I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? I.I. AIAIIIEUeOess

OAeE 614.88+613.632-06

?AAIIA Na?a?e Aieiaeeie?iae/

IAOEIAA IAA?OIOOAAIIss I?AAI?CAOe?? ?IAIOE OA INIAUAIIss

I?Ae?ICAe?E?A AeEss IAAeAIIss IAAeE*II? AeIIIIIAE I?E IANIAEO
O?AAEAIIssO NEEUeIIAe?TH*EIE IO?OEIEIE ?A*IAEIAIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 14.02.03 «Nioe?aeueia iaaeeoeeia

oa ioi?iia caei?ia’y»

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inuee?e a?enueeiai-iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??,
I?i?noa?noai iai?iie Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio ?aaeeo ss?ineaa
Oaaei?iae/, Oe?a?inueea a?enueeiai-iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy Ca?ieieo Nee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?eooiia Ai?en
Iaaeiae/, Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i I.E.
Ooieea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith caei?ia’y;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaa?aiei Aiaoie?e ?aae?iiiae/,
Oe?a?inueeee oeaio? iaoeiai? iaaee/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, aee?aeoi?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
a?iiaaenueeiai caei?ia’y I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie,
a?aeae?e iaaeeei-nai?oa?ii? aeiiiiiae oa oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith caei?ia’y.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 21 » o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 13-30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.003.01 i?e
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Aiaiiieueoey ca
aae?anith: i. Ee?a-57, i?. Ia?aiiae 34, iaaeeei-i?io?eaeoe/iee ei?ion
IIO, aoaeeoi??y ? 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Aiaiiieueoey ca aae?anith: 252057, i.
Ee?a, aoe. Ciieia?/ia, 3.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 5 » ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

ae.i.i, i?ioani? I.I.ssai?ianueeee.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeiiii?/iee caeoie a?ae aaeeeeo oaoiieia?/ieo
eaoano?io oa noeo?eieo eeo, e?euee?noue ethaenueeeo aea?oa i?e ieo
iiaeooue aooe ii??aiyi? c iane?aeeaie eieaeueieo ai?iieo eiioe?eo?a
(A.A.Ia/eii?eia, 1994, I.?.Oeaeiye, A.I.Iaai?ia, 1995).

Iaei??th c i?e/ei ianiaiai o?aaeaiiy ethaeae i?e oaeeo iaaecae/aeieo
neooaoe?yo ? aieea neeueiiae?th/eo io?oeieo ?a/iaei (NAeI?) (C.?.Oaoa,
1990, A.A.O?aiae, O.A.Eoeee, 1992, I.?.Aaaethe, 1997). Iaeaaaeeea?oeie
iniaeeainoyie o?aaeaiue ethaeae i?e oeueiio aoaeooue iania?noue oa
no??ieee ?icaeoie ?ioieneeaoe??. Iniiaiei oaeoi?ii, ui aecia/aoeia
?acoeueoao io?o?iiy, aoaea /an iaaeaiiy iino?aaeaeaeei iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae. I?ioa, iaaee/i? i?iaeaie o?i?/ieo aaa??e a ?nioth/eo
ea??aieoeoaao uiaei ?o onoiaiiy aena?oeththoueny iaaeinoaoiuei. Iayai?
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/i? iaoa??aee c i?aai?caoe?? iaaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy aaa??e a o?i?/i?e i?iieneiaino? aei oeueiai /ano, ia
aeaeue, iaeia?aeii? e?ea?yi (I.?.Aaaethe, 1998).

A oiiaao aaeeeiianooaaieo eaoano?io iio?aaa iioa?i?eeo a neeao ? caniaao
uiaei iaaeaiiy iaaaeueii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae a iioeiaeuei? oa?i?ie oa
?o e?eoaaiiy aei e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo, ye i?aaeei, ia?aaeuo?
iiaeeeaino? caeeaae?a i?noeaai? (oa?eoi??aeueii?) ioi?iie caei?ia’y
(I.A.Oeeioainoia, 1991, TH.?.Aoanueeee oa ni?aaao., 1994).

O ca’yceo c aeuacacia/aiei aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee
eiiieaeno caoiae?a iioei?caoe?? nenoaie iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
iino?aaeaeaeei. Ae??oaiiy oeeo ieoaiue aecia/eei aeooaeuei?noue ? noaei
iniiaith aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c I?ia?aiith ooiaeaiaioaeueieo oa iaoeiaeo
?ia?o I?i?noa?noaa iai?iie (II) Oe?a?ie «I?i i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo ?ia?o aeey noai?aiiy caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? nenoaie
aeno?aii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae a Oe?a?i?» a ?aieao iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o Oe?a?inueei? a?enueeiai-iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (OAIA): «Iaoeiaa
iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea nenoaie i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a, ?ioa?i?a oa
eo?naio?a aeueo iaaee/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a c ieoaiue aeno?aiaeueii?
oa a?enueeiai? iaaeeoeeie» (oeo? «Aaeaeueaaen», N0196U014635) oa
«?ic?iaea oa noai?aiiy nenoaie a?enueeiai? iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io, ye
aeaiaioo caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? nenoaie aeno?aii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae a
Oe?a?i? i?ae /an iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e» (oeo? «Eaoano?ioa»).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — oai?aoe/ia, iaaeeei-oaeoe/ia oa aenia?aiaioaeueia
iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe ? iniauaiiy iaaee/ieo i?ae?icae?e?a
aeey iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e ianiaeo o?aaeaiiyo NAeI?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe ianooii? iniiai?
caaaeaiiy:

1. I?iaiae?coaaoe ?nioth/? aeai? i?i iaaee/i? iane?aeee iaaecae/aeieo
neooaoe?e, ye? noi?iaiaeaeoaaeenue aeeeaeii NAeI? a aoiinoa?o, oa
iaaeeei-oaeoe/i? aeiiae aei i?aai?caoe?? iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
o?aaeaiei.

2. I?iaanoe iaaeeei-oaeoe/io ioe?ieo iane?aee?a iiaeeeaeo iaaecae/aeieo
neooaoe?e ia o?i?/ii iaaacia/ieo ia’?eoao (OII) aaeeeeo i?iieneiaeo i?no
Oe?a?ie.

3. Aecia/eoe iio?aae a caniaao iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei
NAeI? ia aeiaini?oaeueiiio aoai? c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao
?iaaeyoe?eieo io?o?iue.

4. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo oaeoeei-niaoe?aeueieo iaaee/ieo
iaa/aiue c iaaeoiaeaeaiiyi oiiaiio?aaeaieo c ina?aaee?a NAeI?
iioei?coaaoe iaaee/i? caoiaee i?e aeieeiaii? ianiaeo io?o?iue oa
?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei NAeI? i?e iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?yo ia oa?eoi???
Oe?a?ie.

5. Iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe i?ecia/aiiy, no?oeoo?o ? i?aai?caoe?th ?iaioe
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ieo a?eaaae iino?eii? aioiaiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa a
Oe?a?i?:

— aecia/ai? ii?iaoeai? iieacieee iio?aae o iaaee/iiio iaei? aeey
iaaeaiiy ia?oi? e?ea?nueei? aeiiiiiae (IEAe) o?aaeaiei iaeaaaeeea?oeie
NAeI? oyaeeiai, na?aaeiueiai oa eaaeiai nooiai?a oyaeeino? iaoieia?/iiai
i?ioeano;

— ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia e?euee?nieo ? ye?nieo e?eoa???a ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? iaaeaiiy ia?oi? e?ea?nueei? aeiiiiiae iino?aaeaeaeei i?e
ianiaeo ?iaaeyoe?eieo io?o?iiyo;

— iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? caoiaee, ui i?aeaeuothoue aoaeoeai?noue
i?aai?caoe?? oa ye?noue iaaeaiiy ia?oi? e?ea?nueei? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei
a oiiaao iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee;

— iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ia i?aenenoaia Aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io.

Oai?aoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa?:

— o nooo?aiio aeiiiaiaii? oai??? nioe?aeueii? iaaeeoeeie oa i?aai?caoe??
ioi?iie caei?ia’y a /anoei? i?aai?caoe?? iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy ?
iaaee/iiai iinoa/aiiy;

— o iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo iniiaieo iieiaeaiue uiaei e?ea?aeaoe??
iaaee/ieo iane?aee?a aaa??e (?oeioaaiue) o?i?/ii iaaacia/ieo ia’?eo?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe?:

— iiaiai eiiieaeoo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a oa iaaee/ieo i?aaeiao?a aeey
iaaeaiiy niaoeeo?/ii?, iaoiaaiaoe/ii? oa neiioiiaoe/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e
ianiaeo ?iaaeyoe?eieo io?o?iiyo ai?aeii, n??/aiith eeneioith, aaicieii,
acioiith eeneioith, oei?ii, oieoieii, nieyiith eeneioith,
n??eiaoaeaoeai, a?iiiaoeeii oa i?o?eeii ae?eeiai? eeneioe;

— i?aai?caoe?eii-ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ieo a?eaaae iino?eii? aioiaiino?.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo cae?eniaii ia
i?aeaaeocaaiio ??ai?.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?eoee neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
aei eiioeaioe?? noai?aiiy eaoaae? aeno?aiaeueii? oa a?enueeiai?
iaaeeoeeie, aaaaeaii? a ae?th ni?eueieie iaeacaie I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie
caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie ? I?i?no?a iai?iie Oe?a?ie N233/332 a?ae 15.12.1995 ?.
? N215/202 a?ae 18.07.1996 ?.

