo) i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao
noaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei, i?e ii?ii?iaii? e?aeo aoce?a iecueei?ioaineaiei
/a?aiiei eaca?ii o aeicao 0,3; 3,0 oa 30,0 Aeae/ni2, aeieeathoue
iiae?ai? aei ii?ii?iaieo no?oeoo?i? ci?ie, aea aiie iaioa ae?aaeai?, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i nenoaiiee oa?aeoa? ?aaeoe?? ia?eoa?e/ieo ?ioiieo i?aai?a
ia eaca?ia ii?ii?iaiiy.

4. I?ney ii?ii?iaiiy e?aeo i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a noaoaaic??eeo
a?eeo uo??a iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii o aeic? 0,3 ?, iniaeeai,
a aeic? 3,0 Aeae/ni2 a?aeiinia ieiua iiceiai? ?a/iaeie ca?eueoo?oueny o
1,5 ?ace, a ei?e ciaioo?oueny o 1,2 ?ace, e??eiai-iiceiaee ?iaeaen
cieaeo?oueny aei 1,51, o ei?? c?inoa? a 3-4 ?ace a?aeiinia ieiua
e?ioi?aeieo aoceee?a, a naia, aei 7 ?ac?a e?euee?noue ?o ?c na?oeei
oeaio?ii, o 1,4-2,0 ?ace ?icoe?th?oueny neioniee aia?ao. Oe? no?oeoo?i?
ci?ie na?ae/aoue i?i ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoea?caoe?th e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a.

5. I?ney ii?ii?iaiiy e?aiai i?aeeie?iiiai e?ioaoe/iiai aocea
noaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii o aeicao 0,3 ?
3,0 Aeae/ni2 o an?o no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaioao eiai, cie?aia, o
e?ioi?aeieo aoceeeao c?inoa? u?euei?noue na?aaei?o ? aaeeeeo e?ioioeeo?a
o 1,5-2,0 ?ace, a oaeiae u?euei?noue ieaciaoe/ieo ee?oei o i’yeioieo
oyaeao o 1,1-1,4 ?ace. O e?ioi?aeieo ee?oeiao oa iae?ioaaao cia/ii
ia?aaaaea? /enei i?e?iai?neiie, ?icoe?ththoueny ia?eioeeaa?i? i?inoi?e ?
oeenoa?ie a?aioey?iiai aiaeiieaciaoe/iiai ?aoeeoeoio. Oae? ci?ie
ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo oa ?o oeueo?ano?oeoo?e na?ae/aoue i?i ooieoe?iiaeueio
aeoeai?noue e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a.

6. O i?aaiio (eiio?eaoa?aeueiiio) i?aeeie?iiiio e?ioaoe/iiio aoce?
noaoaaic??eeo a?eeo uo??a aeieeathoue iiae?ai? ci?ie ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo,
?o i?e?i- oa oeueo?ano?oeoo?e, ye ? o e?aiio ii?ii?iaiiio /a?aiiei
eaca?ii o aeicao 0,3 ? 3,0 Aeae/ni2, aea aiie iaioa ae?aaeai?. Oea
na?ae/eoue i?i nenoaiiee oa?aeoa? ?aaeoe?? ia?eoa?e/ieo ?ioiieo i?aai?a
ia eaca?ia ii?ii?iaiiy.

7. I?e ii?ii?iaii? e?aiai i?aeeie?iiiai aocea noaoaaic??eeo a?eeo uo??a
iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii o aeic? 30,0 Aeae/ni2 aeieeathoue
yaeua aeano?oeoe??: aeeno?io?/i? ci?ie ? iae?ia?ioe/i? i?ioeane.
A?aeiinia ieiua ei?e ciaioo?oueny a 1,2 ?ace. U?euei?noue ?ici?uaiiy
iaeeo e?ioioeeo?a, ia?aaaaeii c i?eiioe/ieie yae?aie, ui caiiaiththoue
ia?aio?io e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a, ca?eueoo?oueny o 1,5 ?ace. I?e oeueiio
ciaioo?oueny o 1,7 ?ace e?euee?noue aaeeeeo e?ioioeeo?a ? 1,9 ?ace —
ieaciioeeo?a o i’yeioieo oyaeao.

