I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ioiea?eiaieia??

?i. aeaae. I.N. Eieii?e/aiea

OEI*OE Na?a?e Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 616.22-006.6-089.844-036.82/.838

I?eioeeie IIOEI?CAOe?? O??O?A?*IIAI E?EOAAIIss OAI?EO IA ?AE AI?OAI?

(14.01.19 — ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?y)

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Nieieaiei
Noai?neaa Ieoaeeiae/, eaoaae?a ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee Oe?a?ie
I?ioeee Aieiaeeie? Naiaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai a?aeae?eo
iooeei aieiae, oe? ? iiaeeo?eoth/eo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy IAe? iieieia?? oa
?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aaecia ?onoai Aaeeeueiae/, eaoaae?a
ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? Ee?anueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aa?the A?eai??e ?aaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: eaoaae?a ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. aeaae. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny » 22 ” /a?aiy 1999?. i 14-00aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.611.01 Ee?anueeee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ioiea?eiaieia?? ?i. aeaae. I.N.
Eieii?e/aiea IIC Oe?a?ie (252057, i. Ee?a, aoe. Ciieia?/ia, 3)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo ioiea?eiaieia?? ?i. aeaae. I.N.
Eieii?e/aiea

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 20 ” o?aaiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe

A.?.?iceeaaeea1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

?ae ai?oai? yaey? niaith aaeueie iioe?aio iaoieia?th: aiia noaiiaeoue
a?ae 1 aei 8% caaaeueii? iieieia?/ii? caoai?thaaiino? (?.A.Aaecia c?
ni?aaao., 1996), ? /anoioa ?? aeaaeae? c?inoa? (?.A.Eoea/, 1991 oa ?i.).
I?e oeueiio ia?aeiia ae?aaiinoeea ?aeo ai?oai? a 60-70% aeiaaee?a
cae?enith?oueny i?e ???-?V noaae?yo caoai?thaaiiy, eiee caa?aaoe
no?oeoo?e i?aaia aeey iiaeaeueoi? o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? eiai ii?ooaieo
ooieoe?e noa? aaea neeaaeiei caaaeaiiyi. Iiaia aeaeaeaiiy o?aaeaii?
iooeeiith ai?oai? ni?e/eiy? ao?aoo an?o ?? ooieoe?e. I?ioa, iaa?oue i?e
iia?aoeaiiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ?c ii/aoeiaeie noaae?yie iooeeie, eiee
aeeiio?oueny /anoeiaa ?acaeoe?y ai?oai?, iniiai? ?? ooieoe?? iaieio/a
ii?ooothoueny, ui a naith /a?ao aaaea aei iaaee/ii? ? nioe?aeueii?
?iaae?aeecaoe??.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

?ioaineai? iiooee oeyo?a a?aeoai?aiiy cieaeaieo, aai ao?a/aieo ooieoe?e
ai?oai? aiane?aeie o??o?a?/iiai aeaeaeaiiy ?? iooeeie, ni?e/eieee
?icaeoie ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueii? o??o?a??, ea?eiaiieanoeee ?c
canoinoaaiiyi aooio?ainieaioao?a, ui iie?ioeei ooieoe?iiaeuei?
?acoeueoaoe iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue ? nooi?iue ?aaa?e?oaoe?? iniiaieo
ooieoe?e ai?oai?. (A.E. Oeuaaiia, 1976; A.N. Iiainia, 1984;
A.A.Iiaiauaiei c? ni?aaao., 1985; N.I.Eai/aiei c? ni?aaao., 1987; A.O.
Aioii?a, 1988; N.I.Nieieaiei, 1991; A.E.Eeth/eoei, A.E.Ia?eia, 1995;
A.I.Ieueoaineee, 1995; A.Pech et al., 1985; Chen Zin, 1986; Burgess,
Tim, 1988). Iiaei aoaiii a o??o?a?? ai?oai? noaee noaoioaeuei? ?acaeoe??
oa ea?eiaaeoii??, ye? ?icoe?eee ae?aiacii ? aoaeoeai?noue ao?o/aiue
(N.I.Eai/aiei, A.A. *aniieia, A.A. ?aai, 1987; A.A.Oie/eineee, 1990;
A.N.Iiainia, 1995; Eoea/ Y.A., Ia?acoeia E.A., 1995; Ae.?.Caaieioiee ?c
ni?aaao., 1995; Draner et al., 1982).

Iacaaaeath/e ia oe? aeinyaiaiiy, i?iaeaia ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia ?ae
ai?oai? ? ua aeaeaeith a?ae naiai ?ica’ycaiiy. ? a oeueiio ieai? ?aca?ae
?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo iia?aoe?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai
iaoa??aeo, iaei aea/ai? ? iniaeeai iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy
aooio?ainieaioao?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae canoinoaaiiy i?iiaiaai? oa?ai??.
Ia aeineoue aea/aia i?iaeaia e?eoa???a aeaeaitheyoe?? oai?eo, i?ney
aeeiiaiiy ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi
aooio?ainieaioao?a. E??i oiai, i?iaeaia canoinoaaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo
iia?aoe?e c aooio?ainieaioaoe??th ua a?eueo oneeaaeith?oueny i?e iiya?
?aa?iia?ieo iaoanoac?a, /anoioa yeeo, o caeaaeiino? a?ae ia?aeiii?
eieae?caoe?? iooeeie ? ?yaeo ?ioeo /eiiee?a, noaiiaeoue a?ae 6 aei 80%
(?.A.Aeiiyi, 1991; A.N. I?ioeee, 1996). Noia?a/eea?noue aeaieo uiaei
aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ?aa?iia?ieo iaoanoac?a ?aeo
ai?oai? aeiaaa? iiooeo e ?ic?iaee iioeiaeueieo aa??aio?a iia?aoe?e, ye?
aeaee a ciiao aeinyaiooe iaeneiaeueiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?e i?aaia,
ao?a/aieo o ca’yceo c iaoe?i?noth iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue.

Cacia/ai? ianoaaeie iaoiiaeththoue aeooaeuei?noue ? iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?iaee e ?ica’ycaiiy neeaaeii? i?iaeaie iaaee/ii? oa nioe?aeueii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?y ? o?aaiaioii eiiieaenii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie eaoaae?e
ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
“?ic?iaea niinia?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ceiye?nieo iiaiooai?aiue
aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a c iaoith ?aaa?e?oaoe?? iiei-oai?eo”,
?aa?no?aoe?eiee iiia? yei? 01870039200.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — ae??ooth/e i?iaeaio o??o?a?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??
oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? oeyoii ?ic?iaee aoaeoeaieo niinia?a
?aeiino?oeoeaii — a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e c aooio?ainieaioaoe??th
iioei?coaaoe o??o?a?/io oaeoeeo ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

1. Oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaee ?aeiino?oeoeaii — a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e
i?e ?aeo ai?oai? ? -?? noaae?e caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith ??cieo
aooio?ainieaioao?a.

2. ?ic?iaeoe iiaee iaoiae ?aeiino?oeoeaii — a?aeiiaethaaeueii? iia?aoe??
i?e ?aeo ai?oai? ??? noaae?? c aeei?enoaiiyi aei?noeioeaieiieo oa
eiia?iiaaieo aooio?ainieaioao?a.

3. ?ic?iaeoe iiaee aoaeoeaiee iaoiae oioaeueii? aai ?icoe?aii?
ea?eiaaeoii?? c iaeiiiiiaioiei o?aoaiacioaaaeueiei ooiooaaiiyi i?e
o??o?a?/iiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ?aeii ai?oai? ??? — ?V noaae?e.

4. Aea/eoe aieea i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? ia i?eaeeaeaiiy aooio?ainieaioao?a
i?e eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ?aeii ai?oai?.

5. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? aeaeaioeyoe?? i?ney ?aeiino?oeoeaii —
a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e o oai?eo ?aeii ai?oai? ??? noaae?? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ici???a ?? ioai?o ca aeaieie eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao??.

6. Aea/eoe e?eoa??? ae?aaiinoeee iioe?aiino? iooeei ? ?aa?iia?ieo
iaoanoac?a ca aeaieie eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao??, aoioiiineii??,
aeiiea?ia?ao??.

7. I?iaanoe ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo a ??ci? oa?i?ie
niinoa?aaeaiiy i?ney ?aeiino?oeoeaii — a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? niiniae a?aeiiaeaiiy iniiaieo ooieoe?e ai?oai? i?ney
?acaeoe?e ? ea?eiaaeoii?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi ??cieo aooio?ainieaioaoe?eieo
iaoa??ae?a, cie?aia ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a iaeiiiiiaioiiai
o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueiiai ooiooaaiiy i?ney noaoioaeueii? ?acaeoe?? ai?oai?,
yeee aea? ciiao a?aeiiaeoe aeeoaeueio oiiaoi?io e ?icae?ethaaeueio
ooieoe?? ai?oai? c ia?aiao?aie, aeinoaoi?ie aeey nioe?aeueii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ? iiaee iaoiae o?aoaiacioaaaeueiiai ooiooaaiiy,
yeee ?icoe?th? iiaeeeaino? caa??aath/i? o??o?a?? ?aeo ai?oai?. Aia?oa
aecia/ai? iieacaiiy aeey aooio?ainieaioaoe?? i?e iia?aoe?yo ia ai?oai? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae canoiniaaii? i?iiaiaai? oa?ai??.

I?aeaeuaia aoaeoeai?noue nenoaie eiiieaenii? ae?aaiinoeee iioe?aiino?
iooeeiiiai i?ioeano c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao??,
aaceiioaeoiiai oaieiaa/aiiy, oeueo?acaoeiai? aoioiiineii??,
?aae?i?cioiiii? noeeioea?ao??, a oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa iaoiaeeea
aecia/aiiy iciae ?aa?iia?iiai iaoanoacoaaiiy ca ?aieia?/ieie iieacieeaie
noaio noaeei oe?.

Nenoaiaoaciaaii ? iaa?oioiaaii iaoai?ci aieiniooai?aiiy ? aecia/aii eiai
ia?aiao?e a caeaaeiino? a?ae canoiniaaiiai aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai
iaoa??aeo i?e ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo ?aeo ai?oai?. Iiaeie ? aea??
aooio?ainieaioao?a ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo ?io?aneii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ia?aeiii? iooeeie i?e ?aeo ai?oai? ?-?? noaae?e, ?ic?iaea e?eoa???a
aeei?enoaiiy aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo a ca’yceo canoinoaaiiyi
ia?aaeiia?aoe?eiiai eo?no i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? ? eiiieaenia ioe?iea
a?aeoai?aieo ooieoe?e ai?oai? a ?acoeueoao? iia?aoe?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi
aooio?ainieaioao?a ca aeaii? iaoieia??. Aeinyaiooi iioeiaeueia
a?aeiiaeaiiy aeeoaeueii?, oiiaoi?ii? ? ?icae?ethaaeueii? ooieoe?e
ai?oai? caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith eiia?iiaaieo aooio?ainieaioao?a i?e ?aeo
ai?oai? ??? noaae??. Iieacai? iiaeeeaino? ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiae?a o
aecia/aii? e?eoa??? aeey aeaeaitheyoe?? oai?eo i?ney o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi aooio?ainieaioao?a.

Iiaei ? a?aeiiaeaiiy oiiaoi?ii? ? ?icae?ethaaeueii? ooieoe?e ai?oai? i?e
?aeo ??? noaae?? i?ney noaoioaeueieo ?acaeoe?e oa o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueiiai
ooiooaaiiy, a oaeiae a?aeiiaeaiiy oeeo ooieoe?e i?ney oioaeueii?
ea?eiaaeoii?? c i?eaiaeo ?aeo ???-?V noaae?e caaaeyee ??ciei aeaeai
o?aoaiacioaaaeueiiai ooiooaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey ee?i?ee iathoue ?ic?iaeai? nenoaii? iieacieee
aeey canoinoaaiiy aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo i?e o??o?a?/iiio
e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ii/aoeiaeo noaae?e, ye? aeathoue ciiao o
iaeiiai?oiio ianyc? a?aeiiaeoe ao?a/ai? ooieoe?? ai?oai?. I?aeoe/io
oe?ii?noue noaiiaeyoue aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a ?aioaaiiiiaaiiiie?a?ao??,
ni??iiao???, iiaaiioaoiiao???, ?aiioeueiia?ao??, ?aioaaiieiio?aniiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy no?aaio?aeieo oeyo?a, niaeo?ia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aieino, a oaeiae aecia/aiiy ?ici???a ?aa?iia?ieo iaoanoac?a ca
aeiiiiiaith oeueo?acaoeiai? aeiiea?ia?ao?? c iaoith ia’?eoeaii? ioe?iee
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio o?aaeaii? iooeeiith ai?oai? ? aoaeoeaiino?
o??o?a?/iiai a?aeiiaeaiiy ?? ooieoe?e.

Aaaeeeaei aeey ee?i?/ii? i?aeoeee ? cai?iiiiiaaia aeiaeaoeiaa
?io?aneii?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e ieaioaaii? ?aeiino?oeoeaii? iia?aoe?? c
i?eaiaeo ?aeo ?-?? noaae?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi aooio?ainieaioao?a.

?ic?iaeaiee niin?a ia?aaeiueia?/ii? ?acaeoe?? ai?oai? aeicaiey?
a?aeiiaeoe iniiai? ooieoe?? ai?oai? ca aeiiiiiaith eiia?iiaaiiai
aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ia? aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno ?aioaaiiae?aaiinoe/ieo
iaoiae?a aeey ioe?iee nooiaiy a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?e, ianaiia?aae
aeeoaeueii?, i?ney aeeiiaiiy i?aaiicaa??aath/eo iia?aoe?e c
eiia?iiaaiith aooio?ainieaioaoe??th i?e ?aeo ai?oai? ??? noaae??.
?ic?iaeai? ?io?aneii?/i? ? ?aiaacia?ao?/i? iieacieee noaio
iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei oe? a caeaaeiino? a?ae iioe?aiino? ?aa?iia?ieo
iaoanoac?a aeathoue ciiao ia?aae iia?aoe??th ae?iaeoe ieai ? aecia/eoe
ia’?i ao?o/aiiy, ioaea, e nei?ioeoe o?eaae?noue iia?aoe??.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a.

Ieaioaaiiy ? cae?eniaiiy an?o aeine?aeaeaiue, eiiieaen
?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueiiai o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy 348 oai?eo ia
?ae ai?oai? ?-?V noaae?e aeeiiai? iniaenoi aaoi?ii. I?ioyaii 1990-1998??
i?iaaaeaii 1864 aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiaii 437 iia?aoe?e. Aaoi?ii
iaa?oioiaaia e cae?eniaia ia i?aeoeoe? nenoaia iaaee/ii? oa nioe?aeueii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? iia?iaaieo oai?eo.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ? iaoeiaa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y caeiaooeo o aeine?aeaeaiiyo
aeaieo aeeiiaia oaeiae aaoi?ii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe o i?aeoeeo.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny ia VII c’?cae? iieieia?a O?N?
(Aeiiaoeuee, 1990), O?? Ananithciiio c’?cae? ?aioaaiieia?a ? ?aae?ieia?a
(Eai?ia?aae, 1990), i?aeiaeani?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu eeeie/aneie e yenia?eiaioaeueiie iaaeeoeeiu”
(i.E?eaee ??a, 1991), XVII eiia?an? Ni?eee ?a?iiaenueeeo oii?ao??a
(Iineaa, 1991), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?aoey, aeieia?y,
caei?ia’y. Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy, ae?aaiinoeee, ee?i?ee oa e?eoaaiiy
caoai?thaaiiue” (i.E?eaee ??a, 1993), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea caoai?thaaiue aieiae oa oe?” (i.Iaeana, 1994),
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?noeaa? i?iiaiaa?
ooeiaeaeaiiy i’yeeo oeaiei” (i.Oa?e?a, 1994), Oe?a?inueeiio eiia?an?
?aae?ieia?a (Ee?a, 1995), VII c’?cae? ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
1995), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1997), a oaeiae ia ?icoe?aieo can?aeaiiyo Oiaa?enoaa ioiea?eiaieia?a
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? ? Caii??cueei? iaeanoae (1996, 1997).

