Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

Ii?ic Na?a?e Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 334.72 : 630

i?aai?caoe?Eii-aeiiii?*iee iaoai?ci ?icaeoeO

?io?ano?oeoo?e aa?a?iiai a?ciano

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.06.02 — I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Noie — 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iiiiia?aiei I?ia Ieeiea?aia,
Noinueeee

aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a

i?aai?caoe?? n.-a. ae?iaieoeoaa,
iniia

i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa aa?ia?ciano

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iieyeia

Ieaenaiae? Iaeneiiae/, Noinueeee
aea?aeaaiee

aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
o?iain?a

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
noa?oee iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee C?iia/oe A?oae?e
Aieiaeeie?iae/,

?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI,
i. Ee?a,

a?aeae?e i?aei?e?iieoeoaa ?
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo

ca’yce?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a i?aai?caoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa ? aa?ia?ciano

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 25 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.55.815.01 i?e Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?, 244021, i. Noie, aoe. E??iaa, 160, aoae. 334.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, i. Noie, aoe. Iao?iiaae?anueea, 57.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “25” a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
I?na?oia I.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Cia/ia iia??oaiiy noaiiaeua a aa?a?iiio ae?iaieoeoa?, a oaeiae e?ecia?
yaeua, ui iino?eii aeieeathoue a a?ioia?e ? o?iainiai-e?aaeeoi?e noa?ao,
iicia/eeenue ia noai? ? ooieoe?yo ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e. A oaia??oi?e
/an a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ?inoeoooe?e, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue
?aaeueiei aeiiii?/iei i?ioeanai. Iaeia c aieiaieo i?e/ei iaiao?aeiino?
?o cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a cia/i?e ci?i? no?aoaa?/ieo i???ioe??a
noiniaii o?iainoaaiiy aa?inaeoi?o.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. A oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee,
iacaaaeath/e ia aaaaoi/enaeuei? ia?aoeiaee, o?oaeiiu? i?iaeiaaeo?oueny
oi?ioaaiiy aaaaoinaeoi?iiai ?eieo, aei neeaaeo yeiai aoiaeyoue ?eiee
oiaa??a, e?aaeeo?a, cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ?iai/i? neee oiui.
Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith no/aniiai ia??iaeo ? oa, ui ?o aeieeiaiiy aaaaoi a
/iio iia’ycaia c iaaeinoaoi?i ?icaeoeii ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e,
iecueeith ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy.

C oi/ee ci?o caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa no/anii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, iaeia c
aieiaieo i?noeue iin?aeathoue o?iainia? ?io?ano?oeoo?i? ?inoeoooe??.
?acii c oei, ye iieaco? iaoa ae?eni?noue, naia aiie ia io?eiaee, ye a
e?euee?niiio, oae ? a ye?niiio aniaeoao, iaiao?aeiiai ?icaeoeo.

?ai?oa, a oiiaao aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii? nenoaie i?iaeaie ?iciiae?eo
a?ioiai-e?aaeeoieo, ?iaanoeoe?eieo iioie?a aeey i?aei?e?inoa, acaaae? ia
?nioaaei, oiio ui an? oe? ieoaiiy ae??ooaaeeny oeaio?ae?ciaaii. I?ioa,
ia nueiaiaei? aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y ea?aeeiaeueii ci?ieeany, ?
ia?ic?iaeai?noue aeiiii?/iith iaoeith i?iaeaie noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai?
?io?ano?oeoo?e noai?th? cia/i? ia?aoeiaee aeey ainiiaea?/i? i?aeoeee . O
ca’yceo c oei, ui aei oaia??oiueiai /ano iaeaaeiei /eiii ia
a?aei?aoeueiaai? a?oioiai? iaoeia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei noai?aiiy
aaeaeaaoii? aeiiii?/iei i?ioeanai ?io?ano?oeoo?e, yea a iie?aeanue ia
na?oiaee aeina?ae ? a?aoiaoaaea a?o/eciyi? iniaeeaino?, oea i?ecaaei aei
neeaaeiiai aeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua iniaeeai a aa?a?iiio naeoi??.

A ca’yceo c oeei, aeooaeuei?noue iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a
?icaeoeo niaoe?ae?ciaaieo o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo ?inoeoooe?e,
ianeoaiaoth/eo aa?a?iee a?cian c o?aooaaiiyi ye?nii iiaeo no?aoaa?/ieo
i???ioe??a aea?aeaaii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ia aeeeeea? noii?a?a.

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui, a?aoiaoth/e aaaeeea?noue ae??oaiiy oeeo i?iaeai,
ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy ?io?ano?oeoo?e i?aei?iaeenue aaea iaiaeii?aciai, a
o./. a i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo iaoeiaoe?a: Aeaen?e/oea A.I., Aaa?/aaa I.TH.,
Aonea?ia A.A., Aeaieeiaa TH.A., AEoeiaa ?.O., AEo?aaeueiaie A.I.,
E?naeueiaa A.I., Eieani?eiaa A.?., Ia?eiaie I.I., I?eia?aeiaa A.A.,
Iineaeaiea A.I., Ia?anaaee A.A., Iaothoa A.I., Iiiiaa A.A., ?aaea?aa
A.A., ?iiaiiaie E.A., Naei ?.A., Naoa?aa A.A., Naeaciueiaa A.A.,
Oa??/eiaa N.E., a na?aae ca?oa?aeieo — Dolan E.I., Kinney J.M. oa
?ioeo. I?ioa, i?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e naia
aa?a?iiai a?ciano a aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? aena?oeaia iaaeinoaoiuei, ia
?nio? ?aeeiiai, caaaeueiiaeciaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aecia/aiiy ??
ci?noiaiino?, a?aenooi? a?aeiia?aei? iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee uiaei
i?ioeaaeo?e ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo onoaiia a ae?th/ee
iaoai?ci ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
yaeythoue niaith neeaaeiao /anoeio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aea?aeathaeaeaoieie oaiaie 1-97,
1-98, 14/1 “?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii oi?ioaaiith oa ?aoi?ioaaiith o?iainiai?
?io?ano?oeoo?e No?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie” i?ae ?196U017425, ye?
aeeiioaaeenue ia caiiaeaiiy I?iaa?ii?iio Oe?a?ie.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy yaeythoueny ?aa?iiaeuei? a?ciania? no?oeoo?e e
?inoeoooe?? o?iainiai? noa?e, ye? cae?eniththoue ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aa?a?iiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?iainiaa ?io?ano?oeoo?a aa?a?iiai a?ciano
I?ai?/ii-No?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie.

I?e aeeiiaii? aeaii? iaoeiai? ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iiiia?ao?/iee,
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iee, ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaiee oa ?io? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aea/aii?
niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae ? caeiiii??iinoae noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo
?io?ano?oeoo?e aa?a?iiai a?ciano I?ai?/ii-No?aeiiai ?aa?iio, iiooeo
aoaeoeaieo iai?yie?a ?ioaa?oaaiiy a aa?ii?iieneiaee eiiieaen o?iainiaeo
?ano?n?a a oiiaao aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee.

