I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

OA?III?EUeNUeEA AEAAeAI?ss IA?IAeIIAI AINIIAeA?NOAA

AEAAIAe?O?E?AA –AIAE NA?OEAIA EAII?Ae?AIA

OAeE 338.45.003.13

NENOAIA IOe?IEE AEIIII?*II? AOAEOEAIINO? Ae?ssEUeIINO? I?IIENEIAEO
I?AeI?E?INOA IA INIIA? CANOINOAAIIss E?EOA??TH ssEINO? (IA I?EEEAAe?
IAOEIIAOAeOAAIIss).

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.01 – Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoa

? i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue– 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? «O?iaine» o *a?eanueeiio
?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iiio ?inoeooo? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aoaa? Noai?neaa ?aaiiae/,

*a?eanueeee
?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iee

?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeiiii?ee oa

i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa;

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oiiyeia Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,

*a?eanueeee
?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iee

?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeiiii?ee oa

oi?aae?iiy

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?eia Ie?aa? Ieaen?eiae/

Oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
“Iiae?eey”,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee oa
iaiaaeaeiaioo;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio

Ieeeoi?ae Aaeaioeia Aiae???aia,

eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee *a?i?aaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.
Oa?e?a,

eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee ? ia?eaoeiao

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 2 ” a?oaeiy ” 1999 ?. i 11-00 aiaeei? ia

can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, oeo? Ae 58.082.01 o
Oa?iii?euenuee?e

aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ca aae?anith : 282004 i.Oa?iii?eue,
aoe.Euea?anueea, 11 aoae. 1300.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueei?
aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ca aae?anith: 282004 i.Oa?iii?eue,
aoe.Euea?anueea, 11.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 31 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?.

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,
Oa??ii ?.Ae

ae.a.i., i?ioani?

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeey caaacia/aiiy oi?ioaaiiy a Oe?a?i? i?aaiai?
aea?aeaae oa aeiiii?ee “a?aee?eoiai” oeio a neeaaeieo oiiaao
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo ia?oi/a?aiaei caaaeaiiyi a?o/eciyieo ae?iaiee?a ?
aeo?ae ia na?oiaee ?eiie. Aea oeae i?ioean oneeaaeith?oueny iayai?noth
aeaio aca?iiiia‘ycaieo i?iaeai, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey i?iieneiaino?, –
iecueeith aeiiii?/iith aoaeoeai?noth ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?nueeeo
noa‘?eo?a oa iecueeith (iaa?aeiia?aeiith na?oiaei noaiaea?oai) ye?noth
i?iaeoeoe??. A naith /a?ao, iayai?noue oeeo aeaio i?iaeai na?ae/eoue i?i
iecueeo eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. Ioaea,
i?iaeaie, iia‘ycai? c iecueeith aeiiii?/iith aoaeoeai?noth, iecueeith
ye?noth ? iecueeith eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noth, iio??aii ae??ooaaoe
eiiieaenii, nenoaiii, c aeei?enoaiiyi anueiai a?naiaeo caoiae?a
oi?aae?iiy.

?ica‘ycaiiy cacia/aieo i?iaeai iaiiaeeeaa aac noai?aiiy aeey iio?aa
oi?aae?iiy nenoaie ia‘?eoeaii? ioe?iee ??aiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?,
ui a?aoiao? ye?noue ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino?. ?nioth/a iaoiaeieia?y ?
iayai? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ia caaeiaieueiythoue no/anieo
iio?aa, ine?eueee ia a?aoiaothoue ye?noue ye iaeei c aieiaieo e?eoa???a
aoaeoeaiino?. E??i oeueiai, ?o ?ic?iaea aoea cae?eniaia ia i?aenoaa? ?
aeey oiia noaa?eueii? aeiiii?ee. Aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?? aoa iaoiiaeaiee
a?aenooi?noth a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?eii? aeiiii?ee eiiieaeniiai
ae??oaiiy caaaeaiiy ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ia iniia?
canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th yeino?.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy aenieiai ??aiy iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?
aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiao? iaee?au? caeiaooee a?o/eciyii? ? caei?aeiiii?
aeiiii?/ii? aeoiee c i?iaeai aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oa yeino?.
Cie?aia, oea iaoeia? i?aoe? a?aeiieo a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a E.E.??iieia?/a,
N.A.Ii/a?iiai, ?.A.Eaoea, A.O.*a?iyea, Ae.A.Ooaoaie/a, N.E.Iioia?a,
N.ssiaa, E.A.E?ee?ii?, E.?.Aaaee?ia, A.A.Acaaeueaeiaa, ?.TH.
Iieeiinueeiai oa ?ioeo. Iaeiae, iio??aii a?aei?oeoe, ui iaoeia? ?iaioe
cacia/aieo aaoi??a i?noyoue iaiaeiicia/i? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaeaie
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, ?? ioe?iee. Cie?aia, o a?o/eciyi?e aeiiii?/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? a?aenooi?e ?aeeiee i?aeo?ae aei aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? —
ii?yae ni?a?niothoue “cao?aoiee” oa “?ano?niee” i?aeoiaee. E??i oiai,
aeai? aaoi?e caeaa?eueoiai aeine?aeaeoaaee i?iaeaie io?eiaiiy
iiceoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo – ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ciaioaiiy
cao?ao, c?inoaiiy i?eaooeo, i?aeaeuaiiy ?aioaaaeueiino?, oi/a aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue caeaaeii a?ae yeino? ainiiaea?nueeeo ?acoeueoao?a oa ?o
aieeao ia ?icaeoie i?aei?e?inoaa, iio??aii ?icaeyaeaoe c iiceoe??
iaea?aeaiiy ye iiceoeaiiai, oae ? iaaaoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo. Oea aeanoue
ciiao ia‘?eoeaii ioe?ithaaoe ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? noa‘?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, i?eeiaoe a??i? ??oaiiy oa cae?enithaaoe oi?aae?iiy
uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oa yeino? i?iaeoeoe??. A
ia?niaeoea?, aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai a aeena?oaoe?? i?aeoiaeo
“aoaeoeai?noue /a?ac ye?noue” aeicaieeoue nooo?ai i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, caaacia/eoe aeciaiiy
a?o/eciyieo ae?iaiee?a ca ei?aeiiii, ca?eueoeoue iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a?ae
aenii?oo ? iia‘ycaieo c iei iiaeaoeiaeo ieaoaae?a, a oaeiae ni?eyoeia
caaaeueiiio iie?ioaiith aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Cai?iiiiiaaia a
?iaio? nenoaia ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ? /anoeiith oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?119-97 “?ic?iaea oai??? oa iaoiaeieia?? oi?ioaaiiy
iioeiaeueieo no?oeoo? iiaeae? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo”, ui aeeiio?oueny eaoaae?ith aeiiii?ee oa oi?aae?iiy
*a?eanueeiai ?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? ? ae??oaiiy a
oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee caaea/? nenoaiii? ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ia iniia?
canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th yeino?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? aoee noi?ioeueiaai? ?
ae??oai? caaaeaiiy:

· ocaaaeueieoe ?nioth/? a?o/eciyiee oa caei?aeiiiee i?aeoiaee aei
i?iaeaie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, a oaeiae iaoiaeieia?th aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo iieaciee?a aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?;

· iaa?oiooaaoe eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae noai?aiiy nenoaie ioe?iee ia
iniia? canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th yeino?;

· ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ia iniia?
canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th yeino?;

· iiaoaeoaaoe aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?iaie/iai
i?aei?e?inoaa ? cae?enieoe ia ?? iniia? ?ic?iaeo iaoiaeee ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?;

· ?ic?iaeoe i?ia?aiii-?ioi?iaoe?eio nenoaio, yea aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe
noai?aio aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue a iaaeao ae?iaie/iai
i?aei?e?inoaa;

· iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeey iio?aa oi?aae?iiy
ae?iaie/ei i?aei?e?inoaii ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie ioe?iee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui:

· oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy iiiyooy “aeaai” a iaaeao no/anii?
eiioeaioe?? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?;

· ia?aii ye?noue aieiaiei e?eoa???i aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa;

· ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae “aoaeoeai?noue /a?ac ye?noue”,
yeee a?aoiao? iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee;

· ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa;

· cai?iiiiiaaii ?ic?aoiaoaaoe aaee/eio iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ?
iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo a a?ioiaiio aea?aaeaio?;

· aecia/aii noai aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa ye
a?aeia?aaeaiiy io?eiaiiai e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? ?
noai?aieo iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo.

Aaoi?ii iaea?aeai? oae? iia? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

· noai?aii nenoaio ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ia iniia?
canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th yeino?, yea aeicaiey? eiiieaenii ioe?ithaaoe
aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue, aniaeoe io?eiaiiy iiceoeaiiai e iaaaoeaiiai
?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?nueeeo noa’?eo?a;

· cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe e?eoa??e yeino? aeey ?iciaaeoaaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo ?aae?e ia iiaiioe?ii? ? iaiiaiioe?ii? c ianooiiei
aecia/aiiyi iieaciee?a aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?;

· iiaoaeiaaii aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?
?ic?aooieo e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa;

· ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ?
iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo a a?ioiaiio aea?aaeaio?;