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 42 i?aoe?, c ieo 15 a oaoiaeo
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo (naiino?eii 7, o ni?aaaoi?noa? 8). Io?eiaii 2
iaoaioe, 1 aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai, aeaeaia 1 iiiia?ao?y, caaeaiiiiaaia
1 iiiia?ao?y.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeaii o i?aeoeeo ?iaioe
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?i. ?.?.Ia/i?eiaa,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai iaeaniiai iieieia?/iiai aeeniaina?o, E?eai??cueeiai
i?nueeiai iieieia?/iiai aeeniaina?o, Caii??cueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii?
e?ea?i?, Caii??cueeiai iaeaniiai iieieia?/iiai aeeniaina?o, Iieoaanueei?
iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?, e?ea?i? ?24 i?noa Oa?eiaa, a oaeiae o
iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? Aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai??, Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a, Caii??cueeiai
?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a, Iieoaanueeiai iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 295 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ?
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 7 ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?aenoie?a, aeniiae?a. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
?ethno?iaai? 41 oaaeeoeyie oa 17 noaiaie. Iieaae/ee aeei?enoaii? a
?iaio? e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 318 aeaea?ae, o oiio /ene? 125 ca?oa?aeieo.

CI?NO ?IAIOE. CAeIAOO? ?ACOEUeOAOE

A iniiao ?iaioe iieeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe niinoa?aaeaiiy ? e?eoaaiiy 348
oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai?, c ieo /ieia?e?a aoei 334, ae?iie – 14. Oai?? aoee
a?eii a?ae 30 aei 70 ?ie?a, i?e/iio ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ?c ieo —
a?eii a?ae 41 aei 60 ?ie?a.

Iae/ano?oei aoei na?aaeeiia ?icoaooaaiiy iooeeie, iae??aeoa cono??/aeany
i?aeneeaaeeiaa ?? eieae?caoe?y. O a?eueo i?ae iieiaeie oai?eo ?ae
ai?oai? aoei ae?aaiinoiaaii o III noaae?? (190 oai?eo, aai 54,6%), ia
ae?oaiio i?noe? ca /anoioith aoea II noaae?y (95; 27,3%), IV noaae?y
ae?aaiinoiaaia o 38 oai?eo (10,9%) ? iae??aeoa iooeeio aoei aeyaeaii o I
noaae?? (o 25 oai?eo, 7,2%).

I?e a?noieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? ceiye?nieo iooeei o a?eueoino? oai?eo
(208, aai 59,8%) aoei aeyaeaii ieineiee?oeiiee ?iaia?th/ee ?ae, o 122
(35,0%) – ieineiee?oeiiee ia?iaia?th/ee ? o 18 (5,2%) –
aacaeueiiee?oeiiee ?ae.

Na?aae on?o oai?eo (348 /ieia?e) o 81 (23,3%) aoee aeyaeai? iaoanoace a
?aa?iia?i? e?ioaoe/i? aocee. O oai?eo ?c iooeeiith ai?oai? ?, ?? noaae?e
(T1N0M0, T2N0M0) ie ia aeyaeee iaoanoacoaaiiy. I?e ??? noaae?? ?aeo
(T2N1M0, T3N0M0, T3N1M0) aoei anoaiiaeaii iaeiia?/ia caeo/aiiy
?aa?iia?ieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a o 60 (31,6%), na?aae oai?eo ia ?ae
ai?oai? IV noaae?? i?ioeano (T3N2M0, T4N1M0, T4N2M0) iaoanoacoaaiiy iaei
i?noea o 21 (55,3%) oai?iai, i?e/iio o 9 – eiio?eaoa?aeueia
iaoanoacoaaiiy, ? o iaeiiai – aeainoi?iii?.

Aei aini?oae?caoe?? 153 oai?ei (44,0%) aoee aeeiiai? a?noieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o cia/ii? /anoeie c ieo (o 44, aai 28,8%) io?eiai?
iaaaoeai? a?aeiia?ae?, i?e/iio o 13 (8,5%) /ieia?e aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeenue aea?/?, a o 6 (3,9%) – o?e/?. Ca iayaiino? ee?i?/ieo
aeaieo, o aeiaaeeao iaaaoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeiiia?aoe?eieo ianoaaeaiue
ie i?iaiaeeee ae?aaiinoe/ii-e?eoaaeueio iia?aoe?th – ?icuaieaiiy ai?oai?
aeey acyooy aeeaiei? a?iin?? ? aecia/aiiy aeinoaoiueiai ca ianyaii
o??o?a?/iiai ao?o/aiiy. Oaea o??o?a?/ia ao?o/aiiy aoei aaeeoi o 101
(29,0%) oai?iai, ? a on?o aeiaaeeao aoa i?aeoaa?aeaeaiee ae?aaiic
ceiye?niiai ooai?aiiy a ai?oai?.

Iaie aoei cae?eniaii 296 (85,0%) ?acaeoe?e ai?oai?, ii/eiath/e a?ae
oi?aeaeoii?e ? cae?i/oth/e noaoioaeueieie ?acaeoe?yie, ? 52 (15,0%)
oioaeueieo ? ?icoe?aieo aeaeaeaiue ai?oai?.

O an?o oai?eo aeine?aeaeoaaee ooieoe?? ai?oai? aei iia?aoeaiiai
e?eoaaiiy ? i?ney iueiai, aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoiaeeee ia?aeiii? ? oii?/ii?
ae?aaiinoeee (eiii’thoa?io oiiia?ao?th, oeueo?acaoeiaa neaioaaiiy,
oeueo?acaoeiao aeiiea?ia?ao?th, ?io?a/a?aiio oa?iia?ao?th,
?aae?i?cioiiio noeeioea?ao?th, oiiia?ao?th ai?oai?), iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? a?aeiiaeaii? aeeoaeueii? ooieoe??
(eiii’thoa?io oiiia?ao?th, ni??iiao??th, iiaaiioaoiiao??th,
?aioaaiiiiaaiiiie?a?ao?th oa ?aiioeueiia?ao?th); iaoiaeeeo
aeine?aeaeaiiy oiiaoi?ii? ooieoe?? – niaeo?ia?ao?th; ? iaoiaeeeo
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icae?ethaaeueii? ooieoe?? – eiio?anio ?aioaaiia?ao?th.

Eiii’thoa?io oiiia?ao?th i?iaiaeeee ia aia?ao? Niiaoii NI o??ie «N?iain»
(I?ia//eia). Aeey oeueo?acaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oe? aeei?enoiaoaaee
aoieaia?o 35A o??ie «Toshiba» (ssiii?y).

Oeueo?acaoeiao aeiiea?ia?ao?th i?iaiaeeee oeueo?acaoeiaei aeaa?oiao?ii
Ae-800 o??ie «Medata AB» (Oaaoe?y). E??i a?ao?/iiai a?aeaeooy
(aeiiea?ia?aie), ca aeiiiiiaith caoeiai? noa?ainenoaie ioe?ithaaee
iniaeeaino? e?iaioieo a aeine?aeaeoaaieo noaeeiao. ?ic?aoiaoaaee
iaeneiaeueio nenoie?/io ? ae?anoie?/io neeaaeia? oa na?aaeith
oaeaee?noue e?iaioieo.

Aeenoaioe?eio ?io?a/a?aiio oa?iia?ao?th i?iaiaeeee ia oaeaeeiae?th/iio
oa?iia?ao? OAOe-01 («?aeaeoaa») c eiii’thoa?iei caaacia/aiiyi.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iooeei ai?oai? iaoiaeii ?aae?i?cioiiii?
noeeioea?ao?? canoiniaoaaee aeaa ooii?io?iiieo ?aae?ioa?ii?aia?aoe:
aaia-aei?ii?ithaa/? 67Ga-oeeo?ao ?c ia??iaeii iai?a?iciaaeo 78 aiae.,
oa 111In-oeeo?ei ?c ia??iaeii iai?a?iciaaeo 67,2 aiae. ?aae?iioee?aeia
ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo i?iaiaeeee /a?ac 24-72 aiae i?ney aaaaeaiiy
i?aia?ao?a. Caeiaooa ?ioi?iaoe?y aeicaieyea i?iaanoe ia o?eueee oii?/io,
a caeaa?eueoiai e aeeoa?aioe?eio ae?aaiinoeeo ceiye?nieo iiaiooai?aiue.
Iaeiie/aiiy ooii?io?iiieo ?aae?ioa?ii?aia?ao?a iiiaae 150% aaaaeaee
oa?aeoa?iei aeey ceiye?nieo iiaiooai?aiue, ??aaiue iaeiie/aiiy ieae/ee
a?ae 150% — aeey aeia?iye?nieo iooeei ? caiaeueieo i?ioean?a.

Iiaiioe?ii?noue aeeoaeueii? ooieoe?? ai?oai? aei ? i?ney o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy aecia/aee iaoiaeaie ni??iiao??? oa iiaaiioaoiiao???.

Ni??ia?ao?y i?iaiaeeeany iaie ye ca caaaeueiia?aeiiith iaoiaeeeith, oae
? ca ?ic?iaeaiith a Iaoa?ao?cueeiio IAe? ioeueiiiieia?? iaoiaeeeith
aecia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii ia’?iii? oaeaeeino? iia?o?y. Ia’?iio
iiooaei?noue aaeeoo ? aeaeeoo aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith iiaaiioaoiiao???.
Aeai? aecia/aee o oai?eo ye aei, oae ? i?ney iia?aoe??, ca aeiyoeii oeo
aeiaaee?a eiee oai?ei aoee i?iaaaeai? noaoioaeuei? ?acaeoe?? ai?oai? ?
aiie ia aoee aeaeaitheueiaai?, a oaeiae oioaeuei? ea?eiaaeoii?? c
??cieie aeaeaie ooiooaaiiy.

I?iaiaey/e ?aioaaiiiiaaiiiie?a?ao?th (?IIA) aeei?enoiaoaaee
?ano?a-?ao?oee oaoiaoiiai oeio, cai?iiiiiaai? ?.N.Aiiniaei. Oaeee iaoiae
aea? ciiao ?iaeoe aeaa ?aioaai?anueeeo ci?iee ia iaeio e oo naio ie?aeo
– a iiiaio iaeneiaeueiiai aaeeoo ? i?ney iaeneiaeueiiai aeaeeoo – a
oiiaao cae/aeiiai ?aioaai?anueeiai eaa?iaoo.

?aiioeueiia?ao?y i?iaiaeeeany iaie ca aeiiiiiaith ii?oaoeaiiai
aeaieaiaeueiiai o?aicenoi?iiai ?aia?aoa.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aieiniai? ooieoe?? ai?oai? ca aeiiiiiaith
niaeo?ia?ao?? aecia/aee ?ioaineai?noue aieino oai?eo aei ? i?ney
iia?aoe??. C oe??th iaoith ei?enooaaeeny ooiii??ii o??ie «Bruel, Kjour
2203». Caeiaoo? aeai? caienoaaee ia niaoe?aeueiee aeaie, ia yeiio aoei
iieacaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?ioaineaiino? caoeo. Aeei?enoiaoaaee oaeiae
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aeiaaeeie oiiaoe??, aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui /an
ii?iaeueii? oiiaoe?? noaiiaeoue o /ieia?e?a 15, o ae?iie – 10 nae.

Aeo eiaoaiiy ? ?icae?ethaaeueio ooieoe?th oai?eo i?ney ?aeiino?oeoeaieo
iia?aoe?e ia ai?oai? aeine?aeaeoaaee iaoiaeii eiio?anoii?
?aioaaiia?ao??. Ca eiio?anoio iano i?aaea aa??e. I?e ioe?ioe?
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ?icae?ethaaeueiiai iaoai?cio ai?oai? ie
a?oiooaaeeny ia ee?i?/i?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ii?ooaiue eiaoaiiy,
cai?iiiiiaai?e A.A.?aai (1978).

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo iaoa??aeo ii ia?aooaaiith na?aaei?o iieaciee?a
i?iaiaeeee canoiniaoth/e na?aaei? a?eoiaoe/ia cia/aiiy. Nooi?iue
aeinoia??iino? ?aooaaee ca ?.I. Ae?theiaie (1962). Aeinoia??i?noue
?icoiaeaeaiue ciaoiaeeee ei?enooth/enue oaaeeoeyie Nouethaeaioa.
?ic?aoiaaii oae? oa?aeoa?enoeee: I – na?aaeiy a?eoiaoe/ia; m – na?aaeiy
eaaae?aoe/ia iiieeea; – na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy; –
a??ia?aei?noue c?ooaiiy; ? – ?iia??i?noue a?aeoeeaiue.

O e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? a oe?eiio ia ?nio? ?aeeii? eiioeaioe??
ioe?iee ye ?acoeueoao?a naiino?eiiai iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy, eo?no
i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? aai ?oiuei? eiia?iaoe??, oae ? iine?aeiaiino?
canoinoaaiiy oeeo iaoiae?a.

Aeaeaeaiiy ca?aeii c i?eioeeiaie aaeanoeee ia o?eueee naii? iooeeie, aea
e /anoeie ioi/oth/eo ?? caei?iaeo oeaiei iaoiiaeth? ?icaeoie iioe?aiiai
iaeiio?ieueiaaiiai ?oaoethaaiiy oa /anoeiai? aai iiaii? ao?aoe ooieoe?e
ai?oai?.

Caiia?aoe ?icaeoeia? oeueiai iaaaaeaiiai i?ioeano cia/iith i??ith
aaea?oueny caaaeyee canoinoaaiith aooio?ainieaioaoe?? aeey cai?uaiiy
aeaoaeoo ai?oai? i?ney aeaeaeaiiy iooeeie.

O a?aeiia?aeieo iai?yieao ie i?iaiaeeee nai? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?acaeoe?y ai?oai? c aooio?ainieaioaoe??th aoea aeeiiaia iaie o 141
oai?iai ia ?ae ? (25 /ieia?e) ? ?? noaae?e (116 /ieia?e). I?e oeueiio
i’yeioeaieii? aooio?ainieaioaoe aoee canoiniaai? o 85 oai?eo (a?eueiee
oiaoie oe??e; neeciaa iaieiiea uiee; i’yc ?c i?aeeith aeey aeeaeaiiy;
io?ynoy ueoiaeaeiiai o?yua; oanoe?y oe?; oe?iea oanoe?y noaaia; oiaoie
i?oae i?yiiai i’yca aeeaioa). AEi?noeioeaieii? o?ainieaioaoe aeei?enoaee
o 36 oai?eo (o?yu aooii? ?aeiaeie, ueoiaeaeiee o?yu). Eiia?iiaai?
aooio?ainieaioaoe canoinoaaee o 20 /ieia?e (neeciai-o?yuiaee
o?ainieaioao ? io?ynoaai-o?yuiaee).