O a?aeiia?aei?noth c iaoith aoee aecia/ai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

aeine?aeeoe oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeiineeee noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo
?io?ano?oeoo?ieo ?inoeoooe?e;

i?iaiae?coaaoe o?iainiai-aeiiii?/iee noai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa, ??aaiue ?o ieaoi- ? e?aaeeoini?iiiaeiino?, ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ioean?a;

?icaeyiooe caaaeueiee noai ?icaeoeo ?inoeoooe?e o?iainiai?
?io?ano?oeoo?e aa?a?iiai a?ciano a aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii?, ioe?ieoe
??aaiue ?o aoaeoeaiino?, cia/iino? aieeao ia noai
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeeo no?oeoo?;

?ic?iaeoe nooi?noue i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei
aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo;

aecia/eoe ia?niaeoeai? oi?ie o?iainiai-e?aaeeoiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aa?ia?ciano;

noi?ioaaoe no?aoaa?/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?ioaa?aoe?? o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a a
AIE.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

aaeineiiaeaia nooi?noue iiiyoue “aa?a?iee a?cian”, “?eieiaa
?io?ano?oeoo?a”, “o?iainiaa ?io?ano?oeoo?a”;

aaeineiiaeaia nenoaia o?iainiaiai aa?a?iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a
aa?ii?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoaao;

i?iaaaeaia i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy noai?aiiy
?aa?iiaeueiiai caiaeueiiai (?iioa/iiai) aaieo, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeai?
iai?yiee eiai cai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaoai?ci ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee ii ioe?ioe? i?iaiicieo iieaciee?a oi?ioaaiiy
aa?ii?iieneiai-o?iainiai? a?oie;

?ic?iaeaia aeie-noaia ?iciiae?eo io?eiaiiai i?eaooeo iii?ae o/anieeaie
aa?ii?iieneiai-o?iainiai? a?oie;

cai?iiiiiaaia aeie-noaia ?iciiae?eo o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ioaa?iaaiiai eiao?oe??ioo i??i?eoaoiino? ?iaanooaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? ia
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo canaaeao noai?aiiy caiaeueieo (?iioa/ieo)
aaie?a, aa?ii?iieneiai-o?iainiaeo a?oi a I?ai?/ii-No?aeiiio ?aa?ii?
Oe?a?ie c caeo/aiiyi ?iicaiieo ?iaanoi??a, iaoai?cio ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ia i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo a I?i?noa?noa?
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie, oi?aae?ii? aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno Noinueei? iaeano?, Noinueeiio ?aa?iiaeueiiio a?aeae?eaii?
Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo i?aeo?eiee naeyinueeeo ainiiaea?noa.

I?aaenoaaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? i?e ?aae?caoe??
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo ? ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo, aeey
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a ?aaoethaaiiy aa?ii?iieneiai-o?iainiai?
?ioaa?aoe??, a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa, o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo onoaiia. Aiie aeei?enoiaothoueny a
o/aiaiio i?ioean? i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?no “Iniiae i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa
aa?ia?ciano” aeey nooaeaio?a aeiiii?/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoae Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a aecia/aiee o ?icae?e? aaoi?aoa?aoo “Iaoeiaa
iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a”. Ioae?eaoe?? aaoi?a i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
oeae oaeo. A noaoo? o ni?aaaoi?noa? c Iiiiia?aiei I.I. “?icaeoie nenoaie
caiaeueieo aaie?a a aa?a?iiio naeoi??” iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a
iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iniiaieo iai?yie?a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caiaeueieo
(?iioa/ieo) aaie?a a ae?th/ee iaoai?ci ainiiaea?thaaiiy. An? ?io?
ioae?eaoe?? aeeiiai? iniaenoi aaoi?ii ? iioae?eiaai? o oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao
aeiiii?/iiai i?io?eth.

i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa yeino? n.-a. i?iaeoeoe??” (Noie, 1995 ?.), ia
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(1995, 1996, 1997, 1998 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 6
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, caaaeueiei ianyaii 2.9 ae.a., a o./. iaeaaeeoue
iniaenoi aaoi?o 2.8 ae.a.

No?oeoo?a oa ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe noaiiaeoue 160 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
aiia neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui ia?aoiao? 156 iaeiaioaaiue, i?noeoue 29
oaaeeoeue, 29 ?enoie?a, 4 aeiaeaoee.

Iniiaiee ci?no

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/ai? eiai iaoa ? caaea/?, ?ice?eoa iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/ei?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?eieiaa ?io?ano?oeoo?a aa?a?iiai a?ciano ye ia’?eo
aeiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue” aeaco?oueny ia oa, ui aa?ia?cian – oea
aeiiii?/ia ae?yeuei?noue uiaei caaacia/aiiy eii?aeeiaoe?eii?,
?ioaa?aoe?eii? e o?iainiai-?iaanoeoe?eii? aca?iiae?? ii ae?iaieoeoao,
ia?a?iaoe? ? oi?a?ae? n.-a. i?iaeoeoe??th oa iaea?aeaiiy oe?e iniia?
i?eaooeo aeey ni?eyiiy aeaniiio aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo.

sse ? anyea ?ioa aeiiii?/ia nenoaia, aa?a?iee a?cian ia? aeanio
?io?ano?oeoo?o, ui ? aaaeeeaei /eiieeii eiai iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo. I?ae
?eieiaith ?io?ano?oeoo?ith ne?ae ?icoi?oe noeoii?noue ?inoeoooe?e, a
oaeiae a?aeiineie iii?ae ieie, ui aeoeaii aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy ?
?iciiae?e oiaa?ieo, ?ano?nieo e ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a, i?aeo?eiothoue
aea?aaeaioiee iai?i ? caaacia/othoue ii?iaeueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oe?e?nii? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie.

Ii oa?aeoa?o aca?iiae?? c aa?ia?cianiaei na?aaeiaeuai iaeia c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?noeue iaeaaeeoue o?iainia?e ?io?ano?oeoo??, yea yaey?
niaith noeoii?noue o?iainiaeo iina?aaeiee?a ? eaiaee aca?iiae?? iii?ae
ieie, ui caaacia/othoue iia?e?caoe?th eai?oae?a a?ae aeaniee?a eioo?a
aei ?o iice/aeueiee?a oa ?o ?aoe?iiaeueia ?iaanooaaiiy.

Iaeiei c oaeeo iai?yie?a ? oi?ioaaiiy ia?aae? caiaeueieo (?iioa/ieo)
aaie?a. Iaiao?aei?noue ?o ?icaeoeo iia’ycaia c? cia/iei nei?i/aiiyi
ianya?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ye?niith
aeaa?aaeaoe??th caiaeue, ianoa/ath o?iainiaeo eioo?a iaa?oue ia i?inoa,
ia aiai?y/e aaea i?i ?icoe?aia a?aeoai?thaaiiy, iiiaeaiiy ?
iiaea?i?caoe?th cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa.

caiaeueiiai ia?ao, oi?ioaaiiyi ?aoe?iiaeueii? nenoaio
caieaei?enooaaiiy.

Ii?yae c ?icaeoeii caiaeueieo aaie?a, ?ioei ia?niaeoeaiei iai?yieii
aaaaea?oueny noai?aiiy aa?ii?iieneiai-o?iainiaeo a?oi (AIOA).

