IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO ?NOI??? OE?A?IE

OEEIAA AEEA AANEE?AIA

OAeE 940.5:949.71

?IEUe NA?OIAIAI NI?AOIAA?ENOAA A O?AAOETHAAII?

THAINEAANUeEI? E?ECE OA O*ANOUe O OeUeIIO I?IOeAN? OE?A?IE

(90-o? ?iee OO no.)

07.00.02- Anana?oiy ?noi??y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? anana?oiuei? ?noi??? oa i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

A?AeIssINUeEEE Noaiai Aaneeueiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo anana?oiuei? ?noi??? oa i?aeia?iaeieo

a?aeiinei ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

IAEAI?IAeA Ieaenaiae? Ieeeoiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo aoiiiie?oieia?? ?inoeoooo iie?oieia?/ieo

oa aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

EAIAIAOeUeEEE Iaenei Noai?neaaiae/,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei oa ciai?oiuei?

iie?oeee ?inoeoooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei i?e Ee?anueeiio

oi?aa?neoao? ?i. O. A. Oaa/aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee oa i?aeia?iaeieo

a?aeiinei IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?a?iiaenueeeo

oa aia?eeainueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue (i. Ee?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 24 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 50.17.01 a ?inoeooo? ?noi???
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252001, i. Ee?a-1, aoe. I.
A?ooaanueeiai, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ?noi???
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 24 » aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
ae.?.i. OEI I. A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Aaeeaie o?aaeeoe?eii aoee e caeeoathoueny i?noeai c?oeiaiiy ?ioa?an?a
ye e?a?i oeueiai ?aa?iio oa eiai aaciina?aaeiueiai ioi/aiiy, oae ?
aaeeeeo aea?aeaa. Aaeeainuee? e?ece iaiaeii?aciai noaaaee ii/aoeii
?a?iiaenueeeo ? na?oiaeo e?ec, a ia?ae?ithaaiiy aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a ia
Aaeeaiao i?ecaiaeeei aei iiyae iiaeo aea?aeaa aai, iaaiaee, ?o cieeiaiiy
/e caaaeaiiy aei ??aiy ia?noi?e/ieo, aeiei??iii ci?ithth/e ?nioth/a
aaiiie?oe/ia noaiiaeua.

Iiae?? inoaii?o ?ie?a o thaineaanuee?e oaaea?aoe??, a naia ?? e?eca,
?iciaae, iiaeaeueoa a?eia i?ae eieeoi?ie ?anioae?eaie, noaee
aei?iaoaaiiyi ia eeoa aeey iiaiai iinoeiioi?noe/iiai ii?yaeeo, ui
o?eueee ii/aa anoaiiaethaaoenue, aea e aeey iniiaieo i?aeia?iaeieo
i?aai?caoe?e ? no?oeoo?, oaeeo ye III, ?N, IAN?, IAOI, aeayeeo ?ioeo.
Ia?aeiiaaoenue o iaiiaeeeaino? caa?aaeaiiy NO?TH, i?aeia?iaeia
ni?aoiaa?enoai aoei ciooaia aeciaoe ooai?ai? ia ?? oa?aiao iacaeaaei?
aea?aeaae ? aaeaoeny aei canoinoaaiiy neee aeey aeinyaiaiiy ie?o a
?aa?ii?. A?aoiaoth/e, ui i?ioean ooai?aiiy iiaeo aea?aeaa ia Aaeeaiao ua
ia cae?i/eany, a noaiiaeaiiy e ci?oeiaiiy Oe?a?ie ye naiino?eii?
?a?iiaenueei? aea?aeaae iaaiith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae iiae?e, ui ooo
a?aeaoaathoueny, aeine?aeaeaiiy c ia?aii? oaie iiaea i?eneoaeeoeny
no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e ciai?oi?e iie?oeoe? oa aeeieiiao??.

Aeooaeuei?noue aiae?co ?ie? na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa a o?aaoethaaii?
thaineaanueei? e?ece oa o/ano? a oeueiio i?ioean? Oe?a?ie
iaoiiaeth?oueny, ii-ia?oa, iio?aaith anaa?/iiai aena?oeaiiy aeoie?a,
i?e/ei ? naiiai i?ioeano caaino?aiiy thaineaanueei? e?ece – iaea?eueoi?
aiiiae?? a ?a?ii? i?ney “oieiaeii? a?eie”; ii-ae?oaa — iaiao?aei?noth
aeine?aeaeaiiy aaiethoe?? iiceoe?? na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa o ca’yceo c
oe??th e?ecith, iiaiiai e ia’?eoeaiiai aena?oeaiiy eiai ?ie? a ??
?ica’ycaii? oa c’ynoaaiiy o/ano? a oeueiio Oe?a?ie, yea ia? ia Aaeeaiao
aeani? iie?oe/i? e aeiiii?/i? ?ioa?ane; ii-o?ao? — iaiao?aei?noth
ae?iaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a caiia?aaiiy oaeeo e?ec a ?ioeo iioaioe?eieo
aa?y/eo oi/eao ia Aaeeaiao ? a e?a?iao No?aeii? ?a?iie; ii-/aoaa?oa —
cia/aiiyi i?iaeaie iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei, yea, a ?ac? iaae??oaiiy, iiaea
cao?eiaoe ?a?iiaenueeo ?ioaa?aoe?th e?a?i Oeaio?aeueii? oa No?aeii?
?a?iie; ii-i’yoa — aeiaaaeaiiyi oiai, ui i?iaeaia iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei
– oea ia o?eueee aioo??oiy ni?aaa aea?aeaae, ine?eueee aiia iia’ycaia c
caaaeueiith aaciaeith.

Oe? oa aeaye? ?io? i?iaeaie caneoaiaothoue niaoe?aeueiiai ?noi?e/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oei a?eueoa, ui ?nioth/a ?noi??ia?ao?y ie?aieo aniaeo?a
ia?aii? oaie iio?aao? iaoeiaiai ia?ainieneaiiy, iiaeeaeaiiy e
aeiiiaiaiiy ca?aaee i/euaiiy ?noi??? a?ae iie?oecaoe??, ?aeaieia?caoe??
oa ?ioeo ia?ae?o/aiue, a oaeiae ia?aioe?iee iiae?e, oaeo?a c a?aooaaiiyi
?o iane?aee?a, ye? iiaeia ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe eeoa /a?ac iaaiee
i?ii?aeie /ano.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aioo??oi? oa ciai?oi? /eiieee
oi?ioaaiiy e aaiethoe?? iie?oeee na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa uiaei e?ece a
NO?TH, ooai?aiiy ia ?? oa?aiao iiaeo aea?aeaa, caniae a?aaoethaaiiy
oe??? e?ece na?oiaei ni?aoiaa?enoaii, oa?aeoa?, iniaeeaino? noaiiaeaiiy
? ?icaeoeo a?aeiinei iieiaei? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae c ooai?aieie
aiane?aeie ?iciaaeo THaineaa?? naiino?eieie e?a?iaie ia oe?
i?aeia?iaeiiai noaiiaeua 90-o ?ie?a.

O?iiieia?/i? iaae? oaenoo aeena?oaoe?? ioiieththoue 90-o? ?iee OO
noi??//y, oiaoi ia??iae iaia?aaeiaei? ?iciaaeo THaineaa?? oa
aaciina?aaeiuei ?? ?iciaaeo, ooai?aiiy iiaeo iacaeaaeieo aea?aeaa ?
iinooiiaiai anoaiiaeaiiy ie?o ia Aaeeaiao i?ney i?aeienaiiy
Aeaeoiinueeeo oaiae. ?acii c oei o aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaeathoueny iiae??
a?eueo oe?ieiai o?iiieia?/iiai ia??iaeo, iane?aeee yeeo iicia/eeeny ia
caaino?aii? e?ece a NO?TH.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: eiiieaenii aeine?aeeoe ?ieue na?oiaiai
ni?aoiaa?enoaa, III ye eiai aieiaiiai i?aaenoaaieea, ?ioeo
?aa?iiaeueieo i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e o a?aaoethaaii? thaineaanueei?
e?ece, iaa?oiooaaoe ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy ?o coneeue o aeinyaiaii? ie?o
ia Aaeeaiao, ? aiaeii/an aecia/eoe i?noea ? ?ieue o oeueiio i?ioean?
Oe?a?ie.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiaoaa/ aecia/ea
oae? aeine?aeieoeuee? caaaeaiiy:

— ?ice?eoe ?noi?e/i? ia?aaeoiiae ?iciaaeo NO?TH ? nenoaiiee oa?aeoa?
e?ece thaineaanueeiai noni?euenoaa;

— aeine?aeeoe aaiethoe?th iiceoe?? na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa o ca’yceo c
caaino?aiiyi thaineaanueei? e?ece;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe ieaie ie?iiai a?aaoethaaiiy, ye? i?iiiioaaeeny
Caoiaeii i?ae aa?aeith III ? ?N, cie?aia — Aeaeoiinuee? oaiaee;

— aena?oeeoe o/anoue Oe?a?ie a ie?ioai?/?e ae?yeueiino? III, IAN?,
i?aeo?eieo iath iina?aaeieoeueeeo coneeue /eai?a Eiioaeoii? a?oie a
o?aaoethaaii? thaineaanueei? e?ece;

— i?inoaaeeoe ca noaiiaeaiiyi ? ?icaeoeii a?aeiinei Oe?a?ie c
e?a?iaie eieeoiuei? THaineaa??, ye oaeoi?ii ci?oeiaiiy noaa?eueiino?
ia Aaeeaiao;

