aeIIAANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss

AOAe?AIEOeOAA ? A?O?OAEOO?E

AOAA? ?EEss AAEAIOEIIAE*

OAeE 66.073.5

I*ENOEA AAIOEEssOe?EIEO AEEEAe?A

E?IIEAOIIIAI AE?IAIEOeOAA

05.23.03 – Aaioeeyoe?y, ina?oeaiiy oa oaieiaaciiinoa/aiiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iae??aea-1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aeiiaanuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ai?iaeaie?i
Na?a?e Aiae??eiae/, Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e, aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aenioeueeee Na?a?e
Iaaeiae/, Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Caaeiyiiee Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/,
Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: I?eaei?i?ianueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa
oa a?o?oaeoo?e, eaoaae?a iiaeaiiy oa aaioeeyoe??, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee).

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «____»____________1998 ?. i ____
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 12.085.01 o
Aeiiaanuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca
aae?anith: 339023, Aeiiaoeueea iae., i. Iae??aea, aoe. Aea?aeaa?ia, 2,
Cae can?aeaiue (1 o/aiaee ei?ion).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Aeiiaanueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «_____»______________1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, e.o.i., aeioeaio
N.I. Oaiiaaeia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?icaeoie aoae?aaeueiiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie iia`ycaii
c? cia/ieie iio?aaaie a aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??aeao. A inoaii? ?iee oe?iea
canoinoaaiiy a aoae?aieoeoa? ciaoiaeyoue ??ciiiai?oi? iie?a?i?eoei?eaei?
ieeoee ? e?iieaoi.

Aace, ui a?aeoiaeyoue c eaia? aeaethaaiiy i?e ae?iaieoeoa?
iie?a?i?eoei?eaeiiai e?iieaoio, i?noyoue a?eueo aeanyoe oe?aeeeaeo
i?aai?/ieo eiiiiiaio?a, eiioeaio?aoe?y ?yaeo c ieo cia/ii ia?aaeuo?
AAeE.

Aeai? c aeine?aeaeaiue iiaaae?iee oeeo ?ia?aae??io?a i?e iiiaaeaii? a
aeiae?eey na?ae/aoue i?i ?oi? aeoaea iia?eueia a?i?iceeaaeaiiy, iecueeo
i?oaei?noue ia?e, /anoi iacia/io ?ic/eii?noue o aiae? ? aenieee nooi?iue
aaeni?aoe?? a?oioii.

Aeuacacia/aia aeaiaeeoue iaoeiao caaea/o i/enoee aac?a, ui
aeeeaeathoueny a aoiinoa?o oaoiieia?/ieie aa?aaaoaie iie?ia?ii? o?i??,
aei yeeo a?aeiineoueny ? e?iieaoiia ae?iaieoeoai, ia iaeia c ia?oeo
i?noeue na?aae no/anieo aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai Oe?a?ie ?, iniaeeai,
Aeiiaano, ine?eueee oeae ?aa?ii caiaaeoi iane/aiee i?aei?e?inoaaie
caaaeaiiai i?io?eth.

A oe?e neooaoe?? iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueia ieoaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? ? aoaeoeaiino? cania?a i/enoee aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a
e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a oaeiae caaacia/aiiy iiaeeeaino? ooee?caoe??
oe?iieo i?iaeoeo?a oeiaethaaiiy.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

?iaioa aaeany ii caaaeaiith I?iaoaeiaoa??ae?a Oe?a?ie a ?aieao i?iaeoo
3.01.035.014 «Noai?eoe ? a?aei?aoethaaoe a oiiaao i?iieneiai?
aenieoaoaoe?? iia? oa aaeineiiaeai? iaoiaee ? aia?aoe aeey caoenoo
iia?o?yiiai aanaeio».

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
oai?aoe/ia ? aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaenii? nenoaie i/enoee
aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iniiaaii? ia
i?eioeeiao ioieiaeaeoaaiiy aac?a ? eai?ey?ii? eiiaeainaoe?? i?aai?/ieo
eiiiiiaio?a; ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?iaeaia?iiai ?ic?aooieo aia?ao?a oe???
nenoaie.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa aeinyaiooa ae??oaiiyi oaeeo caaea/:

— aea/aiiy oaiia?aoo?ieo oiia ? neeaaeo aaciai? oace a eaia?ao
aeaethaaiiy e?iieaoiii? iane, oa?aeoa?o ? e?eueeino? oieneeaio?a a
aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeaeao ae?iaieoeoaa;

— ?ic?iaea eiioeaioe?? no?oeoo?ii? noaie i/enoee aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo
aac?a e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

— ioe?iea iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy aeey eai?ey?ii? eiiaeainaoe??
ioieiaeaeaii? ia?e ae?ieoeeooaeaoo ii?enoeo ooi?iieanoiaeo o?eueo??a;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ae?aae?/ieo aeanoeainoae ii?enoiai ooi?iieanoo;

— ?ic?iaea eiiieaenii? onoaiiaee ciaoeiaeaeoaaiiy aac?a e?iieaoiiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa c ooee?caoe??th aeiaeaieo i?iaeoeo?a;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo ? i?iaeooaaiiy aia?ao?a onoaiiaee
i/enoee aac?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oaeiio:

— cae?eniaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia oaoi?/ia ??oaiiy nenoaie i/enoee
aaioeeyoe?eieo aaciaeo aeeeae?a e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ui iathoue
oaiia?aoo?o 180-200iN ? i?noyoue ae?ieoeeooaeao oa oei?enoee aiaeaiue;
yea iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? aeioe?eueiino? oa nooiaiy
iiia?aaeiueiai ioieiaeaeaiiy aac?a, a oaeiae aeei?enoaiiy yaeua
eai?ey?ii? eiiaeainaoe?? ae?ieoeeooaeaoo;

— io?eiaii ??aiyiiy aieeao oaiia?aoo?iiai oaeoi?a ia ia?oe?aeueiee oene
ia?e ae?ieoeeooaeaoo a aacia?e oac?;