?o oi?ioaaiiy iiaea a?aeaoaaoeny a oaeeo iai?yieao:

?ioaa?aoe?y eai?oae?a no/anieo aa?ii?aei?e?inoa c aenieei ??aiai
aeiiii?/iiai, oaoiieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo, i?enoiniaaieo aei ?eieiai?
eii’thieoo?e, ? aaie?anueeeo onoaiia, noai?aieo ia iniia? eieeoi?o
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aaie?a;

ia’?aeiaiiy eai?oae?a na?aaei?o ca ??aiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo n.-a.
i?aei?e?inoa c eiia?oe?eieie aaieaie, ui iaaeeaeathoueny ii nai?o
ia?aiao?ao aei eieeoi?o niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aaie?a;

ia’?aeiaiiy iecueei?aioaaaeueieo ? caeoeiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, ui ia iathoue
aeinoaoiuei ?icaeiooi? iaoa??aeueii — oaoi?/ii? aace, c eiia?oe?eieie
aaieaie ?aa?iiaeueiiai cia/aiiy;

i?aai?caoe?y o?ainiaoe?iiaeueieo AIOA.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? iniiae ?icaeoeo o?iainiai?
?io?ano?oeoo?e aa?a?iiai a?ciano” aeaco?oueny, ui aeey caaacia/aiiy
?aae?caoe?? i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ae?yeueiino? aa?inaeoi?o,
a?aeiiaeaiiy eiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo iaiao?aeii aoaea noai?eoe oiiae
aeey aoaeoeaii? ae?yeueiino? aeaiaio?a o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e,
nooo?ai nei?aaoaaoe a?ioiai-e?aaeeoio iie?oeeo.

O ca’yceo c oeei aoaea iio??aii:

cieceoe ??aaiue i?eaooeiaino? niaeoeyoeaieo oa ?ioeo iia?aoe?e, ia
iia’ycaieo aaciina?aaeiuei c ?aaeueiei aeiiii?/iei naeoi?ii, noai?eoe
oiiae aeey ?ioaa?aoe?? aa?ii?iieneiaiai ? o?iainiaiai eai?oae?a, onoiooe
iaiaa?oioiaai? iaiaaeaiiy ?o aca?iii? o/ano?;

noai?eoe iaoai?ci aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? (naeaeoeaii?) a?ioiai-e?aaeeoii?
iie?oeee c iaoith caaacia/aiiy aaeocae ?aaeueiiai naeoi?o aeinoaoi?ie
ianyaaie a?ioiaeo eai?oae?a, iai?ioieo eioo?a, cai?iaaaeeoe
noeioethth/ee ?aaeei aeey aaie?anueeeo onoaiia e ?ioeo i?aaenoaaiee?a
o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, ye? caeiaoeiooueny ?iaanooaaiiyi a
aeiaaino?ieia? i?ia?aie, i?iaeoe, ui aoaeooue iia’ycai? c i?aeaeuaiiyi
aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? aa?a?iiai naeoi?o;

?icoe?eoe aeiaaino?ieia? aeaea?aea e?aaeeooaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa /a?ac
?icaeoie iaoai?ci?a ?ao?iainoaaiiy eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a oeyoii
anoaiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ii?iaoea?a a?ae?aooaaiue o oiiae iaia’yceiaeo
?aca?a?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaaii? aeinyaiooi? /anoee aeiaaino?ieiaeo
e?aaeeoieo aeeaaeaiue, aaciina?aaeiuei? o/ano? a ?aae?caoe??
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a, aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai i??i?eoaoiiai aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo;

?ic?iaeoe aoaeoeaiee iaoai?ci no?aooaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?,
?ecee?a, e?aaeeoieo aeeaaeaiue;

caae?yoe nenoaio ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?aooie?a aai ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeiaiai??a c
eiia?oe?eieie aaieaie, caaacia/eoe iaia’yceiaa i?ioiaeaeaiiy ai?oiaaieo
a?ioiaeo eioo?a /a?ac ae?iaie/? ?iaanoeoe??;

ia?aeoe a?ae aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ?iciiae?eo ?iaanoeoe?e ia ae?iaie/?
oe?e? aei ?o ?ici?uaiiy ia eiieo?ni?e iniia?, ?icoe?eoe i?aeoeeo
ni?eueiiai aea?aeaaii-eiia?oe?eiiai o?iainoaaiiy.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey aa?ia?cianiaeo no?oeoo? iaoeia cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aoaeoeaii? nenoaie o?iainiaiai aa?a?iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, ?aae?caoe?y
yeiai iiaea cae?enithaaoenue a oaeeo iniiaieo iai?yieao:

iioei?caoe?? i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueei? nenoaie;

caeo/aiiy aeueoa?iaoeaieo aeaea?ae o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a oa ?o
iioeiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy;

aiae?co o?iainiaiai noaio e iioei?caoe?? o?iainiai? no?eeino?;

iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy iniiaieie ? iai?ioieie eiooaie, aeaa?oi?nueeith
? e?aaeeoi?nueeith caai?aiaaiinoyie;

noai?aiiy ?ioaa?iaaieo aaaaoiaaeocaaeo no?oeoo?.

?yie?a iaiao?aeii aoaea cina?aaeeoe oaaao ia ai?iaaaeaeaii? ye?nii iiaeo
i???ioe??a ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, ui iiaeeeai ca
oiiaith i?enei?aiiai ?icaeoeo iaaieo ?inoeoooe?e, a iniaeeaino?:
caiaeueieo aaie?a, ?iaanoeoe?eieo aaie?a, eiioea?i?a, oieae?ia?a,
aa?ii?iieneiai-o?iainiaeo a?oi, o?iainiai-?ic?aooieiaeo oeaio??a,
oiiae?a i?aeo?eiee aa?ia?ciano.

Iniiaieie iai?yieaie ?icaeoeo Caiaeueiiai aaieo aenooiaoeiooue:

noai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo e?aaeeoii-?iaanoeoe?eieo oiia aeey caaacia/aiiy
i?ioean?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy a aa?inaeoi??;

iaaeaiiy aeiaaino?ieiaeo e?aaeeoieo iineoa noa’?eoai aa?ia?ciano;

iaeneiaeueia aeeaa?neo?eaoe?y caiaeueieo iia?aoe?e, cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aoaeoeaieo iaoai?ci?a ia?ao, iae?eo, cii?iao ? iii?oi?eiao caie?;

aeei?enoaiiy aeey anaa?/iiai caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa ye ie?aieo ee??io?a,
oae ? a oe?eiio aaieo, a?aeiia?aeii? noaie iaiaaeaeiaioo, ui
caaacia/oaaoeia ?aei?noue no?aoaa?/ii? iie?oeee ? oeyo?a ?? ?aae?caoe??;

cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iia?oi?o aaie?anueeeo oaoiieia?e, cania?a
aaoiiaoecaoe??, caoenoo aeiiii?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, iaaeaiiy aaie?anueeeo
iineoa aeey ee??io?a o iaec?o/i?oeo, iaeaacia/i?oeo aeey ieo oi?iao.

C iaoi? oi/ee ci?o, iio??aii noai?aiiy iacaeaaeiiai ?iioa/iiai
caiaeueiiai aaieo (iiaeeea? aa??aioe ye ca o/anoth, oae ? aac o/ano?
aea?aeaaiiai eai?oaeo), a ia o?e??, a?aeae?eaiiy aai aei/??iuei?
onoaiiae. Iaiao?aei?noue noaiiaeaiiy naiino?eii? aaie?anueei? onoaiiae
iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeecueei 90% caaaeueiiai ianyao e?aaeeooaaiiy
cae?enith?oueny eiia?oe?eieie aaieaie, ye? ia iathoue th?eaee/ii? iniae.
*a?ac oea cia/ii caoaeo?oueny ?o naiino?ei?noue a noa?? caeo/aiiy oa
?ici?uaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, c’yaeythoueny iaai? iaiaaeaiiy a
aeei?enoaii? io?eiaieo aeioiae?a (i?eaooe?a), oneeaaeith?oueny noaia
aaie?anueeiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ye ia iioi/iee iiiaio, oae ? ia o?eaaeo
ia?niaeoeao.

