I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?AAe?IAEAEO?II?EE

AAeAIAIEI A??A AIAOIE??AIA

OAeE 519.7; 519.81;

007.001.362; 681.327.12.001.362

?IC?IAEA OA AeINE?AeAEAIIss AOAEOEAIIAI IAOIAeO ??OAIIss CAAeA*
?ICI?CIAAAIIss E?EAEO IA EIEUeI?IAEO ?ANO?IAEO CIA?AAEAIIssO

01.05.04— nenoaiiee aiae?c oa oai??y iioeiaeueieo ??oaiue

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee— aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaayoaa Aiae??e
Aeieo?iae/, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith I?eeeaaeii? iaoaiaoeee Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

—aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Etha/ee Eaii?ae Ieoaeeiae/, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e nenoaiiiai aiae?co ? oi?aae?iiy Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

—eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Aiaoo Aiaoie?e
Ieaen?eiae/, aeioeaio eao. OON ? aaoiiaoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy Oa?e?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.?.
AEoeianueeiai “OA?”, eaoaae?a eiino?othaaiiy oa ae?iaieoeoaa
?aae?iaia?aoo?e, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “25” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 13.10 aiae. ia
can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.052.01 a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee ca aae?anith:

310726, i.Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia, 14.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee ca aae?anith:

310726, i.Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia, 14.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_____” __________ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

i?ioani? __________________ Eaaee?i A.I.

0. Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ca inoaii? e?eueea ?ie?a o ca’yceo c ianiaith
iiyaith aeinoaoiuei iiooaeii? oa a?aeiinii iaaei?iai? oaoi?ee: IAII,
aaoiiaoe/ieo neaioth/eo i?eno?i?a ? o.ae. c’yaeeanue iiaeeea?noue c
aenieei aeicaieyiiyi ? aaeeeith e?euee?noth eieuei??a neaioaaoe
cia?aaeaiiy ?, o ca’yceo c oeei, c’yaeeanue iiaeeea?noue aaoiiaoe/iiai
aaiaeo o IAII ??cieo cia?aaeaiue a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a (AAe) c
iaianaieie ia ieo e?eaeie, a?ao?eaie caeaaeiinoae, ye? ?ai?oa
i?ecia/aeeny aeey ?o/ii? ia?iaee ethaeeiith. I?ney aaoiiaoe/iiai aaiaeo
a?ao?/iiai cia?aaeaiiy aeieoiaioo o IAII (i?ney neaioaaiiy aeieoiaioo),
iaea?aeaia ?ano?iaa cia?aaeaiiy (?C) iaiao?aeii ia?iaeoe, a naia—
?ici?ciaoe e?eao ui ciaoiaeeoueny ia iueiio, oiaoi iaea?aeaoe oaaee/io
oi?io a?ao?eo iaeiicia/ii? ooieoe??, ui a?aeiia?aea? ?ici?ciaaaii?
e?eai?. Oaeei /eiii, o oaia??oi?e /an c’yaeeanue iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaoe
aaeeeo e?euee?noue caaea/, iia’ycaieo c ?ici?ciaaaiiyi ia?ac?a ia
eieuei?iaeo ?ano?iaeo cia?aaeaiiyo (E?C) AAe, a naia— c ?ici?ciaaaiiyi
e?eaeo ia E?C AAe.

?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia E?C ? iaiao?aeiith aeiiaith aeey aaoiiaoecaoe??
i?ioeano ??oaiiy caaea/, ui c’yaeythoueny o ??cieo aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie: o aacia?e i?iieneiaino?, o iaaeeoeei?, aeey
eiii’thoa?ii? ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a iaoeiaeo aenia?eiaio?a ? o.ae.
Iaeiith c iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaea/, ui ae??oothoueny o aacia?e
i?iieneiaino? ia Oe?a?i? oa ?ioeo e?a?iao NIAe, ? ia/eneaiiy aeo?ao aaco
ca aeiao (i?nyoeue, ??e ? o.ae.) ii eiaeiiio niiaeeaa/o, a?oi?
niiaeeaa/?a, ?aa?iio ? on?e e?a?i?. Aeo?aoe aaco ia/eneththoueny a
iniiaiiio ia iniia? iai?yieo aei??thaaiue oaiia?aoo?e, oeneo ? ia?aiaaeo
oeneo aaco ia niie? Aaioo?e i?ioyaii aeiae, ui ?a?no?othoueny
naiiienieie i?eai?aie ia e?oaiaeo ae?aa?aiao. E?oaiaa ae?aa?aia (EAe)
yaey? niaith AAe c e?eaith (oaiia?aoo?e, ia?aiaaeo aai oeneo aaco), ui
caieno?oueny ia iueiai naiiienieie aei??thaa/aie i?ioyaii aeiae. O
oaia??oi?e /an ia?iaea EAe i?iaiaeeoueny ethaeeiith a?o/io
i?iii?oe?eieie ? ei?aiaaeie ieai?iao?aie ia niaoe?aeueiiio e?oaeiio
noieeeo ui e?ooeoueny. Oaea ia?iaea ae?aa?ai iio?aao? ia o?eueee aaeeeeo
cao?ao /ano, aea ? iia??oi?noue ia/eneaiue aeoiaeeoue aeineoue aaeeea.
Oaeei /eiii, ia?iaea ae?aa?ai cae?enith?oueny iaaoaeoeaieie iaoiaeaie,
ye? i?eioneathoue aeoeaio o/anoue ethaeeie. O ca’yceo c oeei c’yaeeanue
iaiao?aei?noue a aaoiiaoe/i?e ia?iaoe? EAe. ?aeay noai?aiiy iiai?
oaoiieia?? aaoiiaoe/ii? ia?iaee EAe iieyaa? o ianooiiiio: EAe
caeeaaeathoueny o neaia? ? neaiothoueny. O ?acoeueoao? neaioaaiiy
noai?ththoueny ?ano?ia? cia?aaeaiiy EAe o aeaeyae? PCX-oaee?a. Oe?
cia?aaeaiiy iaaeoiaeyoue aei aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie ia?iaee eieuei?iaeo
ae?aa?ai (ANIEAe), yea cae?enith? ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia ?ano?iaeo
cia?aaeaiiyo EAe aeey iaea?aeaiiy oaaeeoeue caeaaeiinoae “aei??thaaia
aaee/eia—/an”. Caaea/a aaoiiaoe/iiai iaea?aeaiiy oaaeeoeue caeaaeiinoae
“aei??thaaia aaee/eia—/an” ia EAe yaey? niaith caaea/o ?ici?ciaaaiiy
ia?ac?a, oiio ui iaiao?aeii “aeae?eeoe” oi/ee e?eai? na?aae on?o ?ioeo
oi/ie E?C. Caaea/a oneeaaeith?oueny oei, ui ie??i oi/ie e?eai?,
ie?oaeiinoae ? aeoa /ano, EAe iiaea i?noeoe aaaaoi ia?aoeiae: ieyie,
ae?yieie, aeiaaeeia? ia?eae e?eai? ? o.ae. Oiio i?iaeaia ?ici?ciaaaiiy
e?eaeo ia E?C o oaia??oi?e /an ? iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiith ye o
iaoeiaiio, oae ? a i?aeoe/iiio ieai?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy,
io?eiai? o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, o?nii iia’ycai? c aeeiiaiiyi
aea?aeathaeaeaoieo ? aea?aeaeiaia??ieo IAeAeE? eaoaae?e II ca o/anoth
caeiaoaa/a: “?ioaeaeooaeueia nenoaia i?aeo?eiee i?eeiyooy ??oaiue a
?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo” (? 469—0197U008896), “?ioi?iaoe?ei?
?ano?nicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? aeiaoaaiiy, i?aeaioiaee, o?ainii?oo oa
?iciiae?eo iaooe ? i?e?iaeiiai aaco” (? 496—0197U014153), “Aiae?c
aacio?ainii?oii? ia?aae? aei/??iueiai i?aei?e?inoaa “Oa?ueeiao?ainaac”
oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ii? nenoaie oeaio?aeueii?
aeeniao/a?nueei? neoaeae ca?aeii ?aeeii? nenoaie iia?aoeaiiai
aeeniao/a?nueeiai oi?aae?iiy AO “Oe?aaci?ii”” (? 780131—0198U004447).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea
oa aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiiai iaoiaeo ??oaiiy caaea/ ?ici?ciaaaiiy
e?eaeo ia E?C a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a. Oea iiaeooue aooe e?oaia?
ae?aa?aie, no??/eia? ae?aa?aie aai ?ioee aeae a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a, ia
eio?eo yeeiinue /eiii aoea iaianaia e?eaa, yeo iaiao?aeii ?ici?ciaoe.

