I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss I?NEssAeEIEIIII?

INA?OE ii. I.E. Ooieea

AIICA IAOAE?ss AANEE?AIA

OAeE 616.831-005+616.281-008.55 SYMBOL 93 \f «Times New Roman» \s 14 ]
-073.96

NOAI AANOEAOEss?IIAI AIAE?CAOI?A O OAI?EO C

AeENOeE?EOEssOI?IITH AIOeAOAEIIAO??TH, IAOIIA-

EAIITH IAOIEIA?*IITH CAEAENO?NOTH ? NOAIICII

IAA?NO?AEUeIEO A?OA??E AIEIAE

14. 01.15 — ia?aia? oai?iae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio iinoeoooi iae?ioi?o?ai? ii. aeaae.A.I.
?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Caiaaeithe Aiaaeai
A?oae?eiae/, Oeaio?aeueiee aini?oaeue IAN Oe?a?ie, ia/aeueiee
iaa?ieia?/iiai a?aeae?eo

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naiinthe ?aai Caoa?iae/, Ee?anueea
iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?c?ioa?ai?? ? eo?i?oieia??

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Eouee Oeyia Aiaaeai?aia, Ee?anueeee
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee oeaio? oeueo?acaoeiai? iaaee/ii? ae?aaiinoeee IIC
Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee oeaio?o

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.
Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a, eaoaae?a ia?aiaeo oai?ia

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “ 16 ” /a?aiy 1999?. i 13 aiaeeii ia caciaeaiii
ciaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.613.01 i?e Ee?anueeie
iaaee/iie aeaaeaii? iineyaeeieiiii? inaioe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie
ca aae?anith: 254112, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea,9, aoae. ? 3.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? iineyaeeieiiii? inaioe ii. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 254112, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?iciceaiee “ 12 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? ciaoeiaeiciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, aeioeaio
?iiaiaiei I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. ??no e?eueeino? noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue aieiaiiai iiceo a
?iaeono??aeueii ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao na?oo iia’ycaiee ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
oaoiiaaiieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie ? ? iniiaiith i?e/eiith
c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a aeiaaio?eaaei? ?iaae?aeiino? (Lechner H., Schmidt
G.L.,1997). Iiceiaee ?inoeueo cono??/a?oueny a oe?a?inuee?e iiioeyoe?? a
2,7 ?ace /ano?oa, i?ae ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea (A?ie/oe N.I.,1998). I?ioyaii
inoaiiueiai aeanyoee?ooy iii?/aii i?ia?anoaaiiy oea?aa?iaaneoey?ieo
caoai?thaaiue o ethaeae iieiaeiai ? na?aaeiueiai a?eo, ye? ia ?aii?o
noaae?yo aaaeei ia’?eoea?coaaoe (?oaeaiei A.TH. oa ?i.,1997; Cicoey ?.N.
oa ?i.,1997). A Oe?a?i? neeaaei? aeieia?/i? ? nioe?aeuei? oiiae
i?iaeeaaiiy aaaeooue aei iiyae aeenoee?eoeyoi?ii? aioeaoaeiiao?? (AeA),
yea iaeaea caaaeaee noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny caiaii?i/aiiyi ?
aanoeaoeiaaaaoaoeaieie ?iceaaeaie. Iaei??th c i?e/ei, ui aaaea aei
iiceiaeo aaiiaeeiai?/ieo ci?i ? iaoieia?y iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae.
Iae/ano?oa (80%) o?aaeaiiy eieae?cothoueny a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo
ae?eyieao a?ao?ioeaoaeueieo noaeei (?uaiei I.I., Aei?iaee A.I., 1992).

Aeai? i?i noai oea?aa?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee ? aca?iia?aeiioaiiy ??
iieaciee?a c aeaeo?io?c?ieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?e ??cieo oi?iao
aanoeaoey?ieo ?iceaae?a o noaeeiieo oai?eo iaei aea/ai?. Aaaeeeaei ? ?
oa, ui aanoeaoey?i? ?iceaaee i?e ii?ooaiiyo oeaio?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee
/anoi i?eaiaeyoue aei ?iaae?aeecaoe?? oai?eo (Aaca?ia A.A.,1988). O
ca’yceo c oeei aeieeea iio?aaa a ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo no/anieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo
nenoai ioe?iee oeaio?aeueii? aanoeaoey?ii? aeenooieoe??, ye? a aeaee
ciiao ia’?eoeaii ? oaeaeei ae?aaiinooaaoe iaea?eueo ?aii? i?iyae AeA –
aanoeaoeinaini?i? ?aaeoe??. Iaa?iioieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aea?
iiaeeea?noue ia’?eoea?coaaoe noa’?eoeai? e?eoa???, ia yeeo a?oioo?oueny
ae?aaiic ii/aoeiaeo i?iya?a iaaeinoaoiino? e?iaiia?ao iiceo (Iinoiaa
O.N., 1991). Ae?aaiinoeea oai?eo c oeaio?aeueiei aanoeaoey?iei
neiae?iiii i?e AeA, iaoiiaeai?e iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao, ? ia
nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue iaei??th c iaeiaea/aieo ? aeooaeueieo i?iaeai o
no/ani?e iaa?ieia??, iaa?iioieia?? oa iae?io??o?a??.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?e/eie ? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo aanoeaoey?ii?
aeenooieoe?? oae /e ?iaeoa iia’ycai? c iayai?noth noaeeiii? iaoieia??.
Aea ne?ae i?aee?aneeoe, ui aaaaoi aniaeo?a aanoeaoei-aaiiaeeiai?/ieo
aca?iei i?e iaoieia?? oeaio?aeueiiai a?aeae?eo aanoeaoey?iiai
aiae?caoi?a aei nueiaiaei?oiueiai aeiy aea/ai? iaaeinoaoiuei. Iaia?
/?oeeo ia’?eoeaieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo e?eoa???a ioe?iee oeaio?aeueii?
aanoeaoey?ii? aeenooieoe?? i?e ?aii?o i?iyaao AeA, iaoiiaeaii?
iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiai? ae?aaiinoe/ii? oaoi?ee a iaa?iioieia?/io i?aeoeeo
iia’ycaia c ?ic?iaeith aenia?oieo nenoai — eiinoeueoaio?a ia aac? AII (
Iinoiaa O.N., Eaothoei A.?., 1989; Iea?eean A.?., 1990; Neetho E.A.,
1990; Eaoaeia Ae.A.,1990). Aenia?oi? nenoaie noathoue oa?aeoa?iith
?enith no/aniiai aoaio ?icaeoeo iaoee ? oaoi?ee. Iiaeaeueoee i?ia?an o
aea/aii? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a ne?ae
iia’ycoaaoe c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi iiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o
oaeineiiaeaiiyi oeyoii eiii’thoa?ecaoe??.

Aei nueiaiaei?oiueiai aeiy iaia? e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a noaio
aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a, ye? a aeinoaoiuei ia’?eoeaii ioe?ithaaee
aanoeaoey?i? ?iceaaee o oai?eo c noaeeiiith AeA. Ia?niaeoeaiei, o
ca’yceo c oeei, ? iaoiae ia’?eoeaii? eiii’thoa?ii? aanoeaoeiiao??? –
iaoiae aeiaaieaoaioieo aeeeeeaieo iioaioe?ae?a o a?aeiia?aeue ia
iaa?oiaa iiae?aciaiiy (AII). Oeei iaoiaeii iiaeeeai ye?nii ? e?euee?nii
ioe?ieoe ianiaoeeo?/ii ?iceaaee aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe?? oeaio?aeueiiai
aaiaco, eiio?iethaaoe aaeaeaaoi?noue e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo c AeA,
iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae. Iiaeaeueoa
?ic?iaea iiaeo aeeoa?aioe?eii-ae?aaiinoe/ieo e?eoa???a ae?aaiinoeee
oeaio?aeueii? aanoeaoey?ii? aeenooieoe?? o oai?eo c ?aii?ie i?iyaaie
AeA, iaoiiaeaii? iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, ?
nai?/aniith ? aeooaeueiith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iaoeia? ee?i?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia aac? eaai?aoi??? iaa?iioieia??
Oe?a?inueeiai ?inoeoooo iae?io??o?a?? ?i. aeaae. A.I. ?iiiaeaiiaa AII
Oe?a?ie (caa. eaai?aoi???th — ae.i.i. O.N. Iinoiaa) ? aoee neeaaeiaith
/anoeiith oaie «?ic?iaeoe aia?io??o?a?/i? eiiieaene eiia?iiaaieo
aiaeiaaneoey?ieo i?e?io??o?a?/ieo ao?o/aiue aeey e?eoaaiiy oa aoi?eiii?
i?io?eaeoeee noaeeiieo o?aaeaiue aieiaiiai iiceo, oeo?
13/?.E.26.02.07.95, iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01.950010652).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe noaea e?euee?nia
ia’?eoeaia ioe?iea ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo AII o oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith
caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy :

1. Aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a AII ? ?o ci?i a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo,
o?eaaeino? ? noaae?? AeA, aieo o?aaeaiiy iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae,
aeeaeie iaa?ieia?/iiai aeaoaeoo, noaio oea?aa?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee o
oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae.

2. Ioe?iea aeeiai?ee aanoeaoey?ieo ?iceaae?a o oai?eo c iaoieia??th
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, ca aeaieie AII, i?ae aieeaii iia?aoeaiiai
ao?o/aiiy ? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy.