Oi?ioaaiiy aeiaaino?ieiaeo e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a caiaeueiiai aaieo
iiaeeeai caaacia/eoe ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo eaiae?a, a o./.:
oe?eueiaeo e?aaeeo?a, /anoee no?aoiaeo ?aca?a?a IAO, io?eiaieo a?ae
eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a, a?ae?aooaaiiy iaaii? /anoeie i?eaooeo, io?eiaiiai
eiia?oe?eieie aaieaie, ye? a iacia/i?e i??? caeiathoueny aai, acaaae?,
ia cae?eniththoue aeiaaino?ieiaiai e?aaeeooaaiiy, aeioneo oa
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ?iioa/ieo iae?aaoe?e, iniaeeai na?aae eiia?oe?eieo
o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo onoaiia, ye ?ino?oiaioo caaacia/aiiy ?o
e?ea?aeiino? oa ieaoini?iiiaeiino?, a?ae?aooaaiiy iaaii? /anoee eioo?a,
io?eiaieo n.-a. oiaa?iae?iaieeaie a?ae ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?, aeei?enoaiiy /anoee ?ai?o iiaa?iaieo aea?aeaaieo
oe?eueiaeo e?aaeeo?a, eioo?a i?eaaoieo ?iaanoi??a, ?iicaiieo e?aaeeo?a,
/anoeie aeaniiai i?eaooeo, io?eiaiiai caiaeueiei aaieii.

A noaiiaeaii? caiaeueiiai aaieo iiaeeeai aeae?eeoe oae? aoaie:

1-2 ?iee ae?yeueiino? (aoai noaiiaeaiiy), aeey yeiai aoaea oa?aeoa?iei
iaaeaiiy iaeneiaeueii ?icoe?aiiai niaeo?o aaie?anueeeo iia?aoe?e (aeey
oeueiai aoaea aeei?enoaia eiioeaioe?y o?iainiai-e?aaeeoiiai
“noia?ia?eaoo”), c iiaeaeueoith eiioeaio?aoe??th ia aeiaaioa?i?iiaeo
iia?aoe?yo, eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo oe?iieo iaia??a, iniaeeai ui noino?oueny
aeioneo ? ?ici?uaiiy ?iioa/ieo iae?aaoe?e;

2-3 ?iee ae?yeueiino? (aoai ?icaeoeo) aoaeooue aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai?
c ?icoe?aiiyi ieoiii? aaae caiaeueiiai aaieo ia o?iainiaiio ?eieo /a?ac
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?aeiieo aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a caeo/aiiy ee??io?a. Naia
a oeae ia??iae aeoeaia ianooiaeueia no?aoaa?y ae?yeueiino? aaieo iiaeiia
aooe ni?yiiaaia ia iaaeaii? a?eueo aea?aeieo oiia aeey ee??io?a a
ii??aiyii? c ae?th/eie aaieaie, oi/iiio aecia/aii? iaiao?aeieo iio?aa a
?iaanoeoe?eieo aeaea?aeao, iiooeo ? iioei?caoe?? caeo/aiiy iaeaeaoaaoeo
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a;

4-5 ?iee ae?yeueiino? (aoai caeeth/iiai oi?ioaaiiy ? noaa?e?caoe??) —
ca iayai?noth a?aeiia?aeieo ia?aaeoiia, caiaeueiee aaie aoaea
iiaiiaoaaoe an? aeaee aeiaaioa?i?iiaeo iineoa, aeey oiai uia a iiai?e
i??? noaoe oi?aa?naeueiith ?iioa/iith o?iainiai-e?aaeeoiith onoaiiaith.
Oea icia/aoeia iiaeeo?eaoe?th Caiaeueiiai aaieo ia o?eueee c oi/ee ci?o
e?euee?niiai niaeo?o iaaeaiiy iineoa (oea aoaea aeanoeaei eiio aaea ia
aoai? ?icaeoeo), aea e ye?nieo eiai oa?aeoa?enoee /a?ac
oi?aa?nae?caoe?th noi?iiaaieo no?eeeo aeaea?ae aeioiae?a.

Ia?aaaae naia oaeiai i?aeoiaeo aei i?aai?caoe?? aaie?anueei?
ae?yeueiino? aoaeooue iieyaaoe a oiio, ui eiaeia cai?iiiiiaaia iineoaa
aoaea iaoe /?oei aecia/aiee ?eiie caooo na?aae oe?eueiai? a?oie
ee??io?a, oiaoi ?i aoaea aeanoeaee “aae?aniee” oa?aeoa?. No?ee?noue
?aae?caoe?? oeeo iineoa caaacia/oaaoeia iaiao?aei? ia?aaeoiiae aeey
noaiaea?oecaoe?? aaie?anueeeo oaoiieia?e, aeicaieyoeia i?aeaeueoe
??aaiue ?o aoaeoeaiino? e oi?eaeueiino?, noai?thaaoeia nai???aeiee
aioo??oi?e iia?aoe?eiee eiiaae??. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo Caiaeueiee aaie
io?eia? iiaeeea?noue i?i?i?caoe?? iia?aoe?eieo aeo?ao, caaacia/aiiy
a?aeiia?aeii? ?aioaaaeueiino?.

Aenieo eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue caiaeueiiai aaieo iiaeeeai caaacia/eoe
ca ?aooiie:

caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo i?aei?e?inoa aa?inaeoi?o a aeiaaino?ieiaeo ?iioa/ieo
e?aaeeoao;

aeei?enoaiiy ia ia?oeo aoaiao ae?yeueiino? iaeneiaeueii oe?ieiai niaeo?o
aaie?anueeeo iia?aoe?e ye ei?ioeino?ieiaiai, oae ? aeiaaino?ieiaiai
oa?aeoa?o aeey caaacia/aiiy iiaeeeaino? ?eieiaiai iaiaa?oaaiiy;

iaeaaiaeaeaiiy aca?iiaea?aeiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c ae?th/eie
aaie?anueeeie onoaiiaaie;

oe?ieiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iao?aaeeoe?eieo aeey a?o/eciyieo o?iainiaeo
onoaiia aeae?a ianeoaiaoaaiiy;

i?aai?caoe?? ia iiaeaeueoo ia?niaeoeao 7-8 o?e?e aaieo;

a?aeiia?aeii? ?eieiai? naaiaioaoe??.

Oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo eiiieaen?a o aeaeyae? oieae?ia?a, eiioea?i?a,
eiini?oe?oi?a, aa?ii?iieneiai-o?iainiaeo a?oi, aeicaieyoeia, c iaeiiai
aieo, neii?aeeioaaoe ae?eia? no?aoaa??, ?aae?coaaoe ?aeei? ?ioa?ane a
oeeee?: ae?iaieoeoai ( ia?a?iaea ( ?aae?caoe?y ( e?ioeaaee niiaeeaa/, ia
iniia? anoaiiaeaiiy iaaiiai ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ??aiy ?o niaoe?ae?caoe?? ?
aeeaa?neo?eaoe??, a c ?ioiai, iaaeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeoioeyoe?? iaaieo
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, c iiaeaeueoei ?o ?iaanooaaiiyi a i??i?eoaoi? noa?e
ae?yeueiino?.