Aeey oe?ieiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a aaeoc? a?enueeiai? oa aeno?aiaeueii?
iaaeeoeeie ?ic?iaeai? Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? «Aecia/aiiy nai?oa?ieo
ao?ao a?enuee oa i?aai?caoe?y iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei i?e
?oeioaaii? o?i?/ii-iaaacia/ieo ia’?eo?a»: Caoa. Ia/aeueieeii AAIO AO CN
Oe?a?ie 6 n?/iy 1997 ?./ Oeeaae.: N.A.?aaiia oa ni?aaao. — Ee?a, 1997).

Iaoa??aee c i?aai?caoe?? iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei NAeI?
oa?eoee a iaoiaee/iee iin?aiee aeey neooa/?a OAIA ? nooaeaio?a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. aeaae. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey
«Neeueiiae?th/? io?oei? ?a/iaeie» (Ee?a, 1996).

Iaoa??aee ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueieo
i?ia?aiao A?enueeiai-iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo OAIA c aeenoeeie?i
«I?aai?caoe?y iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy CN», «A?enueeiaa oieneeieia?y,
?aae?ieia?y oa iaaee/iee caoeno», «A?enueeiaa oa?iaoe?y»,
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. aeaae. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey c
aeenoeeie?ie «Iaaeeoeeia eaoano?io» oa Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii?
noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai?? c aeenoeeie?ie «Aeno?aiaeueia oa a?enueeiaa
iaaeeoeeia».

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoa o/anoue aaoi?a i?e i?iaaaeaii?
aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aae?ciaaia o: cai?? iaiao?aeieo aeaieo oa ?o
aiae?c?; aecia/aii? iio?aae a caniaao iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
o?aaeaiei NAeI? ia aeiaini?oaeueiiio aoai?; ?ic?iaoe? iiaiai eiiieaeoo
e?ea?nueeeo cania?a oa iaaee/ieo i?aaeiao?a aeey iaaeaiiy ia?oi?
e?ea?nueei? aeiiiiiae i?e ianiaeo ?iaaeyoe?eieo io?o?iiyo; iaa?oiooaaii?
i?aai?caoe?eii-ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ieo a?eaaae iino?eii? aioiaiino?; iaienaii? ?icae?e?a
? aeniiae?a ?iaioe; iaa?oiooaaii? iieiaeaiue, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Aaoi?ii ?acii c I.?.Aaaetheii i?iaiaeeeanue iaaeeei-oaeoe/io ioe?iea
iane?aee?a iiaeeeaeo iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e ia OII aaeeeeo i?iieneiaeo
i?no Oe?a?ie, ?ic?iaea aeueoa?iaoeaii? oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ii? i?aenenoaie
Aea?aeaaii? neoaeae iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io. Aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino?
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei NAeI? canoiniaoaaeanue iaoiaeeea,
?ic?iaeaia ?acii c A.I.O?e?i?oeiei. ?aea? ni?aaaoi??a, ui aeoiaeeee ca
iaae? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a ?iaio? ia aeei?enoiaoaaeenue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo:

— «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeaiiy aeno?aii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e
iaa?aeeeaaeieo noaiao» (III OIAe oa IE, Ee?a, 1995 ?.);

— «Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu», (THa?eaeia iaoeiai —
ai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y i?enay/aia 240-??//th canioaaiiy Ee?anueeiai
a?enueeiaiai aini?oaeth, Ee?a, 1995);

— «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie a?enueeiai? iaaeeoeeie», (Ia?oa iaoeiai —
i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y OAIA, Ee?a, 1995);

— «I?iaeaiu aiaiiiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey» (Ee?a,
1996);

— «Yeno?aiaeueiay iaaeeoeeia: nia?aiaiiua eiioeaioeee
aianoaceieiae/aneie e oe?o?ae/aneie iiiiue» (Eoaainuee, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o 14
ae?oeiaaieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, a ?o /ene? — 4 aeo?iaeuei? noaoo? o
aeaeaiiyo, caoaa?aeaeaieo Iinoaiiaith AAE Oe?a?ie «I?i caoaa?aeaeaiiy
ia?ae?e?a iaoeiaeo aeaeaiue, a yeeo iiaeooue ioae?eoaaoeny iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eieo ?ia?o», iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??,
caoaa?aeaeai? Ia/aeueieeii Aieiaiiai a?enueeiai-iaaee/iiai oi?aae?iiy
Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie, 2 aeo?iaeuei? noaoo? o ?ioeo iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo, oace aeiiia?aeae ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii
ia 147 noi??ieao iae?eiaiai iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 17 oaaeeoeue,
7 ?enoie?a. Neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo, ui
aena?oeth? i?ia?aio, ianya ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeaio ?icae?e?a
aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (170
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeiiiaieo oa 38 ca?oa?aeieo), i’yoe aeiaeaoe?a oa
iaoa??ae?a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a o i?aeoeeo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue aiae?c aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue
noai aea/aiiy i?aai?caoe?? iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei NAeI?
ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo a?enueeiai? oa iaaee/ii? iaoee.

Aeai? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/aoue i?i iaaeinoaoith i?aeaioiaeai?noue iaaee/ieo
oa ?yooaaeueieo oi?ioaaiue c ieoaiue i?aai?caoe??, oi?aae?iiy ?
aca?iiae?? ?o ia aeiaini?oaeueiiio aoai?, a ?nioth/a aeieo?eia ? iaoiaee
oi?aae?iiy oeeie oi?ioaaiiyie ia oeae /an ia a?aeiia?aeathoue caaaeaiiyi
Aea?aeaaii? neoaeae iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io. Iieacaia iaaeineiiae?noue
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace aeey iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei
ia aeiaini?oaeueiiio aoai?. A?eaaaee neoaeae oaeaeei? iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae (OIAe) oa ?aai?iaoe?eii-i?ioeoieia? a?oie ia iathoue
aeinoaoiue? e?eueeino? niaoe?aeueii iaeaaeiaiiai nai?oa?iiai
aaoio?ainii?oo, ae?ci? a?eaaaee e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a ia
iathoue iaeaaeiiai iaaee/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy ? iaaeeeaiaio?a aeey ?iaioe a
?aeii? IN, aaaaoi /ano aeo?a/a?oueny ia io?eiaiiy, o?ainii?ooaaiiy,
?iceiina?aaoe?th oa ?iciiae?e iaeia ca ooieoe?iiaeueieie i?ae?icae?eaie
oa iaaee/ieie oi?ioaaiiyie, ui cieaeo? aoaeoeai?noue iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae, aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith yei? ? /an ii/aoeo ?? iaaeaiiy.

Eiinoaoo?oueny iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee eiiieaeno caoiae?a
iioei?caoe?? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae iino?aaeaeaeei ia aeiaini?oaeueiiio
aoai?.

?icaeyiooa i?iaeaiaoeea aecia/eea iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iiaeai? i?ia?aia, ianya ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.
I?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe (?en. 1) aecia/aeanue iinoaaeaiith
iaoith, eieii ae??ooaaieo caaaeaiue c iiceoe?e nenoaiiino? oa no/anieo
iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/io i?aenenoaio
Aea?aeaaii? neoaeae iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io.

Iaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy aeinyaiooi caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith eiiiiiaioiiai,
no?oeoo?iiai, ooieoe?iiaeueiiai, iiaeaeueiiai oa ?noi?e/iiai aniaeo?a
nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo.

Ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue i?iaiaeeee canoiniaoth/e ?noi?e/iee,
noaoenoe/iee, aenia?oiee oa aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?ae /an ia?oiai aoaio aea/aia oa i?iaiae?ciaaia ?nioth/a i?aai?caoe?y
iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei NAeI?, cie?aia, ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aoaio iaaee/ii? aaaeoaoe??, aea iaaea?oueny IEAe iino?aaeaeaeei, oeyoii
aiae?co aeina?aeo e?ea?aeaoe?? iaaee/ieo iane?aee?a aaa??e, ui
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny aeeeaeii oiene/ieo ?a/iaei, ca inoaii? 15 ?ie?a ca
aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e (60 aeaea?ae), 370 aeiaaee?a aino?eo io?o?iue
oiene/ieie ?a/iaeiaie, a?aeianaieie aei NAeI? (ca aeaieie iae?e. o. o.
003/o ? 114/o) ? 140 aeeeee?a OIAe (iae?e. o. 110/o) oai?ei c ?ioeie
?iaaeyoe?eieie io?o?iiyie.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaaeeei-oaeoe/ii? ioe?iee iane?aee?a iiaeeeaeo
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e ia OII Oe?a?ie (ae?oaee aoai) ca aeaieie ca?oi?o
aeieoiaio?a Ooaao oeea?eueii? iai?iie (OeI) Oe?a?ie (37) aecia/ai?
ia’?ie caa??aaiiy 10 iaeiioe?ai?oeo NAeI?, ye? i?e aeieeiaii? oaeeo
neooaoe?e coiiaeththoue iaea?eueoo iaaaciaeo uiaei oi?ioaaiiy aaeeeeo
cii ca?aaeaiiy oa ianiaeo nai?oa?ieo ao?ao.

