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IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO OE?A?IE

«EE?ANUeEEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE ?INOEOOO»

AeAIEIIN ss?ineaa A?eai?iae/

OAeE 678.027.3

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.05.13 — iaoeie oa aia?aoe o?i?/ieo ae?iaieoeoa

I?ioeane ia?a?iaee eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a aeno?oc?eiei iaoiaeii.

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? Oe?a?ie
«Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo»

Iaoeia? ea??aieee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?aae/aiei Eaii?ae Ai?eniae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

ssoii Ieaa Ieoaeeiae/

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IOOO «EI?», I?iina?oe

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, n.i.n.

Aioo???a Aaea??e Ieaenaiae?iae/

AAO «Oe?iae?ieanoiao», i. Ee?a

I?ii?iiiieae?oeiee

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y eaaei? i?iieneiaino?
Oe?a?ie, I?iina?oe

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 14 » /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 14-30 aiae ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.002.05 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? Oe?a?ie «EI?» ca aae?anith: 252056, Ee?a-56, i?ini.
Ia?aiiae, 37, ei?i. 21, aoae. 212.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie «EI?».

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 13 » o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.002.05,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
E?oaeeoeueea A.ss.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeei?enoaiiy iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a
a ainiiaea?nuee?e ae?yeueiino? ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy. O /enoiio aeaeyae?
iie?ia?e ia caaaeaee iathoue caaeaiee eiiieaen aeanoeainoae, ui iio?aao?
aaaaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo aeiaaaie (ieanoeo?eaoi??a, oa?aiee?a,
noaa?e?caoi??a ? o.?i.), ye? caaacia/othoue iaiao?aei? aenieoaoaoe?ei?
yeino? ae?ia?a. O ca’yceo c oeei /anoea eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a o
caaaeueiiio ia’?i? iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a c?inoa? oaeaeeeie oaiiaie.
??ciith eiia?iaoe??th iie?ia??a oa iaiiaithaa/?a iiaeooue aooe
iaea?aeai? iaoa??aee, ye? caaeiaieueiythoue caaeaiei aeiiaai.
Aeei?enoaiiy iaiiaithaa/?a aeicaiey? oaeei iaoa??aeai c oni?oii
eiieo?oaaoe ca oe?iith oa ye?noth c /enoeie iie?ia?aie ? ?ioeie
iaoa??aeaie. ? ? iiceoeaiee aeieia?/iee aniaeo aeei?enoaiiy iie?ia?ieo
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a — aeiiii?y /enoeo iie?ia??a, ae?iaieoeoai yeeo
caa?oaeith? iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua, a oaeiae aeei?enoaiiy o ae?iaieoeoa?
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a a?aeoiae?a ?ioeo ae?iaieoeoa ye iaiiaithaa/?a
oa aoi?eiieo iie?ia??a, ui ?iaeoue ca?? oa ooee?caoe?th iie?ia?ieo
a?aeoiae?a aeiiii?/ii ?aioaaaeueieie. Ca?ac noai?ththoueny oaoiieia?/i?
i?ioeane ?o iaea?aeaiiy, ?ic?iaeththoueny iaoeia? iniiae eiino?othaaiiy
iaoei aeey ae?iaieoeoaa iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?e oa ae?ia?a ?c ieo.

Iaeiei ?c iaea?eueo iioe?aieo oa ia?niaeoeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
aeey iaea?aeaiiy oa ia?a?iaee iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ?
/a?a’y/ia aeno?oc?y. *a?a’y/i? aeno?oaea?e, ye i?aaeei, caaacia/othoue
aeinoaoith ye?noue ci?oaiiy oa oene oi?ioaaiiy. Aaaeeeaith ia?aaaaith ?
aacia?a?ai?noue i?ioeano.

Ae?iaieoeoai iie?ieao?iiaeo eeno?a ?c iaiiaithaa/ai ia iniia?
aea?aaiiai ai?ioia caaithaaei i?oei? iiceoe?? ia na?oiaiio ?eieo, ui
iia’ycaii c aeei?enoaiiyi oeueiai iaoa??aeo a aaoiiia?eaaoaeoaaii? oa a
oiaeiaoe?. I?ioean ci?oaiiy i?e aeno?oc?? ? aecia/aeueiei aeey yeino?
ae?iao. Aea?? onoaoeoaaiiy ia? ea?oaaoeny aeaiia eiioeaioe?yie: c
iaeiiai aieo, ye?noue noi?o? iiaeiia caaeiaeueieoe aeiiae aei ae?iao, a
c ?ioiai ia?aioaaaeueii ieaoeoe ca ye?noue, yea ia?aaeuo? iio??aio.
?acii c oeei a?aeiii, ui aeia?a ci?oaia eiiiiceoe?y c iaioei ai?noii
eiooiaiiai iie?ia?o ca ye?noth iiaea ia iinooiaoenue iiaaii ci?oai?e,
aea c a?eueoei ai?noii iie?ia?o. Oaeei /eiii, aeo?aoe, iiay’cai? c
i?aeaeuaiiyi yeino? ci?oaiiy, /anoeiai eiiiainothoueny aeiiii??th
iie?ia?o. C oeueiai iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aeey ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy iiaiai aeno?oc?eiiai onoaoeoaaiiy iaiao?aeia iaae?eia
aecia/aiiy caeaaeiino? niiaeea/eo yeinoae ae?iao a?ae oiia eiai
iaea?aeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aaciin?aaeiuei iia’ycaia c iaoeiaeie aea?aeathaeaeaoieie oaiaie:
«Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano iaea?aeaiiy aea?aai-iie?ia?ieo ae?ia?a ?c
aoi?eiieo iaoa??ae?a» (Ca?o IAe?/Ee?aneee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo,
Ae??018890053734, 1989.- 68 n.); «Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano ia?a?iaee
eiiiiceoe?eieo iie?ia?-i?noeeo iaoa??ae?a oa ?ic?iaea oaoiieia??
iaea?aeaiiy c ieo eeno?a» (Ca?o IAe?/Ee?aneee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo,
?ia. ?5232/07, 1993.- 82 n.). Oaie aeeiioaaeenue c iaoith iaea?aeaiiy
c?ace?a, a?aei?aoethaaiiy oaoiieia?? oa onoaoeoaaiiy aeey ae?iaieoeoaa
i?io?eueii-iiaiiaaeieo ae?ia?a ? eeno?a ?c aea?aai-iaiiaiaieo iie?ia??a.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe — ?ic?iaea iiai? iaoiaeeee
?iaeaia?iiai ?ic?aooieo iaeii- oa aeai/a?a’y/iiai aeno?oc?eiiai
onoaoeoaaiiy aeey ia?a?iaee eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a o ae?iae, aea/aiiy
aeanoeainoae iaea?eueo iioe?aii? aea?aai-iie?aoeeaiiai? eiiiiceoe??, a
oaeiae noai?aiiy onoaoeoaaiiy aeey ?? ia?a?iaee.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ?iaioe ae??ooaaeeny oae? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Noai?aiiy aeai?eoio oa i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo ?aieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
?icieaao eiiiiceoe?? ca aeaieie a?neiceiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c
o?aooaaiiyi nooiai? iaiiaiaiiy oa aiae?oe/iei aai /enaeueiei (oaaee/iei)
iiaeaiiyi iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

2. Noai?aiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee oa i?iaaaeaiiy ia i?e
a?neiceiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aea?aai-iie?aoeeaiiai? eiiiiceoe?? c
??ciei nooiaiai iaiiaiaiiy oa /enoiai iie?ia?o c a?aeiieie ?aieia?/ieie
ia?aiao?aie.

3. ?ic?aooiie ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie ?aieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a eiiiiceoe?? oa /enoiai iie?ia?o, ii??aiyiiy inoaii?o c
a?aeiieie o e?oa?aoo?? aeey ioe?iee i?aaeeueiino? iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiue
oa ?ic?aooie?a.

