EE?ANUeEEE IAOeIIIAEUeIEE OIIAA?NEOAO

AOAeIAIEOeOAA ? A?OIOAEOO?E

Ea?aeaeaaia Aaieeanii Aanaooa?iae/

OAeE 628.34:622

?IC?IAEA NENOAIE IAI?IOIIAI AIAeIIINOA*AIIss

A??IE*I-CAAAA*OAAEUeII? OAA?EEE

II IA?A?IAOe? AIEUeO?AIIAI? ?OAeE

(ia i?eeeaae? ?ia?/e?inueei? ACO)

05.23.04 — Aiaeiiinoa/aiiy, eaiae?caoe?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio
oi?aa?neoao?
aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
Ooaae
Aiaoie?e Ieoaeeiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aiaeiiinoa/aiiy Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
A??ieue
Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aiaeiainiiaea?/iai aoae?aieoeoaa
??aiainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

— eaiaeeaeao
oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee Aeaaeaeaiei Ieaenaiae? Iaaiiae/,
caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo i/enoee no?/ieo aiae
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ? eiino?oeoi?nueei-
oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo
i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
Aea?aeaoaeo Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y i?nueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “13” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.056.07 a Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio
oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca aae?anith: 252037, i.
Ee?a-37, Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?iniaeo, 31, aoae. 466.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? EIOA?A.

A?aeaoee ia aaoi?aoa?ao i?ineii iaaeneeaoe a aeaio aecaiiey?ao ca
i?aeienii, caa??aiei ia/aoeith, ia aae?ano: 252037, i. Ee?a-37,
Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?ini., 31, EIOA?A, A/aia ?aaea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “9” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I.
A. Aaneeaiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue. A??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei? oaa?eee ii ia?a?iaoe?
aieueo?aiiai? ?oaee oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ooai?aiiyi aaeeei? e?eueeino?
aenieieiioeaio?iaaieo no?/ieo aiae, ye? iathoue aenieee ai?no caaaeaieo
?a/iaei, iaioeciaaieo cia/iith e?euee?noth ??aeeiai neea, ui iaoiiaeth?
aa?aaaoeaio no?ee?noue caaeneeo ?a/iaei.

Na?aae iaoiae?a, ui canoiniaothoueny aeey i/euaiiy no?/ieo aiae aeaii?
eaoaai???, aei iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo iiaeia a?aeianoe ?aaaaioia
ina?oeaiiy. I?ioean aeaeaeaiiy caaeneeo ?a/iaei ?c no?/ieo aiae
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa iiaeia ?ioaineo?eoaaoe i?e
noi?niiio canoinoaaii? oeieoeyio?a oa eiaaoeyio?a. Iniaeeai
ia?niaeoeaiei ? aeei?enoaiiy o yeino? ?aaaaio?a ? oeieoeyio?a ?a/iaei,
ye? yaeythoue niaith i?iieneia? a?aeoiaee.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia i?iaeai? ?aaaaioiiai ina?oeaiiy no?/ieo
aiae a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?ee ca aeiiiiiaith ?aaaaio?a, ae?iaeaieo
c a?aeoiae?a ae?iaieoeoaa, oa aeinyaiaiiy oaei? yeino? i/euaieo aiae, ui
caaacia/eoue iiaeeea?noue ?o iiaoi?iiai aeei?enoaiiy o oaoiieia?/iiio
i?ioean? i?aei?e?inoa.

Iaoa ?iaioe — ?ic?iaea ? iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaenii? oaoiieia??
i/euaiiy oainoiaeo (no?/ieo) aiae a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?ee, yea
caaacia/eoue aoaeoeai?noue aeaeaeaiiy caa?oaeiaiue aei ii?iaoea?a
yeino?, ui aeicaiey? iiaoi?ia aeei?enoaiiy i/euaii? aiaee o
oaoiieia?/iiio i?ioean? oaa?eee.

Iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue:

1. aecia/eoe ye?niee neeaae oa aeanoeaino? oainoiaeo aiae ?ia?/e?inueei?
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueii? oaa?eee (?anioae?ea Ocaae?noai) c iaoith aeai?o
iiaeeeaeo iaoiae?a i/euaiiy;

2. ioe?ieoe aieea ??ciiiai?oieo ?aaaaio?a [eiaaoeyio?a, oeieoeyio?a oa
eiiiiceoe?eii-eiaaoeyoe?eieo noi?oae (EEN)] ia i?ioean ina?oeaiiy
oainoiaeo aiae;

3. aecia/aiiy oa iaa?oiooaaiiy aeice ?aaaaio?a, ye? caaacia/aoue ye?noue
i/euaii? aiaee, ui a?aeiia?aea? oiiaai aeey aeei?enoaiiy ?? o oaoi?/iiio
aiaeiiinoa/aii? oaa?eee (iiaoi?iiai aeei?enoaiiy);

4. ?ic?iaeoe oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iee e?eoa??e aeai?o iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai
?aaaaioa (aai EEN) aeey ina?oeaiiy oainoiaeo aiae;

5. cai?iiiioaaoe oaoiieia?th i/euaiiy aenieieiioeaio?iaaieo oainoiaeo
aiae a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueii? oaa?eee, yea a caaacia/eea iiaeeea?noue
iiaoi?iiai aeei?enoaiiy i/euaieo aiae ?c canoinoaaiiyi ia?aiiai
?aaaaioo, aai EEN;

6. ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ia i?iaeooaaiiy eiiieaeno nii?oae aeey
i/euaiiy oainoiaeo aiae a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?ee iaoiaeii
ina?oeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith ?aaaaioo ia aac? i?iieneiaeo a?aeoiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia:

Aeine?aeaeaii oa ni?anoaaeaii aieea ??ciiiai?oieo ?aaaaio?a ia i?ioean
ina?oeaiiy aenieieiioeaio?iaaieo no?/ieo aiae a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo
oaa?ee. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue ? iaea?eueoa
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?aaaaioo c i?iieneiaiai a?aeoiaeo — aieieia
“i?o?ii” ye oeieoeyioa, ui caaacia/o? ye?noue i/euaieo no?/ieo
(oainoiaeo) aiae aeey ?o iiaoi?iiai aeei?enoaiiy o oaoiieia?/iiio
i?ioean? oaa?eee. Aecia/aii e?euee?ni? caeiiii??iino? aieeao EEN —
“i?o?ii”-noeueoao aethi?i?th ia aoaeoeai?noue ina?oeaiiy no?/ieo aiae.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe oa ?? ?aae?caoe?y:

1. ia iniia? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy
i?iieneiaiai a?aeoiaeo — aieieia “i?o?ii” o yeino? oeieoeyioa a i?ioean?
ina?oeaiiy oainoiaeo no?/ieo aiae;