— ?icoe?eoe oaeoia?ao?/io ? aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy an?o
noaae?e e?ece a NO?TH, i?ioeano ?? a?aaoethaaiiy, a oaeiae no/anieo
ca’yce?a Oe?a?ie c iiaiooai?aieie aea?aeaaaie ia Aaeeaiao ?
cai?iiiioaaoe iia? i?aeoiaee aei iiaeaeueoiai eiioeaiooaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy neooaoe??, yea neeaeany a oeueiio ?aa?ii?.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeyoue i?eioeeie ?noi?ecio,
ia’?eoeaiino? ? iaoeiaino?. Aeey eiiieaeniiai ?icaeyaeo aeine?aeaeoaaii?
i?iaeaie canoiniaothoueny caaaeueiiiaoeia? (oeiieia?y, eeaneo?eaoe?y),
i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?i? (no?oeoo?ii-nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae) oa aeania ?noi?e/i?
(i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iee, ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiee, ?ao?iniaeoeaiee)
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaaeeeaei ? iinooeao i?i aca?iica’ycai?noue
i?ioean?a ?icaeoeo eiaeii? ie?aii? iaoe?? ? na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa,
caeaaei?noue caaaeueiiai ie?o a?ae noaa?eueiino? a ie?aieo aea?aeaaao ?
?aa?iiao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny ianaiia?aae iinoaiiaeith ?
iaoeiaei ?ica’ycaiiyi aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie c caeo/aiiyi
iao?aaeeoe?eieo eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a. Caeiaoaa/ oia?oa o
a?o/eciyi?e ? ca?oa?aei?e ?noi??ia?ao?? ia iniia? a?oioiaiiai aea/aiiy ?
e?eoe/iiai aiae?co iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e oa aeei?enoaiiy oe?ieiai ianeao
i?ea?iaeueieo iaoa??ae?a ? aeaea?ae, o oiio /ene? a?o?aieo ? aeaeaieo o
cao?aeieo e?a?iao ? a THaineaa??, cae?eniea ni?iao ocaaaeueithth/iai
nenoaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?e/ieo ei?ai?a, no/anieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo, iie?oe/ieo i?e/ei ?iciaaeo thaineaanueei?
aea?aeaae, noia?a/eeai? ?ie? na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa a aeinyaiaii? ie?o
ia Aaeeaiao ? coneeue Oe?a?ie a ca’yceo c oeei. Cie?aia, a ?iaio?
cae?eniaii ?aoaeueiee aiae?c noaiiaeaiiy e ?icaeoeo a?aeiinei Oe?a?ie c
e?a?iaie eieeoiuei? NO?TH ye aaaeeeaiai oaeoi?a ci?oeiaiiy noaa?eueiino?
oa aaciaee a oeueiio ?aa?ii?, ui aein? caeeoa?oueny i?aeoe/ii ia
aeine?aeaeaiei.

E??i oiai, aeena?oaioii aaaaeaii o iaoeiaee ia?a aaeeeo e?euee?noue
iiaeo aeaea?ae, aeaia iiaa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y a ieai? ia?aii? oaie oa
aecia/aieo caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaaoueii a?aeiiei oaeoai ? iiae?yi.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

— iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a aocao
aoiai?oa?iiai i?io?eth

i?e aea/aii? a?aeiia?aeieo oai, iaienaii? i?ae?o/iee?a c ?noi???
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ? ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee, ?ic?iaoe? niaoeeo?n?a ?
i?iaaaeaii? niaoenai?ia??a c ?noi??? THaineaa?? oa i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei, cie?aia — o iiaeeaeaii? aca?ii?icoi?iiy oa
aeia?inon?aenueeeo a?aeiinei i?ae oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii ? ia?iaeaie
eieeoiuei? THaineaa??;

— cai?iiiiiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? e aeniiaee iiaee a noaoe ei?enieie aeey
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai, ?ioaineaiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa Oe?a?ie
c iiaiooai?aieie e?a?iaie ia Aaeeaiao;

— ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe a?aoiaai? oao?aoeyie
I?i?noa?noaa caei?aeiiieo ni?aa Oe?a?ie oa ?ioeo iie?oe/ieo onoaiia i?e
?ic?iaoe? e ia?niaeoeaiiio ieaioaaii? i??i?eoaoieo caaaeaiue
?aae?caoe?? i?aaeaiii-no?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai iai?yio ciai?oiuei?
iie?oeee Oe?a?ie.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie iieyaa? a oiio,
ui aeine?aeaeaiiy

ia?aii? i?iaeaie ia?aaeaa/aii ieaiaie iaoeiai? ?iaioe ?inoeoooo ?noi???
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, a naia ?ic?iaeith a?aeae?eii anana?oiuei? ?noi???
oa i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei eiiieaenii? oaie “Oe?a?ia ? ?a?iia: ?noi?e/i?
o?aaeeoe?? aca?iei oa i?iaeaie ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa ia no/aniiio aoai?”.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?th iaaiai?aii ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei
caoenoo ia can?aeaii? a?aeae?eo anana?oiuei? ?noi??? oa i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae iaaiai?aii ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai ?inoeoooo
“Neia’yinueeee oi?aa?neoao”. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii a iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a, aeiiia?aeyo ia
i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “?a?iia i?ae o?ainoi?iaoe??th oa
?ioaa?aoe??th” (i. Aa?oaaa, 24-30 aa?aniy 1997), i?aeia?iaeiiio
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio nai?ia?? “A?aaoethaaiiy e?ec ii cae?i/aiith
“oieiaeii? a?eie” ia i?eeeaae? eieeoiuei? THaineaa??” (i. Ee?a, 12-13
a?oaeiy 1997), e?oaeiio noie? “Aaeeaie: ?noi??y oa no/ani? i?iaeaie” (i.
Ee?a, 17 aeiaoiy 1998).

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe i?aeii?yaeeiaaia iao? oa iniiaiei
caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeaa c yeeo iiae?eaii ia ia?aa?aoe, aeniiae?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e. Ianya ?oeiieno — 194
noi??iee. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e neeaaea?oueny c 258
iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aaaeeea?noue ? aeooaeuei?noue
i?iaeaie, aecia/aii iaoo ?

eiie?aoi? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai o?iiieia?/i? iaae?,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao, ?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee aeaii? oaie, iiaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?th
i?i ?? ai?iaaoe?th.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Aeaea?aeueia oa ?noi??ia?ao?/ia aaca
aeine?aeaeaiiy” i?iaiae?ciaaii aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy oa noai
iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee icia/aii? oaie.

Cie?aia, aea/aii e aeei?enoaii aeieoiaioe iioi/ieo a?o?a?a Iinieuenoaa
Nithcii? ?anioae?ee THaineaa?? a Oe?a?i?, I?i?noa?noaa caei?aeiiieo
ni?aa ?anioae?ee Na?anueea E?a?ia, I?i?noa?noaa caei?aeiiieo ni?aa
Oe?a?ie, i?aeia?iaeiiai a?aeae?eo aeeiiaa/iai aia?aoo Oaaea?aoe??
i?ioni?eie Oe?a?ie.

A?aoiaoth/e, ui ia iei?oiueiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy niaoeeo?ea oaie ia
aea? iiaeeeaino? oe?iei aeei?enoaoe a?o?ai? iaoa??aee, iniaeeaa
cia/aiiy aeey ?ica’ycaiiy aecia/aieo o aeena?oaoe?? caaaeaiue iaee
iaoa??aee iioi/ieo a?o?a?a Oi?aae?iiy ?a?iie oa Aia?eee, Oi?aae?iiy
i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e I?i?noa?noaa caei?aeiiieo ni?aa Oe?a?ie.
Caaaeyee oeei iaoa??aeai aaeaeiny a?eueo iiaii c’ynoaaoe ?ieue
na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa a i?ioean? a?aaoethaaiiy thaineaanueei? e?ece,
i?inoaaeeoe ca oi?ioaaiiyi iiceoe?? iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?ie uiaei iiae?e ia
Aaeeaiao, o/anoth oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae a noaa?e?caoe?? neooaoe?? a
oeueiio ?aa?ii?, anoaiiaeaiiyi ? ?icaeoeii ?? aeainoi?iii?o ca’yce?a c
ooai?aieie ia oa?aiao thaineaanueei? oaaea?aoe?? naiino?eieie
aea?aeaaaie.

Aaaeeea? oaeoe/i? aeai? c aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie aoei ii/a?iiooi c
ca??iee?a “THaineaaey a iaia: aeieoiaiou, oaeou, eiiiaioa?ee
(1990-1992)”, “THaineaaneee e?ecen e ?inney: aeieoiaiou, oaeou,
eiiiaioa?ee (1990-1993)”. Oe?ii?noue iaio ca??iee?a o oiio, ui a
ieo iiaeathoueny ye iioae?eiaai? io?oe?ei? aeieoiaioe — ?aciethoe?? oa
aeaeea?aoe?? i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e, eiinoeoooe?? iiaiooai?aieo
e?a?i, cayae o?yae?a, oae ? ?oeiiene, iaaeai? I?i?noa?noaii ?ioi?iaoe??
Na?a?? ? Nithciei nae?aoa??aoii c ?iicaiieo ni?aa. *eiaei oe?iiiai
oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo aeey aena?oeaiiy ?icaeoeo thaineaanueei? e?ece
i?noeoueny a ioae?eaoe?? “Iacae?i/aiee ie?. Aeiiia?aeue i?aeia?iaeii?
eii?n?? ia Aaeeaiao”.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e aaiethoe?th iiceoe?? na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa uiaei
thaineaanueei? e?ece oa eiai coneeey, ni?yiiaai? ia aeinyaiaiiy ie?o ia
Aaeeaiao, o/anoue Oe?a?ie a oeueiio i?ioean?, aaoi? nie?aany ia
?aciethoe?? ?aaee Aaciaee III, io?oe?ei? aeieoiaioe, ui i?noyoue
“A?aeiiino? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie”, “Aanoiee Ieienoa?noaa eiino?aiiuo
aeae NNN?, “Aanoiee iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eioi?iaoeee — Eiiian”, aeo?iae
“Iie?oeea ? /an”, caniiaieeii yeiai ? I?i?noa?noai caei?aeiiieo ni?aa
Oe?a?ie, na?anueeee aeo?iae “Review of International Affairs”, a
oaeiae aeaioiiia aeaeaiiy “Oe?a?ia ia i?aeia?iaei?e a?ai?: Ca??iee
aeieoiaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a (1991-1995 ??.)”. Cie?aia, a inoaiiueiio
ai?uaii iniiaiiieiaei? aeoe o noa?? ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie,
aeieoiaioe c aeooaeueieo i?aeia?iaeieo i?iaeai, iaoa??aee i?i
aeiaia??ii-i?aaia? a?aeiineie Oe?a?ie c ooai?aieie ia oa?aiao NO?TH
iiaeie iacaeaaeieie e?a?iaie, io?oe?ei? iia?aeiieaiiy i?i cono??/?,
eiioaeoe ia aeuiio ??ai? iinaaeiaeo in?a Oe?a?ie ? cacia/aieo aea?aeaa.