Noai?aiiy AIOA aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe a oaeeo iai?yieao:

oi?ioaaiiy oae caaieo “oeaio??a i?eaooeo”, ui icia/aoeia noai?aiiy
ie?aieo i?ae?icae?e?a, ye? ?aae?ciaoaaoeiooue ?iaanoeoe?ei?,
?iiiaaoe?ei?, aai/o?i? i?ia?aie, iaoeiooue aenieo aeiiii?/io
?acoeueoaoeai?noue, aeeiai?/i?noue, caaacia/oaaoeiooue oaeaeeee ia?a
eai?oaeo, oaoiieia?/iiai “i?i?eao”, io?eiaiiy aeineoue aenieiai ??aiy
i?eaooeo;

noaiiaeaiiy ie?aieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a, ianaiia?aae, a
ae?iaie/iio naeoi??, ui aoaeooue ci???ioiaai? ia ?icaeoie no?aoaa?/ieo
iai?yie?a ae?yeueiino?; oea a aeaye?e i??? aoaea i?ecaiaeeoe aei
cieaeaiiy caaaeueiiai ??aiy i?eaooeiaino? a?oie, i?ioa, aeicaieeoue:
ae?iaie/ei i?aei?e?inoaai, iniaeeai ae?th/ei a aa?inaeoi??, noi?ioaaoe
a?ioia? eiooe ia aeania ?a?iaanooaaiiy, cia/ii i?aeaeueoe o?iainiao
no?ee?noue; aaie?anueeei onoaiiaai — io?eiaoe noaa?eueiee i?eaooie a
aeiaaino?ieiaiio aniaeo?, iiaeeea?noue a?eueiiai ? aoaeoeaiiai
?icii?yaeaeaiiy oei/aniai a?eueieie eiooaie i?aei?e?inoa, io?eiaiiy
aeinoaoiueiai ianyao i?eaooe?a /a?ac ?iaanooaaiiy iao?aaeeoe?eieo,
iiaaoi?nueeeo oaoiieia?e; a?oi?, a oe?eiio, — ?aae?coaaoe eiioeaioe?th
ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? aeeaa?neo?eaoe??, iiaeeeaino? aeioneo ? ?aae?caoe??
ye?nii?, eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeii? ? aenieioaoiieia?/ii? i?iaeoeoe??,
anoaiiaeaiiy aeiaaioa?i?iiaeo, o?eaaeeo ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a,
noai?aiiy iioeiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae aeey caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e
oaoiieia?/iiai “i?i?eao” a iaaieo naeoi?ao ae?yeueiino? ia iniia?
eii?aeeiaoe?eii?, ?ioaa?aoe?eii? aca?iiae?? aa?ii?iieneiaiai e
o?iainiai-aaie?anueeiai eai?oae?a;

Cai?iiiiiaai? aeueoa?iaoeai? oeyoe caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e /a?ac
ai?ooaaiiy aia?eeainueeeo aeaiiceoa?ieo ?icienie, caeo/aiiy
i?aeia?iaeieo iae?aaoe?e, ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ?a?iaiiae?a, eiiaa?oiaaieo
iae?aaoe?e, aeei?enoaiiy eiiiai?e-“iaieiiie”, i?eaeaaiiy oae caaieo
“shell”-ei?ii?aoe?e.

A ?iaio? oaeiae ?icaeyaeathoueny i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei
aecia/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? aoaeoeaiino? noai?aiiy AIOA, ?iciiae?eo
i?eaooeo iii?ae ?? o/anieeaie.

I?iiiio?oueny aeie-noaia iiaeaeue ?iciiae?eo o?iainiaeo (?iaanoeoe?eieo)
?ano?n?a ia i?aenoaa? ?ioaa?iaaiiai eiao?oe??ioo i??i?eoaoiino?
?iaanooaaiiy, ?ic?aooiie yeiai cae?enith?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi:

caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioa ioe?iee e?aaeeoini?iiiaeiino?;

eiao?oe??ioo eiia??iino? aaie?oonoaa;

ei?aaoth/iai eiao?oe??ioo oiia?eueiaiiy ia?ao eai?oaeo;

?iaeaeno i?eaooeiaino?;

aioo??oiuei? noaaee aeioiaeo.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Noai o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e aa?a?iiai a?ciano”
i?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee aeicaieythoue iai noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i oa, ui
?nioth/ee aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ia noai?th? iaiao?aeii? aace aeey
aaeaioeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aa?a?iiai naeoi?o a ?aaeueieo ?eieiaeo
oiiaao, yeui eiai ioe?ithaaoe ye nenoaio a?aeiinei, ui iiaeiii
caaacia/oaaoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ? noeioethaaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?. Oea /?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny ? i?e ioe?ioe?
aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo aa?inaeoi?o Noinueei? iaeano?
(oaaeeoey 1).

Ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aa?inaeoi?o iaiiaeeeai oyaeoe aac
cia/ieo oaii?a ? ianooaa?a iaeiie/aiiy eai?oaeo. ?acii c oei, ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ioean?a a aa?inaeoi??, iathoue /?oei ae?aaeaio iani?eyoeeao
oaiaeaioe?th. Oae, ianya eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue ii n.-a. i?aei?e?inoaao (a
oe?iao 1996 ?.) ca 1992-1997 ??. nei?ioeany a 5.8 ?ac?a (aai ia 82.8%).
??aaiue ?iaanoeoe?eii? aeoeaiino? oaeiae ciaoiaeeany ia ia iaeaaeiiio
??ai?: ca 1993-1997 ??. ieoiia aaaa eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue o
nia?aa?oino? aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? cieceeanue c 30.2 aei 1.1%.

?iaanoeoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? i?aei?e?inoa aa?inaeoi?o, ii?yae c
iaaeinoaoi?i ianyaii i?eaooeo ? aenieei ??aiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy,
nooo?ai iaiaaeothoueny c?inoath/eie e?aaeeoi?nueeith ?
aeaa?oi?nueeith caai?aiaaiinoyie. Oae, ca 1993-1997 ??. /a?ac oa, ui
oaiie c?inoaiiy e?aaeeoi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino? iino?eii ia?aaeuoaaee
aeaa?oi?nueeo, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iii?ae ieie ca a?aecia/aiee ia??iae
ca?eueoeeiny c 1.2 aei 5.9 ?ac?a. Ua a?eueo oaeaeeeie oaiiaie c?inoaea
i?ino?i/aia caai?aiaai?noue: e?aaeeoi?nueea — a 7.0, a aeaa?oi?nueea — a
1.3 ?ac?a.

Ca ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy caaaeueiiai ianyao
caai?aiaaiino? aei ae?o/ee a?ae ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? c?inei c
62.0 aei 104.2%, oiaoi a 1997 ?. aiia iaeaea ia 4.2% ia?aaeuoaaea
??/io ae?o/eo a?ae ?aae?caoe?? n.-a. i?aei?e?inoaaie ae?iaeaii?
i?iaeoeoe??.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo a n.-a.
i?aei?e?inoaao Noinueei? iaeano?

Iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo A
na?aaeiueiio ca ??e

1989-1991 1992-1994 1995-1997

Io?eiaii ia 100 aa n.-a. oa?aeue, oen. a?i.:

— aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? o ni?anoaaieo oe?iao

1996 ?. 80.7 64.9 42.2

— aaeiaiai aeioiaeo 60.4 23.4 5.5

— /enoiai aeioiaeo 33.5 14.1 -4.8

— i?eaooeo 19.6 8.7 -4.8

I?eiaaea? a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 a?i. iniia-

ieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a, a?i.:

— aaeiaiai aeioiaeo 0.35 1.05 0.06

— /enoiai aeioiaeo 0.17 0.57 -0.01

Ii?ia i?eaooeo, % 15.4 56.2 -1.3

Io?eiaii a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 na?aaeiuei-??/iiai i?aoe?aieea, a?i.:

— aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? (a oe?iao 1996 ?.) 8487.9 6466.6 5214.1

— aaeiaiai aeioiaeo 6077.5 1962.6 615.8

— /enoiai aeioiaeo 2853.6 1192.4 -603.2

?aioaaaeuei?noue, %:

— an??? ae?yeueiino? 42.5 86.9 -12.1

— ?ineeiieoeoaa 96.9 203.6 32.7

— oaa?eiieoeoaa 24.8 42.0 -45.3

Aeey ioe?iee ??aiy o?iainiai? no?eeino? n.-a. i?aei?e?inoa Noinueei?
iaeano? ?icaeyiaii aeai? oaaeeoe? 2.

I?aeoe/ii an? iaaaaeai? iieacieee aeacothoue ia oa, ui ca ia??iae
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeaoeiny iia??oaiiy no?eeino?, ieaoini?iiiaeiino?
aa?ii?aei?e?inoa. Aei oiai ae ?ic?aoiaaiee eiao?oe??io i?iaiico
aaie?oonoa aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i ?aaeuei?noue, i?e iacanoinoaaii?
a?aeiia?aeieo caoiae?a, aaea a iaeaeeae/ee /an ianiaiai i?eieiaiiy
ae?yeueiino? ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? c aa?ia?cianiaeo no?oeoo?.

Oaaeeoey 2.

O?iainia? iieacieee ae?yeueiino? n.-a. i?aei?e?inoa Noinueei? iaeano?

Iieacieee o?iainiai? no?eeino? oa ieaoini?iiiaeiino? Ii?- iaeueia A
na?aaeiueiio ca ??e

cia/aiiy 1989-1991 1992-1994 1995-1997

Eiao?oe??io aaoiiii?? aeaea?ae oi?-ioaaiiy caian?a ? cao?ao

(0.6

0.77

0.79

0.97

Eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a

0.12

0.27

0.00

Eiao?oe??io iaiaa?oaaiiy >0.4-0.6 0.27 0.35 0.14

Eiao?oe??io caai?aiaaiino? 0.5-1.0 0.17 0.31 0.10

Eiao?oe??io e?ea?aeiino? aaeaino (0.5 0.93 0.90 0.23

Eiao?oe??io aaniethoii? e?ea?aeiino? >0.2 0.21 0.05 0.001

Eiao?oe??io i?iaiico aaie?oonoa >0.2 0.25 0.27 0.11

I?ioa, ia nueiaiaei?, ia a?aei?io a?ae e?a?i c ?icaeiooith aeiiii?eith,
o ian eeoa 20-30% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? onoaiia o?iainiai?
?io?ano?oeoo?e yeeiinue /eiii iia’ycai? c aa?inaeoi?ii. Aei oiai ae,
iaa?oue oe? no?oeoo?e cae?eniththoue ianeoaiaoaaiiy aa?ia?cianiaeo
no?oeoo? ia caaaeueieo i?aenoaaao, ia a?aoiaoth/e nooo?a? iniaeeaino?
i?ioean?a a?aeoai?aiiy a aeai?e noa??.

C caaaeueii? noie e?aaeeoieo aeeaaeaiue eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a a Noinuee?e
iaeano? a 1997 ?. eeoa 7.2% caeiaei aeiaaino?ieiaa e?aaeeooaaiiy. Ieoiia
aaaa e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a, e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a, ni?yiiaaieo
aaciina?aaeiuei a aa?inaeoi? ca 1992-1997 ??. nei?ioeeanue ia 5.5% ?
neeaea eeoa 1.6%.

Ia nueiaiaei? i?aeoe/ii iiiiiieueiith aaie?anueeith onoaiiaith, ui
cae?enith? ianeoaiaoaaiiy aa?a?ii? noa?e, yaey? niaith aaie “Oe?a?ia”.
Ca noaiii ia 1.01.1998 ?. eiai ieoiia aaaa a caaaeueieo e?aaeeoieo
aeeaaeaiiyo a aeiiii?eo Noinueei? iaeano? neeaaeaea 32.1%, a o./. 90.6%
e?aaeeo?a, io?eiaieo n.-a. i?aei?e?inoaaie aeaiiai ?aa?iio. Ieoiia aaaa
aeiaaino?ieiaiai e?aaeeooaaiiy oeueiai aaieo ii Noinuee?e iaeano?
caeeoa?oueny aeoaea iacia/iith (iaeneiaeueii — 6.1%), a iniiaia /anoea
?ano?n?a ni?yiiao?oueny ia aeaea/o ei?ioeino?ieiaeo e?aaeeo?a i?ae
iioi/io ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa, ui caaacia/o? aeey aaieo iaea?eueoee
?ici?? i?eaooeo.

Ca 1994-1997 ??. ianyae e?aaeeoieo iia?aoe?e nei?ioeeenue a?eueoa, i?ae
a 5 ?ac?a, i?e/iio iaenooo?a?oa ciaioaiiy niinoa??aaeiny naia ii n.-a.
i?aei?e?inoaao (a ni?anoaaieo oe?iao 1996 ?.): ii aeiaaino?ieiaeo
iia?aoe?yo — ia 131.7 oen. a?i. (aai ia 14.7%), ii ei?ioeino?ieiaeo —
ia 7.8 oen. a?i. (aai ia 32.8%).

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ca 1993-1996 ??. caaaeueia noia no?ieiai?
caai?aiaaiino? ii e?aaeeoao aaciina?aaeiuei ii n.-a. i?aei?e?inoaao
ciaioeeanue a 17.3 ?ac?a, i?ino?i/aia caai?aiaai?noue c?inea ca oeae aea
ia??iae ia 49.9%, a caaaeueia noia ianiea/aieo i?ioeaio?a — ia 24.9%.

Oaeei /eiii, oiiae e?aaeeooaaiiy oa eiai ianyae ia aeicaieythoue ia
nueiaiaei? ioe?ithaaoe aaie?anuee? e?aaeeoe, ye ae?eniee can?a ae??oaiiy
o?iainiaeo i?iaeai aa?ii?aei?e?inoa. Caaaeueia iia??oaiiy neooaoe?? c
e?aaeeooaaiiyi aa?inaeoi?o iia’ycaia c? noi?iiaaii o?iainiai-e?aaeeoiith
no?aoaa?/iith eiioeaioe??th. Oi?iaeueii i?iaieineaoe i?i noai?aiiy
nenoaie, ci???ioiaaii? ia iaaeaii? e?aaeeo?a aeey ae?iaiee?a, ?aaeueii
aoea cai?iaaaeaeaia ae?th/a ia ?ioeyoe?eii-niaeoeyoeaieo canaaeao
iiaeaeue iiaaae?iee ia o?iainiaiio ?eieo. I?e ?aae?caoe?? aeaiiai
i?aeoiaeo aei oi?ioaaiiy o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, acaaae?, ia ?nio?
iiaeeeainoae aeey ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa ?, iaa?oue, iaaiaee,
a?aeaoaa?oueny a?aeieea eai?oae?a c ?aaeueiiai naeoi?o.

