Ieeeoan ?.A. Iiauoaiea iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe neioa i?e eniieueciaaiee
eo/oaai ie?iaiai aaiioiiaea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.01 – ?acaaaeaiea e
naeaeoeey aeeaioiuo. Oa?niineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao,
Oa?nii – 1999.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo iiei/iiai neioa?noaa
aieiaiei iai?yieii ? ?ic?iaea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaeeo naeaeoe?eieo
i?ia?ai, ye? caaacia/othoue aeaaaeaiiy oaa?ei ?ioaineaiiai iiei/iiai
oeio, iioeiaeueii i?enoiniaaieo aei i?iieneiai? oaoiieia??.

A Oe?a?i? ca inoaii? ?iee cia/ii c?inee oaiie oi?ioaaiiy
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo noaae. Aeaaaeai? iia? ii?iaee c aaaeaiei ??aiai
?ai?iaeoeoeaieo ? i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy e?auiai
na?oiaiai aaiioiiaeo. Oe? ii?iaee iiaeooue c oni?oii eiieo?oaaoe c
oaa?eiaie ca?oa?aeii? naeaeoe?? (Coaaoeue I.A., Ao?eao E.I., 1997).

Aei 1963 ?. /a?aiia noaiiaa ii?iaea oaeineiiaethaaeanue iaoiaeii
/enoiii?iaeiiai ?icaaaeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeii??aeiiai i?aeai?o ca
naeaeoe?eieie iciaeaie, a?aeai?o i?aiioaioieo ie?aeiee?a c aenieei
aaiaoe/iei iioaioe?aeii, ??cieo nooiai?a e?inoaaiiy e?i?e aeey io?eiaiiy
aioo??oiueiii??aeiiai aaoa?iceno. Oe? iaoiaee iai?aaeai? ia caa?aaeaiiy
oe?iiiai aaiioiiaeo /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee, yea ia? i?oeio
eiinoeoooe?th oa oi?io? aaeaioaoe?ei? yeino?.

Iaeiae, oaeee oeyo oaeineiiaeaiiy ii?iaee cia/ii o?eaae?oee, oiio ii?yae
c /enoiii?iaeiei ?icaaaeaiiyi aoee iai?/ai? oeyoe ? iaoiaee
oaeineiiaeaiiy /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee ia iniia? no?auoaaiiy ?? c
e?aueie iiei/ieie ii?iaeaie na?oo.

A iiei/iiio neioa?noa? iaa?iiaaeaeaii aeina?ae aeei?enoaiiy
aieooeinueei? ii?iaee ye iaea?eueo a?aenaeaeoe?iiiaaii? ca iiei/iith
i?iaeoeoeai?noth oa i?enoiniaaii? aei iaoeiiai aei?iiy, yea no?eei
ia?aaea? na?e aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae iauaaeeai. (Eiiiiaiei I.A., Nae?e
?.?., Oiae A.ss., 1992). Aea ua iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai?
ii?iaeiooai?thaaeuei? i?ioeane aeoiaey/e c ??cieo aa??aio?a
a?aeoai?iiai no?auoaaiiy, iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe??
aaiaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ca ??aiai i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Anaa?/ia aea/aiiy oeeo ieoaiue ? i/aaeaeiei ? aeooaeueiei, ui e
iineoaeeei iniiaith aeey aeeiiaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. ?iaioa aoea neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ? aeeiioaaeanue ca?aeii c oaiith “?ic?iaea aaiaoe/ieo iniia
naeaeoe?? oaa?ei c aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo aeinyaiaiue iiioeyoe?eii? ?
aeieia?/ii? aaiaoeee” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0196 U 015903).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aea/aiiy
?ai?iaeoeoeaieo ? i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae oaa?ei /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee
(*N) oa iii?nae ??cii? e?iaiino? c iie?iooth/eie ii?iaeaie aiaea?nueeith
(A), /a?aiiith aeaonueeith (*Ae), aieooeinueeith (A).

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee aecia/ai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea ??cieo
aaiioei?a;

— aecia/eoe aaiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
/enoiii?iae-

ieo ? iii?nieo oaa?ei ??cii? e?iaiino? ia i?ioyc? o?ueio eaeoaoe?e;

— ioe?ieoe ia?aiao?e eaeoaoe?eieo e?eaeo ei??a oa iiaeeeaino?
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ??cieie iaoiaeaie;

— oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaee ioe?iee ie?aeiee?a a iiae?aieo ? eiio?anieo
ia?oaaiiyo aeey aecia/aiiy oeio ?o i?aiioaioiino?;

— aea/eoe ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino? aeiai? o /enoiii?iaeieo ?
iii?nieo oaa?ei;

— anoaiiaeoe aaiaoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ei??a ??cieo aaiioei?a;

— aea/eoe a?aeoai?thaaeuei? yeino? /enoiii?iaeieo ? iii?nieo oaa?ei;

— aeaoe aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo aeei?enoaiiy iii?nae ??cii? e?iaiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a ii??aiyeueiiio
aniaeo? aea/aia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iii?nae ??cii? e?iaiino? ca
?acoeueoaoaie co?auoaaiiy /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee c e?aueie ii?iaeaie
na?oo – aiaea?nueeith, /a?aiiith aeaonueeith oa aieooeinueeith. Iieacaia
iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oeyoii ioe?iee
ia?aiao??a eaeoaoe?eii? e?eai?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue O.A??aeaeana c aenieith oi/i?noth
(r=0,96…0,98) iieno? eaeoaoe?eio e?eao ? aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe iaae?e
ca 305 aei?a eaeoaoe??, aeoiaey/e c aeaieo ca ii/aoeiaee ia??iae
i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a ioe?iee i?aiioaioiino? ie?aeiee?a oeyoii
aei?iaiaoaaiiy a iiae?aieo ? eiio?anieo ia?oaaiiyo, ui aeicaiey?
aecia/eoe aeieth aaeeoeaii? ae?? aai?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeei?enoaiiy 3/4-e?iaieo ca
aieooeiaie ei??a aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? a
na?aaeiueiio ca o?e eaeoaoe?? a ii??aiyii? c /a?aiiith noaiiaith
ii?iaeith ia 1813,8 ea iieiea, ca?eueoeoe aeo?ae iiei/iiai aee?o ia 63,9
ea. Io?eiaoe i?eaooie a ?ici??? 28326 a?i a ?ic?aooieo ia 100 ei??a.
?ic?iaeai? i?eeiie ioe?iee ia?aiao??a eaeoaoe?eii? e?eai? oa niin?a
ioe?iee ie?aeiee?a aeei?enoiaothoueny a i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio? ii noai?aiith
aenieii?iaeoeoeaiiai iiei/iiai ao?oo ENI “Oe?a?ia” A?eica?nueeiai
?aeiio Oa?niinueei? iaeano?, oa?eoee a ieai ieai?iii? ?iaioe ia
1995…2000 ??e.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?iaioa i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue,
ye? io?eiai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
(i?aeaioiaea ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo,
aiae?oe/ia ?iaioa).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue
aeeeaaeai? ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo Oa?uee?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai
?inoeoooo (1990 ?.), Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(1991…1998 ??.)., oao?aae? ENI “Oe?a?ia” A?eica?nueeiai ?-io
Oa?niinueei? iaeano? (1996, 1997 ??.), eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo
(Aneai?y-Iiaa, 1998), ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae? aaiaoeee ?
?icaaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei, oa niaoe?aeueii? ciioaoi??
OAeAO (1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ?ia?o, a yeeo
aeeeaaeaii iniiaiee ci?no iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. ?iaioa aeeth/a? anooi, iaeyae
e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae ? iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao, nienie e?oa?aoo?e.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? ia 125 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
ai?uothoue 31 oaaeeoeth, 11 ?enoie?a. Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e
aeeth/a? 220 aeaea?ae, c ieo 28 ?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? a ia??iae 1987-1997 ??. a ENI “Oe?a?ia”
A?eica?nueeiai ?aeiio, Oa?niinueei? iaeano?, ia eaoaae?? aaiaoeee ?
?icaaaeaiiy Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.
Iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiue aoee acyo? /enoiii?iaei? oaa?eie /a?aiii?
noaiiai? ii?iaee oa iii?n? ??cii? e?iaiino? c ie?aeieeaie e?aueo
na?oiaeo ii??ae – aiaea?nueei?, /a?aiii? aeaonueei?, aieooeinueei?.

Aoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ? ianya aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iaoa??aeo iaaaaeai? a
oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1. Aoaie ? ianya aeine?aeaeaiue

AoaiIaeiaioaaiiy aeine?aeaeaiueE?euee?noue oaa?ei1Aea/aiiy
caeiiii??iinoae ?inoo oa ?icaeoeo /enoiii?iaeieo oa iii?nieo
oaa?ei402Aea/aiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? /enoiii?iaeieo ? iii?nieo
ei??a ??cii? e?iaiino? ca o?e eaeoaoe??1193Ioe?iea ia?aiao??a
eaeoaoe?eii? e?eai? ei??a ??ciiai iioiaeaeaiiy3574Aecia/aiiy
aeieiai-aaiaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a oaa?ei ??cieo aaiioei?a ca iiei/iith
i?iaeoeoeai?noth (ieanoe/i?noue, noaa?euei?noue)1195Oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoiae?a ioe?iee ie?aeiee?a a iiei/iiio neioa?noa?3446Aea/aiiy
i?eaeaoiino? ei??a aei iaoeiiiai aei?iiy157Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioa?’??ieo
iniaeeainoae oaa?ei oa anoaiiaeaiiy ?o ca’yceo c iiei/iith
i?iaeoeoeai?noth358A?aeoai?thaaeuei? yeino? oaa?ei ??cieo aaiioei?a119

??no ? ?icaeoie oaa?ei aea/aee ca aeeaith ianith i?e ia?iaeaeaii? ?
uii?nyoey aei 6-oe i?ny/iiai a?eo ? aeae? a 12 oa 18 i?nyoe?a.

?iaeaene noaoo?e aecia/aee a a?oe? 3,6,9,12,18 i?nyoe?a ? o ia?a?noie ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie.

Ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo ei??a ??cieo aaiioei?a ca iiei/iith
i?iaeoeoeai?noth i?iaiaeeee ca 1,2,3 eaeoaoe??. Aecia/aiiy ai?noo aee?o
a iieioe? , % oa eiai aeo?ae, ea – ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie.

Ia?aiao?e eaeoaoe?eii? e?eai? aea/aee ca eiao?oe??ioaie:
O.Oa?ia?a,

A.Eaeaioa?a, A.A?ooia, A.Aanaeianueeiai ? ia/enethaaee ca iiaeaeeth
O.A??aeaeana

(iiaeeo?eaoe?y A.I.Eiaaeaiea, N.ss.Ieioe?ia ? N.TH.Aie?ei?, 1997) ca
oi?ioeith:

W t = Wg · 1ea · (tj + t)k , aea (1)

Wt – iaae?e ca ia??iae /ano t (i?n.), ea

Wg – aneiioioa (iaeneiaeueiee iaae?e ca eaeoaoe?th)

a – e?iaoe/ia oaeaee?noue ia?inoaiiy iaaeith

e – aeniiiaioe?eia oaeaee?noue ia?inoaiiy iaaeith.

Iaeneiaeueii i/?eoaaiee iaae?e ca eaeoaoe?th (Wg) ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca
oi?ioeith:

A*

Wg = ——- t, aea (2)

t*

A* — noia uii?ny/ieo iaaei?a c ii/aoeo eaeoaoe??,
a?aoiaoth/e iaeneiaeueiee i?ny/iee iaae?e a a?oe? t*;

t – o?eaae?noue eaeoaoe??, i?n.

Iieacieee i?eaeaoiino? ei??a aei iaoeiiai aei?iiy (oi?ia, aei??e aeiai?
oa ae?eie, oaeaee?noue iieieia?aeaea/?), a oaeiae o?c?ieia?/i? iieacieee
e?ia? oaa?ei (caaaeueiee a?eie ? eiai o?aeoe??, eiioeaio?aoe?y
aaiiaeia?io, a?eo?ioeeo?a, ?aca?aio eoaei?noue) aea/aee ca caaaeueii
i?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie.

Aeey ioe?iee caeiiii??iinoae ?inoo oaa?ei ??cieo aaiioei?a aecia/aee
iieaciee ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy t , cai?iiiiiaaiee TH.E.Na?/eiei
(1989) ca oi?ioeith:

W6 – W3 W9 – W6

t = ————— — ————— (3)

0,5 (W6+W3) 0,5 (W9 + W6)

W3,W6,W9 — aeeaa iana oaa?ei a 3,6 ? 9 i?nyoe?a a?aeiia?aeii.

Iieacieee iai?oae ?inoo (?i) oa ?iaeaeno ??aiii??iino? ?inoo (??)
aecia/aee ca iaoiaeeeith A.I.Eiaaeaiea (1998).

1

?i= ——— NI (4)

1 + t

t

??= ——- NI (5)

AI

?i – ?iaeaen iai?oae ?inoo;

t – ?ioaineai?noue oi?ioaaiiy;

I? — ?iaeaen ??aiii??iino? ?inoo;

NI — na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no, ea; AI — a?aeiiniee i?e??no, %.

Aeieiai-aaiaoe/i? ia?aiao?e oaa?ei ??cii? e?iaiino? aea/aee ca
iieacieeaie ieanoe/iino? (aecia/aee aaee/eiith ?aa?an?? i?ny/ieo iaaei?a
ia a?aeiia?aei? na?aaei? on?o aaiioei?a) oa noaa?eueiino? (aecia/aee
aaee/eiith aeenia?n?? a?aeoeeaiiy oai?aoe/ii i/?eoaaieo ? oaeoe/ieo
iaaei?a ca i?nyoeyie

eaeoaoe??).

Oei niaaeeiaino? iciae iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? (aecia/aiiy
aaeeoeaiiai,

iaoa?einueeiai oa aaoa?iceniiai aoaeo?a) aea/aee ca iaoiaeeeith
Ae.I?ieaia (1974).

Ioe?iea ie?aeiee?a (oeie i?aiioaioiino?) aoea i?iaaaeaia a iiae?aieo oa
eiio?anieo ia?oaaiiyo ca iaoiaeeeith A.I.Eiaaeaiea (1996).

A?aeoai?io caeaoi?noue ei??a (i?aeioaeueiee ia??iae, na?a?n-ia??iae,
?iaeaen in?iai?iiy oa eiao?oe??io a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino?) aea/aee ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie.

