3

Iaoe?iiaeueia Aeaaeai?y Iaoe Oe?a?ie

?inoeooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I. Iioaai?

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

A Ae A I A I E I

N a ? o e a i a E a i i ? ae ? a i a

OAeE 801.312.1+808.71–3

NA?AIEOAEEOeUeEA AIOAI?*IA IIIAIEEAOO?A:

?? OI?IOAAIIss OA NIAOeEO?EA

(ia iaoa??ae? iaca e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei)

10.02.03 – neia’yinuee? iiae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? neia’yinueei? o?eieia??

Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Iaaia O?aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iioi?iee A. A.,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e neia’yinueei? o?eieia??

Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?iai? Iaaia O?aieaIo?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaaioo A. E.,

?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ieeaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio

*a?ieo O. I.,

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aieaI?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao

?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa,

Eaoaae?a caaaeueiiai ? neia’yinueeiai iiaiciaanoaa,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Iaeana

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 18 o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.172.01 aeey caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?eieia?/ieo iaoe i?e ?inoeooo?
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I. I. Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252001,
i. Ee?a — 01, aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I. I. Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, i. Ee?a — 01, aoe.
A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 17 ea?oiy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe Ica?iaa I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aioai?/ia iiiaieeaoo?a – iaa?ae’?iia
/anoeia eaene/ii? nenoaie eiaeii? iiae. Iniiaieie neeaaeiaeie aioai?/ii?
iiiaieeaoo?e ? ia?iaei? iacae ?ineei ? iaoeia? o?oii?i?/i? ?iiiaaoe??.
sse ca oi?iith, oae ? c iiaeyaeo naiaioeee aiia oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
cia/iith ?icia?o?noth neeaaeo e aaiaoe/iith iaiaeii??aei?noth. Naia
oiio, a ca’yceo c aeoea?caoe??th aeine?aeaeaiue c ?noi?e/ii?
eaeneeieia?? e aoeiieia?? neia’yinueeeo iia, o?oii?i?/ia eaeneea
iiaeeaeaii aea/a?oueny a neio?ii?/iiio e ae?ao?ii?/iiio aniaeoao.

I?ioyaii inoaii?o aeanyoe??/ c’yaeeiny /eiaei ?ica?aeie, ni?yiiaaiex ia
ooiaeaiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aioai?/ii? eaeneee. ?yae ?ia?o
i?enay/aii aoeiieia?/iiio aiae?cia? i?e?iiie?a o nenoai? ia?iaeiex iaca
?ineei (A. A. Ia?eoeiaa, ?. A. Naaaaeio, A. Iaoae), o ?ioeo —
?icaeyaeathoueny i?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c ?noi???th oi?ioaaiiy aioai?/ii?
oa?i?iieia?? (O. A. Aia?iaa, E. I. Neiiiaiei, A. ?. E?naeaanueeee) aai
ae aiae?co?oueny naiaioe/ia e neiaioai?/a nooeoo?a ii?iaoeaieo ?
ae?aeaeoieo iaeiaioaaiue (ss. A. Cae?aanueea, A. E. Ea?iiaa,
I. I. Oauaiei, A. I. Oaiioa, E. Oeoeiaa). I?ioa, iacaaaeath/e ia
aaee/acio ?iaioo, cae?eniaio a oeueiio iai?yi?, aeaye? ieoaiiy
caeeoathoueny iac’yniaaieie.

Iaei??th c iaeiii?aoeueiaaieo ? aioai?/ia iiiaieeaoo?a na?aieoaeeoeueei?
iiae (?? /enaeueieo ae?aeaeo?a oa iaio ienaiieo oi?i –
aa?oiueieoaeeoeueei? e ieaeiueieoaeeoeueei? e?oa?aoo?ieo iia).

Aeine?aeaeaiith i?ioean?a, ui aecia/aee caaaeueiee ?icaeoie
na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae, i?enay/aii ?yae i?aoeue a?o/eciyieo ?
ca?oa?aeieo iiaiciaaoe?a, ianaiia?aae, E. E. O?ioeiiae/a, A. Oanea,
A. Oonoa?a–Oaaoea, ?. ?i/a, A. ?i/a, iaeiae ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c
oi?ioaaiiyi na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e, a cacia/aieo
?iaioao ia aena?oethaaeeny.

Na?aieoaeeoeuee? iacae ?ineei aein? ia aoee i?aaeiaoii nenoaiaoe/iiai
e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co, yeee ae aeeth/aa c’ynoaaiiy ?o aaiaoe/ieo,
naiaioe/ieo, no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae. Ie?ai? o?oii?ie iienoaaeenue o
aoeiieia?/ieo neiaieeao, ia?aaeon?i o „?noi?eei-aoeiieia?/iiio neiaieeo
aa?oiuei- ? ieaeiueieoaeeoeueei? iia“ A. Oonoa?a-Oaaoea, aeieo/aeeny ye
iaoa??ae aeey ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co neia’yinueeeo iia aei aoeiieia?/ieo
neiaiee?a A. Iaoaea, A. A?theia?a, I. Oania?a, I. I. O?oaa/iaa,
I. A. I?aia?aaeainueeiai, „Aoeiieia?/iiai neiaieea oe?a?inueei? iiae“.
I?ioa a oeeo i?aoeyo na?aieoaeeoeuee? iacae ?ineei i?aaenoaaeai?
i?eiaa?aeii, aeaye? iaeiaioaaiiy aeiaaathoue ooi/iaiiy /e aeiiiaiaiiy,
cia/iith i??ith oea noino?oueny ieoaiue naiaioe/ii? iioeaaoe??
o?oii?i?a, ?o aaiaoe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Caeeoathoueny iac’yniaaieie aoaie noaiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaieo aioai?/ieo
iaeiaioaaiue, i?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c ooieoe?iioaaiiyi iaca ?ineei ye o
ia?iaei?e o?oii?i?oe?, oae ? a neeaae? iaoeiai? iiiaieeaoo?e.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy na?aieoaeeoeueeeo o?oii?i?a aeicaieeoue i?inoaaeeoe oeyoe
?icaeoeo e aeeiai?eo ooieoe?iioaaiiy aiae?ciaaii? eaeneee, ni?eyoeia
a?aeoai?aiith oe?oi? ea?oeie neiaieeiaiai neeaaeo na?aieoaeeoeueei?
iiae.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?iaio? ia?aii iaeiaioaaiiy aeeei?ineeo
e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei, iioe?aieo ia oa?eoi??yo neia’yinueeiai iiaiiai
aoi?eoio o Aa?oi?e ? Ieaei?e Eoaeeoeyo. O ca’yceo c oei, ui anoaiiaeoe
iaae? aeaii? a?oie eaeneee (oiaoi aeaoe ye?nio e e?euee?nio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo an?o o?oii?i?a, ui aoiaeyoue aei ?? neeaaeo) i?aeoe/ii
iaiiaeeeai, aaaaea?ii ca iaiao?aeia iaiaaeeoeny iacaaie eeoa oeo
e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei, ye? caeaa?eueoiai aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o
na?aieoaeeoeuee?e ia?iaei?e o?oioa?ai?? O?O–OO no. (a?aea?? cae?eniaii
ca iaoa??aeaie na?aieoaeeoeueeeo ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue).

Ia?aeaeueii c na?aieoaeeoeueeeie iiaieie oaeoaie caeo/a?ii a
eaeneei-naiaioe/iiio aniaeo? aeai? c ?ioeo ?iaei?a?iiaenueeeo iia
(aeecueeeo ye aaiaoe/ii, oae ? oa?eoi??aeueii). Oea coiiaeaii oei, ui
?yae ii?iaoeaieo na?aieoaeeoeueeeo iaca e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei iathoue
neiii?i?/i? aa??aioe, noai?ai? oeyoii eaeueeoaaiiy eaoeinueeeo aai
i?iaoeueeeo o?oii?i?a. C’ynoaaiiy naiaioe/ii? iioeaaoe?? oaeeo
iaeiaioaaiue (? a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao i?iaaaeaiiy oeiieia?/ieo ia?aeaeae)
? aaaeeeaei i?e anoaiiaeaii? i?eioeei?a oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiai?
na?aieo-aeeoeueei? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e.

Iaoa??aee aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiae?aeeny c i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo
iaoeia?e nenoaiaoecaoe?? na?aieoaeeoeueeeo o?oii?i?a, neiaiee?a
aa?oiueieoaeeoeueei? oa ieaeiueieoaeeoeueei? e?oa?aoo?ieo iia (ye
iaeiiiiaieo, oae ? ia?aeeaaeieo), ?c ca??ie ia?iaeieo iaca ?ineei,
iioae?eiaaieo o /aniienao oa aacaoao i?ioyaii XIX–XX no.,
iaoeiai-iiioey?ii? aioa-i?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e. O ca’yceo c ?noi?e/iei
aea/aiiyi aeaii? a?oie eaeneee aeieo/aeeny e o?oii?ie c ?oeiienieo
ca??ie, ui caa??aathoueny a a?o?a? Na?anueeiai ?inoeoooo a Aoaeeoei?
(Aaooeai?), ienaiieo na?aieoaeeoeueeeo iai’yoie XVI–XVIII no.. O ?iaio?
aeei?enoaii iaoa??aee ea?oioaee „Na?aieoaeeoeueeiai e?iaa?noe/iiai
aoeano“, yea ciaoiaeeoueny o A?aeae?e? iiaiciaanoaa Na?anueeiai
?inoeoooo, a oaeiae aaoi?nuee? iieueia? caiene, c?iaeai? i?ae /an
ia?aaoaaiiy o Aa?oi?e Eoaeeoe?. O ea?oioaoe? oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo
iae?/o?oueny aeecueei 3000 ea?oie.