2. iaea?aeaii ?ic?aooieia? ia?aiao?e i?ioeano ina?oeaiiy oainoiaeo aiae
?c cai?iiiiiaaiei EEN, ui caaacia/o? ye?noue i/euaii? aiaee, iiaeeeai?
aeey iiaoi?iiai aeei?enoaiiy;

3. cai?iiiiiaaii oaoiieia?th i/euaiiy aenieieiioeaio?iaaieo oainoiaeo
aiae, yea caaacia/eoue iiaeeea?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy o cai?ioiiio
aiaeiiinoa/aii?;

4. cai?iiiiiaaia oaoiieia?y c aeei?enoaiiyi EEN aoea aei?iaoaaia ia
aeine?aeii-i?iieneia?e onoaiiaoe? ia ?ia?/e?inuee?e
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei?e oaa?eoe? ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaia eii?n??th
?ia?/e?inueeiai ?oaeioi?aae?iiy Naia?eaiaenueei? iaeano? (?anioae?ea
Ocaaeenoai) aeey i?iieneiaiai aei?iaoaaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii o
aeiiia?aeyo ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e o 1993–1996 ?. ?.,
ia iaeaniiio nai?ia??-ia?aae? “I?enei?aiiy oa ?ioaineo?eaoe?y
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano a aoae?aieoeoa? a oiiaao Naia?eaiaenueei?
iaeano?” (i. Naia?eaiae), 1988 ?., ia i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi?
“Aeieia?y, aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy” o i. Naia?eaiae? o 1993 ?., ia
ae?oa?e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeieia?y, aia?ai- oa
?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy a aoae?aieoeoa?” (i. Naia?eaiae), 1996 ?., ia
oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? o 1996 ?., o i.
Eueaia?, “No/ani? i?iaeaie aiaeiiinoa/aiiy oa ciaoeiaeaeaiiy no?/ieo
aiae”, ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aacaaa??eii?
aenieoaoaoe?? oa aeieia?/ia aaciaea iaeiie/oaaeueieo nii?oae
(oainoio?aieeeu, oeaiiiaeiie/oaa/?a, cieia?aeaae?a oa ?io.) oa iie?aii?a
oaa?aeeo iiaooiaeo a?aeoiae?a” (i. ss?ai/a, ?aaii-O?aie?anueea iae.),
1999 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 ae?oeiaaieo
?ia?o.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeeeaaeai? ia 164 noi??ieao eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo ?
neeaaeathoueny ?c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (110 iaeiaioaaiue), 26 oaaeeoeue, 36 iaethie?a
oa aeiaeaoe?a.

Iniiaiee ciIno ?iaioe

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? c?iaeaii e?eoe/iee aiae?c no/aniiai noaio ?nioth/eo
iaoiae?a i/euaiiy aenieieiioeaio?iaaieo oainoiaeo aiae
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa.

A?aecia/aii iniaeeaino? ooai?aiiy oa neeaae oainoiaeo aiae
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?ee, ui aeei?enoiaothoue oeioi-?aaaaioiee
iaoiae caaaa/oaaiiy ?oaee. Naia aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo
oeioi?aaaaio?a, ye? cae/aeii iio?aieythoue o no?/i? aiaee, ? noai?th?
neeaaeiino? ?o i/euaiiy.

Iieacaii aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy cai?ioiiai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ia
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?eeao oa aeei?enoaiiy c oe??th iaoith naia
i/euaieo oainoiaeo aiae.

Aecia/aii, ia i?eeeaae? ?ia?/e?inueei? a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueii? oaa?eee,
iniiai? aeiiae aei i/euaii? oaoi?/ii? aiaee: e?euee?noue caaeneeo
?a/iaei ia iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe 250 ia/e, aei?noe?noue — 20 iaaea/e.

Aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaiei iaoiaeii i/enoee oainoiaeo aiae ? iaoiae ?aaaaioiiai
ina?oeaiiy. ?icaeyiooi ?nioth/? oaoiieia?/i? noaie ina?oeaiiy oainoiaeo
aiae.

Iaea?eueo iioe?aiei na?aae ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ? i/euaiiy oainoiaeo aiae
o?ce/ii-o?i?/ieie iaoiaeaie.

O ca’yceo c oeei o yeino? eiaaoeyio?a aeei?enoiaothoueny iai?aai?/i?
aeaeo?ie?oe: aaiii, noeueoaoe cae?ca oa aethi?i?th, oei?eae cae?ca,
n??/aia eeneioa oa ?io?. Aeei?enoaiiy oeieoeyio?a ca?eueoo? i?oei?noue
ieano?aoe?a oa i?enei?th? i?ioean ?o ooai?aiiy. Neioaoe/i? oa i?e?iaei?
oeieoeyioe aeei?enoiaothoueny o a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei?e,
oeaetheicii-iaia?ia?e oa ?ioeo i?iieneiainoyo c iaoith ?ioaineo?eaoe??
i?ioean?a a?aeae?eaiiy oaa?aei? oace a?ae ??aeei?. Aeei?enoaiiy
oeieoeyio?a iiaeia ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe ye naiino?eii, oae ? a noi?o? c
?ioeie ?aaaaioaie — eiiiiceoe?eii-eiaaoeyoe?ei? noi?o?.

C?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?/ieo noai i/euaiiy
oainoiaeo aiae iiaeiia aacoaaoenue ia aeei?enoaii? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo
oa aeaoaaeo ?aaaaio?a, na?aae yeeo caneoaiaothoue iniaeeai? oaaae
a?aeoiaee i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. Noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ye?niiai neeaaeo oainoiaeo aiae, ui ooai?ththoueny o
i?ioean? ia?a?iaee aieueo?aiiaeo ?oae.

O eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao aei?iaoaaii eiaaoethth/? aeanoeaino? a?aeiieo
eiaaoeyio?a: Al2(SO4)3, Fe2(SO4)3, FeCl3. Aeei?enoaiiy cacia/aieo
eiaaoeyio?a aeicaiey? eiiaeeoe?thaaoe aeenia?nio oaco. Oae, i?e aeic?
noeueoaoo cae?ca 1600–2000 ia/e eiioeaio?aoe?y caaeneeo ?a/iaei
cieaeo?oueny aei 50–100 ia/e. Aeine?aeaeaii i?ioeane eiaaoeyoe??
oainoiaeo aiae eiiiiceoe??th noeueoaoo aethi?i?th oa noeueoaoo cae?ca,
oei?eaeo cae?ca oa noeueoaoo aethi?i?th a ??cieo ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo (iae.
1, 2).

sse oeieoeyioe aoee aei?iaoaai?: iie?ae?eeai?ae (IAA), aeoeaiaaia
e?aiiaeeneioa (AE), Separan MG-202E, Separan AP-45E, Sanfloc N520p (iae.
3). Anoaiiaeaii, ui iioeiaeuei? noia?i? aeice eiiiiceoe?eieo eiaaoeyio?a
iaioa, i?ae i?e aeei?enoaii? iiii?aaaaio?a. I?e aeei?enoaii? eiiiiceoe?e
(iae. 1, 2) iaiao?aeiee aoaeo ina?oeaiiy (Nc.?. = 250 ia/e)
aeinyaa?oueny i?e aeicao, ye? ia ia?aaeuothoue 900 ia/e (iae. 3).

