2

Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a

NAIEI Ieaa Ai?eniae/

OAeE 616.12-008.331.1:616.831-005-08

Ineoiniiaoe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o oai?eo a?oa??aeueiith a?ia?oaic??th ?c
iaaei??iith aaaith o?ea oa ?o ineoioa?aiaaoe/ia ei?aeoe?y

(14.01.16 — ineo?ao??y)

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio ?inoeooo? oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?Aoiaaeia Oa??ae
?eeyniae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ineoioa?ai?? Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo
oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ni???ia ??eia
Aeieo??aia caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ineo?ao??? oa iaaee/ii? ineoieia??
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??

-aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?eooaeue Aaeaioei Aaeaioeiiae/
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaee/ii? naenieia?? oa iaaee/ii? ineoieia??
Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao?i. aeaae.
I. I. Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a, eaoaae?a ineo?ao???

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “17” 1999 ?. ethoiai i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 64.609.01 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio ?inoeooo?
oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a ca aae?anith:310176, i.Oa?e?a, aoe. Ei?/aa?ioe?a,
58.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a ca aae?anith:

310176, i.Oa?e?a, aoe. Ei?/aa?ioe?a, 58.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 15” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio A?eai?iaa ?. A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aea/aiiy a?oa??aeueii? a?ia?oaic?? yaey? iniaeeaee
?ioa?an ye c oi/ee ci?o ?? oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy na?aae
i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy, oae ?c i?e/eie noi?iaiaeaeoaaeueieo ineo?/ieo
? niiaoe/ieo ?iceaae?a [O. A. Aeaacyi, 1992—1996; A. A. Ia?aaea?ee,
1998; A.E. Nooi?oeia, 1995; A. Arrol, 1996; D.T. Engel, 1998].
A?oa??aeueia a?ia?oaic?y (AA) aeoaea /anoi ?icaeaa?oueny o ethaeae ?c
iaaei??iith aaaith o?ea (IAO), iacaeaaeii a?ae iniiaieo
ao?iiaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a [Ae. Ae. Ae?icaeia, A. A. Eaiei, 1995; I.
I. Aeenaaa, 1994; E. E. Aeaauaeiaa, 1997]. O oie aea /an, eiee IAO ?
oaeoi?ii ?eceeo, aiia e noai?th? aeiaeaoeiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, caoai?thaaiiy yei?
noaa?eueii caeiathoue ia?oa i?noea a no?oeoo?? ia?aeiii? ?iaae?aeiino?
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, a inoaii? ?iee neeaaeath/e 24—26% [?. I Ai?aanue,
1994; A. I. Aiiniaa, 1997]. I?iaeaia e?eoaaiiy AA, oaeei /eiii, noa?
i?iaeaiith nioe?aeueiith. Iaeii/anii iayai?noue IAO iiaeeaeth? o?
ia?aiai-ineo?/i? ? ineoiniiaoe/i? ?iceaaee, ye? iaia’yceiai i?enooi? o
oai?eo ia AA. ?acii c oei, ia?aaaaeath/a e?euee?noue i?aia?ao?a, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey cieaeaiiy a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo i?e AA,
i?ecaiaeeoue e c?inoaiith aea?a?eieo ?aaeoe?e oa iia?/ieo aieea?a,
iaieio/a ao?o/aynue o ae?yeuei?noue iae?iaoii?aeueieo iaoai?ci?a, ui a
iiaeaeueoiio iiaea aooe iiaei aeaea?aeii ?i?oe?aoe?? AA [O. E. Aoiaaeia
1990-1998]. Oiio aaeeeo aeioe?euei?noue iaaoaa? ia?aaaaa
iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo iaoai?ci?a e?eoaaiiy, o oiio /ene? ineoioa?ai??, yea
a?aeiia?aea? e?eoa??yi iiaii? iaoe?aeeeaino? oa eiiieaeniino? aieeao
[I.A. Ia?ooa, 1996; P.I. Korner, 1994]. I?ioa a?aeiiino? i?i oni?oia, a
oaeiae iaaoaeoeaia canoinoaaiiy ineoioa?ai?? oai?eo AA ?c IAO
noia?a/eea? [Staler, 1998]. Ia iaoo aeoieo, oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui
aaoi?e ia caaaeaee a?aoiaothoue i?aii?a?aei? noai? inia?noino? o ??ci?
a?eia? ia??iaee, ?? oa?aeoa??ieia?/i? oa o?ono?aoe?ei? iniaeeaino?, noai
oa?/iai? iioeaaoe??, a aea?? iaoiaeo ineoioa?ai?? cae?enith?oueny
aii??e/iei oeyoii. I?e oeueiio ci?ie ineoiniiaoe/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue a
?acoeueoao? ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? in?a, ye? oai??thoue ia AA ?c
IAO, iano?eueee ??ciiiai?oi?, ui iaiao?aei? iia?, oe?eani?yiiaai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? ciiaeooue aianoe yni?noue ia iaoai?cie ?aae?caoe??
ineoioa?aiaaoe/iiai aieeao i?e aeai?e iaoieia?? [P. S. Adler, B. Ditto,
1998].

Aeuacaaaeai? i??eoaaiiy iaoiiaeee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie eiioeaioe??, yea
eyaea a iniiao aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ca?aeii eio?i? AA ?c IAO ooai?th?
?aeeiee iaoiaaiaoe/iee ceiioiiieiiieaen. Cieaeaiiy a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo
oa o?eaaea ii?iae?caoe?y eiai aoaeoeai? o?eueee o oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee
ineoioa?ai?y iai?aaeaia /anoeiai ye ia ii?iae?caoe?th
ineoiaiioe?iiaeueii? noa?e, oae ? ia ei?aeoe?th oa?/iai? iioeaaoe??.
Aea?? iaoiaeo ineoioa?ai?? iiaeiai cae?enithaaoeny c a?aooaaiiyi
a?eiaeo aniaeo?a ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? o?aaiaioii ieaiiai? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
“O?eaiaei?noue, no?ao ? a?eue o aaiac? ineoiniiaoe/ieo caoai?thaaiue o
aei?ineeo ? ae?oae, ?o ineoioa?aiaaoe/ia oa aeoioieoo?ia ei?aeoe?y”
(oeo? OA 01003416?).

Iaoa i caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — iiaeiaaeaiiy
o?eaaeino? ?ai?n?e, oa ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? oneeaaeiaiue o oai?eo AA ?c
IAO oeyoii aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii?
ei?aeoe??, c aeei?enoaiiyi eeane/ieo iaoiae?a (a?iiinoaano?y) ? o. c.
“iiaeo” (a?iiic I. A??eniia, iae?ie?iaa?noe/ia i?ia?aioaaiiy) ia iniia?
eiiieaeniiai aiae?co ee?i?ei-ineoieia?/iiai, ineoiiaoieia?/iiai oa
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio oai?eo o ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ?ica’ycaoe oae? caaea/?:

1. Aecia/eoe ee?i?/io ea?oeio ineoiiaoieia?/ieo ?iceaae?a o oai?eo AA ?c
IAO o ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oiao (aei 25 ?ie?a; 26—35 ?ie?a; 36—45 ?ie?a).

2. Anoaiiaeoe iniaeno?ni? iniaeeaino? oa ?o ci?ie o oai?eo AA ?c IAO
??ciiai a?eo o i?ioean? ineoioa?ai??.

3. Aeine?aeeoe aeeiai?eo ci?i aaiiaeeiai?/ieo ei?aeyo?a ? ei?aeyo?a
aeueo ineo?/ieo ooieoe?e o oai?eo AA ?c IAO o i?ioean?
ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe??.

4. ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??? aoaeoeaiino? i?aaenoaaeaieo iaoiae?a ineoioa?ai??
o oai?eo AA ?c IAO aeey ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa aecia/aii iniaeeaino?
oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo ineoiiaoieia?/ii? neiioiiaoeee caeaaeii a?ae a?eo
oai?eo AA ?c IAO.

Iaea?aeaii iia? oaeoi?e, ye? aecia/athoue i?aai?caoe?th ineoiniiaoe/ieo
i?ioean?a i?e AA a oiiaao ?? ?icaeoeo o oai?eo ?c IAO.

?icoe?aii ?nioth/e oyaeaiiy i?i ia?niiaeuei? oaeoi?e, ye? oa?aeoa?i?
aeey ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi oai?eo AA ?c IAO.