8. A ii?ii?iaieo o aeic? 30,0 Aeae/ni2 /a?aiiei eaca?ii e?ioaoe/ieo
aoceao iaeyne?aa?oa i?iyaeythoueny iae?ia?ioe/i? ci?ie a iaeeo ?
na?aaei?o e?ioioeeoao, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny e?cenii ieaciieaie ?
ea??ieaie, ea??ii?eiicii ? ea??ie?cii oa aeaoi?iaoe??th yaea? c
ooai?aiiyi ae/o?ieo oi?i. O i?aaiio (eiio?eaoa?aeueiiio) aoce? oe?
yaeua iaioa iii?oi?.

9. I?e aeei?enoaii? iecueei?ioaineaiiai /a?aiiiai eaca?a c
oa?aiaaoe/iith iaoith aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeice ii?ii?iaiiy 0,3
? 3,0 Aeae/ni2, i?e yeeo niinoa??aaeeny iaea?eueo ni?eyoeea? ci?ie o
e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aaeiaa?e I.I. No?oeoo?i? ci?ie a i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao i?e
eieaeueiiio ii?ii?iaii? iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei eaca?ii // Iaoeiaee
a?niee Oaeai?iaenueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo, na??y «Iaaeeoeeia», aei. 4. —
Oaeai?iae, 1997. — N. 199-202.

2. Aaeiaa?e I.I. Oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? ci?ie a i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo
aoceao a?eeo uo??a i?e ?o ii?ii?iaii? iecueei?ioaineaiei /a?aiiei
eaca?ii // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee aeueiaiao, aei. 2. — Eoaainuee, 1998.
— N. 33-35.

3. Aaeiaa?e I.I. Ia?aaoaeiaa no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a
i?e eieaeuei?e ae?? /a?aiiiai eaca?a // A?niee A?ei-Oea?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, aei. 6, /. 2. — A?ea Oea?eaa, 1998.
— N. 106-109.

4. Aaeiaaee I.I. No?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey a eeioaoe/aneii ocea iiae
aeeyieai ieceieioaineaiiai eaca?iiai eceo/aiey // Eaca?iay iaaeeoeeia,
O.2, aui. 1. — Iineaa, 1998. — N. 31-33.

5. Aaeiaaee I.I. Ii?oieiae/aneea eciaiaiey a iiaeeieaiiuo eeioaoe/aneeo
oceao i?e eo eieaeueiii iaeo/aiee ieceiyia?aaoe/aneei e?aniui eaca?ii //
Ii?oieiaey. — Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1998. — O. 114, ? 6. — N. 49-54.

6. Aaeiaaee I.I. No?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey eeioaoe/aneeo oceia i?e
eieaeueiii iaeo/aiee ieceiyia?aaoe/aneei eaca?ii // Iaoa?eaeu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee «Iiaia a eaca?iie iaaeeoeeia». — A?ano,
1991. — N. 84.

7. Aaeiaaee I.I. ?aaeoeey niiaoe/aneeo eeioaoe/aneeo oceia ia eieaeueiia
iaeo/aiea ieceiyia?aaoe/aneei e?aniui eaca?ii // Iaoa?eaeu Ananithciiai
nuacaea AAYO. — Niieaine, 1992. — N. 39.

8. Aaeiaaee I.I. Ii?oieiae/aneea eciaiaiey eeioaoe/aneeo oceia i?e eo
iaeo/aiee ieceiyia?aaoe/aneei aaeee-iaiiiaui eaca?ii // Iaoa?eaeu
eiioa?aioeee ii eaca?iie iaaeeoeeia. — Iineaa-Iaeanna, 1992. — N. 274.

9. Aieiaaoeeee A.N., Aaeiaaee I.I. ?aaeoeee eeioaoe/aneeo oceia ia
eieaeueiia iaeo/aiea ieceiyia?aaoe/aneei eaca?ii // Iaoa?eaeu iao/iie
eiioa?aioeee «Ooiaeaiaioaeueiua e i?eeeaaeiua aniaeou iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo
iaoiaeia ea/aiey». — Oa?ueeia, 1992. — N. 36.