Ii?iaoeai? iieacieee iio?aae iaaee/iiai iaeia aeey iaaeaiiy IEAe
o?aaeaiei NAeI? ??ciiai nooiaiy oyaeeino? (?c ?ic?aooieo ia 100 /ieia?e)
ia??oioiaoaaeenue (o?ao?e aoai) ia iniia? aiae?co ?nioth/i? nenoaie
e?eoaaeueii-aaaeoaoe?eieo caoiae?a i?e iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?yo,
neiae?iiieia?/iiai i?eioeeio ? a?aeiia?aeiiai ci?noo iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
ia aeiaini?oaeueiiio aoai? iaaee/ii? aaaeoaoe?? c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ic?aooieiaiai iaoiaeo (I.A.Ai?iieia, 1991) ? iaoiaeo aenia?oieo ioe?iie
(?.I.Oeaai, 1986) oeyoii iine?aeiaiiai ae??oaiiy eiiieaeno
aca?iiiia’ycaieo caaaeaiue: a) ?ic?iaea ia?ae?eo ee?i?/ieo neiae?ii?a,
ui ?icaeaathoueny i?e io?o?iiyo NAeI?, iaea?eueo iaaacia/ieie aeey
ianaeaiiy ? a?enuee a Oe?a?i?; a) ?ic?iaea aieaoe iieooaaiiy aenia?o?a
i?i aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy e?ea?nueeeo cania?a; a) a?aea?? oa
iieooaaiiy aenia?o?a ca ?ic?iaeaiith aieaoith; a) noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea
ianea?a aeoiie aenia?o?a oa aecia/aiiy iio?aae a caniaao iaaeaiiy
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae aeey eiaeii? iaeii??aeii? ca nooiaiai oyaeeino?
a?oie o?aaeaieo.

I?e neeaaeaii? ia?ae?eo ee?i?/ieo neiae?ii?a o?aaeaiue aeei?enoai?
?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue (ca aeaieie iae?e. o. 003/o) oa
/eneai? aeai? e?oa?aoo?e i?i iniaeeaino? ?aaeoe?e i?aai?cio ethaeeie ia
aeno?aiaeuei? o?i?/i? aieeae. Iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaieo coiiaeaia a?aenooi?noth aeinoaoiuei? aeey noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee
e?eueeino? aeiaaee?a ?iaaeyoe?eieo io?o?iue aaicieii, oieoieii, nieyiith
eeneioith, n??eiaoaeaoeai, a?iiiaoeeii oa ae?eeii?o?eeii.

C iaoith aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aea/aiiy i?ioeano iaaeaiiy IEAe i?e ianiaeo
o?aaeaiiyo NAeI? aoee i?iaaaeai? iaoeiai-aeine?aei? oaeoeei-niaoe?aeuei?
iaaee/i? iaa/aiiy (IAeONII) ?c caeo/aiiyi nee oa cania?a oeiiaeo
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a II Oe?a?ie (/aoaa?oee aoai). A
oiae? aenia?eiaioo o?iiiiao?oaaeenue ia?aiao?e, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aoaeoeai?noue i?aai?caoe?? i?aeaioiaee e?ea?nueei-nano?einueeeo a?eaaae
(ENA) aei ?iaioe ia aeiaini?oaeueiiio aoai? (/an, aeo?a/aiee ia
i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ea??aieeii caeeaaeo, iiia?uaiiy ? ca?? iniaiaiai
neeaaeo, iaea?aeaiiy a?eaaaeaie iaaee/iiai iaeia oa i?aeaioiaeo ?o aei
i?eeiio o?aaeaieo) oa iaaeaiiy ieie IEAe o?aaeaiei (/an, aeo?a/aiee ia
anoaiiaeaiiy oa ooi/iaiiy ae?aaiico, a oaeiae ia aeeiiaiiy e?ea?nueeeo
i?ecia/aiue).

?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? i?e i?iaaaeaii? IAeONII, oa ?o ae?ia?aei?noue
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie aa??aoe?eii?
noaoenoeee (A.E.Iaeneiia, A.I.Neieoeei, 1983, A.I.Eaio, 1987).

I’yoee aoai ?iaioe caeeth/aa o nia? iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy i?ecia/aiiy,
no?oeoo?e ? i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe niaoe?ae?ciaaieo oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ieo
a?eaaae iino?eii? aioiaiino?. Aeey oeueiai aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ii?iaoeai?
oa aee?aeoeai? aeieoiaioe II, Ooaao OeI, I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y
Oe?a?ie, ooaoi? ?iceeaaee, oaaae? aei ooao?a a?enueeiai-iaaee/ieo
oi?ioaaiue (30), iinaaeia? ?ino?oeoe?? (118).

Ia iniia? no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aiae?co ?nioth/i?
i?aai?caoe?eii-ooaoii? no?oeoo?e iaaee/ieo caeeaae?a ? oi?ioaaiue c
iiceoe?e oai??? oi?aae?iiy aaoi?ii ?acii c a?aeae?eii aieiai?
i?aeaioiaee Aieiaiiai a?enueeiai-iaaee/iiai oi?aae?iiy II Oe?a?ie
?ic?iaeaia aeueoa?iaoeaia oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ia i?aenenoaia Aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io. I?e ?ic?iaoe? noaie i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy
e?eoaaeueii-aaaeoaoe?eiei caaacia/aiiyi aoee aeei?enoai? iaoiaee/i?
i?eeiie A.?.AEo?aaey (1994).

Ia oinoiio aoai? aeine?aeaeoaaee aoaeoeai?noue iaaeaiiy aeiaini?oaeueii?
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ca eiiieaenii iieaciee?a, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue aea?
iniiai? e?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?aai?caoe?? iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy o
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?yo: /an ii/aoeo iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae oa ia?aioneio
ni?iiiaei?noue e?ea?nueei-nano?einueeeo a?eaaae, a oaeiae iieaciee?a
yeino? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae, yeo ioe?ithaaee ca «Iaoiaeeeie ?an/noa e
ioeaiee iieacaoaeae aeayoaeueiinoe noaioeee nei?ie e iaioeiaeiie
iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue (1983) » c iaoeie aeiiiaiaiiyie.

Aea/aiiy aieeao ??cieo oaeoi??a ia aoaeoeai?noue iaaeaiiy IEAe o?aaeaiei
i?iaiaeeeinue ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee ioe?iee iaaee/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
e?eoaaeueii-aaaeoaoe?eieo caoiae?a, ?ic?iaeaii? A.I.Ao?iaei (1996) c
o?aooaaiiyi iiaeaeueoeo iiaeeo?eaoe?e (O.I.Eaa/aiei, A.?.Iaaieueie/aiei,
1996). Aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
iino?aaeaeaeei i?e aeieeiaii? iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e oey iaoiaeeea
canoiniaaia aia?oa.

?ic?aooiie iaaee/ii? aoaeoeaiino? caoiae?a iioei?caoe?? iaaeaiiy IEAe
cae?enithaaee ca oi?ioeith:

Ao(n,e) = 100% (t + T) to(n,e) , (1)

(t’ + O’) t’o(n,e)

aea Ao(n,e) — iaaee/ia aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo i?aai?caoe?eieo
caoiae?a o nenoai? iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae iino?aaeaeaeei, ye?
iathoue oyaeeee (na?aaei?e, eaaeee) nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy NAeI?(%);

t (t’) — /an ii/aoeo iaaeaiiy IEAe o?aaeaiei (aiae.);

O (O’) — /an, yeee aeo?a/a? iaeia ENA aeey iaaeaiiy IEAe 100
iino?aaeaeaeei a?ae NAeI? (no?oeoo?a o?aaeaieo oa ?ioaineai?noue ?o
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aeey eiaeii? a?eaaaee iaeiaeiaa) (aiae.);

t (t’)o(n,e) — /an, yeee a na?aaeiueiio aeo?a/a? iaeia ENA aeey iaaeaiiy
IEAe iaeiiio o?aaeaiiio oyaeeiai (na?aaeiueiai, eaaeiai) nooiaith (oa.).

Ia?aiao?e (t, T, to(n,e)) o oi?ioe? (4.1), ye? iaaaaeai? o /enaeueieeo,
aecia/aeenue i?ney ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo i?aai?caoe?eieo
caoiae?a ca ?acoeueoaoaie 2-ai aoaio IAeONII.

Oaeoe/i? ia?aiao?e (t’, O’, t’o (n, e)), aeei?enoai? o oi?ioe? (4.1),
aoee io?eiai? ca ?acoeueoaoaie o?iiiiao?oaaiiy a oiae? ia?oiai aoaio
aenia?eiaioo.

sse?noue i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue noa’?eoii oi?aae?iiy o
cai?iiiiiaai?e oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/i?e i?aenenoai? Aea?aeaaii? neoaeae
iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io ioe?ithaaee ia canaaeao, ?ic?iaeaieo A.?.AEo?aaeai
(1994): i?e «oiiaii iiaiiio» ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio caaacia/aii?
oi?aae?inueeiai ??oaiiy i?ae ii??aiyeueieie iciaeaie aeyaeaiee i?yiee
neeueiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie (r=0,79); i?e «iaiiaiiio» — i?yiee
na?aaei?e ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie (r = 0,34), a ca «a?aenooiino?»
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy — cai?ioi?e, neeueiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie
(r = -0,81).