3. ?ic?iaea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaa?ieia?/io i?aeoeeo iiaeo
aeeoa?aioe?eii-ae?aaiinoe/ieo e?eoa???a ioe?iee noaio aanoeaoey?ii?
aeenooieoe?? i?e noaeeii?e AeA.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo AII
aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii a iaa?ieia?/io i?aeoeeo e?euee?ni?
ia’?eoeai? aeeoa?aioe?eii-ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? ae?aaiinoeee
aanoeaoey?ii? aeenooieoe?? o oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith
caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
oa?aeoa? oeaio?aeueii? aanoeaoey?ii? aeenooieoe?? caeaaeeoue a?ae a?eo ?
o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy, noaae?? AeA, aieo o?aaeaiiy iaa?no?aeueii?
noaeeie, aeeaeie iaa?ieia?/iiai aeaoaeoo. Iaoiaeii ei?aeyoe?eiiai
aiae?co ? ni?anoaaeaiiy e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a AII oa aeaieo na?aaeiuei?
e?i?eii? oaeaeeino? iiceiaiai e?iaioieo aeyaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueio
caeaaei?noue i?ae aanoeaoey?iith aeenooieoe??th ? noaiii oea?aa?aeueii?
aaiiaeeiai?ee. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iia?aoeaia ? iiaeaeueoa ?aaa?e?oaoe?eia
e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, iai?aaeaia
ia ii?iae?caoe?th nenoaiiiai ? oea?aa?aeueiiai e?iaioieo, ni?ey? oaeiae
iie?auaiith ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaa?iioieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy iaei nooo?aa cia/aiiy o
?aiiueiio aeyaeaii? aanoeaoey?ii? aeenooieoe?? o oai?eo c noaeeiiith
AeA. Ia’?eoeaia e?euee?nia ae?aaiinoeea oeaio?aeueii? aanoeaoey?ii?
aeenooieoe?? ia aeiee?i?/iiio aoai? ni?eyea iie?auaiith aenia?oii?
ioe?iee i?aoeacaeaoiino? oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith
caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cai?iiiiiaaia ae?aaiinoe/ia
iaoiaeeea AII aea? iiaeeea?noue i?iaiaeeoe oanooaaiiy aanoeaoey?ii?
ooieoe?? o oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e
aieiae. Iaoiae AII ? aaaeeeaei o i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? aeey aeyaeaiiy
noaeeiii? AeA ia ?aii?e noaae?? o in?a na?aaeiueiai a?eo, aeey yeeo
iniaeeaa cia/aiiy iathoue ieoaiiy o?oaeiai? aenia?oece ? ?aaa?e?oaoe??,
? aea? iiaeeea?noue ua aei aeei?enoaiiy aia?ia?ao?? c iaea?eueoith
eiia??i?noth ae?aaiinooaaoe iaoieia?th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoe/io ?iaioo
iaa?ieiai/iiai aiaeaeieo ainiioaeth IAN i?e AO IAN i. Ee?aa, eeiiiee
i?neyiia?aoe?eii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ? 10 Oe?a?inueeiai ?inoeoooo
iae?io??o?a?? ?i. aeaae. A.I. ?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie, iaa?ieia?/iiai
a?aeae?eo ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?4 Cae?cie/iiai ?aeiio i. Ee?aa, a oaeiae o
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean eaoaae?e iae?io??o?a?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey oa eaoaae?e iae?io??o?a?? Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie,
ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Naiino?eii i?iaiaeeany a?aea?? 134 oai?eo c
AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo
a?oa??e aieiae, ui ciaoiaeeeenue ia e?eoaaii? o ee?i?oe? iaoieia??
noaeei aieiaiiai iiceo ? 14 (caa?aeoaa/ — ae.i.i. I.A. Oe?iaeei)
?inoeoooo iae?io??o?a?? ?i. aeaae. A.I. ?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie.
Naiino?eii i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ee?i?/ieo ? ia?aee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia iaa?iioieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo. Naiino?eii
i?iaiaeeeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a AII ?
oeueo?acaoeiai? aeiiiea?ia?ao??. Ia iniia? eiii’thoa?ii? i?ia?aie ia
iia? Aaenee naiino?eii i?iaiaeeeanue noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a. Naiino?eii i?iaaaeaia ia?iaea e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae,
iaienaiee oaeno iaoeiai? ?iaioe, ?ic?iaeai? oaaeeoe? oa ?enoiee,
noi?ioeueiaai? aeniiaee ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Ai?iaaoe?y aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaia
ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo iae?io??o?a?? ?i.
aeaae. A.I. ?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie ?acii c iaa?ieiaaie Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie
oa Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey IIC
Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,1998).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeeth/ai? aei
aeena?oaoe??, ii?eethaeiaii ia :

1. Iaeani?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iiaa a ae?aaiinoeoe?,
e?eoaaii? oa i?io?eaeoeoe? ia?aiai-ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a» (Oa?iii?eue,
1994?.).

2. ? I?aeia?iaeiiio iaaee/iiio eiia?an? nooaeaio?a ? iieiaeeo a/aieo
(Oa?iii?eue, 18-22 o?aaiy 1997?.).

3. Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy iaaeeoeeie»
(Ee?a,1997?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, c
yeeo 5 — naiino?ei?. ?c ieo 3 aeo?iaeuei? noaoo?, iioae?eiaai? a
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo, 4 — a iaoa??aeao ? oacao
eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y iaienaia ia 147 noi??ieao oaenoo,
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 4 ?icae?e?a, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae e?oa?aoo?e, ui ia?aoiao?
131 a?o/eciyia ? 23 caei?aeiiieo aeaea?aea.

?iaioa i?noeoue 16 oaaeeoeue oa ?ethno?iaaia 23 ?enoieaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee ianoaaeaiiy. A iniiao ?iaioe iieeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe
niinoa?aaeaiue 134 oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth
? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo
a?aeae?eao. Iaoieia?/io caeaeno?noue ? noaiic o?aaaoieo a?oa??e aeyaeee
iaoiaeaie aia?ia?ao?? ? oeueo?acaoeiai? aeiiiea?ia?ao?? o 81 (60,45%)
oai?iai oa aioo??oi?o niiieo a?oa??e a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao — o
53 (39,55%) oai?eo.

A?e aeine?aeaeoaaieo eieeaaany a iaaeao 20-68 ?ie?a ? noaiiaea o
na?aaeiueiio aeey oai?eo c iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii
o?aaaoieo a?oa??e — 42,91 SYMBOL 177 \f «Times New Roman» \s 16 ± 4,02
?ie?a ? aeey oai?eo c iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii aioo??oi?o
niiieo a?oa??e — 45,59 SYMBOL 177 \f «Times New Roman» \s 16 ± 4,20
?ie?a. *ano?oa oai??ee ianoaaeai? o iaea?eueo i?aoeacaeaoiiio a?oe?,
aeey yeeo aaaeeeaeie aoee ieoaiiy o?oaeiai? aenia?oece ? i?iaiico.

Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaaeaee 25 caei?iaeo aeine?aeaeoaaieo o a?oe? 17-49
?ie?a, ye? ia iaee nea?a ia noai caei?ia’y ? o yeeo i?e iaa?ieia?/iiio,
aoae?i-aanoeaoeiiao?e/iiio, aeiiiea?ia?ao?/iiio,
eiii’thoa?ii-oiiia?ao?/iiio aeine?aeaeaiiyo iaoieia?/ieo ci?i ia aoei
aeyaeaii.

I?e ianoaaeaii? oai?eo aeei?enoiaoaaeeny no/ani? iaoiaee. I?aaeeuei?noue
? oi/i?noue ae?aaiico i?aeoaa?aeaeai? aeaoaeueiei aiae?cii aiaiianoe/ieo
aeaieo, aeeiai?eith caoai?thaaiiy, eiiieaeniei ee?i?/iei ianoaaeaiiyi,
iaoiaeaie ea?ioeaeii? ? aa?oaa?aeueii? aia?ia?ao??, oeueo?acaoeiai?
aeiiiea?ia?ao??, eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao??, iaai?oii-?aciiainii?
oiiia?ao?? c iaoith aeeeth/aiiy ia’?iieo i?ioean?a ? caoai?thaaiue
?ioaeoe?eiiai aaiaco.

Eiiieaenia ae?aaiinoeea ii?ooaiue aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe?? o oai?eo c AeA,
iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, aeeth/aea
?a?no?aoe?th oai?eo, aea/aiiy iaaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a, caiiaiaiiy ea?oe
ianoaaeaiiy, iaa?ieia?/ia, iaa?iioieia?/ia, iooaeueiieia?/ia
ianoaaeaiiy. Aei iaa?iioieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy aoiaeeee ioineii?y,
?eiineii?y, oa?eiaineii?y, noa’?eoeaia aoae?iiao??y — aeine?aeaeaiiy
oai?oii? ? ?iciiaii? iiae. Iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eyee aeyaeaiith neooiaeo
ii?ooaiue, aeaoaeueii ioe?ithaaee oiiae, i?e yeeo ianooiaei cieaeaiiy
neooo, aeieeaa ooi o aooao, a?aoiaoaaee aeaai?noue neooiaeo ii?ooaiue,
iayai?noue neooiaeo iaiai?a.

Aecia/aeenue oiiae aeieeiaiiy oa oa?aeoa? aanoeaoey?ieo ?iceaae?a, i?e
iien? i?noaaio a?aoiaoaaee iai?yi, aiie?ooaeo, /anoioo, o?eaae?noue,
aieea iieiaeaiiy aieiae oa ?io? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Noaoieii?aeeiaoi?io
ooieoe?th ioe?ithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith i?iae ?iiaa?aa oa oa?aeoa?o oiaee.
On?i oai?ei c iaoith i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy noaeeiiiai oa?aeoa?o
aanoeaoeiiao?e i?iaiaeeeinue iooaeueiineii?/ia ianoaaeaiiy ?
ioe?ithaaany noai aeeneo ci?iaiai ia?aa, n?oe?aee ? noaeeiii? iaieiiee
iea.