Caaea/aie aeine?aeaeaiue ?:

1. Iinoaiiaea caaea/? ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia eieuei?iaeo ?ano?iaeo
cia?aaeaiiyo a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a.

2. ?ic?iaea aoaeoeaiiai iaoiaeo ??oaiiy caaea/ ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia
eieuei?iaeo ?ano?iaeo cia?aaeaiiyo a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a.

3. Aeaoae?caoe?y ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo aeey ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia
eieuei?iaeo ?ano?iaeo cia?aaeaiiyo e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai naiiienieo
i?eai??a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny o aacia?e i?iieneiaino? aeey ia/eneaiiy
aeo?ao aaco.

4. I?ia?aiia ?aae?caoe?y ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia
E?C e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai o aeaeyae? aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie.

5. Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo a?ae
ci?ie noaoenoe/ieo aeanoeainoae ia?aoeiae ia ?aaeueieo aeaieo ? ca
aeiiiiiaith ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Noi?ioeueiaaii iiaee eean caaea/ ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia eieuei?iaeo
?ano?iaeo cia?aaeaiiyo a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a, ??oaiiy yeeo aeicaiey?
iaea?aeaoe oaaee/io oi?io a?ao?eo iaeiicia/ii? ooieoe??, ui a?aeiia?aea?
?ici?ciaaaii? e?eai?.

2. ?ic?iaeaii aoaeoeaiee iaoiae ??oaiiy caaea/ ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia
eieuei?iaeo ?ano?iaeo cia?aaeaiiyo a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a, yeee
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae a?aeiieo oei , ui o?aoiao? oaeo niaoeeo?eo eeano
ae??oo?ieo caaea/: e?ea? yaeythoue niaith a?ao?ee iaeiicia/ii? ooieoe??
o aeaye?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao, ?, a oie aea /an, e?ea?— oea ?aae?caoe??
iaeiiai ? oiai ae aeiaaeeiaiai i?ioeano c iaia?a?aiei /anii ?
iacaeaaeieie i?e?inoaie, i?e/iio, noaoenoe/i? aeanoeaino? oeueiai
i?ioeano iaia?aae iaa?aeii?, aea iino?ei? aai ci?iththoueny iinooiiai
a?ae iaeiiai a?ao?/iiai aeieoiaioo aei ae?oaiai aeey on?o e?eaeo iaeiiai
iioieo eieuei?iaeo ?ano?iaeo cia?aaeaiue a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a.

?aae?caoe?y ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo iniiaaia ia aeeiiaii? oaeeo aoai?a:

1) Iiaoaeiaa aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? nenoaie eii?aeeiao, o yei?
ciaoiaeeoueny ?ici?ciaaaia e?eaa, aeey a?ao?/iiai aeieoiaioo.

2) Aeae?eaiiy nenoaie eaiie (i?eiouaieo o?aaiaio?a e?eai?).

3) Ciaoiaeaeaiiy yeinoae noeeiaee i?ae eiaeiith ia?ith eaiie.

4) Ciaoiaeaeaiiy ia?o?ooo c iaeneiaeueiith ye?noth oeyoii ??oaiiy
caaea/? iiooeo iioeiaeueii? ioo? ia a?ao?.

Iieacaii, ui aoaie 3—4 ? ?iaa??aioieie aei aeaeo a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a,
a aoaie 1—2 iio?aaothoue ?ic?iaee eiie?aoieo aeai?eoi?a aeey eiaeiiai
aeaeo a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aoea i?iaaaeaia
eiie?aoecaoe?y aoai?a 1—2 a?aeiia?aeii aei e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai naiiienieo
i?eai??a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny o aacia?e i?iieneiaino? aeey ia/eneaiiy
aeo?ao aaco.

Iieacaii, ui nenoaia, iiaoaeiaaia ca ?ic?iaeaiei iaoiaeii, iiaea
naiiiaa/aoeny ? aaeaiooaaoeny aei noaoenoe/ieo aeanoeainoae e?eaeo
iioieo eieuei?iaeo ?ano?iaeo cia?aaeaiue a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a.

3. ?ic?iaeaiee o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaoiae i?ia?aiii ?aae?ciaaii o
aeaeyae? aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie ia?iaee eieuei?iaeo ae?aa?ai o
na?aaeiaeu? Windows c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ino?oiaioaeueieo cania?a Borland
Pascal 7.0 ? Delphi.

4. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo ca
?acoeueoaoaie ia?iaee ?aaeueieo e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai ? ca aeiiiiiaith
?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy, yea aeicaieeei i?iiiaeaethaaoe oae?
neooaoe??, ye? ia ?aaeueieo cia?aaeaiiyo EAe cono??/athoueny ??aeei, ?
oiio ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo aoea i?iaaaeaia a?eueo
iiaii. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee aenieo aoaeoeai?noue
?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Io?eiai? oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?aae?ciaai? o ANIEAe, yea
aeei?enoiao?oueny o iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeiio o/aiaiio oeaio?? iae?eo
aaco ? iao?ieia?? aaciaei??thaaiue AeI IAeI?ANOo?ainaac o aeaeyae?
i?eeeaaeii? nenoaie aeey iaa/aiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ?iaeaia??a
ii iae?eo aeo?ao aaco, niaoe?ae?no?a EAI?A ? iao?ieia?a “Oe?aaci?iio” ?
“Oe?aaco”. E??i oiai, ANIEAe aoea ia?aaeaia a iieoio aenieoaoaoe?th o
AAO “Oa?ueeiaai?aac” aeey aaoiiaoe/ii? ia?iaee iiia?aae a?aeneaiiaaieo
cia?aaeaiue e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai AeI ? AeE naiiienieo aei??thaa/?a aeo?ao
i?e?iaeiiai aaco, ui onoaiiaeai? ia aaciaei??thaaeueieo noaioe?yo.

?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia o?eueee o aacia?e
i?iieneiaino?, aea ? o aaaaoueio ?ioeo aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa
Oe?a?ie (iai?eeeaae, o iaaeeoeei?, aeey eiii’thoa?ii? ia?iaee
?acoeueoao?a iaoeiaeo aenia?eiaio?a ? o.ae.).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. On? iaoeia? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
io?eiai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi. O ?iaio? [ REF Sou_36063_82546296293731_104
\* MERGEFORMAT 1 ] aaoi?ii ?icaeyiooa i?iaeaia ?ici?ciaaaiiy a?ao?e?a
caeaaeiinoae ia eieuei?iaeo ?ano?iaeo cia?aaeaiiyo e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai ?
iaaaaeai? iniiai? aoaie aeai?eoio aeae?eaiiy nenoaie eaiie aeey e?oaiaeo
ae?aa?ai. ?iaioe [ REF Sou_36063_14513888889633_96 \* MERGEFORMAT 2 —
REF Sou_36063_14814814813144_98 \* MERGEFORMAT 4 ] aeeiiai?
caeiaoaa/ai noi?nii ?c ni?aaaoi?aie. O ?iaio? [ REF
Sou_36063_14513888889633_96 \* MERGEFORMAT 2 ] caeiaoaa/ai io?eiai?
??aiyiiy ia?aoiaeo ?c i?yiieooii? nenoaie eii?aeeiao, iia’ycaii? c
?ano?iaei cia?aaeaiiyi EAe, o nenoaio eii?aeeiao “aei??thaaia
aaee/eia—/an” ? iacaae aeey eiaeii? oi/ee, ui caaacia/othoue
?iaa??aioi?noue oeueiai ia?aoiaeo aei ianooaao ?ano?iaiai cia?aaeaiiy.
Iiaoaeiao aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? aoei cae?eniaii aeey aeiaaeeo, eiee /an ia
ae?aa?ai? a?ae?aoiaoaaany ca aiaeeiiith no??eeith. O ?iaio? [ REF
Sou_36063_14594907405262_97 \* MERGEFORMAT 3 ] caeiaoaa/ai ?icaeyiooa
i?iaeaia ?ici?ciaaaiiy a?ao?e?a caeaaeiinoae ia ?ano?iaeo cia?aaeaiiyo
e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai. O ?iaio? [ REF Sou_36063_14814814813144_98 \*
MERGEFORMAT 4 ] caeiaoaa/ai iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe, ui ?aae?ciaai? o aeaeyae? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ii? nenoaie
ia?iaee eieuei?iaeo ae?aa?ai aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai iae?eo aeo?ao
aaco.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia: II I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Oai??y ? oaoi?ea ia?aaea/?, i?eeiio oa ia?iaee
?ioi?iaoe??” (Ooaina, 1996 a.); III I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oai??y ?
oaoi?ea ia?aaea/?, i?eeiio oa ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??” (Ooaina, 1997 a.);
I?ae?aa?iiaeueiiio iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio nai?ia?? ii iai?io aeina?aeii
“?ioi?iaoe?ei? ? aia?aicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? aeey o?oaii?ia?aeieo
nenoai aia?aaoeee” (i. ss?ai/a, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee— 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? o 4
iaoeiaeo noaooyo [ REF Sou_36063_82546296293731_104 \* MERGEFORMAT 1
, REF Sou_36063_14513888889633_96 \* MERGEFORMAT 2 , REF
Sou_36063_14594907405262_97 \* MERGEFORMAT 3 , REF
Sou_36063_14814814813144_98 \* MERGEFORMAT 4 ], 3 oacao aeiiia?aeae [
REF Sou_36063_00300925926422_106 \* MERGEFORMAT 5 , REF
Sou_36063_04953703700448_107 \* MERGEFORMAT 6 , REF
Sou_36076_17002314818092_109 \* MERGEFORMAT 7 ], 1 ca?o? ii IAe?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae (75 iaeiaioaaiue) oa aeaio aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? aac
aeiaeaoe?a 151 n. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe noaiiaeoue 181 n. Caaaeueia
e?euee?noue ?enoie?a 78, oaaeeoeue— 3.

1. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaaaeai? a?aeiiino?
uiaei iaoeiai? iiaecie, i?aeoe/ii? oe?iiino? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe, ioae?eaoe?e aaoi?a oa ai?iaaoe?? ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii iaeyae noaio i?iaeaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy
ia?ac?a. O caaaeueieo ?enao ?icaeyiooi aeaa iniiaieo i?aeoiaee, ui
?niothoue o oai??? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a, a naia: noaoenoe/iee ?
neioaene/iee (no?oeoo?ii-e?iaa?noe/iee) i?aeoiaee. I?e oeueiio
a?aei?/a?oueny, ui oai??y ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a ye iaoeiaa aeenoeeie?ia
ii/aea ?icaeaaoeny ua c na?aaeeie 50-o ?ie?a. ? oi/a o 1987—1989 ?ieao
aaea ?nioaaea aeinoaoiuei no?oiea oai??y ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a, iaeiae,
i?ae neeueii ?icaeiaiith oai???th ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a ? i?aeoeeith
?ici?ciaaaiiy cia?aaeaiue ?nioaaa aeinoaoiuei iii?oiee ?ic?ea, a oai???
?ici?ciaaaiiy cia?aaeaiue acaaae? ia ?nioaaei. Oea ana i?eaiaeeei aei
oiai, ui ?ic?iaieee eiie?aoieo i?eeeaaeieo nenoai ciooai? aoee ?oe
eiaeai nai?i oeyoii, i?e oeueiio aiie aaaaoi o /iio aeoaethaaee iaeei
iaeiiai ? ia iaee caaaeueieo eiioeaioe?e. Ii/eiath/e i?eaeecii c ii/aoeo
90-o ?ie?a ii/aea ianiai c’yaeyoeny aeinoaoiuei iiooaeia ? a?aeiinii
iaaei?iaa iiaa oaoi?ea: AII, aaoiiaoe/i? neaioth/? i?eno?i? (neaia?e).
E??i oiai, ca inoaii? e?eueea ?ie?a cia/ii ae??n ia’?i iai’yo? ia AII.
Oiio c’yaeeanue iiaeeea?noue c aenieei aeicaieyiiyi ? aaeeeith
e?euee?noth eieuei??a neaioaaoe cia?aaeaiiy ?, o ca’yceo c oeei,
c’yaeeanue iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaoe caaea/? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a ia ?C.
Iai?eeeaae, o 90-eo ?ieao i?aeoeeith aoea aenoiooa i?iaeaia ia?iaee
no?oeoo?ii-neeaaeieo naiaioe/ii iane/aieo AAe (eiino?oeoi?nueei?
aeieoiaioaoe??, ??ciiai oeio ea?o, ane?c?a, oioioaaeii?a, a?ao?/ieo
iaoa??ae?a iaaee/ii? ae?aaiinoeee oa ?i.). Aeey ??oaiiy oaeeo caaea/
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue no?oeoo?ii-e?iaa?noe/i? iaoiaee ?ici?ciaaaiiy. E??i
oiai, ca inoaii?e /an c’yaeeiny aeinoaoiuei aaaaoi i?ia?aiieo
i?iaeoeo?a, o yeeo ae??oothoueny caaea/? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a ia ?C
(iai?eeeaae, iaee?oii?o? na?aae oaeeo i?ia?aiieo i?iaeoeo?a— CorelDRAW,
FineReader oa ?i.). O oaia??oi?e /an ?nio? aeinoaoiuei aaaaoi ?iaio ii
?ici?ciaaaiith ia/aoieo neiaie?a, ?oeiieniiai oaenoo, ?oeiienieo oeeo?,
eeoaenueeeo ???iae?o?a ? o.i. Oaeei /eiii, o oeueiio ?icae?e? ?iaeoueny
aeniiaie, ui ca inoaii? 5—8 ?ie?a c’yaeeany iiaeeea?noue aaoiiaoecaoe??
??oaiiy oe?ieiai e?oao caaea/, iia’ycaieo c ?ici?ciaaaiiyi ia?ac?a ia
E?C AAe, a naia— c ?ici?ciaaaiiyi e?eaeo ia E?C AAe.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia E?C AAe.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.1 oaiaeyoueny aecia/aiiy eieuei?iaiai ?ano?iaiai
cia?aaeaiiy, e?eai?, oeeo?iai? iiaeae? e?eai? ? oi?ioeth?oueny
iinoaiiaea caaea/? ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eai? ia E?C.

— nenoaia eii?aeeiao (n.e.), iia’ycaia c ?C AAe.

, ? iacaeaaeieie i?e?inoaie.

Oeeo?iaa iiaeaeue e?eai? (OeIE) o n.e. B— oea aoaeue-yea eiia/ia
/eneaii?noue oi/ie aeaeo

.

, ui a?aeiia?aea? e?eai? K:

,

(E?C iaea?aeo?oueny oeyoii neaioaaiiy).

Aeey eiaeiiai a?ao?/iiai aeieoiaioo iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe caaea/o
?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eai? ia E?C aeaeo:

, ( SEQ EquationNumber \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 1 )

i?e oaeeo iaiaaeaiiyo:

, oiaoi caaeaii iaiaaeaiiy ia ?ici??i?noue OeIE;

2. E?eaa K iaa?aeiia, aea ia ia? iaeeaaeathoueny iaiaaeaiiy, ye? aaaeei
oi?iae?coaaoe:

2.1. ?nio? ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i e?eao o aeaeyae? E?C.

2.2. A?aeiii iniiaiee aaciaee eie?? e?eaeo aeaiiai iioieo E?C a?ao?/ieo
aeieoiaio?a.

2.3. E?ea? yaeythoue niaith ?aae?caoe?? iaeiiai ? oiai ae aeiaaeeiaiai
i?ioeano c iaia?a?aiei /anii ? iacaeaaeieie i?e?inoaie. Noaoenoe/i?
aeanoeaino? oeueiai i?ioeano iaia?aae iaa?aeii?, aea iino?ei? aai
ci?iththoueny iinooiiai a?ae iaeiiai AAe aei ae?oaiai aeey on?o e?eaeo
iaeiiai iioieo.