Iaa?oioiaaii iia? iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy ineoioa?ai?? a e?eoaaii?
anoai?/iiai neiae?iio o oai?eo AA ?c IAO.

Ae?noaei iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a ia?aaoaeiae
aeoeaiino? aieiaiiai iiceo oa noaio aaiiaeeiai?ee o oai?eo AA ?c IAO
i?ae ae??th ??cieo aeae?a ineoioa?ai??, ye eeane/ieo (a?iiinoaano?y),
oae ? “iiaeo” (a?iiic I. A??eniia, iae?ie?iaa?noe/ia i?ia?aioaaiiy).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii i?aeo?ae oa
iieacaiiy uiaei aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai canoinoaaiiy ??cieo iaoiae?a
ineoioa?ai?? o iaaee/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo AA ?c IAO.

Iieacaii, ui i?e aeai?? iioeiaeueiiai iaoiaeo ineoioa?ai?? o nenoai?
eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo AA ?c IAO iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe
iniaeeaino? iniaenoino? iaoe??io?a o ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee.

Aeyaeaiee aieea IAO ia ineoiniiaoe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oai?eo AA ?c IAO
aeicaiey? a?aeaeaoe ia?aaaao iaoiaeo IEI o iaoe??io?a a?eiai? a?oie aei
25 ?ie?a, a?iiinoaano?? iniaai a?eii a?ae 26 aei 45 ?ie?a.

Iaea?aeai? i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy ee?i?ei-ineoiiaoieia?/i? oa
ee?i?ei-ineoieia?/i? caeiiii??iino? ni?eyoeiooue i?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy AA.

Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c iioei?caoe?? aeai?o iaoiaeo
ineoioa?ai?? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue iiaeiaaeeoe /an ?ai?n?? a 1,5 ?aca,
cieceoe iieacieee oei/aniai? iai?aoeacaeaoiino?, a oaeiae caiia?aoe
?icaeoie oneeaaeiaiue o oai?eo AA ?c IAO.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?aeoe/ii? ?iaio?
eaoaae?? ineoioa?ai?? Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a,
a?aeae?eaiiy ea?ae?ieia?? Oeaio?aeueii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ? 5, eaaeiaoo
ineoioa?ai?? iaaeeei-nai?oa?ii? /anoeie ? 10 OAI “?aae?i?aea”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii naiino?eii neeaaeaii oa
aeeiiaii i?ia?aio aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e,
c?iaeaii on? iaiao?aei? aeniiaee. Oaanue aeie ee?i?/ieo, ineoieia?/ieo,
?ino?oiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea io?eiaieo
aeaieo, oai?aoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iniiaieo iieiaeaiue o i?aeoeeo i?iaaaeai?
aaoi?ii naiino?eii. ?ic?iaeaii e?eoa??? ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaiiai aeai?o
iaoiaeo ineoioa?ai?? oai?eo AA ?c IAO.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo Oiaa?enoaa ineoioa?aiaao?a Oa?e?anueeiai
IIO (1995—1998), ia iaeani?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
iaa?iiaoieia?a ? ineo?ao??a (Oa?e?a, 1995), ia Ieaioi? i?aae?iiy IIO
iaa?iiaoieia?a, ineo?ao??a oa ia?eieia?a (Oa?e?a, 1996), ia I
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? iaa?ieia?a, ineo?ao??a oa ia?eieia?a Oe?a?ie
(Oa?e?a, 1997), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioe?? c i?iaeai iia?aie/ii?
ineo?ao???, ineoioa?ai?? oa iaaee/ii? ineoieia?? (Oa?e?a, 1998).
Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoiaothoueny o ee?i?/ieo caeeaaeao Oe?a?ie.
Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ciaeoee nai? canoinoaaiiy o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
oa eaeoe?eieo eo?nao ia eaoaae?? ineoioa?ai??, ia eaoaae?? caaaeueii? ?
aeeoy/i? iaa?ieia??, eaoaae?? o?c?ioa?ai?? Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo
oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o (c
ieo 5 noaooae o oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao, 2 oace aeiiia?aeae).

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iieno iaoa??ae?a oa iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/ii? /anoeie,
aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui i?noeoue 218 ?ia?o, o oiio
/ene? aaoi??a e?a?i NIAe — 161 oa 57 ?iicaiieo aaoi??a. Aeena?oaoe?th
aeeeaaeaii ia 187 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno. ?iaioa i?noeoue 21 oaaeeoeth,
ye? caeiathoue 11 noi??iie oa 13 iaethie?a ia 10 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea oai?eo i iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?ae /an ?iaioe aoei ianoaaeaii 120 oai?eo AA ?c IAO oa 30 caei?iaeo, ui
neeaaeaee eiio?ieueio a?oio. ?c 120 oai?eo o 40 aoea aeyaeaia AA I
noaae??, o 80 — AA II noaae??. AE?iie na?aae oai?eo aoei 56%, /ieia?e?a
— 44%. E?euee?noue oai?eo o ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oiao neeaaeaei: o a?oe? aei
25 ?ie?a — 25%; o a?eia?e a?oi? 26-35 ?ie?a — 37,5%; o a?eia?e a?oi?
36-45 ?ie?a — oaeiae 37,5%. Iiae?e oai?eo ia a?oie i?iaiaeeeinue ia
iniia? aiae?co a?eiaeo «i?e?a», ye? a?aeiia?aeaee ?ioaineaiei iieacieeai
a?aoiaaiiai caoai?thaaiiy oa ca’ycaiiai c iaeneiaeueiith nioe?aeueiith
aeoeai?noth o na?aaeiueiio a?oe? a?oie [A.A.*o?eei, 1988]. O an?o oai?eo
aoea anoaiiaeaia aeciaaii-eiinoeoooe?iiaeueia oi?ia IAO, ca?aeii
eeaneo?eaoe?? I.I.?ai?iaa ? E.I.Eaaeoneiai [1984]. I nooi?iue IAO
anoaiiaeaia o 42 /ieia?e (35 %), II — o 58 /ieia?e (48,3 %), III — o 20
/ieia?e (16,7 %). O?eaae?noue caoai?thaaiiy (c iiiaioo aia?oa aeyaeaiiai
i?aeaeuaiiy AO) eieeaaeanue a?ae 8 i?nyoe?a aei 5 ?ie?a. An? oai?? ia
i?ioyc? 10 aei?a aei ianoaaeaiiy ia i?eeiaee i?ioea?ia?oaiceaieo oa
naaeaoeaieo i?aia?ao?a.

Ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/ia ianoaaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aei ?aoaeueia aea/aiiy nea?a
oai?eo, aiaiiaco, caaaeueii-oa?aiaaoe/ia oa iaa?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy,
aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee ineoiiaoieia?/ieo i?iya?a.

Ineoieia?/i? iaoiaee ianoaaeaiiy. Aeey aiae?co iniaeeainoae iniaenoino?
oai?eo, eoaee a?aeiineoueny caaaeueia naiiii/oooy, ooieoe?iioaaiiy
??cieo nenoai aioo??oi?o i?aai?a, a?aeiioaiiy ?c iaaeieeoi?ie ethaeueie,
iniaeeaino? naiiioe?iee oiui, aeei?enoiaoaaany oano II?I (aaeaioaoe?y
Ineoiiaa?ieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. A?oo???aa, 1990): 16-oaeoi?iee oano
Eaooaea [R. D. Cattel, R. Dreger, 1972] ye iaea?eueo “iiioey?iee” iaoiae
aeni?an-ae?aaiinoeee iniaenoino?, c iaoith aea/aiiy ??
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae; iaoiae naiaioe/iiai
aeeoa?aioe?aeo [D. Feldes, 1972] — ye ?ino?oiaio eaaioeo?eaoe??
i?iaeoeaieo iaoiaeee; iaoiae “Oei a?aeiioaiiy aei oai?iae”
[E. E. Aanna?iai, A. ss. Aoen, 1990] — aeey aecia/aiiy aa??aio?a
a?aeiioaiiy oai?eo aei naiai caoai?thaaiiy; iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?ono?aoe?eii? oiea?aioiino? [S. Rozenzweig, 1971] — aeey iniiaiiai
aiae?co caeaoiino? iniaenoino? aei aaeaioeaii? ioe?iee aaaeei? neooaoe??
? aeey aeiaeaoeiaiai — iaoiaeeea iacaaa?oaieo ?a/aiue [Naen, 1994];
niaoe?aeueii neeaaeai? aieaoe aeey aea/aiiy a?aeiioaiiy oai?eo aei IAO,
ye oaeoi?o ?eceeo [E. A. *aciaa, 1984], a oaeiae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa?/iaeo iiaaae?ieiaeo ?aaeoe?e.

