1

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO OAA?EIIEOeOAA

IAAeAAAe?A AIAe??E TH??EIAE*

OAeE 636.22/.28.082.033.083

I’ssNIA I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe OA AAeAIOAOe?EI? INIAEEAINO? AE*E?A ??CIEO
II??Ae A NO?AeIIIO ?AA?II? OE?A?IE CA OIIA AIA?AI?ANO?NICAIUAAeAEAIIss

06.02.04 — oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? a?ieia?? oaa?ei Eoaainueeiai aea?-

aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaoee Aai?a?e Aeieo?iae/,

Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae-

?ith a?ieia?? oaa?ei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

*ea?eiia ?aaai?e ?aaiiae/,

?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI, a?aeae?e

oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie,

caa?aeoth/ee eaai?aoi???th oaoiieia??

oo?eiaiiy i’ynii? ooaeiae,

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Iaoethe Ieoaeei Ieeiiiae/,

Caii??cueea aea?aeaaia n?euenueeiainiiaea-

?nueea aeine?aeia noaioe?y, caa?aeoth/ee

eaai?aoi???th oaa?eiieoeoaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa noaiiaeo ?aeii?a
?i. I.O. ?aaiiaa «Aneai?y-Iiaa» OAAI, a?aeae?e i’yniiai neioa?noaa,
nio Aneai?y-Iiaa, Oa?niinueea iaeanoue

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «13»eeiiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 65.356.01 ?inoeoooo oaa?eiieoeoaa
Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe (312120, i. Oa?e?a, i/a Eoeeie/?)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI (312120, i. Oa?e?a, i/a Eoeeie/?)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «10 » /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee ……………………………..
Oaaoia A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iacaaeia?eueiee noai ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie a
no?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie iaoiiaeaiee iecueeith aeeaith ianith oaa?ei
i?e ?aae?caoe?? ia i’yni (300-340 ea a 2,5-3-??/iiio a?oe?) iaea?eueo
?iciianthaeaeaieo ooo ii??ae iiei/iiai oa iiei/ii-i’yniiai iai?yieo
i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Iaaeinoaoi? ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie oa iecuee? ??
ye?ni? iieacieee coiiaeai? oaeiae iaaeinoaoiueith /enaeuei?noth
iiaie?a’y i’ynii?. ooaeiae, oiio aieiaiei oeyoii aeoiaeo ?c e?eciai?
neooaoe?? ? i?enei?aiee ?icaeoie aaeoc? niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i’yniiai
neioa?noaa (I.A.Coaaoeue,1994; A.I.Aei?iothe, 1994; 0.A.Oei/aiei, 1993;
Ae.O.A?iie/oe, 1998; A.N.Eice?, 1997; ?.?.*ea?eiia, 1998;
A.A.I?oaei?eia, 1997).

Ca /enaeuei?noth iiaie?a’y a ?aa?ii? iaea?eueo iioe?ai? /a?aiia noaiiaa
? eiia?iiaaia neiaioaeuenueea ii?iaea, a a inoaii?e /an aoea caaacaia
noai?thaaia ciai’yinueea i’ynia. A?ae ?o aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
caeaaeeoue iiaeaeueoee ??no ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie. A oie aea /an
i?aeoe/ii iaia? aeaieo i?i i’ynio i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaa?ei noai?thaaii?
ciai’yinueei? ii?iaee a ii??aiyii? c i?noeaaith ooaeiaith a ae?iaie/eo
oiiaao noiaeo Oe?a?ie.

Oaeiae iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aii aaeaioaoe?ei? caeaoiino? oaa?ei oeeo
ii??ae, iniaeeai ciai’yinueei?, aei iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a
??ceieiioeiaioaeueiiai ee?iaoo.

Aea?? ii?iaee ooaeiae, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoe
iai?iio aia?a?th iaeieiioeaio?aoiiai ?aoe?iio (27-28% eiioeaio?iaaieo
ei?i?a a?ae caaaeueii? iiaeeaiino?) i?e ae?iuoaaii? ia i`yni a oiiaao
aia?aicaa??aath/i? oaoiieia??, ia? aaeeea i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy a /ane
aino?i? aia?aaoe/ii? e?ece, ui coiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaaaeai? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aea?aeaaiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith
i?ia?aiith “I?iaeiaieuenoai-95” (I?iaeo “sseiae/eia”) ii oaiaoe/iei
ieaiai iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Iaoa??aee ?iaioe aoee aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
“Iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i`yniiai neioa?noaa
Oe?a?ie ia 1996-2000 ?iee”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei ii??aiyeueia
aea/aiiy i`ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ae/e?a
/a?aiii? noaiiai?, eiia?iiaaii? neiaioaeuenueei? ? noai?thaaii?
ciai`yinueei? i`ynii? ii??ae i?e ae?iuoaaii? ia iaeieiioeaio?aoieo
?aoe?iiao c iaaenieei ??aiai eiioeaio?aoe?? aia?a?? oa aeyaeaiiy
?aca?a?a ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai aoee iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy aea/eoe:

— ??no, ?icaeoie ? iieaoo ei?io i?e?inoii aeeai? iane ae/e?a;

— aaeaioaoe?ei? caeaoiino? oaa?ei aei oiia ??ceieiioeiaioaeueiiai
ee?iaoo noiaeo Oe?a?ie;

— i`ynio i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ye?noue i`yna ? oe??yii? ne?iaeie ae/e?a;

— aeo?ae oa?/iaiai a?eeo ? eiao?oe??io eiiaa?n?? i?ioa?io ei?io a
a?eie i`yna;

— aeo?aoe noeoiii? aia?a??, eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?
aeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue i?e ae?iuoaaii? ae/e?a /a?aiii? noaiiai?,
neiaioaeuenueei? oa noai?thaaii? ciai`yinueei? ii??ae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueia
aea/aiiy i`ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae/e?a oe?iei?iciianthaeaeaieo ia
noiae? Oe?a?ie /a?aiii? noaiiai?, neiaioaeuenueei? oa noai?thaaii?
ciai`yinueei? i`ynii? ii??ae i?e aia?aicaa??aath/?e oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie (ae?iuoaaiiy ia iaeieiioeaio?aoieo ?aoe?iiao, aea
eiioeaio?iaai? ei?ie neeaaeathoue 27-28 % a?ae caaaeueii? iiaeeaiino?
aeei?enoaieo ei?i?a, a eiioeaio?aoe?y iai?iii? aia?a?? — 9,0-9,1 IAeae
ia 1 ea nooi? ?a/iaeie ei?i?a).

Aea/aii aaeaioaoe?eio caeaoi?noue, ??aaiue oaieino?eeino? ?
ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee oe??e ae/e?a ??cieo ii??ae a oiiaao
??ceieiioeiaioaeueiiai ee?iaoo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iieyaa?
a oiio, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee aeyaeoe aeiaeaoeia? ?aca?ae
ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie ? ciaioeoe ?? nia?aa?o?noue a oiiaao no?aeiiai
?aa?iio ca ?aooiie canoinoaaiiy aia?aicaa??aath/i? oaoiieia??
ae?iuoaaiiy. Ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo aeaieo c?iaeaii aeniiaee i?i
iaea?eueoo aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy a oiiaao aino?i? aia?aaoe/ii? e?ece
ia noiae? Oe?a?ie oaa?ei noai?thaaii? ciai`yinueei? oa eiia?iiaaii?
neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae, ui aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe aeiaeaoeiai 20-30 ea
yeiae/eie.

Ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo ? a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ae/e?a
noai?thaaii? ciai`yinueei? i`ynii? ii?iaee aecia/aii, ui ?? a?aae ia?
aooe ?icoe?aii ia no?aei? oa i?aaeaiii-no?aei? ?aeiie Oe?a?ie o ca`yceo
c aeia?eie aaeaioaoe?eieie caeaoiinoyie ? aenieei eiao?oe??ioii
aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie o niaoeeo?/ieo
i?noeaaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo oiiaao.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?eeiyoi aei oe?ieiai i?aeoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy a ENI “Caiia?oe ?ee?/a” A?eieo?aeeinueeiai ?aeiio
Eoaainueei? iaeano?, ?i.O?i??yc?aa A?oai?anueeiai ?aeiio Aeiiaoeueei?,
?yae? ainiiaea?noa Oa?e?anueei? iaeanoae.

Iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ia
oaeoeueoaoao — cii?iaeaia?iiio, aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie oa i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Noaia oa iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue
a?aei?aoeueiaai? ni?eueii c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii. Aeena?oaioii
i?aai?ciaaii oa iniaenoi i?iaaaeaii iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nuee? aeine?aee.
Caeiaoaa/ai i?aai?ciaai? ? i?iaaaeai? aaiaoieia?/i? , ee?i?/i?,
a?noieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae eiio?ieuei? caai? ae/e?a o 18-i?n
a?oe?. ?acoeueoaoe ia?iaeaii iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee,
noi?ioeueiaaii aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao noiniaii aeai?o
ii??ae aeey ae?iuoaaiiy ia i`yni a oiiaao iaeicao?aoii?
aia?aicaa??aath/i? oaoiieia??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia:

-iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (1996-1998 ?iee);

— ia ia?aae? o Eoaainueeiio iaeieaiia`?aeiaii?, i?enay/ai?e noai?aiith
Anioe?aoe?? ieai?iieo ainiiaea?noa (1998);

— ia ia?aaeao o Eoaainueeiio iaeaniiio oi?aae?ii? n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa (1996-1998);

— ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e
?icaeoeo iaoeiai? niaaeueie E.A.Na?/eia (Ee?a, 1997);

— ia I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo «Oai?/ee ?icaeoie
iaoeiai? niaaeueie aeaaeai?ea I.O.?aaiiaa» a ?inoeooo? oaa?eiieoeoaa
noaiiaeo ?aeii?a ?i. I.O.?aaiiaa «Aneai?y-Iiaa» OAAI (1998).

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ?icaeyiooa ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
a?ieia?? oaa?ei Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1998)
? ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei caoenoo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ii oai?
aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ?ia?o: 2 noaoo? a aeo?iaeao, 2 noaoo? a
ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 2 ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eenoea, 1 — a ?icae?e?
«Ae?iaieoeoai yeiae/eie» ca??ieea «Nenoaia aaaeaiiy aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno Eoaainueei? iaeano? ia ia??iae 1997-2005 ??.» (Eoaainuee,
1997).

No?oeoo?a ? ia`?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoe?a.

?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 133 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ia? 22
oaaeeoe? ? 12 ?enoie?a. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae iae?/o? 239
iaeiaioaaiue, c yeeo 21 ?iicaiieie iiaaie.

AENIA?EIAIOAEUeIA *ANOEIA

CAAAEUeIA IAOIAeEEA ? INIIAI? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nuee? aeine?aee aoee i?iaaaeai? o 1996-1998 ?ieao o
niaoe?ae?ciaaiiio ainiiaea?noa? ii a?aeaiae?ae? iieiaeiyeo aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae ENI «Caiia?o ?ee?/a» A?eieo?aeeinueeiai ?aeiio
Eoaainueei? iaeano? ca noaiith (oaae. 1).

Aeine?ae aoa i?iaaaeaiee iaoiaeii a?oi: o 20-30-aeaiiiio a?oe? aoee
noi?iiaai? o?e a?oie ae/e?a-?iaaniee?a ii 12 aie?a o eiaei?e ca?aeii
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. Aeey ae?iaie/i? ia?aa??ee iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a aoa i?iaaaeaiee ae?oaee aeine?ae. Oiiae aiae?ae? oa
oo?eiaiiy a iaio aeine?aeao aoee iaeiaeia?

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaia aeine?aeo

A?oiaIi?iaea nA?e iinoaiiaee, aei?aA?e caaith, i?n

Aeine?ae 1.Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea ae/e?a ??cieo ii??aeI*a?aiia
noaiiaa1220-3018IINeiaioaeuenueea*1220-3018IIICiai`yinueea**1220-3018Aei
ne?ae 2. Ae?iaie/a ia?aa??eaI*a?aiia
noaiiaa1220-3018IINeiaioaeuenueea*1220-3018IIICiai`yinueea**1220-3018* —
eiia?iiaaia, ** — noai?thaaia

.

Ae?iaie/ee oeeee ae?iuoaaiiy oa a?aeaiae?ae? oaa?ei neeaa 548 aei?a ?
aoa iiae?eaiee ia aeaa ia??iaee . O?eaae?noue 1 ia??iaeo (iiei/iiai)
neeaea 183 aei?, a oeae /an ae/ee iaea?aeoaaee iiei/i? ei?ie, n?ii,
ca?iinoi?o ? caeaio iano. Ae?oaee ia??iae ae?iuoaaiiy o?eaaa 365 aei?a,
oaa?eie iaea?aeoaaee eiia?ei?i, aai ca?iinoi?o, neein, n?ii, a o e?oi?e
ia??iae — caeaio iano ceaeiaeo oa aiaiaeo o?aa.

Iaa?? ei?i?a i?e aiae?ae? oaa?ei on?o a?oi aoa ?aeaioe/iei. ?aoe?iie
aeeth/aee ei?ie, oeiia? aeey noiaeo Oe?a?ie, ? aoee caaeainiaai? ii
aeaoae?ciaaiei ii?iai. Iiaeeai?noue ei?i?a ca iniiaieie ?a/iaeiaie
aecia/aee a eaai?aoi??? o?i?/iiai aiae?co ei?i?a Eoaainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, e?euee?noue iai?iii? aia?a?? a 1 ea
nooi? ?a/iaeie ei?io — ca aeiiiiiaith aeia?aeeiai? e?oa?aoo?e.

A?ae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 6-i?ny/iiai a?eo ae/e?a ae?iuoaaee ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoith a iiei/iiio neioa?noa? oaoiieia??th. Aeey aea/aiiy
iieaciee?a ?inoo uii?ny/ii i?iaiaeeee caaaeoaaiiy ae/e?a, ia iniia?
yeiai ae?aoiaoaaee na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe oa a?aeiinio oaeaee?noue
?inoo. Aenoa?`??i? iniaeeaino? oaa?ei aea/aee oeyoii acyooy i?ii???a oa
?ic?aooieo ?iaeaen?a aoaeiae o?ea.

Ee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? aoee i?iaaaeai? a Eoaainuee?e iaeani?e
aaoeaai?aoi??? ca?aeii c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie. Aea/aee ??
ii?oieia?/iee oa a?io?i?/iee neeaae.

Ia/eneaiiy ?iaeaeno oaieino?eeino? oaa?ei cae?eniaii ca iaoiaeeeith
TH.I. ?aooaiaaoa (1967).

A?noieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?iaaaeai? a eaai?aoi??? eaoaae?e
a?ieia?? oaa?ei Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca
iaoiaeeeaie I.I.Ae?ii?aeiai? (1969) ? A. Ae. Eaoee (1987). Aea/aee
ii?oieia?/iee neeaae oe??e oa aieinyiiai iie?eao a e?oi?e oa ceiiaee
ia??iaee.

I`ynio i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa ye?noue i`yna aea/aee ii ?acoeueoaoai
eiio?ieueiiai caaith ae/e?a ca iaoiaeeeith AIAe?IN (1984), i?e oeueiio
a?aoiaoaaee aeeao iano i?e ciyoo? c aeine?aeo oa ia?aaecaa?eio aeeao
iano, iano ia?ii? oa ioieiaeaeaii? ooo?, e?euee?noue aioo??oiueiai
aee?o-ne?oeth, caa?eiee aeo?ae, iano aioo??oi?o i?aai?a ? oeo?e.

Ii?oieia?/iee neeaae ooo? aea/aee ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaaaethaaiiy
iai?aooo i?ney 24-aiaeeiiiai ioieiaeaeaiiy ca oaoiieia??th eiaaaniiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. Aecia/aee aeo?ae i`yeio? ? e?noie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ye?nieo iieaciee?a i’yna i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a aoei
i?iaaaeaii a ?inoeooo? oaa?eiieoeoaa noaiiaeo ?aeii?a ?i. I. O. ?aaiiaa
«Aneai?y — Iiaa» ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie.

Aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo yeino? yeiae/eie — ca iaoiaeeeith
A.I.Aei?iothea (1982).