4. ?ic?iaea ocaaaeueiaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?, aeai?eoio oa i?ia?aie
?ic?aooieo i?ioeano oa/?? iaiuethoii?anueei? ??aeeie a ?iai/eo i?aaiao
iaeii- oa aeai/a?a’y/ieo aeno?oaea??a.

5. Noai?aiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee ia aac? iaeii/a?a’y/iiai
aeno?oaea?a, iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiue oa i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano oa/?? ?icieaao iie?ia?o a eaiae? /a?a’yea.
Aeeiiaiiy ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a oa/?? ca caaeaieie oiiaaie a?aeiia?aeii
aei aenia?eiaioo. Ii??aiyiiy iaea?aeaieo oai?aoe/iei oa
aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoaie ?acoeueoao?a c iaoith ia?aa??ee aaeaeaaoiino?
?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae?.

6. Noai?aiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee ia aac? aeai/a?a’y/iiai
aeno?oaea?a, iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiue oa i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano oa/?? ?icieaao iie?ia?o a eaiaeao /a?a’ye?a.
Cae?eniaiiy iiaeaethaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo oiia n iaoith ii??aiyiiy
?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeine?aeaeaiue.

7. ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio oa i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ci?oaiiy a
eaiaeao iaeii/a?ay’/iiai aeno?oaea?a ia iniia? ?ic?aoiaaii?
a?ae?iaeeiai?ee i?ioeano oa/??. Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea aeai?eoio oa
i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo.

8. Noai?aiiy iaoiaeeee oa aeai?eoio ?ic?aooieo i?ioean?a
aeicoaaiiy-aiiiaai?caoe?? a iaeii- oa aeai/a?a’y/iiio aeno?oaea?ao c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaieo i?ia?ai, c iiaeeea?noth aecia/aiiy
aia?aineeiaeo ia?aiao??a oa iieaciee?a yeino? ?icieaao a caeaaeiino?
a?ae aeiaaeeie aeno?oaea?a.

9. Ia?aa??ea iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy iaeii/a?a’y/ii? aeno?oc?? aeey
i?aeaioiaee ?icieaao aea?aai-iie?ia?ii? eiiiiceoe?? ? ?ic?iaea
onoaoeoaaiiy.

10. Aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?e noai?aii? aeno?oaea?a
aeey e?i?? ii ae?iaieoeoao aea?aaiiaiiaiaieo ae?ia?a, yea ai?iaaaeaeaia
ia AO “Eiiiiceo” AEeoiie?nueeiai iaeiinoa/o.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaia ocaaaeueiaia
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo i?ioeano
aeicoaaiiy-aiiiaai?caoe?? a ?iai/eo i?aaiao iaeii- oa aeai/a?a’y/ieo
aeno?oaea??a, a ye?e a?aeii? aeeoa?aioe?ei? ??aiyiiy oa a?aie/i? oiiae
iiaeaii o aeaeyae? oe?eueiai? ooieoe??, yea ?ica’ycaia iaoiaeaie
iioei?caoe??. I?e oeueiio eiiiiiaioe oaici?a oaeaeeinoae aeaoi?iaoe??
aecia/athoueny c a?aeiia?aeieo eiiiiiaio oaici?a iai?oae, cia/aiiy
ae?oaiai ?iaa??aioo oaici?a iai?oae oa ?aieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae ?icieaao
a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e oa nooiai? iaiiaiaiiy, ye? iiaeooue
caaeaaaoenue a aiae?oe/i?e aai oaaee/i?e oi?i?.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iiaeae? ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aia ia?iaee aeaieo
eai?ey?ii? a?neiceiao???, i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?aieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae aea?aai-iaiiaiaieo iie?ia??a oa ?oiy ia?iaea.
?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo
i?ioeano ci?oaiiy a eaiae? /a?a’yea iaeii/a?a’y/iiai aeno?oaea?a c
aecia/aiiyi o?aaeoi??e ?ooo iiiaeeie iiaeaethth/eo /anoie oa
a?coae?caoe??th ?o ia ae?ai? eiii’thoa?a, a oaeiae ?ic?aooiie
?ioaa?aeueiuo ia?aiao??a yeino? ci?oaiiy.

Aeeiiaia aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea ?ic?iaeaieo iiaeaeae. I?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae iaiiaiaiiai iie?aoeeaio
aunieiai oeneo (IAAO) oa iie?i?ii?eaio (II).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Noai?aii iaoiaeeeo oa
aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo i?ioean?a aeicoaaiiy-aiiiaai?caoe?? a iaeii- oa
aeai/a?a’y/iiio aeno?oaea?ao c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaieo i?ia?ai, ye?
aeathoue ciiao aecia/eoe aia?aineeia? ia?aiao?e oa iieacieee yeino?
?icieaao a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeiaaeeie aeno?oaea?a ? ia iniia?
?ic?aooie?a aea?aoe oaoiieia?/io noaio i?aeaioiaee ?icieaao oa
?ic?aooaaoe iioeiaeueio aaiiao??th ?iai/eo i?aai?a oa ?aaeei?a
ia?a?iaee, ca yeeo aeinyaa?oueny iio??aia ye?noue ci?oaiiy ?
aeenia?aoth/iai ci?oaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe? aeai/a?a’y/iiai
aeno?oaea?a *IA2Ni90/15, ?iaeaen 513126, o neeaae? e?i?? aeey
ae?iaieoeoaa aea?aai-iie?ia?ieo eeno?a EAeIE-1000, ?iaeaen 591161, yea
aeaioiaeaia ia AAO «A?eueoiaee», i. Ee?a, oa ai?iaaaeaeaia ia AO
“Eiiiiceo” AEeoiie?nueeiai iaeiinoa/o, aea aeaioiaeythoueny eenoe
oiaueiith 210ii oa oe?eiith 1000 ii c iaiiaiaiiyi ii ian? aei 55 %, oa
i?iaeoeoeai?noth aei 150 ea/aiae. ?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoe?? aocea
aaaaeaiiy ?icieaao oa niaoe?aeueiiai iaeii/a?a’y/iiai aeno?oaea?a, yeee
aeeiio? ooieoe?? ?icieaaethaa/a oa ci?ooaa/a. I?ea?iaeuei?noue
eiino?oeoe?e i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aeaiia iaoaioaie Oe?a?ie, aiie aeei?enoai?
i?e i?iaeooaaii? ia AAO «A?eueoiaee» e?i?? aeey ae?iaieoeoaa
i?io?eueii-iiaiiaaeieo ae?ia?a c aea?aaiieano?a ?c iaiiaiaiiyi aei 80%,
?iaeaen 513137, oa e?i?? aeey ae?iaieoeoaa i?io?eueii-iiaiiaaeieo
ae?ia?a ?c aea?aai- oa iaia?iieano?a c iaiiaiaiiyi aei 80%, ?iaeaen
591171-0-03.