Niaoeeo?ea no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai aiae?co aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e
aecia/eea aea?? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, na?aae yeeo ia?aaaaeathoue
iieniaee, c?noaaiee ? ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee, ui oe?iei
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ii?aoethaaiiy iiae?aieo eaene/ieo oa??a. Ie??i
oiai, a ?iaio? canoiniaothoueny iaoiaee aoeiieia?/iiai e naiaioe/iiai
aiae?co eaeneee, ui aeaei ciiao ?icaeyiooe aeaio i?iaeaio i?ae ??cieie
eooaie ci?o.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iai?yi
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ocaiaeaeaiee c i?io?eai ? oaiaoeeith
iaoeiaeo ieai?a eaoaae?e neia’yinueei? o?eieia?? Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea oa Na?anueeiai ?inoeoooo
(Serbski institut z. t.) – na?aieoaeeoeueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai
oeaio?o a Aoaeeoei? (Aaooeai?). ?iaioa aeeiiaia ca i?aeo?eiee
Na?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oa Ooiaeaoe?? aeey na?aieoaeeoeueeiai ia?iaeo
(Za?o?by za serbski lud). Aeena?oaio aeneiaeth? aeeaieo iiaeyeo
i?ioani?ia?, aeieoi?o o?eieia?/ieo iaoe A.Oanea, ni?a?ia?oieeo
Na?anueeiai ?inoeoooo ca iaaeai? iaoeia? eiinoeueoaoe??.

Iaoa e caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – i?inoaaeaiiy
?noi??? noaiiaeaiiy na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e a?ae
ia?oex o?enaoe?e ia?iaeieo iaca ?ineei (XVI no.) aei oe?eani?yiiaaii?
oa?i?iieia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ia iea? ae?iaeaiiy aioai?/ii? eaeneee
(XX no.); i?iaaaeaiiy aoeiieia?/iiai aiae?co ii?iaoeaieo iaeiaioaaiue
e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei oa c’ynoaaiiy ?oi?o naiaioe/ieo ?
no?oeoo?ii-neiaioai?/eo cania?a oai?aiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ia?aaeaa/aeiny ?ica’ycaoe ianooii?
caaaeaiiy:

1) aecia/eoe ?a?no? ii?iaoeaieo na?aieoaeeoeueeeo iaca e?ea?nueeeo
?ineei;

2) i?inoaaeeoe aoaie ae?iaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii? na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii?
iiiaieeaoo?e, aena?oeeoe i?ioeane, ui noi?iaiaeaeoaaee ii?iae?caoe?th
aioai?/ii? eaeneee;

3) c’ynoaaoe oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy oa aeaea?aea iiiiaiaiiy ii?iaoeaii?
aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e: aeyaeoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai,
caaaeueiineia`yinueeiai e aeania iaoe?iiaeueiiai a aaiaoe/iiio ieai?,
oeyoe i?iieeiaiiy caiice/aiue;

4) cae?enieoe naiaioe/iee aiae?c ye ii?iaoeaieo iaeiaioaaiue, oae ? iaca
?ineei, ui ia oa?eoee aei neeaaeo iaoeiai? eaeneee; i?iaiae?coaaoe
oa?aeoa? naiaioe/ii? iioeaaoe?? na?aieoaeeoeueeeo o?oii?i?a;

5) aeine?aeeoe no?oeoo?ii-neiaioai?/? iniaeeaino? iaca e?ea?nueeeo
?ineei o na?aieoaeeoeuee?e iia?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
aia?oa a neia’yinueeiio iiaiciaanoa? ii?aoeueiaothoueny na?aieoaeeoeuee?
iacae e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei ?c caeo/aiiyi iaoa??ae?a ?ioeo iia (ye
neia’yinueeeo, oae ? ianeia’yinueeeo). Oia?oa aecia/athoueny aeaea?aea e
oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy na?aieoaeeoeueei? iaoeiai? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e,
aoaie ?? noaiiaeaiiy, ooi/iththoueny caaaeuei? e niaoeeo?/i? ?ene
oai?aiiy ii?iaoeaii? eaeneee; c aoeiieia?/ii? e iiiian?ieia?/ii? oi/ie
ci?o aeine?aeaeo?oueny neeaae ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e
a na?aieoaeeoeuee?e iia?, i?inoaaeothoueny naiaioe/i? e neiaioai?/?
iniaeeaino? o?oii?i?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
na?aieoaeeoeueei? o?oii?i?/ii? eaeneee ni?ey? aena?oeaiith ie?aieo
ieoaiue ?noi?e/ii? ? no/anii? eaeneeieia??, iiiian?ieia?? e neiaioai?o
neia’yinueeeo iia. I?inoaaeaiiy aoai?a ae?iaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii? aioai?/ii?
iiiaieeaoo?e, c’ynoaaiiy aeaea?ae ?? oi?ioaaiiy ? aaaeeeaei aeey
ae??oaiiy caaaeueieo eaeneeieia?/ieo ? oa?i?iieia?/ieo i?iaeai,
iia’ycaieo ?c eiaeeo?eaoe??th na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae e
noaiaea?oecaoe??th iaoeiai? eaeneee aioai?/ieo iaoe.

Oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, i?aaenoaaeaiee o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, oa
aeniiaee, iaea?aeai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? a iiaeaeueoeo oai?aoe/ieo ?ica?aeeao ?c na?aieoaeeoeueei?
oa?i?iieia??, i?e oeeaaeaii? aoeiieia?/ieo ? oa?i?iieia?/ieo neiaiee?a.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy a i?aeoeoe?
aoc?anueeiai aeeeaaeaiiy eaeneee e neiaioai?o no/anii? na?aieoaeeoeueei?
iiae, i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?e c ?noi?e/ii? eaeneeieia?? e aoeiieia??
neia’yinueeeo iia, i?e aea/aii? eo?n?a ?c ii??aiyeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa,
anooio aei neia’yinueei? o?eieia?? oiui.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?th iaaiai?aii ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e neia’yinueei? o?eieia?? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?aaia O?aiea, ia can?aeaii? A?aeae?eo iiaiciaanoaa
Na?anueeiai ?inoeoooo a Aoaeeoei?, ia can?aeaii? A?aeae?eo cao?aeii- ?
i?aaeaiiineia’yinueeeo iia ?inoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I. I. Iioaai? IAI
Oe?a?ie. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?eethaeiaii o oi?i?
aeiiia?aeae, aeaieioaieo ia V, VI, VII I?aeia?iaeieo ni?aa?noe/ieo
nai?ia?ao (Euea?a, 1993, 1995, 1997), V I?aeia?iaeieo neaa?noe/ieo
/eoaiiyo (Euea?a, 1996), Iiaiciaa/iio neiiic?oi? „Na?aieoaeeoeueea iiaa
a ieioeiio ? nueiaiaei?“ (Aoaeeoei, 1997), I?aeia?iaei?e neaa?noe/i?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e iai`yo? i?ioani?a Einoyioeia O?ioeiiae/a
(Euea?a, 1998).

No?oeoo?a e ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c ia?ae?eo oiiaieo
iicia/aiue, anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoe?a
(eaoeinueei-aa?oiueieoaeeoeueei-i?iaoeueei-oe?a?inueeiai neiaieea iaca
e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei oa ?a?no?o na?aieoaeeoeueeeo o?oii?i?a) ? nieneo
aeei?enoaio? e?oa?aoo?e (288 iiceoe?e). ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 177
noi??ieao iniiaiiai oaenoo.

INIIAIEE CIINO AeENA?OAOeI?

O Anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie, c’yniao?oueny noai ?? iaoeiaiai
aea/aiiy, ?ice?eaa?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ? iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/athoueny iaoa e caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e „Na?aieoaeeoeueea aioai?/ia iiiaieeaoo?a XVI–XX no. oa
i?ioean ?? ii?iae?caoe??“ neeaaea?oueny c aeaa’yoe ia?aa?ao?a, o yeeo
c’yniao?oueny ci?no iiiyooy „aioai?/ia iiiaieeaoo?a“, i?inoaaeothoueny
aoaie noaiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaieo na?aieoaeeoeueeeo o?oii?i?a,
aena?oeththoueny i?ioeane, ui noi?iaiaeaeoaaee ?icaoaeiao
na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e.

Ii/aoeiaee aoai ii?aoethaaiiy na?aieoaeeoeueeeo iaca ?ineei
?icii/eia?oueny a XVI no. ? o?eaa? aei e?ioey XV??? no. I?ioyaii oeueiai
ia??iaeo c’yaey?oueny aeae?eueea i?aoeue, o yeeo i?aaenoaaeai? ye
ieaeiueieoaeeoeuee?, oae ? aa?oiueieoaeeoeuee? iaeiaioaaiiy. Oea,
ianaiia?aae, ca??ee o?oii?i?a aa?e?inueeiai e?ea?y Eaiiaa?aea Oo?iaena?a
(1578 ?.), ieaeiueieoaeeoeueeiai nayuaieea Aeuea?ia Iieea?a (1582 ?.),
eaiaiaoeueeiai e?ea?y Eiaaiia O?aiea (1594 ?.).

Iaeyae iaeaeaai?oex iai’yoie, o yeex o?eno?oueny na?aieoaeeoeueea
aioai?/ia eaeneea, aeicaiey? aecia/eoe aeaye? i?eoaiaii? ?i ni?euei?
?ene. Iniiaia oaiaeaioe?y i?inoaaeo?oueny a noai?aii? ia?aeeaaeiex
neiaiee?a (aieiaiei /eiii aocueeiaaeocaaex), aex?aeiith iiaith yeex ?
eaoeinueea. sse i?aaeei, aiie oeeaaeaeeny i?iaoeueeeie e?ea?yie aai ia
?xi? i?ixaiiy: a oie /an o ?a?ii? aeoea?co?oueny aea/aiiy ?ineei oa ?x
aeanoeainoae, ui coiiaethaaeinue ao?xeeaei ?icaeoeii i?e?iaeie/ex iaoe.
E??i oiai, o XVI–XVII noie?ooyx ia oa?aiax Eoaeeoeue ia?aaaaeaei
neia’yinueea ianaeaiiy e ciaiiy na?aieoaeeoeueeex oei?enoe/iex iaca aoei
iaiax?aeiei ia?aaeon?i aeey caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie.

