EUeA?ANUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AAOA?EIA?II?

IAAeEOeEIE ?i. N.C.Aaeeoeueeiai

Aoiaiia Ieueaa Noaiai?aia

OAeE:619:612:636.2

II?OIOOIEOe?IIAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA

NA?Oess OAEssO *I?II-?ssAI? II?IAeE C A?AOOAAIIssI OEIO AAAAOAOEAII?
?AAOEssOe?? NA?OeAAIAI ?EOIO

03.00.13 — o?c?ieia?y ethaeeie ? oaa?ei

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

EUeA?A — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aiaoii?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei
Euea?anueei? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeia? ea??aieee: -aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?aaoe?a ?iiai
Eineiiae/, Euea?anueea aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C.
Aaeeoeueeiai, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii? ?aae?ieia?/ii?
aenia?oece, ?aeoi?;

-aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiiiiaiei A?oae?e Noaiaiiae/,
Euea?anueea aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aiaoii?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: -aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Niieyi?iia Ai?en
A?eoi?iae/, Iaeanueeee n?euenueeiain-iiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e o?c?ieia?? ? a?io?i?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei;

-aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?oaeee Noai?neaa Einoyioeiiae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aiaoii??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
ii?-iaeueii? ? iaoieia?/ii? o?c?ieia??, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_____” ________________1998 ?ieo i _____ aiae.
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae35.826.01 o Euea?anuee?e
aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?iai? N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai ca aae?anith:

290010, i.Euea?a-10, aoe. Iaea?nueea,50, aoae.?1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Euea?anueei?
aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i.N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai ca aae?anith:
290010, i.Euea?a-10, aoe.Iaea?nueea,50.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_____”_______________1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeioeaio
Aieiaa/ I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aaaaoaoeaia ia?aiaa nenoaia a cia/i?e i??? aecia/a?
ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, aa?a aeoeaio o/anoue a
?aaoeyoe?? /anoioe na?oeaaiai ?eoio (A.Ae. Iicae?a/aa, 1992, 1995, A.?.
N?oa?oe?aeca, E.I. Aa??aeca oa ?i., 1992).

Aeey iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy o?c?ieia?? na?oey aeooaeueiei ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo ??cieo ia?aiao??a ea?ae?iaaiiaeeiai?ee a
i?aai?ci? oaa?eie.

Iaeiei ?c oaeeo ia?aiao??a ? na?oeaaee ?eoi, aiae?c yeiai o ca’yceo ?c
no/aniei aeinyaiaiiyi ?a?no?oth/i? o?c?ieia?/ii? oaoi?ee ciaoiaeeoue ana
a?eueo oe?iea canoinoaaiiy ye a iaaeeoeei? oae ? a aaoa?eia??? caaaeyee
aeine?aeaeaiiyi, ye? i?iaiaeyoueny ia eaoaae?? aiaoii??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei Euea?anueei? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai ( Aa?aneee ?.I., Ee?eeeia I.?.,
Eeaoeeei N.C.,1984, Eiiiiaiei A.N., Ia?eaiaaoia I.A .,1991).

A aeaiee /an inoaoi/ii ia a?aeiii /an aeeth/aiiy ??cieo a?aeae?e?a
aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie a ?aaoeyoe?th ?eoio ?iaioe na?oey, ui ia?
ia o?eueee i?ciaaaeueia cia/aiiy, aea iiaea aooe aecia/aeueiei aeey
iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei iaiiaoaeueieo iaoieia?e.

A?aeiii, ui o ethaeae a ?aaoeyoe?th ?eoio na?oey aeeth/aiiy aeoeath/iai
ia?aa a?aeaoaa?oueny o 3-5 ??/iiio a?oe? (Weiss J.W., 1973), a o oaeyo
aeinoia??ieo aeaieo i?i /an aeeth/aiiy ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?iia?aaoe?? a
?eoi ?iaioe na?oey a aeinooii?e e?oa?a?oo?? ie ia ciaeoee, oiio
ae??oaiiy aeaieo ieoaiue ? aeoaea aeooaeueiei.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa – “Ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea na?oey
oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee c a?aooaaiiyi oeio aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??
na?oeaaiai ?eoio” uiaei aecia/aiiy /ano aeeth/aiiy ??cieo a?aeae?e?a
aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie a ?aaoeyoe?th ?eoio ?iaioe na?oey o?nii
iia’ycaia c iaoeiaith oaiaoeeith, yea aaaeaoueny ia eaoaae?? aiaoii??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei, o?c?ieia?? oa aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii? ?
?aae?ieia?/ii? aenia?oece Euea?anueei? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie
?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai.

Aeaia ?iaioa ? aeooaeueiith o o?niiio ca’yceo iaaeeoeeie ? aaoa?eia???.

Iaoa ?iaioe. Aeoiaey/e c aeua neacaiiai, iaoith iaoi? ?iaioe aoei
aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?ieo iniaeeainoae aoaeiae na?oey o oaeyo /i?ii-?yai?
ii?iaee o ca’yceo c noaiiaeaiiyi oeio aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa o
aaoa?eia??? aecia/ai? aoaie noaiiaeaiiy aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??
na?oeaaiai ?eoio o oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee ??cieo oei?a ia?aiai?
nenoaie (neiiaoeeioii?ee, ii?iioii?ee ? aaaioii?ee) oa i?aaenoaaeaia ?o
oa?aeoa?enoeea.