· aaaaeaii iiiyooy noaio aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa a iaaeao ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Aeei?enoaiiy noai?aii? nenoaie ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeicaiey? io?eioaaoe ia’?eoeaio ?ioi?iaoe?th
aeey iio?aa oi?aae?iiy, a naia, caaacia/o? i?ioean i?eeiyooy
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? io?eiai? aeniiaee –
oea aianie o ?icaeoie no/anii? eiioeaioe?? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?,
aiie aeathoue iiaeeea?noue eiiieaenii aecia/aoe ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. E?euee?nia aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue nenoaie ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aoei i?iaaaeaii ia
aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa??aeao iaoeiiaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoa i. *a?eane –
AAO “Oe?i’?ci”, CAO “No?iiiaoeia” ? CAO “*a?eaneaeaaaoi?iao”, OIA
“AAII”.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeaoeiny ia AAO
“Oe?i’?ci”, OIA “AAII”, a oaeiae a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? a eo?nao
“No?aoaa?y i?aei?e?inoaa”, “Aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci i?aei?e?inoaa”.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny oa
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia i?aeia?iaeieo oa anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaeo ?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “?ano?ni- ? aia?aicaa?aaeoth/?
oaoiieia?? a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?”, Iaeana, 1994; “Inianoea-95”, Ee?a, 1995;
“I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ia caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy eieaeueieo
(oi/eiaeo) a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii a Oe?a?i?”, *a?i?aoe?, 1996;
“I?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee: ?ioi?iaoe?eia ? o?iainiaa
caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo?”, Naaanoiiieue,
1998; a oaeiae ia ?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo a i.*a?eane o
1994-1999 ?ieao.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
11 iaoeiaeo ?iaioao, iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii, caaaeueiei ianyaii 3.1
oi.ae?oe.a?e., a oiio /ene? 4 o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo ca ia?ae?eii AAEo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 173
noi??ieao oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 31 oaaeeoeath ? 11 ?enoieaie . ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae ?c 145 iaca oa o?ueio aeiaeaoe?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue aeai?o oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii nooi?iue ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ?
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/io
oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “Eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee noai?aiiy nenoaie ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?” – ?ice?eoi nooue oa no/aniee ci?no eaoaai???
“aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue”, i?iaiae?ciaaii aieiai? eaoaai??? no/anieo
a?o/eciyii? ? cao?aeii? eiioeaioe?e aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?eii? aeiiii?ee eaoaai??y
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?ecia/aia aeey anaa?/iiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy
aniaeo?a io?eiaiiy ??cieo ca nai?th ye?noth ?acoeueoao?a ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa. Eeth/iaei aeaiaioii
?ic?iaeaiiai aaoi?ii iaoiaeieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo “aoaeoeai?noue /a?ac
ye?noue” ? canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th yeino?, eio?ee oi?io?oueny ?
anoaiiaeth?oueny ia iniia? ?nioth/eo aeiia, ui aenoaathoueny
noni?euenoaii ? a?aeia?aaeathoue ??aaiue eiai iio?aa oa ??aaiue
caeaoiino? caaeiaieaiiy oeeo iio?aa, yeee a?aeoai?th?oueny a ?nioth/?e
nenoai? aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei ? ? iniiaith aeey oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
noaiaea?o?a yeino?. Ia i?aenoaa? canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th yeino?
i?iaiaeeoueny iiae?e noai?thaaieo aeiiii?/ieo nooiinoae ia aea? a?oie –
iiaiioe?ii? aeaaa ? iaiiaiioe?ii? aeaaa. Iiaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th
iiaiioe?iieo ? iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa ca ??ciiiai?oieie iciaeaie.
?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue e?euee?nio noi?iio
iaea?aeaiiy iiceoeaiiai ? iaaaoeaiiai ?acoeueoao?a ? ?acoeueoaoeaiino?.
?icaeyiooi i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy ? e?oaiia?ao noeoiiinoae iiaiioe?iieo ?
iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa a iaaeao noa?e ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaa ia
i?aei?e?inoa?. Aeine?aeaeaii ?aca?ae i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino?, ui iia’ycai? c ?nioaaiiyi iiaiioe?iieo ? iaiiaiioe?iieo
aeaa, i?iaaaeaii ?o eeaneo?eaoe?th, a oaeiae ?icaeyiooi iiaeeeaino? ?o
iia?e?caoe??.

A no/aniiio o?aeooaaii? eaoaai??y aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oa?aeoa?eco?
??aaiue oaeoe/iiai aeinyaiaiiy ?acoeueoaoo ca ?nioth/eo oaeoi??a
ae?iaieoeoaa ? oaoiieia?e.

Aaoi? ?icaeyaea? ci?no iiiyooy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ye ?acoeueoao,
io?eiaiee aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiy ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaei i?aei?e?inoaii. Ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee ie
eiinoaoo?ii iayai?noue aaeeei? e?eueeino? ??cieo ca nai?th oi?iith ?
ci?noii ?acoeueoao?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?nueeeo noa‘?eo?a. Oea –
ae?iaeai? i?iaeoeoe, oiaa?e, iineoae, i?eaooie (caeoie), ao?aoe oa ?io?
iaoa??aeuei? e iaiaoa??aeuei? aeiiii?/i? ?aae??. Oiio aeey iieaaoaiiy
iai?ioethaaiiy, caaacia/aiiy a?eueo aenieiai ??aiy aano?aaoaaiiy ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy ia‘?aeio?ii ia?a?aoiaai? aeua aeaee ?acoeueoao?a a iaeio
eaoaai??th “aeaaa”.

Aeaai – aeiiii?/ia ?aae?y, yea ae?iaey?oueny aeey caaeiaieaiiy iaaieo
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? noni?eueieo iio?aa. Iiainoai?ai? aeaaa iiaeii? iaoe
ye?noue, yea a?aeiia?aea? iaaiiio e?eoa??th yeino?. A?i oi?io?oueny ?
anoaiiaeth?oueny ia iniia? aeiia, ui aenoaathoueny noni?euenoaii aai
aea?aeaaith ? a?aeia?aaeathoue ??aaiue eiai iio?aa oa ??aaiue caeaoiino?
caaeiaieaiiy oeeo iio?aa i?e ?nioth/?e nenoai? aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei.
E?eoa??e yeino? ? iniiaith aeey oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie noaiaea?o?a yeino?,
ui eiio?ieththoue a?aeiia?aei?noue iiainoai?aieo aeaa i?eeiyoei
aoaeiiai. I?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy aeaiiai e?eoa??th aeicaiey?
?iciaaeiaoaaoe aeaaa ia iiaiioe?ii? – o?, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue
anoaiiaeaiiio e?eoa??th, ? iaiiaiioe?ii? – o?, ui eiio ia
a?aeiia?aeathoue.

Iiaiioe?iia aeaai – oea aeiiii?/ia ?aae?y, yea ? iane?aeeii ? aeaea?aeii
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo ainiiaea?nueeeo noa’?eo?a. Iiaiioe?iia aeaai
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny:

1) aenieith niiaeeaiith aa?o?noth, ye?noue yei? eiio?ieth?oueny
nenoaiith noaiaea?o?a, ui aaco?oueny ia a?aeiia?aeiino? e?eoa??th
yeino?;

2) aa?o?noth, ui neeaaea?oueny c cao?ao iiaiioe?iieo aeaa iaiao?aeieo
aeey noai?aiiy aeaiiai aeaaa oa aeiaeaii? aa?oino?, yea a?aeia?aaea?
?acoeueoao oi?ioaaiiy aaniethoii iiaiai aeaaa.

Aei iiaiioe?iieo aeaa a?aeiinyoueny ?ano?ne, oiaa?e, iineoae.
Niaoeeo?/ieie aeaeaie iiaiioe?iieo aeaa ? i?iaeoeoeai? cao?aoe ?
i?eaooie, ine?eueee aiie caaacia/othoue aacia?a?ai?noue i?ioeano
ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa. Ie?aii iio??aii aeae?eeoe a?oio
iioaioe?eii ?nioth/eo iiaiioe?iieo aeaa – iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo, ye? ?
iane?aeeaie ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?nueeeo noa’?eo?a ? ?o aeoeaia
?aae?caoe?y aeicaiey? io?eiaoe e?euee?nii a?eueoa oa ye?nii e?au? iia?
aeaaa. Aaoi?ii oaeiae ?ic?iaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th iiaiioe?iieo aeaa ca
aeaiia iciaeaie (aeea.oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Eeaneo?eaoe?y iiaiioe?iieo aeaa

Eeaneo?eaoe?eia iciaeaA?oia iiaiioe?iieo aeaaIacaa iiaiioe?iiiai aeaaaI)
ca aeaeaie:1) ?aaeuei?:a) iiaiioe?ii? aeaaa: iaoa??aeuei? ?ano?ne,
o?iainia? ?ano?ne, o?oaeia? ?ano?ne, oiaa?e, iineoae;

a) ?iaanoeoe??, cao?aoe ae?iaieoeoaa, aii?oecaoe?y;

a) i?eaooie.2) iioaioe?ei?: Iiaeeeaino? ?icaeoeo.II) ca aoaiii
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa :iiaiioe?ii? aeaaa ??cieo aoai?a
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa1) iiaiioe?ii? aeaaa aoaio iinoa/aiiy;

2) iiaiioe?ii? aeaaa aoaio ae?iaieoeoaa;

3) iiaiioe?ii? aeaaa aoaio ?aae?caoe??;

4) iiaiioe?ii? aeaaa aoaio iai?io.Iaiiaiioe?iia aeaai – oea aeiiii?/ia
?aae?y, ye?noue yei? ia caaeiaieueiy? aeiiaai ? iio?aaai ?icaeoeo oa
ooieoe?iioaaiith ainiiaea?nueeeo noa’?eo?a. Iaiiaiioe?iia aeaai
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny:

1) iecueeith niiaeeaiith aa?o?noth – iacaeaoi?noth, aai caeaoi?noth ia a
iiai?e i??? caaeiaieueiyoe iaai? iio?aae ia ??ai?, ui a?aeiia?aea?
e?eoa??th yeino?;

2) aa?o?noth, yea neeaaea?oueny c cao?ao iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa oa
aeiaeaii? aa?oino?, ui a?aeia?aaea? ?acoeueoao noai?aiiy iiaiai ae?enii
iaiiaiioe?iiiai aeaaa.