10. Aaeiaaee I.I. Eciaiaiea ii?oieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia eeioaoe/aneeo
oceia i?e eo iaeo/aiee ieceiyia?aaoe/aneei aaeee-iaiiiaui eaca?ii //
Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee «Iiaua aeinoeaeaiey eaca?iie
iaaeeoeeiu». — Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1993. — N. 151.

11. Aaeiaaee I.I. Ii?oieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe eciaiaiee iiaeeieaiiuo
eeioaoe/aneeo oceia aaeuo e?un i?e eo eieaeueiii iaeo/aiee
ieceiyia?aaoe/aneei aaeee-iaiiiaui eaca?ii // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? «?iaeea?aeoaeueia aiaoii?/ia i?ieea?noue i?aai?a,
nenoai, oeaiei ethaeeie ? ?? cia/aiiy aeey i?aeoeee». — Iieoaaa, 1994. —
N. 41.

12. Aaeiaa?e I.I. Ci?ie no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a i?aeeie?iieo
e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a a?eeo uo??a i?e eieaeueiiio ii?ii?iaii?
iecueeiaia?aaoe/iei aae?e-iaiiiaei eaca?ii // Iaoa??aee 1
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai eiia?ano aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a ?
oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a Oe?a?ie. — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994. — N. 59.

13. Aieiaaoeeee A.N., Aaeiaaee I.I. ?aaeoeey eeioaoe/aneeo oceia ia
eieaeueiia iaeo/aiee ieceiyia?aaoe/aneei eaca?ii // Na. o?oaeia Iao/i.
eiio. «Ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiue noaoon ieaeiieoathueo e ioeoe». —
Neioa?iiieue, 1995. — N. 113.

14. Aaeiaa?e I.I. Oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? ci?ie o i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo
aoceao a?eeo uo??a i?e ae?? iecueei?ioaineaiiai eaca?a // Iaoa??aee
iaoeiai? eiio. «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oiaaiaco». — *a?i?aoe?: AAeIA IIC
Oe?a?ie — 1996. — N. 59.

15. Aaeiaaee I.I. Oeueo?aiee?ineiie/aneea eciaiaiey a iiaeeieaiiuo
eeioaoe/aneeo oceao e?un i?e eieaeueiii aicaeaenoaee ia ieo
ieceiyia?aaoe/aneiai eaca?a a e?aniie iaeanoe niaeo?a // Iaoa?eaeu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee ii iee?ioee?eoeyoeee. —
Iineaa-ss?ineaaeue, 1997. — N. 63.

16. Aaeiaa?e I.I. Oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? ci?ie a e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao i?e ?o
ii?ii?iaii? /a?aiiei eaca?ii // «Oe?a?inuee? iaaee/i? a?no?»: ca. iaoe.
i?aoeue VII Eiia?ano Na?oiai? Oaaea?aoe?? Oe?a?inueeeo e?ea?nueeeo
oiaa?enoa, /ano.1. — Oaeai?iae, Oe?a?ia, 1998. — N. 149.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aaeiaa?e I.I. No?oeoo?i? ci?ie a e?ioaoe/ieo aoceao i?ae ae??th
iecueei?ioaineaiiai /a?aiiiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.03.01 — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y. — Oa?iii?euenueea
aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ?.ss. Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie.
Oa?iii?eue, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii aieea iecueei?ioaineaiiai eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy a /a?aii?e iaeano? niaeo?o ia i?e?i- oa oeueo?ano?oeoo?o
i?aeeie?iieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a noaoaaic??eeo a?eeo uo??a o ??cieo
aeicao ii?ii?iaiiy: 0,3; 3,0 oa 30,0 Aeae/ni2. O ii?ii?iaieo
e?ioiaoceao aeieeathoue caeiiii??i? no?oeoo?i? ci?ie, ye? iinyoue
aeicicaeaaeiee oa?aeoa?. O eiio?eaoa?aeueieo, yeeie ? i?aa? i?aeeie?ii?
e?ioiaocee, i?e eieaeueiiio ii?ii?iaii? /a?aiiei eaca?ii e?aeo,
niinoa??aathoueny iiae?ai? aei ii?ii?iaieo no?oeoo?i? ci?ie, aea iaioa
ae?aaeai?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i nenoaiiee oa?aeoa? ?aaeoe?? ia?eoa?e/ieo
?ioiieo i?aai?a ia eaca?ia ii?ii?iaiiy. I?e aeicao ii?ii?iaiiy 0,3 ? 3,0
Aeae/ni2 iii?/ai? iaea?eueo ni?eyoeea? ci?ie a no?oeoo?? e?ioiaoce?a ?
ae?aaeaeeny o oi?i? ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoea?caoe?? i?ioean?a. A i?e
ii?ii?iaii? a aeic?