Oe? oai?? aoee ?icae?eai? ia o?e a?oie a caeaaeiino? a?ae canoiniaaii?
i?iiaiaai? oa?ai??. Ia?oa a?oia oai?eo, yeei iaeii/anii ii?ii?ithaaee ye
o?aaeaio iooeeiith ae?eyieo ai?oai?, oae ? ae?eyieo o?ainieaioaoa,
/enaeuei?noth 33 /ieia?ea (23,4%), c yeeo aeiiia?aoe?eiee eo?n
i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? io?eiaee 15, i?neyiia?aoe?eiee – 18 iaoe??io?a.
Ae?oaa a?oia oai?eo neeaea 67 /ieia?e, (47,5%), yeei ii?ii?ithaaee eeoa
ai?oaiue (aei iia?aoe?? – ae?eyieo, o?aaeaio ?aeii (40 /ieia?e), a i?ney
aeaeaeaiiy iooeeie – oo ae naio ae?eyieo, aea aaea c o?ainieaioaoii (27
/ieia?e). O?aoy a?oia oai?eo — 41 /ieia?e, (29,1%), ui ia io?eioaaee
i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? i? aei, i? i?ney ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueii?
iia?aoe?? a ca’yceo c ?oiueith eaoaai?e/iith a?aeiiaith a?ae
ii?ii?iaiiy.

Aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy aooio?ainieaioao?a c oi/ee ci?o
?oiueiai i?eaeeaeaiiy iieacaa, ui a oe?eiio ia?anaaeaeai? oeaieie
i?eaeeeeny o 115 (81,5%) oai?eo. Caeaaeii a?ae aeaeo oeaieie, aea?aii?
aeey o?ainieaioaoe??, a?aenioie i?eaeeaeaiiy eieeaaany a?ae 72,7% aei
97,5%, ca aeiyoeii neeciai-o?yuiaiai o?ainieaioaoa c iina ?
o?ainieaioaoa c i’yca c i?aeeith aeey aeeaeaiiy, ye? aeaee ieae/ee
a?aenioie i?eaeeaeaiiy – 50,0% ? 60,0% a?aeiia?aeii.

Aeaui ?io? ni?aa?aeiioaiiyie niinoa??aaee i?e aiae?c? ?acoeueoao?a
iia?aoe?? c a?aooaaiiyi canoinoaaiiy i?iiaiaai? oa?ai??. Oae, a ia?o?e
a?oi? oai?eo yeei ii?ii?ithaaeeny iaeii/anii ae?eyiea iooeeie ai?oai? ?
ae?eyiea iaeaooiueiai o?ainieaioaoa, i?eaeeaeaiiy neeaei 66,6%. I?e
oeueiio, i?e ii?ii?iaii? aei iia?aoe?? ?acoeueoao aoa iaeieae/ei – 33,3%
i?eaeeaeaiiy (c 15 oai?eo o?ainieaioao i?eaeeany eeoa o 5), oiae? ye i?e
ii?ii?iaii? ae?eyiee ai?oai? i?ney aeaeaeaiiy iooeeie, ia i?noea yei?
aoei ia?anaaeaeaii o?ainieaioao, aoaeoeai?noue i?eaeeaeaiiy aoea
iaeaeuith – 94,4% (c 18 oai?eo o?ainieaioao i?eaeeany o 17). Ia
i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo aeaieo ie ae?eoee aei aeniiaeo, ui iaaaeeea aeica
ii?ii?iaiiy, yea a noi? noaiiaeea 40-45A?, aieeaaea iiceoeaii,
i?ioecaiaeueii ia aaea caei?ia? i?neyiia?aoe?ei? ae?eyiee oeaiei ye
eoene ai?oai?, oae ? aooio?ainieaioaoa.

I?eaeecii oaeo ae naio oaiaeaioe?th ie niinoa??aaee a ae?oa?e a?oi?
oai?eo, yeei i?iaiaeeeiny ? aei-, ? i?neyiia?aoe?eia ii?ii?iaiiy
ai?oai?. O oeeo oai?eo i?eaeeaeaiiy neeaei 71,6%, i?e/iio i?eaeeaeaiiy
aooio?ainieaioaoa ii?ii?iaii? aei iia?aoe?? ai?oai? neeaei 65,0% (?c 40
oai?eo aiie i?eaeeeeny o 26), a ii?ii?iaiiy ae?eyiee ai?oai? c
ia?anaaeaeaiei ia ia? o?ainieaioaoii aeaei i?eaeeaeaiiy 81,5% (c 27
oai?eo aiie i?eaeeeeny o 22).

Oaeei /eiii, yeui i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y canoiniaoaaeany aei iia?aoe??
iaeii/anii ia iooeeio ? ia ae?eyieo iaeaooiueiai o?ainieaioaoa, oi
aoaeoeai?noue i?eaeeaeaiiy o?ainieaioao?a o oe?eiio neeaea 56,3%. O oeo
aeiaaeeao, eiee ii?ii?iaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny eeoa i?ney iia?aoe??,
i?eaeeaeaiiy noaiiaeei 86,6%.

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeicaieea ae?eoe aeniiaeo, ui, ii-ia?oa,
aeiiia?aoe?eia ii?ii?iaiiy ye o?aaeaii? iooeeiith ae?eyiee ai?oai?, oae
? ae?eyiee iaeaooiueiai o?ainieaioaoa iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia i?ioean
i?eaeeaeaiiy aooio?ainieaioao?a.

Ii-ae?oaa, ii?ii?iaiiy ciaoiiaeth? neea?icoaaiiy oeaieie, c yei?
oi?io?oueny o?ainieaioao, ui ii?iaeaeo? oaoi?/i? o?oaeiiu? i?e acyoo?
o?ainieaioaoa, ?iaey/e oeae aoai iia?aoe?? a?eueo o?aaiaoe/iei c
iaiao?aeiinoth ia?anaaeaeoaaoe o?aaiaoeciaaio, oiaoi iaaiith i??ith
iaiiaiioe?iio oeaieio. Ia aeeeth/aia iiaeeea?noue ? iaaaaeaiiai aieeao
i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? ia oeaieie ai?oai?, oi/ ee?i?/ii aiie iathoue
caei?iaee aeaeyae ? ia ieo ia?anaaeaeo?oueny aooio?ainieaioao.

Ii-o?ao?, caaio?aey aeayeeo o?ainieaioao?a – neeciai-o?yuiaiai
o?ainieaioaoa c iina, o?ainieaioaoa c ueoiaeaeiiai o?yua – iia’ycaia c
oaoi?/ieie o?oaeiiuaie, ye? ni?e/eiythoue ?oith o?aaiaoecaoe?th, ui
iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia aoaeoeai?noue i?eaeeaeaiiy. Oiio ie aaaaea?ii, ui
?o aeei?enoaiiy ia? aooe iaiaaeaiei aei i?i?ioio.

Iaoa aoaeue-yei? ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueii? iia?aoe?? i?e ?aeo
ai?oai? ia o?eueee aeaeaeaiiy iooeeie, aea e a?aeiiaeaiiy ao?a/aieo aai
iineaaeaieo ooieoe?e i?aaia. Ai iaa?oue i?e iayaiino? ?aeo ai?oai? ?-??
noaae?e ?? oiiaoi?ia, aeeoaeueia e ?icae?ethaaeueia ooieoe?? cia/iith
i??ith cieaeothoueny, oi/ ? ia ao?a/athoueny oe?eeii.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?cio aieiniooai?aiiy i?ney iia?aoeaieo
ao?o/aiue ie aeei?enoaee eeaneo?eaoe?th E.A.Aooiai (1972), aeiiiaiaio
N.I.Nieieaieii ?c ni?aaao. (1990). Aiia ia?aaeaa/a?
?oaoeaai-neeaaeeiaee, iiiineeaaeeiaee, oeaiineeaaeeiaee ?
neeaaeeiai-?aeiino?oeoeaiee iaoai?cie aieiniooai?aiiy, c yeeo ca nai?ie
ye?nieie ia?aiao?aie iaea?eueo o?c?ieia?/ieie ? ?oaoeaai-neeaaeeiaee oa
neeaaeeiai-?aeiino?oeoeaiee.

Ia i?aenoaa? ea?eiaineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ie ia?aeiiaeeny, ui
aeei?enoaiiy aoaeue-yeiai aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo i?ney
eaoa?aeueieo oa o?iioi-eaoa?aeueieo ?acaeoe?e caaaeaee aoaeoeai?oa uiaei
a?aeiiaeaiiy aieiniai? ooieoe??, i?ae aac iueiai.

I?e canoinoaaii? i’yeioeaieiieo o?ainieaioao?a (ca aeiyoeii oe??iiai, ui
aeyaeany iai?eaeaoiei /a?ac iiaaio i?eaeeaai?noue) ?oaoeaai-neeaaeeiaa
aieiniooai?aiiy iaei i?noea o 34 (40,1%) ?c 85 oai?eo, oeaiineeaaeeiaa —
o 37 (43,2%) ? iiiineeaaeeiaa o 14 (16,7%). Neeaaeeiai-?aeiino?oeoeaiiai
aieiniooai?aiiy ie ia niinoa??aaee. A?aenooi?noue eiai iiynith?oueny, ia
iaoo aeoieo, oei, ui a i?neyiia?aoe?eiee ia??iae a?aeaoaa?oueny
caeo/aiiy o?ainieaioaoa a i?ioean caiaeaiiy c eiai ?ioeiiei
«i?eiathaaiiyi» aei aioo??oiueiai io?ynoy, ? oea ia?aoeiaeaea?
a?aeiiaeaiith ?ooiiino? iia?iaaii? ai?oai?. I?ioa i’yeioeaieii?
aooio?ainieaioaoe caiia?aathoue a?oaiio, iaeiio?ieueiaaiiio
?oaoethaaiith, oiio ?oi? canoinoaaiiy ? aeioe?eueiei, oei a?eueoa ui
niaeo? ?oiueiai aeei?enoaiiy iaaaaaoi oe?oee, i?ae aei?noeioeaieiieo ?
eiia?iiaaieo.

C iaoith ii??aiyeueii? ioe?iee iaoai?ci?a aieiniooai?aiiy i?e
aeei?enoaii? ??cieo aooio?ainieaioao?a ie i?iaaee 257 niaeo?ia?ao?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aieino ye aei, oae ? i?ney iia?aoe?? ia oe? eiio?ieueii?
a?oie c 20 /ieia?e aac ii?ooaiue aieino ? 18 /ieia?e i?ney ?acaeoe??
ai?oai? aac canoinoaaiiy aooio?ainieaioao?a.