Aei iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa a?aeiinyoueny ?ano?ne, oiaa?e, iineoae, ye?noue
eio?eo ia a?aeiia?aea? anoaiiaeaiiio e?eoa??th, a oaeiae ao?aoe,
iai?iaeoeoeai? cao?aoe, caeoee. Ie?aii ne?ae a?aei?oeoe iioaioe?eii
?nioth/? iaiiaiioe?ii? aeaaa — iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo. Aiie ? iane?aeeaie
ae?yeueiino? aeiiii?/ieo noa’?eo?a, a noai?aiiy iaoai?cio aeoeaiiai ?o
ciaoeiaeaeaiiy aeicaieeoue onoiooe caa?ico caiaiaaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo
noa’?eo?a. Eeaneo?eaoe?th iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa, yea a?aeiia?aea?
cai?iiiiiaai?e a ?iaio? eiioeaioe??, aaoi? ?ic?iaea ca o?ueiia iciaeaie
(aeea.oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Eeaneo?eaoe?y iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa

Eeaneo?eaoe?eia iciaeaA?oia iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaaIacaa iaiiaiioe?iieo
aeaaI) ca aeaeaie:1) ?aaeuei?:a) iaoa??aeuei? ?ano?ne, o?iainia?
?ano?ne, o?oaeia? ?ano?ne, oiaa?e, iineoae, ui ia a?aeiia?aeathoue
anoaiiaeaiei e?eoa??yi yeino?;

a)ao?aoe ?ano?n?a, ao?aoe oiaa??a, ao?aoe iineoa, ao?aoe i?eaooeo;

a) iai?iaeoeoeai? cao?aoe;

a) iaaaoeaiee o?iainiaee ?acoeueoao;

ae) iaaeiio?eiaiiy /anoee i?eaooeo.2) iioaioe?ei?:a) iiaeeeaino?
caiaiaaeo;

a) iaaeei?enoaiiy iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo.II) ca i?noeai aeieeiaiiy:1)
aaciina?aaei?:a) oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/i?; a) i?aai?caoe?ei?;

a) eaae?o?eaoe?ei?.2) iiina?aaeeiaai?:Iaiiaiioe?ii? aeaaa, iia’ycai? c
iaaeie?eaie o ooieoe?iioaaii? ?iciiae?eue/i? nenoaie oa aea?aeaae a
oe?eiio.III) ca aoaiii ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa:iaiiaiioe?ii? aeaaa
??cieo aoai?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa:1) iaiiaiioe?ii? aeaaa aoaio
iinoa/aiiy;

2) iaiiaiioe?ii? aeaaa aoaio ae?iaieoeoaa;

3) iaiiaiioe?ii? aeaaa aoaio ?aae?caoe??;

4) iaiiaiioe?ii? aeaaa aoaio iai?io.

Noai?ai? iiaiioe?ii? aeaaa – oea iiceoeaiee ?acoeueoao ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?, a ooai?ai? iaiiaiioe?ii? aeaaa – iaaaoeaiee. Nooi?iue
cao?aoiino? io?eiaiiai iiceoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iiceoeaiith ?acoeueoaoeai?noth. Iaaaoeaia ?acoeueoaoeai?noue
oa?aeoa?eco? nooi?iue cao?aoiino? iaea?aeaiiai iaaaoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo.

O?aaeeoe?eiee i?aeo?ae aei iiiyooy aoaeoeaiino? ia a?aoiao? ?nioaaiiy
iaaaoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo oa ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ? ?o a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
?nioth/eo aeiiii?/ieo eaoaai??yo. Iiiyooy aoaeoeaiino? ne?ae ?icoe?eoe
ca ?aooiie aaaaeaiiy ? ie?aneaiiy iiiyoue aeaaa – iiaiioe?iiiai ?
iaiiaiioe?iiiai, iiceoeaiiai ? iaaaoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo, iiceoeaii? ?
iaaaoeaii? ?acoeueoaoeaiino?.

An? aeaaa a iaaeao i?aei?e?inoaa cae?eniththoue ?oo o noa??
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaa, yea ? ii?aeiaiiyi i?inoi?o, /ano, noeoiiinoae
??cieo aeiiii?/ieo nooiinoae. Aeei?enoaiiy e?eoa??th yeino? aeey an???
noeoiiino? aeaa caeeaaea? aaco aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iiae?eo, i?e yeiio noa?a
?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiae?ey?oueny ia aea? ie?ai? – noa?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iiaiioe?iieo aeaa ? noa?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa. Oea aea?
iiaeeea?noue c aenieith oi/i?noth aecia/eoe e?ioeaaee ?acoeueoao
ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?nueei? nenoaie, ioe?ieoe ye?ni?noue ??
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? a?aeoai?aiiy.

Aaaeeeaa i?noea a cai?iiiiiaai?e aaoi?ii eiioeaioe?? ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? caeiathoue ?aca?ae ?? i?aeaeuaiiy. ?niothoue aeaa iai?yie
iia?e?caoe?? ?aca?a?a i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa. Ia?oee iia’ycaiee c ae??th oaeoi??a
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano. Aeey aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a?i ia? no?aoaa?/iee
oa?aeoa?, ine?eueee aieeaa? ia oi?ioaaiiy ia?aaaa o eiieo?aioi?e
ai?iouea? ia na?oiaiio ?eieo. Ae?oaee iai?yiie iia’ycaiee c i?eieiaiiyi
ae?? ??cieo iaaaoeaieo oaeoi??a, e?ea?aeaoe??th iaaaoeaieo aeiiii?/ieo
yaeu oa ?o iane?aee?a. A?i ia? oaeoe/iee oa?aeoa?, oi/a caeo/aiiy
?aca?a?a aeaii? a?oie aeicaieeoue io?eiaoe aeiiii?/iee ?acoeueoao, yeee
i?e iaeaaeiiio cae??ieaii? iiaea noaoe iniiaith aeey iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “Ieoaiiy iaoiaeieia?? ? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa” —
?icaeyiooi no/ani? iaoiaee iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii ia‘?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy – iaoeiiaoae?ai? i?aei?e?inoaa Oe?a?ie, i?iaiae?ciaaii
o?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, aeyaeaii
iaaeie?ee ?o canoinoaaiiy a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.

O?aaeeoe?eia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa a?oioo?oueny ia ?ic?aooieo ?acoeueoaoeaieo
iieaciee?a cao?ao ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe??, i?eaooeo ?
?aioaaaeueiino?. Aiia cae?enith?oueny ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy oae caaiiai
i?yiiai i?aeoiaeo, nooue yeiai iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?ic?aooiie
aeeiio?oueny iine?aeiaii a on?o eaieao ? ainiiaea?nueeeo i?ioeanao
a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoiae?a aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo. Ie canoinoaaee
o?aaeeoe?eio iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aiiai ia‘?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ic?aoiaai?
?acoeueoaoeai? iieacieee ae?yeueiino? iaoeiiaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoa
iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 3.

Cia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoeaieo iieaciee?a na?ae/aoue, ui i?ioyaii /ioe?ueio
?ie?a ia aeaio c o?ueio i?aei?e?inoa (CAO “No?iiiaoeia”, AAO “Oe?i‘?ci”)
cia/ii ciaioeeanue aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa. Oea iaoiiaeaii
nei?i/aiiyi cao?ao iniiaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe?? ca a?ioia?
eiooe. Oae, ia AAO “Oe?i‘?ci” cia/aiiy oeeo iieaciee?a ciaioeeeny a?eueo
i?ae aaea?/?. A ia CAO “No?iiiaoeia” – a?aeiia?aeii a 6 ? 10 ?ac?a. sse
iane?aeie – a?aeaoeiny cieaeaiiy cia/aiiy iieaciee?a i?eaooeo ?
?aioaaaeueiino?. Ia AAO “Oe?i‘?ci” a 5,5 ?ac?a nei?ioeany i?eaooie ? a 6
?ac?a – ?aioaaaeuei?noue. Ia CAO “No?iiiaoeia” iaeaea aaea?/? ciaioeany
ianya i?eaooeo, a ?aioaaaeuei?noue nei?ioeeany a 4 ?ace. Aeaui ?ioa
neooaoe?y niinoa??aaeany ia CAO “*a?eaneaeaaaoi?iao”. Ooo ca /ioe?e ?iee
niinoa??aaeany oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, i?i ui
na?ae/aoue iieacieee cao?ao iniiaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe?? ca
a?ioia? eiooe. Aiie c?inee a?aeiia?aeii ia 30 ? 24 % . Oi/a i?e oeueiio
i?eaooie nei?ioeany ia 7 %, a ?aioaaaeuei?noue nei?ioeeany ia iaeio
o?aoeio.

Oaaeeoey 3

Aeeiai?ea ?acoeueoaoeaieo iieaciee?a ae?yeueiino? ia aeine?aeaeoaaieo
i?aei?e?inoaao i.*a?eane ca 1995-1998 ?iee

Iacaa iieacieeaO 1995 ?ioe?, a?i.O 1996 ?ioe?, a?i.Aanietho-iee i?e??no,
a?i.Oaii i?e-?inoo, %O 1997 ?ioe?, a?i.Aanietho-iee i?e??no, a?i.Oaii
i?e-?inoo, %O 1998 ?ioe?, a?i.Aanietho-iee i?e??no, a?i.Oaii i?e-?inoo,
%AAO «Oe?i`?ci»Cao?aoe iniiaiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa56754104100256-1575154-27,753519495-580761-14,162610782-9087
13-25,82?aae?caoe?y ca a?ioia?
eiooe51603452487556-2672789-51,791897696-589860-23,71240533450763826,75I
?eaooee
(caeoee)570273350223-220050-38,59105622-244601-69,84-1250112-1355734-128
3,57?aioaaaeuei?noue
ae?yeueiino?0,10,085-0,015-15,000,03-0,055-64,71-0,478-0,508-1693,33CAO
«No?iiiaoeia»Cao?aoe iniiaiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa67203306435290-285040-4,243079680-3355610-52,141675420-14042
60-45,60?aae?caoe?y ca a?ioia?
eiooe950025596657821655271,742728147-6937635-71,78930887-1797260-65,88I?
eaooee
(caeoee)2779925323049245056716,21-4164-3234656-100,13-2111340-2107176506
04,61?aioaaaeuei?noue
ae?yeueiino?0,4140,5020,08821,26-0,001-0,503-100,20-1,26-1,259125900,00C
AO»*a?eaneaeaaaoi?iao»Cao?aoe iniiaiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa12103941258513481193,9813695411110288,82156792519838414,49?a
ae?caoe?y ca a?ioia?
eiooe13059561387220812646,221461234740145,34162337516214111,10I?eaooee
(caeoee)1001001356673556735,5387914-47753-35,209320052866,01?aioaaaeuei?
noue
ae?yeueiino?0,0830,1080,02530,120,064-0,044-40,740,059-0,005-7,81I?ei?oe
a: cia/aiiy iieaciee?a o 1995 ?ioe? ae?aaeaii o no/ani?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e
a?ioia?e iaeeieoe? – a?eai?.