2.4. E??i oi/ie e?eai?, ia E?C iiaeooue aooe ?io? ia’?eoe (iai?eeeaae,
n?oea, iaaeiene, ?io? e?ea? ? o.i.), a oaeiae aaaaoi ia?aoeiae: ieyie,
ae?yieie (oiai ae eieuei?o, ui ? e?eaa), aeiaaeeia? ia?eae e?eai? ?
o.i., ui oneeaaeith? caaea/o ?ici?ciaaaiiy. Eie?? eiaeiiai i?enaeo
e?eai? iiaea a?aeoeeyoeny a?ae iniiaiiai aaciaiai eieuei?o.

, oiaoi oaaee/ia oi?ia a?ao?eo iaeiicia/ii? ooieoe??, ui a?aeiia?aea?
?ici?ciaaaii? e?eai?.

Aecia/aiiy n.e. B, o ye?e iiaeaia ?ici?ciaaaia e?eaa, ? ie?aiith
caaea/ath. Aecia/eoe n.e. B icia/a? caaeaoe oei n.e. B (iai?eeeaae,
i?yiieooia, iiey?ia ? o.ae.) oa ?? iieiaeaiiy ia E?C AAe a?aeiinii
o?eniaaii? i?yiieooii? n.e. A, iia’ycaii? c E?C (iai?eeeaae, ci?uaiiy
ii/aoeo a?aee?eo n.e. B, eoo iiai?ioo n.e. B). Aeey aecia/aiiy n.e. B
aeinoaoiuei iiaoaeoaaoe oi?ioee ia?aoiaeo ?c i?yiieooii? n.e. A o n.e. B
? iacaae aeey eiaeii? oi/ee:

( SEQ EquationNumber \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 2 )

( SEQ EquationNumber \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 3 )

iiaeooue aooe aai iaeiaeiaeie (ui ia i?aeoeoe? iiaeia caaacia/eoe,
iai?eeeaae, iaeiaeiai caeeaaeath/e o neaia? on? AAe iaeiiai iioieo), aai
iiaeooue ci?ithaaoeny a?ae iaeiiai AAe iioieo aei ae?oaiai. A oeueiio
aeiaaeeo iaiao?aeii ??oaoe ua iaeio caaea/o ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia?ac?a, a
naia: iaiao?aeii ?ici?ciaaaoe ii/aoie a?aee?eo n.e. B ? ?? ci?uaiiy
a?aeiinii n.e. A, ui aeoiaeeoue ca ?aiee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.2 ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ??oaiiy noi?ioeueiaaiiai eeano
caaea/.

Nooue cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo iieyaa? o iiaoaeia? eiie?aoieo
iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeey oi?iae?caoe?? ii/aoeiai? iai?aoi?iae?ciaaii?
caaea/? REF Eqn_36166_65891203706269_79 \* MERGEFORMAT (1) ?
iiaeaiiy ?? o aeaeyae? oaeeo i?ino?oeo i?aecaaea/:

1. Caaea/a aeae?eaiiy nenoaie eaiie (i?eiouaieo o?aaiaio?a iioeiaeueii?
OeIE).

2. Caaea/a iaenei?caoe?? ?iia??iino? oiai, ui ia?o?oo (eaioethaeie
eaiie) ? iioeiaeueiei. Oey caaea/a ?iciaaea?oueny ia aea? caaea/?:
caaea/o ciaoiaeaeaiiy yeinoae noeeiaee i?ae eiaeiith ia?ith eaiie ?
caaea/o ciaoiaeaeaiiy ia?o?ooo c iaeneiaeueiith ye?noth.

Caaaeueia noaia cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo neeaaea?oueny c oaeeo aoai?a:

1. Iiaoaeiaa aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? nenoaie eii?aeeiao B, o ye?e iiaeaia
?ici?ciaaaia e?eaa, aeey a?ao?/iiai aeieoiaioo.

2. Aeae?eaiiy nenoaie eaiie (i?eiouaieo o?aaiaio?a iioeiaeueii? OeIE).

3. Ciaoiaeaeaiiy yeinoae noeeiaee i?ae eiaeiith ia?ith eaiie.

4. Ciaoiaeaeaiiy ia?o?ooo c iaeneiaeueiith ye?noth oeyoii ??oaiiy
caaea/? iiooeo iioeiaeueii? ioo? ia a?ao?.

).

) o?eoeai? eaiee, oiaoi

.

, i?e/iio oe? eaiee ia ia?ae?eaathoueny, oiaoi

.

— eaiee, ye? i?noyoue iaeio oi/eo o n.e. B.

.

iioeiaeueiee.

).

.

Oaeei /eiii, a?ae iinoaiiaee caaea/? aeaeo REF
Eqn_36166_65891203706269_79 \* MERGEFORMAT (1) cae?eniaii ia?ao?ae
aei caaea/? iaenei?caoe?? ?iia??iino? oiai, ui ia?o?oo ? iioeiaeueiee o
caaeai?e nenoai? eaiie:

; ( SEQ EquationNumber \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 4 )

.

:

a iioeiaeueiiio ia?o?oo?:

,

caaeaia, a e?eaa, iioeiaeueia OeIE ? iioeiaeueiee ia?o?oo iaa?aeii?.

.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iieacaii, ui ye?noue ia?o?ooo aecia/a?oueny
/a?ac aeiaooie yeinoae noeeiaee eaiie ?c oeueiai ia?o?ooo

,

.

. I?ney ciaoiaeaeaiiy on?o yeinoae noeeiaee i?ae on?ia ia?aie eaiie,
iiaeia neeanoe an?eye? ia?o?ooe ? aeey eiaeiiai ia?o?ooo ciaeoe ye?noue
ia?o?ooo. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iieacaii, ui caaea/a REF
Eqn_36131_10659722225682_95 \* MERGEFORMAT (4) caiaeeoueny aei
caaea/? iiooeo iioeiaeueii? ioo? ia a?ao?:

. ( SEQ EquationNumber \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 5 )

.

O ioieo? 2.2.1 a?aei?/a?oueny, ui aoai iiaoaeiae aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae?
nenoaie eii?aeeiao iio?aao? eiie?aoecaoe??, oiio ui ia ??cieo AAe e?eaa
iiaea aooe iiaeaia o ??cieo nenoaiao eii?aeeiao.

O ioieo? 2.2.2 a?aei?/a?oueny, ui ia aoiae? aeai?eoio aeae?eaiiy nenoaie
eaiie (AANE): E?C, caaeaia n.e. B; ia aeoiae? AANE: nenoaia eaiie, ui
caaeiaieueiy? oiia? REF Eqn_36129_04305555557949_94 \* MERGEFORMAT
(6) , ? aaeoi? ia?aiao??a, ui iieno? eiaeio ia?o eaiie.

. ( SEQ EquationNumber \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 6 )

AANE caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaeo AAe, ia yeiio ciaoiaeeoueny e?eaa, yeo
iaiao?aeii ?ici?ciaoe.

O ioieo? 2.2.3 i?iiiio?oueny i?aeo?ae aei ciaoiaeaeaiiy yeinoae noeeiaee
i?ae ia?ith eaiie. Ia aoiae? aeai?eoio ciaoiaeaeaiiy yeinoae noeeiaee
i?ae eiaeiith ia?ith eaiie: nenoaia eaiie, ui caaeiaieueiy? oiia? REF
Eqn_36129_04305555557949_94 \* MERGEFORMAT (6) , ? aaeoi? ia?aiao??a,
iaea?aeaiee aeey eiaeii? ia?e eaiie aeai?eoiii aeae?eaiiy nenoaie eaiie.
Ia aeoiae? oeueiai aeai?eoio: nenoaia eaiie ? yeino? noeeiaee i?ae
eiaeiith ia?ith eaiie. Aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy yeinoae noeeiaee i?ae eiaeiith
ia?ith eaiie ?icaeyaea?oueny i?aecaaea/a, yea iaceaa?oueny caaea/ath
ciaoiaeaeaiiy yeinoae noeeiaee i?ae aeaiith eaieith ? nieneii eaiie
(CCssN).

Oi?iaeueia iinoaiiaea CCssN iieyaa? o ianooiiiio.

.

.

).

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeieaco?oueny, ui

,

.

. I?e oeueiio aoei iieacaii, ui nenoaia, iiaoaeiaaia ca ?ic?iaeaiei
iaoiaeii, iiaea naiiiaa/aoeny ? aaeaiooaaoeny aei noaoenoe/ieo
aeanoeainoae e?eaeo iioieo E?C a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a.