Aei?iaoaaii oeieoeyio ia aac? a?ae?ie?ciaaiiai aieieia “i?o?ii” oa
eiiiiceoe?eii-eiaaoeyoe?eia noi?o — aieieii “i?o?ii” oa n??/aiieeneee
aethi?i?e o ??cieo ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo. I?e aeic? iie?ae?eeai?aeo (IAA)
50–100 ia/e eiioeaio?aoe?y caaeneeo ?a/iaei cieaeo?oueny aei 204 ia/e, a
i?e aeic? 250 ia/e aei 60 ia/e.

Iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe iaea?aeaii i?e aeei?enoaii? oeieoeyioo Sanfloc
N520. I?e aeicao 100–150 ia/e eiioeaio?aoe?y caaeneeo ?a/iaei
ciaioo?oueny aei 70–100 ia/e.

Canoinoaaiiy oeieoeyioo Separan MG202E aeicaiey? ciaioeoe
eiioeaio?aoe?th caaeneeo ?a/iaei aei 38–70 ia/e eeoa i?e aeicao 400–500
ia/e.

Oeieoeyioe Sedipur NF120, Diafloc AP825, Sedipur AF400 ia aca?iiae?thoue
?c caa?oaeiaiiyie oainoiaeo aiae.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oeieoeyoe?eieo aeanoeainoae aeoeaiaaii? e?aiiaeeneioe
(AE) iieacaee, ui aeei?enoaiiy AE ia aeicaiey? ciaioeoe eiioeaio?aoe?th
caaeneeo ?a/iaei o ina?oeai?e aiae? ieae/a 2000–3000 ia/e.

Aieieii “i?o?ii” ? i?iieneiaei a?aeoiaeii Iaai?inueeiai o?ieiia?iaoo,
?icoaoiaaiiai o aaciina?aaei?e aeecueeino? a?ae ?ia?/e?inueei? oaa?eee,
ui cia/ii aieeaa? ia e?ioeaaee ?acoeueoao — aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue
i?ioeano.

E?eoa???i o aecia/aii? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ?aaaaio?a ? cia/aiiy
aei?noeino? oa eiioeaio?aoe?? caaeneeo ?a/iaei o ina?oeai?e aiae? i?e
??aiiio oa?i?i? a?aenoithaaiiy oa aeic? ?aaaaioo.

Iae. 1. Caeaaei?noue wmetafile8? ??U????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@???? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-????? @???? (???u y??????
Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy wmetafile8? ??F???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???u?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-??????@?????ae???u y??????

Iae. 3. Caeaaei?noue
wmetafile8? ??U????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@???? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-????? @???? (???u y??????

Aeine?aeaeoaaeenue aeice oeieoeyioa 20; 40; 80; 140 oa 200 ia/e i?e
oa?i?i? a?aenoithaaiiy 30; 60; 90 oa 120 oaeeei.

Cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? caaeneeo ?a/iaei (Nc.?., ia/e) o caeaaeiino? a?ae
aeice oeieoeyioa “i?o?ii” (Do, ia/e), i?e ta?aeno. = 2 aiae., iieacaii
ia iae. 4.

Iaea?aeaia caeaaei?noue iieno?oueny aeniiiaioe?aeueiei ??aiyiiyi ia?oiai
ii?yaeeo

Nc.?. = N + Nexp (wmetafile8? ??&???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`????? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-??????@?????M???u?th??????aea N —
iaeiaioa iiaeeeaa (oai?aoe/ia) eiioeaio?aoe?y caaeneeo ?a/iaei a
i/euai?e aiae? i?e Do 200 ia/e; N = 78,1 ia/e;

N = Nmax – N, aea Nmax — oai?aoe/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y caaeneeo
?a/iaei a i/euai?e aiae? i?e Do = D = 19,8 ia/e; Nmax = 510
ia/e; N = 431,9 ia/e.

I?e oeueiio aei?noe?noue ina?oeaii? aiaee oeieoeyioii “i?o?ii”
ciaoiaeeoueny o e?i?ei?e caeaaeiino? a?ae eiai aeice (iae. 5) ?
caieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi

AE = AE + e Do;

(2)

aea AE — oai?aoe/ia iaeiaioa aei?noe?noue aiaee i?e Do = 0 ia/e; AE =
0,66 iaaea/e;

e — eiinoaioa oaeaeeino? c?inoaiiy aei?noieino? a?ae Do; e = 0,4.

Noi?nia ??oaiiy iaea?aeaieo ??aiyiue aeicaieeei aecia/eoe iioeiaeueio
aeico oeieoeyioa, yea noaiiaeoue 40 ia/e, i?e oeueiio e?euee?noue
caaeneeo ?a/iaei o ina?oeai?e aiae? neeaaea? 233,8 ia/e (ui iaioa 250
ia/e), a aei?noe?noue — 16,65 iaaea/e (ui iaioa 20 iaaea/e) ? ?
aeinoaoiueith oiiaith aeey aeei?enoaiiy i/euaii? aiaee o cai?ioiiio
aiaeiiinoa/aii?.

Iae. 4. Caeaaei?noue caeeoeiai? eiioeaio?aoe?? Iae.
Caeaaei?noue aea?noeino? ina?oeaii?

caaeneeo ?a/iaei o oainoia?e aiae?
aiaee a?ae aeice oeieoeyioo “i?o?ii” (Aeo)

a?ae aeice oeieoeyioo “i?o?ii”

O i?ioean? ?aaaaioiiai ina?oeaiiy ooai?th?oueny cia/ia e?euee?noue
inaae?a, ye? iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoi? ia?iaee oa ooee?caoe??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio oa aeice
oeieoeyio?a, aeei?enoaieo i?e ina?oeaii? oainoiaeo aiae, e?euee?noue
ooai?aieo inaae?a neeaaea? 74–18 % aieia?noth 97–96 %. Aea/aeanue
iiaeeea?noue ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioean?a aeaeaeaiiy oaa?aei? oace inaae?a
iaoiaeaie a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ou?eueiaiiy oa iaoai?/iiai iaacaiaeiaiiy.
Aeine?aeaeoaaeenue inaaee, ye? ooai?ththoueny i?e o?eaaeino? ina?oeaiiy
2 aiaeeie, i?e oeueiio o iaaeinaaei/i?e ??aeei? (ina?oeai?e)
eiioeaio?aoe?y caaeneeo ?a/iaei ia ia?aaeuoaaea 250 ia/e.