Na?aae oai?eo c iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii o?aaaoieo a?oa??e
/ano?oa cono??/aeeny ae?iee (54,32%), o /ieia?e?a oey iaoieia?y
cono??/aeany ??aeoa (45,68%). Iaoieia?/ia caeaeno?noue ? noaiic
aioo??oi?o niiieo a?oa??e a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao /ano?oa
cono??/aeenue o /ieia?e?a (64,15%), i?ae o ae?iie (35,85%). Ii noaae??
i?io?eaiiy AeA on? ianoaaeai? oai?? aoee iiae?eai? ia o?e a?oie. ?c ieo
oai?? c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii
o?aaaoieo a?oa??e c ? noaae??th — 28,40%, c ?? noaae??th — 44,44%, c ???
noaae??th — 27,16%. Ianoaaeaieo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith
caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii aioo??oi?o niiieo a?oa??e c ? noaae??th aoei
41,51%, c ?? noaae??th — 37,74%, c ??? noaae??th — 20,75%. Noaeeiia AeA
ee?i?/ii i?iyaeyeanue neiioiiaie, ui a?aeiia?aeaee ?, ?? ? ??? noaae??
oai?iae. O oai?eo c ? noaae??th AeA ia?aaaaeaee nea?ae
iaa?iciiiae?aiiai oa?aeoa?o: oaeaeea aoiiethaai?noue, ae?ao?aeea?noue,
?icn?yi?noue oaaae, cieaeaiiy iai’yo?, aieiaiee a?eue i?e ?icoiiaiio /e
o?ce/iiio iai?oaeaii?, caiaii?i/aiiy, ui aeacoaaee ia anoai?caoe?th
i?aai?cio. Aanoeaoeinaini?i? ?aaeoe?? /anoi aeia?aaeaeaee ?icaeoie
oei?/ii? aeey AeA iaa?ieia?/ii? neiioiiaoeee. Cieaeoth/e
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue oai?eo, oe? ii?ooaiiy iiaeooue aeiaai
iaaeiioe?ithaaoeny ye iciaee i?aai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy. O ? noaae?? AeA
caiaii?i/aiiy iineei ianenoaiiee oa?aeoa?, i?io?eaei i’yei, aac
ae?aaeaieo aaaaoaoeaieo ?aaeoe?e, aoei iaio ?ioaineaiei, aea a?eueo
o?eaaeei. Aanoeaoeinaini?i? ?aaeoe?? aoee ianiaoeeo?/ieie, iaeiae a?eueo
aeaoaeueia iciaeiieaiiy c ieie iaei iaaia aeeoa?aioe?eii-ae?aaiinoe/ia
cia/aiiy, a oaeiae iieaaooaaei ?icoi?iiy iaoiaaiaco ia?aiaeo ii?ooaiue
i?e AeA, iaoiiaeai?e iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae.

Aieiaiee a?eue iinea aeeoociee oa?aeoa?, ia eiai oii? aeieeaa ooi c
a?ae/oooyi ioeuenaoe?? o aieia?, iniaeeai o ne?iiyo, o iiiaio
i?aeaeuaiiy a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo. O aaaaoueio oai?eo a?eue aeieeaa aai
i?aeneethaaany eeoa a ia??iae oea?aa?aeueii-noaeeiieo ia?ieneci?a,
?iiae? ia?aaeoth/e ?i. *ano?oa a?i eieae?coaaany ia aioe? o?aaeaii?
iaa?no?aeueii? a?oa???, cae/aeii o iioeee/ii-ne?iiaa?e ae?eyioe?.

Oai?? c ?? ? ??? noaae??th AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth
? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, e??i aeua caaaeaieo nea?a,
a?aei?/aee ooi, aeca?i ? aoae?iiy o aooao. ?iiae? aiie aoee ieio/eie, a
a ?yae? aeiaaee?a iino?eieie, iaeii- /e aeaia?/ieie. Oaeiae oe? oai??
nea?aeeeeny ia ci?ia? ii?ooaiiy o aeaeyae? «iioaii?iiy» a i/ao,
ieaio?iiy aeeneo/eo e?aiie /e ceacaa?a ? e?i?e ia?aae i/eia (oioiin??).
I?enooie ii?ooaiiy ci?o i?iaeiaaeoaaeeny, cae/aeii, a?ae e?eueeio
naeoiae aei 1-2 oaeeei, iiaoi?thaaeeny c ??ciith /anoioith, aeieeaee a
ia??iae oea?aa?aeueii-noaeeiiiai ia?ienecio aai a noaae?? iano?eei?
eiiiainaoe?? iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao, ia?aaaaeii o aa?oaa?i-aaceey?iiio
aanaei?.

I?e iaa?ieia?/iiio ianoaaeaii? o oai?eo c AeA ? noaae??, iaoiiaeaii?
iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae,
aeyaeyeanue i?e?ineiioiiaoeea o aeaeyae? a?ianoac?? ia iaee//? ?
cieaeaii? ?ia?aeiaiai ?aoeaeno (10,21%). ?iiae? niinoa??aaeenue
ii?ooaiiy eiiaa?aaioe??, ui ii?aeioaaeeny c aeeieii??th i?e o?enaoe??
iiaeyaeo ia i?aaeiao?, ui iaaeeaeaany (13,45%).

Aeacai? ?iceaaee eiia?iiaaieo ?oo?a i/ieo yaeoe ianooiaee a ?acoeueoao?
ii?ooaiiy anioe?aoeaieo ooieoe?e caaeiueiai iiacaeiaaeiueiai io/ea a
iaaeao noiaao?o aieiaiiai iiceo. Oiio oe? ii?ooaiiy iiaeia aaaaeaoe
?aii?ie i?iyaaie o?aaeaiiy noiaao?o ia ??ai? na?aaeiueiai iiceo.

I?ae /an iaa?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy i?e ii/aoeia?e noaae?? AeA aeyaeee
oaeiae iano?ee?noue a iic? ?iiaa?aa (40,09%), iiceoe?eiee i?noaai
(36,85%).

O oai?eo c ?? ? ??? noaae??th AeA, iaoiiaeaii? iaoieia?/iith
caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, ia ia?oee ieai
aenooiaee i?aai?/i? iaa?ieia?/i? neiioiie, na?aae yeeo iae/ano?oa
aeyaeyee niiioaiiee ai?eciioaeueiee i?noaai iecueei? aai na?aaeiuei?
aiie?ooaee (23,09%), ?iiae? aeieeaa ?ioaoi?iee aai eeii?/iee i?noaai, ui
na?ae/eei i?i eiai oeaio?aeueia iioiaeaeaiiy.

Caeaaeaeai?noue iiniaoaii? neeaaeee (7,45%) oa aneiao??y nooiaeeeueieo
?aoeaen?a (16,63%) aeacoaaee ia ?ooiao iaaeinoaoi?noue. E??i oeeo
neiioii?a, cono??/aeenue oaeiae neiioiie, ui ia?aaaaeaee a ? noaae?? AeA
— iano?ee?noue a iic? ?iiaa?aa (35,75%), ii?ooaiiy eiiaa?aaioe?? (6,21%)
oa a?ianoac?y iieiaeie iaee//y (10,93%).

Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo iooaeueiineii?/ieo aeaieo o ianoaaeaieo oai?eo
aeyaeee ci?ie ia i/iiio aei? (58,95%) o aeaeyae? caoaeaiiy a?oa??e,
eaaei? ?o caeaenoino? ? ?icoe?aiiy aai (aia?iiao?y n?oe?aee).

Oaeei /eiii, ee?i?/ia ea?oeia AeA, iaoiiaeaii? iaoieia?/iith
caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae a
aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue ??ciiiai?oieie
a?ae/oooyie, ye? ii?aeioaaeeny c ia’?eoeaieie neiioiiaie iaa?ieia?/iiai
noaoono, ui aeacoaaei ia aeenooieoe?th ei?eiai-e?ia?/ieo,
a?iioaeaii-iacaioeaoaeueieo, noiaao?iaeo ? ?aoeeoei-ni?iaeueieo
no?oeoo?.

Aanoeaoeiiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei iniiaiei o i?ioean? aea/aiiy
aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe??. Ioe?ieo noaio oeaio?aeueii? aanoeaoey?ii?
ooieoe?? i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo aeiaaieaoaioieo aeeeeeaieo
iioaioe?ae?a o a?aeiia?aeue ia iaa?oiaa iiae?aciaiiy (AII).

?iaioa aeeiioaaeany ia «Aiae?caoi?? aanoeaoey?ii? /ooeeaino?» c
canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a aaoiiaoeciaaiiai iiooeo /ooeeaino? (ii
ciai?oiueiio noaiaea?oo). Aiae?caoi? — oea aia?aoii-i?ia?aiiee eiiieaen,
ui aeicaieya ?a?no?oaaoe aeeeeeaio aeoeai?noue aieiaiiai iiceo o
a?aeiia?aeue ia iaa?oiaa iiae?aciaiiy aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a.

?a?no?aoe?y AII i?iaiaeeeanue o a?aeiia?aeue ia eooiaa ?iioeuenia
i?enei?aiiy ca aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueiiai ?iioeuenii-iiai?ioiiai e??nea.