O ioieo? 2.2.4 ?icaeyiooa i?iaeaia iiooeo iioeiaeueii? ioo? ia a?ao?,
aeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeioe?eueiino? aeei?enoaiiy iaaaaeaieo
aeai?eoi?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaia eiie?aoecaoe?y aoai?a 1—2 ?ic?iaeaiiai
iaoiaeo a?aeiia?aeii aei e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai naiiienieo i?eai??a, ui
aeei?enoiaothoueny o aacia?e i?iieneiaino? aeey ia/eneaiiy aeo?ao aaco.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.1 ?ic?iaeaia ? iaaaaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iinoaiiaea caaea/?
iiaoaeiae aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? nenoaie eii?aeeiao B aeey EAe. Iaea?aeai?
aiae?oe/i? ae?aaeaiiy aeey ia?aoiaeo ?c i?yiieooii? n.e. A, iia’ycaii? c
?C e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai, o n.e. B, o ye?e iiaeaia ?ici?ciaaaia e?eaa, ?
iacaae aeey eiaeii? oi/ee. Aeey ni?iuaiiy caaea/? iiaoaeiae aiae?oe/ii?
iiaeae? oaiaeeoueny i?ii?aeia iiey?ia n.e. A1, ? aoaeothoueny aeey
aeia?eueii? oi/ee K ??aiyiiy ia?aoiaeo ?c i?yiieooii? n.e. A o i?ii?aeio
iiey?io n.e. A1, ?c A1 o B, ?c B o A1, ?c A1 a A. Iiaoaeiaa aiae?oe/ii?
iiaeae? n.e. B aoei cae?eniaii aeey EAe c ??aiii??ieie ? ia??aiii??ieie
oeaeaie, a oaeiae aeey ae?aa?ai, /an ia yeeo a?ae?aoiao?oueny ca
aiaeeiiith ? i?ioe aiaeeiii? no??eee. Iaea?aeaia oi?ia caaaeaiiy
aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? /a?ac ia?aiao?e EAe.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.2 cai?iiiiiaaii iaeei ?c iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a AANE aeey
EAe. O cai?iiiiiaaiiio AANE aeey EAe eiaeia eaiea yaey? niaith iaeio
oi/eo o n.e. B. Aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy nenoaie eaiie aoei ?ic?iaeaii:
aeai?eoi aeeiiaiiy n?/aiiy ocaeiaae ia?ea?o, i?ioeaaeo?a ciaoiaeaeaiiy
caaaeaiiai oeaio?o iieine, ia/eneaiiy aaae i?enae?a iieine. E??i nenoaie
eaiie, AANE aeey EAe iiaeiai noi?ioaaoe aaeoi? ia?aiao??a, ui iieno?
eiaeio ia?o eaiie. Aea?? ia?aiao??a ia? eaiie caeaaeeoue a?ae AANE.
Iieacaii, ui iaiao?aeii aeae?aoe oae? ia?aiao?e aeey ia?e eaiie, ye?
iaea?eueoa oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?ici?ciaaaio e?eao, oiaoi uia ca oeeie
ia?aiao?aie e?eaa iaea?eueoa a?ae??ciyeany a?ae on?o ?ioeo ia’?eo?a
a?ao?/iiai aeieoiaioo. Ca oae? ia?aiao?e i?iiiio?oueny aea?aoe
aaiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia?e eaiie i,j oa ona?aaeiaiee iiaeoeue
a?aeoeeaiiy (ca e?aniith, caeaiith ? nei?th neeaaeiaith) a?ae aaciaiai
eieuei?o aeey eaiee j.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aoea i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? iaoiaeo,
?ic?iaeaiiai o ?icae?eao 2, 3. Aei ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? aoei canoiniaaii
aeaa i?aeoiaee. O ia?oiio aeiaaeeo aoaeoeai?noue ioe?ithaaeanue ca
?acoeueoaoaie ia?iaee ?aaeueieo EAe. Ine?eueee ia?iaethaaeenue o?eueee
?aaeuei? cia?aaeaiiy EAe, a aiie aoee a iniiaiiio aai c iaeei /eneii
ia?aoeiae, aai ia?aoeiaee neeueii a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae ?ici?ciaaaii?
e?eai?, oi aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo aoea o an?o aeiaaeeao
100%. Oiio o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aoaeoeai?noue ua ioe?ithaaeanue ca
aeiiiiiaith ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy, yea aeicaieeei i?iiiaeaethaaoe
ia o?eueee aeoaea aaeeeo e?euee?noue ia?aoeiae ia AAe, aea oaeiae
neooaoe??, o yeeo ia?aoeiaee ?icoaoiaoaaeenue iiaeeco a?ae ?ici?ciaaaii?
e?eai?, aoee ia ia? noiae? ? o.i. Oaeei /eiii, ?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaethaaiiy
aeicaieeei i?iiiaeaethaaoe oae? neooaoe??, ye? ia ?aaeueieo cia?aaeaiiyo
EAe cono??/athoueny ??aeei, ? oiio ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai
iaoiaeo aoea i?iaaaeaia a?eueo iiaii.

O i?ae?icae?e? 4.1 ?icaeyaeathoueny e?eoa???, ye? iiaeia canoinoaaoe aei
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?. I?ae /an ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aoaeoeai?noue
?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo ioe?ithaaeanue c aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa??th, iacaaiiai
ye?noth ?ici?ciaaaiiy. Iaaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy oaeiai aeai?o e?eoa??th
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?.

O i?ae?icae?e? 4.2 iaaaaeaia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo
ca ?acoeueoaoaie ia?iaee ?aaeueieo e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai.

) aecia/a?oueny oaeei /eiii:

,

, yea io?eiaia o ?acoeueoao? ?ici?ciaaaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy yeino? ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia E?C a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a
o caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?ie ia?aiao??a ia?aoeiae i?iaiaeeeenue ca
aeiiiiiaith ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaoo
Mathematica 3.0. Iaoith ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
caeaaeiino? yeino? ?ici?ciaaaiiy a?ae ci?ie noaoenoe/ieo aeanoeainoae
ia?aoeiae.

Ia’?eoaie ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?:

aano?aeoiee a?ao?/iee aeieoiaio, yeee i?noeoue e?eao ? ia?aoeiaee, oiaoi
iiaeaeththoueny noaoenoe/i? aeanoeaino? e?eai? ? ia?aoeiae;

aa??aio aeai?eoio ?ici?ciaaaiiy, iiaoaeiaaiiai ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaiiai
iaoiaeo ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia E?C.

— aeiaaeeiaee aaeoi? ia?aiao??a, yeee yaey? niaith cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a
oeo ia? eaiie, ye? ia iio?aieee aei iioeiaeueiiai ia?o?ooo, a

— ona?aaeiaiee iiaeoeue a?aeoeeaiiy (ca e?aniith, caeaiith ? nei?th
neeaaeiaith) a?ae aaciaiai eieuei?o aeey eaiee j. Oe? ia?aiao?e
aaia?oaaeeny i?ia?aiii ca aeiiiiiaith aaia?aoi?a aeiaaeeiaeo /enae ca
aeayeeie ia?aieie caeiiaie. I?e oeueiio aeey i?inoioe aaaaeaeiny, ui

,

a?aeiia?aeii.

Ia?aoeiaee aeey eiaeii? eaiee, yea aeeth/aeany aei ia?o?ooo, io?eiaiiai
ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo, aaia?oaaeeny ca caeiiii

.

Oaeei /eiii, ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia
E?C, /a?ac iaianai? ia?aoeiaee ? “i?aaeeuei?” eaiee i?ieeaaeaany
ia?o?oo. Ii a?aeoeeaiith iioeiaeueiiai ia?o?ooo a?ae ia?o?ooo,
io?eiaiiai ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo, ia/enethaaeanue ye?noue
?ici?ciaaaiiy.

) oa?aeoa?ecothoue, iane?eueee eie?? ia?aoeiae aeecueei aai aeaeaei
ciaoiaeeoueny a?ae eieuei?o ?ici?ciaaaii? e?eai?.

:

aoee ?iciiae?eai? ca ??aiii??iei caeiiii;

aoee ?iciiae?eai? ca ??aiii??iei caeiiii;

— ca ii?iaeueiei.

iathoue caeiie ?iciiae?eo oae?, ye o aeiaaeeo 1).