Ou?eueiaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo inaae?a i?ioiaeeoue o ia?o? 60 oa., iio?i
oaeaee?noue ou?eueiaiiy ciaioo?oueny ? ia’?i ou?eueiaieo inaae?a /a?ac 2
aiaeeie ia ciaioo?oueny ? neeaaea? 89–95 %. Iacaeaaeii a?ae oeio
?aaaaioo, aeei?enoaiiai o i?ioean? ina?oeaiiy, ia’?i ooai?aieo inaae?a
i?aeoe/ii ia ciaioo?oueny o i?ioean? a?aa?oaoe?eiiai ou?eueiaiiy.

Eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano oeaio?eooaoaaiiy inaae?a
i?iaiaeeeenue ia noaeai/eeia?e oeaio?eooc? OeA-3. Aeine?aee
i?iaiaeeeenue i?e /anoio? iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a a?ae 1000 aei 6000 ia/oaee.,
o?eaae?noue oeaio?eooaoaaiiy neeaaeaea a?ae 1 aei 5 oa.

Aieiaiei e?eoa???i aiaeia?aeaeath/eo aeanoeainoae inaae?a ? aaee/eia
ieoiiiai iii?o o?eueo?aoe??. Oey aaee/eia aeey inaae?a, ye?
ooai?ththoueny i?e ina?oeaii? oainoiaeo aiae aac aeei?enoaiiy ?aaaaio?a,
neeaaea? 2501010 ni/a.

I?e ina?oeaii? oainoiaeo aiae c aeei?enoaiiyi n??/aiieeneiai cae?ca oa
aethi?i?th aaee/eia ieoiiiai iii?o ooai?thaaieo inaae?a i?e aeic?
?aaaaioo 1600 ia/e neeaaeaea a?aeiia?aeii 97,41010 ni/a oa 5,91010 ni/a.
Eiioeaio?aoe?y nooi? ?a/iaeie a inaae? eieeaaeanue a?ae 4,7 aei 5,3 a/e.

I?e aeei?enoaii? o i?ioean? ina?oeaiiy EEN [“H” — Al2(SO4)3] aaee/eia
ieoiiiai iii?o o?eueo?aoe?? ooai?thaaiiai inaaeo neeaaeaea 6,21010 ni/a,
eiioeaio?aoe?y nooi? ?a/iaeie — 27,4 a/e. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano
oeaio?eooaoaaiiy cacia/aieo inaae?a c eiioeaio?aoe??th nooi? ?a/iaeie
27,4 a/e ia eaai?aoi?i?e oeaio?eooc? i?iaiaeeeinue i?e ci?i? o?eaaeino?
oeaio?eooaoaaiiy a?ae 2 oa. aei 8 oa. oa ca?eueoaii? /anoioe iaa?o?a
?ioi?a a?ae 1000 aei 6000 ia/oa. Iaee?au? iieacieee iaea?aeaii i?e
o?eaaeino? oeaio?eooaoaaiiy 8 oa. oa /anoio? iaa?oaiiy ?ioi?a 6000
ia/oa. I?e oeueiio aieia?noue eaeo neeaaeaea 84,8 %, eiioeao?aoe?y nooi?
?a/iaeie o eaeo — 151,7 a/e, eiioeaio?aoe?y nooi? ?a/iaeie o ooaao?
neeaaeaea 100 ia/e.

O?eaae?noue ia?iaee inaae?a oa /anoioa iaa?oaiiy aoee aea?ai? o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei oa?aeoa?enoee aia?ao?a i?iieneiaiai aeei?enoaiiy.
E??i oiai, oiiaith iiaeeeai? ia?iaee inaae?a ia aia?aoao iaoai?/iiai
iaacaiaeiaiiy ? oa, ui aaee/eia ieoiiiai iii?o o?eueo?aoe?? ia iiaeiia
ia?aaeuoaaoe 501010 ni/a, i?e ca?eueoaii? oe??? aaee/eie iaiao?aeia
aeiaeaoeiaa iiia?aaeiy i?aeaioiaea oeeo inaae?a aei iaoai?/iiai
iaacaiaeiaiiy.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui inaae, yeee
ooai?th?oueny a i?ioean? ina?oeaiiy oainoiaeo aiae ?c canoinoaaiiyi EEN
[“H” — Al2(SO4)3] iiaea aooe ia?iaeaiee ia aia?aoao iaoai?/iiai
iaacaiaeiaiiy aac iiia?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ina?oeaiiy oainoiaeo
aiae c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aaaaio?a ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy oiai /e ?ioiai ?aaaaioo.

E?euee?niee oa ye?niee aiae?c oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ?aaaaioiiai
ina?oeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi eiaaoeyio?a, oeieoeyio?a, EEN iieaco?, ui
i?ae e?euee?noth caaeneeo ?a/iaei o oainoiaeo aiaeao (Nc.?.) ?
e?euee?noth ?aaaaioo, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny (Do), ?nio? ooieoe?iiaeueia
caeaaei?noue

Nc.?. = f(Dk),

(3)

i?eioeeiiaee oa?aeoa? yei? i?eaaaeaii ia iae. 6.

Iae. 6. A?ao?/ia ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y iaoiaeeee ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?

i/euaiiy oainoiai?
aiaee

Oa?aeoa? ci?ie Nc.?. i?ae aieeaii Dk aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe o?e oa?aeoa?i?
ae?eyiee oe??? caeaaeiino?.

Ia ia?o?e ae?eyioe? i?aeoe/ii ia niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? caaeneeo ?a/iaei. Ia caaaeath/e ia oa, ui Nc.?. iaeaea
aei??aith? 0, iiaeiaaeai?noue oe??? ae?eyiee nooo?ai aieeaa? ia aeo?aoo
?aaaaioa oa a?aeiia?aeii ia aeiiii?/i? iieacieee i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeano.

Ae?oaa ae?eyiea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?ioaineaiei cieaeaiiyi aaee/eie Nc.?.
i?e a?aeiinii iaaaeeeiio i?e?iuaii? aeic ?aaaaioo (Dk2 – Dk1).

O?aoy ae?eyiea ooieoe?iiaeueii? caeaaeiino? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeayeei
cieaeaiiyi aai c?inoaiiyi i?e?inoo Nc.?. i?e iiaeaeueoiio i?aeaeuaii?
aeo?aoe ?aaaaioo.