?ino?oiaioaeuei? iaoiaee ianoaaeaiiy. Aei??thaaiiy a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo
(AO) i?iaiaeeeinue ia i?ioyc? anueiai eo?no e?eoaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
oeeo?iaiai aei??thaaeueiiai iii?oi?a o??ie “Sunbeam” (iiaeaeue 7621) ?c
oi/i?noth aei 1 ii ?o. no.

Aeaeo?iaioeaoaeia?ao?y (AAA). Ooieoe?iiaeueia aeoeai?noue aieiaiiai
iiceo oai?eo AA ?c IAO o a?aeiia?aeue ia i?iaaaeaia e?eoaaiiy
aeine?aeaeoaaeanue ca aeiiiiiaith 16-oe eaiaeueiiai
aeaeo?iaioeaoaeia?aoa “AAA 84-2-5”, i?e?aeiaiiai aei ia?niiaeueiiai
eiii’thoa?a IAI ?N AO. Iaeeaaeaiiy aeaeo?iae?a i?iaiaeeeinue ii
i?aeia?iaeii? nenoai? 10-20.

?aia?ao?y (?A). Aea/aiiy ??aiy aaiiaeeiai?ee i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii
oao?aiiey?ii? ?A ii Cubichek o iiaeeo?eaoe?? TH. O. Iooea?y ? ni?aaao.
(1988). Caien ?aia?aie cae?enithaaany ca aeiiiiiaith ?aiieaoeciia?aoa
?IA 2-02 ia ?a?no?oth/iio i?eno?i? YEEA? — 6 i?e oaeaeeino? ?ooo no??/ee
30 ii/nae. Aecia/aee oaea?iee ia’?i e?ia? (OI), /anoioo na?oeaaeo
nei?i/aiue (*NN), oaeeeiiee ia’?i e?ia? (OIE).

?aiaioeaoaeia?ao?y (?AA). C iaoith ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co aecia/aeanue
ieiua ?aiaioeaoaeia?aie, ?ioaa?iaaia ca aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?a IAI ?N
AO ca eiaei? 10-oe oaeeeii? a?ae??cee /ano [I. A. Aieioei, A.N.
Ia?oeaeia, 1985].

Ineoio?c?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeei?enoiaoaaany iaa?? ?c ianooiieo
oano?a: /an ?aaeoe?? ia ci?iai-iioi?i? noeioee, aeeiai?/iee ? noaoe/iee
o?aii?, iai’youe ia /enea, a?eoiaoe/i? ia/eneaiiy, e?eueoey Eaiaeieueoa,
/a?aiii-/i?i? oaaeeoe?, oaii?ia-oano. An? ?ic?aooiee aoee aaoiiaoeciaai?
(eiiieaen IOE-1). Aeey oi?o?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeai? oano?a caiaeeeenue
o o. c. “ineoio?c?ieia?/i? ii?o?aoe” [A. E. Aaeaeaeieeiaa, 1986].

Oe??ii-aaeueaai?/i? ?aaeoe?? (OA?). ?a?no?aoe?y OA? i?iaiaeeeanue ia
16-oe eaiaeueiiio aeaeo?iaioeaoaeia?ao? “AAA 84-2-5” ii Oa?oaiiao
(n??ai? aeaeo?iaee, aeieiiuei-oeeueia a?aeaaaeaiiy). A aenia?eiaio?
a?aoiaoaaeanue aiie?ooaea oaeeue OA? a ii ? o?eaae?noue eaoaioieo
ia??iae?a (EI) ca nae.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
ianoaaeaiue aoei ia?iaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee. Aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo iieaciee?a ia?aa??yeanue ca
aeiiiiiaith O-e?eoa??y Nouethaeaioa. Ia?iaea i?iaiaeeeanue ia
ia?niiaeueiiio eiii’thoa?? IBM ?N AO, i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy — iaeao
Statgraf.

Iaoiaee ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe??. Aei i?aeaioia/iai aoaio aoiaeeei
iiyniaiiy oai?iio oe?eae ? caaaeaiue e?eoaaeueiiai i?ioeano. I?ney
aecia/aiiy eeane/ieo i?eeii?a i??e iaa?thaai?no? oai?iio i?iaiaeeany
30-oaeeeiiee naain a?iiinoaano??. Iaa?thaaiiy aoee ni?yiiaai? ia ciyooy
ineoiaiioe?iiaeueii? iai?oae, ia ??aiii??ia ?icoe?aiiy e?iaaiinieo
noaeei ii an?e aeiaaeei?, a?ae/oooy eaaeino? o aieia?, niieith ? oaiea a
o?e?. ?c 3—4 naaino canoiniaoaaeenue iaa?thaaiiy ni?yiiaai? ia
ei?aeoe?th oa?/iai? iiaaae?iee ? cieaeaiiy iaaei??ii? aaae: oi?ioaaiiy
a?ae/oooy neoino?, ia/ooeeaino? aei ie?aieo aeae?a ?ae? oa iaaaoeaiiai
a?aeiioaiiy aei ia?a?aeaiiy. Eo?niaa e?eoaaiiy i?iaeiaaeoaaeinue 10—12
naain?a. O eiiieaen? iaoiaeee I. A??eniia iaea?eueo /anoi
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a?iiioe/ia oaoi?ea “?icn?thaaiiy” oa ye??i? oaoi?e?.
Ca i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? e?eoaaeueiiai i?ioeano c iiceoe?? IEI o
oe?eiio, ie a?aee iniiai? /anoeie iaoa-iiaeae?, cie?aia 1) ca??
?ioi?iaoe??, 2) i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? naiaioeee, 3) iaiaaeoaa/? iiaii?
iiaeae?. Ia?aoi?ioaaoe iniaeno?noue, aeei?enoiaoth/e ?ano?ne iiceoeaiiai
aeina?aeo, iai aeicaieyee iaoiaeeee “oi?ioaaiiy ?ano?niiai ia?aco” ?
oaiiiai aeenioe?aoe?? iaaaoeaiiai noaio “o/aniee/niinoa??aa/”. Eo?niaa
e?eoaaiiy neeaaeaei 10—12 naain?a, o?eaae?noth 15—20 oaeeei eiaeai. A
oe?eiio iaoiaeeeaie IEI aoei i?ie?eiaaii 66 oai?eo (55 %), iaoiaeii
a?iiinoaano?? — 54 oai?eo (45 %).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?thaaiiy

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoiiaoieia?/iiai noaoono oai?eo. Iiia?aaei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei aeyaeoe oe?ieee ae?aiacii noi?aeieo
iaa?iciiiae?aieo ?iceaae?a o oai?eo AA ?c IAO, iaeiae aaaeo/ei aeey on?o
a?eiaeo a?oi c’yaeyany anoai?/iee neiae?ii (94 %). I?e oeueiio, yeui o
/enoiio aeaeyaeo a?i cono??/aany ia ii/aoeo caoai?thaaiiy (a?ae 8
i?nyoe?a aei 5 ?ie?a) i?eaeecii o 30 % aeiaaee?a a eiaeii? a?eiai?
a?oi?, oi a iiaeaeueoiio a?aeaoaaeanue eiai o?ainoi?iaoe?y o i?ia?aei?
ee?i?/i? neiae?iie: anoaii-oia?/iee (a?eueo oa?aeoa?iee aeey a?eiai?
a?oie aei 25 ?ie?a — 60 %), anoaii-?iioiiae??/iee (i?aaaethth/ee o
oai?eo a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a — 75 %), oa anoaii-aeai?aneaiee (/ano?oa
iayai?e o oai?eo a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a — 82 %). Aiae?c ii/aoeo
caoai?thaaiiy iieacaa, ui ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy iaee ia no?eueee aino??
ineoio?aaie (12 %), ne?eueee o?ii?/i? aoaeoeai? iai?oaeaiiy (88 %),
ca’ycai? c nioe?aeueieie oaeoi?aie (i?ioan?iiaeuei?, n?iaeii-iiaooia? oa
?io?).

