E??IAIA?AAeNUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE

OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Na??aiue Ieeiea Ieaenaiae?iae*

OAeE 631.331

Iaa?oiooaaiiss eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aia?aoo oi*iiai aen?ao ca?iiaeo
eoeueoo?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.05.11 — N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

E??IAIA?AAe — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy
E??iaia?aaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iao?aiei Ieeiea
Ieeieaeiae/, E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
i?i?aeoi? c iaa/aeueii? ?iaioe

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aaneeaiei
Oaae?? ?aaiiae/, E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e “Aenieoaoaoe?y oa ?aiiio iaoei”.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aan?i
Aieiaeeie? Nai?eeiae/, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, i?ioani? eaoaae?e “Aeiiii?ea ? ia?eaoeia;”
eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eie?ni?/aiei TH??e Iao?iae/, AAO
“Iaooaoiina?a?n”, canooiiee aieiae i?aae?iiy, i. E??iaia?aae.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo iaoai?caoe?? ? aeaeo?eo?eaoe??
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa OAAI, n.i.o. Aeaaaoa, Ee?anueea iae.,
a?aeae?e iin?aieo iaoei.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 9 aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 23.073.01 a E??iaia?aaenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 316050, i.
E??iaia?aae, i?. I?aaaee,70-A.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? E??iaia?aaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 316050, i.
E??iaia?aae, i?. I?aaaee,70-A.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 7 na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eae?/ A.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ieiua iin?ao ca?iiaeo ia Oe?a?i? neeaaea? a?eueoa
o?ueio i?eueeii?a aaeoa??a. Na?aae aaaaoueio oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue
ia ?o a?iaeaei?noue, aaeeea ?ieue iaeaaeeoue aea?ai?e oaoiieia?? iin?ao.
A inoaii? ?iee ana a?eueoa oaaae aeey i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo
? aeiiii?? iin?aiiai iaoa??aeo i?eae?ey?oueny i?aeaeuaiith oi/iino?
iin?ao. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy n?aaeie oi/iiai iin?ao ca?iiaeo a?aee?eaa?
ia?niaeoeao aeei?enoaiiy ?ioaineaieo ? ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e
ae?iuoaaiiy a?iaea?a.

Iaeiei c iniiaieo /eiiee?a io?eiaiiy iaiao?aeii? a?iaeaeiino? ? ieiua
aeeaeaiiy ?ineeie. I?e anoaiiaeaieo o?eniaaieo i?ae?yaeaeyo iioeiaeueia
ieiua aeeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny oi/i?noth aen?ao ian?iiy oacaeiaae
?yaee?a.

??oaiith i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? iin?a?a ? noai?aiith
a?aeiia?aeii? oaoi?ee i?enayoeee nai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?yae
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ? eiino?oeoi?nueeeo i?aai?caoe?e, oaeeo ye A?NAII,
A?I (i. Iineaa), AAO IE? “A?oioiiao” (i. E??iaia?aae), ?IANA (n.i.o.
Aeaaaoa, Ee?anueei? iae.), Oe?IAe?NAII (i. Oa?e?a), EAeOO, c-ae “*a?aiia
c??ea” (i. E??iaia?aae). ??aaiue oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? i?aeoe/ieo
?ia?o ii noai?aith oaoi?ee oi/iiai aen?ao a inoaii? ?iee i?aeaeueany a
?yae? ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i (NOA, ssiii?y, ?oae?y, Aa?iai?y, O?aioe?y).

Ia caaaeath/e ia aeinyaiaiiy a ?icaeoeo oi/iiai iin?ao ?niothoue o?eueee
ie?ai? iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe a ?ic?iaoe? aen?aath/eo aia?ao?a oi/iiai
aen?ao ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?. Oe?ieeo aeine?aeaeaiue c oeueiai ieoaiiy ia
i?iaaaeaii.

A?aoiaoth/e i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie? oi/iiai iin?ao ca?iiaeo, aaeee? ieiu? ?o
ae?iuoaaiiy ia Oe?a?i? ? aeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaeeo
n?aaeie, i?aaenoaaeaia ?iaioa i?enay/o?oueny ae??oaiith oe??? i?iaeaie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie oa oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiii ii noai?aiith iiai? oaoi?ee I?i?noa?noaa
o?aeoi?iiai ? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy N?N? ? E.386
caoaa?aeaeaiei ?aaeith i?i?no??a a?ae 26.01.1986 ?.

Iaoa ?iaioe ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei
caaacia/aiiy oi/iino? iin?ao ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ?o
a?iaeaeiino? ? aeiiii?? iin?aiiai iaoa??aeo oeyoii noai?aiiy aia?aoo
iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue:

1. I?iaiae?coaaoe oeie a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo aen?aath/eo aia?ao?a,
iaae? ?o ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy oa aecia/eoe oeyoe iiaeaeueoiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?e aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oi/iiai iin?ao ca?iiaeo
eoeueoo?.

2. Aeine?aeeoe i?ioean ?iaioe iiaaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo oi/iiai aen?ao
ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? oa aeyaeoe iniiai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao eiai
aaiiao?e/ieo ? e?iaiaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a ia aoaeoeai?noue i?eniieooaaiiy,
o?ainii?ooaaiiy oa aeaaioaaeaiiy ian?iiy a ai?icio.

3. Aecia/eoe eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy aen?aath/iai aia?aoo oi/iiai aen?ao
aeey ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?.

4. Aeine?aeeoe aieea iniiaieo eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aen?aath/iai
aia?aoo ia oi/i?noue oa ?io? oa?aeoa?enoeee iin?ao.

5. ?ic?iaeoe i?eioeeie i?iaeooaaiiy ? iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo iiaaiaoe/ieo
aia?ao?a aeey aen?ao ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?.

6. Ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo
iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iiaecia iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aia?oa:

1. Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? ci?ie aaee/eie coneeey i?eniieooaaiiy a?ae
?aae?ona aeenea, oaeaeeino? eiai iaa?oaiiy, ae?aiao?a i?eniieooth/iai
ioai?o oa aaiiao?e/ii? oi?ie ca?ieie.

2. Iiaoaeiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano ia?ai?uaiiy ian?ieie o an?o
oacao ?iaioe aen?aath/iai aia?aoo, anoaiiaeaia oiiaa ?? oo?eiaiiy i?ae
ae??th ciai?oi?o coneeue c o?aooaaiiyi ?o ci?i, a oaeiae aeyaeai? oace
caoiieaiiy oa aeaaioaaeaiiy ian?iei aen?aath/ei aeaiaioii.

3. Io?eiaia aiae?oe/ia caeaaei?noue aeey aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
cia/aiiy eooa aeaaioaaeaiiy o aeaeyae? o?ainoeaiaeaioiiai
o?eaiiiiao?e/iiai ??aiyiiy, ??oaiiy yeiai aeeiiaii /enaeueieie iaoiaeaie
ia AII.

4. Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao iniiaieo eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a
aen?aath/iai aia?aoo ia oi/i?noue aen?ao.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo aiae?oe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae
?ic?iaeaii oa aeine?aeaeaii aia?ao oi/iiai aen?ao a eaai?aoi?ieo ?
iieueiaeo oiiaao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— ?ic?iaeaii iiaaiaoe/iee aen?aiee aia?ao oi/iiai aen?ao ca?iiaeo, yeee
a neeaae? iin?aii? naeoe?? caaacia/o? iaiao?aeio ye?noue iin?ao;

— ?ic?iaeaii aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen (AIE-1) aeey
i?enei?aieo aeine?aeaeaiue aen?aath/eo aia?ao?a. (Iiaecia oaoi?/iiai
??oaiiy eiiieaeno a?aei?/aia aaoi?nueeei na?aeionoaii ia aeiao?ae a.n.
?1662390);

— io?eiaii aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy ia AII eooa aeaaioaaeaiiy ian?iei oa
ia/eneaiiy ??aiyiue aeey ?ic?aooieo iiaaiaoe/ieo aen?aath/eo aia?ao?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo
eiino?oeoe?e aen?aath/eo aia?ao?a; anoaiiaeaiee aieea iniiaieo
eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a iiaaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo ia oi/i?noue aen?ao;
aeine?aeaeaiee i?ioean ?ooo ian?iei a aia?ao?, aecia/ai? ?aoe?iiaeuei?
oace caoaaoo, oo?eiaiiy oa aeaaioaaeaiiy ian?iei; ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen
aeey i?enei?aieo aeine?aeaeaiue aen?aath/eo aia?ao?a; io?eiai?
iioeiaeuei? eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e aia?aoo oi/iiai aen?ao ca?iiaeo;
?ic?iaeaia iin?aia naeoe?y oa c?acie aenia?eiaioaeueii? n?aaeee.

*anoea o/ano? a iioae?eiaaieo ?iaioao neeaaea? 80%, a a aaoi?nueeeo
na?aeionoaao 50%.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aoee
caneooai? ? iaaiai?ai? ia 8 eiioa?aioe?yo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 15 noaoae oa
io?eiaii 1 aaoi?nueea na?aeionoai ia aeiao?ae.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee
ia?aoiao? 109 iaeiaioaaiue ? aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ia’?i aeena?oaoe?? —
173 noi?., 17 oaaeeoeue, 52 ?enoiee, oiui.

Ci?no ?iaioe

Anooi. Iieacaiee no/aniee ??aaiue ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy oi/iiai iin?ao
ca?iiaeo. Iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiue.
Noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa aeena?oaoe??.

?icae?e 1. ”Aiae?oe/iee iaeyae aeei?enoiao?ieo niinia?a oa oaoi?/ieo
cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? iin?ao”.

I?enay/aiee aiae?co ?nioth/eo eiino?oeoe?e aen?aath/eo aia?ao?a.
I?iaaaeaii ocaaaeueiaiiy ?iaeaia?ieo ??oaiue, iai?aaeaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy
oi/iino? aen?ao. Aecia/aii, ui ia?niaeoeao a oeueiio iai?yieo ?icaeoeo
iin?aii? oaoi?ee iathoue iiaaiaoe/i? aia?aoe.

Aaeeeee iaoeiaee aeeaae a ?icaeoie iin?aii? oaoi?ee aianaiee
AEae?aianueeei A.I., Aaneeaieii I.I., Ea?iaieii A.I., Eaoioiaaei I.I.,
Naiaiiaei I.I. Eiia??iiniee oa?aeoa? ? caeiiii??iino? iin?ao aea/aeenue
Aan?iei A.N., Aa?anii N.A., Eo?ue? A.A., Ea?aeaoaanueeei N.A. Ii oi/iiio
iin?ao a?aeii? ?iaioe ?oaeaeiaa O.I., Aaey?aa A.I., AEo?aaeueiaa A.?.
Nooo?aee aianie a oai??th ? ?ic?iaeo iin?aii? oaoi?ee aianee Ia N.A.,
*e/e?i A.I., Eiia??noia A.TH., Nenie?i I.A. oa ?io? a/ai?.

Aen?a ian?iei — ? neeaaeiee i?ioean, yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaaoueio
oaeoi??a ?iaioe aia?aoo, a oaeiae oi?ie oa aeanoeainoae ian?iei
aen?aa?ii? eoeueoo?e. Iaaaeueiei a inoaii? ?iee iinoa? ieoaiiy
i?aeaeuaiiy oaeaeeino? iin?ao, ye iniiaiiai /eiieea ca?eueoaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, a, cia/eoue, ? nei?i/aiiy oa?i?i?a i?iaaaeaiiy iin?aieo
?ia?o. Aiae?c oai?aoe/ieo ?ia?o ii iin?aiei aia?aoai iieacaa, ui
iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae i?eae?ey?oueny i?iaeai? i?eniieooaaiiy iaeeie/ii?
ian?ieie, ui, a e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao?, ia aeicaieeei caaacia/eoe
iaiao?aeio oi/i?noue aen?ao, iniaeeai i?e i?aeaeuaieo oaeaeeinoyo
iin?ao.