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iaaeeei-oaeoe/i?e ioe?ioe? iiaeeeaeo
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e ia OII Oe?a?ie. Aiae?c oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo
aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui iaea?eueoo iaaaciaeo uiaei oi?ioaaiiy aaeeeeo
cii ca?aaeaiiy oa ina?aaee?a ianiaeo io?o?iue coiiaeththoue ai?ae,
n??/aia eeneioa, aaicie, acioia eeneioa, oei?, oieoie, nieyia eeneioa,
n??eiaoaeaoeue, a?iiiaoee oa i?o?ee ae?eeiai? eeneioe. A ciiao
iiaeeeaiai o?i?/iiai ca?aaeaiiy aeacaieie ?a/iaeiaie i?iaeeaathoue
iiiaae 24 iei. /ieia?e, a oea neeaaea? 46% ianaeaiy Oe?a?ie.

An? aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeuei? iaeeieoe? (AOI) (iaeanoue, ?aeii,
i?noi) ca /anoeith ianaeaiiy, ui iio?aiey? o ciio IOC, ?iciiae?eyee ca
nooiaiyie iaaacia/iino?: 1 nooiaiy — a ciio IOC iio?aiey? a?eueoa 50%
ianaeaiiy AOI; 2 nooiaiy — a?ae 30 aei 50%; 3 nooiaiy — a?ae 10 aei 30%.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui a ciie IOC iio?aieythoue aei 100% ianaeaiiy a?eueoino?
i?iieneiaeo i?no Oe?a?ie, a?aeianaieo aei ia?oiai nooiaith
iaaacia/iino?.

?ic?aooiie aaee/eie ? no?oeoo?e nai?oa?ieo ao?ao a ina?aaeeao o?i?/iiai
o?aaeaiiy cae?enithaaee ia canaaeao ia?aiao?e/iiai caeiio ?iaaeyoe?eiiai
io?o?iiy ethaeae i?e a?aoiaoaaii? caeiio aoiinoa?ii? aeeooci? aacia,
caeiiii??iinoae iioe?aiiy aeii?oie io?oeieo ?a/iaei a aoiinoa??,
iaoiaee/ieo iiaeoiaeia caaaeueii? oai?i? o?aaeaiiy i?aaiicio, nooiaiae
oiene/iinoi ?a/iaei ? iniaeeainoae aaa?i?.

Canoinoaaiiy ia?aiao?e/iiai caeiio (ooieoeie o?aaeaiiy) aeicaieeei
iiaeaethaaoe aaciina?aaei?e aieea o?aaeath/iai oaeoi?a ia ethaeeio i
iieacaoe caeaaeiinoue ?iiai?iinoi o?aaeaiiy c iaaiei nooiaiai oyaeeinoi
aiae ia?aiao?ia o?aaeath/iai oaeoi?a, yeo a caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? iiaeia
iiaeaoe ae?acii:

F(z(x,y)) = 1 — exp[- (BY. Ui)Y], (2)

aea BY, Y — ia?aiao?e ?iciiae?eo Aaeaoeea, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ??aaiue
(aoaeo) o?aaeaiiy;

Ui — eiiieaeniee ii?iiaaiee ia?aiao? aecia/aiiai ??aiy o?aaeaiiy.

?icaeyaeath/e i?ioean iiaaeyoeieiiai o?aaeaiiy aaciiiaeiaieie io?oeieie
?a/iaeiaie, ca iniiaii ia?aiao?e i?eeiaee aaee/eio aoaeoeaii?
eiioeaio?aoei? ?a/iaeie a iiaio?i oa /an ?? aieeao ia i?aaiici.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aeieeiaii? ina?aaee?a NAeI? o an?o AOI, ui
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue, ia?aaaaea? ?iia??i?noue o?aaeaiiy na?aaeiueiai ?
oyaeeiai nooiai?a. Iino?aaeaeae? oe??? eaoaai??? iio?aaothoue
iaa?aeeeaaeii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ? aaaeoaoe?? o ia?oo /a?ao, 50%
oyaeeio?aaeaieo iio?aaothoue ?aai?iaoe?eii? aeiiiiiae, ?aooa oe??? a?oie
oa o?aaeai? na?aaeiueiai nooiaiy iio?aaothoue ?ioaineaii? oa?ai??. I?e
oeueiio aeiaaaeaii, ui caaeiaieaiiy iio?aae a iia?aoeaiiio iaaee/iiio
caaacia/aii? cia/ii ia?aaeuo? iiaeeeaino? neoaeae OIAe: iieaciee
caaaioaaeaiino? iaei??? a?eaaaee neoaeae OIAe (?c ?ic?aooieo, ui an?
ae?ci? a?eaaaee aoaeooue caae?yi? aeey e?ea?aeaoe?? iaaee/ieo iane?aee?a
IN) ia?aaeuo? na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee iieaciee caaaioaaeaiino? o i?noao
Caii??aeae?, Ieeiea?a?, Neioa?iiie?, AEeoiie??, *a?i?aoeyo, A?e?e
Oea?ea? o 8,6 ?ace; Aei?i?iiao?ianueeo, Aeiiaoeueeo, Iaean?, E?eaiio
?ic?, Eueaia?, Ia??oiie?, Iae??aoe?, Oa?nii?, Ai?e?aoe?, *a?eanao,
Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinueeo, sseo?, Ea?/? o 11,8 ?ace, a o i?no? Ee?a? o 16,1
?ace.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue
ia ae?yeuei?noue iaaee/ii? neoaeae a oiiaao iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e
o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee, aiae?co iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa ?ic?iaoe?
eiiieaeno caoiae?a iioei?caoe?? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae iino?aaeaeaeei ia
aeiaini?oaeueiiio aoai?.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iio?aae a caniaao iaaeaiiy ia?oi? e?ea?nueei? aeiiiiiae
o?aaeaiei NAeI? neeaaeaany ia?ae?e ?ioi?iaoeaieo ee?i?/ieo neiae?ii?a
o?aaeaiue c iiaeaeueoei aeeth/aiiyi aeae?eaieo neiae?ii?a a aieaoo
iieooaaiiy aenia?oa i?i eiai aeoieo a?aeiinii iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiiai
aeai?o e?ea?nueeeo cania?a aeey iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei
ii eiaeiiio neiae?iio.