I?ae aieeaii a?iiico I. A??eniia oa IEI iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii
i?aeaeaaaeeny ?aa?ano oae? noa’?eoeai? i?iyae anoai?/iiai neiae?iio ye
o?eaiaa, ??ciiai ?iaeo aeaoe, neaae?noue ieya?noue, ae?ao?aeea?noue.
Iie?auaiiy naiiii/oooy oai?eo noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny noaa?e?coaaiiyi
aiioe?eiiai oiio. O oie aea /an aeiiioa?ai?y cia/iith i??ith aieeaaea ia
?iioiiae?e/i? oa aeai?aneai? i?iyaeaiiy anoai?/iiai neiioiiieiiieaeno: o
oai?eo ia oii? ciaioaiiy o?enaoe?? ia ??ciiiai?oieo iai?e?iieo
a?ae/oooyo a ??cieo i?aaiao, iaaeiiaaaiiy a?aeaoaaeinue iie?auaiiy
naii/oooy ? iano?ith, iie?iooaaany nii, c?inoaea a??a a iaeoaeaiiy. Iaie
oaeiae aoei i?ine?aeaeaii aeieeiaiiy no?eei? oaiaeaioe?? aei eiio?ieth
ca aaaith o?ea, iniaeeai i?ae aieeaii a?iiioa?ai?? o oai?eo a?eii a?ae
26 aei 45 ?ie?a. I?e oeueiio aeinyaoe aaaeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo ca
aeiiiiiaith IEI o oai?eo a?eii a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a aoei aaaeei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae iniaenoino? oai?eo. I?e aea/ai?
aca?iia?aeiioaiue i?ae ie?aieie oeaeaie II?I o oai?eo AA ?c IAO aei
e?eoaaiiy a?aei?/aany iiceoeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie i?ae oeaeaie
?iioiiae??? oa ?noa???, iaea?eueo o?niee o a?eia?e a?oi? aei 25 ?ie?a
(r=0,741; ?<0,001), ?iioiiae??? oa o?eaiae-aeai?an?? o oai?eo a?eii a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a (r=0,639, ?<0,001), ?iioiiae??? oa o?eaiaeii? iiieneeaino? o a?eia?e a?oi? a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a (r=0,638; ?<0,001). Aenieee ??aaiue iiceoeaii? ei?aeyoe?? i?ae oeaeaie aeinoia??iino? oa o?eaiaeii? iiieneeaino? (r=0,640; ?<0,001), a oaeiae a?aenooi?noue oaei? i?ae o?eaiaeiith iiieneea?noth ? ei?aeoe??th (r=0,015; ?>0,05) o oai?eo
a?eii a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a, iaaooue na?ae/ea i?i oe?eeii aeyaeaio
iio?aao oeeo oai?eo o iaaee/i?e aeiiiiic?. Iaeii/anii o?niee iiceoeaiee
aca?iica`’ycie i?ae oeaeaie aeai?an?? ? o?eaiaeii? iiieneeaino?
(r=0,601; p<0,001), a oaeiae o?eaiaeii? iiieneeaino? ? nioe?aeueii? ?io?aaa?n?? (r=0,548; p<0,001) o oai?eo a?eii aei 25 ?ie?a aeacoaaa ia o?oaeiiu? o cae?eniaii? i?ae?iaeea?aeoaeueieo eiioaeo?a. Oaeei /eiii o oe?eiio aoa aeyaeaiee a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue oeae iaa?ioe/ii? o??aaee (1, 2 ? 3 oeaee). I?e ii??aiyii? na?aaei?o i?io?eae II??, o an?o oai?eo aei e?ioey ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? a?aei?/aeinue cieaeaiiy i?io?ey ii oeaeai iaa?ioe/ii? o??aaee (1 ? 3) ? aeayea eiai i?aeaeuaiiy ii 9 oeae?, iniaeeai o oai?eo a?eii aei 25 ?ie?a i?ney eo?no IEI, ui na?ae/eei i?i ciaioaiiy ??aiy iaa?ioecaoe??. O oai?eo a?eii a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a i?e canoinoaaii? a?iiico I. A??eniia ? IEI e??i cieaeaiiy i?io?ey ii 2 (?<0,05) ? 4 (?<0,05) oeaeao, a?aei?/aeanue a?eueo aeyaeaia iioeaaoe?y aei i?aoe?, /ei o oai?eo o??? ae a?eiai? a?oie, ye? i?ieoee eo?n a?iiioa?ai??. Iaeii/anii o oai?eo a?eii a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a a?iiioa?ai?y ni?eyea i/aaeaeiiio cieaeaiith i?io?ey II?I ii 7 oeae? (ineoanoai?y). O eiio?ieueii? a?oi? ?noioieo ci?i ia a?aeaoeiny. I?e oeueiio aoa aeyaeaiee noaoenoe/iee cia/ouee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie i?ae aeaoaeoaie aeoeaaoe?eieo eiiiiiaio?a ? oaeeie ?enaie ye aiioe?eia eaa?euei?noue (r=0,807; p<0,05) ? naineoeai?noue (r=0,845; p<0,05). Aiioe?eia ?ea?aei?noue aeinoia??ii ei?aethaaea ?c ii?ooaiiyie aeeiai?/ieo eiiiiiaio?a (r=0,740; p<0,05). Io?eiai? aeai? aoee na?aaei?i cia/aiiyi aeey an?o a?eiaeo a?oi. I?iaaaeaia e?eoaaiiy aeyaeei iiceoeaio aeeiai?eo oaeeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo (ia?niiaeueieo) ?en ye naineoeai?noue, aoaeoeaia ?ea?aei?noue, ineoieia?/ia caeaaei?noue, ni?iieea?noue o oai?eo a?eii aei 25 ?ie?a iniaeeai i?ney eo?no IEI. Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a a?iiioa?ai?? ? aa??aio?a o. c. “iaaee?aeoeaii?” ineoioa?ai?? i?e i/aaeaei?e ni?yiiaaiino? (ciaioaiiy o?ono?iaaiino?, iineeaiiy aaeaioeaiiai iioaioe?aeo) ia aecia/eei i?a?iaaoeao oiai /e aoaeue-yeiai aeaeo e?eoaaiiy a in?a a?eii a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a. Ioe?iea iieaciee?a neee ia?aiaeo i?ioean?a aeyaeea aeayeo ia?aaaao in?a ?c neaaeei oeiii aeui? ia?aiai? ae?yeueiino? o a?eiaeo a?oiao a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a (55 %) ? a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a (60 %), ui, iiaeeeai, iia’ycaii c iaeeaaeaiiyi iaa?iciiiae?aii? neiioiiaoeee. Aiae?c iieaciee?a a?aeiioaiiy e IAO ye oaeoi?o ?eceeo aeicaieea aeyaeoe eaoaai?eth eeoe c iaaaoeaiei a?aeiioaiiyi e IAO aac aioiai?no? e ?? cieaeaiith, ui aoei aecia/aii ye aeenioe?aoe?y. E?euee?noue oai?eo c aeenioe?aoe?ae neeaaeaei: o a?eia?e a?oi? aei 25 ?ie?a - 70 %; o a?eia?? a?oi? a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a - 62 %; o a?eia?e a?oi? a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a - 58 %. sse i?aaeei oea aoee oai?e c aeenaa?iii?/iei niieo/aiiyi o?eaiaeieo ? aeaiiino?aoeaieo ?en oa?aeoa?o, ui aeiaaaei aecia/aiii? no?aoaa?? aeey ia?aoi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio aaiiaeeiai?ee. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeee IEI ? a?iiico I. A??eniia, e??i iiceoeaiiai aieeao ia noai noa'?eoeaii? neiioiiaoeee, aecia/iei /eiii ci?ieei na?aaei? cia/aiiy AO i?ae/an eo?no e?eoaaiiy. Oae, iaea?eueo aeaiiino?aoeaia cieaeaiiy nenoie?/iiai AO (NAO) ? ae?anoie?/iiai AO (AeAO) niinoa??aaeinue o oai?eo a?eii aei 25 ?ie?a: cieaeaiiy NAO ?c 1453 aei 1193 ii ?o. no. (?<0,05); AeAO ?c 953 aei 762 ii ?o. no. (?<0,05). O oai?eo aeaio ?ioeo a?eiaeo a?oi ?noioii cieaeoaaeiny eeoa NAO: o a?oe? a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a ?c 1573 aei 1302 ii.?o. no. (?<0,05); a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a ?c 1593 aei 1362 ii ?o. no. (?