Iniiaieie a?aeaaaeaiiyie AII aoee: aa?oaen-ianoi?aeaeueia,
?iaeeoa?aioiee aeaeo?iae — ia eia?. Ii/a?aiai i?iaiaeeeinue 16 iaa?oaiue
?iioeuenii-iiai?ioiiai e??nea c i?i?iaeueiei eooiaei i?enei?aiiyi 2-5
SYMBOL 176 \f «Times New Roman» \s 16 ° /n SYMBOL 178 \f «Courier New»
\s 16 ? ae?ai ? ai?aai. I?ney iaeiie/aiiy a iai’yo? AII ia ae?ai
aeenieath iiaeaaaeiny a?ao?/ia cia?aaeaiiy ona?aaeiaiiai ?acoeueoaoo —
e?eaa AII. Neaiae neeaaeaany c 3 iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a: ?1 — ii/aoeiaa
iiceoeaia oaeey, N1 — iine?aeoth/a iaaaoeaia oaeey, ?2 — ae?oaa
iiceoeaia oaeey.

Canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee aeey aiae?co aanoeaoey?ieo ?aaeoe?e
cia/ii i?aeaeueei oi/i?noue aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aoae?iiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy (29,10%) aeeth/aei aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o ?
nooiaiy o?aaeaiiy neooiaiai aiae?caoi?a oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy ? aiae?co
oiiaeueii? ii?iaiai?, iaaeii?iaiai? oa iiaii? aoae?iiao??? ia
aoae?iiao?? IA — 31(IAe?). Oiiiaee ??aaiue ooio o caoei?cieueiaai?e
eaia?? ia ia?aaeuoaaa 30 aeA.

Noaeeiiee aaiac aanoeaoeiiao?e i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a
oeueo?acaoeiai? aeiiiea?ia?ao?? (54,47%) oa aa?oaa?aeueii? ? ea?ioeaeii?
aia?ia?ao?? (82,84%). Iaoiae oeueo?acaoeiai? aeiiiea?ia?ao??
canoiniaoaaany a oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee i?iaaaeaiiy aia?ia?ao?/iiai
ianoaaeaiiy oai?ei aoei i?ioeiieacaia. A on?o aeiaaeeao oe? iaoiaee
aeiiiaithaaee iaeei iaeiiai, ?o ia’?aeioaaea aeniea ?ioi?iaoeai?noue, a
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae aoei a?eueo
iaae?eiei. Ia?aaaaa oeueo?acaoeiaiai iaoiaeo — ia?iaac?eiee oa?aeoa?
ianoaaeaiiy.

C iaoith aa?eo?eaoe?? o oai?eo noaeeiii? iaoieia?? ? aeeeth/aiiy ?ioeo
iaoieia?/ieo i?ioean?a, ye? iiaee a noaoe i?e/eiith oeaio?aeueii?
aanoeaoey?ii? aeenooieoe??, a naia ia’?iieo i?ioean?a oa ?ioaeoe?eieo
caoai?thaaiue aieiaiiai iiceo, oai?ei i?iaiaeeee eiii’thoa?io
oiiia?ao?th (91,05%) ? iaai?oii-?aciiainio oiiia?ao?th (8,95%), ye? o
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a caaacia/oaaee aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o ii?ooaiiy
iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao, anoaiiaeaiiy eiai eieae?caoe??, ianyao o?aaeaiiy,
aeaaaee iiaeeea?noue noaaeeoe ca ?icaeoeii ci?i a ina?aaeeo ?oai?? ?
?aaeoe??th ioi/oth/i? iiceiai? oeaieie.

Ia caeeth/iiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeanue eiiieaenia ioe?iea
iaa?iioieia?/ii? neiioiiaoeee, anoaiiaeaiiy ae?aaiico, iaea?aeai? aeai?
iaeiie/oaaeenue ? caa??aaeenue a aaieo AII, i?iaiaeeany noaoenoe/iee
aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo ?acoeueoao?a
i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii ?ic?iaeaii? eiii’thoa?ii? i?ia?aie ia iia? Aaenee
(I.E. Aaeueaa/aa, I.E. ?eiaea, 1989) ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo
aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee ? ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co.

?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeaii ioe?ieo ooieoe?iiaeueii?
caeaaeiino? eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a ?1, N1 ? ?2 AII, ye? ia’?eoeaii
ioe?ithaaee aanoeaoey?io ooieoe?th, a?ae a?eo oai?eo ? o?eaaeino?
caoai?thaaiiy, aieo o?aaeaiiy iaa?no?aeueii? a?oa???. I?e aiae?c? e?eai?
AII ie a?aoiaoaaee ci?ie eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a AII ia o?aaeaiiio
(iaoieia?/ia caeaeno?noue ? noaiic iaa?no?aeueii? a?oa???) ?
«caei?iaiio» aioe?.