Aiae?coth/e caeiaoo? aeai?, ie a?aecia/eee, ui i?e canoinoaaii?
aei?noeioeaieiieo o?ainieaioao?a o 76,1%+0,7 (?<0,05) oai?eo c’yaeany iiaee, neeaaeeiai-?aeiino?oeoeaiee niin?a aieiniooai?aiiy. Aiae?c iieaciee?a ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy aei ? i?ney iia?aoe?? iieacaa, ui i?ney ?aeiino?oeoeaieo iia?aoe?e o oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ?-?? noaae?e ie ia a?aecia/eee nooo?aeo ci?i o iieacieeao iiaaiioaoiiao??? ? ?aioaaiiiiaaiiiie?a?ao??, c /iai ie ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui noai aeeoaeueii? ooieoe?? ia caeaaeaa a?ae aeaeo canoiniaaieo aooio?ainieaioao?a. I?ioa i?e ii??aiyeueiiio aiae?c? aeaieo ni??iiao???, ye aei oae ? i?ney iia?aoe??, iaeneiaeueii? ia’?iii? oaeaeeino? aeeoaiiy (IIO) ? ?IIA aeyaeeiny, ui o 14,6%+0,1 (?<0,05) oai?eo iaee i?noea i?eoiaaii? aeeoaeueii? iaaeinoaoiino?, ye? ia aoee cao?eniaai? o?aaeeoe?eieie ni??iiao?e/ieie oa iiaaiioaoiiao?e/ieie iaoiaeaie. Oea aea? i?aenoaao aaaaeaoe, ui IIO ? ?IIA ? a?eueo /ooeeaeie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?e ?aiioeueiia?ao?? c’ynoaaeiny, ui /an iioe?aiiy ?aia?ao?/ieo oaeeue ? o?eaae?noue aiao?ii?/ii? oace i?ney iia?aoe?? ca?eueooaaeeny, ui na?ae/eei i?i ciaioaiiy e?iaiia?ao a eaaaiyo (o i?aa?e eaaai? a na?aaeiueiio ia 36%, o e?a?e – ia 29%). Ia iao iiaeyae o?aaa iaoe ia oaac?, ui ia oa?aeoa? ci?i ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy aieeaathoue ye, aeanii, caaaeueia ciaaiethaaiiy i?ae /an iia?aoe??, i?e yeiio i?eai?/o?oueny ooieoe?y aeeoaeueiiai oeaio?o, oae ? o?aaiaoe/ia iiae?aciaiiy ?aoeaeniaaiieo cii ai?oai?, ui a naith /a?ao aieeaa? ia eaaaiaao aaioeeyoe?th. Aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? a?aeiiaeaiiy ?icae?ethaaeueii? ooieoe?? ai?oai? i?ney ?aeiino?oeoeaieo iia?aoe?e na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeaeiiiainaoe?y ?? ia ianoaaaea. Eeoa o 28% oai?eo o iaeaeeae/ee i?neyiia?aoe?eiee ia??iae aeieeaee caoeeiaiiy i?ae /an i?eeiaiiy ?ae?, iniaeeai ??aeei?, c iiyaith iaiaaeiiiae?aiiai eaoeth, ? a?ae/oooy caeeoaii? "a?oaeee" ?ae?. A oe?eiio aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ?-?? noaae?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo ia?aeiio? a oiio, ui oeae iaoiae ia? ia?aaaae o a?aeiiaeaii? ooieoe?e ai?oai? ia?aae eeane/ieie iaoiaeaie ? iiaea i?aaeoe ca iia?aoe?th aeai?o. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue niinoa?aaeaiiy ye o ?aii?, oae ?, iniaeeai, o a?aeaeaeai? i?neyiia?aoe?ei? ia??iaee. C 25 iia?iaaieo oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ? noaae?? i’yoe??/ia aeaeeaaiiy, aac iciae ?aoeeaeea?a, a?aecia/aeiny o 22 (88,0%), a c 116 oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ?? noaae?? aoee aeciai? caei?iaeie 95 (81,8%). Aaaeeeao ?ieue i?e oeueiio a?ae?a?a? ?aoe?iiaeueiee aea?? aooio?ainieaioaoa a eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo. Oae, i’yeioeaieii? o?ainieaioaoe aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe i?e iaeiaoe?i?oeo aeaoaeoao neeciai? ai?oai? (oea iniaeeai noino?oueny ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e c i?eaiaeo ?aeo ai?oai? ?? noaae??). Caaaeaiiyi aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?e ai?oai? i?e ??? noaae?? ?aeo aoei aecia/aiiy iiaeeeainoae ?aeiino?oeoeaii? o??o?a?? i?e aeeiiaii? ??cieo ca ia’?iii ?acaeoe?e – a?ae i?inoeo ia?aaeiueia?/ieo aei noaoioaeueieo, oiaoi ae?aiaciio ao?o/aiue, ia’?aeiaieo i?ae oa?i?iii "caiuaaeeeaa o??o?a?y ?aeo ai?oai?". Ieaioth/e oae? iia?aoe??, o??o?a ia? ae??oeoe, /e iiaeia iiaeieaoe noia?a/i?noue i?ae aeiiaaie aaeanoeee ? aeiiiiii? ?acaeoe?? ai?oai? aeey caa?aaeaiiy ?? ooieoe?e, aai /e aeioe?eueii, aeoiaey/e ?c caaaeueiiai noaio oai?iai, canoinoaaoe aooio?ainieaioaoe?th, ui iiaeiaaeo? o?eaae?noue iia?aoe??, ? ye? iaoa??aee aeey oeueiai aeei?enoiaoaaoe; /e o?aaa aoaea ?iaeoe iia?aoe?th ia oeyoao iaoanoacoaaiiy, a?aoiaoth/e eieae?caoe?th iooeeie ? iayai?noue ca?eueoaieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a. Aiae?c, c oi/ee ci?o cacia/aieo aeiia, ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaiiai iaie o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy 190 oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ??? noaae?? (T2N1M0, T3N0M0, T3N1M0) iieacaa, ui iooeeia o 45 (23,7%) oai?eo eieae?coaaeany a aanoeaoey?iiio a?aeae?e? ai?oai?, o 63 (33,2%) – o na?aaeeiiiio a?aeae?e? ? o 28 (14,7%) – o i?aeneeaaeeiaiio a?aeae?e?; ci?oaia eieae?caoe?y iaea i?noea o 54 (28,4%) oai?eo. Iaoanoace a ?aa?iia?i? e?ioiaocee aoei aeyaeaii o 60 (31,6%) oai?iai ia ?ae ai?oai? ??? noaae??. A eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo oai?iio ca?aeii c iieacaiiyie i?iaiaeeany aa??aio iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy, iieeeeaiee iae?aoe?iiaeuei?oa iioei?coaaoe o??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy. ?acaeoe?y ai?oai? c ieanoe/iei cai?uaiiyi ?? aeaoaeoo "o?ao?iei" aooio?ainieaioaoii, canoiniaaia iaie iaei??th c ia?oeo aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?e ai?oai? i?e ??? noaae?? ?aeo ? aoea i?iaaaeaia 19 oai?ei. Iia?aoe?y aaniethoii iieacaia i?e neeaaeeia?e ? i?aeneeaaeeia?e eieae?caoe?yo iooeeie ia aieinia?e ? oeoii/eia?e neeaaeeao, ia neecia?e ai?oaiiiai oeoii/ea c iaiaaeaiei iioe?aiiyi ?? ia i?ioeeaaeiee a?e ai?oai? /a?ac eii?no?o. I?ioeiieacaiiyi aei oe??? iia?aoe?? ie aaaaea?ii o?aaeaiiy iooeeiith iaaeai?oaiieea ? /a?iaeiiaaeai?oaiieo neeaaeie. Ioe?ithth/e aoaeoeai?noue iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy a canoinoaaii? “o?ao?iiai” o?ainieaioaoo o 19 oai?eo aeaii? a?oie, ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui aei iia?aoe?? a ieo oaea aoei aeayea cieaeaiiy oiiaoe??. 10 oai?eo io?eiaee aeiiia?aoe?eiee eo?n O-?-oa?ai??, i?e ye?e aeei?enoiaoaaany ?aae?ii?ioaeoi? (eaa?oe?o?i) o aeaeyae? aaey aai a?aioe ca noaiith, cai?iiiiiaaiith ?.A.Aaeciaei (1988). Ia?aeiiei iaoyaii ?aie caai?eeny o 12 oai?eo, aoi?eiiei iaoyaii – o 7 /ieia?e, c yeeo 5 io?eiaee aeiiia?aoe?eiee eo?n i?iiaiaai? oa?ai??. Aeaeaitheyoe?th aoei aeeiiaii 15 oai?ei, 4 caeeoeeeny iino?eieie iin?yie eaitheae. *a?ac 6 i?nyoe?a i?ney iia?aoe?? o iaeiiai oai?iai aeiee ?aoeeaeea iooeeie c iaoanoacaie a ?aa?iia?i? e?ioiaocee, eiio aoei i?iaaaeaii ea?eiaaeoii?th ? iia?aoe?th E?aeey, aea /a?ac 4 i?n. oai?ee iiia? a?ae aaia?ae?caoe?? ceiye?niiai i?ioeano. *a?ac 5 ?ie?a ?c 18 oai?eo o 7 aeieeee ?aoeeaeeae caoai?thaaiiy ? ?i aoei i?iaaaeaii o??o?a?/ia ? i?iiaiaaa e?eoaaiiy. Aieiniaa ooieoe?y aoea oe?eeii a?aeiiaeaia o an?o 19 iia?iaaieo, oi/ aiein aoa iaioi? ao/iino? ? oaia? eiai ci?ieany. ?icae?ethaaeueia ooieoe?y ai?oai? i?ney iia?aoe?? oaeiae aoea a?aeiiaeaia o an?o oai?eo, eeoa o 4 /ieia?e a ?aiiueiio i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? iaei i?noea iio?aieyiiy neeie a aeeoaeuei? oeyoe (aeaeiiiainaoe?y ? nooiaiy), yea cieeaei /a?ac 4-6 aei?a. I?e na?aaeeii?e ? i?aeneeaaeeia?e eieae?caoe?yo ?aeo aac iioe?aiiy eiai ia caaei? a?aeae?ee ai?oai? ? iaeiia?/iiio ?? o?aaeaii? o 11 oai?eo ie canoinoaaee ?acaeoe?th ai?oai? c ieanoe/iei cai?uaiiyi ?? aeaoaeoo oe??ii-aee?iaei aooio?ainieaioaoii, aee?i?iei ?c ia?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi? oe?. C oeeo oai?eo 8 io?eiaee aeiiia?aoe?eiee eo?n i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? ? aoaeue-yeeo iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a ie ia niinoa??aaee, ui ?icoe?ith?ii ye iiceoeaiee aoaeo ?aae?ii?ioaeoi??a. *a?ac oaoi?/i? o?oaeiiu?, iia’ycai? c ia?ai?uaiiyi aooio?ainieaioaoa, cacia/aia iia?aoe?y ? i?ioeiieacaiith i?e aanoeaoey?i?e eieae?caoe?? iooeeie, a oaeiae i?e iioe?aii? ?? ia iaeaea? iieiaeie ai?oai?, ia ?? caaei? a?aeae?ee ? i?e iayaiino? o?eniaaiiai eiiaeiia?aoo iaoanoaoe/ieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a. I?ney iia?aoe?? ?aie o an?o oai?eo caai?eeny ia?aeiiei iaoyaii. Ca ia??iae 5-??/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy an? oai?? aoee caei?ia?, ca aeiyoeii iaeiiai /ieia?ea, a yeiai aeiee ?aoeeaeea iooeeie, c i?eaiaeo /iai eiio aoei aeeiiaii ?icoe?aio ea?eiaaeoii?th. Ne?ae cacia/eoe aeaa iiiaioe, ui niinoa??aaeeny a i?neyiia?aoe?eiee ia??iae i?e aeei?enoaii? oe??ii-aee?iaiai o?ainieaioaoa. Oea iiaeeeaa iia??oaiiy aeeoaiiy /a?ac iioiauaiiy ia?anaaeaeaii? oeaieie a ?acoeueoao? ca?eueoaiiy caaaeueii? iane o?ea oai?iai i?ney iaeoaeaiiy ? iiyaa o ?yaeo iia?iaaieo eaoeth ? iai?e?iiiai caiaoo c ?ioa, i?e/eiith yeiai noathoue aieineiee, ui ae?inoathoue ?c o?ainieaioaoa a i?ina?o ai?oai?. Ioe?ithth/e a oe?eiio aoaeoeai?noue ?acaeoe?? ai?oai? c cai?uaiiyi aeaoaeoo oe??ii-aee?iaei o?ainieaioaoii, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aiia aeicaiey? oe?eeii a?aeiiaeoe aieiniao ooieoe?th ai?oai?, oae naii ye ? ?icae?ethaaeueio ?? ooieoe?th. Aaioeeyoe?y eaaaiue i?ney iia?aoe?? aoea ia iaeiaeiaith: e?aua aaioeethaaeeny ieaei? eaaaiaa? iiey, a??oa – aa?oi?, e?a? ieaei? iiey aaioeethaaeeny aeaui a??oa, i?ae iaeiieiaii? ciie i?aai?o/. Noaoioaeueio ?acaeoe?th ai?oai? c aooio?ainieaioaoii c eeaaeueiiai i’yca oe? i?e ?aeo ??? noaae?? ie canoiniaoaaee i?e eieae?caoe?? iooeeie a na?aaeeiiiio ? aanoeaoey?iiio a?aeae?eao ai?oai?. Oaea iia?aoe?y aoea aeeiiaia o 22 oai?eo. Aeae?ath/e aooio?ainieaioao, ie aeoiaeeee c oiai, ui, ii-ia?oa, i’ycia? oeaieie aeia?a iinoa/athoueny e?ia’th ? iathoue oi?io? oaine ia i?eaeeaeaiiy a iiaiio i?noe?, ?, ii-ae?oaa, i’yc – aeineoue u?eueiee o?ainieaioao, ui aeicaiey? iaae?yoeny ia i?aeo?eiaiiy ? caa?aaeaiiy oi?ie eoene ai?oai?. I?ney iia?aoe?? o 15 (68,1%) oai?eo ?aie caai?eeny ia?aeiiei iaoyaii, a o 7 /ieia?e ?aie iaaii?eeny, o?ainieaioaoe a?aeiaee ? ?icaeioeany ??cea aeaoi?iaoe?y ai?oai?. O oeeo oai?eo ? ua o aeaio ?c oeo, o eiai ?aie caai?eeny ia?aeiiei iaoyaii, oiaoi o 9 /ieia?e, aai 40,1%, aeeoaeueia ooieoe?y ai?oai? ia aoea a?aeiiaeaia, ? aiie caeeoeeeny iin?yie eaitheae. Aieiniaa ooieoe?y oe?eeii a?aeiiaeeany o iieiaeie (11) oai?eo iai?ee?ioe? ia?oiai ? ia ii/aoeo ae?oaiai i?nyoey i?ney iia?aoe?? ? ua o 7 /ieia?e – /a?ac 4-6 i?n. C oe??? a?oie iia?iaaieo 4 oai?eo iiia?ee /a?ac 1-1,5 ?ieo a?ae ?aoeeaeea?a iooeeie ? ua iaeei oai?ee caaeioa a?ae oe?ieiai ?ioa?eoo i?iea?aea. ?aooa (17 /ieia?e, 77,3%) /a?ac 5 ?ie?a i?ney iia?aoe?? aoee aeea?, ? iciae ?aoeeaeeao ia niinoa??aaeiny. Aeai? e?oa?aoo?e ? iao aeaniee aeina?ae na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iaei??th c oiia oni?oiiai ?acoeueoaoo ?aeiino?oeoeaieo iia?aoe?e ? aaeaeee aea?? aooio?ainieaioaoa, ca no?oeoo?ith iiae?aiiai aei eiiiiiaio?a aeaeaeaii? /anoeie ai?oai?. ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, yeui i?ae /an iia?aoe?? ie aeaeaey?ii ueoiaeaeiee o?yu ?acii ?c neeciaith ai?oai?, oi aeaoaeo ia? aooe cai?uaiee aei?noeioeaieiiei aai eiia?iiaaiei o?ainieaioaoii ?c i’yei- ? aei?noeioeaieiieie eiiiiiaioaie. C oe??th iaoith ie aeei?enoaee o?ei i?ae’yceeiai? e?noee, o?ei i?ae’yceeiai? e?noee c aiiiaa?icii i?yiiai i’yca aeeaioa ? o?ei i?ae’yceeiai? e?noee c? oiaoeii ?c oe?iei? oanoe?? noaaia. Iieacaiiyie aei oaeeo iia?aoe?e aoee na?aaeeiia, na?aaeeiia c ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi ia aanoeaoey?io ? na?aaeeiia c ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi ia i?aeneeaaeeiao /anoeie ai?oai? iooeeie ??? noaae??. O aeiaaeeao i?i?inoaiiy iooeeie a ia?aaeiaaeai?oaiieeiao ee?oeiaeio oe??? iia?aoe?? ie ia ?iaeee. I?ioeiieacaiiyi aei ia? aaaaeaee oaeiae ca?eueoai? e ia?ooii? eiiaeiia?aoe iaoanoaoe/ieo e?ioiaoce?a. Iaie ?ic?iaeai iiaee niin?a ?acaeoe?? ai?oai? c aeei?enoaiiyi o?ainieaioaoa o?ea i?ae’yceeiai? e?noee (Iaoaio ?10460A UA, a?ae 25.12.1996?.). Ia aaeath/enue aei aeaoaeae oaoi?ee iia?aoe??, caoaaaeeii, ui c 23 iia?iaaieo o 7 oai?eo aeieeee iaaii?iiy ?ai, i?e/iio o 2 c ieo ianoaea naeaano?aoe?y o?ainieaioao?a c ??ceith aeaoi?iaoe??th ai?oai?, ? aiie caeeoeeeny o?ii?