<0,05). AeAO iaa eeoa oaiaeaioe?th aei ci?i. I?e i?iaaaeai? eo?no a?iiioa?ai??, aei e?ioey e?eoaaiiy a?aei?/aeinue noaoenoe/ii cia/ia cieaeaiiy ye NAO, oae ? AeAO. Iaea?eueo ae?aaeaia aeeiai?ea cieaeaiiy c oaiaeaioe??th aei ii?iae?caoe?? AO niinoa??aaeanue o oai?eo a?eii a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a. Oae NAO cieceeinue o oai?eo oe??? a?eiai? a?oie ?c 1612 ii ?o. no. aei 1272 ii ?o. no. (?<0,05); AeAO ?c 983 i ?o. no. aei 742 ii ?o. no. (?<0,05). O oai?eo a?eii aei 25 ?ie?a a?aeaoeiny cieaeaiiy NAO ?c 1432 ii ?o. no. aei 1212 ii ?o. no. (?<0,05), AeAO ?c 923 ii ?o. no. aei 732 ii ?o. no. (?<0,05); a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a cieaeaiiy NAO ?c 1552 aei 1342 ii ?o. no. (?<0,05), AeAO ?c 972 ii ?o. no. aei 682 ii ?o. no. (?<0,05). I?e oeueiio ia?o? 3—4 naaine aeaaaee iacia/iee i?e??no ieiu? ?AA o an?o a?eiaeo a?oiao. Iaeneiaeueiee i?e??no ?? aeyaeaiee: o oai?eo aei 25 ?ie?a i?ney 8 naaino, o oai?eo a?eii 26—45 ?ie?a i?ney 6 naaino a?iiioa?ai??, i?e/iio o oai?eo a?eii 36—45 ?ie?a aei e?ioey e?eoaaiiy a?i aeinyaaa 20%. I?ioa, yeui o iaoe??io?a a?eii a?ae 26 aei 45 ?ie?a a?iiioa?ai?y ni?eyea oi?ioaaiith aoaeoeaii? nenoaie ?aaoeyoe?? oea?aa?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee, oi aeey aeinyaiaiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai no?eeiai oa?aiaaoe/iiai ?acoeueoaoo o oai?eo aei 25 ?ie?a aoei i?eionoeia aeei?enoaiiy ?ioeo oi?i ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? (IEI). Oea ie iiynith?i iaaiith ineoioa?aiaaoe/iith ?acenoaioi?noth ye aei a?iiico, oae ? aei i?yieo e?eoaaeueieo iaa?thaaiue o iaoe??io?a aeaii? a?oie. I?e aea/aii? ia?aiao??a ia?eoa??eii? aaiiaeeiai?ee, ie anoaiiaeee, ui ci?ie OI iineee aeinoia??iee oa?aeoa? o oai?eo a?eii a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a; ii/eiath/e ?c 3 naaino a?iiioa?ai?? niinoa??aaeinue ca?eueoaiiy ?c 58,532,70 ie/n aei 63,201,14 ie/n (?<0,05). O iiaeaeueoiio oey oaiaeaioe?y caa??aaeanue ? ia ianooiieo naainao (?<0,05). Oea aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i a?aeno?i/aiee aieea ineoioa?ai?? ia noai e?iaiia?ao. O a?eia?e a?oi? aei 25 ?ie?a aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy OI oaeiae niinoa??aaeinue ?c 3 naaino, aea aaea i?e aeei?enoaii? IEI (ca?eueoaiiy ?c 65,312,51 ie/n aei 69,401,32 ie/n; ?<0,05). A?aoiaoth/e oie oaeo, ui iniiaio /anoeio oai?eo ?c IAO II—III nooiai?a neeaaeaee iniae o a?oe? a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a, ie anoaiiaeee, ui IAO, ?iaey/e ca?eueooth/ee aieea ia iieacieee oeaio?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee ? ?aa?iia?iiai e?iaiia?ao i?eeia? o/anoue o oi?ioaaii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio aei aeayeeo aeae?a ineoioa?ai??. I?i oea na?ae/eoue oie oaeo, ui o oai?eo aei 25 ?ie?a ia oii? i?iaaaeaiiai IEI niinoa??aaeanue ia o?eueee ii?iae?caoe?y an?o ia?aiao??a AO ? OI, aea e i?ioiaeeei cieaeaiiy aaae o?ea a na?aaeiueiio ia 4,220,23 ea aei e?ioey e?eoaaiiy. I?e canoinoaaii? a?iiioa?ai??, oaiaeaioe?y aei aeinoia??ieo ci?i *NN a?aei?/aeanue o oai?eo a?eii a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a aei e?ioey 3 naaino (cieaeaiiy a?ae 82,402,50 oae/oa aei 78,421,30 oae/oa; ?<0,05) , a o oai?eo aei 25 ?ie?a o?eueee aei e?ioey 10 naaino (cieaeaiiy a?ae 68,452,40 oae/oa aei 64,301,53 oae/oa; ?<0,05). Iaea?eueoa nooi?iue aeinoia??iino? ci?ie a aaniethoieo aaee/eiao niinoa??aaeany o oai?eo aei 25 ?ie?a aaea c 6 naaino IEI (cieaeaiiy a?ae 75,602,12 oae/oa aei 68,441,52 oae/oa; ?<0,05). Aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy OIE niinoa??aaeinue o oai?eo a?eii a?ae 26 aei 45 ?ie?a ia 3, 4 ? 6 naainao a?iiioa?ai??. I?ioa o oeeo ci?iao ie ia aeyaeee yei?-iaaoaeue caeiiii??iino?. O oai?eo a?eii aei 25 ?ie?a aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy OIE niinoa??aaeinue aei e?ioey 6 naaino (ca?eueoaiiy c 7,110,36 e/oa aei 7,700,20 e/oa; ?<0,05) ? caa??aaeiny ia i?ioyc? anueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. O oai?eo o??? ae a?eiai? a?oie oey oaiaeaioe?y iaea i?noea aaea ia 2 naain? IEI (ca?eueoaiiy c 6,740,31 e/oa aei 7,420,12 e/oa; ?<0,05), ui ni?aiaaeaei ?c iie?auaiiyi noa'?eoeaiiai niiaoe/iiai noaio oai?eo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aieiaiiai iiceo. A?aoiaoth/e oie oaeo, ui ineoioa?ai?y o iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? iaea ia oaac? a iniiaiiio ?iaioo ?c ci?iaiith na?aeii?noth, aaeaeaaoiei ia'?eoii aea/aiiy i?e oaeiio i?aeoiae? iaea aooe ia iicieia?/ia oi?ia, a ineo?/iee noai oai?eo i?ae /an AAA-ianoaaeaiiy. Caaaeueiei oa i?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaei i?e canoinoaaii? ??cieo oi?i ineoioa?ai?? aoee iaeneiaeuei? ci?ie AAA i?e iiaieo iiae?aciaiiyo, anioe?eiaaieo ?c iaeanoyie ii?ooaieo a?aeiinei. A ?acoeueoao? a?iiioa?ai?? o in?a a?eii 36—45 ?ie?a aeae?eueea c?inoaea neio?ii?caoe?y iiceiaeo iioaioe?ae?a ? iie?iooaaeanue ?o eiio?ao?aoe?y, ui iiaeeeai a?aeia?aaeaei iioei?caoe?th ?aaeeio ooieoe?iioaaiiy aieiaiiai iiceo. Iaeii/anii c?inoaea e?euee?noue aeec?eoi?/ieo AAA o oai?eo a?eii aei 35 ?ie?a, ui a i?eioeei? aoei iane?aeeii i?ioeanno aaeaioaoe?? ae?yeueiino? aieiaiiai iiceo, aeoeaiaaiiai ineoioa?ai??th aei ooieoe?iioaaiiy a oiiaao ?icaeoeo AA. Ie aeyaeee, ui a?ia?neio?iii? AAA aeyaeeenue aeineoue no?eeeie aei aieeao a?iiioa?ai?? o oai?eo a?eii aei 25 ?ie?a, iaeii/anii ye iayai?noue eieeaaiue c aeniei? nooiaith ?aaoey?iino? ?c i?aeaeuaiii?th aiieeooaeith o oai?eo noa?oiai a?eo ?noioii ciaiooaaeinue i?ae ?? aieeaii ( ia 17,2 %). Oeae oaeo aeieaco? ooieoe?iiaeueio iaiaeiicia/i?noue aeaieo oaiiiai?a o in?a ??ciiai a?eo. Neio?ii?caoe?y ?eoio i/aaeaeii aoea oaeiae iaoiiaeaia aecia/aiei aaeainii neiiaoeei-ia?aneiiaoe/ieo aca?iiae?e aaaaoaoeaiiai oiiono.O a?oi? oai?eo, ye? i?ioiaeeee eo?n IEI, aei e?eoaaiiy ?a?no?oaaeny iecei/anoioiee aaoa-?eoi, ia?aaoey?iee ? iaaeinoaoiuei ae?aaeaiee aeueoa-?eoi ?c cia/iith iano?ee?noth oiia. Aei e?ioey e?eoaaiiy e?euee?noue caien?a, ui a?aeiinyoueny aei I (i?aai?ciaaiiai) oeio c?inei o an?o oai?eo iacaeaaeii a?ae a?eo: ia 9,4 % o in?a a?eii aei 25 ?ie?a, ia 8,4 % o a?eia?e a?oi? a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a, ia 8,7 % o a?eia?e a?oi? a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a. Ci?i /?nea caien?a a?aeiioaiieo aei II oeio ca?a?no?iaaii ia aoei. A?aei?