Oaeei /eiii, aeey ?ic?iaee aia?ao?a oi/iiai aen?ao ca?iiaeo aeieea?
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ii aeyaeaiith ?
eiino?oeoeai?e ?aae?caoe?? i?ioean?a i?eniieooaaiiy, ?ooo a aia?ao?, oa
aeaaioaaeaiith ? ia?ai?uaiith ian?iei aei iiiaioo iiiaaeaiiy ?o a
ai?icio.

?icae?e 2. “Oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaaiaoe/ieo aen?aath/eo aia?ao?a
aeey iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?”.

?iaioa aen?aiiai aia?aoa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ne?aeoth/eie iniiaieie
noaae?yie: caoiieaiiy ian?iiy, ia?ai?uaiiy aei ciie aeaaioaaeaiiy,
aeaaioaaeaiiy a i?eeiaeueiee i?eno??e.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iaoai?cio i?eniieooaaiiy ?icaeyiaii aca?iiae?th
iaeeie/ii? ian?ieie c ioai?ii aeeneo aen?aiiai aia?aoo.

I?ioean caoiieaiiy ian?ieie aeeneii iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye aacia?a?aiee,
iaoiiaeaiee iinooiiaei ia?iuoaaiiyi ciie eiioaeoa c i?eniieooaaeueiei
ioai?ii. A?aeiiniee ?oo ioai?o ? ian?ieie i?aaenoaaey?ii a aeaio
nenoaiao eii?aeeiao — ia?ooii?e (XOY), ca’ycai?e c ian?ieiith, ? ?ooii?e
(X1O1Y1), ca’ycai?e c ioai?i aeenea (?enoiie 1).

?enoiie 1 — Noaia i?eniieooaaiiy ian?ieie aei ioai?o aeeneo

Oa?aeoa?ieie oi/eaie eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ca?ia (ae?ina) c ioai?ii
(eieii) ? oi/ee ?o ia?aoeio A ? A. Eii?aeeiaoe oeeo oi/ie aecia/athoueny
aiane?aeie ni?eueiiai ??oaiiy ??aiyiiy eiea ? ae?ina. Io?eiaia
eii?aeeiaoa O oi/ie A ? A anoaiiaeth? iaae? ?ioaa?oaaiiy i?e aecia/aii?
ieiu? ia?ae?eooy ca?iii ioai?o:

(1)

aea r — ?aae?on i?eniieooth/iai ioai?o;

w — eooiaa oaeaee?noue aen?aath/iai aeeneo;

R — ?aae?on aen?aath/iai aeeneo ii oeaio?ai i?eniieooth/eo ioai??a;

a, b — ia?aiao?e oi?ie ian?ieie (ae?ina);

t — /an.

Ieiuo ia?ae?eooy iiaeia aecia/eoe noiith:

,

aea S1 — ieiua, iaiaaeaia eieii i?eniieooth/iai ioai?o;

S2 — ieiua, iaiaaeaia ae?inii ca?ieie.

I?ney ?ioaa?oaaiiy ii aeoc? eiea ? ae?ina a iaaeao a?ae OA aei OA
io?eia?ii:

. (2)

Neea i?eniieooaaiiy ca?ia aei ioai?o aecia/a?oueny aeiaooeii:

, (3)

aea Pn — iiaia ?ic??aeaeaiiy a eaia??.

A?aoiaoth/e, ui iiaia ?ic??aeaeaiiy aei??aith? noi? aeeiai?/iiai ?
noaoe/iiai ?ic??aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae iayai?noth o aen?aiiio aia?ao? aeaio
eaia?: caaaioaaeoaaeueii? ? aaeooiii?, ?icae?eaieo aen?aiei aeeneii,
iiaia ?ic??aeaeaiiy, ui ae?? ia ian?ieio, iiaeia aecia/eoe c ae?aco:

, (4)

aea PC1, PC2 — noaoe/ia ?ic??aeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii a ian?iaa?e ?
aaeooii?e;

Pn — u?euei?noue iia?o?y;

V1, V2 — oaeaeeino? iioie?a iia?o?y a ian?iaa?e ? aaeooii?e eaia?ao.

??aiyiiy (2 — 4) iienothoue i?ioean i?eniieooaaiiy ? ? eiai
aeaoa?i?iiaaiith iaoaiaoe/iith iiaeaeeth. Coneeey i?eniieooaaiiy
caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaaoueio aaiiao?e/ieo ? e?iaiaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a
aen?aiiai aia?aoo ? oi?ie ian?iiy. I?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an aeey
eiino?othaaiiy i?aaenoaaey? aea/aiiy ?o aieeao ia i?eniieooaaeueio neeo.

Caoiieaiiy ian?iiy a?aeaoaa?oueny ca aeineoue ei?ioeee i?ii?aeie /ano
(?enoiie 2, e?eaa 1). I?e oeueiio, ye aeaeii ?c io?eiaieo caeaaeiinoae,
coneeey i?eniieooaaiiy ci?ith?oueny ca iae?i?eiei caeiiii: nii/aoeo aiii
c?inoa? oaeaeei, a iio?i, i?e iiaeaeueoiio ?on? i?eniieooaaeueiiai
ioai?o, c?inoaiiy iinooiiai oiia?eueith?oueny. Oaea eiai ci?ia
iaoiiaeaia ae?iniith oi?iith ian?ieie, eiee a ciio i?eniieooaaiiy
aoiaeyoue iia? ?? /anoeie ? ia?iuoaaiiy ieiu? ia?an?/aiiy c e?oaeei
ioai?ii cae?enith?oueny nii/aoeo a?eueo ?ioaineaii.