Ii??aithth/e aoaeoeai?noue ae?yeueiino? oeeo o?ueio i?aei?e?inoa, iiaeia
neacaoe, ui eeoa CAO “*a?eaneaeaaaoi?iao” noaa?eueii i?aoeth? a oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?eii? aeiiii?ee. ?io? aeaa i?aei?e?inoaa, AAO “Oe?i‘?ci” ?
CAO “No?iiiaoeia”, ca inoaii? ?iee ao?aoeee iiceoe??, ye? caeiaee ca
oiia aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii? (ieaiiai?) aeiiii?ee. Iei? aiie
caeaa?eueoiai ooieoe?iiothoue ca ?aooiie aa?oa?ieo iia?aoe?e ?
aca?iicae?e?a.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a canoinoaaiiy o?aaeeoe?eii? iaoiaeeee ia i?eeeaae?
aeaieo iaoeiiaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoa aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui oey
iaoiaeeea ? aeinoaoiuei i?iaeoeoeaiith o aeiaaeeao cia/iiai ??aiy
aca?iicaeaaeiino? iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino?. A ?ac? aieeao ia cia/aiiy
oeeo iieaciee?a ?ioeo oaeoi??a caeaaei?noue i?ae ieie ciaioo?oueny. I?e
iacia/i?e aca?iicaeaaeiino? ?acoeueoaoeaieo iieaciee?a aeei?enoaiiy
aeaii? iaoiaeeee ? i?iaeaiaoe/iei, ine?eueee cieaeo?oueny
ia‘?eoeai?noue, ?ioi?iaoe?eia oe?ii?noue oaei? ioe?iee. Ie iaaieioo?ii,
ui ii?yae c iacaia?a/ieie ia?aaaaaie o?aaeeoe?eia iaoiaeeea ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ia? ?yae iaaeie?e?a, ye? oneeaaeiththoue ??
aeei?enoaiiy a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee. Aieiai? iaaeie?ee oe???
iaoiaeeee iieyaathoue a oiio, ui:

1) aenieee ??aaiue aa?oa?ecaoe?? ainiiaea?nueeeo iia?aoe?e noaaeoue i?ae
noii?a aaee/eio io?eiaieo i?eaooe?a i?aei?e?inoa;

2) ?nio? ? oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny iaoai?ci aca?iicae?e?a, yeee ia
aeicaiey? ia‘?eoeaii noaeeoe i?i ianya io?eioaaiiai i?eaooeo;

3) aeaia iaoiaeeea ia aeicaiey? i?inoaaeoaaoe noai oi?ioaaiiy caeeoe?a
ainiiaea?nueeeo cania?a oa ?o aeaea?ae ia i?aei?e?inoa? (iniaeeai ii
?ic?aooieao — caai?aiaaiino? ia?aae iinoa/aeueieeaie, ia?aae
athaeaeaoii, ii aeieao? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, c ?ioeie e?aaeeoi?aie ?
aeaa?oi?aie), ui ? ae?ae aaaeeeaith ?ioi?iaoe??th aeey iio?aa
oi?aae?iiy;

4) a?aeaoaa?oueny iai?ioeyoe?y cia/aiiyie ?acoeueoaoeaieo iieaciee?a c
iaoith oieeiaiiy iiiaeaoeoaaiiy;

5) iaiiaeeeai o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie cao?enoaaoe ia?a?iciiae?e
i?eaooeo ia ei?enoue caoe?eaaeaieo in?a, ye? ? noa‘?eoaie “o?iueiai?”
aeiiii?ee.

Oaeiae o?aaeeoe?eia iaoiaeeea aoea aeine?aeaeaia iaie c iaoith
aecia/aiiy i?eaeaoiino? ?? iia?aoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy. I?e oeueiio ie
iia?oaaee oaeoe/ieie aeaieie cacia/aieo aeua i?aei?e?inoa ca
aeaaiaaeoeyoue i?nyoe?a 1997 ?ieo. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoaa?aeeee
aeeeaaeai? aeua iaaeie?ee.

Aeey onoiaiiy iaaeie?e?a o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiaeee ? a?aeiia?aeii aei
cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo “aoaeoeai?noue /a?ac ye?noue” aaoi?ii ?iaioe
?ic?iaeaii a?aeiia?aeio iaoiaeieia?th ? oae? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa:

1) aecia/aiiy e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa ia
i?aenoaa? canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th yeino?;

2) ?ic?aooiie aaee/eie iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo,
ui ? iane?aeeaie ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa;

3) aecia/aiiy noaio aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai
i?aei?e?inoaa.

?ic?aooiie e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa aoei
aeeiiaii aaoi?ii ia iniia? iiaeaethaaiiy ainiiaea?nueeeo i?ioean?a a
iaaeao i?aei?e?inoaa — iinoa/aiiy, ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe??
(aeea.?en.1). I?e oeueiio aeey eiaeiiai aeaeo aeaa, ui aa?ooue o/anoue o
ainiiaea?nueeeo i?ioeanao, ooi/iaii e?eoa??? yeino?.

?en.1. Aeie-noaia ?ic?aooieo e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

Ia?ae?e oiiaieo iicia/aiue iieaciee?a, ye? canoiniaothoueny a
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? ?ic?aooieo e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa ? ?o ci?no iaaaaeaii a oaaeeoe?
4.

Oaaeeoey 4

Oiiai? iicia/aiiy ? ci?no iieaciee?a, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
cae?eniaiiy ?ic?aooieo e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa

Oiiai? iicia/aiiyCi?no iieacieea

L Q

Costs

i=1 ??/ia noeoii?noue ae?iaie/eo cao?ao a?ae i=1 aei L, ui
a?aeiia?aeathoue e?eoa??th yeino?;T Q

WS

i=1??/ia noia aa?oinoae iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa a?ae i=1 aei T aoaio
iinoa/aiiy;U Q

P

i=1 noeoii?noue ??/ieo i?eaooe?a a?ae i=1 aei U, ui io?eiothoueny
ia iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaiio ??ai?;E Q

WPL

i=1 ??/ia noeoii?noue iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa a?ae i=1
aei X ia noaae?? ae?iaieoeoaa a?ae ?=1 aei E; d Q

R costs

i=1 ??/ia noeoii?noue cao?ao ?aae?caoe?? a?ae 1 aei
d, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue e?eoa??th yeino?; Q

Wcaaaeueia ??/ia noia iiaiioe?iieo aeaa, ui ooieoe?iiothoue a iaaeao
i?aei?e?inoaa; Q-

Wcaaaeueia ??/ia noia iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa, ui ooieoe?iiothoue a iaaeao
i?aei?e?inoaa;Wcaaaeueiee ianya aeaa, ui ooieoe?iio? a iaaeao
i?aei?e?inoaa i?ioyaii ?ieo;ERabsaaniethoiee iieaciee e?ioeaaiai
?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa;ERrala?aeiiniee iieaciee
e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa;RKn??aaiue
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo;WnStQ??/ia noeoii?noue
iiaiioe?iieo aeaa, ui a?aeiia?aea? a?o/eciyiei noaiaea?oai ?
i?aeoaa?aeaeaia na?oeo?eaoaie a?aeiia?aeiino?;RKint??aaiue
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia ciai?oiueiio (i?aeia?iaeiiio) ?eieo;

WintStQ??/ia noeoii?noue iiaiioe?iieo aeaa, ui a?aeiia?aea?
i?aeia?iaeiei noaiaea?oai ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia na?oeo?eaoaie
a?aeiia?aeiino?.

Noai?aio aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ?ic?aooieo e?ioeaaiai
?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa aoei ?aae?ciaaii a
i?ia?aiii-?ioi?iaoe?ei?e nenoai? “Effect 1.0”, yea aeicaiey? aacia?a?aii
cae?enithaaoe iia?aoeaiee eiio?ieue ? oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/eie iioieaie a
iaaeao i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

Neeaaeiaith /anoeiith nenoaie ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ? oaeiae
iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aaee/eie iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeainoae
caiaiaaeo i?aei?e?inoaa a a?ioiaiio aea?aaeaio?. Oeae ?ic?aooiie ie
aeeiio?ii ca oaeeie aoaiaie:

1) iiiaeeio iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo iaiaaeo?ii
aei ?o aaee/eie, ui ?nio? aeey iaaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa i?ioyaii ?ieo;

1) aecia/a?ii ia?ae?e aieiaieo caoiae?a i?aei?e?inoaa, ye?
aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo /e
iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo;

2) aecia/a?ii eiao?oe??ioe aaae aieea?a eiaeiiai caoiaeo ia iiaeeeaino?
?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo iaoiaeii aenia?oieo ioe?iie;

3) i?iaiaeeii iieooaaiiy oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo i?aei?e?inoaa
a?aeiinii i?iaaaeaieo ca ??e caoiae?a;

4) aeey eiaeiiai i?iaaaeaiiai caoiaeo aeae?a?ii a?aeiia?aei? cia/aiiy
eiao?oe??ioa aaae;

5) aecia/a?ii nei?eaiaaia cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa aaae c a?aooaaiiyi
oa?i?io aieeao aeaiiai caoiaeo o ca?oiiio ?ioe? ca oi?ioeith:

aeey iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo — aeey
iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo-

aea kgr – eiao?oe??io aaae iaaiiai caoiaeo, ui aieeaa? ia iiaeeeaino?
?icaeoeo;

kSkdec – nei?eaiaaiee eiao?oe??io aaae iaaiiai caoiaeo, ui aieeaa? ia
iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo;

KSkgr – nei?eaiaaiee eiao?oe??io aaae iaaiiai caoiaeo, ui aieeaa? ia
iiaeeeaino? ?icaeoeo;

kdec – eiao?oe??io aaae iaaiiai caoiaeo , ui aieeaa? ia iiaeeeaino?
caiaiaaeo;

j – e?euee?noue i?nyoe?a, i?ioyaii yeeo i?iaiaeeany cao?ae o ?ioe?;

i – e?euee?noue i?nyoe?a o ?ioe? (aei??aith? 12);