Aia?oa o oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee aecia/ai? iniiai? aaiiaeeiai?/i?
iieacieee na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (nenoie?/iee ? oaeeeiiee ia’?i
e?ia?), ia ui io?eiaii iaoaio. Aia?oa a?aoiaoaany oaeoi? /ano (a?ae
ia?iaeaeaiiy ? aei noaiiaeaiiy) iiae?eo oaa?ei ca oeiii ?aaoeyoe??
na?oeaaai ?eoio ? io?eiaii iaoaio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
iiaeooue neoaeeoe aeey ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie o oaeyo. Ca aeaieie eiiieaeno ii?oieia?/ieo
oa aeaeo?io?c?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue noa? iiaeeeaei o ?aiiueiio a?oe?
oaee/ie i?iaiicoaaoe ?o i/?eoaaio i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? noaoe iaeiei ?c
aaaeeeaeo i?iaiinoe/ieo iieaciee?a i?e ae?iuoaaii? ? eiiieaeooaaii?
noaaea.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ii?aoethaaiiy e?oa?aoo?e, aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a cae?eniaii aaoi?ii
naiino?eii c iaoiaee/iith aeiiiiiaith iaoeiaeo ea??aiee?a – aeieoi?a
a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?a, /eai.-ei?. OAAI ?.E. E?aaoe?aa ? aeieoi?a
iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?a A.N.Eiiiiaiea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo ?
niaoe?ae?no?a (Aeia-Aoa, 1993). O?aaiaioe aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue
ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueai neeaaeo oa
ani??aio?a Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Ee?a, 1995, ia
can?aeaii? euea?anueeiai a?aeae?eaiiy oiaa?enoaa aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a,
aia??ieia?a (Euea?a,1996).

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 ?ia?o a aeo?iaeao, oaiaoe/ieo
ca??ieeao, oacao eiioa?aioe?e, io?eiaii 2 iaoaioe.
Ia’?i oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia
ia 148 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, aeeeaaeo caaaeueii? iaoiaeeee, aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie,
aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e aeaea?ae, ui aeeth/a? 147 aeaea?ae, c ieo 30 ?iicaiieo. O
aeena?oaoe?? i?noeoueny 19 oaaeeoeue, 20 ?enoie?a, 4 oioi.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Aea?? iai?yie?a aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe.
Aeaia ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue o o?ueio iai?yieao. A ia?o?e na???
aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii? ioeueniiao??? aoei aeine?aeaeaii
121 oaey a?ae 1-ai aei 21-ai aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy, 70 oaee/ie 1-1,5
i?ny/iiai a?eo, 10 ei??a-ia?a?noie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca
aeiiiiiaith 4-o eaiaeueiiai ?aia?aoa ?4-02, yeee iaa iaeei eaiae IEN.
Aei o?ea oaeyoe i?aeeeth/aee ieanoei/ano? aeaeo?iaee ca 2-ei
naa?oaeueiei a?aeaaaeaiiyi ca iaoiaeii I.I. ?iuaanueeiai (1957). I?e
oeueiio ae?aoiaoaaee oaee iieacieee: iiaeo, aiie?ooaeo iiaee,
eiao?oe??io aa??aoe??, na?aaeith /anoioo na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue,
aa??aoe?eiee ?iciao, ?iaeaen iai?oae. Iiaeo (?ioa?aae i?ae coaoeyie R-R)
ae?aoiaoaaee c aeei?enoaiiyi i?e?iao?iai? e?i?eee. I?ci?oa cia/aiiy
?ioa?aae?a o i?e?iao?ao ia?aaiaeeee o naeoiaee. Ia?iaeo iaoa??aeo
aeeiioaaee c aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueii neeaaeaii? i?ia?aie ia
eiii’thoa??.

A ae?oa?e na??? aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoaee ?aia?ao?/iee iaoiae ca I.I.
Eaae?iaei (1948), iiaeeo?eiaaiee ?.I. Aeoo?iei. Aecia/aee nenoie?/iee oa
oaeeeiiee ia’?ie na?oey. Aeey ?aia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeei?enoiaoaaee 4-o eaiaeueiee ?aia?ao. I?e ?aia?ao?/iiio caien?
aeaeo?iaee iaeeaaeaeenue ia ia?aaei? e?ioe?aee i?e oao?aiiey?iiio ?o
c’?aeiaii?. Aecia/aeenue ?yae ?iaeaen?a, cie?aia: ?aia?ao?/iee,
aeee?ioe/iee oa ae?anoie?/iee. Nenoie?/iee ia?i aecia/aee ca oi?ioeith:
EQ EQ \A() .