?enoiie 2 — Caeaaei?noue coneeey i?eniieooaaiiy a?ae eooa iiai?ioo
aeeneo (j) ? ?aae?ono aen?aiiai ioai?o (r) (ioaieoey)

Cia/iee aieea ia aaee/eio coneeey i?eniieooaaiiy ia? ?aae?on
i?eniieooaaeueiiai ioai?o (?enoiie 2, e?eaa 2). Iaa?oue iacia/ia
ca?eueoaiiy ?aae?ona nooo?ai ca?eueoo? coneeey caoiieaiiy. I?e oeueiio
oaanue i?ioean i?eniieooaaiiy ci?uo?oueny a ciio iaioeo /aniaeo
?ioa?aae?a. I?e/iio, ca?eueoaiiy coneeey i?eniieooaaiiy iaoiiaeaii ia
o?eueee ca?eueoaiiyi ieiu? eiea, aea ? ci?iith iaae? eiai ia?an?/aiiy c
ae?iniei i?io?eai ian?iiy. A ?acoeueoao? ieiua ia?an?/aiiy (a cia/eoue ?
coneeey i?eniieooaaiiy) c?inoa? cia/ii oaeaeoa.

Aieea oi?ie ian?iei ??cieo eoeueoo? a?aoiao?oueny aaee/eiaie ia?aiao??a
a?n?a ae?ina (a i b). Ci?ia cia/aiue i?eniieooaaeueii? neee i?e
caoiieaii? ian?iei iniiaieo ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? (ioaieoe?, a?ana, y/iaith,
aeeoa) iaaaaeaia ia ?enoieo 3.

?enoiie 3 — Ci?ia coneeey i?eniieooaaiiy a?ae eooa iiai?ioo aen?aiiai
aeeneo

Aiae?c io?eiaieo caeaaeiinoae iieaco?, ui ?ioaineai?noue i?eniieooaaiiy
ian?iiy nooo?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae eiai aaiiao?e/ii? oi?ie ? i???ioaoe??
a?aeiinii ioai?o.

Iaea?eueoith e?ooeciith ia?iuoaaiiy neee a ii/aoeiaee iiiaio caoiieaiiy
a?aecia/athoueny ian?ieie ioaieoe? ? y/iaith. A?eueo aeoyaioo? ian?ieie
aeeoa ? a?ana (?enoiie 3, e?ea? 1 ? 4) caoiieththoueny iia?euei?oa, i?ae
ian?ieie ioaieoe? ? y/iaith (?enoiie 3, e?ea? 2 ? 3). Iniaeeaee aieea
ooo ia? e?eaecia o aa?oeiao a?eueoeo a?nae ian?ieie.

A?aoiaoth/e, ui oaeaeeii?io?eath/ee i?ioean i?eniieooaaiiy aoaea
aoaeoeai?oa cae?enithaaoenue ia iaioeo oaeaeeinoyo i?eniieooaaiiy,
aeioe?eueii ni?yioaaoe ian?ieio aeey caoiieaiiy a?eueo aino?ith
iiaa?oiath aia?aae, oiaoi a?eueoith a?nnth ae?ina a iai?yieo aaeoi?a
oaeaeeino? ?ooo.

Oiiaa oo?eiaiiy ian?ieie i?eniieooth/ei ioai?ii a caaaeueiiio aeaeyae?
iiaea aooe caienaia aaeoi?iei ??aiyiiyi:

, (5)

aea I — a?aeoeaio?iaa neea;

G — a?aa?oaoe?eia neea;

F — neea iii?o ia?ai?uaiiy ian?ieie a oa?? ian?iiy.

Neea iii?o ae?? o?eueee a naeoi?? iiaea/? ian?ieie (?enoiie 4).

I?aenoaaeaoe cia/aiiy neeaaeiaeo a ??aiyiiy (5) i?ney a?aeiia?aeieo
iia?aoe?e c aaeoi?aie nee oa aeaaa?a?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue oiiao oo?eiaiiy
ian?iiy iiaeia caienaoe a e?ioeaaiio aeaeyae?:

(6)

Aiae?c oiiae oo?eiaiiy ian?iiy iieaco?, ui ?acoeueooth/a a?ae ae??
neeaaeiaeo coneeue ci?ith?oueny ii neeaaeiiio ia??iaee/iiio caeiio. Oea
aea? iiaeeea?noue ?aoe?iiaeueii aea?aoe oace i?eniieooaaiiy ?
aeaaioaaeaiiy ian?iei.

Aeaaioaaeaiiy ian?iiei a?aeaoaa?oueny oeyoii ciyooy i?eniieooth/i? neee,
iiaeaeueoei a?aeie?aieaiiyi ?o a?ae aeenea ? ?ooii ii aeaye?e
e?eaie?i?ei?e o?aaeoi??? (?enoiie 5), yea iaoiiaeaia ae??th
a?aa?oaoe?eii? neee G ? ii/aoeiaith oaeaee?noth ?ooo V.

sseui ia a?aoiaoaaoe ii?? iia?o?y, yeee i?e oaeaeeinoyo iaa?oaiiy
aen?aiiai aeeneo iacia/iee, oi a ia?oiio i?eaeeaeaii?, aeinoaoiueiio
aeey i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a, nenoaia aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue ?ooo iiaea
aooe caienaia o aeaeyae?:

(7)

?enoiie 4 — Noaia nee, ui ae?thoue ia ian?iiy a oa?? ian?iei i?e eiai
ia?ai?uaii? ?acii c aeeneii aen?aath/iai aia?aoo

?enoiie 5 — Noaia aeey aecia/aiiy o?aaeoi??? ?ooo ian?iiy i?ney
a?aeie?aieaiiy a?ae aen?aiiai aeeneo

?ioaa?oth/e eiaeia ??aiyiiy aea?/?, i?ney a?aeiia?aeieo ia?aoai?aiue,
??aiyiiy o?aaeoi??? ?ooo iiaeia caienaoe o aeaeyae?:

, (8)

aea V — oaeaee?noue ian?iiy a iiiaio a?aeie?aieaiiy a?ae aen?aiiai
aeeneo;

jc — eoo aeaaioaaeaiiy ian?iiy;

g — i?enei?aiiy caiiiai oyae?iiy.

Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy oi?ie eaiaeo iiaea/? ian?iiy aaaeeeai aecia/eoe
ae?eyieo ia?aoiaeo e?eaie?i?eii? o?a?eoi??? a i?aeoe/ii i?yiie?i?eio,
aea ian?iiy aac aeiaeaoeiaiai iii?o oa o?aaioaaiiy a?ae oaea??a aeinyaia
aeia ai?icie. Caaea/a ae??oaia oeyoii aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy ??aiyiiy
o?a?eoi??? ?ooo ? iaaeeaeaiiy aeioe/ii? aei aa?oeeae? c caaeaiith
oi/i?noth E.

Oiae? oiiaa i?eaeeaeaiiy aei ?ooo ii aa?oeeae? iiaea aooe caienaia o
aeaeyae?:

(9)

??oaiiy ??aiyiiy a?aeiinii ci?iii? aecia/a? aenioo ia?aoiaeo
e?eaie?i?eii? ai?eiaeie a i?yiie?i?eio. Ae?oaa eii?aeeiaoa aecia/a?oueny
i?aenoaiiaeaiiyi a ??aiyiiy o?aaeoi??? ?ooo. I?ney aecia/aiiy
eii?aeeiaoe c aeinoaoiueith aeey i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a oi/i?noth
ciaoiaeeoueny eoo aeaaioaaeaiiy ian?iei c aeeneo.

??oaiiy io?eiaiiai o?ainoeaiaeaioiiai o?eaiiiiao?e/iiai ??aiyiiy
cae?eniaii /enaeueieie iaoiaeaie ia AII.

?icae?e 3. “I?ia?aia ? iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue”.

I?ia?aiith aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/aii:

1. Aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aen?aath/iai
aia?aoo i?e eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo.

2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ia?aiao??a oa e?iaiaoe/ieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe
aen?aiiai aia?aoo ia iieacieee yeino? aen?ao.

3. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? aenia?eiaioaeueii? n?aaeee c aia?aoii
oi/iiai aen?ao a iieueiaeo oiiaao.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaiee niaoe?aeueiee
aaoiiaoeciaaiee aei??thaaeueii-ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen AIE-1 ia aac?
ea?oth/i? AII.

Iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee oaeiai eiiieaeno iaoiiaeaia aaeeeei ianyaii
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? i?aeaeuaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? ?ia?o a
aaeoc? iin?aii? oaoi?ee. Eiiieaen AIE-1 ?ic?iaeaiee ia ??ai? iiaiai
oaoi?/iiai ??oaiiy (a.n. ?1662390).

Eiiieaen AIE-1 ia? niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaee/ia oa iaoaiaoe/ia
caaacia/aiiyi (aeai?eoi iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a ? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe
aen?aiiai aia?aoo, i?ia?aia ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo).

Aeo?aeieie ia?aiao?aie ?iaioe aen?aiiai aia?aoo ? iieacieee yeino?
aen?ao, ye? ? iioei?cothoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae ao?aeieo
(eiino?oeoeaieo) ia?aiao??a. Ia?aiao?ii iioei?caoe?? ia eiiieaen? AIE-1
i?eeiyoee eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? ?ioa?aae?a /ano i?ae ian?ieiaie c
inoaoi/iei eiio?ieai yeino? aen?ao ia eeieee aa?aaai.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaioe aia?aoo oi/iiai aen?ao a iieueiaeo oiiaao
i?iaiaeeeinue ia aeine?aeiiio c?aceo n?aaeee. Ia?aaeaa/aia i?iaaaeaiiy
eiio?ieueieo aeine?ae?a c ii?iith aen?ao a iaaeao 2,25…4,0 iei.oo/aa. A
iniiao eiio?ieth yeino? aen?ao iieeaaeaiee ii?ioa?aaeueiee iaoiae c
aecia/aiiyi na?aaei?o cia/aiue ?ioa?aae?a, na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ieo
a?aeoeeaiue ? eiao?oe??io?a aa??aoe??.

?icae?e 4. “Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao iniiaieo ia?aiao??a
aen?aath/iai aia?aoo ia ye?noue aen?ao”.

I?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ieo oa iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
?iaioe ?ic?iaeaiiai iiaaiaoe/iiai aen?aath/iai aia?aoo.

I?ney iiaoaeiae ? aiae?co e?i?eiiai ??aiyiiy ?aa?an?? aeey 22 /eiiee?a
aoei cae?eniaia e?ooa noiaeaeaiiy ? aecia/ai? iaea?eueo aieeaia?
ia?aiao?e: aaee/eia aaeooio P, e?i?eia oaeaee?noue i?eniieooaaeueiiai
ioai?o v0 ? eiai ae?aiao? d1. Aeey iienoaaiiy iaeano? iioeioio aoea
iiaoaeiaaia iae?i?eia noaoenoe/ia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue (i?e aen?a?
ioaieoe?) aeey iaoo?aeueiiai cia/aiiy oaeoi??a.

(10)

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?i? aieeae e?i?eii? oaeaeeino?

? ae?aiao?o i?eniieooth/iai ioai?o, a oaeiae aaee/eie aaeooio ?

ae?aiao?o i?eniieooth/iai ioai?o, ia ye?noue aen?ao (eiao?oe??io
aa??aoe?? V) iineoue aeno?aiaeueiee oa?aeoa? (?en. 6, 7). Aeey on?o
ae?aiao??a i?eniieooth/eo ioai??a eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? aen?ao i?e
i?aeaeuaii?

e?i?eii? oaeaeeino? nii/aoeo ciaioo?oueny, a iio?i ca?eueoo?oueny.