— aecia/aii a?ae?aae?/i? aeanoeaino? ii?enoeo ooi?iieanoiaeo o?eueo??a
? io?eiaii ??aiyiiy, ui iienothoue caeaaei?noue ieoiii? i?iioneii?
ni?iiiaeiino? o?eueo??a a?ae ia?aiaaeo oeneo ia o?eueo?? ? eiao?oe??ioa
a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o a?ae /enea ?aeiieueaena;

— anoaiiaeaii aieea oaiia?aoo?e ia eiao?oe??io iiaa?oaaiai iaoyao ia
iaae? oac: ??aeeee ae?ieoeeooaeao — ooi?iieano;

— aea/aii aoaeoeai?noue ciaoeiaeaeaiiy aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a a?ae
ae?ieoeeooaeaoo ? oei?enoiai aiaeith i?e ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo noaiao
i/enoee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia aia?aoo?ia ioi?ieaiiy noaie i/enoee
aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

— noai?aii iaoiaeeeo a?aoi-aiae?oe/iiai ?ic?aooieo
o?eueo?a-e?aieaoeiaethaa/a, yeee neeaaea?oueny c aeie?a ii?enoiai
ooi?iieanoa;

— ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?th ciaoeiaeaeaiiy aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a
e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaenii? onoaiiaee i/enoee.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. An? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe io?eiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa?
o:

— iinoaiiaoe? caaea/ ii an?o ?icae?eao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe;

— ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeee aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaaaeaieo a aeena?oaoe??;

— aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? o i?iaaaeaii? eaai?aoi?ieo, noaiaeiaeo oa
i?iieneiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue;

— iaoaiaoe/i?e ia?iaoe? ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue;

— ?ic?iaoe? eiiieaenii? nenoaie i/enoee aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a
e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

— nenoaiaoecaoe?? ? iaoeiaiio aiae?c? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

A on?o ioae?eaoe?yo c? ni?aaaoi?aie iniiai? ?aea? ? ?ic?iaee iaeaaeaoue
aaoi?o aeena?oaoe??. Aeiyoeii ? ioae?eaoe?y [5], aea aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue
?aeay ia?iaee aac?a o oe?iiaeo oaieiiai?iieo aia?aoao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiineeeny ia
iaaiai?aiiy ? aoee noaaeai? ia Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? «I/enoea iia?o?y
? ciaoeiaeaeoaaiiy a?aeoiaey/eo aac?a» (i.Iaica, I?eaiecueeee aoaeeiie
aeiiii?/ieo oa iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ciaiue, 1991 ?.), i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo «Aeieia?y i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio»
(i.Aeiiaoeuee, 1995 ?.), «?ano?nicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? a ae?iaieoeoa?
aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a» (i.Iae??aea, 1995 ?.), ae?oa?e Anaoe?a?inuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? ?i.O.A.Oaa/aiea (i.Ee?a, 1996 ?.), iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo AeAeAAA (i.Iae??aea, 1993, 1995 ? 1996 ??.).

O iiaiiio ia`?i? cae?i/aia aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeiiia?aeaeany ia
eaoaae?? «Oaieioaoi?ea, oaieiaaciiinoa/aiiy ? aaioeeyoe?y» AeAeAAA.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii n?i ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeue: iaeia a aeaaeai?/iiio aeo?iae?, /ioe?e — a iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao,
iaeia — a ca??ieeo iaoa??ae?a eiioa?aioe?? ? iaeia — aeaiiiiaaia a AeIOA
Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
oanoe ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 142
iaeiaioaaiue oa /ioe?ueio aeiaeaoe?a. Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia 131
noi??ioe? oaenoo, aeeth/ath/e 25 ?enoie?a (25 noi?.) 17 oaaeeoeue (9
noi?.).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa oa
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaaaeai? iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai?
aaoi?ii, iieacaia ?oi? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ? ?aae?caoe?y.

A ?icae?e? 1 aiae?co?oueny oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa e?iieaoio, noai oa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? aeinyaiaiiy c i?iaeaie i/enoee aac?a, ui i?noyoue
i?aai?/i? eiiiiiaioe.

I/enoea aac?a a?ae i?aai?/ieo niieoe yaey? niaith neeaaeiee eiiieaen
yaeu o?ceei-o?i?/iiai ia?aoai?aiiy, a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ? oaieiaeo
i?ioean?a.

Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa oaoi?/ia ao?eaiiy a i?aeoeeo ??ciiiai?oieo
niinia?a i/enoee aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a iie?ia?ii? o?i?? iaaeaia a
?iaioao ?yaeo a/aieo: Oaooaey A.I., ?aiia A.I., Naiaiiaa I.TH.,
Aeaieniaa A.O., Niaeoa?a A.A., Ee?ie/aaa A.A., Ai?aaiea-Aa?iaiiaa Ae.N.
oa ?i.

Aiae?c no/aniiai noaio ieoaiiy i/enoee aac?a a?ae i?aai?/ieo niieoe
iieacaa, ui i?e an?e ??ciiiai?oiino? ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a aacii/euaiiy
ia i?aei?e?inoaao iie?ia?ii? o?i?? oi?aa?naeueiiai niiniao ia ?nio?.
Aea?? oiai aai ?ioiai iaoiaeo caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?aeoa?o ae?iaieoeoaa ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, a?ae neeaaeo, aeanoeainoae ? ia?aiao??a aaciaeo aeeeae?a.

Ia iniia? aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo ? iaoaioieo aeaea?ae ? i?iaaaeaiiai
aiae?co noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?ic?iaeai?
iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

A ?icae?e? 2 iaaaaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia`?eo?a ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue.
sse aaciaee ia`?eo aeine?aeaeaiue i?eeiyo? no/ani? (aaaaeai? a
aenieoaoaoe?th a 1991 ?ioe?) e?i?? ae?iaieoeoaa e?iieaoio ia
Aeiiaoeueeiio caaiae? aoii-o?i?/ieo ae?ia?a, ye? neeaaeathoueny c aeaio
eaia? oa?iiieanoeo?eaoe?? (aeaethaaiiy).