/ieie iin?yie eaitheae. Iieacieee aeeoaeueii? ooieoe?? o oai?eo aeaii? a?oie na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ye aei, oae ? i?ney iia?aoe?? iaei i?noea ?? i?eai?/aiiy. I?ioa iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy ia iineeeei oeeo ci?i. Cieaeaiith aei iia?aoe?? aoea e aieiniaa ooieoe?y, aea i?ney iia?aoe?? aiia aoea a?aeiiaeaia o an?o oai?eo ia oiio naiiio ??ai?. ?icae?ethaaeueia ooieoe?y ai?oai? oaeiae aoea a?aeiiaeaia o an?o oai?eo, oi/ aeaeiiiainaoe?y ? nooiaiy iaea i?noea o 6 /ieia?e i?ioyaii 1 ?ieo i?ney iia?aoe??. Eiia?iiaaiee aooio?ainieaioao, ui ia? aeanoeaino? i’yeioeaieiiiai ? aei?noeioeaieiiiai, a naia i?ae’yceeiaa e?noea ? aiiiaa?ic i?yiiai i’yca aeeaioa, aoei canoiniaaii iaie i?e noaoioaeuei?e ?acaeoe?? ai?oai? o 21 oai?iai c na?aaeeiiith ? na?aaeeiii-i?aeneeaaeeiaith eieae?caoe??th iooeeie. O 5 oai?eo aoee aeyaeai? ?aa?iia?i? iaoanoace. Eo?n aeiiia?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?iaiiy io?eiaee 9 /ieia?e. I?neyiia?aoe?eiee ia?aa?a o oai?eo oe??? a?oie aoa a iniiaiiio ??aiee, eeoa o 3 /ieia?e ?icaeioany /anoeiaee iae?ic i’yeioeaieiiiai eiiiiiaioa aooio?ainieaioaoa, i?e/iio a iaeiiai c ieo a?i oe?eeii naeaano?oaaa ? ianoaea a?oaa aeaoi?iaoe?y ai?oai?, ui ni?e/eieea iaiiaeeea?noue aeaeaitheyoe??. O ?acoeueoao? iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy ca cacia/aiith iaoiaeeeith o an?o oai?eo aoea a?aeiiaeaia aieiniaa ooieoe?y ai?oai?, i?e/iio aiein iaa aeia?? iiaeoeyoe??. A ?icae?ethaaeuei?e ooieoe?? a?aecia/aeany aeaeiiiainaoe?y ? nooiaiy, ui niinoa??aaeany e aei iia?aoe??. Ooieoe?y ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy aoea caaeia?eueiith. I?e i’yoe??/iiio niinoa?aaeaii? aoei aeyaeaii 76,2% aeaeeaaiiy iia?iaaieo oai?eo. Aeaye? iaiaaeaiiy i?e caaio?ae? aooio?ainieaioao?a ?c aiiiaa?ico i?yiiai i’yca aeeaioa (aeiaaeee iaee??iiy, iayai?noue aaio?aeueieo a?eae, o?nooe oiui) niiioeaee ian aei iiooe?a ?ioiai o?ainieaioaoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo. Ie coieieee na?e aea?? ia, ? oeae aa??aio aeyaeany iioeiaeueiei. Iaie ?ic?iaeai iiaee niin?a ?acaeoe?? ai?oai? c aeei?enoaiiyi o?ainieaioaoa o?ea i?ae’yceeiai? e?noee oa oe?iei? oanoe?? noaaia (Iaoaio ?20412A UA, a?ae 15.07.1997?.). Ca oe??th iaoiaeeeith aoei i?iiia?iaaii 28 oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ??? noaae?? na?aaeeiii?, na?aaeeiii-aanoeaoey?ii? oa na?aaeeiii-i?aeneeaaeeiai? eieae?caoe?e. O 7 ?c oeeo oai?eo iaei i?noea ?aa?iia?ia iaoanoacoaaiiy. 13 iaoe??io?a io?eiaee eo?n aeiiia?aoe?eii? i?iiaiaai? oa?ai??. O i?neyiia?aoe?eiee ia??iae o 9 /ieia?e (32,1%) ?aie iaaiithaaeeny, aea eeoa o 2 c ieo aooio?ainieaioaoe ?icieaaeeeny, ?icaeioeiny a?oaa ?oaoethaaiiy ? aeaeaitheyoe?y noaea iaiiaeeeaith. O oa?i?ie 3-6 i?n. i?ney iia?aoe?? o 4 oai?eo (14,2%) aeieeee ?aoeeaeeae iooeeie ? caiaeii ?i aoee i?iaaaeai? ea?eiaaeoii??. A ?acoeueoao? iia?aoe?? aieiniaa ooieoe?y ai?oai? aoea a?aeiiaeaia o an?o oai?eo. Iieacieee ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy o an?o, ca aeiyoeii 6 cacia/aieo oai?eo, aoee caaeia?eueieie. ?icae?ethaaeueiee iaoai?ci a?aeiiaeoe oe?eeii oaeaeiny 20 oai?ei (71,4%), a o 8 iaoe??io?a iaea i?noea eiai aeaeiiiainaoe?y ? nooiaiy. Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e, aeeiiaieo 190 oai?ei ia ?ae ai?oai? ??? noaae?? c ??ciith eiai eieae?caoe??th, na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui aea?? aaeaeaaoiiai aa??aioa iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy ? aeaeo aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo aea? iiaeeea?noue i?e iaeneiaeueiiio aeiaea?aeaii? i?eioeei?a aaeanoeee aeinyaiooe aeineoue aenieiai ??aiy a?aeiiaeaiiy an?o ooieoe?e ai?oai?. Aaaeeeaith caaaeueiith ia?aaaaith ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e c aeei?enoaiiyi aooio?ainieaioao?a ? oa, ui o??o?a aac caeaeo iaiaaeaiue, ea?oth/enue i?eioeeiaie aaeanoeee, iiaea aeaeaeyoe iooeeio, a iio?i eiino?othaaoe ai?oaiue c iaoith a?aeiiaeaiiy an?o ?? ooieoe?e, ui aaea?oueny eeoa ca oiiae aeioe?eueiiai canoinoaaiiy aooio?ainieaioaoe??. Ne?ae o?aoiaoaaoe i?e oeueiio oa, ui i?iaaaeaiiy aeiiia?aoe?eiiai eo?no O--oa?ai?? iio?aao? caoenoo caei?iaeo oeaiei, aeey ciaioaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ii?ii?iaiiy. A i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy ?aeo ai?oai? ??? ? iniaeeai ?V noaae?? o??o?ae ??aeei caa?oathoueny aei a?aeiiaethaaeueii-?aeiino?oeoeaii? o??o?a??, noeeyth/enue aei oioaeueiiai aeaeaeaiiy i?aaia /a?ac iaaeiioe?ieo iiaeeeainoae ?aeiino?oeoe??. A iiooeao i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? o??o?a?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ??? ? ?V noaae?e ie i?iiia?oaaee 83 oai?eo. ??? noaae?y ?aeo aoea ae?aaiinoiaaia o 51, ?V - o 32 oai?eo. Caeaaeii a?ae eieae?caoe?? iooeei, ?oiuei? iioe?aiino? oa iayaiino? aai a?aenooiino? iaoanoac?a o ?aa?iia?i? e?ioiaocee iaie aoee aeeiiai?: a) noaoioaeueia ?acaeoe?y ai?oai? c a?eoaii?aeiei o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueiei ooiooaaiiyi – 31 oai?iio c ??? noaae??th ?aeo; a) oioaeueia ea?eiaaeoii?y c iaeiiiiiaioiei o?aoaiacioaaaeueiei ooiooaaiiyi – 20 oai?ei ?c ??? ? 8 – c ?V noaae??th ?aeo ai?oai?; a) ?icoe?aia ea?eiaaeoii?y c aeaioiiiaioiei o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueiei ooiooaaiiyi – 24 oai?ei ?c ?V noaae??th ?aeo. Aei noaoioaeueii? ?acaeoe?? ai?oai? c iaeiiiiiaioiei a?eoaii?aeiei o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueiei ooiooaaiiyi aoee oae? iieacaiiy. Iia?aoe?? i?aeeyaathoue oai?? c eieae?caoe??th iooeei a na?aaeeiiiio, na?aaeeiiiio c ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi ia aanoeaoey?iee ? i?aeneeaaeeiaiio a?aeae?eao ai?oai?, i?e iioe?aii? ia caaeith no?ieo ?? ia a?eueoa iieiaeie no?iee oa ?ioaeoi?noue oi/a a iaeiiai /a?iaeoaaoiai o?yua. ?aa?iia?ia iaoanoacoaaiiy ia ? i?ioeiieacaiiyi aei iia?aoe??. Oaoi?ea iia?aoe?? ? eeane/iith, aea o aeiaaeeao iioe?aiiy iooeeie ia i?aeneeaaeeiaee i?ino??, eiee iaiao?aeiei aoaa? oe?iea aeaeaeaiiy oeaiei, ie ?ica’ycoaaee i?iaeaio cai?uaiiy ooai?aiiai aeaoaeoo, canoiniaoth/e aooio?ainieaioao ?c oe?iei? oanoe?? noaaia, yeee oi?ioaaee o aeaeyae? eiiona aeey e?auiai a?aeiiaeaiiy oiiaoi?ii? ? ?icae?ethaaeueii? ooieoe?e. Oea nooo?ai ?icoe?th? iiaeeeaino? iaoiaeo. ?c 31 oai?iai, i?iiia?iaaiiai oeei niiniaii, o 7 niinoa??aaeinue iaaii?iiy iia?aoe?eii? ?aie, c ?icaeoeii oa?eaaaeueieo o?nooe, ye? naiino?eii cae?eeeny. Ua o 2 oai?eo iaea i?noea e?iaioa/a c ueoiaeaeii? caeice a ?aii?e i?neyiia?aoe?eiee ia??iae. Oni?o a?aeiiaeaiiy oiiaoi?ii? ? ?icae?ethaaeueii? ooieoe?e ai?oai? a ?acoeueoao? oe??? iia?aoe?? caeaaeaa ? a?ae ?ici???a ooioa: i?e eiai ae?aiao?? 0,8 ni ? a?eueoa o 8 oai?eo niinoa??aaeiny cao?eaiiy neeie ? ??aeei? ?ae? a aeeoaeuei? oeyoe a ?aii?e i?neyiia?aoe?eiee ia??iae, o 6 c ieo /a?ac 3 i?n. ?icae?ethaaeueiee iaoai?ci oe?eeii a?aeiiaeany. *a?ac 8 i?n. i?ney iia?aoe?? o 3 oai?eo (9,6%) aeieeee ?aoeeaeeae iooeei, ? ?i aoei aeeiiaii caaa?oaeuei? ea?eiaaeoii?? c iia?aoe??th E?aeey, i?ioa i?ioyaii ?ieo aeai? c oeeo oai?eo iiia?ee a?ae aaia?ae?caoe?? i?ioeano. *a?ac 5 ?ie?a 20 oai?eo (64,0%) aoee caei?ia?. Aieiniaa ooieoe?y ai?oai? i?ney noaoioaeueii? ?acaeoe?? c iaeiiiiiaioiei a?eoaii?aeiei o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueiei ooiooaaiiyi aoea a?aeiiaeaia o an?o iia?iaaieo, ?icae?ethaaeueia ooieoe?y – o 29 (93,5%), o 2 oai?eo iaea i?noea ?? aeaeiiiainaoe?y ? nooiaiy. Oioaeueia ea?eiaaeoii?y c iaeiiiiiaioiei o?aoaiacioaaaeueiei uoiooaaiiyi (aao. na?ae. ? 1812660 a?ae 10.03.93?.) aoea i?iaaaeaia iaie 28 oai?ei. O 20 c ieo ?ae ai?oai? ??? noaae?? an?o eieae?caoe?e ?c iioe?aiiyi ia caaeith no?ieo ai?oai? iiai?noth aai o?aaeaiiyi iaio /a?iaeoaaoeo o?yu?a; o ?aooe (8) oai?eo ie niinoa??aaee ?ae ai?oai? ?V noaae?? ??cieo eieae?caoe?e e??i i?i?inoaiiy iooeeie o no?aaio?ae aai ia ei??iue yceea. Na?aae oai?eo c ??? noaae??th ?aeo ?aa?iia?i? iaoanoace aoee o 7 /ieia?e (35,0%) ? o 5 i?e aini?oae?caoe?? aaea niinoa??aaany noaiic ai?oai? ? nooiaiy. C oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? IV noaae?? noaiic ai?oai? ?-?? nooiaiy a?aecia/aany o 4 /ieia?e, a yeeo iaei i?noea oaeiae ?aa?iia?ia iaoanoacoaaiiy. I?e ?V noaae?? iia?aoe?y aeyaeeany iieacaiith ca aoaeue-yei? eieae?caoe?? iooeeie ca aeiyoeii, ye cacia/aeiny aeua, iioe?aiino? ?? ia ia?aaeith no?ieo no?aaioiaeo ? ei??iue yceea. Aieiniao ooieoe?th aaeaeiny a?aeiiaeoe o 23 iia?iaaieo oe??? a?oie, ui neeaei 82,1%, i?e/iio aiein aoa caaeia?eueii? ao/iino? ? oi?ioeie iiaeoeyoe?yie, oi/ ? aac ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ?ioiiaoe?eii? aa??aaaeueiino?. ?icae?ethaaeueiee iaoai?ci ai?oai? aoei a?aeiiaeaii o 20 (71,4%) oai?eo. ?c oai?eo c ??? noaae??th ?aeo o 3 /ieia?e /a?ac 3 i?n. aeieeee ?aoeeaeeae iooeeie ? aiie iiia?ee i?ioyaii ?ieo i?ney iia?aoe??. I’yoe??/ia aeaeeaaiiy ie niinoa??aaee o 14 (70,0%) oai?eo. O?i? oai?eo iiia?ee a?ae ?ioa?eo?aioieo caoai?thaaiue. Na?aae oai?eo c ?V noaae??th ?aeo o 3 aeieeee ?aoeeaeeae, ? aiie iiia?ee a oa?i?ie aei iaeiiai ?ieo. *a?ac 5 ?ie?a caeeoaeiny aeeaeie eeoa 3 (37,5%) oai?eo. Aeaioiiiaioia o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueia ooiooaaiiy, ye iaoiae o??o?a?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ?V noaae?? a yeeo iooeeia iioe?eeany ia ei??iue yceea ? ia?aaeith no?ieo no?aaioiaeo, aoei i?iaaaeaii iaie 24 oai?ei a?eii a?ae 46 aei 62 ?ie?a. I?ioeiieacaiiyie aei iia?aoe?? ie aaaaeaee aeiaaeee, eiee iooeeia iioe?eeany ia ia?aaeith no?ieo oe?, i?aeneeaaeeiaee a?aeae?e ai?oai? ? ueoiaeaeio caeico. ?aa?iia?ia iaoanoacoaaiiy aoei ae?aaiinoiaaii o 11 oai?eo (46,0%). 16 iaoe??ioai i?iaiaeeeany aeiiia?aoe?eia i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y, yea aeaea yaiee iiceoeaiee aoaeo, ni?eyth/e cieeiaiith ia?eoieaeueiiai caiaeaiiy, oa?aeoa?iiai aeey oe??? a?oie oai?eo. O 8 /ieia?e i?e aini?oae?caoe?? aoa ae?aaiinoiaaiee noaiic ai?oai? ?-?? nooiaiy. Iia?aoe?y aeeiioaaeany iaie a eeane/iiio aa??aio? c aeayeeie aeiiiaiaiiyie. Oae, i?e aeeiiaii? ia?oiai aoaio o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueiiai ooiooaaiiy ie canoinoaaee iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy a?/ieo no?iie ooioa c i?ieneiaeueieo e?a?a eeaaeueieo i’yc?a oe?, a oaeiae oi?ioaaee oa?eiaiacioaainoiio a aa?oeeaeuei?e ieiuei?, ui aeaaaei ciiao i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy oiiaoi?ii? ooieoe?? ai?oai?. Aeeiioth/e ae?oaee aoai ooiooaaiiy, ie aaiaeeee a ioa?? ooioa nee?eiiiao o?oaeo (aa?oi?i e?a?i o oa?eiainoiio, ieaei?i – o aa?oi?e o?aoainoii?/iee ioa??), a nai ooio oi?ioaaee o aeaeyae? eiiona. I?ney iia?aoe?? o 4 oai?eo ?aie iaaii?eeny, ua a 4 ooai?eeeny oa?eiaaaeuei? o?nooee, ui caaeeee naiino?eii. A i?ci?e i?neyiia?aoe?eiee ia??iae ua o 2 oai?eo /a?ac o?oaeiiu? a?aeiiaeaiiy ?icae?ethaaeueii? ooieoe?? ? cao?eaiiy neeie oa ?ae? a aeeoaeuei? oeyoe aeieeee iiaaiii?y ? aanoeane eaaaiue, aeey e?ea?aeaoe?? yeeo aeiaaeiny o??o?a?/iei oeyoii iaoo?oaaoe ii?iaeieio o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueiiai ooioa. Iia?aoe?y aeyaeeany aoaeoeaiith uiaei a?aeiiaeaiiy aieiniai? ooieoe?? o an?o oai?eo. Aeeoaeueia ooieoe?y /a?ac o?aoainoiio aoea a?aeiiaeaia oaeiae o an?o oai?eo (ca aeaieie ?aioaaiiiiaaiiiie?a?ao?? ? ?aiioeueiia?ao??). ?icae?ethaaeueiee iaoai?ci ai?oai? ia aaeaeiny a?aeiiaeoe o 7 /ieia?e (29,1%), ua o 3 /ieia?e niinoa??aaeany aeaeiiiainaoe?y oeueiai iaoai?cio ? nooiaiy. *a?ac 5 ?ie?a i?ney iia?aoe?? 11 (45,8%) oai?eo aoee aeea?, ooioe ooieoe?iioaaee aeia?a, ?aoeeaeea?a iooeeie ia aoei. I?aeaeaath/e i?aenoiee ?acoeueoao?a ao?o/aiue c i?eaiaeo ?aeo ai?oai? ???