Aiae?c ci?i iieaciee?a AII o ??cieo ca a?eii iaoe??io?a iieacaa, ui
aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciyany a?ae ii?ie eaoaioiee ia??iae i?ea ?2. O
iieiaeeo iaoe??io?a iaea?eueo i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo a?i iaaeeaeaany aei
ii?ie, a o ianoaaeaieo, noa?oeo ca 50 ?ie?a, aeinoia??ii c?inoaa (129,82
SYMBOL 177 \f «Times New Roman» \s 16 ± 2,98; ?<0,05), ui iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i cieaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? iae?ii?a ei?e aieiaiiai iiceo c a?eii. Noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciyeeny iieacieee e?eai? AII o oai?eo c ??ciith o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy. Iaoe??io?a, ye? oai??ee ia a?eueoa iaeiiai ?ieo c iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii o?aaaoieo ? aioo??oi?o niiieo a?oa??e a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao a?aeiineee aei ? a?oie. Aei ?? a?oie aoiaeeee ianoaaeai?, ye? oai??ee a?eueoa iaeiiai ?ieo. A on?o ianoaaeaieo oai?eo aeyaeaia aeinoia??ia oei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo i?ea ?2 ye ia aioe? iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae (122,38 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 4,04; ?<0,05), oae ? ia «caei?iaiio» aioe? (106,00 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 2,31; ?<0,001) oa oei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo i?ea N1 (76,28 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 2,14; ?<0,05) ia aioe? iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae , o ii??aiyii? c ianoaaeaieie ? a?oie. Eaoaioiee ia??iae i?ea ?1 oaae oei?i/oaaany ?c ca?eueoaiiyi o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy, oa a?i aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciyany o ? ? ?? a?oiao ianoaaeaieo. sse aeaeii c i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, eiiiainaoi?i? iiaeeeaino? iae?io?c?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ei?e aieiaiiai iiceo ia’?eoeaii oa?aeoa?ecoaaa eaoaioiee ia??iae i?ea ?2, yeee aeinoia??ii oei?i/oaaany o oai?eo ye ia o?aaeaiiio, oae ? ia «caei?iaiio» aioe? i?e iaoieia?/i?e caeaenoino? ? noaiic? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae. Ciaeaeaia oaiaeaioe?y aei oei?i/aiiy, iiaeeeai, iiynith?oueny aieeaii e?eoaaiiy, yea i?eeiaee oai?? ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a oa aeaco? ia eiiiainaoe?th aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe?? ? aaeaioaoe?th ?? i?e o?ii?/iiio i?io?eaii? iaaeinoaoiino? iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao. A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui o iaoe??io?a, ye? oai??ee iaioa ?ieo iieacieee e?eai? AII a a?eueo?e i??? a?aeoeeyeenue a?ae oaeeo o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?, a ?c c?inoaiiyi o?eaaeino? oai?iae - oei?i/oaaeenue, iaaeeaeath/enue aei ii?ie, iiaeia aeoiaoe, ui ?o ae?aaiinoe/ia oe?ii?noue c?inoa? i?e a?eueo ?aiiueiio ? nai?/aniiio aeyaeaii? iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae. Ii??aithth/e ci?ie eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a e?eai? AII o oai?eo c ??ciith noaae??th AeA, aeyaeee, ui i?e ? noaae?? AeA aeinoia??ii c?inoaee, o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, an? o?e i?ea AII: ?1 - 24,26 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 0,79; ?<0,01, N1 - 79,22 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,68; ?<0,001, ?2 - 129,34 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 2,10; ?<0,05. C ia?inoaiiyi aaaeeino? caoai?thaaiiy ?, a?aeiia?aeii, c ia?inoaiiyi i?aai?/ii? iaa?ieia?/ii? neiioiiaoeee, i?e ?? ? ??? noaae?? AeA, aeinoia??ieie aoee eeoa i?ee ?1 ? N1. Eaoaioiee ia??iae i?ea ?2 aeinoia??ii ci?ithaaany ia iaea?eueo ?aii?e noaae?? caoai?thaaiiy, eiee ia?aaaaeaea caaaeueiiiiceiaa neiioiiaoeea. Ioaea, aanoeaoey?io aeenooieoe?th iiaeia ia’?eoeaii ioe?ithaaoe ia iaea?eueo ?aii?e noaae?? AeA ca aeiiiiiaith iieacieea ?2 AII. A?aoiaoth/e iaea?eueo iieacia? ci?ie e?eai? AII i?e ? ?aii?e noaae?? noaeeiii? AeA, iiaeia aaaaeaoe, ui i?ee AII iaea?eueo ae?aaiinoe/ii oe?ii? ia ii/aoeia?e noaae?? AeA, ui ia? iniaeeaa cia/aiiy aeey nai?/aniiai aeyaeaiiy iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae. Iaoieia?/io caeaeno?noue ? noaiic o?aaaoieo ? aioo??oi?o niiieo a?oa??e a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao aeyaeee o ianoaaeaieo oai?eo ye ce?aa, oae ? ni?aaa. O 81 (60,54%) ianoaaeaiiai aeyaeee iaoieia?/io caeaeno?noue ? noaiic o?aaaoieo a?oa??e a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao, ?c ieo c iaoieia??th e?ai? o?aaaoii? a?oa??? - 69,14% oai?eo ? i?aai? o?aaaoii? a?oa??? - 30,86% oai?eo. I?e ii??aiyii? eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a AII ia aioe? o?aaeaiiy iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e c iieacieeaie AII o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? aeyaeee aeinoia??ia c?inoaiiy eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a N1 (79,36 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,30; ?<0,01) ? ?2 (127,27 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,05; ?<0,05) e?eai? AII i?e e?ainoi?iiiueiio o?aaeaii? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae ? eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a ?1 (24,96 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 0,77; ?<0,001), N1 (78,88 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 2,14; ?<0,05), ?2 (126,72 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,62; ?<0,001) e?eai? AII i?e i?aainoi?iiiueiio o?aaeaii?. I?e i?aainoi?iiiueiio o?aaeaii? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae iaea?aeai? aeinoia??i? ?acoeueoaoe ii an?o o?ueio i?eao e?eai? AII. C?inoaiiy eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a e?eai? AII ia aioe? iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae na?ae/eoue i?i niia?eueiaio ?aaeoe?th iae?ii?a ei?e aieiaiiai iiceo ia aeeeeeaia iaa?oiaa iiae?aciaiiy. Ia «caei?iaiio» aioe? aeyaeee oei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo i?ea ?2 (119,28 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,99; ?<0,05). Oei?i/aiiy ?2 ia «caei?iaiio» aioe? na?ae/eoue i?i ?nioaaiiy eiiiainaoi?ieo iaoai?ci?a aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a ? i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeoieo a/aieo (E.A. Neetho, N.A. Eeoa/aa, 1992), ui aanoeaoey?iee aiae?caoi? ? ia?iei i?aaiii ia o?eueee a aiaoii?/iiio, aea ? o ooieoe?iiaeueiiio a?aeiioaii?. A?aeiii, ui naia i?e iaoieia?? o?aaaoieo a?oa??e ?aii?i ee?i?/iei i?iyaii ? aanoeaoey?ia aeenooieoe?y. Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue ?? iiaeeeai ioe?ieoe ia’?eoeaii, ca aeiiiiiaith e?euee?nieo e?eoa???a - eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a AII. Aiie aeinoia??ii c?inoathoue ia aioe? o?aaeaii? iaa?no?aeueii? a?oa???. O 53 (39,46%) ianoaaeaieo oai?eo aeyaeaii iaoieia?/io caeaeno?noue ? noaiic aioo??oi?o niiieo a?oa??e a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao . ?c ieo 47,17% - oai?? c iaoieia??th e?ai? aioo??oiuei? niiii? a?oa??? oa 52,83% - c iaoieia??th i?aai? aioo??oiuei? niiii? a?oa???. Ia aioe? o?aaeaiiy aioo??oi?o niiieo a?oa??e aeyaeee aeinoia??ia c?inoaiiy eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a ?1(24,17 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 0,58; ?<0,001), N1(74,58 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,18; ?<0,05), ?2(129,08 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,05; ?<0,05) ye i?e e?ainoi?iiiueiio, oae ? i?e i?aainoi?iiiueiio o?aaeaii? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e: ?1(24,14 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 0,61; ?<0,05), N1(76,91 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,31; ?<0,01), ?2(125,79 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,46; ?<0,05). Ia «caei?iaiio» aioe? oei?i/oaaany eaoaioiee ia??iae i?ea ?2 (119,00 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,87; ?<0,05) ye ce?aa, oae ? ni?aaa: ?2 (118,69 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,97; ?<0,05). Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iieyaaee a aeinoia??iiio c?inoaii? eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a e?eai? AII ia o?aaeaiiio aioe? oa oei?i/aii? eaoaioiiai ia??iaea i?ea ?2 ia «caei?iaiio» aioe?. Aiie aeyaeeeny aiaeia?/ieie aei ?acoeueoao?a, iaea?aeaieo i?e ianoaaeaii? oai?eo c iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii o?aaaoieo a?oa??e ? aeacoaaee ia ianiaoeeo?/i?noue aanoeaoey?ii? a?aeiia?ae?, yea i?e ?aii?e noaae?? AeA ia caeaaeeoue a?ae iioeiaeaeaiiy oiai /e ?ioiai noaeeiiiai aanaeio, ai iiceiaee e?iaiia?a ia oe?e ooieoe?iiaeuei?e noaae?? aeia?a eiiiainiaaiee. Aea ca aeiiiiiaith eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a e?eai? AII iiaeia /?oei aecia/aoe a?/i?noue iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano ?, a ?ac? iaiao?aeiino?, nai?/anii iai?aaeyoe oai?eo ia a?eueo neeaaei? ianoaaeaiiy, oae? ye oeueo?acaoeiaa aeiiiea?ia?ao?y oa aia?ia?ao?y. Iaie aea/ai? oaeiae ci?ie eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a e?eai? AII a aeeiai?oe? o 30,86% oai?eo c iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii o?aaaoieo a?oa??e a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao, yeei aoei i?iaaaeaia iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy ia ae?eyioe? V1 ooeiaeaeaieo a?oa??e oa eo?n ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy. Oai?? ianoaaeoaaeeny aea?/?: ? ianoaaeaiiy – aei iia?aoe?? (ia noaae?? aeaeiiiainaoe?? oeaio?aeueii? aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe??), ?? ianoaaeaiiy – /a?ac iaeei i?nyoeue i?ney i?iaaaeaiiai iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy oa eo?no ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy. Ian oe?eaaea oa?aeoa? ci?i iieaciee?a e?eai? AII a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy eiiiainaoe?? caoai?thaaiiy, iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy i?io?eaiiy i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. Aaeaeiny i?inoaaeeoe ae?aci? ci?ie eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a e?eai? AII i?e ? ? ?? ianoaaeaiiyo. Ia noaae?? aeaeiiiainaoe?? aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe?? eaoaioi? ia??iaee i?e?a ?1(28,75 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 2,50; ?<0,05), N1(77,42 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,63; ?<0,05) ? ?2(138,75 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 4,32; ?<0,05) c?inoaee o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, a i?ney i?iaaaeaiiai iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy ? eo?no ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy - oei?i/oaaeeny ? iaaeeaeaeeny aei oaeeo o ii?i?. Eaoaioiee ia??iae i?ea ?2 (115,40 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 2,99; ?<0,05) cia/ii oei?i/oaaany, iaa?oue o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith. A?i iaea?eueoa ci?ithaaany a aeeiai?oe? o i?neyiia?aoe?eieo oai?eo ?, ia iaoo aeoieo, ia’?eoeaii oa?aeoa?ecoaaa aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaieo e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a. Oaeei /eiii, niinoa??aath/e ca ci?iaie eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a AII o ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiio ia??iae? i?ney iia?aoe?? ia iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??yo aieiae, iiaeia ei?aaoaaoe e?eoaaiiy oai?eo, i?iaiicoaaoe i?io?eaiiy oai?iae. C?inoaiiy eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a e?eai? AII ia noaae?? aeaeiiiainaoe?? aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe?? iiynith?oueny c?eaii eiiiainaoi?ieo iaoai?ci?a aaoi?aaoeyoe?? iiceiaiai e?iaiia?ao. A oaiaeaioe?y aei oei?i/aiiy, iieaciee?a ?1 , N1 ?, iniaeeai, ?2 i?ney ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i ii/aoie iiceoeaii? aeeiai?ee, ui aaaea aei eiiiainaoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a. Ioaea, iaoiae AII iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee noaio aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe?? a aeeiai?oe?. A?aoiaoth/e a?aenooi?noue i?ioeiieacaiue aei i?iaaaeaiiy oeueiai ianoaaeaiiy, eiai iiaeia cae?enithaaoe iaiaeii?aciai, niinoa??aath/e ca noaiiaeaiiyi eiiiainaoe?? aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe?? i?ae aieeaii ?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy o i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae?. Iaoiae aeiaaieaoaioieo aeeeeeaieo iioaioe?ae?a o a?aeiia?aeue ia iaa?oiaa iiae?aciaiiy a ae?aaiinoeoe? oeaio?aeueii? aanoeaoey?ii? aeenooieoe?? i?e AeA, iaoiiaeai?e iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, aeaa ?aaeueio iiaeeea?noue ii ci?i? neeaaeiaeo e?eai? AII noaeeoe i?i a?e eieae?caoe?? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano, aeicaieea aecia/aoe noaae?th eiiiainaoe?? aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe??, a oiio ia o?eueee iie?auoaaoe ae?aaiinoeeo aeaii? iaoieia??, aea ? i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy. Iaoiae AII a?oioo?oueny ia ia’?eoeaieo e?euee?nieo iieacieeao ioe?iee noaio aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a. I?inoioa a canoinoaaii?, aeniea iaae?ei?noue aeicaieythoue ?aaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiai o uiaeaii?e ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe?. I?e ioe?ioe? aoae?iiao?e/ieo aeaieo ie aecia/aee nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy neooiaiai aiae?caoi?a. Ii?ooaiiy neooo ii oeio iae?inaini?ii? ooaiaooino? aeyaeaii o 39 (29,10%) ianoaaeaieo oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae. Neooia? ii?ooaiiy oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny aeaia?/iei cieaeaiiyi ni?eeiyooy ye e?noeiai-, oae ? iia?o?yiii?iaaaeaieo caoe?a, iniaeeai ia aenie? oiie, a?aenooi?noth e?noeiai-iia?o?yiiai ?ioa?aaeo, i?e/iio aeuee nooi?iue ooaiaooino? niinoa??aaany ia aioe? o?aaeaii? iaa?no?aeueii? a?oa???. Iaoiaeii aoae?iiao??? aeyaeee ? nooi?iue iae?inaini?ii? ooaiaooino? o 15,38% aeiaaee?a, ?? nooi?iue ooaiaooino? – o 35,90% ? ??? nooi?iue – o 48,72% aeiaaee?a. Anoaiiaeaii ei?aeyoe?eio caeaaei?noue i?ae iieacieeaie ?1, N1 ? ?2 AII oa nooiaiai iae?inaini?ii? ooaiaooino?. O oai?eo c ? nooiaiai ooaiaooino? aeyaeee neeueiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie c on?ia o?ueiia i?eaie e?eai? AII: E?1=0,71; EN1=0,67; E?2= 0,62. O oai?eo c ?? nooiaiai ooaiaooino? neeueiee ca’ycie aeyaeee c i?eii ?1 (E?1=0,75) ? ca’ycie na?aaeiuei? neee c i?eaie N1 (KN1=0,54) ? ?2 (E?2=0,40). O oai?eo c ??? nooiaiai ooaiaooino? ca’ycie na?aaeiuei? neee ?nioaaa c o?ueiia iieacieeaie AII: E?1= 0,54; KN1= 0,51; E?2 = 0,50. I?aenoiiaoth/e ?acoeueoaoe iaa?iioieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui oeaio?aeuei? a?aeae?ee aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a aeineoue o?nii aca?iiiia’ycai? c no?oeoo?aie neooiaiai aiae?caoi?a ?, i?e iaoieia?? inoaiiueiai, ia’?eoeaii iiaeooue na?ae/eoe i?i ii?ooaiiy eiai ooieoe??. Neooia? ii?ooaiiy o ianoaaeaieo oai?eo o?nii ei?aethaaee ?c noaae??th ?icaeoeo AeA. Neeueiee ca’ycie anoaiiaeaii c on?ia o?ueiia i?eaie AII i?e iaea?eueo ?aii?e ? noaae?? AeA. Oea aeiaiaeeoue aaaeeea?noue ? iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy iaa?iioieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy o oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, iniaeeai ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo ?icaeoeo oai?iae. O 30(26,78%) oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, iaoiaeii eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao?? aeyaeee ina?aaeie ?oai??. Ee?i?/ii o aeaieo iaoe??io?a niinoa??aaee no?eeo i?aai?/io iaa?ieia?/io neiioiiaoeeo. I?e ianoaaeaii? oeeo oai?eo iaoiaeii AII, ye i?e i?aai-, oae ? e?ainoi?iii?e eieae?caoe?? ina?aaeeo ?oai??, ia «caei?iaiio» aioe? ? ia aioe? iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae aeyaeaii c?inoaiiy eaoaioieo ia??iae?a i?e?a AII, aea noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??iee ?acoeueoao io?eiaii eeoa ii i?eo N1 c iaio aie?a: 78,11 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,27; ?<0,05 - ia o?aaeaiiio aioe?, 75,86 SYMBOL 177 \f "Times New Roman" \s 16 ± 1,65; ?<0,05 - ia «caei?iaiio» aioe?. I?e aecia/aii? nooiaiy ei?aeyoe?eiiai ca’yceo i?ae iieacieeaie e?eai? AII ia o?aaeaiiio aioe? ? ae?aiao?ii ina?aaeeo ?oai?? aeyaeaii ca’ycie na?aaeiuei? neee o?eueee c i?eii N1 ia iaeii?iaiiiio ina?aaeeo ?oai?? aioe?: ce?aa (E= 0,6) ? ni?aaa (E= 0,5). Ioaea, o oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia??th IAA, c ae?aaeaiith i?aai?/iith iaa?ieia?/iith neiioiiaoeeith, ae?aaiinoe/ii oe?iiei iiaeia aaaaeaoe eeoa i?e N1. Eiee AeA i?io?ea? ia oii? no?eeeo i?aai?/ieo iaa?ieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue, aeaia iaoiaeeea ia iana iaeaaeii? ae?aaiinoe/ii? oe?iiino?, oae ye ia ia?oee ieai aenooiathoue i?aai?/i?, a ia ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie. Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo oeueo?acaoeiai? aeiiiea?ia?ao?? aaeaeiny ioe?ieoe aca?iia?aeiioaiiy i?ae iieacieeaie noaio oea?aa?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee (na?aaeiueith e?i?eiith oaeaee?noth iiceiaiai e?iaioieo ? eiao?oe??ioii aneiao??? e?i?eii? oaeaeeino? e?iaioieo) oa iieacieeaie ?1, N1, ?2 AII ia aioe? iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae ? ia «caei?iaiio» aioe?. Ianoaaeai? iaoiaeaie AII ? oeueo?acaoeiai? aeiiiea?ia?ao?? oai?? aoee iiae?eai? ia aea? a?oie: ? a?oia - 60,27% oai?eo c iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae ce?aa ? ?? a?oia - 39,73% oai?eo c iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae ni?aaa. Ii??aithth/e iieacieee na?aaeiuei? e?i?eii? oaeaeeino? iiceiaiai e?iaioieo c eaoaioieie ia??iaeaie i?e?a e?eai? AII ia o?aaeaiiio aioe? anoaiiaeaii, ui ii?yae ?c cieaeaiiyi na?aaeiuei? e?i?eii? oaeaeeino? e?iaioieo, eaoaioi? ia??iaee i?e?a ?1, N1 ? ?2 c?inoaee ye ce?aa, oae ? ni?aaa. Ia «caei?iaiio» aioe? i?ee AII aeyaeeenue iaaeinoia??ieie. Ie i?iaaee oaeiae ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c i?ae iieacieeaie e?eai? AII ia aioe? iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae ? eiao?oe??ioii aneiao??? e?i?eii? oaeaeeino? e?iaioieo (EA). Eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? aecia/aany ie?aii aeey oai?eo c EA < 30%, c EA=30% - 45% ? c EA > 45%. Neeueiee
ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie aeyaeaiee i?ae ?2 ? EA > 45% i?e i?aai- ?
e?ainoi?iiiueiio o?aaeaii? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae. C iieacieeaie
?1 ? N1 ? EA>45% aeyaeaiee ca’ycie na?aaeiuei? neee ye i?e iaoieia??
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae ce?aa, oae ? ni?aaa. Ca’ycie na?aaeiuei?
neee aeyaeaiee c iieacieeaie ?1, N1, ?2 ? EA=30% — 45%, i?e iaoieia??
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae ce?aa ? ni?aaa.