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee ca aeai?eoiaie
I.A.Ieio?inueeiai (1969) ? A.E.Ia?eo?’?ai? (1970), a oaeiae ca
aeiiiiiaith a?aeiia?aeieo i?ia?ai aeey i?e?ieaeueeoeyoi?a IE-61.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iniaeeaino? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo iieiaeiyea ??cieo aaiioei?a

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iii?n? ia?iaeaeoaaeenue a?eueo e?oii?oeie,
aeeaa iana i?e ia?iaeaeaii? iai?ae?iaieo ca aieooeinueeith
(/a?aiii-?yaith ? /i?ii-?yaith) ? ca /a?aiiith aeaonueeith ii?iaeaie
a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeea – 30,1, 28,2 ? 30,4 ea aai ia 2,8, 0,9 ? 3,1 ea
(10,2, 3,2 ? 11,3 %) aeua i?ae o /a?aiieo noaiiaeo oaee/ie.

A 3-i?ny/iiio a?oe? /enoiii?iaei? oaa?eie c??aiyeenue a aeea?e ian? c
iii?nieie. Oey oaiaeaioe?y, a iniiaiiio, caa?aaeany aei 6-oe i?ny/iiai
a?eo, iaeiae a 12 i?nyoe?a iii?n? ia?aaeuoaaee ca aeeaith ianith
/enoiii?iaeieo oaee/ie ia 3,3…4,5 % ? aei 18-i?ny/iiai a?eo caa?aaee
ia?aaaao ia 1,0…5,4 %.

Na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe aeeai? iane a 6 i?ny/iiio a?oe? aoee
aeueie o iii?nae ca /a?aiieie aeaonueeeie oa aieooeinueeeie ii?iaeaie —
a?aeiia?aeii 759 a ? 661 a. Ii/eiath/e c 12 i?ny/iiai a?eo ? aei e?ioey
ae?iuoaaiiy iii?ni? oaee/ee iaee a?eueo aenie? na?aaeiueiaeiaia?
i?e?inoe.

Iai?oaa ?inoo oaa?ei aei 6-i?ny/iiai a?eo on?o aaiioei?a cieaeo?oueny, a
ii/eiath/e c 6 i?nyoe?a ? aei 18-i?ny/iiai a?eo a?aeiiniee i?e??no aoa
iaeaea iaeiaeiaee.

Ca iieacieeaie ?iaeaen?a noaoo?e /enoiii?iaei? oaee/ee aeaui
iinooiathoueny ia?aae iii?nyie, aea ??cieoey ia aeinoia??ia.

Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue /enoiii?iaeieo ? iii?nieo

oaa?ei ??cii? e?iaiino? ca iie?iooth/eie ii?iaeaie

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a ??cieo aaiioei?a iieacaee,
ui ca 1, 2 ? 3 aea/ai? eaeoaoe?? iaea?eueo aenie? iaaei? iaea?aeai? a?ae
3/4 e?iaieo aieooei?a a?aeiia?aeii – 4344,1, 4767,6 ? 4871,7 ea i?ioe
2514,7, 2917,8 ? 3109,0 ea o /enoiii?iaeieo /a?aiieo noaiiaeo
?iaanieoeue. Oae? iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaiino? aeinyaioo? i?e
caaacia/aiino? oaa?ei ei?iaie ia ??ai? 37…55 oe ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue ia
aieiao. A oeeo ni?eyoeeaeo oiiaao aeineoue ae?acii i?iyaeany aoaeo
iie?iooth/eo ii??ae ii?yae c i?iyaii aaoa?iceno.

Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui i?e aeei?enoaii? ie?aeiee?a aiaea?nueei? oa
/a?aiii? aeaonueei? ii?iae, i?aeaeuaiiy ?o aeie? e?iaiino? ia
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue ca?eueoaiiyi iaaei?a ca eaeoaoe?th. O?eueee
aieooeie c? ca?eueoaiiyi e?iaiino?

caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy iaaei?a.

Iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oaei? caeiiii??iino? i?eaaaeaia a
oaaeeoe? 2.

Oaaeeoey 2. Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a ??cieo aaiioei?a

Ii?iaea, ii?iaei?noueAEeaa iana, eaE?euee?noue iieiea, eaAi?no aee?o,
%E?euee?noue iiei/iiai aee?o, eaiaoa??aaoueea
picscalex100010009000003af0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02a002c0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa7ffffff80010000470200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000200010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a03019e00010000002d0017000000fb0280fe00000000
00009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc830400
00002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6002580001000000d5000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000
Spicscalex100010009000003af000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02c00240011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffa7ffffff00010000670200000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a03016000010000002d0017000000fb0280fe0000000
000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc83040
000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a60024e0001000000f5000a000000260
60f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc010
2022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000
picscalex100010009000003af0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02a002c0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa7ffffff80010000470200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000200010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a03019e00010000002d0017000000fb0280fe00000000
00009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc830400
00002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6002580001000000d5000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000
Spicscalex100010009000003af000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02c00240011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffa7ffffff00010000670200000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a03016000010000002d0017000000fb0280fe0000000
000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc83040
000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a60024e0001000000f5000a000000260
60f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc010
2022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000
picscalex100010009000003af0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02a002c0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa7ffffff80010000470200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000200010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a03019e00010000002d0017000000fb0280fe00000000
00009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc830400
00002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6002580001000000d5000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000
Spicscalex100010009000003af000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02c00240011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffa7ffffff00010000670200000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a03016000010000002d0017000000fb0280fe0000000
000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc83040
000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a60024e0001000000f5000a000000260
60f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc010
2022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000
picscalex100010009000003af0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02a002c0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa7ffffff80010000470200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000200010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a03019e00010000002d0017000000fb0280fe00000000
00009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc830400
00002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6002580001000000d5000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000
Spicscalex100010009000003af000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02c00240011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffa7ffffff00010000670200000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a03016000010000002d0017000000fb0280fe0000000
000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc83040
000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a60024e0001000000f5000a000000260
60f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc010
2022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000*N*
N464,08,2

474,37,2

463,98,6

488,51,3

476,29,6

496,77,9

549,911,43109,0220,1

3239,6204,1

3115,8233,0

3878,0223,5

3413,0220,7

4178,4294,6

4871,7312,13,740,02

3,750,03

3,710,02

3,800,02

3,750,03

3,720,02

3,640,02116,0 8,6

121,68,2

114,19,3

147,58,7

128,08,3

152,111,5

177,311,71/2 *С1/2 A1/4 *С3/4 A1/2 *С1/2 *Д1/4 *С3/4 *Д1/2 *С1/2 A1/4
*С3/4 A

Aiae?c iieaciee?a aeeai? iane ei??a ca aea/aieie eaeoaoe?yie iieacaa,
ui iai?ae?iai? iii?n? ca aiaea?nueeith ? /a?aiiith aeaonueeith ii?iaeaie
i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciyeenue a a?oe? ia?oi? eaeoaoe?? a?ae
o?ueio/aoaa?oieo oaa?ei, iaeiae aeey aieooeinueeeo iii?nae oa?aeoa?ii
ca?eueoaiiy aeeai? iane c i?aeaeuaiiyi ?o aeie? e?iaiino? ca aieooeiaie.

A o?aoth eaeoaoe?th a?aei?/aii aeayea ca?eueoaiiy aeeai? iane o
iai?ae?iaieo iii?nae ca aiaea?nueeith oa /a?aiiith aeaonueeith
ii?iaeaie.