/aeinue cieaeaiiy i?ioeaioii? i?aaenoaaeaiino? III oeio AAA — ia 7,8 % o oai?eo aei 25 ?ie?a, ia 3,5 % o oai?eo a?eii a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a. IV oei (aeaci?aai?ciaaiee ?c ia?aaaaith aeueoa-aeoeaiino?), o a?oi? oai?eo a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a (40 %) ia ia?oeo naainao, iaa oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy a e?ioe? eo?no ia 9,2 %. Oaeei /eiii aecia/aii ia iaeiicia/iee, a ?iia??iee oa?aeoa? ca’yce?a i?ae ?yaeii iciae?a AAA ? iaoiaeii ineoioa?aiaaoe/iiai aieeao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoio?c?ieia?/iiai noaoono. Aiae?co “ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo ii?o?ao?a” o oai?eo AA ?c IAO aei e?eoaaiiy iieacaa iaaecae/aeii aenieo ?o aa??aaaeuei?noue (11 aa??aio?a, cai?noue 6 aa??aio?a o caei?iaeo aeine?aeaeoaaieo). Ineoioa?ai?y a oe?eiio ?noioii nei?ioeea ??ciiiai?oi?noue “ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo ii?o?ao?a”, caeeoeaoe o?eueee 7, i?e oeueiio iiyaeeenue eiaee, ye? a?aeiia?aeaee ii?i?, aeyaeaii? o caei?iaeo aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Canoinoaaiiy oanoa ?c ci?iai-iioi?iei noaaeaiiyi aeey aa?eo?eaoe?? aieeao ineoioa?ai?? ia ineoio?c?ieia?/iee noai oai?eo AA ?c IAO iieacaei, ui cae?eniaiiy ae?yeueiino? c iaaaeeeith iai?oaith ?aaoeyoi?ieo iaoai?ci?a cia/ii e?aua o oai?eo an?o a?eiaeo a?oi, ui i?ieoee eo?n a?iiioa?ai??. O aeiaaeeo, eiee ae?yeuei?nue ii?aeiaia ?c cia/ieie o?oaeiiuaie, ui aeiaaathoue aeoeaaoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?aca?a?a i?aai?cio (iaeneiaeueia oaeaee?noue ia?ai?uaiiy neaiaeo ia ae?ai?), a?eueo ni?eyoeea? ci?ie i?ioiaeyoue o ?aaoeyoi?ieo aia?aoao oai?eo a?eii aei 35 ?ie?a i?e canoinoaaii? IEI. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a OA? iieacaa, ui i?e canoinoaaii? IEI o oai?eo a?eii aei 35 ?ie?a eaoaioi? ia??iaee (EI) caciaaaee iaaieo ci?i, ui ae?aaeaeiny o ca?eueoaii? ?o aei e?ioey naaino ?c 2,5—2,8 nae aei 3,2—3,8 nae. O 30 % oai?eo a?eiai? a?oie a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a ca?eueoaiiy EI aeinyaaei 4,5—5,0 nae, ui iiaei aooe iia'ycaii ?c a?eueo noaa?eueiith o?enaoe??th ia iaaiiio ia?aaeeaaii? ?, aiane?aeie oeueiai, caanaiiyi OA? ia eiiaiaee, oi?ioth/? iia? neooaoe??. O oai?eo a?eii aei 25 ?ie?a o 80 % aeiaaee?a iaea?eueo ae?aaeaia aiie?ooaea OA? ?a?no?oaaeany o iiiaio oi?ioaaiiy iaeaooiueiai iiceoeaiiai aeina?aeo, i?e/iio oai?? oeueiai a?eo aeyaeyee a?eueo aeea? ?aaeoe?? i?ae /an ia?oeo naain?a IEI, o ii??aiyii? ?c iniaaie noa?oiai a?eo, i?e iiae?aiiio oa?aeoa?? niiioaiieo e?eaeo. O oe?eiio aeeiai?ea OA? o oai?eo i?ae aieeaii IEI, a?iiica I. A??eniia aeaco? ia i?aeaeuaiiy caeaoiino? aei ia?aaoaeiae OeIN, a oiiaao cieaeaiiy ??aiy ineoiaiioe?iiaeueii? iai?oae, a oaeiae ia c?inoaiiy eaa?eueiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?ci?a caaacia/aiiy aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??. Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui oa?aeoa??ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? iniaenoino? oai?eo aei 25 ?ie?a ni?eyee a?eueo?e iai?oc? neiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, ii??aiyii ?c ia?aneiiaoe/ii?, a ?acoeueoao? /iai, ia ia?oeo naainao ia?aaaaeaea e?euee?noue i?enei?aieo ?aaeoe?e na?oey iaae niia?eueiaieie. Aei e?ioey eo?no IEI i?ioiaeeei ae??aithaaiiy i?enei?aii-niia?eueiaieo ?aaeoe?e na?oey, ui na?ae/eei i?i aaeain neiiaoeei-ia?aneiiaoe/ieo aca?iiae?e o oai?eo aeaiiai a?eo. A?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy, io?eiai? /a?ac 1 ??e o 65 oai?eo AA ?c IAO, i?ieoiaoeo eo?n ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe??, aeicaieeee iai iiae?eeoe iaoe??io?a ia 2 a?oie. Ia?oo a?oio neeaee iniae, ui i?eo?eioaaeenue ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ye? aoee aeaeai? i?e aeienoaaii? uiaei aeiaea?aeaiiy ae??oe ? i?aeo?eioth/i? ineoioa?ai??, a aiaoeaoi?ieo oiiaao ia ??aeoa 1 eo?no a 3 i?nyoey, a oaeiae ca iaiao?aeiinoth i?i?iaeueii? e?ea?nueei? oa?ai??, o ae?oao a?oio oa?eoee oai??, ye? ia aeeiioaaee e?ea?nueeeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. I?e eiio?ieueiiio ianoaaeaii? o iaoe??io?a I a?oie (47 /ieia?e) oeeo?e AO o na?aaeiueiio neeaaeaee: NAO — 1482 ii ?o. no., AeAO — 794 ii. ?o. no. O 12 oai?eo (25,5 %) ao?aoa aaae o?ea aoea aei 2,0 ea, o 18 (38,2 %) — aei 3,0 ea, o 11 (23,4 %) — aei 4,0 ea, o 6 (12,9 %) — aei 5,0 ea. Oneeaaeiaiiy o aeaeo a?ia?oaic?aieo e?ec?a niinoa??aaeenue o oai?eo 8,5% ?io? ?acoeueoaoe aoee io?eiai? o oai?eo II a?oie (18 /ieia?e) o yeeo na?aaei? cia/aiiy NAO neeaei 1714 ii ?o. no., AeAO — 956 ii ?o. no. I?e oeueiio o 3 aeiaaeeao (16,6%) niinoa??aaeinue ca?eueoaiiy aaae o?ea aei 2,5 ea, o 4 oai?eo (22,2 %) — aei 2,0 ea, o 4 (22,2 %) — aei 1,5 ea; o 7 (39 %) — aei 1,0 ea. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui on? oai?e aoee c yne?aai ae?aaeaiith aeenioe?aoe?ae oa?/iai? iiaaae?iee. E?euee?noue oneeaaeiaiue o aeaeo aeia?oaic?aieo e?ec?a neeaei 50% (9 oai?eo) O /anoei? oai?eo, ye? i?ney caaa?oaiiy e?eoaaiiy neeaee ee?i?/io a?oio “iie?ioaiiy”, e??i noaa?e?caoe?? iniiaieo aaiiaeeiai?/ieo iieaciee?a, iie?auaiiy naiiii/oooy oa caaaeueiiai aiioe?iiaeueiiai oiio, ia a?aei?/aeinue i?ioyaii ?ieo oneeaaeiaiue o aeaeo a?ia?oaic?aieo e?ec?a, ? ?o aoei ia?aaaaeaii aei ee?i?/ii? a?oie “?ai?n?y”. Iiae?aio aeeiai?eo a?aei?