Ooieoe?y (3) ia oe?e ae?eyioe? a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio aeei?enoaiiai
?aaaaioo iiaea i?eeiaoe iaeei c i?eaaaeaieo ia iae. 4 aeae?a —
aeniioaioe?aeueiee (e?eaa 1), e?eaie?i?eiee c? neaai ae?aaeaiei
aeno?aioiii (e?eaa 2), e?i?eii-niaaeiee (i?yia 3) aai
e?i?eii-c?inoath/ee (i?yia 4).

I?e niieo/aii? ?icaeyiooeo ae?eyiie ooieoe?iiaeueia caeaaei?noue (3) ia?
aeaeyae:

Ni.caa., yeui 0DkDk1;

Ni.caa. – a1(Dk – Dk1), yeui Dk1 DkDk2;

Ncaa. = a2ebDk, yeui Dk2 Dk (e?eaa 1);
(4)

a3Dk2 – a4Dk + a5, yeui Dk2 Dk (e?eaa 2);

a6 – a7Dk, yeui Dk2 Dk (i?yia 3) ,

aea a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6, a7, b — iino?ei? eiao?oe??ioe, ye?
a?aoiaothoue oei ?aaaaioo oa eiai aeo?aoo.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co ooieoe?iiaeueii? caeaaeiino? (3) oa iae. 6
coi?ioeueiaaii oiiae ioe?iee oaoiieia?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i/euaiiy
oainoiaeo aiae o aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oa i?iieneiaeo
oiiaao i?e aeei?enoaii? ??cieo o?i?/ieo ?aaaaio?a: iaee?auo oaoiieia?/io
aoaeoeai?noue a i?ioean? i/euaiiy oainoiaeo aiae ia? ?aaaaio, yeee
aeicaiey? aeinyaoe iaeneiaeueii? ??cieoe? i?ae ii/aoeiaith oa e?ioeaaith
eiioeaio?aoe?th caaeneeo ?a/iaei i?e i?i?iaeuei?e aeo?ao? ?aaaaioa.

E?euee?nia i??a oaoiieia?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? (OA) i?e aeua noi?ioeueiaaieo
oiiaao aecia/a?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi:

OA = wmetafile8? ??»???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy ??&?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????@@????@› ???@O???@”???u
y??????O a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c cai?iiiiiaaiith iaoiaeeeith aeeiiaii
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

?aiaee?oaaiiy aeine?aeaeaieo ?aaaaio?a ca oaoiieia?/iith aoaeoeai?noth
i?aeoaa?aeeei iaea?eueoo oaoiieia?/io aoaeoeai?noue ?aaaaioo “i?o?ii” ye
naiino?eii, oae ? a noi?o? c Al2(SO4)3 o ??cieo ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo.

E?ioeaaee ?acoeueoao aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai ?aaaaioo oa EEN aoei
ioe?iaii c o?aooaaiiyi aeo?ao i?aei?e?inoaa, iia’ycaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi
a?aeiia?aeiiai ?aaaaioo aeey i/euaiiy oainoiaeo aiae:

U = QtDk2S e?a/??e ,
(6)

aea Q — aeiaiaa aeo?aoa oainoiaeo aiae, i3/aeia.;

t — o?eaae?noue ?iaioe caaiaeo ca eaeaiaea?iee ??e, ae?a — 265
ae?a;

Dk2 — aeica ?aaaaioo, ui a?aeiia?aea? iaeneioio OA, ea/i3;

S — aa?o?noue ?aaaaioo, e?a/ea.

Aeai?, iaaaaeai? ia iae. 7, na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei
c aeine?aeaeaieo ?aaaaio?a ? EEN c aieieia “i?o?ii” oa Al2(SO4)3 o
ni?aa?aeiioaii?, ui aei??aith? 1.

Iae. 7. Aieea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy wmetafile8? ??b???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A
???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyya??u?? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-?????@@????@a???u`y??????
oa?aeoa?enoeeo i?ioeano ina?oeaiiy oainoiai? aiaee.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia
aeine?aeii-i?iieneia?e onoaiiaoe?, yeo aoei ciiioiaaii aaciina?aaeiuei
ia ?ia?/e?inuee?e a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei?e oaa?eoe? (iae. 8).

Iae. 8. Noaia aeine?aeii-i?iieneiai? onoaiiaee.

Aiaea i?ney oainoinoiaeua ii iai??iiio o?oaii?iaiaeo iiaea?oueny o
naia?aoi?, aea i?ioiaeeoue aeaeaeaiiy a?oaiaeenia?nieo ?a/iaei. I?ney
naia?aoi?a aiaea iai?aaey?oueny o ci?ooaa/ ? aeae? o eaia?o
ieano?aoeaooai?aiiy. Ia?aae ci?ooaa/ai ciaoiaeeoueny eioie, o ii/aoie
yeiai iiaea?oueny n??/aiieeneee aethi?i?e. ?aaaaio “i?o?ii” aeiaea?oueny
o e?ioe? eioiea, aaciina?aaeiuei ia?aae ci?ooaa/ai.

I?ney eaia?e ieano?aoeaooai?aiiy aiaea iai?aaey?oueny o a?aeno?eiee, aea
? i?ioiaeeoue naia i?ioean ina?oeaiiy oainoiai? aiaee.

Aiaea, ui iaaeoiaeeea ia onoaiiaeo, iaea e?euee?noue caaeneeo ?a/iaei
aei 5 oen. ia/e.

Iiooaei?noue onoaiiaee neeaaeaea 1 i3/aiae., ?iai/ee ia’?i a?aeno?eieea
neeaaeaa 2 i3.

O aeeiiaieo aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ia?aa??aii
?acoeueoaoe, ye? iaea?aeaii a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao, oa i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
?ic?iaeaiei iaoiaeii ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?aaaaioiiai i/euaiiy uiaei
oeio ?aaaaioo oa eiai aeice, a naia EEN a?ae?ie?ciaaiiai aieieia
“i?o?ii” oa noeueoaoo aethi?i?th o ni?aa?aeiioaii?, ui aei??aith? 1,0
i?e aeic? eiaeiiai c ?aaaaio?a 40 ia/e. O i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeao
?aaaaioe aeicoaaeenue o aeaeyae?:

– noeueoao aethi?i?th 10 %-iee ?ic/ei (53,7 % aeoeaiino?);

– a?ae?ie?ciaaia aieieii 5 %, eeneioa — 50 %-iee ?ic/ei (96 %).

Aeice ?aaaaio?a neeaaeaee:

– noeueoao aethi?i?th — 0,5 ea/i3;

– aieieii “i?o?ii” — 0,06 ea/i3;

– n??/aia eeneioa — 0,8 ea/i3.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ina?oeaiiy oainoiai? aiaee ?icaeyiooeie EEN i?e
caaaeuei?e o?eaaeino? i?ioeano ina?oeaiiy 2 aiae ianooii?: e?euee?noue
caaeneeo ?a/iaei o ina?oeai?e aiae? 94–120 ia/e, caaaeueia aei?noe?noue
neeaaeaea 915 iaaea/e.