A aeai?e ?iaio?, ie??i noaiaea?oieo, ?ic?iaeaii ?yae niaoe?aeueieo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue: oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey ? neeaaeo aaciai? oace a
eaia?ao aeaethaaiiy; a?ae?aae?/iiai aei?iaoaaiiy o?eueo??a c ii?enoeo
iaoa??ae?a; aecia/aiiy iiaa?oiaaeo aeanoeainoae ae?ieoeeooaeaoo.

Aeey iaea?aeaiiy a??ia?aeieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo c?iaeaii
iao?ieia?/iee aiae?c aeeiiaiiy aenia?eiaio?a, ?acoeueoaoe ia?iaeaii
iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

A ?icae?e? 3 iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a
ciaoeiaeaeoaaiiy aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aea/aiiy neeaaeo aac?a ye a ??cieo ciiao eaia? aeaethaaiiy, oae ? aac?a,
ui i?aeaeathoueny i/enooe?, iieacaei, ui iniiaieie oe?aeeeainoyie o
aeeeaeao e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? ae?ieoeeooaeao ? oei?enoee
aiaeaiue, e?euee?noue ia?oiai c yeeo nooo?ai ia?aaeuo? a?aie/ii
aeiionoei? eiioeaio?aoe??. Oiio i?e aea/aii? neeaaeo aaciaiai
na?aaeiaeua a eaia?ao aeaethaaiiy eiio?iethaaee o?eueee aeaa eiiiiiaioa
— ae?ieoeeooaeao (AeIO) ? oei?enoee aiaeaiue.

E?euee?noue ieanoeo?eaoi?a, yeee aeae?ey?oueny c e?iieaoiii? iane, a,
a?aeiia?aeii, ? neeaae aaciai? oace, aecia/athoueny a iniiaiiio
oaiia?aoo?iei ?aaeeiii a eaia?ao aeaethaaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey a eaia?ao aeaethaaiiy (oo?eoao)
iieacaei, ui aiane?aeie iniaeeainoae i?aai?caoe?? iioieo aaco eiai
oaiia?aoo?a ii aeiaaeei? eaia? ia ? noaeith (?en.1). A ia?oiio oo?eoo
oaiia?aoo?a aaco i?i?iaeueia ia ae?eyioe? o ao?aeiiio ia?a??c? ?
neeaaea? 130iN. Iaeneiaeueia oaiia?aoo?a ia? i?noea a na?aaeei? oo?eoa,
aea cae?enith?oueny iiaea/a iaa??oiai aaco a eaia?o c oaieiaaia?aoi?a, ?
neeaaea? 180iN. ??aaiue oaiia?aoo?e a ae?oaiio oo?eoo aeua, i?ae a
ia?oiio, ? c?inoa? a?ae aoiaeo a eaia?o (180iN) aei aeoiaeo c ia?
(250iN).

Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao, ui e?euee?noue ae?ieoeeooaeaoo a aacia?e oac?
eaia? eieeaa?oueny a aeinoaoiuei nooo?aeo iaaeao, ? oe? eieeaaiiy
a?aeiia?aeathoue oa?aeoa?o ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e aac?a (?en.2.). I?i?iaeueia
eiioeaio?aoe?y AeIO a 3…5 ?ac?a aeua AAeE ?iai/i? ciie, a iaeneiaeueia
— a 20…40 ?ac?a.

Iioaioe?eio iiaeeea?noue caa?oaeiaiiy aaciaiai na?aaeiaeua ia?ith
??aeeie i?e ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao iiaeia ioe?ieoe aaee/eiith oeneo
iane/aii? ia?e.

Iaie io?eiaii c aeei?enoaiiyi e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo oaea ?ic?aooieiaa
??aiyiiy aeey ioe?iee iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeai? eiioeaio?aoe?? AeIO a
aacia?e oac? a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e:

(1)

Ioe?iea aaee/eie ia?oe?aeueiiai oeneo ia?e ae?ieoeeooaeaoo ? eiai
eiioeaio?aoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, yeo c?iaeaii ca
aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiiy (1), iieacaea, ui ??aiiaaaei? cia/aiiy oeeo
ia?aiao??a, a?aeiia?aei? aeiionoeiiio cia/aiith AAeE, aeinyaathoueny i?e
oaiia?aoo?? a?ey 70iN.

C o?aooaaiiyi noeeueiino? ?a/iaei, aei yeeo a?aeiineoueny
ae?ieoeeooaeao, ooai?thaaoe i?e ioieiaeaeai? ae??aiiaeenia?ni? aa?icie?,
aace iaiao?aeii ia?aioieiaeaeoaaoe ia 35…40iN. Oaeei /eiii,
iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue oaiia?aoo?e, aei yei? aace, ui a?aeoiaeyoue, iiaeii?
ioieiaeaeoaaoeny a o?eueo??-ioieiaeaeoaa/?, neeaaea? 30…35iN, ui
oe?eeii i?eeiyoii c iiceoe?e oaoi?/ii? ?aae?caoe?? i?e aeei?enoaii?
eaei?eoa??a, ye? na??eii aeioneathoueny a?o/eciyiith i?iieneia?noth.

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oaiia?aoo?e ? neeaaeo
aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa aeathoue i?aenoaao
i?eeiyoe ye eiioeaiooaeueio aa?n?th aaaaoinoaae?eio nenoaio i/enoee, ui
aeeth/a? iiia?aaei? ioieiaeaeoaaiiy aac?a c eiiaeainaoe??th /anoeie ia?e
AeIO ia ciai?oi?e iiaa?oi? oaieiiai?iiiai aia?aoa ? ianooiiith
inoaoi/iith i/enoeith aac?a.

A?aoiaoth/e iiaeeea?noue ooai?aiiy ia noaae?? ioieiaeaeoaaiiy aac?a
oiieiaeenia?nieo aa?icieae AeIO, ye nooi?iue oiiei? i/enoee aac?a
ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aeei?enoaiiy aieieioaaoeo o?eueo??a aai ii?enoeo
iaoa??ae?a.