Oe? i?e?iaeiciaa/i-e?iaa?noe/i? nooae?? caeeoathoueny oe?iieie aeey
aaaaoueix iieie?iue iiaiciaaoe?a oei, ui a iex c?a?aii /eiaei
na?aieoaeeoeueeex ia?iaeiex aioai?/iex iaca, ye? caeeaee i?aeaaeeie
iaeaooiuei? aioai?/ii? oa?i?iieia??. Caaaeai? i?aoe? ixiieththoue,
aieiaiei /eiii, ieaeiueieoaeeoeueeo e /anoeiai — aa?xiueieoaeeoeueeo
eaeneeo. A?eueo?noue aioai?/iex iaeiaioaaiue, cao?eniaaiex ooo,
caa?aaeeny a na?aieoaeeoeuee?e iia? aei iaoiai /ano.

I?oia?ao?y ia?oeo na?aieoaeeoeueeeo iai’yoie ua aeoaea iaaeineiiaea.
Aeey iaienaiiy neia’yinueeiai oaenoo canoiniaoaaeiny i?iaoeueea aioe/ia
ienueii (oaaaax aai o?aeoo?a). Aaoi?e iaiaaaeeny ia?aaeaaaoe
neia’yinuee? caoee ca aeiiiiiaith i?iaoeueeex e?oa? ? ?x eiia?ia-oe?e,
aea oe? ni?iae aoee ia caaaeaee aaeaeeie.

Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie na?aieoaeeoeueei? ienaiiino?, ye ? eoeueoo?e
acaaae?, no?eiaii nionoioeeaith o?eaeoeyoee?oiueith a?eiith (1618–1648
??.). Eeoa c iiyaith a 1721 ?. ia?oiai na?aieoaeeoeueeiai ae?oeiaaiiai
neiaieea „Vocabularium latino-serbicum“ TH??y Aaaooeia Naaoe?ea
(1650–1729), ciiao ?icii/aeany eaeneeia?ao?/ia ia?iaea iiaiiai
iaoa??aeo. Ie??i cacia/aiiai neiaieea, na?aieoaeeoeuee? o?oii?ie
o?enothoueny e o iai’yoeax na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae XVIII no., ye?
?ai?acaioothoue iaoeiai-iiioey?iee aeai?.

Iiaith a?oith a ii?aoethaaii? na?aieoaeeoeueei? i?e?iaeiciaa/i? eaeneee
noaei noai?aiiy neiaieea I. E.-E. Aoaea «Systematisches Verzeichnis der
in der Oberlausitz wild wachsenden Pflanzen» (1799 ?.), o yeiio aia?oa
eeaneo?eiaaii ca?aeii c nenoaiaoecaoe??th, cai?iiiiiaaiith oaaaenueeei
aioai?eii E. E?iia?i, aeecueei 230 ia?iaeieo na?aieoaeeoeueeex
o?oii?i?a.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy o ae?iaeaii? e onoaeaii? na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii?
iiiaieeaoo?e a X?X no. iaea ae?yeuei?noue Iaoeoe? Ca?anueei?, iaoeiaiai
oiaa?enoaa, caniiaaiiai a 1847 ?. a Aoaeeoei?. Iaoith ae?yeueiino?
oiaa?enoaa aoea iiioey?ecaoe?y na?aieoaeeoeueei? eoeueoo?e e ?icaoaeiaa
na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae. Ia can?aeaiiyx Iaoeoe? Na?anueei? i?iaiaeeeany
??ciiiai?oia oa?i?iieia?/ia ?iaioa: ca?? ? oii?yaeeoaaiiy eaene/iiai
iaoa??aeo, a?aea?? iaeaeo/i?oeo ia?iaeieo a?aeiia?aeiee?a, oi/eeeny
aeeneon?? uiaei oeyx?a ?icaoaeiae oa?i?iieia?/iex nenoai.

O i?ioean? ae?iaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e
na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae aeae?eythoueny iniaeeai ie?aei? ia??iaee:

a) ? ia??iae (50-o? ??. O?O–ii/aoie OO no.) iia’ycaiee c ae?yeuei?noth
oiaa?enoaa Iaoeoey Na?anueea oa aeaeaiiyie „Easopis Maaeicy Serbskeje“,
„Fu?iean“, „Fu?ica“, ia noi??ieax yeeo ae?oeoaaee iaoeia? ?ica?aeee
E.A. Iooeue, E.A. ?i/, E.A. O?aeea?, ss.A. Io/?ie, ss. ?aaeena?a-Aaey,
I. ?inoie, A. Aeo/iai ? I. Aeo/iai, caaaa/oth/e e?oa?aoo?io iiao
ia?iaeiith eaeneeith oa iiaioai?aie, ui ae?iaeyeeny ia ia?iaeiiiiaieo
canaaeao, caeeaaeath/e iniiae aioai?/ii? oa?i?iieia??.

Aeey noaiiaeaiiy aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae aaeeea
cia/aiiy iaei noai?aiiy «Fu?isko-serbskeho s?ownika» E.A. Iooey (1866
?.), o yeiio eiaeeo?eiaaii eaeneeo aa?oiueieoaeeoeueei? e?oa?aoo?ii?
iiae, a o./. ? aioai?/io.

Aaaiiee aianie o ?icaoaeiao aioai?/ii? oa?i?iieia?? (e iiiaieeaoo?e)
c?iaea i?e?iaeiciaaaoeue I. ?inoie. Ae?yeuei?noue o/aiiai ia iea?
oa?i?iioai?aiiy ni?yiiaoaaeany ia ae?iaeaiiy i?e?iaeie/i? oa?i?iieia??
oa iaoeiaiai noeeth na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae, ye? a ia o?eueee
a?aeiia?aeaee oiai/aniiio noaiia? ?icaeoeo iaoee, a e iaaeae?
?ic?iaeyeeny e oai?aoe/ii inienethaaeeny.

?noi??y oi?ioaaiiy na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e na?ae/eoue
i?i oa, ui aei e?ioey O?O no. na?aieoaeeoeueeeie a/aieie c?a?aii aaaaoee
eaene/iee iaoa??ae, yeee caiaeii neeaa ooiaeaiaio iaoeiai? aioai?/ii?
iiiaieeaoo?e, ae?iaeaii iniiai? canaaee, ia yeeo aiia ?icaeaaeany a
iiaeaeueoiio.

Aea noaiiaeaiiy iaoeiai? na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii? eaeneee
a?aeaoaaeiny ia??aiii??ii. I?ioyaii ia?oeo aeanyoee?oue OO no. iacae
?ineei c`yaeythoueny eeoa a aeo?iaeao „Easopis Maaeicy Serbskeje“,
„Poed?enak“ oa ie?aieo i?iaoeueeiiiaieo ?ica?aeeax, i?enay/aieo
aea/aiith oei?e ? oaoie Aa?oiuei? oa Ieaeiuei? Eoaeeoeue. Oea
coiiaethaaeiny, ianaiia?aae, oiai/anieie noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieie oiiaaie,
ooeneaie c aieo i?aaey/eo e?e I?ia//eie.

I?ioa o a?aeiia?aeue ia ??ceo aa?iai?caoe?th a na?aaeiaeu? eoaeeoeueei?
?ioae?aaioe?? iiaeaaaeth?oueny eoeueoo?ia e iaoeiaa aeeooy, ia?aaeon?i o
aaeoc? aoiai?oa?iex iaoe. O 20-eo–30-eo ??. OO no. iiaa/eee na?o
??oioiai? neiaieee O. ?acaea «Nimsko-serbski w?owidny s?ownik
hornjo?u?iskeje riee» (1920 ?.) oa TH. E?aey «Serbsko-nimski S?ownik
hornjo?u?iskeje riee» (1931 ?.), o yeeo aaoi?e nenoaiaoecoaaee cia/io
/anoeio aioai?/ii? oa?i?iieia??, noai?aii? i?ioyaii OIO no. caaaeyee
coneeeyi iaoeiaeo ae?y/?a Iaoeoe? Na?anueei?. Iaeiae aeoea?caoe?y
eaeneeia?ao?/ii? ?iaioe aoea ei?ioei/aniith: ?c caai?iiith a 1937 ?.
na?aieoaeeoeueeeo i?aai?caoe?e oa iaoeiaiai ae?oeo eaeneeia?ao?/ia (e
oa?i?iieia?/ia) ae?yeuei?noue iiai?noth i?eieieeany.

a) ?? ia??iae (50-o? ??.–e?iaoeue 70-o ??. OO no.) iia’ycaiee c
ia?aiiaith iaae oaoeciii oa iiyaith «Caeiio i?i caxeno i?aa
na?aieoaeeoeueeiai ia?iaeo» (1948 ?.). Ii??aiyii c iiia?aaei?ie
aeanyoee?ooyie ?noioii ci?ieany noaoon na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae, yea
caeiaoea aex?ae o a?eueo?noue noa? noni?eueiiai aeeooy, noaea iiaith
iaa/aeueii-ina?oiuei? e?oa?aoo?e. Aeey caaeiaieaiiy c?inoath/ex iio?aa o
ii?iaoeai?e aioai?/i?e iiiaieeaoo?? oeeaaeathoueny neiaieee O. Ooooea ?
I. I?e?oea?a «Die Farn- und Bluetenpflanzen im Kreise Bautzen» (1952
?.), ss. Eaeia?oa «Rostlinske mjena. Serbske. Nimske. Faaeanske» (1954
?.), o yeeo oia?oa nenoaiaoeciaaii e eiaeeo?eiaaii oaeniiii?/io
oa?i?iieia?th e aioai?/io iiiaieeaoo?o na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae.