Iaoeiaee iai?yiie ?iaioe: iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a
aeicoaaiiy-aiiiaai?caoe?? a iaeii- oa aeai/a?a’y/iiio aeno?oaea?ao c
o?aooaaiiyi aeaii??iino? a?ae?iaeeiai?ee, iaiuethoii?anueei? iiaaae?iee
?icieaao, ia?cioa?i?/iino? oa ?ic?aooieii i?ioean?a ci?oaiiy, ioe?ieith
aeenia?aoth/iai ci?oaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a ?iaioo. An? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
iaea?aeai? naiei aaoi?ii. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo o
ni?aaaoi?noa?, iaea?aeai? i?e aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? aaoi?a ia an?o
aoaiao ?iaioe. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoao
aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a iinoaiiaoe? iaoe oa caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy,
noai?aii? iaoiaeeee oa i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaio?a, o/anoue o
ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe o ae?iaieoeoai.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiino?oe?iaaiea e
i?iecaiaenoai ecaeaeee ec iieeia?iuo e iaoaeee/aneeo eiiiiceoeeiiiuo
iaoa?eaeia” (?aiaoi??y, 1993); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Neioaoe/aneea
niieu e ieanoiannu. Oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa e i?eiaiaiea a io?aneyo
i?iiuoeaiiinoe” (Neie, 1995); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiiiiceoeeiiiua
iaoa?eaeu a aunieiyooaeoeaiuo oaoiieiaeyo iaoaiinai?i/iiai
i?iecaiaenoaa” (Aeoooa, 1997); i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Yeieiaey
/aeiaaea e i?iaeaiu ainieoaiey iieiaeuo o/aiuo” (Iaeana, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeaii o 10 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo,
a oiio /ene? a 3 noaooyo, 3 iaoaioao ia aeiaoiaee, 1 aeiiia?ae? ia
eiioa?aioe??, 3 oacao aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a.
Ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 152 noi??iee, aeeth/a? 9 oaaeeoeue, 64
?enoiee ? a?ae?ia?ao?th (110 iaeiaioaaiue). Aeiaeaoee iathoue ia’?i 44
noi??iee oa neeaaeathoue ie?aio /anoeio.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii e?eoe/iee aiae?c no/anieo iaoiaeee
?ic?aooieo ciie aeicoaaiiy-aiiiaai?caoe?? /a?a’y/ieo aeno?oaea??a,
iaeyae iaoiae?a iiaeaiiy aeo?aeieo aeaieo aeey ?ic?aooieo, cie?aia
?aieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a. I?eae?eaii oaaao aoaeoo i?ineiacoaaiiy ?icieaao
ia no?ieao eaiaeo — a?i ianoa? aeey iie?aoeeaio aenieiai oeneo i?e
oaeaeeino? cnoao a?ey 6080 n-1 ? iaei caeaaeeoue a?ae oaiia?aoo?e.
?icaeyiooi ??ci? iaoiaee iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ci?oaiiy a ?iai/eo
i?aaiao aeno?oaea??a oa ioe?iee ci?oaiiy a aioiaeo ae?iaao. Iaaaaeaii
oiiae oa iaoai?cie aeenia?aoth/iai ci?oaiiy. Aeniiaee ?icae?eo
aecia/athoue iaoo, iai?yiee, oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?noeoueny iien aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy,
iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiue, aeai?eoio oa i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo ?aieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a ?icieaao aea?aaiiaiiaiaiiai iie?aoeeaio aenieiai oeneo.
Aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?aeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia aac? eaneaaeiiai aeno?oaea?a,
?en.1, aei?aaaeaii aaeeeeie ?ici??aie /anoeiie iaiiaithaa/a, a oaeiae
iiaeeea?noth aeine?aeaeoaaoe ?aieia?/i? aeanoeaino? ?icieaao ??ciiai
nooiaiy aioiaiino?. Aeei?enoiaoaaeanue a?aeiia iaoiaea i?iaaaeaiiy
aenia?eiaioo c aeaiia niieaie, ui aeicaieeei a?aooaaoe aoiaeia? aoaeoe,
ye? caeaa?eueoiai coiiaeai? ia?ai???ioaoe??th /anoeiie iaiiaithaa/a.
Aeey ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a a?neiceiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeai?
aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aia ia/eneaiue, a yeeo aeei?enoaii ??aiyiiy
Aaenaiaa?aa-?aa?iiae/a, ? aiie aeicaieythoue iiaeaoe ?acoeueoaoe a
aiae?oe/i?e aai oaaee/i?e oi?i? o aeaeyae? caeaaeiino? oaeaeeino?
aeaoi?iaoe?? a?ae iai?oae a oiiaao i?inoiai cnoao a eai?ey?iiio
a?neiceiao??. I?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo aeicaiey? io?eiaoe ?aieia?/i?
caeaaeiino? a o?ueio aei??ao, ?en. 2 (o?ao?e aei?? — eiioeaio?aoe?y
iaiiaithaa/a).

Aeey aeei?enoaiiy aeaieo, io?eiaieo a oiiaao i?inoiai cnoao a
eai?ey?iiio a?neiceiao?? aeey oiia neeaaeiiai cnoao, caeaaei?noue
oaeaeeino? i?inoiai cnoao a?ae iai?oae i?inoiai cnoao i?aaenoaaeaii ye
caeaaei?noue ?iaa??aio?a oaici??a:

?c iinooeaoo ?euethoeia aeo?ea?, ui ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo
eiiiiiaio?a oaici?a oaeaeeinoae aeaoi?iaoe?? ? oaici?a iai?oae
aecia/a?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi ?iaa??aio?a oeeo oaici??a.

A?aoiaoth/e oea, eiiiiiaioo oaici?a oaeaeeinoae aeaoi?iaoe?? iiaeia
aecia/eoe c a?aeiia?aeii? eiiiiiaioe oaici?a iai?oae ? ?iaa??aioa
oaici?a iai?oae, aeei?enoiaoth/e io?eiai? ?aieia?/i? caeaaeiino?:

aea f(I?,T,C) — ooieoe?y, yea aecia/a? a?aeiioaiiy ?iaa??aio?a oaici??a
a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?iaa??aioa oaici?a iai?oae, oaiia?aoo?e ?
eiioeaio?aoe?? iaiiaithaa/a. A?aeiioaiiy ?iaa??aio?a oaici??a iai?oae ?
oaeaeeinoae aeaoi?iaoe?? — oea aiaeia a’yceino? aeey iuethoii?anueei?
??aeeie. I?e aeei?enoaii? noaiaiaai? caeaaeiino? :

Iaa?iaia caeaaei?noue:

Inoaoi/ii ia?ii:

Ia ?en. 2, ye i?eeeaae, iaaaaeaii ?ic?aoiaai? ?aieia?/i?
ia?aiao?e a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? iaiiaithaa/a ? oaeaeeino?
cnoao. Eiao?oe??io eiinenoaioiino? i?e oaiia?aoo?? T=4530K- K=1300;
T=4730K- K=2100 aeey /enoiai iie?aoeeaio, nooi?iue iaiuethoii?anueei?
iiaaae?iee iaeaea ia caeaaeeoue a?ae oaiia?aoo?e.

Caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa eiinenoaioiino? ? nooiaiy iaiuethoii?anueei?
iiaaae?iee a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? iaiiaithaa/a iaaaaeaii a oaae. 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Nooi?iue iaiiaiaiiy ca ianith, %021, wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyya??,?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th?????? O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? noi?ioeueiaaii
ocaaaeueiaio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oa/?? iaiuethoii?anueei? ??aeeie o
?iai/eo i?aaiao iaeii- oa aeai/a?a’y/ieo aeno?oaea??a, ?ic?iaeaii
aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo, a yeeo aeey ?ica’ycaiiy ??aiyiue
a?ae?iaeeiai?ee aeei?enoaii iiaee i?aeo?ae (Aine?anaineee A. I.,
Aieoeaoianeee A. A., Eioaey O. A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea ia?a?aaioee a
iaeii/a?ay/iuo iaoeiao iieeia?ia n i?iecaieueiie aiiiaeeae ayceinoe//
Oeie/aneia e iaooyiia iaoeiino?iaiea.- 1995.- ?1.- N. 13-17.,
cai?iiaiiaaiee a ?iaio?). Aeey eiai ?aae?caoe?? ??aiyiiy ?ooo,
ia?ic?eaiino? oa a?aie/i? oiiae i?eaaaeai? aei aeaeyaeo oe?eueiai?
ooieoe??:

yea ?ica’yco?oueny iaoiaeaie iioei?caoe??. Ooieoe?? F1-F4 iathoue
aeaeyae:

aea f — ooieoe?y, yea aecia/a?oueny ?c ?acoeueoao?a ?aieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Cai?noue oaiia?aoo?e ? eiioeaio?aoe?? iaiiaithaa/a
aaaaeaii eii?aeeiaoo y — ii aenio? eaiaeo, aeey yei? ca aecia/aieie
iieyie eiioeaio?aoe?e ? oaiia?aoo? ciaoiaeeoueny eiioeaio?aoe?y ?
oaiia?aoo?a ia oe?e eii?aeeiao?. Cia/aiiy A1-A4 caeaaeaoue a?ae
a?aie/ieo oiia oa i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeno?oaea?a ? aei??aiththoue
a?aeiia?aeii aeey iaeii/a?a’y/iiai aeno?oaea?a:

aeey aeai/a?a’y/iiai aeno?oaea?a:

aea Vbx — oaeaee?noue ?ooo iioieo o i?eno?iiiio aei ei?iona oa??
?icieaao aiiia?ae eaiaeo; Vbz — oaeaee?noue ?ooo iioieo o i?eno?iiiio
aei ei?iona oa?? ?icieaao acaeiaae eaiaeo; Vziec — oaeaee?noue ?ooo
iioieo o i?eno?iiiio aei /a?a’yea oa?? ?icieaao acaeiaae eaiaeo; Go —
ianiaa aeo?aoa iioieo ao?ao.