Aea/aiiy ai?noo aee?o a iieioe? ei??a ??cieo aaiioei?a ia aeicaieeei
anoaiiaeoe /?oei? caeaaeiino? c? ci?iith aeie? e?iaiino? iie?iooth/eo
ii?iae. Oae yeui c? ca?eueoaiiyi e?iaiino? ca aiaea?aie o ia?oo
eaeoaoe?th niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo aee?o a iieioe? (c 3,68
aei 3,72 %), oi 3/4 e?iai? iii?n? ca /a?aiiith aeaonueeith ?
aieooeinueeith ii?iaeaie iaee aeaui ieae/? cia/aiiy aeaiiai iieacieea a
ii??aiyii? c iai?ae?iaieie oaa?eiaie.

A o?aoth eaeoaoe?th ?noioii? ??cieoe? i?ae iii?nyie ??cii? e?iaiino? ca
iie?iooth/eie ii?iaeaie ia anoaiiaeaii.

Iaoeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaia cia/ia ia?aaaaa iii?nieo oaa?ei
iaae /enoiii?iaeieie ?iaanieoeyie /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee ca aeoiaeii
iiei/iiai aee?o. A ia?oo eaeoaoe?th a?aei?/aia ?noioia ia?aaaaa 3/4
e?iaieo oaa?ei iaae iai?ae?iaieie (121,3 ? 157,7 ea). A oie aea /an
a?aei?/a?oueny, oaeiae, a?eueo aenieee aeo?ae iiei/iiai aee?o o
iai?ae?iaieo iii?nae ca aiaea?nueeith ? /a?aiiith aeaonueeith ii?iaeaie.

Oaeei /eiii a na?aaeiueiio ca o?e eaeoaoe?? aaaeaieie ? 3/4 iii?n? ca
aieooeiaie, oae ye aiie ca?eueoeee iaae?e ca eaeoaoe?th ia 1813,3 ea, a
e?euee?noue iiei/iiai aee?o – ia 63,9 ea i?e aeayeiio ciaioaii? ai?noo
aee?o a iieioe? (ia 0,08 %).

C iaoith aea/aiiy aieeao i?aai?ciaaieo a aenia?eiaio? oaeoi??a ia
??aaiue iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a aoa i?iaaaeaiee aeenia?n?eiee
aiae?c i?ieeaino? iciae iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia
i?ieea?noue iieacieea “iaae?e ca eaeoaoe?th” eiia??iee aieea aeyaea
aaiioei oaa?ei (?0,001). I?e oeueiio aeiey aeeaaeo o caaaeueio
aeenia?n?th neeaaeaea 29,8 %, a o oaeoi??aeueio — 83,0 %. Aeey
?ioaa?aeueiiai iieacieea “e?euee?noue iiei/iiai aee?o” aeyaeany ?noioiee
aieea aaiioeia ? /enea eaeoaoe?e (?0,001). Aeiey aieeao aaiioeio aoea
ia?aaaaeiith ? neeaea 28,4 % o caaaeueio aeenia?n?th ? 86,5 % — a
oaeoi??aeueio. Aeiey aeeaaeo /enea eaeoaoe?e neeaea a?aeiia?aeii 2,9 ?
8,9 % (?0,001).

Aiae?cii iiaiiai aeaioaeoi?iiai eiiieaeno i?e aea/aii? aieeao
ie?aeiee?a ? iaoie ia i?ieea?noue ? ??aaiue iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?,
anoaiiaeee, ui ?c caaaeueii? oaiioeiiai? i?ieeaino?, i?ieea?noue
iaoiiaeaia aaiioeiii ie?aeiee?a neeaaea? 12,2 %, a iaoa??a – 16, 8 %.
Neea aieeao aca?iiae?? ii?iaee aaoueea c ii?iaei?noth iaoa?? neeaaea? 12
%. Aiae?c i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a iieacaa, ui iaea?eueo aaeaeei
ii?aeiaiiyi, ui aecia/a? aaee/eio aca?iiae??, yaey?oueny no?auoaaiiy
/enoiii?iaeieo aieooeinueeeo ie?aeiee?a c iai?ae?iaieie iaoeaie. Oea
ni?ey? iaea?aeaiith iaea?eueo aeniei? iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

Ioe?iea ia?aiao??a eaeoaoe?eieo e?eaeo ei??a ??cieo aaiioei?a ?
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?

Aeey ioe?iee ia?aiao??a eaeoaoe?eieo e?eaeo aeei?enoaee eiao?oe??ioe ca
iaoiaeaie O.Oa?ia?a, A.A.Aanaeianueeiai, A.Eaeaioa?a, A.A?ooia oa
ia?aiao?e iiaeae? O.A??aeaeana.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aea/ai? ia?aiao?e ca aeiyoeii eiao?oe??ioa A.A?ooia
iathoue noaa?euei? cia/aiiy aeey an?o o?uei? eaeoaoe?e. Aeey
iai?ae?iaieo oaa?ei an?o aaiioei?a cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa A.A?ooia aoee
aeaui ieae/eie, ui aeaco? ia aenieo ??aiii??i?noue eaeoaoe?? iaoiiaeaio
i?iyaii aaoa?iceniiai aoaeoo.

Aea/aiiy ei?aeyoeaii? aca?iiae?? ia?aiao??a eaeoaoe?eii? e?eai? c
iaaei?i ca eaeoaoe?th (oaaeeoey 3) iieacaei, ui a caeaaeiino? a?ae
eaeoaoe?? iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiao?oe??io A.A?ooia aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy
iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? (r=+0,54, +0,68 a?aeiia?aeii a ia?oo ? o?aoth
eaeoaoe??).

An? ?io? eiao?oe??ioe iaee aenieo a?ae’?iio aca?iiae?th c ??aiai
iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ca ae?oao oa o?aoth eaeoaoe?th (a?aeiia?aeii
r=-0,62 oa –0,81).

Oaaeeoey 3. Ei?aeyoe?y i?ae iaaei?i oa ia?aiao?aie eaeoaoe?eieo e?eaeo

Eaeoaoe?yEiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? c
?iaeaeniiO.Oa?ia?aA.AanaeianueeiaiA.Eaeaioa?aA.A?ooia10,300,300,240,542-
0,73-0,72-0,810,293-0,72-0,66-0,620,68Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeo?eiaaii?
iiaeae? O.A??aeaeana aeicaiey? c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth i?iaiicoaaoe
iaae?e ca eaeoaoe?th, aeoiaey/e c aeaieo ii/aoeiai?

i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Na?aaei?e a?aenioie a?aeoeeaiiy i?ae oaeoe/iei iaaei?i
? oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaaiei on?o aaiioei?a ca o?e eaeoaoe?? noaiiaea 6,76
%.

Iaie aea/aia aeioe?euei?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
ei??a ??cieo aaiioei?a, aeoiaey/e ?c no/anieo oyaeaiue i?i
?ioaineai?noue oi?iiooai?thth/eo i?ioean?a a ?aiiueiio iioiaaiac?.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoe?eiei ? ia??iae 3…6…9 i?nyoe?a, oae
ye io?eiai? iieacieee iathoue aenieo ei?aeyoe?th c ??aiai iiei/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? (oaaeeoey 4).

Oaaeeoey 4. Eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? ia?aiao??a ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy
a ?aiiueiio aioiaaiac? c iaaei?i iieiea

A?e ioe?iee,
i?n.IieacieeAItIpIi3…6…9-0,308-0,6960,945-0,7976…9…120,3820,0420,288-0,0
53

Iaaaaeai? aeai? aeathoue i?aenoaao noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i aeioe?euei?noue
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ei?enooth/enue iieacieeaie
??aiii??iino? ?inoo, ye? iathoue aenieee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie c
iaaei?i iieiea (r=+0,945). Ii?yae c oeei oaeiae aeinoaoiuei oa?aeoa?eco?
iaae?e ei??a iieaciee iai?oae ?inoo, yeee ia? aeinoia??iee a?ae’?iiee
eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? (r=-797). Aea/ai? aca?iica’ycee iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio? ieai?iieo oa oiaa?ieo oa?i aeey
a?aeai?o ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea ca aia?a??th ?inoo.