I?e EA < 30% na?aaeiuei? neee ca’ycie anoaiiaeaiee c i?eaie N1 ? ?2, ye i?e i?aai- , oae ? e?ainoi?iiiueiio o?aaeaii? iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i c?inoaiiy neee ei?aeyoe?eiiai ca’yceo ?acii ?c iineeaiiyi aneiao??? iiceiaiai e?iaioieo (iaeneeuei?oee ca’ycie anoaiiaeaiee i?e EA > 45%, oiaoi i?e a?eueo ae?aaeaiiio noaiic?
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e) oa i?i o?niee ooieoe?iiaeueiee ca’ycie
aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a ? noaio oea?aa?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee.

Oaeei /eiii, iaie anoaiiaeaia aeinoia??ia ??cieoey i?ae eaoaioieie
ia??iaeaie i?e?a e?eai? AII o oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith
caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae a
aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao ? ianoaaeaieie o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?,
aeyaeai? ci?ie iieaciee?a e?eai? AII a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo oai?eo,
o?eaaeino? oai?iae, aieo o?aaeaiiy iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae,
noaae?? eiiiainaoe?? aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe?? a aeeiai?oe?. Iieacieee
e?eai? AII aeia?a ei?aethaaee c iieacieeaie, iaea?aeaieie ca aeiiiiiaith
?ioeo iaoiae?a — nooiaiai iae?inaini?ii? ooaiaooino?, na?aaeiueith
e?i?eiith oaeaee?noth iiceiaiai e?iaioieo oa eiao?oe??ioii aneiao???
iiceiaiai e?iaioieo.

A ?acoeueoao? ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia??th
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao,
iaea?aeoth/e ? ni?anoaaeyth/e ?acoeueoaoe ??cieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iai aaeaeiny ananoi?iiiuei ? iaea?eueo iiaii aea/eoe
aanoeaoey?io ooieoe?th oa aecia/eoe iaoiae aeiaaieaoaioieo aeeeeeaieo
iioaioe?ae?a o a?aeiia?aeue ia iaa?oiaa iiae?aciaiiy ye
aeniei?ioi?iaoeaiee, ia?iaac?eiee, aacia/iee a aenieoaoaoe?? oa
ii??aiyii aeaoaaee, ui ia ia? iaiaaeaiue ? i?ioeiieacaiue.

AENIIAEE

1. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaia ooieoe?iiaeueia caeaaei?noue eaoaioieo ia??iae?a
i?e?a AII a?ae a?eo iaoe??io?a, o?eaaeino? ? noaae?? AeA, aieo o?aaeaiiy
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae.

2. O oai?eo, noa?oeo ca 50 ?ie?a, c AeA, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith
caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, aeyaeaia
aeinoia??ia c?inoaiiy i?ea ?2 ye ia aioe? iaoieia??, oae ? ia
«caei?iaiio» aioe?, ui iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i cieaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii?
aeoeaiino? iae?ii?a ei?e aieiaiiai iiceo c a?eii.

