16

i?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y oe?a?ie

ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii?

ina?oe ?i. i.e.ooieea

ssuoeaae/ i?ea ?aaai?aia

oaee 618.3-02:616.61-002.3

iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiss

oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?

o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii

14.01.01 – aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y

aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa ia?eiaoieia??
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaeiae/aiei TH??e
Iao?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa ia?eiaoieia??
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea.

io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Nai/oe Aiaoie?e sseiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo Oe?a?inueei? anioe?aoe??
ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe O?ai/oe Aiaoie?e THoeiiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? Oa?iii?euenueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss.
Ai?aa/aanueeiai.

i?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Aeaieee Aaeeoeueeiai,
eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 iaaee/iiai oaeoeueoaoo.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “29“_aeiaoiy_1999 ?ieo i_11 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee (Ae 26.613.02) i?e
Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea ca
aae?anith: 254112, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea,9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea ca aae?anith: 254112,
i. Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea,9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “24 “_aa?aniy_ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
Aaicaeye I.I.

caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O iao /an i??eiiao?eo caeeoa?oueny iaeiei
?c iioe?ai?oeo aeno?aaai?oaeueieo caoai?thaaiue aaa?oieo ae?iie. Oey
oi?ia o?aaeaiiy ie?ie caeia? i?ia?aeia i?noea na?aae i?e/ei
ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue, ae?aaiinoeea oa e?eoaaiiy yeeo iaa?oue ia
nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue aeineoue neeaaei? [A.E.Aeeaiacyi, 1997;
I.I.?e?na?a, I.I.Oaooiai, 1997]. Caaaeueiia?aeiiee iaaaoeaiee aieea
i??eiiao?eoo ia ia?aa?a aaa?oiino?, noai ieiaeo oa iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai.
O?aaeaiiy ie?ie iaoa?? iani?eyoeeai a?aeaeaa?oueny ia ooieoe?? oa
no?oeoo?? ieaoeaioe, ii?ooo?oueny iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iee e?iaiia?a /a?ac
aeeno?io?/i? oa caiaeuei? ci?ie a ieaoeaioa?i?e oeaiei?, ui i?ecaiaeeoue
aei o?ii?/ii? a?iien?? oa a?iio?io?? ieiaea. I?e oeueiio aeiaaaeaii, ui
ci?ie o oaoiieaoeaioa?iiio eiiieaen? cono??/athoueny ia o?eueee i?e
o?ii?/iiio c aaaeeei ia?aa?aii i??eiiao?eo?, aea e i?e noa?oeo,
aneiioiiieo oi?iao [I.A.Aeaieia,1990].

I?e i??eiiao?eo? o aaa?oieo niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia can?aaiiy
na/iaeae?eueieo oa iieiaiaeo oeyo?a iaoiaaiiith oa oiiaii-iaoiaaiiith
oei?ith, ui noai?th? ?ecee ?icaeoeo ai?eii-caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue ye o
iaoa??, oae ? iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai [E.A.Oeiioaiei oa ni?aao.,1996;
E.?.Ooiaiiaa oa ni?aaao., 1996]. Caoaeieeaie i??eiiao?eoo ?,
ianaiia?aae, a?ai iaaaoeai? i?e?ii?aai?cie ?iaeo aioa?iaaeoa??e: eeoa/ia
iaee/ea, aioa?iaaeoa?, eeaan??ea, i?ioae, a oaeiae noao?eieiee oa
no?aioieiee [I.O.Aic?aiia oa ni?aaao.,1987; I.E.Iao?e/ei,1994]. Iaeiae,
aeai? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ieoaiiy ao?ieia?? i??eiiao?eoo,
iniaeeai o aaa?oieo, aena?oeai? iaaeinoaoiuei. C iaeiiai aieo, oea
iiynith?oueny iaaeineiiae?noth iaoiae?a ee?i?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee aeaiiai
caoai?thaaiiy, /ano?oa i?e aoeiiaiio, noa?oiio eiai ia?aa?ao, a c
ae?oaiai – ci?iith aeaeiaiai niaeo?o caoaeiee?a, eiee cae/ia
i?e?ia?ieia?/ia ae?aaiinoeea ia aeicaiey? aeyaeoe caoaeiee, ia
caaaeath/e ia iayai?noue o oai?i? ee?i?/ii ae?aaeaiiai caiaeueiiai
i?ioeano. Oea eia?/ii iiynieoe, ianaiia?aae, ci?iith oa ?icoe?aiiyi
aeaeiaiai niaeo?o i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, ye? ?ai?oa ia ?icaeyaeaeenue ye
iiaeeea? ao?ieia?/i? oaeoi?e i??eiiao?eoo, aei /enea yeeo iaeaaeaoue
oeai?ae??, i?eiieacie, o?aaieacie [E.?.Ooiaiiaa, I.ss.Ne?ei/aiei,1990;
A.I. Aaaeia,1991]. E??i oiai, ia anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue
i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a oa iaoai?ci?a oi?ioaaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii?
iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii.

A inoaii? ?iee a?aei?/a?oueny nooo?aa ?ieue aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a a
iaoiaaiac? ?icaeoeo aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? [E.?.
Aieioa oa ni?aaao.,1992; A.?. Aeaoeaae/, N.I. ssithoa,1997]. ?acii c
oei, ie ia cono??ee a e?oa?aoo?? aeaieo i?i aieea aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a
ia oi?ioaaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo c
i??eiiao?eoii.

Ana aeuaaeacaia iineoaeeei aeey ian iniiaith aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo aea/aiith i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo oa aeieia?/ieo
aniaeo?a oi?ioaaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo c
i??eiiao?eoii.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeeiiaia iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa ia?eiaoieia?? Ee?anei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea, ? ae.?.0196 40 10590.

Iaoa ?iaioe ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe: ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey cieaeaiiy /anoioe ieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o
ae?iie c i??eiiao?eoii ia iniia? aea/aiiy aeieia?/ieo oa
i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy ii?ooaiue a nenoai?
iaoe-ieaoeaioa-ie?ae.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Anoaiiaeoe ?ieue aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a o oi?ioaaii? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii?
iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii.

2. Aea/eoe aieea ??cieo aeae?a ao?ieia?/iiai aa??aioo i??eiiao?eoo ia
oi?ioaaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo.

3. C’ynoaaoe aca?iica’ycie ee?i?/ieo, i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo, aoia?ao?/ieo,
aeiiea?iiao?e/ieo oa aiaeie?eiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a o ae?iie c
i??eiiao?eoii ??cii? ao?ieia??, ye? iaoeathoue a ??cieo aeieia?/ieo
oiiaao.

4. ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy
ieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii c o?aooaaiiyi
i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo oa aeieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae inoaiiueiai ia aoaiao
aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii aca?iica’ycie
i?ae ee?i?/ieie, i?e?ia?ieia?/ieie, aoia?ao?/ieie, aeiiea?iiao?e/ieie oa
aiaeie?eiieia?/ieie iieacieeaie o ae?iie c i??eiiao?eoii ??cii?
ao?ieia??, ye? iaoeathoue a ??cieo aeieia?/ieo oiiaao. Oea aeicaieeei
?icoe?eoe ?nioth/? aeai? i?i iaoiaaiac oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?
? iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno
ae?aaiinoe/ieo oa e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeaoae?ciaaii iniaeeaino?
ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino?, iieia?a, i?neyiieiaiaiai oa iaiiaoaeueiiai
ia??iae?a o ae?iie c i??eiiao?eoii caeaaeii a?ae ao?ieia?/iiai oaeoi?a
oa aeieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ciie i?iaeeaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy ieaoeaioa?ii?
iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii c o?aooaaiiyi i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo
oa aeieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae inoaiiueiai ia aoaiao aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ieaioaaiiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy an?o
aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiaii aeena?oaioii ca ia??iae c 1996 ii 1999 ?.?.
Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ia ianoaaeaiiy 228 aaa?oieo c
i??eiiao?eoii caeaaeii a?ae aeieia?/ii? ciie ?o i?iaeeaaiiy oa 91
aaa?oii? caeaaeii a?ae ao?ieia?/iiai i?e?iaieia?/iiai oaeoi?o, ui
aeeeeeaa i??eiiao?eo. Naiino?eii i?iaaaeaii caa?? oa i?aeaioiaeo
a?ieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo. Cia/ia /anoeia eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeeiiaia aaoi?ii aai ca eiai o/anoth. Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aeaieo
i?iaaaeaia aeeeth/ii aaoi?ii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii
oa iaaiai?aii ia can?aeaii? anioe?aoe?? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Aieeinueei?
iaeano? (aa?anaiue, 1998); ia can?aeaii? anioe?aoe??
aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Ee?anueei? iaeano? (eenoiiaae, 1998); ia can?aeaii?
i?iaeaiii? eii?n?? “Aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y” Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea (aa?acaiue, 1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii
i’youe ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 14 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e,
?icae?eo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeaio ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?icae?eo aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa iieaae/eea aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee
i?noeoue 178 a?o/eciyieo oa 100 ?iicaiieo aeaea?aea. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia
39 oaaeeoeyie oa 13 iaethieaie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

Ia’?eo, iaoiaee oa iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiue. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c
iaoith oa caaea/aie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee
i?iaaaeai? a aeaa aoaie.