I?aai?caoe?eio ?iaioo, ni?yiiaaio ia ae?iaeaiiy iaoeiai? iiae,
cae?enithaaea Oa?i?iieia?/ia eii?n?y, noai?aia i?e ?inoeooo?
na?aieoaeeoeueeiai ia?iaeiciaanoaa a Aoaeeoei?. O ?? ae?yeueiino?
aeae?ey?oueny /?oea eiioeaioe?y oa?i?iioai?aiiy: ii?aeiaiiy ia?iaeiex
ne?a, ui caeaoi? oa?i?i?coaaoeny, c iiaioai?aie oa iaiao?aeieie
caiice/aiiyie. O na?o aexiaeyoue oa?i?iieia?/i? neiaieee c i?e?iaeie/ex
iaoe ? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa — «Pomocny terminologiski s?ownik»
(1957 ?.), oeeaaeaiee eieaeoeaii aaoi??a, oa «Ratarska terminologija»
(1966 ?.) ca ?aaeaeoe??th ?. ?i/a. Ia aeiiiiiao oeie? aeaeathoueny
i?ae?o/ieee c a?ieia??, ye? ni?eyee iiaeaeueoiio a?aeai?ia? e
oii?ioaaiith ye oa?i?iieia??, oae ? iiiaieeaoo?e.

a) ??? ia??iae (70-o?–90-o? ??. OO no.) xa?aeoa?eco?oueny c?inoath/ei
?ioa?anii aei eaeneeieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e.
Ia noi??ieax iaoeiaex ? iaoeiai-iiioey?iex aeaeaiue c’yaeythoueny
i?aoe?, i?enay/ai? aoeiieia?/iiio aiae?cia? o?oii?i?a, o ia??iaee/ieo
aeaeaiiyo „Serbska protyka“, „Fu?ica“ ioae?eothoueny ia?ene c
o?oiaaia?ao?? oa ii?oieia?? ?ineei, o yeeo aiae?cothoueny c
aoeiieia?/ii? e naiaioe/ii? oi/ie ci?o ii?iaoeai? e ia?iaei?
iaeiaioaaiiy.

A inoaii? aeanyoe??//y niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeaeuaiee ?ioa?an
aeine?aeiee?a aei ?ic?iaee aioai?/ii? eaeneee na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae. C
90-eo ?ie?a o?eaa? ?iaioa iaae noai?aiiyi aeaiiiaieo aaeocaaeo
neiaiee?a (o ia?oo /a?ao ia aeiiiiiao oeie?), ye? a?aeaeaathoue no/aniee
??aaiue ?icaeoeo a?ieia?/ieo iaoe. O 1994 ?. aeoiaeeoue neiaiee
«Terminologija za poedmjet biologija» ss. Oieoe (ia?aaeaeaiee o 1995
?.), o 1996 ?. – «Terminologija za poedmjet domiznowidna a w?idna wueba»
?. Ei?aieaoe.

Oa?i?iieia?/io ?iaioo, ?icii/aoo a 50-eo ??. OO no., nueiaiaei?
i?iaiaeeoue A?aeae?e iiaiciaanoaa Na?anueeiai ?inoeoooo a Aoaeeoei?.
No/ania na?aieoaeeoeueea ii?iaoeaia aioai?/ia iiiaieeaoo?a iino?eii
?icaeaa?oueny e oaeineiiaeth?oueny c o?axoaaiiyi e?eueeio oaeoi??a, a
naia: aeina?aeo oa?i?iioai?aiiy i?iaoeueei? e neia’yinueeex iia,
iiceoeaii? i?aeoeee na?aieoaeeoeueeiai oa?i?iioai?aiiy inoaii?x
aeanyoee?oue oa aeina?aeo oa?i?iieia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?ia?aeieo
na?aieoaeeoeueeeo iiaiciaaoe?a XIX–XX co. Caaa?oo?oueny ? ?icae?e
oa?aeoa?enoeeith no/aniiai noaio na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii?
iiiaieeaoo?e oa iiaeeeainoae ?? ooieoe?iiaeueii? ai?iaaoe??.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? „Oa?aeoa?enoeea na?aieoaeeoeueeeo iaca e?ea?nueeeo
?ineei (iiiian?ieia?/iee e naian?ieia?/iee aniaeoe)“ i?iaiaeeoueny
aoeiieia?/iee ? naiaioe/iee aiae?c na?aieoaeeoeueeeo o?oii?i?a,
?icaeyaeathoueny i?eioeeie iii?iaoe??, oa?aeoa?i? aeey na?aieoaeeoeueei?
aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e, aiae?cothoueny oeie eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo
a?aeiioaiue o oe?e a?oi? eaeneee. O ca’yceo c oei, ui na?aieoaeeoeueea
aioai?/ia iiiaieeaoo?a ioiieth? aeae?eueea oeny/ o?oii?i?a, iaie
?icaeyaeathoueny eeoa iacae iaea?eueo iioe?aieo ? aaeeaaieo o
na?aieoaeeoeuee?e o?oioa?ai?? e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei, a na?aae ieo o?, ye?
noaiiaeyoue ?ioa?an c oi/ee ci?o iioiaeaeaiiy, naiaioeee e neiaioai?/i?
no?oeoo?e.

I?aaeiaoii aeaoaeueiiai aoeiieia?/iiai e naiaioe/iiai aiae?co a ?iaio?
ia?aii ii?iaoeai? iacae ?ineei (iaoeiao aioai?/io iiiaieeaoo?o), i?ioa
c’ynoaaiiy niaoeeo?ee ae?iaeaiiy oe??? a?oie eaeneee aeiaaa? caeo/aiiy e
ia?iaeieo iaca ?ineei oa iaoa??ae?a iai’yoie na?aieoaeeoeueei?
ienaiiino?.

Aiae?c ii?iaoeaieo iaeiaioaaiue cae?enith?oueny o aeaeyae? 49 ie?aieo
noaoae, ye? ?ici?uaii a aeoaa?oiiio ii?yaeeo ca eaoeinueeith
nenoaiaoe/iith iacaith ?ineeie. Eaoeinuee?, oe?a?inuee? ?, ii
iiaeeeaino?, na?aieoaeeoeuee? ii?iaoeai? iacae ?ineei iiaeathoueny
ca?aeii c a?ia?iei i?eioeeiii, oiaoi, eiaeia iacaa neeaaea?oueny c aeaio
ne?a: ia?oa iicia/a? ?iaeiaa iiiyooy, a ae?oaa — aeaeiaa (iai?. rutwica
bi?a). O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? ie iaiaaaeeny aeio?eioaaoeny
oaeiai c?acea aiae?co: nii/aoeo iaaiaeyoueny eaoeinuee?,
na?aieoaeeoeuee?, i?iaoeuee? e oe?a?inuee? ii?iaoeai? iacae ?ineeie,
iniiaia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aaeueiiai ieaio; aecia/a?oueny iioiaeaeaiiy
na?aieoaeeoeueei? ii?iaoeaii? iacae; c’yniao?oueny iciaea, iieeaaeaia a
iniiao o?oii?ia; aeiaeathoueny iaii?iaoeai? (?iiae? ae?aeaeoi?)
na?aieoaeeoeuee? iaeiaioaaiiy, c’yniao?oueny ?oiy naiaioe/ia iioeaaoe?y;
iaaiaeyoueny naiaioe/i? a?aeiia?aeieee na?aieoaeeoeueeeo o?oii?i?a o
?ioeo neia’yinueeeo iiaao oa iaeiaioaaiiy, cao?eniaai? a iai’yoeao
na?aieoaeeoeueei? ienaiiino?. Ae?aeaeoieia?/i? aeai?, aeieoiaioiaai? a
„Na?aieoaeeoeueeiio e?iaa?noe/iiio aoean?“, ia?aaeathoueny cae/aeiith
eaoeinueeith a?ao?eith; o?oii?ie, i?aaenoaaeai? a na?aieoaeeoeueeeo
ienaiieo iai’yoeao — o?aeoo?ith (i?iaoeueeei aioe/iei ienueiii). O
aeoaeeao aei eaenai, iaienaieo o?aeoo?ith, aeiaeathoueny
na?aieoaeeoeuee? a?aeiia?aeieee (iiaeeea? a?iioaoe/i? aa??aioe aai
eaenaie, ui ?niothoue/?nioaaee a iia?).

Cae?eniaiee aiae?c cana?ae/o?, ui c iiaeyaeo aaiaceno na?aieoaeeoeueea
ii?iaoeaia aioai?/ia iiiaieeaoo?a ? iaiaeii??aeiith. Aei ?? neeaaeo
aoiaeeoue eaeneea, ui nyaa? ua i?aneia’yinueei? aiixe, oiaoi, iaea?eueo
a?oa?/iee ieano aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaiaoe/ii? a?oie (balica, d?ehel, kopr,
kopoiwa, kopytnik, mjedonka, mloe, po?on, ?lez oa ?i.), aeania
na?aieoaeeoeuee? o?oii?ie (bilieka, driwek, d?ewjeaeer, husaca kwitka,
jakotawa, koead?o, kruwjacy mloe, krwawnik, mejska ro?a, pazorak,
pomocnik, s?odnica, smjertnieka, snihowka, switlik, syrotka, waeo?ki,
wjelei kerk, wohenek, zmirniwka, ?iwotnik oiui) oa caiice/aiiy c
ianeia`yinueeeo ? neia`yinueeeo iia. Aaciina?aaeiuei aai ae /a?ac
iina?aaeieoeoai i?iaoeueei? iiae a na?aieoaeeoeueeo iio?aieee c
eaoeinueei? e a?aoeueei? iia oae? o?oii?ie, ye anis, ba?drijan,
barbjenk, kamilka, kolmus, liwanaeik, melisa, popla, rutwica, naiaioe/i?
eaeueee eaoeinueeeo nenoaiaoe/ieo iaeiaioaaiue: jand?elske zelo, p?ucnik
likarski, poetor?nieka h?adka, worjo?eka w?idna oiui; c /anueei? iiae –
rulik, ?yknowc, lubeik oa ?i.; c iieuenueei? – koi?ownik.