Ooieoe?? o ciaiaiieeo ??aiyiue (7)-(10) caeaaeaoue a?ae ?aieia?/ieo
aeanoeainoae ?icieaao, ye?, ye caaaeoaaeinue ?ai?oa, aecia/athoueny ia
iniia? a?neiceiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? caaeathoueny a aiae?oe/iiio aai
oaaee/iiio aeaeyae?. E?eoa???i iioei?caoe?? ? i?i?ioi oe?eueiai?
ooieoe??.

Aeey aeai?o iaoiaeo iioei?caoe?? aoei aeine?aeaeaii oe?eueiao ooieoe?th
o aeaii??iiio aeaeyae? iaoiaeii neaioaaiiy c ianooiiei iiai?ioii oa
ianooaaoaaiiyi inae eii?aeeiao, ?en. 3. Ooieoe?y ? ??aiii??iith c
?aeeiei i?i?ioiii. Inoaoi/ii ia?aii iiaeeo?eiaaiee iaoiae
Aaona-Caeaeaey. Ci?iieie ia?aiao?aie ? cia/aiiy iai?oae cnoao o
i?eno?iiiio aei /a?a’yea oa?? ?icieaao ? a?aae??ioe oeneo acaeiaae oa
aiiia?ae eaiaeo. ?acii ?c i?eiouaiiyi i?i e?i?ei?noue aith? eiiiiiaio
oaici?a iai?oae o eaiae? oe? ia?aiao?e aecia/athoue aith?e iai?oae ii
aenio? eaiaeo, c yeeo, o?aoiaoth/e ?aieia?/i? aeanoeaino? ?icieaao,
/enaeueieie iaoiaeaie ia/eneththoueny aith?e eiiiiiaio oaici?a
oaeaeeinoae aeaoi?iaoe?? ? aith?e eiiiiiaio oaeaeeino? iioieo.
Ii??aiyiiy ?ic?aoiaaieo ia’?iieo aeo?ao, aecia/aieo ca cia/aiiyie
eiiiiiaio oaeaeeino? iioieo acaeiaae oa aiiia?ae eaiaeo, c caaeaieie
aeicaiey? nei?aaoaaoe iai?oao oa a?aae??ioe oeneo c iaoith iioei?caoe??
oe?eueiai? ooieoe??.

?icieaae iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?e caeaa?eueoiai aeniea’yce? ??aeeie, oiio
i?ioean oa/?? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny cia/iei aeeneiaoeaiei ?ic?a??aii
?icieaao. Eiao?oe??io oaieii?ia?aeiino? ia ? aaeeoeaiith aaee/eiith ?
caeaaeeoue a?ae aeaeo, eiioeaio?aoe?? iaiiaithaa/a oa ?ioeo oaeoi??a.
A?aoiaoth/e, ui cia/aiiy oeueiai eiao?oe??ioa o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a
iaea, aeey aeeeth/aiiy iaiao?aeiino? eiai aecia/aiiy c?iaeaii
i?eiouaiiy, ui aieea ia?aiino oaieioe oaieii?ia?aei?noth ii??aiyii c
aeeneiaoe??th iacia/iee ? i?e ?ica’ycaii? ??aiyiiy aia?a?? iei iiaeia
ciaoooaaoe.

Aeey ia?aa??ee oeueiai i?eiouaiiy aoea ?ica’ycaia /enaeueieie iaoiaeaie
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oa/?? ?icieaao a caci?? i?ae ia?ooiiei oeee?iae?ii
? oeee?iae?ii, ui iaa?oa?oueny ? ?ooa?oueny a inueiaiio iai?yi?, aeey
aae?aaaoe/-ieo oiia ?c a?aooaaiiyi ? aac a?aooaaiiy neeaaeiai?
oaieii?ia?aeiino?. Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo iieacaei, ui
cia/i? ?icoiaeaeaiiy iathoue i?noea o?eueee a oiieiio i?eno?iiiio oa??,
a a iniiaiiio iioioe? ia ia?aaeuoaaee 5%. Oiio aeey a?aooaaiiy
ia?cioa?i?/iino? iioieo ??aiyiiy aia?a?? ?ica’ycoaaeinue o aeaeyae?:

O i?eno?iiiio oa?? oaiia?aoo?a i?eeiaeanue ??aiith oaiia?aoo?? no?iee
oeee?iae?a, yea caaea?oueny. Cia/aiiy eiiiiiaio oaeaeeino? ? oaiia?aoo?
ooi/iththoueny a aeai?eoi? ?ic?aooieo ?oa?aoeaiei iaoiaeii.

I?ney ?ic?aooieo a?ae?iaeeiai?ee iioieo c’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue
iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ci?oaiiy. Cai?iiaiiaaii iiaee i?aeo?ae, yeee
iieyaa? o iiaeaethaaii? ?ooo /anoeiie iaiiaithaa/a. E?eaie?i?eia
o?a?eoi??y cai?ith?oueny eaiaiith e?i??th e?ie?a ?ic?oooieo. Ine?eueee
i?e i?inoaaii? /anoeiee iaiiaithaa/a aiia iio?aiey? o ciie c ??ciei
iai?yieii oa aaee/eiith oaeaeeino? iioieo, oi ?ic?aooiie aaaeaoueny
iaeeie e?ieaie o /an?, i?e oeueiio ia eiaeiiio e?ioe? ia?a?aoiaothoueny
eii?aeeiaoe iiaeaethth/eo oi/ie, ye? iiaeaeththoue ?oo /anoeiie
iaiiaithaa/a. Ii/aoeia? eii?aeeiaoe iiaeaethth/eo oi/ie iiaeia caaeaaaoe
aeia?eueii, ui aeicaiey? iiaeaethaaoe oiiae aaaaeaiiy iaiiaithaa/a.
Noai?aii aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo i?ioeano ci?oaiiy a
iaeii/a?a’y/iiio aeno?oaea??. Ia?aaaaaie niiniao ? iiaeeea?noue
?ic?aooieo noaoenoe/ieo oa ?ioaa?aeueieo ia?aiao??a ?iciiae?eaiiy /anoie
iaiiaithaa/a o ?icieaa?, a?coaeueiiio aecia/aii? ci?oaiiy, a oaeiae
iiaeaethaaii? i?ioeano c o?aooaaiiyi eiino?oeoe?? aocea aaiaeo
iaiiaithaa/a a ?icieaa iie?ia?a. Ia ?en. 4 iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?aooieo i?ioeano ci?oaiiy a iaeii/a?a’y/iiio aeno?oaea?? c ae?aiao?ii
/a?a’yea 90 ii i?ney oanoe aeoe?a ia??cee. O aa?oi?e /anoei? ?enoiea
cia?aaeaii iiaeaethth/? oi/ee a iiacaeiaaeiueiio ia?a??c? eaiaeo
/a?a’yea, a a ieaei?e, a?aeiia?aeii, o iiia?a/iiio ia?a??c?. I?e oeueiio
a iiia?a/iiio ia?a??c? cia?aaeaii oi/ee, ye? ?ici?uai? a ia’?i? eaiaeo
oinoiai aeoea, aeiaaeeia yeiai neeaaea? 0,1 aeiaaeeie aeoea.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? aeai?eoi?a
oa i?ia?ai ?ic?aooieo oeyoii iiaeaethaaiiy oiia aenia?eiaioo oa
ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo c ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioo. Noaia
aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee iaaaaeaia ia ?en. 1. Ieaaeaiiy iie?ia?a
a?aeaoaa?oueny a aeeneiaiio aeno?oaea?? 3, a a iaeii- aai aeai/a?a’y/iee
ci?ooaa/ 2 iio?aiey? oaea aioiaee ?icieaa, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue
aaciina?aaeiuei aei??thaaoe ia?aiao?e ciie aeicoaaiiy-aiiiaai?caoe??.
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a caaacia/eea iiaia
caiiaiaiiy eaiaeo /a?a’yea, a anoaiiaeaiee ia aeoiae? ci?ooth/iai
aeno?oaea?a ci?iiee ii?? aeicaieea ?aaoethaaoe aaia?iaaiee aeno?oaea?ii
oene. A oiae? aenia?eiaio?a cae?enithaaeenue aei??e /enea iaa?o?a,
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, oeneo, oaiia?aoo?e ?icieaao oa niiaeeaaii?
iiooaeiino?. sse i?eeeaae, ia ?en. 5 ni?anoaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe
oai?aoe/-iiai ?ic?aooieo oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? oi/-ee aeey
iaeii/a?a’y/iiai aeno?oaea?a i?e ia?a?iaoe? iie?aoeeaio ia?ee 15803-020.