O?ao?i aoaiii iaoi? ?iaioe aoei i?iaaaeaiiy ii?oiiao?e/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aoei aecia/aii ?ici??e na?oey oaee/ie ii??aiyii c
?ici??aie o?ea, aea/aii ieiuo eeaiaiiiai aia?aoo oaa?ei ??ciiai iai?yieo
?aaoeyoe?? ae?yeueiino? na?oey, aaaia? i?ii??e na?oey, a oaeiae
ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee ie?aieo no?oeoo? oeoii/e?a, oiaueio ? oe?eio
iai?ey?ieo i’yc?a, aeiaaeeio i?eiiniiai ? aeiiniiai o?aeo?a, e?euee?noue
nooiaeeeueieo oi?ae oa ?o oiaueio. ?icae?eueia i?aia?oaaiiy ?
caaaeoaaiiy ie?aieo /anoei na?oey i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeii A.?. ?eue?ia
(1956). Ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai aecia/aee /enoo iano na?oey, oeoii/eiaee
?iaeaen, a?aenioeiaa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aaniethoii? iane na?oey aei iane
o?ey oaa?eie.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss OA ?O AIAE?C

Iniiai? aa??aoe?eii-ioeueniiao?e/i? iieacieee na?oey oaeyo /i?ii-?yai?
ii?iaee

Aa??aoe?eia ioeueniiao??y – iaeei ?c ia’?eoeaieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yeee ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny a
iaaeeoeei?.

Aeine?aee ia ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oiao iieacaee ??cieoeth ia?aiao??a
aa??aoe?eii? ioeueniiao??? o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaa?ei, yeei aeiithaaee
iieiceai (1-5 aei?a), o 6-15 aeaiieo oaeyo, o a?oe? 16-21 aeiy aeeooy oa
o a?oe? 30-45 aei?a. Noaoenoe/iee aiae?c iaaaaeii o oaae.1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeeiai?ea ioeueno oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee

A?oie oaa?ei Oei ?aaoe. Iiaea, Ii Aiie?oo-aea iiaee, *NN

IN Eiao. aa??aoe.

nae % oae/oa

I 1-5 S 66.7 5614.98 3.4

6-15

75 2556.82 5.3

16-21

50 1856.44 4.8

30-45

41.7 274.88 12.80

II 1-5 N 60 1807.23 6.87

6-15

77.8 2926.42 3.62

16-21

50 1040.22 9.33

30-45

36.1 188.82 9.74

III 1-5 V 54.5 905.8 6.99

6-15

31.03 159.8 16.7

16-21

41.67 212.2 15.9

30-45

70.0 233.69 9.32

Oaa?ei i?aeae?aee ca i?eioeeiii aiaeia?a, i?e/iio a?aoiaoaaee aeeao iano
i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, ?o aaiaeiaai?noue oa a?e. Ia iaioa ye ?c 100
ea?ae?i?ioa?aae?a aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ai ?ic?aoiaoaaee o?eaae?noue
iine?aeiaiiai aeeiai?/iiai ?yaeo R-R ?ioa?aae?a c oi/i?noth aei 0,05
nae. I?e oeueio caaaeaee a?aoiaoaaee o?iiiiao?e/io iioeaeo i?ioyaeee
no??/ee naiiienoey.

sse na?ae/aoue caaaeai? ca oaeei i?eioeeiii aeai? (oaae.1), o oaa?ei
a?eii 1-5 aei?a ?noioieo ci?i aeyaeoe ia aaeaeinue. Oea aeaei ciiao
c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui o oeueiio a?oe? ia?aneiiaoe/ia ?iia?aaoe?y ia aa?a
iii?oii? o/ano? o ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoio.

O a?oe? 6-15 aei?a ??aaiue iiaee aeinoia??ii c?inoa? o oaa?ei, ye? ia
i?aenoaa? aa??aoe?eii? ioeueniiao??? aoee a?aeianai? aei ii?ii- oa
aaaioii?e?a, a o neiiaoeeioii?e?a oey aaee/eia aeaui ieae/a. Ioaea, o
oeae ia??iae caii/aoeiao?oueny aieea aeoeath/iai ia?aa ia ?aaoeyoe?th
?eoio na?oey.

O 16-21-aeaiiiio a?oe? cia/aiiy iiaee c?inoa? o an?o a?oiao oaa?ei, a,
ioaea, aeoeath/ee ia?a ii/eia? ooieoe?iioaaoe, ye o oaa?ei ii?iioii?e?a
? neiiaoeeioii?e?a, oae ? aaaioii?e?a. *a?ac ianooii? aeaa oeaei?, oiaoi
o a?oe? 30-45 aei?a, o an?o oaa?ei ?noioii c?inoa? cia/aiiy iiaee, a,
ioaea, cieaeo?oueny /anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue o ca’yceo c aeeth/aiiyi
a ?aaoeyoe?th na?oeaaiai ?eoio ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?eo aaaaoaoeaii?
ia?aiai? nenoaie. I?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei iiaeia c aenieith
a??ia?aei?noth ?icae?eeoe ia o?e oeie aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? ?iaioe
na?oey (oaeoe/i? aeai? i?aaenoaaeai? a oaae.1).

Oaeei /eiii aoei anoaiiaeaii /ioe?e a?eia? aoaie aeeth/aiiy aeoeath/eo
ia?a?a aei ?aaoeyoe?? ?iaioe na?oey. Ia?oee aoai – ia??iae aeniei?
/anoioe na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue (1-5 aei?a); ae?oaee aoai — ii/aoie
aeeth/aiiy ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie aei ?aaoeyoe?? ?iaioe na?oey
(6-15 aei?a); o?ao?e aoai – noaiiaeaiiy oeaio??a aeoeath/iai ia?aa o
an?o oaa?ei (16-21 aeaiue); /aoaa?oee aoai – noaa?eueiiai eiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy (30-45 aei?a). O a?oe? 30-45 aei?a oaeyo aoei iiae?eaii
ca nooiaiai ia?aaaae oiai /e ?ioiai a?aeae?eo aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai?
nenoaie ia o?e oeie: neiiaoeeioii?ee, ii?iioii?ee, aaaioii?ee.