30,0 Aeae/ni2 a i?aeeie?iieo e?ioiaoceao aeieeathoue yaeua aeano?oeoe??
— aeeno?io?/i? oa iae?ia?ioe/i? ci?ie a ieo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?e? uo??, e?ioaoe/i? aocee, eaca?ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy,
aeica ii?ii?iaiiy, ci?ie, no?oeoo?a.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aaeiaaee I.I. No?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey a eeioaoe/aneeo oceao iiae
aeaenoaeai ieceieioaineaiiai e?aniiai eaca?iiai eceo/aiey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.01 — ii?iaeueiay aiaoiiey. —
Oa?iiiieueneay ainoaea?noaaiiay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey ei. E.ss.
Ai?aa/aaneiai IC Oe?aeiu. Oa?iiiieue, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaii aicaeaenoaea ieceieioaineaiiai eaca?iiai
eceo/aiey a e?aniie iaeanoe niaeo?a ia iee?i- e oeueo?ano?oeoo?o
iiaeeieaiiuo eeioaoe/aneeo oceia iieiaic?aeuo aaeuo e?un i?e aeicao
iaeo/aiey: 0,3; 3,0 e 30,0 Aeae/ni2.

Yenia?eiaiou i?iaiaeeeenue ia aaeuo aanii?iaeiuo iieiaic?aeuo (3-6 ian.)
e?unao-naioeao, iannie 180-200 a a i?eaeeciaiiuo oneiaeyo. I?e
enneaaeiaaieyo o/eouaaeenue aeieiae/aneea, aiaeiaua e nooi/iua eciaiaiey
eeioieaeiuo i?aaiia. Iauaeoii enneaaeiaaiee eca?aiu iiaeeieaiiua
eeioaoe/aneea oceu eaaie e i?aaie oaciauo eiia/iinoae. Iiae yoe?iui
ia?eicii o aeeaioiuo ?annaeaee iyaeea oeaie a iiaeeieaiiie iaeanoe eaaie
oaciaie eiia/iinoe e iaoiaeeee eeioaoe/aneee ocae. Yoi iaeeii/iue ocae,
/oi noaiaea?oece?oao yenia?eiaioaeueioth iiaeaeue. N iiiiuueth
naaoiaiaea eaca?iie onoaiiaee AEIE-1 eieaeueii iaeo/aee eeioiocae a
aeicao 0,3; 3,0; 30,0 Aeae/ni2, eioi?ua iiaeae?aeenue yiie?e/anee n
o/aoii aeaiiuo eeoa?aoo?u. Iaeo/aee eaaue iiaeeieaiiue eeioiocae, a
i?aaue (eiio?eaoa?aeueiue) neoaeee oanoii ?aaeoeee ia?eoa?e/aneeo
eiioiiuo i?aaiia ia eaca?iia aicaeaenoaea. Iaiin?aaenoaaiii iinea
iaeo/aiey caae?aee iiaeeieaiiua eeioioceu, oeene?iaaee a ?anoai?a ONO,
caeeaaee a ia?aoei, aenoieiae/aneea n?acu ie?aoeaaee
aaiaoieneeeiii-yiceiii e aco?-II-yiceiii. Aeey
yeaeo?iiii-iee?ineiie/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey i?aia?aou oeene?iaaee 1,6%
?anoai?ii aeooa?iaiai aeueaeaaeaea ia oinoaoiii aooa?a (?I 7,3) n
aeioeenaoeeae 1% ?anoai?ii IsI4, caeeth/aee a yiii. Oeueo?aoiieea n?acu
ecaioiaeyee ia oeueo?aoiia LKB8800III e eco/aee a yeaeo?iiiii iee?ineiia
JEM 100A. Ia aenoieiae/aneeo n?acao (5-7 iei) ii?aaeaeyee
ioiineoaeueiua ieiuaaee no?oeoo?iuo eiiiiiaiia (eainoeu, o?aaaeoe,
eeioieaeiuo ocaeeia, ei?eiaiai ieaoi, ia?aei?oaeaeueiie ciiu, iicaiauo
oyaeae, neioniiai aiia?aoa), a oaeaea ei?eiai-iicaiaie eiaeaen, eco/aee
eciaiaiey eeaoi/iiai ninoaaa (iaeuo, n?aaeieo e aieueoeo eeioioeeoia,
ieaciioeeoia, iae?ioaaia, aenoeioeeoia) no?oeoo?iuo eiiiiiaioia
eeioaoe/aneeo oceia.