Ni?eueiineia`yinueea eaeneea oa ia?iaei? na?aieoaeeoeuee? o?oii?ie
ia?aaaaeathoue o ia?iaei?e aioai?/i?e iiiaieeaoo??, aeey ii?iaoeaii?
eaeneee a?eueoith i??ith aeanoeaa aeei?enoaiiy caiice/aiue, cie?aia c
eaoeinueei? e i?iaoeueei? iia.

1) Ia neio?iiiiio ??ai? na?aieoaeeoeuee? iacae ?ineei iiae?eythoueny ia
naiaioe/ii i?ici?? oa naiaioe/ii iai?ici??, ye? aeiaaathoue aeaoaeueiiai
naiaioe/iiai e aoeiieia?/iiai aiae?co. Aeine?aeaeaiiy naiaioe/ii?
iioeaaoe?? na?aieoaeeoeueeeo o?oii?i?a ia?oiai oeio, ye ia?iaeieo, oae ?
ii?iaoeaieo, aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iioeaaoe?ei? iciaee, i?eoaiaii? oe?e
a?oi? eaeneee. O aioai?/i?e iiiaieeaoo?? na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy oae? iioeaaoe?ei? iciaee: „oi?ia noaaea (ea?o?a, eenoe?a,
ian?iiy) ?ineeie“, „caaa?aeaiiy“, „caiao aai eiai ae?y ia ethaeeio“,
„niaeia? yeino?“, „aeanoeaino?, ye? iiaeooue aooe ni?eeiyo? aeioeeii“,
„/an naciiiiai ?icaeoeo“, „i?noea i?i?inoaiiy“, „e?eoaaeuei?
aeanoeaino?“, „io?oei?noue /e iai?eaeaoi?noue ethaeei? a ?aeo“,
„aeei?enoaiiy a ainiiaea?nuee?e ae?yeueiino?“. I?e oeueiio iacaa iiaea
i?noeoe aeac?aeo i?i:

1) iiae?ai?noue ?ineeie aei i?aaeiao?a (ioax?a, oaa?ei, yaeu i?e?iaee):
kopytnik, kopytnikowe zelo, taea?kojta rosowka, pumprwur?lka,
drjewjanka, ?iplenki, zahrodne zwoneki, (wutrobiekojte) waeo?ki,
pazorak, worjo?eka, husacy jazyek, ja?owe zelo, ji?owc, bo?a rosa,
koi?omnik d?irkaty, ?tapate jab?u?ko, bogowe ?yeki, s?onena rosa;

2) caaa?aeaiiy ?ineeie: zeleneko, z?oty korjen, brune woeko, modry
zwonek, bi?ieka, z?ote zelo, modra knje?na, modre s?onene ro?e, modry
mloe, s?omjanka, eorny korjen, eornokorjen;

3) e?eoaaeuei? aeanoeaino? ?ineeie: koead?o, pomocnik, ka?elowc,
brostwanc, wutrobny korjen, zmirniwka, babjace zelo, krwawnik, ranjene
zelo, poeaeiwne zelo, ranyhojawka, jitrowka, switlik, poetor?nieka,
poewaknica, p?ucnik likarski, ?iwotnik, d?asnace zelo, ?kerjed?iwe zelo,
brodawnik;

4) /an naciiiiai ?icaeoeo ?ineeie, /an oea?o?iiy, aeic??aaiiy ieiae?a:
po?odni?i kwitk, hodownik, pator?iene zelo, bo?onocne zelo, snihowka,
za?nieka, jutrowne zwoneki, mejska ro?a, mejka;

5) caiao ?ineeie aai eiai ae?y ia ethaeeio: mjedonka, smjertnieka,
zahrodna smjerdnieka, kichawka, eorna porskawa, eorny porskaty korjen,
koee zelo;

6) io?oei?noue /e iai?eaeaoi?noue ?ineeie ethaeei? a ?aeo: jakotawa,
wjelei kerk, kokotowe mloko, cyganske jab?uko, cyganske zelo;

7) niaeia? yeino?: s?odke zerno, s?odnica;

8) i?noea i?i?inoaiiy ?ineeie: d?iwja ro?a, putnik, eakanka;

9) aeanoeaino?, ye? iiaeooue aooe ni?eeiyo? aeioeeii: twjerda trawa,
?ahalca, palawka;

10) aeei?enoaiiy ?ineeie a ainiiaea?nuee?e ae?yeueiino?, o iiaoo?:
peoline zelo.

sse aa/eii, /eiaei na?aieoaeeoeueeeo o?oii?i?a aeyaey? iiaea?eio
naiaioe/io iioeaaoe?th, oiaoi, iaeii/aniee, ia?aeaeueiee ca’ycie c
aeaiia ??cieie i?e?iaeieie iniaeeainoyie o??? naii? ?ineeie aai
aeanoeainoyie, ?noioieie aeey ethaeeie. Oae, iiaea?eio naiaioe/io
iioeaaoe?th iiaeia aaa/aoe a ii?iaoeaieo iacaao ??cieo ?ineei: o iaca?
iaa?aeie e?ea?nueeeo — zahrodna smjerdnieka, aea a?aeia?aaeaii e
oa?aeoa?iee caiao ?ineeie e niin?a ?? eoeueoeaoaaiiy; iiaei?iaeieea
eaioeaoieenoiai — putnik do?hi (iacaa aeaco? ia i?noea i?i?inoaiiy e ia
oi?io eenoe?a. Aeaia yaeua i?inoaaeo?oueny e o ia?iaeieo o?oii?iao:
iaeiaioaaii? i?eee?a cae/aeieo — modre zwoneki, /enoio?eo cae/aeiiai —
mejski krejnik, krwawny mloe, i?aeni?aeieea Ai?iiiaa — snizyeka, o yeeo
?aae?cothoueny ??ciiiai?oi? iciaee e aeanoeaino? ?ineei.

I?ae naiaioe/ii i?ici?eie iaeiaioaaiiyie e o?oii?iaie ?c caoaiiaiith
naiaioeeith, ye? aeiaaathoue aeeaieiai aoeiieia?/iiai aiae?co,
ciaoiaeeoueny a?oia iaca, ae?acii iio?aeieo ca oi?iith, aea iia’ycaieo
ia c e?oa?aoo?ieie, a c ae?aeaeoieie (/e canoa??eeie) iacaaie i?aaeiao?a
oa yaeu. Aac c’ynoaaiiy naiaioeee aeo?aeiiai neiaa cacia/ai? o?oii?ie
ni?eeiathoueny ye aeaaoeiieia?ciaai?. Aei oaeeo iaeiaioaaiue iaeaaeeoue
?yae ieaeiueieoaeeoeueeeo ia?iaeieo iaca ?ineei, iai?eeeaae, plonowe
zelo „oeeei??e aeeeee“, chwatowe zelo „/enoio?e e?ea?nueeee“,
?kerjed?iwe zelo „ca??ia?e cae/aeiee“ oiui.

C`ynoaaiiy iioeaaoe?eieo iciae, ye? i?noyoueny a iniia? iaca ?c
caoaiiaiith naiaioeeith, aeiaaa? caeo/aiiy ae?aeaeoieo iaoa??ae?a,
aeaieo ?ioeo iia, aoiia?ao?/ieo a?aeiiinoae, o?aooaaiiy aioai?/ieo
iniaeeainoae aiae?ciaaieo ?ineei. I?e aoeiieia?/iiio aiae?cia? oaeeo
iaeiaioaaiue aeyaeythoueny i?iaeoeoeaieie o? ae oeie iioeaaoe?eieo
iciae, ui e o o?oii?i?a c i?ici?ith naiaioe/iith iioeaaoe??th: „oi?ia“,
„eie??“, „caiao“, „niae“, „i?noea i?i?inoaiiy“, ??aeoa – „e?eoaaeuei?
aeanoeaino?“, „aeei?enoaiiy a ainiiaea?nuee?e ae?yeueiino?“.