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? oe?iei aeei?enoaii /eneaii?
iaoa??aee oe?a?inueeeo, ?in?enueeeo, aiae?enueeeo, aia?eeainueeeo,
na?anueeeo ? oi?aaonueeeo ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue, anueiai iiiaae 50
aeo?iae?a ? aacao, ye? i?aai?/ii aeiiiaieee io?oe?ei? aeieoiaioaeuei?
iaoa??aee ? oei naiei aeaee iiaeeea?noue aeeth/eoe iia? oaeoe a
?noi?e/iee eiioaeno.

??ciiiai?oia ca iioiaeaeaiiyi, oi?iith oa ci?noii aeaea?aeueia aaca
iiaeiia aoea ni?eyoe a?aoiaioiaaiiio ae??oaiith iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue.

Ui noino?oueny noaio iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie, oi ?? ie?ai? aniaeoe a
iaai?e i??? aena?oeththoueny o i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo
aeine?aeiee?a, ye? c iaoith ?o iaoeiai? ioe?iee iiaeia oiiaii iiae?eeoe
ia e?eueea a?oi.

Ia?oo a?oio neeaaeathoue i?aoe? ocaaaeueithth/iai oa?aeoa?o
?aaeyinueeeo ? thaineaanueeeo iaoeiaoe?a, ia?o ca ana Aaee?na I.N.,
Aieiiae/a Ae., Aeaeo?e/a I. I., Aeinoyi ?.N., AEeaeiae/a N., Ea?an?aa
A.A., Eaueeianueei? ?.?., I?i??aa E.Ae., Ia?i/ieoeueei? E.?., I?e?o?ia
N.A., I?na??aa TH.I., O?o?iai? I.?., *o?e?ii? ?.A., ye? noaee cia/iei
aianeii o iaoeiaa inieneaiiy ?noi??? THaineaa??. Oi/a ? iaienaii oe?
i?aoe? aeaui c oia?aaeaeaieo iiceoe?e, i?ioa ?o cia/iee oaeoe/iee
iaoa??ae a i??o iaiao?aeiino? (cae/aeii, i?ae e?eoe/iei eooii ci?o)
aoei aeei?enoaii i?e iaienaii? aeena?oaoe??.

Ia iniaeeao oaaao caneoaiaothoue eieaeoeai? i?aoe?, iaienai? a ??ci?
/ane ? c ??cieo iiceoe?e, na?aae yeeo iiaeia iacaaoe oae?, ye “Enoi?ey
THaineaaee”, “Enoi?eja ia?iaea juaineaaeja”, “?noi??y i?aaeaiieo ?
cao?aeieo neia’yi”, “?noi??y cao?aeieo oa i?aaeaiieo neia’yi OO
noie?ooy”, aeine?aeaeaiiy eieaeoeao a?aeae?eo iiai? ?noi???
neia’yinueeeo ? aaeeainueeeo ia?iae?a ?inoeoooo neia’yiiciaanoaa oa
aaeeai?noeee ?in?enueei? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe, icia/aia aaoi?aie (Aycainueea
?.E., Aeinoyi ?.N., Ea?anueia A.A., Einee A.?., O?aeaecii ?.A., *o?e?ia
?.A., Oaiye?i A.E.) ia?enii ?noi??? iaoe?iiaeueieo ?aeaieia?e
thaineia’yinueeeo ia?iae?a e?ioey XYIII — ii/aoeo OO noie?oue, a
oaeiae “Enoi?ey no?ai Oeaio?aeueiie e THai-Ainoi/iie Aa?iiu OO aaea”,
ye? aea?aeii a?ae??ciythoueny oe?ieith aeaea?aeueiith aacith, ui a
oe?eiio a?aeoai?th? ?aaeueiee ia?aa?a iiae?e.

Aei ae?oai? a?oie ne?ae a?aeianoe ioae?eaoe??, a yeeo ?icaeyaeathoueny
i?e/eie thaineaanueeiai eiioe?eoo. Oea, cie?aia, i?aoe? Aaeoa A., Aaiaea
?., Aoy/e/a A., Caneaanueeiai A., Iaeeieueia I., Iaoueiaee I., ?ae?/a
E., N?i?/a I. ?noi?e/i? ia?aaeoiiae ?iciaaeo THaineaa?? a oe?eiio
i?aaeeueii aecia/athoueny a ioae?eaoe?yo A?aa?ia TH., K??noi Ae.,
Eau?eianueei? ?., Iauaiea ?., Iaoeiae/a ?. Aaaeeeaeie aeey aena?oeaiiy
iie?oe/ieo, aoii?ae?a?eieo aniaeo?a thaineaanueeiai eiioe?eoo,
aca?iia?aeiinei iaoe?iiaeueieo oa aoi?/ieo iaioei ia Aaeeaiao ? noaoo?
na?anueeiai oa aieaa?nueeiai aaoi??a ?caeiae/a C. ? Oiaei?iaa I. Ie?aii
ne?ae neacaoe i?i aeine?aeaeaiiy Eaiaiaoeueeiai I., a yeiio c?iaeaii
ni?iao inieneeoe iica eiioaenoii aoiiiie?oe/ii? ?noi??? thaineia’yi
eiiieaen i?e/ei, ui aecia/ea nthaeaoe i?aeiaoe?iiaeueiiai ca?ieiiai
eiioe?eoo ia Aaeeaiao. Ni?iaith a?aeiia?noe ia caieoaiiy, /e ?nioaaee
aaea oiae?, o 1918 ?ioe?, eiee aoei caeeaaeaii i?aeaaeeie thaineaanueei?
aea?aeaae, i?e/eie no/aniiai eiioe?eoo, /e, iaaiaee, oa, ui
a?aeaoaa?oueny nueiaiaei?, ? ii?iaeaeaiiyi naia?aoecio a THaineaa??, —
noaei aeine?aeaeaiiy Iena??aa TH. I. “Nicaeaiea thaineaaneiai
ainoaea?noaa a 1918 aiaeo: o?iee enoi?ee”. Aiae?c thaineaanueeiai
eiioe?eoo ia noeeo aeaio aaeocae nioe?ieia?/iiai ciaiiy — eiioe?eoieia??
oa nioe?ieia?? i?iaaaeaii TH?ioaae/ai Ae., Eacaeiaei A. Oe?eaaei
iiaaoi?nueeei aei?iaeii ? aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa TH?ioaae/a Ae. “E?ecen
thaineaaneie ainoaea?noaaiiinoe a eiioea OO aaea: eiioeeeoieiae/aneee
aiaeec”. C’ynoaaiith iniiaieo aoai?a ?icaeoeo thaineaa?cio oa i?e/ei
eiai e?aoo i?enay/aia ioae?eaoe?y Iia/aia N. “A?ae thaineaa?cio aei
ooai?aiiy noaa?aiieo iaoe?iiaeueieo aea?aeaa: i?e/eie ?iciaaeo
THaineaa??.”

Aei o?aouei? a?oie aeei?enoaii? aeena?oaioii e?oa?aoo?e a?aeiinyoueny
i?aoe?, ye? caeeaee i?aeaaeeie aeey eiiieaeniiai ia’?eoeaiiai,
a?oioiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ie? na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa
a i?ioean? a?aaoethaaiiy thaineaanueei? e?ece.

Iiceoe?y aeayeeo e?a?i uiaei thaineaanueei? e?ece ia iaoa??aeao
a?aeiia?aeieo ciai?oiuei-iie?oe/ieo a?aeiinoa ?icaeyaea?oueny a
ioae?eaoe?yo Naioeeiaa N.I., AEeaaiiaa N., E?aiaithea A.A., Oiaeueiaa
A., Aieeiaa A.E., Iaia/einueeiai I.ss., I?iie?ia A.E., ?oaeyeiaa I.I.,
Ca?oa?inueeiai I., Iaceea ?. A?aoiaioiaai? aeniiaee, c?iaeai? oeeie
aaoi?aie, a?aee?eee iia? iiaeeeaino? aeey aena?oeaiiy ?ie? ye ie?aieo
e?a?i, oae ? iie?oe/ieo aeie?a o ?ica’ycaii? e?eciai? neooaoe?? ia
Aaeeaiao. Aeaye? ieaie i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa, ni?yiiaai? ia
aeinyaiaiiy ie?o ia Aaeeaiao, ?icaeyaeathoueny a aeine?aeaeaiiyo
I?eaieiae/a I., No?aaea C., Aciiiae/a E., Noaii?ae/a . Ie?ai? aniaeoe
Aeaeoiinueeeo oaiae c’yniaothoueny a i?aoeyo Aieiao?aa I., Oyaoiaiei
E., I?eiaaiiaa A., Eoe?eiai? I., Aioyiianueeiai A. Aaiiie?oeeo
thaineaanueeiai eiioe?eoo c oi/ee ci?o ?ioa?an?a ?in??, oaiaeaioe?eii
aeeeaaeaii Aeoa?iei I.