Ca aeaieie aenia?oiiai ioe?ithaaiiy (p<0,05) aecia/ai? ii?iaoeai? iieacieee iio?aae e?ea?nueei-nano?einueeeo a?eaaae o caniaao iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei iniiaieie i?iieneiaeie io?ooaie. Aeiaaaeaii, ui a aaeoc? a?enueeiai? oa aeno?aiaeueii? iaaeeoeeie ia ?nio? eiiieaeoo, yeee ca ia?ae?eii e?ea?nueeeo cania?a oa ?o e?euee?noth a?aeiia?aeaa ae no/aniei oaoiieia?yi iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae iniaai, ui caciaee oiene/iiai aieeao i?iieneiaeo io?oo. I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui iaa?oue c o?aooaaiiyi iaia`yceiaiai iniauaiiy ae?cii? e?ea?nueei? a?eaaaee neoaeae OIAe aeaoaeoo?a 19 iaeiaioaaiue iaiao?aeieo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a aeey iaaeaiiy IEAe o?aaeaiei iaeiioe?ai?oeie a Oe?a?i? NAeI? neeaaea? 43-97%, a 11 iaeiaioaaiue - 100% (?c ?ic?aooieo ia 100 o?aaeaieo). Ia iniia? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaeo iaaee/iiai iaeia "NAeI?" ("E?ea?nuee? caniae oa iaaee/i? i?aaeiaoe aeey e?eoaaiiy o?aaeaieo neeueiiae?th/eie io?oeieie ?a/iaeiaie"). Eiiieaeo ii?aoeueiaaii aeey iaaeaiiy niaoeeo?/ii?, iaoiaaiaoe/ii? oa neiioiiaoe/ii? aeiiiiiae 100 o?aaeaiei iaeiioe?ai?oeie NAeI? ??cieo nooiai?a oyaeeino?. Ai?no eiiieaeoo ia? ia'?i 152 aei3 oa iano 33+2 ea ? oeeaaea?oueny a aea?aa'yio ne?eith niaoe?aeueii? eiino?oeoe?? ia c?acie oeeaaei/ii? ne?ei? N4, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny o a?enueeiai-iaaee/i?e neoaea?. Aeei?enoaiiy oaei? oa?e ocaiaeaeo?oueny c "Ii?iaie iia?ocee iaaeeoeeineiai eiouanoaa ia a?ociaua aaoiiiaeee, aaoiiiacaea e i?eoeaiu" (1987), a oaeiae c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie IIC Oe?a?ie uiaei caa??aaiiy ? caoenoo iaaee/iiai oa niaoe?aeueiiai iaeia (1996). I?aia?aoe ?ici?uothoueny o ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?noeyo ca oa?iaeioa?aiaaoe/ieie a?oiaie ca?aeii c eeaneo?eaoe??th AIIC (The use of essential drugs. World Health Organization, Geneva, 1995): oa?iaeieia?/i? caniae, ye? aieeaathoue ia aae?aia?a?/i? oa oie?ia?a?/i? i?ioeane; aioeaeioe ? eiiieaeniie; aiaeueaaoeee oa ineoioii?ee; caniae, ye? aieeaathoue ia na?oeaai-noaeeiio, aeeoaeueio oa na/iaea?aeio nenoaie; caniae, ye? aieeaathoue ia oeaieiiee iai?i; caniae aeey ciai?oiueiai canoinoaaiiy, aioenaioeee oa i?aaeiaoe iaaee/iiai i?ecia/aiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?iciiae?e iaaee/iiai iaeia oaeei /eiii caaacia/o? c?o/i?noue eiai aeei?enoaiiy oa cia/ii iieaaoo? ?iaioo e?ea?nueei-nano?einueeeo a?eaaae a iieueiaeo oiiaao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? iaaeaiiy IEAe i?e ianiaeo o?aaeaiiyo i?iieneiaeie io?ooaie i?iaiaeeeinue ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo oaeoeei-niaoe?aeueieo iaaee/ieo iaa/aiue. I?e aea/aii? oaeoe/ii? i?aai?caoe?? iaaeaiiy IEAe e?ea?nueei-nano?einueeeie a?eaaaeaie anoaiiaeaii, ui ia i?aai?caoe?th i?aeaioiaee ENA aei iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei aeo?a/aeinue a na?aaeiueiio 1 aiaeeia 17 oaeeei, i?e oeueiio 48,6% oeueiai /ano neeaaeaei iaea?aeaiiy a?eaaaeaie iaaee/iiai iaeia. Ca /an ?iai/i? ci?ie (6 aiaeei) iaeia ENA iiaea iaaeaoe IEAe a na?aaeiueiio 59 o?aaeaiei. Ia?aioneia ni?iiiaei?noue a?eaaaee noaiiaeea aeecueei 10 iino?aaeaeaeeo ca aiaeeio. I?e oeueiio ENA ia iaaeaiiy IEAe iaeiiio o?aaeaiiio eaaeiai nooiaiy oyaeeino? aeo?a/aea a na?aaeiueiio 10,5 oaeeei, na?aaeiueiai nooiaiy - 27,2 oaeeei ? oyaeeio?aaeaiiio - 42 oaeeeie. Ieoiia aaaa iaa??ieo aai iaoi/ieo ae?aaiic?a, anoaiiaeaieo i?ae /an ?iaioe a?eaaae, neeaea a na?aaeiueiio 11,9%+0,6%, a ieoiia aaaa iaa??ieo aai iaaeeiiaiiy iaia'yceiaeo e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/ieo iai?ioeyoe?e (i?ioeaaeo?) a ?iaio? a?eaaae - a na?aaeiueiio 14,6%+0,8%. I?e ii??aiyii? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a c oaeoe/iith i?aai?caoe??th ?iaioe neoaeae OIAe anoaiiaeaii, ui oyaeeio?aaeaiiio a?eaaaea OIAe ii/eia? iaaeaaaoe aeiiiiiao a na?aaeiueiio /a?ac 18,4+1,5 oa. i?ney aeeeeeo, o?aaeaiiio na?aaeiueiai nooiaith oyaeeino? - /a?ac 19,3+3,8 oa., eaaeio?aaeaiiio - /a?ac 20,2+1,3 oa. O ia?o? 15 oa. i?ney aeeeeeo aeiiiiiaa ii/eia? iaaeaaaoeny 48,8+4,5%, 48,6+7,5% ? 65+10,2% o?aaeaiei c a?aeiia?aeiei nooiaiai oyaeeino? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ea?o aeeeeeo OIAe iieacaei, ui /anoioa canoinoaaiiy iaia'yceiaeo iaoiae?a aeaoieneeaoe?? neeaea a na?aaeiueiio o?eueee 29,8+5,5% aeey an?o eaoaai??e io?o?ieo. Iaa?oue o oyaeeeo aeiaaeeao i?e aaniethoi?e iayaiino? ?icaeoeo oiene/iiai iaa?yeo eaaaiue eeoa 64,4+11,5% oai?eo io?eioaaei ia aeiaini?oaeueiiio aoai? aeaa?ae?aoaoe?eio oa?ai?th. Aeiaaaeaii, ui /an ii/aoeo iaaeaiiy OIAe iino?aaeaeaeei i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaiy oyaeeino? io?o?iiy (p>0,05). A oe?eiio, i?ioyaii
ia?oeo 30 oa. i?ney aeeeeeo aeiiiiiaa ii/eia? iaaeaaaoeny 80-90%
io?o?iei. No?iee aini?oae?caoe?? c iiiaioo io?o?iiy ?ic??ciythoueny
ianooo?ai (p>0,05) ? neeaaeathoue a na?aaeiueiio 75-78 oa.

Aeacaiee aoai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieea aeyaeoe iaea?eueo aeioe?euei?
oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? iaaeaiiy IEAe ? aecia/eoe eiiieaen caoiae?a,
aeeiiaiiy yeeo iie?auo? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo a?ae NAeI?.

Aiae?c a?oie iieaciee?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia /an ii/aoeo iaaeaiiy IEAe,
aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui c aaaaeaiiyi o nenoaio iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae cai?iiiiiaaieo i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny
iia?aoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy (o 3,0 ?ace) oa iaaee/iiai iinoa/aiiy (o 5,5
?ace), e??i oiai o 11,5 ?ace ciaioothoueny aeo?aoe /ano ia ?icai?oaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iinoo. Aeo?aoe /ano ia iiia?uaiiy ? ca?? iniaiaiai
neeaaeo ciaioeeenue iacia/ii (o 1,2 ?ace), ui iiynith?oueny aenieei
??aiai aieiai? i?aeaioiaee a?enueeiai-iaaee/ieo i?ae?icae?e?a. A oe?eiio
/an ii/aoeo iaaeaiiy IEAe ciaioo?oueny a 3,3 ?ace.

Aiae?c a?oie iieaciee?a ?iaioe ENA, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?o ia?aioneio
ni?iiiaei?noue, aeicaieea aecia/eoe ciaioaiiy na?aaeiuei? o?eaaeino?
anoaiiaeaiiy ae?aaiico o?aaeaiiy o an?o a?oiao, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeenue:
oyaeeio?aaeaiei — o 1,2 ?ace, o?aaeaiei na?aaeiueiai nooiaiy — o 1,5
?ace ? eaaeio?aaeaiei — o 1,7 ?ace. Na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue ooi/iaiiy
ae?aaiico o?aaeaiiy ye oyaeeiai, oae ? na?aaeiueiai nooiai?a ciaioeeanue
o 1,6 ?ace. Anoaiiaeaii ciaioaiiy na?aaeiuei? o?eaaeino? aeeiiaiiy
e?ea?nueeeo i?ecia/aiue on?i eaoaai??yi iino?aaeaeaeeo: c oyaeeei
nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy — o 1,7 ?ace, c o?aaeaiiyi na?aaeiueiai nooiaiy — o
1,6 ?ace ? eaaeio?aaeaiei — o 1,8 ?ace. C o?aooaaiiyi ci?i cacia/aieo
iieaciee?a aeiaaaeaii, ui na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaeiiai
o?aaeaiiai oyaeeiai nooiaiy ciaioo?oueny o 1,5, na?aaeiueiai — o 1,6,
eaaeiai — o 1,8 ?ace. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooie?a ye?noue ae?aaiinoeee
oa aeeiiaiiy e?ea?nueeeo i?ecia/aiue i?aeaeuo?oueny a?aeiia?aeii ia
9,8%+0,2% oa 8,3%+0,2%.

Aea?? iioeiaeueiiai aa??aioo oi?aae?iiy ? iaea?eueo aeioe?eueii? noaie
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ii? i?aenenoaie Aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io ae??ooaaee ye oi?aae?inueea caaaeaiiy.
Oiio, aanue eiiieaen e?eoaaeueii-aaaeoaoe?eieo caoiae?a ? ?iaioa
no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a iaie ?icaeyaeaeenue ye oi?aae?inueea neooaoe?y
(iia?aoe?y ae?yeueiino?), ui ooieoe?iio? ca caeiiaie nenoaie ianiaiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy. Aiae?c i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe iniiai?
caaaeaiiy aeuacacia/aii? i?aenenoaie oa iai?oeoe oeyoe aaoiiaoeciaaii?
i?aeo?eiee ?o ??oaiiy i?e ?icai?oaii? iaaee/ieo nee ? cania?a aeey
e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e (IN):

— aaeaeaaoia ? iia?aoeaia ?aaeoe?y i?aenenoaie ia neaiae i?i IN;

— caaacia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ??oaiue uiaei ia?aeiiiai aaiaeo nee oa
cania?a aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? ?ica?aeee, ia?aeiiiai iaaee/iiai
ni?ooaaiiy, iaaeaiiy eaae?o?eiaaii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ca
ni?ooaaeueieie a?oiaie, cae?eniaiiy aaaeoaoe?eii-o?ainii?oiiai
ni?ooaaiiy oa o?ainii?ooaaiiy o?aaeaieo ca ni?ooaaeueieie a?oiaie,
eiinoaoaoe?? nia?o? ? aeinoaaee o?oi?a o ii?a, caaacia/aiiy
aini?oaeueieo aac a?aeiia?aeiith i?io?e?caoe??th e?aeeiaiai oiiaeo,
caaacia/aiiy aacia?aa?eiiai i?eeiio iino?aaeaeaeeo o noaoe?iia?e ?
aoi?eiiiai iaaee/iiai ni?ooaaiiy, iaaeaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii?
oieneeieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae, i?iaaaeaiiy noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece;