O aioai?/i?e iiiaieeaoo?? na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae iioe?aiei oeiii
eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo a?aeiioaiue ? neiii?i?/i?. Oea iiynith?oueny, c
iaeiiai aieo, ?nioaaiiyi ia?iaeieo neiii?i?/ieo iaca eiie?aoii? ?ineeie,
a iniiao yeeo iieeaaeaii ??ci? iioeaaoe?ei? iciaee, aeia?euei?noth i?e
aeai?? noo?enaeueieo ii?oai (cacia/ai? oaiaeaioe?? a?eueoith i??ith
aeyaeythoueny a ia?iaei?e iiiaieeaoo??), a c ?ioiai aieo – aeei?enoaiiyi
ia?aeaeueii c ia?iaeieie o?oii?iaie e ?ioiiiaieo caiice/aiue (oea
niinoa??aa?oueny /ano?oa a ii?iaoeai?e aioai?/i?e iiiaieeaoo??). sse
na?ae/eoue i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c, neiii?i?/i? a?aeiioaiiy iae/ano?oa
niinoa??aathoueny ia i?aeae?aeaeoiiio ??ai?, oi/a oeiiaei ? e ?nioaaiiy
neiii?i?/ieo iaca ?ineeie a iaaeao iaeiiai ae?aeaeoa. Ooieoe?iioaaiiy
neiii?i?/ieo iaca ?ineei iiaeeeaa e o neeaae? iaoeiai? eaeneee.
Iai?eeeaae, ia iicia/aiiy ?ineeie Matricaria camomilla L. o iaoeiaee
ia?a aaaaeaii oae? iacae, ye kamilka, hojace kamilki, kamilki dobre, ia
iicia/aiiy ?ineeie Daphne mezereum L. — ?yknowc, wjelei kerk.
Oa?aeoa?ii, ui aei neeaaeo iaoeiai? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e aoiaeyoue
ia?aaaaeii o? ia?iaei? iaeiaioaaiiy, ye? iaeiiai?oa a?aeia?aaeathoue
iciaee /e aeanoeaino? ?ineeie. I?ioa ?iiae? ?ano?n?a ia?iaeii?
iiiaieeaoo?e aeyaey?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei, aeieea? iio?aaa a iiiiaiaii?
eaeneee ca ?aooiie iiaioai??a /e ?ioiiiaieo caiice/aiue. Aeaye? c oaeeo
o?oii?i?a aaeeaathoueny ia?aeaeueii c ?nioth/eie a iia?, ?io? —
aeo?niythoue iayai? aaoiooiii? iaeiaioaaiiy. Oea yaeua i?inoaaeo?oueny
ia i?eeeaae? na?aieoaeeoeueeeo iaca ?ineei Dryopteris filix-mas. (L.)
Schott., iaii?io? /ieia?/i?, Aquilegia vulgaris L. i?eee?a cae/aeieo oa
aaaaoueio ?ioeo. No/anieie ii?iaoeaieie iacaaie ?ineeie Dryopteris
filix-mas. (L.) Scott. ? iiaioai?e poewaknica, prawy ?kiaekowanaeik,
prawy ?kitarnik. Aiie aeo?nieee aeaai? ia?iaei? iaeiaioaaiiy paproae oa
janowy korjen. Aiaeia?/ia yaeua niino??aa?ii e i?e iii?iaoe?? ?ineeie
Aquilegia vulgaris L. Aeaai? ia?iaei? iaeiaioaaiiy modry pitrklue, modry
zwonek, poeaeiwne zelo aeo?nieeeny naiaioe/ieie eaeueeaie eaoeinueei?
iaoeiai? iacae w?idna worjo?eka, worjo?eka.

Aaaaoicia/i?noue o aioai?/i?e iiiaieeaoo?? ??oioo?oueny ia aeae?eaii? a
??cieo ?ineei ?aeeii? aeii?ioth/i? iciaee. Oea coiiaeth? iiyao
o?oii?i?a, ye? aaeeaathoueny aeey iii?iaoe?? aaaaoueio aeae?a. Oae,
iai?eeeaae, na?oeaaeaeia oi?ia no?o/e?a ??cieo ?ineei — Capsella
bursa-pastoris L., a?eoeee?a cae/aeieo, ? Thlaspi arvense L., oaeaaaio
iieueiaiai, coiiaeea iiyao iie?nai?/iiai iaeiaioaaiiy wutrobki aai
waeo?ki; aeei?enoaiiyi o e?eoaaeuei?e i?aeoeoe? ?ineei Chrysanthemum
parthenium (L.) Bernh., ei?ieeoe? cae/aeii? oa Matricaria camomilla L.,
?iiaoee e?ea?nueei?, iiyniththoueny ni?euei? aeey iaio ?ineei iacae
babjace zelo ? bo?a matra, ?ineei Galium aparine L., i?aeia?aiieeo
/?ieiai e Malva alcea L., aeoa? e?ea?nueei?, — o?oii?i rod?icowe zelo.

O a?oi? iaca e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei a?aei?/athoueny e iiii?i?/i?
a?aeiioaiiy, ye? niinoa??aathoueny i?ae aioai?/iith oa ?ioeie
i?aenenoaiaie a?ieia?/ii? oa?i?iieia??, i?ae aioai?/iith iiiaieeaoo?ith
e caaaeueiiaaeeaaiith eaeneeith. Iai?eeeaae, iiii?i?/i? a?aeiioaiiy
i?inoaaeothoueny a aioai?/i?e i?aenenoai?: eaenaia mjedawka iicia/a?
?ineeio Melissa officinalis L. oa aeei?enoiao?oueny ye iacaa nieiaeeiai
ieiaeo a?oo?; i?ae aioai?/iith e ciieia?/iith i?aenenoaiaie: eaenaia
koead?o aenooia? ye ia?iaeia iacaa ?ineeie Drosera rotundifolia L. oa
aeaeo eiiao; i?ae aioai?/iith oa ?ioeie oa?i?iieia?/ieie i?aenenoaiaie:
jakotawa — iacaa ?ineeie Datura stramonium L. oa iacaa ethaeeie, ui
ca?ea?oueny; s?omjanka — iaeiaioaaiiy ?ineeie Helichrysum arenarium
(Moench) D. C., oeieio i?neiaiai oa iacaa oi?ie aeey aei?eaiiy oe?aa.

O?ao?e ?icae?e „No?oeoo?ii-neiaioai?/ee aiae?c na?aieoaeeoeueeeo iaca
e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei“ neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio ia?aa?ao?a ? i?enay/aiee
aeine?aeaeaiith neiaioai?/i? no?oeoo?e o?oii?i?a, aecia/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo niinia?a neiaioai?o.

C oi/ee ci?o neiaioai?/i? no?oeoo?e ?icaeyioo? na?aieoaeeoeuee?
o?oii?ie iiae?eythoueny ia i?ino? iaeiaioaaiiy, neeaaei? iaeiaioaaiiy
(eiiiiceoe) e neeaaeai? iaeiaioaaiiy (aeai- ? o?e/eaii? iacae).

Iaei?iaeoeoeai?oei niiniaii neiaioai?o a na?aieoaeeoeuee?e o?oii?i?oe? ?
ii?oieia?/iee c aeei?enoaiiyi ao?enaoe??, ??aeoa aeei?enoiaothoueny
neioaeneei-ii?oieia?/iee ? neioaene/iee.

I?ino? iacae e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei, ye i?aaeei, ooai?ththoueny ca
aeiiiiiaith ii?oieia?/iiai niiniao, oeiiaei ??ciiaeaeii yeiai ?
noo?enaoe?y (kopytnik, hu?inka, murjank, s?odnica). Aeai?iooeai?
noo?ene, ui aaeeaathoueny aeey oai?aiiy na?aieoaeeoeueeeo o?oii?i?a, o
i?ioean? ooieoe?iioaaiiy eaeneee iiai?noth ao?a/athoue cia/aiiy
noa`?eoeaii? ioe?iee.

Ie??i noo?enaeueiiai niiniao oai?aiiy o?oii?i?a o na?aieoaeeoeuee?e
aioai?/i?e iiiaieeaoo?? aeei?enoiao?oueny e i?ao?enaeueii-noo?enaeueiee
niin?a (poewaknica, poetor?nik, poetor?nieka, podtrawnica, wo?ahalca,
njezapomnieka), yeee ia ciaeoia oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy a oe?e a?oi?
eaeneee.

?yae na?aieoaeeoeueeeo iaca ?ineei ooai?aii ca aeiiiiiaith
neioaeneei-ii?oieia?/iiai niiniao neiaioai?aiiy. Na?aieoaeeoeuee?
o?oii?ie-eiiiiceoe ca niiniaii ii?aeiaiiy ne?a aai iniia iiae?eythoueny
ia aeae?eueea oei?a:

1) o?oii?ie, ooai?ai? niieo/aiiyi ?iaiiee?a o I.a.: babkad?idk,
pumplro?a, pumprwor?lka, pitrkluee;

2) iacae, ooai?ai? oeyoii ii?aeiaiiy ?iaiieea a ?.a. c ?iaiieeii o I.a
aai eiiiiiaioii ?iaiieeiai? iniiae: kozylist, babydu?ka, ranyhojawka,
kozyradka;

3) o?oii?ie, eiiiiiaioaie yeeo ? ?iaiieee a I.a., ii?aeiai? i?ae niaith
niieo/iei ii?oii „o“: hadojazyek, ji?okulka;

4) iacae ?ineei, neeaaeiaeie yeeo ? iniiaa /ene?aieea oa ?iaiiee a I.
a., ii?aeiai? niieo/iei ii?oii „o“: jenojahodka;

5) iacae, ui aeieeee aiane?aeie ii?aeiaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith niieo/iiai „i“
?iaiieeiai? iniiae c iniiaith i?eeiaoieea: zymozelenka;

6) iaeiaioaaiiy, ui aeieeee a?ae ao?eaooeaieo neiainiieo/aiue aiane?aeie
ii?aeiaiiy i?eeiaoieea (aai i?eeiaoieeiai? iniiae) c ?iaiieeii a I.a.
aai ?iaiieeiaith iniiaith (ye oeyoii ceeooy, oae ? ca aeiiiiiaith
anaiaioe/iiai niieo/iiai ii?oa „i“): kisyka?, wotrolist, z?otokwitk,
koiwotrubk, psowojahod?ina;

7) iacae, ooai?ai? oeyoii ii?aeiaiiy /ene?aieea (o I.a. aai iai?yieo
a?aei?ieao) c ?iaiieeii o I.a. /e ?iaiieeiaith iniiaith – toiro?k,
stolistnik, sedmiporstnik aai ae niieo/aiiyi iniiae e?euee?niiai
iaicia/aiiai caeiaiieea c iniiaith i?eeiaoieea – wjelez?otowka;

8) iacae, ooai?ai? oeyoii niieo/aiiy caeaaeiiai ?iaiieea a ?.a. oa
iniiae iii?iiai ia?ao?aeiiai ae??neiaa: kurymor, molemor, my?imor,
kruwymor.