7) aecia/a?ii caaaeuei? eiao?oe??ioe aaae aieeao noeoiiino?
i?iaaaeaieo caoiae?a ia iiaeeeaino? ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo ca
oi?ioeaie:

, aea SkPgr – caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io aaae, ui a?aeia?aaea? aieea
noeoiiino? i?iaaaeaieo caoiae?a ia iiaeeeaino? ?icaeoeo; k1Skgr-
k10Skgr — nei?eaiaai? eiao?oe??ioe aaae a?aeiia?aeii c 1-ai ii 10-ee
caoiaee, ui aieeaathoue ia iiaeeeaino? ?icaeoeo; Agr – aieea ?ioeo
caoiae?a cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a yeeo ia aecia/aeeny ia iiaeeeaino?
?icaeoeo, aea a ?ac? iaiao?aeiino? iiaeooue aooe ?ic?aoiaai? iaoiaeii
aenia?oieo ioe?iie;

SkPdec – caaaeueiee eiao?oe??io aaae, ui a?aeia?aaea? aieea noeoiiino?
i?iaaaeaieo caoiae?a ia iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo; k1Skgr- k10Skgr –
nei?eaiaai? eiao?oe??ioe aaae a?aeiia?aeii c 1-ai ii 10-ee caoiaee, ui
aieeaathoue ia iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo; Adec- aieea ?ioeo caoiae?a,
cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a yeeo ia aecia/aeeny ia iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo, aea
a ?ac? iaiao?aeiino? iiaeooue aooe ?ic?aoiaai? iaoiaeii aenia?oieo
ioe?iie;

8) aecia/a?ii aaee/eio iieaciee?a iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ?
iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo a a?ioiaiio aea?aaeaio? ca oi?ioeaie:

aeey iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo:
aeey iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo:

wmetafile8? ??&???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy? ??7?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????, aea Pgr – iieaciee aaee/eie iiaeeeainoae
?icaeoeo o a?ioiaiio aea?aaeaio?, Pdec – iieaciee aaee/eie iiaeeeainoae
caiaiaaeo o a?ioiaiio aea?aaeaio?.

Ianyae io?eioaaieo iiaiioe?iieo ? iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa ? ianyae
iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? caiaiaaeo ? aca?iicaeaaeieie ?
aca?iiiaoiiaeaieie. Oiio ie i?iiiio?ii aeey a?aeia?aaeaiiy aeaii?
caeaaeiino? aaanoe iiiyooy “noaio aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa” – noaio, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue io?eioaaiiai e?ioeaaiai
?acoeueoaoo i?aei?e?inoaa ? noai?aieo i?ioyaii iaaiiai ia??iaeo
iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo. Noai aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa aecia/a?oueny
cia/aiiyie o?ueio iieaciee?a – aaniethoiiai iieacieea e?ioeaaiai
?acoeueoaoo, aaee/eie iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? aaee/eie iiaeeeainoae
caiaiaaeo ia e?iaoeue iaaiiai ia??iaeo (o?iainiaiai ?ieo).

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? –“Iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? nenoaie ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? a ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa” — aeeiiaii ?ic?aooiie
iieaciee?a aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoa ia aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa??aeao o?ueio iaoeiiaoae?aieo
i?aei?e?inoa i.*a?eane — AAO “Oe?i’?ci”, CAO “No?iiiaoeia”, CAO
“*a?eaneaeaaaoi?iao” c ianooiiei aiae?cii io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aoei
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ia’?eoeai?noue, iaae?ei?noue ? ia?niaeoeai?noue
canoinoaaiiy nenoaie ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a i?aeoeoe?
oi?aae?iiy ye ie?aieie i?iieneiaeie i?aei?e?inoaaie, oae ? ana?aaeei?
aaeoc?, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/iiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeuacaaaeaii? nenoaie.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo ?ic?aooie?a iaaaaeaii a oaaeeoe? 5.

Oaaeeoey 5

Aeeiai?ea caaaeueiiai ianyao ooieoe?iioth/eo aeaa ia aeine?aeaeoaaieo
i?aei?e?inoaao i.*a?eane

ca 1995-1998 ?iee

Iacaa iieacieeaO 1995 ?ioe?, a a?i.O 1996 ?ioe?, a a?i.Aanietho-iee
i?e-??no, a?i.Oaii i?e-?inoo, % O 1997 ?ioe?, a a?i.Aaniethoiee i?e??no,
a?i.Oaii i?e-?inoo, %O 1998 ?ioe?, a a?i.Aanietho-iee i?e-??no, a?i.Oaii
i?e-?inoo, %AAO «Oe?i`?ci»Caaaeueiee ianya ooi-eoe?iioth/eo
aeaa10065530093205415-7449885-7,4087065498-6139916,9-6,5980458230-660726
8-7,59Caaaeueiee ianya ooieoe?iioth/eo iiaiioe?iieo
aeaa9725837691345777-5912599-6,0885551639-5794138-6,3477795520-7756119-9
,07Caaaeueiee ianya ooieoe?iioth/eo iaii-aiioe?iieo
aeaa33969241859638-1537286-45,261513859,1-345778,89-18,59266271011488517
5,89ER
abs9386145289486139-4375313-4,6684037780-5448359,1-6,0975132810-8904970-
10,60ER rel0,9330,960,0272,890,9650,0050,520,934-0,031-3,21k
aioo??oiuei?
eiieo-?aioini?iiiaeiino?0,9660,980,0141,450,9830,0030,310,967-0,016-1,63
CAO «No?iiiaoeia»Caaaeueiee ianya ooi-eoe?iioth/eo
aeaa7611031275449540-660772-0,87808147635365223,47,1176877913-3936850-4,
87Caaaeueiee ianya ooieoe?iioth/eo iiaii-oe?iieo aeaa
7598756073950667-2036893-2,68776719913721324,35,0373123201-4548790-5,86C
aaaeueiee ianya ooieoe?iioth/eo iaiia-iioe?iieo
aeaa122752149887313761211121,031127721613899107,67375471264194020,62ER
abs7586480872451794-3413014-4,50745592192107425,32,9169368489-5190730-6,
96ER rel0,9960,96-0,036-3,610,959-0,001-0,100,902-0,057-5,94k
aioo??oiuei?
eii-eo?aioini?iiiaeiino?0,9980,98-0,018-1,800,961-0,019-1,940,952-0,009-
0,94CAO «*a?eaneaeaaaoi?iao»Caaaeueiee ianya ooi-eoe?iioth/eo
aeaa2310034620561298-2539048-10,9921063083501785,432,4425013112395002918
,75Caaaeueiee ianya ooieoe?iioth/eo iiaiioe?iieo
aeaa2299900020212344-2786656-12,1220991970779626,073,8624832815384084518
,30Caaaeueiee ianya ooieoe?iioth/eo iaiiaiioe?iieo
aeaa101346348954247608244,3271113,32-277840,68-79,62180297109183,7153,53
ER
abs2289765419863390-3034264-13,25209208571057466,85,3224652518373166117,
84ER rel0,9960,966-0,03-3,010,9960,033,110,985-0,011-1,10k aioo??oiuei?
eii-eo?aioini?iiiaeiino?0,9950,983-0,012-1,210,9960,0131,320,992-0,004-0
,40I?ei?oea: cia/aiiy iieaciee?a o 1995 ?ioe? ae?aaeaii o no/ani?e
iaoe?iiaeuei?e a?ioia?e iaeeieoe? – a?eai?.

Cia/aiiy iieaciee?a e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa
a?aeia?aaeathoue aeeeth/ii ??aaiue ainiiaea?thaaiiy ca eiie?aoiee
ia??iae /ano, aea aiie ia aeathoue a?aeiia?ae? ia ieoaiiy i?i ?nioth/? ?
noai?thaai? aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiy ??cieo caoiae?a iiaeeeaino? eiai
?icaeoeo /e caiaiaaeo o iaeaooiueiio. Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy aeacaii? i?iaeaie
ie cae?enieee ?ic?aooiie iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo
o?ueio aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aei?e?inoa ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy
a?aeiia?aeii? iaoiaeeee, iaaaaeaii? aeua. Ioaea, an? iaiao?aei? aeai?
aeey aecia/aiiy noaio aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa ?ic?aoiaai?, a naia: aaniethoi? iieacieee e?ioeaaiai
?acoeueoaoo, cia/aiiy iieaciee?a iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeainoae
caiaiaaeo. Io?eiaio ?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei noaio aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
a?oio?ii o ?ic??c? aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aei?e?inoa o oaaeeoe? 6.