Iaea?aeaia ye?noue ina?oeaii? aiaee caaeiaieueiy? oiiae, ui iaiao?aei?
aeey iiaeeeaino? ?? aeei?enoaiiy o cai?ioiiio aiaeiiinoa/aii? oaa?eee.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ia i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? noaie i/euaiiy oainoiaeo aiae ia ?ia?/e?inuee?e
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei?e oaa?eoe? c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy i/euaieo aiae o
cai?ioiiio aiaeiiinoa/aii?.

Cai?iiiiiaaia oaoiieia?/ia noaia aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? ia noaae??
ina?oeaiiy eiiiiceoe?eii-eiaaoethth/iai eiiieaeno — aieieia “i?o?ii” oa
Al2(SO4)3. ?ic?iaeaii /ioe?e aa??aioe oaoiieia?/ieo noai, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoue ??ciiiai?oi? iaoiaee ia?iaee inaae?a, ui
ooai?ththoueny, c iiaeaeueoei aeei?enoaiiyi ooaaoo oa ?i.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? ?ic?aooiee, ye?
aeiaiaeyoue, ui aeei?enoaiiy iiaiai oeio oeieoeyioo “i?o?ii” o
niieo/aii? c noeueoaoii aethi?i?th aeicaiey? ??cei nei?ioeoe aeo?aoe,
iia’ycai? ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?aaaaio?a, cia/ii ni?inoeoe oaoiieia?/io
noaio i/euaiiy oainoiai? aiaee, ciaioeoe e?euee?noue inaae?a, ui
ooai?ththoue-

ny a i?ioean? ina?oeaiiy oa iie?aueoe ?o aieiaia?aeaeath/? aeanoeaino?.
Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? EEN ia i/eni?e noaioe?? iiooaei?noth 5,5
oen. i3/aeiao aeicaiey? ciaioeoe eai?oaeuei? aeo?aoe ia 80 %,
aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe ia 78 %.

aeniiaee

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ii ?aaaaioiiio ina?oeaiith
aenieieiioeaio?iaaieo oainoiaeo aiae a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?ee c
iaoith ?o iiaoi?iiai aeei?enoaiiy o oaoiieia?/iiio i?ioean? anoaiiaeaii:

1. Aac?aaaaioia ina?oeaiiy oainoiaeo aiae ia i?ioyc? 4-o aiaeei
aeicaiey? ca?eueieoeny eeoa a?ae aaeeeeo ca ?ici??ii aeii?oie. ?ioa
/anoeia caaeneeo ?a/iaei ia aeae?ey?oueny iaa?oue i?e o?eaaeiio
a?aenoithaaii?.

2. Aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiieo eiaaoeyio?a aeicaiey? eiiaeeoe?thaaoe
aeenia?nio oaco. I?e aeicao noeueoaoo cae?ca 1600–2000 ia/e
eiioeaio?aoe?y caaeneeo ?a/iaei ciaioo?oueny aei 50–100 ia/e.

3. Aeei?enoaiiy ci?oaieo eiaaoeyio?a (eiiiiceoe?e) aeicaiey? ciaioeoe
iioeiaeuei? aeice ?aaaaio?a. Iaee?au? iieacieee aeinyaiooi a noi?o?
noeueoaoo aethi?i?th oa cae?ca o ni?aa?aeiioaii?, ui aei??aith? 1.0, oa
eiiiiceoe?? oei?eaeo cae?ca oa noeueoaoo aethi?i?th.

4. Oi?io? oeieoeyoe?ei? aeanoeaino? ia? a?ae?ie?ciaaia aieieii “i?o?ii”,
yea ? i?iieneiaei a?aeoiaeii Iaai?inueeiai eiia?iaoo.

5. Aeei?enoaiiy aieieia “i?o?ii” naiino?eii oa a noi?o? ?c noeueoaoii
aethi?i?th aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe iieacieee i/euaii? aiaee, ui
caaeiaieueiythoue aeiiaai aei oaoi?/ii? aiaee ia ?ia?/e?inuee?e
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei?e oaa?eoe?, a naia:

– e?euee?noue caaeneeo ?a/iaei aeinyaa? cia/aiue ieae/a 250 ia/e;

 aei?noe?noue oaoi?/ii? aiaee ia ia?aaeuo? 20 iaaea/e. Eiioeaio?aoe?y
aieieia “i?o?ii” o oeieoeyio? neeaaea? 50 a/e, aeica oeieoeyioa neeaaea?
40 ia/e.

6. Canoinoaaiiy EEN [“i?o?ii” oa Al2(SO4)3] o ni?aa?aeiioaii? 1.0 oa
aeic? 40 ia/e o i?ioean? ina?oeaiiy ni?ey? ciaioaiith e?eueeino?
ooai?thaaieo inaae?a. Ooai?ai? inaaee aeia?a iaacaiaeiththoueny o
aia?aoao iaoai?/iiai iaacaiaeiaiiy aac aeiaeaoeiai? ia?iaee, ui,
a?aeiia?aeii, nei?i/o? aeo?aoe. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? i/enoee oainoiaeo aiae, ia iniia? yei? noi?ioeueiaaii
/eiiee oaoiieia?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?aaaaio?a, yeee
oa?aeoa?eco? i??o cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? caaeneeo ?a/iaei ia
iaeeieoeth i?aeaeuaiiy aeice ?aaaaioo.

7. Iaea?eueoa oaoiieiai-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aeinyaa?oueny i?e
aeei?enoaii? ?aa- aaioa “i?o?ii” oa eiiiiceoe??
“i?o?ii”-noeueoao aethi?i?th o ni?aa?aeiioaii?, ui aei- ??aith?
1.0 oa 0.66.

8. ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ia i?iaeooaaiiy eiiieaeno i/enoee oainoiaeo
aiae ?ia?/e?inueei? a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueii? oaa?eee, ui caaacia/o?
iiaeeea?noue iiaoi?iiai aeei?enoaiiy i/euaieo aiae o oaoiieia?/iiio
i?ioean? oaa?eee.