C aeei?enoaiiyi iieaciee?a eaeoaoe?eieo e?eaeo iaie aecia/ai?
aeieiai-aaiaoe/i? ia?aiao?e iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? (ieanoe/i?noue oa
noaa?euei?noue). Aeai? iieacieee (oaaeeoey 5) yaeythoueny e?eoa???i
ioe?iee na?aaeiaeuii? /ooeeaino? ei??a ??cieo aaiioei?a.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaa?eie /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee a?ae??ciythoueny
na?aaeiueith ieanoe/i?noth (b=1,060…1,370) a oie /an, ye iai?ae?iai? ?
3/4 e?iai? ca aieooeiaie oa /a?aiiith aeaonueeith ii?iaeith iathoue
a?eueo iecueeo ieanoe/i?noue. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iaioo /ooeea?noue oeeo
oaa?ei aei ci?i oiia na?aaeiaeua oa e?auo i?enoiniaai?noue aei
?iaeono??aeueii? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea.

Oaaeeoey 5. Iieacieee ieanoe/iino? iaaeith ei??a

AaiioeiI eaeoaoe?yII eaeoaoe?yIII
eaeoaoe?yabrabrabr*C72,3231,0600,978-27,4541,3700,06150,7951,0770,9011/2
A1211,7604,1300,980114,6170,5000,85545,9750,7540,9663/4A-51,7730,9520,97
6-18,0410,8570,9955,2490,8150,9671/2A57,4941,1380,95441,4981,2720,956-83
,9641,7740,8833/4A50,2611,2840,863-225,1982,0420,938-20,1991,2380,9931/2
*Ae68,2870,7930,97655,4360,7810,97732,7390,8570,9703/4*Ae31,7980,8040,97
348,7580,7850,97679,4970,6450,987

Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ioe?iee ie?aeiee?a a iiei/iiio neioa?noa?

Iaie aeine?aeaeaia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ie?aeiee?a aieooeinueei? ?
/a?aiii? aeaonueei? ii??ae a iiae?aieo ? eiio?anieo ia?oaaiiyo aeey
aecia/aiiy oeio ?o i?aiioaioiino? (oaaeeoey 6).

Oaaeeoey 6. I?iaeoeoeai?noue aei/ie ie?aeiee?a ??ciiai oeio
i?aiioaioiino?

Oei i?aiioaioiino?I?iaeoeoeai?noue iaoa??I?iaeoeoeai?noue aei/eeiaae?e,
ea% aee?oiaae?e, ea%
aee?oAieooeinueeaIaeo?aeueiee32423,7035753,76C??aiyeueiee33343,7538033,6
9Aeii?iaioiee33143,7439853,76*a?aiia
aeaonueeaIaeo?aeueiee32853,7133263,81C??aiyeueiee39903,7431753,80Aeii?ia
ioiee31273,7338123,82

I?e oeueiio aei iaeo?aeueiiai oeio a?aeiineee ie?aeiee?a, ye? iaee
aei/ie iiae?aieo c i?iaeoeoeai?noth iaoa??a, oiaoi iaoe I- ? aei/ee I-
(i?ion-aa??aio), iaoe I+ ? aei/ee I+ (iethn-aa??aio). Aei c??aiyeueiiai
oeio a?aeiineee ie?aeiee?a, ye? caaacia/oaaee ??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aei/ie iacaeaaeii a?ae i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaoa??a (iaoe I- aei/ee I+, iaoe
I+ aei/ee I+). Aei aeii?iaioiiai oeio a?aeiineee ie?aeiee?a aei/ee yeeo
iaee ioe?ieo i?ioeeaaeio i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaoa??a (iaoe I-–aei/ee I+ ?
iaaiaee).

I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeee, ui a?eueo aenieo
i?iaeoeoeai?noue iaee iauaaeee aieooeinueeeo ie?aeiee?a aeii?iaioiiai
oeio i?aiioaioiino? – 3985 ea iieiea ? ai?no aee?o 3,76 %. A oie /an ye
iauaaeee ie?aeiee?a iaeo?aeueiiai oeio iaee iaae?e 3575 ea, a
c??aiyeueiiai – 3803 ea c iiae?aieie iieacieeaie ai?noo aee?o.
Aiaeia?/ia caeiiii??i?noue anoaiiaeaia a ioe?ioe? ie?aeiee?a /a?aiii?
aeaonueei? ii?iaee. Oae ye iauaaeee ie?aeiee?a aeii?iaioiiai oeio
i?aiioaioiino? iathoue a?eueo aenieo iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?o
iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe a i?aeii?iaeiiio no?auoaaii? aeey io?eiaiiy
aaoa?iceniiai aoaeoo.

Ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino? aeiai? ei??a

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?ie aeiai? iieacaee, ui iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue oaa?ei c
aaaeaiith oi?iith aeiai? cono??/a?oueny o iii?nae. Aei’y o ieo
ia’?ienoa, ??aiii??ii ?icaeiooa, u?eueii i?eeyaa? aei o?ea.

Ca oi?iith ae?eie a a?eueo?e i??? aeiiaai iaoeiiiai aei?iiy
a?aeiia?aeathoue iii?ni? oaa?eie aea/aieo eaeoaoe?e. E?euee?noue ei??a
ye? iathoue aaaeaio oi?io ae?eie noaiiaeoue a?ae 97,4 aei 98,5 %. O
/enoiii?iaeieo ei??a oe? iieacieee ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao 92,0 …94,0 %.

Iii?ni? oaa?eie o ia?oo eaeoaoe?th a??ia?aeii ia?aaaaeaee /a?aiieo
noaiiaeo ca oe?eiith ae?eie ia 14,4…16,2 %, ? 0,99, aeiaaeeiith – ia
21,3…26,0 %, ?0,95, iaoaaoii ia 1,6-3,6 %, ?0,95, aeeaeiith ia 1,7…3,5
%.

O aieooeinueeeo iii?nae o o?aoth eaeoaoe?th aei??e aeiai? aoee a?eueo? a
ii??aiyii? c /a?aiieie noaiiaeie ei?iaaie ca oe?eiith ae?eie ia
15,8…17,8 %, aeiaaeeiith – 6,7…8,9 %, iaoaaoii – 2,9-4,6 %, aeeaeiith ia
11,8…14,7 %. Aeiaaeeia oa ae?aiao? ae?eie o aieooei?ciaaieo oaa?ei
a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai noaiaea?oo, ui yaey?oueny aaaeeeaei iieacieeii
i?enoiniaaiino? ei??a aei iaoeiiiai aei?iiy.

Aiae?c aeaieo oaaeeoe? 7 na?ae/eoue i?i oa , ui oaa?eie ??cii?
e?iaiino? ca aieooeiaie iaee a?eueo aenie? oaoiieia?/i? iieacieee i?ae
/a?aii? noaiia? ?iaanieoe?.