Oaeei /eiii aia?oa o oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee iai aaeaeiny anoaiiaeoe
a?eia? ia??iaee ii/aoeo noaiiaeaiiy oa iino?eii? o/ano? ia?aneiiaoe/ii?
?iia?aaoe?? a ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaai? ae?yeueiino?. ?ioa?aae iiaee o
oaeyo 1-5-aeaiiiai a?eo eieeaaany o iaaeao 0.26-0.39 nae., ui
a?aeiia?aea? na?aaei?e /anoio? na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue 187.3(34.8 oae/oa oa
iiae? 0.32(0.005 nae (oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Na?aaei? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a aa??aoe?eii? ioeueniiao??? oaeyo
/i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee 1-21- aeaiiiai a?eo

A?oie oaa?ei Ii AMo (o IN *NN

Eiao. aa??-aoe.

nae % (o

oae/oa

I

1-5 aei. 48 9 832.3 8.1

II

6-15 aei. 27.4 36 103.5 21.8

III

16-21 aei. 26.5 31 103.0 23.4

Oaea iecueea cia/aiiy iiaee niinoa??aa?oueny o a?eueoino? oaeyo ua o
a?oe? 6-15 aei?a. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oiai, ui aei 5-oe aeaiiiai a?eo
iaia? iii?oiiai aieeao ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?iia?aaoe?? ? ia o?eueee iecueeee
??aaiue iiaee ? aeniea /anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue, aea e iaaenieee
aa??aoe?eiee ?iciao oa iecueeee eiao?oe??io aa??aoe??.

O oaeyo 16-21 aeaiiiai a?eo a?aeaoaa?oueny iii?oia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y
?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaai? ae?yeueiino?.

Ia iniia? oeeo aeaieo aaeaeiny anoaiiaeoe, ui na?oeaai-noaeeiia nenoaia
o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaa?ei iiaaii aaeaioiaaia aei aeiia iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua, ine?eueee ia aeyaey?oueny aieeao aeoeath/iai ia?aa.

I?i oea na?ae/eoue ei?ioea nenoiea oa ae?anoiea, ei?ioeio?eaae?noue
na?oeaaiai oeeeeo o ?aiiueiio a?oe? oaeyo. I?e oeueiio niinoa??aathoueny
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? eiaeii? oaa?eie. Oaeyo 30-45 aeaiiiai a?eo
ie iiae?eeee ca nooiaiai ia?aaaae oiai /e ?ioiai a?aeae?eo aaaaoaoeaii?
ia?aiai? nenoaie ia o?e oeie: neiiaoeeioii?ee, ii?iioii?ee, aaaioii?ee.
Noaoenoe/iee aiae?c iniiaieo /eneiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee aa??aoe?eii?
ioeuenia?aie iaaaaeaiee o oaae.3.

Oaaeeoey 3

Iieacieee aa??aoe?eii? ioeueniiao??? oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee 1-1.5
i?n.a?eo

()

n=70

A?oie Oei ?aaoe IN E?eue-e?noue Iiaea Aiie?ooaea iiaee Aa??aoe?eiee
?iciao Eiao. aa??aoe?? *NN

Ii AIi% (o

oae/oa

I S 274.88 24 41.67 12.81

II N 188.82 36 36.11 9.74

III V 233.69 10 70.00 9.32

?aia?ao?/i? iieacieee ?iaioe na?oey oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee caeaaeii
a?ae oeio aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??

?aia?ao?/iee iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey
aecia/aiiy oaeeeiiiai ia’?io na?oey o ethaeae. I?ioa ia oaeyoao
/i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee oeae iaoiae, ye ? ?aia?ao?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
ae?yeueiino? na?oey, aoa aeei?enoaiee aia?oa.

Oaaeeoey 4

?aia?ao?/i? iieacieee o oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee

A?oie oaa?ei Oei ?aaoe. ?aia?ao?/-iee ?iaeaen Aeeeoi?eoe-/iee ?iaeaen
Ae?anoie?/-iee ?iaeaen Nenoie?/-iee ia’?i

Oaeeeiiee ia’?i

% % ie e/oa

1-5

aei. I S

II N

III V

6-15 aei. I S

II N

III V

16-21aei.

I S

II N

III V

30-45aei. I S

II N

III V

Noaoenoe/iee aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaa, ui
i?e iiae?e? oaa?ei 1-5 aeaiiiai a?eo ca aeaieie aa??aoe?eii?
ioeueniiao??? ia o?e oeie ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoio, oeae iieaciee o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aoa iaeieae/ei. Oea aea? i?aenoaao i?aeoaa?aeeoe
c?iaeaiee o iiia?aaeiueiio ?icae?e? aeniiaie, ui a?eueo?noue oaa?ei 1-5
aeaiiiai a?eo iathoue ia?aaaaeii neiiaoeeioii?/iee oei ?aaoeyoe??
na?oeaai? ae?yeueiino?. O ianooiii? a?eiai? a?oie oaa?ei ?aia?ao?/iee
?iaeaen ?noioii a?ae??ciy?oueny o an?o o?ueio a?oiao oaeyo. Oae, o
neiiaoeeioii?e?a a?i aoa iaeieae/ei ? neeaaeaa 0.28(0.02. Oea na?ae/eoue
i?i oa, ui o oaa?ei a?eii 6-15 aei?a i?aeaeuo?oueny oiion oeaio??a
aeoeath/iai ia?aa ? , ye iane?aeie, iinooiiaa ci?ia a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo
iieaciee?a ?iaioe na?oey. Niinoa??aa?oueny iinooiiaa c?inoaiiy
nenoie?/iiai ? oaeeeiiiai ia’?i?a na?oey (oaae.4). Uiaei oaeyo 30-45
aei?a, oi ?aia?ao?/iee ?iaeaen iaeaeuee o oaa?ei ?c neiiaoeeioii?/iei
oeiii ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoio (0.244(0.02), a iaeieae/ee o
ii?iioii?e?a (0.204(0.02).