Ia ? – ie aea/eee aieea aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia oi?ioaaiiy
oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii. Aeey
oeueiai i?iaaee ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao
iniiaiiai caoai?thaaiiy, aaa?oiino?, iieia?a, a oaeiae noaio
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo o 228 ae?iie, eio?? aoee ?icae?eai? ia aea? a?oie: ? –
104 aaa?oieo ae?iee c i??eiiao?eoii, ye? iaoeathoue a aeieia?/ii-/enoeo
?aeiiao Aieeinueei? iaeano?: Oaonueeee, Ethaiieuenueeee, Ai?io?anueeee,
?aaie/?anueeee oa ?io?; ?? – 124 oai?eo c i??eiiao?eoii, eio??
iaoeathoue a aeieia?/ii iani?eyoeeaeo ?aeiiao Ee?anueei? iaeano?:
Iie?nueeee, ?aaie?anueeee, Ai?iaeyinueeee, Aeoai?iaenueeee oa ?io? oa a
i. Ee?a?.

Ia ?? aoai? ie i?iaaee aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai
eiiieaeno o 91 aaa?oii? ae?iee c i??eiiao?eoii, eio?? aoee ?iciiae?eai?
ia aea? a?oie caeaaeii a?ae e?eueeino? aeyaeaieo aeae?a i?e?ii?aai?ci?a
a na/iaeae?eueieo oeyoao: ? – 37 ae?iie c iiiiao?ieia?/iei
i?e?ia?ieia?/iei eiiiiiaioii i??eiiao?eoo (i?e aaeoa??ieia?/iiio
aeine?aeaeaii? o ieo aoa aeae?eaiee o?eueee iaeei i?e?ii?aai?ci); ?? –
54 oai?eo c iie?ao?ieia?/iei i?e?ia?ieia?/iei eiiiiiaioii i??eiiao?eoo
(aoee aen?yi? anioe?aoe?? i?e?ii?aai?ci?a). On? aaa?oi? ae?iee –
iaoeaiee i.Ee?aa oa Ee?anueei? iaeano?.

sse eiio?ieueio a?oio aoei ianoaaeaii 30 caei?iaeo ae?iie c
o?c?ieia?/iei ia?aa?aii aaa?oiino?.

E??i caaaeueiiee?i?/ieo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy, ie i?iaiaeeee
i?e?ia?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy na/?, a?aeae?ethaaiiai c i?oae oa eio?e.
Aeine?aeaeoaaeanue na?aaeiy ii?oe?y a?eueii aeiouaii? na/?, acyoi? a
e?eueeino? 3-5 ie o noa?eeueiee iinoae i?ney ?aoaeueiiai ooaeaoo
ciai?oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a. Aeae?eaiiy i?e?ii?aai?ci?a c na/?
i?iaiaeeeinue iaoiaeii naeoi?ieo iin?a?a. I?e?ia?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
eio?e iathoue iaai? o?oaeiiu?, oae ye ieaei? a?aeae?ee noaoaaiai o?aeoo
a ii?i? i?noyoue ??ciiiai?oio i?e?ioei?o. Ocyooy eio?e c iaoee
aeeiioaaeinue c aeei?enoaiiyi niaoe?aeueiiai oi?eoey-ani??aoi?a. Iio?i
can?aaee 0,1 ie ia u?euei? iiaeeai? na?aaeiaeua, ?icoe?ath/e iaoa??ae ii
iiaa?oi? na?aaeiaeua oiaoaeai. Aeei?enoiaoaaee e?ia’yiee aaa?,
na?aaeiaeua Aiaei oa oeoe?iaee aoeueeii. Iin?ae ?ieoaoaaee i?e
oaiia?aoo?? 37N, ?icaeyaeath/e uiaeaiii. I?e iiya? ?inoo ia u?eueieo
na?aaeiaeuao i?iaiaeeee i?ae?aooiie eieii?e ??cii? ii?oieia??,
a?aoiaoth/e ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy [A.A.Iaiueoeeia,1983;
S.Vanderpitte,1994].

Aeey io?eiaiiy iaoa??aeo aeey ae?aaiinoeee oeai?ae?e, i?eiieaci oa
o?aieaci aeei?enoiaoaaee iaeii?aciaee ciiae, yeee ia? aaoiee oaiiii c
i?aeaeuaiith aaeni?aoe??th. Iaoa??ae cae?aee iaa?oaeueiei ?ooii oaiiiio.
Aaciina?aaeiuei i?ney acyooy iaoa??aeo aiooaaee iacie-a?aeaeoie,
aaaaoi?aciai (aei 10-15 ?ac?a) oi?eath/enue iiaa?oi? eoiee i?aaeiaoiiai
neea, oeeo?iaa iicia/aiiy aeoaethaaee a aeo?iae?. I?eaioiaaiee iacie
iae?aco ae o?enoaaee aoeaoiiii, iaiiny/e ia iacie 2-3 e?aie? aoeaoiio
aei iiaiiai eiai aeia?iaoaaiiy. Iio?i i?iaiaeeee i?e?ineii?thaaiiy
iacea. Aeyaeaiiy oeai?ae?e i?iaiaeeee c aeei?enoaiiyi i?aia?ao?a
“Chlamyset”, “Oeai?neaeae” aai “Oeai?neai” [S.Vanderpitte,1994].

Aeey ?icoeo?iaee ea?ae?ioaeia?ai ieiaea aeei?enoiaoaaee aaeueio ioe?ieo
ca oeaeith A.N.Aioue? [1985]. Oeueo?acaoeiaa ieaoeaioia?ao?y oa
oaoiiao??y i?iaiaeeeanue ia aia?ao? “Toshiba” (ssiii?y). Oeueo?acaoeiaa
ieaoeaioia?ao?y i?iaiaeeeanue ia aia?ao? “Toshiba” (ssiii?y). Aeeiai?eo
aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?inoo i?ae /an aaa?oiino? aecia/aee ca iniiaieie
oaoiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie i?e oeueo?acaoeiaiio neaioaaii? ia oiio ae
aia?ao?.

Aeey ioe?iee iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai e ieiaeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiia?ao
i?iaaaeaia ?a?no?aoe?y e?eaeo oaeaeeinoae e?iaioieo a iaoeia?e a?oa???,
ioieia?e a?oa??? oa aai?, ai?o? ieiaea ia aia?ao? neeaaeiiai neaioaaiiy
“Combizon — 250” (Aano??y), ui iniauaiee aeoieaeniei ?iioeueniei
aeiiea??anueeei aeieii “Doppler — 300”. Aeey ioe?iee ia?eoa??eiiai
noaeeiiiai iii?o aecia/aee nenoiei-ae?anoiee/ia a?aeiioaiiy ca
iaoiaeeeith D.Stuart oa ni?aaao.[1990], ?iaeaen ioeuenaoe?? ca
iaoiaeeeith R.Gosliug, D.King [1988] oa ?iaeaen ?acenoaioiino? ca
iaoiaeeeith L.Pourcelot oa ni?aaao. [1987].I?e aea/aii? ai?iiiaeueieo
aca?iia?aeiioaiue a nenoai? iaoe-ieaoeaioa-ie?ae aecia/aee
?aae?i?ioiieia?/iei iaoiaeii a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ??aaiue ianooiieo
ai?iii?a: ano??ieo, ano?aae?ieo, i?iaanoa?iio, i?ieaeoeio, oi??ii?/iiai
aiiaaeio?ii?io oa ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio [A.A.?aci?eiaa,1990].

Iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e I.I. I?ioea?a oa ni?aaao.[1994]. I?e oeueiio
aeei?enoiaoaaee eiii’thoa? “Pentium-150” c i?ia?aiith “Mikrosoft Word
7.0”. A?ao?ee ioi?ieyee ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie “Microsoft Excel 7.0”.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. A inoaii? ?iee o iaoiaaic?
aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? a?aei?/a?oueny nooo?aa ?ieue
i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo oa aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a [E.?. Ooiaiiaa oa
ni?aaao., 1990; A.A.Aieioa oa ni?aaao., 1992; A.I.E?aa/aiei, 1995].
Ae??oaiith oeueiai ieoaiiy noiniaii oi?ioaaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii?
iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii ? i?enay/aii i?iaaaeaia iaie
aeine?aeaeaiy.

O no/ani?e e?oa?aoo?? [A.A. Eieii?eoeaaa, A.?. Aeaoeaae/,1992; E.A.
Ae?aeaiei oa ni?aaao.,1992; I.E. ?oaeiaa e niaao.,1994] iaaio ?ieue
i?eae?eythoue ieoaiith aea/aiiy aenieiai ??aiy aai?oaeueii? oa
aeno?aaai?oaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? o ae?iie, ui iaoeathoue ia
eiio?ieueiaaieo oa?eoi??yo. O nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo ie oaae a?aei?oeee
aenieee ??aaiue oe??e iaoieia?? o aaa?oieo, ye? no?aaeaeathoue a?ae
i??eiiao?eoo ? i?iaeeaathoue a aeieia?/ii iani?eyoeeaeo ?aa?iiao.
Ia?aianai? aei aaa?oiino? caoai?thaaiiy aai?oae?e, oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai
o?aeoo, i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, a oiio /ene? ? oiicee?o, iiaeooue i?ecaiaeeoe
aei aeieeiaiiy caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue ie?ie oa na/iaeae?eueieo oeyo?a
[A.A.Aaa?eeia,1987; A.E. Iiao/ay e niaao.,1993]. Iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue oea iieiaeaiiy, aea ??aaiue aeacaii? iaoieia??
aeinoia??ii aeuee o aaa?oieo ? a?oie. O ieo ia?aaaaeaee caiaeuei?
caoai?thaaiiy aai?oae?e, iniaeeai eieuei?oe (23,0%; ?<0,01) ? a?ic?y oeeee iaoee (15,3%; ?<0,05). Na?aae aeno?aaai?oaeueieo caoai?thaaiue ne?ae aeae?eeoe aiaeie?eiio iaoieia?th (44,4% ? 26,9%;?<0,01), iniaeeai a?ia?ieac?th ueoiaeaeii? caeice (29,0% ? 17,4%; ?<0,05), oiicee?o (37,9% ? 23,0%; ?<0,05) oa caoai?thaaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (37,9% ? 11,5%; ?<0,01). Oaeiae o oe?e nai?e a?oi? oai?eo i??eiiao?eo /ano?oa aeieeaa ia oii? aiiiae?e na/iaeae?eueii? nenoaie (13,7% i?ioe 6,7%; ?<0,01) oa na/ieai’yii? oai?iae (11,3% i?ioe 3,8%; ?<0,01). Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui o ae?iie, ye? iaoeathoue ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo, o?ii?/iee i??eiiao?eo ?a?no?o?oueny /ano?oa (54,0%; ?<0,01) ? ia?aa?aa? eaoaioii (21,0%; ?>0,05), ui, ia iaoo aeoieo, na?ae/eoue i?i oaeaeeo
o?ii?caoe?th caoai?thaaiiy o oeeo ae?iie ? i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny /anoioith
caaino?aiiy i??eiiao?eoo i?ae /an aeaii? aaa?oiino?: 74,9% a ? a?oi?
i?ioe 98,9% (?<0,05) a ??-e. sse a?aeiii, i??eiiao?eo nooo?ai aieeaa? ia ?icaeoie aaa?oiino? [I.N.Aa?aeaineee, TH.N. Ia?auoe,1991; A.A. Eieii?eoeaaa, 1994]. E??i oiai, i?enooi?noue iani?eyoeeaeo aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ua a?eueoa oneeaaeith? ia?aa?a aaa?oiino?, iieia?a, i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo oa noai iiaiia?iaeaeaieo [E.?. Aieioa oa ni?aaao.,1992; E.A. Oeiioaiei oa ni?aaao.,1992; A.I. E?aa/aiei,1995]. sse a?aeiii [E.TH. Aaieei, A.A. Aao?ia,1986; A.ss. Nai/oe, 1996], iae/ano?oa i??eiiao?eo ?c eaoaioiei ia?aa?aii ni?ey? ?icaeoeia? aiai??. O iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aiia aoea ae?aaiinoiaaia aeinoia??ii /ano?oa o oai?eo, ye? iaoeathoue ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo (76,7% i?ioe 54,8%; ?<0,05), iniaeeai i?ney 20 oeaei?a, ui oaae cacia/athoue o nai?o niinoa?aaeaiiyo E.?.Ooiaiiaa oa ni?aaao.[1992]. Na?aae oneeaaeiaiue ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? ne?ae aeae?eeoe caa?ico ia?a?eaaiiy aaa?oiino? (65,3% oa 64,4%; ?>0,05) ?
aanoice (25,8% oa 32,7%; ?>0,05). Oe?eaa? aeai? ie io?eiaee ? noiniaii
?icaeoeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii:
yeui o a?oi? iaoeaiie caa?oaeiaieo ?aeii?a aiia ?a?no?oaaeanue o 62,9%
ae?iie, oi a “/enoeo” – eeoa o 39,4%( ?<0,01), ui cia/ii ieae/a ii??aiyii c aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e [O.O.Ie?iithe,1989; I.E. Iao?e/ei,1994; A.?. Aeaoeaae/, N.I. ssithoa, 1997]. Na?aae iciae oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o an?o ianoaaeaieo ia?aaaaeaa neiae?ii cao?eiee aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaeo (49,2% i?ioe 21,1%; ?<0,01). Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ? caaea/ ie aaaaeaee ca aeioe?eueia aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno oa oa?i?ie iiyae ii?ooaiue a iueiio. Aeoiaey/e c ?acoeueoao?a aoia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe, ui ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii iieaciee o?aaeaiiy ieaoeaioe cia/ii aeuee ? iniaeeai iaia?aaeiaei? iieia?a. O 28-29 oeaei?a ci?ie a ieaoeaio? ?a?no?oaaeeny a iiiaeeiieeo aeiaaeeao, oi/a c aeinoia??iith ia?aaaaith a ?-e a?oi? (?<0,05). A ia?aae iieiaaie a?ia?aoiaaii? aeeth/aiiy a no?oeoo?? ieaoeaioe (21,8% i?ioe 12,5%; ?<0,01), ?? a?ia?o?io?y (19,4% ii??aiyii c 12,5%; ?<0,05), iaa?ye (15,3% i?ioe 9,6%; ?<0,05) oa eiio?anooaaiiy aacaeueii? ieanoeie (16,1% ii??aiyii c 8,7%; ?<0,01) niinoa??aaeenue /ano?oa ? ?o iieacieee aoee aeinoia??ii aeu? a ? a?oi? oai?eo. Aeai?, io?eiai? i?e aeeiai?/ieo a?iiao?e/ieo ianoaaeaiiyo, na?ae/aoue, ui i??eiiao?eo – nooo?aee oaeoi? ?eceeo ?icaeoeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? c ia?aaaaith neiae?iio cao?eiee aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaeo. Aeinoia??ii aeaeii, ui o aaa?oieo, ye? iaoeathoue a aeieia?/ii iani?eyoeeaeo ?aeiiao Ee?anueei? iaeano? oa a i. Ee?a?, iciaee aeacaiiai neiae?iio c’yaeyeeny cia/ii ?ai?oa (28-29 oeae.) ? iii?oii iineethaaeeny iai?ee?ioe? aaa?oiino?, a /anoioa oa ae?aaeai?noue neiioii?a oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? aoee aeinoia??ii a??oeie a ii??aiyii? c a?oiith ae?iie c “/enoeo” ?aeii?a. Oea ? aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii ?eceeo ia?iaeaeaiiy ae?oae c iciaeaie a?iien?? oa a?iio?io?? [A.I. Caii?iaeai, I.I. ?iaeeianueea,1996; I.Kuvacic et all.,1993]. Io?eiai? aeai? aeacothoue ia iaiao?aei?noue aeeiai?