Aeey aioai?/ii? eaeneee na?aieoaeeoeueei? iiae oa?aeoa?iei ? oai?aiiy
o?oii?i?a ca aeiiiiiaith neioaene/iiai niiniao. Na?aae neeaaeaieo
iaeiaioaaiue, ooai?aieo oeei niiniaii, aeae?eythoueny aeaieiiiiiaioi? e
o?eeiiiiiaioi? no?oeoo?e.

O a?oi? ii?iaoeaieo iaca e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei ia?aaaaeathoue a?ia?i?
ooai?aiiy, ui aeieeee ca neiaioai?/ith iiaeaeeth „?iaiiee+i?eeiaoiee“
(?lez bi?y, p?ucnik aeimny, rosowka taea?kojta, ?iwotnik py?ny). Aeey
ia?iaeii? o?oii?i?/ii? eaeneee oa?aeoa?iei ? aeei?enoaiiy iaeiaioaaiue,
ooai?aieo ca iiaeaeeth „i?eeiaoiee+?iaiiee“. Cia/ia /anoeia oeeo
o?oii?i?a c`yaeeany aiane?aeie aoi?eiii? iii?iaoe??, ia iniia?
iaoaoi?e/iiai ia?aiino (husacy jazyek, eertowe pazory, wroblaca no?ka).

A?oio o?e/eaiieo iaca neeaaeathoue aae’?eoeai? neiainiieo/aiiy, aei
neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeyoue aeaa i?eeiaoieee e ?iaiiee oa ?iaii?
neiainiieo/aiiy, ui ioi?ieythoueny ca aeiiiiiaith i?eeiaiiee?a ?
niieo/iee?a (bi?a wowea rutwica, swjateje Marcyne zubeki, dru?ka we
wineku, d?id a babka).

On? iaaaaeai? iii?iaoe??, ui iaeaaeaoue aei a?oie o?e/eaiieo o?oii?i?a,
? ia?iaeieie iacaaie ?ineei. Ii?iaoeai?e na?aieoaeeoeuee?e aioai?/i?e
iiiaieeaoo?? aiie ia aeanoea?, a o?enothoueny eeoa a ie?aieo
eaeneeia?ao?/ieo aeaea?aeao O?O–OO no. oa ?aii?o iai`yoeao
na?aieoaeeoeueei? ienaiiino?.

Aeniiaee, io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeicaieeee a?aeiia?noe
ia ?yae ieoaiue oai?aoe/iiai e i?aeoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o. O oe?e /anoei?
aeena?oaoe?? aecia/aii iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo ii?iaoeaii?
na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e, ocaaaeueiaii aaiaoe/i?,
eaeneei-naiaioe/i?, neiaioai?/? iniaeeaino? o?oii?i?/ii? eaeneee.

Noaiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii? na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e
a?aeaoaaeiny i?ioyaii O?O–OO noie?oue. Iei? aioai?/ia iiiaieeaoo?a ?
???a?o?/ii i?aai?ciaaiith nenoaiith, yea i?iiiio? caniae iii?iaoe?? aeey
a?eueoino? ?nioth/eo o aioai?oe? oaeniiii?/ieo a?oi. Ca nai?i
iioiaeaeaiiyi aeaye? aeine?aeaeoaai? iacae nyaathoue ia??iaeo
i?aneia’yinueei? iiaii? ?aeiino?, ?io? — ooai?eeeny ia aeania
na?aieoaeeoeueeiio iiaiiio ??oio? aai ae caiice/ai? c? neia’yinueeeo
iia. O ii?iaoeai?e eaeneoe? i?aaenoaaeaii e caiice/aiiy c i?iaoeueei? oa
eeane/ieo iia (iae/enaeuei?oeie aeyaeeenue
eaoeinueei-i?iaoeueei-na?aieoaeeoeuee? ia?aeae?). Ca neiaioai?/ith
no?oeoo?ith o?oii?ie iiae?eythoueny ia o?e oeie: i?ino?, neeaaei? e
neeaaeai? (aeai/eaii? e o?e/eaii?).

O i?ioean? iaienaiiy ?iaioe ie?aneeeiny eiei i?iaeai, ye? iiaeooue noaoe
i?aaeiaoii iiaeaeueoeo e?iaa?noe/ieo ?ica?aeie. Iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiei
caeeoa?oueny ooieoe?iiaeueiee aniaeo, a naia: aeei?enoaiiy
na?aieoaeeoeueeeo o?oii?i?a (ii?iaoeaieo ? ia?iaeieo) o oe?eueiiio e
aeioe?eueiiio iaa/aii?, ia iiaooiaiio ??ai?; aaeeaaiiy iaca ?ineei o
ia?iaei?e oai?/ino?. Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an noaiiaeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy
o?oii?i?a o iiiianoeoe?. Caeeoa?oueny i?ino?? ? a noa?? aeine?aeaeaiiy
eaene/ii? iioeaaoe?? iaca ?ineei oa ?? ?ie? o aeieeiaii? iiii?i?? e
iie?nai?? o?oii?i?a. Ia iao iiaeyae, oe?eaaeie aoee a ?acoeueoaoe
ii??aiyeueieo oe?a?inueei-na?aieoaeeoeueei-i?iaoeueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
ye? c?iaeee a iiaeeeaei i?iaaaeaiiy oeiieia?/ieo ia?aeaeae, c’ynoaaiiy
niaoeeo?ee iiaii? ea?oeie na?oo eoaeeoeueeeo na?a?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. C ?noi??? oi?ioaaiiy na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii? oa?i?iieia??
(na?aaeeia OVI–e?iaoeue O?O noie?ooy) // Litopis 45 (O?I). –1998. –? 1.
– N. 97–115;

2. C ?noi??? oi?ioaaiiy na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e (50-o?
??. O?O–90-o? ??. OO no.) // Ieoaiiy ni?aa?noeee.VI-VII I?aeia?iaei?
ni?aa?noe/i? nai?ia?e.– Euea?a: Oeaio? ?a?iie, 1999. – N. 158–169;

3. Iaoea (ni?aaaoi?. Iioi?iee A. A., Eaci? I. ss.) // Eoaeeoeuee? na?ae.
Iin?aiee c ia?iaeiciaanoaa. – Euea?a: I?n?iia?, 1997. – N. 132–142;

4. I aeoaeecia naiaioeee iaeioi?uo neaayineeo oeaaoiiaicia/aiee //
Litopis 41 (O?I). – 1994. – N.45–48;

5. Iioiaeaeaiiy na?aieoaeeoeueeeo iaca e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei // Iaoa??aee
I?aeia?iaeii? neaa?noe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? iai`yo? i?ioani?a
Einoyioeia O?ioeiiae/a (Euea?a, 1–3 ea?oiy 1998 ?.). – Euea?a: E?oiien,
1998. – N. 116–118;

6. Semantiska motiwacija serbskich rostlinskich mjenow // Rozhlad (O?I).
– 1998. – eo. 9. – S. 333-335;

7. O?e aeaea?aea na?aieoaeeoeueei? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e c XVI no. //
Neaa?noe/i? nooae??. O. 1. Iaoa??aee V I?aeia?iaeiiai neaa?noe/iiai
eieiea?oio (Euea?a, 14–16 o?aaiy 1996 ?.). – Euea?a: Iaoeiaa oiaa?enoai
?i. O. Oaa/aiea, 1997. – N. 59–62.

Aiioaoe?y

Aaeaiaiei N. E. Na?aieoaeeoeueea aioai?/ia iiiaieeaoo?a: ?? oi?ioaaiiy
oa niaoeeo?ea (ia iaoa??ae? iaca e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.03. — neia’yinuee? iiae. ?inoeooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I. I. Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

O ?iaio? aia?oa a neia’yinueeiio iiaiciaanoa? aecia/athoueny aoaie
?icaeoeo na?aieoaeeoeueei? ii?iaoeaii? aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e,
aeine?aeaeothoueny ?? aaiaoe/i?, eaeneei-naiaioe/i?, neiaioai?/?
iniaeeaino?. C’yniaaii, ui oi?ioaaiiy oe??? a?oie eaeneee a?aeaoaaeiny
i?ioyaii O?O–OO no.

C oi/ee ci?o aaiaceno ii?iaoeaia aioai?/ia iiiaieeaoo?a ?
iaiaeii??aeiith. A ?? neeaae? aeae?ey?oueny ni?eueiineia’yinueea
eaeneea, aeania na?aieoaeeoeuee? o?oii?ie e caiice/aiiy c? neia’yinueeeo
? ianeia’yinueeeo iia.

A iniia? iaeiaioaaiue, ui caa??aathoue ca’ycie ?c ii/aoeiaei i?eioeeiii
iii?iaoe??, ciaoiaeyoueny eaae?o?eaoeai? iciaee, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue
aeanoeaino? e yeino? ?aae??, a oaeiae ?aeyoeai? iciaee, ye? aeacothoue
ia ca’ycie ?ineeie c ?ioeie i?aaeiaoaie aai yaeuaie.

O ?aieao aioai?/ii? iiiaieeaoo?e ?ic??ciy?oueny o?e oeie
eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo a?aeiioaiue, a naia: neiii?i?y, iie?nai?y, iiii?i?y.

Neiaioai?/a no?oeoo?a ii?iaoeaieo iaca aecia/a?oueny ?nioaaiiyi o?ueio
oei?a o?oii?i?a: i?inoeo, neeaaeieo ? neeaaeaieo iaeiaioaaiue
(aeai/eaiieo).