I?e iiaeaeueoiio ca?eueoaii? e?i?eii? oaeaeeino? nei?i/o?oueny /an on?o
iia?aoe?e, ye? aeeiiothoueny aia?aoii ii aeicoaaiith aen?ao ian?iei.
Iiynith?oueny oea oei, ui i?aeaeuaiiy e?i?eii? oaeaeeino?
i?eniieooth/iai ioai?o aei iaaiiai ??aiy i?eaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy
e?eueeino? iiaea?eieo caoiieaieo ian?iei ca ?aooiie a?eueo aeoeaiiai
c’?io caeai? ian?ieie oa?ii ian?iiy. Aiane?aeie oeueiai ca?eueoo?oueny
a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae na?aaeiueiai cia/aiiy ?ioa?aaeo aen?ao, ui ?
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?inoo eiao?oe??ioa aa??aoe??.

a) iiaa?oiy a?aeaoeo V = f (v0, d1)

a) e?i?? ??aieo aeoiae?a

?enoiie 6 — Aieea e?i?eii? oaeaeeino? v0 i?eniieooth/eo ioai??a ? ?o
ae?aiao?a d1 ia eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? V (P = 2000 Ia; ioaieoey
“Iie?nueea 70”)

sse aeaeii c ?en. 6,7 aaee/eia ae?aiao?a i?eniieooth/iai ioai?o nooo?ai
aieeaa? ia ye?noue aen?ao. Ca?eueoaiiy ae?aiao?o c 1,5 aei 2,0 ii
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy eiao?oe??ioo aa??aoe??, a ca?eueoaiiy
ae?aiao?o i?ney 2,0 ii — ca?eueoo? eiao?oe??io. Oea iiynith?oueny oei,
ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ae?aiao?o

neea i?eniieooaaiiy ??cei i?aeaeuo?oueny (?enoiie 2 e?eaa 2) ?
a?aeiia?aeii

aei oeueiai iie?auo?oueny no?ee?noue i?ioeano caoiieaiiy ian?ieie.

a) iiaa?oiy auaeaoeo V = f (P, d1)

a) e?i?? ??aieo aeoiae?a

?enoiie 7 — Aieea aaee/eie aaeooio P ? ae?aiao?a i?eniieooaaeueiiai
ioai?o d1 ia eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? V (v0 = 0,6 i/n ioaieoey “Iie?nueea
70”)

I?e iiaeaeueoiio ca?eueoaii? ae?aiao?a ioai?o i?aeaeuo?oueny e?euee?noue
iiaea?eii caoiieaieo ian?iei.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aieeao aaee/eie ?ic??aeaeaiiy a eaia?? ia eiao?oe??io
aa??aoe?? aeyaea oaeiae aeno?aiaeueio caeaaei?noue (?en. 7). E?i??
??aieo aeoiae?a ie?aneththoue iaae? iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue ?ic??aeaeaiiy
? ae?aiao?a i?eniieooth/iai ioai?o .

Aiae?c io?eiaieo aeaieo aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe aaee/eie ia?aiao??a
aen?aath/iai aia?aoo oa ciie ?o aoaeoeaiiai aieeao ia ye?noue aen?ao.
I?e oeueiio anoaiiaeaii, ui eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? aen?ao ciaoiaeeoueny a
iaaeao (39,5…42,5) V0.

Iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? ia aenia?eiaioaeuei?e n?aaeoe?,
oeiiieaeoiaai?e iin?aieie naeoe?yie c ?ic?iaeaiei aen?aath/ei aia?aoii.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aenia?eiaioaeueii? n?aaeee, ii??aiyii c
aaciaeie iiaeaeyie, i?aaenoaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1 — Ii??aiyeuei? aeai? iieaciee?a yeino? aen?ao aaciaeo
(N3-3,6A, Iiiiae?-23) ? aenia?eiaioaeueii? n?aaeie (ioaieoey “Iie?nueea
70”)

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui aeey aen?ao ca?iiaeo
eoeueoo? ia?niaeoeaiei ? aenia?eiaioaeueiee aia?ao.

?icae?e 5. “Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaeiica?iiaiai iin?ao
ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo? n?aaeeith oi/iiai aen?ao”.

I?aaenoaaeaiee ?ic?aooiie oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
n?aaeee oi/iiai aen?ao ca?iiaeo. ?ic?aooiie aeeiiaii a aeaio aa??aioao:
ii??aiyii c a?o/eciyiith n?aaeeith NC-3,6A ? caei?aeiiiith “Iaiiae?
AN-23”, ye? acyo? ca aacia?.

?ic?aooiie iieacaa, ui ai?iaaaeaeaiiy n?aaeee oi/iiai aen?ao ii??aiyii c
n?aaeeith N3-3,6A aea? aeiiii?/iee aoaeo 15872,2 a?i., a ii??aiyii c
n?aaeeith “Iaiiae? AN-23”— 48015,1 a?i. (i?e ??/iiio caaaioaaeaii?
i?ioyaii 160 aiaeei).

I?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueii? n?aaeee o ae?iaieoeoai
aeiaeaoeiaee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a ?ic?aooieo ia ??/ia iai?aoethaaiiy
iaoei a?ae i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeaeiino? neeaaea? 33465,6 a?i.

Iniiai? aeniiaee

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?niaeoeaiei aeey iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao ca?iiaeo
eoeueoo? ne?ae aaaaeaoe aia?ao iiaaiaoe/ii? ae?? c aen?aiei aeaiaioii
aeene?aoiiai oa?aeoa?o caoiieaiiy ian?iei.

2. I?eniieooaaiiy ? caoiieaiiy ian?iei ioai?aie aen?aiiai aeeneo
i?aaenoaaey? niaith aeeiai?/iee i?ioean, iaoiiaeaiee aca?iiei
ia?an?/aiiyi ieiu iiaa?oiiue ian?iei ? ioai??a aeeneo, a oaeiae
iayai?noth a?aae??ioa ?ic??aeaeaiiy iia?o?y a eaia?ao aia?aoo.

3. Oiiaa oo?eiaiiy ian?iei aecia/a?oueny noia?ieie coneeeyie, ye?
ae?thoue ia ian?ieio (??aiyiiy 5) a ??cieo oacao ?? ?ooo: ye a oa??
ian?iei i?e i?eniieooaaii?, oae ? i?e ia?ai?uaii? aei aeaaioaaeaiiy o
aeaaioaaeoaaeueiee eaiae.

4. Io?eiaii o?ainoeaiaeaioia ??aiyiiy (9) aeey ?ic?aooieo eooa
aeaaioaaeaiiy ca?iei, ??oaiiy yeiai /enaeueieie iaoiaeaie ia AII
aeicaieeei aecia/eoe iiiaio a?aeie?aieaiiy ian?iei a?ae aen?aiiai aeeneo
? ?aoe?iiaeueii i?iaeooaaoe ia?aiao?e ca?iiaiai eaiaeo.