O ca’yceo c aeuaaeeeaaeaiei, i?iaeaia iaaeinooiiino? eiia?oe?eieo
e?aaeeo?a aeey n.-a. i?aei?e?inoa, ye ? ?ai?oa, caeeoa?oueny aeoaea
aino?ith. *a?ac oea ia? i?noea iiaeaeueoa a?aeoi?aiaiiy
o?iainiai-aaie?anueeiai ? ae?iaie/iai eai?oae?a, a?aeaoaa?oueny iino?eia
?icoe?aiiy oae caaiiai “aace?aaeeoiiai” naeoi?o.

Ia?inoaiiy aeuacaaaeaieo oaiaeaioe?e a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? coiiaeei
c’yaeaiiy aeueoa?iaoeaieo aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a. Ianaiia?aae, ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe aeoea?caoe?th a Noinuee?e iaeano? a 1995-1997 ??.
cae?eniaiiy e?ceiaiaeo iia?aoe?e, ieoiia aaaa yeeo a caaaeueiiio ianyc?
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue ca a?aecia/aiee ia??iae c?inea ia 2.9% ? neeaea
38.6%. I?ioa, ?o ianya oae ? caeeoa?oueny iacia/iei: a ?ic?aooieo ia
na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/ia i?aei?e?inoai aiie neeaaeathoue eeoa 6.8 oen. a?i.

A yeino? ?ioiai aeueoa?iaoeaiiai iai?yieo e?aaeeooaaiiy i?iaeiaaeo?oueny
oi?ioaaiiy e?aaeeoieo ni?eie. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui, ia nueiaiaei?oi?e
/an aiie ia io?eiaee iaiao?aeiiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy /a?ac iaaeinoaoi?e
aca?iica’ycie oeeo no?oeoo? c o?iainiai-e?aaeeoiith nenoaiith. Oiio,
iiee ui ia aaeaeiny noai?eoe oiiae aeey caaacia/aiiy no?eeeo
iaaeoiaeaeaiue aeaoaaeo e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a a iaiao?aeieo ianyaao aeey
?aae?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai, ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa ?
oiaa?ii-a?ioiaeo a?aeiinei.

*a?ac nei?i/aiiy ca 1994-1997 ??. ianya?a athaeaeaoieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue ii
Noinueeiio ?aa?iiaeueiiio a?aeae?eaiith Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oiiaeo i?aeo?eiee naeyinueeeo (oa?ia?nueeeo) ainiiaea?noa a 2.4 ?ac?a,
ye iniiaiiai aeaea?aea eiai o?iainoaaiiy, iacaaeia?eueiee aeiiii?/iee
noai, eiai iiaeeeaino? uiaei iaaeaiiy o?iainiai? aeiiiiiae ia nueiaiaei?
cia/ii iaiaaeai?, iiai?noth i?eieieeany /anoeiaa nieaoa aaie?anueei?
i?ioeaioii? noaaee ? e?aaeeo?a ca oa?ia??a, iaa?oue, o ae??oaii?
iioi/ieo i?iaeai a?i oaeiae ia? aeoaea iaiaaeai? iiaeeeaino?; ia a?aa
oiiae o/ano? e o noai?aii? i?aei?e?inoa ii caaio?ae?, ia?a?iaoe? ?
caa??aaiith n.-a. i?iaeoeoe??.

C 1993 ?. ii aa?anaiue 1998 ?. Noinueeei ?aa?iiaeueiei i?aaenoaaieoeoaii
Aea?aeaaiiai ?iiiaaoe?eiiai oiiaeo, yea cae?enith? aaci?ioeaioia
?iaanooaaiiy eioo?a a ??ci? noa?e aeiiii?ee, anueiai aoei i?io?iainiaaii
44 ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?iaeo?a, a o./. 19 (43%) — iia’ycaieo c
i?aei?e?inoaaie aa?inaeoi?o. I?ioa, iacaaaeath/e ia a?aeiinii aenieo
ieoiio aaao aa?a?ieo no?oeoo? a caaaeuei?e e?eueeino? i?io?iainiaaieo
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a, ?o aa?o?niee ianya ca oeae aea ia??iae a
?ic?aooieo ia na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/ia i?aei?e?inoai aei??aithaaa anueiai
eeoa 2.3 oen. a?i.

?ic?aooieia? aeai? iieacothoue, ui ca 1994-1997 ??. iineeeeanue
?cieueiaai?noue iii?ae ?aa?iiaeueiith Aee?aeoe??th Iaoe?iiaeueii?
no?aoiai? eiiiai?? “I?aioa” ? n.-a. i?aei?e?inoaaie. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny caaaeueiei nei?i/aiiyi ca ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiiy
no?aoiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue a 1.9, no?aoiaeo a?aeoeiaeoaaiue — a 1.2,
e?eueeino? oeeaaeaieo oaiae — a 2.2 ?ac?a, a oie aea /an ii ?ioeo
aaeocyo ae?yeueiino? niinoa??aaanue ?o i?e??no, aei oiai ae iaiao?aeii
a?aecia/eoe c?inoaiiy ca a?aecia/aiee ia??iae caeoeiaino? no?aoiaeo
iia?aoe?e c +21.8 aei -20.0%.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui iaee i?noea ie?ai? ni?iae cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ioeo
a?aeiieo a na?oia?e i?aeoeoe? aeaiaio?a o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e,
ianaiia?aae, aeei?enoaiiy oaeoi?eiaiaeo iia?aoe?e, aa?aioiaaieo iicee,
i?aai?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo eiiiai?e, oiui. I?ioa, an? aiie ia io?eiaee
iaiao?aeiiai ?icaeoeo /a?ac ianoaa?euei?noue o?iainiai-aeiiii?/iiai
noaio aa?a?iiai naeoi?o, aenieo ?eceeiaai?noue canoinoaaiiy aeaieo
iai?yie?a a oiiaao ?ioeyoe??, a e??i oiai, /a?ac a?aenooi?noue
eiie?aoieo iaoai?ci?a ?o cai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ae?th/ee ainiiaea?/ee
iaoai?ci.

aeniiaee

Noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e a?aeaoaa?oueny a oiiaao iaae?iiy
ae?iaieoeoaa, cia/ieo ?eceeiaeo e ?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a. Ae?th/?
o?iainiai-e?aaeeoi? onoaiiae iaaeathoue e?aaeeoi? iineoae, a iniiaiiio,
no?oeoo?ai, aaciina?aaeiuei ia iia’ycaiei c ?aaeueiei naeoi?ii,
iia?eueii a?aeaoaa?oueny ?o iineoaiaa niaoe?ae?caoe?y, ia io?eiaee
?icaeoeo ?ioaa?aoe?ei? i?ioeane iii?ae ae?iaie/ei ?
o?iainiai-aaie?anueeei eai?oaeii .

A oiiaao, eiee ?eieiaa ?io?ano?oeoo?a cae?enith? ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aa?a?iiai a?ciano ia caaaeueieo i?aenoaaao, ia a?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino?
aeaiiai aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua, eii/a iio??aii ?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy ia
canaaeao noai?aiiy aeueoa?iaoeaieo ?eieiaeo o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo
?inoeoooe?e ?iaanoeoe?eii?, aeiaaioa?i?iiai? ni?yiiaaiino?.

?aoi?ioaaiiy aca?iiae?? aa?ia?cianiaeo no?oeoo? ? onoaiia o?iainiai?
?io?ano?oeoo?e coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aeoea?caoe?? ? oe?ieiai
canoinoaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aeaiaio?a o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, c
o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae no/anii? aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a aa?inaeoi??,
oi?ioth/e a?aeiia?aei? ia?aaeoiiae aeey aeoiaeo c e?eciaiai noaiiaeua.