Eiie?aoi? ieoaiiy oaie aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, a naia — ?icaeoie
aeaiie?aoe/ieo i?ioean?a oa i?aeaoi?/ieo a?aeiinei — iaaiai?thaaeeny
a/aieie-aaeeai?noaie, aenia?oaie oa iie?oe/ieie ae?y/aie ia
i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? a Aaea?aae? ? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
iioae?eiaaiiio ca??ieeo iaoa??ae?a, yeee oaae noaa o i?eaiae? a oiae?
iaienaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Inoaiiy a?oia ii?aoeueiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e ioiieth? iaoeia?,
iaoeiai-iiioey?i? e aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?ei? i?aoe?, a yeeo ia?aaaaeii
o?aaiaioa?ii a?aeia?aaeaii o/anoue Oe?a?ie a o?aaoethaaii?
thaineaanueei? e?ece oa iaaiith i??ith aeine?aeaeaii noaiiaeaiiy e
?icaeoie a?aeiinei c e?a?iaie eieeoiuei? NO?TH. Cie?aia, ioae?eaoe??
Niaea A., Icaaeianueeiai A. oi?eathoueny ?ie? Oe?a?ie a i?ioean?
anaioiiethth/iai iie?oe/iiai a?aaoethaaiiy thaineaanueei? e?ece.
Aeiiii?/i? e iie?oe/i? ?ioa?ane Oe?a?ie a Aaeeainueeiio ?aa?ii?
aecia/aii a ioae?eaoe?yo Iiniea I., Oanoaeiaa N. Iaaiee ?ioa?an aeey
aeena?oaioa noaiiaeei e aea/aiiy iiiia?ao?e c ?noi???
oe?a?inueei-thaineaanueeeo a?aeiinei, ye? ni?eyee ona?aeiieaiith oiai
aaaeeeaiai oaeoo, ui no/ani? ca’ycee i?ae Oe?a?iith oa e?a?iaie
eieeoiuei? NO?TH aacothoueny ia aaaaoia?eiaeo aoii?noi?e/ieo,
noni?eueii- iie?oe/ieo ? eoeueoo?ieo aca?ieiao.

Oe?eaaee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae i?noeoueny a aeaiiiaiiio aeaeaii?
“Oi?aao?y-Oe?a?ia. Eoeueoo?i? ca’ycee a?ae Aae??aoeee aei Aei?i?a”.
Noaiiaeaiiy a?aeiinei i?ae Iaeaaeii??th oa Oe?a?iith ia no/aniiio aoai?
aena?oeaii a ioae?eaoe?? No?aeue/oe I.

Ao?i /eiaea e?euee?noue ioae?eaoe?e iineoue oaiaeaioe?eiee, aeineoue
iiaa?oiaee oa?aeoa? ? i?noeoue noia?a/eea? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee, a
yeeo ?aii?o?oueny aeeaeiia ?noi?e/ia i?aea?oioy no/anieo i?ioean?a. Oea
niiioeaei aeena?oaioa aei naiino?eiiai iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiai
ocaaaeueiaiiy noeoiiino? a?aeiieo oaeo?a ? o?aeooaaiiy ?noi?e/ieo
iiae?e.

Ioaea, a?oioiaia aea/aiiy e iaoeiaee aiae?c ?aaeyinueei?, a?o/eciyii?
oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e c oaie aeena?oaoe?? cae?eniaii aeena?oaioii
caaeey oiai, uia, a?aeaeaaoe iaeaaeia nai?i iiia?aaeieeai ia’?eoeaiith
ioe?ieith ?o iaoeiaiai aei?iaeo, aeneiaeoe i?e oeueiio naith aeanio
iiceoe?th oa cai?iiiioaaoe iia? i?aeoiaee aei aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?eiai
?yaeo aniaeo?a ? i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo ?c c’ynoaaiiyi ?ie? na?oiaiai
ni?aoiaa?enoaa oa o/ano? a oeueiio i?ioean? Oe?a?ie a ?aieao iaei???
eiiieaenii? oaie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “?noi?e/i? ia?aaeoiiae ?iciaaeo THaineaa??”
i?iaiae?ciaaii ?noi?e/i? ei?ai? thaineaanueeiai eiioe?eoo. Aeine?aeaeaii
neeaaei? i?ioeane aoiiaeeoa?aioe?aoe?? na?aae thaineia’yi (neiaaioe?a,
oi?aao?a, na?a?a, iaeaaeiioe?a), noaiiaeaiiy ?o iaoe?iiaeueii?
naiina?aeiiino?, ?ieue eiioan?eiiai oaeoi?a o aeuaaeacaieo i?ioeanao,
ieoaiiy ?neai?caoe?? neia’yinueeiai ianaeaiiy Aaeeai. Iieacaii, ui
THaineaa?y, canaeaia ia?aaaaeii neia’yiaie, aoea ia o?eueee naiino?eiei
aaoiooiiiei yaeuai, a e iniaeeaei “?a?iiaenueei-na?aaecaiiiii?nueeei
na?oii”, yeee iaeaaeaa aiaeii/an aei oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueeiai,
aeoiaenueeiai, aaeeainueeiai ? na?aaecaiiiii?nueeiai ?aa?ii?a.
I?aaeaiiineia’yinuee? ia?iaee c ?aiiueiai na?aaeiueia?//y iaoeaee ia
noeeo o?ueio ?ae?a?e oa o?ueio oeea?e?caoe?e, ? oea iaeeaei na?e
iniaeeaee a?aeaeoie ia ?o na?oiaeyae, eoeueoo?o, i???ioaoe?th, iiaoo,
o?aaeeoe??, cae/ee. Iaaio ?ieue o a?ae/oaeaii? neia’yinueeeo ia?iae?a
a?ae?a?aa, cie?aia, ?ae?a?eiee iiae?e ia i?aaeaiiineia’yinuee?
ni?eueiioe, ui a?aeaoany a na?aaeei? O? noie?ooy, eiee ?ic?eoeeny
?noi?e/i? oeyoe eaoieeoeecio oa i?aaineaa’y. Ii/eiath/e c ?aiiueiai
na?aaeiueia?//y, thaineia’yie iinooiiai ao?a/aee naith aea?aeaai?noue.
I?ney caaithaaiiy oo?eaie Aaeeainueeiai i?aino?iaa oi?aaoe noaee
i?aaeaiii-no?aeiei oi?iinoii eaoieeoeecio a ?a?ii?, na?ae ae neeaee
i?aaeaiii-cao?aeiee aano?ii i?aaineaaiiai na?oo; ionoeueiaie
neia’yinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy iieieeeny ia i?aaeaiii-cao?aeiiio ei?aeii?
noaeiai ?neainueeiai i?iieeiaiiy aei ?a?iie, Neiaai?y iio?aieea i?ae
i?iaoeueeo aeii?iaoe?th. Eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iee ?icaeoie thaineia’yi
caaacia/oaaany ?o iaeaaei?noth aei o?enoeyinueei? o?aaeeoe??
a?aoeueeiai e ?einueeiai ia?yae?a. A?aeii? aeinyaiaiiy
neia’yi-eaoieee?a — aeoa?iaieoeueei-aeaeiaoeinueeee ?aianain,
oi?aaonueea aa?iei — a?aeaeaeyee ?o a?ae na?anueeiai e iaeaaeiinueeiai
na?aaeiueia?//y. Oiio thaineia’yie c iiaiei i?aaii aeaeea?oaaee naaa ye
aoi?/ii ?iaeeii?, aea ?noi?e/ii ??ci? ia?iaee. I?inoiaiiy oo?aoeueeeo
caaieiaiee?a aei Na?a?aa, aea c?oeioeeny ?ioa?ane Iniainueei? oa
Aano??enueei? ?iia??e, i?ecaaei a?aeiia?aeii aei ?aaaioecaoe??
neia’yi. ?neai?ciaai? na?ae ? oi?aaoe noaee ?iaioaaoeny “ione?iaie”.
Oae ia aac? neia’yinueeiai aoiino noi?ioaaeany iniaeeaa ionoeueiainueea
iaoe?y ?, ye iane?aeie, ooai?eany thaineia’yinueeee
eaoieeoeueei-i?aaineaaii-ionoeueiainueeee o?eeooiee.

Cacia/aii, ui iaea?eueo ae?aiaoe/iei ? noia?a/eeaei na?aae on?o
i?aaeaiiineia’yinueeeo caiaeue aoa ?noi?e/iee oa aoiieoeueoo?iee
?icaeoie Aini??, ??ci? /anoeie yei? i?ioyaii noi??//y ia?aaoaaee i?ae
iaioaaiiyi o??? aai ?ioi? oeea?e?caoe??, aea i?eiee ia iaeaaeaee
iiai?noth aei aeiaeii? c ieo. O ca’yceo c oeei c?iaeaii i?eiouaiiy, ui,
iiaeeeai, naia c oe??? i?e/eie Aini?y ? Aa?oeaaiaeia aei
nueiaiaei?oiueiai /ano oaeoe/ii ia noaea naiino?eiith aea?aeaaith.

I?iaiae?ciaaii ?aea? neia’yinueei? ?aeiino?, ieaie noai?aiiy
ni?eueiiai aea?aeaaiiai ooai?aiiy i?aaeaiiineia’yinueeeo ia?iae?a,
caniiaaiiai ia aeciaii? ?aeiino? na?a?a, oi?aao?a, neiaaioe?a, ?
aeyaeaii i?e/eie oiai, /iio oe? ?aea? ia ciiaee noaoe neeith, yea a
coieieea i?ioean “aaoiiii?caoe??” i?aaeaiiiai neia’yinoaa.