-?V noaae?e, iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui aeey oe??? a?oie oai?eo iaie aoee iaeneiaeueii aeei?enoai? ?nioth/? iaoiaee o??o?a?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?, a i??o nai?o iiaeeeainoae, cai?iiiiiaaii aeania aa/aiiy oeyo?a iioei?caoe?? iniiaieo ooieoe?e ai?oai?. Ia aac? ee?i?/ieo oa eaai?aoi?ieo aeaieo, io?eiaieo i?e ianoaaeaii? 83 oai?eo c "iaeiac?o/i?oeie" eieae?caoe?yie iooeei, ae?iaeai? iieacaiiy aeey ooiooth/eo iia?aoe?e. Ca aeiiiiiaith oe??? iaoiaeeee aaeaeiny a?aeiiaeoe aieiniao ? aeeoaeueio ooieoe?? (/a?ac o?aoainoiio) o an?o iia?iaaieo oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ??? noaae??, ?icae?ethaaeueiee iaoai?ci aoa oe?eeii a?aeiiaeaiee o 90,0% oai?eo, o ?aooe i?e ii?iaeueiiio ooieoe?iioaaii? ooio?a iaea i?noea eiai aeaeiiiainaoe?y ? nooiaiy. Aa?oi i?aee?aneeoe, ui i?e oioaeueiiio ? ?icoe?aiiio aeaeaeaii? ai?oai? oaine ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?th ?? iniiaieo ooieoe?e ?. I?ioa caeaoi?noue aei a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?e caeaaeeoue a?ae ia’?io aeaeaeaieo oeaiei. Aeey oeueiai oi?iothoueny ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? no?oeoo?e, ye? aei iia?aoe?? ia iaee ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue a iaoai?ciao aieiniooai?aiiy, aaioeeyoe?? ? ?icae?eaiiy. Oea aeiaaa? iiai? ioe?iee caeaoiino? aei ?aaa?e?oaoe?? aeiaeaoeiaeo oi?ioth/eo iaoai?ci?a. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaie niin?a iaeiiiiiaioiiai o?aoaiacioaaaeueiiai ooiooaaiiy aeaa ciiao ?aaa?e?ooaaoe aeeoaeueio ooieoe?th (/a?ac o?aoainoiio) o an?o iia?iaaieo, aieiniao ooieoe?th – o 71,4%. I’yoe??/ia aeaeeaaiiy oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ??? noaae?? neeaei 69,1%, ?V noaae?? – 42,3%. A?aeiii, ui i?e ?aeo ai?oai? ???-?V noaae?e i?aeaeuo?oueny caa?ica aeieeiaiiy o oai?iai ia o?eueee ?aa?iia?iiai, aea e a?aeaeaeaiiai iaoanoacoaaiiy (iae/ano?oa a eaaaiaao oeaieio). A oeeo oiiaao ca?eueoo?oueny ?ieue ?aioaaiiiiaaiiiie?a?ao??, ca aeiiiiiaith yei?, aeine?aeaeoth/e ooieoe?th ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy, iiaeia ae?aaiinooaaoe ii/aoeia? oace a?aeaeaeaiiai iaoanoacoaaiiy. Na?aae ?io?aneii?/ieo iaoiae?a aenieiaoaeoeaiith uiaei oeueiai ? eiii’thoa?ia oiiia?ao?y, aeioe?eueii oaeiae ii?aeiaiiy ?? c oaieiaa/aiiyi, aoioiiineii??th oa oeueo?acaoeiaith aeiiea?ia?ao??th. ?aiiy ae?aaiinoeea ?aa?iia?iiai iaoanoacoaaiiy – cian?i ia i?inoa caaaeaiiy, iacaaaeath/e ia iiyao iiaeo ?ioi?iaoeaieo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo. C ?ioiai aieo, cia/iith i??ith ia?aoeiaeaea? oni?oiiio ?ica’ycaiith i?iaeaie a?aenooi?noue ?aeeii? oi/ee ci?o ia i?aeoiaee aei e?eoaaiiy iaoanoac?a. Noia?a/ee aeeeeeai? ieoaiiyi i?i oa, /e aeioe?eueia i?io?eaeoe/ia aeaeaeaiiy iaci?iaieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a i?ae /an iia?aoe?? c i?eaiaeo ?aeo ai?oai?, /e e?aua ia aeaeaeyoe ?o, iaiaaeeaoenue iniiaiith iia?aoe??th. ? eeoa i?e iai?oanoaoe?? iciae o?aaeaiiy e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a aeeiioaaoe e?ioaiiaeoeaeoii?th /a?ac 2-3 oeaei? i?ney ia?oi? iia?aoe??. Noia?a/iino? a iiaeyaeao ia e?eoaaiiy ?aa?iia?ieo iaoanoac?a, iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy ?o ae?aaiinoeee ? aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi aooio?ainieaioaoe?? ca iayaiino? iaoanoac?a coiiaeee iaiao?aei?noue i?iaanoe /anoeio iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiue a oeueiio iai?yieo. I?ae iaoei niinoa?aaeaiiyi aoa 81 oai?ee ia ?ae ai?oai? ???-?V noaae?? c ?aa?iia?ieie iaoanoacaie – 35,5% on?o oai?eo oeeo a?oi (228 /ieia?ee). Na?aae iia?iaaieo iaie oai?eo ?c ??? noaae??th ?aeo ?aeo (T2N1M0, T3N0M0, T3N1M0) ?aa?iia?i? iaoanoace aoee o 60 (31,6%), na?aae oai?eo ?c ?V noaae??th ?aeo (T3N2M0, T4N1M0, T4N2M0) – 21 (55,3%). Aeey ae?aaiinoeee iaoanoacoaaiiy ie canoiniaoaaee ia?aaeaa/aio caaaeueiiee?i?/ieie iaoiaeaie eiii’thoa?io oiiia?ao?th, aoioiiineii?th, oaieia?c?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy i’yeeo oeaiei oe?, ?aae?i?cioiiio noeeioea?ao?th, aeiiea?ia?ao?th. Aeey c?o/iino? ee?i?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy ca ci?iith ?ici???a e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a, ?oiuei? eiinenoaioe??, aonoeie, oaiia?aoo?ii? ?aaeoe?? ? ci?i o iaa?no?aeueieo noaeeiao oe? an? ianoaaeoaai? aoee iiae?eai? ia o?e a?oie. Ia?oo c ieo neeaee oai??, a yeeo e?ioaoe/i? aocee oe? aoee ca?eueoai? aei 2 ni caaaeiaaeee, aei ae?oai? aa?eoee oai??, a yeeo ca?eueoai? e?ioiaocee aeinyaaee ?ici???a a?ae 2 aei 4 ni ? aei o?aouei? a?oie aoee a?aeianai? oai?? c e?ioiaoceaie aei 4 ni caaaeiaaeee ? a?eueoa. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui aoaeoeai?noue aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy ia aoea iaeiaeiaith. Oae, i?e eiii’thoa?i?e oiiia?ao?? ?ici?ciaaaeeny eeoa o? e?ioiaocee, aeiaaeeia yeeo ia?aaeuoaaea 2 ni. Ii/eiath/e c oeeo ?ici???a aoce?a ?ici?ciaaaeeny e ci?ie a noaeeiao, i’yeeo oeaieiao oe?, iniaeeai a eeaaeueieo i’ycao. I?e oeueiio aeiiia?aoe?eia ii?ii?iaiiy noai?thaaei "oii", ui ??cei cieaeoaaa aoaeoeai?noue eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao??. A??ia?aei?noue iaoiaeo a oe?eiio neeaea 79%+1,3 (?<0,05). I?e oeueo?acaoeiaiio aeine?aeaeaii? iciaee ci?i e?ioiaoce?a aoee /?oe?oeie a on?o a?oiao oai?eo, ia ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeaea ia aieeaaa iiia?aaei?e eo?n i?iiaiaai? oa?ai??. *ooeea?noue iaoiaeo noaiiaeea 83,1%, niaoeeo?/i?noue – 79,2%, a??ia?aei?noue – 82,6%+1,7 (?<0,05). Ia aoaeoeai?noue ?aae?i?cioiiii? noeeioea?ao?? oaeiae aieeaaea aeiiia?aoe?eia i?iiaiaaa oa?ai?y: niinoa??aaeiny iaeiie/aiiy ?aae?ioa?ii?aia?ao?a a neeiieo caeicao oai?eo, ui ni?e/eiyei oeai? iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe ianoaaeaiiy, a??ia?aei?noue noeeioea?ao?? neeaea 95,9%+2,8 (?<0,05), i?ioa ?ioi?iaoeai?noue ?? aeyaeeany iaaeinoaoiueith: iaoiae ia aeaaaa oyae i?i ?ici??e e?ioiaoce?a, ?oith oi?io, eiinenoaioe?th, a oaeiae i?i ?aaeoe?th noaeei. Oea, ia iaoo aeoieo, ?iaeoue iaoiae i?eaeaoiei eeoa aeey ia?aeiii? i???ioiaii? ae?aaiinoeee iaoanoac?a. Iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi oeueo?acaoeiai? aeiiea?ia?ao?? aoei aeyaeaiiy aaiiaeeiai?/ieo ea?eoa???a, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i ci?ie a iaa?no?aeueieo noaeeiao oe? i?ae aieeaii ca?eueoaieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a. Na?aae oai?eo ia?oi? a?oie ie a?aecia/eee cieaeaiiy e?iaioieo a 42% aeiaaee?a; o oai?eo ae?oai? a?oie – a 62% ? o oai?eo o?aouei? a?oie – a 73% aeiaaee?a. Ie cae?enithaaee iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy ia ciiao ?aa?iia?iiai iaoanoacoaaiiy a oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee aoee ee?i?/i? iciaee ci?ie e?ioiaoce?a ? iiceoeai? aeai? aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy ? i?iaiaeeee iio?i aeeiai?/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy ca oai?eie, aeoeaiooth/e oaaao ia iiaeeea?e iiya? iaoanoac?a o oa?i?ie aei 1 ?ieo. Aeeiioaaee o?e iniiai? aeaee iia?aoe?e: 1) oooey?ii-oanoe?aeueia aeaeaeaiiy ca?eueoaieo e?ioiaoce?a ? ioi/oth/i? ee?oeiaeie oe? (32 oai?eo); 2) ?icoe?aio oooey?ii-oanoe?aeueio aeenaeoe?th (30 oai?eo); 3) iia?aoe?th E?aeey ca oi/ieie iieacaiiyie (18 oai?eo). Ia?o? aeaa aeaee iia?aoe?e aeeiioaaeeny: caeaaeii a?ae eieae?caoe?? ca?eueoaieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a ia?an?eaiiy eeaaeueiiai i’yca i?iaiaeeeiny iiaeeco i?noey eiai e??ieaiiy aei eeth/eoe?, nineiiiae?aiiai ia?inoea aai a na?aaei?e eiai o?aoei?. ?acoeueoaoe, iaea?aeai? iaie a i?ioean? ae?aaiinoeee e e?eoaaiiy ?aa?iia?ieo iaoanoac?a ?aeo ai?oai?, iaaaee ian ia oae? aeniiaee c aeaii? i?iaeaie. Ianaiia?aae iia?aoeai? ao?o/aiiy ia ciiao ?aa?iia?iiai iaoanoacoaaiiy aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe ca iayaiino? ee?i?/ieo iciae oa ?io?aneii?/ieo aeaieo i?i caeo/aiiy a i?ioean e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a oe?. ?acoeueoaoe ?io?aneii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao??, aoioiiineii??, oeueo?acaoeiai? aeiiea?ia?ao??, oaieiaa/aiiy, ?aae?iioee?aeieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?acii c ee?i?/ieie aeaieie aeicaieythoue io?eiaoe ?aaeueio ea?oeio noaio ?aa?iia?ieo e?ioiaoce?a, ia i?aenoaa? yei? iiaeia aecia/eoe ia’?i iaiao?aeiiai ao?o/aiiy ia ciiao ?aa?iia?iiai iaoanoacoaaiiy. Aeinyaiaiith oni?oo i?e i?iaaaeaii? uaaey/eo, aea oaeeo, ui ia ii?ooothoue i?eioeei?a aaeanoeee, iia?aoe?e, ni?ey? aeeneieaoe?y eeaaeueiiai i’yca oe?. Ia?aoo?, ne?ae aaaaeaoe ca aeioe?eueia aeei?enoaiiy aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo aeey cai?uaiiy aeaoaeoo i’yca ? caoenoo iaieaieo iaa?no?aeueieo noaeei. AENIIAEE 1. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iia?aoe?? c i?eaiaeo ?aeo ai?oai? ? noaae?? ?c canoinoaaiiyi aei?noeioeaieiiiai aooio?ainieaioaoa i?eaiaeeoue aei a?aeiiaeaiiy ?ooiiino? iia?iaaii? iieiaeie ai?oai? o 76,1%+0,7% (?<0,05) oai?eo c aeieeiaiiyi iaea?eueo o?c?ieia?/iiai iaoai?cio aieiniooai?aiiy. 2. Aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?e oai?ei ia ?ae ai?oai? ?? noaae?? c aeei?enoaiiyi i’yeioeaieiieo aooio?ainieaioao?a ni?ey? i?io?eaeoeoe? a?oaiai ?oaoethaaiiy iia?iaaii? ae?eyiee aiane?aeie iiaiiai cai?uaiiy ieie aeaoaeoa neeciai? iaieiiee ai?oai? ? oi?ioaaiith ?oaoeaai - neeaaeeiaiai aieiniooai?aiiy o 40,1%, oeaei - neeaaeeiaiai - 43,2% ? iiiineeaaeeiaiai o 16,7% oai?eo. 3. ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a a?aeiiaeaiiy iniiaieo ooieoe?e ai?oai? ?c canoinoaaiiyi aei?noeioeaieiiiai aooio?ainieaioaoo (o?ei i?ae’yceeiai? e?noee) i?e o??o?a?/iiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ?aeii ai?oai? ??? noaae?? aeicaiey? aeaeaioethaaoe 91,3%+1,4% (?<0,05) oai?eo c a?aeoai?aiiyi ?iciiae?ethaaeueii?, oiiaoi?ii? ooieoe?? ai?oai? o an?o oai?eo. 4. ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a canoinoaaiiy eiia?iiaaiiai aooio?ainieaioaoo (o?ei i?ae’yceeiai? e?noee + aiiiaa?ic i?yiiai i’yco aeeaioa, o?ei i?ae’yceeiai? e?noee + oe?iea oanoe?y noaaia) i?e o??o?a?/iiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ??? noaae?? yaey? niaith iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiee can?a, aiane?aeie cai?uaiiy /anoeie aeaeaeaiiai i?aaio eiia?iaoe??th aeecueeeo ca o?ce/ieie yeinoyie oeaiei yeee aeicaiey? aeaeaioethaaoe 92,9% oai?eo c a?aeoai?aiiyi ?? ?iciiae?ethaaeueii?, oiiaoi?ii? ooieoe?? o an?o oai?eo a iiai?e i??? ? neeo aieino a 70,0+1,2 aeA. (?<0,05). 5. ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a oioaeueii? aai ?icoe?aii? ea?eiaaeoii?? c iaeiiiiiaioiei o?aoaiacioaaaeueiei ooiooaaiiyi aeicaiey? a?aeoai?eoe aiein neeith 66,0+1,0 aeA o 82,1 % ? c iiaiith ?aaa?e?oaoe??th ?iciiae?ethaaeueiiai iaoai?cio o 71,4% oai?eo. 6. Aeei?enoaiiy aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo ?c “a?aeaeaeaieo” a?ae ciie ii?ii?iaiiy ai?oai? ae?eyiie (oanoe?y noaaia, aiiiaa?ic i?yiiai i’yco aeeaioa, o?yua aooii? ?aeiaeie ? ae?.) ni?ey? oni?oiiio ia?aeiiiio i?eaeeaeaiith ye a aeiaaeeao c canoinoaaiiyi ia?aaeiia?aoe?eii? i?iiaiaai? oa?ai??, oae ? i?neyiia?aoe?eiei eo?nii a ii??aiyii? c aooio?ainieaioaoe??th i?noeaaeie oeaieiaie, eio?? aoee ii?ii?iai? aei iia?aoe??. 7. Aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a aei aeaeaioeyoe?? ia iniia? aea/aiiy ieiueie ioai?o ?aeiino?oeiaaii? ai?oai? c aeei?enoaiiyi EO yaey? niaith aeinoaoiuei ?ioi?iaoeaiee can?a. Aeaeaioeyoe?y i?ney ?aeiino?oeoeaii - a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e ? iiaeeeaith o oai?eo ?aeii ai?oai? ??? noaae?? i?e iayaiino? ieiueie ioai?o ca aeaieie EO ia iaioa i?ae 1,1+0,1 ni2 (?