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?oii?i, aioai?/ia iiiaieeaoo?a, naiaioe/ia iioeaaoe?y.

Aiiioaoeey

Aaeaiaiei N. E. Na?aieoaeeoeeay aioaie/aneay iiiaieeaoo?a: aa
oi?ie?iaaiea e niaoeeoeea (ia iaoa?eaea iacaaiee eaea?noaaiiuo
?anoaiee). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.03 — neaayineea ycuee. Einoeooo
ycueiciaiey IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aia?aua a neaayineii ycueiaaaeaiee eiiieaenii enneaaeothony
na?aieoaeeoeeea oeoiieiu a aaiaoe/aneii, eaeneei-naiaioe/aneii,
neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiii aniaeoao n i?eaea/aieai n?aaieoaeueiiai iaoa?eaea
?iaenoaaiiuo ycueia. Iauaeoii iao/iiai aiaeeca eca?aiu ii?iaoeaiua
iacaaiey aeeei?anooueo eaea?noaaiiuo ?anoaiee, ?ani?ino?aiaiiuo ia
oa??eoi?ee neaayineiai yoieeoia a Aa?oiae e Ieaeiae Eoaeeoeao.
Oaeoe/aneee iaoa?eae ecaea/ai ec niaoeeaeueiuo ecaeaiee, iinayuaiiuo
iao/iie eeanneoeeaoeee na?aieoaeeoeeeo oeoiieiia, neiaa?ae
aa?oiaeoaeeoeeiai e ieaeiaeoaeeoeeiai eeoa?aoo?iuo ycueia,
iao/ii-iiioey?iie eeoa?aoo?u, ea?oioaee „Na?aieoaeeoeeiai
eeiaaenoe/aneiai aoeana“. A nayce n enoi?e/aneei aiaeecii eaeneee
?anniao?eaathony e oeoiieiu ec ?aiieo iaiyoieeia na?aieoaeeoeeie
ienueiaiiinoe.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony enoi/ieee oi?ie?iaaiey na?aieoaeeoeeie
ii?iaoeaiie aioaie/aneie iiiaieeaoo?u, iooe aa ?acaeoey a ii?aaeaeaiiua
enoi?e/aneea ia?eiaeu, yoaiu noaiiaeaiey, ooi/iythony iauea e
niaoeeoe/aneea /a?ou. Auyaeaii, /oi oi?ie?iaaiea aeaiiie a?oiiu eaeneee
i?ienoiaeeei ia i?ioyaeaiee XIX–OO aaeia.

A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiiai aiaeeca na?aieoaeeoeeeo oeoiieiia
auyniyaony, /oi n oi/ee c?aiey aaiacena ii?iaoeaiay aioaie/aneay
iiiaieeaoo?a yaeyaony iaiaeii?iaeiie. A aa ninoaaa io/aoeeai
auaeaeythony iauaneaayineea eaenaiu, nianoaaiii na?aieoaeeoeeea oeoiieiu
e caeinoaiaaiey ec ianeaayineeo e neaayineeo ycueia (iaeaieaa
iiiai/eneaiiuie ieacaeenue eaoeinei-iaiaoeei-na?aieoaeeoeeea ia?aeeaee).

A ?aaioa auyaeythony iioeae?iai/iua i?eciaee, ii?aaeaeythuea auai?
iaeiaiiaaiey, auyniythony i?eioeeiu iiieiaoeee, nouanoaothuea a a?oiia
iacaaiee eaea?noaaiiuo ?anoaiee. A nayce n yoei iniaia aieiaiea
ia?auaaony ia eoeueoo?iia acaeiiaeeyiea ninaaeieo ia?iaeia, i?eaeaeaaony
aiaaoue yoiia?aoe/aneee iaoa?eae. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a iniiaa
iaeiaiiaaiee, nio?aiythueo naycue n ia?ae/iui i?eioeeiii iiieiaoeee,
iaoiaeyony ea/anoaaiiua e ioiineoaeueiua i?eciaee ?aaeee: „oi?ia“,
„oeaao“, „caiao“, „aeon“, „ianoi i?iec?anoaiey“, „eaea?noaaiiua
naienoaa“, „a?aiy nic?aaaiey“, „eniieueciaaiea a oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, a auoo“ e ae?. Ii?aaeaeaiea oa?aeoa?iuo iioeae?iai/iuo
i?eciaeia iicaieeei ?ac?aaioaoue yoeiieiaee ioaeaeueiuo na?aieoaeeoeeeo
oeoiieiia n caoaiiaiiie naiaioeeie, aianoe aeiiieiaiey a nouanoaothuea
oieeiaaiey.

Iiae?iaiia ?anniio?aiea neiiieie/aneeo, iiiieie/aneeo e iieenaie/aneeo
ioiioaiee iaaeaeo eaene/aneeie aaeeieoeaie, aoiaeyueie a a?oiio iacaaiee
eaea?noaaiiuo ?anoaiee, iicaieyao naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi iaeaieaa
i?iaeoeoeaiuie yaeythony neiiieiey e iieenaiey. Iaee/ea neiiieie/iuo e
iiiieie/iuo oi?i iaoneaaeeaaaony ioiineoaeueiie naiaiaeie auai?a
i?eciaea iiieiaoeee, iaoiaeyuaainy a iniiaa iaeiaiiaaiey, a oaeaea
i?iecaieueiinoueth i?e auai?a noooeenaeueiuo ii?oai.

Neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiay no?oeoo?a oeoiieiia ii?aaeaeyaony iaee/eai o?ao
oeiia iiiaiia: i?inouo iaeiaiiaaiee, neiaeaiee e ninoaaiuo iaeiaiiaaiee
(aeao/eaiiuo e o?ao/eaiiuo).

Aieueoeinoai i?inouo oeoiieiia ia?aciaaii n iiiiuueth ii?oieiae/aneiai
niiniaa neiaiia?aciaaiey. I?iaeoeoeaiuie yaeythony oi?iaiou -nik, -ica,
-ca, -ek, -eka, -ieka, inoaeueiua oa?aeoa?ecothony iaiueoae
aeoeaiinoueth. Ioia/aii, /oi oi?iaiou, i?eaeathuea cia/aiea
oiaiueoeoaeueiinoe, a ninoaaa oeoiieie/aneie eaeneee
aeanaiaioece?othony, oa?yy ioeaii/ioth oa?aeoa?enoeeo.

*anoue oeoiieiia ia?aciaaii n iiiiuueth neioaeneei-ii?oieiae/aneiai
niiniaa neiaiia?aciaaiey. N?aaee iaeiaiiaaiee eaea?noaaiiuo ?anoaiee,
aicieeoeo a ?acoeueoaoa neiaeaiey, ?acee/atho eiiiiceou, nicaeaiiua eae
iooai neiaineiaeaiey, oae e iniiaineiaeaiey.

N?aaee ninoaaiuo iacaaiee eiee/anoaaiii i?aiaeaaeatho oeoiieiu,
ia?aciaaiiua ii no?oeoo?iie iiaeaee „eiy nouanoaeoaeueiia+eiy
i?eeaaaoaeueiia“, iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiie n?aaee iiaeaeae, oa?aeoa?iuo
aeey na?aieoaeeoeeie iao/iie aioaie/aneie eaeneee. Iiaeaeue „eiy
i?eeaaaoaeueiia+eiy nouanoaeoaeueiia“ /aua ano?a/aaony a ia?iaeiie
iiiaieeaoo?a, oioy anoue e iaiaei i?eia?ia aa eniieueciaaiey a
ii?iaoeaiie eaeneea. A iaiyoieeao ienueiaiiinoe e a ia?iaeiie
iiiaieeaoo?a ioia/athony ?aaeeea o?ao/eaiiua iacaaiey ?anoaiee,
ia?aciaaiiua ii iiaeaeyi „eiy nouanoaeoaeueiia+nithc+eiy
nouanoaeoaeueiia“ e „eiy nouanoaeoaeueiia + i?aaeeia+ eiy
nouanoaeoaeueiia“.

Iniaaiiinoueth eae ii?iaoeaiuo, oae e ia?iaeiuo aeao/eaiiuo iaeiaiiaaiee
(eiiaaea e o?ao/eaiiuo) yaeyaony i?ioeann oieaa?aecaoeee
(naiaioe/aneiai naeaoey eiiiiiaioia).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeoiiei, aioaie/aneay iiiaieeaoo?a, naiaioe/aneay
iioeaaoeey.

Summary

Adamenko S. L. Sorbian botanical nomenclature: its formation and
specificity (on a material of the names of medicinal plants). —
Manuscript.

The dissertation is presented as a manuscript for the scientific degree
of „Candidate in Philology“ – speciality 10.02.03 – Slavonic languages.
The defence will take place at the O. Potebnia Institute of
Linguistics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

In the work for the first time in Slavic linguistics the stages of
development of the Sorbian normative botanical nomenclature are defined,
its genetic, lexico-semantic and word-building peculiarities are
investigated. It is found out, that the formation of this group of
lexicon occured during XIX-XX centuries. From the point of view of
genesis the normative botanical nomenclature is non-uniform. The
All-Slavic lexicon, actually Sorbian phytonyms and borrowings from both
Slavic and unslavic languages, is allocated in its structure.
Qualificative sings, which display properties and qualities of a
reality, and also relative sings, which specify connection of a plant
with other subjects or phenomena are in a basis of the names, that keep
connection with an initial principle of nomination.

The word-building structure of the normative names is determined by
existence of three types of phytonyms: simple, complex and compound
names (binominal).

Key words: phytonym, botanical nomenclature and semantic motivation.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 12.04.1999 ?. Oi?iao 60o84/16. Iai?? ionaoiee.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai.170

Aeaeaaie/ee Oeaio?

Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?iai? ?aaia O?aiea

290602, Euea?a, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 1

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