3. O oai?eo c ? noaae??th AeA, iaoiiaeaii? iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ?
noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae a aeno?ae?ai?aeueieo a?aeae?eao,
i?e ye?e ee?i?/ii ia?aaaaeathoue ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?iceaaee, ci?ie
iieaciee?a e?eai? AII ? iaea?eueo nooo?aeie, ui aeiaiaeeoue ?o
ae?aaiinoe/io oe?ii?noue i?e ?aiiueiio ? nai?/aniiio aeyaeaii? noaeeiii?
iaoieia??.

4. Eaoaioi? ia??iaee i?e?a AII c?inoathoue ia o?aaeaiiio aioe?, ui iiaea
na?ae/eoe i?i niia?eueiaio ?aaeoe?th aanoeaoei-ei?eiaeo no?oeoo? o
a?aeiia?aeue ia iaa?oiaa iiae?aciaiiy i?e iayaiino? iaoieia??
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae.

5. Cia/ii? neee ei?aeyoe?y aeyaeaia i?ae ci?iaie AII ? nooiaiai
iae?inaini?ii? ooaiaooino?: eaoaioi? ia??iaee i?e?a AII
i?yiii?iii?oe?eii c?inoathoue ia aioe? c aeuei nooiaiai ooaiaooino? ia
iaea?eueo ?aii?e noaae?? ao?aoe neooo.

6. ?nio? i?yiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie na?aaeiuei? neee i?ae ae?aiao?ii
ina?aaeeo ?oai?? ? i?eii N1 AII o oai?eo c no?eeeie i?aai?/ieie
iaa?ieia?/ieie ci?iaie.

7. ?nio? o?niee ooieoe?iiaeueiee ca’ycie aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a ?c
noaiii iiceiaiai e?iaioieo, yeee i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny i?yiith
ei?aeyoe?eiith caeaaei?noth i?ae eaoaioieie ia??iaeaie i?e?a AII ?
eiao?oe??ioii aneiao??? e?i?eii? oaeaeeino? iiceiaiai e?iaioieo ia aioe?
iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae.

8. Iia?aoeaia eieoaaiiy ? iiaeaeueoa ?aaa?e?oaoe?y oai?eo c iaoieia??th
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, iai?aaeaii ia iie?auaiiy iiceiaiai
e?iaiiaiao oa eiiiainaoe?th aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe??, ui ia’?eoeaii
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny noaa?e?caoe??th i?e?a ?1, N1, ?2 AII i?ney
e?eoaaiiy.

I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

Aeey nai?/aniiai aeyaeaiiy AeA, iaoiiaeaii? iaoieia?/iith caeaeno?noth ?
noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae ia ?aii?e, ooieoe?iiaeuei?e
noaae?? ?icaeoeo oai?iae, iaiao?aeii aeeth/aoe a eiiieaen
ae?aaiinoe/iiai ianoaaeaiiy iaa?iioieia?/i? iaoiaeeee, cie?aia
aeiaaieaoaioi? aeeeeeai? iioaioe?aee iiceo o a?aeiia?aeue ia iaa?oiaa
iiae?aciaiiy (AII). Oea aeicaieeoue iaea?aeaoe iaea?eueo iiaio
ia’?eoeaio e?euee?nio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i noai aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a
oa oa?aeoa? aanoeaoey?ieo ii?ooaiue.

?aii?ie ia’?eoeaieie aeeoa?aioe?eii-ae?aaiinoe/ieie e?eoa??yie ioe?iee
aanoeaoey?ieo ?aaeoe?e iiaeia aaaaeaoe eaoaioi? ia??iaee i?e?a ?1, N1 ?
?2 AII, ui aeinoia??ii ci?iththoueny ia aioe? iaoieia?? iaa?no?aeueieo
a?oa??e aieiae.

3. Iaoiae AII ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia iaea?eueo ?aii?e,
noaee?i?/i?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo AeA, iaoiiaeaii? iaoieia?/iith
caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, ui aea?
iiaeeea?noue ua aei aeei?enoaiiy iae?io??o?a?/ieo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy,
oaeeo ye aia?ia?ao?y, ae?aaiinooaaoe a?e o?aaeaiiy iaa?no?aeueii?
noaeeie.

4. Iaoiae AII ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey oanooaaiiy aanoeaoey?ieo
?aaeoe?e o iaoe??io?a iieiaeiai ? na?aaeiueiai a?eo c noaeeiiith AeA, ui
aeicaieeoue i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aa?a oai?iae oa aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy,
i?iaiaeeoe aenia?oeco i?aoeacaeaoiino? ? aecia/aoe o?oaeiaee i?iaiic.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aiica I.A. ?aii? aeeoa?aioe?eii-ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? aeey
ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee aanoeaoeiiao?e o oai?eo c iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo
noaeei aieiae // Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu. — 1997. — ? 9.
— N. 94 — 98.

2. Aiica I.A. Aanoeaoeiaaiiaeeiai?/i? ?iceaaee o oai?eo c o?aaeaiiyi
iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae ca aeaieie aeiaaieaoaioieo aeeeeeaieo
iioaioe?ae?a o a?aeiia?aeue ia iaa?oiaa iiae?aciaiiy oa oeueo?acaoeiai?
aeiiiea?ia?ao?? // E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. — 1998. — ?3. — N. 80-81.

3. Aiica I.A. Aeiaaieaoaioi? aeeeeeai? iioaioe?aee o a?aeiia?aeue ia
iaa?oiaa iiae?aciaiiy ye ?aii?e iaoiae ae?aaiinoeee eioeai-aanoeaoey?ieo
?iceaae?a // E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. — 1998. — ? 4. — N. 116-118.

4. Aiica I.A. Cia/aiiy no/anieo ?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a a
ae?aaiinoeoe? aanoeaoey?ieo ?iceaae?a o oai?eo c noaeeiiith iaoieia??th
aieiaiiai iiceo. //Oace aeiiia?aeae iaeanii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? «Iiaa a ae?aaiinoeoe?, e?eoaaii? oa i?io?eaeoeoe?
ia?aiai-ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a». — Oa?iii?eue: Oa?iii?euenueea iaeania
ee?i?/ia ineoiiaa?ieia?/ia e?ea?iy. — 1994. — N.28-29.

5. Aiica I.A. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo aeeeeeaieo iioaioe?ae?a iaa?oaiiy
aeey ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee aanoeaoeiiao?e o oai?eo c iaoieia??th
iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei aieiae // Oace aeiiia?aeae ? I?aeia?iaeiiai
iaaee/iiai eiia?ano nooaeaio?a oa iieiaeeo a/aieo. – Oa?iii?eue:
Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai.
– 18-22 o?aaiy 1997. – N.287.

6. Aiica I.A., Iaeay E.I. Ei?eiai — aanoeaoey?i? ?iceaaee o oai?eo c
iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae ca aeaieie aeeeeeaieo
iioaioe?ae?a iiceo o a?aeiia?aeue ia iaa?oiaa iiae?aciaiiy. //Oace
aeiiia?aeae iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? « Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
iaaeeoeeie ». – Ee?a: Oeaio?aeueiee aini?oaeue IAN Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — N.
36-37.

7. Caiaaeithe A.A., Aiica I.A., Eeoeianueeee I.A, Ea?n?i A.O., Aaiai
E.A. Aeina?ae aeei?enoaiiy O-i?iiaiaai? eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao?? a
ae?aaiinoeoe? caoai?thaaiue aieiaiiai iiceo // Oace aeiiia?aeae
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy iaaeeoeeie». –
Ee?a: Oeaio?aeueiee aini?oaeue IAN Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — N.118 -119.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aiica I.A. Noai aanoeaoey?iiai aiae?caoi?a o oai?eo c
aeenoee?eoeyoi?iith aioeaoaeiiao??th, iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia?/iith
caeaeno?noth ? noaiicii iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.15 — ia?aia? oai?iae. — Ee?anueea iaaee/ia
aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ae?aaiinoe/ii?
eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee o iaa?ieia?/io i?aeoeeo aeey aea/aiiy
aanoeaoey?ii? ooieoe?? o oai?eo c aeenoee?eoeyoi?iith aioeaoaeiiao??th,
iaoiiaeaiith iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae. O aeena?oaoe??
?ic?iaeaii iia? aeeoa?aioe?eii-ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? ia’?eoeaii?
e?euee?nii? ae?aaiinoeee aanoeaoeiiao?e o oai?eo ?c noaeeiiith
aeenoee?eoeyoi?iith aioeaoaeiiao??th ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo
aeiaaieaoaioieo aeeeeeaieo iioaioe?ae?a o a?aeiia?aeue ia iaa?oiaa
iiae?aciaiiy (AII). Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae AII ye aeniei?ioi?iaoeaiee ia
?aii?e noaae?? aeenoee?eoeyoi?ii? aioeaoaeiiao??, iaoiiaeaii?
iaoieia??th iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e aieiae, ui aea? ?aaeueio iiaeeea?noue
ii ci?i? neeaaeiaeo e?eai? AII noaeeoe i?i a?e iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano,
aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aa?a oai?iae. Iaoiaeeea AII iaa?oioiaaia
oai?aoe/ii ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoe/ii. I?inoioa a canoinoaaii?,
a?aenooi?noue i?ioeiieacaiue, eaae?noue a aenieoaoaoe??, aeniea
iaae?ei?noue aeicaieythoue ?aaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiai o uiaeaii?e
ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aanoeaoey?iee aiae?caoi?, aeenoee?eoeyoi?ia
aioeaoaeiiao?y, iaa?no?aeuei? a?oa??? aieiae, aeeeeeai? iioaioe?aee,
aeeoa?aioe?eii-ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa???.