Iioeaea ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo ? aenia?e-iaioaeueieo aeaieo aeey iaeii-
? aeai/aa’y/iiai aeno?oaea??a ia ia?aaeuoaaea 15%.

C iaoith aenia?e-iaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee aeai?eoio oa i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo
ia?aiao??a ci?oaiiy ia?aii iaoiae i?e?ineii??. ?icieaa iie?ia?a c
aeno?oaea?a ni?yiiaoaaany i?ae aaeeaie, ye? eae?a?oaaee oiaueio c?ace?a.
Aeae? no??/eo ??caee ia a?ae??cee aeiaaeeiith 100 ii, ? aeey eiaeiiai c
ieo aecia/aany /an ia?aaoaaiiy a aeno?oaea?? ? eiioeaio?aoe?y /anoeiie
iaiiaithaa/a iaoiaeii i?e?ineii??. Aecia/a?oueny ?iciiae?e /ano
ciaoiaeaeaiiy /anoeiie iaiiaithaa/a a iaeii/a?a’y/iiio aeno?oaea??. Ia
?en. 6 cia?aaeaii oai?aoe/iee (nooe?eueia e?i?y) oa aenia?eiaioaeueiee
(eiioo? caiaeueiaaii? ciie) ?iciiae?e /ano. Cao?eiea aeaieo aenia?eiaioo
a?aeiinii oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a ia 8 naeoiae iia’ycaia c ?ooii
?icieaao o oi?ioth/iio ?ino?oiaio?. Aeniiaee ?icae?eo iieyaathoue o
caaeia?eueiiio ni?aiaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa oai?aoe/-ieo aeaieo,
ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oi/i?noue ?ic?iaeaieo aeai?eoi?a oa i?ia?ai
?ic?a-ooieo. C?iaeaii c?acee eiiiiceoe?e oa aecia/aii ?o
o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie ia’?aeiothoueny o
iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ciie aeicoaaiiy-aiiiaai?caoe??. I?e oeueiio
?ic?aooiie aaaeaoueny aeey eiaeiiai aeoea ia??cee. Nii/aoeo
ia/eneththoueny eiiiiiaioe iai?oae oa oaeaeeino? ? cae?enith?oueny
ia?aa??ea a?aeiia?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a oiiaai iai?ineiacoaaiiy ?icieaao
a?aeiinii no?iee oeee?iae?a oeyoii ii??aiyiiy cia/aiiy iai?oae ia
no?ioe? c e?eoe/iei ?? cia/aiiyi. sseui oiiae iai?ineia-coaaiiy
aeeiiothoueny, oi cae?enith?oueny ioe?iea oiia aeenia?aoth/iai ci?oaiiy.
Aeey oeueiai ia/eneththoueny cia/aiiy noia?ii? iai?oae cnoao ii aenio?
eaiaeo ? ii??aith?oueny c e?eoe/-iei, i?e yeiio a?aeaoaa?oueny
aeenia?aoaaiiy (?oeioaaiiy) aaeiia?ao?a, ?en. 7. Cia/aiiy ?yx(y) oa
?yz(y) aecia/athoueny i?e ?ic?aooieo a?ae?iaeeiai?ee i?ioeano, a noia?ia
iai?oaa cnoao ca oi?ioeith:

C ?enoiea aa/eii, ui aeenia?aoth/a ci?oaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny o
caiaeueiaaieo ciiao, ?, yeui ?ici?? oeeo cii a?eueoa 50% a?ae caaaeueii?
aenioe eaiaeo, oiiae aeenia?aoth/iai ci?oaiiy aeciathoueny aeinoaoi?ie.
Iaeiae oey oiiaa ?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeey ??cieo iaiiaithaa/?a oa aeiia
ci?oaiiy.

I?ney oeueiai ?ic?aoiaothoueny ia?aiao?e ci?oaiiy. sseui oiiae
iai?ineiacoaaiiy, aeenia?aoaaiiy aai ci?oaiiy ia caaeia?eueiythoueny, oi
cae?enith?oueny ei?eaoaaiiy ao?aeieo aeaieo ? ?ic?aooiie iiaoi?th?oueny.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoaii i?e noai?aii? aeno?oaea?a
*IA2Ni90/15 aeey e?i?? ii ae?iaieoeoao aea?aaiiie?ia?ieo eeno?a, yea
ai?iaaaeaeaia ia AO «Eiiiiceo» AEeoiie?nueeiai iaeiinoa/o.

I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaee ciiao
c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy iaeii/a?a’y/ii? aeno?oc??
aeey i?aeaioiaee ?icieaao aea?aaiiaiiaiaieo iie?ia??a i?e aeaioiaeaii?
i?io?eueii-iiaiiaaeieo ae?ia?a, aei yeeo ia noaaeyoueny i?aeaeuai?
aeiiae uiaei o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae.

C iaoith i?aeaeuaiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ae?ia?a, aoei
cai?iiaiiaaii iia? eiino?oeoeai? ae??oaiiy noiniaii iiaea?i?caoe??
iaeii/a?a’y/iiai aeno?oaea?a. I?ea?iaeuei?noue ae??oaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
aeaiia iaoaioaie Oe?a?ie, ye? aeei?enoaii i?e i?iaeooaaii? aeaio iiaeo
e?i?e ia AAO «A?eueoiaee», i. Ee?a.

C iaoith aeaea/? iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeocae
canoinoaaiiy, i?iaaaeaii o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aei?iaoaaiiy c?ace?a oeeo
eiiiiceoe?e, iaea?aeaieo iaoiaeii iaeii/a?a’y/ii? aeno?oc??, ia
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e onoaiiaoe?. Aoei i?iaaaeaii aei?iaoaaiiy ia aeaei,
oaea?io a’yce?noue, na?aaeith i?oei?noue ia ?icoya aeey eiiiiceoe?e c
??ciei ai?noii eiiiiiaio?a. Aeine?aeaeaii eiiiiceoe?? c iaiiaithaa/ai
oe?na oa iai?? ? eiioeaio?aoe??th aei 60% ia iniia? iie?aoeeaio oa
iie?i?ii?eaio ? aeaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o canoinoaaiiy.

AENIIAEE

1. Aiae?c no/anieo iaoiae?a iaaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano aeno?oc?? ?icieaa?a
iaiiaiaieo iie?ia??a aecia/ea iaoo, iai?yiee oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue.