/ieo oeueo?acaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey nai?/anii? ae?aaiinoeee ci?i a ieaoeaioa?iiio eiiieaen?. Oea oaeiae noino?oueny ea?ae?ioieia?ao??, iieacieee yei? oaae aeyaeeeny aeinoia??ii (?<0,05) a??oeie iaia?aaeiaei? iieia?a (37-38 oeae.) a a?oi? ianoaaeaieo, ye? iaoeathoue ia caa?oaeiai?e oa?eoi???. A inoaii? ?iee ?ic?iaeaii iia?, iae?ioi?iaoeai?o? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno – oea aeiiea?iiao??y noaeei ioiiaeie oa ieiaea [I.A. Aaacyi e niaao.,1987; N.?. Aaia?aeiaa oa ni?aaao.,1994; A.Barbera et all.,1995]. sse iieacaee io?eiai? iaie aeai?, a a?oi? ae?iie, ye? iaoeathoue a aeieia?/ii ni?eyoeeaeo ?aeiiao, iieacieee e?iaioieo a a?oa??? ioiiaeie oa a ai?o? ieiaea aeinoia??ii ia ci?ithaaeeny, a ii??aiyii? c a?oiith, aea aaa?oi?noue ia?aa?aaea o?c?ieia?/ii, o an? oa?i?ie aeine?aeaeaiue, ca aeeeth/aiiyi ?iaeaeno ioeuenaoe?? (aei 1,50+0,02; ?<0,05) a ai?o? ieiaea a e?ioe? aaa?oiino? (37-38 oeae.), ui na?ae/eoue i?i eiiiainiaai? ooieoe?? oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno. Ia a?aei?io a?ae oeueiai, o aaa?oieo, ye? iaoeathoue o caa?oaeiaieo ?aeiiao, aeacai? iieacieee aoee aeinoia??ii (?<0,05) ieae/eie iaa?oue o 28-29 oeaei?a (nenoiei-ae?anoie?/ia a?aeiioaiiy a a?oa??? ioiiaeie – 2,10+0,05 oa ?iaeaen ioeuenaoe?? a ai?o? ieiaea – 1,53+0,05) ? aei oa?i?io iieia?a an?, aac aeiyoeo, aoee cia/ii a??oeie ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith (?<0,05) ? noaiiaeyoue: nenoiei-ae?anoie?/ia a?aeiioaiiy – 4,64+0,14 (?<0,05), ?iaeaen ioeuenaoe?? – 1,48+0,02 (?<0,05) oa ?iaeaen ?acenoaioiino? – 0,71+0,04 (?<0,05). Oea, ia iaoo aeoieo, aeaco? ia iia??oaiiy o ieo eiiiainaoi?ieo iiaeeeainoae oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno, ui na?eicii aieeaa? ia noai ieiaea oa iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai. Aiaeie?eiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui o a?oi? oai?eo, ye? iaoeathoue o ?aeiiao c iani?eyoeeaith aeieia?/iith ianoaiiaeith, ciaioo?oueny ??aaiue ano??ieo, ano?aae?ieo, ii/eiath/e c 28-29 oeaei?a, ? iia??oo?oueny aei e?ioey aaa?oiino?, a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith: ano??ieo aei 44,73+2,12 iiieue/e (?<0,05) oa ano?aae?ieo – aei 53,18+2,08 iiieue/e (?<0,01). A o ae?iie c aeieia?/ii “/enoeo” ?aeii?a aeinoia??ii cieaeoaaany o?eueee ??aaiue ano?aae?ieo iaia?aaeiaei? iieia?a (aei 68,75+2,12 iiieue/e; ?<0,05). Oae ye i?iaanoa?ii, oi??ii?/iee aiiaaeio?ii?i oa ieaoeaioa?iee eaeoiaai ? ?noeiii ieaoeaioa?ieie ai?iiiaie, oi cieaeaiiy ?o ai?noo a e?ia? aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii na?ae/eoue i?i cieaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ieaoeaioe oa ?icaeoie ieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?, ui ie ? a?aei?oeee a nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo o oai?eo ? a?oie. Oae ??aaiue i?iaanoa?iio cieceany ia?aae iieiaaie (37-38 oeae.) aei 552,71+12,65 iiieue/e (?<0,05), oi??ii?/iiai aiiaaeio?ii?io – aei 312,78+11,51 iiieue/e (?<0,05), ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio – aei 221,52+12,41 iiieue/e (?<0,05), a ii??aiyii? c a?oiith ae?iie o yeeo aaa?oi?noue ia?aa?aaea o?c?ieia?/ii. Ci?ie ??aiy i?ieaeoeio o an?o ianoaaeaieo ie ia i?inoaaeeee. Iacaaaeath/e ia noia?a/eea?noue e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo [A.N. Oaoeianeay,1988; I.ss. Ne?ei/aiei,1990; E.A. Ai?aieue,1992; E.?. Ooiaiiaa, O.Ae. O?aayiei,1994], ana-oaee iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ci?ie oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno a ? a?oi? ianoaaeaieo ?a?no?othoueny aaea a 28 oeaei?a ?, ia iaoo aeoieo, iio?aaothoue ?aiiuei? ? eiiieaenii? ei?aeoe??. E?oa?aoo?i? aeai? [E.A. Ai?aieue,1992; I.I. Aeenaaa, I.I. Oaooiai,1997] aeacothoue, ui iieiae o aaa?oieo, ye? oai??thoue ia i??eiiao?eo, o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a iathoue a?aeaoaaoeny /a?ac i?e?iaei? iieiaia? oeyoe, aea iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee aaeeeo /anoioo eana?aaa ?icoeio (26,6% oa 26,9%; p>0,05). Ia iao iiaeyae, oea iiynith?oueny aenieei
??aiai aeooa?nueeeo oa ia?eiaoaeueieo ii?ooaiue. Oneeaaeiaiee ia?aa?a
iieia?a aoa aeinoia??ii /ano?oei o a?oi? ae?iie, ye? iaoeathoue o
caa?oaeiaiiio ?aa?ii?, oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oei oaeoii, ui o ieo
iae/ano?oa a?aei?/aany ia?aae/aniee ?ic?ea ie?aeieo iaieiiie (38,7%
i?ioe 26,9%; ?<0,05), a iniiaiiio aeiiieiaiaee (21,0% ii??aiyii c 9,6%; ?<0,01) ?, ye iane?aeie, o?eaaeee aacaiaeiee ia??iae (4,8% i?ioe 1,9%; ?<0,05). Ia iaoo aeoieo, c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy aiiiae?e iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ano?aae?ieo a e?ia? aaa?oieo, ??aaiue yeiai ca?aeii io?eiaieo aeaieo, aeinoia??ii ciaiooaaany, ia ui aoei aeacaii aeua. A?aoiaoth/e ci?ie oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno ? i?enooi?noue ?ioaeoe?eiiai aaaioa ie /aeaee na?eicieo ci?i o noai? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oa a ia?aa?ao iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoaa?aeeee oeth aeoieo, aea aeinoia??ii a??oeie aiie aoee o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo a?ae iaoa??a c Ee?anueei? iaeano? oa i. Ee?aa. Oae 34,7% c ieo (ii??aiyii c 17,9%; ?<0,01) ia?iaeeeeny a ano?en??, c aeinoia??iith ia?aaaaith eaaeiai (25,0% i?ioe 10,4%; ?<0,01) oa na?aaeiueiai (5,6% ii??aiyii c 1,9%; ?<0,05) nooiai?a. A?iio?io?y ?a?no?oaaeany o 29,8% iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c ? a?oie ? 18,9% (?<0,05) c ??-?, i?e/iio ?? nooi?iue (5,6% i?ioe 1,0%; ?<0,01) oa ??? nooi?iue (12,9% ii??aiyii c 5,8%; ?<0,05) aoee /ano?oeie a ? a?oi?, oea noino?oueny ? aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?io?eoaaiiy (11,3% i?ioe 4,7%) oa ?iaeiai? o?aaie (8,9% i?ioe 5,7%; ?<0,05). Ia?eiaoaeueia nia?oi?noue (8,8% ii??aiyii c 2,9%; ?