<0,05). 8. EO ? aoioiiineii?y aeicaieythoue o 82,1% aecia/aoe aeeaeio iioe?aiino? iooeeie, c?iaeoe iioeiaeueiee aea?? ia’nyao iia?aoe?? ? aeaeo aooio?ainieaioaoa. Aeei?enoaiiy aeiiea?ia?ao?? iiceoeaii ni?ey? ae?aaiinoeoe? iaoanoac?a a ?aa?iia?i? e?ioaoe/i? aocee. 9. ?aeiino?oeoeaii - a?aeiiaethaaeuei? iia?aoe?? o oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ? - ?V noaae?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo aeathoue iiaeeea?noue a?aeoai?eoe an? iniiai? ooieoe?? ai?oai?, ia ii?oooth/e i?eioeei?a aaeanoe/iiai aeaeaeaiiy iooeeie, iie?ioothoue ye?noue aeeooy ? iieacieee 5-oe ??/iiai aeaeeaaiiy iia?iaaieo oai?eo (? no. - 88,0+1,2%, ?? no. - 81,8+1,1%, ??? no. - 69,1+1,0%, ?V no. - 42,3+1,2%) ii??aiyii c o?aaeeoe?eieie iia?aoeaieie ao?o/aiiyie. I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? Ia’?i i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe ii ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? oa eiiieaen oe?ieeo ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy aeathoue i?aenoaao ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy: 1. I?e aeeiiaii? ?acaeoe?e ai?oai? c i?eaiaeo ?aeo ? noaae?? ? eiee ?nio? iiaeeea?noue aeeiiaiiy “eiacei?” ieanoeee neeciai? ai?oai?, aeioe?euei?oa canoiniaoaaoe aei?noeioeaieii? o?ainieaioaoe (o?yu aooii? ?aeiaeie, o?yu ueoiaeaeiiai o?yua, o?yu iiniai? ia?aai?iaeee). 2. I?e aeeiiaii? ?acaeoe?e ai?oai? c i?eaiaeo ?aeo ?? noaae?? aeioe?euei?oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe i’yeioeaieii? o?ainieaioaoe (oanoe?y oe?, io?ynoy ueoiaeaeiiai o?yua, aiiiaa?ic i?yiiai i’yco aeeaioa, oe?iea oanoe?y noaaia). 3. Oai?ei, eio?ei i?iaaaeaii ia?aaeiia?aoe?eiee eo?n i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? ? iio?i i?iaiaeeoueny ?acaeoe?y ai?oai? c i?eaiaeo ?aeo ?-?? noaae?e aeioe?euei?oa aeei?enoiaoaaoe aooio?ainieaioaoe, eio?? ia aoee ii?ii?iai? ia iiia?aaei?o aoaiao e?eoaaiiy. 4. Aeeiioth/e ?acaeoe?? ai?oai? c i?eaiaeo ?aeo ai?oai? ??? noaae??, na?aaeeiii? eieae?caoe?? iooeeie, aeey cai?uaiiy aeaoaeoo ?aoe?iiaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiia?iiaai? aooio?ainieaioaoe (o?ei i?ae’yceeiai? e?noee oa aiiiaa?ic i?yiiai i’yco aeeaioa, /e o?ei i?ae’yceeiai? e?noee oa oe?iea oanoe?y noaaia), ui iaea?eueo i?aeoiaeyoue, ii nai?i o?ce/iei yeinoyi, aei aeaeaeaii? /anoeie ai?oai?. 5. Aeey ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oiiaoi?ii? ? ?iciiae?ethaaeueii? ooieoe?e, i?e iiaiiio aeaeaeaii? ai?oai?, o?aaa aeei?enoiaoaaoe iiaeeea?noue iaeeaaeaiiy o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueiiai /e o?aoaiacioaaaeueiiai ooioa. 6. E??oa???i aeaeaitheyoe?? oai?eo, i?ney ?acaeoe?e ai?oai? c i?eaiaeo ?aeo ??? noaae??, ii iieacieeai eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao?? ? ieiueia ioai?o ?aeiino?oeiaaii? ai?oai? 1,1+0,1 ni2 (?<0,05). NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. ?aeiino?oeoeaii-ainnoaiiaeoaeueiay oe?o?aey ?aea ai?oaie – O.:Iniiaa, 1997.-240n. 2. I?ioace?iaaiea ai?oaie i?e a? noaoioaeueiii oaeaeaiee ii iiaiaeo ?aea IIInoaaeee // AEo?i. ooiuo, iiniauo e ai?eiauo aieaciae.-1991.-?3.-N.69-70. (Ni?aaao. Nieieaiei N.I., Nieieaiei ss.A. E?oia/aiei A.A.) 3. Aeeeoaeueiia aanneiioiiiia i?aauaaiea eii?iaeiiai oaea a a?iioa o aieueiiai iinea ?aeiino?oeoeaiie ea?eiayeoiiee. // AEo?i. ooiuo, iiniauo e ai?eiauo aieaciae.-1991.-?4.-N.86-87. (Ni?aaao. Nieieaiei N.I., E?oia/aiei A.A.) 4. Ia?aaeiia?aoe?eia a?iien??aae?ioa?ai?y iieieia?/ieo oai?eo o ?aaeei? uiaeaiiiai o?aeoe?iioaaiiy //Oe?. ?aae?ie. AEo?i.-1993.-?3.-N.173-175.(Ni?aaao. Oai?inoaiei I.?.) 5. Aei i?iaeai oa ia?niaeoea o??o?a?/ii? ?aeiino?oeoe?? ai?oai? i?e o?aaeaii? ?? ?aeii // AEo?i. ooiuo, iiniauo e ai?eiauo aieaciae.-1997.-?3.-N.87-88. (Ni?aaao. Nieieaiei N.I., Aa?acithe A.A., Caeoeaa I.A. oa ?i.) 6. ?aaa?e?oaoe?y aieino i?ney ea?eiaaeoii?? oeyoii o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueiiai ooiooaaiiy // AEo?i. aooieo, iiniaeo ? ai?eiaeo oai?ia.-1997.-?3.-N.81-82. -(Ni?aaao. EiaooiaieiI.A., Nieieaiei N.I., Nieieaiei ss.A.) 7. Aieea i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? ia aoaeoeai?noue ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e i?ney o??o?a?/ieo ao?o/aiue c i?eaiaeo ?aea ai?oai? // AEo?iae aooieo, iiniaeo ? ai?eiaeo oai?ia. -1998.-?2.-n.31-33 8. Aeiiii?aei? iaoiaee ?io?aneii?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee iaoanoac?a ?aeo ai?oai? o ?aa?iia?i? e?ioiaocee // AEo?iae aooieo, iiniaeo ? ai?eiaeo oai?ia.-1998.-?4.-n.70-73. 9. Ia?niaeoeaa ?aeiino?oeoe?? ai?oai? i?ney ?acaeoe?? c i?eaiaeo ?aeiaiai o?aaeaiiy // Iaaee/i? ia?niaeoeae.-1998.-o.???.-?2.-n.24-27. 10. Iaoiae o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ??? noaae?? // Iaaee/i? ia?niaeoeae, 1998.-o.???.-?2.-n.61-62. 11. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ? –?V nooiaiy // Iaaee/i? ia?niaeoeae.-1998.-o. ??? ?2, n.103-104 12. ?aaa?e?oaoe?y aieino i?ney oioaeueii? ea?eiaaeoii?? o oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? // Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu.-1998.-?7.-n.60-65. 13. 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Aei ieoaiiy i?iiaiaaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy caoai?thaaiue ai?oai? // I?aoey, aeieia?y, caei?ia’y. Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ae?aaiinoeee, ee?i?ee, oa e?eoaaiiy caoai?thaaiiue //: Iaoa??aee iaoe. – i?aeo. eiio.-aei 20-??//y o-oo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a AeI?.-Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1993.-N.33-34. -(Ni?aaao. ?iiaiaiei A.E., Eoe?eiaa O.?., Nieieaiei N.I.) 23. Eiia?iiaaia e?eoaaiiy ?aeo ai?ea c aeei?enoaiiyi iiae?o?eaoi?a i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? // I?noeaa? i?iiaiaa? ooeiaeaeaiiy i’yeeo oeaiei: Oac. aeii. ?anioa. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio.-O., 1994?.-N.34.-(Ni?aaao. Oai?inoaiei I.?., Nieieaiei ss.A., Nieieaiei N.I. oa ?i.) 24. Eiiiuethoa?iay oiiia?aoey a ioeaiea ?aaaeeeoaoeee aeuoaoaeueiie ooieoeee iinea ?aeiino?oeoeaiuo iia?aoeee i?e ?aea ai?oaie //Oe?. eiia?an ?aae?ieia?a: Oac. aeii. –E., 1995.-N.106. 25. 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I iaoaiecia aieiniia?aciaaiey o aieueiuo iinea ?aeiino?oeoeaiuo ?acaeoeee ai?oaie ii iiaiaeo ?aea //Oac. XVII Eiia?anna Nithca Aa?iiaeneeo oiieao?ia.-I., 1991.-N.130-131. (Ni?aaao. Nieieaiei N.I., Eeoia/aiei A.A.) 30. Iniaaiiinoe ainnoaiiaeaiey aeaoaeoia aeioi/ii-ieuaaiaeiiai iooe i?e ?anoe?aiiuo ea?eiayeoiieyo // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie a ioi?eiiea?eiaieia??: Oac. aeii. i?aeia?iaeii? iaoe. –i?aeo. eiio.-Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997.-N.200-201.-(Ni?aaao. Aeoaa A.A., Eaeiioeaaa A.?.) 31. Iniaaiiinoe eio?aneiie/aneie aeeaaiinoeee iaoanoacia ceiea/anoaaiiuo iiooieae aieiau e oae a eeioaoe/aneea oceu oae //Aeooaeueiua aii?inu iaaeeoeeiu e aeieiaee.-Aeiai?iiaoiane, 1995.-Aui.6.-N.121-122. (Ni?aaao. Eoeeeiaa O.E., Ia?aaea?ei E.A.) 32. ?aaeeiecioiiiay noeeioia?aoey a aeeaaiinoeea ?aoeeaeeaia ?aea ai?oaie iinea oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey n aooio?ainieaioaoeeae //I?iiaiaaa ae?aaiinoeea caoai?thaaiiue aieiae oa oe?: Oac. aeii. Oe?. iaoeth-i?aeo. eiio –E., 1994.-N.51. 33. 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XVII Eiia?anna Nithca Aa?iiaeneeo oiieao?ia.-I., 1991.-N.126-127. (Ni?aaao. Nieieaiei N.I., Eeoia/aiei A.A., Nieieaiei ss.A. oa ?i.) 39. Oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea aiai?aaiiuo iiooeeae oae // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie a ioi?eiiea?eiaieia??: Oac. aeii. i?aeia?iaeii? iaoe. –i?aeo. eiio.-Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997.-N.203-204.-(Ni?aaao. *a?iieo? A.A., Eaeiioeaaa A.?., Ii?aa/aaa A.E.) 40. O??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy i?e ?aa?iia?ieo iaoanoacao ?aeo ai?oai? a e?ioaoe/i? aocee oe? // Iaoa??aee tha?eaeii? iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. i?enay/aii? 100-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy i?io. I.N.Eieii?e/aiea: 30 aa?aciy-2 ea?oiy 1998.-n.781-782-(Ni?aaao. Nieieaiei N.I., Aa?acithe A.A., Eiaooiaiei I.A.) 41. Oe?ieay oanoeey aaae?a – eae aooio?ainieaioaoeeiiiue iaoa?eae, i?eiaiyaiue o aieueiuo ?aeii ai?oaie I-II noaaeee, i?e oe?o?ae/aneii ea/aiee // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie a ioi?eiiea?eiaieia??: Oac. aeii. i?aeia?iaeii? iaoe. –i?aeo. eiio.-Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997.-N.202-203. - (Ni?aaao. Eiaooiaiei A.A., Eaeiioeaaa A.?.) 42. Yooaeoeaiinoue iaeioi?uo ooieoeeiiaeueii-?aeiino?oeoeaiuo iia?aoeee i?e ?aea ai?oaie /Aeiai?iiao?. iaae. ei-o.-Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1991.-124n. - Aeai. ai AIEEIE IC NNN?, ?20817. (Ni?aaao. Nieieaiei N.I.) Oei/oe N.I. I?eioeeie iioei?caoe?? o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai?. ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.19 - ioi?eiiea?eiaieia?y. Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y. IIC Oe?a?ie, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeai? ?ic?iaee e iioei?caoe?? iaoiae?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai?, ?c iaeneiaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi onueiai niaeo?a ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue ? aecia/aiiy ?oiueiai i?noey o aeai?? ?aoe?iiaeueieo niinia?a ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e o oai?eo i?e ??cieo noaae?yo ?aeo ai?oai?. Aeei?enoaii nenoaio eiiieaenii? ae?aaiinoeee iioe?aiino? iooeeiiiai i?ioeano: eiii'thoa?ia oiiia?ao?y, aaceiioaeoia oaieiaa/aiiy, yoioiiineii?y, ?aae?i?cioiiia noeeio?a?ao?y ? iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy iciae ?aa?iia?iiai iaoanoacoaaiiy ii ?aieia?/ieo iieacieeao noaio noaeei oe?. Iienaii ?ic?iaeai? o??o?a?/i? niiniae a?aeiiaeaiiy iniiaieo ooieoe?e ai?oai? c canoinoaaiiyi ??ciiiai?oieo aooio?ainieaioaoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, ia'?eoeaii aeiaaaeaia ?oiy aoaeoeai?noue. Iieacaii iiaeeeaino? aooio?ainieaioaoe?? e oaeineiiaeai? iia?aoe?? i?e ?aeo ai?oai? ? - ?? noaae?e. Aeiaaaeaii, ui aa?iei ooieoe?iiaeueiei ?acoeueoaoai ?aeiino?oeoeaieo iia?aoe?e ni?ey? i?aaeeueiee aea?? aooio?ainieaioaoa. Oae aeey ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?e ? - ?? noaae?yo ?aeo ai?oai? oe?eeii i?eaeaoi? i’yeioeaieii? o?ainieaioaoe, a yeeo i?e canoinoaaii? iaia? iaiaaeaiue o ieiu? iaoa??aeo aeey ieanoeee ? oiio c ?oiueith aeiiiiiaith iiaeeeai cae?eaaoe aaeee? aeaoaeoe neeciai? ai?oai? a ia?aa?ao iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue. Aeey ?aeiino?oeoeaieo iia?aoe?e ?c i?eaiaeo ?aeo ai?oai? ??? noaae??, i?ney aeaeaeaiiy iooeeie e ooai?aiiy cia/iiai aeaoaeoo ai?oai?, ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aei?noeioeaieii? aai eiia?iiaai? o?ainieaioaoe (o?ei i?ae'yceeiai? e?noee a eiia?iaoe?? c? oiaoeii aiiiaa?ico i?yiiai i'yca aeeaioa aai c? oiaoeii ?c oe?iei? oanoe?? noaaia). Oea iniaeeai noino?oueny na?aaeeiii? eieae?caoe?? iooeeie ? na?aaeeiii? c ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi ia aanoeaoey?iee aai i?aeneeaaeeiaee a?aeae?ee ai?oai?. I?ioeiieacaiiyi aaaaea?oueny iayai?noue ia?ooiiiai eiiaeiia?aoo iaoanoaoe/ieo e?ioiaoce?