Oai?aoe/iith ia?aaeoiiaith aeai?o oeeo o?eueo??a noaa aeeiiaiee aiae?c
yaeua eai?ey?ii? eiiaeainaoe??.

C ??aiyiiy Oiiniia-Aeaana iiaeia io?eiaoe caeaaei?noue i?ae ?aae?onii
eai?ey?a r ? aaee/eiith a?aeiiniiai ia?oe?aeueiiai oeneo ia?e iaae
iai?neii:

, (2)

— ??aiiaaaeiee ia?oe?aeueiee oene ??aeeie iaae ieineith iiaa?oiath.

A ca`yceo c oei, ui a oaoi?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? a?aenooi? aeai? a?aeiinii
iiaa?oiaaeo aeanoeainoae ae?ieoeeooaeaoo, iaie aeey oe??? ?a/iaeie ca
iaoiaeeeith iaea?eueoiai oeneo a aaciaiio ioce?? aecia/aia oaiia?aoo?ia
caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao (I/i), yeo i?aaenoaaeaii
??aiyiiyi:

,

. (3)

?ic?aooiee ca ??aiyiiyie (2) ? (3) iieacaee, ui noiniaii aei nenoai, ui
i?noyoue ia?o ae?ieoeeooaeaoo, yaeua eai?ey?ii? eiiaeainaoe?? aoaea iaoe
i?noea, yeui ?aae?on eai?ey?a aoaea iaio 2,2.10-5 i, ui ia ii?yaeie
aeua, i?ae aeey aiaee. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo ia aoaea ooai?aiiy aioeuen??
AeIO c aiaeith ? c`yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeiaeaiiai
oe?iiiai i?iaeoeoo a oaoiieia?/iiio i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa e?iieaoio.

sse iniiai? aa??aioe nenoai i/enoee aac?a a?ae ae?ieoeeooaeaoo, ui
i?aeeyaathoue aei?iaoaaiiyi, aoee i?eeiyo? i?ii? o?eueo?e ? o?eueo?e c
ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a.

Aei?iaoaaiiy aeine?aeii-i?iieneiai? onoaiiaee cae?enithaaeeny o
ae?iaie/eo oiiaao ? neeaae aac?a, ye? aeae?eyeeny c eaia? aeaethaaiiy, a
oaeiae ?o oaiia?aoo?a a?aeiia?aeaee ae?iaie/ei.

Iaia`yceiaith oiiaith aei?iaoaaieo nenoai aoea iayai?noue o?eueo??a
i/enoee a?ae iaoai?/ieo aeii?oie ? ioieiaeaeoaa/a aac?a.

I?ney ioieiaeaeoaa/a aac?a anoaiiaethaaeeny ii/a?aiai o?eueo?e c
oeaieiieo iaoa??ae?a, aeaa i?iieo o?eueo?a ? o?eueo?e c ii?enoeo
iaoa??ae?a. A inoaiiueiio aa??aio? ca iniiao aoee i?eeiyo? o?eueo?e c
ii?enoiai ooi?iieanoa (OAI) — oa?i?/ii ? o?i?/ii no?eeiai iaoa??aeo,
oaoiieia?y aeaioiaeaiiy yeiai ?ic?iaeaia ia Aeiiaoeueeiio caaiae?
aoii-o?i?/ieo ae?ia?a. O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ?icaeyiooeo aeua
oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue aoee aei?iaoaai? o?eueo?e OAI c ?ici??aie ii?
0,5.10-5; 10-5; 2.10-5 i.

A i?iieo o?eueo?ao a yeino? ??aeeie, yea anei?eth?, aeei?enoiaoaaee
ae?ieoeeooaeao.

C aeaieo, iaaaaeaieo a oaae.1, aeo?ea?, ui i?e i?ioiaeaeaii? aac?a
e??cue ioieiaeaeoaa/ ia? i?noea cia/ia eiiaeainaoe?y ia?e AeIO, yea
aeinyaa? a ?yae? aeiaaee?a 60-70%. Na?aaei?e nooi?iue i/enoee ca anth
na??th aenia?eiaio?a neeaa 48,4%.

Oaaeeoey 1 — Aoaeoeai?noue oeiaethaaiiy AeIO i?e ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo
noaiao i/enoee aac?a.

Oei noaie Nooi?iue i/enoee aac?a a?ae AeIO, %

I/enoee O?eueo?-

Ioieiaeaeoaa/ Aeae o?eueo?a O?eueo? oiiei? i/enoee Caaaeueiee nooi?iue
i/enoee

1 45,2 Oeaieiiee 49,2 71,9

2 52,6 I?iiee – 43,3 28,9

3a 30,9 OAI-5 89,5 92,7

3a 63,4 OAI-10 85,8 94,8

3a 50,0 OAI-20 82,5 91,4

Na?aaei? ii

noai? 3 48,4 OAI 85,7 93,8

C o?ueio aeine?aeaeaieo aa??aio?a o?eueo??a oiiei? i/enoee, a yeeo
iiaeiia cae?enithaaoeny inoaoi/ia eiiaeainaoe?y ia?e AeIO ? anei?eyoe?y
ae??aiiaeenia?nieo aa?icieae, iaea?eueo noaa?euei? ? aenie? ?acoeueoaoe
io?eiai? i?e i?ioiaeaeaii? aac?a /a?ac ii?eno? ooi?iieanoia? o?eueo?e.
I?e oeueiio niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y cieaeaiiy nooiaiy i/enoee ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi ?ici??o ii?. ?acii c oei, a on?o aenia?eiaioao
eiioeaio?aoe?y AeIO ia aeoiae? c ooi?iieanoiaeo o?eueo??a ciaoiaeeeany
ia ??ai? aeiia AAeE.