O na?oe? oeueiai aeiaiaeeoueny, ui THaineaa?y aoea noai?aia, a iio?i
ci?oeieeany caaaeyee iinooiiaiio ?icieaaiith niiaaae?a i?i a?aoiaaea/?
i?aeoniaeoe?, aeciaiith ia?iaeaie, ye? ianaeyee ??, iaeei iaeiiai,
iicaaaeaiith iaoe?iiae?noe/ieo aeiiaaaiue ? i?eaeooaiith oia?i?cio
(n.46). Cacia/a?oueny, ui aeieeea ni?euei?noue, yea neeaaeaeany c iaoe?e
? ia?iaeiinoae c aeoaea ??cieie ?noi?e/ieie aeieyie, iiaea i?eaanoe aei
i?ioea?oaiiy thaineaanueei? aea?aeaae. Iaeiae thaineaanueea ?aeay /a?ac
iaaei??iee ath?ie?aoeci oeaio?aeueii? aeaaee iinooiiai ao?aoeea naith
i?eoyaaeueio neeo. Oiio a 80-o? ?iee nenoaia oaaea?aoeaiiai ono?ith, ui
neeaeany i?ae aieeaii /eneaiieo oaeoi??a, ii/aea ?iciaaeaoenue.
Ii-ia?oa, c? nia?oth E. A. O?oi noai?aiee iei ?aaeei, caeeoeaoenue aac
nai?? aieiaii? iii?e e a?a?o?a a iino?eieo eiioe?eoao i?ae iie?oe/ieie
aa?oaie a ?anioae?eao ? e?ayo, ii/aa “i?iaoeniaoaaoe”. Ii-ae?oaa,
aiane?aeie c?oeiaiiy i?ae ea??aieoeoaii ? ?anioae?eainueeeie
i?aai?caoe?yie ia?anoaa ?nioaaoe Nithc eiioi?no?a THaineaa??, ui
i?ecaaei aei i?enei?aiiy aeac?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a o e?a?i?,
iinoaaeei i?ae caa?ico oe?e?ni?noue thaineaanueei? aea?aeaae,
noeioethaaei iineeaiiy iaoe?iiae?cio. Ii-o?ao?, ai?a ?iicaiiei
aea?aeaaai, aeey ianeoaiaoaaiiy yeiai aeiaiaeeeiny aeae?eyoe iiiaae 40
a?aenioe?a aaethoieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue, “aaeiioth/a” ?ioeyoe?y, c?inoaiiy
aac?ia?ooy i?ecaaee aei ??ceiai cieaeaiiy aeeoo?aiai ??aiy ianaeaiiy.
Ii-/aoaa?oa, THaineaa?y ii/aea na?eicii a?aenoaaaoe a?ae ?icaeoeo iiae?e
o No?aei?e ?a?ii?, aiane?aeie /iai ao?aoeea a iaai?e i??? cia/aiiy
“no?aoaa?/ii? aooa?ii? aea?aeaae” i?ae Noiaeii ? Caoiaeii (n. 46-50).

I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui ia caaaeath/e ia an? i?ioe??//y, ye? ?nioaaee i?ae
ia?iaeaie NO?TH, aieiaiith i?e/eiith o?anei thaineaanueei? aea?aeaae
noaa i?iaae ieai?a ia?aoai?aiiy ?? a ?icaeiooo ?a?iiaenueeo aea?aeaao,
ui niiioeaei noa’?eo?a oaaea?aoe?? aei ?aae?caoe?? ye ia?aae?ciaaieo
iaiaaaiue, oae ? iioaioe?aeo nai?o iaoe?e o ?aieao iaoe?iiaeueieo
aea?aeaa. O oe?eiio e?eca aea?aeaaiino? a THaineaa?? aeiaaea, ui aei oeo
i??, aeiee iaoe?y ia ?aae?co? naiai iioaioe?aeo a ?aieao iaoe?iiaeueii?
aea?aeaae, aiia ?icaeyaeaoeia aoiaeaeaiiy aei neeaaeo
aaaaoiiaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae ye ianeeey, oei a?eueoa o aeiaaeeo ??
iie?oe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? aeene?ei?iaoe??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “THaineaanueea e?eca ? ?ieue na?oiaiai
ni?aoiaa?enoaa a ?? a?aaoethaaii?” aeine?aeaeaii iiceoe?th na?oiaiai
ni?aoiaa?enoaa uiaei thaineaanueei? e?ece, yea i?aeaeaea aei?iaoaaiiyi
onth nenoaio i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei, a oaeiae i?iaiae?ciaaii eiai ie?i?
ieaie, aeeieiiaoe/i? coneeey oa a?enueeia? aeoe??, ni?yiiaai? ia
noaa?e?caoe?th neooaoe?? ia Aaeeaiao. O ia?aa?ao? “Aaiethoe?y iiceoe??
na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa o ca’yceo c caaino?aiiyi thaineaanueei? e?ece”
iieacaii, ui i?aeia?iaeia ni?aae?oaei?noue iaiaaaeany aaeeoe caoiae?a c
iaoith ?ica’ycaiiy e?eciai? neooaoe?? a THaineaa?? caaeiaai aei ??
a?aie/iiai caaino?aiiy. Iiceoe?y e?a?i na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa i?e
oeueiio ia caeeoaeany iaci?iiith. ?? aaiethoe?y a?ae iaiaaaiue
ni?yioaaoe eieeoi? thaineaanuee? ?anioae?ee ia noai?aiiy eiioaaea?aoe??
iiaiai oeio – a?eueii? anioe?aoe?? ?anioae?e c i?aaii eiaeii? ia
naiino?eio o/anoue o i?aeia?iaeiiio aeeoo? — aei aeciaiiy iiaeo aea?aeaa
ia oa?aiao NO?TH aoea oe?eeii caeiiii??iith. Oae, i???ioaoe?y ?N ia
?aeeio THaineaa?th i?e aoaeue-yeiio aa??aio? ?? ono?ith ca oiiae
i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ieo ?aoi?i ia cao?aeiee eooaeo eia?/ii aeieeaaea
?c caaaeueieo i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaaeeny ia ?a?iiaenueeiio eiioeiaio?,
cie?aia — iaiaaaiiy /eai?a ?N ia?aeoe a?ae aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? aei
iie?oe/iiai caeeaeaiiy e ia’?aeiaiiy, i?aeoaa?aeaeaieo o a?aeiieo
aeieoiaioao cono??/? a Iaano?eoo? (n.64-85). Iaeiae e?ao ?aaeyinueeiai
Nithco iie?i/ea c oaao ia aeaiiioaae oaaea?aoe?e ye aea?aeaaieo
ooai?aiue ? ni?eya e?ioeaaiio aecia/aiith nii/aoeo ?N, a iio?i NOA ? III
ia ei?enoue aeciaiiy iacaeaaeiino? e aea?aeaaiiai noaa?ai?oaoo Oi?aao??
? Neiaai??.

I?iaiae?ciaaii aeei?enoaiiy Caoiaeii oae caaii? “aeeieiiao?? aeciaiiy”,
a?aeiia?aeii aei yei? aeeieiiaoe/ia aeciaiiy iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue
ye nai???aeiee ?ino?oiaio o?aaoethaaiiy eiioe?eo?a, cie?aia, caa?iaii
oaaao ia iiieeeia?noue ?? canoinoaaiiy aei Neiaai?? ? Oi?aao??,
aeciaiiy yeeo ia o?eueee ia iieeaei e?ae ai?iiei ae?yi, a iaaiaee,
i?ecaaei aei ?o caaino?aiiy. sseith eaoano?io?/iith aeyaeeany oey
iie?oeea, noaei c?icoi?ei a Aini?? ? Aa?oeaaiaei?, i?ney aeciaiiy
iacaeaaeiino? yeeo e?a?iaie i?aeia?iaeii? ni?aae?oaeiino? ii/aeeny
a?aee?eo? ca?iei? c?oeiaiiy i?ae na?aaie, ionoeueiaiaie e oi?aaoaie, ui
ia?a?inee a a?iiaaeyinueeo a?eio ia oa?eoi??? oe??? ?anioae?ee.

?acii c oei iaaaaeaiee o ia?aa?ao? iaoa??ae na?ae/eoue, ui aoaeue-ye?
ni?iae caeioaaoeoe a a?aie/iiio caaino?aii? thaineaanueeiai eiioe?eoo
na?oiaa ni?aoiaa?enoai, iacaaaeath/e ia eiai iaiaeii?acia? iiieeee, ?
aaci?aenoaaieie, oi/ a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo aeinyaiaiiy ie?o a eieeoi?e
THaineaa?? a?aeaoeiny ianeeueieoeueeei oeyoii i?e aaciina?aaeiueiio
ao?o/aii? I?ai?/iiaoeaioe/iiai aeieo.