/aii o 82 % oai?eo I aic?anoii? a?oie, 80 % - II, oa 74 % - III aic?anoii? a?oie. Oaeei /eiii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy ia o?euee? i?aeoaa?aeeee eiioeaioe?th, ui ca?eueoaiiy aaae o?ea ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith AO, aea ? aecia/eee i?aeo?aee aei aoaeoeaiiai canoinoaaiiy ineoioa?ai?? oai?eo iaaecae/aeii iioe?aii? oai?iae.Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c iioei?caoe?? aeai?o iaoiaeo ineoioa?ai?? aeicaiey? iiaeiaaeeoe o?eaae?noue ?ai?n?? a 1,5 ?aca oa ciaioeoe e?euee?noue oneeaaeiaiue ia 21 %. AENIIAEE 1. Iaaei??ia aaaa o?ea, o oe?eiio iineethth/e i?io?eaiiy a?oa??aeueii? a?ia?oaic??, aaea c ?aii?o noaae?e ?? ?icaeoeo ni?ey? aeieeiaiith ? i?ia?anoaaiith ineoiiaoieia?/ii? neiioiiaoeee. Oei naiei oi?io?oueny ?aeeiee iaoiaaiaoe/iee neiioiiieiiieaen, ei?aethth/ee ?c iniaeeainoyie iniaenoino? oai?eo o ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee. 2. Anoai?/iee neiae?ii, noi?iiaaiee ye aaaeo/ee a on?o a?eiaeo a?oiao oai?eo AA ?c IAO nii/aoeo caoai?thaaiiy o “/enoiio” aeaeyaeo, a iiaeaeueoiio o?ainoi?io?oueny o i?ia?aei? ee?i?/i? neiae?iie: anoaii-oia?/iee (a?eueo oa?aeoa?iee aeey a?eiai? a?oie aei 25 ?ie?a (60 %)), anoaii-?iioiiae?e/iee (i?aaaethth/ee o oai?eo a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a (75 %) oa anoaii-aeai?aneaiee (/ano?oa iayaiee o oai?eo a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a (82 %)). 3. Aeai? ee?i?ei-ineoiiaoieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy i?ae /an e?eoaaiiy iieacaee aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy IEI, a?iiico I. A??eniia o oai?eo ?c ii/aoeiaeie noaae?yie ?icaeoeo AA, c anoaii-oia?/ieie ?iceaaeaie (a?eiaa a?oia aei 25 ?ie?a — iie?auaiiy o 80,6 % oai?eo aei e?ioey e?eoaaiiy). A?iiinoaano?y a a?eueo?e i??? ?acoeueoaoeaia o oai?eo ?c caoyaeiei i?io?eaiiyi AA, a oaeiae c anoaii-?iioiiae??/ieie oa anoaii-aeai?aneaieie i?iyaaie (a?eiaa a?oia a?ae 26 aei 35 ?ie?a — iie?auaiiy o 73,3 % oai?eo, a?eiaa a?oia a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a — cia/ia iie?auaiiy o 86,6 % oai?eo). 4. Ineoioa?ai?y ni?ey? ii?iae?caoe?? iieaciee?a oeaio?aeueii? (iie?auaiiy iiceiaiai e?iaioieo o aeaeyae? i?aeaeuaiiy noaeeiiiai oiiono ? ioeueniaiai e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy) ? ia?eoa??eii? (cieaeaiiy /anoioe na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue, i?aeaeuaiiy oaea?iiai ? oaeeeiiiai ia'?io) aaiiaeeiai?ee o oai?eo AA ?c IAO. Noaa?e?caoe?y aea/aieo iieaciee?a iaea?eueoa ae?aaeaia i?e canoinoaaii? a?iiioa?ai?? o in?a a?eii a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a (cia/ia iie?auaiiy o 89 % oai?eo aeaii? a?eiai? a?oie). 5. Ineoieia?/iee aniaeo aieeao ineoioa?ai?? ia oai?eo a?oa??aeueiith a?ia?oaic??th ?c iaaei??iith aaaith o?ea iieyaa? a c?inoaii? o ieo iioeaaoe?? aeinyaiaiiy iaoe, ae??aithaaii? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ??aiyie aeaaaeeaino?, iaeo?ae?caoe?? aioo??oiueiiniaenoiai eiioe?eoo. Oe? ci?ie i?eaiaeyoue aei cieaeaiiy oiio aiioe?iiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino?, aoaeoeaii? ?ea?aeiino?, o?eaiaeiino?, ui a ?acoeueoao? oyaia ca niaith iineeaiiy aaeaioeaieo ?ano?n?a i?aai?cio. I?enooi?noue yaeu aeenioe?aoe?? oa?/iai? iiaaae?iee oo?oaeith? e?eoaaeueiee i?ioean ? aeiiaa? aecia/aii? no?aoaa?? aeey ia?aoi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? (IEI o oai?eo a?eii aei 25 ?ie?a, a?iiinoaano?? o in?a a?eii a?ae 36 aei 45 ?ie?a). 6. Ineoioa?ai?y AA ?c IAO iaoiiaeth? aeeiai?/i? ci?ie ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aieiaiiai iiceo ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy neio?ii?caoe?? iiceiaeo iioaioe?ae?a, iie?auaiiy ?o eiio?ao?aoe??, ui a?aeia?aaeo? o oe?eiio iioei?caoe?th ?aaeeio ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeueo a?aeae?e?a OeIN. I?e/iio, yeui a?ia?neio?iii? AAA aeineoue no?ee? aei aieeao a?iiioa?ai?? o oai?eo a?eiai? a?oie aei 35 ?ie?a (cieaeaiiy iaeeii/ieo ia?ieneci?a ia 6,3 %), oi a in?a a?eueo noa?oiai a?eo (36—45 ?ie?a) ?o iayai?noue ?noioii ciaioo?oueny (ia 17,2 %), ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ooieoe?iiaeueio iaiaeiicia/i?noue aeaieo a?ieia?/ieo oaiiiai?a a in?a ??ciiai a?eo. 7. Aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeniiai ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co “ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo ii?o?ao?a” ye iaoiaeo ioe?iee aieeao ineoioa?ai?? ia oai?eo AA ?c IAO aeiaiaeeoue, ui ineoioa?ai?y iiaea c?iaeoe aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee, aea i?e oiio oe?eani?yiiaaiee aieea ia oeaio?aeuei? iaoai?cie ?aaoeyoe??, aeoeaoth/e aaeaioaoe?eio ia?aaoaeiao no?oeoo?e ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio o oai?eo o a?oe? a?ae 26 aei 45 ?ie?a, i?ieoiaoeo eo?n a?iiinoaano??. Aeeiai?ea OA? o oai?eo a?eii aei 25 ?ie?a i?ae aieeaii IEI, a?iiico I. A??eniia o oe?eiio aeaco? ia i?aeaeuaiiy caeaoiino? aei ia?aaoaeiaai OeIN, a oiiaao cieaeaiiy ??aiy ineoiaiioe?iiaeueii? iai?oae, a oaeiae ia c?inoaiiy eaa?eueiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?ci?a caaacia/aiiy aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??. 8. Aeey ia?aaoaeiae ineoiniiaoe/ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue o oai?eo a?oa??aeueiith a?ia?oaic??th ?c iaaei??iith aaaith o?ea iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ? canoinoaaiiy ineoioa?aiaaoe/iiai aieeao iai?aaeaiiai ye ia ii?iae?caoe?th a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo, oae ? ia ei?aeoe?th oa?/iai? iioeaaoe??, aeeth/ath/e iioaioe?thaaiiy ?icaaioaaeoaaeueii ae??oe/ii? oa?ai?? (a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy). Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c iioei?caoe?? aeai?o iaoiaeo ineoioa?ai?? aeicaiey? iiaeiaaeeoe o?eaae?noue ?ai?n?? a 1,5 ?aca oa ciaioeoe /enei oneeaaeiaiue ia 21 %. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUeCA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Naiei I.A., Eiaaeue I.A. Iniaaiiinoe ee/iinoiie i?eaioaoeee o aieueiuo a?oa?eaeueiie aeia?oaiceae n ecauoi/iui aanii // Oe?aiinueeee ainiee ineoiiaa?ieiaii. — 1995. — N3. — Aei. 2 (6). -N. 108-109. 