Oaaeeoey 6

Noai aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aei?e?inoa ia iaeiiai
i?aoethth/iai

ia e?iaoeue 1995-1998 ?ie?a

Iacaa iieacieeaIa e?iaoeue 1995 ?ieo,a?i.Ia e?iaoeue 1996 ?ieo,
a?i.Aanietho-iee i?e??no, a?i.Oaii i?e-?inoo, %Ia e?iaoeue 1997
?ieo,a?i.Aanietho-iee i?e??no, a?i.Oaii i?e-?inoo, %Ia e?iaoeue 1998
?ieo, a?i.Aanietho-iee i?e??no, a?i.Oaii i?e-?inoo, %AAO
“Oe?i`?ci”Cia/aiiy iieac-ieea e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo 104
290,50109129,464 838,964,64129 288,8920 159,4318,47116 420,31-12
868,58-9,95Cia/aiiy ianyao iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo19789285608
771,0044,3236209,517 649,5126,7820545-15 664,51-43,3Cia/aiiy iieac-ieea
iiaeeeainoae
caiaiaaeo1008942-66,00-6,55271,21-670,79-71,21450178,7965,92CAO
“No?iiiaoeia”Cia/aiiy iieac-ieea e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo 111
565,89109775,45-1 790,44-1,60113 484,353 708,903,38115 614,152
129,801,877Cia/aiiy ianyao iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo1427310246-4
027,00-28,211469,28-8 776,72-85,66760-709,28-48,3Cia/aiiy iieac-ieea
iiaeeeainoae
caiaiaaeo14681834366,0024,931570,17-263,83-14,392100529,8333,74CAO
“*a?eaneaeaaaoi?iao”Cia/aiiy iieac-ieea e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo208
160,49192 848,45-15 312,04-7,36215 678,9422 830,4911,84259 500,1943
821,2520,32Cia/aiiy ianyao iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo16384155373138
989,00848,32185480,3130 107,3119,38120230-65 250,31-35,2Cia/aiiy
iieac-ieea iiaeeeainoae
caiaiaaeo72,3485,513,1618,1960,56-24,94-29,1711049,4481,64I?ei?oea:
cia/aiiy iieaciee?a o 1995 ?ioe? ae?aaeaii o no/ani?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e
a?ioia?e iaeeieoe? – a?eai?.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c noaio aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe a?oioiai? aeniiaee i?i no/aniee ?acoeueoaoeaiee noai ?
eiai ci?ie a iaeaooiueiio a iane?aeie ?aae?caoe?? aecia/aieo
iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? caiaiaaeo i?aei?e?inoa. C’yniaaii (aeea. oaae.
5, 6), ui i?aei?e?inoaii-e?aea?ii a?aeiinii ??aiy aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? ? CAO “*a?eaneaeaaaoi?iao”, ine?eueee ia iueiio:

1) c 1996 ?ieo c?inee ianyae ooieoe?iioth/eo iiaiioe?iieo aeaa ia 3,86%
o 1997 ?ioe? ? ia 18,3% o 1998 ?ioe?. A oaeiae c?inee ianyae an?o aeaa
ia 2,44% ? ia 18,75% a?aeiia?aeii. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i c?inoaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa a iane?aeie aaeaioaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa aei ?eieiaeo oiia;

2) aaee/eia ooieoe?iioth/eo iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa ? iaeiaioith o
aaniethoiiio cia/aii? ? eieeaa?oueny i?ioyaii ia??iaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy a
iaaeao a?ae 101346 a?i. o 1995 ?ioe? aei 109183 a?i. o 1998 ?ioe?;

3) ca an? ?iee ae?yeueiino? aoa io?eiaiee i?eaooie. Iaeieae/a eiai
cia/aiiy aoei cao?eniaaii o 1997 ?ioe? – 87914 a?i., a iaeaeua 135667
a?i. – o 1996 ?ioe?;

4) cao?eniaaii iaeaeu? cia/aiiy a?aeiiniiai iieacieea e?ioeaaiai
?acoeueoaoo ? eiao?oe??ioa eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, a?aeiia?aeii 0,996 ?
0,996. Aeai? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a aoei aeinyaiooi o 1997 ?ioe?;

5) ca 1996-1998 ?iee noi?iiaaii iaeaeu? ianyae iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ia
iaeiiai i?aoethth/iai, a?aeiia?aeii 155373 a?i., 185480,31 a?i., 120230
a?i., a oaeiae iaeiaio? ianyae iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo – 85,50 a?i.,
66,56 a?i., 110 a?i. ia iaeiiai i?aoethth/iai.

Iaaaoeaiei iiiaioii aeey aeaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa ? ciaioaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a i?e ae?iaieoeoa? iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??.
Ioaea, ea??aieoeoai iiaeiia caa?iooe oaaao naia ia onoiaiiy oeueiai
iaaeie?eo i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?aei?e?inoaii, yea ca ?acoeueoaoaie ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? caeia?
i?ii?aeia i?noea, ? AAO “Oe?i’?ci”, ine?eueee:

1) ianyae ooieoe?iioth/eo iiaiioe?iieo ? an?o aeaa caciaee ianooo?aiai
nei?i/aiiy — a?aeiia?aeii o 1996 ?ioe? ia 6,08% ? 7,4%, o 1997 ?ioe?
ia 6,34% ? 6,59%, a o 1998 ?ioe? ia 9,07% ? 7,59%;

2) cia/aiiy a?aeiiniiai iieacieea aeiiii?/iiai ?acoeueoaoo ?
eiao?oe??ioa aioo??oiuei? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? aeineoue aenie?, aea
ieae/? i?ae aeey CAO “*a?eaneaeaaaoi?iao” — a iaaeao a?ae 0,933 aei 0,98
a?aeiia?aeii;

3) cia/aiiy iieaciee?a iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo ca
ia??iae niinoa?aaeaiiy aoee aeinoaoiuei noaa?eueieie. Oae, cia/aiiy
iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ciaoiaeeeiny a iaaeao a?ae 19789 a?i. o 1995 ?ioe?
aei 36209 a?i. o 1997 ?ioe?., a cia/aiiy iieacieea iiaeeeainoae
caiaiaaeo eieeaaeiny a?ae 1008 a?i. o 1995 ?ioe? aei 271 a?i. o 1997
?ioe?.

Ia AAO “Oe?i’?ci” noai?eeany aeineoue neeaaeia aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y, aea
a??ii ni?yiiaai? ae?? ea??aieoeoaa iiaeii? aeaoe iiceoeaiee ?acoeueoao
uiaei iie?auaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?.

Ii ?acoeueoaoai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aii, ui i?aei?e?inoaii-aoonaeaea?ii
? CAO “No?iiiaoeia”. Ia iueiio niinoa??aa?oueny iaeieae/a aeiiii?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oaeeie oaeoaie:

1) iathoue i?noea iaea?eueo? ianyae iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa. Aiie
noi?ioaaeeny aiane?aeie ooo/ii? aa?oa?ecaoe??, cieaeaiiy athaeaeaoii?
aeenoeeie?ie oa eoeueoo?e i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?aooie?a. Oae, o 1996 ?ioe?
aiie c?inee ia 1121% ? noaiiaeee 1498873 a?i. Oiae? ye a ianooiiiio 1997
?ioe? oey oaiaeaioe?y iineeeeanue – cia/aiiy iieacieea ca?eueoeeinue aei
3112772 a?i. ? eeoa o 1998 ?ioe? oaiie c?inoaiiy iaiiaiioe?iieo aeaa
oiia?eueieeeny ? noaiiaeee 20,6%, ui a aaniethoiiio cia/aii? noaiiaeei
641940 a?i.;

2) aeyaeaii iaeieae/? c on?o i?aei?e?inoa cia/aiiy aaniethoiiai ?
a?aeiiniiai iieacieea e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ca inoaii? o?e ?iee – a
iaaeao a?ae 0,9 aei 0,98;

3) cia/aiiy iieacieea iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo o 1996 ?ioe? nei?ioeeiny ia
28,21% ? noaiiaeei 10246 a?i. ia iaeiiai i?aoethth/iai, a o ianooiiiio
1997 ?ioe? aiii nei?ioeeiny ua ia 85,66%. O 1998 ?ioe? aeaia oaiaeaioe?y
caeeoeeany iaci?iiith – iaae?iiy noaiiaeei 48,3%, a aaee/eia iieacieea
aaea aei??aithaaea 760 a?i. ia iaeiiai i?aoethth/iai. Iai?ioe, cia/aiiy
iieacieea iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo c?inoaee o 1996 ?ioe? ia 25% ?
noaiiaeee 1834 a?i. ia iaeiiai i?aoethth/iai. Oey neooaoe?y
niinoa??aaeany o 1998 ?ieao – iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo c?inee ia 33,7%.
Eeoa o 1997 ?ioe? a ca‘yceo c i?iaaaeaieie oi?aae?inueeeie caoiaeaie
iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo aeaui nei?ioeeeny — ia 14,39% ? noaiiaeee 1570
a?i. ia iaeiiai i?aoethth/iai.

O aeiaaeeo ?c CAO “No?iiiaoeia” noai?ai? o 1996 ? 1997 ?ieao oiiae aeey
aeoea?caoe?? i?ioean?a caiaiaaeo iaaaoeaii aieeioee ia i?iaaaeai?
ea??aieoeoaii caoiaee uiaei noaa?e?caoe?? noaio aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie.
Aiie oaeoe/ii ia iaee aoaeoo, a eeoa iia??oeee o?iainiai-aeiiii?/io
neooaoe?th i?aei?e?inoaa.

?ic?iaeaia nenoaia ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? oaeiae aoea ai?iaiaaia iaie c
iaoith aecia/aiiy i?eaeaoiino? ?? iia?aoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy. I?e oeueiio
ie iia?oaaee oaeoe/ieie aeaiieie cacia/aieo aeua i?aei?e?inoa ca
aeaaiaaeoeyoue i?nyoe?a 1997 ?ieo. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoaa?aeeee
aeeeaaeai? aeua aeniiaee i?i noai aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? ia‘?eoa
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oea na?ae/eoue ia ei?enoue canoinoaaiiy aeaii? nenoaie
aeey aeeiiaiiy iia?aoeaieo ?ic?aooie?a iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino?.

A oe?eiio, canoinoaaiiy ia iaoeiiaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoaao iaoiaeee
nenoaie ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeaei ciiao io?eiaoe
?ioi?iaoe?th, yea ia’?eoeaii a?aeia?aaea? noai aoaeoeaiino? ?o
ae?yeueiino?. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ia?aeiieeai
na?ae/eoue i?i aeioe?euei?noue oe?ieiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ye iaei??? c neeaaeiaeo /anoei nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae ana?aaeei? aaeoc? aai i?ae
aaeocyie i?iieneiaino?. Aeey aeei?enoaiiy cacia/aii? nenoaie a ?iaio?
i?aei?e?inoa i?iiiio?oueny i?aai?coaaoe ?? ia iniia? aeeiiaiiy
/ioe?ueio ooieoe?e:

1) iae?eo yeino? aeaa, ui ooieoe?iiothoue a iaaeao i?aei?e?inoaa;

2) i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?aooie?a iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? ca ?ic?iaeaieie
iaoiaeeeaie;

3) iia?aoeaiiai oa ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai aiae?co io?eiaieo cia/aiue
iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino?;

4) cae?eniaiiy iia?aoeaiiai ? ia?niaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy ii ?acoeueoaoao
i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co.