Eiioeaio?aoe?y AeIO i?e i?ioiaeaeaii? aac?a /a?ac i?ii? o?eueo?e ia
ciaioo?oueny, a ca?eueoo?oueny. ?ic?eaaiiy ioce?e?a i?e i?ioiaeaeaii?
aac?a e??cue oa? ieanoeo?eaoi??a i?eaiaeeoue aei aaia?aoe?? ae??aieo
/anoeiie, ui coiiaeththoue i?aeaeuaiiy caa?oaeiaiino? aac?a, yea oei
aeua, /ei ieae/a ii/aoeiaa eiioeaio?aoe?y AeIO o aeo?aeiiio aac?. Oea
na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeei?enoaiiy i?iieo o?eueo??a c ieanoeo?eaoi?ii a
yeino? oeiaethth/iai na?aaeiaeua iai?eeiyoii.

Canoinoaaiiy oeaieiieo o?eueo??a no?eei caaacia/eei cieaeaiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? AeIO a ieo ia ??ai? 50%.

Oaeei /eiii, a yeino? o?eueo??a oiiei? i/enoee iaea?eueo aoaeoeai?
?acoeueoaoe io?eiaii i?e aeei?enoaii? ii?enoeo ooi?iieanoiaeo iaoa??ae?a
(nooi?iue i/enoee 82…89%).

A?aoiaoth/e iiaeeea?noue a?eueo aeeaiei? iiia?aaeiuei? i/enoee aac?a a
o?eueo??-ioieiaeaeoaa/? i?e ia?aoiae? aei i?iieneiaiai aa??aioo
aacii/enii? nenoaie ? cia/ia ciaioaiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o a o?eueo?ao
c ?ici??ii ii? 2.10-5 i, oyaey?oueny aeioe?eueii aeey i?iieneiaeo
onoaiiaie i???iooaaoeny ia inoaii?e aa??aio.

A ?icae?e? 4 aeine?aeaeaii a?ae?aae?/i? aeanoeaino? o?eueo??a c
ii?enoiai ooi?iieanoo.

I?e ?ic?iaoe? ? i?iaeooaaii? i?iieneiaeo aacii/enieo nenoai aeieea? ?yae
i?iaeai, iaoiiaeaieo a?aenooi?noth a?ae?aae?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?yaeo
ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a. Oe? ae?iae, ui canoiniaothoueny o eiioaeoieo
o?eueo?oth/eo oa ?ioeo aia?aoao, a iniiaiiio aeaioiaeythoueny o aeaeyae?
oeee?iae?e/iiai oa?o. A eeane/ieo ?iaioao ?.?. ?aeaeue/eea iaaiaeyoueny
aeai? i?i eiao?oe??io iii?o oeee?iae?e/iiai oa?o cia/ii? e?eueeino?
ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a, oaeeo ye aio?aoeeo, aaeiia?ao, aeeiicai, a?oio,
eien, ??ciiiai?oi? eaoae?caoi?e oa ?i. Ui aei ooi?iieanoiaeo ii?enoeo
ae?ia?a, oi ?oi? a?ae?aae?/i? aeanoeaino? aei oeueiai /ano i?aeoe/ii ia
aea/ai?. Ciaiiy oeeo aeanoeainoae aeicaieeoue a?eueo iaa?oioiaaii ?iaeoe
aea?? ii?enoiai ooi?iieanoo aeey aacii/enoee.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ooi?iieanoiaeo o?eueo??a aoee aea/ai? iniaeeaino? ?o
?iaioe i?ae oeneii ? i?e ?ic??aeaeaii? a /enoiio noai? ? a i?ioean?
oeiaethaaiiy ia?e ae?ieoeeooaeaoo c aac?a, a oaeiae aecia/aii ci?io
a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o o?eueo??a a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeo?aoe aac?a ?
iane/aiino? iaoa??aeo ae?ieoeeooaeaoii. Io?eiaii ooieoe?iiaeueio
caeaaei?noue, yea ia? e?i?eiee oa?aeoa?, i?ae ia?aiaaeii oeneo a oa??
o?eueo?o ? eiai i?iioneiith ni?iiiaei?noth iacaeaaeii a?ae iai?yieo ?ooo
?a/iaeie, yea o?eueo?o?oueny.

A?ae?aae?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea o?eueo?oth/iai ooi?iieanoa c ae?aiao?ii ii?
2.10-5 i ia? aeae:

,

(4)

Ia iniia? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue o?eueo??a c ??cieie ?ici??aie ii?
aecia/aii caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o a?ae /enea
?aeiieueaena (?en.3):

,

(5)

I?e aeei?enoaii? ii?enoiai ooi?iieanoo aeey i/enoee aac?a e?iieaoiiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a ii?ao aoaea eiiaeainoaaoeny ae?ieoeeooaeao, ui,
i?e?iaeii, ci?ieoue a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? oiiae i?ioeano o?eueo?oaaiiy.

Oiio aoee aeine?aeaeai? a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee o?eueo??a OAI
i?e ?o i?ini/aii? ae?ieoeeooaeaoii. Aenia?eiaioe aoei i?iaaaeaii ia
o?eueo?ao c ?ici??ii ii? 2.10-5 i.

Aeeiai?eo ci?ie i?iioneii? ni?iiiaeiino? cii/aiiai o?eueo?o ? eiai
a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o i?e aacia?a?aiiio iaianaii? ia ciai?oith iiaa?oith
??aeeiai AeIO ? iaci?iiiio aeaeo?e/iiio iaaaioaaeaii? ia aaioeeyoi?
iaaaaeaii ia ?en.4. A?aecia/aii ?ioaineaia aoyaoaaiiy ??aeeie a
na?aaeeio ii? o?eueo?a. Ia i?ioyc? ia?oeo 40 oaeeei ia? i?noea
ia?ao?aeiee ?aaeei, i?e yeiio a?ae?aae?/iee ii?? ciaioo?oueny c 1650 aei
1400 Ia, a ieoiia i?iioneia ni?iiiaei?noue ca?eueoo?oueny c 0,029 aei
0,033 i/n. I?ney icia/aiiai /ano i?ioean o?eueo?aoe?? noaa?e?co?oueny.