?ic?iaeaio oaoiieia?th ina?oeaiiy oainoiaeo aiae c aeei?enoaiiyi
i?iieneiaiai a?aeoiaeo (aieieia “i?o?ii”) aei?iaoaaii ia
aeine?aeii-i?iieneia?e onoaiiaoe? ia ?ia?/e?inuee?e
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei?e oaa?eoe? oa ?aeiiaiaeiaaii eii?n??th
?ia?/e?inueeiai ?oaeioi?aae?iiy Naia?eaiaenueei? iaeano? (?anioae?ea
Ocaaeenoai) aeey i?iieneiaiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

INIIAII IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOeIEII? ?IAIOE

AEEEAAeAII A ?IAIOAO:

1. Ea?aeaeaaia A. A. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ioe?iee oaoiieia?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano i/euaiiy oainoiaeo aiae a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo
oaa?ee i?e aeei?enoaii? ??cieo o?i?/ieo ?aaaaio?a. “Eiiioiaeueiia
oicyenoai ai?iaeia” //?ani. iaaeaaae. iao/ii-oaoi. na. Aui. 15. — Eeaa:
Oaoieea, 1998 a. No?. 91–95.

2. Ea?aeaeaaia A. A., Ooaae A. I. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy aieeao
?aaaaio?a ia i?ioean ina?oeaiiy no?/ieo aiae a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo
oaa?ee. “?iaeaia?ia aaiaeac?y”// Iaoe.-oaoi. Ca. Aeione 40. — Ee?a, 1998
?. Noi?. 54–57.

3. Ea?aeaeaaia A. A. Oneiaey ia?aciaaiey e ninoaa noi/iuo aiae
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo oaa?ee. “Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai ai?iaeia” //?ani.
iaae-aaae. iao/ii-oaoi. na. Aui. 18. — Eeaa: Oaoieea, 1999 a. No?.
120–123.

4. Ea?aeaeaaia A. A. Aiaeec nouanoaothueo iaoiaeia e oaoiieiaee i/enoee
noi/iuo aiae ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo oaa?ee //A?niee Oe?a?inueeiai
Aoaeeieo aeiiii?/ieo oa iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ciaiue. Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee
aeo?iae ? 3. — Ee?a: Oiaa?enoai “Ciaiiy” Oe?a?ie, 1999 ?. Noi?. 123–128.

5. Ooaae A. I., Ea?aeaeaaia A. A. ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiae/aneeo noai
i/enoee oainoiauo aiae oaa?ee ii ia?a?aaioea oaaeeoiauo ?oae.
“Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? i?iaeaie oeea?eueii? iai?iie a nenoai? IIN”.
//Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae Aeione 1. — Ee?a, 1998 ?. Noi? 52–54.

6. Ea?aeaeaaia A. A., Ooaae A. I. Aeieia?/iee caoeno aanaeio
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?ee “Iiioaae + Oaoiieia?y”. //AEo?iae aeey
oao?aoe?a aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeiiai eiiieaeno. Aeione 4. — Ee?a, 1998 ?.
Noi?. 26–27.

7. Ooaae A. I., Ea?aeaeaaia A. A. Enneaaeiaaiey i?ioeanna i/enoee
oainoiauo aiae Eiae/eeineie ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiie oaa?eee ii ia?a?aaioea
oaaeeoiauo ?oae. //Aeai. ?. AE. “Aeaiiiiaai? iaoeia? ?iaioe”. AeIOA
Oe?a?ie, 1997 ?., ? 1, a/i 1076.

8. Ea?aeaeaaia A. A. ?ac?aaioea iaoiaea ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe i/enoee
oainoiauo aiae ia i?eia?a Eiae/eeineie ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiie
oaa?eee//Aeai. ?. AE. “Aeaiiiiaai? iaoeia? ?iaioe”. AeIOA Oe?a?ie, 1997
?., ? 1, a/i 1081.

9. Ea?aeaeaaia A. A. I/euaiiy oainoiaeo aiae caaaa/oaaeueii? oaa?eee
aieueo?aiiaeo ?oae. “No/ani? i?iaeaie aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ? ciaoeiaeaeaiiy
no?/ieo aiae”. //Oace aeiiia?ae? ia Oe?a?inueei-Iieuenuee?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??. — Euea?a, 1996 ?. Noi?. 495.

10. Ea?aeaeaaia A. A. Noiee Eiae/eeineie ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiie oaa?eee.
“Yeieiaey, yia?ai- e ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea”. //Oacenu aeieeaaeia
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai neiiiceoia. — Naia?eaiae, 1993 a. No?. 96–97.

11. Ooaae A. I., Ea?aeaeaaia A. A. I/enoea oainoiauo aiae Eiae/eeineie
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiie oaa?eee io a?oaiaeenia?niuo i?eianae. “Yeieiaey,
yia?ai- e ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea”. //Oacenu aeieeaaeia iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai
neiiiceoia. — Naia?eaiae, 1996 a. No?. 73–74.

12. Ea?aeaeaaia A. A., sseoaia E. A. Oiya/aiea oaooiuo aiae e eo
iiaoi?iia eniieueciaaiea. “Onei?aiea e eioaineoeeaoeey
iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna a no?ieoaeuenoaa a oneiaeyo Naia?eaiaeneie
iaeanoe”. //Oacenu aeieeaaeia iaeanoiiai naieia?a-niaauaiey. —
Naia?eaiae, 1988 a. No?. 158.

13. Ea?aeaeaaia A. A., Ooaae A. I. ?aaaaio aeey ia?aaioee noi/iuo aiae
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo oaa?ee. //Oace aeiiia?aeae 54-? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??. E?A?. — Ee?a, 1993 ?. — Noi?. 90.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ea?aeaeaaia A. A. ?ac?aaioea nenoaiu iai?ioiiai aiaeiniaaaeaiey
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiie oaa?eee ii ia?a?aaioea aieueo?aiiauo ?oae (ia
i?eia?a Eiae/eeineie AIO). ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.04 — aiaeiniaaaeaiea, eaiaeecaoeey. Keaaneee
iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u, a. Keaa, 1999
a.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia i?iaeaia ?aaaaioiiai inaaoeaiey
noi/iuo aiae ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo oaa?ee n iiiiuueth ?aaaaioia,
iieo/aiiuo ec iooiaeia i?iecaiaenoaa, n iaania/aieai aiciiaeiinoe eo
iiaoi?iiai eniieueciaaiey a oaoiieiae/aneii i?ioeanna i?aaei?eyoey.

A ?aaioa i?iaiaeece?iaaiu iaoiaeu i/enoee oainoiauo aiae
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee.

Ii?aaeaeaiu iniaaiiinoe ia?aciaaiey e ninoaa oainoiauo aiae
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo oaa?ee, eioi?ua eniieuecotho oeioi?aaaaioiue
iaoiae iaiaauaiey ?oaeu. ?anniio?aii eniieueciaaiea ?acee/iuo
oeioi?aaaaioia, eioi?ua eniieuecothony a oaoiieiae/aneii i?ioeanna
iiaeaioiaee ?oaeu e, iiiaaeay a aiaeo, oneiaeiytho ea/anoai aa i/enoee.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiui e yooaeoeaiui iaoiaeii
i/enoee oainoiauo aiae yaeyaony iaoiae ?aaaaioiiai inaaoeaiey.