I?eaaaeaiee aeua oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae i?i noaiiaeaiiy neiiaoeeioii?/ieo ?
aaaioii?/ieo aieea?a aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie ia ?iaioo na?oey
oaeeoeue ciaoiaeeoue nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo iieacieeao
eiai ?iaioe.

Cia/aiiy ?yaeo ?iaeaen?a, a naia: ?aia?ao?/iiai, aeee?ioe/iiai oa
ae?anoie?/iiai ua ?ac i?aeoaa?aeeee ii?aaaeaiee iiae?e oaa?ei ca
iane?aeeaie aa??aoe?eii? ioeueniiao??? uiaei aeeth/aiiy aeoeath/iai
ia?aa o ?eoi ae?yeueiino? na?oey.

Oae, iaeaeua /anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue oa?aeoa?ia aeey
oaa?ei-neiiaoeeioii?e?a, oaeeeiiee ia’?i iaea?eueoee ? noaiiaea 4,6(0,5
e/oa, o aaaioii?e?a, na?oea yeeo nei?i/o?oueny iaaaaaoi iia?euei?oa,
oaeeeiiee ia’?i iaeiaioee ? noaiiaea 2,6(0,2 e/oa, a o oaa?ei-
ii?iioii?e?a caeiya i?ii?aeia cia/aiiy i?ae aeaiia aeacaieie
iiia?aaei?ie a?oiaie oaa?ei.

Ioaea, iioiaaiaoe/ia aeic??aaiiy no?oeoo? aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie,
yea ie niinoa??aaee i?ioyaii 1,5 i?ny/iiai ?icaeoeo oaee/ie i?ecaiaeeoue
aei nooo?aeo ci?i a iaai?oaeuei?e ooieoe?? na?oey aeine?aeaeoaaieo
oaa?ei. A?ae?iaeeiai?/i? i?ioeane iaai?oaiiy e?ia? o ai?oo oaee/ie
oaa?ei- aaaioii?e?a caaacia/othoueny ia ??ai? 2,6(0,2 e/oa. Iiaeeeai
iniaeeaino? iai?io ?a/iaei o oaa?ei-neiiaoeeioii?e?a caaacia/othoueny
cia/ii a?eueoeie e?eueeinoyie e?ia?, yeo iaai?oa? na?oea a ai?oo
(4,6(0,5 e/oa). O oaa?ei-ii?iioii?e?a iaai?oaeueia ooieoe?y na?oey
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?ii?aeieie aaee/eiaie.

Oaeei /eiii, ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie
aecia/a?oueny oiionii oeaio??a aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, ui
a?aeia?aaeo?oueny ??aiai nenoie?/iiai oa oaeeeiiiai ia’?i?a e?ia?.

Ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee na?oey oaeyo /i?ii-?yai?

ii?iaee 1-1.5 i?n. a?eo

sse a?aeiii, iaei??th ?c nooo?aeo oa?aeoa?enoee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
na?oey ? eiai iana, yeo a iniiaiiio neeaaea? i?iea?ae. A ?acoeueoao?
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaie aoea anoaiiaeaia iaaia caeaaei?noue i?ae
aaaith na?oey ? iieacieeaie iniaeeainoae eiai iaai?oaeueii? ooieoe??.

Oaaeeoey 5

Iana na?oey ? ai?ea?ae?aeueiiai aee?o o oaee/ie /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee
1-1.5 i?n.a?eo caeaaeii a?ae oeio aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai
?eoio (, a).

sse aeaeii ?c iaaaaeaieo aeaieo o oaae.5 ? ?en.1, aaniethoia ? /enoa
iane na?oey ?noioii a?ae??ciythoueny o oaa?ei c ??ciei oeiii ?aaoeyoe??
?eoio na?oey. Oae, o neiiaoeeioii?e?a aaniethoia ? /enoa iane na?oey,
ii??aiyii ?c ii?iioii?eaie, aoee a 1.2 ?aca iaioeie, a oie /an, ye iana
ai?ea?ae?aeueiiai aee?o o oaa?ei ?c neiiaoeeioii?/iei oeiii ?aaoeyoe??
?eoio na?oey aoea aeuith ii??aiyii c ii?iioii?eaie.

Iana na?oey neeaaea?oueny ?c iane oeoii/e?a oa ia?aaena?aeue. I?ioa
aeaieo i?i iano oeoii/e?a, ia?aaena?aeue oa ?o a?aeiinieo iieaciee?a o
oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee iaie o aeinooii?e e?oa?aoo?? ia ciaeaeaii.
Oiio ie canoinoaaee iaoiae ?icae?eueiiai caaaeoaaiiy na?oey aeey
aecia/aiiy iane e?aiai ? i?aaiai oeoii/e?a oa iane ia?aaena?aeue.