Oaaeeoey 7. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino? aeiai? ei??a ??cieo aaiioei?a

AaiioeiI eaeoaoe?yIII eaeoaoe?yaeiaiaee iaae?e, ea
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?e
aae.

aei?iiy,oa.
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?noue iieieia?ae., ea/oa

picscalex100010009000003af0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02a002c0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa7ffffff80010000470200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000200010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a03019e00010000002d0017000000fb0280fe00000000
00009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc830400
00002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a6002580001000000d5000a0000002606
0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000
Spicscalex100010009000003af000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02c00240011200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffa7ffffff00010000670200000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000
2040000002d01000008000000320a03016000010000002d0017000000fb0280fe0000000
000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc83040
000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a60024e0001000000f5000a000000260
60f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc010
2022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000aei
aiaee iaae?e, ea
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?e
aae?noue aei?iiy, oa.
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?noue iieieia?ae

ea/oa.
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*N1
2,600,65a9,56 0,281,320,05a15,21,01a
8,820,461,720,05a1/2*No1/2A14,820,99b8,62
0,371,710,05b18,41,21b10,220,451,800,08a1/4*No3/4A15,910,85b8,450,311,88
0,08c19,60,79b10,260,371,910,09b

Oae ca ia?oo eaeoaoe?th o?eaae?noue aei?iiy o aieooei?ciaaieo ei??a
noaiiaeea 8,62…8,45 oa. i?ioe 9,56 oa. o /enoiii?iaeieo, a ca o?aoth
eaeoaoe?th o?eaae?noue aei?iiy iii?nae aoea aeaui a?eueoith –
10,22…10,26 oa. i?ioe 8,82 oa. o /enoiii?iaeieo.

Oaeaee?noue iieieia?aeaea/? ca ia?oo eaeoaoe?th o iii?nieo ei??a
noaiiaeea 1,71…1,88 ea/oa. i?ioe 1,32 ea/oa o /a?aiieo noaiiaeo, a ca
o?aoth eaeoaoe?th oe? iieacieee a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeee 1,80-1,91 ea/oa.
i?ioe 1,72 ea/oa o /enoiii?iaeieo ei??a.

Aaiaoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ei??a ??cieo aaiioei?a

Ai?no aaiiaeia?io a e?ia? 3/4 aieooeinueeeo iii?nae aoa a??ia?aeii
aeuei (?0,05) i?ae o /enoiii?iaeieo /a?aiieo noaiiaeo oaa?ei (111,85 a/e
i?ioe 106,36 a/e). Aeaui iaioith aeyaeeanue ??cieoey ca e?euee?noth
a?eo?ioeeo?a oa ?aca?aii? eoaeiino?. A?eueo aenieei aoa ai?no
caaaeueiiai a?eeo (82,5 a/e) o iii?nae 3/4 ca aieooeiaie ? iaeiaioee – o
/enoiii?iaeieo /a?aiieo noaiiaeo (72,48 a/e).

Ai?no aeueaoi?io a e?ia? an?o aaiioei?a cia/ii? ??cieoe? ia iaa, a oie
/an ye ??aaiue aeiaoe?io aeaui i?aeaeueany c? ca?eueoaiiyi e?iaiino? ca
aieooeiaie.

A?aeoai?i? yeino? /enoiii?iaeieo ? iii?nieo oaa?ei

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui oaa?eie aea/aieo aaiioei?a iaee iaaio
??cieoeth ca iieacieeaie a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino?. A?eueo o?eaaeee
i?aeioaeueiee ia??iae aoa o aieooeinueeeo iii?nae (390,0; 392,0 aei?a),
iaeei?iooee o /enoiii?iaeieo /a?aiieo noaiiaeo ei??a (377,6 aei?a).
Na?a?n-ia??iae o aieooeinueeeo iai?ae?iaie aoa aeiaoei i?ae o /a?aiieo
noaiiaeo ia 10,6 %, a o o?aoue/aoaa?oeo – ia 6,3 %. Eiao?oe??io
a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino? aoa aeaui a?eueoei o /a?aiieo noaiiaeo oaa?ei, a
?iaeaen in?iai?ii?y o ieo aoa iaeiaioei – 1,44, 1,46.

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue

?ic?aooiee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? na?ae/aoue, ui iaea?eueoee i?eaooie
io?eiaee a?ae aeei?enoaiiy 3/4-e?iaieo ca aieooeiaie ei??a (a 1,2 oa 3
eaeoaoe?? a?aeiia?aeii 286,3; 294,2 oa 269,3 a?i. ia 1 aie.).

Aeei?enoaiiy a ainiiaea?noa? iii?nae /a?aiii? aeaonueei? ii?iaee oaeiae
aeyaeeinue aeiiii?/ii aoaeoeaiei, iaeiae i?eaooie aoa cia/ii ieae/ei
ii??aiyii c aieooeinueeeie iii?nyie (51,8…178,2 a?i. ia iaeio aieiao).

AENIIAEE

1.Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aiao??a ?inoo oa ?icaeoeo oaeeoeue ??cieo aaiioei?a
aeyaeei ia?aaaao aieooeinueeeo iai?ae?iaie (/i?ii-?yai? iano?) a aeea?e
ian? a 6,12 ? 18 i?ny/iiio a?oe? a?aeiia?aeii ia 5,9; 6,3 ? 5,4 % a
ii??aiyii? c /a?aiieie noaiiaeie ?iaanieoeyie, ui iaoiiaeaii a?eueoeie
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeie i?e?inoaie. *enoiii?iaei? oaeeoe? ca iniiaieie
?iaeaenaie noaoo?e iinooiathoueny iii?niei oaa?eiai.

2. No?auoaaiiy /a?aiieo noaiiaeo ei??a c ie?aeieeaie aiaea?nueei?,
/a?aiii? aeaonueei? ? aieooeinueei? ii??ae iieacaei, ui iaea?eueo
aenieee ??aaiue iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o iii?nae anoaiiaeaii ca
aieooeinueeith ii?iaeith: a?ae 4344,1 ea a ia?oo eaeoaoe?th aei 4871,7
ea a o?aoth, a a /enoiii?iaeieo /a?aiieo noaiiaeo a?aeiia?aeii a?ae
2514,7 ea aei 3109,0 ea.

3. Anoaiiaeee, ui aaaeaiei aaiioeiii ? 3/4 iii?n? ca aieooeiaie, ye? a
na?aaeiueiio ca o?e eaeoaoe?? ca?eueoeee iaae?e a ii??aiyii? c
?iaanieoeyie /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee ia 1813,8 ea, a e?euee?noue
iiei/iiai aee?o – ia 63,9 ea. Ai?no aee?o a iieioe? iii?nieo ei??a aoa
ia 0,08 % iaioei.

4. Ca aeiiiiiaith aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co aeyaeee, ui ia i?ieea?noue
iieacieea “iaae?e ca eaeoaoe?th” eiia??iee aieea iaa aaiioei oaa?ei
(?0,01). I?e oeueiio /anoeiaee aeeaae a caaaeueio aeenia?n?th neeaa 29,8
%, a a oaeoi??aeueio – 83,0 %. Oea aeaco? ia aenieo niaaeeiao
iaoiiaeai?noue aeaiiai iieacieea.

5. Ioe?iea ia?aiao??a eaeoaoe?eieo e?eaeo iaoiaeii O.Oa?ia?a,
A.A.Aanaeianueeiai., A.A.Eaeaioa?a aeicaiey? aeyaeoe oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Anoaiiaeaiee aenieee ei?aeyoeaiee ca’ycie
eiao?oe??ioa A.A?ooia c iaaei?i ca eaeoaoe?th (r=0,54…0,68), ui aea?
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoiaoaaoe oe? ia?aiao?e aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeo?eaoe?? iiaeae? O.A??aeaeana
aeicaiey? c aenieith oi/i?noth i?iaiicoaaoe iaae?e ca eaeoaoe?th,
aeoiaey/e c aeaieo ii/aoeiai? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Oi/i?noue, i?iaiico
neeaea 96…98 % aeey on?o aea/aieo aaiioei?a.