5. ?ioaineai?noue i?eniieooaaiiy ian?iei nooo?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae ?o
aaiiao?e/ii? oi?ie a oaeiae i???ioaoe?? ia i?eniieooth/ee ioa??.
Iaea?eueoa ca?eueoaiiy i?eniieooaaeueii? neee a ii/aoeiaee iiiaio
caoiieaiiy ian?iei niinoa??aa?oueny aeey ioaieoe? oa y/i?ith, a iaio?e
i??? — aeey aeeoa ? a?ana.

6. No?eea ?iaioa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiaaiaoe/iiai aen?aath/iai aia?aoo
caaacia/o?oueny eii??eaie a?aee?eoiai oeio. Ciia iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue
iaea?eueo aieeaiaeo ia?aiao??a aen?aiiai aia?aoo ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao:

— e?i?eia oaeaee?noue i?eniieooth/eo ioai??a v0 = (0,50…0,65) i/n;

— aaee/eia ?ic??aeaeaiiy o aaeooii?e eaia?? P = (1900…2300) Ia;

— ae?aiao? i?eniieooaaeueiiai ioai?o d1 = (1,95…2,02) ii.

I?e oeueiio eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? ?ioa?aae?a i?ae ian?ieiaie
ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao: V = (39,5…42,5) %

7. Iaeiaioa aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioa aa??aoe?? V = 39,35 % a?aeiia?aea?
cia/aiiyi v0 = 0,53 i/n; P = 2095 Ia; d1 = 1,96 ii.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. A?iieaaa TH.A, Eiacei A.A., Iao?aiei I.I., Nae?aiue I.A.
Yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneee au/eneeoaeueiue eiiieaen aeey eniuoaiee aunaaathueo
aiia?aoia i?iiaoiuo nenoai // Nai?iee «Eiino?oe?iaaiea e oaoiieiaey
i?iecaiaenoaa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoei». — Aui. 19. — E. — 1989. — C.
58-61.

2. Nae?aiue I.A. Aii?inu oai?ee uaoi/iuo ono?ienoa // Nai?iee “Iiauoaiea
oaoie/aneiai o?iaiy naeuenueeioicyenoaaiiuo iaoei”. — E. — 1991. — N.
89-90. Iaoeiaee a?niee EAeOO. — O.3. —1990.

3. Iao?aiei I.I., Na?aaea E.E., Eeeeae A.A., Ineiia E.I., Iocu/aiei
Y.A., Nae?aiue I.A. Naeoeey aeey iaeiica?iiaiai aunaaa naiyi ca?iiauo
eoeueoo? // Nai?iee «Eiino?oe?iaaiea e oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoei». — Aui. 20. — E. — 1990. — N. 76-79.

4. Nae?aiue I.A. Iaoaieea i?ioeanna i?enanuaaiey naiyi e ioaa?noeth
aunaaathuaai aeenea // Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia AEI. — Oii 124. — I. —
1990. — N. 46-48.

5. Nae?aiue I.A. Iainiiaaiea ia?aiao?ia iiaaiaoe/aneiai aiia?aoa aeey
iaeiica?iiaiai aunaaa naiyi ca?iiauo eoeueoo? // Nai?iee «I?iaeaiu
?ac?aaioee e i?iecaiaenoaa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoei «. — E. — 1990. —
N. 92-95.

6. Niaaeee A.N,, Nae?aiue I.A. Iainiiaaiea ciiu ?aciauaiey eaia?u
ieoaiey ec oneiaey i?enanuaaiey naiyi // Nai?iee «Iiauoaiea oaoie/aneiai
o?iaiy naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoei». — E. — 1991. — N. 45-47.

7. Iao?aiei I.I., Nae?aiue I.A. I?eeiaeaiea caeiiia aeae?iaeeiaieee e
iniaaiiinoyi iiaaiaoe/aneeo aunaaathueo aiia?aoia // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy / (oaoi?ea a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?,
aaeocaaa iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, aaoiiaoecaoe?y). — E??iaia?aae: E?NI. —
1998. — ? 2. — N. 177-180.

8. Iao?aiei I.I., Na??aiue I.I. Iiaeaethaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
iiaaiiiaoai?/iiai aia?aoo aeey iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao ian?iiy ca?iiaeo
eoeueoo? // Iaoeiaee a?niee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. — O. 3. Oa?iii?eue: OAeOO. — 1998. — N. 56-58.

9. Na??aiue I.I. Aeaiaioe oai??? iiaaiiiaoai?/iiai aia?aoo aeey
iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? // Eiino?othaaiiy,
ae?iaieoeoai oa aenieoaoaoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei:
Caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiee i?aea?aeii/?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee ca??iee. —
E??iaia?aae: EAeOO, — 1999. — Aei. 27. — N. 158-164.

10. Nae?aiue I.A. Iainiiaaiea ia?aiao?ia nia?aiiiai iaeiiaeeneiaiai
nioieea // Oacenu ?anioaeeeaineie eiioa?aioeee ii naeueneioicyenoaaiiui
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11. Na?aaea E.E., Ineiia E.I. Nae?aiue I.A. Aiia?ao iaeiica?iiaiai
aunaaa naiyi ca?iiauo eoeueoo? // Oacenu aeieeaaeia «I?iaeaiu
eiino?oe?iaaiey e oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoei».
— Ee?iaia?aae. — 1986. — N. 85-87.

12. Aeoo A.I., Eeeeae A.A., Nae?aiue I.A. Ia?niaeoeau nicaeaiey ca?iiaie
nayeee oi/iiai aunaaa // Oacenu aeieeaaeia ?anioaeeeaineie
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee. “I?iaeaiu eiino?oe?iaaiey e oaoiieiaee
i?iecaiaenoaa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoei”. — Ee?iaia?aae. — 1986. —
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13. Nae?aiue I.A. Eiiieaen aeey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey
aunaaathueo aiia?aoia // Oacenu aeieeaaeia Ananithciie
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee «Aeooeueiua i?iaeaiu iiauoaiey
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43-44.