— caaacia/aiiy iia?aoeaieo ??oaiue uiaei ei?aeoe?? ooieoe?iioth/i?
nenoaie a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeeiai?ee neooaoe??;

— aeeiiaiiy ae?e uiaei eii?aeeiaoe?? c ?ioeie neoaeaaie ? ia?aaeaaaiiy
?i ?ioi?iaoe?? (?i?oe?aoeaii? aai ca?aeii caieoo);

— nai?/ania ca?eueiaiiy i?aenenoaie a?ae ae?yeueiino? uiaei e?ea?aeaoe??
iane?aee?a IN.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy i?aenenoaiith aeinyaa?oueny
noai?aiiyi nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaii? i?aeo?eiee ??oaiue a?aeiia?aeieo
caaaeaiue ca aeaiia iai?yieaie: aaoiiaoecaoe?y
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeiaiai caaacia/aiiy ia iniia? aac aeaieo ? nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy oeeie aacaie; noai?aiiy aenia?oii? nenoaie, ui aeoioeth?
iaoi?iaeueiee aeina?ae ? ciaiiy uiaei oeiieia?? i?iaiinoe/ieo IN
o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee, a iniia? yei? aoaeooue ye aace aeaieo
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeiaiai caaacia/aiiy, oae ? aace a?aeiia?aeieo
ciaiue.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c i?aai?caoe?eii-ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e ?nioth/eo
iaaee/ieo oi?ioaaiue aeey iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei NAeI? a
?ioeo e?a?iao aeicaieea aeyaeoe iaea?eueo aeioe?euei? oi?ie i?aai?caoe??
iaaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy o IN ia aeaiiio aoai? ?icaeoeo
a?o/eciyii? iaaeeoeeie ? iaa?oiooaaoe noai?aiiy o Aea?aeaai?e neoaea?
iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io iiaeo iaaee/ieo oi?ioaaiue — niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ieo a?eaaae iino?eii? aioiaiino? (NOOAIA) ia aac? EIC
AOI, i?aeii?yaeeiaaieo IIC, II, IAO, IAN, IIN.

Io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeai? aeicaieeee aecia/eoe
iioeiaeueio no?oeoo?o NOOAIA: e?ea?-?aai?iaoieia — 1,
oa?aiaaoe-oieneeieiae — 2, oaeueaeoa?e — 3, iaaee/i? nano?e — 6,
nai?oa?e — 2. Iniauaiiy a?eaaaee: iaaee/ia iieueiaa o?i?/ia eaai?aoi??y
«IIOE» — 1, eiiieaeo iaaee/iiai iaeia «NAeI?» — 1, iio? — a caeaaeiino?
a?ae aaaeii?noeino? o?ainii?oo, ui i?eaea?oueny a?eaaae?,
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? caniae caoenoo i?aai?a aeeoaiiy ? oe??e- 14 eiiieaeo?a,
?aae?inoaioe?y-1.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieeee nenoaiaoecoaaoe caoiaee uiaei
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?aai?caoe?? ? yeino? iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae iino?aaeaeaeei i?e aeieeiaii? IN ia OII Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae
i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy e?eoaaeueii-aaaeoaoe?eiei caaacia/aiiyi (?en. 2).

I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui iaaee/ia aoaeoeai?noue caoiae?a
iioei?caoe?? iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae iino?aaeaeaeei a?ae NAeI? i?e
aeieeiaii? IN o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee noaiiaeoue: 39,5%, yeui IEAe iaaea?oueny
oyaeeio?aaeaiei; 36,8%, yeui IEAe iaaea?oueny iniaai c na?aaei?i
nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy; 32,9%, yeui IEAe iaaea?oueny eaaeio?aaeaiei.

Aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a aeey i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo
??oaiue o oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/i?e i?aenenoai? Aea?aeaaii? neoaeae
iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io caaacia/o? ye?noue oi?aae?iiy ia 78,8%+3,2%.

AENIIAEE

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui caeeaaee ioi?iie caei?ia’y oa noai?ai? oi?ioaaiiy
Aea?aeaaii? neoaeae iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io ia a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai
?iaioe a iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?yo: ae?ci? a?eaaaee
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a ia iathoue iaeaaeiiai iaaee/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy, aeaoaeoo?a 19 iaeiaioaaiue iaiao?aeieo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a
a eiiieaeoao aeiaini?oaeueii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei NAeI? neeaaea? 43-97%,
a 11 iaeiaioaaiue — 100% (?c ?ic?aooieo ia 100 o?aaeaieo);

2. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ia?niiae ?nioth/eo iaaee/ieo i?ae?icae?e?a
iaaeinoaoiuei i?aeaioiaeaiee c ee?i?/ii? oieneeieia?? (ieoiia aaaa
iaa??ieo aai iaoi/ieo ae?aaiic?a a ?iaio? a?eaaae neeaaea? a
na?aaeiueiio 11,9+0,6%), ia ia? aeinoaoiueiai aeina?aeo ?iaioe a
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?yo (ieoiia aaaa iaa??ieo aai iaaeeiiaiiy
iaia’yceiaeo e?eoaaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/ieo iai?ioeyoe?e (i?ioeaaeo?)
neeaaea? a na?aaeiueiio 14,6+0,8%), a /anoioa canoinoaaiiy iaia’yceiaeo
iaoiae?a aeaoieneeaoe?? a ?iaio? a?eaaae OIAe aeinyaa? a na?aaeiueiio
eeoa 29,8+1,4% aeey an?o eaoaai??e io?o?ieo.

3. Iieacaii, ui ciie iiaeeeaiai o?i?/iiai ca?aaeaiiy iaeiioe?ai?oeie a
Oe?a?i? NAeI? ioiieththoue aei 100% ianaeaiiy a?eueoino? (55%)
i?iieneiaeo i?no, a?aeianaieo aei 1 nooiaiy o?i?/ii? iaaacia/iino?, a
ina?aaeee o?i?/iiai ca?aaeaiiy oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeiooueny neeaaeiith
iaaeeei-oaeoe/iith ianoaiiaeith: iania?noth nai?oa?ieo ao?ao, ia?aaaaith
oyaeeio?aaeaieo o no?oeoo?? nai?oa?ieo ao?ao, c yeeo 50% iio?aaothoue
?aai?iaoe?eii? aeiiiiiae, ?aooa oe??? a?oie oa o?aaeai? na?aaeiueiai
nooiaith — ?ioaineaii? oa?ai??.

4. Aeiaaaeaia iaa?aeiia?aei?noue iio?aae a iia?aoeaiiio iaaee/iiio
caaacia/aii? iiaeeeainoyi neoaeae OIAe aeacaieo i?no: caaaioaaeai?noue
iaei??? a?eaaaee OIAe ia?aaeuo? na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee iieaciee
caaaioaaeaiino? o i?noao Caii??aeae?, Ieeiea?a?, Neioa?iiie?, AEeoiie??,
*a?i?aoeyo, A?e?e Oea?ea? o 8,6 ?ace; Aei?i?iiao?ianueeo, Aeiiaoeueeo,
Iaean?, E?eaiio ?ic?, Eueaia?, Ia??oiie?, Iae??aoe?, Oa?nii?, Ai?e?aoe?,
*a?eanao, Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinueeo, sseo?, Ea?/? — o 11,8 ?ace, a o i?no?
Ee?a? o 16,1 ?ace.

5. Aiae?c i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy ? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieea
aecia/eoe iniiai? oi?aae?inuee? caaaeaiiy, iae?aneeoe oeyoe
aaoiiaoeciaaii? i?aeo?eiee ?o ??oaiiy, iaa?oiooaaoe ?aoe?iiaeueio
no?oeoo?o oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ii? i?aenenoaie Aea?aeaaii? neoaeae
iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io, i?ecia/aiiy ? i?aai?caoe?eii-ooieoe?iiaeueio
no?oeoo?o niaoe?ae?ciaaieo oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ieo a?eaaae iino?eii?
aioiaiino?. Aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a aeey i?eeiyooy
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue o oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/i?e i?aenenoai? Aea?aeaaii?
neoaeae iaaeeoeeie eaoano?io caaacia/o? ye?noue oi?aae?iiy ia 78,8+3,2%.

6. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue noaee i?aenoaaith aeey ?ic?iaee eiiieaeoo
iaaee/iiai iaeia «NAeI?» aeey e?eoaaiiy o?aaeaieo i?iieneiaeie io?ooaie
oa i?aai?caoe?eii-ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?oeoo?e niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/ieo a?eaaae iino?eii? aioiaiino?, ui ni?eyei
i?aeaeuaiith iia?aoeaiino? iaaee/iiai iinoa/aiiy a na?aaeiueiio o 5,5
?ace, iia?aoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy — o 3,0 ?ace, yeino? ae?aaiinoeee oa
aeeiiaiiy e?ea?nueeeo i?ecia/aiue a?aeiia?aeii ia 9,8+0,2% oa 8,3+0,2%,
ia?aioneii? ni?iiiaei?noue a?eaaae a na?aaeiueiio o 1,6 ?ace, ciaioaiith
aeo?ao /ano ia ?icai?oaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iinoo o 11,5 ?ace, a /ano
ii/aoeo iaaeaiiy e?ea?nueei? aeiiiiiae — o 3,3 ?ace.

7. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe ia i?aeaaeocaaiio ??ai? aeicaieeei
aeiaanoe aenieo, a?eueoa i?ae o 2,3 ?ace o ii??aiyii? c ?nioth/ith,
aoaeoeai?noue caoiae?a iioei?caoe?? iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
iino?aaeaeaeei a?ae NAeI? i?e aeieeiaii? iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e
o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee: aei 39,5% i?e oyaeeeo o?aaeaiiyo, 36,8% i?e
na?aaeiueiio nooiai? o?aaeaiiy, 32,9% i?e eaaeeo o?aaeaiiyo, ui cia/iith
i??ith ni?ey? ae??oaiith iaaee/ieo i?iaeai onoiaiiy iane?aee?a
iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e c aeeiai?/iei o?aaeath/ei oaeoi?ii.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Aaaethe I.?., ?aaeeo ss.O., *aeiai ?.N., ?aaiia N.A.
E?eoaaeueii-aaaeoaoe?ei? caoiaee i?e onoiaii? iane?aee?a oaoiiaaiieo
eaoano?io // E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. A?a/aaiia aeaei. — 1996.- ?3-4.-
C.36-41.

2. Aaaethe I.?., ?aaiia N.A., E?ie/ A.A. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue
?iaaeyoe?eiiai o?aaeaiiy ethaeae i?e iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?yo o?i?/ii?
ao?ieia?? // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee. — 1997.- O.4.- /.
1.N.69-71.

3. Aaaethe I.?., E?ie/ A.A., ?aaiia N.A. O?i?/ii iaaacia/i? ia’?eoe oa
ioe?iea ?eceeo o?aaeaiiy aeey ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie // Aaeeoeueeee
e?ea?nueeee a?niee. — 1997.- O.4.- /. 1.- N. 72-73.

4. ?aaiia N.A., E?ie/ A.A., ?aaeeo ss.O. Nioe?aeueii-a?a??i?/i? aniaeoe
i?aai?caoe?? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei i?iieneiaeie io?ooaie //
Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee /aniien. — 1998.- ?2(4). — N. 151-153.

5. Aecia/aiiy nai?oa?ieo ao?ao a?enuee oa i?aai?caoe?y iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei i?e ?oeioaaii? o?i?/ii-iaaacia/ieo ia’?eo?a:
iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??/ Caoa. Ia/aeueieeii AAIO AO CN Oe?a?ie 6 n?/iy
1997 ?./Oeeaae.: ?aaiia N.A., Aaaethe I.?., ?aaeeo ss.O., Neaeaoeueeee
TH.I. — Ee?a, 1997).

6. ?aaiia N.A., Aaaethe I.?., Eooeee A.A., E?ie/ A.A. I?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? iaaeaiiy ia?oi? e?ea?nueei? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei
i?iieneiaeie io?ooaie // I?aeoe/ia iaaeeoeeia. — 1997.- ?3-4.- C.74-78.

7. ?aaiia N., ?aaeeo ss., O?e?i?oei A. Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae ia aoaiao aaaeoaoe?? // A?niee Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai??
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie.- 1998.- ?

8. Eaaiia N.A. Iniaaiiinoe nia?aiaiiie i?aaiecaoeee iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue
ii?aaeaiiui neeueiiaeaenoaothueie yaeiaeouie aauanoaaie // Iaoa?.
Iaaeiae. iao/. -i?aeo. eiio. aianoaceieiaia e oe?o?aia «Yeno?aiaeueiay
iaaeeoeeia: nia?aiaiiua eiioeaioeee aianoaceieiae/aneie e oe?o?ae/aneie
iiiiue». — Eoaainuee. — 1998.- N.134-135.

9. ?aaiia N.A., Aeanaiei I.A., Aeai/aiei I.?., Ae?aeiaaoeue TH.N. Aei
i?iaeaie o?i?/ii? aaciaee a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o ie?iee /an // Oace
aeiiia. Ia?oi? iaoe. -i?aeo. eiio. OAIA «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie a?enueeiai?
iaaeeoeeie». — Ee?a. — 1995.- N.154-155.

10. Aaaethe I.E., Eaaiia N.A. I?aaiecaoeeiiiua aii?inu a nenoaia
ea/aaii-yaaeoaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee i?e eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee
oeie/aneeo eaoano?io // Oac. aeiee. THaee. iao/. -i?aeo. eiio., iinayu.
240-eaoeth iniiaaiey Eeaaneiai aiaiiiai ainieoaey «Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou
aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu». — Ee?a. — 1995.- N.19-20.

11. Eaaiia N.A. Nia?aiaiiua iiaeoiaeu e ieaie?iaaieth e i?iaaaeaieth
ia?ii?eyoee a nenoaia iaaeeoeeineie i?ioeaioeie/aneie e
i?ioeai?aaeeaoeeiiiie caueou aiene // Oac. aeiee. THaee. iao/. -i?aeo.
eiio., iinayu. 240-eaoeth iniiaaiey Eeaaneiai aiaiiiai ainieoaey
«Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu». — Ee?a. — 1995.- N.25-26.

12. Eaaiia N.A. I iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?eiaiaiey yeiiiie/aneeo ?an/aoiuo
iaoiaeia i?e ieaie?iaaiee ia?ii?eyoee ii iaaeeoeeineie caueoa aiene //
Iaoa?. iaoe. -i?aeo. eiio. 20-21 ea?oiy 1995 ?. «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
iiaeaiiy aeno?aii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e iaa?aeeeaaeieo noaiao». —
Ee?a: Ee?anueea III OIAe oa IE.- 1995.- N.7.

13. ?aaiia N.A., Ae?aeiaaoeue TH.N., Neaeaoeueeee TH.I., Ooaeaoeueeee
?.TH., Aa?an?e I.?., Eaa/aiei I.?., Aeieo?aiei ?.I. Uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
nenoaie iaaee/iiai i?ioeo?i?/iiai ? i?ioe?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie // Iaoa?. iaoe. -i?aeo.
eiio. «I?iaeaiu aiaiiiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey». —
Ee?a: II Oe?a?ie. — 1996.- N.192-193.

14. ?aaiia N.A., Ae?aeiaaoeue TH.N. Ii?iaoeai? iieacieee iaaeaiiy
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei neeueiiae?th/eie io?oeieie ?a/iaeiaie
(NAeI?) ia aeiaini?oaeueieo aoaiao aaaeoaoe?? // Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou
aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu (Nai?i. iao/. -i?aeo. ?aaio). — Eeaa. — 1997.- N.
23-24..

Aiioaoe?y

?aaiia N.A. Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe oa iniauaiiy
i?ae?icae?e?a aeey iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e ianiaeo o?aaeaiiyo
neeueiiae?th/eie io?oeieie ?a/iaeiaie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.02.03 — nioe?aeueia iaaeeoeeia oa ioi?iia
caei?ia’y. — Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi iaaeaiiy ia?oi? e?ea?nueei? aeiiiiiae
o?aaeaiei neeueiiae?th/eie io?oeieie ?a/iaeiaie, iaeiie/aieie ia
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie. Ia iniia? no/anieo iaoeiaeo aeinyaiaiue iaa?oioiaai?
niauaiiy iaaee/ieo i?ae?icae?e?a aeey iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae i?e
ianiaeo o?aaeaiiyo neeueiiae?th/eie io?oeieie ?a/iaeiaie oa eiiieaen
caoiae?a, ye? i?aeaeuothoue aoaeoeai?noue i?aai?caoe?? oa ye?noue
iaaeaiiy ia?oi? e?ea?nueei? aeiiiiiae o?aaeaiei. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
ai?iaaaeaeai? ia i?aeaaeocaaiio ??ai?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: neeueiiae?th/? io?oei? ?a/iaeie, e?ea?nueei-nano?einueea
a?eaaaea, ia?oa e?ea?nueea aeiiiiiaa, eiiieaeo iaaee/iiai iaeia,
aoaeoeai?noue iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae.

Aiiioaoeey

Eaaiia N.A. Iao/iia iainiiaaiea i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou e iniauaiey
iiae?acaeaeaiee aeey ieacaiey iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue i?e ianniauo
ii?aaeaieyo neeueiiaeaenoaothueie yaeiaeouie aauanoaaie. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.02.03 — nioeeaeueiay iaaeeoeeia e
cae?aaiio?aiaiea. — Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao eiaie
A.A.Aiaiiieueoea, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ieacaiey ia?aie a?a/aaiie iiiiue
ii?aaeaiiui neeueiiaeaenoaothueie yaeiaeouie aauanoaaie, iaeiieaiiuie ia
oa??eoi?ee Oe?aeiu.