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii aa??aioe ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e i?e ?aeo ai?oai? III - IV noaae?e - o?aoaioa?eiaaaeuei? oa o?aoaiacioaaaeuei? niiniae ooiooaaiiy. Aeieeaaeii ina?oeai? a?aeiino? ? iaaeie?ee ??ciiiai?oieo aooio?ainieaioao?a, aeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?i aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy oiai aai ?ioiai o?ainieaioaoo i?e eiie?aoieo neooaoe?yo o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? ? ??cieo aa??aio?a canoinoaaiiy i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? (oe??iee oiaoie, neeciaa iina aai uiee, o?yu aooii? ?aeiaeie, i'yciaee oiaoie ia i?aeoe?, ueoiaeaeiiai o?yua, i?ae'yceeiai? e?noee, aiiiaa?ico i?yiiai i'yca aeeaioa ? oe?iei? oanoe?? noaaia). Ina?oeaii ieoaiiy canoinoaaiiy i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? a eaoaai??? oai?eo ?aeii ai?oai?. Iieacaii iiceoeai? ? iaaaoeai? noi?iie i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ?ae ai?oai? i?e canoinoaaii? aooio?ainieaioaoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo. Aeiaaaeaii, ui canoinoaaiiy ia?aaeiia?aoe?eiiai eo?no i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? ia ai?oaiue ? ia ciio o?ainieaioaoo cieaeo? ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe i?e i?iaaaeaii? ?aeiino?oeoeaieo iia?aoe?e. I?e i?iaaaeaii? i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai eo?no i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? ia ?aeiino?oeiaaio ai?oaiue ?c canoinoaaiiyi o?ainieaioao?a io?eiai? iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe, iia'ycai? c i?ioecaiaeueiei oaeoi?ii. ?icaeyiooi i?iaeaio e?eoaaiiy ?aa?iia?ieo iaoanoac?a. Ioe?iaii iiaeeeaino? i?e ae?aaiinoeoe? iaoanoac?a ??ciiiai?oieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy - eiii'thoa?ii? oiiia?ao??, aaceiioaeoiiai oaieiaa/aiiy, oeueo?acaoeiai? oiiineii??, noeeio?a?ao??, aeiiea?ia?ao??. Cai?iiiiiaaii ?aoe?iiaeuei? niiniae iia?aoe?e aeey e?eoaaiiy iaoanoac?a o ?aa?iia?i? e?ioaoe/i? aocee. Iia?aoeai? ao?o/aiiy ia e?ioiaoceao ?iaeee o aeiaaeeao iayaiino? ee?i?/ieo iciae ?oiuei? ci?ie ? aeaieo aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ca iieacieeaie aeeiioaaeeny oooey?ii-oanoe?aeueia aeaeaeaiiy e?ioiaoce?a oa iia?aoe?y E?aeey. Ia'?eoeaii aeiaaaeaiee aenieee nooi?iue aoaeoeaiino? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? iniiaieo ooieoe?e ai?oai? i?ney aeeiiaiiy ?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e, aeei?enoaieo o ?iaio?. I?eaaaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy iienaieo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy ? cania?a e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ?aeii ai?oai?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ae ai?oai?, aooio?ainieaioaoe?y, i?aaiicaa??aath/? iia?aoe??, ?aeiino?oeoeai? iia?aoe??, ?aaa?e?oaoe?y oai?eo. Oui/oe N.I. I?eioeeiu iioeiecaoeee oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey aieueiuo ?aeii ai?oaie. ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.19 - ioi?eiiea?eiaieiaey. Aeiai?iiao?ianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey. ICI Oe?aeiu, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia ?ac?aaioee e iioeiecaoeee iaoiaeia oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey aieueiuo ?aeii ai?oaie, n iaeneiaeueiui eniieueciaaieai anaai niaeo?a aeeaaiinoe/aneeo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiee e ii?aaeaeaiey eo ianoa a auai?a ?aoeeiiaeueiuo niiniaia ?aeiino?oeoeaii-ainnoaiiaeoaeueiuo iia?aoeee o aieueiuo i?e ?acee/iuo noaaeeyo ?aea ai?oaie. Eniieueciaaia nenoaia eiiieaeniie aeeaaiinoeee ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe iiooieaaiai i?ioeanna: eiiiuethoa?iay oiiia?aoey, aaneiioaeoiia oaieiaeaeaiea, yoioiiineiiey, ?aaeeiecioiiiay noeeioea?aoey e iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey i?eciaeia ?aaeiia?iiai iaoanoace?iaaiey ii ?aieiae/aneei iieacaoaeyi ninoiyiey ninoaeia oae. Iienaiu ?ac?aaioaiiua oe?o?ae/aneea niiniau ainnoaiiaeaiey iniiaiuo ooieoeee ai?oaie n i?eiaiaieai ?acee/iuo aooio?ainieaioaoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia, iauaeoeaii aeieacaia eo yooaeoeaiinoue. Iieacaiu aiciiaeiinoe aooio?ainieaioaoeee e oniaa?oainoaiaaiu iia?aoeee i?e ?aea ai?oaie ? - ?? noaaeee. Aeieacaii, /oi oi?ioei ooieoeeiiaeueiui ?acoeueoaoai ?aeiino?oeoeaiuo iia?aoeee niinianoaoao i?aaeeueiue auai? aooio?ainieaioaoa. Oae aeey ?aeiino?oeoeee i?e ? - ?? noaaeeyo ?aea ai?oaie iieiinoueth i?eaiaeiu iyaeioeaiiua o?ainieaioaou, o eioi?uo i?e i?eiaiaiee iao ia?aie/aiee a ieiuaaee iaoa?eaea aeey ieanoeee e iiyoiio n eo iiiiuueth aiciiaeii cae?uaaoue naiua iaoe?iua aeaoaeou neecenoie ai?oaie a oiaea iia?aoeaiuo aiaoaoaeuenoa. Aeey ?aeiino?oeoeaiuo iia?aoeee ii iiaiaeo ?aea ai?oaie ??? noaaeee, eiaaea oaeaeyaony iiooieue e ia?acoaony cia/eoaeueiue aeaoaeo ai?oaie, ?aeiiaiaeiaaiu aeanoeioeaiiua eee eiiaeie?iaaiiua o?ainieaioaou (oaei iiaeuycu/iie einoe a eiiaeiaoeee n eineooii aiiiaa?ica i?yiie iuooeu aeeaioa eee n eineooii ec oe?ieie oanoeee aaae?a). Yoi iniaaiii eanaaony n?aaeeiiie eieaeecaoeee iiooiee e n?aaeeiiie n ?ani?ino?aiaieai ia aanoeaoey?iue eee iiaeneeaaeeiaue ioaeaeu ai?oaie. I?ioeaiiieacaieai n/eoaaony iaee/ea iaiiaeaeaeiiai eiiaeiia?aoa iaoanoaoe/aneeo eeioioceia. I?aaeeiaeaiu aa?eaiou ?aeiino?oeoeaii-ainnoaiiaeoaeueiuo iia?aoeee i?e ?aea ai?oaie III - IV noaaeee - o?aoaioa?eiaaaeueiuo e o?aoaiycioaaaeueiuo niiniaia ooioe?iaaiey. Iiae?iaii inaauaiu aeinoieinoaa e iaaeinoaoee ?acee/iuo aooio?ainieaioaoia, aeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee i oeaeaniia?aciinoe i?eiaiaiey oiai eee eiiai o?ainieaioaoa i?e eiie?aoiuo neooaoeeyo oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey aieueiuo ?aeii ai?oaie e ?aciuo aa?eaioao i?eiaiaiey eo/aaie oa?aiee (eiaeiue eineoo, neecenoay iina eee uaee, o?yu ooiie ?aeiaeiu, iuoa/iue eineoo ia ieoathuae iiaeea, ueoiaeaeiiai o?yua, iiaeuycu/iie einoe, aiiiaa?ica i?yiie iuooeu aeeaioa e oe?ieie oanoeee aaae?a). Inaauai aii?in i?eiaiaiey eo/aaie oa?aiee o eaoaai?ee aieueiuo ?aeii ai?oaie. Iieacaiu iieiaeeoaeueiua e io?eoeaoaeueiua noi?iiu eo/aaie oa?aiee a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee aieueiuo ?aeii ai?oaie i?e i?eiaiaiee aooio?ainieaioaoeeiiiiai iaoa?eaea. Aeieacaii, /oi i?eiaiaiea i?aaeiia?aoeeiiiiai eo?na eo/aaie oa?aiee ia ai?oaiue e ia ciio o?ainieaioaoa nieaeaao ooieoeeiiaeueiua ?acoeueoaou i?e i?iaaaeaiee ?aeiino?oeoeaiuo iia?aoeee. I?e i?iaaaeaiee iineaiia?aoeeiiiiai eo?na eo/aaie oa?aiee ia ?aeiino?oe?iaaiioth ai?oaiue n i?eiaiaieai o?ainieaioaoia iieo/aiu iieiaeeoaeueiua ?acoeueoaou, naycaiiua n i?ioeaiainiaeeoaeueiui oaeoi?ii. ?anniio?aia i?iaeaia ea/aiey ?aaeiia?iuo iaoanoacia. Ioeaiaiu aiciiaeiinoe i?e aeeaaiinoeea iaoanoacia ?acee/iuo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey - eiiiuethoa?iie oiiia?aoee, aaneiioaeoiiai oaieiaeaeaiey, oeueo?acaoeiaie oiiineiiee, noeeioea?aoee, aeiiea?ia?aoee. I?aaeeiaeaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiua niiniau iia?aoeee aeey ea/aiey iaoanoacia a ?aaeiia?iua eeioaoe/aneea oceu. Iia?aoeaiua aiaoaoaeuenoaa ia eeioioceao i?iecaiaeeeenue a neo/ayo iaee/ey eeeie/aneeo i?eciaeia eo eciaiaiey e aeaiiuo aeiiieieoaeueiuo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey. Ii iieacaieyi auiieiyeenue oooey?ii-oanoeeaeueiia oaeaeaiea eeioioceia e iia?aoeey E?aeey. Iauaeoeaii aeieacaia aunieay noaiaiue yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaaeeeoaoeee iniiaiuo ooieoeee ai?oaie iinea auiieiaiey ?aeiino?oeoeaii-ainnoaiiaeoaeueiuo iia?aoeee, eniieueciaaiiuo a ?aaioa. Aeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey i?aeoe/aneiai i?eiaiaiey iienaiiuo iaoiaeia ianeaaeiaaiey e niiniaia ea/aiey aieueiuo ?aeii ai?oaie. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?ae ai?oaie, aooio?ainieaioaoeey, i?aaiinio?aiythuea iia?aoeee, ?aeiino?oeoeaiua iia?aoeee, ?aaaeeeoaoeey aieueiuo. Annotation Tymchuk S.M. The principles of optimizations of the surgical treatment for patients with laryngeal cancer. - Manuscript Thesis on competition of scientific degree of the doctor of medical sciences by specialty 14.01.19 - otorhinolaryngology. - Medical state Academy of MPH Ukraine. - Dnepropetrovsk, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to elaboration and optimization of the surgical treatment for the patients who are suffering from laryngeal cancer, to the maximal using for these reasons the full specter of diagnostic investigations to determinate it their place among the rational methods of the reconstructive and restoring operations. In the first time were elaborated the effective methods of restore the basically laryngeal functions after reconstructive operations using the different autotransplantates. Their possibilities were demonstrated and improved the operative technic in cases of laryngeal cancer I-II stages. Particularly for there reasons were recommended the soft transplantats because we can coves different laryngeal defect after tumor removal of it. For the reconstructive operations in cases of III-IV cancer stages were recommended the hard or combined transplantates to save the laryngeal shape. For these porpoises are suitable sublingual bone in combination with soft part of the transplantat - m. rectus abdominis aponeneuroses or lump of lata. Particulary it concerns to middle, middle - vestibular, or under vocal areas cancer localization’s. Contraindications for the such operations are presence of enlarged lymphuodes with adhesions between them and surrounding tissues. Also were suggested some variants for laryngeal cancer stage III-IV treatment - traheopharyngeal and traheoesophageal shunts. The system of the complex investigations to diagnose the tumor borders was elaborated using computer tomography, free of contact warmvideo, ulfrasonic echotomoscopy, radioisotopes scintiscan and reological method for cervical vessels investigations. In details and on the high scientific and practical levels were discussed the questions about the effectiveness of radial therapy. It was concluded that radial therapy, which was before operations on the larynx and place of transplantat simultaneously, lowers the treatment effectiveness. At the same time if radial therapy was used after operation on the “recovered” larynx and transplantatplaced on it was usefully. In these cases radial therapy acts like against inflammation agent. In details were discussed all the merits and demerits of the different autotransplants, concrete recommendations which of them and when be used for reconstructive and restoring operations (taken from the skin, nasal or buccal mucosae, aural lump, cervical muscles, thyroid cartilago, sublingual bone, aponeurosis of m. rectusabdominis and fascia lata) in combination with x-ray therapy or without it. Many efforts were done to investigate the possibilities of surgical treatment the regional metastases. True appreciation was done about effectiveness of computer tomography, warmvideo, ulfrasonic echotomoscopy, radioisotopes scintiscan, doplerography to explore using its about the sings of regional metastases. The operations on the enlarget lymphnodes were recommended and undertaken in clinical sings presence takingly the data’s after abovementioned med-cover-fascial removal the enlarged lymphonodes extensive cover-fascial dissection and operation named after krill. Keywords: laryngeal cancer, autotransplantation, reconstructive and restoring operations, medical and social patient’s rehabilitation. Aaoi?aoa?ao A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione A.?.?iceeaaeea I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo______________________. Oi?iao 60o84/16. Iai?? ionaoiee. Ionaoiee ae?oe. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 2,09. Oiiai. oa?a.-a?aea. 2,09. Oe?aae 100. Caiiaeaiiy ?___________. Caiiaeaia CAO Aeaeaaieoeoai “Iie?a?ao?no”, 320070, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe. N??iaa, 7.

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