14. Iao?aiei I.I., Nae?aiue I.A. Iooe iiauoaiey oi/iinoe aunaaa naiyi //
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— Ee?iaia?aae. — 1991. — N. 38-39.

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16. A. n. 1662390 (NNN?). Noaiae aeey enneaaeiaaiey ?ani?aaeaeaiey naiyi
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Nae?aiue I.A. A 01 n 7 // 100 ? 4728331 // 15. Cayaeaii 15.06.1989.
Iioaeeeiaaii 15.07.1991.

AIIOAOe?ss

Na??aiue I.I. Iaa?oiooaaiiy eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aia?aoo oi/iiai
aen?ao ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.05.11. — N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie. —
E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, E??iaia?aae, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia oai?aoe/iiio ? aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aea/aiith
i?ioeano aen?ao ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ? noai?aiith aaeooiiiai iiaaiaoe/iiai
aia?aoo oi/iiai aen?ao.

?ic?iaeaia ocaaaeueiaia oai??y i?ioeano caoiieaiiy iaeeie/ii? ca?ieie
i?eniieooth/ei ioai?ii aen?aiiai aeeneo. Aeine?aeaeaii o?ainii?ooaaiiy ?
i?ioean aeaaioaaeaiiy ca?iei. Aecia/aia oaca ? iioeiaeuei? oiiae
a?aeie?aieaiiy ca?iei.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
aenia?eiaioo ii aecia/aiith eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aen?aath/iai
aia?aoo.

Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao
eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aia?aoo ia oi/i?noue aen?ao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oi/i?noue aen?ao, aeai?eoi, eii??ea, aen?aiee aeaiaio,
i?eniieooth/ee ioa??, eiao?oe??io aa??aoe??.

Summary

Sviren N.A. The base of the constructive parameters of the apparatus
straight drilling of the cereal crops. — Manuscript. Dissertation for a
degree of candidate of engineering sciences on the specialty 05.05.11 —
Agricultural machines,

— Kirovograd State Technical University, Kirovograd, 1999.

Dissertation is devoted to the theoretical research of the studding of
the process drilling of the cereal crops and create vacuum pneumatic
apparatus of the straight drilling. The generalized theory is developed
for the process of a capture isolated seeds absorbing holes of the drill
disk. As a result of the experiment carried out is obtained which could
affect to the parameters of absorbing to the effectively of a capture
seeds. The process of convey and the process throw off seeds to the
seed-pipe had been learned.

The phase and optimum condition of the separation seeds had been
curtained and also trajectory its way and geometrical form of seed-pipe.

The methods of conducting various factors experiments are present in the
thesis to the definition of design parameters seeding apparatus. The
scientific experiments are confirmed and in addition the main position
of the suggest theory.

The influence of the design parameters of the seeding apparatus to the
correct seeds is stated.

Using scientific experiments was designed and research in a field
conditions seeding section with a pair seeding apparatus.

There results marks economical efficiency seeding apparatus.

Key words: straight drilling, algorithm, cell, seeding element,
efficiency variation, absorbing hole.

AIIIOAOeEss

Nae?aiue I.A. Iainiiaaiea eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia aiia?aoa oi/iiai
aunaaa ca?iiauo eoeueoo?. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.05.11. — Naeueneioicyenoaaiiua iaoeiu. —
Ee?iaia?aaeneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao Ieienoa?noaa
ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, Ee?iaia?aae, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia oai?aoe/aneiio e yenia?eiaioaeueiiio eco/aieth
i?ioeanna aunaaa ca?iiauo eoeueoo? e nicaeaieth aaeooiiiai
iiaaiaoe/aneiai aiia?aoa oi/iiai aunaaa.

?ac?aaioaia iaiauaiiay oai?ey i?ioeanna caoaaoa aaeeie/iuo naiyi
i?enanuaathueie ioaa?noeyie aunaaathuaai aeenea. Iieo/aiu caeiiiia?iinoe
aeeyiey iniiaiuo ia?aiao?ia i?enanuaaiey ia yooaeoeaiinoue caoaaoa
naiaie. Eco/aiu o?ainii?oe?iaaiea e i?ioeann na?anuaaiey naiyi a
naiyi?iaiae. Ii?aaeaeaiu oaca e iioeiaeueiua oneiaey ioaeaeaiey naiyi, a
oaeaea o?aaeoi?ey eo aeaeaeaiey e aaiiao?e/aneay oi?ia naiyi?iaiaea.

A aeenna?oaoeee eceiaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiey iiiaioaeoi?iiai
yenia?eiaioa ii ii?aaeaeaieth eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia aunaaathuaai
aiia?aoa.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiuie enneaaeiaaieyie iiaeoaa?aeaeaiu e aeiiieiaiu
iniiaiua iieiaeaiey i?aaeeiaeaiiie oai?ee. Onoaiiaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe
aeeyiey eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia aunaaathuaai aiia?aoa ia oi/iinoue
aunaaa. Ia iniiaaiee i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee ?ac?aaioaia e
enneaaeiaaia a iieaauo oneiaeyo nayeea n aunaaathueie aiia?aoaie.

I?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe io aiaae?aiey
aunaaathuaai aiia?aoa oi/iiai aunaaa ca?iiauo eoeueoo?.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oi/iinoue aunaaa, aeai?eoi, y/aeea, aunaaathuee
yeaiaio, eiyooeoeeaio aa?eaoeee, i?enanuaathuaa ioaa?noea.

Eiii’thoa?ia aa?noea ?.A. Eaiaiueeia

Caeaii aei iaai?o 3.07.99. I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 21.07.99. Oi?iao 60o84
1/16. Iai?? aacaoiee. Iaae?oeiaaii ia ??cia?ao?. Oiia. ae?oe. a?e. 1.
Cai. ?_____/99. Oe?aae 120 i?ei.

© ?AE. EAeOO. i. E??iaia?aae, i?. I?aaaee, 70A, oae. 597-541, 559-245,
597-551.

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