2. Noai?aii aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo ?aieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
?icieaao eiiiiceoe?? ca aeaieie a?neiceiao?e/ieo aei??thaaiue c
o?aooaaiiyi nooiaiy iaiiaiaiiy, c aiae?oe/iei oa /enaeueiei (o aeaeyae?
oaaeeoe?) iiaeaiiyi iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo
ia?iaey? aeai?, iaea?aeai? ca iaoiaeeeith aei??thaaiue c aeaiia niieaie,
? iiaeeea?noue iiaeaiiy aeaieo ?ic?aooieo o aeaeyae? o?ueioi??ieo
a?ao?e?a.

3. Noai?aii aenia?eiaioaeueio onoaiiaeo, i?iaaaeaii a?neiceiao?e/i?
aei?iaoaaiiy aea?aai-iie?aoeeaiiai? eiiiiceoe?? c ??ciei nooiaiai
iaiiaiaiiy oa aioiaiino? ?icieaao. C aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie
iaea?aeaii caeaaeiino? iai?oae cnoao a?ae ?, C, T. Ii??aiyiiy
?ic?aoiaaieo ia?aiao??a aeey /enoiai iie?aoeeaio aenieiai oeneo c
a?aeiieie o e?oa?aoo?? aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i aeinoia??i?noue
iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiue oa ?ic?aooie?a.

4. ?ic?iaeaii ocaaaeueiaio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue, aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aio
?ic?aooieo i?ioeano oa/?? iaiuethoii?anueei? ??aeeie a ?iai/eo i?aaiao
iaeii- oa aeai/a?a’y/ieo aeno?oaea??a.

5. Noai?aii aenia?eiaioaeueio onoaiiaeo ia aac? iaeii/a?a’y/iiai
aeno?oaea?a, iaoiaeeeo aei??thaaiue oa i?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano oa/?? ?icieaao iie?ia?a a eaiae? /a?a’yea.
Aeeiiaii ?ic?aooiie ia?aiao??a oa/?? ca a?aeiia?aeieo aei aenia?eiaioo
oiia. Ii??aiyiiy iaea?aeaieo oai?aoe/iei oa aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoaie
?acoeueoao?a na?ae/eoue i?i ?o caaeia?eueiee ca?a — (na?aaeiy iioeaea 9
%).

6. Noai?aii aenia?eiaioaeueio onoaiiaeo ia aac? aeai/a?a’y/iiai
aeno?oaea?a, iaoiaeeeo aei??thaaiue oa i?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano oa/?? ?icieaao iie?ia?a a eaiaeao /a?a’ye?a.
Aeeiiaii iiaeaethaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo oiia c iaoith ii??aiyiiy
?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Na?aaeiy
iioeaea ?ic?aooieo 10%.

7. Cai?iiaiiaaii aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ci?oaiiy a
eaiaeao iaeii/a?a’y/iiai aeno?oaea?a ia iniia? ?ic?aoiaaii?
a?ae?iaeeiai?ee i?ioeano oa/??.

8. Noai?aii iaoiaeeeo oa aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo i?ioean?a
aeicoaaiiy-aiiiaai?caoe?? a iaeii- oa aeai/a?a’y/iiio aeno?oaea?ao c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaieo i?ia?ai, c iiaeeea?noth aecia/aoe aia?aineeia?
ia?aiao?e oa iieacieee yeino? ?icieaao ii aeiaaeei? aeno?oaea?a, ui
aeicaiey? ia iniia? ?ic?aooie?a ia?aoe oaoiieia?/io noaio i?aeaioiaee
?icieaao, a oaeiae ?ic?aooaaoe aaiiao??th ?iai/eo i?aai?a ? ?aaeei?a
ia?a?iaee, ca yeeo aeinyaa?oueny iio??aia ye?noue ci?oaiiy oa
aeenia?aoth/iai ci?ooaaiiy.

9. Cacia/aio iaoiaeeeo ai?iaiaaii ia AAO «A?eueoiaee» (i. Ee?a) i?e
noai?aii? e?i?? aeey ae?iaieoeoaa aea?aai-iie?ia?ieo eeno?a ia aac?
aeai/a?a’y/iiai aeno?oaea?a. Aeaioiaeaia e?i?y i?aoeth? ia AO “Eiiiiceo”
AEeoiie?nueeiai iaeiinoa/o.

10. I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaee,
ui aeey ?yaeo i?io?eueii-iiaiiaaeieo ae?ia?a i?eeiyoia ye?noue ae?iao
aeinyaa?oueny i?e iaea?aeaii? ?icieaao iaoiaeii iaeii/a?a’y/ii?
aeno?oc??. C iaoith iie?ioaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ae?iao
cai?iiaiiaaii iia? eiino?oeoe??, ye? aeicaieythoue aoaeoeaii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaeii/a?a’y/iee aeno?oaea? aeey i?aeaioiaee ?icieaao
iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?e.

11. I?ea?iaeuei?noue eiino?oeoeaieo ae??oaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeaiia
iaoaioaie Oe?a?ie, ye? aeei?enoai? i?e i?iaeooaaii? aeaio iiaeo e?i?e ia
caaiae? «A?eueoiaee», i. Ee?a.

IIOAE?EIAAI? I?AOe?, A ssEEO AEEEAAeAI?

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aeaieiin ss. A., ?aae/aiei E. A., Naciiia A. I., Oaaae I. I.
?aieiae/aneea e oeceei-iaoaie/aneea naienoaa ae?aaanii-iieeyoeeaiiaie
eiiiiceoeee// Yeioaoiieiaee e ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea.- 1998.- ?2.- N. 35-39.

2. ?aae/aiei E. A., Aeaieiin ss. A., Naciiia A. I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ioean?a ia?a?iaee aea?aaiiiaiiaiaieo iie?ia??a aeno?oc?eiei iaoiaeii//
Oii?/ia i?iieneiainoue Oe?a?ie.- 1998.- ?4.- N. 55-58.

3. Aeaieiin ss. A., Aiiaea?aiei A. I., ?aae/aiei E. A., Eoea/ TH. A.,
Naciiia I. A. Iiaia iai?oaeiaaiea aeey ia?a?aaioee eciioaiiuo oei//
Yeioaoiieiaee e ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea.- 1999.- ?2.- N. 73-75.

4. Iao. 23156A Oe?aeiu, IEE B29C 47/38, B27N 3/28. Aa?aaao aeey
ecaioiaeaiey ecaeaeee ec eiiiiceoeee iaiieiaiiuo i?aaie/aneeie
aieieienouie iaoa?eaeaie/ Eoea/ TH. A., Ineoeineee A. E., ?aae/aiei E.
A., Iaaacee I. I., Aeaieiin ss. A. (Oe?aeia).- ?94107216; Cayaeaii
10.10.94; Iioae. 19.05.98. -4 n.

5. Iao. 22568A Oe?aeiu, IEE B29C 47/38. Yeno?oaea? aeey i?eaioiaeaiey
eiiiiceoeee ec iieeia?ia e i?aaie/aneeo iaiieieoaeae/ Eoea/ TH. A.,
Ineoeineee A. E., ?aae/aiei E. A., Ieeoeaiie E. I., Aeaieiin ss. A.,
Iaaacee I. I. (Oe?aeia).- ?95010350; Cayaeaii 24.01.95; Iioae. 17.03.98.
-4 n.

6. Iao. 2050287 ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. Eiiiiceoeeiiiue iaoa?eae ia
iniiaa oeaeetheiciniaea?aeauaai iaiieieoaey/ Aooei A.A., Caea?oeia I.
A., Aocee A. A., Aeieaee Y. I., Iaaacee I. I., Aeaieiin ss. A.
(Oe?aeia).- Iioae. 20.12.95.- 4 n.