O ia?aa?ao? “Coneeey i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa a aeinyaiaii? ie?o ia
Aaeeaiao” aeaoaeueii i?iaiae?ciaaii an? ieaie ie?iiai a?aaoethaaiiy, ye?
i?iiiioaaeeny Caoiaeii i?ae aa?aeith III oa ?N. sseui ia?o? c ieo
ia?aaeaa/aee ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy ni?a?nioaaiiy aaaaoueio aoi?/ieo a?oi o
iaaeao ?aeeii? aea?aeaae ? a?aeaa?iaiiy caa?ice e?eaaaiai eiioe?eoo, oi
eiaeai ianooiiee ieai ana a?eueoa a?aeoiaeea a?ae eiioeaioe??
ni?a?nioaaiiy aoiin?a, a o aeiaaeeo, cie?aia, c Aini??th ?
Aa?oeaaiaeiith, ana iaioa caeeoaa noaa?ai?oaoo ?o i?aeia?iaeii aeciaiei
o?yaeai (n.86). I?aee?aneaii, ui a?aeoeeeaoe Ieai Ea???iaoiia, yeee
ia?aaeaa/aa ia?aoai?aiiy THaineaa?? o a?eueio anioe?aoe?th noaa?aiieo
iacaeaaeieo ?anioae?e, aea a aoee aa?aioiaai? i?aaa ethaeeie oa
iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei ? aoea a iaiiaeeeaith iaeiinoi?iiiy ci?ia
ei?aeii?a, Na?a?y iicaaaeea ia?iaee THaineaa?? inoaiiueiai oaino ia
anaa?/ia a?aaoethaaiiy thaineaanueei? e?ece oiio, ui a?aeoiae?
i?aeia?iaeia ni?aoiaa?enoai a?aeiiaeeiny a?ae oe??? iaoe, aeciaaoe
iiaee noaoon-eai, yeee neeaany ia oa?eoi??? eieeoiuei? THaineaa??
aiane?aeie ?? ?iciaaeo ? i?iaieioaiiy iacaeaaeiino? Oi?aao??th,
Neiaai??th, Aini??th ? Aa?oeaaiaeiith.

?ice?eaathoueny iniiai? i?e/eie i?iaaeo an?o iiaeaeueoeo ieai?a ie?iiai
a?aaoethaaiiy, ye? ia??aeei iineee noiniaii na?a?a aeene?ei?iaoe?eiee,
a ca?aene — ia?aae?noe/iee oa?aeoa?. ?acii c oei cacia/a?oueny, ui
iaa?oue iath/e iaaeie?ee, a?eueo?noue ?c ieo iiaea a noaoe iniiaith aeey
ie?iiai a?aaoethaaiiy. Iaeiae on? aiie aoee c??aai? /a?ac aeno?ai?ci,
yeee iaa i?noea a ae?yo ye ionoeueiainueei?, oae ? na?anueei? noi?iie,
ui iaiaeii?aciai i?ecaiaeeei aei ii?ooaiiy eiaeiith c ieo acyoeo ia naaa
ciaia’ycaiue ?, a?aeiia?aeii, aei iineeaiiy a?enueeiaiai ao?o/aiiy a
thaineaanueeo e?eco.

Iieacaii iaaoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy /eneaiieo naieoe?e ?aaeith
Aaciaee III oa iaiaaeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy a?enueeiaeo iiaeeeainoae IAOI
ca iaiaeaoii III. I?aee?aneaii, ui a?enueeiaee neeiaee i?aeo?ae aei
?ica’ycaiiy oe??? e?ece, yeee i?iiaaoaaany NOA oa ea??aieoeoaii IAOI,
iino?eii aeieoaaany III, Cao?aeiith ?a?iiith.

A?aecia/aii iaiaaaiiy ?in?? iineaaeoe i?aeia?iaeio ?cieyoe?th
THaineaa??, ia aeiionoeoe oioaeueii? eiio?iioaoe?? i?ae
e?a?iaie-o/anieoeyie aini?enueeiai a?aaoethaaiiy a aeon? “oieiaeii?
a?eie”, ao?o/aiiy nee I?ai?/iiaoeaioe/iiai aeueyino a aieia? ae?? ia
ei?enoue yei?nue iaei??? c noi??i eiioe?eoo.

O ia?aa?ao? “Aeaeoiinuee? oaiaee: aeinyaiaiiy ? i?iaeaie” aeaoaeueii
?icaeyaeathoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy Aeaeoiinueeeo oaiae, i?eeiyooy yeeo
noaei eoeuei?iaoe??th o?eaaeeo ? iai?oaeaieo coneeue aaaaoueio
i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e oa ie?aieo e?a?i o iiooeao aeeieiiaoe/iiai
a?aaoethaaiiy aaeeainueei? e?ece. Iiceoeaii ioe?ithth/e a oe?eiio
Aeaeoiinuee? oaiaee ye iiaa neiai a aeeieiiaoe/i?e i?aeoeoe? no/aniiai
iaeiiiiey?iiai na?oo, aeena?oaio ?acii c oei iieaco?, ui Aeaeoiinuee?
oaiaee ia iaeaaeaoue aei oaiae, caniiaaieo ia aeia?ia?eueiiio
aieaaeyaeaii? noi??i, iiooeo eiii?ii?no, eiinainono, a nei??oa anueiai
yaeythoue niaith oeueoeiaoeaii i?iaeeeoiaai? a?enueeia? e oeea?euei?
oiiae ie?o, ia?o ca ana — Na?a??, a oaeiae N? THaineaa??, Oi?aao??,
Aini?? ? Aa?oeaaiaeie (n. 109).

Cacia/a?oueny, ui e??i oie?ioai?aiiy a Aini?? ? Aa?oeaaiaei?, yea aoea
caeeoaia ?aeeiith naiino?eiith aea?aeaaith o neeaae? aeaio noa’?eo?a –
Ionoeueiainueei-oi?aaonueei? oaaea?aoe?? oa ?anioae?ee Na?anueei?, ua
iaei??th iaoith Aeaeoiinueeeo oaiae aoei ?icoe?aiiy iiceoe?e NOA e IAOI
ia Aaeeaiao, i?iaeeeoiaaia eia?eith ?icoe?aiiy naiiai IAOI (n.114).

I?iaiae?coaaaoe o?ae aeeiiaiiy Aeaeoiinueeeo oaiae ? a?aecia/eaoe, ui
iaaeaiiy i?aa, ia?aaeaa/aieo ieie, ?o noi?iiai c naiiai ii/aoeo aoei
iinoaaeaii a caeaaei?noue a?ae iiaaae?iee oeeo noi??i, aeena?oaio
caa?oa? oaaao ia ??ciee i?aeo?ae aei noa’?eo?a ?anioae?ee Aini?? ?
Aa?oeaaiaeie, cie?aia, ia oa, ui a oie /an, ye iaeiiio c noa’?eo?a —
Ionoeueiainueei-oi?aaonuee?e oaaea?aoe??, aeicaieaii i?aeo?eioaaoe
oaaea?aoeai? a?aeiioaiiy c Oi?aao??th, ae?oaiio — ?anioae?oe? Na?anuee?e
— ia aeicaiey?oueny iaoe aiaeia?/i? a?aeiineie c Na?a??th. Iiae?aiee
i?aeo?ae iiaea i?ecaanoe aei i?iaaeo aieiaii? ?aea? Aeaeoiinueeeo oaiae
uiaei caa?aaeaiiy ?anioae?ee Aini?? ? Aa?oeaaiaeie ye
aaaaoiiaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae, iniaeeai eiee acyoe aei oaaae iaiaaaiiy
ie?aieo iie?oe/ieo nee i?eaeaaoe iaai? oa?eoi??? ?anioae?ee Na?anueei? a
iai?i ia a?eueia ?? i?e?aeiaiiy aei Na?a?? (n. 110).

Aaoi? cacia/a?, ui ?aae?caoe?y Aeaeoiinueeeo oaiae oaeiae
oneeaaeith?oueny aino?ith aca?iiith iai?eycith i?ae na?aaie, oi?aaoaie
oa ionoeueiaiaie, iaaaaeaiiyi a?aeaioe?a iiaa?oaoeny a i?noey ?o
eieeoiueiai i?iaeeaaiiy, i?e?oa?ecaoe??th Ionoeueiainueei-oi?aaonueei?
oaaea?aoe??, cae?enithaaiith ia aeiaaeie, yeui Aeaeoiinuee? oaiaee ia
i?eianooue ie?o oa noaa?eueiino?, a?aenooi?noth i?ia?ano a ii?iae?caoe??
a?aeiinei N? THaineaa?? c i?aeia?iaeieie o?iainiaeie ?inoeoooaie, aai
?nioaaiiyi oae caaii? ciai?oiuei? no?ie naieoe?e (n. 112 – 113).

Naia /a?ac oa, ui i?ioean ie?iiai a?aaoethaaiiy a Aini?? ? Aa?oeaaiaei?
ia iaa?aa cai?ioiiai oa?aeoa?o, ? aoei i?eeiyoi ??oaiiy caa?aaoe a
?anioae?oe? i?enooi?noue aaaaoiiaoe?iiaeueieo nee (n.115 — 117).

I?iaiae?coaaaoe i?aenoieia? i?aeia?iaei? aeieoiaioe ii Aini?? ?
Aa?oeaaiaei?, cie?aia iieiaeaiiy, ye? noinothoueny ?icoe?aiiy
iiaiiaaaeaiue Aa?oiaiiai i?aaenoaaieea III o Aini?? ? Aa?oeaaiaei?,
aaoi? aeneiaeth? i?eiouaiiy, ui iaae Aini??th ? Aa?oeaaiaeiith iinooiiai
anoaiiaeth?oueny i?ioaeoi?ao III, ci?oeieoe yeee, iaeiae, aoaea aeoaea
aaaeei, caaaeath/e ia ?nioth/? ooo ?ae?a?ei?, aoi?/i? oa ?io? i?ioe??//y
(n. 118).

A?aoo?, aeena?oaio aeiaiaeeoue, ui i?iaeaia inoaoi/iiai a?aaoethaaiiy
aaeeainueei? e?ece, yea noi?oue ia?aae na?oiaei ni?aoiaa?enoaii, a?eueo
ianooaaia, i?ae oea aaaaea?oueny. Cie?aia, a oai?aoe/iiio aniaeo? iiaa
eaea i?i iiaeeea?noue o i?eioeei? aeiaaino?ieiaiai ?nioaaiiy cia/ieo
iaionoeueiainueeeo ? ionoeueiainueeeo ni?eueiio o iaaeao ?aeeii? ?
ia?aaaaeii ia?neainueei? noiniaii eoeueoo?e aea?aeaae e a?iiaaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa a no/anieo oiiaao. O i?aeoe/iiio ieai? ni?aoiaa?enoai ia?
ana c?iaeoe aeey oiai, uia ionoeueiaie, e iaaeae? caeeoath/enue
ionoeueiaiaie, aoee a iaeii/anii eiyeueieie a?iiaaeyiaie ia?aaaaeii
ia?neainueei? aea?aeaae ? noni?euenoaa (n. 118-119).