Oaaeeoey 6

Iieacieee iane oeoii/e?a oa ia?aaena?aeue na?oey oaeyo /i?ii-?yai?
ii?iaee

1-1.5 i?n.a?eo.

A?oie

n

Iana e?aeo oeoii/e?a

Iana i?aaeo oeoii/e?a Iana ia?aaena?aeue

a a a

S 15

N 9

sse aeaeii ?c aeaieo oaae.6, o ii?iioii?e?a iniiaio iano na?oey neeaaea?
iana e?aeo oeoii/e?a ? aiia a1.3 ?aca a?eueoa, ii??aiyii ?c ianith
i?aaeo. Uiaei iane ia?aaena?aeue, oi aiia o ii?iioii?e?a a 1.2 ?aca
a?eueoa ii??aiyii ?c neiiaoeeioii?eaie. Io?eiai? aeai? a?aeia?aaeathoue
iniaeeaino? ?iaioe na?oey i?e iaai?oaii? e?ia? o aaeeea ? iaea eiei
e?iaiia?ao.

O aeeiiaii? iaai?oaeueii? ooieoe?? na?oey aaeeea cia/aiiy iathoue
eeaiaie, ii?oiiao?e/i? aeai? yeeo i?aaenoaaeai? a oaae.7.

Oaaeeoey 7

Ii?oiiao?e/i? aeai? no?oeoo? 2-nooeeiaiai eeaiaio na?oey oaeyo 1-1.5-

i?n.a?eo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee c a?aooaaiiyi oeio aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??
?eoio na?oey ()

A?oie n Ieiua nooeie 2-nooeeiaiai

Oiaueia iai?ey?ieo i’yc?a Oe?eia iai?ey?ieo i’yc?a Oiaueia no?iee
e?aiai oeoii/ea

ii2 ii ii

S 15

N 9

sse aeaeii ?c iaaaaeaieo aeaieo o oaae.7, ieiua nooeie 2-nooeeiaiai
eeaiaio a?ae??ciy?oueny o oaa?ei, ye? iaeaaeaoue aei ??cieo oei?a
aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoio.

A i?ioean? ?iaioe aeine?aeaeoaaeenue iai?ey?i? i’yce e?aiai oeoii/ea.
I?e aiae?c? io?eiaieo aeaieo aeyaeeinue, ui oiaueia iai?ey?ieo i’yc?a o
oaa?ei-neiiaoeeioii?e?a noaiiaeea 15.33(2.85 ii, a o oaa?ei-ii?iioii?e?a
19.37(2.30 ii. Aiaeia/ia caeiiii??i?noue aeyaey?oue-ny ? a oe?ei?
iai?ey?ieo i’yc?a. No?iea e?aiai oeoii/ea o oaa?ei- ii?iioii?e?a
30.33(5.49, oiae? ye oiaueia no?iee o oaeyo- neiiaoeeioii?e?a —
21.00(4.00 ii. Iaaaaeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui oa?aeoa?
aaaaoaoeaii? ?iia?aaoe?? (neiiaoeeioii?/iee, ia?aneiiaoeeioii?/iee)
a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia aoaeia? na?oey: oiauei? no?iee oeoii/e?a, oe?ei? ?
aeiaaeei? iai?ey?ieo i’yc?a, ieiu? nooeie eeaiai?a.

Aeai? ii?oiiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui o oaa?ei c ??ciei oeiii
?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue niinoa??aa?oueny ??cia oi?ia na?aeaoeue.
Ia?aaaaa oiiono neiiaoe/ieo oeaio??a, ?aaoethth/eo o?io?/i? aieeae ?
?iaioo na?oey, i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui na?oea ia? ?icoe?aii-aei?i/aio
oi?io, a oie /an, ye i?e ii?iioii?? ia? aeaeiaaeaii-caoaeaio oi?io.

AENIIAEE

Aa??aoe?eii-ioeueniiao?e/i? iieacieee na?oeaai? ae?yeueiino? (iiaea,
aiie?ooaea iiaee, aa??aoe?eiee ?iciao, ?iaeaen iai?oae) caeiiii??ii
oa?aeoa?ecothoue oei aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? (neiiaoeeioii?/iee,
ii?iioii?/iee ? ia?aneiiaoeeioii?/iee).

O oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee 1-1,5-i?n. a?eo iiaea noaiiaeea: o
neiiaoe-eioii?e?a -, o ii?iioii?e?a — , o aaaioii?e?a -c.

Aiie?ooaea iiaee o ieo neeaea a?aeiia?aeii: 41.67, 36.11 ? 70.00%.

Uiaei aa??aoe?eiiai ?iciaoo oa ?iaeaeno iai?oae, oi ?noioii? e?euee?nii?
??cieoe? c ??ciei oeiii ?aaoeyoe?? ia aeyaeaii.

I?ae iiaeith ? cia/aiiyie ioeueno, a oaeiae i?ae oa?aeoa?enoeeith
ioeueno oa ??cieie oeiaie aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? ?nio? i?yii
i?iii?oe?eia caeaaei?noue.

O oaeyo-neiiaoeeioii?e?a /anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue noaiiaeea , o
ii?iioii?e?a -, o aaaioii?e?a -oae/oa.