7. Aicithe E. A., Aeaieiin ss. A., ?aae/aiei E. A., Oaaae I. I.
Enneaaeiaaiea i?ioeannia niaoaiey iaiieiaiiuo iieeia?ia. A ei.: Iao/iua
o?oaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee “Yeieiaey /aeiaaea e i?iaeaiu
ainieoaiey iieiaeuo o/aiuo”, Iaeanna, 1997, n. 301-304.

8. Aeaieiin ss. A., Aooei A. A., Ooieei O.A. Eiiiiceoeeiiiue iaoa?eae
ec iooiaeia aoiaae e oa?iiieanoia// oac. aeiee. eiio. “Eiino?oe?iaaiea e
i?iecaiaenoai ecaeaeee ec iieeia?iuo e iaoaeee/aneeo eiiiiceoeeiiiuo
iaoa?eaeia”.- a. Aaiaoi?ey.- 18-20 iay 1993.- Eeaa.- 1993.- N. 55.

9. ?aae/aiei E. A., Ieoaaoa?ue E. TH., Aeaieiin ss. A. Nicaeaiea
iai?oaeiaaiey aeey i?iecaiaenoaa eiiiiceoeeiiiuo e niaoeeaeueiuo
iieeia?iuo ecaeaeee// oac. aeiee. eiio. “Neioaoe/aneea niieu e
ieanoiannu. Oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa e i?eiaiaiea a io?aneyo
i?iiuoeaiiinoe”.- i. Neiea.- 28 oaa?aey — 2 ia?oa 1995.- Eeaa -1995, N.
50.

10. E. A. ?aae/aiei, I. I. Iaaacee, ss. A. Aeaieiin. Yeno?ocey
aieieiiii-iaiieiaiiuo iieeia?iuo eiiiiceoeee// oac. aeiee. eiio.
“Eiiiiceoeeiiiua iaoa?eaeu a aunieiyooaeoeaiuo oaoiieiaeyo
iaoaiinai?i/iiai i?iecaiaenoaa”.- a. Aeoooa.- 27-29 iay 1997.- Eeaa.-
1997.- N. 62-63.

Aeaieiin ss. A. I?ioeane ia?a?iaee eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a
aeno?oc?eiei iaoiaeii.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.05.13 — iaoeie oa aia?aoe o?i?/ieo ae?iaieoeoa.-
Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie «EI?», i. Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo ciie
aeicoaaiiy-aiiiaai?caoe?? iaeii- oa aeai/a?a’y/ieo aeno?oaea??a c iaoith
iaa?oioiaaiiai aeai?o oaoiieia?/ii? noaie, ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueii?
aaiiao??? ?iai/eo i?aai?a oa ?aaeei?a ia?a?iaee, ca yeeo ye?noue
?icieaao iie?ia?ii? eiiiiceoe?? caaeia?eueiy? iinoaaeai? aeiiae.
Cai?iiaiiaaii ocaaaeueiaio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oa/?? ?icieaao iie?ia?a
a eaiaeao iaeii- oa aeai/a?a’y/ieo aeno?oaea??a, aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aio
?ic?aooieo. Noai?aii aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ci?oaiiy
c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?aoiaaii? a?ae?iaeeiai?ee iioieo. ?ic?iaeai?
aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??ai?, iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo
onoaoeoaaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai, iia? eiino?oeoi?nuee?
ae??oaiiy aeei?enoaii i?e i?iaeooaaii? aeaio iiaeo e?i?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeno?oaea?, iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo, ci?oaiiy, iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue, eiiiiceoe?ei? iaoa??aee, iie?ia?.

Y. G. Dvojnos. Processes of processing of composite materials
extrruzion method.- the Manuscript.

Dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
engineering science on a speciality 05.05.13 — machine and devices
chemical productions.- National technical university of Ukraine «KPI»,
Kiev, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to development of a technique of account
of a zone of dosage-homogenization one- and two-worm extrudions with the
purpose of the reasonable choice of the technological circuit, account
of optimum geometry of working bodies and modes of processing, with
which the quality melt of a polymeric composition satisfies to the given
requirements. The generalized mathematical model of current melt of
polymer in channels one and two-worm extrudions, algorithm and program
of account is offered. The algorithm and program of account of
parameters of mixture with use calculate of hydrodynamics of a flow is
created. The developed algorithms and programs experimentation are
checked up, the technique of account of the equipment is introduced into
manufacture new of the design decision are used with designing two new
lines.

Key words: extruder, technique of account, mixture, mathematical
model, composite materials, polymer.

Aeaieiin ss. A. I?ioeannu ia?a?aaioee eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia
yeno?oceiiiui iaoiaeii.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.05.13 — iaoeiu e aiia?aou oeie/aneeo
i?iecaiaenoa.- Iaoeeiiaeueiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao Oe?aeiu «EIE», a.
Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeeee ?an/aoa ciiu
aeice?iaaiey-aiiiaaiecaoeee iaeii- e aeaoo/a?ay/iiai yeno?oaea?ia n
oeaeueth iainiiaaiiiai auai?a oaoiieiae/aneie noaiu, ?an/aoa
iioeiaeueiie aaiiao?ee ?aai/eo i?aaiia e ?aaeeiia ia?a?aaioee, i?e
eioi?uo ea/anoai ?anieaaa iieeia?iie eiiiiceoeee oaeiaeaoai?yao
caaeaiiui o?aaiaaieyi.

I?iaaaeaiiue e?eoe/aneee aiaeec nia?aiaiiuo iaoiaeee ?an/aoa iieacae,
/oi aeey ?an/aoa eaieia?iiai niaoaiey iaiaoiaeeii oi/iia ii?aaeaeaiea
aeae?iaeeiaieee iioiea, a aeey ioeaiee aeenia?ae?othuaai niaoaiey aaaeii
iaeoe ?ani?aaeaeaiea iai?yaeaiee naeaeaa a ?anieaaa ii aunioa eaiaea.
Iineaaeiaa iaiaoiaeeii e aeey i?iaa?ee oneiaey iai?ineaeuecuaaiey
?anieaaa ia noaieao eaiaea.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiey oi/iuo ?an/aoia iieo/aiu aeinoiaa?iua ?aieiae/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?anieaaa, n yoie oeaeueth nicaeaia niaoeeaeueiay
yenia?eiaioaeueiay onoaiiaea eaieeey?iie aeneiceiao?ee ia aaca
eaneaaeiiai yeno?oaea?a. I?eiaiaiea niaoeeaeueiiai aeneiceiao?a
iicaieeei i?iaanoe ecia?aiey aeey ae?aaaniiiaiieiaiiiai iieeyoeeaia
aunieiai aeaaeaiey i?e aieueoii aeeaiao?a niiae (10 ii) e a aeeaiaciia
nei?inoae naeaeaa aei ?=80c-1, a oaeaea n ?anieaaii ?aciie noaiaie
aioiaiinoe, niioaaonoaothuei oneiaeyi oa/aiey a yeno?oaea?a.
Enneaaeiaaeenue ?aieiae/aneea ia?aiao?u ?anieaaa i?e ?aciie noaiaie
iaiieiaiey e oaiia?aoo?a, eniieueciaaeanue iaoiaeeea ecia?aiee n aeaoiy
niieaie. Aeey ia?aaioee aieueoiai /enea yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaiiuo
nicaeai aeai?eoi ?an/aoa e i?ia?aiia ?an/aoa, eniieuecothuea oi?ioeo
Aaenaiaa?aa-?aaeiiae/a, i?ia?aiia ?an/aoa iicaieyao i?aaenoaaeoue
?acoeueoaou eae a aiaeeoe/aneii aeaea, oae e a oaaee/iii e iino?ieoue
o?aoia?iua a?aoeee (caaeneiinoue iai?yaeaiey naeaeaa io nei?inoe naeaeaa
e eiioeaio?aoeee iaiieieoaey). Iieo/aiu ?aieiae/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee
ae?aaanii-iieeyoeeaiiaie eiiiiceoeee n ?aciie noaiaiueth iaiieiaiey.
Iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiey ecia?aiee e i?ia?aiia ?an/aoa i?iaa?aiu aeey
/enoiai iieeyoeeaia aunieiai aeaaeaiey iooai n?aaiaiey ?ann/eoaiiuo
ia?aiao?ia n aeaiiuie a eeoa?aoo?a.