I?e iaeo/aiee a aeica 0,3 Aeae/ni2 a iaeo/aiiii ocea ieiuaaeue ei?u
ninoaaeyea 70% io ieiuaaee n?aca, i?ienoiaeeo oi?ie?iaaiea eeioieaeiuo
ocaeeia ni naaoeuie oeaio?aie. Neioniue aiia?ao ?anoe?ai, iyeioiua
oyaee ianeieueei ooieuaiu. A ia?aioeia ocea, iniaaiii a eeioieaeiuo
ocaeeao, aic?anoaao eiee/anoai n?aaeieo e aieueoeo eeioioeeoia, o
iyeioiuo oyaeao — ieaciioeeoia. A eeaoeao eeioieaeiiai ?yaea
oaaee/eaaaony /enei iee?iai?neiie.

I?e iaeo/aiee a aeica 3,0 Aeae/ni2 a eeioiocea ieiuaaeue iicaiaiai
aauanoaa ninoaaeyea 45-60%. Neionu aua aieueoa ?anoe?aiu, iniaaiii
iicaiaua, a eioi?uo iiiai eeaoie. Ninoaeu ?anoe?aiiua, iieiie?iaiua.
*aoei caiaoii oi?ie?iaaiea eeioieaeiuo ocaeeia ni naaoeuie oeaio?aie.
Ieioiinoue eeioieaeiuo eeaoie e iae?ioaaia oaaee/eaaaony, a iniaaiiinoe
n?aaeieo e aieueoeo eeioioeeoia a eeioieaeiuo ocaeeao, a ieaciioeeoia —
a iyeioiuo oyaeao. Iaiyaony oi?ia e oeueo?ano?oeoo?a eeaoi/iuo
yeaiaioia. Iaaethaeaaony ?anoe?aiea ia?eioeeaa?iuo i?ino?ainoa, oeenoa?i
a?aioey?iiai yiaeiieaciaoe/aneiai ?aoeeoeoia, iaeeea iaeeeo oceeo
aaoayueony iee?iai?neiie ?aciie aeeeiu a ?anoe?aiiuo iaaeeeaoi/iuo
i?ino?ainoaao.