, oi oea aiai?eoue i?i oa, ui ca ia?aieie i?eciaeaie e?eaa noiaea ia
ia?aoeiaeo, ? iiaea noaoeny, ui iaa?oue ethaeei? aaaeei aoaea
a?ae??cieoe e?eao a?ae ia?aoeiaee. Oaeei /eiii, aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeeee i?eiouaiiy, ui /ei iaioa ia?aoeiaee aoaeooue noiae? ia
?ici?ciaaaio e?eao, oei e?aua aoaea ye?noue ?ici?ciaaaiiy, ?, e??i oiai,
iaa?oue yeui ca yeeiinue ia?aiao?aie (ia ca on?ia, a ca iaeiei aai
aeaiia ia?aiao?aie) ia?aoeiaea aoaea noiaea ia e?eao, oi ye?noue
?ici?ciaaaiiy ana iaeii aeoiaeeoue aeiaie? aenieith. E?euee?noue
ia?aoeiae, ye? aaia?oaaeeny ia eiaeio eaieo, oa?aeoa?eco? e?euee?noue
ia?aoeiae ia iaeeieoeth ieiu? AAe. *ei a?eueoa ia AAe aoaea ciaoiaeeoeny
ia?aoeiae, oei ye?noue ?ici?ciaaaiiy iiaeiia aooe a??oa. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeeee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy, oiaoi i?e ca?eueoaii?
e?eueeino? ia?aoeiae ye?noue ?ici?ciaaaiiy aoea a??oith. I?iaaaeaia
?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaethaaiiy iieacaei, ui ye?noue ?ici?ciaaaiiy o oe?ie?e
iaeano? ci?ie ia?aiao??a ia?aoeiae ia iaioa 99.5%, a ciaioo?oueny aiii
o?eueee o aocueei? iaeano? ci?ie ia?aiao??a ia?aoeiae (o oi?? iaeano?,
aea noaoenoe/i? aeanoeaino? ia?aoeiae ca?aathoueny aai aeecuee? aei
noaoenoe/ieo aeanoeainoae e?eai?), aai i?e cia/iiio ca?eueoaii?
e?eueeino? ia?aoeiae ia AAe. Oiio iaoiae, ?ic?iaeaiee aeey ??oaiiy
caaea/ ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia E?C (?icae?ee 2, 3), ? aoaeoeaiei ? eiai
iiaeia oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ??oaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caaea/
?ici?ciaaaiiy.

2. aeniiaee

1. Noi?ioeueiaaii iiaee eean caaea/ ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia E?C
a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a, ??oaiiy yeeo aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe oaaee/io oi?io
a?ao?eo iaeiicia/ii? ooieoe??, ui a?aeiia?aea? ?ici?ciaaaii? e?eai?.

2. ?ic?iaeaii aoaeoeaiee iaoiae ??oaiiy caaea/ ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia
E?C a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a, iniiaieie aoaiaie yeiai ?: 1) iiaoaeiaa
aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? nenoaie eii?aeeiao, o yei? ciaoiaeeoueny
?ici?ciaaaia e?eaa, aeey AAe; 2) aeae?eaiiy nenoaie eaiie; 3)
ciaoiaeaeaiiy yeinoae noeeiaee i?ae eiaeiith ia?ith eaiie; 4)
ciaoiaeaeaiiy ia?o?ooo c iaeneiaeueiith ye?noth oeyoii ??oaiiy caaea/?
iiooeo iioeiaeueii? ioo? ia a?ao?. Iieacaii, ui aoaie 3—4 ?
?iaa??aioieie aei aeaeo AAe, a aoaie 1—2 iio?aaothoue ?ic?iaee
eiie?aoieo aeai?eoi?a aeey eiaeiiai aeaeo AAe.

3. I?iaaaeaia eiie?aoecaoe?y aoai?a 1—2 a?aeiia?aeii aei e?oaiaeo
ae?aa?ai naiiienieo i?eai??a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny o aacia?e
i?iieneiaino? aeey ia/eneaiiy aeo?ao aaco, oiaoi cae?eniaii iiaoaeiao
aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? nenoaie eii?aeeiao B aeey EAe ? ?ic?iaeaii iaeei ?c
iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a aeai?eoio aeae?eaiiy nenoaie eaiie aeey EAe.

4. Cae?eniaii ?ic?iaeo aoai?a 3—4 aeey aoaeue-yeiai aeaeo AAe.
Cai?iiiiiaaii i?aeo?ae aei ciaoiaeaeaiiy yeinoae noeeiaee i?ae ia?ith
eaiie, i?e oeueiio iieacaii, ui nenoaia, iiaoaeiaaia ca ?ic?iaeaiei
iaoiaeii, iiaea naiiiaa/aoeny ? aaeaiooaaoeny aei noaoenoe/ieo
aeanoeainoae e?eaeo iioieo E?C AAe. ?icaeyiooa i?iaeaia iiooeo
iioeiaeueii? ioo? ia a?ao?.

5. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo ca
?acoeueoaoaie ia?iaee ?aaeueieo EAe ? ca aeiiiiiaith ?i?oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, yea aeicaieeei i?iiiaeaethaaoe oae? neooaoe??, ye? ia
?aaeueieo cia?aaeaiiyo EAe cono??/athoueny ??aeei, ? oiio ioe?iea
aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo aoea i?iaaaeaia a?eueo iiaii. I?ae /an
?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo
ioe?ithaaeany c aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa??th, iacaaiiai ye?noth
?ici?ciaaaiiy. Iaaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy oaeiai aeai?o e?eoa??th ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino?. ?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaeue aoea ?ic?iaeaia c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaeaoo Mathematica 3.0 aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? yeino?
?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia E?C AAe a?ae ci?ie noaoenoe/ieo aeanoeainoae
ia?aoeiae. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee i?eiouaiiy, ui /ei iaioa
ia?aoeiaee aoaeooue noiae? ia ?ici?ciaaaio e?eao, oei ye?noue
?ici?ciaaaiiy aoaea e?aua, ? /ei a?eueoa ia AAe aoaea ciaoiaeeoeny
ia?aoeiae, oei ye?noue ?ici?ciaaaiiy aoaea a??oa. E??i oiai, i?iaaaeaia
?i?oaoe?eia iiaeaethaaiiy iieacaei, ui ye?noue ?ici?ciaaaiiy o oe?ie?e
iaeano? ci?ie ia?aiao??a ia?aoeiae ia iaioa 99.5%, a ciaioo?oueny aiii
o?eueee o aocueei? iaeano? ci?ie ia?aiao??a ia?aoeiae (o o??? iaeano?,
aea noaoenoe/i? aeanoeaino? ia?aoeiae ca?aathoueny aai aeecuee? aei
noaoenoe/ieo aeanoeainoae e?eai?), aai i?e cia/iiio ca?eueoaii?
e?eueeino? ia?aoeiae ia AAe. Oiio iaoiae, ?ic?iaeaiee aeey ??oaiiy
caaea/ ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia E?C ? aoaeoeaiei ? eiai iiaeia oe?iei
aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ??oaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia
E?C.

6. ?ic?iaeaiee o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaoiae i?ia?aiii ?aae?ciaaii o
aeaeyae? ANIEAe o na?aaeiaeu? Windows c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ino?oiaioaeueieo
cania?a Borland Pascal 7.0 ? Delphi. ANIEAe aeei?enoiao?oueny o
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeiio o/aiaiio oeaio?? iae?eo aaco ? iao?ieia??
aaciaei??thaaiue AeI IAeI?ANOo?ainaac, ?, e??i oiai, ANIEAe aoea
ia?aaeaia a iieoio aenieoaoaoe?th o AAO “Oa?ueeiaai?aac”.

7. ?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia E?C a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a
iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia o?eueee o aacia?e i?iieneiaino?, aea ? o
aaaaoueio ?ioeo aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie (iai?eeeaae, o
iaaeeoeei?, aeey eiii’thoa?ii? ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a iaoeiaeo
aenia?eiaio?a ? o.ae.).

3. Ioae?eaoe??? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

SEQ Source \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 1 . Aaeaiaiei A. A. ?aniiciaaaiea
a?aoeeia caaeneiinoae ia oeaaoiuo ?ano?iauo ecia?aaeaieyo aeeaa?aii//
?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea e eioi?iaoeea.— 1998.— ?1.— N. 84-85.