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a caeaaei?noue a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o
a?ae ieoiii? i?iioneii? ni?iiiaeiino? o?eueo?a aecia/a?oueny ??aiyiiyi:

,

. (6)

I?ney cae?i/aiiy eiaeiiai aenia?eiaioo ?iaeee aaeainiaee aiae?c aeo?aoe
AeIO, a ?acoeueoao? yeiai anoaiiaeaii, ui ??aeeee AeIO i?a?o? ii ii?ao
o?eueo?o, aeoiaeeoue ia aioo??oith iiaa?oith, no?ea? ii i?e ?
eiioeaio?o?oueny ia i?aeaeii? o?eueo?a.

Oaeei /eiii, i?e aeei?enoaii? o?eueo??a OAI a?aeiaaea? iaiao?aei?noue a
?o ?aaaia?aoe??, a aeiaeaiee ae?ieoeeooaeao iiaeeeai aeei?enoiaoaaoe
iiaoi?ii a oaoiieia?/iiio i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa e?iieaoio.

A ?icae?e? 5 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii? onoaiiaee
i/enoee aac?a a?ae i?iaeoeo?a aeia?iaoaaiiy, ui i?noyoueny a
aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeaeao eaia? oa?iiieanoeo?eaoe??, ?aae?ciaaii? ia
Aeiiaoeueeiio caaiae? aoii-o?i?/ieo ae?ia?a. Aiia aeeth/a? a naaa oae?
iniiai? aocee (?en.5): o?eueo?-ioieiaeaeoaa/ (1), eaia?o c?iooaaiiy (2),
o?eueo?-e?aieaaeiaethaa/ (3) no?oiii-i?iiee o?eueo? (4), eiioeaio?aoi?
HCl (5), oyaiaeooueiaa iaeaaeiaiiy (6), ianinia onoaoeoaaiiy (7).

Aei?iaoaaiiy aeine?aeii-i?iieneiai? eiiieaenii? nenoaie i/enoee aac?a
i?iaiaeeeiny ia ?iai/eo ?aaeeiao ae?iaieoeoaa e?iieaoio ia aeaio e?i?yo,
ui aeeth/athoue /ioe?e eaia?e aeaethaaiiy. Aace, ye? a?aeoiaeyoue a?ae
iaio e?i?e, iaaeoiaeeee a caaaeueiee aacio?ae ? iiaeaaaeeny ia onoaiiaeo
i/enoee.

Io?eiai? aenie? cia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeeo/aiiy c aac?a ae?ieoeeooaeaoo
(89,6…93,8%) ? oei?enoiai aiaeith (98%), ui caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? oeeo ?a/iaei a aeeeaeao aei aeiiae AAeE (oaae.2).
Aa?iaeeiai?/iee ii?? aacii/enii? nenoaie ia ia?aaeuo? 3,4 eIa.

Oaaeeoey 2 — Oaoi?/i? iieacieee ?iaioe onoaiiaee i/enoee aaioeeyoe?eieo
aeeeae?a e?i?? ae?iaieoeoaa e?iieaoio

Iaeiaioaaiiy iieacieea Iaeeieoe? aei??o Iaae? ci?ie Na?aaei? cia/aiiy

Ianya aac?a, ui i/euathoueny, ia?aae aacii/enoeith oen. i3//

i3/n 18.7-20,9

5,17-5,81 19,8

5,49

Ianya aac?a, ui i/euathoueny, i?e ii?iaeueieo o?ce/ieo oiiaao oen. i3//

i3/n 13,4-15,0

3,72-4,17 14,2

3,95

Aa?iaeeiai?/iee ii?? aacii/eniiai o?aeoo Ia 3340-3400 3370

Oaiia?aoo?a aac?a: 

ia?aae onoaiiaeith

i?ney o?eueo?a-ioieiaeaeoaa/a

0N

89-127

28-32

103

30

Eiioeaio?aoe?y AeIO a aacao:

ia?aae onoaiiaeith

i?ney o?eueo?a-ioieiaeaeoaa/a

i?ney o?eueo?a-e?aieaoeiaethaa/a ia/ii3

7,8-12,4

4,2-6,7

0,76-0,86

10,1

5,45

0,79

Eiioeaio?aoe?y a aacao oei?enoiai aiaeith:

ia?aae onoaiiaeith

i?ney no?oiii-i?iiiai o?eueo?o ia/ii3

1,54-2,02

0,04-0,05

1,78

0,045

Nooi?iue i/enoee aac?a:

a?ae ae?ieoeeooaeaoo

a?ae oei?enoiai aiaeith %

89,6-93,8

97,0-98,0

91,7

97,5

??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? onoaiiaee
i/enoee aac?a ia Aeiiaoeueeiio caaiae? aoii-o?i?/ieo ae?ia?a neeaa 30
oen. a?i.

A ?icae?e? 6 cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo, eiino?othaaiiy oa
i?aeai?o iaeaaeiaiiy aeey ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie aacii/enoee. A yeino?
iniiaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy o o?eueo??-ioieiaeaeoaa/? i?iiiio?oueny
aeei?enoiaoaaoe eaei?eoa?i? naeoe??. A?aoiaoth/e, ui caaaeueiii?eeiyoee
i?eioeei ?ic?aooieo eaei?eoa??a aeey aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy ?o a yeino?
ioieiaeaeoaa/a aac?a ia i?eeiyoiee, iaie ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo
ia IAII ioieiaeaeoaa/a iaa??oeo aac?a, yea ao?eaia o i?ia?aio «OHL.bas».
Oey i?ia?aia ia?aaeaa/a? aea?? aaciioieiaeaeoaa/?a ? iioei?caoe?th
?aaeeio ?o ?iaioe aeey oaeeo aa??aio?a: ii an?o oeiao ? ?ici??ao
ioieiaeaeoaa/?a; ii caaeaiiio oeio ioieiaeaeoaa/a aeey an?o ?ici???a; ii
caaeaiiio oeio ? ?ici??o; aeey iiaiai oeio ? ?ici??o ioieiaeaeoaa/a ii
caiiaeaiith.

A ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooieo aecia/athoueny oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e
ioieiaeaeoaa/a, eiino?oeoeai? ?ici??e ? i?eioeeie eiiiiiiaee naeoe?e, a
oaeiae ??/i? aeiiii?/i? iieacieee aenieoaoaoe??.