Eiiaa?n?th i?ioa?io ei?io a oa?/iaee a?eie i`yna ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca
iaoiaeeeith E.E.Eaiaeea (1977).

A?iaia?aaoe/io ioe?ieo ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie — ca?aeii «Iaoiaeeee
a?iaia?aaoe/ii? ioe?iee oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa
? ei?i?a (A?iieoey — 1997).

Aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy ae/e?a ??cieo ii??ae aecia/aee ia
iniia? oaeoe/iiai iae?eo an?o aeo?ao, ae?o/ee a?ae ?aae?caoe??,
iaea?aeaiiai /enoiai i?eaooeo, ?ic?aooieo ??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino?.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue ia/eneaii iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee ca
I.I.Ieioeinueeei (1969).

?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?ae 1

Aiae?aey oa oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei. Ae/e?a on?o a?oi ae?iuoaaee ca
oaoiieia??th iiei/iiai neioa?noaa ia ?o/i?e aeiieoe?. Aei 12 i?nyoe?a ?o
oo?eioaaee aaci?ea`ycii a?oiaie a ie?aieo naeoe?yo. An? ia?aiao?e
i?e?iee?iaoo i?ei?uaiue, aea ciaoiaeeeeny oaa?eie, a?aeiia?aeaee
ciia?a??i?/iei ii?iai.

?aoe?iie neeaaeaee aeoiaey/e c caieaiiaaiiai i?e?inoo aeeai? iane oa a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ii?e ?ieo. Iniiaieie ei?iaie aoee: neein eoeo?oaecyiee,
caeaia iana, n?ii, eiia?ei?i. A no?oeoo?? caiaeiaaieo ei?i?a
eiioeaio?aoe neeaee 27-28%. ??aaiue aiae?ae? ae/e?a aei 18-i?n a?eo aoa
iii??iee (2877-2917 ei?i.iae.).

Aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane aeine?aeieo ae/e?a. Iaeaaaeeea?oei iieacieeii

?inoo oaa?ei ? ?o aeeaa iana. Ae/ee ??cieo ii??ae i?e iaeiaeiaeo oiiaao
aiae?ae? oa oo?eiaiiy i?iyaeee ??cio ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo (oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane ae/e?a, ea ( M±m)

IieacieeA?oie123AEeaa iana i?e ia?iaeaeaii?26.0±0.436.3±0.526.4±0.2 o
a?oe?, i?n:
148.2±0.957.7±0.442.5±0.64.114.9±1.5123.7±2.5105.1±1.36158.1±2.2169.9±1.
8162.8±2.69226.7±3.4241.3±2.2253.1±2.812290.0±1.7306.1±1.4323.0±2.215355
.2±3.1368.8±2.8392.3±2.118423.5±3.4439.8±4.8461.4±4.2Na?aaeiueiaeiaia?
i?e?inoe a a ia??iae (i?n) : 0 — 6