I?e aeica 30,0 Aeae/ni2 a iaeo/aiiii eeioiocea ieiuaaeue ei?eiaiai
aauanoaa ninoaaeyao 85%, a iicaiaia i?aaenoaaeaii a aeaea oceie iieinee,
iyeioiua oyaee ?aniieiaeaiu i/aiue ieioii. E?aaaie e iicaiaie neionu
i?aeoe/anee iieiinoueth caiieiaiu eeaoeaie eeioieaeiiai ?yaea.
Eeioieaeiua ocaeee ia i?ineaaeeaathony, oioy a ei?a ianeieueei
i?inaaoeaiiuo cii iu iaaethaeaee. Iiiai ?anoe?aiiuo e iieiie?iaiuo
ninoaeia. Ia?aioeia eeioiocea ninoieo ec ieioii ?aniieiaeaiiuo iaeuo
eeioioeeoia, eiee/anoai eioi?uo aic?anoaao a 1,5 ?aca. Oiaiueoaaony
ieioiinoue aieueoeo eeioioeeoia, a a iyeioiuo oyaeao — ieaciioeeoia.
Iaeaieaa au?aaeai iae?iaeic iaeuo e n?aaeieo eeioioeeoia a aeaea
iiyaeaiey ieeiioe/anee eciaiaiiuo yaea?, eecena ieaciieaiu e ea?eieaiu,
ea?eiieeiica e ea?eieeca, aeaoi?iaoeee yaea?, eioi?ua i?eia?aoatho
i?e/oaeeeaua oi?iu. A eiio?eaoa?aeueiuo iiaeeieaiiuo eeioioceao i?aaie
oaciaie eiia/iinoe aaeuo e?un i?e iaeo/aiee eaauo oceia e?aniui eaca?ii
a aeicao 0,3; 3,0; 30,0 Aeae/ni2 iaaethaeaeenue oaeea aea eciaiaiey, ii
iaiaa au?aaeaiiua.

Oaeei ia?acii, enneaaeiaaiea iieacaei, /oi eieaeueiia aicaeaenoaea IEEE
ia iiaeeieaiiua eeioaoe/aneea oceu aaeuo e?un aucuaaao eciaiaiea
no?oeoo?u ia oieueei a iaeo/aiiii eeioiocea, ii e a eii?eaoa?aeueiii,
/oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i ?aaeoeee ia?eoa?e/aneeo eiioiiuo i?aaiia ia
eaca?iia aicaeaenoaea. Auyaeaia oaeaea caaeneiinoue eciaiaiee a
a?oeoaeoiieea eeioioceia io aeicu iaeo/aiey. Iaeaieaa aeaaii?eyoiua
noeioee?othuea ?aaeoeaiua eciaiaiey iaaethaeaeenue i?e iaeo/aiee a aeica
3,0 Aeae/ni2, eioi?ua a aieueoae ia?a niioaaonoaiaaee aeoeaecaoeee eo
eeioieaeiiai aiia?aoa. I?e aeica 30,0 Aeae/ni2 iaaethaeaeenue i?ioeannu
iae?iaeica eeioieaeiie ia?aioeiu, ?ani?ino?aiaiiay aeeno?ioey yeaiaioia
iee?iie?oaeaiey, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i aeano?oeoeaiuo eciaiaieyo a
eeioaoe/aneeo oceao e oaiaoaiee eo ooieoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaeua e?unu, eeioaoe/aneea oceu, eaca?iia eceo/aiea,
aeica iaeo/aiey, eciaiaiey, no?oeoo?a.

SUMMARY

Vainagiy O.M. Structural changes in the lymphatic knots under the
influence of a low-intensive red laser radiation. — A manuscript.

This scientific work deals with the influence of a low-intensive laser
radiation in the region of red spectrum upon the popliteal lymphatic
knots of white rats under different doses of radiation. In the course of
radiation of the left popliteal lymphatic knots of pubescent rats in the
doses of 0,3 ; 3,0 and 30,0 Jl/cm2, the latter undergo natural
structural changes having dose-dependent character. In the case of
counterlaterals, that is right popliteal lymphatic knots, under the
influence of red laser radiation of the left ones, similar structural
changes can be seen, but much more feebly marked that those ones put to
the test, which points to the systemic character of reaction of the
peripherical immune organs on the laser radiation. One can notice the
highest level of suitable changes in the structure of lymphatic knots
under the doses of 0,3 and 3,0 Jl/cm2, displayed in the form of
functional activisation of processes. And under the doses of radiation
in 30,0 Jl/cm2, in the popliteal lymphatic knots the phenomenum of
destruction, that is dystrophic and necrobiotic changes in them can be
seen.

Key-words: white rats, lymphatic knots, laser radiation, dose of
radiation, changes, structure.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 16.04.1999 ?.

Oi?iao 60o84/16

Iai?? ionaoiee. Ae?oe ionaoiee.

Ae?oe.a?e. 1,25. Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Cai. 34.

Ae?oe OIA “Eie?? i??io”.

i. Oaeai?iae, aoe Eai?ooeueia, 18.

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