I?iaeooaaiiy o?eueo?a-ioieiaeaeoaa/a, yeee neeaaea?oueny c
ooi?iieanoiaeo oeee?iae?e/ieo aeie?a, cae?enith?oueny a?aoiaiae?oe/iei
niiniaii ca aeiiiiiaith iiiia?aie, yeo ?ic?iaeaii ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue a?ae?aae?/ieo aeanoeainoae ii?enoiai ooi?iieanoo.

Aeey aeeo/aiiy c aac?a, ye? i/euothoueny, oei?enoiai aiaeith
ia?aaeaa/aii a oaoiieia?/i?e noai? no?oiii-i?iiee o?eueo? c onoaiiaeith
aia?ao?a oeio NIO.

AENIIAEE

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiaieie oe?aeeeainoyie o aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeaeao
a?ae eaia? aeaethaaiiy e?iieaoiii? iane ? ia?a ae?ieoeeooaeaoo,
iaeneiaeueia eiioeaio?aoe?y yei? aeinyaa? cia/aiue, a 40 ?ac?a
ia?aaeuoth/eo AAeE ?iai/i? ciie, ? oei?enoee aiaeaiue, na?aaeiy
eiioeaio?aoe?y yeiai neeaaea? 3-5 ia/i3. Iayai?noue a aacao aaeeeeo
eiioeaio?aoe?e ae?ieoeeooaeaoo iaoiiaeaii oaiia?aoo?ieie oiiaaie
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano a eaia?ao aeaethaaiiy (180…250iN).

2. Iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue aaaaoinoaae?eii? noaie i/enoee
aeniei-oaiia?aoo?ieo aeeeae?a e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, yea aeeth/a?
noaae?? iiia?aaeiueiai ioieiaeaeoaaiiy aac?a ? ianooiii? oiiei? i/enoee
a?ae ae?ieoeeooaeaoo a o?eueo?ao eai?ey?ii? eiiaeainaoe??, a a?ae
oei?enoiai aiaeith — a i?iieo o?eueo?ao.

3. Io?eiaii ??aiyiiy aieeao oaiia?aoo?e ia ia?oe?aeueiee oene ia?e
ae?ieoeeooaeaoo o aacia?e oac? oa aecia/aii ??aaiue oaiia?aoo?e (30iN),
i?e ye?e aeinyaa?oueny oni?oia eiiaeainaoe?y ia?e oe??? ?a/iaeie, a
oaeiae aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aii aieea oaiia?aoo?e ia eiao?oe??io
iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao ae?ieoeeooaeaoa.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueoee nooi?iue oiiei? i/enoee aac?a a?ae
ae?ieoeeooaeaoo (82…89%) ia? i?noea a eai?ey?ii-ii?enoeo
ooi?iieanoiaeo o?eueo?ao.

5. Iieacaii, ui i?ioeane eai?ey?ii? eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e ae?ieoeeooaeaoo o
ii?enoiio ooi?iieano? ?ioaineaii i?io?eathoue i?e ?ici??? ii? iaio
2.10-5 i.

6. Aecia/ai? a?ae?aae?/i? aeanoeaino? ii?enoeo ooi?iieanoiaeo o?eueo??a
? io?eiai? aii??e/i? ??aiyiiy, ye? iienothoue caeaaei?noue ieoiii?
i?iioneii? ni?iiiaeiino? o?eueo??a a?ae ia?aiaaeo oeneo ia o?eueo?? oa
eiao?oe??ioa a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o a?ae /enea ?aeiieueaena.

7. ?ic?iaeai? eiino?oeoe?? ? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooie?a iniiaieo aia?ao?a,
ye? neeaaeathoue nenoaio ciaoeiaeaeoaaiiy aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a
e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, aeey /iai cai?iiiiiaai? i?ia?aia «OHL.bas»
?ic?aooieo ia IAII ioieiaeaeoaa/a aac?a ? iaoiaeeea a?aoi-aiae?oe/iiai
?ic?aooieo o?eueo?a-e?aieaoaeiaethaa/a, yeee neeaaea?oueny c aeie?a
ii?enoiai ooi?iieanoo.

8. Aeine?aeii-i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? onoaiiaee eiiieaenii?
i/enoee aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa iieacaei
aenie? cia/aiiy noia?ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?o i/enoee a?ae ae?ieoeeooaeaoo
(89,6…93,8%) ? oei?enoiai aiaeith (98%), ui caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? oeeo ?a/iaei o aeeeaeao aei aeiia AAeE i?e iaeii/ani?e
ooee?caoe?? ? iiaa?iaii? o ae?iaieoeoai ae?ieoeeooaeaoo.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a oaeeo ?iaioao aaoi?a:

Aoaa?ue E.A. Iaaca?aaeeaaiea aaioeeyoeeiiiuo aua?inia, ia?acothueony i?e
i?iecaiaenoaa eeiieaoia // Yeioaoiieiaee e ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea. — 1998. —
? 5. – N. 58-59.

Aoaa?ue E.A., ssoeaiei A.A., Oaeiae/aiei C.A., Eoeueyiia A.A. E aii?ino
i eiaaoeyoeee iaeeiaeenia?niiai ay?iciey // Aanoiee AeAANA. – Iaeaaaea.
– 1995. aui. 95-1. — N. 138-140.

Aoaa?ue E.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue i/enoee aacia i?e ooeeecaoeee oaieiou n
eniieueciaaieai ieaii/iiai i?iiaaeooi/iiai oaieiiineoaey // Aanoiee
AeAANA. – Iaeaaaea. – 1995. aui. 95-1. – N. 140-142.

Aoaa?ue A.O., Aouei A.I., Aoaa?ue E.A., Oaeiae/aiei C.A. Oece/aneay
iiaeaeue oaiei- e ianniiaiaiiuo i?ioeannia a oe?iiaii oaieiiaiaiieea //
Aanoiee AeAANA. – Iaeaaaea. – 1996. aui. 96-1. — N. 76-77.