722

730 745 6 — 12 721 744863
12 — 18 737740756 0
— 18725736795

Ae/ee noai?thaaii? ciai`yinueei? i`ynii? ii?iaee aeinoia??ii ia?aaaaeaee
/a?aiieo noaiiaeo ? neiaioaeuenueeeo ?iaaniee?a ca aia?a??th ?inoo, ui
aeicaieeei ?i aeinyaoe a 18-i?ny/iiio a?oe? aeeai? iane 461.4 ea. Oea a
ii??aiyii? c oaa?eiaie aeacaieo aeua ii??ae a?eueoa ia 37.9 ? 21.6 ea ,
aai ia 8.9 oa 4.9% (P< 0.01). ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo ciai`yinueeeo oaa?ei o an? ia??iaee ae?iaie/iai oeeeeo aoea ia 8-10 % aeuith (P< 0.01), i?ae o ?iaaniee?a. Ia iaoo aeoieo, aaee/eio na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a o ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee i?e iaeiaeiaeo oiiaao aiae?ae? oa oo?eiaiiy coiiaea aaiioei oaa?ei. Iacaaaeath/e ia ia?aaaao ciai`yinueei? ooaeiae ca ?yaeii iieaciee?a ?ioai-neaiino? ?inoo , iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui a?aeaiae?aaeuei? yeino? oaa?ei /a?aiii? noaiiai? ? neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae noiaeo Oe?a?ie ciaoiaeeeeny ia aeinoaoiueiio ??ai?, ?o na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe aoee a iaaeao 720-750 a. E?i?eiee ??no. Aea/aiiy e?i?eiiai ?inoo i?aeaeine?aeiiai iieiaeiyeo na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ciai`yinuee? ae/ee ia?aaaaeaee neiaioaeuenueeeo ? /a?aiieo noaiiaeo ?iaaniee?a a on? a?eia? ia??iaee ca i?ii??aie iaoaaoo, oe?eie oa aeeaeie a?oaeae, iai?aiaoaaoo caaeo. Aiie iaee a 18 i?nyoe?a a?eueo aenie? ?iaeaene ianeaiino? (111,2%), oe?ieia?oaeino? (72,5%), caeoino? (168,7%). Cie?aia, ?iaeaen i`yniino? o ieo noaiiaea 97.1% i?ioe 80.1-83.1% o ?iaaniee?a ?ioeo a?oi, ui na?ae/eoue i?i e?auo ae?aaeai?noue i'ynieo oi?i ? a a?eueo?e i??? a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai aaaeaiiai oeio i`ynii? ooaeiae. Aaiaoieia?/i? oa ee?i?/i? iieacieee. Ii?oieia?/iee neeaae ? a?io?i?/i? iieacieee e?ia? i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a ciaoiaeeeeny a iaaeao o?c?ieia?/ii? ii?ie. Ciai`yinuee? oaa?eie iaee a?eueo aenieee ai?no a?eo?ioeeo?a oa aaiiaeia?io e?ia? (ia 6-8%), ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?eueoo ?ioaineai?noue ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a. E?euee?noue caaaeueiiai a?eeo a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ae/e?a on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo a?oi aoea ia aeinoaoiuei aenieiio ??ai? (7.2-8.7 a%), ui, iiaeeeai, ni?eyei ?ioaineaiiio ?inoo oaa?ei. C a?eii o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? niinoa??aaeiny ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eeo. A oie aea /an aaee/eia A/A eiao?oe??ioo o ciai`yinueeeo ae/e?a i?e aeine?aeaeaii? o 15-i?ny/iiio a?oe? neeaea 0.92 iae. ? aoea ia 0.07 ? 0.09 iae. a?eueoa, i?ae o neiaioaeuenueeeo oa /a?aiieo noaiiaeo ?iaaniee?a a?aeiia?aeii, ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue neioaco a?eeo o ieo. O?c?ieia?/i? iieacieee oa?aeoa?ecothoue caaaeueiee ee?i?/iee noai oaa?eie. A iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e o?ea, aeeeeeai? aeaiiith niaeith (t0 +300C ? a?eueoa), iaee iacia/io a?aei?io o ae/e?a on?o a?oi, ui coiiaeei iaaaeeeo ??cieoeth o iieacieeao ?iaeaeno oaieino?eeino? (oaae. 3). Oaaeeoey 3 Ee?i?/i? iieacieee oa ?iaeaen oaieino?eeino? ae/e?a, ( t 0C - a?aioe? +190, ii?aaei? +300) ( I ± m) A?oiaOaiia?aoo?a o?ea, 0N??cieoey 0N?iaeaen oaieino?eeino?a?aioe?ii?aaei?limI ± m137.8 ± 0.139.0 ± 0.11.261.9-85.076.6 ± 1.7237.7 ± 0.139.0 ± 0.11.361.0-85.075.8 ± 2.9337.9 ± 0.239.4 ± 0.11.555.0-85.070.6 ± 3.7 Eieeaaiiy ?iaeaeno oaieino?eeino? oaa?ei on?o a?oi iieacothoue, ui aeniea ni?iiiaei?noue aaeaiooaaoeny aei niaee a oiiaao ??ceieiioeiaioaeueiiai ee?iaoo noiaeo Oe?a?ie i?iyaeeany o an?o i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a. Oea iiynith?oueny ieanoe/i?noth ii?oino?oeoo?e oe??e oa aieinyiiai iie?eao an?o ae/e?a. Ii?oieia?/ia no?oeoo?a oe??e oa aieinyiiai iie?eao i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a. A iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ieiua iioiaeo caeic (0.2-0.3 ii2) oa ieiua nae?aoi?ii? iiaa?oi? iioiaeo caeic (4-7 ii2/ii2 oe??e) ae/e?a on?o ii??ae na?ae/aoue i?i ni?iiiaei?noue caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy iioia?aeae?eaiiy aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeinoaoiuei? oaieiao?aoe ca ?aooiie aeia?iaoaaiiy c iiaa?oi? oe??e a oiiaao i?aeaeuaieo oaiia?aoo? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Iaiao?aeii oaeiae a?aecia/eoe, ui u?euei?noue aieinyieo oie?eoe?a oe??e ae/e?a on?o i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi o e?oi?e ia??iae ciaioeeany ia 10-15% (?<0.05), ui aiai?eoue i?i ieanoe/i?noue ii?oino?oeoo?e oe??e an?o ae/e?a o ca`yceo ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ?o aeeai? iane ? ci?iith naciio ?ieo. Iaie oaeiae i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?oieia?/iiai neeaaeo aieinyiiai iie?eao o ceiiaee oa e?oi?e ia??iaee ?ieo. No?oeoo?a aieinyiiai iie?eao i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a ci?ithaaeany o ca`yceo c naciii?noth. A e?oi?e ia??iae ieoiia aaaa iooiaeo aieieii oaa?ei 1, 2 oa 3 a?oi a?aeiia?aeii ciaioeeany ia 6.2%, 15.2%, 25.1%. O?aeoe?y ia?ao?aeiiai aieino ia caciaea cia/ieo ci?i, a a?no? - ca?eueoeeany ia 6-25%. Iniaeeai iii?oieie aeai? ia?aaoaeiae aoee o aieinyiiio iie?ea? ciai`yinueeeo oaa?ei. Oeae aaeaioaoe?iii?oic iieaaoo? oaieiao?aoe c iiaa?oi? oe??e oa na?ae/eoue i?i ?o aeinoaoith i?enoiniaai?noue aei oiia i?aeaeuaieo e?oi?o oaiia?aoo? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua noiaeo Oe?a?ie. I`ynia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? caa?ei? iieacieee. ?acoeueoaoe eiio?ieueiiai caaith ae/e?a o a?oe? 18 i?nyoe?a (oaae. 4) na?ae/aoue, ui ciai`yinuee? oaa?eie ia?aaaaeaee nai?o ?iaaniee?a /a?aiii? noaiiai? oa neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae ii ian? ia?ii? ooo? a?aeiia?aeii ia 27.0 ? 22.4 ea [13.2 ? 10.7%; td (1 - 3) = 3.7; td (2-3) = 3.6 i?e ?<0.001]. Oaaeeoey 4 Caa?ei? iieacieee ae/e?a ( I ± m) IieacieeA?oie123Ia?aaecaa?eia iana, ea401.7 ± 10.1404.3 ± 6.7434.3 ± 7.5Iana ia?ii? ooo?, ea204.7 ± 5.5209.3 ± 4.1231.7 ± 4.8Aeo?ae ooo?, % 51.0 ± 0.1 51.8 ± 0.2 53.4 ± 0.3Iana aioo??oiueiai aee?o, ea 7.6 ± 0.46 8.0 ± 0.41 11.4 ± 0.75Aeo?ae aioo??oiueiai aee?o, % 1.9 ± 0.07 2.0 ± 0.07 2.6 ± 0.14Caa?eia iana, ea212.3 ± 6.0217.3 ± 4.5243.1 ± 5.4Caa?eiee aeo?ae, % 52.9 ± 0.2 53.8 ± 0.2 56.0 ± 0.3 O ae/e?a 3 a?oie oaeiae aoa aeua caa?eiee aeo?ae ia 3.1-2.2%. Oey ia?aaaaa coiiaeaia ye ca ?aooiie a?eueoiai aeoiaeo ooo? (ia 2.4-1.6%), oae ? ca ?aooiie a?eueoiai aeoiaeo aioo??oiueiai aee?o (ia 0.7-0.6%). Nooo?ai? ??cieoe? a aaniethoi?e oa a?aeiini?e ian? aioo??oi?o i?aai?a i?ae oaa?eiaie aeine?aeieo a?oi ia anoaiiaeaii. Aeai? uiaei ii?oieia?