6. Aeei?enoaiiy iie?iooth/eo ii??ae aeey no?auoaaiiy c /a?aiiith
noaiiaith ii?iaeith ?noioii ia aieeioei ia a?aeoai?i? yeino? iii?nae.
Eiao?oe??io a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino? o ieo aoa ia 2…3 % ieae/ei a
ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeiith ii?iaeith.

7. Ia’?eoeaieie iieacieeaie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?ioaineai?noue
oi?ioaaiiy iiei/ii? ooaeiae ? e?eoa??? iai?oae ? ??aiii??iino? ?inoo.
Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaia aeniea ei?aeyoeaia aca?iiae?y e?eoa??y
??aiii??iino? ?inoo oaa?ei c ??aiai iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? (r=+0,945).
?ic?iaeai? i?eeiie ioe?iee aia?a?? ?inoo aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe
a?aea?? ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea aeey oi?ioaaiiy aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo
iiei/ieo noaae.

8. I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea na?aaeiaeuii? /ooeeaino? ei??a aea/aieo aaiioei?a
iieacaea a?eueo aenieo noaa?euei?noue iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aieooeinueeeo ? /a?aiieo aeaonueeeo iii?nae a ii??aiyii? c
/enoiii?iaeieie /a?aiieie noaiiaeie oa aiaea?nueeeie oaa?eiaie. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ieae/eie iieacieeaie ieanoe/iino? ? uii?ny/ieo
iaaei?a aeey aieooeinueeeo iii?nae 0,943 a na?aaeiueiio ca o?e eaeoaoe??
a ii??aiyii? c 1,361 aeey /enoiii?iaeieo /a?aiieo noaiiaeo. Oea aeaco?
ia a?eueo aenieo i?enoiniaaii?noue aei oiia i?iieneiai? oaoiieia??
iii?nieo oaa?ei.

9. Aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo aei?iaiaoaaiiy ie?aeiee?a a iiae?aieo ?
eiio?anieo ia?oaaiiyo aeicaiey? aeyaeoe ?o oei i?aiioaioiino? ca
iieacieeii iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Iaeaeu? iieacieee iaaeith ? ai?noo
iiei/iiai aee?o aeyaeai? o aei/ie ie?aeiee?a aeii?iaioiiai oeio – iaae?e
3985 ea ? ai?no aee?o a iieioe? 3,76 %.

10. Aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee e?ia? aea/aieo aaiioei?a ciaoiaeyoueny a
iaaeao o?c?ieia?/ii? ii?ie. Ca?eueoaiiy aeayeeo aaiaoieia?/ieo
iieaciee?a o iii?nae iia’ycai? c a?eueo aenieith ?o i?iaeoeoeai?noth, ui
a naith /a?ao noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy iai?iieo i?ioean?a.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ieeeoan A.I., Ieeeoan ?.?. ?acoeueoaou ne?aueaaiey e?aniie noaiiie e
aieooeineie ii?iae // O/aiua Oa?niiueiu – ia?iaeiiio oicyenoao iaeanoe a
oneiaeyo ia?ano?ieee. Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. Oa?nii, -1988.- N.57.

2. Ieeeoan ?.?. Ii??aiyeueia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ie?aeiee?a
iie?iooth/eo ii??ae aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? /a?aiii?
noaiiai? ii?iaee.//Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee a?niee.-Oa?nii,-1998.- Aei.4,
-N.96-99.

3.Ieeeoan ?.?. Ii??aiyeueia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iie?iooth/eo
ii??ae aeey i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? iiei/iiai ao?oo // Oaa??enueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee..- Oa?nii.- 1998. — Aei.5, *.2.- N.58-59.

4.Ieeeoan ?.?.Oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeo ioe?iee ie?aeiee?a ca oeiii
i?aiioaioiino? //Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee.–Oa?nii,-1999.-Aei.10.-N.113-114.

5. Ieeeoan ?.?. Aeei?enoaiiy ia?aiao??a eaeoaoe?eieo e?eaeo aeey
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a // Aa?a?iee a?niee
I?e/i?iiii?’y. — Iaeana. -1999.- Aei.3.(6), *ano.III. — N.191-194.

6. Ieeeoan ?.?. Ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? aeanoeaino? aeiai? ei??a ??cieo
aaiioei?a // A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee I?e/i?iiii?’y. Ieeiea?a, -1999.-
Aei.1, N.112-113.

7.Eiaaeaiei A.I., Ieeeoan ?.?. I?iaiicoaaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeiaieue/iai ?eieo//Aa?a?iee
a?niee I?e/i?iiii?’y. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Iaeana — 1999.
-Aei.3(6), -N.364-368.

Ieeeoan ?.?. I?aeaeuaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ooaeiae c
aeei?enoaiiyi e?auiai na?oiaiai aaiioiiaeo. – ?oeiien

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.01 –
?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei – Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao, Oa?nii – 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi aea/aiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo ? a?aeoai?ieo
yeinoae oaa?ei /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee oa iii?nyi aiaea?nueei?,
/a?aiii? aeaonueei? oa aieooeinueei?. Aea/ai? iieacieee ?ioaineaiino?
?inoo iieiaeiyea ??cieo aaiioei?a, iieacieee iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ca
o?e eaeoaoe??. Aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e eaeoaoe?eieo e?eaeo oa anoaiiaeaii
aenieee ca’ycie e?eoa???a A.A?ooia ? eiinoaioe iiaeae? O.A??aeaeana c
??aiai iaaeith ca eaeoaoe?th.

Ioe?iai? aeieiai-aaiaoe/i? ia?aiao?e aea/aieo aaiioei?a ca iieacieeaie
ieanoe/iino? ? noaa?eueiino?.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiei
aa??aioii no?auoaaiiy ? io?eiaiiy 3/4 ca aieooeiaie iii?nae aeey
oi?ioaaiiy aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo noaae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaiioei, aaiioiiae, iaoiaee ?icaaaeaiiy, iiei/ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue, e?eaa eaeoaoe??, ieanoe/i?noue, noaa?euei?noue,
iii?n?, aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c, iioiaaiac, ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo.

Ieeeoan ?.A. Iiauoaiea iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe neioa i?e eniieueciaaiee
eo/oaai ie?iaiai aaiioiiaea. – ?oeiienue.

Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.01 – ?acaaaeaiea e
naeaeoeey aeeaioiuo. Oa?niineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao,
Oa?nii – 1999.

Aeena?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai eco/aiey aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo e
i?iaeoeoeaiuo ea/anoa aeeaioiuo e?aniie noaiiie ii?iaeu e iiianae
?acee/iie e?iaiinoe n oeo/oathueie ii?iaeaie – aiaea?neie, e?aniie
aeaoneie e aieooeineie. Ioeaiea iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiuo aa?eaioia
ne?aueaaiey i?iaaaeaia ii iieacaoaeyi eioaineaiinoe ?inoa iieiaeiyea,
iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe iiianae ?acee/iie e?iaiinoe,
ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiui ia?aiao?ai auiaie, ieanoe/iinoe e noaaeeueiinoe
aaeaiany/iuo iaaeiaa.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aieooeineea iiiane eiaee aieaa aunieoth aeeaoth ianno
i?e ?iaeaeaiee ii n?aaiaieth n /enoiii?iaeiuie naa?nieoeaie e?aniie
noaiiie ii?iaeu ia 3,2…10,2 %. N?aaeianooi/iua i?e?inou aeeaie iannu e
6-oe iany/iiio aic?anoo auee auoa o iiianae n e?aniie aeaoneie e
aieooeineie ii?iaeaie (/a?ii-iano?ua) e ninoaaeee niioaaonoaaiii 759 e
661 a. Ii iieacaoaeyi eiaeaenia oaeineiaeaiey /enoiii?iaeiua oaei/ee
ianeieueei onooiaee iiianiui.