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Iiceoe?y Oe?a?ie uiaei iiae?e ia Aaeeaiao ?
?icaeoie ?? a?aeiinei c e?a?iaie ?aa?iio” i?iaiae?ciaaii ?ieue ? i?noea
Oe?a?ie a coneeeyo na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa a o?aaoethaaii?
thaineaanueei? e?ece.

O ia?aa?ao? “O/anoue Oe?a?ie a o?aaoethaaii? thaineaanueei? e?ece”
iieacaii, ui Oe?a?ia, ia?aaeeaath/e i?ioean aeciaiiy e noaiiaeaiiy ?
?icoi?th/e, ui eo?n ia aeaceioaa?aoe?th thaineaanueeeo ?anioae?e ca?any
c eo?nii ia ?icaae “?iia?nueeiai ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco”, noiyea inoi?iiue
iiae?e o ia??iae eoeuei?iaoe?? e?ece a NO?TH oa ia ii/aoeo ?? ?iciaaeo
(n.129). A iiaeaeueoiio, aenooiath/e ca yeiaeoaeaeoa a?aaoethaaiiy
thaineaanueeiai eiioe?eoo, Oe?a?ia an?eyei i?aeo?eioaaea ie?ioai?/o
ae?yeuei?noue III, IAN?, ?N, iina?aaeieoeuee? coneeey /eai?a
i?aeia?iaeii? Eiioaeoii? a?oie (n. 130).

I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iiceoe?y Oe?a?ie noiniaii a?aaoethaaiiy
thaineaanueei? e?ece a?oiooaaeany ia i?eioeeiao iiaaae aei noaa?ai?oaoo,
oa?eoi??aeueii? oe?e?niino?, iaaeioi?eaiino? ei?aeii?a ? aea?aeaaii?
iacaeaaeiino? an?o eieeoi?o noa’?eo?a NO?TH, iaao?o/aiiy o aioo??oi?
ni?aae iiaiooai?aieo iacaeaaeieo aea?aeaa, aeio?eiaiiy i?aa on?o
iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei oa aoi?/ieo a?oi ca?aeii c ii?iaie i?aeia?iaeiiai
i?aaa, a oaeiae iaaeciaiiy an?o oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaeaaiue, io?eiaieo
neeii?oeue.

Cacia/a?oueny, ui Oe?a?ia c naiiai ii/aoeo aenooiaea ca i?eieiaiiy
aieiaeo ae?e i?ae on?ia eiioe?eooth/eie noi?iiaie a eieeoi?e THaineaa??,
aeaaaeaiiy an?o i?ae?icae?e?a THaineaanueei? Ia?iaeii? A?i?? oa
Oi?aaonueei? A?i?? c Aini?? ? Aa?oeaaiaeie, ?o ?icione ? ?icca?i?iiy,
anoaiiaeaiiy aoaeoeaiiai eiio?ieth ca iaaeei?enoaiiyi aaaeei? ca?i?,
i?eieiaiiy i?aeoeee i?eioniaiai ia?anaeaiiy oa “aoi?/ieo /enoie”,
noai?aiiy oiia aeey aacia?a?aiiai iaaeaiiy aoiai?oa?ii? aeiiiiiae
(n.130). Oe?a?ia noiyea ia oiio, ui aeei?enoaiiy neee ia iiaea
aaoiiaoe/ii i?ecaanoe aei iiiiaeaiiy ie?o a eieeoi?e THaineaa??.

Aeiaiaeeoueny, ui o/anoue Oe?a?ie o Eiiaeiinuee?e, Ia?ecuee?e,
Aiiinuee?e eiioa?aioe?yo 1995 ?ieo cana?ae/eea aeciaiiy na?oiaei
ni?aoiaa?enoaii eiino?oeoeaieo coneeue Oe?a?ie, ni?yiiaaieo ia
a?aaoethaaiiy thaineaanueeiai eiioe?eoo, a oaeiae ?? iinooiiaa
ooaa?aeaeaiiy a ?ie? aaaeeeaiai /eiieea caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiai i?ioeano
aaciaee. A na?oe? oeueiai aaaeeeaei aianeii Oe?a?ie a ni?aao caa?aaeaiiy
ie?o, noaa?eueiino? oa aaciaee e?a?i ?aa?iio noaea o/anoue Oe?a?ie a
ie?ioai?/eo iia?aoe?yo III o eieeoi?e THaineaa??.

Ia eiie?aoieo oaeoao iieaco?oueny, ui Oe?a?ia, ai?ei aeei?enoiaoth/e
nai? niaoeeo?/i? iiaeeeaino?, /eiaei c?iaeea aeey caoenoo i?aa ethaeeie,
a oiio /ene? aoi?/ieo oe?a?ioe?a ia oa?eoi??? eieeoiuei? NO?TH.

O ia?aa?ao? “Noaiiaeaiiy e ?icaeoie a?aeiinei c e?a?iaie eieeoiuei?
NO?TH ye oaeoi? ci?oeiaiiy noaa?eueiino? ia Aaeeaiao” aeine?aeaeothoueny
aeiiii?/i? e iie?oe/i? ?ioa?ane Oe?a?ie a Aaeeainueeiio ?aa?ii?,
iia’ycai? c iaiao?aei?noth ?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, i?aeo?eiaiiy ae?oaei?o ? aeia?inon?aenueeeo a?aeiinei
c ia?iaeaie ?anioae?e eieeoiuei? THaineaa?? ? iaoiiaeai? aaia?ao?/iith
aeecuee?noth, o?nieie ?noi?e/ieie ca’yceaie, ni?euei?noth eoeueoo?ieo
o?aaeeoe?e, noaeeie oi?aiaaeueii-aeiiii?/ieie a?aeiineiaie.
I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui i?eiaeaaei?noue aei neia’yinueeiai na?oo,
ne??ieaia aeecuee?noth iia, eoeueoo?, iaaiith i??ith ni?euei?noth
?noi?e/ii? aeie?, a oaeiae i?aaineaaiith ?ae?a??th, yeo niia?aeothoue o
nai?e a?eueoino? thaineia’yie oa oe?a?ioe?, caaaeaee ?noioii aieeaaea ia
?icaeoie iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo ca’yce?a i?ae Oe?a?iith oa e?a?iaie
eieeoiuei? THaineaa?? (n. 147).

I?iaiae?ciaaii i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy e ?icaeoeo a?aeiinei Oe?a?ie c
?anioae?eaie eieeoiuei? NO?TH ye oaeoi? ci?oeiaiiy noaa?eueiino? ia
Aaeeaiao. O na?oe? oeueiai ?aoaeueii aeine?aeaeaii aieiai? iai?yie
aeainoi?iiiueiai aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae Oe?a?iith oa
iiaiooai?aieie aea?aeaaaie, ye? iioaioe?eii caeeoathoueny iaeieie c
iaea?eueo i?eaaaeeaeo ia?oia??a Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueeiio
Na?aaecaiiiii?’?. A?aecia/aii, cie?aia, ui iaeii/anii c ia?iuoaaiiyi
oi?aiaaeueieo iai?i?a Oe?a?ie c iaea?eueoith c eieeoi?o ?anioae?e NO?TH
– Nithciith ?anioae?eith THaineaa??th aeioe?eueii ia?aoiaeeoe aei
?ic?iaee e ?aae?caoe?? o?eaaeeo ? eiiieaenieo i?ia?ai aeiiii?/iiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae ie?aieie i?aei?e?inoaaie ? oe?eeie aaeocyie aeey
oiai, uia aeoiaeeoe ia ?eiee o?ao?o e?a?i, a?eueo oaeaeei ?icaeaaoe
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?, eoeueoo?i?, oo?enonuee? oa ?io? eiioaeoe. ?icaeyiooi
ieoaiiy o/ano? oe?a?inueeeo ainiiaea?/eo noa’?eo?a o ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?ai
aeiiii?/ii? ?aeiino?oeoe?? Aini?? ? Aa?oeaaiaeie. Iio?aieoe ia
aini?enueeee ?eiie ( a oea noaei aieiaiith i?iaeaiith aeey Oe?a?ie)
iiaeeeai eeoa ca oiia cae?eniaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ?iaanooaaiue o iueiai. A
oe?e neooaoe?? iaaiei aeoiaeii noaea o/anoue oe?a?inueei? noi?iie o
noai?ae?yae?, iinoa/aii? aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a, oaoi?ee, aeeiiaii?
i?iaeoieo ?ia?o aeey cao?aeieo o??i, ui aeaei ciiao Oe?a?i? caa?aaoe
naith i?enooi?noue o oeueiio ?aa?ii?, aaeaea i?ney ionoeueiai, na?a?a ?
oi?aao?a iaea?eueoith iaoe?iiaeueiith a?oiith a Aini?? ? Aa?oeaaiaei? ?
aini?enuee? oe?a?ioe?.

I?aee?aneth?oueny oaeiae aaaeeea?noue aeey Oe?a?ie i?aeo?eiaiiy e
?icaeoeo aeia?inon?aenueeeo a?aeiinei c aoi?/ii oa eiioan?eii
aeecueeeie aei ia? ia?iaeaie iiaiooai?aieo aea?aeaa Aaeeainueeiai
?aa?iio aeey caaacia/aiiy i?aa aoi?/ieo oe?a?ioe?a, ui iaoeathoue oai
(n.173).