Iniiaiei aeaiaioii oni?oiiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? nenoaie ?
aeei?enoaiiy a ?iaio? oi?aae?inueeeo neoaea ainiiaea?nueeiai noa’?eoa
?ic?iaeaii? aaoi?ii eiii‘thoa?ii? i?ia?aie “Effect 1.0”, a ye?e
?aae?ciaaii iiaeaeue ?ic?aooieo e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

O aeniiaeao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaaaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
i?iaaaeaiiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?o
aeei?enoaiiy c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??.

I?iaaaeaia iaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa aeicaieeei aaoi?o ?iaioe c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. A iaaeao a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?/ii? iaoee noi?ioaaeeny aeaa i?aeoiaee
aei aoaeoeaiino? – “cao?aoiee oa “?ano?niee”, oiae? ye ia Caoiae? ?nio?
eeoa iaeei i?aeo?ae – “?ano?niee”.

2. Iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiei, ia iao iiaeyae, aecia/aiiyi aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? aeey oiia no/anii? aeiiii?ee ? oaea: “Aoaeoeai?noue – oea
??aaiue oaeoe/iiai aeinyaiaiiy ?acoeueoaoo ca ?nioth/eo oaeoi??a
ae?iaieoeoaa ? oaoiieia?e.”

3. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ?nioth/i? eiioeaioe?? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
na?ae/eoue, ui aniaeoe io?eiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?acoeueoaoo
ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?nueeeo noa’?eo?a iaaeinoaoiuei aeine?aeaeai? ?
a?aeia?aaeai? a iiiyo?eiiio aia?ao?.

4. Aeei?enoaiiy nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo, oai??? nenoai, nenoaiiiai aiae?co
aei ?icaeyaeo i?iaeaie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeicaieeei aaoi?o
noai?eoe iiaee i?aeo?ae “aoaeoeai?noue /a?ac ye?noue” ? a?aeiia?aeio
eiio nenoaio ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, yea i?ecia/aia ia’?eoeaii
a?aeia?aaeaoe noai oa iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee.

5. Aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai aaoi?ii e?eoa??th yeino? aeicaiey? /?oei
?iciaaeiaoaaoe aeiiii?/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ca
iciaeith yeino? ia iiceoeai? ? iaaaoeai?. I?e oeueiio aaiaeyoueny oae?
iia? iiiyooy ye iiaiioe?iia ? iaiiaiioe?iia aeaai, iiceoeaia ? iaaaoeaia
?acoeueoaoeai?noue, a oaeiae iia? iieacieee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?:
aaniethoiee ? a?aeiiniee iieaciee e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo, aioo??oi?e ?
ciai?oi?e iieaciee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, iieacieee aaee/eie
iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo, oiui.

6. Ia iniia? i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaii ?
i?iaiae?ciaaii ?nioth/? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ? io?eiai? a iane?aeie oeueiai
?acoeueoaoe, cie?aia iieacieee nia?aa?oino?, i?eaooeo, ?aioaaaeueiino?,
?iaeaeno aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a a i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaie c‘yniaaii,
ui ca no/anieo ia?ao?aeieo oiia aiie iaaeinoaoiuei ia‘?eoeaii
a?aeia?aaeathoue aniaeoe aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, ine?eueee ia ieo
aieeaathoue oae? oaeoi?e ye:

a) i?ioe??//y ? iino?eia ci?ia a oeoia/aii? ci?noo oaeeo iiiyoue ye
“i?eaooie” ? “cao?aoe” a caeiiiaeaa/eo aeoao;

a) iayai?noue cia/ii? /anoee aa?oa?o ? aca?iicae?e?a o caaaeueiiio
ianyc? ainiiaea?nueeeo iia?aoe?e i?aei?e?inoa. Ia iaoo aeoieo, i?aeoeea
oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy aa?oa?o oa aca?iicae?e?a noaaeoue i?ae noii?a
cia/aiiy iieaciee?a i?eaooeo ? ?aioaaaeueiino?;

a) iai?ioeyoe?y oaeoe/ieie cia/aiiyie ?acoeueoaoeaieo iieaciee?a c
iaoith ooeeaiiy a?ae iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, iayai?noue ? ?icaeoie o?iueiai?
aeiiii?ee.

7. Aeey onoiaiiy iaaeie?e?a no/anieo iaoiae?a ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? iaie canoiniaaii iiaee eiioeaiooaeueiee i?aeo?ae –
“aoaeoeai?noue /a?ac ye?noue”. Ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iiaiai
eiioeaiooaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo ie ?ic?iaeee iaoiaeieia?th ? iaoiaeeee:

— aecia/aiiy e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa;

— ?ic?aooieo aaee/eie iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo
i?aei?e?inoaa a a?ioiaiio aea?aaeaio?;

— aecia/aiiy noaio aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

8. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee aoei aeei?enoaii aeey eiiieaenii? ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ia i?eeeaae? o?ueio
iaoeiiaoae?aieo i?aei?e?inoa i.*a?eane. ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo
?ic?aooie?a iieaciee?a aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeaee iiaeeea?noue
aeyaeoe aocuee? i?noey a ?iaio?, ?aca?ae oa iai?yie c?inoaiiy
aoaeoeaiino?, oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aei?e?inoa, a
oaeiae aeicaieeee aecia/eoe i?aei?e?inoai-e?aea?a, i?aei?e?inoai, ui
caeia? i?ii?aeio iiceoe?th, ? i?aei?e?inoai-aoonaeaea?a. Oaeei /eiii,
cai?iiiiiaaio nenoaio ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye a iaaeao ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa, oae ? ana?aaeei?
aaeoc?, a oaeiae i?ae aaeocyie i?iieneiaino?. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i ??
oi?aa?naeueiee oa?aeoa?. A oe?eiio, i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy noai?aii?
aaoi?ii nenoaie ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?aeoaa?aeeei ??
ia’?eoeai?noue, iaae?ei?noue ? ia?niaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy a
oi?aae?ii? i?iieneiaeie i?aei?e?inoaaie.

9. Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?. Aiie ia?aaeaa/athoue ?iciiae?e ooieoe?e i?ae
neoaeaaie i?aei?e?inoaa ii iae?eo, ?ic?aooieo ? aiae?co neeaaeiaeo
aeaiaio?a nenoaie oa cae?eniaiiy caoiae?a uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino?, a oaeiae aeei?enoaiiy eiii‘thoa?ii? i?ia?aie “Effect 1.0”,
i?ecia/aii? aeey ?ic?aooieo ? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??,

a oiio /ene? i?aoeue o aeaeaiiyo ca ia?ae?eii AAEo:

1. Aeaaiae?o?e?aa-Aiae N.E. ?ic?aooiie ??aiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy a?o/eciyieo ? i?aeia?iaeieo
noaiaea?o?a.-//“Iiaia a oaoiieiaee, oaoieea e yeiiiieea ia?a?aaioee
ieia?aeueiiai nu?uey”: Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia einoeoooa
“Iaoaiia?/a?iao”.-*2. -E?eaee ??a, 1998.– N.208-210.

2. Oiiyeia A.?., Aeaaiae?o?e?aa-Aiae N.E. Iiaeaeue ?ic?aooieo
e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa.-//
“Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?”: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue/ Ca ?aae.ae.ae.i.
A.I.Oo?eea.-*a?eane: *?O?,1998.- N.101-110.

3. Aeaaiae?o?e?aa-Aiae N.E. Aeei?enoaiiy eaoaai??e iiaiioe?iia ?
iaiiaiioe?iia aeaai aeey a?aeia?aaeaiiy io?eiaiiy iiceoeaiiai ?
iaaaoeaiiai ainiiaea?nueeeo ?acoeueoao?a.-//Aeni?an-iiaeie:iaoea,
oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai. – 1997. — ?19-20. – N.38-40.

4. Aeaaiae?o?e?aa-Aiae N.E. Iioaioe?eii ?nioth/? aeaaa: iiaeeeaino?
?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo.//Aeni?an-iiaeie:iaoea, oaoi?ea,
ae?iaieoeoai. – 1997. — ?17-18. – n.39-40.

a oaeiae:

5. Aeaaiae?o?e?aa-Aiae N.E. Oa?aeoa?enoeea aeiiii?/ieo eaoaai??e
“iiaiioe?iia aeaai” ? “iaiiaiioe?iia aeaai”, i?ecia/aieo aeey
a?aeia?aaeaiiy io?eiaiiy iiceoeaiiai ? iaaaoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.//“Aeiiii?ea
i?iieneiaino?”: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue/ Ca ?aae. ae.ae.i.
A.I.Oo?eea.-*a?eane: *?O?,1998.- N.3-14.

6. Oa??/e?i I.A., Aeaaiae?o?e?aa-Aiae N.E. Aaaaeaiiy ? canoinoaaiiy
iieacieea caeoeiaino? aeey ioe?iee iaaaoeaii? ?acoeueoaoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa.//“Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?”:
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue/ Ca ?aae.ae.ae.i.
A.I.Oo?eea.-*a?eane:*?O?,1998.- N.77-79.

7. Aeaaiae?o?e?aa-Aiae N.E. Aecia/aiiy e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo
ae?yeueiino? o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy
i?eioeei?a iiai? eiioeaioe?? ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino?.-//I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. – 1998. — ?57. –
N.4-7.

8. Aeaaiae?o?e?aa-Aiae N.E. Ei?ioea oa?aeoa?enoeea eiioeaioe??
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, a ye?e a?aoiao?oueny io?eiaiiy iaaaoeaiiai
?acoeueoaoo ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.//Na.o?oaeia Ia?aie
iaaeaeoia?.iao/i.-i?aeo.eiio. ”I?iaeaiu noaiiaeaiey ?uii/iie yeiiiieee”.
– *.??. – Naaanoiiieue: Ecae-ai NaaAOO, 1998.- N.152-156.

9. Aiae N.E. I?aai?caoe?y nenoaie ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii.// Na. i?aoeue i?aeia?.iaoe.-i?aeo.eiio.
“I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ia caaacia/aiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy eieaeueieo
(oi/eiaeo) a?eueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii a Oe?a?i?”. – *.?. – *a?i?aoe?:
Aeae-ai *a?i?aaoeAeO, 1996. – N.112-113.