2. Naiei I.A. Eniieueciaaiea oaoieee IEI a ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneie ei??aeoeee aieueiuo a?oa?eaeueiie aeia?oaiceae n aeia?oaae/aneie ?aaeoeeae ia no?ann // Iaoa?iaee ae?oaeo iiaeia?iaeieo ineoieiai/ieo /eoaiue "Aeooaeueii i?iaeaie no/aniii ineoieiaii" — Oa?eia, 1995. -N.103-104. 3. Naiei I. A. Iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe ee/iinoe aieueiuo a?oa?eaeueiie aeia?oaiceae n ecauoi/iie iannie oaea // Oe?a?inueeee ainiee ineoiiaa?ieiai?. —1996. —? 4. —Aei. 1(8). —N. 55—58. 4. Naiei I. A., Aoiaaeia O. E. Aiciiaeiinoe aeiiioe/aneie oaoieee “?annaeaaiey” I. Y?eeniia a ei??aeoeee a?oa?eaeueiiai aeaaeaiey e ieuaaie iioeaaoeee o aieueiuo aeia?oiie/aneie aieaciueth n ecauoi/iie iannie oaea // Oe?a?inueeee ainiee ineoiiaa?ieiai?. —1996. —? 4. —Aui. 1(8). —N. 102—105. 5. Naiei I. A. Aei ieoaiiy i?i o?c?ieia?/i? ei?aeyoe iaaee?aeoeaii? ineoioa?aii? o oai?eo ia aiia?oiii/io oai?iao ic iaaei??iith aaaith // Oe?a?inueeee ainiee ineoiiaa?ieiai?. —1996. —? 4. —Aei. 5(12). —N. 341—343. 6. Naiei I. A. ?YA-aiaeec o aieueiuo a?oa?eaeueiie aeia?oaiceae n ecauoi/iie iannie oaea i?e eniieueciaaiee ?acee/iuo aeaeia ineoioa?aiee // A?a/aaiay i?aeoeea. —1997. —? 5. —N. 68—71. 7. Naiei I. A. E aii?ino ia YYA-ei??aeyoao ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneie ei??aeoeee o aieueiuo n a?oa?eaeueiie aeia?oaiceae // Iaoa?eaeu iao/ii-i?aeo. eiio. “Aii?inu iia?aie/iie ineoeao?ee, ineoioa?aiee e iaaeeoeeineie ineoieiaee” — Oa?ueeia, 1998. —N. 61—62. AIIOAOe?ss Naiei I. A. “Ineoiniiaoe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o oai?eo a?oa??aeueiith a?ia?oaic??th ?c iaaei??iith aaaith o?ea oa ?o ineoioa?aiaaoe/ia ei?aeoe?y”. ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 14.01.16. — ineo?ao??y. Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a. Oa?e?a, 1998. O ?iaio? i?e ianoaaeaii? 120 oai?eo a?oa??aeueiith a?ia?oaic??th ?c iaaei??iith aaaith o?ea aea/ai? iniaeeaino? iniaenoino?, noai ia?aiai-ineo?/ii? noa?e, a?aeiioaiiy aei naiai caoai?thaaiiy. Aecia/ai? iniaeeaino? aeeiai?ee ineoieia?/ieo ? aaaaoaoeaieo iieaciee?a, a oaeiae iieaciee?a oeaio?aeueii? ? ia?eoa??eii? aaiiaeeiai?ee a ianoaaeaieo oai?eo o ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oiao i?ae aieeaii ineoioa?ai??. Anoaiiaeai? ineoio?c?ieia?/i? ei?aeyoe ci?i aeueo ineo?/ieo ooieoe?e o ii??aiyeuei?e ioe?ioe? aieeao “aee?aeoeaieo” (a?iiinoaano?y) e “iaaee?aeoeaieo” (a?iiic I. A??eniia, IEI) iaoiae?a ineoioa?ai??. ?ic?iaeai? aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? i?aeoiaee aei ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? a?oa??aeueii? a?ia?oaic?? aeey ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi oai?eo ?c iaaei??iith aaaith o?ea, ui aeicaiey? nei?ioeoe oa?i?i e?eoaaiiy ? ca?eueoeoe o?eaae?noue ?ai?n??. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ineoiniiaoe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ineoioa?ai?y, a?oa??aeueia a?ia?oaic?y, iaaei??ia aaaa o?ea. AIIIOAOeEss Naiei I. A. Ineoiniiaoe/aneea niioiioaiey o aieueiuo a?oa?eaeueiie aeia?oaiceae n ecauoi/iie iannie oaea e eo ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneay ei??aeoeey. ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.16. — ineoeao?ey. Oa?ueeianeee einoeooo oniaa?oainoaiaaiey a?a/ae. Oa?ueeia, 1998. A ?aaioa i?e ianeaaeiaaiee 120 aieueiuo a?oa?eaeueiie aeia?oaiceae n ecauoi/iie iannie oaea eco/aiu iniaaiiinoe ee/iinoe, ninoiyiea ia?aii-ineoe/aneie noa?u, ioiioaiea e naiaio caaieaaaieth. Ii?aaeaeaiu iniaaiiinoe aeeiaieee ineoieiae/aneeo e aaaaoaoeaiuo iieacaoaeae, a oaeaea iieacaoaeae oeaio?aeueiie e ia?eoa?e/aneie aaiiaeeiaieee o ianeaaeoaiuo aieueiuo a ?acee/iuo aic?anoiuo a?oiiao iiae aeaenoaeai ineoioa?aiee. Onoaiiaeaiu ineoioeceieiae/aneea ei??aeyou eciaiaiee aunoeo ineoe/aneeo ooieoeee a n?aaieoaeueiie ioeaiea aicaeaenoaey “aee?aeoeaiuo” (aeiiinoaaanoey) e “iaaee?aeoeaiuo” (aeiiic I. Y?eeniia, IEI) iaoiaeia ineoioa?aiee. ?ac?aaioaiu aeeooa?aioeeaeueiua iiaeoiaeu e ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneie ei??aeoeee a?oa?eaeueiie aeia?oaicee aeey ?acee/iuo aic?anoiuo a?oii aieueiuo n ecauoi/iie iannie oaea, /oi iicaieyao nie?aoeoue n?iee ea/aiey e oaaee/eoue i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue ?aiennee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ineoiniiaoe/aneea niioiioaiey, ineoioa?aiey, a?oa?eaeueiay aeia?oaicey, ecauoi/iay ianna oaea ABSTRACT Semko O. B. Psychosomatically correlation’s at hypertensive patients with surplus weight and their psychotherapeutistic correction. — Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate's degree of Medical sciences by speciality 14.01.16. — psychiatry. Kharkov Advanced Training Institute for Doctors of the Ukraine Public Health Ministry, Kharkov, 1998. States of neuropsychical sphere, features of a personality, an attitude to the disease, a system of relations and a personality sense of value have been investigated for 120 hypertensive patients with surplus weight. Peculiarities of dynamics of psychological and vegetative indices, as well as indices of central and periphery haemodynamics of different age groups in the process of psychotherapy. Psychophysiological correlation coefficients for higher psychic function variations in comparative appraisal influence directive (hypnosuggestion) and nondirective (hypnosis by M. Ericson, NLP) methods of psychotherapy are determined. The effective approaches of arterial hypertension differential treatment of different age groups of patients are developed what allows to shorten treatment and to prolong remission. Key words: psychosomatically correlation’s, psychotherapy, arterial hypertension, surplus weight.

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