Iaeaieaa aunieee o?iaaiue iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe iieo/ai o 3/4-e?iaiuo
aieooeineeo iiianae: io 4344,1 ea ii ia?aie eaeoaoeee aei 4871,7 ea ii
o?aoueae, o /enoiii?iaeiuo e?aniinoaiiuo naa?noieoe niioaaonoaaiii
2514,7 e 3109,0 ea.

Aeenia?neiiiue aiaeec eciai/eainoe i?eciaeia iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe
auyaee nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea aaiioeie/aneeo ?acee/ee e /enea eaeoaoeee.
I?e yoii aeiey aa?eainu iaoneiaeaiiay aaiioeiaie aeeaioiuo ninoaaeyao
29,3 % (?0,01).

A n?aaieoaeueiii aniaeoa eco/aee ia?aiao?u eaeoaoeeiiiuo e?eauo
iaoiaeaie O.Oa?ia?a, A.A.Aanaeianeiai, A.A.Eaeaioa?a e A.A?ooia.
Auyaeaia aunieay ei??aeyoeeiiiay acaeiinaycue eiyooeoeeaioa A.A?ooia n
o?iaiai iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe (r=0,54…0,68), /oi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
?aiiaai i?iaiica o?iaiy iiei/iie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe.

Onoaiiaeaia yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey ia?aiao?ia iaoaiaoe/aneie
iiaeaee O.A?eaeaeana aeey aiaeeca yiie?e/aneeo e?eauo eaeoaoeee, a
oaeaea ii?aaeaeaiu oai?aoe/anee iaeeaeaaiua iany/iua oaeie ei?ia
?acee/iuo aaiioeiia. Eco/aia oeaeaniia?aciinoue i?iaiice?iaaiey iiei/iie
i?iaeoeoeaiinoe ei?ia, enoiaey ec ia?aiao?ia eioaineaiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey
aeeaioiuo a ?aiiai iioiaaiaca. Onoaiiaeaii aunieoth ei??aeyoeaioth
caaeneiinoue oaeiaa n eiaeaenii ?aaiiia?iinoe ?inoa (r=+0,945).
?aeiiaiaeoaony eniieueciaaoue auyaeaiiua acaeiinayce a i?aeoe/aneie
?aaioa aeey ioai?a ?aiiioiiai iieiaeiyea ii eioaineaiinoe ?inoa.

Aeey ioeaiee i?eniiniaeaiiinoe aeeaioiuo eco/aaiuo a?oii e oneiaeyi
niaea?aeaiey e ei?ieaiey ioeaiaiu eo yeieiai-aaiaoe/aneea ia?aiao?u –
ieanoe/iinoue e noaaeeueiinoue. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeeaioiua e?aniie
noaiiie ii?iaeu ioee/athony n?aaeiae ieanoe/iinoueth (a=1060…1,370), a
iieoe?iaiua aeeaioiua e 3/4 e?iaiua ii aieooeiai eiatho aieaa ieceoth
ieanoe/iinoue. Yoi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i aieaa aunieii iinoiyinoaa oaeiaa
yoeo aeeaioiuo i?e eciaiaiee oneiaee niaea?aeaiey e eo eo/oae
i?eniiniaeaiiinoe e oneiaeyi eiaeono?eaeueiie oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa
iieiea.

I?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua i?eaiu ioeaiee i?iecaiaeeoaeae, iniiaaiiua ia
auyaeaiee oeia eo i?aiioaioiinoe a noiaeiuo e eiio?anoiuo aa?eaioao
iiaeai?a. Aieaa aunieoth i?iaeoeoeaiinoue eiaee iioiiee aieooeineeo
i?iecaiaeeoaeae aeiieiaioiiai oeia – 3985 ea iieiea i?e niaea?aeaiee
aee?a 3,76 %. A oi aea a?aiy iioiiee i?iecaiaeeoaeae iaeo?aeueiiai oeia
eiaee iaaeie 3575 ea, a o?aaieoaeueiiai 3803 ea ni noiaeiuie
iieacaoaeyie niaea?aeaiey aee?a.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eniieueciaaiea oeo/oathueo ii?iae i?e ne?aueaaiee n
e?aniie noaiiie ii?iaeie ia nii?iaiaeaeaaony nouanoaaiiui nieaeaieai
aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo ea/anoa aeeaioiuo (eiyooeoeeaio
aini?iecaiaeeoaeueiie niiniaiinoe o ieo aue ieaea ia 2-3 % a n?aaiaiee n
enoiaeiie ii?iaeie).

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aieooeiece?iaaiiua aeeaioiua ii iniiaiui i?iia?ai
auiaie i?aauoaee /enoiii?iaeiuo aeeaioiuo, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i eo
aunieeo oaoiieiae/aneeo iieacaoaeyo.

Aaiaoieiae/aneea iieacaoaee eco/aiiuo a?oii aeeaioiuo iaoiaeeeenue a
i?aaeaeao oeceieiae/aneie ii?iu, iaeiaei ii niaea?aeaieth iauaai aaeea
(82,50 a/e) 3/4 e?iaiua iiiane ii aieooeiai nouanoaaiii i?aainoiaeeee
/enoiii?iaeiuo e?aniuo noaiiuo naa?noieoe (72,48 a/e).

?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaai ee aeatho iniiaaiea ?aeiiaiaeiaaoue
eniieueciaaoue 3/4 e?iaiuo aieooeineeo iiianae aeey oi?ie?iaaiey
aunieii?iaeoeoeaiuo iiei/iuo noaae.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaiioei, aaiioiiae, iaoiaeu ?acaaaeaiey, iiei/iay
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, e?eaay eaeoaoeee, ieanoe/iinoue, noaaeeueiinoue,
iiiane, aeenia?neiiiue aiaeec, iioiaaiac, eioaineaiinoue ?inoa.

Mikitas R.E/ Raising of cattle milk productivity using the best world
genepool – manuscript.

Thesis for a degree of Candidate of Agricultural Sciences on
specialization 06.02.01. – Breeding and Selection of Farm Animals –
Kherson State Agrarian University, Kherson – 1999.

The thesis is dedicated to the problems of studying the productive and
reproductive gualities of animals Red Steppe breeds of cows and their
crosses with Angler, Red Danisk, Goldstein. The indeces of intensity of
growing procesoes of young animals different genetic types were studied,
the indeces of milk productivity for three lactation were found. The
parametres of milk curves and high correlation between E.Broon’s
criterion, T.Bridges model’s constant and milk yield per a lactation was
determined. Ecological – genetic parametres of studied genetic types
were appraised by indeces of plasticity and stability.

As a result of investigation it was established that the most optimal
variation of interbreeding is represented by 3/4 crosses with Golshtein.
It allows to form high productive stocks.

Eey words: genetype, genefund, metods of breeding, milk productivity,
lactation curve, plasticity, stability, crosses, analysis of variance,
ontogenesis, intensity of growing processes.

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