SEQ Source \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 2 . Oaayoaa A. Ae., Aaeaiaiei A.
A., Aaeaiaiei A. A., Iiiiia?ueia TH. A. Eiiieaen caaea/ aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
ieai?iao?oaaiiy eieiaeo ae?aa?ai// Iaooiaa ? aaciaa i?iieneia?noue.—
1997.— ?2.— N. 45-47.

SEQ Source \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 3 . Oaayoaa A.Ae., Aaeaiaiei A.A.
Aeai?eoi aaoiiaoe/aneiai ?aniiciaaaiey e?eauo ia oeaaoiuo ecia?aaeaieyo
e?oaiauo aeeaa?aii// Eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee: iaoea, oaoieea,
oaoiieiaey, ia?aciaaiea, caei?iauea: Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia OAIO. Aui.
6. A /aou?ao /anoyo. *. 1.— Oa?ueeia: Oa?uee. ain. iieeoaoi. oi-o.—
1998.— C. 332-335.

SEQ Source \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 4 . A.Oaayoaa, A.Aaeaiaiei,
TH.Iiiiia?aa. Eioi?iaoeeiiii-aiaeeoe/aneay nenoaia ia?aaioee oeaaoiuo
aeeaa?aii naiiieooueo ?anoiaeiia?ia i?e?iaeiiai aaca// O?ainii?ooaaiiy,
eiio?ieue yeinoi oa iaeie aia?aiiiniia.— Eueaia: Aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao
“Eueaianueea iieioaoiiea”.— 1998.— N. 217-222.

SEQ Source \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 5 . Iiiiia?aa TH. A., Aaeaiaiei
A. A., Aaeaiaiei A. A. Eiiieaen caaea/ aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai
ieaieiao?e?iaaiey e?oaiauo aeeaa?aii// 2 iaaeae. eiio. “Oai?ey e oaoieea
ia?aaea/e, i?eaia e ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeee” a a. Ooaina.— *. 2.—
Oa?ueeia: IIOE OOO?Y.— 1996.— N. 217.

SEQ Source \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 6 . Aaeaiaiei A. A., Aaeaiaiei A.
A. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay nenoaia o/aoa ?anoiaea aaca ia
aaci?ani?aaeaeeoaeueiuo noaioeeyo// 3 iaaeae. eiio. “Oai?ey e oaoieea
ia?aaea/e, i?eaia e ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeee” a a. Ooaina.— Oa?ueeia: IIOE
OOO?Y.— 1997.— N. 195.

SEQ Source \* ARABIC \* MERGEFORMAT 7 . Oaayoaa A.Ae., Aaeaiaiei
A.A., Aaeaiaiei A.A., Iiiiia?aa TH.A. Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay nenoaia
ia?aaioee oeaaoiuo aeeaa?aii naiiieooueo n?aaenoa ecia?aiey//
“?ioi?iaoe?ei? ? aia?aicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? aeey o?oaii?ia?aeieo
nenoai aia?aaoeee”: Oac aeii. ? iia?ae.— ?aaii-O?aie?anuee: OeIOA?.—
1997.— N. 65-77.

4. Aiioaoe?y

Aaeaiaiei A. A. ?ic?iaea oa aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiiai iaoiaeo ??oaiiy
caaea/ ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia eieuei?iaeo ?ano?iaeo cia?aaeaiiyo.—
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.05.04— nenoaiiee aiae?c oa oai??y iioeiaeueieo
??oaiue.— Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee, Oa?e?a, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? noi?ioeueiaaii iiaee eean caaea/ ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo ia
eieuei?iaeo ?ano?iaeo cia?aaeaiiyo a?ao?/ieo aeieoiaio?a, ??oaiiy yeeo
aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe oaaee/io oi?io a?ao?eo iaeiicia/ii? ooieoe??, ui
a?aeiia?aea? ?ici?ciaaaii? e?eai?, ? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ??oaiiy oaeeo
caaea/, iniiaieie aoaiaie yeiai ?: iiaoaeiaa aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? nenoaie
eii?aeeiao, o yei? ciaoiaeeoueny ?ici?ciaaaia e?eaa, aeey a?ao?/iiai
aeieoiaioo; aeae?eaiiy nenoaie eaiie; ciaoiaeaeaiiy yeinoae noeeiaee
i?ae eiaeiith ia?ith eaiie; ciaoiaeaeaiiy ia?o?ooo c iaeneiaeueiith
ye?noth oeyoii ??oaiiy caaea/? iiooeo iioeiaeueii? ioo? ia a?ao?.
I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo ca
?acoeueoaoaie ia?iaee ?aaeueieo e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai ? ca aeiiiiiaith
?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy, yea aeicaieeei i?iiiaeaethaaoe oae?
neooaoe??, ye? ia ?aaeueieo cia?aaeaiiyo e?oaiaeo ae?aa?ai
cono??/athoueny ??aeei, ? oiio ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo
aoea i?iaaaeaia a?eueo iiaii. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee
aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eieuei?iaa ?ano?iaa cia?aaeaiiy, ?ici?ciaaaiiy e?eaeo,
aiae?oe/ia iiaeaeue nenoaie eii?aeeiao aeey a?ao?/iiai aeieoiaioo,
nenoaia eaiie, ye?noue noeeiaee i?ae ia?ith eaiie, ?i?oaoe?eia
iiaeaethaaiiy, e?oaiaa ae?aa?aia.

5. Aiiioaoeey

Aaeaiaiei A. A. ?ac?aaioea e enneaaeiaaiea yooaeoeaiiai iaoiaea ?aoaiey
caaea/ ?aniiciaaaiey e?eauo ia oeaaoiuo ?ano?iauo ecia?aaeaieyo.—
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.05.04— nenoaiiue aiaeec e oai?ey iioeiaeueiuo
?aoaiee.— Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao
?aaeeiyeaeo?iieee, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaia e i?eaaaeaia iinoaiiaea iiaiai eeanna caaea/
?aniiciaaaiey e?eauo ia oeaaoiuo ?ano?iauo ecia?aaeaieyo (Oe?E)
a?aoe/aneeo aeieoiaioia. Aeey yoiai aaiaeyony iiiyoey e?eaie, oeeo?iaie
iiaeaee e?eaie (OeIE), aiaeeoe/aneie iiaeaee nenoaiu eii?aeeiao aeey
a?aoe/aneiai aeieoiaioa e ae?. Iieacaii, /oi ?acoeueoaoii ?aoaiey
caaea/e ?aniiciaaaiey e?eaie ia Oe?E yaeyaony iioeiaeueiay OeIE, o.a.
oaaee/iay oi?ia a?aoeea iaeiicia/iie ooieoeee, niioaaonoaothuae
?aniiciaaaaiie e?eaie. I?e yoii i?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi e?eaua
i?aaenoaaeytho niaie ?aaeecaoeee iaeiiai e oiai aea neo/aeiiai i?ioeanna
n iai?a?uaiui a?aiaiai e iacaaeneiuie i?e?auaieyie. Noaoenoe/aneea
naienoaa yoiai i?ioeanna ca?aiaa iaecaanoiu, ii iinoiyiiu eee iaiythony
iinoaiaiii io iaeiiai a?aoe/aneiai aeieoiaioa e ae?oaiio aeey anao
e?eauo iaeiiai iioiea. ?ac?aaioai iaoiae ?aoaiey noi?ioee?iaaiiiai
eeanna caaea/, nooue eioi?iai ninoieo a iino?iaiee eiie?aoiuo
iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae aeey oi?iaeecaoeee enoiaeiie iieooi?iaeeciaaiiie
caaea/e e i?aaenoaaeaiey aa a aeaea aieaa i?inouo iiaecaaea/.

Iniiaiuie yoaiaie ?ac?aaioaiiiai iaoiaea yaeythony:

1. Iino?iaiea aiaeeoe/aneie iiaeaee nenoaiu eii?aeeiao B, a eioi?ie
i?aaenoaaeaia ?aniiciaaaaiay e?eaay, aeey a?aoe/aneiai aeieoiaioa.