SUMMARY

Gomza N.V. Vestibular analyser’s state at patients with discirculatory
encephalopatia caused by pathological twisting and stenosis of main head
arteries. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 14.01.15 — neurous
diseases. — Kyiv Iedical Academy of Post — graduated Education named
after P.Shupyk, Health Ministry of Ukraine, Kyiv,1999.

The dissertation is devoted to issues of introducing the diagnostic
computing technics into neurological practice for studying vestibular
function of patients with discirculatory encephalopatia, caused by
pathology of main head arteries. The dissertation elaborates the new
differential diagnostic criteria of objective quantitative diagnostics
of vestibularpathologies at patients with discirculatory encephalopatia
— by the method of longlatent evoked potentials on response to the
rotary irritation (EPR). The proposed method as highly informative at
the early stage of discirculatory encephalopatia caused by pathology of
main head arteries gives a real possibility while changing components to
judge about a side of pathological process, allows to foreknow the cause
of a disease. The method EPR is stated theoretically and is proved
practically. Simplicity in usage, lack of contraindications, easiness in
exploitation, high reliability allow to use it at a daily clinical
practice.

There are main words: vestibular analyser, discirculatory
encephalopatia, main head arteries, evoked potentials, differential
diagnostic criteria.

AHHIOAOeEss

Aiica I.A. Ninoiyiea aanoeaoey?iiai aiaeecaoi?a o aieueiuo n
aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie yioeaoaeiiaoeae, iaoneiaeaiiie iaoieiae/aneie
ecaeoinoueth e noaiicii iaaeno?aeueiuo a?oa?ee aieiau. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.15 — ia?aiua aieacie. — Eeaaneay
iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei. I.E. Ooieea
IC Oe?aeiu , Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aeooaeueiiio aii?ino, eioi?ue eiaao eeeie/aneia,
iaaeeei-nioeeaeueiia, yeiiiie/aneia cia/aiea: oaeoaeaiiiio eco/aieth
aanoeaoeinaini?iuo ?aaeoeee o aieueiuo n aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie
yioeaoaeiiaoeae, iaoneiaeaiiie iaoieiaeae iaaeno?aeueiuo a?oa?ee aieiau
a yeno?ae?aieaeueiuo ioaeaeao, aiaae?aieth aeeaaiinoe/aneie
eiiiuthoa?iie oaoieee a iaa?ieiae/aneoth i?aeoeeo aeey eco/aiey
aanoeaoey?iie aeenooieoeee.

Ia Oe?aeia neiaeiua yeieiae/aneea e nioeeaeueiua oneiaey i?iaeeaaiey
aaaeoo e ?acaeoeth ninoaeenoie aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie yioeaoaeiiaoee,
eioi?ay ii/oe anaaaea nii?iaiaeaeaaony aieiaie?oaeaieai e
aanoeaoeiaaaaoaoeaiuie ?aaeoeeyie. Iaeiie ec i?e/ei, eioi?ay aaaeao e
iicaiaui aaiiaeeiaie/aneei ia?ooaieyi yaeyaony iaoieiaey iaaeno?aeueiuo
a?oa?ee aieiau, a eiaiii iaoieiae/aneay ecaeoinoue e noaiic
iaaeno?aeueiuo a?oa?ee a yeno?ae?aieaeueiuo ioaeaeao .

A iniiao ?aaiou iieiaeaiu ?acoeueoaou ianeaaeiaaiey 134 aieueiuo n
aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie yioeaoaeiiaoeae, iaoneiaeaiiie iaoieiaeae
iaaeno?aeueiuo a?oa?ee aieiau a yeno?ae?aieaeueiuo ioaeaeao .
Eiio?ieueioth a?oiio ninoaaeee 25 i?aeoe/anee caei?iauo ianeaaeiaaiuo.

A ?aaioa eniieueciaaiu nia?aiaiiua iaoiaeu aeeaaiinoeee – aa?oaa?aeueiay
e ea?ioeaeiay aiaeia?aoey, eiiiuthoa?iay oiiia?aoey,
iaaieoii-?aciiainiay oiiia?aoey, oeueo?acaoeiaay aeiiiea?ia?aoey,
aoaeeiiao?ey. Eiiieaeniia ianeaaeiaaiea aeaei aiciiaeiinoue
aa?eoeoee?iaaoue ninoaeenoue aaiac aanoeaoeiiaoee e eneeth/eoue ae?oaea
caaieaaaiey, eioi?ua i?ioaeatho n aanoeaoey?iie aeenooieoeeae:
iae?ieioaeoeee aieiaiiai iicaa, iiooiee caaeiae /a?aiiie yiee,
/a?aiii-iicaiaua o?aaiu.

Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyeinue eco/aieth aanoeaoeinaini?iuo ?aaeoeee o
ianeaaeoaiuo aieueiuo. I?e iienaiee ienoaaia o/eouaaee iai?aaeaiea,
aiieeooaeo, /anoioo, aeeeoaeueiinoue, a oaeaea aeeyiea iieiaeaiey
aieiau.

Aanoeaoeinaini?iua ?aaeoeee /anoi i?aaeoanoaiaaee ?acaeoeth oeie/iie
aeey aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie yioeaoaeiiaoee iaa?ieiae/aneie neiioiiaoeee.
Nieaeay o?oaeiniiniaiinoue aieueiuo, iie iiaee aeieaia a?aiy
iaaeiioeaieaaoueny eae neiioiiu i?aaie/aneiai ii?aaeaiey.

Eeeie/aneay ea?oeia aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie yioeaoaeiiaoee, iaoneiaeaiiie
iaoieiae/aneie ecaeoinoueth e noaiicii iaaeno?aeueiuo a?oa?ee aieiau, ia
?aiiae noaaeee ?acaeoey aieacie oa?aeoa?eciaaeanue aeenooieoeeae
ei?eiai-eeiae/aneeo, aeiioaeaii-iacaioeeoaeueiuo e ?aoeeoeinieiaeueiuo
no?oeoo?.

Aeey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe aeeaaiinoeee ia?aie noaaeee
aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie yioeaoaeiiaoee i?iaiaeeeinue eiiieaeniia
iaa?iioieiae/aneia ianeaaeiaaiea, ?ac?aaioaiu eiee/anoaaiiua
aeeooa?aioeeaeueii-aeeaaiinoe/aneea e?eoa?ee aanoeaoeiiaoee o aieueiuo n
ninoaeenoie aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie yioeaoaeiiaoeae i?e iiiiue iiaiai iaoiaea
aeeeiiieaoaioiuo aucaaiiuo iioaioeeaeia a ioaao ia a?auaoaeueiia
?acae?aaeaiea (AIA).

Eco/aiu eciaiaiey iieacaoaeae e?eaie AIA – eaoaioiuo ia?eiaeia ieeia ?1,
N1, ?2 a caaeneiinoe io aic?anoa aieueiuo, aeeeoaeueiinoe aieacie,
noaaeee aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie yioeaoaeiiaoee, noi?iiu ii?aaeaiey
iaaeno?aeueiuo a?oa?ee aieiau, aeoaeiu iaa?ieiae/aneiai aeaoaeoa,
ninoiyiey oea?aa?aeueiie aaiiaeeiaieee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
iaa?iioieiae/aneia ianeaaeiaaiea eiaao nouanoaaiiia cia/aiea aeey
?aiiaai auyaeaiey aanoeaoey?iie aeenooieoeee o aieueiuo n ninoaeenoie
aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie yioeaoaeiiaoeae.

I?aaeeaaaaiue iaoiae yaeyaony aunieieioi?iaoeaiui ia ?aiiae noaaeee
aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie yioeaoaeiiaoee, iaoneiaeaiiie iaoieiaeae
iaaeno?aeueiuo a?oa?ee aieiau, aeaao ?aaeueioth aiciiaeiinoue ii
eciaiaieth ninoaaeythueo e?eaie AIA noaeeoue i noi?iia iaoieiae/aneiai
i?ioeanna, i?iaiice?iaaoue oa/aiea aieacie, yooaeoeaiinoue ea/aiey,
i?iaiaeeoue yenia?oeco o?oaeiniiniaiinoe. Aeaiiay aeeaaiinoe/aneay
iaoiaeeea aeaao aiciiaeiinoue i?iaiaeeoue oanoe?iaaiea aanoeaoey?iie
?aaeoeee o aieueiuo n?aaeiaai aic?anoa n aeenoee?eoeyoi?iie
yioeaoaeiiaoeae, iaoneiaeaiiie iaoieiaeae iaaeno?aeueiuo a?oa?ee aieiau,
aeey eioi?uo iniaia cia/aiea eiatho aii?inu o?oaeiaie yenia?oecu e
?aaaeeeoaoeee, aeaao aiciiaeiinoue aua aei eniieueciaaiey aiaeia?aoee n
aieueoie aa?iyoiinoueth aeeaaiinoe?iaaoue iaoieiaeth iaaeno?aeueiuo
a?oa?ee aieiau.

Iaoiaeeea AIA iainiiaaia oai?aoe/anee e iiaeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoe/anee.
I?inoioa a i?eiaiaiee, ionoonoaea i?ioeaiiieacaiee, eaaeinoue a
yenieoaoaoeee, aunieay iaaeaaeiinoue niinianoaotho ?aaeueiiio
eniieueciaaieth aai a aaeaaeiaaiie eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aanoeaoey?iue aiaeecaoi?, aeenoee?eoeyoi?iay
yioeaoaeiiaoey, iaaeno?aeueiua a?oa?ee aieiau, aucaaiiua iioaioeeaeu,
aeeooa?aioeeaeueii-aeeaaiinoe/aneea e?eoa?ee.

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