/iiai neeaaeo ooo iaaaaeaii a oaaeeoe? 5. Iana e?noie a ooo? ae/e?a noai?thaaii? ciai`yinueei? i`ynii? ii?iaee aoea ia 0.6 ? 2.4 ea iaioa, i?ae o ?iaaniee?a /a?aiii? noaiiai? oa neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae a?aeiia?aeii. Aeo?ae e?noie aeyaeany iaea?eueoei o neiaioaeuenueeeo ae/e?a (20.7 ±1.3%), o iaeiie?oe?a /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee a?i aoa ia 0.4% iaioei, i?ae o neiaioaeuenueeeo ?iaaniee?a, ua iaioei oeae iieaciee (17.7 ± 0.6%) aoa o ciai`yinueeeo oaa?ei. Caaaeyee oeueiio aiie ca ianith i`yeio? ia 26.3 ? 23.4 ea (ia 16.4 ? 14.3%, ?<0.05) ia?aaeuoaaee nai?o ?iaaniee?a 1 oa 2 a?oi. Oaaeeoey 5 ?acoeueoaoe iaaaethaaiiy ooo ae/e?a ( I ± m) IieacieeA?oie123Iana ioieiaeaeaii? ooo?, ea201.0 ± 5.5205.7 ± 4.0226.7 ± 5.2Iana e?noie o ooo?, ea 40.8 ± 1.1 42.6 ± 1.9 40.2 ± 1.2Aeo?ae e?noie, % 20.3 ± 0.4 20.7 ± 1.3 17.7 ± 0.6Iana i`yeio?, ea160.2 ± 4.8163.1 ± 5.6186.5 ± 5.0Aeo?ae i`yeio?, % 79.7 ± 0.4 79.3 ± 1.3 82.3 ± 0.6Ieiua "i`yciaiai a?/ea", ni2 60.3 ± 4.9 61.3 ± 2.9 69.3 ± 1.5 O?ceei-o?i?/i? yeino? i`yna. ?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui o i'yn? oaa?ei an?o aeine?aeieo a?oi a?aecia/aii aenieee ai?no a?eeo i?e iioeiaeueiiio iaeiie/aii? aee?o (oaae. 6). Oaaeeoey 6 O?i?/iee neeaae na?aaeiuei? i?iae i`yna ( % ) ? eiai aia?aaoe/ia oe?ii?noue IieacieeA?oie123Aieiaa69.9869.6866.82Nooa ?a/iaeia 30.0230.3233.18A?eie18.7318.9619.30AEe?10.2010.3012.80A?eie : aee? 1.84:11.84:11.51:1Ciea1.091.061.08Aia?aaoe/ia oe?ii?noue 1 ea, IAeae8.548.639.71 Aea/ath/e o?i?/iee neeaae i'yna ae/e?a ??cieo ii??ae, anoaiiaeaii, ui a?aeiioaiiy a?eeo aei aee?o a ieo aoei ia ??ai? 1.51-1.84 : 1, ui a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai aei yeiae/eie. Ieoiia aaaa aee?o o i'yn? ciai'yinueeeo oaa?ei aoea a?eueoa, i?ae o ?iaaniee?a /a?aiii? noaiiai? oa neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae ia 2.6% ? 2.5 % , ui aecia/eei ?o ia?aaaao c aia?aaoe/ii? oe?iiino? ia 13.7% ? 12.5%. I?e aea/aii? ai?iieeneioiiai neeaaeo iaeaeiaoiai i'yco nieie anoaiiaeaii aeinoia??io ??cieoeth ca ai?noii o?eioioaio (o ciai'yinueeeo ae/e?a 1.63 ±0.03% , ui ia 0.28 ? 0.24% a?eueoa, i?ae o ae/e?a 1 ? 2 a?oi a?aeiia?aeii). I?e oeueiio ai?no ienei?ie?io o i'yn? ae/e?a 3 a?oie (0.31±0.02% ) aeyaeany ia 0.1% oa 0.03% iaioei, i?ae o ae/e?a 1 ? 2 a?oi, ui aecia/eei ?oith aeinoia??io ia?aaaao (ia 1.17 ? 1.97, ?<0.001) ca aaee/eiith a?eeiai-ye?niiai iieacieea iaae ?iaanieeaie /a?aiii? noaiiai? oa neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae (5.26 i?ioe 4.09 ? 3.29). I?e aea/aii? oaeeo iieaciee?a ye ?I ? aieiaioo?eioth/a caeaoi?noue aeinoia??ieo a?aei?iiinoae i?ae a?oiaie ia aeyaeaii. A?eueo ni?eyoeeaei iieacieeii i?aeiino? i'yna aieiae?ee ciai'yinuee? oaa?eie. Eiao?oe??io yeino? i'yna o ciai'yinueeeo ae/e?a aoa 2.02 ±0.06 iae., ui ia 0.86 oa 0.52% (?<0.001) a?eueoa, i?ae o ?iaaniee?a /a?aiii? noaiiai? ? neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae a?aeiia?aeii. Eii?n??th aeaaonoaoi??a aoea i?iaaaeaia aaeueia ioe?iea aoeueeiio ? aa?aiiai i'yna. I'yni an?o i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei io?eiaei aeineoue aenieee aae, i?ioa aoeueeii oa aa?aia i'yni ae/e?a 3 a?oie aoee a?eueo aeniei ioe?iai? (ii aa?aiiio i'yno 7.40 ±0.21 i?ioe 7.13 ± 0.18 ? 7.10 ± 0.16 o oaa?ei 1 oa 2 a?oi). sse?noue oe??yii? ne?iaeie. Oeo?e oaa?ei on?o aeine?aeieo a?oi ia iaee ii?ie?a, a ii ian? a?aeianai? aei eaoaai??? "aoaae aaaeea". Iaeiae ciai'yinuee? ae/ee ia?aaaaeaee nai?o iaeiie?oe?a ca ianith oeo? ia 10.5-14.4%, ine?eueee o ieo ? ieiua (395.3±3.3 aei2) ia 5.7-12.6% ( ?<0.05), ? oiaueia oeo? (8.60 ±0.89 ii) ia 12.1-13.2% aoee a?eueoa. A ?acoeueoao? a?noieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (i?eaeeoo?aa a?iin?y o a?oe? 10 ? 15 i?nyoe?a ) anoaiiaeaii, ui oe??a ciai`yinueeeo ae/e?a iaea iaioo caeiceno?noue o ii??aiyii? ?c ?iaanieeaie 1 oa 2 a?oi (ieiua iioiaeo caeic aeinyaea 0.25 ii2 ? aoea ia 10-15% iaioa, i?ae o ?iaaniee?a), ui aecia/a? e?auo ye?noue iioaioe?eii? oe??yii? ne?iaeie caaaeyee ?nioaaiith iaaaoeaiiai aca?iica'yceo i?ae ye?noth oe??e oa nooiaiai ?icaeoeo oe??yieo caeic. Iaie oaeiae aoea aecia/aia oiaueia io/e?a eieaaaiiaeo aieieii n?o/anoiai oa?o oe??e i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a (oaae. 7). Oaaeeoey 7 Oiaueia io/e?a eieaaaiiaeo aieieii n?o/anoiai oa?o oe??e ae/e?a ( I ± m) IieacieeA?oie123A?e - 10 i?nyoe?aOiaueia oe??e, iei3687 ± 1113326 ± 1843977 ± 382Oiaueia n?o/anoiai oa?o, iei2580 ± 602221 ± 1752872 ± 369Oiaueia io/e?a eieaaaiiaeo aieieii, iei47.4 ± 3.342.5 ± 3.351.5 ± 3.5A?e - 15 i?nyoe?aOiaueia oe??e, iei3956 ± 1474034 ± 2374288 ± 292Oiaueia n?o/anoiai oa?o, iei2616 ± 1342697 ± 2592949 ± 302Oiaueia io/e?a eieaaaiiaeo aieieii, iei43.3 ± 2.745.8 ± 2.455.7 ± 1.2 Oiaueia io/e?a eieaaaiiaeo aieieii ae/e?a 1 ? 2 a?oi o a?oe? 10 oa 15 i?nyoe?a ia iaea cia/ieo a?aei?iiinoae, a oie /an ye aaee/eia oe??? iciaee o ae/e?a 3 a?oie aoea ia 4-12 iei a?eueoa (?<0.05) ? noi?iaiaeaeoaaeany a?eueoeie cia/aiiyie oiaueie n?o/anoiai oa?o oa oe??e. Oaeei /eiii, oaa?eie 3 a?oie iaee iaea?eueo aeoyaiai? iioia? caeice ?c iaeiaioith ieiuith oa a?eueo aaeaeei, c oaoiieia?/ii? oi/ee ci?o, ?enoieii eieaaaiiaeo aieieii, ui aea? i?aenoaao noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i e?au? yeino? ?oi?o oe??. Aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy oa a?aeaiae?ae? ae/e?a. Iaae?eiei iaoiaeii eiiieaenii? ioe?iee e?euee?nieo oa ye?nieo iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? aeei?enoaiiy ei?i?a iiaeia aaaaeaoe ia/eneaiiy eiao?oe??ioo eiiaa?n?? i?ioa?io ei?io o oa?/iaee a?eie ooo? (oaae. 8). Na?aae oaa?ei aeine?aeaeoaaieo ii??ae ciai`yinuee? ae/ee oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny a?eueo ?ioaineaiith eiiaa?n??th i?ioa?io ei?i?a o oa?/iaee a?eie ooo?. Oe? oaa?eie iaeiie/oaaee a?eueoa a?eeo o o?e? ia 6.0 -5.4ea, aai ia 20-17.6%, i?ae ?iaanieee /a?aiii? noaiiai? oa neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae, oiio ca eiao?oe??ioii eiiaa?n?? i?ioa?io aiie ia?aaaaeaee ?o ia 0.9-0.8%, ui iia`ycaii c aaiioeiii. Oaaeeoey 8 Aeo?ae a?eeo ? eiao?oe??io eiiaa?n?? i?ioa?io ei?i?a o a?eie ooo? IieacieeA?oie123E?euee?noue cao?a/aiiai ?c ei?iii : ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io, ea294.8295.2303.1 ne?iai i?ioa?io, ea388.1394.3418.8A?aeeeaeiny a ooo? a?eeo, ea30.030.636.0A?eeo ia 100 ea ia?aaecaa?eii? iane, ea 7.5 7.6 8.4Eiao?oe??io eiiaa?n?? i?ioa?io ei?io a oa?