Aoaa?ue E.A., Eaieoi I.?., Na?aei A.A., Oaeiae/aiei C.A. Aeae?aaee/aneea
naienoaa ii?enoiai ooi?iieanoa // Aanoiee AeAANA. – Iaeaaaea. – 1998.
aui. 98-2. — N. 59-61.

Oaeiae/aiei C.A., Aoaa?ue E.A., Eaieoi I.?., Aeoaeceineay A.A.,
Aoaa?ue N.A. I?iaeaia i/enoee aua?inia eeiieaoiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. —
Aeiiaanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u. –
Iaeaaaea, 1996. – 14 n. – Aeaeeia?.:13 iaca. – ?on. — Aeai. A AIOA
Oe?aeiu, 29.04.96, ? 1070-Oe 96.

Eaieoi I.?., Na?aei A.A., Ea?iiaa I.E., Aoaa?ue E.A. Ia i/enoea aacia
i?e i?iecaiaenoaa eeiieaoia // I/enoea aicaeooa e iaaca?aaeeaaiea
iooiaeyueo aacia. Oacenu aeieeaaeia eiioa?aioeee. – Iaica: Oeiia?aoey
I?eaieaeneiai aeiia yeiiiie/aneeo e iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo ciaiee, 1991. –
N. 41-42.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aoaa?ue E.A. I/enoea aaioeeyoeeiiiuo aua?inia eeiieaoiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.03 – aaioeeyoeey, inaauaiea e
oaieiaaciniaaaeaiea. – Aeiiaanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey
no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u Ieienoa?noaa ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, Iaeaaaea,
1998.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e i?iecaiaenoaa iieeaeieeoei?eaeiiai eeiieaoia
iniiaiuie a?aaeiinoyie a aaioeeyoeeiiiuo aua?inao yaeythony ia?u
aeeieoeeooaeaoa e oei?enoiai aiaei?iaea. Oai?aoe/anee e
yenia?eiaioaeueii iainiiaaia eiiieaeniay nenoaia iaaca?aaeeaaiey aacia
io yoeo eiiiiiaioia, iniiaaiiay ia i?eioeeiao ioeaaeaeaiey e oiieie
i/enoee io aeeieoeeooaeaoa a oeeueo?ao ec ii?enoiai ooi?iieanoa, a io
oei?enoiai aiaei?iaea – a iaiiuo aiia?aoao.

Yenia?eiaioaeueii iieo/aiu o?aaiaiey aeey ?an/aoa oaeaeueiie i?iioneiie
niiniaiinoe e eiyooeoeeaioa aeae?aaee/aneiai nii?ioeaeaiey neiy
ii?enoiai ooi?iieanoa.

?ac?aaioaia e eniuoaia i?iiuoeaiiay onoaiiaea e nicaeaia eiaeaia?iay
iaoiaeeea i?iaeoe?iaaiey aacii/enoiie nenoaiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaioeeyoeeiiiua aua?inu, eeiieaoi, aeeieoeeooaeao,
ioeaaeaeaiea, eaieeey?iay eiiaeainaoeey, ii?enoue ooi?iieano,
aeae?aaee/aneea naienoaa, aacii/enoiay onoaiiaea.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aoaa? ?. A. I/enoea aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeae?a e?iieaoiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.03 – aaioeeyoe?y, ina?oeaiiy oa
oaieiaaciiinoa/aiiy. – Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Iae??aea, 1998.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ae?iaieoeoa? iie?a?i?eoei?eaeiiai e?iieaoio
iniiaieie oe?aeeeaeie eiiiiiaioaie o aaioeeyoe?eieo aeeeaeao ? ia?a
ae?ieoeeooaeaoa oa nieyii? eeneioe. Oai?aoe/ii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii
iaa?oioiaaia eiiieaenia nenoaia ciaoeiaeaeoaaiiy aac?a a?ae oeeo
eiiiiiaio?a, caniiaaia ia i?eioeeiao ioieiaeaeaiiy ? oiieiai i/euaiiy
a?ae ae?ieoeeooaeaoo o o?eueo?ao c ii?enoiai ooi?iieanoo, a a?ae nieyii?
eeneioe –o i?iieo aia?aoao.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiai? ??aiyiiy aeey ?ic?aooieo ieoiii? i?iioneii?
ni?iiiaeiino? oa eiao?oe??ioa a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o oa?o ii?enoiai
ooi?iieanoo.

?ic?iaeaia ? aei?iaiaaia i?iieneiaa onoaiiaea ? noai?aia ?iaeaia?ia
iaoiaeeea i?iaeooaaiiy aacii/enoii? nenoaie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaioeeyoe?ei? aeeeaee, e?iieaoi, ae?ieoeeooaeao,
ioieiaeaeaiiy, eai?ey?ia eiiaeainaoe?y, ii?enoee ooi?iieano,
a?ae?aae?/i? aeanoeaino?, aacii/enoia onoaiiaea.

ABSTRACT

Gubar I.V. Cleaning of ventilation effluents of linoleum production. —
Manuscript.

The thesis for competing the candidate’s degree on the speciality
05.23.03 — ventilation, illumination and heat- gassupply. — Donbass
State Academy of Building and Architecture of Ministry of Education of
Ukraine, Iaeaevea, 1998.

Polyvinylchloride linoleum production is connected with the effluent of
toxic substens – dioctilftalat and hydrochloric acid – with heated waste
gases. Theoretically and experimentally grounded complex system of
neutralisation of gases from these components based on principles of
cooling and thin cleaning from dioctilftalat in the porous fluoroplast
filters, and from hydrochloric — in the foam apparatus.

The equations of the calculation of specific through-put capacity and
hydraulic resistance coefficient of the porous fluoroplast layers were
obtained with the experimental path.

The industrial plant is developed and tested and the engineering
methodic of gascleaning system projection is created.

Key word: ventilation effluents, linoleum, dioctilftalat, cooling,
capillary condensation, porous fluoroplast, hydraulic properties,
gascleaning installation.

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