I?aaeeiaeaia iaiauaiiay iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue oa/aiey ?anieaaa
iieeia?a a eaiaeao iaeii- e aeaoo/a?ay/iiai yeno?oaea?ia, aeai?eoi e
i?ia?aiia ?an/aoa. Iiaeaeue iauaaeeiyao a naaa ecaanoiua o?aaiaiey
ia?ac?uaiinoe, aeaeaeaiey e a?aie/iua oneiaey, caienaiiua a aeaea
oeaeaaie ooieoeee, ?aoaaiie iaoiaeaie iioeiecaoeee aeey eiie?aoiuo
enoiaeiuo aeaiiuo. Aiaeeoe/aneia ?aoaiea aac aeiiieieoaeueiuo
oi?iuathueo i?aaeiieiaeaiee cao?oaeiaii, iiyoiio eniieuecoaony /eneaiiia
?aoaiea iaoiaeaie iioeiecaoeee n eniieueciaaieai au/eneeoaeueiie
oaoieee. Oeaeaaay ooieoeey auea enneaaeiaaia ia iiiioiiiinoue,
noiaeeiinoue e aaeeinoaaiiinoue ?aoaiey, aua?ai iaoiae ?aoaiey, —
iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiue iaoiae Aaonna-Caeaeaey. I?eieiay ai aieiaiea iaeua
cia/aiey oaieii?iaiaeiinoe aeey aieueoeinoaa iieeia?iuo eiiiiceoeee,
cia/eoaeueiue aeenneiaoeaiue ?acia?aa e oi, /oi eiyooeoeeaio
oaieii?iaiaeiinoe aaee/eia ia aaeaeeoeaiay, aianaii oi?iuaiea, /oi
aeeyiea ia?aiina oaiea oaieii?iaiaeiinoueth iacia/eoaeueii e i?e ?aoaiee
o?aaiaiey yia?aee ei iiaeii i?aiaa?a/ue. I?iaa?ea aianaiiiai oi?iuaiey
iieacaea, /oi cia/eoaeueiia ?anoiaeaeaiea eiaao ianoi oieueei a oiieii
i?enoaiiii neia ?anieaaa, a a iniiaiii iioiea ia i?aauoaao 5%.

?aoaiea caaea/e ii ii?aaeaeaieth aeaooia?iie aeae?iaeeiaieee iioiea
?anieaaa eiiiiceoeee a eaiaea iaeii/a?ay/iiai yeno?oaea?a iicaieeei
i?aaeeiaeeoue iiaue iaoiae iiaeaee?iaaiey niaoaiey, a eiaiii — iaoiae
iiaeaee?othueo oi/ae, eiaaea /anoeoeai iaiieieoaey niioaaonoaotho
iiaeaee?othuea oi/ee e ?ann/eouaathony o?aaeoi?ee aeaeaeaiey eaaeaeie
/anoeoeu iaiieieoaey, n iineaaeothuae aecoaeecaoeeae ?ani?aaeaeaiey
/anoeoe a na/aiee eaiaea. Iaoiae iicaieyao ii?aaeaeyoue eioaa?aeueiua e
noaoenoe/aneea iieacaoaee ea/anoaa niaoaiey, a oaeaea iaaethaeaoue
oaenoo?o. Nicaeaiu aeai?eoi e i?ia?aiia ?an/aoa.

Yenia?eiaiou ii i?iaa?ea ?ac?aaioaiiuo i?ia?aii auee i?iaaaeaiu ia
eaneaaeiuo yeno?oaea?ao ia aaca iaeii- e aeaoo/a?ay/iuo yeno?oaea?ia.
N?aaeiyy iia?aoiinoue ii?aaeaeaiey ?acaeaaaiiai iaeii- e aeaoo/a?ay/iui
yeno?oaea?ii aeaaeaiey ia i?aauoaea 10 %. I?e yenia?eiaioaeueiie
i?iaa?ea i?ia?aiiu ii?aaeaeaiey ea/anoaa niaoaiey a iaeii/a?ay/iii
yeno?oaea?a eniieueciaaeny iaoiae iee?ineiiee e ii?aaeaeyeinue
?ani?aaeaeaiea a?aiai i?aauaaiey /anoeoe iaiieieoaey a yeno?oaea?a.
Noiaeeiinoue ?acoeueoaoia oi?ioay.

Iieo/aiu ia?acoeu eiiiiceoeee n ?aciui ninoaaii, eco/aiu eo
oeceei-iaoaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Iauaaeeiaiea ?ac?aaioaiiuo i?ia?aii ?an/aoa iicaieeei nicaeaoue
iaoiaeeeo ?an/aoa ciiu aeice?iaaiey-aiiiaaiecaoeee iaeii/a?ay/iiai
yeno?oaea?a a aeaea aeai?eoia ?an/aoa. Aoiaeiuie aeaiiuie aeey ?an/aoa
yaeyaony: aaiiao?ey ?aai/eo i?aaiia, oaiia?aoo?a ?anieaaa ia aoiaea a
ciio, ?aieiae/aneea naienoaa ?anieaaa, nei?inoue a?auaiey /a?ayea,
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue, ia/aeueiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea iaiieieoaey a ?anieaaa.
?ann/eouaaaony: ?acaeaaaiia aeaaeaiea, ia?aiao?u eaieia?iiai niaoaiey,
n?aaeiyy oaiia?aoo?a ?anieaaa ia auoiaea, iiuiinoue i?eaiaea.
I?iaa?yaony oneiaea iai?ineaeuecuaaiey ?anieaaa ia noaieao eaiaea,
ioeaieaaaony aeenia?ae?othuaa niaoaiea. Iaoiaeeea ai?iae?iaaia i?e
?an/aoa aaiiao?ee ?aai/eo i?aaiia aeaoo/a?ay/iiai yeno?oaea?a-nianeoaey
e /a?ay/ii-aeeneiaiai yeno?oaea?a-?anieaaeoaey a ninoaaa eeiee
EAeIE-1000 aeey i?iecaiaenoaa ae?aaanii-iieeia?iuo eenoia. Eeiey
ecaioiaeaia IAI «Aieueoaaee» (a. Eeaa) e ?aaioaao ia IO “Eiiiiceo”
AEeoiie?neiai iaeniaaa, aaea auioneathony eenou oieueiie 2-10ii e
oe?eiie 1000ii.

I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi aeey ?yaea ecaeaeee i?eaieaiia
ea/anoai iiaeao auoue aeinoeaiooi i?e eniieueciaaiee iaeii/a?ay/iie
yeno?ocee. N oeaeueth iiauoaiey oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia
ecaeaeey, i?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua eiino?oeoi?neea ?aoaiey, iiaecia eioi?uo
iiaeoaa?aeaeaia aeaoiy iaoaioaie Oe?aeiu. Yoe ?aoaiey eniieueciaaiu i?e
i?iaeoe?iaaiee aeaoo iiauo eeiee ia IAI «Aieueoaaee» (a. Eeaa).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeno?oaea?, iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa, niaoaiea,
iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, eiiiiceoeeiiiua iaoa?eaeu, iieeia?.

OIIAI? IICIA*AIIss

?? — oaeaee?noue cnoao, n-1

?? — iai?oaa cnoao, Ia

I?? — ?iaa??aio oaici?a iai?oae

I? — ?iaa??aio oaici?a oaeaeeinoae aeaoi?iaoe??

T — oaiia?aoo?a, E

C — eiioeai?aoe?y iaiiaithaa/a, % ian.

K — eiao?oe??io eiinenoaioiino?

n — iieaciee iaiuethoii?anueei? iiaaae?iee ?icieaao

Go- ianiaa aeo?aoa iioieo ao?ao, ea/n

V — oaeaee?noue iioieo, i/n

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