/iaee a?eie ooo?, % 7.7 7.8 8.6 Aia?aaoe/ia ioe?iea ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie aeiiiaith? iaoeia? iaoiaee ioe?iie ca aa?o?noth ? iaoo?aeueieie iieacieeaie. Aiae?c aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie (oaae.9) na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeo?aoe noeoiii? aia?a?? a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 neioii?noea a ??e aeinyaee aeey ae/e?a i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi 84-86 IAeae. Aeo?aoe noeoiii? aia?a?? ia 1 ea aeeai? iane o ciai`yinueeeo ae/e?a aoee ia 7.3-6.9% iaioa, i?ae o ?iaaniee?a neiaioaeuenueei? oa /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii??ae. Ciai'yinuee? oaa?eie iaioa aeo?a/a- ee aia?a?? ia ae?iaieoeoai 1 ea i?e?inoo aeeai? iane. Eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? iniiaii? i?iaeoeoe?? o ieo aeinyaioa 3.7%, ui ia 0,3% a?eueoa, i?ae o ?iaaniee?a neiaioaeuenueei? oa /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii??ae. Oaaeeoey 9 Cao?aoe aia?a?? ? eiao?oe??ioe aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie IieacieeA?oie123Aeo?aoe noeoiii? aia?a?? ia 1 neioii?noea a ??e, AAeae 83.6 88.1 85.6% aei aaciaiai97.7102.8100.01 ea: aeeai? iane, IAeae197.5200.3185.6% aei aaciaiai106.4107.9100.0 i?e?inoo aeeai? iane,IAeae210.3218.4196.9% aei aaciaiai106.8111.1100.0 caa?eii? iane, IAeae394.0405.3352.3% aei aaciaiai111.8115.0100.0 i'yeio? i'yna, IAeae522.0540.2459.4% aei aaciaiai113.6117.6100.0 a?eeo ooo?, IAeae2787.22879.42378.8% aei aaciaiai117.2121.0100.0Eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, % : aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? 30.2 29.6 29.8 iniiaii? i?iaeoeoe??3.43.43.7 Oaeei /eiii, a iiaeaeueo?e ?iaio?, a oiiaao iii??ii-?ioaineaii? aia?aicaa??aath/i? oaoiieia??, noa? i/aaeaeiith aeioe?euei?noue a?eueo oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy oaa?ei ciai`yinueei? ii?iaee. Aeine?ae 2 (Ae?iaie/a ia?aa??ea) O ae?oaiio aeine?ae? ae/ee ??cieo ii??ae i?e oeo naieo oiiaao aiae?ae? ? oo?eiaiiy, ui e a ia?oiio aeine?ae?, oaeiae i?iyaeee iaiaeiaeiao ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo (oaae.10). sse ? a 1 aeine?ae?, a?eueo aenieo ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo i?iyaeee ae/ee ciai'yinueei? ii?iaee, aiie a??ia?aeii (P<0.01) ia?aaaaeaee ca aeeaith ianith o 18-i?ny/iiio a?oe? ia 24.3-41.3 ea, aai aeua ia 5.5-9.7%, i?ae ?iaanieee neiaioaeuenueei? oa /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii??ae. ?acoeueoaoe eiio?ieueiiai caaith i?aeoaa?aeeee aeai?, io?eiai? a 1 aeine?ae?. Ciai`yinuee? oa neiaioaeuenuee? oaa?eie ia?aaaaeaee /a?aiieo noaiiaeo ?iaaniee?a ca aeoiaeii ia?ii? ooo? ia 4.0-1.6% (P<0.001). Aiie iaee ia 5.2 ea ? 3.0 ea a?eueoa aioo??oiueiai aee?o (P<0.001), oiio ??cieoey a caa?ei?e ian? (41.1-14.9 ea, aai 19.4-7.0%) oaeiae aoea ia ?o ei?enoue. Oaaeeoey 10 Aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane ae/e?a, ea (M±m) IieacieeA?oie123AEeaa iana , i?e ia?iaeaeaii? 27.2±0.634.1±0.3 27.5±0.4 o a?oe?, i?n: 146.1±1.253.9±0.851.3±1.44108.1±2.8126.1±3.7128.7±1.26152.7±3.9165.2±1.9 167.7±3.59228.4±4.3231.8±2.8233.4±2.112284.3±3.7300.4±4.2317.4±5.115357. 8±4.1362.7±3.5381.2±4.818426.1±5.9443.1±4.2467.4±6.8Na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe a a ia??iae (i?n.) : 0 - 6 697 728 779 6 - 12729 751832 12 - 18789793833 0 - 18728746803 Ca iieacieeaie caa?eiiai aeoiaeo ia?aaaao ia 5.0-2.3% (P<0.001) oaeiae iaee ae/ee noai?thaaii? ciai`yinueei? oa neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae. Ca ii?oieia?/iei neeaaeii ae/ee ia iaee cia/ii? ??cieoe?: ye ? a ia?oiio aeine?ae? e?au? iieacieee aoee o ciai`yinueeeo oaa?ei. Aiie a?aecia/aeeny aeuei (ia 2.5-2.9%,P<0.001) aeoiaeii i`yeio? c ooo, ui coiiaeaii iaioei ai?noii e?noeiai? oeaieie. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy ae/e?a. Iniiaiei iieacieeii aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ? nia?aa?o?noue ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??, ae?o/ea a?ae ?? ?aae?caoe??, i?eaooie oa ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? (oaae. 11). Oaaeeoey 11 Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy ae/e?a (a oe?iao 4-ai eaa?oaeo 1997 ?.) I ieacieeA?oie123Aeine?ae 1Anueiai cao?ao ia 1 aieiao, a?i850853856Nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe i?e?inoo, a?i214211197Nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe a?eeo ooo?, a?i283327772377Iaea?aeaii a?ae ?aae?caoe?? 1 aie, a?i101610591115*enoee i?eaooie, a?i166206259??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?, %19.524.230.2Aeine?ae 2Anueiai cao?ao ia 1 aieiao, a?i848852855Nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe i?e?inoo, a?i213208194Iaea?aeaii a?ae ?aae?caoe?? 1 aie, a?i102010661129*enoee i?eaooie, a?i172214274??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?, %20.325.132.0 Ae?iuoaaiiy ia i`yni ae/e?a on?o ii??ae aoei ?aioaaaeueiei a iaio aeine?aeao. Iaeiae, i?e ae?iuoaaii? oaa?ei noai?thaaii? ciai'yinueei? ii?iaee aoa iaea?aeaiee ia 8-10% a?eueoa i?e??no aeeai? iane, a nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe i?e?inoo - ia 15-20 a?i ieae/a, i?ae o ?iaaniee?a 1 ? 2 a?oi. *enoee i?eaooie a?ae ae?iuoaaiiy ae/e?a aoa iaea?eueoei o oaa?ei 3 a?oie (ia 53-102 a?i a?ae o ae/e?a 1 oa 2 a?oi). A caeaaeiino? a?ae oeueiai ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iuoaaiiy ciai`yinueeeo ae/e?a aoa ia 6.0-11.7 % aeuei, i?ae oaa?ei /a?aiii? noaiiai? oa neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae. AENIIAEE 1.Ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a anoaiiaeaii, ui ae?iuoaaiiy ae/e?a noai?thaaii? ciai`yinueei? i`ynii? ? eiia?iiaaii? iiei/ii-i`ynii? neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae i?e iaeicao?aoi?e aia?aicaa??aath/?e oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy ia iaeieiioeaio?aoieo ?aoe?iiao c ??aiai iai?iii? aia?a?? 9.0-9.1 IAeae ia 1 ea nooi? ?a/iaeie ei?i?a ? cia/iei ?aca?aii ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie, cieaeaiiy ?? nia?aa?oino? ? i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino? a ae?iaie/eo oiiaao no?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie. 2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ae/ee neiaioaeuenueei? oa ciai`yinueei? ii??ae a on? a?eia? ia??iaee ?noioii ia?aaeuoaaee /a?aiieo noaiiaeo ?iaaniee?a ca aeeaith ianith oa na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeie i?e?inoaie. Aiie o 18-i?n a?oe? aeinyaee aeeai? iane 439.8 ± 4.8 ea oa 461.4 ±4.2 ea a?aeiia?aeii, i?ioe 423.5 ±3.4 o /a?aiieo noaiiaeo ?iaaniee?a, aai aeua ia 3.8% ? 8.9% (?>0.95).