<0,01), ye aeaeii, cia/ii ia?aaaaeaea na?aae iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? a?oie, oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oie oaeo, ui ci?ie oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno o oe?e a?oi? aeieeathoue ?ai?oa oa /anoi iathoue aeaeiiiainiaaiee oa?aeoa?. I?inoaaeeaoe caoai?thaai?noue iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, ie a?aei?oeee ia?aaaao oieneei-naioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue (48,3%; p<0,01) o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo a?ae iaoa??a, ye? iaoeathoue ia caa?oaeiai?e oa?eoi???. I?neyiieiaiaee ia??iae o ae?iie c i??eiiao?eoii /anoi ia?aa?aa? c oneeaaeiaiiyie [E.A. Oeeieue/ee e niaao.,1993; E.?. Ooiaiiaa oa ni?aaao.,1996]. O iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?o /anoioa aoea aeuith o ii?iae?eue ? a?oie. O ieo ia?aaaaeaea aiai?y (29,8% i?ioe 19,2%; p<0,05), a oaeiae oieneei-naioe/i? oneeaaeiaiiy (62,9% i?ioe 42,3%; ?<0,05), oae? ye noa?iaiethoe?y iaoee, aiaei- oa iao?iaiaeiiao?eo, eaeoinoac ? ianoeo. Ia iaoo aeoieo, oea iiynith?oueny aaeeeith /anoeith ae?iie c iaoiaaiiith i?e?ioei?ith a na/? (43,5% oa 40,4%) ? a eio?yo (62,9% oa 42,3%), aeyaeaiith ia 3 aeiao i?ney iieia?a oa /anoioith caaino?aiiy i??eiiao?eoo a i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? (6,5% ? 6,7%), a oaeiae, ca?aeii aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e [E.?. Ooiaiiaa oa ni?aaao.,1996], iaaeinoaoi?noth i?noeaaiai ? aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo oa nenoaie oaaioeeoico. Aeaeiaee niaeo? aaeoa??e a na/? oa a i?oa? ia 3 aeiao i?ney iieia?a ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae oaeiai i?ae /an aaa?oiino?. Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui aeieia?/i? oaeoi?e na?eicii aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie aai?oaeueii?, aeno?aaai?oaeueii?, aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii. I?iaiae?coaaaoe iniaeeaino? aiaiiaco oa caoai?thaaiino? ae?iie ia ?? aoai? aeine?aeaeaiue, ie ae?eoee aei aeniiaeo, ui o aaa?oieo ae?iie, ye? oai??thoue ia i??eiiao?eo, iacaeaaeii a?ae ao?ieia?/iiai i?e?iaiiai oaeoi?a, a?aei?/a?oueny aenieee ??aaiue iaaeiiooaaiiy ? iaaeiiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino?, iaie?aeiino? a aiaiiac? oa aai?oaeueii? ? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia??. Aeine?aeeaoe aeaoaeueii iaoieia?th na/iaeae?eueii? nenoaie, aeinoia??ii? ??cieoe? a noiooi?e iaoieia?? ie?ie ca a?oiaie ie ia aeyaeee (p>0,05). Ne?ae eeoa cacia/eoe, oi o oai?eo ?? a?oie i??eiiao?eo
caaino?thaaany aeinoia??ii /ano?oa (64,9% i?ioe 75,9%; ?<0,05), ui iiynith?oueny, ia iaoo aeoieo, eiai i?e?iaiith ao?ieia??th – i?enooi?noth anioe?aoe?e i?e?ii?aai?ci?a o na/?. Aeaoaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?iaiiai niaeo?o a na/? aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii aei e?eoaaiiy iieacaei, ui o a?oi? c iiiiao?ieia?/iei aa??aioii ia?aaaaeaee cieioenoee noao?eieie (51,4%), eeoa/ia iaee/ea (13,5%) oa aaiie?oe/iee no?aioieie a?oie A (10,8%). I?e iie?i?e?iaiiio ao?ieia?/iiio aa??aio? i??eiiao?eoo (/enei anioe?aoe?e ia 1 aaeoa??iiin?eeo – 2,0) iae/ano?oa aen?aaeeny a?eae ?iaeo Candida (44,4%; ?<0,001), cieioenoee noao?eieie (38,9%; ?<0,05), i?eiieacia (22,2%; ?<0,001), eeoa/ia iaee/ea (18,5%; ?<0,05), oeai?ae?? (18,5%; ?<0,001) oa o?aaieacie (18,5%; ?<0,001). Oe?eaaei ? oie oaeo, ui a?eae ?iaeo Candida, oeai?ae??, i?eiieacie, o?aaieacie, a oaeiae aiaa?iai? aaeoa??? aeae?eyee c na/? eeoa a anioe?aoe?yo c ?ioeie i?e?ii?aai?ciaie, a o oai?eo ? a?oie ia aoee aeae?eai? cian?i. Oea, a naith /a?ao, aieeioei ia aoaeoeai?noue aioeaaeoa??aeueiiai e?eoaaiiy, i?ecia/aiiai c o?aooaaiiyi /ooeeaino? aeae?eaiiai i?e?ii?aai?cio. Ia 7 aeiao a ? a?oi? caeeoeeinue 48,6% ae?iie c iaoiaaiiith i?e?ioei?ith, a a ?? – 85,2% (?<0,01), oiae? ye aei 14 aeiy a?ae ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy oeae a?aenioie neeaa 18,9% oa 20,4% (?<0,05) a?aeiia?aeii o a?oiao. A e?oa?aoo?? [E.?. Ooiaiiaa oa ni?aao., 1986; A.A. ?oaeaiei oa ni?aaao.,1993] i?inoaaeo?oueny oie oaeo, ui o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii aeyaey?oueny aeniea aaeoa??aeueia can?aaiiy i?oae, /anoi c ?aeaioe/i?noth oei?e a na/? oa a i?oaiaeo aeae?eaiiyo. A iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiy o 75,7% oa 72,2% (?>0,05) ianoaaeaieo aeyaeaii iaoiaaiio
i?e?ioei?o o aeae?eaiiyo c i?oae, /anoi aac ee?i?/ieo iciae caiaeueiiai
i?ioeano: eieuei?o aoa aeyaeaiee o?eueee o 35,1% a ? oa 48,1% (?<0,05) a ?? a?oi?. ??aaiue iaoiaaiii? i?e?ioei?e a i?oa? caeeoa?oueny aenieei (35,1% oa 35,2%) iaa?oue i?ney o?eaaeiai (14 aei?a) aioeaaeoa??aeueiiai e?eoaaiiy. Oeae oaeo i?aeoaa?aeaeo? e?oa?aoo?i? aeai? [I.ss. Ne?ei/aiei,1990; A.I. Aaa?ia,1991] i?i oa, ui aaa?oi? c i??eiiao?eoii, o yeeo aeyaeaii aaeoa??aeueia can?aaiiy aaa?iaeueieo aeae?eaiue, iio?aaothoue iaeii/anii? naiaoe?? i?oae. Ioaea, o aaa?oieo ae?iie, ye? oai??thoue ia i??eiiao?eo, i?e?ia?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy na/? oa aeae?eaiue c i?oae a aeeiai?oe? aaa?oiino? ? iaiao?aeieie, oea aeicaieeoue i?aaeeueii oa nai?/anii ei?aaoaaoe e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i? caoiaee. Aiae?coth/e ia?aa?a aaa?oiino?, ie a?aei?oeee, ui a?i aeinoia??ii /ano?oa oneeaaeithaaany o oai?eo c iie?i?e?iaiei ao?ieia?/iei aa??aioii i??eiiao?eoo. Iniaeeao oaaao i?eaa?oa? /anoioa aeieeiaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? a ?? a?oi? oai?eo – 70,4% (?<0,01). Oeae iieaciee aeuee a?ae e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo [A.A. Eieii?eoeaaa,1994; R. Gleckman et all.,1985]. O a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a (53,7%; ?<0,05) oaoiieaoeaioa?ia iaaeinoaoiinoue i?iyaeyeany iciaeaie neiae?iio cao?eiee aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaeo, ??aeoa – aaaaoiaiaeaeyi (11,1%; ?>0,05) oa iaeiaiaeaeyi (5,6%; ?<0,05). Oeueo?acaoeiaa ianoaaeaiiy ieaoeaioe iieacaei, ui ci?ie a ?? no?oeoo?? c’yaeythoueny aeeae/a aei oa?i?io iieia?a (37-38 oeae.) ? o a?oi? c iie?i?e?iaiei ao?ieia?/iei oaeoi?ii i??eiiao?eoo aeinoia??ii ia?aaaaea? aa?eeicia ?icoe?aiiy noaeei ieaoeaioe (20,4%; ?<0,05) oa a?ia?aoiaaii? aeeth/aiiy a no?oeoo?? ieaoeaioe (22,2%; ?<0,05). ?acthioth/e ?acoeueoaoe aeeiai?