A ?aaioa eco/aii aeeyiea ?acee/iuo ?aaaaioia ia i?ioeann inaaoeaiey
aunieieiioeaio?e?iaaiiuo noi/iuo aiae ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo oaa?ee.
Yenia?eiaioaeueii aeieacaia aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey i?iiuoeaiiiai
iooiaea — aieieia “ieo?ii” eae oeieoeyioa, eioi?ue iaania/eaaao ea/anoai
i/euaiiuo noi/iuo aiae aeey eo iiaoi?iiai eniieueciaaiey a
oaoiieiae/aneii i?ioeanna. Aieieii “ieo?ii” yaeyaony i?iiuoeaiiui
iooiaeii Iaaieineiai oeieiiaeiaoa.

Ia iniiaa oai?aoe/aneeo e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee onoaiiaeai
iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiue eiiiiceoeeiiii-eiaaoee?othuee eiiieaen,
aeeth/athuee noeueoao aethieiey e aeae?ieeciaaiiia aieieii “ieo?ii”,
?ac?aaioaia oaoiieiaey aai i?eaioiaeaiey e eniieueciaaiey aeey
iaania/aiey ea/anoaa i/euaiiie oainoiaie aiaeu oaa?eee,
oaeiaeaoai?ythuaa o?aaiaaiey, i?aaeuyaeyaiua e oaoie/aneie aiaea, o. a.
eiee/anoai acaaoaiiuo aauanoa ia aeieaeii i?aauoaoue 250 ia/e, a iauay
aeanoeinoue — 20 iayea/e.

Ii?aaeaeaiu eiee/anoaaiiua caeiiiia?iinoe aeeyiey
eiiiiceoeeiiii-eiaaoee?othuae niane (EEN) — “ieo?ii”-noeueoao aethieiey
ia yooaeoeaiinoue inaaoeaiey noi/iuo aiae, iieo/aiu ?an/aoiua ia?aiao?u
i?ioeanna inaaoeaiey oainoiauo aiae n i?aaeeiaeaiiui EEN, eioi?ue
iaania/eaaao ea/anoai i/euaiiie aiaeu, iicaieythuaa aa eniieueciaaiea a
iai?ioiii aiaeiniaaaeaiee.

E?iia oaoiieiae/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee enneaaeoaiuo ?aaaaioia ioeaieaaeanue
eo oaoiieiai-yeiiiie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue, ia iniiaaiee eioi?ie e aue
aua?ai eiiiiceoeeiiii-eiaaoee?othuee eiiieaen.

Niaianoiia eniieueciaaiea eiaaoeyioa (noeueoaoa aethieiey) e oeieoeyioa
(“ieo?ii”) ?acei nie?auaao aeicu eiaaoeyioa e iaania/eaaao eioaineaiia
inaaoeaiea ia?aaaouaaaiuo aiae, /oi, a naith i/a?aaeue, i?eaiaeeo e
?aceiio nie?auaieth eaieoaeueiuo e yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo cao?ao.

?ac?aaioaia oaoiieiae/aneay noaia nii?oaeaiee aeey i/enoee oainoiauo
aiae n eniieueciaaieai i?iiuoeaiiiai iooiaea — ?aaaaioa “ieo?ii” e
noeueoaoa aethieiey ia noaaeee inaaoeaiey ia?aaaouaaaiuo aiae.

Naaaeaiey, i?eaaaeaiiua a aeenna?oaoeee, io?aaeaiu a ia/aoiuo ?aaioao
aaoi?a.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aaaaiou, oeieoeyiou, inaaoeaiea oainoiaie aiaeu,
iiaoi?iia eniieueciaaiea i/euaiiie aiaeu.

Ea?aeaeaaia A. A. ?ic?iaea nenoaie iai?ioiiai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueii? oaa?eee ii ia?a?iaoe? aieueo?aiiai? ?oaee (ia
i?eeeaae? ?ia?/e?inueei? ACO). ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ii niaoe?aeueiino? 05.23.04 — aiaeiiinoa/aiiy, eaiae?caoe?y. Ee?anueeee
iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e, i. Ee?a, 1999
?.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue a?aeiiino?, ye? aeeeaaeaii o ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao
aaoi?a. Aieiaiei ?acoeueoaoii ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeo ina?oeaiiy
oainoiaeo aiae a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?ee ii ia?a?iaoe?
aieueo?aiiaeo ?oae c aeei?enoaiiyi o yeino? oeieoeyioo i?iieneiaiai
a?aeoiaeo — aieieia “i?o?ii”. Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaiiai oeieoeyioo caaacia/o? ye?noue i/euaiiy oainoiai? aiaee
aei aeiia, ui aeicaieythoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe i/euai? aiaee o cai?ioiiio
aiaeiiinoa/aii? i?aei?e?inoaa.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? i/euaiiy oainoiaeo aiae, ia
iniia? yei? coi?ioeueiaaii iieaciee oaoiieia?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?aaaaio?a, ui oa?aeoa?eco? i??o cieaeaiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? caaeneeo ?a/iaei ia iaeeieoeth i?aeaeuaiiy aeice
?aaaaioo.

?ic?iaeaii oaeiae oaoiieia?/io noaio nii?oae aeey i/euaiiy oainoiai?
aiaee c aeei?enoaiiyi i?iieneiaiai a?aeoiaeo — ?aaaaioo “i?o?ii” oa
noeueoaoo aethi?i?th.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aaaaioe, oeieoeyioe, ina?oeaiiy oainoiai? aiaee,
iiaoi?ia aeei?enoaiiy i/euaii? aiaee.

Kardzhavov A. A. The developing of system of the tail waters of the
Mining Plants for Processing W-ores. (On the Example of the Ingichkinska
Mining Plant for Processing W-ores). The manuscript.

The thesis for acquiring the scientific degree of the candidate of
technical sciences in the speciality 05.23.04 — water supply and
sewerage. The Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture.
Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis contains the information reflected in the author’s published
works. The main result of the work is developing the method of
clarifying the tail waters of mining plants for working W-ores with
using as a floculant the industrial refuse — fabrics “nitron”. The
effectiveness of using the suggested floculant ensures the quality of
purifying the tail waters to the demands allowing the use of purified
waters in the water supply of enterprises.

The methods are suggested of appreciating the effectiveness of purifying
tail waters on the basis of which has been formulated the index of
technological effectiveness of the investigated reagents characterizing
the measure of lowering the concentration of suspension substances per
unit of raising the doze of reagent.

The technological scheme has been worked out of the complex of purifying
structures of tail waters with using industrial refuse of the reagent
“nitron” and aluminium sulphate at the stage of purifying the worked-out
waters.

Key-words: reagents, floculants, clarifying tail waters, repeated use of
purified water.

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