3. Neiaioaeuenuee? ae/ee aoee a?eueo aeniei?ineeie, i?ae oaa?ei ?ioeo
ii??ae (ia 0.7-4.1%), a oie /an, ye ciai`yinuee? iaee a?eueoo oe?eio
a?oaeae (ia 4.1-7.0%) oa a?aecia/aeeny iecueei?ine?noth ? e?aua
?icaeiaieie i`ynieie oi?iaie (ia 14-17%).

4.A?eueo aeniea i?iaeoeoeai?noue ae/e?a ciai`yinueei? oa
neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae coiiaeaia ?o a?ieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie:
i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii o e?ia? a?eo?ioeeo?a oa aaiiaeia?io, a?eueo
?ioaineaiei i?ioiaeaeaiiyi ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a ?
i?enoinoaaiiyi aei oiia ??ceieiioeiaioaeueiiai ee?iaoo noiaeo Oe?a?ie
caaaeyee aeinoaoi?e oaieino?eeino? oa ieanoe/iino? ii?oino?oeoo?e oe??e.

5. Ae/ee noai?thaaii? ciai’yinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee, ye a?eueo
nei?inoeae?, a?aeeeaaeaee a?eueoa aee?o-ne?oeth. Caa?eiee aeo?ae o
18-i?n a?oe? o ieo aoa aeua ia 2.2% oa 3.1%, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ?o e?auo
i’ynio i?iaeoeoeai?noue. Aiie a?ae??ciyeeny a?eueo aaaeeeie ?
iiaiii’ynieie oooaie ii??aiyii c oaa?eiaie 1 ? 2 a?oi ia 27.0-22.4 ea
(13.2-10.7%).

6. Ooo? ae/e?a noai?thaaii? ciai`yinueei? i`ynii? ii?iaee a?ae??ciyeeny
e?auith iaioneoeai?noth ? aoee a?eueo ye?nieie ca ii?oieia?/iei
neeaaeii. Aeo?ae i’yeio? a ieo ia 2.6-3.0% a?eueoa, i?ae o /a?aiieo
noaiiaeo ? neiaioaeuenueeeo oaa?ei; eiao?oe??io i’yniino? — 4.6±0.2 ea
i?ioe 3.9±0.1 ea o /a?aiieo noaiiaeo oaa?ei.

7. I`yni ae/e?a on?o a?oi ca o?i?/iei neeaaeii ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi a?eeo
aei aee?o a?aeiia?aeaei no/aniei aeiiaai niiaeeaa/a (1.5-1.8 : 1).