/ieo a?iiao?e/ieo ianoaaeaiue, ne?ae a?aei?oeoe oie oaeo, ui o oai?eo c anioe?aoe?yie i?e?ii?aai?ci?a a na/? iciaee cao?eiee aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaeo c’yaeythoueny aeinoia??ii ?ai?oa (28-29 oeae.) ? i?ia?anothoue aei e?ioey aaa?oiino?. Ia a?aei?io a?ae oeueiai, a a?oi? c iiiiao?ieia??th i??eiiao?eoo a?iiao?e/i? iieacieee ci?iththoueny aeinoia??ii iaioa ? ?o ci?ie, a iniiaiiio, ae?aaiinoothoueny ia?aae iieiaaie (37-38 oeae.), oiaoi oaoiieaoeaioa?ia iaaeinoaoi?noue ia? eiiiainiaaiee oa?aeoa?.Io?eiai? iieacieee ea?ae?ioieia?ao?? aeinoia??ii (?<0,05) i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ?icaeoie iaia?aaeiaei? iieia?a (37-38 oeae.) aioo??oiueioo?iaii? a?iien?? ieiaeo o a?oi? aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii, aeeeeeaiei anioe?aoe??th i?e?ii?aai?ci?a. Ia iniia? aeaieo aeiiea?ia?ao?? iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui na?eici? ci?ie a oaoiieaoeaioa?iiio eiiieaen? a?aeaoaathoueny iai?ee?ioe? aaa?oiino? o ?? a?oi?, a naia: ciaioo?oueny nenoiei-ae?anoie?/ia a?aeiioaiiy a a?oa??? ioiiaeie (aei 2,01+0,03; ?<0,05) oa a ai?o? ieiaea (aei 4,63+0,17; ?<0,05), ?iaeaen ioeuenaoe?? a a?oa??? ioiiaeie (aei 0,65+0,03; ?<0,05) oa ?iaeaen ?acenoaioiino? a a?oa??? ioiiaeie (aei 0,44+0,02; ?<0,05). Ioe?iththth/e iieacieee, io?eiai? i?e aiaeie?eiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, ie a?aei?oeee ci?ie ??aiy aeayeeo ai?iii?a c aeinoia??iith ??cieoeath o a?oiao, ui aea/athoueny. Ai?no ano??ieo (aei 43,92+2,14 iiieue/e; p<0,05), i?iaanoa?iio (aei 552,41+14,62iiieue/e; p<0,05), oi??ii?/iiai aiiaaeio?ii?io (aei 304,73+22,89 iiieue/e; p<0,05) oa ieaoeaioa?iiiai eaeoiaaio (aei 225,93+19,14iiieue/e; p<0,05) aeinoia??ii ciaioeany eeoa o oai?eo ?? a?oie ia?aae iieiaaie (37-38 oeae.), ui na?ae/eoue i?i ii?ooaiiy o ooieoe?iioaaii? oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno i?e iie?i?e?iaiiio aa??aio? i??eiiao?eoo o aaa?oieo. ??aaiue ano?aae?ieo (aei 51,42+1,43 iiieue/e; p<0,05) aoa aeinoia??ii cieaeaiee o ieo aaea a 28-29 oeaei?a, a aeeae/a aei iieia?a cieceany ? o ? a?oi? – aei 72,12+2,03 iiieue/e (p<0,05), ? ua a?eueoa ciaioeany (aei 61,73+1,62 iiieue/e; ?<0,01) o aaa?oieo c iie?i?e?iaiei oaeoi?ii a na/?, ui ? aeyaeeinue /a?ac oneeaaeiaiiy ia?aa?ao iieiaiaiai aeoo. Ii??aithth/e c aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e [I.I. Eoe??aa,1994; A.O. Iaai?ia oa ni?aaao.,1995; E.A. Oeiioaiei oa ni?aaao.,1996], a nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo ie a?aei?oeee aeuee ??aaiue ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie (35,1% oa 38,9%; ?>0,05) ? aiiiae?e iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? (21,6% oa
33,3%; ?<0,05) c aeinoia??iith ia?aaaaith a ?? a?oi? ia?aeiii? iieiaiai? neaaeino? (8,1% i?ioe 18,5%; ?<0,05). sseui caaaeaoe ia oa, ui /aoaa?oa /anoeia (24,3% oa 27,8%) ianoaaeaieo aoea ?ic?iaeaeaia oeyoii eana?aaa ?icoeio, oi ne?ae a?aei?oeoe aenieee a?aenioie o?aai i'yeeo oeaiei iieiaiaeo oeyo?a (18,9% oa 18,5%) o oeo ae?iie, iieiae a yeeo a?aeaoeeny /a?ac i?e?iaei? iieiaia? oeyoe. Oeae oaeo TH.A.Ianoaeiaa oa ni?aaao.(1986) iiyniththoue oneeaaeiaiei ia?aa?aii iieiaiaiai aeoo oa aieeaii o?ii?/ii? ai?eii? ?ioaeoe??, ui ci?ith? o?io?eo oeaiei. Aeuee ??aaiue oneeaaeiaiue aaa?oiino? oa iaoyaeaiiai aiaiiaco, noai oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno o a?oi? aaa?oieo c iie?i?e?iaiith ao?ieia??th i??eiiao?eoo i?ecaaee aei oiai, ui o?eueee o 9,2% c ieo ia canoiniaoaaeenue iia?aoeai? ao?o/aiiy oa aeiiiiiaa a iieiaao, oiae? ye a a?oi? c iiiiao?ieia??th i??eiiao?eoo oeae a?aenioie noaiiaea 20,0% (?<0,05). Ci?ie oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno aieeioee ia noai iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Iaea?eueoa ae?oae ia?iaeeeiny c iciaeaie ano?en?? (40,5% a ii??aiyii? c 53,7%; ?<0,05), iae/ano?oa eaaei? nooiai? (18,9% i?ioe 33,3%; ?<0,01). A?iio?io?y ? nooiai? (10,8% i?ioe 20,4%; ?<0,05) aeinoia??ii ia?aaaaeaea na?aae iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ?? a?oie, a ?? nooiai? (16,2% i?ioe 11,1%; ?<0,05) na?aae ? a?oie. ?io? iieacieee aeinoia??ii i?ae niaith ia a?ae??ciyeenue ? ?o ??aaiue nooo?ai ia ??cieany a?ae cono??iooeo iaie aeaieo a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a [A.I.Caii?iaeai oa ni?aao.,1996; Z. Avar et all.,1980; L.Tumanova, O.Dankov,1998]. *anoioa caoai?thaaiue ia iaeiiai iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai neeaea 1,1 oa 1,4 a?aeiia?aeii o a?oiao. Iniaeeai ne?ae a?aei?oeoe aenieee ??aaiue iinoa?iiene/ii? aioeaoaeiiao?? (21,6% oa 25,9%; p<0,05), cai??eino? oe??e (21,6% oa 22,0%; p>0,05) oa aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?io?eoaaiiy
(13,5% oa 18,5%; p<0,05) c ia?aaaaith a ?? a?oi?, a oaeiae oie oaeo, ui oaea a??cia oneeaaeiaiiy, ye nainen (1,9%) ?icaeioein eeoa a a?oi? a?ae iaoa??a c iie?i?e?iaiith ao?ieia??th i??eiiao?eoo. Ia?aa?a i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny oieneei-naioe/ieie oneeaaeiaiiyie, iniaeeai i?e i?e?aeiaii? aiai?? (40,5% oa 37,0%). Io?eiai? iaie aeai? iieacothoue aeinoia??ii aeuee ??aaiue oeeo oneeaaeiaiue o a?oi? aaa?oieo, c na/? yeeo aen?yii anioe?aoe?? i?e?ii?aai?ci?a. Iaea?eueoa iaiao?aeii caa?iooe oaaao ia ??aaiue noa?iaiethoe?? iaoee (13,5% oa 16,7%), aiaei- oa iao?iaiaeiiao?eoo (8,1% oa 20,4%) oa ?aiiai? ?ioaeoe?? (10,8% oa 13,0%). Oaeei /eiii, ye iieacaee ?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?e ?ic?iaoe? ae?aaiinoe/ieo oa e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe ye aeieia?/i? oae ? i?e?ia?ieia?/i? oaeoi?e, ui ni?eyoeia cieaeaiith na?aae ieo /anoioe aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia??. aeniiaee: 1. Na?aae iniiaieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ?icaeoeo aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? o ae?iie, ye? iaoeathoue a aeieia?/ii iani?eyoeeaeo ?aeiiao, e??i o?ii?/iiai i??eiiao?eoo, iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe aenieee ??aaiue aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia??: caoai?thaaiiy aiaeie?eiii? (44,4%) oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (37,9%), a oaeiae o?ii?/iiai oiicee?oo (37,9%) oa oeoieiai-eeoeiai? iaoieia?? (33,1%). 2. O ae?iie, ye? iaoeathoue ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo, /anoi ia? i?noea o?ii?