O aeniiaeao aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaii ocaaaeueiaiiy c aieiaieo i?iaeai
aeine?aeaeaiiy (n.186-194). Cacia/a?oueny, ui:

— THaineaa?y aoea ia o?eueee naiino?eiei aaoiooiiiei yaeuai, a e
iniaeeaei “?a?iiaenueei-na?aaecaiiiii?nueeei” na?oii, ?icaeoie ia?iae?a
o ?aieao yeiai ?noi?e/ii ia caaa?oeany. *a?ac oeth ?noi?e/io
iacaaa?oai?noue, ui iicaaaeea ?o iiaeeeaino? ?aae?coaaoe na?e
iioaioe?ae, aiie ?icaeyaeaee aoiaeaeaiiy aei aaaaoiiaoe?iiaeueii?
aea?aeaae ye ianeeey ? i?iaeiaaeoaaee i?aaiooe aei noai?aiiy naiino?eieo
aea?aeaa;

— THaineaa?y ?iciaeany ia oiio, ui aoea ooo/ii iiaoaeiaaiith, aai ui o
ia? ia aoei ni?eueieo iie?oe/ieo ? aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a, a oiio, ui
thaineaanueeo ?aeath aoei iaa’ycaii caa?oo ? ?aae?ciaaii ath?ie?aoe/iei,
a ia aeaiie?aoe/iei oeyoii;

— e?ao ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco, yeee ii?ooea oaao ia iaii?ooi?noue
noi?iiaaieo oaaea?aoe?e, ni?eya e?ioeaaiio aeciaiith nia?oo ?N, a iio?i
NOA ? III iacaeaaeiino? oa aea?aeaaiiai noaa?ai?oaoo Oi?aao?? ?
Neiaai??. Ae??ooth/e ieoaiiy uiaei aeciaiiy iiaeo aea?aeaa, i?aeia?iaeia
ni?aoiaa?enoai ciooaia aoei iiaiaeeoenue ia i?eianaiiy a aea?oao
“eiaeaeno i?eioeei?a” i?aeia?iaeii? iiaaae?iee — iaii?ooiino? ei?aeii?a
? iacanoinoaaiiy neee;

— iacaaaeath/e ia noia?a/eeaee oa?aeoa? iaiaaaiue ? iaiaeii?acia?
iiieeee i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa, eiai ?ieue o i?ioean? ?ica’ycaiiy
thaineaanueei? e?ece aoea ae??oaeueiith;

— thaineaanueea e?eca i?aeoaa?aeeea i?anoeae III ?, ii noo?, ??
iacai?ii?noue. ?aa?iiaeuei? i?aai?caoe??, oae?, ye ?N, naia aiane?aeie
?o aeecueeino? aei i?noey eiioe?eoo iiaeooue aeeiioaaoe eeoa iaiaaeaio
?ieue o a?aaoethaaii? eiioe?eo?a, ine?eueee eiioe?eooth/? noi?iie
aoaeooue aaaaeaoe, ui ieie ?ooathoue iie?oe/i? i??eoaaiiy;

— iai?aaeaiiy aeey ?ic’?aeiaiiy eiioe?eooth/eo noi??i
“aeaeeoieo eanie” iaei

iiceoeai? iane?aeee, iaeiae aiii noaei iiaeeeaei aiane?aeie
anoaiiaeaiiy ??aiiaaae i?ae i?ioeeaaeieie neeaie. A?eia a THaineaa??
i?aeoaa?aeeea, ui aoaeue-yea i?aeo?eiaiiy ie?o iaiiaeeeaa, yeui ia ?nio?
ie?o, yeee iio??aii i?aeo?eioaaoe, aai a e?aeiueiio ?ac? ia aeinyaiooi
o?eaaeiai i?eieiaiiy aiaith i?ae ai?iaoth/eie noi?iiaie;

— o/anoue Oe?a?ie a i?ioean? ?ica’ycaiiy thaineaanueei?
e?ece noaea iii?oiei

aianeii o aeinyaiaiiy ie?o e aaciaee a ?aa?ii?, iaeiae iiaeaeueoa
iineeaiiy ?? ?ie? ia Aaeeaiao iiaeeeaa eeoa ca oiia noaa?e?caoe?? oa
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, ?ioaa?aoe?? ?? a na?oiao aeiiii?eo;

— aaciaea ia Aaeeaiao, ye neeaaeiaa i?aai?/ia /anoeia caaaeueii?
aaciaee ?a?iie OO? noi??//y, ia? aooe iaeiaeiaith aeey an?o aea?aeaa
?aa?iio ? aoaeoaaoeny ia iaaeieia?e iniia?, oeyoii noai?aiiy oiia aeey
i?oeiiai ie?o, noaa?eueiino? e aeia?inon?aenoaa.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?EIIAI AeINE?AeAEAIIss

AEEEAAeAII A IOAE?EAOe?ssO:

1. Noaa?euei?noue ia Aaeeaiao – aaciaea aeey an?o // I?ioni?eee
Oe?a?ie. – 1997.- ?3 .- N. 33-34.

2. ?icaeoie a?aeiinei Oe?a?ie c e?a?iaie eieeoiuei? THaineaa??
(1991- 1996 ?iee) // A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea. – E., 1998. — Aei. 37. — N. 73-77.

3. Coneeey i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa o aeinyaiaii?
ie?o ia Aaeeaiao // A?niee Ee?anueeiai ?inoeoooo
“Neia’yinueeee Oi?aa?neoao”. — E., 1998. — Aei.1.- N. 55-66.

4. ?ieue Oe?a?ie o i?aeo?eiaii? ie?o oa noaa?eueiino? ia Aaeeaiao //
Oe?a?ia a ?a?iiaenueeeo

i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiineiao: Iaoeiaee ca??iee. – E., 1998. — N. 178 – 201.

AIIOAOe??

Oeeiaa A. A. ?ieue na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa a o?aaoethaaii?
thaineaanueei? e?ece oa o/anoue o oeueiio i?ioean? Oe?a?ie (90-o? ?iee
OO no.)-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.02-Anana?oiy ?noi??y. ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii eiiieaeniiio aiae?co
iie?oeee na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa uiaei a?aaoethaaiiy thaineaanueei?
e?ece e o/ano? a oeueiio i?ioean? Oe?a?ie. Ia iniia? e?eoe/iiai aiae?co
a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e, aaaaeaiiy a iaoeiaee ia?a
i?ea?iaeueieo aeaea?ae aena?oeththoueny o?e aca?iica’ycai? neeaaeia?
ia?aii? oaie: ia?aaeoiiae thaineaanueeiai eiioe?eoo; caniae
a?aaoethaaiiy thaineaanueei? e?ece na?oiaei ni?aoiaa?enoaii; ?ieue
Oe?a?ie a coneeeyo na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa uiaei i?aeo?eiaiiy ie?o oa
noaa?eueiino? ia Aaeeaiao. Cai?iiiiiaai? o aeena?oaoe?? i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? e aeniiaee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa Oe?a?ie c iiaiooai?aieie e?a?iaie ia
Aaeeaiao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: thaineaanueea e?eca, na?oiaa ni?aoiaa?enoai,
a?aaoethaaiiy, ciai?oiy iie?oeea, ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, Oe?a?ia.

Oeeiaa A. A. ?ieue ie?iaiai niiauanoaa a o?aaoee?iaaiee thaineaaneiai
e?ecena e o/anoea a yoii i?ioeanna Oe?aeiu (90-a aiaeu OO no.) —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.02 — Anaie?iay enoi?ey. Einoeooo enoi?ee
Oe?aeiu IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eiiieaeniiio aiaeeco i?ioeai?a/eaie iieeoeee
ie?iaiai niiauanoaa ioiineoaeueii o?aaoee?iaaiey thaineaaneiai
eiioeeeoa e o/anoey a yoii Oe?aeiu. Ia iniiaa e?eoe/aneiai aiaeeca
ioa/anoaaiiie e ca?oaaaeiie eeoa?aoo?u e aaaaeaiey a iao/iue iai?io
i?eaeiaeueiuo enoi/ieeia ?anniao?eaathony o?e acaeiinaycaiiuo ninoaaiuo
eca?aiiie oaiu: i?aaeiinueee thaineaaneiai eiioeeeoa; n?aaenoaa
o?aaoee?iaaiey thaineaaneiai e?ecena; ?ieue Oe?aeiu a oneeeyo ie?iaiai
niiauanoaa ii iiaeaea?aeaieth ie?a e noaaeeueiinoe ia Aaeeaiao.
I?aaeeiaeaiiua a aeenna?oaoeee i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee e auaiaeu
iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu aeey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe nio?oaeie/anoaa
Oe?aeiu n iiaiia?aciaaiiuie ainoaea?noaaie ia Aaeeaiao.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: thaineaaneee e?ecen, ie?iaia niiauanoai,
o?aaoee?iaaiea, aiaoiyy iieeoeea, nio?oaeie/anoai, Oe?aeia.

Shylova A.V. Role international community in the settlement of Yugoslav
crisis and participation in this process of Ukraine (90-years OO
century) — Manuscript.

The thesis for a candidate’s degree of historical sciences by
speciality 07.00.02 — World history. Ukrainian History Institute of
Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Kyiv, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to the complex analysis of the
contradictory policy of the international community concerning
settlement of Yugoslav crisis and Ukraine’s involvement in this
process. On the basis of critical analysis of domestic and foreign
literature and enrolling in scientific circle the original sources three
interrelated components of the chosen theme are considered: the
prerequisites of Yugoslav conflict; the means of settlement of Yugoslav
crisis; the role of Ukraine in the effort of international community on
the maintaining peace and stability on Balkans. The practical
recommendations and conclusions, suggested in the thesis should be used
for the effective establishment of the intensive cooperation of Ukraine
with the newly created states on Balkans.

Key words: Yugoslav crisis, international community, settlement, foreign
policy, cooperation, Ukraine.

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