10. Aiae N.E. Eeaneo?eaoe?y caeoe?a.// Na.i?aoeue i?aeia?. iaoe.-i?aeo.
eiio. “Inianoea-95”. – Ee?a,1995. – N.20-22.

11. Aiae N.E. Nenoaia oi?aaeaiey oauoeaie eae iaoiae iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?aaei?eyoee. //Na.o?oaeia iaaeaeoi.
iao/i.-i?aeo.eiio. “?ano?ni- e yia?ainaa?aaathuea oaoiieiaee a
iaoeiino?iaiee.”- Iaeanna, 1994. – N.138.

Aeaaiae?o?e?aa-Aiae N.E. Nenoaia ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th
yeino? (ia i?eeeaae? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 – “Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoa ?
i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa.” — Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa, Oa?iii?eue, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii i?iaeaie ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy e?eoa??th
yeino?; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeieia?th ? iaoiaeeeo aeeiiaiiy ?ic?aooieo
e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa ? aecia/aiiy eiai
aoaeoeaiiai noaio; cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy aaee/eie
iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ? iiaeeeainoae caiaiaaeo, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue
aeiiii?/iee iioaioe?ae ainiiaea?nueeiai noa’?eoa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: e?eoa??e yeino?, iiaiioe?iia aeaai, iaiiaiioe?iia aeaai,
iiceoeaiee ?acoeueoao, iaaaoeaiee ?acoeueoao, iiaeeeaino? ?icaeoeo,
iiaeeeaino? caiaiaaeo, noai aoaeoeaiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aeaaiaeaoaeaaa-Aiae N.E. Nenoaia ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe
aeayoaeueiinoe i?iiuoeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey
e?eoa?ey ea/anoaa (ia i?eia?a iaoeiino?iaiey). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 – “Yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoee e
i?aaiecaoeey i?iecaiaenoaa.”- Oa?iiiieueneay aeaaeaiey ia?iaeiiai
oicyenoaa, Oa?iiiieue, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaiu i?iaeaiu ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneie
yooaeoeaiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee ia iniiaa
eniieueciaaiey e?eoa?ey ea/anoaa; ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeieiaey e iaoiaeeea
auiieiaiey ?an/aoa eiia/iiai ?acoeueoaoa ?aaiou i?aaei?eyoey e
ii?aaeaeaiey aai yooaeoeaiiai ninoiyiey; i?aaeeiaeaiu iaoiaeeee ?an/aoa
aaee/eiu aiciiaeiinoae ?acaeoey e aiciiaeiinoae oiaaeea, ioia?aaeathueo
yeiiiie/aneee iioaioeeae oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa.

A ?aieao ioa/anoaaiiie yeiiiie/aneie iaoee nouanoaotho aeaa iiaeoiaea e
yooaeoeaiinoe – “cao?aoiue” e “?ano?niue”. Aeey caiaaeiie yeiiiie/aneie
oeieu oa?aeoa?ai oieueei iaeei iiaeoiae – “?ano?niue”.

Ia iao acaeyae, iaeaieaa i?eaieaiui ii?aaeaeaieai yeiiiie/aneie
yooaeoeaiinoe yaeyaony neaaeothuaa: “Yooaeoeaiinoue – yoi noaiaiue
oaeoe/aneiai aeinoeaeaiey ?acoeueoaoa”.

I?iaaae?iiue iaie aiaeec nouanoaothuae eiioeaioeee yeiiiie/aneie
yooaeoeaiinoe naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi aniaeou iieo/aiey iaaaoeaiiai
?acoeueoaoa aeayoaeueiinoe oicyenoaothueo noauaeoia iaaeinoaoi/ii
enneaaeiaaiu e io?aaeaiu a iiiyoeeiii aiia?aoa.

Eniieueciaaiea nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea, oai?ee nenoai, nenoaiiiai aiaeeca
iicaieeei aaoi?o nicaeaoue iiaoth eiioeaioeeth “yooaeoeaiinoue /a?ac
ea/anoai” e ia a? iniiaa nenoaio ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe,
i?aaeiacia/aiiie aeey iauaeoeaiiai io?aaeaiey ninoiyiey e iniiaiuo
oaiaeaioeee yooaeoeaiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee.

Aaoi? i?aaeeiaeee eniieueciaaoue e?eoa?ee ea/anoaa aeey ?acaeaeaiey
yeiiiie/aneeo ?acoeueoaoia ?aaiou i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee ia
iiceoeaiua e iaaaoeaiua. I?e yoii aaiaeyony oaeea iiaua iiiyoey eae
iieiioeaiiia e iaiieiioeaiiia aeaai, iiceoeaiay e iaaaoeaiay
?acoeueoaoeaiinoue, a oaeaea iiaua iieacaoaee eiia/iiai ?acoeueoaoa,
aioo?aiiee e aiaoiee iieacaoaee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe, iieacaoaee
aaee/eiu aiciiaeiinoae ?acaeoey e aiciiaeiinoae oiaaeea e ae?oaea.

Ia iniiaa i?aeoe/aneiai eniieueciaaiey aaoi?ii enneaaeiaaiu e
i?iaiaeece?iaaiu nouanoaothuea iaoiaeeee ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneie
yooaeoeaiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee e iieo/aiiua
aneaaenoaea yoiai ?acoeueoaou, a /anoiinoe iieacaoaee naaanoieiinoe,
i?eauee, ?aioaaaeueiinoe, eiaeaena eniieueciaaiey ?ano?nia a
i?iecaiaenoaa. Ioiineoaeueii yoiai iu naeaeaee neaaeothuaa caeeth/aiea:
a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo oicyenoaiaaiey iie iaaeinoaoi/ii yooaeoeaii
io?aaeatho aniaeou yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe, iineieueeo ia ieo
aeeytho neaaeothuea oaeoi?u:

1) i?ioeai?a/ea e iinoiyiiua eciaiaiey a o?aeoiaaiee niaea?aeaiey
iiiyoee “i?eaueue” e “cao?aou” a caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo aeoao;

2) iaee/ea cia/eoaeueiie /anoe aa?oa?a e acaeiica/?oia a iauai iau?ia
oicyenoaaiiuo iia?aoeee i?aaei?eyoee. Ii iaoaio iiaieth, i?aeoeea
oe?ieiai eniieueciaaiey aa?oa?a e acaeiica/?oia noaaeo iiae niiiaiea
cia/aiey iieacaoaeae i?eauee e ?aioaaaeueiinoe;

3) iaieioeyoeey oaeoe/aneeie cia/aieyie ?acoeueoaoeaiuo iieacaoaeae n
oeaeueth oeeiiaiey io iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, iaee/ea e ?acaeoea oaiaaie
yeiiiieee.

Aeey ono?aiaiey iaaeinoaoeia nia?aiaiiuo iaoiaeia ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneie
yooaeoeaiinoe iu eniieueciaaee iiaue eiioeaiooaeueiue iiaeoiae –
“yooaeoeaiinoue /a?ac ea/anoai”. Ia iniiaa iiaiai eiioeaiooaeueiiai
iiaeoiaea iu ?ac?aaioaee iaoiaeieiaeth e iaoiaeeee:

— ii?aaeaeaiey eiia/iiai ?acoeueoaoa aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey;

— ?an/?oa aaee/eiu aiciiaeiinoae ?acaeoey e aiciiaeiinoae oiaaeea
i?aaei?eyoey a aeaiaaeiii yeaeaaeaioa;

— ii?aaeaeaiey ninoiyiey yooaeoeaiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe i?iiuoeaiiiai
i?aaei?eyoey.

?ac?aaioaiiua iaoiaeeee auee eniieueciaaiu aeey eiiieaeniie ioeaiee
yooaeoeaiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee ia i?eia?a o??o
iaoeiino?ieoaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee a.*a?eannu.

?acoeueoaou i?iaaae?iiuo ?an/?oia iieacaoaeae yeiiiie/aneie
yooaeoeaiinoe aeaee aiciiaeiinoue auyaeoue oceea ianoa a ?aaioa, ?aca?au
e iai?aaeaiey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe, oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey enneaaeoaiuo
i?aaei?eyoee, a oaeaea iicaieeee ii?aaeaeeoue i?aaei?eyoea-eeaea?,
i?aaei?eyoea, eioi?ia caieiaao n?aaeithth iiceoeeth, e
i?aaei?eyoea-aoonaeaea?. Oaeei ia?acii, i?aaeeiaeaiioth nenoaio ioeaiee
yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe iiaeii eniieueciaaoue eae a ?aieao
ioaeaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee, oae e aioo?e io?anee, a oaeaea iaaeaeo
io?aneyie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Yoi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia oieaa?naeueiii
oa?aeoa?a aeaiiie nenoaiu. A oeaeii, i?aeoe/aneia eniieueciaaiea
nicaeaiiie aaoi?ii nenoaiu ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe
iiaeoaa?aeeei a? iauaeoeaiinoue, iaae?aeiinoue e ia?niaeoeaiinoue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: e?eoa?ee ea/anoaa, iieiioeaiiia aeaai, iaiieiioeaiiia
aeaai, iieiaeeoaeueiue ?acoeueoao, io?eoeaoaeueiue ?acoeueoao,
aiciiaeiinoe ?acaeoey, aiciiaeiinoe oiaaeea, ninoiyiea yooaeoeaiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey.

Blagodeteleva-Vovk S.L. System of evaluation of economic efficiency of
industrial enterprise activity on the base of quality criterion taking
as an example machine-building enterprises.- Manuscript.

The thesis for using of the scentific degree of the Candidate of
Sciences (Economics) on speciality 08.06.01- “ Enterprises economics and
organization of production”. – The Ternopil academy of national economy,
Ternopil, 1999.

In dissertation problems of evaluation of economic efficiency of
industrial enterprise activity are explored on the base of use quality
criterion; methodology and methods of making a calculation of a final
result of working an enterprise work and determination of its efficient
condition are worked out; methods of calculation of possibilities of
development and possibilities of decay values that display economic
potential of managing enterprises are proposed.

Keywords: quality criterion, full-fledged good, nonfull-fledged good,
positive result, negative result, possibility of development,
possibility of decay, condition of efficiency of enterprise.

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