/ia oi?ia i??eiiao?eoo (54,%) c ia?aaaaith eaoaioiiai ia?aa?ao (21,0%), ui ? iniiaiith c i?e/ei ianai?/anii? ae?aaiinoeee oa iaiiaiioe?iiiai e?eoaaiiy aeaii? iaoieia??. 3. *anoioa iniiaieo oneeaaeiaiue ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? o ae?iie c i??eiiao?eoii caeaaeeoue a?ae aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? a ?aa?ii? iaoeaiiy, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?eueoith /anoioith o ieo aiai?? aaa?oieo (76,6%) oa oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? (62,9%) c ia?aaaaith neiae?iio cao?eiee aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?icaeoeo ieiaeo (49,2%). 4. I??eiiao?eo o aaa?oieo ae?iie, ye? iaoeathoue a aeieia?/ii iani?eyoeeaeo ?aeiiao, - oaeoi? ?eceeo ?icaeoeo aenieiai ??aiy ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia??: ano?en?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo (38,7%), a?iio?io?? ieiaeo (29,8%), aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?io?eoaaiiy (11,3%) oa iinoiaoaeueieo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue ( 37,0%). 5. I?e iiiiao?ieia?/iiio i?e?ia?ieia?/iiio aa??aio? i??eiiao?eoo aaa?oieo na?aae i?e?ii?aai?ci?a ia?aaaaeathoue cieioenoee noao?eieie (38,9%), eeoa/ia iaee/ea (13,5%) oa aaiie?oe/iee no?aioieie a?oie A (10,8%), a i?e iie?i?e?iaiiio aa??aio? iae/ano?oa na?aae caoaeiee?a cono??/athoueny a?eae ?iaeo Candida (44,4%), cieioenoee noao?eieie (38,9%), i?eiieacia (22,2%), eeoa/ia iaee/ea (18,5%), oeai?ae?? (18,5%) ? o?aaieacie (18,5%) a ??ciiiai?oieo ii?aeiaiiyo, aea /enei anioe?aoe?e ia iaeio aaeoa??iiin?eeo ia ia?aa?eueooaaei 2,0. 6. *anoioa oneeaaeiaiue aaa?oiino? caeaaeeoue a?ae ao?ieia?? i??eiiao?eoo, i?e oeueiio i?e iie?i?e?iai?e /ano?oa cono??/a?oueny aiai?y aaa?oieo (75,9%), oaoiieaoeaioa?ia iaaeinoaoi?noue (70,4%) oa i?ci? aanoice (27,8%). 7. Oaoiieaoeaioa?ia iaaeinoaoi?noue o aaa?oieo c iie?aaeoa??aeueiei ao?ieia?/iei oaeoi?ii i??eiiao?eoo ii/eia? oi?ioaaoeny c 27-28 oeaei?a aaa?oiino?. I?e oeueiio iniiaieie i?iaiinoe/ieie ia?ea?aie i?e aeiiea?iiao??? ? nenoiei-ae?anoie?/ia a?aeiioaiiy oa ?iaeaen ioeuenaoe?? a a?oa??? ioiiaeie oa ai?o? ieiaeo, a i?e aiaeie?eiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo – cieaeaiiy ai?noo a e?ia? ano?aae?ieo. 8. C iaoith cieaeaiiy /anoioe aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? o ae?iie c i??eiiao?eoii iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe aeieia?/io ianoaiiaeo a cii? iaoeaiiy ? a eiiieaen e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a aeeth/aoe caniae, ye? noeioeththoue neioac a?eea a ieaoeaio? (anaioeeaea), iie?auothoue iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iee e?iaiia?a (eo?aioee, o?aioae), aioeieneaeaioe (a?oai?ie A oa N, ?ooei) oa aioa?ini?aaioe (aoaeaoeaaiai oeio, aioa?inaaeue) i?ney 24 oeaei?a aaa?oiino? i?ae eiio?ieai aoia?ao??, aeiiea?iiao??? oa aiaeie?eiieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. 9. O aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii iaiao?aeii oi/ii ae?aaiinooaaoe ao?ieia?/iee aa??aio ?c canoinoaaiiyi no/anieo i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a (aaeoa??ieia?/ieo, ?ioiioethi?anoeaioieo, na?ieia?/ieo), i?e iayaiino? iie?ao?ieia?/iiai i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai aa??aioo i??eiiao?eoo i?io?eaeoeeo oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? ii/eiaoe c ?aii?o oa?i?i?a aaa?oiino? ? aei eiiieaeno e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a aeeth/aoe ni?aaioe oa aioeaaeoa??aeueio oa?ai?th c iaia’yceiaei o?aooaaiiyi caoaeieea i??eiiao?eoo. 10. I?e aaaeaii? ae?iie c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii ia aoai? ieaioaaiiy n?i’? i?e ?ic?iaoe? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe aeieia?/io neooaoe?th a cii? iaoeaiiy oa ao?ieia?/iee aa??aio caoai?thaaiiy. Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1. Ai?aoiiaa I.A., Aeaieiae/ I.I., *aaaoa?e? I.O., ssuoeaae/ I.?., sseei A.N. Ia?aa?a aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a o thieo iaai?iaeyueo, iaoeaioe?a Ee?anueei? iaeano? // Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – 1997.-?3. – N.57-58. 2. ssuoeaae/ I.?. Aieea i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia aeooa?nueeo oa ia?eiaoaeueio iaoieia?th o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii // Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – 1998.-?4. – N.84-86. 3. Oa?aoa?e? I.A., ssuoeaae/ I.?., Eeyoei A.I., Naiyi?a I.A., Iaeueiee I.A. Iniaeeaino? noaio i?noeaaiai ?ioi?oaoo i?e iaaii?ii? o?aai i’yeeo oeaiei iieiaiaeo oeyo?a // Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – 1998.-?6. – N.93-95. 4. ssuoeaae/I.?. Aieea aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia ia?aa?a aaa?oiino?, iieia?a oa i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii // Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee iieiae?aeiee aeo?iae.– 1998.-?1. – N.87-89. 5. ssuoeaae/I.?. Aieea aeieia?/ieo oa i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia noai caei?ia’y aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii oa ?o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.// E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. – 1999.- ?3 – N.42-44. aiioaoe?y ssuoeaae/ I.?. Iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.01 – aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea, Ee?a,1999. Anoaiiaeaii aca?iica’ycie i?ae aoia?ao?/ieie, aeiiea?iiao?e/ieie oa aiaeie?eiieia?/ieie iieacieeaie o ae?iie c i??eiiao?eoii ??cii? ?o?ieia??, ye? iaoeathoue o ??cieo aeieia?/ieo oiiaao. Oea aeicaieeei ?icoe?eoe ?nioth/? aeai? i?i iaoiaaiac oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? ? iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno ae?aaiinoe/ieo oa e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a c o?aooaaiiyi ao?ieia?? i??eiiao?eoo oa aeieia?/ieo oiia a cii? i?iaeeaaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii iioeiaeueiee aa??aio ei?aeoe?? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o aaa?oieo c i??eiiao?eoii. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeieia?y, i?e?ia?ieia?y, i??eiiao?eo, oaoiieaoeaioa?ia iaaeinoaoi?noue, oi?ioaaiiy, ia?eiaoaeuei? oneeaaeiaiiy. SUMMARY Yashchukevych M.Y. Peculiarities of forming fetoplacental insufficiency in pregnants with pyelonephritis. – Manuscript. Thesis for a degree of candidate of medical sciences on specialty 14.01.01 – jbstetrics and gynecology. – Kiev Medical Academy for Post-Graduat Education by P.L. Shupic of Heals of Ukrain, Kiev, 1999. The correlation between echographic, dopplerometrik and endocrinologic indices in women with pyelonephritis of various etiology residing under different ecological conditions was established. It permitted to enrich available date about the pathogenesis of fetoplacental insufficiency and to give a scientific substantiation of using the complex of diagnostic and treatment-and-prophylactic measures taking into account the etiology of pyelonephritis and ecological conditions of residence zone. The optimum variant of fetoplacental insufficiency correction in pregnants with pyelonephritis was proposed. Key words: ecology, microbiology, pyelonephritis, fetoplacental insufficiency, forming, perinatal complications. aiiioaoeey ssuoeaae/ I.A. Iniaaiiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey oaoiieaoeaioa?iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe o aa?aiaiiuo n ieaeiiao?eoii. – ?oeiienue. Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea ia/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.01 – aeooa?noai e aeiaeieiaey. – Eeaaneay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei. I.E. Ooieea, Eeaa,1999. Auiieiaiiay iao/iay ?aaioa iinayuaia ?aoaieth aeooaeueiie i?iaeaiu oaoiieaoeaioa?iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe o aa?aiaiiuo n iaeiie ec iaeaieaa /anoiano?a/aaiuo yeno?aaaieoaeueiuo iaoieiaee – ieaeiiao?eoii. Oeaeueth aeaiiie iao/iie ?aaiou yaeyaony ?ac?aaioea i?aeoe/aneeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii nieaeaieth /anoiou ieaoeaioa?iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe o aeaiuei n ieaeiiao?eoii ia iniiaaiee eco/aiey yeieiae/aneeo e iee?iaeieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae oi?ie?iaaiey ia?ooaiee a nenoaia iaoue-ieaoeaioa-ieiae. Aeey ?aoaiey iinoaaeaiiie caaea/e aaoi?ii auei ianeaaeiaaii 228 aeaiuei n ieaeiiao?eoii a caaeneiinoe io yeieiae/aneie ciiu i?iaeeaaiey; 91aeaiueia n ?aciie yoeieiaeae ieaeiiao?eoa – iiii- e iieeiee?iaiui aa?eaioii e 30 niiaoe/anee caei?iauo aeaiuei aac iaoieiaee aa?aiaiiinoe eiio?ieueiie a?oiu. Eniieueciaaiu nia?aiaiiya iaoiaeeee eco/aiey ninoiyiey oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaena: ?aaeeieiioiieiae/aneea, aeiiea?iiao?e/aneea, yoia?aoe/aneea e ea?aeeioieia?aoe/aneea. Aia?aua i?iaaaeaii eco/aiea ninoiyiey oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaena o aa?aiaiiuo n ieaeiiao?eoii a caaeneiinoe io yeieiae/aneie ciiu i?iaeeaaiey e yoeieiae/aneiai iee?iaeieiae/aneiai aa?eaioa. Ooi/iaiu iniaaiiinoe oa/aiey aa?aiaiiinoe, ?iaeia, iinea?iaeiaiai e iaiiaoaeueiiai ia?eiaeia o aa?aiaiiuo n ieaeiiao?eoii. Yoi iicaieeei ?anoe?eoue aeaiiua i iaoiaaiaca oaoiieaoeaioa?iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe e iao/ii iainiiaaoue ?ene e n?iee aa ?acaeoey o aa?aiaiiuo n ieaeiiao?eoii a caaeneiinoe io aai iee?iaeieiae/aneiai aa?eaioa e yeieiae/aneeo oneiaee ciiu i?iaeeaaiey. ?ac?aaioaiu i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?ioeeaeoeea e ea/aieth ieaoeaioa?iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe o aa?aiaiiuo n ieaeiiao?eoii n o/aoii iee?iaeieiae/aneeo e yeieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae iineaaeiaai ia yoaiao aaaeaiey aa?aiaiiinoe. A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee iieacaii, /oi ai a?aiy aa?aiaiiinoe o aeaiuei n ieaeiiao?eoii /aua anaai ?aaeno?e?oaony aiaiey (76,7% e 54,8%), iniaaiii /aua a a?oiia i?iaeeaathueo ia caa?yciaiiuo oa?eoi?eyo. O 62,9% ec ieo aeeaaiinoe?iaaia oaoiieaoeaioa?iay iaaeinoaoi/iinouen i?aiaeaaeaieai neiae?iia caaea?aeee aio?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey ieiaea (49,2% i?ioea 21,1%). I?eciaee oaoiieaoeaioa?iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe o aa?aiaiiuo, i?iaeeaathueo a yeieiae/anee iaaeaaii?eyoiuo ?aeiiao, iiyaeythony ?aiueoa (28-29 iaaeaeue) e caiaoii onoaoaeythony a eiioea aa?aiaiiinoe. Yoi iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony iieo/aiiuie iieacaoaeyie aeiiea?iiao?e/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee: iinoaiaiiui nieaeaieai nenoiei-aeeanoiee/aneiai niioiioaiey, eiaeaena ioeuenaoeee e eiaeaena ?acenoaioiinoe a a?oa?ee ioiiaeiu e ai?oa ieiaea n 28 iaaeaeue aei ?iaeia a n?aaiaiee n eiio?ieueiie a?oiiie, a oaeaea aeiiyno?iaaieae ia oiia nieaeaiey i?iaanoa?iia, ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaia e oi?eiie/aneiai aiiaaeio?iieia. Enneaaeiaaiea iee?iaiiai niaeo?a a ii/a aa?aiaiiuo n ieaeiiao?eoii iicaieeei iai auaeaeeoue a?oiio n iiiiyoeieiae/aneei aa?eaioii ieaeiiao?eoa, aaea i?aiaeaaeaee cieioenoue noaoeeieiee (51,4%), eeoa/iay iaei/ea (13,5%) e aaiieeoe/aneee no?aioieiee a?oiiu A (10,8%). I?e iieeiee?iaiii aa?eaioa ieaeiiao?eoa /aua aunaaaeenue a?eau ?iaea Candida (44,4%), cieioenoue noaoeeieiee (38,9 %), ieeiieacia (22,2%), eeoa/iay iaei/ea (18,5%), oeaieaeee (18,5%) e o?aaieaciu (18,5%). I?e/ai, a?eau ?iaea Candida, oeaieaeee, ieeiieaciu, o?aaieaciu, a oaeaea aiay?iaiua aaeoa?ee auaeaeyee oieueei a annioeeaoeeyo n ae?oaeie iee?ii?aaieciaie, a o aieueiuo n iiiiyoeieiaeae ieaeiiao?eoa ia auee auyaeaiu nianai. Aeinoiaa?ii /aua oa/aiey aa?aiaiiinoe ineiaeiyeinue o aeaiuei n iieeiee?iaiui yoeieiae/aneei aa?eaioii: aiaieae (75,9%), iicaeieie oieneeicaie (27,8 %), oa?icie i?a?uaaiey aa?aiaiiinoe (63,0%) e oaoiieaoeaioa?iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoueth (70,4%). Aeiiieieoaeueiua iaoiaeu enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi a a?oiia n annioeeaoeeyie iee?i?aaieciia a ii/a eciaiaiey a oaoiieaoeaioa?iii eiiieaena iiyaeythony n 28-29 iaaeaeue aa?aiaiiinoe e i?ia?ane?otho e ?iaeai, i?iyaeyynue i?eciaeaie neiae?iia caaea?aeee aio?eoo?iaiiai ?acaeoey ieiaea (53,7%). Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeieiaey, iee?iaeieiaey, ieaeiiao?eo, oaoiieaoeaioa?iay iaaeinoaoi/iinoue, oi?ie?iaaiea, ia?eiaoaeueiua ineiaeiaiey.

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