Aeooaeueiinoue oaiu iaoneiaeaia eae cia/eoaeueiie ianuuaiinoueth
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oa??eoi?eaeueiuo aaeeieoe oeie/anee iianiuie iauaeoaie
e aunieei o?iaiai aaa?eeiinoe ia ieo, oae e oai, /oi a oneiaeyo
e?oiiiianooaaiuo eaoano?io iio?aaiinoe iino?aaeaaoeo a neeao e
n?aaenoaao ieacaiey iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue a iioeiaeueiua n?iee i?eauoatho
aiciiaeiinoe oa??eoi?eaeueiiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey. Eiinoaoe?oaony, /oi
aiciiaeiinoue aicieeiiaaiey ianniauo ii?aaeaiee i?e /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeeyo ie?iiai e aiaiiiai a?aiaie i?aaenoaaeyao a ianoiyuaa a?aiy
iaeio ec aaaeiaeoeo iaaeeei-nioeeaeueiuo e i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo i?iaeai.

Aaoi?ii eniieuecothony e eiae/anee /a?aaeothony o?aaeeoeeiiiua,-
noaoenoe/aneee, enoi?e/aneee, yenia?oiue, iaoiaeu iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee
n nia?aiaiiuie yenia?eiaioaeueiuie iaoiaeaie – iaoaiaoe/aneei
iiaeaee?iaaieai e i?iaaaeaieai iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo
oaeoeei-niaoeeaeueiuo iaaeeoeeineeo o/aiee. Ia iniiaaiee ?acoeueoaoia
iaaeeei-oaeoe/aneie ioeaiee iineaaenoaee aiciiaeiuo /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeee ia oeie/anee iianiuo iauaeoao Oe?aeiu aeaeaaony auaiae, /oi
ciiu aiciiaeiiai oeie/aneiai ca?aaeaiey ioaaouaatho aei 100% ianaeaiey
aieueoeinoaa i?iiuoeaiiuo ai?iaeia Oe?aeiu, ioian?iiuo e ia?aie noaiaie
oeie/aneie iianiinoe, a oaeiaeaoai?aiea iio?aaiinoe a iia?aoeaiii
iaaeeoeeineii iaania/aiee cia/eoaeueii i?aauoaao aiciiaeiinoe neoaeau
nei?ie iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue yoeo ai?iaeia. ?an/?o aaee/eiu e no?oeoo?u
naieoa?iuo iioa?ue a i?iaiice?oaiuo i/aaao oeie/aneiai ii?aaeaiey
inouanoaeyeny ia iniiaa ia?aiao?e/aneiai caeiia eiaaeyoeeiiiiai
io?aaeaiey ethaeae n o/?oii caeiia aoiinoa?iie aeeooocee aacia,
caeiiiia?iinoae ?ani?ino?aiaiey i?eianae io?aaeythueo aauanoa a
aoiinoa?a, iaoiaee/aneeo iiaeoiaeia iauae oai?ee ii?aaeaiey i?aaiecia,
noaiaiae oiene/iinoe aauanoa e iniaaiiinoae aaa?ee. Iainiiauaaaony, /oi
i/aae oeie/aneiai ii?aaeaiey aoaeoo oa?aeoa?eciaaoueny neiaeiie
iaaeeei-oaeoe/aneie ianoaiiaeie: ianniainoueth naieoa?iuo iioa?ue,
i?aeiouanoaii oyaeaeiii?aaeaiiuo a no?oeoo?a naieoa?iuo iioa?ue, ec
eioi?uo 50% aoaeoo ioaeaeaoueny a ?aaieiaoeeiiiie iiiiue, inoaeueiua
yoie a?oiiu e ii?aaeaiiua n?aaeiae noaiaie – eioaineaiie oa?aiee.

Eiinoaoe?oaony, /oi aeaaea n o/?oii iaycaoaeueiiai iniauaiey auacaeiie
a?a/aaiie a?eaaaeu neoaeau nei?ie iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue aeaoaeoo?a
aeaayoiaaeoeaoe iaeiaiiaaiee iaiaoiaeeiuo eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa aeey
ieacaiey ia?aie a?a/aaiie iiiiue ii?aae?iiui iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?ai?iiuie
a Oe?aeia neeueiiaeaenoaothueie yaeiaeouie aauanoaaie ninoaaeyao 43-97%,
a iaeeiiaaeoeaoe iaeiaiiaaiee – 100% (ec ?an/?oa ia 100 ii?aae?iiuo). Ii
aeaiiui yenia?oiiai ioeaieaaiey (?<0,05) ii?aaeaeaiu ii?iaoeaiua iieacaoaee iio?aaiinoe a?a/aaii-nano?eineeo a?eaaae a n?aaenoaao ieacaiey iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue ii?aaeaiiui iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiuie a Oe?aeia i?iiuoeaiiuie yaeaie: aiieaeii, na?iie eeneioie, aaicieii, acioiie eeneioie, oei?ii, oieoieii, nieyiie eeneioie, na?ioaea?iaeii, a?iiiaoeeii e ieo?eeii ae?eeiaie eeneiou. I?iaiaeeony ii?aaeaeaiea iio?aaiinoe a n?aaenoaao ieacaiey ia?aie a?a/aaiie iiiiue iino?aaeaaoei, enneaaeiaaiea a? i?aaiecaoeee i?e ianniauo ii?aaeaieyo i?iiuoeaiiuie yaeaie, a oaeaea iainiiaaiea iioeiecaoeee oi?aaeaiey e i?aaiecaoeeiiii-ooieoeeiiaeueiie no?oeoo?u oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/aneie iiaenenoaiu Ainoaea?noaaiiie neoaeau iaaeeoeeiu eaoano?io. Aanue eiiieaen ea/aaii-yaaeoaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee e ?aaioa no?oeoo?iuo iiae?acaeaeaiee ?anniao?eaathony eae oi?aaeai/aneay neooaoeey (iia?aoeey aeayoaeueiinoe), ooieoeeaie?othuay ii caeiiai nenoaiu ianniaiai ianeoaeeaaiey. Aiaeece?oaony i?ioeann oi?aaeaiey, ii?aaeeeythony iniiaiua caaea/e aeaiiie iiaenenoaiu e iaia/athony iooe aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie iiaeaea?aeee eo ?aoaiey i?e ?aca??ouaaiee iaaeeoeeineeo nee e n?aaenoa aeey eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee. Nenoaiaoece?othony ia?ii?eyoey ii iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe i?aaiecaoeee e ea/anoaa ieacaiey iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue iino?aaeaaoei i?e aicieeiiaaiee /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee ia oeie/anee iianiuo iauaeoao Oe?aeiu, a oaeaea i?ioeanna oi?aaeaiey ea/aaii-yaaeoaoeeiiiui iaania/aieai. Ia iniiaaiee nia?aiaiiuo iao/iuo aeinoeaeaiee iainiiauaathony iniauaiea iaaeeoeeineeo iiae?acaeaeaiee aeey ieacaiey iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue i?e ianniauo ii?aaeaieyo neeueiiaeaenoaothueie yaeiaeouie aauanoaaie e eiiieaen ia?ii?eyoee, iiauoathueo yooaeoeaiinoue i?aaiecaoeee e ea/anoai ieacaiey ia?aie a?a/aaiie iiiiue ii?aaeaiiui. Aaoi? aeieacuaaao aunieoth yooaeoeaiinoue i?aaeeiaeaiiuo iiauo iaaeeoeeineeo oi?ie?iaaiee – niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo oieneei-oa?aiaaoe/aneeo a?eaaae iinoiyiiie aioiaiinoe e aiaae?aiey a i?aeoeeo ?ac?aaioaiiiai a oiaea enneaaeiaaiey eiiieaeoa iaaeeoeeineiai eiouanoaa aeey ea/aiey ii?aae?iiuo i?iiuoeaiiuie yaeaie. Aaoi?ii onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e i?eiaiaiee ?ac?aaioaiiiai ii ?acoeueoaoai ?aaiou eiiieaena i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee cia/eoaeueii iiauoaaony iia?aoeaiinoue oi?aaeaiey e niaaaeaiey, a a?aiy ia/aea ieacaiey a?a/aaiie iiiiue nie?auaaony aieaa, /ai a o?e ?aca. Aiaae?aiea ?acoeueoaoia ?aaiou ia iaaeio?aneaaii o?iaia iicaieeei iieo/eoue aunieoth, aieaa /ai a aeaa ?aca a n?aaiaiee n enoiaeiie, yooaeoeaiinoue ia? iioeiecaoeee ieacaiey iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue iino?aaeaaoei a /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeeyo oeie/aneie yoeieiaee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: neeueiiaeaenoaothuea yaeiaeoua aauanoaa, a?a/aaii-nano?eineay a?eaaaea, ia?aay a?a/aaiay iiiiuue, eiiieaeo iaaeeoeeineiai eiouanoaa, yooaeoeaiinoue iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue. Summary Ivanov S.V. The scientific basis to organize and supply medical brigades for giving first doctor's aid to patients with strong-effective poisonings. - Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate of medical sciences degree in speciality 14.02.03 - social medicine and public health care. - National Medical University, Kyiv, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to problems of first doctor's aid to patients with strong-effective poisonings in Ukraine. Medical supply of doctor-nurse brigades and steps increase the effectiveness of organization and quality of first doctor's aid to victims are based on modern scientific achievements. The results of the work are applicated on inter-branchal level. Key words: strong-effective poisons, doctor-nurse brigade, first doctor's aid, set ofmedical means, treatment effectiveness.

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