8. Aiae?c o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaeaeiaoiai i’yca nieie
na?ae/eoue i?i aeuo iiaiioe?ii?noue i`yciai? oeaieie ciai`yinueeeo
ae/e?a. A?eeiai-ye?niee iieaciee o ieo aeinya 5.26±0.14, ui ia 1.17-1.97
(?<0.001) aeua, i?ae o ?iaaniee?a. 9.Aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui oaa?eie ciai`yinueei? ii?iaee oa?aeoa?ecothoueny e?auith caeaoi?noth o?ainoi?ioaaoe i?ioa?i ei?i?a o a?eie i`yna. Ca eiao?oe??ioii eiiaa?n?? aiie ia?aaa?ooaaee ?iaaniee?a 1 oa 2 a?oi ia 0.9-0.8%. A ?o oooao aoei a?eueoa a?eeo ia 6.0-5.4 ea (20.0-17.6%) . 10.Anoaiiaeaii, ui ae/ee ciai`yinueei? oa neiaioaeuenueei? ii??ae ia?aaa?ooaaee /a?aiieo noaiiaeo ?iaaniee?a ca oiaa?ii-oaoiieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie oe??yii? ne?iaeie. A 18 i?nyoe?a aiie iaee a?eueo aaaee? oeo?e ia 3-4 ea. ?yae a?noieia?/ieo iieaciee?a oaeeo ye ieiua iioiaeo caeic, aeiaaeeia, oe?eia oa ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, oiaueia io/e?a eieaaaiiaeo aieieii n?o/aoiai oa?o oe??e (ia 8-21% a a?oe? 10 i?nyoe?a ? 28-22% - a 15 i?n.) na?ae/aoue i?i a?eueo aenie? ye?ni? iieacieee oe??yii? ne?iaeie, io?eiaii? a?ae ae/e?a noai?thaaii? ciai`yinueei? ii?iaee. 11. Eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie o ae/e?a noai?thaaii? ciai'yinueei? i'ynii? ii?iaee aeinyaioa 3,7%, ui aoei ia 0,3% a?eueoa, i?ae o ?iaaniee?a. Aiie a?eueo aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaee noeoiio aia?a?th a ?ic?aooieo ia iaeeieoeth iniiaii? i?iaeoeoe??. 12. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iaeicao?aoia aia?aicaa??aath/a oaoiieia?y ae?iuoaaiiy ae/e?a on?o ii??ae ia iaeieiioeaio?aoieo ?aoe?iiao c iaaenieith eiioeaio?aoe??th iai?iii? aia?a?? o noo?e ?a/iaei? ei?io (9.0-9.1 IAeae) aoea aeiiii?/ii aeioe?eueiith. Oaa?eie ciai`yinueei? ii?iaee aeaaaee a?eueo? i?e?inoe o an? a?eia? ia??iaee ae?iuoaaiiy ia 8-10%. Oiio nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe i?e?inoo o ieo aoea ieae/a ia 15-20 a?i (7.2-9.4%), ui caaacia/eei aeinyaiaiiy ??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino? 30-32%. I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO 1. Aeey ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie a niaoeeo?/ieo ei?iiaeo oiiaao no?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie iaiao?aeii canoiniaoaaoe iaeicao?aoio aia?aicaa??aath/o oaoiieia?th ae?iuoaaiiy ae/e?a /a?aiii? noaiiai?, neiaioaeuenueei?, noai?thaaii? ciai`yinueei? ii??ae, yea ia?aaeaa/a? ??aaiue eiioeaio?iaaieo ei?i?a a ?aoe?ii? 27-28% i?e caaaeueieo aeo?aoao ei?i?a 2800-2900 ei?i.iae. oa aeinyaiaiiy aeeai? iane i?e oeueiio 430-460 ea o a?oe? 18 i?nyoe?a. 2. A ainiiaea?noaao no?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie c iaoith aia?ai?ano?nicaiuaaeaeaiiy i?e ae?iaieoeoa? aenieiye?nii? yeiae/eie a?eueo oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaoe oaa?ei noai?thaaii? ciai'yinueei? ii?iaee, ui aeicaieeoue ciaioeoe nia?aa?o?noue iaeeieoe? i?iaeoeoe?? ia 10% oa i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? ia 6-12%. NIENIE IOAE?EAOe?E II OAI? AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Iaaeaaae?a A.TH. I?iaeoeoeai? yeino? ae/e?a ??cieo aaiioei?a// Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie, 1998.-N 12. - N.38-39. 2. Iaaeaaaeaa A.TH. Aeieiae/aneea iieacaoaee o au/eia ?aciuo aaiioeiia a i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey iyniie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe a oneiaeyo Aeiiaanna // A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee, 1999.- N 1. - N.76-77. 3. Iaaeaaae?a A.TH. Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ie?aeiee?a ciai`yinueeiai i`yniiai oeio c iaoith ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie a Eoaainuee?e iaeano? // I?iaeaie ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. - IAO. - Ee?a, 1997.- N. 112-113. 4. Iaaeaaaeaa A.TH., Eaoeu A.Ae. Oi?ie?iaaiea iyniie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe o iiianae ciaiaineiai oeia n neiiaioaeaie a oneiaeyo Aeiiaanna //Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Eoaainueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo. N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoee. - Eoaainuee, 1998. - N. 61-65. 5. Eaoeu A.Ae., Aiiaea?aa A.E., Iaaeaaaeaa A.TH. I?iecaiaenoai aiayaeeiu // Nenoaia aaaeaiey aa?ii?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa Eoaaineie iaeanoe ia ia?eiae 1997-2005 aa. - Eoaaine, 1997. - N. 449-467. Aiioaoe?y Iaaeaaae?a A.TH. I'ynia i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa aaeaioaoe?ei? iniaeeaino? ae/e?a ??cieo ii??ae a no?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie ca oiia aia?ai?ano?nicaiuaaeaeaiiy. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.04. - oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa. - ?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI, Oa?e?a, 1999. Aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii aea/aiith ainiiaea?nueei-a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ae/e?a /a?aiii? noaiiai?, neiaioaeuenueei? ? noai?thaaii? ciai'yinueei? ii??ae a oiiaao aia?aicaa??aath/i? oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy ae/e?a c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeneiaeueii? e?eueeino? aeaoaaeo ia'?ienoeo ei?i?a ? i?i?iaeueii? - eiioeaio?iaaieo . Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca aeiiiiiaith oe??? oaoiieia?? iiaeeeai io?eiaoe ae/e?a iacaaieo ii??ae ?c aeeaith ianith 430-460 ea o a?oe? 18 i?nyoe?a. Ca oiia iaeicao?aoii? oaoiieia?? na?aae ae/e?a caaaeaieo ii??ae iaee?au? i?iaeoeoeai? yeino? iathoue oaa?eie noai?thaaii? ciai'yinueei? i'ynii? ii?iaee, ui ? i?eaiaeii aei ?icoe?aiiy ?? a?aaeo ia no?ae Oe?a?ie. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ii?iaea, aia?aicaa??aath/a oaoiieia?y, i`ynia i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ye?noue i`yna, aaeaioaoe?ei? caeaoiino?. Aiiioaoeey Iaaeaaaeaa A.TH. Iyniay i?iaeoeoeaiinoue e aaeaioaoeeiiiua iniaaiiinoe au/eia ?aciuo ii?iae a ainoi/iii ?aaeiia Oe?aeiu a oneiaeyo yia?ai?ano?ninaa?aaeaiey.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.04 - oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoia aeeaioiiaiaenoaa. - Einoeooo aeeaioiiaiaenoaa OAAI, Oa?ueeia, 1999. Eceiaeaiu ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee ii eco/aieth oicyenoaaiii-aeieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae au/eia e?aniie noaiiie, neiiaioaeueneie e nicaeaaaaiie ciaiaineie iyniie ii?iae a oneiaeyo iaeicao?aoiie oaoiieiaee au?aueaaiey au/eia aei 18-ian aic?anoa n eniieueciaaieai iaeneiaeueiiai eiee/anoaa aeaoaauo iauaienouo ei?iia e ieieiaeueiiai - eiioeaio?e?iaaiiuo. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi n iiiiuueth yoie oaoiieiaee aiciiaeii iieo/eoue au/eia e?aniie noaiiie, neiiaioaeueneie e nicaeaaaaiie ciaiaineie iyniie ii?iae aeeaie iannie 430-460 ea a aic?anoa 18 ianyoeaa i?e ia?aie/aiiuo ei?iiauo ?ano?nao a oneiaeyo ainoi/iiai ?aaeiia Oe?aeiu. Eniieueciaaeenue o?aaeeoeeiiiua aeey noaiiie ciiu ei?ia: naii ceaeiai-aiaiaia, nieiia ioaie/iay, neein eoeo?ociue, eiiaeei?i, oeaeueiia e niyoia iieiei. Cao?aou oeaeueiiai iieiea a iiei/iue ia?eiae au?aueaaiey ninoaaeee 200 ea, niyoiai - 600 ea. Oaeoe/aneee ?anoiae ei?iia i?e au?aueaaiee aei 18-ian aic?anoa aeinoea 2882 ei?i. aae. aeey au/eia e?aniie noaiiie ii?iaeu, aeey neiiaioaeueneie - 2877 ei?i. aae., ciaiaineie - 2917 ei?i. aae.. Ia ei?iiaoth aaeeieoeo a n?aaeiai i?eoiaeeeinue 102-104 a ia?aaa?eiiai i?ioaeia, a niaea?aeaiea yia?aee a 1 ea nooiai aauanoaa ninoaaeei 9,0-9,1 IAeae, /oi a ianoiyuaa a?aiy yaeyaony niaoeeoe/aneie iniaaiiinoueth aeeaioiiaiaenoaa ainoiea Oe?aeiu. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeiaieee aeeaie iannu iicaieeei auyaeoue i?aainoiaenoai ciaiaineeo aeeaioiuo ii eioaineaiinoe ?inoa. A 18 ian aic?anoa iie aeinoeaee aeeaie iannu 461,4 ± 4,2 ea, /oi auei ia 4,9 -8,9% niioaaonoaaiii auoa, /ai o naa?noieeia neiiaioaeueneie e e?aniie noaiiie ii?iae. Ciaiaineea au/ee eiaee eo/oa ?acaeoua aiaoiea iyniua oi?iu. AEeaioiua nicaeaaaaiie ciaiaineie iyniie ii?iaeu ioee/aeenue aieaa eioaineaiui oa/aieai ieeneeoaeueii-ainnoaiiaeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia e eiaee oi?ioea aaeaioaoeeiiiua niiniaiinoe e oneiaeyi ?aceieiioeiaioaeueiiai eeeiaoa ainoiea Oe?aeiu aeaaiaea?y aeinoaoi/iie oaieionoie/eainoe e ieanoe/iinoe ii?oino?oeoo?u eiaee. A ?acoeueoaoa eiio?ieueiuo oaiaa onoaiiaeaii cia/eoaeueiia i?aainoiaenoai ciaiaineeo e neiiaioaeueneeo au/eia ii iyniie i?iaeoeoeaiinoe.Oaieiue auoiae o ieo aeinoea 56,0% e 53,8% i?ioea 52,9% o e?aniuo noaiiuo naa?noieeia. Auoiae iyeioe ec ooo aue ia 2,6-3,0% aieueoa . Iyni ciaiaineeo au/eia ii ioiioaieth aaeea e aee?o (1,5:1) ioaa/aei nia?aiaiiui o?aaiaaieyi iio?aaeoaey e auei aeieiae/anee iieiioeaiiui (aaeeiai-ea/anoaaiiue iieacaoaeue ninoaaee 5,26±0,14 o ciaiaineeo aeeaioiuo, 4,09 ±0,35 - o neiiaioaeia e 3,29±0,04 o au/eia e?aniie noaiiie ii?iaeu). AEeaioiua nicaeaaaaiie ciaiaineie iyniie e neiiaioaeueneie ii?iaeu i?aainoiaeeee e?aniuo noaiiuo au/eia ii oiaa?ii-oaoiieiae/aneei ea/anoaai eiaeaaaiiiai nu?uey. Ia yoii naeaeaoaeuenoaotho ?yae aenoieiae/aneeo iieacaoaeae, oaeeo eae ieiuaaeue iioiaie aeaeacu, ioiioaiea aeeeiu e oe?eia iioiaie aeaeacu, oieueia e ?enoiie eieeaaaiiauo aieieii nao/aoiai neiy eiaee au/eia. Ii niiniaiinoe o?ainoi?ie?iaaoue i?ioaei ei?iia a aaeie iyna cia/eoaeueiia i?aainoiaenoai eiae ciaiaineee neio. A oooao au/eia auei ia 5,4-6,0 ea (17,7-20,0%) i?ioaeia aieueoa, /ai o neiiaioaeueneeo e e?aniuo noaiiuo naa?noieeia, /oi e ii?aaeaeeei aieaa aunieee (ia 0,8-0,9%) eiyooeoeeaio eiiaa?nee i?ioaeia ei?ia a ieuaaie aaeie oooe. Oaeei ia?acii, aeey i?iecaiaenoaa aunieiea/anoaaiiie aiayaeeiu a oneiaeyo ainoi/iiai ?aaeiia iaiaoiaeeii aieaa oe?iei eniieueciaaoue aeeaioiuo nicaeaaaaiie ciaiaineie iyniie ii?iaeu Eeth/aaua neiaa: ii?iaea, yia?ainaa?aaathuay oaoiieiaey, iyniay i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, ea/anoai iyna, aaeaioaoeeiiiua niiniaiinoe. Annotation Medvedev A. Beef production and adaptation capability of different breeds of bulls in East Ukraine regions conditions, directed for energy sowing technology. Manuscript. Dissertation for academic degree competition of animal science candidate by speciality 06.02.04 - Technology of animal production. Institute of Animal Production of UAAS, Kharkiv, 1999. Research results of economical and biological features of Red steppe, Simmental and developing Znamenskaya steers under condition of low expenditures technology of steers raising till 18-monthes age using maximal quantities of cheap and voluminous foods and minimal concentrates are given. It is determined that technology is possible to get raised steers of above mentioned breeds by live weights 430-460 kg in 18-monthes age. In condition of low expenditures technology among steers that breeds the best productivity have possessed animals of developing Znamenskaya beef breed and it is ground for expansion of Znamenskaya breeding area to East of the Ukraine. Key words: breed, energy saving technology, beef productivity, quality of meat, adaptation ability. A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione ?.?.*ea?eiia I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo “____” ___________1999 ?ieo Ianya 1.0 ae. a. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ? 519 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ae?eyiea iia?aoeaiiai ae?oeo ?O OAAI 312120, i.Oa?e?a, i/a Eoeeie/?

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