Aeeth/aiiy aaaono o ?eoi ?aaoeyoe?? ?iaioe na?oey i?ioiaeeoue a /ioe?e
aoaie. Ia?oee aoai – 1-5 aeaiue i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy – ia??iae aeniei?
/anoioe na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue; ae?oaee aoai — 6-15 aeaiue – ii/aoeiaee
ia??iae aeeth/aiiy aaaona; o?ao?e aoai – 16-21 aeaiue – ia??iae
noaa?e?caoe?? oeaio??a; /aoaa?oee aoai – 30-45 aeaiue – noaa?eueiiai
eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

?aia?ao?/i? iieacieee (nenoie?/iee oa oaeeeiiee ia’?ie na?oey) oaeyo
/i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee aca?iiiia’ycai? c oeiii aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??
na?oeaaiai ?eoio. Oae, o neiiaoeeioii?e?a nenoie?/iee ia’?i noaiiaea
32.94(2.1, o ii?iioii?e?a — 36.18(2.9, o aaaioii?e?a — 38.17(3.4ie.

Oaeeeiiee ia’?i o neiiaoeeioii?e?a noaiiaea , o ii?iioii?e?a — , o
aaaioii?e?a — e/oa.

Ioaea, ca?aeii iaoeo aeaieo, nenoie?/iee ia”?i na?oey ia? iaea?eueoa
cia/aiiy o oaa?ei ?c ia?aneiiaoe/iei oeiii ?aaoeyoe?? ?eoio.

Oaeeeiiee ia”?i na?oey iaeaeuee o oaeyo ?c neiiaoe/iei oeiii ?aaoeyoe??
?eoio. Ii?iioii?ee iaee i?ii?aei? aaee/eie.

Ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee na?oey oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee aca?iiiia”ycai?
c oeiii ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoio ? a?aeia?aaeathoue aieea
aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie ia ii?oiaaiaoe/i? aniaeoe aoaeiae na?oey.
Oae, aaniethoia iana na?oey oaa?ei-neiiaoeeioii?e?a noaiiaeea
268.33(39.40, o ii?iioii?e?a 328.25(33.88a. A?aeiia?aeii /enoa iana o
neiiaoeeioii?e?a –221.33(45.61, o ii?iioii?e?a –283.62(30.07a.

Anoaiiaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueiee ca’ycie o oaa?ei ??cieo oei?a ?aaoeyoe??
(neiiaoeeioii?ee ? ii?iioii?ee) i?ae:

oiaueiith no?iee oeoii/ea (a?aeiia?aeii 21.00(4.00 ? 30.33(5.50 ii;
r=-0.85);

oiaueiith iai?ey?ieo i’yc?a (a?aeiia?aeii 15.33(2.85 ? 19.37(2.30 ii;
r=-0.99);

ianith e?aeo oeoii/e?a (a?aeiia?aeii 75.33(16.33 ? 107.00(12.61 a;
r=-0.99);

ianith i?aaeo oeoii/e?a (a?aeiia?aeii 60.00(5.77 ? 65.00(2.38 a;
r=-0.96).

Oi?ia na?oey aca?iiiia’ycaia ?c oeiii ?aaoeyoe?? ?eoio. Oae, o
ii?iioii?e?a na?oea ia? iiaeiaaeaii-caoaeaio oi?io, a o neiiaoeeioii?e?a
– ?icoe?aii-aei?i/aio.

I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO

Ia i?aenoaa? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai ?aeiiaiaeo?ii:

I?aaenoaaeai? ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? aeai? i?i ?icaeoie na?oey oaeyo
/i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee iiaeooue aooe iaae?eiei iieacieeii i?e a?aeai?? ?
oi?ioaaii? aenieii?iaeoeoeaiiai noaaea.

?aia?ao?/i? ? aa??aoe?eii-ioeueniiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? aeey aaoa?eia?ii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai eiio?ieth ca
ooieoe?iiaeueiei noaiii oaee/ie, a oaeiae aeey naeaeoe?eii? ?iaioe,
ni?yiiaaii? ia oi?ioaaiiy ae?oiiai noaaea.

Io?eiai? iaie aeai? ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?e
? i?iaaaeaii? eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c aiaoii?? ? o?c?ieia??
oaa?ei.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Aoiaiia I.N. Ooioe?iiaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea na?oey oaeyo //Oaa?eiieoeoai
Oe?a?ie. –1995. -?11 –N.17, 0.1 ae?oe. a?e.

Aoiaiia I.N. Iniaeeaino? aoaeiae na?oey oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee
//Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. –1995. -?12 –N.23, 0.1 ae?oe. a?e.

Aoiaiia I.N. Iioiaaiaoe/ia noaiiaeaiiy ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? ?eoio
na?oey o oaeyo //A?niee A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. –Aeione 3. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue.1997. –N.46-47

Iao. 10432A. Oe?a?ia. A61A5/02 Niin?a aecia/aiiy oeio ia?aiai? nenoaie o
o?c?ieia?/iiai ia’?eoo. ?1364290. Cayae. 23.12.93; Iioae. 25.12.96. –5n.

Iao. 10433A. Oe?a?ia. A61A5/029 Niin?a aecia/aiiy o?c?ieia?/iiai ia’?io
e?ia? na?oey. ?827025. Cayae. 23.12.93; Iioae. 25.12.96. –2n.