Noai?aiiy caiaeueiiai aaieo ni?yiiaaia ia cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiiai
iaoai?cio aeoioeyoe?? aeiaaino?ieiaeo a?ioiaeo iaeiie/aiue, ?o
?iaanooaaiiy i?ae ii??aiyii iecueeo i?ioeaioio noaaeo, iiooe ?aaeueieo
aeaea?ae aeey caaacia/aiiy aeiiii?/iiai a?aeoai?aiiy /a?ac aeei?enoaiiy
caie? a yeino? iniiaiiai caaacia/oth/iai eaiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue
o?iainiaeo (?iaanoeoe?eieo) eioo?a.

Noai?aiiy AIOA aeicaieeoue ?aae?coaaoe eiioeaioe?th ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai?
aeeaa?neo?eaoe??, iaaeaaaoeia iiaeeeaino? aeey aeioneo ye?nii?
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeii? ? aenieioaoiieia?/ii? i?iaeoeoe??, nai?/anii?
?aae?caoe?? ia?niaeoeaieo ?iaanoeoe?eii-e?aaeeoieo i?iaeo?a.

Aeueoa?iaoeai? o?iainia? ?inoeoooe?? iaaeaaeooue iiaee ?iioeuen aeey
?icaeoeo aa?a?iiai a?ciano, caaacia/aoue anoaiiaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo,
ia?eoaoieo aca?iia?aeiinei iii?ae e?aaeeoiith nenoaiith e
aa?ia?cianiaeie no?oeoo?aie. Aiie ni?eyoeiooue i?ioeanai ?aoi?ioaaiiy,
?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aa?a?iiio naeoi??, a oaeiae ?ioaa?oaaiith
?o a na?oiaee aeiiii?/iee i?ino??.

nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 6 i?aoeue,
caaaeueiei ianyaii 2.9 ae.a., a oiio /ene? iniaenoi aaoi?a 2.8 ae.a.

Na?aae ieo iniiai?:

Ii?ic N.I. I?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe noai?aiiy
aa?ii?iieneiai-o?iainiaeo a?oi, Noie: Oi?aa?neoaonueea eieaa, 1998. — 38
n. – 1.3 ae.a.

Ii?ic N.I. A?cian-ieai aeey ainiiaea?noa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno //
Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. — 1996. — ?4. — n. 25-26. — 0.20 ae.a.

Iiiiia?aiei I.I., Ii?ic N.I. ?icaeoie nenoaie caiaeueieo aaie?a a
aa?a?iiio naeoi?? // A?niee Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y o?iaine ? e?aaeeo. — 1997. — ?2. — n. 153 — 156. —
0.2 ae.a., a o./. aaoi?ii — 0.1 ae.a.

Ii?ic N.I. O?iainia? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo ?io?ano?oeoo?e aa?ia?ciano //
A?niee Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — 1998. — ?2. —
n. 226 — 231. — 0.5 ae.a.

Ii?ic N.I. I?iieneiai-o?iainia? a?oie ye aeueoa?iaoeai? ?eieia? oi?ie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? // A?niee Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y o?iaine ? e?aaeeo. — 1998. — ?1. – n. 35 –
41. — 0.6 ae.a.

Ii?ic N.I. I?aai?caoe?y o?iainiaiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa a ?io?ano?oeoo??
aa?a?iiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee Noinueei? iaeano? // Iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y
“Iai?yiee i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa yeino? n.-a. i?iaeoeoe??”. —
Noie, 1995. — n. 25-26. — 0.1 ae.a.

aiioaoe??

Ii?ic N.I. I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ?icaeoeo ?io?ano?oeoo?e
aa?a?iiai a?ciano.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.02 — I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia. — Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Noie, 1998.

A ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi nooi?noue iiiyooy “?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e” o
eiioaeno? oi?ioaaiiy aa?ia?cianiaiai na?aaeiaeua, aeyaeai?
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy aeueoa?iaoeaii?
o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae? noai?aiiy caiaeueiiai
aaieo, aa?ii?iieneiai-o?iainiai? a?oie, aecia/ai? iai?yiee ?oiueiai
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ae?th/ee iaoai?ci ainiiaea?thaaiiy, i?aaenoaaeai?
iaoiaee/i? noaie ?iciiae?eo a ieo i?eaooeo, o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a.
Aeine?aeaeaii aieea ?inoeoooe?eieo onoaiia ia ?icaeoie aa?ii?aei?e?inoa,
??aaiue ?o o?iainiai? no?eeino?, ieaoini?iiiaeiino? e ?iaanoeoe?eii?
aeoeaiino?. I?aaenoaaeai? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
nenoaie o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aa?a?iee naeoi?, aa?a?iee a?cian, ?eieiaa
?io?ano?oeoo?a, o?iainiaee iaiaaeaeiaio, caiaeuei? aaiee,
aa?ii?iieneiai-o?iainia? a?oie.

Ii?ic N.I. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneee iaoaieci ?acaeoey
eio?ano?oeoo?u aa?a?iiai aeciana.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02 — I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio e
ia?eaoeia. — Noineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Noiu, 1998.

A ?aaioa ?anniio?aii nouiinoue iiiyoey “?uii/iie eio?ano?oeoo?u” a
eiioaenoa oi?ie?iaaiey n?aaeu aa?iaeciana, auyaeaiu
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneea iiaeoiaeu e oi?ie?iaaieth aeueoa?iaoeaiie
oeiainiaie eio?ano?oeoo?u, i?aaeeiaeaiu iiaeaee nicaeaiey caiaeueiiai
aaiea, aa?ii?iiuoeaiii-oeiainiaie a?oiiu, ii?aaeaeaiu iai?aaeaiey eo
aiaae?aiey a aeaenoaothuee iaoaieci oicyenoaiaaiey, i?aaenoaaeaiu
iaoiaee/aneea noaiu ?ani?aaeaeaiey a ieo i?eauee, oeiainiauo ?ano?nia.
Enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea einoeoooeeiiaeueiuo o/?aaeaeaiee ia ?acaeoea
aa?ii?aaei?eyoee, o?iaiy eo oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe, ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe
e eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeoeaiinoe. I?aaenoaaeaiu iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee
ii oniaa?oainoaiaaieth nenoaiu oeiainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aa?a?iue naeoi? , aa?a?iue aecian, ?uii/iay
eio?ano?oeoo?a, oeiainiaue iaiaaeaeiaio, caiaeueiua aaiee,
aa?ii?iiuoeaiii-oeiainiaua a?oiiu.

Moroz S.M. Organizational-economic mechanism of the development of
infrastructure of agrarian business.

This is a thesis for candidate’s degree of economic sciences in
speciality 08.06.02 — Entrepreneurship, management and marketing. — Sumy
state agrarian university, Sumy, 1998.

In the thesis the essence of the concept of “market infrastructure” is
considered in the context of creation of the environment for
agrobusiness; organizational — economic approaches to creation of an
alternative financial infrastructure are determined, models of creation
of land bank, of agroindustrial-financial group are offered, directions
of their introduction in the operating mechanism of managing are stated,
methodical systematic schemes of distribution of profit and financial
resources in them are represented. The influence of institutional
establishments on development agroenterprises, of the level of their
financial stability, of their solvency and of their investment activity
is investigated. The methodical systematic recommendations for
improvement of the system of financial management are suggested.

Key words: agrarian sector, agrarian business, market infrastructure,
and financial management, land banks, agroindustrial-financial groups.

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18

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