2. Auaeaeaiea nenoaiu caaiueaa (i?aaeiieaaaaiuo o?aaiaioia iioeiaeueiie
OeIE).

3. Iaoiaeaeaiea ea/anoa noueiaee iaaeaeo eaaeaeie ia?ie caaiueaa.

4. Iaoiaeaeaiea ia?o?ooa n iaeneiaeueiui ea/anoaii iooai ?aoaiey caaea/e
iienea iioeiaeueiiai iooe ia a?aoa.

Iieacaii, /oi yoaiu 3—4 yaeythony eiaa?eaioiuie e aeaeo a?aoe/aneeo
aeieoiaioia, a yoaiu 1—2 o?aaotho ?ac?aaioee eiie?aoiuo aeai?eoiia aeey
eaaeaeiai aeaea a?aoe/aneeo aeieoiaioia. A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa auea
i?iaaaeaia eiie?aoecaoeey yoaiia 1—2 i?eiaieoaeueii e e?oaiaui
aeeaa?aiiai (EAe) naiiieooueo i?eai?ia, i?eiaiyaiuo a aaciaie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe aeey au/eneaiey ?anoiaea aaca. O.a. a ?aaioa auea
?ac?aaioaia e i?eaaaeaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iinoaiiaea caaea/e iino?iaiey
aiaeeoe/aneie iiaeaee nenoaiu eii?aeeiao B aeey EAe e aue ?ac?aaioai
aeai?eoi auaeaeaiey nenoaiu caaiueaa aeey EAe. Aiaeeoe/aneay iiaeaeue
nenoaiu eii?aeeiao B aeey EAe i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oi?ioeu ia?aoiaea ec
i?yiioaieueiie n.e. A, naycaiiie n ?ano?iaui ecia?aaeaieai EAe, a
n.e. B, a eioi?ie i?aaenoaaeaia ?aniiciaaaaiay e?eaay, e ia?aoii aeey
eaaeaeie oi/ee, iaania/eaathuea eiaa?eaioiinoue yoiai ia?aoiaea e
ianooaao ?ano?iaiai ecia?aaeaiey. Aeey iaoiaeaeaiey nenoaiu caaiueaa
auee ?ac?aaioaiu aeai?eoi auiieiaiey na/aiey aaeieue ia?ea?a,
i?ioeaaeo?a iaoiaeaeaiey acaaoaiiiai oeaio?a iieinu, au/eneaiea aania
ieenaeia iieinu.

, eioi?ue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie cia/aiey ia?aiao?ia oao ia? caaiueaa,
eioi?ua iiiaee a iioeiaeueiue ia?o?oo. I?e yoii auei iieacaii, /oi
nenoaia, iino?iaiiay ii ?ac?aaioaiiiio iaoiaeo, iiaeao naiiiao/aoueny e
aaeaioe?iaaoueny e noaoenoe/aneei naienoaai e?eauo iioiea Oe?E
a?aoe/aneeo aeieoiaioia. ?anniio?aia i?iaeaia iienea iioeiaeueiiai iooe
ia a?aoa.

A ?aaioa auee i?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ?ac?aaioaiiiai
iaoiaea, i?e yoii e ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe auei i?eiaiaii aeaa iiaeoiaea.
A ia?aii neo/aa yooaeoeaiinoue ioeaieaaeanue ii ?acoeueoaoai ia?aaioee
?aaeueiuo e?oaiauo aeeaa?aii. Iineieueeo ia?aaaouaaeenue oieueei
?aaeueiua ecia?aaeaiey e?oaiauo aeeaa?aii, a iie auee a iniiaiii eeai n
iaeui /eneii iiiao, eeai iiiaoe neeueii ioee/aeenue io ?aniiciaaaaiie
e?eaie, oi yooaeoeaiinoue ?ac?aaioaiiiai iaoiaea iieo/eeanue ai anao
neo/ayo 100%. Iiyoiio a aeenna?oaoeee yooaeoeaiinoue aua ioeaieaaeanue n
iiiiuueth eieoaoeeiiiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey, eioi?ia iicaieeei
i?iiiaeaee?iaaoue ia oieueei i/aiue aieueoia eiee/anoai iiiao ia
a?aoe/aneii aeieoiaioa, ii e neooaoeee, eiaaea iiiaoe ?aniieaaaeenue
aaeece ?aniiciaaaaiie e?eaie, auee ia iaa iioiaee e o.ae. Oaeei ia?acii,
eieoaoeeiiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea iicaieeei i?iiiaeaee?iaaoue oaeea
neooaoeee, eioi?ua ia ?aaeueiuo ecia?aaeaieyo EAe ano?a/athony ?aaeei, e
iiyoiio ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe ?ac?aaioaiiiai iaoiaea auea i?iaaaeaia
aieaa iieii. Ai a?aiy eieoaoeeiiiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey yooaeoeaiinoue
?ac?aaioaiiiai iaoiaea ioeaieaaeanue n eniieueciaaieai e?eoa?ey,
iacaaiiiai ea/anoaii ?aniiciaaaiey. I?eaaaeaii iainiiaaiea oaeiai auai?a
e?eoa?ey ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe. Eieoaoeeiiiay iiaeaeue auea ?ac?aaioaia
n i?eiaiaieai iaeaoa Mathematica 3.0 aeey enneaaeiaaiey caaeneiinoe
ea/anoaa ?aniiciaaaiey e?eauo ia Oe?E a?aoe/aneeo aeieoiaioia io
eciaiaiey noaoenoe/aneeo naienoa iiiao. Enneaaeiaaiey iiaeoaa?aeeee
i?aaeiieiaeaiea, /oi /ai iaiueoa iiiaoe aoaeoo iioiaee ia
?aniiciaaaaioth e?eaoth, oai ea/anoai ?aniiciaaaiey aoaeao eo/oa, e /ai
aieueoa ia a?aoe/aneii aeieoiaioa aoaeao iaoiaeeoueny iiiao, oai
ea/anoai ?aniiciaaaiey aoaeao ooaea. E?iia oiai, i?iaaaeaiiia
eieoaoeeiiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea iieacaei, /oi ea/anoai ?aniiciaaaiey a
oe?ieie iaeanoe eciaiaiey ia?aiao?ia iiiao ia iaiaa 99.5%, a
oiaiueoaaony iii oieueei a oceie iaeanoe eciaiaiey ia?aiao?ia iiiao (a
oie iaeanoe, aaea noaoenoe/aneea naienoaa iiiao niaiaaeatho eee aeecee e
noaoenoe/aneei naienoaai e?eaie), eeai i?e cia/eoaeueiii oaaee/aiee
eiee/anoaa iiiao ia a?aoe/aneii aeieoiaioa. Iiyoiio iaoiae,
?ac?aaioaiiue aeey ?aoaiey caaea/ ?aniiciaaaiey e?eauo ia Oe?E, yaeyaony
yooaeoeaiui e aai iiaeii oe?iei eniieueciaaoue aeey ?aoaiey i?aeoe/aneeo
caaea/ ?aniiciaaaiey e?eauo ia Oe?E.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeaaoiia ?ano?iaia ecia?aaeaiea, ?aniiciaaaiea e?eauo,
aiaeeoe/aneay iiaeaeue nenoaiu eii?aeeiao aeey a?aoe/aneiai aeieoiaioa,
nenoaia caaiueaa, ea/anoai noueiaee iaaeaeo ia?ie caaiueaa,
eieoaoeeiiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea, e?oaiaay aeeaa?aiia.

6. ABSTRACT

Adamenko V. A. Development and research of an effective method for
decision of the tasks of curve recognition on the color raster images. —
Manuscript.

The thesis presented for a candidate degree of engineering science on a
specialty 01.05.04 — System analysis and theory of the optimum
decisions. — Kharkov State Technical University of Radioelectronics,
Kharkov, 1998.

In the thesis the new class of tasks of curve recognition on the color
raster images of the graphic documents is formulated. Decision of these
tasks allows receiving the tabulated form of the diagram of unequivocal
function that appropriate to a curve recognized. The method of the
decision of such tasks has been developed. The basic stages of method
presented are: construction of analytical model of coordinate system, in
which the recognized curve is submitted on the graphic document;
allocation of system of parts; a finding of link qualities between each
pair of parts; a finding of a route with the maximal quality by the
decision of a task of search of an optimum way on the graph. The
researches of efficiency of the developed method have been carried out
by results of processing the real circular diagrams and with the help of
imitating modeling. This imitating modeling has allowed modeling out
such situations that rarely meet on the real images of the circular
diagrams, and consequently the estimation of efficiency has been carried
out more full. The carried out researches have confirmed high efficiency
of the developed method.

Keywords: color raster image, curve recognition, analytical model of
coordinate system on the graphic document, system of parts, link quality
between each pair of parts, imitating modeling, circular diagram.

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