Aoiaiia I.N. Ii?oieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea na?oey oaeyo /i?ii-?yai?
ii?iaee //Oace aeii. iaoe. eiioa?aioe?? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo oa ani??aio?a. Ee?a. –1995. –N.15-16.

Aoiaiia I.N. Ooieoe?iiaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea na?oey oaeyo /i?ii-?yai?
ii?iaee // Oace aeii. iaoe. eiioa?aioe?? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo oa ani??aio?a. Ee?a. –1995. –N.17.

Aoiaiia I.N. Ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea na?oey oaeyo
/i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee c a?aooaaiiyi oeio aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??
na?oeaaiai ?eoio. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth — 0.03.00.13 — o?c?ieia?y ethaeeie ? oaa?ei. –
Aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai, Euea?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo ??cie?o
ia?aiao??a ea?ae?iaaiiaeeiai?ee a i?aai?ci? oaa?eie. A ?acoeueoao?
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aia?oa o aaoa?eia??? aecia/ai? aoaie
aeeth/aiiy aeoeath/iai ia?aa a ?eoi ?iaioe na?oey:

1-5 aeaiue i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy – ia??iae aeniei? /anoioe na?oeaaeo
nei?i/aiue, ae?aaeaia neiiaoeeioii?y;

6-15 aeaiue – ii/aoeiaee ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy ia?aneiiaoe/ii?
?iia?aaoe??:

16-21 aeaiue – ia??iae noaa?e?caoe?? oeaio??a;

30-45 aeaiue – noaa?eueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaaona.

O oaeyo /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee aecia/ai? iniiai? aaiiaeeiai?/i? iieacieee
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (nenoie?/iee ? oaeeeiiee ia’?i e?ia?),
io?eiaii iaoaio.

Aia?oa a?aoiaoaaany oaeoi? /ano (a?ae ia?iaeaeaiiy ? aei noaiiaeaiiy)
iiae?eo oaa?ei ca oeiii ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoio, io?eiaii iaoaio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaoiae aa??aoe?eii? ioeueniiao???, ?aia?ao?y, na?oeaaee
?eoi, aaaaoaoeaia ?aaoeyoe?y.

Aoiaiiay I.N. Ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea na?aeoea oaeyo
/a?ii-iano?ie ii?iaeu n o/aoii oeia aaaaoaoeaiie ?aaoeyoeee na?aea/iiai
?eoia. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?iuo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe – 03.00.13 – oeceieiaey /aeiaaea e aeeaioiuo. –
Aeaaeaiey aaoa?eia?iie iaaeeoeeiu ei. N.C.Aaeeoeeiai, Eueaia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai enneaaeiaaiey acaeiinayce ?aciuo
ia?aiao?ia ea?aeeiaaiiaeeiaieee a i?aaiecia aeeaioiiai. A ?acoeueoaoa
i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee aia?aua a aaoa?eia?ee ii?aaeaeaiu yoaiu
aeeth/aiey aeoaeaeathuaai ia?aa a ?eoi ?aaiou na?aeoea:

1-5 aeaiue iinea ?iaeaeaiey – ia?eiae aunieie /anoiou na?aea/iuo
nie?auaiee, au?aaeaia neiiaoeeioiiey;

6-15 aeaiue – ia/aeueiue ia?eiae onoaiiaeaiey ia?aneiiaoe/aneie
eiia?aaoeee;

16-21 aeaiue – ia?eiae noaaeeecaoeee;

30-45 aeaiue – ia?eiae noaaeeueiiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aaaona.

O oaeyo /i?ii-iano?ie ii?iaeu ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua aaiiaeeiaie/aneea
iieacaoaee na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu (nenoiee/aneee e ieiooiue iauai
e?iae), iieo/aii iaoaio.

Aia?aua o/eouaaeny oaeoi? a?aiaie (io ?iaeaeaiey e aei noaiiaeaiey)
?ani?aaeaeaiey aeeaioiuo ii oeiai ?aaoeyoeee na?aea/iiai ?eoia, iieo/aii
iaoaio.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaoiae aa?eaoeeiiiie ioeueniiao?ee, ?aia?aoey,
na?aea/iue ?eoi, aaaaoaoeaiay ?aaoeyoeey.

Gumenna 0. S. Morphounctional characteristic of calvesheart of Black —
Spotted breed taking into consideration the vegetative of heart rhythm
regulation.

Manuscript.

Thesis presented for the scientific degree of candidate of Veterinary
sciences on specialiti — 03.00.13 — physiology of man and animals. —
Academy of veterinary medicine named after S. 2L Gzhytskyj, Lviv,1998.

Thesis deals with the investigation of different parameter correlation’s
of cardiodynamics in animals organism. As a result of investigations, ft
was determined the insertion stare of vagus nerve in heart rhythm for
the first time:

1.1-5 day after birth — the period of high frequency of heart
contruction, sympathicotomy,

2.6-15 day — the initial period of insertion the parsympathetic
inervation;

3.16-21 day-the period of stabilization;

4. 30-45 day — the last period of vagus inciusion to rhythm of heart
regulation.

!n calves of Black-Spotted breed was determined the main hemodynamic
indices of cardie-vascular system, and was obtained the patent.

For the first time it was taken into account the first factor from birth
to adult age of animal Fission en cardio rhythm typs regulation, was
obtained the patent.

Keywords: the method of variation pulsometria, rheographv cardio rhythm,
vagus, vegetative regulation

PAGE 2

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